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Need for low cost housing in India

Need for low cost housing in India

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Published by Pardeep Singh Maan
Need for low cost housing in India
Need for low cost housing in India

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Published by: Pardeep Singh Maan on Jan 08, 2014
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01/08/2014

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NEED FOR LOW COST HOUSING

Housing is one of the basic requirements of any individual next to food and clothing. All of us dream for owning a suitable house in our life span. In today’s context when India is heading towards economic growth and entering into an era of overall development, it is more than essential that we create an enabling environment for affordable housing for one and all.

poor quality shelter is associated with significant health risks -For those who build their own homes. due to off-shoot of tremendous socio-economic disparity prevailing in our villages -Urban poverty is a significant cause of inadequate shelter -Low-quality shelter compounds the problems of poverty. consolidation is generally slow due to both an absolute lack of finance. In particular. and an inability to spread costs through acquiring loans .FACTORS AFFECTING A NEED FOR LOW COST URBAN SHELTERS: -Alarming trend of migration to the cities -Rural migration to cities due to widespread poverty in villages.

FACTORS AFFECTING A NEED FOR LOW COST URBAN SHELTERS: -Alarming trend of migration to the cities -Rural migration to cities due to widespread poverty in villages. poor quality shelter is associated with significant health risks -For those who build their own homes. due to off-shoot of tremendous socio-economic disparity prevailing in our villages -Urban poverty is a significant cause of inadequate shelter -Low-quality shelter compounds the problems of poverty. consolidation is generally slow due to both an absolute lack of finance. In particular. and an inability to spread costs through acquiring loans .

Percentage of households living in one-room units is 77. 64% in Ahmedabad and 63% in Chennai Were unable to afford the cheapest dwellings available in the open markets of those cities. 67.STATUS OF URBAN HOUSING: A World bank study conducted in 1975 shows that: 55% of the households in Mexico city. 60% in Ahmedabad and 53. 68% in Nairobi.4% in Mumbai. About a million people live precariously in 90.000 old and diapilated buildings in Mumbai. 35% in Bangkok.6% in Kolkata. 65% in Pune. 47% in Bagota.6% in Chennai. waiting imminent collapse . 57% in Delhi.

83 lakh villages According to the study by Institute of Development Studies(IDS) nearly half of the rural housesare more than 50 years old requiring urgent renovation on war footing The number of 'Kutcha' construction has increased testifying the fact that the rich get richer and the poor still poorer in the country .6 million units About 75% of houses in the countryside belonged to the category of semi or non-permanent construction About 74% of national population live in about 5. the housing shortage in rural areas is 20.STATUS OF RURAL HOUSING: The scenario in rural housing is far worse According to NBO estimates.

To Conclude. 1976. and Rent control act with some ammendments might help accelerate the pace of housing activity in the country . or overcrowding in poorly-serviced diapidated structures. Moreover the rising values of land under pressure of urbanisation and population growth make it difficult for the public authorities to accuire land for social housing programmes It is hoped that the. Urban land ceiling and regulation act. Inadequate availability of land and its high prices due to a variety of legal and administrative constraints is leaving vast numbers of households with no alternative but to illegal settlement on poorlyserviced land.

Agencies currently employed in undertaking Low cost building techniques in Rural and Urban sectors: -National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD) -Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) -Building Material and Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC) -Central Building Research Institute (CBRI) -National Building Organization (NBO) .

Parks and other sites for communal facilities consistent with land use economy .OPTIMUM RESIDENTIAL DESITIES The following desities are normally considered Optimum: i) Single storeyed houses ii) Two-storeted houses iii) Three-storeyed houses iv) Four storeyed houses v) Five-storeyed houses : 50-65 houses per gross hectare : 75-100 houses per gross hectares : 100-125 houses per gross hectare : 125-150 houses per gross hectare : 150 houses per gross hectare If above densities are adhered to and the layouts are prepared by qualified town planning agencies. wide Roads. it may be feasible to ensure adequate open Spaces.

Thank you .

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