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10/18/2012

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•A continental plate colliding
with another continental plate
•Have Collision Zones:

–a place where folded and thrust
faulted mountains form.

CONSERVATIVE/ Converse
Fault Boundaries

•Boundary between two plates
that are sliding past each other
•EARTHQUAKES along faults

3-4 Conservative

If these plate motions
continue, Baja will
splinter off California.

The San Andreas fault in
southern California is a
transform fault that
connects the sea-floor
spreading ridge of the
Gulf of California with
the spreading ridge off
Oregon and Washington.

Because the San Andreas fault has an
irregular trace, strike-slip motion can
cause local compression or tension.

3-4 Conservative

Hot Spots

•Mantle plumes originate deep within the
asthenosphere as molten rock which
rises and melts through the lithospheric
plate forming a large volcanic mass at a
“hot spot”.

Mantle Plume

Plate-boundary zones

Not all plate boundaries are as simple as the main types
discussed above. In some regions, the boundaries are not well
defined because the plate-movement deformation occurring
there extends over a broad belt (called a plate-boundary zone).
One of these zones marks the Mediterranean-Alpine region
between the Eurasian and African Plates, within which several
smaller fragments of plates (microplates) have been
recognized. Because plate-boundary zones involve at least two
large plates and one or more microplates caught up between
them, they tend to have complicated geological structures and
earthquake patterns.

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