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Maipahayag at mapalitaw ang mga naging motibo ng mga mambabatas sa pagpapatupad ng Batas Rizal 2. Ilahad ang mga pangyayari noong ipinasa at ipinagdebatihan upang tunay na maunawaan ang kahalagahan ng pagpapasa ng Batas Rizal 3. Tulungan ang mga mag-aaral na maunawaan ang kahalagahan ng pagpapatupad ng batas. 4. Patunayan na makatwiran ang pagpapatupad ng Batas Rizal i. Ano ang Batas Rizal? Higit na limampung taon na ang nakalipas mula nang ipinatupad and Republic Act. 1425 o mas kilala bilang Rizal Law o Batas Rizal na pinangunahan ni Jose P. Laurel. Inaprubahan ito noong ika-12 ng Hunyo 1956 noong ito’y tinatawag pang House Bill No. 5561 na pinangungunahan ni Jacobo Gonzales at Senate Bill No. 438 na pinangungunahan ni Sen. Claro M. Recto. Ilang henerasyon na ang naapektuhan sa pagpapatupad ng mga lider ng gobyerno ng Batas Rizal na kanilang isinulong. Ang pagpapatupad nito ay hindi naging madali para sa mga mambabatas. Mahabang proseso ang pinagdaanan ng panukalang batas na ito bago ito naging isang batas. Mainit na debate ang naganap kung saan iba’t-ibang opinyon at motibo ang lumabas galing sa mga lider ng gobyerno sa kanilang adhikain na maitupad ang Batas Rizal. Nakasaad sa Batas Rizal na kailangan isama sa kurikulum ng lahat ng paaralan, kolehiyo at unibersidad, pampubliko man o pribado ang kurso sa pag-aaral ng buhay, mga ginawa at isinulat ni Jose Rizal, partikular na ang kanyang dalawang nobela na Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo. Bukod pa dito, nakasaad din batas na ito na obligado ang bawat kolehiyo at unibersidad na magkaroon at magtago sa kanilang mga silid-aklatan ng sapat na orihinal na sipi at makabagong bersyon ng Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo, pati na rin ang mga ibang isinulat ni Rizal, kabilang na rito ang kanyang talambuhay. Isinusulong din ang pagsalin ng mga ito sa Ingles, Tagalog o iba pang diyalekto at ang pagimprinta sa mababang halaga at pamamahagi ng libre sa mga mamamayang nais magbasa nito sa pamamagitan ng Purok organizations at Barrio Councils. ii. Mga Layunin ng Pagpapatupad ng Batas Rizal Ilang mga layunin ang isinaad upang higit na maunawaan ang kahalagahan ng paglilikha ng Batas Rizal. Isa dito ay dahil kailangan na muling buhayin ang kalayaan at nasyonalismo kung para saan ang ating mga bayani’y nabuhay at nag-alay ng kanilang mga buhay. Sa tulong ng batas na ito, mapapaalala sa bawat mamamayang Pilipino ang mga dugo’t pawis na inialay ng ating mga bayani na maaaring maging ispirasyon sa bawat isa sa pagtulong sa pagpapatayo ng isang bansang matagumpay. Pangalawa, ito ay upang bigyang parangal ang ating pambansang bayani na si Dr. Jose P. Rizal at ipaalala sa mga
Aniya. ang ilang mga nagsulong ng Batas Rizal ay nagsilbing collaborator ng Hapon. Laurel na naglalaman ng mga bagong probisyon na hindi lalabag sa konstitusyon. ito ay upang magsilbing inspirasyon sa kabataang Pilipino kung saan sila’y nasa lebel pa lamang ng paglilinang ng kanilang mga isipan at ayon sa ating bayani. * mistulang may monopoly ng patriyotismo ang grupo ni Recto. . lalong lalo na sa mga kabataan. gayung noong panahon ng digmaan. Ang mga mag-aaral ay mamarkahan sa pag-aaral nito at anumang pagbagsak dito ang siyang magiging hadlang sa kanyang pagtatapos ng anumang kurso. * ito ay magiging bahagi ng kurikulum ng paaralan kung saan ito’y itinuturo ng isang gurong higit na may nakakaalam sa kurso. Ayon sa simbahan. Lacson sa sinumang sumalungat sa Rizal Bill. Panig ng Sumasalungat sa Pagpapatupad ng Batas * ang mga nobela ni Jose Rizal na Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo ay naglalaman ng mga pahayag na subersibo o laban sa simbahan. ang pag-asa ng bayan. * isama ang buhay.mamamayang Pilipino ang kanyang mga nagawa at naipaglaban para sa kalayaan ng sariling bayan.” (The Statement of the Philippine Heirarchy) Mga rebisyon sa Pagpapatupad ng Batas * gumawa ng bagong panukalang batas Si Sen. Ito ang magsisilbing paalala narin ng ating mga responsibilidad bilang isang Pilipino. Pangatlo. “ang impluwensiya ng mga Espanyol ay nabubuhay pa rin sa mga pari ngayon. mga ginawa at isinulat ni Rizal sa kurikulum ng mga paaralan sa kolehiyo at unibersidad at ang orihinal na sipi ang kailangan gamitin upang basehan ng pagbabasa. ang sinumang makabasa nito ay maaaring mag-iba ang paniniwala o sumalungat sa mga itinuturo ng simbahan. * pinayagan ang pagbabasa ng mga nobela sa makabagong bersyon at hindi na ginawang “compulsory ” ang pagbabasa ng dalawang nobela sa kanilang orihinal na kopya. Panig ng mga Sumasang-ayon sa Pagpapatupad ng Batas * Enemies that threaten the very foundations of our freedom” ang tawag ni Mayor Arsenio H. * Ipinaalala ni Hen. * “Our objection then to the Bill proposed is not an objection against our national hero nor against the imparting of patriotic education to our Children… We believe that to compel Catholic students to read a book which contain passages contradicting their faith constitutes a violation of a Philippine constitutional provision. ang sinumang sumalungat sa Batas Rizal ay para naring inaalis si Rizal sa kanilang isipan. “ * ang pagkabayani ni Rizal ay nakikita sa dalawang nobelang isinulat ni Rizal. Emilio Aguinaldo kung paano pinigilan ang mga Pilipino basahin ang mga isinulat ni Rizal. Kung kaya.
That in the collegiate courses. 2. colleges and universities. It shall be obligatory on all schools. Tagalog and the principal Philippine dialects. cause them to be printed in cheap. public or private: Provided. Sec. popular editions. colleges and universities. The said unexpurgated editions of the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo or their translations in English as well as other writings of Rizal shall be included in the list of approved books for required reading in all public or private schools. Sec. the original or unexpurgated editions of the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo or their English translation shall be used as basic texts. Recto na gawing sapilitang aralin sa kolehiyo ang buhay ni Jose Rizal sa pamamagitan ng kanyang mga akda. to persons desiring to read them. Courses on the life. 1956 ang pinanukalang batas ni Claro M. 3. particularly his novel Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. through the Purok organizations and Barrio Councils throughout the country. The Board of National Education shall cause the translation of the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. shall be included in the curricula of all schools. Colleges And Universities Courses On The Life. and cause them to be distributed.Ang Batas Rizal at ang Importansya nito Batas Rizal (Batas Republika 1425) Upang mapanatiling buhay ang damdaming makabayan ng mga Pilipino. Particularly His Novels Noli Me Tangere And El Filibusterismo Section 1. 1956) An Act To Include In The Curricula Of All Public And Private Schools. Pagnilayan ang naging saysay ng Batas Rizal makaraan ang mahigit limampung taon na ito’y ipinatutupad. . isinabatas ng pamahalaang Ramon Magsaysay noong Hunyo 12. Works And Writings Of Jose Rizal. colleges and universities to keep in their libraries an adequate number of copies of the original and unexpurgated editions of the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. works and writings of Jose Rizal. as well as other writings of Jose Rizal into English. Nagampanan kaya nito ang tinakda nitong layon? Papaano kaya ito mabisang ipatupad ngayong parang hindi na uso ang kabayanihan? Republic Act No 1425 (June 12. free of charge. as well as of Rizal’s other works and biography.
Republic Act No. 5561 Senate Bill No. cause them to be printed in cheap. 1425 House Bill No. Colleges and Universities courses on the Life Works and Writings of JOSE RIZAL. SEC. civic conscience. Whereas. within sixty (60) days from the effectivity of this Act promulgate rules and regulations. SEC. today. Said rules and regulations shall take effect thirty (30) days after their publication in the Official Gazette. the life. prohibiting the discussion of religious doctrines by public school teachers and other persons engaged in any public school. Whereas. The Board shall promulgate rules and regulations providing for the exemption of students for reason of religious belief stated in a sworn written statement. popular editions. That in the collegiate courses. but not from taking the course provided for in the first part of said paragraph. Tagalog and the principal Philippine dialects. SEC. as well as Rizal’s other works and biography. SEC. including the writing and printing of appropriate primers. and all schools are enjoined to develop moral character.4 Nothing in this Act shall be construed as amending or repealing section nine hundred twenty-seven of the Administrative Code. 438 An Act to Include in the Curricula of All Public and Private Schools.5 The sum of three hundred thousand pesos is hereby authorized to be appropriated out of any fund not otherwise appropriated in the National Treasury to carry out the purposes of this Act. college or university. SEC. . works and writings of Jose Rizal. Authorizing the Printing and Distribution Thereof. there is a need for a re-dedication to the ideals of freedom and nationalism for which our heroes lived and died. works and writings of Jose Rizal particularly his novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. to persons desiring to read them. we remember with special fondness and devotion their lives and works that have shaped the national character. to carry out and enforce the regulations of this Act. The Board of National Education shall determine the adequacy of the number of books. particularly his novels NOLI ME TANGERE and EL FILIBUSTERISMO. particularly his novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. Now therefore. and cause them to be distributed. Whereas. Jose Rizal. should be suffused. from the requirement of the provision contained in the second part of the first paragraph of this section.2 It shall be obligatory on all schools. The Board shall. The Board of National Education is hereby authorized and directed to adopt forthwith measures to implement and carry out the provisions of this Section. colleges and universities. personal discipline. more than other period of our history. and to teach the duties of citizenship. shall be included in the curricula of all schools. it is meet that in honoring them. The said unexpurgated editions of the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo or their translations in English as well as other writings of Rizal shall be included in the list of approved books for required reading in all public or private schools. are a constant and inspiring source of patriotism with which the minds of the youth. depending upon the enrollment of the school. Whereas. free of charge. and for Other Purposes. including those of a disciplinary nature.1 Courses on the life. all educational institutions are under the supervision of. public or private. as well as other writings of Jose Rizal into English. the original or unexpurgated editions of the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo or their English translations shall be used as basic texts. through the Purok organizations and the Barrio Councils throughout the country. Provided. readers and textbooks.3 The Board of National education shall cause the translation of the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. colleges and universities. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled SEC. particularly the national hero and patriot. colleges and universities to keep in their libraries an adequate number of copies of the original and expurgated editions of the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. especially during their formative and decisive years in school.6 This Act shall take effect upon its approval. and subject to regulation by the State.
The Catholic Church was indirectly included in the debates and played a major role for the intervention of signing of the bill into a law. before the bill was approved and implemented in all schools and was signed into a law known as Republic Act 1425. only 25 passages are nationalistic while 120 passages are anti-catholic. Congressmen Carmen Consing and Tecia San Andres Ziga. works and writings of Jose Rizal particularly his novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo .requiring the inclusion in the curricula of all private and public schools. Rizalviolated Canon Law 1399 which forbids or bans books that attack or ridicule the catholic doctrine and practices. They suggested a reading . The Board of National Education is given the mandate to carry out and enforce the Rizal Law. works.Legion of Mary. Miguel Cuenco. Godofredo Ramos. Furthermore. 1425. The Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) submitted a pastoral letter to which according. colleges.  History Senate bill 438 known as Rizal Bill which was first authored by Senator Claro M. particularly the novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. catholic dogmas are humiliated. Manuel Soza. It was approved on 12 June 1956.Republic Act No. popularly known as the Rizal Law. But what made it controversial is that the bill was not just fiercely opposed by people from Legislative Arm but also by the Catholic Church due to the inclusion of compulsory reading of Rizal's novels in which according to them. The bill was headedly opposed by three senators namely Senator Francisco Rodrigo who was a former Catholic Action President. Recto . Catholic Action of the Philippines. Oppositors argued that among the 333 pages of Noli Me Tangere. it had been brought to the Upper and Lower House of the Congress for deliberations. Laurel Sr. Marciano Lim. Senator Mariano Cuenco and SenatorDecoroso Rosales who was the brother of Julio Rosales.is considered as one of the most controversial bills in the Philippines. Senator Recto brought the bill to the Senate and Senator Jose B. Oppositions argued that the bill would go against freedom of conscience and religion. and writings of Dr. an archbishop. 1425 Republic Act No. and universities to include in their curricula courses or subjects on the life. Jose Rizal. Other oppositors were from Lower House namely Congressmen Ramon Durano. who was then the Chairman of the Committee on Education sponsored the bill that consequently led to exchange of arguments from the Congress. Normally. 170 passages in Noli Me Tangere and 50 in El Filibusterismo are against catholic fatih. Jose Nuguid. Knights of Columbus and Daughters of Isabela. Lucas Paredes. While upon scrutiny of thetwo novels by some members of catholic hierarchial. Allied with the church in battle against Rizal Bill were the Holy Name Society of the Philippines. directs all public and private schools. oppositors pointed out that Rizal admitted that he did not only attack the friars who acted deceptively on the Filipinos but also the catholic faith itself. colleges and universities the life.
the bill was finally passed on May 17. Bacolod City Bishop Manuel Yap threatened to campaign against pro-rizal bill legislators nad to punish them in future elections. Philippine Veterans Legion. When there was a proposal to use the expurgated novels as textbooks and put the original copies under lock and key in the school libraries. . a collection of Rizal's literary works that contain the patriotic philosophy excluding the two novels.this is not a fight against Recto but a fight against Rizal. Colleger Editors' Guild and Philippine School Teachers' Association. Women Writers of the Verrnacular. Recto told them that if they did.. and not to go against religion. Of course. Recto rejected this amendment and expressed: "The people who would eliminate the books of Rizal from the schools.. Senator Laurel' created an amendment to the original bill in which.material for students as to what they called Rizalian Anthology.now that Rizal is dead and they can no longer attempt at his life. no student has ever availed of this exemption. the State could nationalize the catholic schools. After the revised amendments. According to historian Ambeth Ocampo. Catholic Schools Representatives threatened to close down their schools if the Rizal Bill was passed. Quintin Paredes and Domocao Alonto of Mindanao also defended Rizal Bill which was also favored by Representatives from the House namely Congressmen Jacobo Gonzales. Other supporters of the bill were Mayor Arsenio Lacson call anti-rizal bill "bigoted and intolerant" and walked out of a mass when the priest read a pastoral letter from the Archbishop denouncing the Rizal Bill aqnd General Emilio Aguinaldo with groups like the Knights of Rizal.. works written by Rizal and works wriiten by others about Rizal would be included and reading of the unexpurgated revision of the two novels would no longer be compulsory to elementary and secondary levels but would be strictly observed to college level.. to emanate Rizal as he peacefully fought for freedom. Senators Lorenso Tanada. Recto and Laurel defended the bill and argued that the only objective of the bill is to keep the memory of the national hero alive in every Filipino's mind. Senator Primicias created an additional amendment that promulgates the rules and regulations in getting an exemption only from reading the two novels through written statement or affidavit and not from taking the Rizal Course. 1956 and was signed into law as Republic Act 1425 by President Ramon Magsaysay on June 12 of the same year. approved amendments were formulated through ideas of three senators. Emilio Cortez. Senator Lim suggested the exemption to those students who feel that reading Rizal's novels would negatively affect his or her faith. Mario Bengson. they are attempting to blot out his memory.. Lancap Lagumbay and Pedro Lopez. other that Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo." Due to apparently never-ending debate on the Rizal Bill. One of which was the debate of Cebu Representative Ramon Durano and Pampanga Representative Emilio Cortes that ended with a fistfight in Congress.would bot out from our minds the memory of the national hero. Excitement and intense scnenes were eventually arisen in settling the Rizal Bill.. Joaquin Roxas.
the life. COLLEGES ANDUNIVERSITIES COURSES ON THE LIFE. therefore:Section 1. especially during their formative and decisive years in school.REPUBLIC ACT NO. it is meet that in honoring them. all educational institutions are under the supervision of. JoseRizal.WHEREAS. personal discipline.WHEREAS. shall be included in the curricula of all . works and writing of Jose Rizal. AUTHORIZING THE PRINTING ANDDISTRIBUTION THEREOF. we remember with special fondness and devotion their lives and works that haveshaped the national character. more than any other period of our history. today. particularly his novel NoliMe Tangere and El Filibusterismo. WHEREAS. Now. AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. and all schools are enjoined to develop moral character. works and writings of Jose Rizal. Courses on the life. there is a need for a re-dedication to the ideals of freedom and nationalism for which our heroes lived and died.WHEREAS. and subject to regulationby the State. particularly his novels Noli Me Tangereand El Filibusterismo.civic conscience and to teach the duties of citizenship. WORKS AND WRITINGS OF JOSE RIZAL. should besuffused. PARTICULARLY HISNOVELS NOLI ME TANGERE AND EL FILIBUSTERISMO. particularly the national hero and patriot. 1425 AN ACT TO INCLUDE IN THE CURRICULA OF ALL PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS. are a constant and inspiring source of patriotism with which the mindsof the youth.
colleges and universities. The Board of National Education is hereby authorized and directed to adopt forthwithmeasures to implement and carry out the provisions of this Section.schools. colleges and universities to keep in theirlibraries an adequate number of copies of the original and unexpurgated editions of the NoliMe Tangere and El Filibusterismo. within sixty (60)days from the effectivity of this Act. readers and textbooks. including the writingand printing of appropriate primers. promulgate rules and regulations. The Board shall. collegesand universities. The Board of National Education shall determine the adequacy of the number . The saidunexpurgated editions of the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo or their translations inEnglish as well as other writings of Rizal shall be included in the list of approved books forrequired reading in all public or private schools. but not from taking thecourse provided for in the first part of said paragraph. Said rules and regulations shall takeeffect thirty (30) days after their publication in the Official Gazette.Sec. 2. That in the collegiate courses. public or private: Provided. It shall be obligatory on all schools. from the requirement of the provisioncontained in the second part of the first paragraph of this section. including those of disciplinary nature. as well as of Rizal's other works and biography. to carry out and enforce the provisions of this Act. The Board shallpromulgate rules and regulations providing for the exemption of students for reasons of religious belief stated in a sworn written statement. the original orunexpurgated editions of the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo of their Englishtranslation shall be used as basic texts.
depending upon the enrollment of the school. prohibiting the discussion of religiousdoctrines by public school teachers and other person engaged in any public school. to persons desiring to read them. This Act shall take effect upon its approval. Nothing in this Act shall be construed as amendment or repealing section ninehundred twentyseven of the Administrative Code. Tagalog and theprincipal Philippine dialects. The sum of three hundred thousand pesos is hereby authorized to be appropriatedout of any fund not otherwise appropriated in the National Treasury to carry out thepurposes of this Act.Sec. free of charge. Sec. 3. popular editions.Sec.Sec. The Board of National Education shall cause the translation of the Noli Me Tangereand El Filibusterismo. . 5. college or university. as well as other writings of Jose Rizal into English.of books. 6. and causethem to be distributed. 4. cause them to be printed in cheap. through the Purokorganizations and Barrio Councils throughout the country.
Republic Act 1425 is an act. A fine of three hundred pesos is issued if the act was violated. they started extracting data from each source and they were able to conduct a document analysis which was later presented in front of an audience. It compels people to their country and without it. This bill will not also limit the study of other Filipino heroes. Lastly. The proponents were then given several readings related to the RA 1425 and the Noli-Fili Bill to be examined and analysed. to be made compulsory for private. colleges and universities are obligated to have adequate number of copies of Rizal’s two novels and his other literacy pieces. This bill was soon revised and made into a law which is known today as. 1965 and was meant for the general public for them to gain knowledge about the newly passed bill. In reality. 5561 and Senate Bill no. colleges. the National Board of Education is assigned to translate Rizal’s writings into English. this bill required only Rizal’s novels. nationalism seems to be an alienated word to Filipinos. the proponents created a historical essay using the documents that were given to them. Second.The Rizal Law and Its Significance Today Today. Since most Filipinos are unaware about nationalism. the head of any public or university will be dismissed or disqualified. and university courses. It is not often heard nor spoken by people and many would not consider it an essential part of the world that they live in. Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. all schools. they used the two levels of historical criticism in order to identify of the documents were primary or secondary sources. to the curriculum of all public and private schools. nationalism is a huge part of being a Filipino. . 428. Violators are still going to be punished but instead of a fine like in RA 1425. Recto and was called the Noli-Fili Bill. Republic Act 1425. college and universities. which clearly showed nationalism among its readers. It was approved on June 12. First. that was comprised version of House Bill no. Laurel. nothing would become of any nation and unity will never be accomplished. Unlike the RA 1425. The bill that was used as basis in order to create this act was written by Claro M. They looked into the content and the condition of each source. “Noli Me Tangere” and “El Filibusterismo”. Lastly. “Noli Me Tangere” and “El Filibusterismo”. written by Senator Jose P. a bill was created of requiring the youth to indulge themselves with Rizal’s famous novel s. Tagalog and other principal Philippine dialects. First is to include all of Rizal’s works and writings especially his novels. The novels must be original and unexpurgated and the Department of Education will be responsible for the implementation of this bill. Second. Provisions for this law are as follows.
Rizal’s aim was to encourage Filipino nationalism and his means of doing it was writing the actual situation of the Philippines. The novel reveals a false idea of the country’s condition towards the reader. 1956 in the House of Representatives. The Republic Act No. The youth should be taught not just to read and sing this but also to understand and appreciate the beauty of the . the proponents ponder about other forms of nationalism that can be used to encourage today’s youth. 5561 was introduced on April 19. They suspect that the bill was filed not because of Rizal’s sake but for the sake of political expediency and that it would lead to a huge commotion between the people and the Church. they were able to uncover how the bill came to be. Recto claimed that without Rizal’s works. The RA No. Francisco Rodrigo and Decoroso Rosales. After knowing that Rizal’s works and writings showed nationalism among Filipinos. they can learn more about these traits and prepare themselves for what is about to happen. he implied that it is unnecessary to read his novels. Rizal didn’t become the Philippines’ national hero because of his works. 1425 went through several trials. 1425 started out as the Senate Bill No. His novels showed the people’s desire for political freedom and social order. the Church wrote a pastoral letter saying that if the bill was passed. Cueno and Rosales claimed that unity will never be established and it would only result to a crisis. Also. unity can never be formed from within the country. 1956 by the Committee on Education. He became a hero because of the suffering he endured and thus. This became a huge controversy for both sides argued regarding the passage of the bill. After the bill was issued. An identical copy called the House Bill No.As the proponents analysed the documents.The arguments of the two sides are both understandable but Claro Recto’s claims were more believable. One is the Philippine national anthem. The novel was not intentionally created to attack religion or the church for that matter. The opposition described it as “an instrument of vengeance” against the Catholic community. Senator Laurel state d that Rizal’s novels contain strengths and weakness. there would not be a Filipino bishop today. virtues and vices of Filipinos and by understanding these novels. Its soul purpose was to open the eyes of the Filipino about their situation before and it is possible to have no relation to the present. the opposition also commented that people who will read the novel were said to lose religious faith since the novel implies the cruelty of the church and it contained errors of the church doctrine. According to Rogrigo. People who were in favour of this bill were Claro Recto and Senator Laurel while those people against it were Mariano Cuenco. from being assailed as an attempt to discredit Catholicism to getting a substitute bill so that the act can pass with its sole objective having Rizal’s written works be read by Filipinos in unexpurgated form. Rodrigo. Apart from what was mentioned above. On the opposition. Claro M. 438 that was filed on April 3.
Filipino myths and legends and fables can also be considered a possible way of showing nationalism towards the youth. looking into Filipino history books. Although both sides have made their own points. Recto wrote this bill. Their main argument was that the works of Rizal was not really meant for arousing nationalism. The primary purpose of Jose Rizal’s works. was to arouse Filipino nationalism so that the Filipinos will not forget who they are and that they have their own identity as a nation. Today. oppositional forces which mostly came from the Church became obstacles to the passing of the bill. They would be able to understand the history of Filipino culture and how the country turned out to be what it is now. but rather it was an attack to the Church and to the Catholic faith. Lastly.Philippines. They can also serve as guidance for the Filipino youth. It has once changed society in the past and the proponents believe that it could still have a similar impact now because Filipino traits and culture were evidently seen in those works. Whether we admit it or not. It will only weaken unity among Filipinos and their faith will be lost. It is a symbol of nationalism. Rizal’s work especially his novels showed a part of history that people can reflect back into. Another is to have the museums and exhibitions of Filipino culture also become a source of nationalism. When Claro M. these works of Rizal and his life has somehow become a catalyst of Filipino nationalism within our hearts. . They give the opportunity to visualize the past and create an image of Filipino pride. Indeed Rizal’s work showed Filipino nationalism and the proponents believed that it is still considered significant as it was before. Recto’s argument prevailed as it was said to be more believable. no student in the Philippines passes through their school life without ever having a glimpse of Rizal’s famous works. namely the Noli Me Tangere and the El Filibusterismo.
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