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cfd20

cfd20

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Published by Engr S R Khan
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Computational Fluid Dynamics

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Published by: Engr S R Khan on Sep 13, 2009
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11/07/2012

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As it was stated in section two, CFD provides the solution to the governing equations of
the flow subject to a particular initial and boundary conditions. Equations (1) to (3) plus
the equations of the state or the property relations are the general form of the governing
equations. These equations are highly nonlinear and very difficult to solve even
numerically. In applying these equations to a particular problem, some of the terms may
disappear or be negligible which makes the solution much simpler. Various numerical
techniques are developed for each of the particular application of the general flow
equations and their simplified forms. In order to introduce various computational
techniques we will first consider a simple form of the momentum equation, and then
discretize various forms of that equation. The momentum equation (2) for a 1-
dimensional, incompressible flow with no body force, and constant properties reduces to

xp

xu

xu

u

tu

∂∂

∂∂

=

∂∂

+

∂∂

ρ

ν

1

2

2

(37)

The first term in equation (37) is the transient term, the second is the convective term, the
third is the diffusive term, and the fourth is the pressure term. We will consider various
combinations of the terms in this equation and discuss the methods to solve them.

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