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EEM 613 Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry Home Assignment 7 Year: 2013-14

Q1. By what factor does the average particle size of tobacco smoke increase as a result of coagulation during the 2 s that it takes for the smoke to travel from the cigarette to the smokers lungs? Assume that the inhaled concentration is and that the initial aerosol diameter is 20 nm. Q2. For an initial monodisperse aerosol of 1.0-m liquid droplets (particle density = 2000 kg/m3) and a number concentration of 106 cm-3, determine the percentage of particles that will have twice the initial particle mass after 10 min. Assume simple monodisperse coagulation. Neglect higher order coagulation. Q3. Calculate the coagulation kernel due to Brownian motion when the diameter of one particle is 0.1 m and the diameter of the other is 1.0 m. Compare the result with the kernel obtained when both particles are 1.0 m in diameter. Assume T = 298 K, = 990 mb, the air is dry, and the particle density is = 1.2 g Q4. Use Smoluchowskis solution to calculate the number concentration of particles with volume 10 times that of the initial monodisperse distribution after 12 hours of coagulation when the temperature is 298 K assuming the initial concentration of monodisperse particles is 106 particles cm3. Q5. Show that for an aerosol population undergoing growth by condensation only with no sources or sinks: a. The total number of particles is constant. b. The average particle size increases with time. c. The total aerosol volume increases with time.