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r05220205 Control Systems May 2008|Views: 113|Likes: 1

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 1

II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the traﬃc control system concepts using open loop as well as closed loop system.

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Figure 2a (b) Explain the need of signal ﬂow graph representation for any system. 3. (a) What is meant by time response? Explain about i. Steady- state response ii. Transient response

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2. (a) Reduce the given block diagram (ﬁgure 2a)and hence obtain the transfer function C(s) . R(s)

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(b) Why is negative feedback invariably preferred in closed loop systems? [8+8]

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[10+6]

K (b) A unity feed-back system is characterized by an open loop T.F G(s) = s(s+10) Determine the gain K so that the system will have a damping ratio of 0.5. For this value of K , determine Ts , Tp and Mp for a unit step input. [6+10]

4. (a) Deﬁne the term root locus and state the rule for ﬁnding out the root locus on the real axis? (b) Calculate the angle of asymptotes and the centroid for the system having K(s+3) G(s)H(s) = s(s+2)(s+4)(s+5) (c) For G(s)H(s) = the jω - axis?

K , s(s+1)(s+3)

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ﬁnd the intersection point of the root locus with [4+6+6]

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Code No: R05220205 5. Sketch the Bode plots for a system G(s) = s(s215(s+5) +16s+100) Hence determine the stability of the system. 6. Write short notes: (a) Comparision of polar & Nyquist plots (b) Applications of Nyquist criterion.

Set No. 1

[16]

[8+8]

7. (a) What is compensation? what are the diﬀerent types of compensators? (b) What is a lag compensator, obtain the transfer function of lag compensator and draw pole-zero plot? (c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10] 8. Obtain the two diﬀerential state representation for the system with transfer function. y(s) = S 3 +6S 22 . [16] u(s) +11S+6 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne transfer function and what are its limitations? [6+10]

(b) Find the transfer function of the following system: Shown in ﬁgure 1b.

Figure 2a (b) Explain the working principle of synchro receiver with neat sketch.

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2. (a) Reduce the given block diagram (ﬁgure 2a) and hence obtain the transfer function C(s) R(s)

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Figure 1b [10+6] 3. (a) What are generalized error constants? State the advantages of generalized error coeﬃcients? (b) For a ﬁrst order system, ﬁnd out the output of the system when the input applied to the system is unit ramp input? Sketch the r(t) and c(t) and show the steady state error. [8+8] 4. (a) What are the necessary conditions to have all the roots of the characteristic Equation in the left half of s-plane? (b) What are the diﬃculties in RH stability crititerion? Explain ,how you can over come them? [4+12] 5. (a) State the advantages & limitations of frequency domain analysis 1 of 2

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Code No: R05220205 (b) Sketch the Bode plot s of 28.5e−0.1s G(s) = s(1+s)(1+0.1s) Hence ﬁnd gain cross over frequency. 6. (a) What is “Nyquist Contour”?

Set No. 2

[6+10]

(b) A system is given by 4s+1 G(s) = s2 (s+1)(2s+1) Sketch the Nyquist plot & hence determine the stability of the system. [2+14] 7. (a) What is compensation? what are the diﬀerent types of compensators? (b) What is a lag compensator, obtain the transfer function of lag compensator and draw pole-zero plot? (c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10] 8. Obtain the two diﬀerential state representation for the system with transfer function. y(s) = S 3 +6S 22 . [16] u(s) +11S+6 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Write the important diﬀerences between open loop and closed loop systems with suitable examples.

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2. (a) State and explain mason’s gain formula for the signal ﬂow graph. (b) What are diﬀerences between block diagram reduction and signal ﬂow graph reduction? [8+8] 3. (a) How steady ?state error of a control system is determined? How it can be reduced? (b) Determine the error coeﬃcients and static error for G(s) = H(s) = s + 2 .

1 , s(s+1)(s+10)

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Figure 1b

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[8+8] 4. (a) What are the necessary conditions to have all the roots of the characteristic Equation in the left half of s-plane? (b) What are the diﬃculties in RH stability crititerion? Explain ,how you can over come them? [4+12] 5. (a) Deﬁne frequency response. 1 of 2

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(b) Obtain the transfer function

X0 (s) X1 (s)

of the following system. Shown in ﬁgure 1b. [8+8]

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 3

(b) Discuss the advantages & disadvantages of frequency response analysis. (c) Bring out the correlation between time response & frequency response and hence show that the correlation exists for the range of damping ratio 0 <ζ< 0.707. [2+6+8] 6. (a) What is “Nyquist Contour”? (b) A system is given by 4s+1 G(s) = s2 (s+1)(2s+1) Sketch the Nyquist plot & hence determine the stability of the system. [2+14] 7. Design a lead compensator for unity feed back system whose open loop transfer K function G(S) = S(S+1)(S+5) to satisfy the following speciﬁcations. (a) velocity error constant KV ≥ 50 (b) Phase margin ≥ 200 .

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8. (a) Obtain the state model of the system whose transfer function is given as. Y (s) = S 3 +4S10 2 +2S+1 V (s) (b) Consider the matrix A compute eA t ? 0 1 A= −2 − 3 [8+8]

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the basic components of control systems?

(b) Find the transfer function for the system given ﬁgure 1b:

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Figure 1b where, M is the mass of the system. K is the spring deﬂection B is the coeﬃcient of viscous damping. [6+10] 2. (a) Reduce the given block diagram (ﬁgure 2a) and hence obtain the transfer function C(s) R(s) 1 of 3

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 4

Figure 2a (b) Explain the need of Mason’s gain formula for any system reduction.

[10+6]

ii. G(s)H(s) = iii. G(s)H(s) = iv. G(s)H(s) =

(c) State the advantages of RH Stability criterion?

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(b) By means of RH criterion determine the stability of the system represented by the characteristic equation S 4 + 2S 3 + 8S 2 + 4S + 3 = 0 [6+6+4]

5. (a) Derive the expressions for resonant peak & resonant frequency and hence establish the correlation between time response & frequency response. (b) Given ζ = 0.7 & ωn = 10 r/s ﬁnd resonant peak, resonant frequency & Bandwidth. [10+6] 6. (a) With respect to a function q(s) “Every s-plane contour which does not pass through any singular points of q(s) has a corresponding contour in q(s) plane” Elaborate. (b) What is the eﬀect of adding a zero at origin to the to the open loop transfer function on polar plot? [8+8] 7. (a) What is compensation? what are the diﬀerent types of compensators? (b) What is a lag compensator, obtain the transfer function of lag compensator and draw pole-zero plot? 2 of 3

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i. absolute stability ii. marginal stability iii. conditional stability

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4. (a) Deﬁne the the following terms

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(b) The unit step response of a second order linear system with zero initial state is given by c(t) = 1 + 1.25e−6t Sin(8t − tan−1 1.333). Determine the damping ratio, un damped natural frequency of oscillations and peak overshoot? [8+8]

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i. G(s)H(s) =

100 s(s2 +4s+200) 200 s2 (s2 +10s+200) 4(s2 +10s+100) s(s+3)(s2 +2s+10) 200 (1+01s)(1+0.5s)

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3. (a) Deﬁne type and order of a control system and hence ﬁnd the type and order of the following systems?

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Code No: R05220205

Set No. 4

(c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10] 8. (a) The system is represented by the diﬀerential equation y + 5y + 6y = u ¨ ˙ Find the transfer from state variable representation. (b) Consider the RLC network shown in ﬁgure 8b. Write the state variable representation. [16]

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Figure 8b

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