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Mobile Network 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10
3FL12479ABAAWBZZA Edition 4

STUDENT GUIDE

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010

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Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10

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Document History Edition 01 Date YYYY-MM-DD Author Last name, first name Remarks First edition

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 2

Module Objectives
Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:
Identify the location of the 9130 BSC Evolution within the GSM network Describe the functions implemented in the 9130 BSC Evolution Describe the hardware architecture of the 9130 BSC Evolution Describe the software architecture organization of the 9130 BSC Evolution Describe the IP architecture of the 9130 BSC Evolution Describe the defense mechanism of the 9130 BSC Evolution in case of hardware or software failure

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Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010

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] 4 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 This page is left blank intentionally All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 4 .Module Objectives [cont.

21 LAN Definition: Subnetwork Constitution 7.2 Internal IP Addresses of the 9130 BSC Evolution 4.1 ATCA Shelf Layout for BSC "Standalone Configuration" 7.3 External IP Addresses of the 9130 BSC Evolution 5 9130 BSC Evolution Defense Mechanism 5.2 Switchover Scenarios 6 9130 BSC Evolution Performance 6.11 Architecture BSC G2 – Mx BSC 7.Table of Contents Switch to notes view! 1 9130 BSC Evolution Functions Description 2 9130 BSC Evolution Hardware Description 2.22 Network Packet Transfer 8 Abbreviations and Acronyms Page 7 15 16 18 22 39 42 46 47 48 56 65 66 68 72 77 78 79 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 112 113 115 117 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 5 .5 Capacity: Abis and Atermux Allocation on LIU Boards 6.1 Generalities 3.19 IP Address Definition 7.3 BSC Standalone and Rack-Shared Configurations 7.9 Interface between 9130 BSC Evolution and CBC: IP over Ater 7.1 Redundancy Schemes 5.4 Capacity: Capacity and Dimensioning for E1 Links 6.5 9130 BSC Evolution VLAN 7.12 Abis Signaling Flow for LAPD QMUX RW 7.2 9130 BSC Evolution Rack-Shared Configuration 6.2 General View of the Hardware Architecture 2.17 TCP/IP Model 7.2 Board Allocation in LIU Shelf for BSC "Standalone Configuration" 7.13 Ater Signaling Flow 7.10 ATCA Back Panel 7.2 9130 BSC Evolution Software Organization 3.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules 2.8 Interface between 9130 BSC Evolution and CBC: Direct IP Network 7.1 An Architecture Based on the MX Platform 2.16 Alarm Octet Principle 7.18 MAC Address Definition 7.3 Capacity: BSC Capacities in Terms of Boards 6.15 TDM Extraction 7.1 9130 BSC Evolution Traffic Flows 4.4 Hardware Description of LIU Modules 2.5 Power Distribution Unit Cabling 3 9130 BSC Evolution Software Architecture 3.4 IP Addresses in Subnets A/B/C 7.14 Traffic Flow PS CS 7.7 Interface between 9130 BSC Evolution and OMC-R: IP over Ater 7.6 HSL Introduction All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 5 Mobile 7Network Annex Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 7.6 Interface between 9130 BSC Evolution and OMC-R: Direct IP Network 7.1 9130 BSC Evolution Standalone Configuration 6.3 BSS Software Organization 4 9130 BSC Evolution IP Architecture 4.20 What Is a LAN? 7.

] Switch to notes view! Page 6 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 6 .Table of Contents [cont.

1 9130 BSC Evolution Functions Description 7 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 7 .

Its principal role is to provide traffic channels and support signaling between: Mobile Stations and the Mobile Core Circuit-Switching part in case of GSM circuit-switched transmission for voice. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 8 . one component of the BSS has 3 functions: Telecom Transmission O&M PSTN MSC ISDN VLR Ms Air BTS 9130 BSC Abis Atermux MFS SGSN Mobile Radio Acces Gb GPRS Core Network 8 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 TC HLR A Gr AuC GSM Core Network PDN IP IP network GGSN In a Mobile Radio Network. the Mobile Radio Access part or BSS provides radio coverage for GSM/GPRS/EDGE subscribers in a defined area.1 9130 BSC Evolution Functions Description Location and Functions of the 9130 BSC Evolution in the GSM Architecture The 9130 BSC. Mobile Stations and the General Packet Radio Services (GPRS) Mobile Core Network interconnecting the Internet world in case of packet-switched transmission for data.

the handover of a channel. or received from. Establishing and releasing radio resources in response to requests from the MSC. which allows messages to be broadcast to all the MSs of a cell. Can queue requests. SMS-CB service. a specific MS. Managing the signaling channels. the MFS and the MS Short Message Service – Cell Broadcast: Broadcasting messages to all the MSs of one or more cells BSSAP Protocol Management: Handling messages between the MS and the MSC for circuit service BSCGP Protocol management: Handling messages between MS and MFS for packet service 9 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The GSM Radio Frequency Management consists of 4 sub-functions: Managing the broadcast and common control channels. if a TCH is not available. An SMS-CB message is transmitted to all the cells connected to the BSC.1 9130 BSC Evolution Functions Description Telecom Functions The main telecom functions performed by the 9130 BSC Evolution are: GSM and GPRS Radio Frequency Management: managing the radio resources Traffic Channel Resources Management: Selecting TCH. until either a TCH becomes free or a timer expires. to transmit charging information. Handling the "In call-modification". Normally acts on requests immediately. This service can be used for a number of reasons. as required. or to selected cells only. which allows a short message to be sent to. For example. etc. Processing radio measurements. The GPRS radio frequency management consists of 4 sub-functions: Managing the packet broadcast and common control channels. SMS-Cell Broadcast There are two types of Short Message Service (SMS): Point-to-point SMS. Managing the packet data channels TCH RM The selection of a TCH can be requested for a variety of reasons such as the initial assignment as a channel for speech and data use. etc. road traffic information. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 9 .

Allocation / de-allocation of PDCH or MPDCH within a cell. BSSMAP: messages understood by the 9130 BSC Evolution. GPRS access procedure.1 9130 BSC Evolution Functions Description Telecom Functions [cont. The GPRSAP performs radio channel management functions for channels that are used for packet-switched calls. DTAP BSSMAP TC MSC BSC BTS MFS BSCGP 10 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The BSSMAP performs radio channel management functions such as assignment. Activation / release of PDCH.] The BSSAP protocol which handles messages distribution between the MS and the MSC is composed of 2 protocols: DTAP: messages transparent for the 9130 BSC Evolution. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 10 . The BSCGP protocol used between the 9130 BSC Evolution and the MFS is responsible for: GSM/GPRS paging. handover for channels that are used for circuit-switched calls.

The Qmux protocol is a transmission protocol used to supervise and to configure the transmission element of TC equipment and non-Evolium™ BTS. Ring control for Abis: The purpose of a ring configuration is to protect against any fault on a link or a BTS. responsible for: Polling the transmission elements.1 9130 BSC Evolution Functions Description Transmission Functions The transmission functions consist for the 9130 BSC Evolution in providing BTS to TC access for CS Services and MFS access for PS services. This protection is performed by TPGSM (see the 9130 BSC Evolution Hardware Description chapter). Remote Tributary Alarm management: This allows to supervise A terminations points on TC side (For more information about alarm octet. and user plane supervision and redundancy management. Reporting alarms. This NE1oE will be explained in the 9130 BSC Evolution Hardware Description chapter. Sending data to the transmission elements. The transmission architecture can be viewed as four major parts: NE1oE control Remote Tributary Alarm management Remote NE configuration and supervision via Qmux Ring control for Abis. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 11 . This implies a Transmission Sub-system Controller (TSC) function. consult the Annex chapter) Remote NE configuration and supervision via Qmux. 11 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The transmission architecture can be viewed as four major parts: NE1oE control: NE1oE control provides TDM frame transferring inside the 9130 BSC Evolution platform. The TSC is not involved in the supervision and the configuration of the transmission board on Evolium BTS because these operations are done via OML. which leads to the loss of BTSs that are not faulty.

48 DT16 in case of a TC G2. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 12 . 24 ATBX. The TSC is not involved in the supervision and the configuration of the transmission board on Evolium BTS because these operations are done via OML. Rule: 1 TSC per TC cluster (6 atermux).1 9130 BSC Evolution Functions Description Transmission Functions .TSC Clustering BSC Atermux1 Cluster TC MT120 TCIL bus Atermux2 Atermux6 Switching Function Mux / Demux function Atermux7 Atermux8 Atermux12 MT120 MT120 : Qmux 12 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 One TC cluster is a group of 6 MT120 boards allocated to one BSC in case of an A925 TC. or 6 ASMC. The first 2 Atermux support Qmux nibble for security reasons. The Qmux nibble is located on the first nibble of the TS 14 on the first 2 atermux of each group of 6 atermux.

A and Gb interfaces. A Atermux Abis CIC compressed CIC Alarm octet N7 TCH Qmux N7 RSL 9130 BSC GSM Core Network TC BTS OML GCH MFS GPRS Core Network Bearer Channel GSL Atermux 13 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Gb All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 13 . find the mapping of channels on Abis. Atermux.9130 BSC Evolution and Channels In the diagram below.1 9130 BSC Evolution Functions Description Transmission Functions .

All those functions are performed by the BSC and the OMC-R. detection. etc. Logical and Hardware Configuration Management allows the operator to display or modify the current BSS hardware and logical Configuration (extension reduction operations on the field. This Database is updated via operator commands from the OMC-R. This facility can be performed locally but also remotely with the OMC-R.1 9130 BSC Evolution Functions Description O&M Functions The main O&M functions performed by the 9130 BSC Evoultion are: Database Management Software Management Logical and Hardware Configuration Management Fault Management Performance Management Remote Inventory Management OMC-R BSC BSC terminal 14 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The Database (or DLS for Data Load Segment) of the 9130 BSC Evolution ontains all the hardware and logical configuration of the BSS. localization. It then transfers the files (either on-demand or autonomously) to the OMC-R. on request of the OMC-R. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 14 . Software Management allows the operator to upgrade or maintain the current BSS Software. These reports contain processed counters. Performance Management The BSC Performance Management function. monitors the telecommunication operations and produces reports. that is. data collection and generation of observation and measurement files. The BSC controls the sampling. If the OMC-R is not connected. defense and reconfiguration. configure certain BSS parameters like BTS characteristics. the network is still operational. but these tasks may not be performed. Reports are sent to the OMC-R when the BSC detects faults or performs maintenance functions.). The reports are stored on disk and are available to the operator at the OMC-R. Remote Inventory Management The Remote Inventory is a facility which consists in retrieving inventory hardware and firmware of the 9130 BSC Evolution. modify or create cell. Fault Management The 9130 BSC Evolution manages all the maintenance functions relating to itself.

2 9130 BSC Evolution Hardware Description 15 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 15 .

1 An Architecture Based on the MX Platform The MX platform is the Multi-Standard Controller Platform for the Alcatel-Lucent Mobile Equipment: 9130 BSC 9130 MFS Interests of MX platform: Increasing BSC and MFS capacities Optimization of BSC and MFS configuration Equipment cost reduction Network maintenance simplification Characteristics of the MX platform: based on ATCA® technology 16 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The 9130 BSC capacity ranges from 200 TRXs (1 active CCP board) to 1000 TRXs (5 active CCP boards).2 9130 BSC Evolution Hardware Description 2. Maintenance is easier thanks to redundancy and a short number of board types. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 16 .

0 R1.x standard is an architecture based on gigabit Ethernet switching. This new standard called Advanced Telecom Computer Architecture (ATCA) is specified in PICMG 3. with the development of high-rate Internet. standard format cards. One of the major characteristics of this PICMG 3.x.0 specifications. That’s why PICMG has defined a new standard based on a new electromechanical platform. Two ShMC shelf manager boards. 14 slots which can be equipped with ATCA node blades.999%) 17 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers Group (PICMG) is a consortium of more than 700 companies who collaboratively develop specifications that adapt PCI technology for use in industrial and telecommunications applications. Each blade is connected to the shelf manager through an Intelligent Platform Management Bus (IPMB). rack mount applications and PCI/ISA for passive backplane.1 An Architecture Based on the MX Platform ATCA Shelf Description Characteristics of the ATCA Subrack: A standard development fully compliant with the PICMG® 3. PICMG specifications include Compact PCI® for Euro card. Gigabit Ethernet architecture. Today.2. the PCI bus reaches its limits in terms of bandwidth for the implementation of system of switching. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 17 . "five nines" uptime (99.

6 x 2 m) Useful height (40 U) 1 PDU with 2-wire power supply 1 or 2 ATCA shelves (height = 13 U each) 1 or 2 LIU shelves (height = 3 U each) A standard unit is 1U of 44. 19" rack = 19 inches rack 1 inch = 25 mm All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 18 . One LIU board can connect up to 16 E1 links.2 General View of the Hardware Architecture An ATCA rack can contain two ATCA shelves and 2 LIU shelves. CCP boards manage the Telecom part.45 mm. Each ATCA shelf is paired with a unique LIU shelf. OMCP boards manage the O&M part.6 x 0. External Ethernet links (OMC and local terminal) TP GSM TP GSM CCP1 SSW SSW CCP2 CCP N Spare CCP OMCP OMCP ONE ATCA shelf ONE LIU shelf MUX 1 MUX 2 LIU1 LIU2 LIU 16 Abis & Ater-mux links Ethernet links Working function Redundant function 18 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The number of CCP boards depends on the configuration of the 9130 BSC Evolution. The same equipment platform is used for BSC and MFS (PCU).2 9130 BSC Evolution Hardware Description 2. Physical characteristics of the MX rack: Standard 19" rack (0. TP boards manage the transmission part.

TPGSM SSW CCP OMCP LIU MUX Is in charge of managing the whole platform Is in charge of multiplexing n E1 links into one Ethernet link Is in charge of transmission processing features Is in charge of physical E1 connections Is in charge of call control processing Allows exchanges between all the elements of the platform and external IP/Ethernet equipment All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 19 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 19 .2.2 General View of the Hardware Architecture LIU Modules The 9130 BSC Evolution equipment is composed of 6 types of modules. Associate each module from the list on the left with the appropriate definition from the list on the right.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 20 . SS7) and O&M signaling (OML.2. The voice/data traffic is switched then re-encapsulated into Ethernet frames and routed back to the LIU shelf. GSL.ATCA Base Interface All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The different messages from telecom traffic are distributed to different planes (User Plane and Control Plane) by TPGSM (see the 9130 BSC Evolution IP Architecture chapter). O&M and Telecom signaling are distributed to the control plane as the BSC internal message flow. External E1 links O&M + TELECOM LIU Shelf … OMCP OMCP p w … TP p TP W CCP CCPP 1 CCP N NE1oE SSW W SSW P 20 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 1 Gigabit Ethernet . telecom signaling (RSL. the NE1oE protocol is used between the E1 LIU shelf and the TPGSM module. The NE1oE protocol carries telecom traffic flow: it includes voice and data traffic. Q1. ML-PPP). The NE1oE protocol consists in transporting n E1 frames embedded into an Ethernet payload to a board assigned by its MAC address.2 General View of the Hardware Architecture NE1oE Protocol In the 9130 BSC Evolution.

there are 2 Shelf Management Modules (SMMs) implemented in the architecture of 9130 BSC Evolution: one active and one backup for redundancy reasons. The remote inventory is a facility which consists in retrieving inventory hardware and firmware of the 9130 BSC Evolution. and as defined in the IPMI specification. This facility can be performed locally but also remotely with the OMC-R. there is one Shelf Management Controller (ShMC) which interrogates each IPMI Controller (IPMC) located in each module using the IPMI protocol. report anomalies. responsible for managing one or more systems. The system manager is the highest level of management entity referenced in this specification. voltage and power.2 General View of the Hardware Architecture IPMI Bus The low-level management of the modules at the ATCA shelf is performed by one Shelf Management Module (SMM) via two redundant IPMI Buses (IPMBs). take corrective action when needed. the OMC-R operator can access the inventory data for maintenance purposes and list the necessary information to replace a board in case of failure. The system manager is designed to: watch over the basic health of the system. The role of the ShMC consists in sending messages to the system manager in order to supervise all the ATCA shelves remotely. On the Shelf Management Module. SMM Functions: Board powering-up Temperature Regulation ATCA boards and other shelf components monitoring and controlling Inventory information retrieving Communication with the system manager Etc.2. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 21 . By the way. IPMI operates independently from the Operating System. They operate in master-slave mode. each compring one or more shelves. M SMtive) (ac M ) S M ku p c (ba N FA ay tr MC Sh MC Sh C IPM IPMB1 IPMB2 C IPM C IPM SW W C IPM C IPM CC P TP M GS System manager C OM P 21 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is a specification that defines a set of common interfaces to computer hardware and firmware that is used to monitor system health and manage the system as the regulation of temperature.

According to the number of TRXs managed by the 9130 BSC Evolution. and is always equipped with: 4 individual fan trays. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 22 . The ATCA front fillers are used to create the appropriate air flow within the subrack. each slot unused by a board has to be closed by a filler plate with front panel on the front and rear sides of the shelf. Fan Air inlet ATCA shelf front view ATCA shelf right-side view ATCA shelf rear view 22 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 This ATCA shelf is based on a 14-slot Dual-Star Middle plane. different configurations are defined: Conf1 (1 active CCP + 1 stand by CCP) = 200TRXs Conf2 (2 active CCP + 1 stand by CCP) = 400 TRXs Conf3 (3 active CCP + 1 stand by CCP) = 600 TRXs Conf4 (4 active CCP + 1 stand by CCP) = 800 TRXs Conf5 (5 active CCP + 1 stand by CCP) = 1000 TRXs A module or a board inside the ATCA shelf is composed of one front RIT and optionally one rear RIT.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules The ATCA shelf is composed of CCP. 2 Shelf Management Controllers (ShMCs) located on the rear side. OMCP. SSW and TPGSM modules. One of the functions of the PC is the setting of the geographical address of the ATCA shelf by adjusting 2 rotary switches. For all configurations based on ATCA shelf.2 9130 BSC Evolution Hardware Description 2. The shelf ensures the power supply of boards and the air cooling inside the rack. 2 Personality Cards (PCs) located on the rear side. 4 Power Entry Modules (PEMs) located on the rear side.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 23 . Fabric interface: not used.2. Power Monitor 23 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Characteristics: Base channel: Board communication. TPGSM or SSW). Update port: Bus between two colocated boards (for example. Thermal Sensors. Power distribution. System management: IMPI bus. TDM clock: clock distribution.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules ATCA Back Panel SSW1/2 Backplane I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O 1G Ethernet Layer1G 3 Switch Ethernet Layer 2+ Switch 10G Ethernet Layer1G 2 Switch Ethernet Layer 2 Switch OMCP/CCP Pentium M CG Linux PCI Base Channel PMC PMC Fabric (Dual Star) TDM Clock Generator TDM Clock Generator 1G Ethernet L 2 Switch PMC Update Ports TDM Clocks Power Distribution System Management PMC ShMC ShM ATCA-M100 / SMM Fans.

) Layer 2 switching Not Used Update Channel IPMI V1. 1 GbE uplink via RTM.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules SSW Module: Board Description Characteristics: GbE Base Interface Switch 16 Base channels (allowing Gigabit Ethernet switching at shelf level) 8 GbE uplinks via RTM (allowing Ethernet external connection) OMCR/CBC/EAB/NE1o1/NEM Daisy chain.2.5 Front Ethernet and serial ports (Debug) Front RIT: JBXSSW 24 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Rear RIT: JAXSSW Other components: GbE Fabric Interface Switch (not used): 15 fabric channels. SNMP agent for switch management. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 24 . etc.

OMC-R. etc. CCP. The Gigabit Ethernet switch allows exchanges between all the elements of the platform and external IP/ Ethernet equipment and supports IP layer 3 functions. CBC. 2 shelf interfaces (the second Gigabit Ethernet is not used in this case because there are only 2 ATCA shelves). OMCP 1000BASE-T 2 external interfaces: 1st ATCA to 2nd ATCA shelves 10/100BASE-T SMM IPMI interf Backplane interfaces 25 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 External interfaces The SSW module has: 12 x 1000BASE-T interfaces in backpanel. Geth switch 10 Gb Ethernet ATCA module 12 TCP. An IPMI interface. One 1000BASE-T interface for interconnection between pairs of SSW.same shelf 1000BASE-T 10/100/1000BASE-T ATCA module 1 1000BASE-T External interfaces: GbE (NE1oE). One 10/100BASE-T interface (switch port) to link the SMM. At least four 10/100/1000BASE-T interfaces in rear panel for connection of external equipment: E1 Termination Shelf. NEM. EAB.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules SSW Module: Composition SSW module Interconnection with the second SSW Module . All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 25 .2. compliant with ATCA PICMG 3. CBC. etc.0.

2.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules SSW Module Shelf location of the SSW module Thanks to Annex 7.1. fill in the diagram at the end of this section with the appropriate RIT names that compose the SSW module. 26 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 26 .

associate each external equipment from the middle of the diagram with the appropriate connection port on each 1GbE links rear RIT. 48 VDC 48 VDC LIU MUX MUX LIU PEM LIU LIU PEM LIU shelf E1 External links CBC OMC-R EAB External Alarm Box Rear RIT: JAXSSW 27 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 NEM PC Rear RIT: JAXSSW Each Ethernet port from the JAXSSW switch is pre-configured. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 27 .2.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules SSW Module: Connection Ports Thanks to Annex 7.3.

3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules TPGSM Module: Board Description Characteristics: Multiplexing/demultiplexing of up to 252 E1 links from/to the Gigabit Ethernet interface (NE1oE) Handling of GSM protocols HDLC. required for optical line interface.or monomode fiber optic transceivers) 28 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 (ML-)PPP: IP extraction over Ater R/W: R: Ring control W: alarm byte The E1 VC-12 module supports the Automatic Protection Switching (APS) function.5 New hardware version of JBXTP3 with one cage supporting hot insertion of 4 STM-1 electro/optic modules (multi. The APS decision is independent for each STM-1 link. SS7. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 28 . Q1 and R/W bits (ML-)PPP handling and IP routing Gigabit Ethernet switching TDM switching IPMI V1.2.

etc. RSL. One fast Ethernet interface for test and debug on the front panel. The control processor is a Pentium® M at 1. TCH. Telecom and Signaling. RSL).).7.7. An IPMI interface on the back panel. Signaling: to / from the CCP (No. Telecom (NE1oE): to / from the MUX.). etc. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 29 . No.2.6 GHz. files. GbE switch GbE HDLC + SS7 Q1 R/W bits GbE GbE switch 252 x E1 framer NE1oE TDM switch (nx8kbps) NE1o1 29 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The TPGSM has the following external interfaces: Dual Gigabit Ethernet interfaces on the backplane carrying O&M. The GbE links between the TPGSM and the SSW carry 3 flows of information: O&M: to/from the OMCP (commands. via the SSW (all the channels: OML.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules TPGSM Module: General Architecture of the TPGSM Board Control processor O&M and Sig.

The proposed values are given in the commentary page. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 30 .3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules TPGSM Module: Exercise According to you. TPGSM2. SSW1 SSW2 30 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The proposed values are: CCP1. Fill in the blanks in the diagram with the appropriate module names.2. CCPn. OMCP2. why are there two Gb Ethernet switches in the TPGSM? --------------------------------------------------------------------------------The diagram represents another view of the hardware architecture of the 9130 BSC Evolution. TPGSM1. OMCP1.

Thanks to Annex 7. 31 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 31 . fill in the diagram at the end of this section with the appropriate RIT names that compose the TPGSM module.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules TPGSM Module Shelf location of the TPGSM module The TPGSM module is composed of one front RIT named JBXTP and one rear RIT which is a filler.2.1.

3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules CCP Module: Board Description Characteristics: Pentium M. 1. 3.1.8 GHz 2GB SDRAM Redundant ATCA Base Interface 2 x USB 2.5 (2 buses) 32 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 32 .1 IPMI V.0 ports at face plate Carrier Grade Linux Ed.2.

3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules CCP Module: Functions The CCP module performs: GSM and GPRS radio frequency management. Data processing: radio measurements. A CCP board is able to support 200 TRXs whatever their type. handover measurements. Signaling protocol processing (BSSAP/SCCP/GPRSAP). 33 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 33 .2. performance counters.

fill in the diagram at the end of this section with the appropriate RIT names that compose the CCP (with a conf2 9130 BSC Evolution) module. 34 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 34 .2.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules CCP Module Shelf Location of the CCP board The CCP module is composed of one front RIT named JBXCCP and one rear RIT which is a filler. Thanks to Annex 7.1.

2.1 IPMI V.8 GHz 2GB SDRAM 60GB hard disk drive IDE Redundant ATCA base interface 2 x USB 2. 1.0 ports at face plate Carrier Grade Linux Ed.5 35 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 35 .1.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules OMCP Module: Board Description Characteristics: Pentium M. 3.

Short Message Service – Cell Broadcast. 36 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 36 . management of TC equipment.3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules OMCP Module: Functions The OMCP module performs: Traffic channel resource management. O&M control of the BSC functions.2. transmission links. Transmission function: Abis and Ater termination points (BTS/BSC/TC).

3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules OMCP Module Shelf location of the OMCP module The OMCP module is composed of one front RIT named JBXOMCP and one rear RIT which is a filler. 37 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 37 .1.2. Thanks to Annex 7. fill in the diagram at the end of this section with the appropriate RIT names that compose the OMCP module.

3 Hardware Description of ATCA Modules ATCA Shelf Layout Thanks to Annex 7. The TPGSM module is composed of one front RIT named JBXTP and one rear RIT which is a filler. fill in each slot of the rear and front view of the ATCA shelf with the appropriate RIT names that compose the SSW. The OMCP module is composed of one front RIT named JBXOMCP and one rear RIT which is a filler.2.1. TPGSM. CCP (with a conf2 9130 BSC) and OMCP modules. Rear view of the ATCA shelf Mid plane Slot number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Front view of the ATCA shelf 38 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The SSW module is composed of one front RIT named JBXSSW and on rear RIT named JAXSSW. The CCP module is composed of one front RIT named JBXCCP and one rear RIT which is a filler. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 38 .

18 slots are free for other types of boards dedicated to BSS applications. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 39 . They include each DC/DC converter (-48VDC to -12VDC). Note: For all configurations based on LIU shelf. 8 or 16 LIU boards (JBXLIU). 48 VDC 1GbE links 48 VDC P E M L I U L I U L I U L I U L I L I L I U L I M U M U X L I U L I U L I U L I U L I U L I U L I U L I U P E M U U U X E1 External links 39 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 An LIU shelf configuration is always equipped with two (for redundancy) Power Entry Modules (JBXPEM) installed in the first and last slots of the shelf. fuses and line filter. which allows the access to the shelf address jumpers. These two JBXPEMs are installed in slot 1 and 21. Slot 11 is in the center of shelf and is always free. 2 MUX boards (JBXMUX).4 Hardware Description of LIU Modules The LIU shelf is based on a 21-slot capacity on front side access only.2 9130 BSC Evolution Hardware Description 2. each slot unused by a board has to be closed by a filler front panel. composed of: 2 Power Entry Modules (JBXPEM).

One MUX board is able to manage up to 256 E1 links. The LIU shelf handles 16 x 16 E1s = 256 E1 links max among which only 252 are usable. The mechanical shelf is able to interconnect 16 LIU boards. 40 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Each LIU board is designed to ensure connections of up to 16 physical E1 interfaces (Tx/Rx) and multiplexing and demultiplexing of 16 E1 to/from the two concentration boards.2. with 1 active MUX board + 1 standby MUX board.4 Hardware Description of LIU Modules Global Architecture of the LIU Shelf One LIU board is able to manage up to 16 E1 links. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 40 . Each MUX board is designed to ensure multiplexing and demultiplexing of up to 16 E1 streams from the LIU boards (16 E1 for each LIU board) and NE1oE packing/unpacking (TPGSM boards).

in case of a 400-TRX configuration. 1 P E M 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 M U X M U X P E M Front view of the LIU shelf 41 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 41 .2. fill in each slot of the LIU shelf with the appropriate RIT name.4 Hardware Description of LIU Modules LIU Shelf Layout Thanks to Annex 7.2.

Each one corresponds to one ATCA shelf or LIU shelf and to one distribution branch: A1 and B1 supply the ATCA shelf No.5 Power Distribution Unit Cabling The BSC rack is supplied with 2 redundant DC power supplies of -48 VDC. 10 circuit breakers are mounted on the PDU. A4 and B4 supply the LIU shelf No. A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 PDU A1 A3 P E M P E M P E M P E M P E M P E M ATCA Shelf 2 P E M P E M P E M P E M P E M P E M B1 B3 ATCA Shelf 1 A2 B2 LIU Shelf 2 A4 B4 LIU Shelf 1 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 42 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 The BSC rack is supplied with 2 redundant DC nominal voltages: -48 VDC. A5 and B5 are not used.1. we have switches A1 to A5 and then B1 to B5. A3 and B3 supply the ATCA shelf No. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 42 .2. + cooling). The PDU is in charge of power supply distribution and protection inside the rack. A2 and B2 supply the LIU shelf No. Power supply and signal cables may enter the MX cabinet from the top or the bottom. From left to right.2 9130 BSC Evolution Hardware Description 2.2. Maximum dissipated power per shelf: ATCA shelf: 2400 W (14x150 processing blades.1. LIU shelf: 100 W. Note: Power cables from the PDU to the shelves (ATCA and/or LIU) are always pre-equipped.

+ 300W for cooling). LIU shelf: 100 W. 43 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Power cables from the PDU to the shelves (ATCA and/or LIU) are always pre-equipped.5 Power Distribution Unit Cabling ATCA 48V Rack Distribution JBXPS boards distribute 48V inside the ATCA shelf. Power supply and signal cables may enter the MX cabinet from the top or the bottom. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 43 . The JBXPS 3 and 4 supply all the even parity slots of the ATCA shelf.2. The JBXPS 1 and 2 supply the JAXSMM and JBXFAN boards and all the odd parity slots of the ATCA shelf. Maximum dissipated power per shelf: ATCA shelf: 2400 W (14x150W for processing blades.

44 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Power cables from the PDU to the shelves (ATCA and/or LIU) are always pre-equipped. Power supply and signal cables may enter the MX cabinet from the top or the bottom.] ATCA low power distribution: The low power (3. + cooling).4V) coming from the redundant JAXSMM supplies all the modules related to all the IPMI modules of each ATCA shelf. LIU shelf: 100 W. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 44 .5 PDU Description Power Distribution Unit Cabling [cont. Maximum dissipated power per shelf: ATCA shelf: 2400 W (14x150 processing blades.

Exercise How many lines is the 9130 BSC Evolution supplied by? -------------------------------------------------------How many PEMs are used to supply the ATCA shelf? --------------------------------------------------------------- 45 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 45 .

3 9130 BSC Evolution Software Architecture 46 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 46 .

the best effort is focused on giving assistance on fault detection. Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). miscellaneous real-time services Application Support Services High Availability Services Control Services LINUX Carrier Grade Operating system A9130 BSC PLATFORM 47 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The 9130 BSC Evolution software is composed of: One 9130 BSC application software which supports telecommunication function of the 9130 BSC Evolution. monitor (Insertion. PMS: The PMS subsystem manages processes at platform level. post mortem and live debugging. and send event notifications to the applications. the application may control (Reset. software management. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 47 . initialization and a few basic services like traces or date synchronization. Control Services The aim of control services is the automation of MxPF software and hardware management. notification and recovery Adaptation layer Control Services: Responsible for hardware and software components management Application Support Services: Responsible for resource monitoring. isolation and recovery and minimizing the outage in case of replacement of a Field Replaceable Unit. The Self-Reliant middleware product implements the fault detection and low-level component control. the main objective is the management of new software releases and correction patches. 9130 BSC platform software A9130 BSC APPLICATION High Availability Services: Responsible for fault detection. Power on or off. One 9130 BSC platform software which is in charge of processes management. Concerning the software (SWM). Thanks to HPI support provided by the SelfReliant and EndurX software. HMS: Low-level component control. minimizing manual interventions and associated risks. Network Time Protocol (NTP). time synchronization.3 9130 BSC Evolution Software Architecture 3. High Availability Services Through a high-availability service interface. blinks the Led). the PMS and HWM subsystems receive service calls from. Removal and failure notifications) and audit (alarms. hardware management. Application Support Services This layer covers aspects related to the usability and manageability of the platform and application components: logs and traces services. states).1 Generalities The 9130 BSC software is composed of 2 software operating with Linux: 9130 BSC application software. Concerning the hardware (HWM). Importance is placed on integrating new software into the MxPF without causing unnecessary service disruptions.

power off/on). the basic element of software is called process.2 9130 BSC Evolution Software Organization In the 9130 BSC Evolution.2 9130 BSC Evolution Software Architecture 3. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 48 . Once the service is treated. ATCA board APPLICATION Process Name VCE CMW Definition Process responsible for one telecommunication function handling Process that allows the internal communication among the application processes Process that allows the communication between A9130 BSC application and A9130 platform services Process responsible for the management of all the processes at board level One SUP process per board Process responsible for coordinating and supervising all local SUP It is a global manager process that runs on OMCP boards in active/standby mode All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 VCE2 VCE1 CMW … VCEn CPI PLATFORM CPI SUP GSUP SUP GSUP TCP/IP 48 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 The CMW process allows the communication of all the application processes located on the board or on another board of the same shelf. When one application service requests a platform service. the CPI process sends back the corresponding messages. removal. The CPI calls platform services so that they provide the requested services. the CMW sends messages to the CPI. etc. fault). etc. activation. date and time synchronization. Software management: download. etc. board supervision (insertion. pre-download. Basic services: trace log. supervision of IP internal and external link. etc. Hardware management: remote inventory. board commands (reset. etc. The platform services that go through CPI are: Process management: starting or stopping a process. Communication: internal and external files transfer. NE1oE agent management.

VCE Names V-TCU V-DTC V-DTCtchrm EIM-L EIM-R V-sCPR V-oCPR SLH V-TSC 49 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 VCE Functions GSM and GPRS radio frequency management Signaling protocol processing (BSSAP/SCCP/GPRSAP) Traffic Channel Resource management TCP connection management with the 9130 BSC terminal and NEM External communication management with the CBC and the OMC-R Database management SMS-CB.7 termination TSC functions All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 49 . a VCE is defined according to the functions it performs. Logical and Hardware Configuration Management No.3.2 9130 BSC Evolution Software Organization BSC Application Software In the 9130 BSC Evolution.

2 9130 BSC Evolution Software Organization BSC Application Software [cont. Proc_name VCE1 VCE2 VCE3 VCEn CP-LOG 1 1 2 i CP_HW 12 12 13 n Ip-@ IP@-2 IP@-2 IP@-3 IP@-n 50 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Fields of the Routing Table: Proc_ name: is the identification of the process related to intra. A CP_LOG is a group of VCE mapped on one ATCA module.3. OMCP or TPGSM board.or inter-board communication. it is necessary to have a routing table which contains the address of each VCE. IP-@: is the IP address of the board.] One ATCA module is able to support more than one VCE. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 50 . This routing table is located in each CMW. It is the logical identification of a VCE. In order to allow the communication between VCEs of one board or between VCEs on different boards. DTCs have the same CP-LOG number. The mapping between VCEs and CP-LOG is determined according to the BSC configuration type. For example: TCUs have the same CP-LOG number. CP-HW: is the physical CP which represents CCP. CP-LOG: is the logical aspect with a group of VCEs mapped.

] The diagram below shows the path followed by VCE3 to communicate with VCE6.2 9130 BSC Evolution Software Organization BSC Application Software [cont. CCP / TPGSM VCE1 VCE2 VCE3 VCE4 OMCP VCE5 CMW VCE6 CMW CPI SUP TCP/IP SUP CPI GSUP 51 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 51 .3.

Mx platform software management. EIM-R. The service is covering Mx hardware management. Mx platform installation and initialization. V-DTC (TCH-RM). V-TSC. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 52 . some processes not used for O&M function but for telecom function are also mapped on the OMCP board. V-DTC. HW management. CPI.2 9130 BSC Evolution Software Organization Process Mapping on OMCP Board According to the processes mentioned in the commentary page and to the functions of the boards seen in the previous chapter. Mx platform process management. The OMCP board is used to manage the O&M function of both platform services and application services. NE1oE traffic O&M management. V-TCU. fill in the diagram below with the appropriate VCE names. NE1oE agent. GSUP/SUP. V-OCPR. CMW CPI SUP GSUP NE1oE Agent Init/ SW HW mgt DHCP server FTP server 52 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The proposed values are: EIM-L. V-SCPR.3. But according to some specific requirements of 9130 BSC application. SLH. All the services are used for O&M management of the Mx platform. init/SW and FTP server are the platform service processes. The proposed values are given in the commentary page.

V-SCPR. V-OCPR. Only the SUP for process management and init&SW for software loading are mapped on this board. The CCP board is used to handle the 9130 BSC Evolution telecom functions. SLH. The CCP board is passively managed by a platform service in the OMCP. CMW CPI GSUP Init/ SW 53 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The proposed values are: EIM-L. V-DTC. V-TSC. The proposed values are given in the commentary page. so there is less platform service running on this board. V-TCU. fill in the diagram below with the appropriate VCE names. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 53 .3. V-DTC (TCH-RM).2 9130 BSC Evolution Software Organization Process Mapping on CCP Board According to the processes mentioned in the commentary page and to the functions of the boards seen in the previous chapter. EIM-R.

V-DTC (TCH-RM). V-DTC. V-SCPR. TPGSM is the centralized board handling the lower layer of GSM signaling protocol and the switching function in the 9130 BSC Evolution. ML-PPP switching and the O&M function. V-TSC.3. SLH. fill in the diagram below with the appropriate VCE name. It covers HDLC. CMW CPI TP-Main SUP Init/ SW Qmux handler TDM handler HDLC MLPPP handler HDLC LAPD handler R/W bits Alarm octet handler 54 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The proposed values are: EIM-L. EIM-R. V-TCU. The proposed values are given in the commentary page. R/W bit handling. Qmux. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 54 . V-OCPR.2 9130 BSC Evolution Software Organization Process Mapping on TPGSM Board According to the processes mentioned in the commentary page and to the functions of the boards seen in the previous chapter. TP-Main is the high centralized process in the 9130 BSC Evolution.

2 9130 BSC Evolution Software Organization Communication Process between VCEs Illustration of communication process between VCEs (case of HDLC RSL signaling processing). TPGSM SLH CMW CMW CCP VDTCU VTCU VDTCU VTCU VTCU VDTCU VTCU VDTCU VDTC1 VTC1 VDTC HDLC LAPD handler TDM handler NE1oE Agent NE1o1 55 TP-Main CPI R/W bits Alarm octet handler CPI SUP Qmux handler SUP TCP/IP All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 55 .3.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 56 . BSC or BTS types. patches and data needed for a particular and complete load of every module in the BSS. representing the programs. BSC or BTS. The Master Files (MFs) concept is used in the BSS environment to define the software context of the complete BSS. An MF identifies clearly and unambiguously the set of files which together represent the software package and the database needed for the whole BSS.3 9130 BSC Evolution Software Architecture 3. 56 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The BSS software is also called build.3 BSS Software Organization The BSS software is composed of the Mx BSC software and BTS software. The BSS software consists of a collection of files.

3.3 BSS Software Organization MF Concept Bootroot File BSS Master File BSS-MF Master Files n MX Platform-MF BSC-SW-MF BSS-Map File BSC-DB-MF BTS-SW-MF BTS-DB-MF Application Files m Platform File 1 n 1 Application File DLS MX-BSC conf TC_CPF n 1 Application File OMU-CPF File n 1 57 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 MX-BSC conf is a file describing the configuration of the 9130 BSC Evolution. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 57 . There are more than one BTS-SW-MF depending on the generation of the BTS.

BTS DB Master File and the list of needed BTS SW Master Files. 58 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 58 . BSS Mapping File.3 BSS Software Organization MF Organization BSS Master File: This file for a given BSS and a specific SW version identifies the BSC SW Master File. BSC DB Master File: This file for a given BSC SW version identifies the BSS Database file (DLS) and the CPF files for BSC and TC. It is a simplified MF. The DLS gives the logical configuration and hardware configuration of the BSS. It just gives the MxPF version. BSC SW Master File: This file references all application files that correspond to BSC software application. BSC DB Master File.3. MX platform Master File: This file contains the list of all Mx platform files.

The OMU-CPF file defines the HW for each type of BTS. Because the name part of the BTS SW Master File does not identify the BTS.3. BTS SW Master File: This file for a given BTS SW gives the code files (but not the OMU-CPFs) associated to that version.3 BSS Software Organization MF Organization [cont. it is possible to assign BTS SW Master File to more than one BTS and consequently there are less BTS SW Master Files in the BSS Master File than there are BTSs. 59 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 59 . BSS Map File: This file links each BTS index (corresponding to the declared BTSs in the BSS) to one BTS-SW-Master File and one OMU-CPF identified in the BTSDB-MSF.] BTS DB Master File: This file identifies all the OMU-CPF files for the BTSs.

»]. It comprises a string of 8 characters between [« A ».. BBC is the extension part which has 3 characters..« Z »].3. where: BB is the file version number. C is the sub-version character.BBC. The allowed range of values is between [« 00 ».« 9 »] and / or [« .« Z »] and / or [« 0 ».3 BSS Software Organization File Naming Convention The general format of a loadable file name is AAAAAAAA. 60 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 60 . Only one character is allowed between [« A »..« 99 »].. AAAAAAAA is the main part.

3 BSS Software Organization File Naming Convention [cont.3.] 61 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 61 .

3... E. 62 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 62 . where the first digit indicates the release.3 BSS Software Organization File Numbering Convention The file number is an internal BSC reference stored in the last field of the file descriptor.g.x999]. The following ranges of file numbers are allowed. the allowed range for file numbers is [x700. the BSS Master File for the various releases is: 2100: release B9 3100: release B10 BTS files: for BTS files. depending on the sub-system involved: BSC files: Most of the files have four-digit numbers.

01A MXPFAA03.SW Master file BSC-DB Master file DLS BTS-SW Master file BTS-DB Master file BSS Mapfile MxPF Master file ML3MAW01.] BSS master file BSC.19D 3100 3101 3102 3280 3112 3180 3182 3190 63 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 63 .07D ML3CAW01.01A ML3DAW01.R ML3LAW01.01A BM1SAWD7.3 BSS Software Organization File Numbering Convention [cont.3.01A ML3XAW01.01A BSXMAW30.30.

Exercise Can you mention at least 3 processes from: the 9130 BSC platform software? the 9130 BSC application software? What is a master file? Is there always the same number of BTS SW Master Files as there are BTSs? What is an OMU-CPF file? How to identify BSS files? 64 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 64 .

4 9130 BSC Evolution IP Architecture 65 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 65 .

4 9130 BSC Evolution IP Architecture 4.1 9130 BSC Evolution Traffic Flows The 9130 BSC Evolution manages 3 types of traffic using the IP protocol: telecom traffic. OMC-R/CBC router External E1 links OMCP LIU shelf TPG OMCP CCPn CCP1 TPGSM SSW SSW 66 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 66 . External traffic. Internal traffic.

Telecom Traffic (VLANs 3 and 4) These two VLANs ensure NE1oE Ethernet communications between the MUX boards of the LIU shelf and TPGSM NE1oE component.] Due to the number of flows implemented in the 9130 BSC Evolution. Internal Traffic (VLAN 1) This is the default VLAN also called “No Tag”/ untagged VLAN or VLAN tag 1“.0/16.0/16. The external VLANs are composed of VLAN tag 22 on the SSW1 and VLAN tag 23 on the SSW2. External Traffic (VLANs 22 and 23) These two VLANs are used for external communications between the Mx BSC. The subnets 172. It is used for internal communication. For more information about VLANs inside the 9130 BSC Evolution. CBC.16.18. the Mx MFS and can be accessed from the exterior: OMC-R.1 9130 BSC Evolution Traffic Flows [cont. 172. A Virtual Local Area Network is a logical sub-network defined on the same physical network. These two VLANs are the VLANs tag 3 and tag 4.0. etc. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 67 . The routing of the Ethernet frame inside a switch is performed thanks to an identification called tag.0. 2 kinds of IP addresses are used within the 9130 BSC Evolution: Internal IP addresses External IP addresses 67 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 A VLAN is a way to distinguish different flows of information at MAC layer.17.0/16 are assigned on this VLAN. consult the Annex. Each port of an Ethernet switch is configured to change the value of a tag. VLAN concept is implemented. A tag is assigned to each VLAN and is used for routing in the Ethernet network. by assigning the various ports of the switches administrable in the various sub-networks. The principle of VLAN is to have more than one virtual network on one ethernet network.0.4 9130 BSC Evolution IP architecture 4. 172.

16. The Ethernet interface from ATCA boards connected to SSW1 board is called ETH0.17 TP1 TP2 CCP 4 CCP 1 CCP 2 CCP 3 Virtual @: Act: 172. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 68 .18 SMM 2 SSW 2 MUX 2 68 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 3 types of addresses are defined: physical. virtual. The Ethernet interface from ATCA boards connected to SSW2 board is called ETH1.16.4 9130 BSC Evolution IP Architecture 4.1 Stb: 172. there are two Ethernet networks: SMM and MUX have access to only one Ethernet network.34. SMM 1 SSW 1 MUX 1 Physical @: 172.16 Physical @: 172.2 Internal IP Addresses of the 9130 BSC Evolution In the 9130 BSC Evolution.33.1 OMCP 1 OMCP 2 Logical @: 172. TP. CCP and OMCP have access to both Ethernet networks. logical.

16. It can be mapped either to the "Physical IP address SSW1" or to the "Physical IP address SSW2". a virtual IP SSW1: IP address used by Ne1oE to communicate with the OMCP active board.4.2 Internal IP Addresses in the 9130 BSC Evolution Types of Internal IP Addresses The physical IP address is the board IP address on one Ethernet interface: Physical IP SSW1 plane: 172. Used for OMCP.34.1 69 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 An internal IP address is an IP address solely used internally to the MxPF and used for inter-board communication. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 69 . a physical IP address SSW2: board IP address on Ethernet interface ETH1 plugged on the switch 2. a virtual IP standby: IP address used to communicate with the standby board. a logical board IP address: IP address used to communicate with a board independently of the Ethernet port used (ETH0 or ETH1). <Logical Slot x10> (172. an external IP address: IP address that is visible from the external world and used to access particular board/application in the Mx BSC. <Logical Slot x10> (172. <Shelf>.16. <Shelf>.33.2. <Shelf>.1 Virtual IP address (standby OMCP board): 172.2.18. The virtual IP OMCP is the IP address used to communicate with the active or the standby board: Virtual IP address (active OMCP board): 172. It is mapped on the active Ethernet port of the active board (4 choices).70) Physical IP SSW2 plane: 172.80) The logical board IP address is the IP address used to communicate with a board independently of the Ethernet port used (logical board IP address: 172.16. It is mapped on the active SSW2 Ethernet port of the active OMCP board (2 choices).17. It is mapped on the active SSW1 Ethernet port of the active OMCP board (2 choices). An internal IP address can be: a physical IP address SSW1: board IP address on Ethernet interface ETH0 plugged on the switch 1. a virtual IP active: IP address used to communicate with the active board.17.17. <Logical Slot x10>). It is mapped on the active Ethernet port of the standby board (4 choices). a virtual IP SSW2: IP address used by Ne1oE to communicate with the OMCP active board.

4.2 Internal IP Addresses in the 9130 BSC Evolution

Types of Internal IP Addresses
ATCA shelf physical and logical slots.

1 13
J B X T P

2 11
J B X T P

3 9
J B X C C P

4 7
J B X C C P

5 5
J B X C C P

6 3
J B X O M C P

7 1
J B X S S W

8 2
J B X S S W

9 4
J B X O M C P

10 6
J B X C C P

11 8
J B X C C P

12 10
J B X C C P

13 12
F I L L E R

14 14
F I L L E R

Physical slot Logical slot

Front view of the ATCA shelf with a 1000-TRX configuration BSC

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Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10

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Only physical slots are written and so visible on the ATCA shelf.

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Exercise
An operator suspects an Ethernet link failure on the board which is inserted in the physical slot numbered 4 of the first ATCA shelf. What can you suggest him to do once he is connected to the OMCP board with his local terminal?

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4 9130 BSC Evolution IP Architecture

4.3 External IP Addresses of the 9130 BSC Evolution
The OMC-R communicates with the 9130 BSC Evolution using the IP protocol. The network access can be done either:
Via ethernet: SSW connected to one or 2 external routers, or Via the Ater interface: usage of n TSs at 64 Kb/s on atermuxes with ML-PPP. Fill in the diagram below with the names of the modules on which the links are connected.
1 2

TC A9130 BSC
1 2

MSC

IP over Ater
IP router/ML-PPP

IP on Ethernet EAB

IP Network

IP/X.25 router

OMC-R

BSC terminal / NEM
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The 2 OMCP boards from the 9130 BSC Evolution are responsible for supervision and configuration parts of the BSS. The active OMCP provides the OMC-R with the logical interface. The OMC-R can supervise and configure the 9130 BSC Evolution in 2 ways: Direct IP network. IP over Ater. In case of IP over Ater, MultiLink PPP (ML-PPP) is used in order to split, recombine and sequence datagrams across multiple logical data links. The O&M traffic coming from 9130 BSC Evolution is spread over 2 to 16 E1 timeslots at 64Kbit/s, but the recommended value is 4 E1 timeslots (256 Kbit/s). The last timeslots from Ater are routed by MSC on the PCM link(s) between the MSC and the Cisco router. Each timeslot from PCM link(s) is defined as virtual serial interface in the Cisco router by its E1 controller. All these virtual serial interfaces are integrated, by the Cisco router, in the MultiLink PPP interface. The extraction can be done on MSC or TC side. External alarms are available and managed on the 9130 BSC Evolution through an External Alarms Box (EAB). The alarms are: routed through an external Ethernet link IP connection to the OMC-R via O&M links, transparent for the 9130 BSC application. The External Alarms Box provides external alarm inputs which can be adapted to the requirements of each customer. Typically, they are used for main power supply, rectifiers, batteries, air conditioning, intrusion etc. The SMS-CB service uses the X.25 protocol, according to 3GPP definition. 2 possibilities are offered to the customer: Communication between CBC and 9130 BSC Evolution over Ater on TC or MSC site (use of ML-PPP). Communication between CBC and 9130 BSC Evolution over IP network.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 72

4. RIP solution protocol will be not able to guarantee the continuity of the telecom service. Standard RIP is used to perform the path failure detection and routes update for the O&M flows. That’s why it is called « 2 LANs » One drawback of RIP protocol can be the reaction time for updating routing tables when a failure (SSW. Historically.3 External IP Addresses of the 9130 BSC Evolution External Subnet of the 9130 BSC Evolution The 9130 BSC Evolution is able to support different LANs configuration: Two-LAN solution via a CISCO router: One external subnet called A subnet 2 local subnets called B and C subnets Usage of RIP protocol One-LAN solution via a CISCO router: Only one external subnet called A No usage of RIP protocol. B and C are internal and only the subnet A is visible from the IP Network. Alcatel-Lucent implemented first the « Two-LAN solution » with RIP protocol. This solution implies to define 3 different subnets (A. That’s why Alcatel-Lucent proposes another solution based on the « one-LAN solution ». This is not a problem from the O&M point of view. but with the introduction of some Telecom facilities based on IP in the next release (such as A Flex).B and C). or Router problem) appears. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 73 . link. static routing is used The ONE LAN solution is not possible over Ater 73 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 2 different LANs configuration are available on the 9130 BSC Evolution.

The use of the RIP V2 protocol on OMCP. Once the router receives A3 IP. OMCP switchover. The local subnets B and C are visible only by the routers in entrance of the IP network. The OMC-R uses the A3 IP address in order to communicate with the active OMCP of the 9130 BSC Evolution. it converts this AIP into B or into CIP address according to the active couple switch/OMCP board. switch failure. This address is named A4 (AIP address + 3) and is mapped on the active ethernet from the active OMCP.4. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 74 . a supplementary AIP address is assignable to the active OMCP from the MFS. etc.3 External IP Addresses of the 9130 BSC Evolution External Subnet of the 9130 BSC Evolution on uti l o NS IP Network B6 C6 Subnet C OMC-R A 2-L Subnet B B1 SSW1 O M C P1 O M C P2 C1 C2 SSW2 B2 Engineering rules for A1 for OMCP1 A2 for OMCP2 A3 for Active OMCP A6 for Alarm box A subnet: AIP address AIP address + 1 AIP address + 2 AIP address + 5 Active board Alarm Box 74 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Subnet A All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Standby board The above diagram represents the 9130 BSC Evolution communicating via an Ethernet link with the OMC-R (the scenario will be the same in case of IP over Ater interface (ML-PPP on TPGSM active board)).) The subnet A is visible everywhere in the IP network. the necessary O&M parameters are set in the 9130 BSC Evolution in the following way: C1: OMCP 1 connected to SSW2 = BIP address C2: OMCP 2 connected to SSW2 = BIP address +1 C6: external router connected to SSW2 = BIP address + 5 In case of MFS colocated with the BSC. For the definition of the subnet B. The alarm box may be connected to the SSW1 of the 9130 BSC Evolution or directly to a LAN. the necessary O&M parameters are set in the 9130 BSC Evolution in the following way: B1: OMCP 1 connected to SSW1 = BIP address B2: OMCP 2 connected to SSW1 = BIP address +1 B6: external router connected to SSW1 = BIP address + 5 For the definition of the subnet C. TPGSM boards and on an external router provides a way to automatically update the routing table on these stations each time a change occurs (link.

VRRP controls the IP addresses associated with a virtual router. it is possible to get 2 routers instead of one. In the one-LAN solution. In case of failure of active switch side. triggering the ARP cache update on router side. a supplementary AIP address is assignable to the active OMCP from the MFS. Same switch as before OMCP switchover remains active. Gratuitous ARP sent by the BSC. OMCP switchover scenario: Gratuitous ARP sent by newly active OMCP.3 External IP Addresses of the 9130 BSC Evolution External Subnet of the 9130 BSC Evolution [cont. The advantage of 2 routers is to provide a redundancy router with the implementation of the VRRP or HSRP protocol.] on uti l o NS IP Network A 1-L OMC-R O M C P1 SSW1 O M C P2 SSW2 Engineering rules for A1 for OMCP1 A2 for OMCP2 A3 for Active OMCP A6 for Alarm box A subnet: AIP address AIP address + 1 AIP address + 2 AIP address + 5 Subnet A Active board Alarm Box 75 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Standby board In a one-LAN solution. Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) specifies an election protocol that dynamically assigns responsibility for a virtual router (a Virtual router composed of 2 physical routers). even if connection at BSC switch remains possible. Test based on ARP echo request. the BSC swaps its addresses to the other switch side. the address of the router has only one address which is unique. Alcatel-Lucent recommends to connect the external alarm box directly to the router.4. This address is named A4 (AIP address + 3) and is mapped on the active ethernet from the active OMCP. Router access or BSC switch failure scenario: Detected through a reachability test on both switch sides (active OMCP). By default. In case of MFS colocated with the BSC. as represented above. this address is A5 (AIP address + 4). All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 75 .

C6.4. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 76 . C1. B1. C2.3 External IP Addresses of the 9130 BSC Evolution IP Addresses in Subnets A/B/C Let's assume SSW2 and OMCP1 are active. B2. The proposed values are given in the commentary page. B6. Fill in the diagram below with the IP address of Subnets A. B and C. SSW1 (w) O M C P1 SSW2 (W) O M C P2 OMC-R 76 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 The proposed values are: A1. A2. A3.

5 9130 BSC Evolution Defense Mechanism 77 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 77 .

2 redundancy schemes are implemented: N+1 and 1+1.1 Redundancy Schemes The architecture of the 9130 BSC Evolution enables an excellent availability and reliability of the functions. Board CCP OMCP TP-GSM SSW Redundancy scheme Board LIU MUX PEM Redundancy scheme Defense mechanism in the ATCA shelf 78 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Defense mechanism in the LIU shelf All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 78 .5 9130 BSC Evolution Defense Mechanism 5. Fill in the tables below with the appropriate redundancy scheme.

5 9130 BSC Evolution Defense Mechanism 5. CCP1 CCP2 CCPN SSW1 OMCP1 SSW2 OMCP2 TP1 Working function Redundant function TP2 79 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 79 .2 Switchover Scenarios Switchover scenario for 1+1 (duplication) redundancy scheme.

the redundant CCP board takes over the processing and capacity of the failed CCP with a minimum service interruption.5 9130 BSC Evolution Defense Mechanism 5.] Switchover scenario for N+1 redundancy scheme. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 80 . CCP1 CCP2 CCPN OMCP1 SSW1 OMCP2 SSW2 TP1 Working function Redundant function TP2 80 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 In the N+1 scheme.2 Switchover Scenarios [cont.

6 9130 BSC Evolution Performance 81 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 81 .

PDU Shelf 4 none ATCA Shelf 3 (BSC) LIU Shelf 2 none BSC standalone 82 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 LIU Shelf 1 (BSC) Rules are applied for shelf positions regarding weight. The cabinet is composed of 1 ATCA shelf (shelf 3) and 1 LIU shelf (shelf 1). Rules: A single BSC is always installed with: Shelf 3 dedicated to the ATCA shelf. security stability constraints and logistics benefit. The whole cabinet is seen as one single network element. As for the BSC. Shelf 1 dedicated to the LIU shelf. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 82 . Or "MFS 21 GP standalone".1 9130 BSC Evolution Standalone Configuration The 9130 BSC Evolution standalone configuration consists of one rack dedicated to one BSC. The cabinet is composed of 2 ATCA shelves (shelves 3 and 4) and one LIU shelf (shelf 1). there is also an MFS standalone configuration which is called: Either "MFS 9 GP standalone".6 9130 BSC Evolution Performance 6.

6 9130 BSC Evolution Performance 6. security stability constraints and logistics benefit.2 9130 BSC Evolution Rack-Shared Configuration The 9130 BSC Evolution rack-shared configuration consists of one rack shared between 2 BSCs or between one MFS and one BSC. PDU PDU PDU ATCA Shelf 4 (BSC2) ATCA Shelf 4 (MFS) ATCA Shelf 4 (BSC) ATCA Shelf 3 (BSC1) LIU Shelf 2 (BSC2) LIU Shelf 1 (BSC1) 2 x BSC rack-shared 83 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 ATCA Shelf 3 (BSC) LIU Shelf 2 (MFS) LIU Shelf 1 (BSC) BSC-MFS rack-shared All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 ATCA Shelf 3 (MFS) LIU Shelf 2 (BSC) LIU Shelf 1 (MFS) BSC-MFS rack-shared Rules are applied for shelf positions regarding weight. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 83 . The "BSC rack-shared" configuration which is composed of two shelves is also called a "BSC double capacity" because of two independent network elements.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 84 . OMCP. SSW and MUX boards has to be considered as 1 active + 1 standby for redundancy purposes in the shelf.6 9130 BSC Evolution Performance 6.3 Capacity: BSC Capacities in Terms of Boards Three BSC capacities are defined depending on the number of TRXs. Equipment ATCA shelf CCP Spare CCP TP-GSM OMCP SSW LIU Shelf MUX LIU Shelf 84 BSC capacity 200 TRX 400 TRX 600 TRX 1 1 2 3 1 2 2 2 1 2 8 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 800 TRX 4 1000 TRX 5 16 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 The quantity of TPGSM.

Equipment Max number of BTS Max number of cells Total number of E1's Number of Abis Number of Atermux CS Number of Atermux PS Number of Erlangs traffic Ater PS (Mbps BSC capacity 200 TRX 400 TRX 600 TRX 150 255 255 200 400 500 112 128 224 96 96 176 10 20 30 6 12 18 900 1800 2700 12 24 36 800 TRX 255 500 240 176 40 24 3600 53 1000 TRX 255 500 252 176 48 28 4500 67 85 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 85 .6 9130 BSC Evolution Performance 6.4 Capacity: Capacity and Dimensioning for E1 Links The 9130 BSC Evolution is able to process up to 4500 erlangs.

and the 6 others are dedicated to PS. 10 TPs are "generic" (can be assigned to PS. In case of a 200-TRX configuration. to offer maximum flexibility to the clients. full CS or a mixed of the 2). one with 16 LIU boards. Assignment to each LIU board either to Abis or to Ater. 1000 TRX 800 TRX 600 TRX 400 TRX 200 TRX LIU 12 LIU 13 LIU 14 LIU 15 LIU 16 69 59 21 2 1 70 60 22 4 3 71 61 23 6 5 72 62 24 8 7 73 63 25 10 9 74 64 26 12 11 75 65 27 14 13 76 66 28 16 15 x 67 29 18 17 x 68 30 20 19 x 54 48 42 41 x 53 47 40 39 58 52 46 38 37 57 51 45 36 35 56 50 44 34 33 55 49 43 32 31 Ater Ports 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 600 TRX 1000 TRX 200 TRX 400 TRX LIU 1 LIU 2 LIU 3 LIU 4 LIU 5 LIU 6 LIU 7 LIU 8 LIU 9 LIU 10 1 17 33 49 65 81 97 113 129 145 2 18 34 50 66 82 98 114 130 145 3 19 35 51 67 83 99 115 131 147 4 20 36 52 68 84 100 116 132 148 5 21 37 53 69 85 101 117 133 149 6 22 38 54 70 86 102 118 134 150 7 23 39 55 71 87 103 119 135 151 8 24 40 56 72 88 104 120 136 152 9 25 41 57 73 89 105 121 137 153 10 26 42 58 74 90 106 122 138 154 11 27 43 59 75 91 107 123 139 155 12 28 44 60 76 92 108 124 140 156 13 29 45 61 77 93 109 125 141 157 14 30 46 62 78 94 110 126 142 158 15 31 47 63 79 95 111 127 143 159 16 32 48 64 80 96 112 128 144 160 Abis ports LIU 11 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 400 200 One Ater LIU board for 200 TRXs Abis ports (max 176) Atermux CS (max 48) Ater mux PS (max 28) Usable only for HSL or Packet 86 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 LIU boards are fitted in the LIU shelf depending on the BSC configuration (capacity + connectivity). 11 and 12 on the LIU 12 are not used. On the Ater LIU.6 9130 BSC Evolution Performance 6. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 86 200 400 Maximum flexibility on Abis LIU board .5 Capacity: Abis and Atermux Allocation on LIU Boards Abis and Atermux allocation on LIU boards versus BSC capacity. The ports numbered 9. 10. On average. but: Only 2 HW configurations for the LIU shelf are considered: one with 8 LIU boards. The maximum of available LIU boards are used for Abis. 1 Ater LIU board is needed for 200 TRXs. Alcatel-Lucent decided to split the traffic up into 2 LIU boards (even if one LIU board should be efficient) in order not to impact all the traffic in case of one LIU board failure.

With this mode. LSL mode MX BSC 1 600 TRXs 2 Ater Mux A No. 7 No. 7 TC MSC No. This mode allows up to 16 64-kbps signaling channels.6 HSL Introduction 9130 BSC Capacity with the LSL Mode: The No. 7 16 87 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 87 .7 signaling is carried with the standard Low-Speed Signaling Link (LSL) mode. the committed capacity on the A interface is 2600 Erlangs.6 9130 BSC Evolution Performance 6.

Indeed. 7 signaling on a whole PCM link (TS 1 to 31).] BSC Capacity with the HSL Mode: The HSL mode allows to carry dedicated No. the HSL links are connected from the BSC to the MSC without going through the TransCoder (TC). 7 2 HSLs for redundancy purposes (load sharing) 88 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 In TDM mode. 2 HSLs are used. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 88 . The HSL functionality is optional. For redundancy purposes. 4500 erlangs). This option should be supported by the MSC. MX BSC 1 2 1000 TRXs 16 HSL1 No. The BSC does not accept an LSL-HSL mix configuration.6 HSL Introduction [cont. 7 TC MSC Ater Mux A HSL mode HSL2 No. The HSL mode is designed for large BSC capacity (1000 TRXs.6 9130 BSC Evolution Performance 6. switching from one mode to another generates an outage (BSC terminal). The load is shared between both HSLs.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 89 .6 HSL Introduction [cont. The HSL and LSL modes cannot be mixed on a BSC. • it does not carry IP over Ater. plus another CS Atermux located on one different LIU.6 9130 BSC Evolution Performance 6.] HSL Engineering Rules The HSL configuration requires 2 AterMux. • it is configured for CS traffic only. 89 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Alcatel-Lucent recommends to use as candidates for HSL E1 ports: atermux numbered 59 or 60. Any AterMux can be candidate if: • it does not carry Qmux. The AterMux supporting HSL must be configured on different LIU boards.

boards for each shelf. What is the capacity needed for the 9130 BSC Evolution? What is the configuration of the 9130 BSC Evolution? Draw the rack layout of the 9130 BSC Evolution with the appropriate number of: ATCA and LIU shelves.Exercise One customer wants to implement one BSS on a new site. 90 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 90 . The capacity estimated in erlang is 1230.

7 Annex 91 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 91 .

1 ATCA Shelf Layout for BSC "Standalone Configuration" 92 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 U means unused slot and closed with front or rear filler. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 92 .7 Annex 7.

One LIU shelf is composed of 8 or 16 LIU boards.7 Annex 7. In the case of 600 TRXs.2 Board Allocation in LIU Shelf for BSC "Standalone Configuration" 600 & 1000 TRx 93 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 U means unused slot and closed with front or rear filler. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 93 . There will be no extension of LIU boards in case of BSC with 800 or 1000 TRXs in future release. (8 LIU boards in slots 2 up to 9) final location of LIU boards have to be arranged during installation session by an installation method step (LIU boards in slot 8&9 at delivery will be moved to slot 19&20 during installation). 16 LIU boards will be installed even if boards LIU 12 and 13 are not used. In the case of 200 & 400 TRX BSC configuration. for logistic reasons. in order to deliver all LIU basic shelves with identical configurations.

3 BSC Standalone and Rack-Shared Configurations 94 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 94 .7 Annex 7.

4 IP Addresses in Subnets A/B/C 95 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 95 .7 Annex 7.

7 Annex

7.5 9130 BSC Evolution VLAN

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All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010

Internal VLAN (VLAN 1) This is the default VLAN also called “No Tag”/ untagged VLAN or VLAN tag 1. It is used for internal communication. The subnets 172.16.0.0/16, 172.17.0.0/16, 172.18.0.0/16 are assigned on this VLAN. Telecom VLANs (VLANs 3 and 4) These two VLANs ensure NE1oE Ethernet communications between the MUX boards of the LIU shelf and TPGSM NE1oE component. These two VLANs are the VLANs tag 3 and tag 4. Reminder: the NE1oE protocol is based on level-2 Ethernet communications (not on IP). External VLANs (VLANs 22 and 23) These two VLANs are used for external communications between the Mx BSC, the Mx MFS and can be accessed from the exterior: OMC-R, CBC, etc. The external VLANs are composed of VLAN tag 22 on the SSW1 and VLAN tag 23 on the SSW2.

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6 Annex

7.6 Interface between 9130 BSC Evolution and OMC-R: Direct IP Network

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7 Annex

7.7 Interface between 9130 BSC Evolution and OMC-R: IP over Ater

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7 Annex 7.8 Interface between 9130 BSC Evolution and CBC: Direct IP Network 99 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 99 .

7 Annex 7.9 Interface between 9130 BSC Evolution and CBC: IP over Ater 100 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 100 .

10 ATCA Back Panel Dual start configuration Full mesh configuration Update channel interconnection DUAL STAR BACKPLANE 13=11-9=7-5=3-1=2-4=6-8=10-12=14 Each pair of slots in the list above with a “=” in between has an Advanced TCA update channel interconnect.7 Annex 7. 101 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Base channel Fabric interface Update port TDM clock Power distribution System management All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 101 . Switches mounted in logical slots 1 and 2 complement this backplane routing to a complete communication and synchronization infrastructure.

7 Annex 7.11 Architecture BSC G2 – Mx BSC 102 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 102 .

7 Annex 7.12 Abis Signaling Flow for LAPD QMUX RW 103 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 103 .

7 Annex 7.13 Ater Signaling Flow 104 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 104 .

14 Traffic Flow PS CS 105 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 105 .7 Annex 7.

15 TDM Extraction 8 1 Bits TS 8 8 NE1oE Ethernet frame 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Frame 278 Frame 283 282 281 278 Frame 1 Frame 0 LINKS 0 to 251 252 to 267 268 to 269 270 to 279 280 to 282 283 106 FUNCTIONS E1 links 0 TIME SLOTS to 8063 to 8575 to 8639 to 8959 to 9055 to 9087 0 BITS to 64511 HDLC links SS7 links RW links UART links iddle 8064 8576 8540 8960 9056 64512 to 68607 68608 to 69119 69120 to 71679 71680 to 72447 71448 to 72703 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 106 .7 Annex 7.

4. the RAI is returned to the MSC. the diagram illustrating the basic transmission principle. 5 AISs Alarm bit manager 3 AISs Trans Eqt 6 RAIs Trans Eqt 4 RAIs 1 RAIs 1 LIS 107 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 If we transpose in the BSC context. the remote tributary alarm is defined for alarm occurring on the A interface. 1 = Alarm active. 3. The AIS is forwarded to the ASMC. TS 15 is typically defined for alarm octet usage and is used to carry per tributary A (AIS: Alarm Indication Status) or R (RAI:Remote Alarm Indication) information in order to make multiplexed links transparent for alarm forwarding. The ASMC detects the AIS alarm and returns the RAI to the ATBX. the transmission equipment 1 to 4 represent the ATBX boards and the transmission equipment 5 represents the ASMC board or in case of A925 TC. The Alarm bit manager function detects the Ai bit and generates an AIS to the application and returns 10 (RAI indication) of the impacted A-TRUNK. 2. The ASMC sets an Ai bit in the alarm octet for the tributary. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 107 .7 Annex 7. In this context. The transmission equipment 6 represents one board from the A9130 BSC Evolution that we’ll discover in the Hardware Architecture of the A9130 BSC Evolution chapter. the previous boards all together represent the MT120 board. When a Loss of Incoming Signal (LIS) alarm is detected on the A interface. in case of TC G2.16 Alarm Octet Principle Basic transmission principle: Tx Rx Trans Eqt Tx Rx 3 AISs 4 RAIs Rx Tx Trans Eqt Tx Rx 1 LIS 2 RAIs 11111111 TS 15 is used to carry AIS and RAI alarms from the TRCU module to the BSC. Principle: 1. The layout of the Alarm Octet is: 0 = No alarm. In Atermux.

Assign a tp order. which sends ICMP Echo Request messages (and receives Echo Response messages) to determine whether a host is reachable and how long packets take to get to and from that host. The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is used by networked computers ‘operating system’ to send error messages—indicating. at least for applications that do not need guaranteed delivery. The Transport Control Protocol (TCP) guarantees reliable and in-order delivery of data from sender to receiver. The Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is primarily used to translate IP addresses into Ethernet MAC addresses. Time-sensitive applications often use UDP because dropped packets are preferable to delayed packets. Transport: Segment the messages into datagrams. Routing: Ensuring the routing of IP packets inside an Internet architecture with the help of ARP. The most common use is the ping tool. TCP also distinguishes data for multiple connections by concurrent applications.17 TCP/IP Model APPLICATIONS Transport Routing Physical 108 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Applications: Support applications users. for instance. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 108 . that a requested service is not available or that a host or router could not be reached. Avoiding the overhead of checking whether every packet actually arrived makes UDP faster and more efficient. The User Datagram Protocol (UDP) does not guarantee reliability or ordering in the same way as TCP. Assign the IP@ of the recipient to IP. Datagrams may arrive out of order. Physical: Adapt the datagram to the support: Ethernet. appear duplicated. Provide a checksum for requesting in case of problem.7 Annex 7. data link. etc. or go missing without notice. Assign an odrer number for the recombination.

109 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 109 .18 MAC Address Definition A MAC address is a hardware identification number that uniquely identifies each device on a network.7 Annex 7.

255.255.0) All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 110 . This means that it is used by the host computer to send a message back to itself.0 is reserved for the default network and the address 255.0. Binary format 10101100 . 00011110 Decimal format 172 17 3 30 110 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 IPv4 (232 ) address = 4.255 is used for broadcasts. 00000011 .7 Annex 7. expands the size of the IP address to 128 bits. Netmask(s): in CIDR notation (/25) or dotted decimals (255. This number is called IP address. 00010001 . IP addresses are normally expressed in decimal format as a "dotted decimal number" written as four numbers separated by periods. the IP address 0. The use of certain values is restricted as for typical IP addresses.255. Each number can range from zero to 255.255. IPv6.0.1 is used as the loopback address. To make it easier for humans.3 billion possible combinations. The format of an IP address (IPv4) is a 32-bit numeric address (binary format). For example.19 IP Address Definition What is an IP Address? Every machine on Internet has a unique identification number inside one IP network called Local Area Network. It is commonly used for troubleshooting and network testing.0.0. Loopback The IP address 127. A new IP version.

10 NNNNNNNN (214) Net Id 14 bits NNNNNNNN 8 bits Host Id 8 bits First octet from 128 to 191 Default subnet mask: 255.0.255. 110 NNNNNNNN First octet from 192 to 223 Default subnet mask: 255.0. The default subnet mask for Class C address is 255. The default subnet mask for Class A address is 255.0 nnnnnnnn.0. This class is for very large networks. IP addresses with a first octet from 128 to 191 belong to class B.0.0.nnnnnnnn.255.0. An IP address is divided into 2 sections: The Net section (N) always contains the first octet. Net Id 0 7 bits 8 bits Host Id 8 bits 8 bits First octet from 1 to 126 Default subnet mask: 255. The default subnet mask for Class B address is 255. Class C: Class C addresses are commonly used for small to mid-sized businesses.0.0 N NNNNNNN (27) -2=126 nnnnnnnn.255.nnnnnnnn (216) –2 = 65 534 Host Id 8 bits NNNNNNNN nnnnnnnn (28) All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 = 16 384 Net Id 21 bits NNNNNNNN (221) = 2 097 152 Class C for small to mid-sized businesses. for medium-sized networks.255. Class B: Class B is used for medium-sized networks.0 –2 =254 111 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 To provide the flexibility required to support networks of varying sizes. the high order bit value (the very first binary number) in the first octet is always 0.] The IP address space is divided into three address classes: Class A for very large networks. Class D address is used for multicast.19 IP Address Definition [cont.255.255.7 Annex 7.0. It is used to identify the network a computer belongs to. Class E is used for experimental purposes only. Internet designers decided that the IP address space should be divided into three address classes: Class A: In Class A networks.nnnnnnn n (224) –2 = 16 777 214 Class B. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 111 . IP addresses with a first octet from 1 to 126 belong to class A.0. The Host section (n) identifies a unique computer on the network. IP addresses with a first octet from 192 to 223 belong to class C.

100.25.25.20 IP@PC4:172.100. Packets are forwarded only to the relevant port according to its MAC address.30 LAN1 PC2 PC4 IP@PC2:172. PC1 PC3 IP@PC1:172. bridges or switches. A switch runs at level 2 (OSI model).7 Annex 7. also called a subnetwork.40 112 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 A router runs at level 3 (OSI model).20 What Is a LAN? A Local Area Network (LAN).25. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 112 . Packets are broadcast on all ports.10 IP@PC3:172. which means that this equipment has a routing capability and is able to forward packets to different LANs.25. represents an IP network in which all the terminals can communicate with each other. A Hub runs at level 1 (OSI model). The LAN can be composed of Hubs.100.100.

7 Annex

7.21 LAN Definition: Subnetwork Constitution
Assigning an IP address to one terminal is not sufficient. A subnet mask is also needed in order to define the subnetwork or the LAN to which the PC belongs. The IP address combined to its subnetmask with a logical AND defines the LAN (this operation is also called "Bitwise"). The terminals which have the same subnetwork can communicate because they belong to the same LAN.
192
11000000

IP@ PC1 in decimal IP@ PC1 in binary
SubNetmask PC1 in decimal SubNetmask PC1 in binary SubNetwork PC1 in binary SubNetwork PC1 in decimal

240
1111000 0

15
00001111

3
00000011

255
11111111

255
11111111

255
11111111

248
11111000

A N D

11000000

1111000 0

00001111

00000000

192

240

15

0

113
Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010

With this subnet mask, the number of hosts belonging to that network is limited to 2 ^ n –2 (2^3 –2= 6).

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 113

7 Annex

7.21 LAN Definition: Subnetwork Constitution [cont.]
If we consider the previous example, do all the PCs belong to the same LAN?
Yes No

If yes, fill in the value of the subnetwork.
PC1 PC3

IP@PC1:172.25.100.10 Subnetmask:255.255.255.0

LAN1

IP@PC3:172.25.100.30 Subnetmask:255.255.255.0

PC2

PC4

Subnetwork IP@PC2:172.25.100.20 Subnetmask:255.255.255.0
114
Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010

IP@PC4:172.25.100.40 Subnetmask:255.255.255.0

With this subnet mask, the number of hosts belonging to that network is limited to 2 ^ n –2 (2^3 –2= 6).

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 114

7 Annex

7.22 Network Packet Transfer
Host @ IPA 172.25.100.1 0 Mac1@ Host @ IPB Mac2@ 172.25.100.2 0

LAN1

DATA

IP source: IP destination: IPA IPA

MacSource: MAC1@

MacDestination: MAC2@

1. 2.

3.

Station A checks if both stations belong to the same LAN (bitwise operation). If it is not the case, a router is needed. If both IP addresses belong to the same LAN, station A reads from his ARP table the corresponding MAC address. If the ARP table does not contain this information, an ARP request is executed. With this information, the Ethernet packet can be built and sent over the LAN.
All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010

115
Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10

A MAC address is unique in the world. The MAC address format is 48-bit length (6 bytes) (22-bit manufacturer sections / 26-bit Board serial number).

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 115

Packets are broadcast on all ports. A switch runs at level 2 (OSI model). PC1 PCA 172. a gateway is needed to allow the communication.100 PC2 LAN 1 Router PC3 172. The gateway is performed by a ROUTER. which means that this equipment has a routing capability and is able to forward packets to different LANs. All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 116 .25.25.7 Annex 7. Packets are forwarded only to the relevant port according to its MAC address.200 LAN 1 PCB PCC 116 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 A router runs at level 3 (OSI model). A Hub runs at level 1 (OSI model).22 Network Packet Transfer [cont.] When a terminal wants to communicate with another terminal which does not belong to the same LAN.

8 Abbreviations and Acronyms 117 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 117 .

Rem ote Fiber Distributed Data Interface Full Rate File Transfer Protocol All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 118 .Abbreviations and Acronyms 2G A A Abis ACSE AIS APS ARP ASMB ASMC ATCA Ater Aterm ux ATM AuC B BIUA BSC BSCGP BSS BSSAP BSSGP BTS Switch to notes view! BSC-MSC interface BTS-BSC interface Association Control Service Elem ent Alarm Indication Status Autom atic Protection Sw itching Address Resolution Protocol Ater Sub-m ultiplexer BSC Ater Sub-m ultiplexer TC Advanced Telecom Com puting Architecture telecom interface between the BSS and the MSC Ater interface sub-m ultiplexed Asynchronous Transfer Mode Authentication Center second Generation Base station Interface Unit Abis Base Station Controller BSC GPRS Protocol Base Station Subsystem BSS Application Part BSS GPRS Protocol Base Transceiver Station C CBC Cell Broadcast Center All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 118 CCP Mobile Network Call Control Processing Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 CIC Circuit Identification Code CIDR Classless Inter-Dom ain Routing CMISE Com m on Managem ent Inform ation Service Elem ent CMW Mx BSC Comm unication MidW ay CP_HW Control Processing Hardware CP_LOG Control Processing Logic CPF Configuration Param eter data File CPI Com m unication Platform Interface CS Circuit Sw itching D DC DHCP DLS DNS DR DTAP DTC E E1 EAB EIM-L EIM-R F FDDI FR FTP Direct Current Dynam ic Host Configuration Protocol Data Load Segm ent Dom ain Name Server Dual Rate Direct Transfer Application Part Digital Trunk Controller prim ary rate or aggregate bandwidth transm issions External Alarm s Box External Interface Manager – Local External Interface Manager .

Abbreviations and Acronyms G Switch to notes view! Gb Gigabit GB Gigabyte GbE Gigabit Ethernet Gbps Gigabits per second GCH GPRS Channel GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node GHz GigaHertz GIC GPRS Identity Code GPRS General Packet Radio Service GPRSAP GPRS Application Part GSL GPRS Signaling Link GSM Global System for Mobile communications GSS GPRS SubSystem GSUP Global Supervisor H HDLC High-level Data Link Control HLR Home Location Register HMI Human-Machine Interface HMS Hardware Management Service HO HandOver HPI Hardware Platform Interface HR Half Rate HSL High-speed Signaling Link 119 HW Mobile NetworkHardWare Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 HWM Hardware Management I I/O ICMP IDE IEEE IMT IP IPMB IPMC IPMI IPv4 IPv6 ISA ISDN K kbps L LAN LAPB LAPD LIS LIU LLC LSL LVDS All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Input/Output Internet Control Message Protocol Integrated Development Environment Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Installation and Maintenance Terminal Internet Protocol Intelligent Platform Management Bus IPMI Controller Intelligent Platform Management Interface Internet Protocol version 4 Internet Protocol version 6 Industry Standard(s) Architecture Integrated Digital Subscriber Network kilobits per second Local Area Network Link Access Protocol Balanced Link Access Protocol on the D Channel Loss of Incoming Signal Line Interface Unit Logical Link Control Low-speed Signaling Link Low Voltage Differential Signaling All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 119 .

Abbreviations and Acronyms M Switch to notes view! m meter MAC Medium Access Control Mbps Megabits per second MF Master File MFS Multi-BSS Fast packet Server ML-PPP Multi-Link PPP mm millimeter MPDCH Master Packet Data Channel MS Mobile Station MSC Mobile services Switching Center MX Multistandard controller platform MXPF Mx Platform N NE1oE NEM NIC NSS NTP n E1 over Ethernet Network Element Manager Network Interface Controller Network Sub-System Network Time Protocol O O&M Operation and Maintenance OBCI On Board Controller Interface OMC 120 Operation and Maintenance Center All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Mobile Network OMCP Control Processing Alcatel LucentO&M 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 OMC-R Operation and Maintenance Center – Radio OML Operation and Maintenance Link OSI Open System Interconnection OUI Organisationally Unique Identifier P PC PC PCI PCM PDCH PDN PDU PEM PICMG PLD PM PMC PMS PPP PS PSTN Q Qmux Personality Card Personal Computer Peripheral Component Interconnect Pulse Code Modulation Packet Data Channel Packet Data Network Packet Data Unit Power Entry Module PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers Group Programmable Logic Device Performance Management PCI Mezzanine Card Process Management Service Point-to-Point Protocol Packet Switching Public Switched Telephone Network Transmission equipment supervision bus All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 120 .

Abbreviations and Acronyms R RAI RIP RIT RNO RSL RTM Rx S SCCP SDRAM SGSN ShM C SMM SMS-CB SMTP SNMP SS7 SSW STM -1 SUP SW M Switch toAlarm notes view! Rem ote Indication Routing Inform ation Protocol Replaceable Item Radio Network Optim ization Radio Signaling Link Rear Transm ission M odule Reception Signaling Connection Control Part Synchronous Dynam ic Random Access M em ory Serving GPRS Support Node Shelf Manager Controller Shelf Managem ent Module Short M essage Service .Cell Broadcast Sim ple M ail Transport Protocol Sim ple Network Managem ent Protocol Signaling System No.7 Subrack Sw itch (board) Synchronous Transport Module of level 1 Supervisor Software Managem ent T TC TransCoder TCH Traffic Channel TCIL 121 TransCoder Internal Link All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 Mobile Network TCP/IP Transm ission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 TCU TRX Control Unit TDM Tim e-Division M ultiplexing TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol TP Transm ission Path TPGSM Transm ission Processing TRCU Transcoder Control Unit TRX Transceiver TS Tim e Slot TSC Transm ission Sub-System Controller Tx Transm ission U UART UDP USB V V VC VCE VDC V-DTC V-DTC tchrm VLAN VLR Universal Asynchronous Receiver-Transm itter User Datagram Protocol Universal Serial Bus Volt Virtual Channel Virtual Control Elem ent Volt Direct Current Virtual Digital Trunk Controller V-DTC TCH resource m anagem ent Virtual LAN Visitor Location Register All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 121 .

Abbreviations and Acronyms V V-oCPR V-sCPR V-TCU V-TSC W W X XOT Switch to notes view! Virtual Osi Com m on Processor Virtual system Com m on Processor Virtual Term inal Control Unit Virtual Transm ission Su-System Controller W att External O utput 122 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 122 .

End of Module 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 123 Mobile Network Alcatel Lucent 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2010 All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2010 9130 BSC Evolution Description in B10 Page 123 .

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