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The Mistreatment of the Chamorro Kaui Yogi October 29, 2007 World History Period 05 Mr. Twomey TERM PAPER Hawaiians were poorly treated by the missionaries and the various other people who came to the islands. Some people think that this situation was unique to Hawaiian history. It wasn't; a similar set of events took place in Guam. The people of Guam (hereafter referred to as Chamorros) were mistreated by three foreign powers: Spain, Japan, and the United States. This is not right. First of all, the original Spaniards who came to Guam were Catholic missionaries. The high male chief Quipuha originally ‘welcomed the missionaries and allowed himself to be baptized’. However, one missionary, Padre Diego Louis de San Vitores baptized the Quipuha's daughter without the his consent. Angered by Vitores’ actions, the chief killed the missionary and his assistant. The Spaniards were angry about that; the killing of Vitores started a major war that reduced the Chamorro population to 1/40" its original size. Most of the deaths were of women and children. After the war, the Spaniards forced the Chamorros to live in one of five villages so they could be closely monitored by religious officials and the Spanish military. Chamorros living on other islands near Guam were banned from their islands and taken to Guam. Also, the Spaniards also imposed new restrictions on Chamorro life: for example, church attendance and knowledge of the Spanish language and customs became mandatory. Later on, the Spaniards decided to increase the population of only 5,000 people living on the island at the time. They brought in the Spanish military and Filipinos in order to rebuild the population; the pure Chamorro bloodline was no more. At the time, Chamorro society was matriarchal, or headed by the women. The Spaniards failed to recognize the influence of the women and thus failed to wipe out the Chamorro culture as effectively as Hawaii's foriegners did to the Hawaiian culture. This oversight was beneficial to the Chamorros because their culture lasts to this day. Also, it shows that the Spanish didn't care enough about the Chamorros to. understand their culture; they just tried to force the Spanish culture in On December 10, 1941, Guam was occupied by the Japanese after a failed attempt by the locals and US military to defend the island. The occupation lasted for 31 months and during this time, Guam was renamed Omiya Jima. During this time, , some activities were permitted, like religious services and business. Still, times were very hard. During the occupation, there were many rapes and grenade slaughters, and various other cruel actions. Some natives were beheaded when the Japanese military found out that the Chamorros were hiding and feeding George Tweed, a US radioman. Because of that incident, the Japanese established concentration camps and thousands of Chamorros were intemed. The concentration camps served the purpose of preventing the Chamorros from assisting the US. In these camps, many women were raped, torture was used, and beheadings took place. (Simmons 1994) Also, during this time, the Japanese mandated that the Chamorro provide “food and labor for the Japanese military”. (Ember and Ember 2001)