This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Clean Renewable Alternative Energy
Cape Vincent Wind Farm Information
Local Economic Beneﬁts
ape Vincent and Lyme are known for their rich cultural history and abundant natural resources that make the area a wonderful place to live and to visit. One of the most plentiful, and promising, natural resources is the wind. Wind coming across Lake Ontario onto Cape Vincent is an outstanding energy resource in New York State. Wind power is the fastest growing electricity source in the world. Freighters on the St. Lawrence Seaway regularly transport turbine blades and tower components from Europe to ports in the Great Lakes that distribute the parts nationwide. Around the country and the globe, thousands of wind turbines are producing power safely, affordably, and without polluting emissions.
Like many upstate communities, Cape Vincent and Lyme face twenty-ﬁrst century challenges as they try to develop their economies, and become more sustainable. The proposed Cape Vincent wind farm being developed by BP Alternative Energy would bring signiﬁcant local beneﬁts, including an economic boost amounting to an investment in the community that could exceed $50 Million over 20 years. Development of this proliﬁc resource will also curb the pollution from power plants that produces greenhouse gas emissions, the major contributor to global warming.
Wind Power Brings Economic Beneﬁts to the Cape Vincent area
Community payments Growing the tax base:
Wind farm development would signiﬁcantly expand the local tax base to make more money available for schools, civil works, and social services. Each year the planned 210 MW project would contribute over $1 million to the improve the tax bases of the local communities, while placing very low demands on local public services.
Community landowners who choose to host wind facilities on their property receive annual royalty payments, which are expected to total over $1 million per year for the entire wind farm. Over the lifetime of the project, landowners have a stable source of income, while still being able to utilize 95 percent of their land for its original use – animals and crops can be safely located right up to the base of the towers.
Job creation & materials contracts – local jobs and local resources:
As the wind project is developed, temporary and permanent jobs are created. Construction of a 210 MW wind farm would generate hundreds of construction jobs and $4 million in wages for workers. BP Alternative Energy will also spend roughly $15 million on purchasing materials (concrete, gravel, etc) from area companies. Once in operation, the wind farm will require approximately 5-10 fulltime workers to operate and maintain it.
Landowner royalty revenue Wind power provides supplemental income to residents who lease a portion of their land for wind turbines. As sprawling development consumes 26,000 acres of New York farmland each year, wind power can provide the money that families and communities need to preserve their open space and their way of life.
Neighbor royalty revenue – sharing beneﬁts:
As a means of sharing the beneﬁts of a locally sighted project with the whole community, BP Alternative Energy offers payments to many landowners whose properties are near the wind facilities. These payments are expected to total over $100,000 per year.
James H. Madden, Business Developer BP Alternative Energy NA, Inc. 310 Fourth St., NE, Charlottesville, VA 22902 Ph: 434-220-9428
le Alternative Energy
ind power generation is clean and sustainable. Unlike generators that burn fossil fuels that degrade our environment and threaten our health, wind turbines produce power without polluting emissions. New York power plants that burn oil, gas and coal produce the majority of our power. As the largest source of industrial air pollution, these plants emit large quantities of the air pollutants that contribute to global warming, acid rain, and mercury contamination. A New York Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) study found that if wind energy supplied 10% (3,300 megawatts) of the state's peak electricity demand, the fuels it displaced would be reduced proportionally as follows: • 65% from natural gas; • 15% from coal; • 10% from oil; and • 10% from electricity imports. Every megawatt of wind power we produce in New York reduces our reliance on fossil fuels and helps to displace: • five tons of sulfur dioxide • six tons of nitrogen oxide; and • more than 1,300 tons of carbon dioxide each year.
and would eliminate some of the coastal wetland areas around Cape Vincent that provide essential breeding habitat. • These losses not only create dangerous ecological imbalances, they also place billions of dollars from tourism and recreational activities, like hunting and fishing, at risk. Acid Rain Toxic emissions containing sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide have contributed to the acid rain that has damaged our forests and left 500 New York lakes unable to support life. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the streams and lakes of the Adirondack and Catskill Mountains are particularly sensitive to acidification, and without a decline in acid rain production, the number of water bodies affected could increase dramatically. Mercury Contamination According to the National Wildlife Federation, each year more than 100 tons of mercury are emitted into the air from coal fired power plants, waste incinerators and other sources. This toxic heavy metal eventually deposits on our land and water, endangering wildlife and human health. • In the Great Lakes region, rainwater contains as much as 65 times the EPA's safe level of mercury. As a potent neurotoxin, Mercury contamination has rendering much of the fish in New York's smaller water bodies unsafe to eat. Last year, the Department of Health issued advisories for fish in 130 water bodies across the state including Lake Ontario, Red Lake and the St. Lawrence River. • In the report "Mercury Connections" by the Biodiversity Research Institute, researchers have labeled the Adirondack Mountains region of New York state a "biological hotspof'due to elevated mercury levels in fish and wildlife. • It was once thought that Mercury contamination posed the greatest risk to wildlife that depend on our waterways, like the Common Loon, however recent studies in New York have shown high levels of mercury contamination in songbirds that inhabit our forests, indicating that the effect is more widespread.
WHY CLEAN ENERGY NOW?
Global Warming The significant levels of carbon dioxide emitted from power plants have led us closer to realizing the consequences of global climate change. Lake Ontario, as part of the Great Lakes region, could be particularly hard hit. • According to the Union of Concerned Scientists, temperatures in the state could rise by 7-13 degrees Fahrenheit by 2100 leading to increased smog production, electricity shortages, flooding, and drinking water shortages that could threaten the health and well being of New Yorkers. • Climatic changes could have a particularly dramatic effect on wildlife as a result of increased water temperatures, changes in migratory patterns and the proliferation of invasive species. Warming temperatures could threaten cold-water fish species like walleye and trout
Wind power generation is clean and sustainable. Unlike fossil environme threaten our health,wind turbines produce power without polluting emissions
In addition to threatening our environment, pollution from power plants has a significant affect on human health. • According to the American Lung Association, more than 14 million people in New York live in areas that have been classified by the Environmental Protection Agency as having unhealthy air. • Harvard University studies on the health impacts of coal plants in Massachusetts and Illinois found that people who lived within 30 miles of a coal fired power plant had a higher incidence of premature death. In New York, the small particles that are emitted by power plants result in 28,000 asthma attacks, almost 2,500 non-fatal heart attacks and over 1,200 premature deaths each year. • Of the three million children that live near New York's 12 major coal-fired power plants, almost 180,000 or between 5-6 percent, have asthma.
• Nuclear power plants do not produce air pollution, however, nuclear expansion in this country has been controversial due to concerns about nuclear accidents, hazardous waste, and low level radiation exposure. In the local area, Constellation Energy's Nine Mile Point Nuclear Station is under consideration for a new reactor. Wind power is a clean, safe alternative to nuclear energy.
Wildlife, Environmental, Scientific and Public Interest Groups Support Wind Power
"Wind power is a reliable, clean, renewable resource that can help reduce our reliance on polluting fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas) and nuclear power for electricity." — Sierra Club Conservation Policies, www.sierraclub.org
Union of Concerned Scientists
"The most important and urgent step to curbing global warming and limiting the consequences for our climate is reducing heat trapping emissions." — The Changing Northeast Climate: Our Choices, Our Legacy, www. climatechoices.org
"If we don't find ways to reduce these emissions, far more birds - and people - will be threatened by global warming than by wind turbines." — President John Flicker, Audubon View, Audubon Magazine, NovDec 2006, www.audubon.org/campaign/windPowerQA
American Lung Association of New York
"Some of the most polluted air in the United States is inhaled by New York State residents. Violations for health standards for ozone (smog) and particulate matter (soot) are recorded every year." — Clean Air, www.alanys.org
James H. Madden, Business Developer BP Alternative Energy NA, Inc. 310 Fourth St., NE, Charlottesville.VA 22902 Ph: 434-220-9428
Powered by BP
Avian and Bats
ompared to other human related activities, wind development has a relatively low impact on birds. Research has shown that the mortality rate for birds in the East from wind turbines is about three birds per megawatt of wind power per year, whereas 97 million birds die each year from collisions with plate glass windows. According to the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), out of every 10,000 birds killed by human activities, less than one of those is caused by a wind turbine. Of particular concern had been the high number of bird deaths at one of the earliest sited wind facilities at Altamont Pass in California, and a large number of bat deaths at a wind facility in West Virginia. Studies have shown that these incidences appear to be site specific and are not representative of the general risk to wildlife posed by wind facilities. Avian studies and wildlife surveys are now routinely conducted prior to wind site development. Environmental groups, federal regulators, the wind industry and other interested parties also continue to work together to develop ways to further limit any impacts on birds and bats. The U.S. Department of Energy contends that conventional fuels, which contribute to air and water pollution, have a far greater impact on birds and their habitat, as well as to the environment and human health. Our proposed 210 MW project will offset more than 375,000 tons of carbon dioxide annually, the equivalent of taking more than 74,000 cars off the road each year. National groups like the Audubon Society and the American Bird Conservancy support wind power and recognize the role that it has to play in reducing the toxic emissions that pose a significant threat to avian species.
Early turbine plants in the 1970's and 80's were located without attention to the use of the area by birds, and aspects of the turbines design, like lattice towers and fast spinning rotors, proved to have a negative impact on the bird population. Since then, potential or known risk factors have been addressed in turbine siting and design, drastically reducing bird mortality. The research conducted to date on the migratory patterns of bird species has also shown that birds avoid wind turbines. A radar study conducted over two years by Denmark's National Environmental Research Institute showed that, almost exclusively, migrating geese and ducks either flew down the corridors between wind turbines or avoided the wind farm altogether. For more than ten years the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) has been working with the Audubon Society and other stakeholder groups through the National Wind Coordinating Committee (NWCC), an organization that establishes guidelines for the monitoring and reporting of bird mortality related to wind power and serves as a resource for research in the area.
For every 10,000 birds killed by human activities, less than one death is caused by a wind turbine.
"When you look at a wind turbine, you can find the bird carcasses and count them. With a coal-fired power plant, you can't count the carcasses, but it's going to kill a lot more birds. "
— John Flicker, National Audubon Society, President
wind turbines communication towers
high tension lines vehicles
Data source: Erickson et al., 2002, Summary of Anthropogenic Causes of Bird Mortality.
Avian and Bats
Do wind turbines threaten bats? Unlike birds, few studies have been done on the interrelationship between bats and wind turbines, and a great deal is still unknown about bat behavior. While birds are active during the day, foraging for food, bats come awake at night and use their sonar to find food and to avoid trees and other objects. Currently, researchers have noted that bats seem to be attracted to the open areas that contain wind turbines because insects are more easily found there, but it is unclear why they may collide with towers. Researchers have noted that the majority of bats that are killed by turbines are migratory species and bat deaths appear to coincide with times of migratory activity. It is likely that the bats follow high wind routes during migration, the same places where wind turbines may be located. Spurred by concerns about a large number of bat deaths at a West Virginia wind farm in 2003, the Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative (BWEC) formed as a collaboration between AWEA, Bat Conservation International (BCI), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to conduct research and make recommendations on how to reduce potential impacts on bats.
This radar study, conducted by Denmark's National Environmental Research Institute over a two-year period, shows that migrating birds fly around wind farms. The radar image shows the westerly oriented flight trajectories during the initial operation of the wind turbines. Black lines indicate migrating water bird flocks, red dots the wind turbines.
National Wind Coordinating Collaborative www.nationalwind.org Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative http://www.batcon.org American Wind Energy Association www.awea.org
James H. Madden, Business Developer BP Alternative Energy NA, Inc. 310 Fourth St., NE, Charlottesville.VA 22902 Ph: 434-220-9428
Powered by BP
! UNDERSTANDING PILOT PAYMENTS AND THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF WIND FARMS
The development of a wind farm can have an immediate impact on the financial wellbeing of your community. There are four significant ways in which wind farms contribute to the local economy: • Increased tax revenue for school districts, towns and counties • Payments to participating landowners • Temporary construction jobs & long-term jobs • Improved infrastructure (new roads, improved transmission, general improvements) In New York State, it is common for wind developers to work with a county’s Industrial Development Agency (IDA) to negotiate a Payment-In-Lieu-Of-Taxes (PILOT) agreement that details the tax revenue the local community can expect to receive from the wind company over a set period of time. These PILOT agreements are authorized under state law to encourage economic development, job creation and tax revenue growth that may not otherwise take place. Generally, a wind developer will agree with the IDA on annual payments based on a project’s installed generation capacity ($ per megawatt) and a timeframe for those payments. The payments will be shared according to a state law formula unless the local tax jurisdictions agree with the IDA to a different sharing arrangement. ACCIONA will submit an application to the Jefferson County IDA to develop a PILOT for the St. Lawrence Wind Farm that sets payments to the Town of Cape Vincent, the Town of Lyme, Thousand Islands Central School District, Lyme Central School District and Jefferson County. The specific PILOT payments and allocation among these jurisdictions is not yet determined, but it is estimated that total payments over the PILOT’s 20-year term will exceed $20 million. PILOT EXAMPLE The PILOT agreement described below was developed for the Galloo Island Wind Farm (252 MW) through the Jefferson County IDA: • 20 year term • $8,500 per megawatt of generation capacity plus a 2.5% annual escalator (compounded) paid annually • Possible increase in payments based on market price for power • Payments split: Town of Hounsfield 15%, Sacketts Harbor Central School District 35%, Jefferson County 50% GALLOO ISLAND WIND FARM ANNUAL PILOT PAYMENTS Year 1 2,142,000 Year 11 2,741,941 Year 2 2,195,550 Year 12 2,810,490 Year 3 2,250,439 Year 13 2,880,752 Year 4 2,306,700 Year 14 2,952,771 Year 5 2,364,367 Year 15 3,026,590 Year 6 2,423,476 Year 16 3,102,255 Year 7 2,484,063 Year 17 3,179,811 Year 8 2,546,165 Year 18 3,259,306 Year 9 2,609,819 Year 19 3,340,789 Year 10 2,675,064 Year 20 3,424,309 Total $54,716,657 Over the life of the Galloo Island Wind Farm PILOT agreement, the total approximate payments to each tax jurisdiction are expected to be: Town $8,207,498; School District $19,150,830; County $27,358,329.
ST. LAWRENCE WIND FARM
Description St. Lawrence Wind Farm (SLWF) is a proposed wind energy project with the potential to produce 76.5 MW of clean, cost-competitive renewable energy. Acciona Energy (www.acciona-na.com), a global leader in renewable energy development and a member of the Acciona Group, is the project sponsor through its St. Lawrence Windpower, LLC (SLW) (www.stlawrencewind.com) subsidiary. The project site is located in the towns of Cape Vincent and Lyme in Jefferson County, New York. Fifty-one Acciona 1.5 MW wind turbine generators will be situated in a rural agricultural district in Cape Vincent where the prevailing land use is dairy farming. A 9 mile transmission line along an existing utility corridor and former railroad bed will interconnect the project with the electric grid in Lyme. Economic Benefits SLWF represents a private capital investment in excess of $150 million that is expected to create more than 150 temporary construction jobs and 6-10 permanent skilled jobs. During its 20+ year operating life, it is estimated that SLWF will make over $20 million in lease payments to participating landowners and over $20 million in Payment-In-Lieu-Of-Taxes (PILOT) and property tax payments to local tax jurisdictions (Town of Cape Vincent, Town of Lyme, Thousand Islands Central School District, Lyme Central School District and Jefferson County). These additional jobs and payments will diversify the local economy and help foster a thriving sustainable community. • SLWF will provide a steady, long-term and local source of tax revenue that is not subject to cuts by the state or federal government. These locally generated and locally controlled tax dollars can be used to increase services, reduce taxes or prevent a reduction in services – for example, the closing of a school. ° Martinsburg School District in neighboring Lewis County has utilized PILOT funding from the Maple Ridge Wind Farm to maintain, and even lower, the annual tax levy. That, along with rising property values in the district, has caused the full-value tax rate to steadily drop.i ° In Cohocton, New York, a fifty turbine wind project commenced operation in 2008 and has allowed for a 32% reduction in the town’s tax levy - from $4.18 to $2.85 per thousand of assessed value. In a November 5, 2010 story in the Evening Tribune, Town Supervisor Jack Zigenfus said “If we didn’t have the wind project, we’d probably be in very tough shape. Other than raising taxes, I don’t know where the next money would have come from. The town is in very, very good financial shape for next year and the next few years.” • Money will flow into the local economy through purchases of goods and services needed to support the project’s construction and operation. Local businesses that benefit will include hotels, restaurants and building materials suppliers. These purchases, as well as the project’s direct payments to landowners and tax jurisdictions, will result in secondary purchases and create an economic ripple effect that enhances the local economy. • During construction, improvements will be made to local roads and the regional electric grid utilized by the project. • Historic preservation projects at the Tibbetts Point Lighthouse and other local landmarks will be funded by SLWF. • 83% of respondents to a 2010 Jefferson Community College survey believe wind farm development is important to the local Jefferson County economy. 2009 survey results for neighboring Lewis County, home to New York’s largest wind farm, show 69% believe that the impact wind farms have had in Lewis County has been positive and only 11% believe it has been negative.
Environmental Impacts SLWF will provide for the annual electricity needs of approximately 32,000 households with clean renewable power.ii By displacing the need for electricity generation from traditional sources, SLWF’s operation will reduce annual emissions by approximately 81 tons of nitrogen oxides, 292 tons of sulfur dioxide and substantial quantities of other pollutants. In addition, the project will offset approximately 70,311 tons of carbon dioxide greenhouse gases annually – the amount produced by 12,247 cars. By offsetting air pollutants and greenhouse gases, the project will provide significant benefits to environmental resources and human health. From the State Environmental Quality Review Findings Statement issued by the Town of Cape Vincent Planning Board: “…consistent with social, economic and other essential considerations from among the reasonable alternatives available, the action [SLWF project] is one that avoids or minimizes adverse environmental impacts to the maximum extent practicable…” Wind energy development is supported by many independent environmental advocates, including the Union of Concerned Scientists, National Audubon Society, Greenpeace, World Wildlife Fund and the Natural Resources Defense Council.
Property Values • A comprehensive December 2009 study by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory collected residential property sales data from 10 study areas surrounding 24 operating wind farms in 9 states, including 2 in New York.iii The study concluded “…no evidence is found that home prices surrounding wind facilities are consistently, measurably, and significantly affected by either the view of wind facilities or the distance of the home to those facilities.” • A diversified local economy benefits property values by limiting the adverse effects that a decline in any one market sector (real estate, tourism, agriculture, government, etc) can have on residential property values and a community’s tax base. Tourism • Studies investigating the impact of wind farms on tourism demonstrate that the effect is negligible at worst, with many respondents taking a positive view of wind farms. Results have found that the presence of wind turbines would not affect the decision of most visitors to return.iv • In some areas, wind turbines draw tourists. Responding to the public’s desire to learn more, local governments frequently work with developers to install information stands and signs near wind farms, as well as pull-off areas, similar to “scenic overlooks”, from nearby roads. Project Status • SLWF’s Final Environmental Impact Statement was accepted as complete by the Town of Cape Vincent Planning Board in August 2010. • Final environmental/land-use permitting and land rights acquisition activities are in progress. • SLW will seek approval of the Jefferson County Industrial Development Agency and host tax jurisdictions of a PILOT that is competitive with other NY wind energy project PILOT’s.
Updated November 15, 2010
Watertown Daily Times Lowville School Tax Rate Decreases Again August 31, 2010, Page B5 Based on estimated project annual output and US Energy Information Administration January 30, 2006 New York State annual average electricity consumption of 5,974 kWh per household. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values in the United States: A Multi-Site Hedonic Analysis December 2009 http://eetd.lbl.gov/EA/EMP/re-pubs.html MORI Scotland Tourist Attitudes Towards Wind Farms September 2002 http://w.bwea.com/pdf/mori.pdf
i ii iii iv
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.