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SNGCE/EE/CNF/CMELR 110

SREE NARAYANA GURUKULAM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KADAYIRUPPU


DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

LAB MANUAL FOR

ELECTRICAL WORKSHOP
(CMELR 110)

FOR ALL BRANCHES


SEMESTER: ONE AND TWO

S1.No 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS Godown wiring

Page No. 1

Wiring of one lamp and one plug

Wiring of mercury vapor lamp and CFL

Control of two lamps in series and parallel

Staircase wiring

Wiring of fluorescent lamp with magnetic and electronic lamp 7 Hospital wiring

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13

Wiring of distribution board

15

Measurement of Insulation resistance and Earth resistance 10 Identification of electronic components and soldering practice Testing of half wave and full wave rectifier with capacitor filter

17

20

11

22

GODOWN WIRING

AIM To prepare an estimate and wire up the circuit to control two lamps from two switches such that one lamp is ON at a time.

TOOLS REQUIRED

Screwdriver, line tester, cutting plier, hammer, pocker.


PROCEDURE

Draw the layout diagram in wooden board provided for wiring. 20cm PVC wiring pipe is clamped with saddle as per diagram. Junction box is used to connect the pipes. Wires are drawn through pipes and connections are done as per connection diagram. Fix the lamp holder. Check switching operation after connecting to ac supply.
RESULT

An estimate is prepared and wired up the circuit for given switching operation.
QUESTION

What are the different systems of wiring?

2
LAYOUT SWITCHIG OPERATION S1 OFF ON ON OFF S2 C-1 C-1 C-2 C-2 LI DARK BRIGHT DARK DARK L2 DARK DARK BRIGHT DARK

20

20 20

20

20

20

CONNECTION DIAGRAM

L2

Si

S2

WIRING OF ONE LAMP AND ONE PLUG

AIM

To prepare a wiring such that one lamp is controlled by one switch with one independent plug point and to prepare estimate for the same.
TOOLS REQUIRED

Screwdriver, line tester, cutting plier, hammer, pocker.


PROCEDURE

Draw the layout diagram in wooden board . PVC channels are fixed in respective positions. Tees are used to connect these channels. Wires are drawn through the channel and connections are done as per connection diagram. Fix the lamp holder. Channels are closed and tees are fixed at junctions. Verify switching operation after connecting to ac supply.
RESULT

A wiring is set up such that one lamp is controlled by one switch with one independent plug point and an estimation is prepared for the same.

QUESTION

Draw a neat diagram of a standard wire guage and explain how it is used to measure the size of a wire?

LAYOUT

LI)
20
2 CI

20 PD Si

CONNECTION DIAGRAM

Lamp 60W, 250V

230V 50Hz IN 2.---1C/><T


E

S1

WIRING OF MERCURY VAPOUR LAMP AND CFL


AIM

To prepare an estimation and wire up a circuit for mercury vapour lamp and CFL.
TOOLS REQUIRED

Screwdriver, cutting plier, line tester, hammer, pocker.


PROCEDURE

Draw the layout diagram in wooden board. Casing and caping is fixed on the board. Wires are drawn through it and connections are done as per connection diagram. Circuit is verified by connecting to an ac supply.
RESULT

Wiring of mercury vapour lamp and CFL is done and an estimation is prepared for both mercury vapour lamp and CFL.
QUESTION

Explain the working of high pressure mercury vapour lamp?

MERCURY VAPOUR LAMP


Mercury Vapour Lamp

NI

- Main Electrode A - Auxiliary Electrode

230V 50Hz

MERCURY VAPOUR LAMP


LAYOUT CONNECTION DIAGRAM
Mercury Vapour Lamp

Choke

20

20 20 (9
230V 50Hz
p

COMPACT FLOURESCENT LAMP


LAYOUT CONNECTION DIAGRAM

20

20 20
C...S )

230V 50Hz

Ca)
S1

CONTROL OF TWO LAMPS IN SERIES AND PARALLEL


AIM To connect two lamps in series and parallel and to prepare the estimate for the same. TOOLS REQUIRED Screwdriver, line tester, cutting plier, hammer, pocker. PROCEDURE Draw layout diagram in wooden board provided. 20cm PVC wiring pipe is clamped with saddle as per diagram. Junction box is used to connect these pipes. Wires are drawn through the pipes and connections are done as per connection diagram. Fix the lamp holder. Close the junction box. Verify the switching operation after connecting to ac supply. RESULT A wiring is setup to control two lamps in series and parallel and an estimation is prepared for the same. QUESTION Why ACSR conductor is used for overhead lines?

LAYOUT

SWITCHING OPERATION Si S2 C-2 C-1


C-2 Ll DIM L2 DIM

20

20
20

20

4110 20
20

C-2 C-1
C-1

BRIGHT BRIGHT

BRIGHT
DARK

DARK
DARK

C-2

C-1

CONNECTION DIAGRAM

S1

S2

STAIRCASE WIRING

AIM

To connect two switches in order to control one lamp so that it can be controlled by each one independently. Also prepare the estimate for the same.
TOOLS REQUIRED

Screwdriver, line tester, cutting plier, hammer, pocker.


PROCEDURE

Draw layout diagram in wooden board provided. According to layout casing and caping is fixed on the board. Wires are drawn through it and connections are done as per connection diagram. Fix the lamp holder. Verify the switching operation after connecting to ac supply.
RESULT

A wiring is setup to connect two switches in order to control one lamp so that it can be controlled by each one independently. Also prepared the estimation for the same.
QUESTION

What are different types of conductor materials?

10

LAYOUT

SWITCHING OPERATION Si C-1 C-2 C-1 C-2 S2 C-1 C-2 C-2 C-1 L BRIGHT BRIGHT DARK DARK

CONNECTION DIAGRAM

2 3 0 V 5 0Hz

Si

S2

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WIRING OF FLUORESCENT LAMP WITH MAGNETIC AND ELECTRONIC CHOKE


AIM

Set up a wiring of fluorescent lamp with electronic and magnetic choke and to prepare an estimation for the same.
TOOLS REQUIRED

Screwdriver, Line tester, cutting plier.


PROCEDURE

Connections are done as per circuit diagram 1. Supply is given and circuit diagram is tested. Then second diagram is set up and checked by connecting to ac supply.
RESULT

Wiring of fluorescent lamp with electronic and magnetic choke is done and an estimation is prepared for the same.
QUESTION

Explain the working of fluorescent lamp?

12

FLUORESCENT LAMP WITH MAGNETIC CHOKE


G1 cnvul type start e

23 OV SOHz

FLUORESCENT LAMP WITH ELECTONIC CHOKE

230V 50Hz

13

HOSPITAL WIRING
AIM
To prepare an estimate and wire up the circuit to control two lamps with two switches (one way switch and two way switch) so as to get both dim, both bright and only one bright.

TOOLS REQUIRED
Screwdriver, cutting plier, line tester, hammer, pocker. PROCEDURE Draw layout diagram in wooden board provided. 20cm PVC wiring pipe is clamped with saddle as per diagram. Junction box is used to connect these pipes. Wires are drawn through the pipes and connections are done as per connection diagram. Fix the lamp holders. Close the junction box. Verify the switching operation after connecting to ac supply. RESULT A circuit is wired up to control two lamps with two switches so as to get both dim,both bright and only one bright and an estimation is prepared for the same. QUESTION Compare AC and DC systems of supply.

14

14

LAYOUT

SWITCHING OPERATION

L i 20 0
2 2D

Si
L-2) 20 C-1 C-2 C-1 C-2

S2 ON ON OFF OFF

Ll

L2

BRIGHT BRIGHT BRIGHT DARK DIM DARK DARK DIM

20

20 C:D

CONNECTION DIAGRAM
L

1 f b 230v 50 Hz

S2

15

WIRING OF DISTRIBUTION BOARD


AIM

To perform wiring of distribution board including power plug using isolator, MCB, ELCB and to prepare the estimation for the same.
TOOLS REQUIRED

Screwdriver, line tester, cutting plier, hammer, pocker.


PROCEDURE

Draw layout diagram in wooden board provided. 20cm PVC wiring pipe is clamped with saddle as per diagram. Junction box and elbows are used to connect these pipes. Wires are drawn through the pipes and connections are done as per connection diagram. fix the lamp holder. Close the junction box and distribution box . Verify the switching operation after connecting to ac supply.
RESULT

Wiring of distribution board including power plug using isolator, MCB, ELCB is performed and an estimation is prepared for the same.
QUESTION

Explain general rules for electrical installation in buildings?

PN

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MEASUREMENT OF INSULATION RESISTANCE AND EARTH RESISTANCE


INSULATION MEGGAR AIM To measure the resistance of insulation using insulation meggar. APPARATUS Insulation meggar. PROCEDURE Terminals of the meggar are connected across the primary winding (A A') of a transformer whose resistance is to be measured. Similarly the secondary winding (B B') resistance is measured. Then the terminals are connected to the winding (B) and the body of the transformer (C) and resistance is measured. Insulation resistance between primary and secondary winding is also measured. RESULT Resistance between terminals of primary winding = Resistance between terminals secondary winding = Insulation resistance between the winding and body of the transformer = Insulation resistance between the primary and secondary winding of transformer =

19.

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EARTH MEGGAR AIM To measure the resistance of earth using earth meggar. APPARATUS Earth meggar, three aluminium rods, connecting wires, hammer. PROCEDURE Terminals C1 and P1 are shorted and is connected to earth electrode.10m is measured from the earth electrode and a rod is driven there. It is connected to C2. Another rod 2.5m from earth electrode is driven and connected to P2. Reading is taken. Then second rod is shifted to 5m from earth electrode and connected to P2. Reading is taken. The procedure is repeated for 7.5m from earth electrode. Average of these three readings gives the earth resistance. RESULT Earth resistance = QUESTION Why switches and fuses are provided in phase line?

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INSULATION MEGGAR Insulation Megger

1-A and 2-A' for primary winding resistance C 1-B and 2-B' for secondary winding resistance 1-B and 2-C for insulation resistance between winding and body 1-A and 2-B for insulation resistance between primary and secondary winding

EARTH MEGGAR
Earth Megger

Earth Electrode

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IDENTIFICATION OF ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS AND SOLDERING PRACTICE


AIM

Identification of electronic components. To practice soldering and to prepare the estimation for the same. To solder an IC base and wires in a PCB. Insert a logic gate in the IC base and verify its function using IC tester.
TOOLS REQUIRED

Soldering iron, lead, desoldering pump, leg strip, printed circuit board, wire, IC, cutting plier.
PROCEDURE

The given electronic components are identified. For soldering of copper wire the steps are given below First clean the leg strip. The insulation from the end of copper wire is removed and clean it. Then apply soldering paste to end of wire. When soldering iron is heated place the copper wire into the hole of the leg strip. Solder it to leg strip using soldering lead. To solder the pins of IC base to the PCB the same procedure is used. Insert an IC to the IC base and truth table is verified using IC tester. Then desoldering is done using desoldering pump. For desoldering first heat the soldering iron and melt the soldering paste with the desoldering pump. Remove connection and clean leg strip.
RESULT

The given electronic components are identified and the soldering has been practiced and prepared the estimation for the same. Soldered an IC base and wires in a PCB. Inserted logic gate in the IC base and it's function is verified using IC tester.
QUESTIONS

Explain the working of soldering iron? What are the different factors to be considered to get good soldering joint?

21

NAND IC TRUTH TABLE

1.1Gc40.. "=ID -+ -"T 3A 3D 3y

14 1 13 EL2 111

Fa

e I

A 0 0

B 0 1 0 1

Y 1 1 1 0

7 4 CI

1 1

3'

.5

1A 1_D 1Y ZA ED EY QTID

AND IC TRUTH TABLE

_L4 113 r.2 [Li 1.1.0

nIcc. 4A 4B 41.- 3 A. 3 B

9I8

A 0 0 7408 1 1

B 0 1 0 1

Y 0 0 0 1

5
1A 1E 1V 2A 2 B 2 Ir GIN

22

TESTING OF HALF WAVE AND FULL WAVE RECTIFIER WITH CAPACITOR FILTER
AIM

To prepare an estimate and to setup a half wave and full wave rectifier with and without capacitor filter.
TOOLS REQUIRED

Diode, resistor,capacitor,transformer,bread board, wires.


PROCEDURE

The primary of transformer is connected to an ac supply. The secondary is connected to bread board. The insertion of wires into bread board is done. Resistor, capacitor and diodes are also inserted into bread board as per circuit diagram. The output is taken across resistor and is connected to cathode ray oscilloscope. The output waveform is displayed on the CRO. The waveforms are obtained with and without capacitor filter.
RESULT

Testing of half wave and full wave rectifier with and without capacitor filter is done.
QUESTION

Explain the working of half wave and full wave rectifier with and without filter.

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CONNECTION DIAGRAM

Half Wave Rectifier


6

Full Wave Rectifier


1N4007 1
--) C--+H-

230V 50Hz

-: -5

c_____________(-\_ L 0
6 -41 1N4007

T 1000pF

To CRO