You are on page 1of 4

cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E<¥K ÷¥ÆØ„T ¥¶<gN¥ ∑g¶„ $ <¥K √¶„≤>∂ - <GK¶÷϶ - ¥¯T¶„Ødfi¶¥∑¶Æ¶∑’> ∑g¶„ $ jg¶„&zZæ∑’ ¥g∑N¥ «√T∏¶„ gÆb gƶT∂K Txg¶∑F
(23) T\rÆØ¥¶∑’ 1-12 ∏¢Dd∑’ [1]

c c
c ¥¶<gN¥ $ <¥K √¶„dg - ¥¶„Ƶg¶b ¥¯T √∑ÆK¶∑’ ∑g¶„ $ <¥K ¥æ√æŒ - Ø„T¶∑’ ∑g¶„ $ LLL T\rÆØ¥¶∑’ LLL ¸¶K¥g’ ÷T’√’ fi >g’ c
c c
c
c ∏¢Dd∑’-<j¥ >„  1) Gb ∑’ «’„ ¥g∑„∑’ «√Td¶ gƶT∂K„∑’ G¶T ¥’fi[„∑’ ÷T’√¶∑’ ~÷zZN¥ T‘√N¥ fiæh◊{~‡<Ïd¶∑’ ∏dgQ>„ fi∆[„ fi’~gN¥ ∑’ c
c
c c
c «’„ T‘√N¥ ÷T’√¶∑’ T\rÆØ¥¶∑’ 0 ØÿT¶Ï¥ ∏¢Dd∑¶ fi∆[¶ Â’ Gƶ - $1-1$ - (30-1) 2) <j¥ >„ g¶d<∑-TÆ-TÆ„ fi√d¶ Gæ[∂ Ø¥KÆ„ Ø >KÆ„ d gƶc∑‡ c
c c
c ¥[c∑‡ Ø¥c∑‡ j¶g„ ¥dc∑‡ d $$1$$ ($$5$$) 3) Gb ∑’ «’„ ¥g∑„∑’ «√Td¶ gƶT∂K„∑’ G¶T ¥’fi[„∑’ ÷T’√¶∑’ fi’~gN¥ T‘√¥¥ø T\rÆØ¥¶∑’ ØÿT¶Ï¥ c
c c
c ∏¢Dd∑¶ fi∆[¶ fi >gN¥ ∑’ «’„ ÷Pø{Á„T∏¶„ 0 ®T’ ÁÏæ G’¸‡ „∑’ P{¶Ï„∑’ „∑’ ¥g®∑’ ¸¶KTby j¶g’ jdK∂ ƶ„zZ¶-ØÿT¶Ï¥-G¶„d∑¶d¶g¶ jTG¶„d∑<T\zZr∑¶ c
c G¶T fiÇaÁ’ Ø„T϶„d«‡d¶ fi¶¥¶Ø∂d¶ ØK¥-<∑ɶ ∏<«ŒT¶ fi≤>ŒT¶ Â∂¥„ ∑’ ¸¶KTby® jdK∂® ¸<Æd¶ ÷[KfiæK\zZg„ <Ø¥∂«¶® ®zZ ∑’ K„T® j¶g’ fi¯T® c
c c
c ƶ„zZ¶-Âæ’√„ √√∑ÂÏg∑æ<ÏÆ’Â<¥ÆK„ j¶∑¶<TÆŒaÁ-√æÚE>-√æµg-Ïd¶-TÑ∂-fiK√d¶-<«K¶g„ Æ’¥-<gd-gd‡K-P{¶„*~-¥¶K¥-~Pø{P{T¶√-gØ∑¥¶Ï¶- c
c c
c P{¶„bÏPæ{϶„TT„® Â≤>-P{≤>√-<TTK-÷¢DK-fiT¶Â-fiΩ«¶K<¥ÆKfi÷K„ ∏ÚE>K∑-Ø„T-¥’O-<T¢G¶ÆK<gÆÿ∑¥’<j<~[„ <jÇÚE>∑® Ø¥¶K-TK-T∂KfiæK¥- c
c c
c „Ѷ„Pø{P{¸ÏT√¶∑’ ¥¶„g„ ¥æ«® <fidØ’¥∑„ ¥æŒT„ fi¶¥¶Ø∂® G¶T fi≤>ŒT„ ÂN¥ ∑’ K„Td√N¥ fi¯TdN¥ ∏Ø°K¥¶g’„ ®zZ ∑’ j’ØjTj„ j¶g’ ÷ɶ∑„ ƶ„zZ¶- c
c c
c ¥¯T¶„÷d fiæh◊{ G¶T fi≤>ŒT„ ÂzZ ∑’ j’ØjTj„ ÷ɶ∑„ ¥æK\hfi® j¶g’ GaÁN¥ GaÁ¶dd∑„ ƶ„zZ¶-<~K¶by® G¶T ¸ÆÿG∑¶„ ∏¶√µg ∏Ç„b ¥æK\hfid’ GPø{Á¶dd∑’ c
c c
c ¥„ ∑’ ¥æK\hfi® GaÁ¶d∑„ ®√„∑’ gÆd¶ Tj¥’≤>„∑’ ¥¯T∏¶„ ¥’g¶ ¥’fiK\aÁ[„ Gƶ fiæ∆«W„ G¶T fiæ ><T<¥Ñ¶Tu>® ÂzZ ∑’ ¸¶KTby® P{rÆ„ j¶g’ T¶¥æØ„T„ K¶d¶ c
c c
c ƶ„zZ¶ G¶T KÉ’ fi¥¶¥„g¶∑„ <TÆKb ¥„ ∑’ ÂzZ ¥gæW<TGdfi¶g¶„aÁ¶∑’ Ø¥rÆ’Ø¥¶K¶∑’ ¸ÏØ„Tfi¶g¶„aÁ¶∑’ fi’~rÆ’gƶT∂K¶∑’ ÷‘√¥„∑fi¶g¶„aÁ¶∑’ c
c c
c ¥¶„Ï¥rÆ’K¶by¥¶ÆN¥∂∑’ fiÉær∑fi¶g¶„aÁ¶∑’ fi’~rÆ’gƶT∂K¶∑’ ÷‘√¥„∑fi¶g¶„aÁ¶∑’ ¥¶„Ï¥rÆ’K¶by¥¶ÆN¥∂∑’ fiÉær∑fi¶g¶„aÁ¶∑’ ∏xÿQ>¶∑’ Pæ{g¶KP{¶„≤>∂∑’ c
c c
c ¥’¸fi¶g¶„aÁ¶∑’ ¥Q>∂®ØÿW’Â¥¶ÆN¥∂∑’ T∂K¥„∑fi¶g¶„aÁ¶∑’ ®Pø{P{T∂¥¶®T∂K¥¶ÆN¥∂∑’ Œ\hfi<∑fi¶g¶„aÁ¶∑’ ¥¶„Ï¥rÆ’Ø„T∂¥¶ÆN¥∂∑’ ∏∑’√¥„∑¶fi¶g¶„aÁ¶∑’ c
c c
c √<∑d¶-¥¶ÆN¥∂∑’ ∏r∑„<¥* ~ ¸Æ°∑’ K¶by¥K 0 T„d≤ø> ><√K¥¶√Kg„K¶√N¥ ض<Æ∑≤ø> >«KÆN¥ ∏¶Æ„TÇ’ G¶T <TÆKb ÂzZ ∑’ ¸¶KTby® jdK∂® ¸ÏØ„T„ j¶g’ K¶d¶ c
c c
c ƶ„zZ¶-gÆd¶<ÆgT’Â-gÆ’Â-gÏd-g<Æ*Ø¥¶K„ G¶T KÉ’ fi¥¶¥„g¶∑„ <TÆKb ÂN¥ ∑’ ¸ÏØ„TN¥ Kr∑¶„ K„Tby j¶g’ Ø„T∂ ƶ„zZ¶-¥‡g¶Ïfi¶<∑fi¶d¶ G¶T <TÆKb ® c
c c
c ∑’ ¥¶ K„Tby Ø„T∂ ∏ªjd¶ P{d¶b Â’<¥ ¶K¥√’<¥ ¥d<∑É’<¥ G¶T ¥∂Æ’ ¥æ<g∑„ fi¶<¥[¶ ∑’ fiæ≤>¸æx¶ ®T’ ¥æ<g∑Ø’¥∑fiKP{Æ∑’ P{϶∏¶„ Gƶ gƶ¸ÏN¥ c
c c
c fi∆¶¥∏¶„ ض∏¶„ fi∆¶¥’ K¶dTKP{r∑√¶∑’ ®√<ØT¥„∑’ fi¶<∑‘√Æ∑’ jTK’-<j¥ >„ j¶g’ G¶T ÷\hfi* fi¶¥¶® <TÆK® „∑’ P{¶Ï„∑’ „∑’ ¥g®∑’ ∏Kƶ ∏KQ>j„g∂ ∏¶b√K„ c
c c
c Ø¥c∑‡b’ Tr∑∏¶„ G¶T ¥g¶„¥K® fiK¥¶ <j‘√d¶ ® ∑’ ¥„ P{rÆ„ T¶¥æØ„T„ bg∂¥„ P{ƶ® ÏxQ>„ ¥g¶∑„ Æu>ÂæQ>„ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥’ ¥W¶T„b ¥W¶T„[¶ ®T’ Td¶¥∂- c
c c
c <Áhfi¶g„T «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ¥«¶® ¥æƵg¶® ¥¶gæض<∑d’ «„K* ¶τ<Æ* ® ∑’ ¥„ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ G¶T Td∑’ fi≤>¥æ<∑[¶ G„∑„T ¥«¶® ¥æƵg¶® ¥¶gæض<∑d¶ «„K∂ c
c c
c „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ ¥¶gæض<∑d’ «„K* gÆd¶-gÆd¶ ¥W„∑’ ¶τb ® ∑’ Â∂¥„ ¥¶gæض<∑d¶® «„K∂® gÆd¶-gÆd¶ ¥W„∑’ ¶<Ïd¶® ¥g¶∑∂® c
c ¥gæW<TGdfi¶g¶„aÁ¶ Ø¥ Ø¥¶K¶ Ø„T∂∏¶„ «¶<∑d¯T¶∏¶„ G¶T ∏∑’√√„∑¶fi¶g¶„aÁ¶ ∏∑„√¶ √<∑d¶¥ÆN¥¶ ∏r∑„ d ¸ÆT„ K¶by¥K G¶T ¥zZT¶Æhfi<«b∏¶„ rƶd¶ c
c c
c 0 fi¶d\ÚE>[¶-¥¯T¶Ï’P{¶K<T«‡<¥d¶ Gƶ<T«Tb≤ø> >∂¥Pø{P{¶K¥gæW®∑’ ∏hfi„√bd¶ Æd√d¶ G¶T fiæK¥T‘√K¶fiK\aÁ[¶ G„∑„T P{rÆ„ T¶¥æØ„T„ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>’< c
c c
c G¶T Tx¶T„*< ® ∑’ ¥„ ÁrÆ„ T¶¥æØ„T„ P{¶„≤æ>’<¸dfiæK¥„ ®T’ Td¶¥∂-<Áhfi¶g„T «¶„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ∏¶<«¥„Pø{P{Æ\zZ* P{hfi„Æ Æd-√d-KÆ-G¶T fiÇ\hfi∑∑’< ® ∑’ c
c c
c c

H cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 1282
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

E¥„ P{rÆ„ T¶¥æØ„T„ G„∑„T gÉ∑OK„ G¶T ØÿŒ >„ ∏Q>Q> g’√Ï√¶ Gƶ P‡{<∑® ¥„dTK~¶gK„<Æ* ÷xÿ¯Tg¶∑„<Æ*-÷xÿ¯Tg¶∑„<Æ* ¥gæW<TGdfi¶g¶„aÁ„<Æ* Ø¥<Æ* Ø¥¶K„F
(23) T\rÆØ¥¶∑’ [2]

c
<Æ* c
c G¶T ¥zZT¶Æhfi<«by<Æ ¥<x* ¥’fiKTæ≤>„ ¥\¯T≤ø> >∂® G¶T Øÿ’Ø<Æ*-<j‘O¶„¥∑¶bTKT„∑’ jdK* g¢D’g¢D„∑’ <j‘√ÚE>b ¥„¥’ Gƶ P‡{<∑∏¶„ G¶T fiÉæT¶¥b ® ∑’ c
c c
c ÂN¥ <j¥ >N¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ÷\hfi* fi¶¥¶dTK√dN¥’ Â’ gÆd¶ G∑¥W’ ~ Gƶ Gg¶Ï∂ G¶T cµg’ ¥¶„Ƕ <j¥µg’ T’Øb jg’¥b T’<Ø[¶ jg’<¥[¶ ®T’ Td¶¥∂-¥Wƶ<g c
c c
c ∑’ «’„ <j‘√’Z’ fi¶Td∑’ Gƶ <~[¶„ G¶T ¥¶T√cµg’ fi≤>TÉb fi≤>T<É[¶ fi≤>√® „∑’ P{¶Ï„∑’ „∑’ ¥g®∑’ ∏KÆ∏¶„ ∏KQ>j„<gN¥ ∏’„T¶¥∂ TKØ[„ j¶g’ c
c c
c ∏∑√¶K„ ÷K¶Ï„ G¶T <TÆKb ® ∑’ ¥„ TKØ[„ ∏∑√¶K„ <j¥ >’ Pæ{g¶K’ fi¶¥b fi¶<¥[¶ G¶d¥≤ø> >„ G¶T fiÉæT¶¥g¶∑„ ®T’ Td¶¥∂ ∏ƶ„ ∑’ «’„ <j¥ >„ Pæ{g¶K„ bQ>„ bQ>ŒT„ c
c c
c G¶T ¥¶„g„ ¥¶„gŒT„ <fid’Ø¥∑„ ¥æŒT„, <j¥ >„∑’ «’„ Pæ{g¶K„∑’ ∏dg„d¶ŒT¶ g∑ædb≤ø> >∂ P{r∑¶ Ïx¶ P{r∑¶ fi[¶ fiæÚE>¶ Gƶ ¥‡Kd¶«N¥ ®T’ ÁÏæ TKØ[¶ „∑’ c
c c
c P{¶Ï„∑’ „∑’ ¥g®∑’ bÆ„T G’¸æW∂T„ Ø∂T„ «¶KÆ„ T¶¥„ K¶„Æ∂≤>® j¶g’ jdK„ ƶ„zZ¶-Kx\zZ<gd-¥<gx„ g„ÆTr∑„ ÷ɶ∑„ g<∑Ø[N¥ GaÁN¥ GaÁ¶dd∑„ ÂzZ ∑’ c
c c
c K¶„Æ∂≤>® jdK„ gÆΩ¸Ï„ j¶g’ K¶d¶ fi÷g¶Tby j¶g’ Ø„T∂ ∏r∑d¶ g<∑Ø[N¥ GaÁN¥ GaÁ¶dd∑„ ÂzZ ∑’ K¶„Æ∂≤>® jdK„ gÆΩ¸Ï„ j¶g’ K¶d¶ fi÷g¶Tby j¶g’ Ø„T∂ c
c c
c ∏r∑d¶ P{d¶b Â’<¥ ¶K¥√’<¥ ¥d<∑É’<¥ ¥∂Æ„ ¥æ<g∑„ ®T’ Gµg∑’ «¶<∑d¯T’ Gƶ gƶ¸ÏN¥ jTK’-T∂K’√∏¶„ j¶g’ ¸[∂¥∏¶„ ض∏¶„ ¸[∂¥¶® K¶dTKP{r∑√¶∑’ c
c c
c fi¶<∑* G¶T ÷T<√Ég¶∑„-÷T<√¢Gg¶∑„ fi¶÷¥-TK¥¶K[-¥Kd-G¶T fi¯T’¥„ E>\hfi ÷…{ Gƶ<T-«T„∑’ «æ’Gg¶∑„-«æ’Gg¶∑„ P{¶Ï’ √¶Ï„g¶∑„ bQ>„ G¶T <TÆKb „∑’ c
c c
c P{¶Ï„∑’ „∑’ ¥g®∑’ <¥xzZ j¶g ∏¶d¶Kd¶ G¶b¥’fi∆¶ Gƶ P„{¥∂ jTK’ ¸ÆÿN¥æd¶ ¸ÆÿfiKd¶K¶ G„∑„T„ K¶„Æ∂≤>® jdK„ G„∑„T g„ÆTr∑„ ÷ɶ∑„ G„∑„T g<∑Ø[N¥ c
c c
c GaÁN¥ GaÁ¶dd∑„ „∑„T ÷T¶√d¶ ∏ƶfi≤>ŒT’ G¶T <TÆK’< fiK¥¶ <j‘√d¶ ® ∑’ ÂN¥ T∂K’√dN¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ÷\hfi* fi¶¥¶dTK√dN¥ Â’ gÆd¶ G∑¥W’ c
c c
c Gƶ Gg¶Ï∂ <j‘√∏¶„ cµg’ ¥¶„Ƕ G’ jTK’-Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ∏¶fiæÚE>¶<g Gƶ Gg¶Ï∂ ÂÆ„T <jaÁ’¶„ G¶T ∏∑√¶K„ G¶® G¶T √æ[¸’«d¶K∂ ® ∑’ ¥„ c
c c
c T∂K’√® ∏∑√¶K„ <¥xzZ¶∑’ ∏¶dKd¶∑’ ∏’<® ¥¶g¶bdg¶bd¶b’ G¶T ®Pø{P{¶K¥ ∏’√¶b’ ∏<ÆÉb ¸Æ°<Æ* ~÷zZ G¶T «¶T„g¶∑„ ¸Æÿfi≤>fiæ∆¶b’ fi∑d¶Ï∂¥’ T¶¥¶b’ c
c c
c ¥¶gr∑-fiKd¶√’ fi¶÷<∑[¶ ض„g¶<¥d¶® ¥’Ï„Æ∑¶® ∏[¶∑’ D‡<¥[¶ ¥T∂¥’ «[¥d’ ∏∑¥∑¶® E>„b[¶ ∏¶Ï¶„bd-fi≤>Pø{P’{„ ¥g¶<Æfi[„ P{¶Ïg¶¥„ P{¶Ï’ P{Ƕ c
c c
c ¸’«Ï¶„® P{hfi„ g∑¶„Kg„ <Tg¶∑„ Ø„T[¶® ÷TTr∑„ ÂzZ ∑’ ∏zZ„√bd¶∑’ Ø„T¶∑’ Ø¥¥¶√K¶„Tg¶b’ Ê>by ÂzZ ∑’ T∂K’√dN¥ Ø„TN¥ Ø¥¥¶√K¶„Tg¶b’ Ê>by ¥„ ∑’ T∂K’√® c
c c
c Ø„T„ ¶∏¶„ Ø„T϶„√¶∏¶„ ∏¶÷aÁ®∑’ G¶T ∏j’ÂK’ ~d’ ~b[¶ bÆ„T ¸¶KTby® jdK∂® ¸ÏØ„TN¥ Kr∑¶„ K„Tby® Ø„T∂® Pæ{\ÚE>*<¥ fiæ[[¶® ÷TTr∑„ ® ∑’ ¥¶ K„Tby Ø„T∂ c
c Â’<¥ ¶K¥√’<¥ ¥d<∑É’<¥ ¥æ<g∑Ø’¥∑’ G¶T ÷\hfi* fi¶¥¶dTK√® <TÆKb Â’ ®T’ ÁÏæ TKØ[¶ <j¥ >„∑’ Pæ{g¶K„∑’ ∏dg„d¶ŒT¶ ÷K¶Ï¶ g∑ædb≤ø> >∂ Ïx¶ fi[¶ c
c c
c ∏<«¥gr∑¶√d¶ fi«‡ ∑’ «’„ <j¥ >„Pæ{g¶K„ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶∑’ ∏’<® 0 fi¯Tb[® Ħ fi«‡ ¥„ ®T’ «’„ ¥„ ®T’ «’„ TKØ[„ ∏∑√¶K„ G¶T «¶T„g¶∑„ <TÆKb ® ∑’ ∏Kƶ c
c c
c ∏KQ>j„g∂ P{d¶b ¸¶KTby∏¶„ jdK∂∏¶„ G¶T ¸<Æd¶ G∑Td<TƶK’ <TÆKb ® ∑’ ¥„ <j¥ >„ Pæ{g¶K„ ¥g∑¶„T¶¥® G¶®-∏<«√dG∂T¶G∂T„ G¶T <TÆKb ® ∑’ ¥„ c
c c
c <j¥ >„ Pæ{g¶K„ ∏r∑d¶ P{d¶b G„∑„T fi¶„¥Æ¥¶Ï¶ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ G¶T ØΩ«¥’Z¶K¶„T√® <TÆKb ® ∑’ ÂN¥ <j¥ >N¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ c
c c
c fiæ¯TK[¶TK[P{¶Ï¥gd’<¥ cµgG¶√Kd’ G¶√Kg¶∑N¥ bg„d¶ŒT„ - ¥gæhfi<ÉzZ¶-Â’ cr∑¶ ∑’ „ √¶g¶√¶K G¶T ¥\r∑T„¥¶ GzZ ∑’ ∏Kƶ ∏KQ>j„g∂ <TÆKb c
c c
c cr∑¶ ∑’ „ K¶by¥K G¶T ¥zZT¶Æhfi<«b∏¶„ G„ ∑’ ∏KÆ’ ∏KQ>j„<g* T’Ø’< G¶T fiÉæT¶¥’< ’ Gb ∑’ ∏Kƶ ∏KQ>j„g∂ fiæ¯T¶∑æfiæ\¯T* ~Kg¶∑„ √¶g¶∑æ√¶g’ c
c c
c Ø°bÉg¶∑„ j’ØjTj„ <TÆK„ɶ ¶„ ∑’ ∏Æ’ ∏KÆ’ ∏KQ>j„<g* T’<Øɶ G¶T fiÉæT¶<¥É¶ ® ∑’ ∏Kƶ ∏KQ>j„g∂ <j¥ >N¥ Pæ{g¶KN¥ ∏dg„d¶ŒT’ ∏¢D\zZd’ G¶T c
c c
c <Td¶<g[¶ ∏Q>¶K¥<Æ* ¥g∑¥ÆN¥„<Æ* G¶T j’ØjTj„ ÷ɶ∑„ ¥g¶„¥ >„ fiK¥¶ <j‘√d¶ ® ∑’ <j¥ >„Pæ{g¶K„ bg∂¥„ P{ƶ® ÏxQ>„ ¥g¶∑„ ÆQ>ÂæQ>„ ~¶÷‘c’t>„∑’ ∏¶¥KÆ„∑’ c
c c
c <j‘√® Gƶ Gg¶Ï∂ G¶T’ ∏µg¶<fidK¶„ ∏¶fiæ\ÚE>[¶ fi¯Tb® ∏∑√¶K„ G¶® bKd¶¥<g® G¶T √æ[¸’«d¶K∂ ® ∑’ ¥„ <j¥ >„ ∏∑√¶K„ ∏KÆ∏¶„ ∏KQ>j„<gN¥ c

H ÂƶŒT¶∑’ Z„K¶∑’ ∏’<® ¥¶g¶bdg¶bd¶b’ ®Pø{P{¶K¥ ∏’√¶b’ ∏<ÆÉb ∏<Æ<É[¶ ¸Æ°<Æ* ~÷zZ’-G¶T «¶T„g¶∑„ ¸Æÿfi≤>fiæ∆¶b jT T¶¥¶b’ ¥¶gr∑fiKd¶√’ fi¶÷∑b
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 1283
G
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc

Efi¶÷<∑[¶ ¸¶d¶Ï∂¥’ «[¶b’ ∏∑¥∑¶® E>„®b ∏¶Ï¶„bd-fi≤>Pø{P’{„ ¥g¶<Æfi[„ ∏¶∑æfiæ¯T∂® P{¶Ï√® ® ∑’ ¥„ TKØ[„ ∏∑√¶K„ <j¥ >’ ∏∑√¶K’ P{¶Ï√d’ G¶<∑[¶F
(23) T\rÆØ¥¶∑’ [3]

c c
c G„∑„T ∏Kƶ ∏KQ>j„g∂ „∑„T ÷T¶√ÚE>b ÷T¶√\ÚE>[¶ G¶T ®T’ Td¶¥∂-®T’ ÁÏæ Ø„T¶∑æ\hfid¶∑’ ∏’„T¶¥∂ <j¥ >„ j¶g’ ∏∑√¶K„ fi√b«W® G¶T <T∑∂® ¥„ ∑’ «’„ c
c c
c <j¥ >„ ∏∑√¶K„ P{¶Ïg¶¥„ P{¶Ï’ P{Ƕ P{<Æ* √® P{<Æ* ÷TTr∑„, TKØ[¶ 0 ¥¯TQ><¥x„ T∂g¶∑„ Ø„T[¶® ÷TTr∑„ ÂzZ ∑’ 0 <j¥ >N¥ Ø„TN¥ „[∂¥’ ¥¶√K¶„Tg¶b’ c
c c
c Ê>by fi∆[¶ ¥„ ∑’ «’„ <j¥ >„ Ø„T„ ¶∏¶„ Ø„T϶„√¶∏¶„ ∏¶÷aÁ®∑’ G¶T ∏j’ÂK’ ~d’ ~b[¶ 0 bÆ„T G’¸æW∂T„ Ø∂T„ gƶ<TØ„Æ„ T¶¥ ÷r∑¶® jdK„ <T¥æx<fibg¶bT’¥„ c
c c
c K¶dPæ{Ï„ fiæ[[¶® fiǶd¶<Æb ¥„ ∑’ ÷µgæPø{P{¸¶Ï«¶T„ <Tr∑dfiK∑dg„[„ G¶„¯T∑√∑g∑æhfi[„ ÂƶŒT¶∑’ Z„K¶∑’ ∏’<® P„{Tϸ¶„<Æ* ¸æ\¢D<Æb ¸æ\¢D<Æ[¶ ∏√¶K¶∏¶„ c
c c
c ∏∑√¶Kd’ fi¯T<É<Æb ¥„ ∑’ ÂzZ ∏∑√¶K„ «<TN¥b-bKd¶¥<g® G¶T √æ[¸’«d¶K∂ ¥„ ∑’ ÂzZ ¸Æ°<Æ* 0 <T<~[„<Æ* ÂT¶„P{µg„<Æ* ∏hfi¶∑’ «¶T„g¶∑„ ¸Æ°b’ D‡¥„[¶ c
c c
c ¥<Q>* «[¶b’ ∏∑¥∑¶® E>„Ø„<Æb GN¥Q>¶® P{IKb j‘√«¶T„ gæ’≤>«¶T„ ∏rƶ∑® ∏Ø’ÂT∑® ∏ÚE>[® ∏∑¶„T¶Æ∑® ◊{ÏÆ¥„ɶ P{Q>¥„ɶ P„{¥Ï¶„® ¸’«~„KT¶¥„ c
c c
c fiKcKT„¥„ <fi*≤>T∏¶„ Ïx¶TÏx„ ÷ǶTd¶ √¶gP’{t>√¶ ∏<Æd¶<¥É’< ÂgQ>’ ∏¶K¶Æ„<Æ< ∏¶K¶Æ„[¶ ~Kg„<Æ* ÷N¥¶¥<jN¥¶Æ„<Æ* G¶T ¥¯TØÿaÁ¶∑’ ∏’Â’ P{¶<Æb c
c c
c ®T’ ÁÏæ G’¸‡ ¥g∑„∑’ «√Td¶ gƶT∂K„∑’ G¶T ¥’fi[„∑’ <jPø{Á„T∏¶„ 0 $1-2$ (30-2)2-12-∏¢Dd∑¶<∑ 4) ®T’ ¥„¥¶<T ®Pø{P{¶K¥ ∏¢Dd∑¶ j„d¯T¶ c
c c
c ¥’√Æ∑∂∏∑楶K„∑’ ®T’ ∏Æ∂∑ gbK[’ ®Pø{P{¶K¥¥æ<T <[ ¸„<g $1$ (30) LLL T\rÆØ¥¶∑’ ¥g[Æ ¸¶K¥g’ ÷T’√’ ¥g[’ LLL c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c
c c

H cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
˚∂ ∏¶√g√æ∑g’Gœ‡ ¶ - 1284
G