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Fire Support FIST FSC Handbook

Fire Support FIST FSC Handbook

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Published by: United States Militia on Sep 18, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/25/2013

Immediate Smoke: Provides obscuring, protecting, or marking smoke over small

areas.

“_____ this is ____, immediate smoke, grid ______, over”
(FDC) (FO)

- Any method of target location can be used
- SH/FZ combination and volume based on unit SOP
- Normally fired at target to be obscured
- Observer can compensate/offset for wind if necessary

Quick Smoke: Provides obscuring, screening, or deceiving smoke over larger areas.

“_____ this is ____, adjust fire, over”
(FDC) (FO)

“Grid ______, over”
“Screen (target description),
L – Length of smoke screen in meters,
M – MTL direction (0000-6390, expressed to nearest 10 mils),
D
I Wind Direction in relation to MTL
R (Right Cross, Left Cross, Head Wind, or Tail Wind)
T – Time (duration) of smoke screen in minutes, smoke in effect, over”

Example: “Nightmare this is Sumo, adjust fire, over”
“Grid 256985, over”
“Screen infantry company dug in, length 800, MTL 0630, Tail wind, four
minutes, smoke in effect, over.”

- Send OT direction after MTO for grid missions
- AF or FFE and any method of target location can be used

Maneuver Target Line (MTL)

The MTL is a horizontal clockwise angle measured from grid north. Depending on the
situation, the MTL can extend from the observer’s location to and through the target, or
it can extend from the most vulnerable point along the route of march to and through
the target. The MTL is determined to an accuracy of 10 mils.

17

Adjustment Procedures:

-Minimum Corrections:
Dev

50 M

Range

100 M

HOB

50 M

- Shell HE/Q is used to adjust
- Request, “smoke” when splitting the 200M bracket

White Phosphorous (WP) M110A2:
- With fuze PD, adjust for range and deviation only
- With fuze TI, adjust HOB to 20 meters

Felt Wedge WP M825:
- The following corrections can be made to the effects observed:
Graze burst

“Graze, up 100, repeat, over”

Thick/dense, separated clouds

“Up 50, repeat, over”

Thin/uneven clouds

“Down 50, repeat, over”

Smoke Munitions Data

Average Obscuration
Length (m/Round)

Delivery
System

Type of
Round

Time To
Build
Effective
Smoke

Average
Burning Time

Crosswind

Headwind/
Tailwind

WP

½min

1 - 1½min

150

50

155 mm

M825

½min

5 - 8 min

350

100 – 200

RP

½min

1½- 2 min

90 – 150

40 – 50

81 mm

WP

½min

1 min

100

40

60 mm

WP

½min

1 min

150

40

5-inch/54

WP

½min

1 min

150

40

18

Smoke Effects on Electro-optical Systems

Spectral
Region

Electro-optical System

Type of
Smoke

Visible
0.40 - 0.75pm

Viewers:
- Daylight sights
- Naked eye
- Camera lens
- Binoculars/standard optics
- Battle space television
- Manual command to line of sight
(MCLOS) missiles (AT-3)
- Night sights

All

Viewers:
- Semiautomatic command to line
of sight (SACLOS) missiles
(AT-4
and AT-5)
- Night sights

All

Near infrared
0.75 - 4pm

Sensors:
- Laser designators
- Laser range finders

All

Mid infrared
4 - 14pm

Viewers:
- Passive thermal sights

WP, RP, type
III
Infrared
obscurant, dust

Far infrared
14 - 100pm

Sensors:
- Thermal imager
- Terminal homing missiles (AT-
6)

WP, RP, type
III
Infrared
obscurant, dust

Millimeter
wave and lower
frequency 1.00
mm

Radar
Radio
Microwaves

WP,
developmental
obscurants

X-ray and
higher
Frequency

Directed electromagnetic pulse
Nuclear weapons

Oil smoke
(attenuation
only),
developmental
obscurants

19

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