You are on page 1of 106

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E<¥K ÷¥¶ÆØ„T ¥¶<gN¥ ∑g¶„ $ <¥K √¶„≤>∂ - <GK¶÷϶ - ¥¯T¶„Ød d¶¥ ∑¶Æ¶∑’ ∑g¶„ $ jg¶„&zZæ∑’ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gÆb gƶT∂K Txg¶∑ ¥¶<gN¥ $ <¥KF
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [1]

c c
c √¶„dg - ¥¶„Ƶg¶b ¥¯T √∑ÆK¶∑’ ∑g¶„ $ <¥K ¥æ√æŒ - Ø„T¶∑’ ∑g¶„ $ fi’~g√∑ÆK«dT’<¥K¥æƵg¥¶<g<TKbd’ E>Q>g’√’ LLL ∑¶d¶cµgP{ƶ∏¶„ c
c c
c LLL fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ fi >g’ ∏¢Dd∑’ "÷\aÁ[„'    $$ § jg# ¥Ty¨¶d $$ 1. „ ∑’ P{¶Ï„ ∑’ „ ∑’ ¥g® ∑’ ~’fi¶ ∑¶g ∑dK∂ ƶ„zZ¶, c
c c
c Tr∑∏¶„ $ 2. Â∂¥„ ∑’ ~’fi¶® jdK∂® ¸<Æd¶ ÷[gfiæK\zZg„ <Ø¥∂«¶® fiær∑«W„ j¶g’ ~„<® ƶ„zZ¶, Tr∑∏¶„ $ 3. ÂzZ ∑’ ~’fi¶® jdK∂® P{¶„<∑® j¶g’ K¶d¶ ƶ„zZ¶, c
c c
c Tr∑∏¶„ $ 4. „ ∑’ P{¶Ï„ ∑’ „ ∑’ ¥g® ∑’ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’„T¶¥∂ ∏É¥æƵg„ ∑¶g’ Z„K„ G¶<Â¥’fir∑„ Pæ{Ï¥’fir∑„ ¸Ï-m{T-<T∑d-∑¶∑-Ø’¥∑- c
c c
c ~K[-϶OT¥’fir∑„ ∏¶„d’¥∂ „d’¥∂ TÇ’¥∂ G¥’¥∂ <GdP{¶„Æ„ <Gdg¶∑„ <Gdg¶® <Gd϶„Æ„ <Gb’<Ø® <Gd<jW„ <GdfiK∂¥Æ„ G∂<Td¶¥¶-gK∑«d<Thfigæß„{ ÂThfiƶ∑„ c
c c
c √æ∑hfiƶ∑„ ®T’ P{K∑0 ~K∑0 <j‘√Æ0 <∑ÚE>d0 ∏ÉT0 gWT0 ϶OT0 Á’<Â0 √æ<[0 gæ<[0 10 <Tɶ0 g’Â0 ¸«’0 T„d0 jd0 <jdg0 ¥Ç0 ¥¶„d0 c
c c
c ∑¶∑0 Ø’¥∑0 ~K[0 21 ∏¶„K¶Ï„ O¶„K„ O¶„K¯T® O¶„K¯T¥∂ O¶„K¸’«~„KT¶¥∂ ÷ÚE‡> >¥K∂K„ ¥’<Á[<T÷Ï„dÏ„N¥„ ~÷W¥fiæ¯T∂ ~÷∑¶∑¶„T√„ fi’~<Æ* c
c c
c ∏∑√¶K¥®<Æ* ¥<x* ¥’fiKTæ≤>„ fiæ¯T¶∑æfiæ\¯T* ~Kg¶∑„ √¶g¶∑æ√¶g’ Ø°<ÂÉg¶∑„ ¥æÆ’¥æÆ„∑’ <TÆKg¶∑„ G„∑„T ~’fi¶ j√K∂ G„∑„T fiær∑«W„ ~„<® „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b, c
c c
c ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ∏ƶfi≤>m{T’ ÷‘√Æ’ ∏¶„<√\rÆ[¶ ¥’Gg„∑’ ÂT¥¶ ∏hfi¶∑’ «¶T„g¶∑„ <TÆK< $ 5. „ ∑’ ~’fi¶® jdK∂® fiK¥¶ <j‘√d¶, cµg¶„ P{<Æ∏¶„, fiK¥¶ G¶g„T c
c c
c <Ø¥’ fi¶÷Ω«‡Â¶ ¶g„T <Ø¥’ fi≤>√d¶ $ 6. „ ∑’ P{¶Ï„ ∑’ „ ∑’ ¥g® ∑’ ∏É¥æƵgN¥ ∏∑√¶KN¥ G„Q>„ ∏’„T¶¥∂ ∏ÉG’¸‡∑¶g ∏∑√¶K„ P{¶¥T„ √¶„[„∑’ ¥[æN¥„Æ„ c
c c
c G¶T ∏Éæ¥æƵgN¥ Z„KN¥ ∏Ø°K¥¶g’„ ÷â’G¶∑‡ ∏ƶ„<¥K„ D¶∑P{¶„Q>¶„T√„ ¥’Gg„∑’ ÂT¥¶ ∏hfi¶∑’ «¶T„g¶∑„ <TÆK< $ 7. „ ∑’ ¥„ ∏ÉG’¸‡∑¶g„ G¶d¥â„ c
c c
c G¶d¥’ ¥ ® G¶dP{¶„ ÷ ÆÑ„ , ¥’ G ¶d¥â„ ¥’ G ¶d¥’ ¥ ® ¥’ G ¶dP{¶„ ÷ ÆÑ„ , ÷hfir∑¥â„ ÷hfir∑¥’ ¥ ® ÷hfir∑P{¶„ ÷ ÆÑ„ , ¥gæ h fir∑¥â„ ¥gæ h fir∑¥’ ¥ ® c
c ¥gæhfir∑P{¶„÷ÆÑ„ ÷Q>¶® ÷Q>„<Â, ÷Q>¶® ÷<Q>[¶ G„∑¶g„T ∏É¥æƵg„ Z„K„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶, ∏É¥æƵg„ Z„K„ <ÂaÁæ[¶„ ∏¶d¶<Æ∑fid¶<Æ∑’ c
c c
c P{K„<Â, P{K[¶ T’Ø< ∑g’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ ∑g’<¥[¶ ∏É¥æƵgN¥ Z„KN¥ ∑Ƕ¥∆„ j¶<ÂØ°K„ ¥æN¥‡¥g¶∑„ ∑g’¥g¶∑„ ∏<«gæÆ„ fi’G<Ï÷≤>„ <T∑®∑’ fiÉæT¶¥g¶∑„ c
c c
c ®T’ Tض¥∂ö G< ∑’ «’„ ¥g∑„∑’ «√T¶ gƶT∂K„∑’ ∏¶b√K„∑’ <ÂzZP{K„∑’ ¥Æ¥’¸æx„∑’ fiæK¥æ[g„∑’ fiæK¥¥∂Æ„∑’ fiæK¥TKfiæ’¢K∂®∑’ fiæK¥TK√’ cÆ\zZ∑¶ c
c c
c ϶„√æ[g„∑’ ϶„√∑¶Æ„∑’ ϶„√fibyT„∑’ ϶„dfiɶ„d√K„∑’ ∏«dØ®∑’ ¥K∑Ø®∑’ ~aÁæØ®∑’ g‘√Ø®∑’ ¸¶„<ÆØ®∑’ cµgØ®∑’ cµgØ„¥®∑’ cµgTK~¶÷K’Â~ß{Tu>∑¶ c
c c
c ∏hfi≤>ÆdTKj¶∑Ø’ ¥ ∑cK„ ∑ ’ <T∏u>E>÷g„ ∑ ’ <G∑„ ∑ ’ G¶∑®∑’ ¸æ x „ ∑ ’ ¸¶„ Æ ®∑’ gæ [ „ ∑ ’ g¶„ d √„ ∑ ’ <Âr∑„ ∑ ’ ¶K®∑’ ¥¯Tj„ ∑ ’ ¥¯TØK¥∑„ ∑ ’ c
c c
c <¥TgdÏgŒdg∑’ÂgaÁdg¯T¶¸¶Ægfiæ∑K¶T[d’ ¥¶¥d’ Ê>¶∑gæT√„∑’ fi’~gN¥ ∏’√N¥ ∏dgQ>„ fir∑[„, E>Q>N¥ ∑’ ∏’√N¥ «’„ ! ∑¶d¶cµgP{ƶ∑’ P„{ ∏Q>„ c
c c
c fir∑[„ ? G’¸‡ ! < ∏É¥æƵg„ Z„K„ ∏ÉG’¸‡∑¶g’ ∏∑√¶K’ ®T’ Tض¥∂ $ ®T’ ÁÏæ G’¸‡ ! ¥g∑„∑’ «√T¶ gƶT∂K„∑’ G¶T ¥’fi[„∑’ E>Q>N¥ ∏’√N¥ ض„ ¥æÂaÁ’c¶ c
c c
c fir∑[¶, Â’Gƶ- ∑¶d¶<∑ d cµgP{ƶ∏¶„ d $ G< ∑’ «’„ ! ¥g∑„∑’ «√T¶ gƶT∂K„∑’ G¶T ¥’fi[„∑’ E>Q>N¥ ∏’√N¥ ض„ ¥æÂaÁ’c¶ fir∑[¶ Â’Gƶ-j¶d¶<∑ d c
c c
c cµgP{ƶ∏¶„ d, fi >gN¥ ∑’ «’„ ! ¥æÂaÁ’cN¥ ¥g∑„∑’ G¶T ¥’fi[„∑’ ∑¶d¶∑’ P{< ∏¢Dd∑¶ fir∑[¶ ? ®T’ ÁÏæ G’¸æ ! ¥g∑„∑’ G¶T ¥’fi[„∑’ ∑¶d¶∑’ c
c c
c ®√‡∑T∂¥’ ∏¢Dd∑¶ fir∑[¶, Â’Gƶö ÷\aÁ[∑¶® 1 ¥’O¶≤>„ 2 ∏’≤>„ 3 Pæ{µg„ d 4 ¥„Ï√„ 5 $ Âæ’¸„ d 6 K¶„<Æ∑∂ 7 gÑ∂ 8 g¶d’Ø∂ 9 ~’<Øg¶ b d 10 $$1$$ c
c c
c ضTWT„ 11 ÷Ø√∑¶® 12 g’≤>æ ß{„ 13 „dÏ∂ b d 14 $ ∑’<Ø◊{Ï„ 15 ∏TKP’{P{¶ 16 ∏¶<Âr∑„ 17 ¥æ¥ ’ gæ ¶ b d 18 $$2$$ ∏TK„ d fiæ≤’ >K∂® ∑¶® ®√‡∑T∂¥<Âg„ 19 $3 c
c c
c 1/2 $ G< ∑’ «’„ ! ¥g∑„∑’ G¶T ¥’fi[„∑’ ∑¶d¶∑’ ®√‡∑T∂¥’ ∏¢Dd∑¶ fir∑[¶, Â’Gƶö÷\aÁ[∑¶® G¶T fiæ’≤>K∂® < d, fi >gN¥ ∑’ «’„ ! ∏¢Dd∑N¥ c
c c
c Æb…DıÒK :- ◊. ◊ˆ. Æbµ˙®•® Ebv“TZb•®ºfib ◊π÷ÏÂbØ® dŸTŸÒ “ (◊P_d) #ETO·Gıfib gb› «”÷fib÷ Zϸخ c

H cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 591
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EP„{ ∏Q>„ fir∑[„ ? 8. ®T’ ÁÏæ G’¸‡ ! „ ∑’ P{¶Ï„ ∑’ „ ∑’ ¥g® ∑’ bÆ„T G’¸æW∂T„ Ø∂T„ «¶KÆ„ T¶¥„ ض<Æ∑â«KÆ„ K¶d<√Æ„ ∑¶g„ jTK„ ƶ„zZ¶, Tr∑∏¶„ $ √æ∑<¥Ï®F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [2]

c c
c ~„<®, Tr∑∏¶„ $ ÂzZ ∑’ K¶d<√Æ„ j√K„ ¥„<∑® ∑¶g K¶d¶ ƶ„zZ¶, gƶ<ÆgT’Â0, Tr∑∏¶„ $ ÂN¥ ∑’ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ ∑’ض ∑¶g Ø„T∂ ƶ„zZ¶ ¥‡g¶Ï¥æPæ{g¶Ïfi¶<∑fi¶Ø¶, c
c c
c Tr∑∏¶„ $ ÂN¥ ∑’ ¥„<∑dN¥ fiæ[„ ∑’ض® Ø„T∂® ∏[® ∏«® ∑¶g Pæ{g¶K„ ƶ„zZ¶ ∏Æ∂∑ G¶T ¥æm{T„ ¥¶g-Ø’≤>-«„d-÷Thfid¶∑∑∂<Â¥æhfi÷[∑d<TÆr∑‡ byƶ-T‡Æ- c
c c
c g‘√∑-√T„¥∑∏zZ¥zZg<Â<T¥¶K® ÷hfi<[d¶® T„∑bd¶® P{µgd¶® fi¶K∑¶<gd¶® ~÷\¯Tƶ® ¸æx∂® ÷TT„®, ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ ¸Æ°¥æ P{É„¥æ d Pæ{≤æ>’¸„¥æ d c
c c
c g’„¥æ d √æ¢D„¥æ d KÆN¥„¥æ d <∑ÚE>®¥æ d ∏¶fiæÚE><∑É„ fi≤>fiæÚE><∑É„ g„ >∂ fig¶∑’ ∏¶Æ¶K„ ∏¶Ï’¸∑’ ~aÁ‡ g„ >∂«‡® fig¶∑«‡® ∏¶Æ¶K«‡® ∏¶Ï’¸∑«‡® c
c c
c ~aÁ櫇® ¥¯TP{É„¥æ ¥¯T«‡<gd¶¥æ ÏxfiÇ® <Tbr∑<Td¶K„ KÉcæK<~*® d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶, ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ KÉ’ ~ KQ>’ ~ P{¶„¥’ ~ P{¶„Q>¶√¶K’ ~ ¸Ï’ ~ T¶Æ∑’ ~ c
c c
c fiæK’ ~ ∏’„÷K’ ~ ¥dg„T ¥gæT„aÁg¶∑„ 2 <TÆK< $ 9. ÂN¥ ∑’ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ c¶K∑∂ j¶g Ø„T∂ ƶ„zZ¶ G¶T ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ bQ>¶ G¶T <TÆKb $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ c
c c
c c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ∏r∑d¶ P{d¶b Â’<¥ ¶K¥√’<¥ E>ß{Q>P{ÏQ> - gQ>¥’Ê>dÁ’ - «æ‘√ÂfiTKTK¥¶Ï«’<Gd÷ÉÏg<∑P{∑√KÂ∑Z‡<«d<T≤>’P{G¶Ïx~’Ø- c
c c
c <∑ɇ Æ ’  KP{∑d¶<Ï~’ Ø ¥¶<Ïd¶<T«<[P{<Ï® ¥K¥ÚE>T¶≤>TÏTr∑Kb® ¸¶<ÆK∏¶„ Ø° < gdOQ>gQ>„ ∏Ω«’  K∏¶„ fi¥[¥æ < ~<Ï<Æd<~[P{µg„ c
c c
c j¶∑¶<TÆfi’ ~ Tr∑g<∑Kd∑-P{¶„  u>gÂÏ„ fi÷gÏd¶-◊æ { ÑT<Ñ-TKfiæ h ◊{G¶<Â÷Ѷ„ d <~<[dÂÏ„ T’ Ø ∑TKP{∑√-P{Ï¥¥æ < ∑\µgdfi≤>fiæ ’ < Gd¥K¥fi- c
c c
c ÷g¥¶„Æ’ÂضK«¶® fidK√Ï’¸’Âg<∑gæ[ضg¥æ<TKbdضK¥¶„Æ„ ¥æ’√’<cTKPæ{¥ægg÷dfiµÆÏ¥d∑¶„Td¶Kg∑<Ædd<j¯TæbP{K„ P{hfi‡KÏT’√gÏd~’Ø∑P{¶Ï√ŒfiTK- c
c c
c Pæ’{ØŒß{ÂæŒß{O‡T≤>¢D’Â¥æK<«gOgO„*Â√’cæxÿd¶<«K¶g„ ¥æ√’cTK√’<c® √’cTu>«‡Â„ g<∑P{K∑fi∑¶<¥d’cP{¶K„, P*{ ¸Æÿ∑¶ ? Gæb√æ∑„<Æ* ¥æKTK<Tg¶∑T„Ï’¸TKOK® c
c c
c Â’<¥ ¶K¥√’<¥ ¥d<∑É’<¥ ¥¶<Ï*√∑Tu>® ÷«d¶„<TΩ¸¶„d∑„ ØÿÆ∏¶„ ÷r∑® g¢D„ ∑d√’«∂K„ √’√¶fiæ<Ï∑T¶Ïæd÷W¶Ï¥¶<Ï¥® ∏¶„d<TdÁ¶„gØÿ√æÑfiu>fi≤>ÚE>d∑„ c
c c
c ∏zZKd-gÏd-jTÂd-Pæ{¥[-<Ï*¸-¥∂ÆP„{¥KfiÇæ\zZ® ¥æ<TKbKd[¶∑„ K[’¥æd¥’Tæ® ¥æKµg„ ∏¶b∑√-m{d-¸‡K-∑T∑∂dÂæÑ◊{¶¥„ fiæ¯TK[¶TK[P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ c
c c
c ¥æ[G¶√K¶ ∏¶„Æ∂Kg¶∑∂ ®√’ gÆ’ ¥[N¥„Æ’ KddP‡{≤>¥<∆Æ’ jÆdÏ’<¥ ¥¶„g’ ¥¶„g¶√¶K’ Ï∂϶d’Â’ G’«¶dg¶∑’ gæÆg<Â√d’ √d’ fi¶<¥[¶∑’ fi≤>¸æx¶ $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ c
c c
c c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ∏dg„d¶m{T’ ∏¶„K¶Ï’ P{Ѷ∑’ <¥T’ c∆’ g’√Ñ’ ¥\N¥K∂d’ gƶ¥æ<g∑’ fi¶<¥[¶∑’ fi≤>¸æx¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ÆQ>ÂæQ>¶ <~[g¶∑’<Ød¶ fi∂<Âg∑¶ fiKg¥¶„g∑’<¥d¶ c
c c
c ÆK¥T¥<T¥hfig¶∑<Ædd¶ c¶K¶ÆdP{Ï’¸fiæh◊{√’ <fiT ¥g‡¥<TdK¶„gP‡{T¶ Â’ ¥æ<g∑’ ∏¶„<√\rÆ[¶ ¥d<∑ɶ∏¶„ ÷Q>„<Â, ÷Q>„[¶ fi¶dfi∂ >¶Â¶„ fiǶ„ŒÆ<Â, fiǶ„Œ<Æ[¶ c
c ∏ÂæKdg~TÏg¥’«’¶® ∏<TÏ’<¸d¶® K¶dÆ’¥¥K¥¶® √Â∂® G„∑¶g„T ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥„<∑d’ K¶d’ ¶<Æ* bQ>¶<Æ* P’{¶<Æ* <fid¶<Æ* c
c c
c g∑ær∑¶<Æ* g∑¶g¶<Æ* ∏¶„K¶Ï¶<Æ* P{Ѷ∑¶<Æ* <¥T¶<Æ* c∆¶<Æ* g’√Ѷ<Æ* ¥\N¥K∂d¶<Æ* <Ædd√g<∑ɶ<Æ* <Æddfi“ƶd<∑ɶ<Æ* <gdgÆÿKK<«d√’«∂K¥\N¥K∂d¶<Æ* c
c c
c <√K¶<Æ* ¥’ÏTg¶∑∂ ¥’ÏTg¶∑∂ fi≤>¸¶„Æ„<Â, fi≤>¸¶„Æ„[¶ ¥„<∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ ∏Ω«∑æ∆¶d¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ∑¶∑¶g<∑P{∑√Kd∑«<[<~[’<¥ «W¶¥∑’<¥ <∑¥∂d<Â, <∑¥∂b[¶ c
c c
c ∏¶¥zZ¶ T∂¥zZ¶ ¥æƶ¥∑TK√d¶ P{KdÏfiK‘√<Æd’ <¥K¥¶T[’ gzZ® ∏’G<Ï* P{uÿ> ¥„<∑d’ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ö ®T’ ÁÏæ ∏Æ’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ∏ÉÂ’<¥ ¶K¥√’<¥ c
c c
c ¥d<∑É’¥¶<Ï*√∑Tu>® G¶T <jd√Td∑gbTd’Â’ √d’ ¥æ<g∑„ fi¶<¥[¶∑’ fi≤>¸æx¶, Â’ ®dN¥ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ∏¶„K¶<ÏdN¥ P{Ѷ∑N¥ <¥TN¥ c∆N¥ c
c c
c g’√ÏN¥ G¶T ¥æ<g∑N¥ P„{ g∆„ P{Ѷ∑„ ◊{Ï<T<[<T¥„¥„ «<TN¥< ? $ 10. „ ∑’ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏’<® ®dgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <j¥µg ÆQ>ÂæQ> G¶T c
c c
c <Æd® c¶K¶Ædj∂T¥æK<«Pæ{¥æg~æ’~æg¶ÏbdÂ∑‡ …{¥<TdK¶„gP‡{T„ Â’ ¥æ<g∑’ ∏¶„<√rÆ<Â, ∏¶„<√\rÆ[¶ byÆ’ fi<T¥<[ fi<T<¥[¶ ∏hfi∑¶„ ¥¶«¶<T®∑’ gbfiæ¯T®∑’ c
c c
c ¸æ<x<Tr∑¶∑„∑’ ÂN¥ ¥æ<g∑N¥ ∏zZ¶„‘√Æ’ P{K„<Â, P{K[¶ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* ¶<Æ* G¶T <Æddfi“ƶd<∑ɶ<Æ* <g÷gÆÿKK<«Â√’«∂K¥\N¥K∂d¶<Æ* T‘√‡<Æ* ∏∑æT‡Æg¶∑„ c
c c
c ∏∑æT‡Æg¶∑„ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ö∏¶„K¶Ï„ ∑’ Âæg„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ¥æ<g∑„ <ØQ>, P{Ѷ∑„ ∑’ Âæg„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ¥æ<g∑„ <ØQ>,„ c∆„ g’√Ñ„ ¥\N¥ ® ∑’ Âæg„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ¥æ<g∑„ c

H G
<ØQ>„ ∏¶K¶„‘√Âæ<Q>Ø∂ƶ÷dP{Ñ∑g’√ÏP{¶K® ∑’ Âæg„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ¥æ<g∑„ <ØQ>,„ ∏zZ϶«¶„ „ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® !, fiæ[϶«¶„ „ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® !, ¥¶„aÁ϶«¶„ „ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® !,
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 592
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EKÉ϶«¶„ „ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® !, «¶„√϶«¶„ „ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® !, ®T’ ÁÏæ Âæg’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® jTrÆ’ g¶¥¶∑’ ¸Æÿfi≤>fiæ∆¶∑’ ∏xQ>g¶∑ d K¶<Â*<Ød¶∑’ <T<Âß’{¶∑’ ∏µÆ’F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [3]

c c
c Pæ{ÏP„{÷’ Pæ{ÏP„{÷’ Pæ{ÏØ∂T’ Pæ{Ïfi¯Td’ Pæ{ÏT≤>*¥d’ Pæ{Ï<ÂÏP’{ Pæ{ÏP{<[P{K’ Pæ{Ï<T<[P{K’ Pæ{Ï∑’<ØP{K’ P‡{ÏG¥P{K’ Pæ{϶c¶K’ Pæ{Ïfi¶dT’ Pæ{Ï<TTx∑P{K’ c
c c
c ¥æPæ{g¶Ïfi¶<∑fi¶d’ G¶T ضKd’ fid¶<Æ<¥ $ ¥„ <T d ∑’ ضK® ÷µgæß{¸¶Ï«¶T„ <Tr∑dfiK∑dg„„ G¶„¯T∑√g∑æfi[„ ¥‡K„ T∂K„ <Tß’{„ <T\zZr∑<TfiæϸÏT¶Æ∑„ c
c c
c KÉTÂ∂ K¶d¶ «<TN¥<Â, Â’ ∏¶„K¶Ï„ ∑’ Âæg„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ¥æ<g∑„ <ØQ>„ G¶T ∏¶K¶„‘√Âæ<Q>Ø∂ƶ÷P{Ѷ∑g’√ÏP{¶K® ∑’ Âæg„ Ø„T∂ ! ¥æ<g∑„ <ØQ>„ <[ P{uÿ> «æɶ„ ∏∑æTƇ < $ c
c c
c 11. „ ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¥„<∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ ®T’ Tæ[¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ÆQ>ÂæQ>¶ G¶T <Ædd¶ P{KÂÏfiK‘√<Æd’ G¶T ∏’G<Ï P{uÿ> ®T’ Tض¥∂-®Tg„d’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ÂÆg„d’ c
c c
c Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ∏<TÂÆg„d’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ∏¥’<Øxg„d’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! b\ÚE>dg„d’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! fi≤>\ÚE>dg„d’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! b\ÚE>dfi≤>\ÚE>dg„d’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! c
c c
c ¥Ç„ ∑’ ®¥gQ>„ G’ ÂæΩ«„ TØÆ <[ P{uÿ> Â’ <¥<g∑’ ¥µg’ fi≤>ÚE><Â, fi≤>\ÚE>[¶ ¥„<∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ∑¶∑¶g<∑P{∑√Kd∑«<[<~[¶Â¶„ «W¶¥∑¶Â¶„ c
c c
c ∏Ω«æQ>„<Â, ∏Ω«æQ>„[¶ G„∑„T ¥® ¥d<∑É„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>¶ ¥d’<¥ ¥d<∑É’<¥ <∑¥∂db, <∑¥∂b[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂-g¶ g„ ¥„ ÷[g„ fiƶ∑„ g’√Ñ„ c
c c
c ¥æ<g∑„ ∏∆„<Æ* fi¶T<¥<g∑„<Æ* fi≤>Æ\µg<Æ< <[ P{uÿ> Ø„Td-√æŒG∑¥’¸x¶<Æ* fi¥zZ¶<Æ* c\µgd¶<Æ* P{ƶ<Æ* <¥<g∑G¶√Kd’ fi≤>G¶√Kg¶∑∂ fi≤>G¶√Kg¶∑∂ <TÆK< $ c
c c
c 12. „ ∑’ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ fiLJ¥P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ ¥W¶T„<Â, ¥W¶T„[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂-<Áhfi¶g„T «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ¸¶<ÆKd’ ÷TQ>¶∑¥¶Ï’ ∏É ¥<T¥„¥’ c
c c
c fiKgKµg’ √’c¶„Ø√<¥[¥æbd¥µg<ɶ„T<Ï[’ fi’~Tr∑¥K¥¥æK<«gæß{fiæh◊{fiæ’G¶„Td¶KP{<Ïd’ P{¶Ï¶√ŒfiTKPæ’{ØÿŒß{ÂæŒß{c‡T≤>¢D’ÂgOgO„*Â√’cæxÿd¶<«K¶g’ c
c c
c ¥æ√’cTK√’<cd’ √’cTu>«‡Â’ P{K„Æ P{¶KT„Æ d, P{K„[¶ P{¶KT„[¶ d ®dg¶∑<[d’ fiÇ\hfi∑Æ $ „ ∑’ „ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥¶ ¥„<∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ ®T’ Tæ[¶ ¥g¶∑¶ ÆQ>ÂæQ>¶ G¶T c
c c
c fiÇ\hfi∑’< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑d„ K¶d¶ P{Ñ’ fi¶÷hfi«¶Â¶® Kd∑∂®, ◊æ{ÑÿhfiÏP{gÏP{¶„gÏæ\µg<Ïd’<g ∏Æ fi’≤>K„ fi«¶Â„, K[¶¥¶„√fi√¶¥-P*{¥æd-¥ædgæÆ-√æ’Gx- c
c c
c ¸’cæG∂T√-fi¶K¶Td~Ï∑∑d∑-fiKÆÿÂ¥æK[϶„d∑-G¶¥æg∑Pæ{¥æg-G<ÏÂGÏ∑-ÂT<∑ÉP{Ï¥-<Æ*√æÏæd-<j√Km{T¶bK„√K„Æ’Â¥\N¥K∂® <ØT¶√K„ ∏Æ P{g„∑ c
c c
c ÷<Ø„, ÂN¥ <Ø∑P{KfiK’fiK¶„d¶KfiKx’<g ∏’cd¶K„, ¸¶Ï¶ÂTPæ’{Pæ{g„∑ Á<~„ ¯T G∂T϶„®, ϶„d∑<T¥d¶∑涥<T√¥’Â<T¥ØØ’<¥d’<¥ ϶„®, P{g϶√K¥’≤>¸¶„Æ® c
c c
c ÷<Q>d’<g ¥‡K„ ¥ÆN¥K\N¥*<g <Ø∑dK„ „d¥¶ Gϒ„ ¥d<∑ɶ¶„ ÷Q>„<Â, ÷Q>„[¶ G„∑„T ∏u>∑¥¶Ï¶ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ∏u>∑¥¶Ï’ ∏∑æfi<T¥<Â, c
c c
c ∏∑æfi<T<¥[¶ ∏∑„√T¶d¶gG¶„√-T‘√∑-T¶gW∑-gÑGæ¢D-P{K∑„<Æ* ¥’„ fiKN¥’„, ¥dfi¶√-¥ÆN¥fi¶√„<Æ* ¥æ√’c-TK„Ñg¶<Ø®<Æ* fi∂∑<∑É„<Æ* Ø∂T<∑É„<Æ* c
c Øhfi<∑É„<Æ* gd<∑É„<Æ* <T*Æ<∑É„<Æ* ¥\¯T*<Ød√¶dfi“ƶd<∑É„<Æ* ∏Ω«’√„<Æ* ∏Ω«’<√® ¥g¶∑„, „Ñ~µg’<¥ fi≤>fiær∑-fi¶<∑fi¶d¥æPæ{g¶ÏP{¶„gÏÂÏ„<Æ* fiæK¥„<Æ* c
c c
c E>„®<Æ* ØaÁ„<Æ* fiQ>„<Æ* Pæ{¥Ï„<Æ* g„ƶT∂<Æ* <∑÷∑„<Æ* <∑÷∑<¥hfi¶„T√„<Æ* <GdfiKN¥g„<Æ* ∏Ω«’√∑fiKgW∑æ¯TÏ∑P{K∑-√æ∑<∑µg¶®<Æ* ∏<Q>¥æƶ® g’¥¥æƶ® c
c c
c Âd¥æƶ® K¶„g¥æƶ® ~÷\¯Tƶ® ¥’T¶Æ∑¶® ¥’T¶<Æ® ¥g¶∑„ ∏T√dfiKN¥g„ ∑K*Ø„ ∏u>∑¥¶Ï¶Â¶„ fi≤><∑aÁg<Â, fi≤><∑aÁ<g[¶ G„∑„T gÉ∑OK„ „∑„T c
c c
c ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ gÉ∑OK’ ∏∑æ fi <T¥<Â, ∏∑æ fi <T<¥[¶ ¥g[G¶Ï¶<«K¶g„ <T<~[g<∑Kd∑P{¶„  u>gÂÏ„ Kg<∑É„ rƶ∑g’ ≤ >T’ < ¥ c
c c
c ∑¶∑¶g<∑Kd∑«<[<~[’<¥ rƶ∑fi∂ >’<¥ ¥æÆ<∑¥r∑„ ¥æƶ„Ø√„<Æ* √’c¶„Ø√„<Æ* fiæh◊{¶„Ø√„<Æ* ¥æx¶„Ø®<Æ d fiæ∑¶„ fiæ∑¶„ P{Ѷ∑√-fiTKgÉ∑<TÆ∂® g<É®, ÂzZ c
c c
c P{¶„÷d¥Â„<Æ* ¸Æÿ<TÆ„<Æ* P{Ѷ∑fiTKgÉ∑¶T¥¶∑„ fiµÆÏ¥æPæ{g¶Ï√’cP{¶¥¶bχ<Æd’√„, ∏ÆÂ¥ægÆ‘OØ°¥Kd∑¥æ¥’Tæ„ ¥K¥¥æK<«-√¶„¥∂¥~’Ø∑¶∑æ<Ï[√[„ ¥æ c
c c
c g¶Ï¶Tr∑√<TÏ„T∑„ ∏¶<Txg<∑¥æTr∑„ P{\hfiÂƶKxƶK<Â¥Kdfi¶Ï’¸fiÏ’¸g¶∑P{≤>¥æ[¥æP{d¥¶„Æ„ <fi∑x√„T„É-∏’√æÏ„É√Ï<Ïd’- √dÏ<ÏdP{d¶«K∑„ c
c c
c ∑¶∑¶g<∑P{≤>√Âæ  ≤>dZ’ < «d«æ ® ∏<Ædm{T¥\N¥K∂® Pæ ’ { ≤>Ïæ É ¶„ < Td¶∑∑„ g÷≤><Ø[<¥K® ƶK¶„ z Zd¥æ P {ÂKbdTÚE>„ gæ < Wd¶<fi* √ Ï’ √ æ Ï ∂® fi¶Ï’ ¸ - c
c c
c fiÏ’¸g¶∑¥æP{dfi≤>÷[KÉ„ ∑¶∑¶g<∑P{∑√Kd∑<TgÏgÆKÆ<∑÷∑¶„<Td<g<¥ - <g<¥*Â<TKbd¥æ<¥<ÏQ><T<¥Q>ÏQ>¥’Ê>dfi¥zZ∏¶<TxT∂KTÏ®, P*{ ¸Æÿ∑¶ ? c

H P{hfiŒaÁ® <TT ¥æ∏Ï’P{d<T«‡<¥® ∑K*Ø„ ¥P{¶„K„*t>gÑضg„∑’ E>[„∑’ cKÉg¶∑„∑’ ~÷~¶gKT¶ÏT∂bd’√„ g’√ÏGd¥WP{d¶Ï¶„® ∏∑„√√∑∑¶d√-Ø’≤>∑¶d√-
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 593
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EK¶by¥K-ÂÏTK-g¶≤>’<¸d-P{¶„≤æ>’<¸d-g’<Â-gƶg’< √∑√-ض„T¶Kd-∏gÇ-~„≤>-fi∂ >gW-∑√K-<∑√g-¥„<Q>-¥„∑¶T<Â-¥zZT¶Æ-Ø°d¥’<cT¶Ï ¥<x* ¥’fiKTæF


(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [4]

c
≤>„ c
c cTÏgƶg„Æ-<∑‘√® <TT √Æ√∑<Øhfi’ÂKaÁ¶K¶√∑¶∑ g¢D„ ¥<¥ ¯T <fidØ’¥∑„ ∑KTÂ∂ gÉ∑OK¶Â¶„ fi≤><∑aÁg<Â, fi≤><∑aÁ<g[¶ G„∑„T ¸¶<ÆKd¶ c
c c
c ÷TQ>¶∑¥¶Ï¶ „∑„T ÷T¶√\ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√ÚE>[¶ ¥∂ƶ¥∑TK√„ fiæKzZ¶<«gæÆ„ ¥<∆¥r∑„ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ∏hfi∑¶„ ∏Ø°K¥¶g’„ ÷[KfiæK\zZg„ <Ø¥∂«¶√„ c
c c
c ∏Q> «W¶¥∑¶b’ ¥„dTzZfiÇzZæd¶b’ <¥xzZg’√϶„Td¶KP{Â¥’<ÂP{µg¶b’ Kd¶T„<Â, Kd¶T„[¶ ∑¶∑¶g<∑Kd∑g’≤>d’ ∏<Ædfi„ÚE><∑Ém{T’ gÆ‘OTKfiu>∑æ‘√d’ ¥rƸ c
c c
c Æÿ«<[¥d<~[Q>¶∑’ byƶ<gd -÷¥« -ÂæKd-∑K-g√K-<TÆ√-T¶Ï-P*{jK-ŒŒ-¥K«-~gK-Pæ’{GK-T∑Ïd-fi÷gÏd«<[<~[’ c
c c
c ¥æÁ<~dTKP{∑√fiTKfi„K’ÂØ„¥«¶√’ ∏\Ω«*ÂKd’ GT<∑d’ ∏’E>¶T„b, ∏’E>¶T„[¶ ∏zZK√g÷dg¥‡K∏¶„zZbd’ cTÏTzZfiÇzZæd’ <T<¥Q>’ ∏’√¥æÆ◊{¶¥d’ ¥æg÷d’ c
c c
c c¶K∂∑ Ø„T∂® «W¶¥∑’ Kd¶T„<Â, Kd¶T„[¶ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ ¥W¶T„<Â, ¥W¶T„[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂-<Áhfi¶g„T «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ∏Q>’√gƶ<∑<g[¥æ[zZfi¶ >® <T<TÆ¥zZPæ{¥Ï„ c
c c
c ¥æ<g∑¶fi¶ >® ¥W¶T„Æ, ¥W¶T„[¶ ®dg¶∑<[d’ <Áhfi¶g„T fiÇ\hfi∑Æ $ „ ∑’ „ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥¶ ¥„<∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ ®T’ Tæ[¶ ¥g¶∑¶ ÆQ>ÂæQ>¶ G¶T <Ædd¶ P{KdÏfiK‘√<Æd’ c
c c
c Ø¥∑Æ’ <¥K¥¶T[’ gzZ® ∏G<Ï* P{uÿ> ®T’ Ø„T¶„ ÂÆ<[ ∏¶∑¶® <T∑®∑’ Td∑’ fi≤>¥æ∑„*<Â, fi≤>¥æ∑„[¶ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ ∏’<Âd¶Â¶„ fi≤><∑aÁg’<Â, fi≤><∑aÁg„[¶ c
c c
c K¶d<√ÆN¥ ∑√KN¥ g¢D’g¢D„∑’ G„∑„T ¥æ<g∑fi¶ >√<√ƶ<∑ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>’<Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥æ<g∑fi¶ >® ¥W¶T„*< $ „ ∑’ „ ¥æ<g∑fi¶ >√¶ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ c
c c
c P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„<Æ* ¥W¶<Td¶ ¥g¶∑¶ ÆQ>ÂæQ>¶ G¶T <Ædd¶ rƶ¶ P{¸<ÏP{µg¶ G¶T fi¶d\ÚE>[¶ ∏hfigÆ‘O¶«K∑¶Ï’P{d¥K∂K¶ ÆKd¶<Ïd<¥xzZdP{dgæx¶∑¶ c
c c
c ¥®<Æ* ¥®<Æ* √„Æ„<Æ*¶„ fi≤><∑aÁg’<Â, fi≤><∑aÁ<g[¶ K¶d<√ÆN¥ g¢D’g¢D„∑’ G„∑„T ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ «T∑T≤>„*¥√ØÿT¶K„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>’<Â, ®√Â∏¶„ c
c c
c ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ <g϶d’<Â, <g϶b[¶ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ «T∑T≤>„*¥√ØÿT¶K„∑’ ∏∑æfi<T¥’<Â, ∏∑æfi<T<¥[¶ G„∑„T ¸¶<ÆKd¶ ÷TQ>¶∑¥¶Ï¶ G„∑„T ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ „∑„T c
c c
c ÷T¶√ÚE>’<Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥„<∑d’ K¶d’ G®∑’ <TG®∑’ Tx¶T„*<Â, ¥„<∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ ∏<Çd-T’<Ød-g¶<∑d-fi‡bd-¥ß{¶Kd-¥µg¶<∑d¶ ¥g¶∑¶ fi[„d’ fi[„d’ fiæ¯T∆zZ„¥æ c
c c
c «W¶¥∑„¥æ <j¥∂d’< $ „ ∑’ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ GT<∑d’ÂKd’ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* Ê>T„<Â, Ê>T„[¶ fiæh◊{◊{Ïfi≤>fiær∑ÆzZ„ fiK„∑’ <T∑®∑’ „ ¥æ<g∑fi¶ >® ®T’ Tض¥∂-®T’ ÁÏæ c
c c
c Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ∏É Â’<¥ ¶K¥√’<¥ ¥d<∑É’<¥ G¶T gƶ¥æ<g∑’ fi¶<¥[¶∑’ fi≤>¸x æ ¶, Â’ ®dN¥ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ∏¶„K¶ÏN¥ G¶T ¥\N¥K∂dN¥ c
c c
c gƶ¥æ<g∑N¥ P„{ g∆„ P{Ѷ∑„ ◊{Ï<T<[<T¥„¥„ «<TN¥< ? „ ∑’ „ ¥æ<g∑fi¶ >√¶ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ ∏’<® ®dgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ÆQ> G¶T <Ædd¶ Â’ ¥æ<g∑’ c
c ¥µg’ ∏¶„<√rÆ’<Â, ∏¶„<√\rÆ[¶ byÆ’ ∏∑æfi<T¥’<Â, ∏∑æfi<T<¥[¶ ∏∆g∆„∑ ¥<x* ¥’~¶Ï„*<Â, ¥’~¶<Ï[¶ ÂN¥ ¥æ<g∑N¥ ÏxQ>¶ fiæ\ÚE>dQ>¶ √<ÆdQ>¶ <T<∑\ÚE>dQ>¶ c
c c
c ∏<«√dQ>¶ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ fiæK¶„ ¥æ<g∑¥zZ¶b’ ÷ǶK„g¶∑¶ ÷ǶK„g¶∑¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö ®T’ ÁÏæ ∏µÆ’ ¥¶g∂ ! ¥æ<g∑¥zZ’<¥ ¸¶d¶Ï∂¥’ ¥æ<g∑¶, Â∂¥’ c
c c
c gƶ¥æ<g∑¶, ¸¶T[K* ¥¯T¥æ<g∑¶ <ØQ>¶ $ ÂzZ ∑’ ¥¶g∂ ! ∏KÆ’Âg¶dK¶„ T¶ ~ß{Tu>g¶ÂK¶„ T¶ ∏KÆ’Â’<¥ T¶ ~ß{Tu>*<¥ T¶ √Ω«’ Tß{gg¶∑’<¥ ®®<¥* Â∂¥¶® c
c c
c gƶ¥æ<g∑¶∑’ bg„ ~¶„W¥ gƶ¥æ<g∑„ fi¶<¥[¶∑’ fi≤>¸æ¢D’<Â, Â’Gƶö √d-÷¥«-¥∂Æ-∏<«¥„d-ضg-¥<¥-<Ø∑dK’ Dd’ Pæ’{«’ $ fi÷g¥K-¥¶√K-<Tg¶∑- c
c c
c «T∑-Kd∑æÇd-<¥<Æ* ~ $$1$$ T¶¥æØ„Tg¶ÂK¶„ T¶ T¶¥æØ„T’<¥ √Ω«’ Tß{gg¶∑’<¥ ®®<¥* ~¶„W¥rÆ’ gƶ¥æ<g∑¶∑’ ∏∆ÂK„ ¥[ gƶ¥æ<g∑„ fi¶<¥[¶∑’ fi≤>¸æ¢D’< $ c
c c
c ¸ÏØ„Tg¶dK¶„ T¶ ¸ÏØ„T’<¥ √Ω«’ Tß{gg¶∑’<¥ Tß{gg¶∑’<¥ ®Â„<¥* ~¶„W¥rÆ’ gƶ¥æ<g∑¶∑’ ∏ªjÂK„ ~[¶K gƶ¥æ<g∑„ fi¶<¥Â¶∑’ fi≤>¸æ¢D’< $ g’≤><Ïdg¶dK¶„ c
c c
c T¶ g’≤><Ïd’<¥ √Ω«’ Tß{gg¶∑’<¥ ®®<¥* ~¶„W¥rÆ’ gƶ¥æ<g∑¶∑’ ∏∆ÂK’ ®√’ gƶ¥æ<g∑’ fi¶<¥[¶∑’ fi≤>¸æ¢D’< $ bg„ d ¥¶g∂ ! c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ®√„ gƶ¥æ<g∑„ c
c c
c <ØQ>„, Â’ ∏¶„K¶Ï„ ∑’ ¥¶g∂ ! c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ¥æ<g∑„ <ØQ>„, G¶T ∏¶K¶„‘√Âæ<Q>Ø∂ƶ÷P{Ѷ∑g’√ÏP{¶K® ∑’ ¥¶g∂ ! c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ¥æ<g∑„ <ØQ>„, ∏zZ϶«¶„ ¥¶g∂ ! c
c c
c ¥¶„aÁ϶«¶„ ¥¶g∂ ! «¶„√϶«¶„ ¥¶g∂ ! fiæ[϶«¶„ ¥¶g∂ ! KÉ϶«¶„ ¥¶g∂ ! ®T’ ÁÏæ ¥¶g∂ ! c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ jTrÆ’ g¶¥¶∑’ ¸Æÿfi≤>fiær∑¶∑’ G¶T ضK√’ fid¶<Æ<Â, c

H ¥„ <T d ∑’ ضK® ÷µgæß{¸¶Ï«¶T„ <Tr∑dfiK∑dg„[„ G¶„¯T∑√g∑æhfi[„ ¥‡K„ T∂K„ <Tß’{„ <T\zZr∑<TfiæϸÏT¶Æ∑„ KÉTÂ∂ K¶d¶ «<TN¥< ∏∑√¶K„ T¶ «¶<Tdhfi¶ $
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 594
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EÂ’ ∏¶„K¶Ï„ ∑’ ¥¶g∂ ! c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ¥æ<g∑„ <ØQ>„, G¶T ∏¶K¶„‘√Âæ<Q> G¶T <ØQ>„ <[ P{uÿ> «æɶ„ «æɶ„ ∏∑æT‡Æ„*< $ „ ∑’ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ „<¥* ¥æ<g∑fi¶ >√¶∑’ ∏’<®F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [5]

c c
c ®dgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ÆQ>ÂæQ> G¶T <Æd® P{KdÏ G¶T ®T’ Td¶¥∂ö®Tg„d’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! G¶T Gr∑’ ÂæΩ«„ TØÆ <[ P{uÿ> Â’ ¥æ<g∑’ ¥µg’ fi≤>ÚE><Â, fi≤>\ÚE>[¶ c
c c
c „ ¥æ<g∑fi¶ >® <TfiæÏ„∑’ ∏¥∑-fi¶∑-Á¶<Øg-¥¶<Øg„∑’ TzZ-√’c-gѶϒP{¶K„∑ d ¥ß{¶K„< ¥µg¶∑„<Â, ¥ß{¶K[¶ ¥µg¶<∑[¶ <TfiæÏ’ G∂<Td¶KÆ’ fi∂<Âض∑’ c
c c
c ØÏd<Â, ØÏb[¶ fi≤><T¥É„< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ¥∂ƶ¥∑¶∏¶„ ∏Ω«æQ>„<Â, ∏Ω«æQ>„[¶ G„∑„T c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* c
c c
c ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ¥æ<g∑¥zZ’<¥ ¸¶d¶Ï∂¥’ ¥æ<g∑¶, Â∂¥’ gƶ¥æ<g∑¶, G¶T «æɶ„ «æɶ„ ∏∑æT‡Æ< $ „ ∑’ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ c
c c
c ∏’<® ®dgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ÆQ> G¶T <Ædd¶ Â’ ¥æ<g∑’ ¥µg’ fi≤>ÚE><Â, fi≤>\ÚE>[¶ G„∑„T ¥® T¶¥OK„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ rƶd¶ P{d¸<ÏP{µg¶ c
c c
c G¶T <Tfiæ϶b’ G¶T <TÆK< $ 13. „ ∑’ Â∂¥„ c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ض„¥æ g¶¥„¥æ T∂<Âß’{„¥æ Â<® g¶¥„ Tu>g¶∑„ ÂN¥ √Ω«N¥ ض„ÆÏP{¶Ï¥gd’<g ∏dg„¶m{T„ c
c c
c ∏P{¶Ïg„Æ„¥æ ض„ÆÏ„ fi¶÷Ω«<TzZ¶öc∆¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„, ¥’fiær∑¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„, P{dzZ¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ , P{dfiær∑¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ c
c c
c ∏µgd¶∏¶„ , P{dÏaÁ∑¶∏¶„ ∑’¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ , P{d<TÆT¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ , ¥æÏx„ ∑’ ¶<¥* g¶∑æN¥® GµgG∂<Td◊{Ï„ G¶∏¶„ ∑’ g„Æ„¥æ ∏Ω«æ‘√„¥æ c
c c
c ∏Ω«æÉ®¥æ ∏Ω«æ∆„¥æ ∏Ω«æ<Q>®¥æ ¥√<É®¥æ ¥<TÉæ®¥æ ¥◊æ{<¥®¥æ ¥zZ<∑®¥æ c’Âc¶„ÂŒhfifiu>-∏’P{-¥’Á-~’Ø-Pæ’{Ø-¥¶<Ï<fiQ>K¶<¥¥ghfi«„¥æ <~÷K- c
c c
c ÆKd¶Ï«„d-~’fi√-¥∑-P{¶„K„*t>√-¥K¥T-fi÷gKd¥ghfi«„¥æ ÏaÁ¶K¥-¥K¥-K[P*{¥æd-G¶¥æg∑-K[¸’cæG∂T√ - G¶<Â<Æ*√æÏæd - ¥K¥Pæ’{Pæ{g - c
c c
c ÷KΩ«¥¥Œ<ÆK -b’Ø√¶„T√¥ghfi«„¥æ ¸K<Æ∑ -j∂Ï -√æ<Ïd- ¥æ√~¶¥<fiÚE>- <«*√fi[ -¥¶¥√- j∂ÏæhfiÏ<jdK- jT<¥K∂¥Pæ{¥æg- ∑T¥WÏ¥ghfi«„¥æ c
c c
c GÇ’G∑- <«*√g„d- KQ>√- «gK¶T<Ï- √TÏ- √æ<Ïd- P{ÉÏ¥ghfi- «„¥æ ◊æ{K’Â<TÉæÂ¥√<É®¥æ T¶dT¥<TfiæÏ√√∑~TÏfiK¥ß{K„¥æ, <jµgÏTKT¶K- c
c c
c c¶K¶fi√<Ïdfid’≤>g¶Œd¥g¶Æd¥g¶„zZK’Â÷TK÷TKÂæKdT¶¥’ fiT¶<¥®¥æ, c¶K¶-fiÆP{K<∑T¶d<j¯T¶<Td g„b<∑ÂÏ„, ÆKd√∑P’{~æ®, fiÑ<Td fi¶dT√∑„¥æ, c
c c
c T<Ñ<Td¶∑„¥æ fi¥K®¥æ, ÷∆„¥æ ¥¶„«‘√T√„¥æ, T„«¶K<√KhfiT¶ÂÂ≤>- P{≤>√<Tgæß„{¥æ ÷¢DK„¥æ, ÂæKdfic¶<Tdfi϶„u>◊„{∑¶÷Ï’ ¥P{Ï楒 GÏ’ TÆ’Â∂¥æ <√K∑Ø∂¥æ, c
c c
c ¥ÉÉæ ∑ - j∂T- Pæ { ≤>dP’ { ØÏ <¥<Ï* c P{<Ï®¥æ ÷TT∑„ ¥ æ , g„ Æ K<¥dÆQ>Âæ Q ><~<Q>d ÆK¥T¥figæ ß {P’ { Ê>P„ { P{¶KT’ gæ d ’  „ ¥ æ ¸K<Æ∑„ ¥ æ c
c c
c ÷÷T¥g<∑dGdÂŒ∑¥ÆdKfi∑<Ç„ ¥ æ , ∑T¥æ K <«<¥<Ï* c Pæ { ≤>dP’ { ØÏP{d’ ¸ √’ c x<∑* gæ d ’  „ ¥ æ ÷TT∑„ ¥ æ , fiKÆÿ d ŒdK<«Â- ¥’ P æ { Ï„ ¥ æ c
c ÷W¶b’ÂK[b’Ø√¶„TdZ¶„TdP{¶Œr∑<TÏ<T„¥æ ∏¶„∑dÂ∑g’≤>®¥æ ØWÿKfid’<fi®¥æ ¥’<fi*≤>dØKd«gKgÆÿP{KfiÆP{KfiK<Ï*Âg[E>hfidPæ{¥æg¶¥T϶„ÏgcæK√æ’G’Â- c
c c
c Ø„¥«¶®¥æ ÷TT∑„¥æ, fiK¥¶<gd~’Ø¥‡K√Æ√∑fi∑Q>jaÁ[¶K√fiÆ„ b’ض÷Ƹx-<~*cfiu>’<¥ ∏’¸KÂÏ„ ÷‚>∑¸Ï¶√fi’<Â¥¶„«’Âg„ÆT’Ø„, P{¶K’≤>√- ~ß{T¶d- c
c c
c P{ÏÆ’ ¥ ÷N¥æ d - P{K„ ¥’ fi [„ fi¶÷¥’ < g P{¶Ï„ , rƶd¶Â¶„ P{d¸<ÏP{µg¶Â¶„ P{dP{¶„ ÷ dg’ √ Ïfi¶d\ÚE>[¶Â¶„ , P* { „ , c
c c
c TKfi¶dfi[∑„÷Kg<∑g„ÆÏƶKKbd÷<~dP{≤>√Á‚>d<T<~[TKTÏdZ’<«d«æd¶∏¶„ Pæ’{≤>Ï÷ɶ„<Td¶∑∑¶∏¶„ Kd∑«‡<¥d’√∂∏¶„, j¶¥¶j∂¥¶¥T¶dT¶„¢D’ ~aÁæÆK’ c
c c
c Tr∑◊{K¥¥’ G æ [ ’ Æd϶϶fi„ Ï T¶bK„ d ’ cTÏP{∑dÁ<~d’  P{µg’ ∏¶√¶¥◊{<ÏÆ¥K¥hfi«’ ∏’ ¥ æ d ’ fiTK fiK<Æd¶∏¶„ , Øÿ √ ‡ Ï ¥æ P æ { g¶Ï÷[Kɶ∏¶„ , c
c c
c ¥¯T¶„÷d¥æK<«Pæ{¥ægfiTKgÑ¥¶„<«Â<¥K¶∏¶„ P{¶Ï¶√Œc‡Tc‡<Td¶∏¶„ <¥K∂¥g¶∑T„¥¶∏¶„ ¥„d∑√’ √’cÆ\zZKd∑’ Øÿm{ >¶∏¶„ ¥g¶∑∂∏¶„ ¥P{¶„K„*t>gÑضg„∑’ E>[„∑’ c
c c
c cKÉg¶∑„∑’ ~’Øhfi«-TbK- T„Œ<Ïd<TgÏØ’≤>- ¥’Á- Pæ’{Ø- Ø√Kd- ∏gd- g<Æd- ◊„{∑fiæ’G¥<∆√¶¥- ~÷~gKT¶ÏT∂<GÂ’√∂∏¶„ ¥„\r∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ ¥<x* Æ\zZ c
c c
c fiK√„∑’ <fiQ>¶„ <fiQ>¶„ ¥g∑æ√ÚE> g¶∑∂∏¶„ ~¶÷K’<√∑∂® ¥„∑¶® gƶ Æd¶∑∂®∑’ √d¶∑∂®∑’ Kƶ∑∂®∑’ fi¶d[¶∑∂®∑’ ¥\¯Tâ∂® G¶T <j‘O¶„¥∑¶<ØÂKT„∑’ c
c c
c K¶d<√Æ’ ∑√K’ <¥*O¶- ≤>√- <Â√- ~÷ß{- ~ÇK- ~÷µgæÆ- gƶfiÆ- fiÆ„¥æ ∏¶<¥[<¥[¥æ<~d¥’g<É[¶„T<ÏÂ’ G¶T ¥æ√’cTK√’<cd’ √’cTu>«‡d’ ∏T϶„®g¶∑∂∏¶„ c

H ∏T϶„®g¶∑∂∏¶„ ∑¶√KG∑„∑’ ∏<«∑’<ØÉg¶∑∂∏¶„ ∏<«∑’<ØÉg¶∑∂∏¶„ √ÚE>Ïd¶ŒaÁ√æµgT<Ñ√æÚE>¶„ÚE>bd’ ¥æKµg’ T„«¶K<√KP{≤>√fi¶dg‡Ï’ ¥¯T¶„ ¥g’¶


cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 595
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E∏¶„϶„®g¶∑∂∏¶„ ∏¶„϶„®g¶∑∂∏¶„ ∏¶<Æ*≤>g¶∑∂∏¶„ ∏¶<Æ*≤>g¶∑∂∏¶„ ض„ÆÏ’ <T<∑*<Â, Â’ Gb ∑’ ∏Æg<T g„Æ„¥æ ∏Ω«æ‘√®¥æ G¶T ض„ÆÏ’ <T<∑ɶ<g $ 14. ® ∑’ F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [6]

c
¥¶ c
c c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ Â’<¥ ض„ÆÏ’<¥ ∏<T<∑Ég¶∑’<¥ ∏¥’fi[ض„Æ϶ ∏¥’fiær∑ض„Æ϶ ∏¥’g¶<∑dض„Æ϶ ¥æß{¶ «æaÁ¶ <∑µg’¥¶ ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¶ ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¥K∂K¶ figbÏØÿΩ¸Ï¶ c
c c
c P{ϒ¶ ∏¶„g’<ZdTd∑jd∑P{g϶ fi’≤æ>bdgæÆ∂ P{KdÏg<Ïd¯T ~’fi√g¶Ï¶ <∑[„d¶ Ø∂∑<TTr∑Td∑¶ Gƶ„<~dfiæh◊{√’cgѶϒP{¶K¶Æ¶K’ ∏∑<«Ï¥g¶∑∂ P{‚>¶- c
c c
c Kg∑P{Kd’ ~ fiKƶT„g¶∑∂ Ø∂∑¶ Øÿµg∑¶ <jK¶∑’ض «‡<g√d<ØQ>∂d¶ ∏¶„Ædg∑¥’P{hfi¶ G¶T <Dd¶< $ „ ∑’ Â∂¥„ c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏’√fi≤>d¶Kd¶∏¶„ ∏\Ω«*ÂKd¶∏¶„ c
c c
c ض¥~„≤>d¶∏¶„ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* ∏¶„Ïæ‘√’ G¶T <Dd¶dg¶<∑* fi¶¥’<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö P{r∑’ Âæg„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¶ ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¥K∂K¶ G¶T <Dd¶d<¥ ? „ c
c c
c ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¶<Æ* ∏’√fi≤>~¶Kd¶<Æ* ∏\Ω«*ÂKd¶<Æ* ض¥~„<d<Æ* ®T’ Tæ[¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ¶∏¶„ ض¥~„≤>d¶∏¶„ ∑¶„ ∏¶ >¶<Â, ∑¶„ fiKd¶∑<Â, ∏∑¶ >¶dg∂∑¶ c
c c
c ∏fiKd¶∑g∂∑¶ Âæ<¥∑∂d¶ ¥’<~Q><Â, „ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏’√fi≤>~¶K√¶∏¶„ ∏\Ω«*ÂKd¶∏¶„ ض¥~„≤>d¶∏¶„ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* ض„Ç’<fi ÂÇ’<fi ®T’ Td¶¥∂-P{∆’ Âæg’ c
c c
c Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ∏¶„Ï‘æ √¶ ∏¶„Ï‘æ √¥K∂K¶ G¶T <Dd¶d<¥ ? „ ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¶<Æ* ∏’√fi≤>~¶Kd¶<Æ* ∏\Ω«*ÂKd¶<Æ* ض¥~„≤>d¶<Æ* ض„Ç’<fi ÂÇ’<fi ®T’ Tæ[¶ c
c c
c ¥g¶∑∂ ∑¶„ ∏¶ >¶<Â, ∑¶„ fiKd¶∑<Â, ∏∑¶ >¶dg∂∑¶ ∏fiKd¶∑g∂∑¶ Âæ<¥∑∂d¶ ¥’<~Q>< $ „ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏’√fi≤>~¶Kd¶∏¶„ ض¥~„≤>d¶∏¶„ c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® c
c c
c ∏∑¶ >¶<ÂÉg¶∑∂∏¶„ ∏fiKG¶<∑Ég¶∑∂∏¶„ ÂÆ„T ¥’«’¶∏¶„ ¥g¶∑∂∏¶„ c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏’<Âd¶∏¶„ fi≤><jaÁg’<Â, fi≤><jaÁ<g[¶ G„∑„T ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ „∑„T c
c c
c ÷T¶√ÚE>’<Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ P{KÂÏfiK‘√<Æd’ G¶T’ P{uÿ> G®∑’ <TG®∑’ Tx¶T„*<Â, Tx¶T„¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ ¥¶g∂ ! P*{ <fi ∏É c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ∏¶„Ïæ‘√ c
c c
c ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¥K∂K¶ G¶T ∏u>¢D¶∑¶„T√d¶ <Dd¶d< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ¶<¥* ∏’√fi≤>d¶Kd¶∑’ ∏’<® ®dgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ÂÆ„T ¥’«’„ ¥g¶∑„ <¥‘O’ ÂæKd’ c
c c
c ~TÏ’ T„bd’ G„∑„T c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* ∏¶„Ïæ‘√’ ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¥K∂K’ G¶T ∏u>D¶∑¶„T√d’ <Dd¶dg<∑’ fi¶¥< fi¶<¥Â¶ ®T’ c
c c
c Tض¥∂ P{r∑’ Âæg’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¶ ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¥K∂K¶ G¶T ∏u>D¶∑¶„T√¶ <Dd¶d<¥ ? „ ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¥„<∑®∑’ K∆¶ ®T’ Tæ[¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ∑¶„ ∏¶ >¶b ∑¶„ c
c c
c fiKG¶∑b G¶T Âæ<¥∑∂d¶ ¥’<~Q><Â, „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* ض„Ç’ <fi ÂÇ’ <fi ®T’ Tض¥∂ö P{r∑’ Âæg’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¶ G¶T <Dd¶d<¥ $ „ c
c c
c ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¥„<∑®∑’ K∆¶ ض„Ç’ <fi ÂÇ’ <fi ®T’ Tæ[¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ∑¶„ ∏¶ >¶<Â, ∑¶„ fiKG¶∑<Â, Âæ<¥∑∂d¶ ¥’<~Q>b, „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* ¥TÆ¥¶<Td’ c
c c
c P{K„<Â, P{K„[¶ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ö P{r∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ∏Æg„dN¥ ∏Q>N¥ ∏∑KÆ„ ¥T∑d¶® ? ¶ ∑’ Âæg’ gg’ ∏dg„d¶m{T’ g∑¶„g¶∑<¥d’ ØÿaÁ’ KÆN¥∂P{K„<¥ $ „ ∑’ c
c ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¥„<∑®∑’ K∆¶ ¥TÆ¥¶<Td¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ¥„<∑d’ K¶d’ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ ¥¶g∂ ! gg ÂN¥ ÷K¶ÏN¥ G¶T gƶ¥æ<g∑N¥ <ÂrÆ’ g¶¥¶∑’ c
c c
c ¸Æÿfi≤>fiæ∆¶∑’ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ ∏P{¶Ïg„Æ„¥æ ض„ÆÏ„ fi¶÷Ω«‡® "c∆¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„, P{dzZ¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„, G¶T T„Ω«¶K<√Kfi¶dg‡Ï’ ∏¶<Æ*≤>g¶∑∂∏¶„ c
c c
c ض„ÆÏ’ <T<∑*< ’ Gb∑’ ∏Æg<T G¶T ض„ÆÏ’ <T<∑ɶ<g' $ „ ∑’ Æ’ ¥¶g∂ ! ∏dg„d¶m{T’<¥ ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏ’<¥ ∏<T<∑Ég¶∑’<¥ ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¶ G¶T ∏u>¢D¶∑¶„T√d¶ c
c c
c <Dd¶<g $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏’<® ®dgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* ®T’ Tض¥∂ög¶ ∑’ Âæg’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ∏¶„Ïæ‘√¶ G¶T <Dd¶<Æ, ∏Æ’ ∑’ c
c c
c ÂÆ P{KN¥¶<g Gƶ ∑’ Âæ¢D’ ∏dg„d¶m{TN¥ ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏN¥ g∑¶„KÆ¥’fi[∂ «<TN¥< <[ P{uÿ> c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* bQ>¶<Æ* P’{¶<Æ* <fid¶<Æ* g∑æ∆¶<Æ* g∑¶g¶<Æ* T‘√‡<Æ* c
c c
c ¥g¶¥¶¥„<Â, ¥g¶¥¶¥„[¶ G„∑„T ¸¶<ÆKd¶ ÷TQ>¶∑¥¶Ï¶ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b, „∑„T ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥∂ƶ¥∑TK√„ fiæKzZ¶<«gæÆ„ ¥\r∑¥r∑„ c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ®d’ c
c c
c ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏ’ ¸Æ°<Æ* ∏¶®<Æ* d ÷T¶®<Æ* d ÷hfi<[d¶<Æ* d T„∑bd¶<Æ* d P{\µgd¶<Æ* d fiK∑¶<gd¶<Æ* d ¸æx∂<Æ* ∏∑æ<~*„g¶∑„ ∏∑æ<~*„g¶∑„ ÂN¥ ض„ÆÏN¥ ∏¶d’ c
c c
c T¶ ÷T¶d’ T¶ Ê>b’ T¶ ÷hfi<[* T¶ ∏<T*Øg¶∑„ ∏¶„Ædg∑¥’P{hfi„ G¶T <Dd¶d< $ 15. Âd∑’ÂK’ ~ ∏«dPæ{g¶K„ rƶ„ P{d¸<ÏP{µg„ G¶T ¥¯T¶Ï’P{¶K<T«‡<¥Â„ c
c c
c fi¶dT’Ø® fiƶK„zZ √g∑¶® $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ∏«dPæ{g¶K„ G„∑„T ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b, „∑„T ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥„<∑d’ K¶d’ ∏¶„ÆÂg∑¥’P{hfi’ G¶T <Dd¶dg¶∑’ c

H fi¶¥<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ ∏¢D\zZ® <~*<„ fi\zZ„ g∑¶„√„ ¥’P{hfi„ ¥gæhfi<ÉzZ¶-∏r∑d¶ gg’ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ®Ég¶∑’ fi¶¥<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ ∏¶ >¶<Â, fiKG¶∑<Â,
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 596
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E¥ß{¶K„<Â, ¥µg¶∑„<Â, ∏¶ÏT<Â, ¥’ÏT<Â, ∏x¶¥∑„∑’ ÷T<∑g’„< gzZd’<¥ ∏‘O¶d<Â, bd¶<∑* gg’ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ∑¶„ ∏¶ >¶<Â, ∑¶„ fiKd¶∑b, ∑¶„ ¥ß{¶K„b, F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [7]

c
∑¶„ c
c ¥µg¶∑„b, ∑¶„ bQ>¶<Æ* P’{¶<Æ* <fid¶<Æ* g∑æ∆¶<Æ* g∑¶g¶<Æ* ∏¶„K¶Ï¶<Æ* T‘√‡<Æ* ∏¶ÏT< ¥’ÏT<Â, j¶„ ∏x¶¥∑„∑’ ÷T<∑g’„<Â, ∑¶„ gzZd’<¥ ∏‘O¶d<Â, P*{<fi c
c c
c ∏¶„Ædg∑¥’P{hfi„ <Dd¶d<Â, Â’ «<Td¯T’ ∑’ ®zZ P{¶K∑„∑’, Â’ ¥„d’ ÁÏæ g„ ¥„<∑d’ K¶d’ ®ÂgQ>’ fiæ\ÚE>[®, ®T’ ¥’fi„Æ„<Â, ¥’fi„Æ„[¶ G„∑¶g„T ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ „∑¶g„T c
c c
c ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ P{KdÏfiK‘√<Æd’ <¥K¥¶T[’ gzZ® ∏’G<Ï* P{uÿ> G®∑’ <TG®∑’ Tx¶T„<Â, Tx¶T„[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂öÂæΩ«„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ! ∏∆d¶ gg’ c
c c
c ®Ég¶∑’ fi¶<¥[¶ ∏¶ >¶Æ, fiKG¶∑Æ, G¶T gzZd’<¥ ∏‘O¶dÆ, ∏¶¥∑„∑’ ÷T<∑g’„Æ, bd¶<∑* ¶∏¶„ ! ÂæΩ«„ gg’ j¶„ ∏¶ >¶Æ G¶T j¶„ ∏¶¥∑„∑’ ÷T<∑g’„Æ, P*{<fi c
c c
c ∏¶„Ædg∑¥’P{hfi¶ <Dd¶dÆ, Â’ «<Td¯T’∑’ ¶∏¶„ ®zZ P{¶K∑„∑’ Â∏¶„ ÂæΩ«„ gg ¶∏¶„ ! ®d’ P{¶K∑’ ∏√æÆg¶∑¶ ∏¥’P{g¶∑¶ ∏<jrÆTg¶∑¶ ∏fiÚE>¶®g¶∑¶ c
c c
c Gƶ«‡Âg<TÂÆg¥’<Øx’ ®ÂgQ>ö g¶baÁÆ, „ ∑’ Æ’ ÂN¥ P{¶K∑N¥ ∏’Â√g∑’ √<gN¥¶<g $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ∏«®∑’ Pæ{g¶K„∑’ ®T’ Tæ[„ ¥g¶∑„ ∏«d’ c
c c
c Pæ{g¶K’ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ fiæ[¶ ! ÂT ~æÑg¶÷d¶® c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ÂN¥ √Ω«N¥ ض„¥æ g¶¥„¥æ ∏<Âß’{„¥æ Â<Âdg¶¥„ Tu>g¶∑„ ض„ÆÏP{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ c
c c
c ض„ÆÏ„ fi¶÷Ω«<TzZ¶öc∆¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ ÂÆ„T <jKT¥„¥’ «¶<∑d¯T’ G¶T <T<∑*<Â, ® ∑’ Æ’ fiæ[¶ ! c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ÂN¥ ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏN¥ ¸Æ°<Æ* c
c c
c ∏¶®<Æ* d ÷T¶®<Æ* d G¶T ÷hfi<[* ∏<T*Øg¶∑„ ∏¶„Ædg∑¥’P{hfi„ G¶T <Dd¶d¶<g, Âæg’ ∏¶√d’<fi j d¶∑¶<g Â’ ®Â„∑’ P{¶K∑„∑’ ∏Æ’ fiæ[¶ ∏¶„Æd G¶T <Dd¶d¶<g ® c
c c
c ∑’ ¥„ ∏«dPæ{g¶K„ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ ∏’<® ®dgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ÆQ> G¶T <Æd® ¥„<∑d’ K¶d’ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ög¶ ∑’ ÂæΩ«„ ¶∏¶„ ! ∏¶„Ædg∑ G¶T <Dd¶dÆ, ∏Ær∑’ c
c c
c Âƶ P{KN¥¶<g Gƶ ∑’ gg ~æÑg¶÷d¶® c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏dg„d¶m{TN¥ ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏN¥ g∑¶„KÆ¥’fi[∂ «<TN¥< <[ P{uÿ> ¥„<∑d’ K¶d’ ¶<Æ* bQ>¶<Æ* P’{¶<Æ* c
c c
c G¶T ¥g¶¥¶¥„b, „ ∑’ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ∏«®∑’ Pæ{g¶K„∑’ ®T’ Tæ[„ ¥g¶∑„ ÆQ>ÂæQ>„ G¶T ∏«d’ Pæ{g¶K’ ¥ß{¶K„< ¥’g¶∑„<Â, ¥ß{¶K„[¶ ¥’g¶∑„[¶ fi≤><T¥É„< $ 16. „ c
c c
c ∑’ ¥„ ∏«d„ Pæ{g¶K„ ¥ß{¶Kd¥µg¶<∑dfi≤><T¥<É® ¥g¶∑„ ¥„<∑dN¥ K∆¶„ ∏’<Âd¶∏¶„ fi≤><jaÁg<Â, fi≤><jaÁ<g[¶ G„∑¶g„T ¥® «T∑„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, c
c c
c ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥∂ƶ¥∑„ <j¥r∑„ $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ ∏«dN¥ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ ∏¢D\zZ® G¶T ¥gæhfi<ÉzZ¶ö"j¶„ ÁÏæ ¥ß{¶ g¶∑æN¥®∑’ ÷T¶®∑’ gg ~æÑg¶÷d¶® c
c c
c c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏg∑¶„KÆ¥’fi<[* P{K[® j∆zZ <دT„∑’ ÷T¶®∑’, ∏\zZ ∑’ g¢D ¥¶„ƵgP{hfiT¶¥∂ fiæ¯T¥’√<® Ø„T„ g<Æâ∂® G¶T gƶ¥¶„aÁ„, Â’ ¥„d’ c
c c
c ÁÏæ gg fi¶„¥Æ¥¶Ï¶® fi¶„¥<ÆdN¥ ¸’«~¶KN¥ ÷µgæß{g<∑¥æTr∑N¥ TT√dg¶Ï¶Tr∑√<TÏ„T∑N¥ <∑\aÁ[¥zZgæ¥ÏN¥ ®√N¥ ∏¸∂dN¥ c
c ØΩ«¥’Z¶K¶„T√dN¥ ∏Q>g«[’ fi<√\rƶ fiæ¯T¥’√<Âd’ Ø„T’ g∑¥∂P{K„g¶∑N¥ <TÆK[® $ „ ∑’ fiæ¯T¥’√<® Ø„T„ gg ~æÑg¶÷d¶® c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏dg„d¶m{T’ c
c c
c ∏P{¶Ïg„Æ„¥æ ≤>¶„ÆÏ’ <T∑„<Æ< $' ®T’ ¥’fi„Æ„<Â, ¥’fi„<Æ[¶ G„∑„T fi¶„¥Æ¥¶Ï¶ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ fi¶„¥Æ¥¶Ï’ figÉ<Â, fig<É[¶ ÷ǶKfi¶¥T∑«‡<g* c
c c
c fi≤>Ï„Æ„b, fi≤>Ï„<Æ[¶ ≤>Ω«¥’Z¶K√’ ØÿŒÆb, ØÿŒ<Æ[¶ ∏Q>g«[’ fi<√rÆb fi<√\rƶ fi¶„¥Æ¥¶Ï¶® fi¶„¥<Æ® ¸’«d¶K∂ G¶T fiæ¯T¥’√<Âd’ Ø„T’ g∑¥∂P{K„g¶∑„ 2 c
c c
c <~Q><Â, „ ∑’ ÂN¥ ∏«dPæ{g¶KN¥ ∏Q>g«[„ fiK∑gg¶∑„ fiæ¯T¥’√<ÂdN¥ Ø„TN¥ ∏¶¥∑’ ~Ï<Â, „ ∑’ fiæ¯T¥’√<® ¥¶„ƵgP{hfiT¶¥∂ Ø„T„ ∏¶¥∑’ ~<Ïd’ c
c c
c fi¶¥<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ ∏¶„<Æ* fi÷’G<Â, „ ∑’ ÂN¥ fiæ¯T¥’√<ÂdN¥ Ø„TN¥ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ ∏¢D\zZ® G¶T ¥gæhfi<ÉzZ¶ö "®T’ ÁÏæ gg fiæ¯T¥’√<® G’¸æW∂T„ Ø∂T„ c
c c
c «¶KÆ„ T¶¥„ ض<Æ∑â«KÆ„ K¶d<√Æ„ jdK„ fi¶„¥Æ¥¶Ï¶® fi¶„¥<Æ® ∏«® j¶g Pæ{g¶K„ ∏Q>g«[’ fi<√rÆ„[¶∑’ gg’ g∑¥∂P{K„g¶∑„ 2 <~Q><Â, Â’ ¥„d’ ÁÏæ gg’ ∏«dN¥ c
c c
c Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏’<® fi¶÷Ω«<T[®' $ ®T’ ¥’fi„Æ„b, ¥’fi„<Æ[¶ ÷[KfiæK\zZg’ <Ø¥∂«¶√’ ∏Tß{g<Â, ∏Tß{<g[¶ T„÷\¯Td¥gæ‘O¶®∑’ ¥g¶„Æ∑’<Â, ¥g¶„Æ<∑[¶ ¥’Á„ɶb’ c
c c
c G¶„d∑¶b’ Ø’≤>’ <j<¥K<Â, <j<¥K[¶ Â’GƶöKd∑¶∑’ 1 TbK¶∑’ 2 T„Œ<Ïd¶∑’ 3 ϶„<ÆdaÁ¶∑’ 4 g¥¶K√Ѷ∑’ 5 Æ’¥√Ω«¶∑’ 6 fiæÏ√¶∑’ 7 ¥¶„√’<cd¶∑’ 8 c
c c
c G¶„Â∂K¥¶∑’ 9 ∏’P{¶∑’ 10 ∏’G∑¶∑’ 11 Kd∑¶∑’ 12 G¶dm{T¶∑’ 13 ∏’G∑fiæÏ√¶∑’ 14 ◊{<Ïƶ∑’ 15 KQ>¶∑’ 16 ∏ƶ¸¶dK„ fi¶„‘√Ï„ fiK¥¶≤>„b, fiK¥¶≤>„[¶ c

H ∏ƶ¥æÆÿg„ fi¶„‘√Ï„ fiK<√rÆ<Â, fiK<√\rÆ[¶ ∏«dPæ{g¶Kg∑æP’{fig¶∑¶„ Ø„T¶„ fiæ¯T«TG<∑dj„Æfi∂<¸Æÿg¶∑G¶d¥¶„√¶„ Â∏¶„ <Tg¶∑TKfiæ’≤>K∂d¶∏¶„ Kd∑æ[g¶∏¶„
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 597
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EOK<∑- dÏ√g∑- -ÂæKÂ¥’G<∑Â- -√g∑Td¶K¶„ T¶Oæ\r∑Â- -<TgÏP{∑- -√fidK√- -T≤>„*¥√- g÷≤æ>ß{≤>¶≤>¶„- -TØ’¥<∑ɶ„ ∏∑„√g<∑-P{∑√KÂ∑-fiÆP{K-F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [8]

c c
c fiKg’  ≤>«- -<[<~[<T<∑÷[√- g∑æ √ æ ∑ G<∑dÆK¥¶„ <fi* Á ¶„ Ï g¶∑TKÏ<ÏÂPæ ’ { ≤>Ïæ É <ÏdTd∑√æ ∑ G<∑Â¥¶„ µ gm{T¶„ ÷<ض„ <TT P{¶„ g æ Ø ∂<∑¥¶® c
c c
c ¥<∑ÚE>K’√¶KPæ{É<Ïdg¢D«¶√zZ¶„ ∑d∑¶∑’ض„ ¥Kd~’ض„ <دT¶„¥<ÆfiÉÏæÉ<ÏdØ’¥∑¶<«K¶g¶„ ÷≤æ>Ï\ÚE>¥g[G¶d¥¶„ƶ„ fibQ>√’cæxÿd¶<«K¶g¶„ g„m{ <TT ∑√TK¶„ c
c c
c <T√æ\¯Td<T<~[T„¥¶„ Ø∂T¥gæW¶∑’ ∏¥’ÁfiKg¶∑j¶gc„ɶ∑’ g¢DP{¶K„∑’ T∂byTdg¶∑¶„ T∂byTdg¶∑¶„ ÷ɶ„T„*¶„ fi«¶® <Tg϶„ G∂T϶„√’ K¶d<√Æ’ fiæKTK’ ~ c
c c
c ∏«dN¥ fi¶¥’ ∏¶„Td< <دTm{Tc¶K∂ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ Ø„T„ ∏’Â<ÏaÁfi≤>T∆„ Ø¥xTr∑¶b’ ¥<Á*<Á∑∂d¶b’ fiTKTzZ¶b’ fiK<Æ® $ ®ß{¶„ ¶T ®¥¶„ √g¶„ $ ∏r∑¶„ <T c
c c
c √g¶„ö¶® ÷ß{Q>¶® ÂæKd¶® ~T϶® ~’≤>¶® ¥∂ƶ® ÷xÿd¶® Gb∑¶® E>„d¶® <دT¶® Ø„T√Â∂® G„∑¶g„T G’¸æW∂T„ Ø∂T„ «¶KÆ„ T¶¥„ G„∑¶g„T ض<Æ∑â«KÆ„ K¶d<√Æ„ c
c c
c ∑√K„ fi¶„¥Æ¥¶Ï¶® ∏«® Pæ{g¶K„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ∏’ÂKaÁfi≤>T∆„ Ø¥xT∆¶b’ ¥<Á*<Á∑∂d¶b’ fiTKTzZ¶b’ fiK<Æ„ ∏«d’ Pæ{g¶K’ ®T’ c
c c
c Td¶¥∂ö∏Ær∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! fiæ¯T¥’√<® ¥¶„ƵgP{hfiT¶¥∂ Ø„T„ g<Æâ∂® Gr∑’ Âæg’ fi¶„¥Æ¥¶Ï¶® ∏Q>g«[’ ¥’<√\rÆ[¶∑’ gg’ g∑¥∂P{K„g¶∑„ g∑¥∂P{K„g¶∑„ c
c c
c <~Q><¥, Â’ ®¥ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ∏Æ’ bÆ’ ƯT«¶√®, ¥’<Ø¥¶<Æ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! P*{ P{K„<g, P*{ Ø϶<g, P*{ fidÚE>¶<g, P*{ T¶ „ <Ædb\ÚE>Â’ ? 17 . „ ∑’ ¥„ c
c c
c ∏«® Pæ{g¶K„ Â’ fiæ¯T¥’√<Âd’ Ø„T’ ∏’Â<ÏaÁfi≤>T∆’ fi¶<¥[¶ ÆQ>ÂæQ>„ fi¶„¥Æ’ fi¶K„<Â, fi¶K„[¶ P{KdÏ0 ∏’G<Ï’ P{uÿ> ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! gg c
c c
c fiæÑÿg¶÷d¶® c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏dg„d¶m{T„ ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏ„ fi¶÷Ω«‡Â„öc∆¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ ÂÆ„T fiæ¯T√g„∑’ G¶T <T<∑ɶ<g, Â’ ∑’ Âæg’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! gg c
c c
c ~æÑæg¶÷d¶® c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏dg„d¶m{T’ ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏ’ <T∑„<Æ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ Ø„T„ ∏«®∑’ Pæ{g¶K„∑’ ®T’ Tæ[„ ¥g¶∑„ ÆQ>0 ∏«d’ Pæ{g¶K’ ®T’ Tض¥∂öÂægr∑’ c
c c
c Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ¥æ<∑¯TædT∂¥zZ„ ∏ÚE>¶<Æ, ∏Ær∑’ ÂT ~æÑg¶÷d¶® c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏dg„d¶m{T’ ض„ÆÏ’ <T∑„g∂< P{uÿ> ∏«dN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏’<Âd¶∏¶„ c
c c
c fi≤><∑aÁg<Â, fi≤><jaÁ<g[¶ ÷[KfiæK\zZg„∑’ T„«¶Kfi¯T® T„÷\¯Td¥gæ‘O¶®∑’ ¥g¶„Æ∑<Â, ¥g¶„Æ<∑[¶ ¥’Á„ɶb’ G¶„d∑¶b’ Ø’≤>’ <j<¥K< G¶T ض„Ç’<fi c
c c
c T„÷\¯Td¥gæ‘O¶®∑’ ¥g¶„Æ∑<[ ¥g¶„Æ<∑[¶ <Áhfi¶g„T ¥√<Éd’ ¥<TÉæd’ ¥◊æ{<¥d’ fi’~Tr∑g„Æ<∑∑¶∏¶„T¥¶„<«d’ <دT’ fi¶÷¥<¥K* <T÷¯Tb, <T÷¯T„[¶ G„∑¶g„T c
c c
c ∏«® Pæ{g¶K„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ∏«d’ Pæ{g¶K’ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! g® ÂT <fidQ>d¶® ¥√<Éd-¥◊æ{<¥d-¥<TÉæd¶ <دT¶ c
c c
c fi¶÷¥<¥K∂ <T÷\¯Td¶, Â’ <T∑„÷ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ÂT ~æÑg¶÷d¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ∏dg„d¶m{T’ ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏ’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ∏«dPæ{g¶K„ ÂN¥ fiæ¯T¥’√<ÂdN¥ Ø„TN¥ c
c ¥¶„ƵgP{hfiT¶<¥N¥ ∏’<® ®dgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ÆQ>ÂæQ>0 ¥d¶Â¶„ «T∑¶∏¶„ fi≤><∑aÁg<Â, fi≤><∑aÁ<g[¶ G„∑¶g„T ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, c
c c
c ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ P{KdÏ0 ∏’G<Ï* P{uÿ> ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ ¶¶„ ! gg fiæ¯T¥’√<®∑’ ¥¶„ƵgP{hfiT¶<¥∑¶ Ø„T„∑’ <Áhfi¶g„T ¥√<ÉÂ¥◊æ{<¥Â¥<TÉæ¶ c
c c
c fi’~Tr∑g„Æ-<jj¶∏¶„T¥¶„<«Â¶ <دT¶ fi¶÷¥<¥K∂ <T÷\¯Td¶, Â’ <T∑„÷ ∑’ gg ~æÑg¶÷d¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏ’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ∏«dN¥ c
c c
c Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏’<® ®ÂgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ÆQ>ÂæQ>0 P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ ¥W¶T„<Â, ¥W¶T„¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö<Áhfi¶g„T «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! K¶d<√Æ’ j√K’ <¥*O¶≤>√-<Â√- c
c c
c ~÷ß{-~ÇK0 ∏¶<¥[-<¥[ G¶T ¥æ√’cTK√’<cd’ √’cTu>«‡Â’ P{K„Æ d P{¶KT„Æ d, ®Âg¶∑<[d’ fiÇ\hfi∑Æ $ ® ∑’ „ P{¶≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥¶ G¶T fiÇ\hfi∑’< $ ® c
c c
c ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ض„Ç’ <fi P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ ¥W¶Tb, ¥W¶T„[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö<Áhfi¶g„T «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! Æd-√d-KÆ-G¶„ÆfiTKP{<ÏÂ’ ~¶÷K’<√<∑ ¥„∑’ ¥∆¶Æ„Æ, c
c c
c ¥„d∑d’ ~ √’cÆ\zZ* fiKP{hfi„Æ $ „ <T ÂÆ„T G¶T fiÇ\hfi∑’< $ ® ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ G„∑„T c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* ®T’ c
c c
c Td¶¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ¥√<Éd¶ G¶T fi¶÷¥<¥K∂ fi¶÷Ω«‡Â¶, Âr∑’ Âæg’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ®d’ ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏ’ <T∑„<Æ $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¥„<∑®∑’ K∆¶ c
c c
c ®T’ Tæ[¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ÆQ>ÂæQ>¶ G„∑¶g„T gÉ∑OK„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ gÉ∑OK’ ∏∑æfi<T¥<Â, ∏∑æfi<T<¥[¶ ∏’¶„ ∏’„÷K’<¥ rƶ¶ P{¸<ÏP{µg¶ c

H P{ÂP{¶„÷dg’√Ïfi¶d\ÚE>[¶ P*{ „ TKfi¶dfi[∑„÷K G¶T ∏¶√¶¥◊{<Ïd¥ghfi«’ ∏’¥æd’ <jdzZ¶ ¥„d∑d’ √’cÆ\zZ* Øÿm{ >¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ∏gdg<Æd◊„{∑fiæ’G¥\r∑√¶¥¶<Æ*
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 598
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E¥„d~¶gKT¶ÏT∂d∑∂<Æ* T∂bÉg¶∑∂ 2 ¥’fi\zZ¶ $ ® ∑’ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ rƶ® P{d¸<ÏP{µg„ G¶T ¥K∂K„ Æ\zZÁ’cTK√® ¥P{¶„Kt>„*gÑضg„∑’ E>[„∑’ cKÉg¶∑„F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [9]

c
∑’ c
c ~÷~¶gK¶<Æ* T∂bÉg¶∑„ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* <fiQ>¶„ ∏∑æ√ÚE>< $ ® ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¥„<∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ Æ\zZÁ’cTK√®∑’ <fiQ>¶„ <fiQ>¶„ ¥g∑æ√µgg¶∑g‘√¶ Æd- c
c c
c √d-KÆ-G¶„ÆP{<Ïd¶® ~¶÷K’<√∑∂® ¥„∑¶® ¥<x* ¥’fiKTæ≤>¶ gƶ «≤>~≤>√KT’ØfiK\aÁ[¶ ¥\¯Tâ∂® ¥¯TGæby® G¶T Øÿ’Øÿ<«<∑‘O¶„¥∑¶<ØÂKT„∑’ K¶d<√Æ„ ∑√K„ c
c c
c <¥* O ¶≤>√-<Â√-~÷ß{-~ÇK G¶T gƶfiÆfiÆ„ ¥ æ j¶√KG∑„ ∑ ’ ∏<«∑’ < ØÉg¶∑∂ 2 G„ ∑ ¶g„ T T„ « ¶K<√Kfi¯T® „ ∑ ¶g„ T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ c
c c
c T„«¶K<√KP{≤>√Â≤>fi¶dg‡Ï„ ∏¶K¶g„¥æ d ÷ɶ∑„¥æ d P{¶∑∑„¥æ d T∑„¥æ d T∑¥’≤>„¥æ d ŒaÁ„¥æ d √ÚE>„¥æ d √æµg„¥æ d Ïd¶¥æ d TÑ∂¥æ d P’{ØK¶¥æ d ØK∂¥æ d c
c c
c ~æ’ >∂¥æ d G‡Æ„¥æ d P{ÚE>„¥æ d jØ∂¥æ d ¥’√g„¥æ d <TdK„¥æ d ∏ÚE>g¶∑∂ d fi„ÚE>g¶∑∂ d gÉg¶∑∂ d fi[¶<∑ d fiæh◊{¶<∑ d ◊{϶<∑ d fiÑT¶<∑ d <√rÆg¶∑∂ c
c c
c d g¶∑„g¶∑∂ d ∏‘O¶dg¶∑∂ d fiK«æ’Gg¶∑∂ d fiK«¶®g¶∑∂ d T„«¶K<√Kfi¶dg‡Ï„ <T∑„g¶∑∂ ¥¯T¶„ ¥g’¶ ∏¶<Æ*≤>< $ ® ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ <T∑∂dض„Æ϶ c
c c
c ¥’fiær∑ض„Æ϶ ¥’fi[ض„Æ϶ G¶d¶ d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ $ ® ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¥„d∑√’ √’cÆ\zZ* Øÿm{ >¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ¥„<∑®∑’ Æ\zZÁ’cTK√®∑’ <fiQ>∏¶„ <fiQ>∏¶„ c
c c
c ¥g∑æ√µgg¶∑g‘√¶ Æd-√d G¶T Kd„∑’ G„∑„T K¶d<√Æ„ j√K„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ K¶d<√Æ’ j√K’ g¢D’g¢D„∑’ G„∑¶g„T ¥® «T∑„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, c
c c
c ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ <T÷϶b’ «¶„√«¶„√¶b’ G¶T <TÆK< $ 18. „ ∑’ ¥„ ∏«® Pæ{g¶K„ G„∑¶g„T fi¶„¥Æ¥¶Ï¶ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b, ÷T¶√\ÚE>¶ fiæ¯T¥’√<Âd’ Ø„T’ ¥ß{¶K„< c
c c
c ¥µg¶∑„<Â, ¥ß{¶K[¶ ¥µg¶<∑[¶ fi’≤><T¥É„< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ Ø„T„ ¥√<Éd’ fi’~T∆g„ƶ„T¥¶„<Æd’ <دT’ fi¶÷¥<¥K* fi≤>¥¶ÆK<Â, fi≤>¥¶Æ<Â[¶ G¶g„T <Ø<¥* c
c c
c fi¶÷Ω«‡® ¶g„T <Ø<¥* fi≤>√„ $ 19. „ ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ Â’<¥ ∏P{¶Ïض„ÆÏ’<¥ <T∑∂d’<¥ ¥µg¶<∑dض„Æ϶ ÂN¥ √Ω«N¥ ∏∑æP’{fi∑Q>¶® Gd’ <~Q><Â, Gd’ c
c c
c ∏¶¥d<Â, Gd’ ¥æT<Â, ∏¶Æ¶K’ <fi d ∑’ ∏¶Æ¶K„g¶∑∂ ∑¶<Â<Â[’ ∑¶<ÂP{≤æ>d’ ∑¶<ÂP{¥¶d’ ∑¶<Â∏’<¸Ï’ ∑¶<ÂgÆÿK’ G’ ÂN¥ √Ω«N¥ <Æd’ gd’ fizZ’ Ø„¥„ d P{¶Ï„ d c
c c
c ∏¶Æ¶K’ ∏¶Æ¶K„g¶∑∂, ∑¶b<~ªÂ’ ∑¶b¥¶„√’ ∑¶bg¶„Æ’ ∑¶b«d’ ∑¶bfiK[¶¥’ TT√d<~*Â-¥¶„d-g¶„Æ-«d-fiK[¶¥¶ ÷Øÿ«Ég¶∑¥æÆ„<Æ* «¶„d∑-ÚE>¶d∑-√’c- c
c c
c gѶϒP{¶K„<Æ Â’ √Ω«’ ¥æÆ’¥æÆ„∑’ fiKTÆ< $ 20. ® ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ jTrÆ’ g¶¥¶∑’ ¸Æÿfi≤>fiær∑¶∑’ ∏xQ>g¶∑ d K¶<Â*<Ød¶∑’ T∂<Âß’{¶∑’ ∏âK[P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ c
c c
c ¥æPæ{g¶Ïfi¶<∑fi¶d’ G¶T ¥¯T’√¥æ’ØK’ ضK√’ fid¶d¶ $ ® ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏’√fi≤>d¶Kd¶∏¶„ c¶K<∑* Ø„<T* jTrÆ’ g¶¥¶∑’ G¶T ضK√’ fid¶d’ fi¶¥’<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ <¥‘O’ ÂæKd’ c
c c
c ~TÏ’ T„<Âd’ G„∑„T ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>’<Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥„<∑d’ K¶d’ G®∑’ <TG®∑’ Tx¶T„*<Â, Tx¶T„[¶ P{KdÏfiK‘√<Æd’ <¥K¥¶T[’ gzZ® ∏’G<Ï* c
c P{uÿ> ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ jTrÆ’ g¶¥¶∑’ G¶T ضK√’ fid¶d¶, Âr∑’ ∏µÆ„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶∑’ <fid’ <∑T„Ø„g¶„ö<fid’ „ «T÷ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ c
c c
c ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ¶<¥* ∏’√fi≤>d¶Kd¶∑’ ∏’<® ®dgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ÆQ>ÂæQ>0 ¶∏¶„ ∏’√fi≤>d¶Kd¶∏¶„ gÆÿK„<Æ* Td∑„<Æ* <TfiæÏ„∑ d fiæh◊{-√’c-gѶϒP{¶K„∑’ c
c c
c ¥ß{¶K„< ¥µg¶∑„<Â, ¥ß{¶K„[¶ ¥µg¶∑„[¶ gzZdc¶„d¶∏¶„ P{K„<Â, fiæ[¶∑æfiæ<[d’ <T<[* P{hfi„<Â, P{hfi„[¶ fi≤><T¥É„< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ c
c c
c ¥W¶T„<Â, ¥W¶T„[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö<Áhfi¶g„T «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! K¶d<√Æ’ ∑√K’ ∏¶<¥d G¶T fiK√∂d’ P{K„Æ P{¶KT„Æ d, ~¶K¶√¶K¥¶„Æ∑’ P{K„Æ, P{K„[¶ g¶∑æµg¶∑Tâ∑’ c
c c
c P{K„Æ, P{K„[¶ ®Âg¶∑<[d’ fiÇ\hfi∑Æ G¶T fiÇ\hfi∑’< $ ® ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ∏Q>¶K¥ ¥„<∑hfi¥„∑∂∏¶„ ¥W¶T„<Â, ¥W¶T„[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö√ÚE>Æ ∑’ ÂæΩ«„ c
c c
c Ø„ T ¶∑æ \ hfid¶ ! K¶d<√Æ„ j√K„ ∏\Ω«*  K¸¶<ÆK® ÷N¥æ ß ’ { ÷ß{K’ ∏«≤>hfiT„ ¥ ’ ∏Ø’  ≤>gPæ { ≤>’  ≤>g’ ∏cKg’ ∏c¶K<∑É’ ∏∑æ x ÿ d gæ b ’ √ ’ ∏¯T¶dgÑضg’ c
c c
c «<∑d¶TK∑¶≤>bÉP{<Ïd’ ∏∑„√¶϶dK¶∑æ~KÂ’ figæbdfiß{I<Ïd¶<«K¶g’ GƶKÆ’ Ê>bT≤>d’ إ؄T<¥d’ P{K„Æ 2, ®dg¶∑<[d’ fiÇ\hfi∑Æ $ „ <T ÂÆ„T P{K„*<Â, c
c c
c P{K„[¶ ÂÆ„T fiÇ\hfi∑’< $ ® ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ¸¶<ÆKd¶® ÷TQ>¶∑¥¶Ï¶® ¥∂ƶ¥∑TK√® fiæKzZ¶<«gæÆ„ ¥\r∑¥r∑„ ¥<®<Æ d ¥¶Æ\N¥®<Æ d ¥d¥¶Æ\N¥®<Æ c
c c
c d ض®<Æ* ØÏdg¶∑„ ØÏdg¶∑„ fi≤>ÚE>g¶∑„ fi≤>ÚE>g¶∑„ ®T’ ~ ∑’ <TÆK< $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ fi >g„ <ØT¥„ G¶ÂP{µg’ P{K„*<Â, <¸<® <ØT¥„ G¶√Kd’ c

H P{K„*<Â, Â<® <ØT¥„ ~’Ø-¥‡KØ’¥<∑d’ P{K„*<Â, ®T¶g„T <j¯T[„ ¥æbG¶ÂP{µgP{K∑„ ¥’fi[„ ¸¶K¥¶Æ<ØT¥„ <TfiæÏ’ ∏¥∑-fi¶∑-Á¶<Øg-¥¶<Øg’ ÷TaÁ≤>¶T„*<Â,
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 599
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E÷TaÁ≤>¶T„[¶ <g[-∑¶<Â-<∑d√-¥d∑-¥’¸’<c-fiKG∑’ ¸Ï’ ~ ¸ÆT„ √∑∑¶d√ G¶T ∏¶g’„*<Â, ¶„ fiÚE>¶ rƶ¶ P{d¸<ÏP{µg¶ P{dP{¶„÷d G¶TF
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [10]

c c
c ¥¯T¶Ï’P{¶K«‡<¥Â¶ gÆ<ÂgƶÏd’<¥ «¶„d∑g’≤>T’<¥ Â’ <TfiæÏ’ ∏¥∑’ fi¶∑’ Á¶bg’ ¥¶bg’ <g[-j¶<Â0 √∑∑¶d√ G¶T ¥<x* ∏¶¥¶®g¶∑¶ fiK«¶®g¶∑¶ fiK«æ’Gg¶∑¶ c
c c
c ®T’ ~ ∑’ <TÆK’<Â, <G<g«æ[æ[K¶√¶ <T d ∑’ ¥g¶∑¶ ∏¶d’¶ ~¶„aÁ¶ fiKg¥‡b«‡d¶ Â’ <g[-j¶<Â-<jd√-¥d∑-¥’¸’<c0 √∑∑¶d√0 <TfiæÏ„∑’ fiæh◊{-√’c- c
c c
c gѶϒP{¶K„∑’ ¥ß{¶K„*< ¥µg¶∑„*<Â, ¥ß{¶K„[¶ ¥µg¶∑„[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂öGµÆ¶ ∑’ ∏µÆ’ bgN¥ ضK√N¥ √Ω«zZ ~„T ¥g¶∑N¥ ∏P{¶Ïg„Æ„¥æ ض„ÆÏ„ fi¶ØÿΩ«‡Â„, c
c c
c Â’ ƶ„÷ ∑’ ∏µÆ’ ضK® g„Æ„ ∑¶g„∑’ g„Æ„ 2, ÂN¥ ضK√N¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ∏dg„d¶m{T’ √¶„r∑’ √æ∑<jh◊{r∑’ ∑¶gc„É’ P{K„*<Âög„ƶ < $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„ÆPæ{g¶K„ c
c c
c fi’~c¶Â∂fiK‘√<Æ„, Â’GƶöÁ∂Kc¶Â∂®, g’≤>∑c¶Â∂®, gÉ∑c¶Â∂®, P{I϶T∑c¶Â∂®, ∏’P{c¶Â∂®, ∏∆¶<Æ* d ¸Æ°<Æ* Áæɶ<Æ* <~϶bd¶<Æ* T¶g<∑-T≤><«- c
c c
c ¸Ω¸K-¸÷<¥-G¶„<∑d-fi“Æ<T b<¥<∑-Z¶Œ<√<∑-϶<¥d-Ï÷<¥d-Ø<g<Ï-<¥*Æ<Ï-∏¶K<T-fiæ<Ï*<Ø-fiß{<∑-TÆ<Ï-g挒≤>-¥¸K∂-fi¶K¥∂<Æ* ∑¶∑¶Ø„¥∂<Æ* c
c c
c <TØ„¥fiKg’≤>d¶<Æ* b’<√d-<~*<Âd-fi\zZd<Td¶<∑d¶<Æ* ¥Ø„¥∑„TzZ√<Æd-T„¥¶<Æ* <∑÷∑Pæ{¥Ï¶<Æ* <T∑∂d¶<Æ* ~„≤>d¶~ß{T¶ÏTK¥cKP’{~æÉgÆdK√T’Ø- c
c c
c fiK\aÁ[„, ÆzZ¶Â¶„ ÆzZ’ ¥¶ÆK„Ég¶∑„, ∏’P{¶Â¶„ ∏’P’{ fiK«æÉg¶∑„, fiK<√Ég¶∑„, ÷T϶<ÏÉg¶∑„, Kµg’<¥ g<∑P{¶„u>gÂÏ’<¥ fiK’<√Ég¶∑„ 2, c
c c
c <∑¯T¶d<∑¯T¶O¶d’<¥ <√KP’{ØKgÑ∂∑„ T ~’fi√fi¶dT„ ¥æÆ’¥æÆ„∑’ Tâb, „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ∏∑æfiæ¯T„∑’ j¶gP{K∑’ ~ fiG„g∑√’ ~ c
c c
c fi~’P{g∑√’ ~ ~¶„϶„T∑d∑’ ~ gÆd¶ gÆd¶ bâ∂¥ß{¶K¥gæØ®∑’ P{K„*¥æ $ ® ∑’ Â’ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ¥¶<ÂK„√Q>T¶¥G¶Â√’ ~„T √Ω«Q>g„ T¶¥„ ¥¶„Æ∑’<¥ c
c c
c <Â<Æ-P{K∑-gæÆÿ[’<¥ P{϶dKdN¥ ÷T∑„*< $ ® ∑’ ¥„ P{϶dK® g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ τƶbd¶∏¶„ √<∑Âhfiƶ∑¶∏¶„ ¥÷∑ŒÂfiÉT¥¶∑¶∏¶„ ¸¶T[K* P{϶∏¶„ ¥æ[∏¶„ c
c c
c d ∏zZ∏¶„ d P{K∑∏¶„ d ¥„ƶT„< <¥aÁ¶T„<Â, Â’Gƶ-Ï„Æ’ 1, √<∑d’ 2, m{T’ 3, ju>’ 4, √∂d’ 5, T¶bd’ 6, ¥K√d’ 7, fi¶„aÁK√d’ 8, ¥g¶ϒ 9, G‡d’ 10, c
c c
c G∑T¶d’ 11, fi¶¥d’ 12, ∏Q>¶Td’ 13, fi¶„K„P{¯T’ 14, Ø√gu>d’ 15, ∏∆<T<Æ* 16, fi¶∑<T<Æ* 17, TzZ<T<Æ* 18, <TÏ„T∑<T<Æ* 19, ¥d∑<T<Æ* 20, ∏É’ c
c c
c 21, fiÆ„<Ïd’ 22, g¶√<Æd’ 23, √¶Æ’ 24, √∂<Âd’ 25, <¥Ï¶„√’ 26, <ÆKr∑Gæ<[* 27, ¥æTr∑Gæ<[* 28, ~æ∆Gæ<[* 29, ∏¶«K∑<T<Æ* 30, ÂŒ∑∂fi≤>P{µg’ 31, c
c c
c bzZ∂ ÏaÁ∑’ 32, fiæK¥ÏaÁ∑’ 33, ÆdÏaÁ∑’ 34, √dÏaÁ∑’ 35, √¶„∑ÏaÁ∑’ 36, Pæ{ßæ{≤>ÏaÁ∑’ 37, E>[ÏaÁ∑’ 38, Ø’≤>ÏaÁ∑’ 39, c
c c
c ∏<¥ÏaÁ∑’ 40, g<∑ÏaÁ∑’ 41, P{¶√<∑ÏaÁ∑’ 42, TzZæ<TÉ’ 43, Á’c¶Kg¶∑’ 44, j√Kg¶∑’ 45, T‡Æ’ 46, fi≤>T‡Æ’ 47, ~¶K’ 48, fi≤>~¶K’ 49, c
c ~ß{T‡Æ’ 50, √ŒÏT‡Æ’ 51, ¥√≤>T‡Æ’ 52, Gæx’ 53, <jGæx’ 54, Gæx¶ <ÂGæx’ 55, ∏<Q>Gæx’ 56, gæ<Q>Gæx’ 57, ¸¶ÆÿGæx’ 58, Ïd¶Gæx’ 59, by¥zZ’ 60, c
c c
c E>ŒhfiT¶d’ 61, c∑æ¯T„d’ 62, <ÆK∆fi¶√’ 63, ¥æTr∑fi¶√’ 64, ¥æ[Á„‚>’ 65, Tu>Á„‚>’ 66, j¶<Ïd¶Á„‚>’ 67, fi[ÚE>„É’ 68, P{≤>ÚE>„É’ 69, ¥É∂T’ 70, c
c c
c <jÉ∂T’ 71, ¥÷∑Œd<g< 72 $ 21. „ ∑’ ¥„ P{϶dK® g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ τƶbd¶∏¶„ √<∑dhfiƶ∑¶∏¶„ ¥÷∑ŒÂfiÉT¥¶∑¶∏¶„ ¸¶T[K∂* P{϶∏¶„ ¥æ[∏¶„ d c
c c
c ∏zZ∏¶„ d P{K∑∏¶„ d ¥„ƶT„< <¥aÁ¶T„<Â, ¥„ƶT„[¶ <¥aÁ¶T„[¶ ∏µg¶<fi…{∑’ ÷T∑„< $ „ ∑’ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏µg¶<fiÂK¶„ Â’ P{϶dKd’ gcæK„<Æ* Td∑„<Æ* c
c c
c <TfiæÏ„∑ d √’c-gѶϒP{¶K„∑’ ¥ß{¶K„*< ¥µg¶∑„*<Â, ¥ß{¶K„[¶ ¥µg¶∑„[¶ <TfiæÏ’ G∂<Td¶KÆ’ fi∂<Âض∑’ ØÏd’<Â, fi∂<Âض∑’ ØÏb[¶ fi≤><T¥É„*< $ 22. „ ∑ c
c c
c ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ¸¶T[KP{϶fi’≤>® ∑T’√¥æ[fi≤>¸¶„<Æ® ∏Q>¶K¥ - <T<Æhfi√¶KØ„¥∂«¶¥¶<T¥¶K® √∂dKby √’c¯Tju>Pæ{¥Ï„ ÆdG¶„Æ∂ KÆG¶„Æ∂ ¸¶ÆÿG¶„Æ∂ ¸¶ÆÿhfigW∂ c
c c
c ∏Ï’ «¶„√¥gzZ„ ¥¶Æ<¥® <Td¶Ï~¶K∂ G¶Â„ d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ¸¶T[KP{϶fi’≤>Â’ G¶T <Td¶Ï~¶K∂ G¶d’ c
c c
c fi¶¥’ < Â, fi¶<¥[¶ fi¶¥¶dT≤>„ * ¥ ® P{¶K„ * <  ∏Ω«æ ‘ √dg‡ < ¥d fiÆ<¥® <TT g<∑P{∑√Kd∑«<[<~[„ T¶÷xÿ  <TGdT„ G dÂ∂fi≤>¶√E>[¶bE>[P{<Ï® Âæ ’ √ „ c
c c
c √√∑ÂÏg<«Ï’Og¶∑<¥ÆK„ G¶Ï’ÂKKd∑fi’GŒ\µg<Ñ® ¯T g<∑P{∑√Z‡<«d¶® <Td<¥Â¥dfi[fiæ’≤>K∂® <ÂÏdKd∑x~’Ø<Ç® j¶∑¶g<∑gdضg¶Ï’P{„ ∏’¶„ c

H G
¸<Æ* ~ ¥rÆ„ ÂT<∑ÉŒbKT¶Ïæd¶fizZK„ ¥æÆ◊{¶¥„ ¥\N¥K∂dm{T„ fi¶¥¶Ø∂® G¶T fi≤>m{T„, ®√’ ~ ∑’ gÆ’ «T∑’ P{¶K„*< ∏∑„√Á’«¥d¥<∆<TQ>’ Ï∂Ï<Q>d ¥¶Ï«’<Gd¶√’
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 600
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E∏Ω«æ ‘ √d¥æ P {dTbKT„ < Âd¶Â¶„ K ∑TKKbd¥¶Ï«’ < Gd¶¥æ < ¥<ÏQ><T<¥Q>ÏQ>¥’  Ê>Âfi¥zZT„ Œ <ÏdÁ’ « ∑¶∑¶g<∑P{∑√Kd∑Á<~Â÷ÉÏ’F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [11]

c c
c ¸Æÿ¥g¥æ<T«[<j<~ÂKg<∑É«‡<g«¶√’ byƶ<gd G¶T «<[<~[’ Á’«æ‘√dTbKT„bd¶fiK√<Æd¶<«K¶g’ <TɶÆKGgÏGædÏG’ÂGæ[’ <fiT ∏Ç∂¥ÆN¥g¶Ï∑∂d’ c
c c
c m{T√¥ÆN¥P{<Ïd’ <«¥g∂∑’ <«\Ω«¥g∂∑’ ~aÁæ϶„d∑Ï„¥’ ¥æÆ◊{¶¥’ ¥\N¥K∂dm{T’ P’{~∑-g<∑-Kd∑Z‡<«d¶√’ ∑¶∑¶<TÆfi’~Tr∑O’t>¶fi≤>¶√fiKg’≤>d‘√<¥ÆK’ c
c c
c cTÏgK∂<~P{Td’ <T<∑µgæd’Â’ ϶÷Ѷ„bdg<Æd’ G¶T √’cTu>«‡Â’ fi¶¥¶Ø∂d’ ØK¥<∑É’ ∏<«m{T’ fi≤>m{T’ $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆPæ{g¶KN¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ c
c c
c ¥¶„Æ∑’<¥ <Â<Æ-P{K∑-∑aÁ[-gæÆÿ[’<¥ ¥K<¥d¶∑’ ¥K¯Td¶∑’ ¥K[d¶∑’ ¥K¥Ï¶Tr∑m{TG¶„¯T∑-√æ∑¶„TT„d¶∑’ ¥K¥®<Æ*¶„ K¶dPæ{Ï„<Æ*¶„ ∏¶<∑d<Ñd¶∑’ c
c c
c fi¥¶Æ∑Q>’√∏<TÆTTÆ°-∏¶„Td∑g’√Ï¥æG’<fi„<Æ* ∏Q><Æ* K¶dTKP{∆¶<Æ* ¥<x* ®√<ØT¥„∑’ fi¶<∑* √„rƶ<T*¥æ $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ ∏µg¶<fiÂK¶„ bg’ ®Â¶m{T’ fi∂<Âض∑’ c
c c
c ØÏd’ < Âö∏Q><ÆKr∑P{¶„ ≤ >∂∏¶„ ∏Q> ¥æ T r∑P{¶„ ≤ >∂∏¶„ √¶Æ¶∑æ ¥ ¶K„ ∑ «¶<∑d¯T’ G¶T fi„ ¥ ∑P{¶Kd¶∏¶„ ∏∆’ ~ <Tfiæ Ï ’ c
c c
c c∑P{∑√Kd∑g<∑g¶„<[d¥’Á<¥ÏhfiT¶ÏK[Kd∑¥’Â¥¶K¥¶T„ɒ ∏϶<Æ G¶T ∏¶¥[g¶Â¶„ Pæ{ÏT’¥¶Â¶„ fiP{¶g’ ض÷’ fiP{¶g’ «¶„[æ’ fiP{¶g’ fiK«¶®÷’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ c
c c
c g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ®√g„√¶® «¶Kd¶® ®√g„√’ <ÆKr∑P{¶„≤>* ØÏd<Â, ®√g„√’ ¥æTr∑P{¶„≤>* ØÏd<Â, G¶T ®√g„√’ fi„¥∑P{¶K* ØÏd<Â, ∏∆’ ~ <TfiæÏ’ c∑P{∑√ G¶T c
c c
c fiK«¶®÷’ ØÏd< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ÷\hfi* fi¶¥¶dTK√„ ◊æ{u>g¶∑„<Æ* gæb’√gzZ®<Æ* TKÂŒ<∑¥’fi÷[„<Æ* ¸[∂¥<¸x„<Æ* j¶≤>®<Æ* ÷T<√Ég¶∑„ ÷T<√Ég¶∑„ c
c c
c ÷T϶<ÏÉg¶∑„ ÷T϶<ÏÉg¶∑„ ¥W-◊{K¥-K¥-m{T-√’c„ <T÷Ï„ g¶∑æN¥® P{¶g«¶„√„ fiÇ∑æ«Tg¶∑„ <TÆK< $ „ ∑’ P{¶Ï„ ∑’ „ ∑’ ¥g® ∑’ ¥g∑„ «√T’ c
c c
c gƶT∂K„ fiæ¯T¶∑æfiæ\¯T* ~Kg¶∑„ √¶g¶∑æ√¶g’ Ø°bÉg¶∑„ ¥æÆ’¥æÆ„∑’ <TÆKg¶∑„ G„∑¶g„T K¶d<√Æ„ j√K„ √æ∑<¥Ï® ~„<® G¶T <TÆK< $ „ ∑’ K¶d<√Æ„ ∑√K„ c
c c
c <¥*O¶≤>√0 gÆd¶ G∑¥W„ < T¶ G¶T ¸ÆT„ ÷‘√¶ «¶„√¶ G¶T K¶d<√ÆN¥ ∑√KN¥ g¢D’g¢D„∑’ ®√<Ø<¥* ®√¶<«gæƶ <∑‘√ÚE>’< $ bg’ ~ ∑’ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ÷\hfi* c
c c
c fi¶¥¶ÂTK√„ ◊æ{u>g¶∑„<Æ* gæb’√gzZ®<Æ* G¶T g¶∑æN¥® P{¶g«¶„√„ «æ’Gg¶∑„ K¶dg‘√’ ~ ∏¶„϶„®g¶∑„ ∏¶„϶„®g¶∑„ ®T’ ~ ∑’ <TÆK< $ ® ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ „ ¸ÆT„ c
c c
c ÷‘√„ «¶„√„ G¶T ®√<Ø¥¶<«gæÆ„ <∑‘√ÚE>g¶∑„ fi¶¥<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ P’{~æbÉfiæK¥’ ¥W¶T„<Â, ¥W¶T„[¶ ®T’ Td¶¥∂öP{∆’ «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ∏É K¶d<√Æ„ j√K„ c
c c
c b’ØgÆ„ < T¶ Á’ØgÆ„ < T¶ ®T’ ŒWgÆ„ b T¶ <¥TgÆ„ b T¶ T„¥g∑-j¶√-GaÁ-«‡d-j<Ø-Â϶d-ŒaÁ-~„<Âd-fi¯Td0 ÷ɶ∑-<√KG[¶ < T¶, Gr∑’ ®® c
c c
c ÷‘√¶ G¶T ®√<Ø<¥* ®√¶<«gæƶ <∑‘√ÚE>’< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ P’{~æbÉfiæK¥„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ √<Æd¶√g∑fi<T<[® g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ®T’ Tض¥∂öj¶„ ÁÏæ c
c Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ∏É K¶d<√Æ„ jdK„ b’ØgÆ„ b T¶ G¶T <√KG[¶ b T¶, Gr∑’ ®® ÷‘√¶ G¶T ®√<Ø<¥* ®√¶<«gæƶ <j‘√ÚE>’< $ ®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ¥g∑„ «√T’ c
c c
c gƶT∂K„ ∏¶bP{K„ <ÂzZP{K„ bÆg¶√„, bÆ ¥’fi[„, bÆ ¥g¶„¥ >„, bÆ ~„T K¶d<√Æ„ j√K„ √æ∑<¥Ï® ~„<® ∏ƶfi≤>0 G¶T <TÆK< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ P’{~æbÉfiæK¥N¥ c
c c
c ∏’<® ®dgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ÆQ>ÂæQ>„ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ ¥W¶T„<Â, ¥W¶T„¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö<Áhfi¶g„T ~¶÷‘O’t>’ ∏¶¥KÆ’ Gæ[¶g„T ÷TQ>T„Æ, ÂÆ<[ ÷T∑„*<Â, „ ∑’ ¥„ c
c c
c g„Æ„ rƶ„ G¶T ¥¯T¶Ï’P{¶K<T«‡<¥Â„ ~¶÷‘O’t>’ ∏¶¥KÆ’ Øÿm{ >„ ¥g¶∑„ ¥P{¶„K„*t>gÑضg„∑’ E>[„∑’ cKÉg¶∑„∑’ gÆd¶ «≤>~≤>√KT’ØfiKd¶Ï¥’fiKTæ≤>„ K¶d<√ÆN¥ c
c c
c j√KN¥ g¢D’g¢D„∑’ <j‘√ÚE><Â, <j‘√\ÚE>[¶ G„∑¶g„T √æ∑<¥Ï® ~„<® „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ E>[¶<ÂE>[’ c
c c
c fi≤>¶√¶<Âfi≤>¶√’ <TɶÆK-~¶K∑„ G’«√„ d Ø„T„ ∏¶„Tdg¶∑„ ÷hfidg¶∑„ fi¶¥<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ ~¶÷‘O’t>¶∏¶„ ∏¶¥Kƶ∏¶„ fiǶ„ŒÆ<Â, fiǶ„Œ<Æ[¶ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ c
c c
c fi’~<TÆ„∑’ ∏<«√g„∑’ ∏<«√ÚE><Â, Â’Gƶö¥<~[¶∑’ دT¶∑’ <T÷¥K∑d¶®, ∏<~[¶∑’ دT¶∑’ ∏<T÷¥K∑d¶®, ®√¥¶≤>d÷[K¶¥’√P{K∑„∑’, ~aÁæ◊{¶¥„ c
c c
c ∏’G<Ïfi‘√Æ„∑’, g∑¥¶„ ®√[∂P{K∑„∑’, G„∑¶g„T ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ <ÂaÁæ[¶„ ∏¶Ø¶<Æ∑fiض<Æ∑’ c
c c
c P{K„<Â, P{K[¶ T’Ø< ∑g’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ ∑g’<¥[¶ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∑Ƕ¥∆„ ∑¶<ÂØ°K„ ¥æN¥‡¥g¶∑„ jg’¥g¶∑„ fi’G<Ïd≤>„ ∏<«gæÆ„ <T∑®∑’ fiÉæT¶¥< c

H ® ∑’ ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ g„ÆPæ{g¶KN¥ Â∂¥„ d gÆ<Âgƶ<Ïd¶® fiK¥¶® g¢D√® <T<~[’ cµgg¶<ÂaÁ<ÂöGƶ G∂T¶ ¸¢D’<Â, gæÇ’<Â, Gƶ d ¥’P{<ÏN¥’<Â,
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 601
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EcµgP{ƶ «¶<∑d¯T¶, G¶T fiK¥¶ fi≤>√d¶ $ 23. „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® cµg’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ÆQ>ÂæQ>„ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [12]

c c
c <ÂaÁæ[¶„ ∏¶d¶<Æ∑fid¶<Æ∑’ P{K„<Â, P{K[¶ T’Ø< jg’¥<[, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö¥Wƶ<g ∑’ «’„ ! <∑‘√’Z„* fi¶Td∑’, ®T’ fi<[d¶<g ∑’ «’„ ! <∑‘√’c’ c
c c
c fi¶Td∑’ , K¶„®<g ∑’ «’„ ! <∑‘√’Z’ fi¶Td∑’ , ∏Ω«æQ><„ g ∑’ «’„ ! <j‘√’Z’ fi¶Td∑’, ®Tg„d’ «’„ ! ÂÆg„d’ «’„ !, ∏<TÂÆg„d’ «’„ !, b\ÚE>Âg„d’ «’„ !, b\ÚE>Âfi≤>\ÚE>dg„d’ c
c c
c «’„ !, ∏<«Œbdg„d’ «’„ ! GÆ„d’ ÂæΩ«„ TØÆ, G’ ∑TK* Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ∏¶fiæÚE>¶<g, Â∏¶„ fiÚE>¶ gæ’≤>„ «<T[¶∑’ fi¯TbN¥¶<g $ ∏ƶ¥æÆ’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! g¶ c
c c
c fi≤>¸’c’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ T’Ø< ∑g’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ ∑g’<¥[¶ G„∑¶g„T ~¶÷‘O’t>„ ∏¶¥KÆ„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, „∑„T ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ c
c c
c ~¶÷‘O’t>’ ∏¶¥KÆ’ ØÿŒÆ<Â, ØÿŒ<Æ[¶ gÆd¶ «≤>~≤>√KfiÆP{K„∑’ K¶d<√ÆN¥ j√KN¥ g¢D’g¢D„∑’ G„∑¶g„T ¥® «T∑„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ c
c c
c ~¶÷‘O’t>¶∏¶„ ∏¶¥Kƶ∏¶„ fiǶ„ŒÆ<Â, fiǶ„Œ<Æ[¶ G„∑¶g„T ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ∏µg¶<fi…{∑’ fi¶dT≤>∑’ P{K„<Â, P{K[¶ ®T’ c
c c
c Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ ∏µgd¶Â¶„ ! g® ¥g∑N¥ «√T¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® cµg„ <∑¥’„, ¥„ <T d g„ cµg„ b\ÚE>„ fi≤>\ÚE>„ ∏<«Œb® $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ c
c c
c Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ®T’ Tض¥∂öc∆¶„ <¥ Âæg’ G¶d¶ !, ¥’fiæ∆¶„ P{dzZ¶„ P{dÏaÁ∑¶„ <¥ Âæg’ G¶d¶ ! G∆’ Âæg„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® cµg„ c
c c
c <∑¥’„, ¥„ <T d „ cµg„ b\ÚE>„ fi≤>\ÚE>„ ∏<«Œb„ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ض„Ç’ <fi ÂÇ’ <fi ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ ∏µg¶∏¶„ ! g® ¥g∑N¥ c
c c
c «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® cµg„ <j¥’„, ¥„ <T d cµg„ b\ÚE>® fi≤>\ÚE>® ∏<«Œb® $ Â’ bÚE>¶<g ∑’ ∏µg¶¶„ ! ÂæΩ«„<Æ* ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â„ ¥g¶∑„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T¶„ c
c c
c gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® gæ’≤>„ «<T[¶∑’ ∏√¶K¶Â¶„ ∏∑√¶Kd’ fi¯Tb[® $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ Âg<∑Q>’ ∏P’{Â’ ∏\hfid’ ∏gæ∑ær∑’ ∏g∑¶g’ ∏¥ædfiæ¯T’ ◊{Œ¥’ <√K’ c
c c
c ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg bg„∑’ ®Â¶m{T„∑’ g∑¶„g¶∑<¥®∑’ gÆd¶ fiæ[ØÿaÁ„∑’ ∏<««‡Â¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ¥„d¶√dK¶„gP‡{Tfi√Ï’Â<TÏ∂∑√¶d¶ ¥¶„d«KfiT„<Td’√∂ <∑[„d¶ c
c c
c Ø∂∑<Tg∑Td∑¶, P{KdÏg<Ïd¯T P{gÏg¶Ï¶ ÂaÁ∑∏¶„Ïæ‘√ØÿΩ¸Ï¥K∂K϶dr∑¥æ∆<jÚE>¶d√d<¥K∂d¶, fi<¥ >Ï«‡¥∑fi≤>’ÂÁæ\µgd¥’~æ\r∑d- c
c c
c cTÏTÏdfiΩ«Q>÷[Kɶ ¥‡g¶Ï<TP{r∑P„{¥ÆzZ¶, gæÚE>¶T¥∑Q>~„d<¥ √Œby, fiK¥æ<jd[¯T ~’fi√Ïd¶, <j¯T[gÆ„¯T b’ØÏQ>∂ <Tgæß{¥’<c¸’c∑¶ P{¶„u>gÂÏ’<¥ c
c c
c ¥¯T’√„<Æ* c¥<[ fi≤>d¶ $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ c¶K∑∂ Ø„T∂ ¥¥’«g¶„T<[d¶® ÂæKd’ P’{~∑<«√¶KgæÆ<T<∑‘√d¥∂dÏGÏ<TgÏc¶K¶® fiK<¥*~g¶∑<j¯T<Td√¶dÏQ>∂ c
c c
c ÷aÁ„T√-¶ÏT„*t>-T∂d∑√G<∑dT¶®∑’ ¥◊æ{<¥®∑’ ∏’„÷KfiKG∑„∑’ ∏¶¥¶<¥d¶ ¥g¶∑∂ gæ[¶T<Ï¥<∆√¶¥fiT≤>’Â∏’¥æc¶K¶<Æ* <¥*~g¶∑∂ fi∏¶„ÆK„ c
c P{Ïæ∑<Tg∑Ø∂∑¶ K¶„dg¶∑∂ P’{Øg¶∑∂ <Âhfig¶∑∂ ¥¶„dg¶∑∂ <TÏTg¶∑∂ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ $ Âæg’<¥ ∑’ G¶d¶ ! ∏µÆ’ ®√„ fiæ[„ bQ>„ P’{„ <fi® g∑ær∑„ g∑¶g„ Z„É„ c
c c
c T„¥¶<¥® ¥µg® ¸Æÿg® ∏∑æg® «’≤>P{K’≤>√¥g¶∑„ Kd∑„ Kd∑«‡Â„ G∂<Td÷N¥¶¥® <Ædd∑’<ØG∑∑„ ÷’¸Kfiæh◊’{ T ØÿÑ«„ ¥T∑d¶® P{g’√ fiæ∑ fi¶¥∑d¶® ? ∑¶„ c
c c
c ÁÏæ G¶d¶ ! ∏µÆ„ bÚE>¶g¶„ Á∑g<T <Thfi∏¶„√’ ¥<Æ[®, Â’ «æ’G¶<Æ Â¶T G¶d¶ ! <TfiæÏ„ g¶∑æN¥® P{¶g«¶„√„ G¶T ¶T Td’ G∂T¶g¶„, Â∏¶„ fiÚE>¶ ∏µÆ„<Æ* c
c c
c P{¶Ï√„<Æ* fiK∑dT®, TâdPæ{ÏT’¥Â’ÂæP{É’<g, <jK¶TdaÁ„, ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® gæ’≤>„ «<T[¶ ∏√¶K¶Â¶„ ∏∑√¶Kd’ fi¯TbN¥<¥ $ „ c
c c
c ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ∏µg¶<fi…{<Æ* ®T’ Tæ[„ ¥g¶∑„ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ®T’ Tض¥∂öÂÆ„T ∑’ Â’ ∏µg¶„ ! GÆ„T ∑’ ÂæµÆ„ gg’ ®T’ TØÆ "Âæg<’ ¥ ∑’ G¶d¶ ! ∏µÆ„ ®√„ fiæ[„ Â’ ~„T G¶T c
c c
c <jK¶TdaÁ„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ G¶T fi¯TbN¥<¥ $' ®T’ ÁÏæ ∏µg¶∏¶„ ! g¶∑æN¥® «T„ ∏cæT„ ∏<∑<® ∏¥¶¥® T¥∑¥÷TWT¶<««‡Â„ c
c c
c <TÉæ Ï d¶~’ ~ Ï„ ! ∏<∑Ç„ GϸæΩ¸æd¥g¶∑„ Pæ{¥‘√GÏ<¸*Øÿ¥<∆«„ ¥’DΩ«K¶√¥K¥„ ¥æ<T∑√Ø’¥∑¶„Tg„ ¥≤>∑fi≤>∑<Tx’¥∑cµg„ fiÚE>¶ fiæK’ ~ ∑’ c
c c
c ∏TN¥<ThfiGÆ<∑É, P„{ ∑’ G¶∑< ∏µg¶∏¶„ ! "P„{ fiæ\¯T* √g∑¶®, P„{ fiÚE>¶ √g∑¶® ?' Â’ bÚE>¶<g ∑’ ∏µg¶∏¶„ ! ÂæΩ«„<Æ* ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â„ ¥g¶∑„ ¥g∑N¥ c
c c
c «√T¶„ g ƶT∂KN¥ G¶T fi¯Tb[® $ „ ∑’ g„ Æ ’ Pæ { g¶K’ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ®T’ Tض¥∂öbg¶Â¶„ „ G¶d¶ ! ¥K<¥d¶∏¶„ ¥K[d¶∏¶„ ¥K¯Td¶∏¶„ c

H ¥K¥Ï¶Tr∑m{TG¶„¯T∑√æ∑¶„TT„d¶∏¶„ ¥K¥„<Æ*¶„ K¶dPæ{Ï„<Æ*¶„ ∏¶<∑d<Ñd¶∏¶„ «¶Kd¶∏¶„, Â’ «æ’G¶<Æ ∑’ G¶d¶ ! ®Â¶<Æ* ¥<x* <TfiæÏ„ g¶∑æN¥® P{¶g«¶„√„
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 602
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EfiÚE>¶ «æ[«¶„√„ ¥g∑N¥ G¶T fi¯TbN¥<¥ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ®T’ Tض¥∂öÂÆ„T ∑’ ∏µg¶∏¶„ ! G∆’ ÂæΩ«„ gg’ ®T’ TØÆöbg¶∏¶„ „ G¶d¶F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [13]

c
! c
c ¥K<¥d¶∏¶„ G¶T ¥g∑N¥ fi¯TbN¥<¥ $ ®T’ ÁÏæ ∏µg¶∏¶„ ! g¶∑æN¥√¶ P{¶g«¶„√¶ ∏¥æby ∏¥¶¥Â¶ T’¶¥T¶ <fi[¶¥T¶ Á„϶¥T¶ ¥æß{¶¥T¶ ¥¶„<∑d¶¥T¶ c
c c
c Øÿ Œ N¥¶¥j∂¥¶¥¶ Øÿ m {dgæ [ fiæ K ∂¥fi‡ d ¸Æÿ fi ≤>fiæ r ∑¶ ÷ǶK-fi¶¥T∑-Á„ Ï -<¥* O ¶∑√-T’  -<fi[-¥æ ß {-¥¶„ < ∑Â¥’ « T¶ ∏cæ T ¶ ∏<∑<Âd¶ ∏¥¶¥d¶ c
c c
c ¥≤>∑fi≤>∑<Tx’¥∑cµg¶ fiÚE>¶ fiæK’ ~ ∑’ ∏TN¥<ThfiGÆ<∑ɶ, ¥„ P„{ ∑’ ∏µg¶∏¶„ ! G¶∑< "P„{ fiæ¯T’ √g∑¶®, P„{ fiÚE>¶ √g∑¶® ?' Â’ bÚE>¶<g ∑’ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ ! c
c c
c G¶T fi¯T<Â[® $ „ ∑’ Â’ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ∏µg¶<fiÂK¶„ ®T’ Tض¥∂-bg„ „ G¶d¶ ! ∏ÉdfiÉd<fi÷fiÉd¶√® ¥æ¸Æÿ <ÆKr∑„ d ¥æTr∑„ d P’{¥„ d Ø°¥„ d c
c c
c g<∑g¶„<[d¥’Á<¥ÏhfiT¶ÏK[Kd∑¥’Â¥¶K¥¶T„Ʉ d ∏϶<Æ G¶T ∏¶¥[g¶∏¶„ Pæ{ÏT’¥¶∏¶„ fi√¶g’ ض÷’, fi√¶g’ «¶„[æ’, fi√¶g’ fiK«¶®÷’, Â’ ∏∑æƶ„<Æ Â¶T c
c c
c G¶T G¶d¶ ! <TfiæÏ’ g¶∑æN¥√’ bâ¥ß{¶K¥gæØd’, Â∏¶„ fiÚE>¶ ∏∑櫇dP{Ѷ∑„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® fi¯TbN¥<¥ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ c
c c
c ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ®T’ Tض¥∂öÂÆ„T ∑’ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ ! Gr∑’ TØÆ "bg„ „ G¶d¶ ! ∏É√fiÉ√<fi÷ G¶T ¶„ fiÚE>¶ ∏∑櫇dP{Ѷ∑„ fi¯TbN¥<¥' $ ®T’ ÁÏæ c
c c
c ∏µgd¶∏¶„ ! <ÆKr∑„ d ¥æ T r∑„ d G¶T ¥¶T„ É „ ∏\‘√¥¶<Æ® ~¶„ K ¥¶<Æ® K¶d¥¶<Æ® ضbd¥¶<Æ® gÇæ ¥ ¶<Æ®, ∏\‘√¥¶g∆„ G¶T gÇæ ¥ ¶g∆„ , c
c c
c ¥≤>∑fi≤>∑<Tx’¥∑cµg„, fiÚE>¶ fiæK’ ~ ∑’ ∏TN¥<ThfiGÆ<∑É, ¥„ P„{ ∑’ G¶∑b ∏µgd¶∏¶„ ! P„{ G¶T √g∑¶® ? Â’ bÚE>¶<g ∑’ G¶T fi¯T<Â[® $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ c
c c
c g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ G¶Æ„ j¶„ ¥’~¶®’< g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ¸Æ°<Æ* <T¥d¶∑æ϶„g¶<Æ ∏¶OT∑¶<Æ d fir∑T∑¶<Æ d ¥r∑T∑¶<Æ d <Tr∑T∑¶<Æ d ∏¶O<T[® T¶ c
c c
c fir∑<T[® T¶ ¥r∑<T[® T¶ <T∑ <T[® T¶ ¶Ƅ <T¥dfi≤>P‡{϶<Æ* ! ¥’Gg«d ÷¯T„d P{¶Kd¶<Æ* fir∑T∑¶<Æ* fir∑T„g¶∑¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ - ®¥ ∑’ G¶d¶ <j‘√’Z„ c
c c
c fi¶Td∑„ ¥Ç„ ∏∑æ[K„ P„{T<Ï® fi≤>fiær∑ ∑„d¶÷® ¥’¥æx„ ¥Ñ√[∑„ <¥<xg‘√„ gæ<[g‘√„ <jɶ∑g‘√„ <j¯T¶∑g‘√„ ¥¯TØÿaÁhfiÆ∂∑g‘√„, ∏Æ∂ T ®√’Â<Ø<Q>®, c
c c
c ÁæK¶„ bT ®√’Âc¶K¶® ϶„Ægd¶ bT GT¶ ~¶T„d¯T¶ T¶Ïæd¶P{T϶„ bT <jKN¥¶® √’√¶ bT gƶjØ∂ fi≤>¥¶„d√g∑¶®, gƶ¥gæW¶„ bT «æd¶<Æ* Øÿ[K„, <ÂaÁ’ P{<gd¯T’, c
c c
c √Œd’ ϸ„d¯T’, ∏<¥c¶K¶Td’ ~Kd¯T’, ∑¶„ d ÁÏæ P{hfi< G¶d¶ ! ¥g∑¶∑’ <j‘√’Z¶∑’ ∏¶Æ¶P{\µg® T¶ ÷W„<¥® T¶ P{Id√≤>„ T¶ Ê><T® T¶ Kbd® T¶ Øÿ\Ω«aÁ«[„ c
c c
c T¶ P’{¶K«[„ T¶ TW<Ïd¶«[„ T¶ <√϶∑«[„ T¶ g‡Ï«¶„d∑„ T¶ P’{Ø«¶„d∑„ T¶ ◊{Ï«¶„d∑„ T¶ ¸∂d«¶„d∑„ T¶ ÆKd«¶„d∑„ T¶ «¶„[® T¶ fi¶d® T¶, Âæg’ ~ ∑’ G¶d¶ ! c
c c
c ¥æÆ¥gæ<~®, ∑¶„ ~„T ∑’ ØÿÆ¥gæ<~®, ∑¶Ï’ ¥∂d’ ∑¶Ï’ ÷rÆ’ ∑¶Ï’ ÁæÆ’, ∑¶Ï’ <fiT¶¥’ ∑¶Ï’ T¶<Âd-<fi<[d-<¥*<«d-¥<∆T¶bd <T<TÆ„ K¶„√¶d’P„{ ÷ǶT® √¶gP’{t>®, c
c ¸¶T∂¥’ fiK∂¥Æ¶„T¥‘√„ ÷<Ør∑„ ¥µg’ ∏<Æd¶<¥[® $ «æ’G¶<Æ Â¶T G¶d¶ ! g¶∑æN¥® P{¶g«¶„√„, ¶„ fiÚE>¶ «æ[«¶„√∂ ¥g∑N¥ G¶T fi¯T<ÂN¥<¥ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ c
c c
c Pæ{g¶K„ ∏µg¶<fi…{<Æ* ®T’ Tæ[„ ¥g¶∑„ ∏µg¶<fiÂK’ ®T’ Tض¥∂ ÂÆ„T ∑’ Â’ ∏µg¶¶„ ! Gr∑’ ÂæΩ«„ gg’ ®T’ TØÆ "®¥ ∑’ G¶d¶ ! <j‘√’Z„ fi¶Td∑„ ¥Ç„ ∏∑æ[K„' fiæ∑K<T c
c c
c Â’ ~„T G¶T "Â∏¶„ fiÚE>¶ «æ[«¶„√∂ ¥g∑N¥ G¶T fi¯T<ÂN¥<¥ $ ®T’ ÁÏæ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ ! <∑‘√’Z„ fi¶Td∑„ P{IT¶∑’ P{¶dK¶∑’ P{¶fiæK¥¶∑’ bÆ϶„√fi≤>¸x¶∑’ c
c c
c fiK϶„√<j\hfiT¶¥¶∑’, ØÿK∑æ~K„ fi¶√dG∑N¥, ∑¶„ ~„T ∑’ c∂KN¥, <j\ÚE>dTT<¥dN¥ ®zZ P*{ Øÿß{K’ P{K∑d¶® ?, Â’ bÚE>¶<g ∑’ ∏µg¶∏¶„ ! ÂæΩ«„<Æ* ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶® c
c c
c ¥g¶∑„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„0 fi¯Tb[® $ 24. „ ∑’ Â’ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ G¶Æ„ j¶„ ¥’~¶®<Â* ¸Æ°<Æ* <T¥d¶∑æ϶„g¶<Æ* d <T¥dfi≤>P‡{϶<Æ* d ∏¶OT∑¶<Æ* d c
c c
c fir∑T∑¶<Æ* d ¥r∑T∑¶<Æ* d <Tr∑T∑¶<Æ* d ∏¶O<T[® T¶ fir∑<T[® T¶ ¥r∑<T[® T¶ <Tr∑<T[® T¶ ¶Ƅ ∏P{¶gP{¶b’ ~„T g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ®T’ Tض¥∂öbÚE>¶g¶„ c
c c
c ¶T G¶d¶ ! ®√<ØT¥g<T „ K¶d<¥K* fi¶<¥[® $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ∏µg¶<fiÂKg∑æT[g¶∑„ Âæ<¥∑∂® ¥’<~Q>< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ P{¶„tæ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ c
c c
c ¥W¶T„<Â, P{¶„tæ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ ¥W¶<T[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö<Áhfi¶g„T «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ gÆzZ’ gÆ‘O’ gÆKÆ’ <T÷Ï’ K¶d¶<«¥„d’ ÷TQ>T„Æ $ „ ∑’ „ c
c c
c P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥¶ G¶T „ <T ÂÆ„T ÷TQ>T„*< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ ¸Æ°<Æ* √∑∑¶d√-Ø’≤>∑¶d√„<Æ* d G¶T ¥’fiKTæ≤>„ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ∏Q>¥®∑’ ¥¶„T\r∑d¶∑’ P{Ï¥¶∑’, c

H ®T’ Œhfigd¶∑’ P{Ï¥¶∑’, g<∑gd¶∑’ P{Ï¥¶∑’, ¥æT∆Œhfig<∑gd¶∑’ [P{Ï¥¶∑’’], ¥æT∆g<∑gd¶∑’ [P{Ï¥¶∑’’], Œhfig<∑gd¶∑’ [P{Ï¥¶∑’’], ¥æT∆Œhfig<∑gd¶∑’
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 603
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EP{Ï¥¶∑’’ ’, «¶„g„ɶ∑’ P{Ï¥¶∑’’ , ¥¯T¶„Ø®<Æ*, ¥¯Tgu>d¶<Æ*, ¥¯Tfiæh◊„{<Æ*, ¥¯T√’c„<Æ*, ¥¯TgÑ„<Æ*, ¥¯T¶„ ¥<Æ<¥xzZ®<Æ* d, ¥\¯Tâ∂® ¥¯TGæb®y ¥¯T¸Ï„F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [14]

c
[ ] [ ] ∑’ c
c G¶T ØÿØ’ <ÿ «<j‘O¶„¥∑¶<ØÂKT„∑’ gÆd¶ 2 K¶d¶-<«¥„®∑’ ∏<«<¥*~<Â, ∏<«<¥*<~[¶ P{KdÏ G¶T P{uÿ>®T’ Tض¥∂öGd Gd ∑’ض ! Gd Gd «W¶ ! Gd Gd ∑’ض ! c
c c
c «W’ „, ∏<Gd’ <G∑¶<Æ, <Gd’ fi¶Ïd¶<Æ, <Gdg¢D„ T¥¶<Æ, ∏<Gd’ <G∑¶<Æ ¥[æfiaÁ’, <Gd’ ~ fi¶Ï„<Æ <g[fiaÁ’, G¶T «Kƶ„ bT g∑æd¶∑’ K¶d<√ÆN¥ j√KN¥ c
c c
c ∏∆„<¥* ~ ¸Æ°∑’ √¶g¶√Kj√K G¶T ¥\ªjT„¥¶∑’ ∏¶Æ„TÇ’ G¶T <TÆK¶<Æ <[ P{uÿ> "Gd Gd' ¥W’ fi÷’G’< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ K¶d¶ G¶Â„ gƶ G¶T <TÆK< $ „ ∑’ c
c c
c ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Kr∑¶„ ∏µg¶<fiÂK¶„ ®T’ Tض¥∂ «∑ G¶d¶ ! P*{ ØÏd¶g¶„, P*{ fidÚE>¶g¶„, P*{ T¶ „ <Ædb\ÚE>® ¥¶gzZ„ ? „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ∏µg¶<fiÂK¶„ ®T’ c
c c
c Tض¥∂öbÚE>¶<g ∑’ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ ! Pæ{<[d¶T∑¶∏¶„ KdÆK∑’ fi≤>‘√Æ√’ ~ ∏¶<∑d’ P{¶¥T√’ ~ ¥W¶<TÂ’, „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ ¥W¶T„<Â, ¥W¶T„¶ c
c c
c ®T’ Tض¥∂ö√ÚE>Æ ∑’ ÂæΩ«„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! <¥KOK¶Â¶„ <Â<∆ ¥d¥ÆN¥¶<Â* √ƶd ض„<Æ* ¥d¥ÆN¥„<Æ* Pæ{<[d¶T∑¶∏¶„ KdÆK∑’ fi’≤>‘√Æ√’ ~ ÷T∑„Æ, ¥d¥ÆN¥„∑’ c
c c
c P{¶¥Td’ ¥W¶T„Æ $ „ ∑’ „ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥¶ ¥„<∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ ®T’ Tæ[¶ ¥g¶∑¶ ÆQ>ÂæQ>¶ <¥KOK¶∏¶„ <Â\r∑ ¥d¥ÆN¥<Â* √ƶd Pæ{<[d¶T∑¶Â¶„ ض„<Æ* ¥d¥ÆN¥„<Æ* c
c c
c KdÆK∑’ fi≤>‘√Æ√’ ~ ÷T∑„<Â, ¥d¥ÆN¥„∑’ P{¶¥Td’ ~ ¥W¶T„*< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ P{¶¥T® „<Æ* P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„<Æ* ¥W¶<T® ¥g¶∑„ ÆQ> G¶T Æd<Æd® rƶ„ P{¸<ÏP{µg„ c
c c
c P{dP{¶„÷dg’√Ïfi¶d\ÚE>[„ ¥æxhfi¶T„¥¶<Â* TzZ¶b’ fiTKfiK<Æ® ∏hfigÆ‘O¶«K∑¶- Ï’P{Â¥K∂K„ G„∑„T ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥„<∑d’ c
c c
c [K¶d’ ] P{KdÏ0 ∏G<Ï* P{uÿ> ®T’ Td¶¥∂ö¥’<Ø¥Æ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! G’ g® P{K<∑É’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ P{¶¥Td’ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö√ÚE>¶<Æ ∑’ Âæg’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! c
c c
c ¥æK<«∑¶ √’c¶„Ø®∑’ <∑ß„{ ÆzZ-fi¶® fiaÁ¶Ï„<Æ, ¥„d¶® ~÷h◊{϶® fi¶„[∂® gæÆ’ ¸’c„[¶ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ~÷K’√æÏTÉ„ <∑aÁg∑fi¶∏¶„‘√„ ∏‘√P„{¥„ P{hfi„<Æ $ „ c
c c
c ∑’ ¥„ P{¶¥T® ¥„<∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ ®T’ Tæ[„ ¥g¶∑„ ÆQ> G¶T <Æd® G¶T fi≤>¥æ∑„<Â, fi≤>¥æ<∑[¶ ¥æK<«∑¶ √’c¶„Ø®∑’ ÆzZ-fi¶® fiaÁ¶Ï„<Â, fiaÁ¶<Ï[¶ ¥æxTzZ„∑’ c
c c
c gæÆ’ ¸’c<Â, ¸’<c[¶ fiK„∑’ G[„∑’ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ~÷K’√æÏTÉ„ <∑aÁg∑fi¶∏¶„‘√„ ∏‘√P„{¥„ P{hfi< $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ g¶d¶ gÆKÆ„∑’ Æ’¥ÏaÁ∑„∑’ c
c c
c fi≤>√¥¶≤>®∑’ ∏‘√P„{¥„ fi≤>ÚE><Â, fi≤>\ÚE>[¶ ¥æK<g∑¶ √’c¶„Ø®∑’ fiaÁ¶Ï„<Â, fiaÁ¶<Ï[¶ ¥K¥„∑’ √¶„¥∂¥~’Ø∑„∑’ ~Ƕ∏¶„ ØÏd<Â, ØÏ<d[¶ ¥„d¶® fi¶„[∂® c
c c
c ¸’c<Â, ¸’<c[¶ Kd∑¥gæ‘√d’<¥ fi\aÁT<Â, fi\aÁ<T[¶ g’G‡¥¶® fi\aÁT<Â, fi\aÁ<T[¶ ƶK-T¶Kc¶K-<¥*ØÿT¶K-<E>∆gæ[¶T<Ïhfi√¶¥¶b’ ∏’¥‡<∑ <T<∑µgædg¶∑∂ c
c c
c 2 K¶„dg¶∑∂ 2 P’{Øg¶∑∂ 2 <TÏTg¶∑∂ 2 ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®¥ ∑’ ∏µÆ’ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏Ω«æØ®¥æ d ÷N¥T„¥æ d fi¥T„¥æ d <ÂÆ∂¥æ d E>∑„¥æ d Gr∑„¥æ d c
c fi¯T∑∂¥æ d ∏fi\ÚE>g„ ØK¥∑„ «<TN¥b <[ P{uÿ> ÷N¥∂¥¶g‡Ï„ Ê>T„< $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏µg¶<fiÂK¶„ ÷[K¶Tß{g∑’ ¥∂ƶ¥∑’ Kd¶T„*<Â, Kd¶<T[¶ c
c c
c g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ض„Ç’ <fi ÂÇ’ <fi ¥„d¶fi∂d®<Æ* P{Ï¥„<Æ* rƶT„*<Â, rƶ<T[¶ fiµÆÏ¥‡g¶Ï¶® √’cP{¶¥¶bd¶®, √¶d¶<Â* χƄ*<Â, χ<Æ[¶ ¥K¥„∑’ √¶„¥∂¥~’Ø∑„∑’ √¶d¶<Â* c
c c
c ∏∑æ<Ï*fi’<Â, ∏∑æ<Ï*<fi[¶ j¶¥¶j∂¥¶¥T¶dT¶„¢D’ G¶T Æ’¥ÏaÁ∑’ fi≤>√¥¶≤>√’ <jd’¥„*<Â, 2 ƶK’<fi∑x’<Â, 2 ∏xƶK’<fi∑x’<Â, 2 ®√¶T<Ï* 2 gæ[¶T<Ï* 2 c
c c
c P{∑√¶T<Ï* 2 Kd∑¶T<Ï* 2 fi¶Ï’¸’ 2 fi¶dfiÏ’¸’ fi P{≤>√¶b’ 2 Âæ≤>d¶b’ 2 P„{…{K¶<Â* 2 ∏’√d¶< 2 Ø¥gæ<Wd¶∑’Â√’ 2 P{≤>¥æ[d’ 2 Pæ’{≤>϶<Â* [2] ~‡≤>¶g<∑* 2 c
c c
c Kd∑æß{≤>’ g÷≤>’ <fi∑x’<Â, <fi∑<x[¶ <دT’ ¥æg∑ضg’ <fi∑x’<Â, <fi∑<x[¶ ØWKgÏd¥æ√’<c® √’c„ <fi∑x’< $ „ ∑’ Â’ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ √’<Zg-T„ >g-fi‡Kg- c
c c
c ¥’G¶„<Âg„∑’ ~÷\¯TÆ„∑’ gÑ„∑’ P{hfiŒaÁ√’ <fiT ∏Ï’P{Â<T«‡<¥d’ P{K„*< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ P{¶„≤æ>’<fidfiæK¥„ ¥W¶T„<Â, ¥W¶<T[¶ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ö<Áhfi¶g„T c
c c
c «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æhfid¶ ! ∏∑„√Á’«¥d¥<∆<TQ>’ Ï∂Ï<Q>d¥¶Ï«’<Gd¶√’ byƶ<g√-÷¥«-ÂæKd-jK-g√K-<TÆ√-T¶Ï√-P{∆K-ŒŒ-¥K«-~gK-Pæ’{GK-T∑Ïd- c
c c
c fi÷gÏd«<[<~[’ O’t>¶T<ÏgÆÿKg∑ÆK¥K’ ¥æ«’ P’{Â’ ØK¥<∑É’ <j÷∑¶„<Td<g<¥-<g<¥*Âg<∑Kd∑O’t>d¶G¶ÏfiK\aÁ[’ ∏Ω«æ‘√dTbKT„<Âd¶fiK√d¶<«K¶g’ c
c c
c <TɶÆKGÏG’ÂGæ[’ <fiT ∏Ç∂¥ÆN¥g¶Ï∑∂d’ m{T√¥ÆN¥P{<Ïd’ <«¥g∂∑’ <«\Ω«¥g∂∑’ ~aÁæ϶„d∑Ï„N¥’ ¥æÆ◊{¶¥’ ¥\N¥K∂dm{T’ <¥‘O’ ÂæKÂ’ ~TÏ’ c

H G
T„<Âd’ fiæK¥¥ÆN¥T¶<Æ<∑* ¥∂d’ ÷TQ>T„Æ $ „ ∑’ „ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥¶ ÆQ>ÂæQ>¶ G¶T ÷TQ>T„*< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ¥∂d’ ØÿŒÆ<Â, ØÿŒ<Æ[¶ ¥∂ƶ¥∑TK√„
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 604
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EfiæKzZ¶<«gæÆ„ ¥\r∑¥r∑„ $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ g¶d¶ rƶ P{d¸<ÏP{µg¶ G¶T ∏hfigÆ‘O¶gK∑¶Ï’P{d¥K∂K¶ ¥∂d’ ØÿŒÆ<Â, ØÿŒ<Æ[¶ g„ÆN¥F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [15]

c c
c Pæ{g¶KN¥ ض<Æ∑fi¶¥„ «W¶¥∑’<¥ <j¥∂d< $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏’¸c¶Â∂ KdÆK∑’ ~ fi≤>‘√Æ√’ ~ √ƶd ¥∂d’ ØÿŒÆ<Â, ØÿŒ<ƶ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ c
c c
c T¶g„ fi¶¥„ «W¥∑’ < ¥ <j¥∂d< $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ Æ N¥ Pæ { g¶KN¥ <fiQ>¶„ ®√¶ TKÂŒ∑∂ <¥* √ ¶K¶√¶K~¶ŒT„ ¥ ¶ c
c c
c ¥’√d√dÆ<¥d«<∑d~„<Q>d<T϶¥¥’϶TæѶT<j÷∑Gæ[¶„Td¶KPæ{¥Ï¶ ∏¶g„Ï√GgÏGædÏTu>d∏Ω«æ∆dfi∂∑K<Âd¥’Ê>Âfi∏¶„ÆK¶ <ÆgKddPæ’{Ø„*Øÿfi√¶¥’ c
c c
c ¥P{¶„K„*t>gÑضg’ cTÏ’ ∏¶dT[’ √ƶd ¥Ï∂Ï’ ∏¶„ƶK„g¶∑∂ ∏¶„ƶK„g¶∑∂ <~Q>< $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ØÿT„ TKÂŒ∑∂∏¶„ <¥*√¶K¶√¶K~¶ŒT„¥¶∏¶„ G¶T c
c c
c Pæ{¥Ï¶∏¶„ ¥∂d’ ØÿŒÆ’<Â, ØÿŒ<Æ[¶ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ÷«∏¶„ fi¶<¥* j¶∑¶g<∑P{∑√Kd∑gÆKÆÂT<∑ÉæÉÏ<T<~[Ø’≤>¶∏¶„ <~<Ñd¶∏¶„ ¥æÆÿgTKØ∂ÆT¶Ï¶∏¶„ c
c c
c ¥’Á-Pæ’{Ø-Ø√Kd-∏¥d-g<Æd-◊„{∑fiæ’G’¥<∆√¶¥¶∏¶„ ~¶gK¶∏¶„ √ƶd ¥Ï∂Ï’ ∏¶„ƶK„g¶∑∂∏¶„ 2 <~Q>’< $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ®√¶ TKÂŒ∑∂ c
c c
c <¥*√¶K¶ G¶T Pæ{¥Ï¶ ¥∂d’ G¶T ØÿŒÆ<Â, ØÿŒ<ƶ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ fiæK¶„ fiæK\zZg„∑’ ~’Øhfi«-TbK-T„Œ<Ïd<TgÏØ’≤>’ ¶<Ïd’t>’ √ƶd <~Q>< $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ c
c c
c g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ®√¶ TKÂŒ∑∂ G¶T ¥æm{T¶ ¥∂d’ ØÿŒÆ<Â, ØÿŒ<Æ[¶ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ fiæ¯TØ\aÁ∑„∑’ ¥„d’ Kdd¶gd’ <TgÏ¥<ÏÏfiæ∆’ g[√dgƶgæƶP{<Â¥g¶∑’ c
c c
c <«*√¶K’ √ƶd <~Q>< $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ <fid¶ P{¶„≤>æ <’ ¸dfiæK¥„ ¥W¶T„<Â, ¥W¶T„[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö<Áhfi¶g„T «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ¥K¥d¶∑’ ¥K[d¶∑’ c
c c
c ¥K¯Td¶∑’ ®√¶«K∑√<ÆÂ<∑ɶ„d¶∑’ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dTKÂŒ∑¶∑’ ¥ÆN¥’ ¥W¶T„Æ, G¶T ¥W¶T„*< $ ® ∑’ „ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dTKÂŒ∑fiæK¥¶ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„<Æ* c
c c
c ¥W¶<Td¶ ¥g¶∑¶ ÆQ>¶ rƶd¶ G¶T ®√¶«K∑√<ÆÂ<∑ɶ„d¶ G„∑¶g„T ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE>’<Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥„<∑d’ K¶d’ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö¥’<Ø¥Æ ∑’ c
c c
c Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! Gr∑’ ∏µÆ„<Æ* P{K<∑É’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ ¥„<∑® K¶d¶ Â’ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dTKÂŒ∑¥ÆN¥’ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö√ÚE>Æ ∑’ ÂæΩ«„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ c
c c
c fiæK¥¥ÆN¥¸¶<Æ<∑* ¥∂d’ fiKTÆÆ $ „ ∑’ Â’ P{¶„≤>æ <’ ¸dTKÂŒ∑¥ÆN¥’ ¥„<∑®∑’ Kr∑¶ ®T’ Tæ[’ ¥’Â’ ÆQ>’ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ fiæK¥¥ÆN¥T¶<Æ<∑* ¥∂d’ fiKTÆ< $ ® c
c c
c ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ fiæK¥ÆN¥T¶<Æ<∑* ¥∂d’ Øÿm{ >N¥ ¥g¶∑N¥ bg„ ∏Q>Q> g’√Ïd¶ Âhfi >gd¶® fiæK¶„ ∏ƶ∑æfiæ¯T∂® ¥’fi\zZd¶, Â’Gƶö¥¶„\zZd c
c c
c <¥KTÚE> ∑’<Ød¶T[ Txg¶∑√ «W¶¥∑ P{Ï¥ gÚE> Øhfi∑ G¶T ¸ÆT„ ∏\zZd¶ G¶T ¶<Æ* bQ>¶<Æ* G¶T ∏∑TKd’ ∏<«∑’ؒ¶ d ∏<«Zæ∑’¶ d ®T’ Tض¥∂öGd c
c c
c Gd ∑’ض ! Gd Gd «W¶ ! Gd Gd ∑’ض ! «W’ „, ∏<Gd’ <G∑¶<Æ b’<Ød¶<Ø, <Gd’ ~ fi¶Ï„<Æ* ¥g∑cµg’, <Gd<T‘O¶„ <T d T¥¶<Æ Â’ Ø„T ! <¥<xg¢D„, <jÆ∑¶<Æ c
c K¶√ض„¥gÑ„ ÂT„∑ <c<Âc<∑d¸xP{ÚE>¶„, gض<Æ d ∏Q>P{µg¥[‡ D¶∑„∑’ ÷[g„∑’ ¥æß„{∑’ ∏hfig[„, fi¶Td <T<Â<gKg∑æ[K’ P„{TÏ’ j¶∑’, √ÚE> d g¶„aÁ’ fiKg’ fid’ c
c c
c ¥¶¥d’ ~ ∏dÏ’, Ħ fiK∂¥Æ~g‡∑,’ ∏«∂∏¶„ fiK∂¥Æ¶„T¥‘√¶∑’, cµg„ „ ∏<T‘O’ «T÷ <[ P{uÿ> fiæ∑¶„ fiæ∑¶„ g’√ÏGd¥W’ fi÷’G<’  $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ K¶d<√ÆN¥ c
c c
c j√KN¥ g¢D’g¢D„∑’ <∑‘√ÚE><Â, <∑‘√\ÚE>[¶ G„∑„T √æ∑<¥Ï® ~„<® „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ fiæK¥¥ÆN¥T¶<Æ∑∂∏¶„ ¥∂d¶∏¶„ fiǶ„Œ«< $ c
c c
c 25. „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ fiæK∏¶„ P{uÿ> G„∑¶g„T ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥g∑’ «√T’ [gƶT∂K’] c
c c
c <ÂaÁæ[¶„ ∏¶d¶<Æ∑fid¶<Æ∑’ P{K„*<Â, P{K[¶ T’Ø’< jg’¥’<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®¥ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ∏µÆ’ ®√„ fiæ[„ bQ>„ P’{„ G¶T c
c c
c G∂<Td…{¥¶¥® <Ædd∑’<ØG∑® ÷’¸Kfiæh◊’{ <fi T ØÿÏÆ„ ¥T∑d¶®, P{g’√ fiæ∑ ØK¥∑d¶® ? ¥„ Gƶj¶g® ÷hfiÏ„ < T¶ fi÷g„ < T¶ Pæ{gæØ„ < T¶ fi’P„{ G¶® GÏ„ c
c c
c ¥’Tâ® j¶„T<Ïhfib fi’P{Kd„∑’, j¶„T<Ïhfib GÏK®∑’, ®T¶g„T g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ P{¶g„¥æ G¶® «¶„√„¥æ ¥’Tâ® j¶„T<Ïhfi< P{¶gK®∑’, j¶„T<Ïhfi< «¶„√K®∑’ $ ®¥ ∑’ c
c c
c Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ¥’¥¶K«÷\¯T‘√„ «∂® Gµg∑GKgK∑¶∑’, bÚE>b Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶∑’ ∏’<® gæ≤’ >„ «<T[¶ ∏√¶K¶Â¶„ ∏∑√¶Kd’ fi¯Tb[® $ ∏µÆ„ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶∑’ ¥∂¥<«aÁ’ c
c c
c ØÏd¶g¶„, fi≤>ÚE>Â’ æ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ¥∂¥<«aÁ’ $ „ ∑’ ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏µg¶<fi…{<Æ* ®T’ Tæ[„ ¥g¶∑„ ®dgQ>’ ¥µg’ fi≤>¥æ∑„< $ „ ∑’ c

H ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<Âd¶∏¶„ ÷[KfiæK\zZg’ <Ø¥∂«¶√’ ∏Tß{g<Â, ∏Tß{<g[¶ ¥dg„T ∏¶«¶K∑gѶϒP{¶K’ ∏¶„gæd< $ „ ∑’ ¥¶
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 605
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

Eg„ÆPæ{g¶KN¥ g¶d¶ Æ’¥ÏaÁ∑„∑’ fi≤>¥¶≤>®∑’ ∏¶«K∑gѶϒP{¶K’ fi≤>ÚE><Â, fi≤>\ÚE>[¶ ƶK-T¶Kc¶K-<¥*ØÿT¶K-<E>∆gæ[¶T<Ïfi√¶¥¶<Â* ∏’¥‡<∑ <T<∑µgædg¶∑∂F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [16]

c c
c 2 K¶„dg¶∑∂ 2 P’{Øg¶∑∂ 2 <TÏTg¶∑∂ 2 ®T’ Tض¥∂öG<Âd¯T’ G¶d¶ ! O≤>d¯T’ G¶d¶ ! fiKß{<gd¯T’ G¶d¶ ! ∏\N¥* ~ ∑’ ∏Q>„ j¶„ fig¶Ø„d¯T’, ∏µÆ’ <fi ∑’ ®¥„T c
c c
c g‘√„ «T÷ <[ P{uÿ> g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ T’Ø’< jg’¥’<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ G¶g„T <Ø¥’ fi¶÷Ω«‡Â¶ ¶g„T <Ø¥’ fi≤>√d¶ $ 26. „ c
c c
c ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ¥dg„T fi’~gæ<Q>d’ ϶„d’ P{K„<Â, P{K[¶ G„∑¶g„T ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ <ÂaÁæ[¶„ c
c c
c ∏¶d¶<Æ∑fid¶<Æ∑’ P{K„<Â, P{K[¶ T’Ø< jg’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö∏¶<Ï[„ ∑’ «’„ ! ϶„®, fi<Ï[„ ∑’ «’„ ! ϶„®, ∏¶<Ï[fi<Ï[„ ∑’ «’„ ! ϶„® c
c c
c GK¶® gK∑„∑ d $ ¥„ Gƶ∑¶g® P„{b √¶Æ¶TÂ∂ ∏√¶K’<¥ <Dd¶dg¶∑’<¥ G„ ÂzZ «’≤>„ «T< ∏hfi«¶K„ g¶„Ñ√Œ® Â’ √ƶd ∏¶d¶® ®√’Â’ ∏Tß{g<Â, ®¥ g„ c
c c
c <∑zZK® ¥g¶∑„ fiÚE>¶ fiæK¶ d ϶„® <Æd¶® ¥æƶ® Ág¶® <∑N¥„d¥¶® ∏¶∑æ√¶<gd[¶® «<TN¥<Â, ®T¶g„T gg <T ®√„ ∏¶d¶«’≤>„ bQ>„ P’{„ <fi® g∑ær∑„ g∑¶g„ ®¥ c
c c
c g„ <jzZ¶K® ¥g¶∑„ ¥’¥¶KT¶„ÚE>„dP{K„ «<TN¥< $ Â’ bÚE>¶<g ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi®<Æ* ¥dg„T fi¯T¶<Td’, ¥dg„T gæ’≤>¶<Td’ ¥„ƶ<Td’ <¥aÁ¶<Td’, ¥dg„T c
c c
c ∏¶d¶K√¶„dK<T∑dT„∑bd~K∑G¶d¶g¶d¶T<[d’ cµgg¶b\aÁd’ $ „ ∑’ ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ¥dg„T fi¯T¶T„<Â, ¥dg„T gæ’≤>¶T„<Â, ¥dg„T ∏¶d¶K c
c c
c G¶T cµgg¶<ÂaÁb - ®T’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! √’¯T’, <~<Q>¯T’, <∑¥∂d¯T’, Âædu>d¯T’, «æ’<Gd¯T’, «¶<¥d¯T’, ®T’ ÷Q>¶d ÷Q>¶d fi¶∑„<Æ* «‡Â„<Æ* G∂T„<Æ* ¥[„<Æ* c
c c
c ¥’Gg„∑’ ¥’G<g¯T’, ∏\N¥* ~ ∑’ ∏Q>„ ∑¶„ fig¶Ø„d¯T’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® bg’ ®d¶m{T’ c\µgd’ ÷T®¥’ ¥µg’ fi≤>TÉ< c
c c
c Âg¶∑¶®, ÂÆ √ÚE>b, ÂÆ <~Q>b G¶T ÷Q>¶® ÷Q>¶® fi¶∑„<Æ* «‡Â„<Æ* G∂T„<Æ* ¥[„<Æ* ¥’Gg„∑’ ¥’Ggb $ 27. G<WT¥’ ~ ∑’ g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ gæ’≤>„ «<T[¶ ∏√¶K¶∏¶„ c
c c
c ∏∑√¶Kd’ fi¯Tb® ÂN¥ ∑’ <ØT¥N¥ fiǶTKrÆP{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ ¥g∑¶∑’ <j‘√’Z¶∑’ ∏¶Æ¶K¶<Â<∑d¶® ¥„ɶ¥’Z¶K®¥æ <T«Ég¶∑„¥æ g„ÆPæ{g¶KN¥ ¸¶Kg‡Ï„ c
c c
c ¥„ɶ¥’Z¶K® G¶® d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ $ „ ∑’ ¥g∑¶ <j‘√’Z¶ fiæ¯TK[¶TK[P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ T¶d∑¶® fiæÚE>∑¶® fiKdu>∑¶® cµg¶∑æ∏¶„√<~*¶® d ÷ǶKN¥ d fi¶¥T∑N¥ c
c c
c d ∏<Â√ÚE>g¶∑¶ d <j‘√ÚE>g¶∑¶ d ∏hfi„√<Âd¶ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ÆzZ„<Æ* ¥’OQ>„*<Â, ®T’ fi¶®<Æ* ¥∂¥„ fi¶„u>„ P{¶d’<¥ ∏hfi√„<Âd¶ ∏¶„Ï’≤>„<Â, ∏hfi„√bd¶ fi¶„Ï’≤>„*<Â, c
c c
c ∏hfi„√<Âd¶ fi¶dKdK„∑æ√æ’≤>d’ P{K„*< $ ®gƶ<Ïd’ ~ ∑’ Kd<∑* g„Æ„ Pæ{g¶K„ ∑¶„ ¥’~¶®< Á∑g<T ∏\ÚE>* <jg∂<Ï[® $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ c
c c
c ∏¢D\zZ® G¶T ¥gæhfi<ÉzZ¶ö®T’ ÁÏæ ∏Æ’ ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ fiæ[„ c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® ∏[® g„Æ„ G¶T ¥T∑d¶®, Â’ Gd¶ ∑’ ∏Æ’ ∏√¶Kg¢D¶T¥¶<g Âd¶ ∑’ gg c
c ¥g∑¶ <∑‘√’Z¶ ∏¶ >¶d’<Â, fiKG¶∑’<Â, ¥ß{¶K„*<Â, ¥µg¶∑„*<Â, ∏Q>¶b’ Æ„…{<Â* fi<¥∑¶<Â* P{¶K∑¶b’ T¶√K∑¶b’ ∏¶<ÂaÁ’<Â, bQ>¶<Æ* P’{¶<Æ* T‘√‡<Æ* ∏¶ÏT„*<Â, c
c c
c ¥’ÏT„*< $ Ghfi<«<Â* ~ ∑’ ∏Æ’ gæ’≤>„ «<T[¶ ∏√¶K¶∏¶„ ∏∑√¶Kd’ fi¯Tb® Âhfi<«*< ~ ∑’ gg ¥g∑¶ <j‘√’Z¶ j¶„ ∏¶ >¶d’< G¶T j¶„ ¥’ÏT„*< $ ∏Øÿ[K’ ~ ∑’ gg c
c c
c ¥g∑¶ <∑‘√’Z¶ K¶∏¶„ fiæ¯TK[¶TK[P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ T¶d∑¶® fiæÚE>∑¶® G¶T ®gƶ<Ïd’ ~ ∑’ K<[* j¶„ ¥’~¶®<g ∏\ÚE>* <∑<gѶT„[® $ Â’ ¥„d’ ÁÏæ gg P{Ñ’ c
c c
c fi¶÷hfi«¶d¶® Kd∑∂® G¶T „d¥¶ Gϒ„ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ ∏¶fiæ\ÚE>[¶ fiæ∑K<T ∏√¶Kg¢D¶T<¥[® <[ P{uÿ> ®T’ ¥’fi„Æ„<Â, ¥’fi„<Æ[¶ ∏u>ØÿÆu>T¥u>g¶∑¥√® c
c c
c <∑Kdfi≤>m{<Td’ ~ ∑’ Â’ Kd<∑* ÁT„<Â, Á<T[¶ P{Ñ’ fi¶÷hfi«¶d¶® ¥æ<Tg϶® Kd∑∂® G¶T „d¥¶ Gϒ„ G„∑„T ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, c
c c
c ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ <ÂaÁæ[¶„ ∏¶d¶<Æ∑fid¶<Æ∑’ P{K„b, P{K[¶ T’Øb jg’¥b, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ G¶T fiÉæT¶¥b $ 28. „ ∑’ g„ƶ ! < ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ c
c c
c ®T’ Tض¥∂ö¥„ ∑‡∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! K¶∏¶„ fiæ¯TK[¶TK[P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ ¥g∑„<Æ* <j‘√’Z„<Æ* T¶d∑¶® fiæÚE>∑¶® G¶T ®gƶ<Ïd’ ~ ∑’ Kd<∑* ∑¶„ ¥’~¶®<g gæÆÿ[g<T c
c c
c ∏\ÚE>* <j<gѶT„[® $ „ ∑’ Âæ¢D g„ƶ ! bg„d¶m{T„ ∏¢D\zZ®0 ¥gæfi<ÉzZ¶öGd¶ ∑’ ∏Æ’ ∏√¶Kg¢D¶T¥¶<g Âd¶ ∑’ gg ¥g∑¶ <j‘√’Z¶ ∏¶ >¶d’< G¶T c
c c
c fiKd¶∑’< $ Ghfi<«<Â* ~ ∑’ gæ≤’ >„ «<T[¶ ∏√¶K¶∏¶„ G¶T fi¯T<® Âhfi<«<Â* ~ ∑’ gg ¥g∑¶ <j‘√’Z¶ ∑¶„ ∏¶ >¶d’< G¶T j¶„ fiKd¶∑’< $ ∏Øÿ[K’ ~ ∑’ ¥g∑¶ <j‘√’Z¶ c

H K¶∏¶„ ∏hfi„√<Âd¶ T¶d∑¶® G¶T fi¶dKdK„∑æ√æ≤>d’ P{K„*< $ Â’ ¥„d’ ÁÏæ gg P{Ñ’ fi¶÷hfi«¶d¶® Kd∑∂® ¥g∑’ «√T’ [gƶT∂K’] ∏¶fiæ\ÚE>[¶ fiæ∑K<T ∏√¶Kg¢D„
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 606
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E∏¶T<¥[® <[ P{uÿ> ®T’ ¥’fiÆ„ <„ ¥, ¥’fi<„ Æ[¶ ∏u>ØÆÿ u>T¥u>g¶∑¥„ G¶T Kd<∑* ÁT„<¥, Á<T[¶ G„∑¶g„T ∏Æ’ „∑¶g„T ƯTg¶√® $ ¥„ ∑‡∑’ g„ƶ ! ®¥ ∏zZ„ ¥gzZ„ ? Æ’F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [17]

c
¶ c
c ∏zZ„ ¥gzZ„ $ ®T’ ÁÏæ g„ Æ ¶ ! Âæ g ’ b∏¶„ ÂÇ„ ∏by ® «T‘√Æ∑„ T„ d â<√Kfi¶dg‡ Ï „ T∑dK®<Æ* <∑¯T<[d∑¶gc„ É „ ¥„  „ c
c c
c ¥’Á÷Ï<TgÏ<∑µgÏØ<ÆO∑√¶„Á∂K◊„{∑Kd<∑dKhfi√¶¥„ ¥[æN¥„Æ„ ∑T¶d® Ø¥fiK∑¶Æ„ ¥[’√fi<Â<Q>„ ¥¶„g¥’<g® ¥æŒT„ fiæK∏¶„ ÷Ø‘√„ ¥g‡<¥d<¥K„ ¥æƶ¥∑„ c
c c
c <fiQ>∏¶„ TK¶Æ„ ∏bd¶Pæ{ÚE>∂ ∏\ÚE>WPæ{ÚE>∂ ∏Ï’¸Pæ{ÚE>∂ ∏Ï’¸Ï’¸¶„dK¶ÆKP{K„ c∑æfiQ>¶<√<Â<T<¥Q>fiæQ>„ ∏Ñ∂∑fig¶∑Gæ[Tu>dfi∂TK√[¶TK„ ∏Ñ∂∑fig¶∑Gæ[fiæÚE>„ c
c c
c fi≤>fiæ∆¥æ~¶ŒPæ{µg~Ï∑„ fi’≤æ>K¥æ<T¥æx<∑x<∑ŒTÆd<T*¥<Â∑Æ„ E>W’„ ¥æg„Œhfi«„ j¶g Æ\zZK¶d¶ ƶ„zZ¶ $ ÂzZ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ¸Æ°<Æ ÆzZ∂<Æ d Æ\zZ<∑d¶<Æ d c
c c
c ϶„u>®<Æ d ϶„u>d¶<Æ d P{Ï«®<Æ d P{Ï<«d¶<Æ d ¥<x* ¥’fiKTæ≤>„ Æ\zZ¥ÆN¥∑¶d® Ø„¥® fi¶√Q>∂ fiQ>T® G‡ÆTÂ∂ T’ØfiKTâ® ∏∆„<¥* ~ ¸Æ°∑’ ®P{Ѷ∑’ c
c c
c Æ\zZP{Ï«¶∑’ ∏¶Æ„TÇ’ G¶T <TÆK<¥ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! <∑Çhfig[„, ¥b’ fiÏ<Ï®, P’{ØhfiKÂ∂, g¶„Æ∑¥∂Ï„, ∏<TÂrÆ„, P{¶g«¶„√<Â<¥®, ¸Æ°<Æ* ÆzZ∂<Æ* d G¶T c
c c
c ¥’fiKTæ≤>„, T„dâ<√Kfi¶dg‡Ï„ <√K∂¥æ d ØK∂¥æ d Pæ{ÆK„¥æ d P’{ØK¶¥æ d ÷¢DK„¥æ d <j¢DK„¥æ d <TdK®¥æ d g‚>¶¥æ d fiÑÏ„¥æ d <~ÑÏ„¥æ d P{≤>√„¥æ d c
c c
c P{≤>√fiÑÏ„¥æ d Â≤>∂¥æ d <Td≤>∂¥æ d t>’P„{¥æ d P‡{≤>„¥æ d <¥ÆK„¥æ d fiΩ«¶K„¥æ d g’~„¥æ d g¶Ï„¥æ d P{¶∑∑„¥æ d T∑„¥æ d T∑¥’≤>„¥æ d T∑K¶by¥æ d jØ∂¥æ d c
c c
c j<ØP{ÚE>„¥æ d G‡Æ„¥æ d ¥’√g„¥æ d T¶T∂¥æ d fiæaÁK∑∂¥æ d Ø∂<Æd¶¥æ d √æ’G¶<Ïd¶¥æ d ¥K„¥æ d ¥Kfi’<Âd¶¥æ d ¥K¥Kfi’<Âd¶¥æ d T∑dK®<Æ* <Ø∆<Td¶K„ c
c c
c ¸Æÿ<TÆÂŒfiÑTfi÷Kfi¶<∑dÂ∑„ <jΩ«® <jŒ\¯T‘√„ ¥æÆ’¥æÆ„∑’ <TÆK<¥ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ∏∆d¶ P{d¶b fi¶÷¥-TK¥¶K[-¥Kd-Æ„g’Â-T¥’„¥æ P{g„∑ fi’~¥æ c
c c
c ÷Ø°¥æ ¥g<Âß’{„¥æ <√µÆP{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ G„Q>¶g‡Ïg¶¥„ fi¶dTO’¥¥gæ<Q>®∑’ ¥æß{Â∑fi[P{dTKg¶ŒÂ¥’G¶„√Ø∂<T®∑’ gƶ«dP{K„∑’ ÆÿdTÆ„∑’ T∑ØTG¶Ï¥’fi<Ï[„¥æ c
c c
c T∑’  „ ¥ æ c‡ g ¶÷϶¥æ <Ø¥¶¥æ gƶT¶dT„ √ „ ∑ ’ ¥’ O u>®¥æ <E>∆G¶Ï„ ¥ æ ∏¶Tdg¶∑„ ¥ æ fi¶„ Ñ ŒaÁ„ ¥ æ ∏’  ¶„ ∏’  ¶„ <Dd¶dg¶∑„ ¥ æ c
c c
c gdPæ { <ÆÂ<T<∑(∑?)Q>P{<gdP{WgjØ∂<TdK√¢D∂∑fi¶<∑d’  „ ¥ æ T∑’  „ ¥ æ <«* √ ¶KP{Ø∂∑P’ { <ØdKT„ ¥ æ ÁK◊{Œ¥∏<∑Q>KQ>T¶<ÆÂ<TWÿ g ‘√„ ¥ æ Øÿ g ‘√„ ¥ æ c
c c
c ÂrƶT¥gæ ß {fiaÁfi¶d≤>d<GΩ«Â¶Ïæ d ∏¥’ fi æ  ≤>ÂÂæ ’ ≤ >fi\aÁ¥’ O „ ¥ æ ¥¥’  „ ¥ æ <√µÆÿ µ Æ÷rÆT¶d ÁK◊{Œ¥~’ ≤ > g¶Œd¥æ ß {Â∑fi[P{dTK c
c c
c T¶÷<Ï«g’Â<Ø[¥’«’Â¥¶Td¶÷Ï<g √Ârƶ¸x <~*cfiu>„¥æ <√KTK„¥æ ¥’Tu>b®¥æ ÂzZ<gdfi¥d¥K∂<¥T„¥æ ∏Tض<ÏdTd∑<TTK<∑Ѷ<Ïd‘√G∂Æ„ c
c c
c gÆ’ÂÂæ’¸bdfiæ∆P{∆„ ¥’Pæ{<~dZ¶„K fi∂TKP{K„ …{<¥dÏ’√‡Ï„, fi„∑¶bd<T¥K≤>d¥W„∑’ ◊{¶„≤>d’„T ∏’¸KÂÏ’ fi¶dØWK®∑’ P’{fid’„T g„b<∑ÂÏ’, <T<∑µgædg¶∑„ d ¥∂dK’ c
c ¥¯T¶„ ¥g’¶ T<Ñ<Td¶∑¶b’ <E>*Øg¶∑„ ŒaÁ¥ÆN¥¶<Â* ÂzZ ¥æ¸Æ°<∑ ∑¶„Ñd’„, <T∑Q>KQ>„ T ∑KTK*Ø„, T¶d¶bx„ ¯T fi¶„®, g’≤>ÏT¶® ¯T fiKΩ«g’„, ∏<«aÁ∑’ c
c c
c ∏<«aÁ∑’ <Ï*≤><∑dK’ figæ’~g¶∑„ figæ’~g¶∑„ ¸Æ°<Æ* ÆzZ∂<Æ d G¶T ¥<x* <Ø¥¶„<Ø<¥* <Thfi϶bzZ¶ $ ÂzZ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! Gæ∆„ GK¶GÉKdØ„Æ„ ∏¶ÂæK„ D’<D® c
c c
c <fiT¶<¥® ØÿΩ¸Ï„ P{ϒ„ jQ>¥æÂ∂® g‡ ><Ø¥¶® ¥d¶Â¶„ G‡Æ¶Â¶„ <ThfiÆ∂∑„ T∑ØTG¶Ï¶fiKx„ ÷rÆ„∑ d Ârƶ® d Eæ>ƶ® d fiKΩ«¶Æ® ¥g¶∑„ «∂„ ÂzZ„ Â<¥® c
c c
c ÷\¯T‘√„ ¥’G¶Â«® ¥¯T¶„ ¥g’¶ ∏¶c¶Tg¶∑„ fiKc¶Tg¶∑„ ®√’ ~ ∑’ gÆ’ ¥K’ ∏hfi¶„Ød’ fi’P{¸ÆÿÏ’ ∏<ÂzZ„∑’ fi¶<∑dfi¶® ÷br∑„ $ ÂzZ’ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! Â∂Kg<Â√„ c
c c
c fi¶<∑d’ ∏¥’fi[„ ∏’ÂK¶ ~„T ¥„d’<¥ <T¥∆„ $ ÂzZ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! fi¶<∑d’ fi¶bN¥¶<g <[ P{uÿ> ÆzZ’ fi¥¶K„<¥, ¥„ <T d „ ÆzZ„ ÷Ø√’ j fi¶T<Â, „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! fiæ∑K<T c
c c
c P{¶d’ fiÇæxKN¥¶g∂< P{uÿ> ¸<ÏdÂK¶d’ fi’P’{<¥ Áæ[„ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ∏∆d¶ P{ضb ®√„ <~K<jɇ >® √dTKGæT¶∑® ¥√¶∏¶„ G‡Æ¶∏¶„ P{K~K∑Ø’Âgæ¥ÏhfiƶK„<Æ* c
c c
c <ThfiKx„ ¥g¶∑„ Â’ ~„T gÆWÆ’ fi¶∑∂dfi¶® ¥g¶„dK< $ „ ∑’ P{Ï«® Âæg’ fi¶¥<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ Â’ fiæ¯TT„K’ ¥ægK<Â, ¥ægK[¶ ∏¶¥æŒ[„ ŒQ>„ Pæ{<T® ~’≤>ß{® c
c c
c <g<¥<g¥„g¶∑„ G„∑„T Âæg’ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ Âæg’ <ÂaÁ„<Æ* Ø’Âgæ¥Ï„<Æ* <ÂaÁæ[¶„ <fiQ>¶„ ÷Q>«<Â, ÷Q><«[¶ fiæ¯TT„K’ <jɶ®<Â, <jɶb[¶ ÆQ>ÂæQ>„ c
c c
c fi¶<∑d’ <fid<Â, <fib[¶ G¶g„T <Ø<¥* fi¶÷Ω«‡® ¶g„T <Ø<¥* fi≤>√® $ „ ∑’ ÂT g„ƶ ! ¥K∂K√’<¥ T„d∑¶ fi¶÷Ω«<TzZ¶ ÷É϶ <T÷϶ P{aÁ≤>¶ G¶T ØÿK<Æd¶¥¶ $ c

H <fi[ÉKfiK√d¥K∂K„ ضÆTß’{<® d¶<T <TÆKzZ¶ $ ® ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! Â’ ÷ÉÏ’ G¶T ØÿK<Æd¶¥’ ¥[K¶b’<Ød’ T„d∑’ T„Ø„<¥, ¥T∂¥’ T¶¥¥Â’ fiKg¶÷’ fi¶Ïb[¶
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 607
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E∏u>T¥u>ØÿÆu>„ P{¶Ïg¶¥„ P{¶Ï’ P{Ƕ bÆ„T G’¸æW∂T„ Ø∂T„ «¶KÆ„ T¶¥„ ض<Æ∑â«KÆ„ √’√¶® gƶ∑Ø∂® ض<Æ∑„ P‡{Ï„ <T*D<√Kfi¶dg‡Ï„ ®√„∑’ g[TK√’cÆ\zZ∑¶ ®√¶®F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [18]

c c
c √dTKP{K„∑æ® Pæ{\ÚE>*<¥ √dP{Ï«® G<∑„ $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ √dP{Ï<«d¶ ∑TrÆ’ g¶¥¶∑’ T¥’Âg¶¥’<¥ Âæg’ fid¶d¶ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! √Ω«T¶¥¶∏¶„ <Thfigæß„{ ¥g¶∑„ c
c c
c √dP{Ï«® d¶<T ƶ„ z Z¶, K[æ h fiÏK[¥‡ g ¶Ï® G¶¥æ g ∑¶&&K[fi¶<Ïd[d-ÏaÁ¶K¥-¥K¥-Pæ ’ { Pæ { g-¥’ D Ω«K¶√-Tr∑„ bQ>„ <∑d√N¥ G‡ Æ Tb∑¶„ c
c c
c √<∑d¶KP{∑„ŒP{¶„zZÆzZ∂ ∏∑„√Æ\zZ¥d¥’fiKTæ≤>„ Kµg„¥æ <√KP{¶∑∑„¥æ ¥æÆ¥ ’ Ææ ∑
„ ’ <TÆK<¥ $ „ ∑’ Â’ g„ƶ ! ÷µgæß{¸¶Ï«¶T„ G¶„¯T∑√g∑æhfi[„ G‡ÆTb∑¶ P{¶Ïcµgæ∑¶ c
c c
c ¥’Gæ[„∑’ Â’ G‡Æ’ ¥dg„T fi≤>TÉ<¥ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! T∑dK„<Æ* <j¯T<[dj¶gc„É„ G¶T ~÷W’„ g„Œhfi«„ Æ\zZKd∑„ ƶ„zZ¶ ÂzZ¶ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ¥[¥bdN¥ c
c c
c G‡ÆN¥ ∏¶Æ„TÇ’ G¶T ∏<«Kg„zZ¶ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ∏∆d¶ P{d¶b <√µÆP{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ G„Q>¶g‡Ï„ T∑ØTG¶Ïfi<Ï[„¥æ T∑’„¥æ c‡g¶÷϶¥æ <Ø¥¶¥æ G¶T g’≤>ÏT¶® c
c c
c ¯T fiKΩ«g’„ «∂„ ÂzZ„ G¶T ¥’G¶d«® ¸Æ°<Æ* ÆzZ∂<Æ d G¶T P{Ï<«d¶<Æ d ¥<x* ¥’fiKTæ≤>„ ¥¯T¶„ ¥g’¶ <Ø¥¶„<Ø<¥* <Thfi϶bzZ¶ $ „ ∑’ ÂT g„ƶ ! Â’ c
c c
c T∑ØT’ fi¶<¥[¶ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ ∏¢D\zZ® G¶T ¥gæhfi<ÉzZ¶öP{<Æ* ∑’ g∆„ gd¶ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ ∏\‘√ ¥’«g„ ∏∑櫇dfiæ¯T„ $ ® ∑’ ÂT g„ƶ ! Ï„N¥¶<Æ* <T¥æ¢Dg¶∑∂<Æ* c
c c
c ∏¢DT¥¶∑„∑’ ¥¶„Æ∑„∑’ ¥æ«„∑’ fiK∑¶g„∑’ Âd¶TK<∑ɶ∑’ P{µg¶∑’ Á∏¶„T¥g„∑’ byƶfi‡Æg‘√∑√T„¥∑’ P{K„g¶∑N¥ ¥<∆fiæ¯T„ G¶Â∂¥K∑„ ¥gæhfi<ÉzZ¶, „ ∑’ c
c c
c Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ®dgQ>’ ¥µg’ ∏<«¥g„<¥ö®T’ ÁÏæ gd¶ ∏Â∂® ض„Ç„ «T‘√Æ∑„ bÆ„T G’¸æW∂T„ Ø∂T„ «¶KÆ„ T¶¥„ T„dâ<√Kfi¶dg‡Ï„ G¶T ÂzZ ∑’ gd¶ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ c
c c
c ∏\‘√¥’«g„ ¥g∑櫇®, „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ÂN¥„T <ØT¥N¥ fiǶTKrÆP{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ <jd®∑’ G‡Æ„∑’ ¥<x* ¥g∆¶√® d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ¥[æN¥„Æ„ G¶T c
c c
c ¥<∆G¶by¥K∑„ ~÷W’„ g„Œhfi«„ j¶g ÆzZ∂ ƶ„zZ¶ $ „ ∑’ Âæ¢D g„ƶ ! ∏dg„d¶m{T„ ∏¢D\zZ® G¶T ¥gæhfi<ÉzZ¶ö¥„d’ ÁÏæ gg bd¶<∑* √’√¶® gƶjØ∂® c
c c
c ض<Æ<∑Ñ’<¥ Pæ{Ï’<¥ <T*D<√Kfi¶dg‡Ï„ ØT\‘√¥’¶∑P{¶K∑Q>¶ ¥®∑’ G‡Æ„∑’ gÆ<ÂgƶÏd’ g’≤>Ï’ O¶b[® <[ P{uÿ> ®T’ ¥’fi„Æ„<¥, ¥’fi„<Æ[¶ ¥æÆ’¥æÆ„∑ <TÆK<¥ $ „ c
c c
c ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ∏∆d¶ P{d¶b fi >gfi¶÷¥’<¥ gƶTæ<Q>P{¶d’<¥ ¥<∆Tbd’<¥ √’√¶® gƶ∑Ø∂® ∏Ø°K¥¶g’„ ¸Æ°<Æ* ÆzZ∂<Æ* G¶T P{Ï<«d¶<Æ* d ¥[<Æ* d Æ\zZ¥®<Æ* c
c c
c ¥’fiKTæ≤>„ ®√’ gÆ’ G¶„d∑P{Kg’≤>Ï’ gÆ<ÂgƶÏd’ g’≤>Ï’ O¶®<¥, G’ ÂzZ Â∑’ T¶ fi[’ T¶ P{Q>’ T¶ P’{t>® T¶ Ïd¶ T¶ TÑ∂ T¶ Á¶∑æ’ T¶ ŒaÁ„ T¶ ÁæT„ T¶ Â’ ¥¯T’ c
c c
c <ÂaÁæ[¶„ ∏¶Æÿ<∑d fi¶®∑ ÷Q>T„<¥, ÆzZ„∑’ √„rÆ<¥, ®√’„ ®≤>„<¥, ®≤>[¶ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ÂN¥„T g’≤>ÏN¥ ∏Ø°K¥¶g’„ √’√¶® gƶjØ∂® ض<Æ<∑Ñ„ P‡{Ï„ c
c c
c <T*D<√K∂ fi¶dg‡Ï„ <√K∂¥æ d G¶T <TÆK<¥ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ∏∆d¶ P{d¶< g\¢Dg® TK¥¶K[’<¥ gƶTæ<Q>P{¶d’<¥ ¥<∆Tbd’<¥ G„∑„T ¥„ g’≤>Ï„ „∑„T c
c ÷T¶√ÚE><¥, ÷T¶√\ÚE>¶ ض„Ç’ <fi g’≤>Ï’ O¶®<¥, ®T’ ~KgTK¥¶KÂ’<¥ gƶTæ<Q>P{¶d’<¥ ¥’<jTdg¶∑’<¥ G„∑„T ¥„ g’≤>Ï„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><¥ $ ÷T¶√\ÚE>¶ c
c c
c ÂÇ’ <fi g’ ≤ >ÏO¶d’ P{K„ < ¥, G’ ÂzZ Â∑’ T¶ G¶T ¥æ Æ ’ ¥ æ Æ „ ∑ ’ <TÆK<¥ $ ∏Æ g„ Æ ¶ ! Âæ g ’ √b’ Ø «¶T’ < g Tu>g¶∑¶„ P{g„ ∑ ’ j<Ï<∑T∑<TÆT∑P{K„ Æ„ g ’ „ c
c c
c Pæ ’ { Ø϶„ x ÷xÂÂæ ¥ ¶Kfi÷K’ < g ∏<Âß’ { „ , ∏<Æ∑T<√µÆ¥gd’ < ¥ fi[„ , <Tdu>g¶∑¶„ T∑„ ¥ æ T∑P{K„ ∑ æ < T<TÆ<Ør∑P{dfi¥TO¶∏¶„ Âæ g ’ c
c c
c ÷÷dPæ{¥ægP{d~¶gKP{r∑fi‡KfiKg’≤>d¶<«K¶g¶„ gdT¥<T√¥’ÂP{≤>Â≤>P{<Ï∆√’cgØT¶K∑¶ ¥æK<«G<∑d√’c¶„ P{K„∑æfiKT¶K∏¶„ ÷÷¥g[G<∑Â¥¶„«¶„, P{¶Ï„ c
c c
c <Ø∑dKP{Kfid’≤>„ fiK¥¶„<¥dÂŒTK<¥ÆK«∂gÂKØ’¥<∑É„ <«*√¶KKT’«„KTKT„ ∑¶∑¶<TÆfi[P{Q>Â∑P{dTŒxÿÂfibg¶Œd¶bxjÆdÏØÿg√∑„ T¶÷<ÏضŒ∑ÂK„ c
c c
c ÂrƶT¥Ø¶„ ¥ Ø° < ¥d«g’  <T<TÆ¥¶Td¥g¶÷Ï„ «∂gØK¥<∑É„ Tu>’  „ ضŒ∑’ < g <√µÆ„ , g¶ŒÂT¥fi¥Kfi¥Kd<Td’ < «®∑’ ∏Ω«<Æ* « ∂gg„ T Thfi‘√¶K„ ∑ ’ c
c c
c g‡Æc¶Kfi≤>d<¥[ ÷x¶dg¶∑ c√c√„* ¥’Øÿx®∑’ <Ø[ÂK¥◊æ{<Ï*√„∑’ c‡gg¶Ï¶÷Ï„∑’ ¥¶Td¥d’ÂP{K∑„∑’ T∑ØT„∑’ G¶Ï¶Ï¶„<Td<jŒxc‡g’cP{¶K«∂∏¶„ c
c c
c ∏¶dT¶Ï¶„ d gÆ’  Âæ ’ ¸ bdTæ ∆ P{r∑¶„ ∏¶Pæ ’ { <~dZ¶„ K fi∂TKP{K¶„ «dT¥«d’  <Ø[jd∑¶„ T„ √ „ ∑ gƶg„ Æ ¶„ ¯T T¶d∑¶„ < ÑdgÆÑm{T¶„ G„ ∑ P{∏¶„ „ fiæ K ¶ c
c c
c ØT\‘√«d«∂d<Æd®∑’ ∏T√dÂ∑hfi®¥ŒaÁ¶„ ŒaÁ¶„W„¥¶„ ØT\‘√¥’¶∑P{¶K∑Q>¶ „<Æ* ¸Æ°<Æ* Æ\zZ<Æ* d ¥<x*- -G„∑„T g’≤>Ï„ „∑„T fiƶK„zZ √g∑¶® $ ®ß{¶„ ¶T c

H ®¥ √g¶„ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ∏∆d¶ P{d¶b P{g„∑’ fi’~¥æ ÷…{¥æ ¥g<Âß’{„¥æ, <√µÆP{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ G„Q>¶g‡Ïg¶¥„ fi¶dTO’¥¥gæ<Q>®∑’ G¶T ¥’Tu>®¥æ <gd-fi¥æ-
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 608
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

Efi\aÁ-<¥K∂<¥T„¥æ <Ø¥¶„ <Ø<¥* <Thfi϶dg¶∑„¥æ „<Æ* ¸Æ°<Æ* ÆzZ∂<Æ d ¥<x* G„∑„T g’≤>Ï„ „∑„T fiƶK„zZ √g∑¶®- -ÂzZ ∑’ ∏∆„ ¸ÆT„ ¥∂ƶ d T‘O¶ d <T√¶F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [19]

c
d c
c Ø∂<Td¶ ∏ÚE>¶ ÂKÚE>¶ fiK¶¥K¶ <¥d¶Ï¶ <TK¶Ï¶ ¥æ∑ƶ P{¶„϶ ¥¥¶ P{¶„P’{<Âd¶ <~[¶ <~Ñ϶ fiæ¯Tfi<TQ>¶ ∏\‘√«d<TWÿd¶ ®√d∏¶„ <¸Ïcµg„∑’ <~Q>’< $ ® c
c c
c ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! G„∑„T ¥„ g’≤>Ï„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><¥, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ „<Æ* ¸Æ°<Æ* ¥∂Æ„<Æ* d G¶T <~ÑÏ®<Æ d ®√d∏¶„ <¸Ïcµg„∑’ <~Q><¥ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! fi¶®∑’ c
c c
c √[’ P’{≤æ>bN¥¶g∂< P{uÿ> fi¶® ∏∑æ\aÁ[„, Â’<¥ ~ ∑’ ∏’ÂK’<¥ ∏∆„<Æ* ¸ÏT’„<Æ* ¥[„<Æ* fi∑¶„<ÏÉg¶∑„ fi∑¶„<ÏÉg¶∑„ ¥¥® ∏∑æfi<TQ>„ $ „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! √¶d’ c
c c
c P’{≤æ>b[¶ fiæ∑K<T fi¶d’ fi≤><j\aÁ<TN¥¶<g <[ P{uÿ> Â’ ¥¥d’ ∏∑æfi<TQ>’ fi¶¥<¥, fi¶<¥[¶ fi¶∑¶∑æP’{fid¶® «‡d¶∑æP’{fid¶® G∂T¶∑æP’{fid¶® ¥[¶∑æP’{fid¶® ¥„ fi¶® c
c c
c ∏’ÂK¶ ~„T ¥’c¶K®, ∑¶„ ~„T ∑’ <∑\aÁ[„ $ ® ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ¶® fi¶∑¶∑æP’{fid¶® G¶T ¥[¶∑æP’{fid¶® ¥’¥¶K„ fiK[∂P{„, g¶∑æN¥¶÷® <j¸x„ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ T∑ØT„ c
c c
c ∏â¶bɶb’ K¶b’<Ød¶b’ Â’ T∑’ D¶g„<Â, D¶<g[¶ <j<Q>® ÷TK® ÷T¥’„ <T¢D¶® d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ $ „ ∑’ „ ¸ÆT„ ¥∂ƶ d G¶T <~Ñ϶ d Â’ T∑ØT’ <j<Q>d’ G¶T c
c c
c <T¢D¶d’ fi¶¥’<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ ∏\‘√«’d<Thfigæß{¶ Ârƶ® d Eæ>ƶ® d fiKΩ«¶Æd¶ ¥g¶∑¶ g’≤>϶∏¶„ fi≤><jaÁg’<Â, fi≤><jaÁ<g[¶ ¥¯T¶„ ¥g’¶ <Thfi¥KzZ¶ $ c
c c
c ® ∑’ „ ¸ÆT„ ÆzZ∂ G¶T Eæ>ƶ® d fiKΩ«¶Æd¶ ¥g¶∑¶ ¶„ g’≤>϶¶„ fi≤><jaÁg’< fi≤><jaÁ<g[¶ <Ø¥¶„ <Ø¥’ <Thfi¥KzZ¶ $ ® ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! Gær∑„ c
c c
c GK¶GÉKdØ„Æ„ <¥ >ÏT<ÏÂd<fi∑x√[„ ØÿΩ¸Ï„ P{ϒ„ Dæ’<D® <fiT¶<¥Â„ ∏zZ¶g„ ∏¸Ï„ ∏fiKß{µg„ Ê>¶∑æß{≤>„ T„√„∑ <Thfi¥KN¥¶<g <[ P{uÿ> fi¶® fi¥¶K„g¶∑„ c
c c
c <TÉæÆ„ <TT KdÂ<√KfiΩ«¶K„ cK<∑ÂÏ’<¥ ¥¯T’√„<Æ* ¥<∆Tb® $ „ ∑’ ÂT g„ƶ ! ¥K∂K√’<¥ T„d∑¶ fi¶÷Ω«‡Â¶ ÷É϶ G¶T ضÆTß’{<® d¶<T <TÆK<¥ $ „ ∑’ c
c c
c Âæg’ g„ƶ ! Â’ ÷ÉÏ’ G¶T ØÿK<Æd¶¥’ <Â<∆ K¶b’<Ød¶b’ T„d∑’ T„®g¶∑„ <TÆK[¶ ®√’ T¶¥¥Â’ fiKg¶÷’ fi¶Ïb[¶ bÆ„T G’¸æW∂T„ Ø∂T„ «¶KÆ„ T¶¥„ K¶d<√Æ„ ∑√K„ c
c c
c ¥„<∑dN¥ Kr∑¶„ c¶K∑∂® Ø„T∂® Pæ{\ÚE>*<¥ Pæ{g¶K[¶® fiǶd¶® $ 28(1). „ ∑’ Âæg’ g„ƶ ! ∏∑æfiæ¯T„∑’ √Ω«T¶¥¶∏¶„ <jaÁ’„ ¥g¶∑„ ÷µgæß{¸¶Ï«¶T„ c
c c
c G¶„¯T∑√g∑æhfi[„ gg ∏’<® gæ’≤>„ «<T[¶ ∏√¶K¶∏¶„ ∏∑√¶Kd’ fi¯Tb® $ Â’ G< ¶T Âæg„ g„ƶ ! <ÂKaÁG¶„<∑d«¶TgæT√®∑’ ∏fi≤>Ïx¥µg[Kd∑Ï’«„∑’ ¥„ c
c c
c fi¶® fi¶∑¶∑æP’{fi∑d¶® G¶T ∏’ÂK¶ ~„T ¥’c¶K„, j¶„ ~„T ∑’ <j\aÁ[„, P{g’√ fiæ∑ Âæg„ g„ƶ ! bd¶<∑* <TfiæÏPæ{Ï¥gæΩ«T„ ∑’ <jŒTÆd¥K∂Kfi[Ïxfi’<~*<Ø® ∑’ ®T’ c
c c
c ÷Q>¶∑TÏT∂KdfiæK¥√¶KfiKß{g¥’Gæ[„ ∑’ gg ∏’<® gæ’≤>„ «<T[¶ ∏√¶K¶Â¶„ ∏∑√¶Kd’ fi¯Tb® ¥g¶∑„ ¥g∑¶∑’ <j‘√’Z¶∑’ K¶∏¶„ fiæ¯TK[¶TK[P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ c
c c
c T¶d∑¶® G¶T cµg¶∑æ∏¶„√<~*¶® d ÷ǶKN¥ T¶ fi¶¥T∑N¥ T¶ ∏<Â√ÚE>g¶∑¶∑ d <j‘√ÚE>g¶∑¶∑ d ÆzZ¥’Ou>∑¶<∑ d fi¶d¥’Ou>∑¶<∑ d G¶T KdK„∑æ√æ’≤>∑¶<∑ c
c d j¶„ ¥µg’ ¥Æ<¥ Ág<¥ <Â<ÂaÁ<¥ ∏<Æd¶¥„<¥ ? „ ∑’ ÂN¥ g„ÆN¥ ∏∑√¶KN¥ ¥g∑N¥ «√T¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® ®ÂgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg ¥æ«„<Æ* c
c c
c fiK∑¶g„<Æ* fi¥zZ„<Æ* ∏¢DT¥¶∑„<Æ* Ï„N¥¶<Æ* <T¥æ¢Dg¶∑∂<Æ* Âd¶TK<∑ɶ∑’ P{µg¶∑’ Á∏¶„T¥g„∑’ byƶT‡Æg‘√∑√T„¥∑’ P{K„g¶∑N¥ ¥\r∑fiæ¯T„ G¶Â∂¥K∑„ c
c c
c ¥gæhfi∆„ $ ®ÂgQ>’ ¥µg’ ∏<«¥g„< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ ¥g∑„∑’ «√Td¶ gƶT∂K„∑’ ¥’«¶Kdfiæ¯TG¶Â∂¥K∑„ Øÿ√æ∑¶<∑d¥’T„√„ ∏¶∑’Ød’¥æfiær∑gæÆ„ ÆK¥T¥0 c
c c
c c¶K¶ÆdP{Ï’¸P’{ <fiT ¥g‡¥<TdK¶„gP‡{T„ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ T’Ø< jg’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö∏Éhfi<«Â∂ ∑’ «’„ ! gg ض„ ∏ÚE>∂<∑ g¶„[‡∑’ c
c c
c ∏T¥„¥„ P{¶® ¥g∑¶∑’ <∑‘√’Z¶∑’ <j¥Q>„ <[ P{uÿ> fiæ∑K<T ¥g∑’ [«√T’ gƶT∂K]’ T’Ø< jg’¥<[ T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂öbÚE>¶<g ∑’ «’„ ! bd¶<∑* ض„Ç’<fi c
c c
c ¥dg„T fi¯T¶<Td’, ¥dg„T gæ’≤>¶<Td’ G¶T ¥dg„T ∏¶d¶K√¶„dK0 G¶d¶g¶d¶÷<[d’ cµgg¶b\aÁd’ $ ® ∑’ ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K g„Æ’ Pæ{g¶K’ ¥dg„T fi¯T¶T„b G¶T c
c c
c G¶d¶g¶d¶÷<[d’ cµgg¶baÁb $ ®T’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! √’¯T’, ®T’ <~<Q>d¯T’, ®T’ «æ’<Gd¯T’, ®T’ «¶<¥d¯T’, ®T’ ÷Q>¶d ÷Q>¶d fi¶∑¶∑’ «‡d¶∑’ G∂T¶∑’ ¥[¶∑’ c
c c
c ¥’Gg„∑’ ¥’G<gd¯T’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏dg„d¶m{T’ c\µgd’ ÷T®¥’ fi≤>ÚE><Â, fi≤>\ÚE>[¶ ÂÆ <~Q>< G¶T ¥’Gg„∑’ c
c c
c ¥’Gg< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ G¶® bKd¶¥<g® «¶¥¶¥<g®, ∏∑√¶KTr∑∏¶„ «<∑d¯T¶„ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® c

H Âƶm{T¶∑’ Z„K¶∑’ ∏’<® ¥¶g¶bdg¶bd¶b’ ®ß{¶K¥ ∏’√¶b’ ∏<ÆÉ<Â, ∏<Æ<É[¶ ¸Æ°<Æ* E>Q>Q>gØ¥gØÿT¶Ï¥„<Æ* g¶¥xg¶¥Ág∑„<Æ* ∏hfi¶∑’ «¶T„g¶∑„ <TÆK< $
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 609
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E„ ∑’ ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ K¶d<√ƶ∏¶„ j√K¶∏¶„ √æ∑<¥Ï¶∏¶„ ~„<Âd¶∏¶„ fi≤><jaÁg<Â, fi≤><jaÁ<g[¶ ¸<Æd¶ G∑Td<TƶK’ <TÆK< $ 29. „ ∑’ ¥„ g„F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [20]

c
Æ„ c
c ∏∑√¶K„ ∏∆d¶ P{d¶b ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ T’Ø< jg’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂öbÚE>¶<g ∑’ «’„ ! ÂæΩ«„<Æ* ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â„ ¥g¶∑„ g¶<¥d’ <«aÁæfi≤>g’ c
c c
c ÷T¥’fi<É[¶∑’ <TÆK[® $ Gƶ¥æÆ’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! g¶ fi≤>¸ªc’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ ¥g∑„∑’ «√Td¶ ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â„ ¥g¶∑„ g¶<¥d’ <«aÁæfi≤>g’ ÷T¥’fi<É[¶∑’ c
c c
c <TÆK< $ g¶<¥d’ <«aÁæfi≤>g’ ∏ƶ¥æ[’ ∏ƶP{hfi’ ∏ƶg‘√’ ¥µg’ P{¶®∑’ ◊{¶¥„< fi¶Ï„< ¥¶„«„< Â∂K„< P{u>„<Â, ¥µg’ P{¶®∑ ◊{¶¥„[¶ fi¶Ï„[¶ ¥¶„«„[¶ Â∂K„[¶ c
c c
c P{u>[¶ fiæ∑K<T ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ T’Ø< jg’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂öbÚE>¶<g ∑’ «’„ ! ÂæΩ«„<Æ* ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â„ ¥g¶∑„ ض„g¶<¥d’ <«aÁæfi≤>g’ c
c c
c ÷T¥’fi<É[¶∑’ <TÆK[®, ∏ƶ¥æÆ’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! g¶ fi≤>¸ªc’ $ Gƶ fi >g¶® ∏<«Ï¶T¶„ Âƶ ض„Ƕ® ÂǶ® ~÷zZ¶® fi’~g¶® E>µg¶<¥d¶® ¥[g¶<¥d¶® c
c c
c fi >g¥[K¶b’<Ød¶® ض„Ç¥[K¶<Â*<Ød¶® ÂÇ¥[K¶<Â*<Ød¶® ∏ƶ„K¶bd¶® ®√K¶bd¶® <T $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ ¸¶K¥ <«aÁæfi≤>g¶∏¶„ ¥µg’ P{¶®∑’ ◊{¶¥„[¶ c
c c
c fi¶Ï„[¶ ¥¶„«„[¶ Â∂K„[¶ P{u>[¶ fiæ∑K<T T’Ø< jg’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂öbÚE>¶<g ∑’ «’„ ! ÂæΩ«„<Æ* ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â„ ¥g¶∑„ √æ∑KÂ∑¥’TÚE>K’ c
c c
c ÂT¶„P{µg’ ÷fi¥’fi<É[¶∑’ <TÆK[® $ ∏ƶ¥æÆ’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! g¶ fi≤>¸’c’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ fi >g’ g¶¥’ ~÷zZ’-~÷zZ„∑’ ∏<∑\aÁ[„∑’ ÂT¶„P{µg„∑’, <Ød¶ c
c c
c Ê>¶∑æßæ{≤æ>® ¥‡K¶<«gæÆ„ ∏¶d¶T∑«‡g∂® ∏¶d¶T„g¶∑„, K<[* T∂K¶¥∑„∑’ ∏T¶÷≤>®∑’ $ ض„Ç’ g¶¥’ E>Q>’-E>Q>„∑’ ∏<∑\aÁ[„∑’ ÂT¶„P{µg„∑’, <Ød¶ Ê>¶∑æßæ{≤æ>® ¥æK¶<«gæÆ„ c
c c
c ∏¶d¶T∑«‡g∂® ∏¶d¶T„g¶∑„, K<Â* T∂K¶¥∑„∑’ ∏¶T¶÷≤>®∑’ $ ÂÇ’ g¶¥’ ∏Q>g’-∏Q>g„∑’ ∏<∑\aÁ[„∑’ ÂT¶„P{µg„∑’, <Ød¶ Ê>¶∑æßæ{≤æ>® ¥‡K¶<«gæÆ„ ∏¶d¶T∑«‡g∂® c
c c
c ∏¶d¶T„g¶∑„, K<[* T∂K¶¥∑„∑’ ∏T¶÷≤>®∑’ $ ~÷zZ’ g¶¥’ Ø¥g’-Ø¥g„∑’ ∏<∑\aÁ[„∑’ ÂT¶„P{µg„∑’, <Ød¶ Ê>¶∑æßæ{≤æ>® ¥‡K¶<«gæÆ„ ∏¶d¶T∑«‡g∂® ∏¶d¶T„g¶∑„, K<[* c
c c
c T∂K¶¥∑„∑’ ∏T¶÷≤>®∑’ $ fi’~g’ g¶¥’ ØÿT¶Ï¥g’-ØÿT¶Ï¥g„∑’ ∏<∑\aÁ[„∑’ ÂT¶„P{µg„∑’, <Ød¶ Ê>¶∑æßæ{≤æ>® ¥‡K¶<«gæÆ„ ∏¶d¶T∑«‡g∂® ∏¶d¶T„g¶∑„, K<[* T∂K¶¥∑„∑’ c
c c
c ∏T¶÷≤>®∑’ $ ®T’ ®®∑’ ∏<«Ï¶T„∑’ E>Q>„ ~¶„W¥g’-~¶„W¥g„∑’, ¥[g„ ¥¶„Ï¥g’-¥¶„Ï¥g„∑’, ∏Q>g„ ∏Q>¶K¥g’∏Q>¶K¥g„∑’, jTg„ T∂¥<Âg’-T∂¥<Âg„∑’, Ø¥g„ c
c c
c ¸¶T∂¥<Âg’ ¸¶T∂¥<Âg„∑’, ®ß{K¥g„ ~÷T∂¥<Âg’-~÷T∂¥<Âg„∑’, ¸¶K¥g„ E>¯T∂¥<Âg’-E>¯T∂¥<Âg„∑’, „K¥g„ ∏Q>¶T∂¥<Âg’-∏Q>¶T∂¥<Âg„∑’, ~¶„W¥g„ Â∂¥<Âg’- c
c c
c Â∂¥<Âg„∑’, fi’~Ø¥g„ ¸[∂¥<Âg’-¸[∂¥<Âg„∑’, ¥¶„Ï¥g„ ~÷[∂¥<Âg’-~÷[∂¥<Âg„∑’, ∏<∑\aÁ[„∑’ ÂT¶„P{µg„∑’, <Ød¶ Ê>¶∑æßæ{≤æ>® ¥‡K¶<«gæÆ„ ∏¶d¶T∑«‡g∂® c
c c
c ∏¶d¶T„g¶∑„, K<[* T∂K¶¥∑„∑ d ∏T¶÷≤>®∑ d $ ® ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ √æ∑Kd∑¥’TÚE>K’ ÂT¶„P{µg’ ∏ƶ¥æ[’ G¶T ¥µg’ P{¶®∑’ ◊{¶¥„b fi¶Ï„b ¥¶„«„b Â∂K„b P{u>„b, c
c ∏ƶ¥æ[’ ∏ƶP{hfi’ G¶T P{u>„[¶ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ T’Ø< jg’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ¸Æ°<Æ* E>Q>Q>g-Ø¥g-ØÿT¶Ï¥„<Æ* g¶¥xg¶¥Ág∑„<Æ* <T<~[„<Æ* ÂT¶„P{µg„<Æ* c
c c
c ∏hfi¶∑’ «¶T„g¶∑„ <TÆK< $30. „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ „∑’ ÷K¶Ï„∑’ <TfiæÏ„∑’ ¥\N¥K∂®∑’ fid[„∑’ fi‘√<Æ®∑’ P{Ѷ∑„∑’ <¥T„∑’ c∆„∑’ g’√Ñ„∑’ ÷Ø‘√„∑’ ÷ضK„∑’ c
c c
c ÷[g„∑’ gƶ∑櫶T„∑’ ÂT¶„P{µg„∑’ ¥æß„{ ÏæaÁ„ <jµg’¥„ P{≤>P{≤>d¶«‡® ∏<Q>~µg¶T∑x„ P{¥„ cg<∑¥’® G¶Â„ d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶, G∂T’G∂T„∑’ √ÚE><Â, G∂T’G∂T„∑’ c
c c
c <~Q><Â, «¶¥’ «¶<¥[¶ <√϶<Â, «¶¥’ «¶¥g¶∑„ <√϶<Â, «¶¥’ «¶<¥N¥¶<g <[ <√϶<Â, ¥„ Gƶj¶g® b’√¶Ï¥√≤>d¶ b T¶ P{Q>¥√≤>d¶ b T¶ fi[¥√≤>d¶ b c
c c
c T¶ <ÂÏ’≤>¶¥√≤>d¶ b T¶ ®K’≤>¥√≤>d¶ b T¶ ÷rÆ„ <Ø∆¶ ¥æß{¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ¥¥W’ √ÚE>b, ¥¥W’ <~Q><Â, ®T¶g„T g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ ¥¥W’ √ÚE>b, ¥¥W’ <~Q>b, ÷T<~® c
c c
c ÂT„∑’, ∏T<~„ g’¥-¥¶„<∑®∑’, Æÿd¶¥∑„ bT «¶¥K¶<¥fiKÚE>∆„, ÂT„∑’ Âd„∑’ ÂT„d<¥K∂® ∏Â∂T ∏Â∂T ÷T¥¶„«„g¶∑„ ÷T¥¶„«„g¶∑„ <~Q>< $ „ ∑’ P{¶Ï„ ∑’ „ c
c c
c ∑’ ¥g® ∑’ ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ ∏¶b√K„ <ÂzZ√K„ G¶T fiæ¯T¶∑æfiæ\¯T* ~Kg¶∑„ √¶g¶∑æ√¶g’ Ø°bÉg¶∑„ ¥æÆ’¥æÆ„∑’ <TÆKg¶∑„ G„∑¶g„T K¶d<√Æ„ j√K„ G„∑¶g„T c
c c
c √æ∑<¥Ï® ~„<® „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ∏ƶfi≤>ŒT’ ÷‘√Æ’ ∏¶„<√rÆb, ∏¶„<√\rÆ[¶ ¥’Gg„∑’ ÂT¥¶ ∏hfi¶∑’ «¶T„g¶∑„ <TÆK< $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ c
c c
c g„ÆN¥ ∏∑√¶KN¥ K¶∏¶„ fiæ¯TK[¶TK[P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ cµgG¶√Kd’ G¶√Kg¶∑N¥ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ ∏¢D\zZ® G¶T ¥gæhfi<ÉzZ¶ö®T’ ÁÏæ ∏Æ’ bg„∑’ ∏¶„K¶Ï„∑’ c

H ÂÆ„T G¶T «¶¥’ «¶<¥N¥¶<g <[ <√϶<g, Â’ ∏\zZ ¶ g„ ÷Q>¶∑„ P{µg„ ¸Ï„ T∂K® fiæK¥P{¶KfiKß{g„ ¥x¶ <cÂ∂ ¥’T„√„ $ Â’ G¶T ¶ g„ ∏\zZ ÷Q>¶∑„ P{µg„ ¸Ï„ T∂K®
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 610
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EfiæK¥√¶KfiKß{g„ ¥x¶ <cÂ∂ ¥’T„√„, G¶T d g„ cµg¶dK® cµg¶„TØ„¥® ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ <G∑„ ¥æÆzZ∂ <TÆK<Â, ¶T ¶T g„ ¥„d’ P{Ñ’ fi¶÷hfi«¶d¶® Kd∑∂®F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi >g¶„ ¥ædaÁ’c¶„ 1 - ∏¢Dd∑’ ÷\aÁ„ <fiQ’P{¶„ -1 [21]

c c
c G¶T „d¥¶ Gϒ„ ¥‡K® ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ¥g∑„∑’ «√T¶ gƶT∂K„∑’ ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶dN¥ ¥g¶∑N¥ ¥dg„T fi’~ gƯTd¶b’ ∏¶Œ<Æ[¶ c
c c
c √¶„dg¶Ø∂® ¥g∑„ <j‘√’Z„ <j‘√’Z∂∏¶„ d Á¶g„[¶ Âƶm{T„<Æ* P{≤>¶by<Æ* Z„K„<Æ* ¥<x* <T÷Ï’ fi¯Td’ ¥<∑d’ ¥<∑d’ ØÿŒ<Æ[¶ ¥dg„T g„ÆO∑¥<∆√¶¥’ fiæ ><T<¥Ï¶fiu>d’ c
c c
c fi≤>Ï„<Æ[¶ ¥’Ï„Æ∑¶D‡¥∑¶D‡<¥dN¥ «[fi¶∑fi≤>d¶b\aÁÂN¥ fi¶∏¶„T√dN¥ P{¶Ï’ ∏∑TP’{Ág¶∑N¥ <TÆK[® $ ®T’ ¥’fi„Æ„< $ ¥’fi„<Æ[¶ P{Ñ’ fi¶÷hfi c
c c
c [«¶d¶® Kd∑∂®] G¶T Gϒ„ G„∑„T ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ <ÂaÁæ[¶„ ∏¶Ø¶<Æ∑fiض<Æ∑’ P{K„b, P{K[¶ c
c c
c T’Ø< jg’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ jǶ¥∆„ j¶<ÂØ°K„ ¥æN¥‡¥g¶∑„ jg’¥g¶∑„ ∏<«gæÆ„ <T∑®∑’ fi’G<Ïd≤>„ fiÉæT¶¥< $ g„ƶ ! < ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ g„Æ’ ∏∑√¶K’ c
c c
c ®T’ Tض¥∂ - ¥„ ∑‡∑’ ÂT g„ƶ ! K¶∏¶„ fiæ¯TK[¶TK[P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ cµgG¶√Kd’ G¶√Kg¶∑N¥ ∏dg„d¶m{T„ ∏¢D\zZ„ G¶T ¥gæhfi<ÉzZ¶ - ®T’ ÁÏæ ∏Æ’ bg„∑’ c
c c
c ∏¶„K¶Ï„∑’ G¶T G„∑„T bÆ’ „∑„T ƯTg¶√„, ¥„ ∑‡∑’ g„ƶ ∏Q>„ ¥gQ>„ ? Ħ ∏\zZ, ∏ƶ¥æÆ’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! g¶ fi≤>¸’c’ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ ¥g∑„∑’ «√Td¶ c
c c
c [gƶT∂K„∑’] ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â„ ¥g¶∑„ ÆQ> G¶T <Æd® ÷Q>¶® ÷Q>„b, ÷Q>„[¶ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ <ÂaÁæ[¶„ ∏¶d¶<Æ∑fid¶<Æ∑’ P{K„<Â, P{K„[¶ T’Ø< jg’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ c
c c
c jg’<¥[¶ ¥dg„T fi’~ gƯTd¶b’ ∏¶ŒÆ„<Â, ∏¶ŒÆ„[¶ √¶„dg¶< ¥g∑„ <j‘√’Z„ <j‘√’Z∂∏¶„ d Á¶g„<Â, Á¶g„[¶ Âƶm{T„<Æ* P{≤>¶Ø∂<Æ* Z„K„<Æ* ¥<x* <TfiæÏ’ fi¯Td’ c
c c
c ¥<∑d’ ¥<∑d’ ØÿŒÆ<Â, ØÿŒ<Æ[¶ ¥dg„T g„ÆO∑¥<∆√¶¥’ fiæ ><T<¥Ï¶fiu>d’ fi≤>Ï„Æ„<Â, fi≤>Ï„Æ„[¶ ÷ǶKfi¶¥T∑«‡<g* fi≤>Ï„Æ„<Â, fi≤>Ï„Æ„[¶ ØΩ«¥’Z¶K√’ c
c c
c ¥’ZK<Â, ¥’ZK[¶ ØΩ«¥’Z¶K√’ ØÿŒÆ<Â, ØÿŒ<Æ[¶ fiæKzZ¶<«gæÆ„ ¥’fi<Ïd’P{<j¥r∑„ P{KdÏfiK‘√<Æd’ <¥K¥¶T[’ gzZ® ∏’G<Ï* P{uÿ> ®T’ Tض¥∂ö jg¶„zZæ ∑’ c
c c
c ∏KĦ∑’ G¶T ¥’fi[¶∑’, ∑g¶„zZæ∑’ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ G¶T ¥’fi¶<T÷P{¶gN¥ gg cµg¶dKdN¥ Tضg∂ ∑’ «√T’Â’ ÂzZ√d’ bÆ√® fi¶¥…{ g„ «√T’ c
c c
c ÂzZ√„ bÆ√Â’ <[ P{tæ> T’Ø< jg’¥<Â, T’<ض jg’<¥Â¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂-fiæ¯T’ <fi d ∑’ g® ¥g∑N¥ «√T¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ ∏’<® ¥¯T„ fi¶∑¶<ÂT¶® fiÇaÁ¶® c
c c
c g楶T¶® ∏<Ø∆¶Ø¶∑„ g„Æÿ∑„ fiK‘√Æ„ P{¶„Æ„ g¶∑„ g¶d¶ ϶„«„ fi„É„ ض„¥„ P{ÏÆ„ ∏Ω«aÁ¶∑„ fi„¥æ∆„ fiKfiKT¶® ∏K<ÂK< g¶d¶g¶„¥„ <gÚE>¶Ø’¥∑¥Ñ„ fiÇaÁ¶Â„, c
c c
c bd¶<∑* <fi ∑’ ∏Æ’ ÂN¥„T ∏’<® ¥¯T’ fi¶∑¶<ÂT¶d’ fiÇaÁ¶<g G¶T <gÚE>¶Ø’¥∑¥Ñ’ fiÇaÁ¶<g, ¥¯T’ ∏¥∑-fi¶∑-Á¶bg-¥¶bg’ ~÷\¯TÆ’ <fi ∏¶Æ¶K’ c
c c
c fiÇaÁ¶<g G¶TÉ∂T¶®, G’ <fi d bg’ ¥K∂K’ bQ>’ P’{Â’ <fid’ G¶T <T<Tƶ K¶„√¶d’P{¶ fiK∂¥Æ¶„T¥‘√¶ ◊æ{¥’Âæ <[ P{uÿ> ®d’ <fi d ∑’ ~Kg„<Æ* …{¥¶¥j∂¥¶¥„<Æ* T¶„<¥K¶<g c
c <[ P{uÿ> ¥’ÏÆ„ ∑¶D‡¥∑¶D‡<¥Â„ «[fi¶∑fi≤>d¶b\aÁ„ fi¶∏¶„T√® P{¶Ï’ ∏∑TP’{Ág¶∑„ <TÆK< $ „ ∑’ „ Z„K¶ «√T’¶„ g„ÆN¥ ∏∑√¶KN¥ ∏<√϶® T„d¶T≤>d’ c
c c
c P{K„*< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gƶT∂KN¥ Âƶm{T¶∑’ Z„K¶∑’ ∏’<® ¥¶g¶bdg¶bd¶b’ ®ß{¶K¥ ∏’√¶b’ ∏<Æ<É[¶, ¸Æÿfi≤>fiæ∆¶b’ ØÿT¶Ï¥ c
c c
c TK¥¶b’ ¥¶g∆fiKd¶√’ fi¶÷<∑[¶ g¶<¥d¶® ¥’Ï„Æ∑¶® ∏hfi¶∑’ D¶„<¥[¶, ¥<Q>* «[¶b’ ∏∑¥∑¶® E>„Ø„[¶, ∏¶Ï¶„<Âdfi≤>ß’{„ ÷<xd¥Ñ„ ¥g¶<Æfi[„ ∏∑æfiæ¯T„∑’ c
c c
c P{¶Ï√® $ „ ∑’ „ Z„K¶ «√T’¶„ g„Æ’ ∏∑√¶K’ ∏∑æfiæ¯T„∑’ P{¶Ï√d’ fi¶¥’<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ fiK<j¯T¶∑T<[d’ P{¶÷N¥‘√’ P{K„*<Â, P{K[¶ g„ÆN¥ ∏¶d¶K«’≤>d’ √„rÆ’<Â, c
c c
c √„\rÆ[¶ <T÷϶∏¶„ fi¯Td¶∏¶„ ¥<∑d’ ¥<∑d’ fiǶ„ŒÆ’<Â, fiǶ„Œ<Æ[¶ G„∑¶g„T √æ∑<¥Ï® ~„b® G„∑¶g„T ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE>’<Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ c
c c
c ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ T’Ø’< jg’¥’<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶∑’ ∏’„T¶¥∂ g„Æ„ ∑¶g’ ∏∑√¶K„ fi√b«W® G¶T <T∑∂„ ¥„ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi®<Æ* c
c c
c ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶® ¥g¶∑„ √¶„[g¶<® ¥g∑„ <j‘√’Z„ <j‘√’Z∂∏¶„ d Á¶g„[¶ ∏µÆ„<Æ* ¥<x* <T÷Ï’ fi¯Td’ ¥<∑d’ ¥<∑d’ ØÿŒÆ<Â, [ØÿŒ<Æ[¶] ¥dg„T g„OO∑¥<∆√¶¥’ c
c c
c fiæ ><T<¥Ï’ fi≤>Ï„Æ„<Â, [fi≤>Ï„<Æ[¶] «[fi¶∑fi≤>d¶b\aÁ„ ∏∑æfiæ¯T„∑’ P{¶Ï√® $ ®¥ ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ g„ÆN¥ ∏∑√¶KN¥ ∏¶d¶K«’≤>® $ 31. «’„ ! <[ «√T’ c
c c
c √¶„Âg„ ¥g∑’ «√T’ gƶT∂K’ T’Ø< jg’¥<Â, T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶∑’ ∏’„T¶¥∂ g„Æ„ ∑¶g’ ∏∑√¶K„ ¥„ ∑’ «’„ ! g„Æ„ ∏∑√¶K„ c

H P{¶Ïg¶¥„ P{¶Ï’ P{Ƕ P{<Æ* √® P{<Æ* ÷TT∆„ ? √¶„Âg¶<Ø ! ¥g∑„ «√T’ gƶT∂K„ «√T’ √¶„dg’ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ √¶„dg¶ ! gg ∏’„T¶¥∂ g„Æ„ ∑¶g’ ∏∑√¶K„
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 611
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

Efi√<«W® G¶T <T∑∂® ¥„ ∑’ Âƶm{T¶∑’ Z„K¶∑’ ∏’<® ¥¶g¶bdg¶bd¶b’ ®ß{¶K¥ ∏’√¶b’ ∏<Æ<É<Â, ∏<ÆÉ[¶ ¸¶K¥ <«aÁæfi≤>g¶∏¶„ √æ∑Kd∑¥’TÚE>F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi. ¥æ. 1 - ∏. / 2 ∏. ¥’O¶≤>„ [22]

c
K’ c
c ÂT¶„P{µg’ P{¶®∑’ ◊{¶¥„[¶ G¶T P{u>„[¶ g® ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â„ √¶„dg¶b Z„K„ Á¶g„<Â, [Á¶g„[¶] Âƶm{T„<Æ* G¶T <TfiæÏ’ fi¯Td’ ØÿŒÆ<Â, ØÿŒ<Æ[¶ ØΩ«¥’Z¶K√’ ¥’ZK<Â, c
c c
c ¥’ZK[¶ ØΩ«¥’Z¶K¶„T√® ¥dg„T fi’~ gƯT® ÷ǶK„b, ÷ǶK[¶ ¸¶K¥ T¶¥¶b’ ¥¶gr∑fiKd¶√’ fi¶÷∑„[¶, g¶<¥d¶® ¥’Ï„Æ∑¶® ∏hfi¶∑’ D‡¥„[¶, ¥<Q>* «[¶b’ c
c c
c ∏∑¥∑¶® E>„Ø„[¶, ∏¶Ï¶„bdfi≤>ß’{„ ÷<xd¥Ñ„ ¥g¶<Æfi[„ P{¶Ïg¶¥„ P{¶Ï’ P{Ƕ, ÷â’ ~’<Øg-¥‡K-√Æ√∑-∑aÁ[-¶K¶m{T¶∑’ ¸Æ°b’ G¶„d∑¶b’ ¸Æ°b’ G¶„d∑¥d¶b’ c
c c
c ¸Æ°b’ G¶„d∑¥ÆN¥¶b’ ¸Æ°b’ G¶„d∑¥d¥ÆN¥¶b’ ¸Æ°∏¶„ G¶„d∑P{¶„≤>∂∏¶„ ¸Æ°∏¶„ G¶„d∑P{¶„≤>¶P{¶„≤>∂∏¶„ ÷â’ Ø°K’ ÷hfib[¶ ¥¶„Ƶg∂¥¶∑-¥∑’Pæ{g¶K-g¶<Æ*Ø-¸’«- c
c c
c Ï’Â√-gƶ¥æß{-¥ÆN¥¶K¶∑dfi¶∑d¶K∑Çæ„ <Â\r∑ d ∏Q>¶K¥æ[K„ √„T„É<Tg¶∑¶T¶¥¥® T∂bTb[¶ <TG® gƶ<Tg¶∑„ Ø„T[¶® ÷TTr∑„ $ ÂzZ ∑’ ∏zZ„√bd¶∑’ c
c c
c Ø„T¶∑’ „Â∂¥’ ¥¶∑K¶„Tg¶b’ Ê>Â∂ fir∑¶ $ ÂzZ ∑’ g„ÆN¥ <T Ø„TN¥ „[∂¥’ ¥¶√K¶„Tg¶b’ [Ê>Â∂ fir∑[¶] $ ®¥ ∑’ «’„ ! g„Æ„ Ø„T„ ¶∏¶„ Ø„T϶„d¶∏¶„ ∏¶÷aÁ®∑’ c
c c
c Ê>baÁ®∑’ «TaÁ®∑’ ∏∑’ÂK’ ~d’ ~b[¶ P{<Æ* √\ÚE><Æ<Â, P{<Æ* ÷TT<É<Æ< ? √¶„dg¶ ! gƶ<TØ„Æ„ T¶¥„ <¥\¢D<Æ<Â, ¸æ\¢D<Æ<Â, gæ<Ç<Æ<Â, fiK<∑¯T¶<Æ<Â, c
c c
c ¥¯TØÿaÁ¶∑g’Â’ P{¶<Æ< $ ®T’ ÁÏæ G’¸‡ ! ¥g∑„∑’ «√Td¶ gƶT∂K„∑’ ∏¶<Ø√K„∑’ <ÂzZ√K„∑’ G¶T ¥’fi[„∑’ ∏hfi¶„Ï’«<j<g[’ fi >gN¥ j¶d¢Dd∑N¥ ∏dgQ>„ c
c c
c fir∑[„ <[ ¸„<g $  $$fi >g’ ∏¢Dd∑’ ¥µg[’ $$ ¸∂d’ ∏¢Dd∑’ "¥’O¶≤>„'  32. G< ∑’ «’„ ! ¥g∑„∑’ «√Td¶ gƶT∂K„∑’ c
c c
c fi >gN¥ ∑¶d¢Dd∑N¥ ∏dgQ>„ fir∑[„, <¸<ÂdN¥ ∑’ «’„ ! ∑¶d¢Dd∑N¥ P„{ ∏Q>„ fir∑[„ ? ®T’ ÁÏæ G’¸‡ ! „ ∑’ P{¶Ï„ ∑’ „ ∑’ ¥g® ∑’ K¶d<√Æ„ ∑¶g jdK„ c
c c
c ƶ„zZ¶, ∑√KTr∑∏¶„ $ ÂN¥ ∑’ K¶d<√ÆN¥ j√KN¥ ¸<Æd¶ ÷[KfiæK\zZg„ <Ø¥∂«¶® √æ∑<¥Ï® j¶g ~„<® ƶ„zZ¶, Tr∑∏¶„ $ ÂN¥ ∑’ √æ∑<¥ÏdN¥ ~„<ÂdN¥ c
c c
c ∏Ø°K¥¶g’„ ®zZ ∑’ gÆ’ ®√„ <Gr∑‡É¶∑„ d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶, <T∑Q>Ø„T÷Ï-fiK¥≤>d¶„K∑-cK„ j¶∑¶<TÆ√ÚE>-√æµg-Ïd¶-T<Ñ-TÚE>ÚE>¶b® ∏∑„√T¶Ï¥d¥’P{<∑É„ c
c c
c d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ $ ÂN¥ ∑’ <Gr∑æɶ∑N¥ ¸Æÿg¢DØ„¥«¶® ®zZ ∑’ gÆ’ ®√„ «‘√P‡{T® d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ ÂN¥ ∑’ «‘√P‡{TN¥ ∏Ø°K¥¶g’„ ®zZ ∑’ gÆ’ ®√„ g¶Ïæd¶P{ÚE>® c
c c
c d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶, P{rÆ„ P{rƶ„«¶¥„ G¶T Kµg„ gƶg„Æ<j÷K’¸«‡Â„ ¸Æ°<Æ* ŒaÁ„<Æ d √ÚE>„<Æ d √æµg„<Æ d Ïd¶<Æ d TÑ∂<Æ d Â∑„<Æ d Pæ{¥„<Æ d Ár∑æ®<Æ d ¥’E>∆„ c
c c
c fiKÚE>∆„, ∏’¶„ Dæ<¥K„, ¸¶<Æ* √’«∂K„, ∏∑„√T¶Ï¥d¥’P{<∑É„ d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ $ 33. ÂzZ ∑’ K¶d<√Æ„ j√K„ c∑„ j¶g ¥zZT¶Æ„ ∏â„ <Ø„ G¶T <T÷Ï «[-fi¶∑„, ÂN¥ c
c c
c ∑’ O∑N¥ ¥zZT¶ÆN¥ «W¶ j¶g, «¶Kd¶ ƶ„ z Z¶ ¥æ P æ { g¶Ïfi¶<∑fi¶d¶ ∏Æ∂∑fi≤>fiæ r ∑fi’ < ~<Ød¥K∂K¶ ÏaÁ∑T’ G ∑√æ ∑ ¶„ T T„ d ¶ c
c c
c g¶∑æ µ g¶∑fig¶∑fi≤>fiæ r ∑¥æ G ¶Â¥¯T’ √ ¥æ Ø K’ √ ∂ ¥<¥¥¶„ g ¶√¶KP’ { Â<fidØ’ ¥ ∑¶ ¥æ m {T¶ P{KdÏfiK<gd<ÂT<ÏdT<Ïdg¢D¶ Pæ ’ { ≤>Ïæ < Ñ<Æd√’ ≤ >Ï„ Æ ¶ c
c c
c P{¶„gæ<ØKd<∑dKfi≤>fiær∑ ¥¶„gTd∑¶ <¥*√¶K¶√¶K~¶ŒT„¥¶ G¶T fi≤>m{T¶ T’D¶ ∏<Td¶√K∂ G¶∑æ P{¶„hfiKg¶d¶ d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ $ 34. ÂN¥ ∑’ c∑N¥ ¥zZT¶ÆN¥ c
c c
c fi’Z® j¶g ض¥~„≤>„ ƶ„zZ¶ ¥¯T’√¥æ’ØK’√„ g’¥¶„T<~„ ¸¶ÏP{I϶T∑Pæ{¥Ï„ d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ $ „ ∑’ ¥„ c∑„ ¥zZT¶Æ„ K¶d<√Æ„ jdK„ ¸Æ°∑’ j√K-<j√g-¥„<Q>-¥zZT¶Æ¶∑’ c
c c
c ∏Q>¶K¥rÆ d ¥„<∑hfi¥„∑∂∑’ ¸Æ°¥æ P{É„¥æ d Pæ{≤æ>’¸„¥æ d g’„¥æ d G¶T ~aÁ櫇„ d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶, <jd√N¥ <T d ∑’ Pæ{≤æ>’¸N¥ ¸Æ°¥æ P{É„¥æ d G¶T ~aÁ櫇„ d¶<T c
c ƶ„zZ¶ $ 35. ÂzZ ∑’ K¶d<√Æ„ j√K„ <TG® j¶g’ Âß{K„ ƶ„zZ¶ fi¶T~’≤>¶Ïm{T„ «∂gÂKŒWP{µg„ ∏¶Œ<¥d<Ø[K[jd∑„ ÁK◊{Œ¥gÆÑ<T√d¸∂«ÚE>ض >® c
c c
c ∏¥’fiæ≤>Â÷Q>„ ÷xÿdfibr∑Ï’¸Âgæx® «gKK¶ÆÿTr∑„ <jK∑æß{¶„¥„ <jK∑æ¶T„ ضŒ∑„ fi<«® <jN¥’¥<® <jK∑æP’{fi„, ∏Æ∂ T ®√’Â<Ø<Q>®, ÁæK„ T ®√’Âc¶K¶®, <√x„ c
c c
c T ∏¶<g¥Â<ÑÚE>„, ∏\‘√<gT ¥¯T«aÁ∂, GÏ<gT ¥¯T‘√¶Æ∂, ÷ß’{~∑-T’~∑-g¶d¶-<jd≤>-P‡{≤>-P{T≤>¥¶b¥’fi∏¶„√¸ÆÿÏ„ <~Kj√K<T∑Q>ØÿQ>¥∂϶d¶K~K[„ c
c c
c G‡dhfi¥’√∂ gÉhfi¥’√∂ «¶„Éhfi¥’√∂ g’¥hfi¥’√∂ ضŒ∑„ <ÆddضK® ¥¶Æ<¥® ¥’<cÚE>„d® ÷T<Æ® <TN¥’«O¶Â∂ ∏¶Ï∂T√<ÂzZ«„dÏÆÿÆzZ¥’fi÷[„, fiKN¥ c
c c
c دTÆK∑’<g <jÇ’ ∏∑æ¸x„, <¯TT„K„, K¶d<√ÆN¥ j√KN¥ ¸Æ°<∑ ∏<Â√g∑¶<∑ d ¥’Tu>∑¶<∑ d <jTu>∑¶<∑ d G‡dÁÏd¶<∑ d fi¶∑¶√¶K¶<∑ d T„¥¶√¶K¶<∑ d c

H Âß{KQ>¶∑¶<∑ d Âß{KOK¶<∑ d <¥*O¶≤>√¶<∑ d <Âd¶<∑ d ~÷ß{¶<∑ d ~ÇK¶<∑ d j¶√OK¶<∑ d «‡dOK¶<∑ d GaÁØ„÷϶<∑ d ¥«¶<∑ d fifi¶<∑ d
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 612
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

Efi<∑d¥Ï¶<∑ d ¥æ∆cK¶<∑ d ∏¶«¶„®g¶∑„ g‘√g¶∑„ √T„¥g¶∑„, ¸ÆÿG∑N¥ <E>W„¥æ d <T¥g„¥æ d <TÆÿK„¥æ d T¥∑„¥æ d ∏Ω«æØ®¥æ d ÷N¥T„¥æ d fi¥T„¥F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi. ¥æ. 1 - ∏. / 2 ∏. ¥’O¶≤>„ [23]

c
æd c
c <ÂÆ∂¥æ d E>∑„¥æ d G∆„¥æ d fi¯T∑∂¥æ d g[fig[N¥ d T\aÁ[N¥ d T¶÷ÏN¥ d ¥æ<ÆdN¥ d Øÿ<ÆdN¥ d <TØ„¥zZN¥ d <ThfiT<¥N¥ d g‘√’ ~ <E>W’ ~ c
c c
c <TKÆ’ ~ ∏’ÂK’ ~ g‘√g¶∑„ √T„¥g¶∑„ ®T’ ~ ∑’ <TÆK<Â, ¸<Æd¶ <T d ∑’ K¶d<√ÆN¥ j√KN¥ ∏¶K¶g„¥æ d ÷ɶ∑„¥æ d T¶<T-fi¶„aÁK<∑-Ø∂<Æd-√æ’G¶<Ïd- c
c c
c ¥Kfi’<Âd-¥K¥K-fi’<Âd¶¥æ d <Gr∑æɶ∑„¥æ d «‘√P‡{T®¥æ d g¶Ïæd¶P{ÚE>®¥æ d ¥æ¥¶∑®¥æ d <√KP’{ØK„¥æ d Ïd∑„¥æ [d] Ø„T÷Ï„¥æ d ÷TQ>¶∑„¥æ d c
c c
c ¸ÆÿG∑N¥ <E>W„¥æ d G¶T ®T’ ~ ∑’ <TÆK< $ 36. „ ∑’ Â∂¥„ «W¶® «¶Kd¶® ∏r∑d¶ P{d¶b fiæ¯TK[¶TK[P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ Pæ{≤æ>’¸G¶√Kd’ G¶√Kg¶∑∂® ∏dg„d¶m{T„ c
c c
c ∏¢D\zZ® G¶T ¥gæfi<ÉzZ¶ö∏Æ’ c∑„∑ ¥zZT¶Æ„∑ ¥<x* ¸Æ°<∑ T¶¥¶<∑ ¥W-◊{K¥-K¥-m{T¶<∑ g¶∑æN¥√¶b’ P{¶g«¶„√¶b’ fiÇ∑æ«Tg¶∑∂ <TÆK¶<g, j¶„ c
c c
c ~„T ∑’ ∏Æ’ ضK√’ T¶ ضK√’ fid¶<g, Â’ c∆¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ G¶T ¥æÏx„ ∑’ g¶∑æN¥® GµgG∂<Td◊{Ï„ ¶<¥* ∏µgd¶∑’ G¶<¥* g∆„ <∑d√Pæ{\ÚE>¥’«‡d¶<Â* c
c c
c Z∑ØÿxÏæxd¶<Â* gÆÿK¥gæѶT√¶<Â* gµg∑fid’<fid¶<Â* Z∑g‡Ï¶ P{aÁØ„¥«¶√’ ∏<«¥Kg¶∑¶<Â* gæxd¶b’ Z∑d’ <fid’<Â, ¶„ d P{¶„gÏP{g϶„Tg„<Æ* ÆzZ„<Æ* c
c c
c <√\rÆ…{∑’ ÷ÚE>’√<jT„<¥d¶<∑ Ø„*< ¥gæѶT® <fi® ¥ægÆÿK„ fiæ∑¶„ fiæ∑¶„ g’GæÏhfi«<∑„, Â’ ∑’ ∏Æ’ ∏Ø∆¶ ∏fiær∑¶ ∏P{dÏaÁ∑¶ ®[¶„ ®√g<T j fi¶ $ Â’ ¥„d’ gg c
c c
c P{Ñ’ fi¶÷hfi«¶d¶® Kd∑∂® G¶T Gϒ„ c∑’ ¥zZT¶Æ’ ∏¶fiæ\ÚE>[¶ c∑„∑’ ¥zZT¶Æ„∑’ ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶d¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ¥æ¸Æÿ’ <TfiæÏ’ ∏¥∑-fi¶∑-Á¶<Âg-¥¶<Âg’ c
c c
c ÷TaÁ≤>¶T„[¶ ¥æ¸Æÿ’ fiæh◊{-TzZ-√’c-gѶϒP{¶K’ √ƶd ¸Æ°<Æ* <g[-∑¶<Â-<∑d√-¥d∑-¥’¸’<c-fiKG∑g<Æ϶<Æ* ¥<x* ¥’fiKTæ≤>¶ G¶b’ bg¶b’ K¶d<√ÆN¥ c
c c
c j√KN¥ ¸<Æd¶ ∑¶√¶<∑ d «‡d¶<∑ d GaÁ¶<∑ d b’ض<∑ d Á’ض<∑ d ŒW¶<∑ d <¥T¶<∑ d T„¥g∑¶<∑ d ÂzZ ∑’ ¸Æ°∑’ j¶√fi≤>g¶∑ d G¶T T„¥g∑fi≤>g¶∑ c
c c
c d gÆKÆ’ fiæh◊{Ç<∑d’ P{K„[¶ Gr∑æfi¶dfi≤>d¶® ®T’ Tb[®öGb ∑’ Æ’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ضK√’ T¶ ضK√’ T¶ fid¶<g ¶„ ∑’ ∏Æ’ ÂæΩ«’ G¶d’ ~ ضd’ ~ «¶d’ ~ c
c c
c ∏aÁd<∑<Æ* ~ ∏∑æTâ„<g <[ P{uÿ> ÷T¶<Âd’ ÷TT¶b[® $ ®T’ ¥’fi„Æ„<Â, ¥’fi„<Æ[¶ P{Ñ’ G¶T Gϒ„ G„∑¶g„T c∑„ ¥zZT¶Æ„ „∑¶g„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ c
c c
c ®T’ Tض<¥ö®T’ ÁÏæ ∏Æ’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ÂæΩ«„<Æ* ¥<x* ¸Æ°<Æ* T¶¥¶b’ G¶T Ø„*< ¥gæѶT® ¥ægÆÿK„ fiæ∑¶„ fiæ∑¶„ g’GæÏhfi«<∑„, Â’ ∑’ ∏Æ’ ∏Æ∆¶ ∏fiær∑¶ c
c c
c ∏P{dÏaÁ∑¶, ®[¶„ ®√g<T j fi[¶ $ Â’ bÚE>¶<g ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ÂæΩ«„<Æ* ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â¶ ¥g¶∑∂ <TfiæÏ’ ∏¥∑’ fi¶∑’ Á¶bg’ ¥¶bg’ G¶T ∏∑æTâ„<g ÷T¶bd’ c
c c
c P{K„[® $ „ ∑’ c∑„ ¥zZT¶Æ„ «W’ «¶Kd’ ®T’ Tض¥∂ögg’ <fi d ∑’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfi® ! ®¥ ~„T g∑¶„KÆ„ - "P{Æ’ ∑’ Âæg’ ضK√’ T¶ ضK√’ T¶ fid¶®É¶<¥' $ «W¶® c
c ¥zZT¶Æ∂® ®TgQ>g∑æG¶∑< $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ «W¶ ¥zZT¶Æ∂ c∑„∑’ ¥zZT¶Æ„∑’ ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ÆQ>ÂæQ>G¶T <Ædd¶ <TfiæÏ’ ∏¥∑’ fi¶∑’ Á¶bg’ ¥¶bg’ ÷TaÁ≤>¶T„<Â, c
c c
c 2 [¶ ¥æ¸Æÿ’ fiæh◊{-TzZ-√’c-gѶϒP{¶K’ √„rÆ<Â, 2 [¶ ¥d¶∏¶„ <√ƶ∏¶„ <j‘√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ K¶d<√Æ’ j√K’ g¢D’g¢D„∑’ <j‘√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ G„∑„T fiæaÁK∑∂ c
c c
c „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ fiæaÁK∑∂® Â∂K„ ¥æ¸Æÿ’ fiæh◊{ G¶T gѶϒP{¶K’ Ê>T„b, 2 [¶ fiæaÁK<∑* ∏¶„√¶Æb, 2 GÏgÉ∑’ P{K„<Â, 2 [¶ GÏP{I≤>’ P{K„<Â, 2 [¶ c
c c
c rƶd¶ P{d¸<ÏP{µg¶ ÷Ñfi≤>¥¶≤>√¶ G¶b’ ÂzZ ÷hfi϶b’G¶T ¥ÆN¥fi[¶b’ ¶b’ <√rÆb, 2 [¶ fiæaÁK∑∂¶„ fiǶ„ŒÆb, 2 [¶ Â’ ¥æ¸Æÿd’ fiæh◊{-TzZ-√’c-gÑ’ c
c c
c √„rÆ<Â, 2 [¶ G„∑¶g„T j¶√OK® d G¶T T„¥g∑OK® d „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ ÂzZ ∑’ j¶√fi≤>g¶∑ d G¶T T„¥g∑fi≤>g¶∑ d ∏¶Ï¶„® fi∑¶g’ P{K„<Â, 2 [¶ c
c c
c fiÇæ∆gb, 2 ϶„gÆzZ√’ fiK¶gæ¥b, 2 [¶ j¶√fi≤>g¶∏¶„ d G¶T T„¥g∑fi≤>g¶∏¶„ d ϶„gÆzZ®∑’ figÉ<Â, 2 [¶ ÷Ø√c¶K¶® ∏Ω«æaÁ„<Â, 2 [¶ fiµÆÏ¥‡g¶Ï¶® c
c c
c √’cP{¶¥¶b® √¶d¶b’ χƄb, 2 [¶ gÆKÆ’ TzZ¶m{Æ∑’ ~ gѶŒÆ∑’ ~ √’c¶ŒÆ∑’ ~ ~æ∆¶ŒÆ∑’ ~ T∆¶ŒÆ∑’ ~ P{K„<Â, 2 [¶ c‡T’ ≤>Æ<Â, 2 [¶ Gr∑æfi¶dfi≤>d¶ c
c c
c fi’G<Ï÷≤>¶ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö"Gb ∑’ ∏Æ’ ضK√’ T¶ ضK√’ T¶ fid¶<g ¶„ ∑’ ∏Æ’ G¶d’ ~ G¶T ∏∑æTâ„<g' <[ P{uÿ> ÷T¶<Âd’ P{K„<Â, 2 [¶ G„∑„T fiæaÁK∑∂ „∑„T c
c c
c ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ Â’ <TfiæÏ’ ∏¥∑’ 4 ∏¶¥¶®g¶∑∂ G¶T <TÆK< $ <G<gd¶ G¶T ¥æb«‡d¶ G„∑„T ¥® <√Æ„ „∑„T ÷T¶√d¶ $ ∏Øÿ[K’ ~ ∑’ «W¶ ¥zZT¶Æ∂ c

H ~¶÷W¥Q>gæ<WQ>fiær∑g¶<¥∑∂¥æ <TfiæÏ’ ∏¥∑ 4 ÷TaÁ≤>„<Â, 2 ¸ÆT„ j¶√¶ d G¶T T„¥g∑¶ d ÷T¶dg¶∑∂ ∑g’¥g¶∑∂ G¶T ®T’ ~ ∑’ <TÆK< $ 37. „ ∑’ ¥¶
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 613
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E«W¶ ¥zZT¶Æ∂ ∏∆d¶ P{ضb P„{∑< P{¶Ï’ÂK„∑ ∏¶T∆¥[¶ G¶d¶ d¶<T ƶ„zZ¶ $ „ ∑’ Â∂¥„ «W¶® ¥zZT¶Æ∂® ض„¥æ g¶¥„¥æ T∂<Âß’{„¥æ Â<® g¶¥„ Tu>gF
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi. ¥æ. 1 - ∏. / 2 ∏. ¥’O¶≤>„ [24]

c
¶∑„ c
c bg„d¶m{T„ ض„ÆÏ„ fi¶÷Ω«‡Â„öc∆¶∏¶„ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ G¶T P{dÏaÁ∑¶∏¶„ ¶∏¶„ ∏µgd¶∏¶„ G¶∏¶„ ∑’ <T÷Ï’ ∏¥∑’ 4 ¥æ¸Æÿd’ fiæh◊{TzZ-√’c-gѶϒP{¶K’ c
c c
c √ƶd <g[-j¶<Â-<jd√-¥d∑-¥’¸’<c-fiKd∑g<Æ<Ïd¶<Æ d ¥<x* ¥’fiKTæ≤>¶∏¶„ K¶d<√Æ’ j√K’ g¢D’g¢D„∑’ <j‘√ÚE>’<Â, 2 G„∑„T fiæaÁK∑∂ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>’<Â, c
c c
c 2 [¶ fi¶„aÁK∑∂ ∏¶„√¶’<Â, 2 [¶ rƶd¶∏¶„ P{d¸<ÏP{µg¶∏¶„ ¥¯T¶Ï’P{¶K<T«‡<¥d¶∏¶„ Â’ <TfiæÏ’ ∏¥∑’ 4 ∏¶¥¶®g¶∑∂∏¶„ G¶T fiK«æG ’ g¶∑∂∏¶„ ض„ÆÏ’ <T∑„<*  $ ®T’ c
c c
c ¥’fi„Æ„<Â, 2 [¶ P{Ñ’ G¶T Gϒ„ G„∑„T c∑„ ¥zZT¶Æ„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ c∑’ ¥zZT¶Æ’ ®T’ Tض¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! gg ÂN¥ √Ω«N¥ G¶T c
c c
c <T∑„*< $ Â’ bÚE>¶<g ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! ÂæΩ«„<Æ* ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶Â¶ ¥g¶∑∂ G¶T <TÆK[® $ ∏ƶ¥æÆ’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! g¶ fi≤>¸’c’ $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ «W¶ [¥zZT¶Æ∂] c∑„∑’ c
c
c
c ¥zZT¶Æ„∑’ ∏Ω«∑ær∑¶d¶ ¥g¶∑∂ ÆQ>¶ G¶T <TfiæÏ’ ∏¥∑ 4 G¶T rƶd¶ G¶T ÷Ñfi≤>¥¶≤>√¶ G„∑„T j¶√OK„ G¶T c‡T’ ØÆ<Â, 2 fi∑¶g’ P{K„<Â, fi∑¶g’ P{K„[¶ c
c c
c G„∑„T fi¶„aÁK∑∂ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 „ ∑’ ¶∏¶„ <gÂ-j¶< G¶T j√Kg<Æ϶∏¶„ «W’ ¥zZT¶<Æ* ¥¯T¶Ï’P{¶K<T«‡<¥Â’ P{K„*< $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ «W¶ ¥zZT¶Æ∂ c
c c
c ¶<Æ* <g[-j¶<Â-<jd√-¥d∑-¥’¸’<c-fiKG¶∑-∑¶√Kg<Æ<Ïd¶<Æ* ¥<x* Â’ <TfiæÏ’ ∏¥∑’ 4 G¶T fiK«æ’Gg¶∑∂ d ض„ÆÏ’ <T∑„<Â, 2 [¶ G¶g„T <Ø<¥* fi¶÷Ω«‡Â¶ c
c c
c ¶g„T <Ø<¥* fi≤>√d¶ $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ «W¶ ¥zZT¶Æ∂ ¥’fiær∑ض„Æ϶ G¶T Â’ √Ω«’ ¥æÆ’¥æÆ„∑’ fiKTÆ< $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ «W¶ ¥zZT¶Æ∂ ∑TrÆ’ g¶¥¶∑’ ¸Æÿfi≤>fiær∑¶∑’ c
c c
c ∏xQ>g¶∑ d K¶b’<Ød¶∑’0 ¥æPæ{g¶Ïfi¶<∑fi¶Ø’ G¶T ضK√’ fid¶d¶ $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ ضK√N¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ fi >g„ <ØT¥„ G¶ÂP{µg’ P{K„*<Â, 2 [¶ ÂÆ„T G¶T <TfiæÏ’ c
c c
c ∏¥∑’ 4 ÷TaÁ≤>¶T„*<Â, 2 [¶ ÂÆ„T <g[-j¶<Â0 «¶„d¶T„[¶ ∏dg„d¶m{T’ √¶„r∑’ √æ∑<jh◊{∆’ j¶gc„É’ P{K„*<ÂöGµÆ¶ ∑’ ∏µÆ’ bg„ ضK® ¸Æ°∑’ j¶√fi≤>g¶∑ d c
c c
c G¶T T„¥g∑fi≤>g¶∑ d ÷T¶bdÏx„ Â’ ƶ„÷ ∑’ ∏µÆ’ bg„ ضK® Ø„T<Ø∆„ j¶g„∑’ $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ ضK√N¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ j¶g<cÉ’ P{K„*< ؄T<Ø∆„ <[ $ „ ∑’ ÂN¥ c
c c
c ضK√N¥ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ G¶d’ ~ ضd’ ~ «¶d’ ~ ∏aÁd<j<Æ* ~ ∏∑æTâ„*< $ 38. „ ∑’ ¥„ fi’Z® ض¥~„≤>® Ø„T<Ø∆N¥ ضK√N¥ ¸¶Ï‘√¶Æ∂ G¶® $ Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضKd’ c
c c
c P{≤>∂® √„rÆ<Â, 2 ¸Æ°<Æ* ≤>*«®<Æ* d ≤>*<«√¶<Æ d ضK®<Æ d ضKd¶<Æ d Pæ{g¶K®<Æ d Pæ{g¶Kd¶<Æ d ¥<x* ¥’fiKTæ≤>„ ∏<«Kg< $ „ ∑’ ¥¶ «W¶ ¥zZT¶Æ∂ ∏∆d¶ c
c c
c P{ضb Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضKd’ rƶd’ P{d¸<ÏP{µg’ P{dP{¶„÷dg’√Ïfi¶d\ÚE>[’ ¥¯T¶Ï’P{¶K<T«‡<¥d’ P{K„<Â, P{K„[¶ fi’ZdN¥ ض¥~„≤>dN¥ ÆzZd’<¥ ØÏd< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ c
c c
c fi’Z® ض¥~„≤>® «W¶® ¥zZT¶Æ∂® ÆzZ¶∏¶„ Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضK√’ P{≤>∂® <√rÆ<Â, 2 [¶ ¥d¶Â¶„ <√ƶ∏¶„ fi≤><jaÁg<Â, 2 [¶ ¸Æ°<Æ* ≤>*«®<Æ* d ≤>*<«d¶<Æ* d G¶T c
c Pæ{g¶Kd¶<Æ* d ¥<x* ¥’fiKTæ≤>„ G„∑„T K¶dg‘√„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضK√’ ®√’„ Ê>¶T„<Â, 2 [¶ ¸Æ°<Æ* ≤>*«®<Æ* d G¶T Pæ{g¶Kd¶<Æ d ¥<x ¥’fiKTæ≤>„ c
c c
c fig[„ d¶<T <TÆK< $ bg’ ~ ∑’ <TG® Âß{K„ K¶d<√ÆN¥ j√KN¥ ¸Æ°<∑ ¸¶K¶<∑ d ∏TضK¶<∑ d ÂÆ„T G¶T ∏¶«¶„®g¶∑„ g‘√g¶∑„ √T„¥g¶∑„ G„∑„T Ø„T<Ø∆„ ضK® c
c c
c „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b, 2 Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضK√’ ¥¯T¶Ï’P{¶K<T«‡<¥d’ fi¶¥<Â, fi¶<¥[¶ Ø„T<Ø∆N¥ ضK√N¥ ∏¶«K∑¶Ï’P{¶K„¥æ gæ\ÚE>® √ >® <√x„ ∏¢D¶„TT∆„ fi’Zd’ ~ c
c c
c ض¥~„≤>’ fig[’ fi¶¥<Â, 2 [¶ <Ø¥¶Ï¶„d’ P{K„<Â, P{K„[¶ Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضK√’ √„rÆ<Â, 2 [¶ P{aÁ’<¥ ∏<Ñd¶T„<Â, 2 [¶ ÷[KÉ„∑’ <fiÆ„b, 2 [¶ <¥‘c’ ÂæKd’ ~TÏ’ c
c c
c T„<Âd’ K¶d<√ÆN¥ j√KN¥ ∏TضK„∑’ <j‘√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ G„∑„T <Gr∑æɶ∑„ G„∑„T «‘√P‡{T® „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضKd’ G∂<Td¶∏¶„ TTK¶„T„<Â, 2 c
c c
c [¶ ∏¶«K∑∑¶Ï’P{¶K’ √„rÆ<Â, 2 [¶ Ø„T<Ø∆N¥ ضK√N¥ ¥K∂K√’ <jhfi¶∑’ <jÇ„Q>’ G∂<Td<ThfiG >’ «‘√P‡{T® fi\aÁT<Â, 2 [¶ G„∑„T g¶Ïæd¶P{ÚE>® „∑„T c
c c
c ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ g¶Ïæd¶P{ÚE>d’ ∏∑æfi<T¥<Â, 2 [¶ <jÇÏ„ <jh◊’{Ø„ Âæ¥∂<∑® <ØT¥’ ÁT„g¶∑„ <~Q>< $ 39. „ ∑’ ¥„ fi’Z® ض¥~„≤>„ Â∏¶„ gæÆÿ[’ÂKN¥ G„∑„T c
c c
c Ø„T<Ø∆„ ضK® Ê><T® „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضK√’ Â’<¥ Ê>¶∑’<¥ ∏fi¶¥g¶∑„ K¶„dg¶∑„ P’{Øg¶∑„ Ø„T<Ø∆N¥ ضK√N¥ ¥¯T¶„ ¥g’¶ g‘√∑√T„¥∑’ P{K„b, c
c c
c 2 [¶ Ø„T<Ø∆N¥ <TÏTg¶∑„ ضK√N¥ P{zZb ¥æ<Â* T¶ Áæ<Â* T¶ fi÷<[* T¶ ∏Ï«g¶∑„ G„∑„T ¥® <√Æ„ G„∑„T c∑„ ¥zZT¶Æ„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ c∑’ ¥zZT¶Æ’ c

H ®T’ Tض<¥ö®T’ ÁÏæ ¥¶g∂ ! «W¶ ¥zZT¶Æ∂ Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضKd’ rƶd’ G¶T gg ÆzZ’<¥ ØÏd<Â, „ ∑’ ∏Æ’ Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضKd’ P{≤>∂® <√rÆ<g, 2 G¶T g‘√∑√T„¥∑’
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 614
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

EP{K„<g $ Â’ j ∑É< ∑’ ¥¶<g ! Ø„T<Ø∆„ ضK® P„{∑b <∑<® T¶ ∏T<Æ® T¶ ∏\aÁ[„ T¶ $ fi¶dT≤>® c∑N¥ ¥zZT¶ÆN¥ ®ÂgQ>’ <jT„Ø„< $ „ ∑’ ¥„ c∑„ ¥zZT¶Æ„F
(6) ∑¶d¶cµg’P{ƶ∏¶„ fi. ¥æ. 1 - ∏. / 2 ∏. ¥’O¶≤>„ [25]

c c
c fi’ZdN¥ ض¥~„≤>N¥ ®ÂgQ>’ ¥¶„Ƕ <∑¥µg „∑ d gÆd¶ fiæ[¥¶„®∑¶<««‡Â„ ¥g¶∑„ fiK¥æ<∑d[„ T ~’fi√fi¶dT„ c¥<[ cK∑∂dÏ’<¥ ¥¯T’√„<Æ* ¥<∆Tb® $ „ ∑’ c
c c
c ¥„ c∑„ ¥zZT¶Æ„ ¶„ gæÆÿ[’ÂKN¥ ∏¶¥zZ„ fiǶ√dfi¶∑„ Ø„T<Ø∆N¥ ضK√N¥ ¥¯T¶„ ¥g’¶ g‘√∑-√T„¥∑’ P{K„<Â, 2 [¶ Ø„T<Ø∆N¥ ضK√N¥ P{zZb ¥æb’ T¶ c
c c
c Áæb’ T¶ fi÷<[* T¶ ∏Ï«g¶∑„ G„∑„T ¥® <√Æ„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b, 2 [¶ gÆzZ’ fi¶Æÿ≤>’ √„rÆ<Â, 2 [¶ G„∑„T j√K√æ<[d¶ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE><Â, 2 [¶ Â’ gÆzZ’ fi¶Æÿ≤>’ c
c c
c ÷T∑„<Â, ÷T∑„[¶ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ö®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! gg fiæ[„ «W¶® «¶Kd¶® ∏[® Ø„T<Ø∆„ j¶g ضK® bQ>„ P’{„ G¶T ÷’¸Kfiæh◊’{ <fi T ØÿÑÆ„ ¥T∑d¶®, P{g’√ c
c c
c fiæ∑ fi¶¥∑d¶® ?, „ ∑’ ¥¶ «W¶ Ø„T<Ø∆’ rƶd’ ¥¯T¶Ï’P{¶K<T«‡<¥d’ fi’Z√N¥ ÆzZ„ Ø϶< G¶T fi¶dT≤>® Â’ gg <jT„Ø„< $ Â’ bÚE>¶<g ∑’ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ! c
c c
c Ø„ T <Ø∆N¥ ضK√N¥ ¥¯T∏¶„ ¥g’  ¶ g‘√∑-√T„ ¥ ∑’ P{d’ $ ® ∑’ „ j√K√æ < [d¶ c∑„ ∑ ’ ¥zZT¶Æ„ ∑ ’ ®T’ Tæ [ ¶ ¥g¶∑¶ ¥∆x¸xT\µgdP{Td¶ c
c c
c ÷hfi∂<Ïd¥K¶¥∑fiu>∂d¶ G¶T √<Æd¶÷ÆfiÆK∑¶ c∑„∑’ ¥zZT¶Æ„∑’ ¥<x* K¶d<√ÆN¥ j√KN¥ ¸Æ°<∑ ∏<Â√g∑¶<∑ d G¶T fiT¶¥æ d g‘√∑-√T„¥∑’ P{K„g¶∑¶ c
c c
c K¶d<√ƶ∏¶„ j√K¶∏¶„ fi≤><jaÁg’<Â, 2 [¶ G„∑„T <Gr∑æɶ∑„ G„∑„T «‘√P‡{T® „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>’<Â, 2 [¶ Ø„T<Ø∆N¥ ضK√N¥ ¥K∂K√’ <jhfi¶∑’ <jÇ„Q>’ c
c c
c G∂T<ThfiG >’ fi¶¥’<Â, 2 [¶ ƶ ƶ ∏ƶ„ ∏P{É<g< P{uÿ> Ø„T<Ø∆’ ضK√’ «‘√P‡{T¶∏¶„ ÷[¶K„*<Â, 2 c∑N¥ ¥zZT¶ÆN¥ ÆzZ„ ØÏd’< $ 40. „ ∑’ „ j√K√æ<[d¶ c
c c
c <TGdN¥ Âß{KN¥ fidg‘√g∑æ√ÚE>g¶∑¶ 2 G„∑„T g¶Ïæd¶P{ÚE>® „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>’<Â, 2 [¶ g¶Ïæd¶√ÚE>d’ ∏∑æfi<T¥’<Â, 2 [¶ <TGd