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Base Plate Modeling

# Base Plate Modeling

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This document do finite element analysis on the base plate.
STAAD.Pro 2007 is equipped with a lot of mesh
this document is to demonstrate how engineers
can analyze base plates using STAAD.Pro 2007.
This document do finite element analysis on the base plate.
STAAD.Pro 2007 is equipped with a lot of mesh
this document is to demonstrate how engineers
can analyze base plates using STAAD.Pro 2007.

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# Base Plate Modeling in

By

24 March 2007

2
Introduction:

Base plates are normally designed using code-
base procedures (e.g. AISC-ASD). Engineers
often run into situations where there are no codes
available to design a particular type of a base
plate or there are instances where base plate were
simply over designed in the past and the engineer
has to check the design of this old base plate
modifications as required.

In these situations, an engineer may opt to do a
finite element analysis on the base plate.
STAAD.Pro 2007 is equipped with a lot of mesh
this document is to demonstrate how engineers
can analyze base plates using STAAD.Pro 2007.

We would like to thank Mr. Indranil Roy
Chowdhury, P.Eng. from Hartford
Installations, Missisauga, Ontario for allowing
us to publish this document.

Please note that this document assumes that the
user has basic knowledge of STAAD.Pro and
Finite Element Analysis.

Exercise Problem:

We would like to create the following base plate
geometry in STAAD.Pro. This base plate was
used to support a tank leg. The tank leg pipe
diameter is 0.9ft and the thickness of the pipe is
0.5 in thick.

Figure 1: Isometric sketch of tank base plate

Figure 2: Plan view of tank base plate

Figure 3: Elevation view of base plate stiffener

1. Open a new STAAD.Pro file using the space
option and the units of ft and kip.

Figure 4: File creation dialog box

2. Give an appropriate file name.

3. Click on theNext button and then click on
the Finish button on the following screen.

3
The STAAD.Pro interface will appear as
shown in Figure 5.

4. Create a new grid. Click on the Create
button in the data area. The Linear input
box will appear as shown in Figure 6.

Figure 6: Linear grid box

5. Input the parameters as shown in Figure 6.

6. Click on the Ok button. You will notice the
Base_Plate Entry in the Data Area.

Figure 7: The Base_Plate grid is shown in the Graphics
Window.

7. Draw the outline of the base plate using
beam elements. Press the Snap Node/Beam
button in theData Area.

Figure 8: Outline beams created using the grid system.

8. Now we have to create the pipe section/base
plate and the stiffener/base plate interface.

9. Click on the Create button in the Data Area.

10. Select the Radial grid option and enter the
input parameters as shown in Figure 9.

Figure 9: Circular grid layout for base plate/stiffener and
column/stiffener interface.

11. Click the Ok button.

12. Turn on the stiffeners grid and the radial
grid will appear in the STAAD.Pro graphics
window as illustrated in Figure 10.

4

Figure 10:Stiffners grid in the STAAD.Pro Graphics
window.

13. Draw the base plate/stiffener and
column/stiffener interface using the
stiffeners grid.

Figure 11 Base plate/stiffener and column/stiffener
interface drawn using the Stiffeners grid.

14. Select the beam elements that represent the
column/base plate interface.

15. Select the Geometry->Translational Repeat

16. The 3D Repeat dialog box will appear as
shown in Figure 12.

Figure 12:Translational Repeat Command.

17. Enter the values in the 3D Repeat dialog box
as shown in Figure 12.

18. Click the Ok button. The pipe connected to
the base plate will be displayed. For the
purpose of finite element analysis we should
always try to maintain the aspect ratio of the
elements. In this case, we performed the
translational repeat on the beam elements
because we wanted to do a plate infill and
create the plate elements. We simply broke
the 2.5’ long pipe into 5 sections because we
knew that the pipe circumference is broken
down into eight 0.5’ lengths.

Figure 13:Translational Repeat Command.

19. Now we need to create the top portion of the
stiffener. You can do this by creating a new
stiffener grid at 2.5’ elevation.

20. Click on the Geometry->Snap/Grid Node-

21. Click on the Create button in the Data Area.

22. Turn on the stiffeners grid and the radial
grid will appear in the graphics window as
illustrated in Figure 14.

Figure 14:Stiffners grid in the STAAD.Pro Graphics
window.

23. Click on the Copy button in the Data Area.
Type Stiffener_top as the name for the new
stiffener grid.

5

Figure 15: Copy grid option.

24. You will notice a Stiffener_top entry in the
Data Area. Turn on the Stiffener_top grid.

25. Click on the edit button in the Data Area.

26. The Radial grid options dialog box will
appear. Enter the parameters as shown in
Figure 16.

Figure 16:Stiffners grid in the STAAD.Pro Graphics
window.

27. Click on the Ok button.

28. Draw the top edges of the stiffeners as
highlighted in Figure 17.

Figure 17:Top edges of stiffeners created using the
Stiffener_top grid.

29. Select the four base nodes of the stiffeners
as illustrated in Figure 18.

Figure 18: Four bottom nodes of the stiffener plates
selected.

30. Click on Geometry->Translational Repeat

Figure 19: Translational repeat on the bottom four nodes.

31. Enter the values in the 3D Repeat dialog box
as shown in Figure 19.

32. Click the Ok button.

Figure 20: Vertical edges of plate stiffeners created.

Beam from Point to Point menu command
and draw the sloping edges of the stiffeners
as shown in Figure 21.

6

Figure 21: Sloping edges of plate stiffeners created.

34. We would like to use the Plate Infill
command to create the plate elements for the
pipe. We will use the Generate Surface
Meshing Tool to generate the mesh for the
stiffeners. The Parametric Meshing Tool
will be used to generate the mesh for the
base plate. Select the plan view of the
geometry that we have created.

35. Rubberband the beam elements that
represent the pipe section. You will end up
picking up some unwanted elements also.

Figure 22: Rubberband the elements that represent the
pipe section.

36. Click on the View->View Selected Objects

37. Now in the plan view, you will only see the
elements that represent the pipe and some
stiffener elements. Select all the unwanted
elements in the graphics window as shown
in Figure 23.

Figure 23: Unwanted elements selected in the graphics
window.

38. Select the Select->By Inverse->Inverse

39. The elements that represent the pipe section
will be highlighted.

40. Right click in the graphics window and
select the New View option.

41. Select the Display View in Active Window
option.

42. Select the isometric view option.

43. Select all the beam elements as shown in
Figure 24. You could use the Ctrl+A
shortcut keys on your keyboard to select all
the beam elements.

Figure 24: Unwanted elements selected in the graphics
window.

44. Select the Geometry->Create Infill Plates
menu command. The dialog box shown in
Figure 25 will appear.

7

Figure 25: Message Box - 40 plates are created.

46. Click on the Ok button and you will notice
that new plate elements are created between
the areas bounded by the beam elements.

47. Click on the View->Whole Structure menu
command.

48. We will break the sloping part of the
stiffeners into five parts. Select the sloping
part of the stiffeners in the graphics window
as shown in Figure 26.

Figure 26: Sloping edges of stiffeners are selected.

49. Click on the Geometry->Insert Node menu
command.

50. The Insert Node/Nodes dialog box will
appear as shown in Figure 27.

Figure 25: Insert Node dialog box

51. Enter that inputs in the Insert Node/Nodes
dialog box as shown in Figure 25.

52. Get a good isometric view of one of the
stiffener plates.

53. Rubberband the stiffener plate elements as
shown in Figure 26.

Figure 26: Stiffener plate selected

54. Click on View->View Selected Objects Only

55. Select the Geometry->Generate Surface

Figure 27: Node Points for Generate Surface Meshing
command

56. You will notice that your mouse cursor has
changed. Select the nodes on the edge of the
stiffener plate in clockwise or
counterclockwise fashion as indicated in
Figure 27. Select the node that you started
off from when you are done.

8

Figure 28: Sloping edges of stiffeners are selected.

57. The Define Mesh Region dialog box will
appear as shown in Figure 28. Enter 1 for
all rows in the Div. column as illustrated in
Figure 29. We are telling STAAD.Pro to
avoid dividing each of the divided edges
into smaller pieces.

Figure 29: Number of edge divisions set to 1.

58. Click on the Ok button. You will note that
the meshing for the stiffener has been
created as shown in Figure 30.

Figure 30: Meshing for stiffeners.

59. Select the Plates cursor and select all the
newly created plate elements in the graphic
window.

60. Click on Geometry->Circular Repeat menu
Command.

61. The 3D Circular dialog box will appear as
shown in Figure 31.

Figure 31: Meshing for stiffeners.

62. Enter the inputs in the 3D Circular dialog
box as shown in Figure 31.

63. Click the Ok button. You will notice that all
the stiffener plates have been created as
shown in Figure 32.

Figure 32: Meshing for stiffeners.

64. Select the View->Whole Structure menu
command.

65. We will need to divide the base plate edges
into 12 parts. Select the four base plate
edges and select the Geometry->Insert Node

9

Figure 33: Meshing for stiffeners.

66. The Insert Node/Nodes dialog box will
appear as shown in Figure 33.

67. Enter that inputs in the Insert Node/Nodes
dialog box as shown in Figure 33.

68. We will draw the base plate using the
Parametric Meshing Tool. Click on the
Geometry->Parametric Meshing control tab

69. Click on the Add button in the Data Area.
The New Mesh Model dialog box will
appear as shown in Figure 34.

Figure 34: Meshing for stiffeners.

70. Type a mesh name as shown in Figure 34
(i.e. BasePlate).

71. Click on the Ok button.

72. You will notice that the mouse cursor will
change.

73. Select the four corner nodes in the clockwise
or counter-clockwise fashion and select the
starting node once you have selecting four
nodes.

74. The Mesh Parameters dialog box will
appear as illustrated in Figure 35.

Figure 33: Meshing for stiffeners.

75. Set the inputs as shown in Figure 33 and
click the Ok button.

76. Click on the No button for the following
dialog box.

77. You will see a mesh preview. This preview
mode lets the user identify any problems in
the FEM model. In Figure 34, we can see
that there is a plate connectivity problem at
the pipe/base plate interface.

Figure 34: Meshing for stiffeners.

78. You can resolve this issue by only
generating the mesh for regions marked as
R1 and R2 and then doing a circular repeat
on the mesh.

10

Figure 35: Mesh generation by regions.

79. We have not documented all these steps in
detail in this document.

80. Parametric meshing Type A for B1 (see
Figure 36).

Figure 36: Mesh generation by regions – Region R1

81. Click on the Merge Mesh button.

Figure 37: Mesh generation by regions – Region R2

Note that we do not have any connectivity
problems in this case.

82. Click on the Setup control tab on the left.

83. Select the Select->Plates Parallel to->XZ

84. Click on Geometry->Circular Repeat menu
command. Enter the inputs as shown in
Figure 38.

Figure 38: Circular repeat for Base Plate

85. Click on the Ok button.

86. Select the Select->Plates Parallel to->XZ

87. Click on View->View Selected Objects Only

88. Select the Geometry->Generate Surface
Meshing menu command. Click on the
nodes shown in Red in Figure 39.

Figure 39: Node outline for the Geometry->Generate

89. The Define Mesh Region dialog box will
appear as shown in Figure 40. Enter 1 for
all rows in the Div. column as illustrated in
Figure 29. We are telling STAAD.Pro to

11
avoid dividing each of the divided edges
into smaller pieces.

Figure 40: Number of edge divisions set to 1.

90. Click on the Ok button.

91. Select the View->Whole Structure menu
command.

92. Press the Esc key on your keyboard to
cancel the Generate Surface Meshing
command.

93. Select the beams cursor and press the
Ctrl+A key to select all the beams.

94. Press the delete key on your keyboard and
press Ok on the following dialog box.

95. Right click in the graphics window and
select the 3D Rendering option.

Figure 41: Rendered view of the base plate
geometry.

96. Close the rendered mode by simply clicking
on the Setup control tab on the left.
97. Check if the model is ok from the plate to
plate connectivity point of view by clicking
on Tools->Check for improperly connected

Property Assignment:

98. We will assign 0.5”, 0.4” and 0.6” thickness
to the pipe, stiffeners, and base plates
respectively.

99. In a 3D model, it is sometimes difficult to
extract a particular section and assign a
property to it. For example, it is difficult to
select the pipe section out of the 3D model
we have and assign the appropriate thickness
to it. One could assign plate elements to
groups when the geometry is being created.
In the case of this example, we know that
the number of plates along the
circumference =8 and number of divisions
along the height of the pipe=5. Hence, the
number of plates used to create the pipe =
8x5=40 plate elements. Click on Select ->
By List -> Plates menu command.

100. The Select Plates dialog box will appear as
shown in Figure 42.

Figure 42: Rendered view of the base plate geometry.

101. The first plate numbering starts from 117.
Hence, to select the first fifty plates in the
model, we will need to provide the range of
117 to 167 in the Enter List input box.

102. Click on the Select Listed Entities button in
the Select Plates dialog box.

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103. You will notice that the pipe elements will
be selected in the Graphics window as
illustrated in Figure 43.

Figure 43: Pipe plate elements selected in the graphics
window.

104. Click on the Close button.

105. Click on General control tab on the left.

106. The Properties dialog box will appear in the
Data Area.

107. Click on the Thickness button in the
Properties dialog box.

108. The Plate Thickness dialog box will appear
as illustrated in Figure 44.

Figure 44: Plate Thickness Dialog Box

109. Select Steel in the Material selection box.

110. We know that the pipe thickness is 0.4” but
the input system in the Plate Thickness
dialog box is in ft. We can use the unit
converter to convert 0.5” to ft. Click in the
Node 1 input box.
111. Press the F2 key on your keyboard. A
yellow dialog box will appear as shown in
Figure 45.

Figure 45: Unit converter tool

112. Type 0.5 in in the input box and press the

113. You will notice that STAAD.Pro will
automatically convert 0.5 in to 0.041667 ft.

114. Click on the Assign button.

115. Click on the Close button.

116. Click on the whitespace in the graphics
window to get rid of the plate selection.

117. We will now assign the properties to the
base plate.

118. Select the Select->Plates Parallel to->XZ

119. Click on the Thickness button in the
Properties dialog box.

120. The Plate Thickness dialog box will appear
as illustrated in Figure 46.

Figure 46: Plate Thickness Dialog Box

121. Select Steel in the Material selection box.

13
122. We know that the base plate thickness is
0.6” but the input system in the Plate
Thickness dialog box is in ft. We can use
the unit converter to convert 0.6” to ft.
Click in the Node 1 input box.

123. Press the F2 key on your keyboard. A
yellow dialog box will appear as shown in
Figure 47.

Figure 47: Unit converter tool

124. Type 0.6 in in the input box and press the

125. You will notice that STAAD.Pro will
automatically convert 0.6 in to 0.05 ft.

126. Click on the Assign button.

127. Click on the Close button.

128. Click on the whitespace in the graphics
window to get rid of the plate selection.

129. We will now assign the properties to the
stiffener plates.

130. Select the Select->By Missing Attributes-

131. Click on the Thickness button in the
Properties dialog box.

132. The Plate Thickness dialog box will appear
as illustrated in Figure 48.

Figure 48: Plate Thickness Dialog Box

133. Select STEEL in the Material selection box.

134. We know that the stiffener thickness is 0.4”
but the input system in the Plate Thickness
dialog box is in ft. We can use the unit
converter to convert 0.4” to ft. Click in the
Node 1 input box.

135. Press the F2 key on your keyboard. A
yellow dialog box will appear as shown in
Figure 49.

Figure 49: Unit converter tool

136. Type 0.4 in in the input box and press the

137. You will notice that STAAD.Pro will
automatically convert 0.4 in to 0.033333 ft.

138. Click on the Assign button.

139. Click on the Close button.

140. Click on the whitespace in the graphics
window to get rid of the plate selection.

141. Right click in the graphics window and
select the 3D Rendering option. You will be
able to see the plate thickness in the 3D
Rendered mode as illustrated in Figure 50.

14

Figure 50: 3D Rendering with plate thickness

142. Close the rendered mode by simply clicking
on the Setup control tab on the left.

143. We will need to create a node at the top at
(3,2.5,3) to which we will apply a point
to the column node points.

144. Click on the Geometry control tab on the
left.

145. You will notice the Nodes Table in the data
area as illustrated in Figure 51. Close the
Snap Node/Beam dialog box if it is open.

Figure 51: Nodes Table

146. Scroll down to the end of the Nodes Table.

147. You will notice a blank cell at the end.

148. Type in coordinates of the new node as
shown in Figure 52. This node is the Master
Node. Remember this node number. The
node number used in this example is 658.

149. Click on the General->Spec control tab on
the left.

150. Click on the Node button.

151. The Node Specification dialog box will
appear. Enter the master node number in the
Master Node selection box (e.g. 658 in this
example as noted in Step#148 above).

152. Click on the Add button.

153. Select the plan view of the structure.

154. Using the Nodes cursor, select all the nodes
at the top of the FEM model as illustrated in
Figure 53.

Figure 53: Top nodes of the FEM model selected

15

155. Select the View->View Selected Objects

156. Unselect the four extra stiffener nodes.
Your node selection should look as
illustrated in Figure 54.

Figure 54: Top nodes of the FEM model selected

157. Select the Assign button in the Data Area.

158. Check the Highlight Assigned Geometry
box in the Specifications dialog box and
select the SLAVE RIGID MASTER entry.

159. You will note that the Master node is
indicated double circles and the attached
slave nodes are highlighted in red as shown
in Figure 55.

Figure 55: Master node highlighted with double blue

160. The Master/Slave node specification was
assigned so that we can apply a moment and
axial force value at the master node and that
moment will be distributed to the pipe
section as forces using the rigid diaphragm
action.

161. Select the View->Whole Structure menu
command.

Support Conditions:

162. Let us assume that the base plate is resting
on compacted soil with a sub-grade modulus
of 144 kip/ft
2
/ft.
163. Open the General->Support control tab on
the left.

164. Click on the Create button. The Create
Support dialog box will appear.

165. Select the Foundation tab in the Create
Support dialog box.

166. Enter the inputs as illustrated in Figure 56

Figure 56 Support Input Parameters

168. Select the Support 2 entry in the supports
dialog box in the Data Area.

169. Select the Select->Plates Parallel to->XZ

170. Select the Assign To Selected Plates option
in the Supports dialog box.

171. Click on the Assign button.

172. Click on the whitespace in the graphics
window to get rid of the plate selection.

16

173. Select the General->Load control tab on the
left.

174. Click on Load Case Details tree item in the
Data Area.

the Title text box as shown in Figure 57.

177. Click the Add button. Click the Close
button.

item in the Data Area.

appear. Select the Selfweight tree item on
the left and click on the Add button.

181. Select the Nodal Load->Node tree item on
the left.

182. Enter the nodal loads (i.e. -25 kips Fy, -0.2
kip-ft Mx) as shown Figure 58.

183. Click the Add button. Click the Close
Button.

184. Select the entry for the nodal load in the

185. Select the nodes cursor.

186. Select the master node in the graphics.

187. Select the Assign to Selected Nodes option
in the Data Area.

188. Click on the Assign button.

189. The nodal load will be displayed in the
graphics window as shown in Figure 59.

17

Specifying Analysis Type:

190. Select the Analysis/Print control tab on the
left. The Analysis/Print Commands dialog
box will appear.

Figure 60: Analysis/.Print Commands

191. Select the All option on the left and click on

192. Click the Close button.

193. Select the Analyze->Run Analysis menu
Design dialog box will appear and show you
the progress of the Finite Element Analysis
calculations.

Figure 61: Analysis/.Print Commands

Analysis Results:

194. Click on the Postprocessing tab at the top.

195. Click on the Ok button on the Results Setup
box.

196. Click in the white space of the graphics
window. Press Shift+S to turn off the
supports.

197. Exaggerate the displacement scale. You
will be able to see the displacement of the
base plate as shown in Figure 62.

Figure 62: Displacement Diagram

198. You will be able to see the deflection values
in the Displacement Table on the right.
Click on the Nodes tab if the displacement
tables are not visible.

199. Let us say that you were only interested in
the displacement results for the base plate.

200. Right click on the Displacement Table on
the right and select the Results Setup option.

18
201. Select the Range tab. Select the Property
option.

202. Select P2:Plate Thickness in the Property
selection box.

203. Click the Ok button.

204. Select the Summary tab in the displacement
table.

reported the maximum and minimum
deflections for all the node points connected
to the base plate. The maximum
displacement is -0.094 in for node#10.

Figure 63: Displacement Table

206. Select the Plate tab on the left. The
Diagrams dialog box will appear as shown
in Figure 64.

Figure 64: Displacement Table

207. Select Base Pressure in the Stress Type
selection box.

208. You will be able to see the Base Pressure
diagram as shown in Figure 65.

Figure 65: Base Pressure Diagram

209. This base pressure can be compared with the
soil bearing capacity. If the soil bearing
capacity is exceeded, you may have to
increase the base plate dimensions or
increase the size of the plates, provide more
stiffeners etc. In this case, the maximum
base pressure is 0.007 ksi. If the allowable
base pressure is 0.017 ksi, this base plate
point of view.

210. Select the Plate tab on the left. The
Diagrams dialog box will appear as shown
in Figure 64.

211. Select Max Absolute in the Stress Type
selection box.

212. Click on the Ok button.

213. You will be able to see the stress distribution
diagram as illustrated in Figure 66.

19

Figure 66: Stress Distribution Diagram

214. You can compare these values with the
allowable steel stress. In this case, the stress
in the steel is about 12 ksi.

Recommended Exercises:

- Try to increase the moment until you see
some uplift. What is the best way to see if
your base plate is experiencing uplift?

- Try increasing the thickness of the
stiffeners. How does this affect the base
pressure distribution? Try a thinner base
plate.

- What if you want to put in more stiffeners?

Figure 66: Uplift Conditions

Existing Model was modified to add more
stiffeners (Approx. 20 min to modify the
existing model):

20

START J OB I NFORMATI ON
ENGI NEER DATE 24- Mar - 08
END J OB I NFORMATI ON
I NPUT WI DTH 79
UNI T FEET KI P
J OI NT COORDI NATES
1 0 0 6; 2 0 0 0; 3 6 0 0; 4 6 0 6; 5
2. 53596 0 3. 46404; 6 3 0 3. 65625;
7 3. 46404 0 3. 46404; 8 3. 65625 0 3; 9
3. 46404 0 2. 53596; 10 3 0 2. 34375;
11 2. 53596 0 2. 53596; 12 2. 34375 0 3;
13 2. 10138 0 3. 89861;
14 1. 66681 0 4. 33319; 15 1. 23223 0
4. 76777; 16 2. 10138 0 2. 10138;
17 1. 66681 0 1. 66681; 18 1. 23223 0
1. 23223; 19 3. 89861 0 2. 10138;
20 4. 33319 0 1. 66681; 21 4. 76777 0
1. 23223; 22 3. 89861 0 3. 89861;
23 4. 33319 0 4. 33319; 24 4. 76777 0
4. 76777; 25 2. 53596 0. 5 3. 46404;
26 3 0. 5 3. 65625; 27 3. 46404 0. 5
3. 46404; 28 3. 65625 0. 5 3;
29 3. 46404 0. 5 2. 53596; 30 3 0. 5
2. 34375; 31 2. 53596 0. 5 2. 53596;
32 2. 34375 0. 5 3; 33 2. 53596 1
3. 46404; 34 3 1 3. 65625; 35 3. 46404 1
3. 46404;
36 3. 65625 1 3; 37 3. 46404 1 2. 53596;
38 3 1 2. 34375; 39 2. 53596 1 2. 53596;
40 2. 34375 1 3; 41 2. 53596 1. 5
3. 46404; 42 3 1. 5 3. 65625;
43 3. 46404 1. 5 3. 46404; 44 3. 65625
1. 5 3; 45 3. 46404 1. 5 2. 53596;
46 3 1. 5 2. 34375; 47 2. 53596 1. 5
2. 53596; 48 2. 34375 1. 5 3;
49 2. 53596 2 3. 46404; 50 3 2 3. 65625;
51 3. 46404 2 3. 46404; 52 3. 65625 2 3;
53 3. 46404 2 2. 53596; 54 3 2 2. 34375;
55 2. 53596 2 2. 53596; 56 2. 34375 2 3;
57 2. 53596 2. 5 3. 46404; 58 3 2. 5
3. 65625; 59 3. 46404 2. 5 3. 46404;
60 3. 65625 2. 5 3; 61 3. 46404 2. 5
2. 53596; 62 3 2. 5 2. 34375;
63 2. 53596 2. 5 2. 53596; 64 2. 34375
2. 5 3; 65 2. 29289 2. 5 3. 70711;
66 3. 70711 2. 5 3. 70711; 67 3. 70711
2. 5 2. 29289; 68 2. 29289 2. 5 2. 29289;
69 1. 23223 0. 5 4. 76777; 70 1. 23223
0. 5 1. 23223; 71 4. 76777 0. 5 1. 23223;
72 4. 76777 0. 5 4. 76777; 73 1. 44437
0. 9 4. 55563; 74 1. 6565 1. 3 4. 3435;
75 1. 86863 1. 7 4. 13137; 76 2. 08076
2. 1 3. 91924; 77 3. 91924 2. 1 3. 91924;
78 4. 13137 1. 7 4. 13137; 79 4. 3435 1. 3
4. 3435; 80 4. 55563 0. 9 4. 55563;
81 3. 91924 2. 1 2. 08076; 82 4. 13137
1. 7 1. 86863; 83 4. 3435 1. 3 1. 6565;
84 4. 55563 0. 9 1. 44437; 85 2. 08076
2. 1 2. 08076; 86 1. 86863 1. 7 1. 86863;
87 1. 6565 1. 3 1. 6565; 88 1. 44437 0. 9
1. 44437; 89 1. 54515 0. 351884 4. 45485;
90 2. 02763 0. 325968 3. 97237; 91
2. 2451 0. 422251 3. 7549;
92 2. 09795 0. 766686 3. 90205; 93
2. 16752 1. 32224 3. 83248;
94 1. 83028 0. 874107 4. 16972; 95
1. 73638 0. 555583 4. 26362;
96 2. 26142 1. 64076 3. 73859; 97
4. 45485 0. 351884 4. 45485;
98 3. 97237 0. 325968 3. 97237; 99
3. 7549 0. 422251 3. 7549;
100 3. 90205 0. 766686 3. 90205; 101
3. 83248 1. 32224 3. 83248;
102 4. 16972 0. 874107 4. 16972; 103
4. 26362 0. 555583 4. 26362;
104 3. 73859 1. 64076 3. 73858; 105
4. 45485 0. 351884 1. 54515;
106 3. 97237 0. 325968 2. 02763; 107
3. 7549 0. 422251 2. 2451;
108 3. 90205 0. 766686 2. 09795; 109
3. 83248 1. 32224 2. 16752;
110 4. 16972 0. 874107 1. 83028; 111
4. 26362 0. 555583 1. 73638;
112 3. 73858 1. 64076 2. 26141; 113
1. 54515 0. 351884 1. 54515;
114 2. 02763 0. 325968 2. 02763; 115
2. 2451 0. 422251 2. 2451;
116 2. 09795 0. 766686 2. 09795; 117
2. 16752 1. 32224 2. 16752;
118 1. 83028 0. 874107 1. 83028; 119
1. 73638 0. 555583 1. 73638;
120 2. 26141 1. 64076 2. 26142; 121 0 0
5. 5; 122 0 0 5; 123 0 0 4. 5; 124 0 0
4;
125 0 0 3. 5; 126 0 0 3; 127 0 0 2. 5;
128 0 0 2; 129 0 0 1. 5; 130 0 0 1;
131 0 0 0. 5; 132 0. 5 0 0; 133 1 0 0;
134 1. 5 0 0; 135 2 0 0; 136 2. 5 0 0;
137 3 0 0; 138 3. 5 0 0; 139 4 0 0;
140 4. 5 0 0; 141 5 0 0; 142 5. 5 0 0;
143 6 0 0. 5; 144 6 0 1; 145 6 0 1. 5;
146 6 0 2; 147 6 0 2. 5; 148 6 0 3;
149 6 0 3. 5; 150 6 0 4; 151 6 0 4. 5;
152 6 0 5; 153 6 0 5. 5; 154 5. 5 0 6;
155 5 0 6; 156 4. 5 0 6; 157 4 0 6;
158 3. 5 0 6; 159 3 0 6; 160 2. 5 0 6;
161 2 0 6; 162 1. 5 0 6; 163 1 0 6;
164 0. 5 0 6; 165 1. 55364 0 4. 76777;
166 1. 87506 0 4. 76777; 167 2. 19647 0
4. 76777; 168 2. 51788 0 4. 76777;
169 2. 83929 0 4. 76777; 170 3. 16071 0
4. 76777; 171 3. 48212 0 4. 76777;
172 3. 80353 0 4. 76777; 173 4. 12494 0
4. 76777; 174 4. 44636 0 4. 76777;
175 0. 308057 0 5. 69194; 176 0. 616115
0 5. 38389; 177 0. 924172 0 5. 07583;
178 5. 07583 0 5. 07583; 179 5. 38389 0
5. 38389; 180 5. 69194 0 5. 69194;
181 1. 71435 0 5. 39205; 182 4. 28565 0
5. 39205; 183 2. 67859 0 5. 38635;
184 3. 64283 0 5. 38168; 185 1. 39294 0
5. 14196; 186 2. 03576 0 5. 14196;
187 4. 60706 0 5. 14196; 188 3 0
5. 13969; 189 3. 96424 0 5. 13783;
190 1. 30322 0 5. 58886; 191 4. 69678 0
5. 58886; 192 2. 11471 0 5. 57502;
193 3. 07476 0 5. 56984; 194 2. 67859 0
5. 05618; 195 2. 37348 0 5. 22126;
196 1. 71435 0 5. 0584; 197 3. 32141 0
5. 05789; 198 4. 28565 0 5. 05748;

21
199 3. 64283 0 5. 04636; 200 0. 629598 0
5. 70543; 201 0. 946326 0 5. 53109;
202 5. 3704 0 5. 70543; 203 5. 05367 0
5. 53109; 204 2. 40952 0 5. 51915;
205 2. 67503 0 5. 71813; 206 3. 21787 0
5. 3234; 207 3. 39744 0 5. 59244;
208 3. 72578 0 5. 7265; 209 3. 96262 0
5. 48713; 210 4. 20873 0 5. 72699;
211 1. 1623 0 5. 32811; 212 4. 8377 0
5. 32811; 213 1. 84254 0 5. 22522;
214 2. 01894 0 5. 36876; 215 1. 88027 0
5. 55851; 216 1. 59706 0 5. 67487;
217 1. 98335 0 5. 76753; 218 2. 18457 0
5. 26702; 219 2. 23379 0 5. 05739;
220 2. 45606 0 5. 0094; 221 2. 06323 0
4. 93215; 222 1. 89667 0 5. 01705;
223 1. 6699 0 5. 22522; 224 1. 47656 0
5. 36607; 225 1. 55496 0 5. 10526;
226 1. 43168 0 4. 937; 227 1. 60168 0
4. 93095; 228 2. 57069 0 5. 22126;
229 2. 75093 0 5. 22126; 230 2. 91646 0
5. 3922; 231 2. 84334 0 5. 08238;
232 2. 78377 0 4. 92581; 233 2. 85945 0
5. 60235; 234 2. 99604 0 5. 77774;
235 4. 41349 0 5. 22477; 236 4. 59319 0
5. 3772; 237 4. 44881 0 5. 57904;
238 4. 5651 0 5. 77849; 239 4. 24013 0
5. 22477; 240 4. 09868 0 5. 3531;
241 4. 15751 0 5. 53892; 242 4. 0161 0
5. 67845; 243 4. 12653 0 5. 10402;
244 4. 00696 0 4. 93646; 245 3. 82865 0
5. 00385; 246 3. 77444 0 5. 1943;
247 3. 60333 0 5. 21402; 248 3. 43166 0
5. 34295; 249 3. 48374 0 5. 09736;
250 3. 4378 0 4. 93279; 251 4. 17583 0
4. 92897; 252 4. 45707 0 5. 05897;
253 4. 62698 0 4. 92891; 254 4. 37259 0
4. 91628; 255 2. 67859 0 4. 17716;
256 3. 32141 0 4. 17716; 257 3 0
4. 40687; 258 2. 35717 0 4. 40687;
259 3. 64283 0 4. 40687; 260 2. 03576 0
4. 47998; 261 3. 96424 0 4. 47998;
262 2. 67859 0 4. 49433; 263 3. 32141 0
4. 49433; 264 1. 71435 0 4. 57759;
265 1. 84372 0 4. 42561; 266 4. 28565 0
4. 57759; 267 4. 15628 0 4. 4256;
268 2. 54913 0 4. 33574; 269 2. 34971 0
4. 09213; 270 2. 59469 0 3. 82312;
271 2. 50292 0 4. 5056; 272 2. 32631 0
4. 60936; 273 2. 88076 0 3. 94229;
274 2. 15558 0 4. 60183; 275 2. 19617 0
4. 44209; 276 2. 23899 0 4. 25222;
277 2. 80804 0 4. 33574; 278 2. 98076 0
4. 16421; 279 3. 15946 0 3. 9502;
280 2. 85426 0 4. 5056; 281 3. 03086 0
4. 60936; 282 3. 15066 0 4. 4875;
283 3. 15938 0 4. 29015; 284 3. 45087 0
4. 33574; 285 3. 62241 0 4. 06358;
286 3. 49708 0 4. 5056; 287 3. 67369 0
4. 60936; 288 3. 79351 0 4. 4875;
289 3. 88508 0 4. 62454; 290 4. 04996 0
4. 62087; 291 4. 76777 0 4. 44636;
292 4. 76777 0 4. 12494; 293 4. 76777 0
3. 80353; 294 4. 76777 0 3. 48212;
295 4. 76777 0 3. 16071; 296 4. 76777 0
2. 83929; 297 4. 76777 0 2. 51788;
298 4. 76777 0 2. 19647; 299 4. 76777 0
1. 87506; 300 4. 76777 0 1. 55364;
301 5. 07583 0 0. 924173; 302 5. 38389 0
0. 616115; 303 5. 69194 0 0. 308058;
304 5. 39205 0 4. 28565; 305 5. 39205 0
1. 71435; 306 5. 38635 0 3. 32141;
307 5. 38168 0 2. 35717; 308 5. 14196 0
4. 60706; 309 5. 14196 0 3. 96424;
310 5. 14196 0 1. 39294; 311 5. 13969 0
3; 312 5. 13783 0 2. 03576;
313 5. 58886 0 4. 69678; 314 5. 58886 0
1. 30322; 315 5. 57502 0 3. 88529;
316 5. 56984 0 2. 92524; 317 5. 05618 0
3. 32141; 318 5. 22126 0 3. 62652;
319 5. 0584 0 4. 28565; 320 5. 05789 0
2. 67859; 321 5. 05748 0 1. 71435;
322 5. 04636 0 2. 35717; 323 5. 70543 0
5. 3704; 324 5. 53109 0 5. 05367;
325 5. 70543 0 0. 629598; 326 5. 53109 0
0. 946326; 327 5. 51915 0 3. 59048;
328 5. 71813 0 3. 32497; 329 5. 3234 0
2. 78213; 330 5. 59244 0 2. 60256;
331 5. 7265 0 2. 27422; 332 5. 48713 0
2. 03738; 333 5. 72699 0 1. 79127;
334 5. 32811 0 4. 8377; 335 5. 32811 0
1. 1623; 336 5. 22522 0 4. 15746;
337 5. 36876 0 3. 98106; 338 5. 55851 0
4. 11974; 339 5. 67487 0 4. 40294;
340 5. 76753 0 4. 01665; 341 5. 26702 0
3. 81543; 342 5. 05739 0 3. 76621;
343 5. 0094 0 3. 54394; 344 4. 93215 0
3. 93677; 345 5. 01705 0 4. 10333;
346 5. 22522 0 4. 3301; 347 5. 36607 0
4. 52344; 348 5. 10526 0 4. 44504;
349 4. 937 0 4. 56832; 350 4. 93095 0
4. 39832; 351 5. 22126 0 3. 42931;
352 5. 22126 0 3. 24907; 353 5. 3922 0
3. 08354; 354 5. 08238 0 3. 15666;
355 4. 92581 0 3. 21623; 356 5. 60235 0
3. 14055; 357 5. 77774 0 3. 00396;
358 5. 22477 0 1. 58651; 359 5. 3772 0
1. 40681; 360 5. 57904 0 1. 55119;
361 5. 77849 0 1. 4349; 362 5. 22477 0
1. 75987; 363 5. 3531 0 1. 90132;
364 5. 53892 0 1. 84249; 365 5. 67845 0
1. 9839; 366 5. 10402 0 1. 87347;
367 4. 93646 0 1. 99304; 368 5. 00385 0
2. 17135; 369 5. 1943 0 2. 22556;
370 5. 21402 0 2. 39667; 371 5. 34295 0
2. 56834; 372 5. 09736 0 2. 51626;
373 4. 93279 0 2. 5622; 374 4. 92897 0
1. 82417; 375 5. 05897 0 1. 54293;
376 4. 92891 0 1. 37302; 377 4. 91628 0
1. 62741; 378 4. 17716 0 3. 32141;
379 4. 17716 0 2. 67859; 380 4. 40687 0
3; 381 4. 40687 0 3. 64283;
382 4. 40687 0 2. 35717; 383 4. 47998 0
3. 96424; 384 4. 47998 0 2. 03576;
385 4. 49433 0 3. 32141; 386 4. 49433 0
2. 67859; 387 4. 57759 0 4. 28565;
388 4. 42561 0 4. 15628; 389 4. 57759 0
1. 71435; 390 4. 4256 0 1. 84372;
391 4. 33574 0 3. 45087; 392 4. 09213 0
3. 65029; 393 3. 82312 0 3. 40531;
394 4. 5056 0 3. 49708; 395 4. 60936 0
3. 67369; 396 3. 94229 0 3. 11924;
397 4. 60183 0 3. 84442; 398 4. 44209 0
3. 80383; 399 4. 25222 0 3. 76101;
400 4. 33574 0 3. 19196; 401 4. 16421 0
3. 01924; 402 3. 9502 0 2. 84054;

22
403 4. 5056 0 3. 14574; 404 4. 60936 0
2. 96914; 405 4. 4875 0 2. 84934;
406 4. 29015 0 2. 84062; 407 4. 33574 0
2. 54913; 408 4. 06358 0 2. 37759;
409 4. 5056 0 2. 50292; 410 4. 60936 0
2. 32631; 411 4. 4875 0 2. 20649;
412 4. 62454 0 2. 11492; 413 4. 62087 0
1. 95004; 414 4. 44636 0 1. 23223;
415 4. 12494 0 1. 23223; 416 3. 80353 0
1. 23223; 417 3. 48212 0 1. 23223;
418 3. 16071 0 1. 23223; 419 2. 83929 0
1. 23223; 420 2. 51788 0 1. 23223;
421 2. 19647 0 1. 23223; 422 1. 87506 0
1. 23223; 423 1. 55364 0 1. 23223;
424 0. 924173 0 0. 924173; 425 0. 616115
0 0. 616115; 426 0. 308058 0 0. 308058;
427 4. 28565 0 0. 607951; 428 1. 71435 0
0. 607951; 429 3. 32141 0 0. 613653;
430 2. 35717 0 0. 618317; 431 4. 60706 0
0. 858035; 432 3. 96424 0 0. 858036;
433 1. 39294 0 0. 858035; 434 3 0
0. 860314; 435 2. 03576 0 0. 862171;
436 4. 69678 0 0. 411144; 437 1. 30322 0
0. 411144; 438 3. 88529 0 0. 424982;
439 2. 92524 0 0. 430157; 440 3. 32141 0
0. 943817; 441 3. 62652 0 0. 778735;
442 4. 28565 0 0. 941604; 443 2. 67859 0
0. 942109; 444 1. 71435 0 0. 942515;
445 2. 35717 0 0. 95364; 446 5. 3704 0
0. 294575; 447 5. 05367 0 0. 468908;
448 0. 629598 0 0. 294575; 449 0. 946326
0 0. 468909; 450 3. 59048 0 0. 480853;
451 3. 32497 0 0. 281874; 452 2. 78213 0
0. 676604; 453 2. 60256 0 0. 407558;
454 2. 27422 0 0. 2735; 455 2. 03738 0
0. 512869; 456 1. 79127 0 0. 273009;
457 4. 8377 0 0. 671886; 458 1. 1623 0
0. 671886; 459 4. 15746 0 0. 774778;
460 3. 98106 0 0. 631245; 461 4. 11974 0
0. 441488; 462 4. 40294 0 0. 325134;
463 4. 01665 0 0. 232466; 464 3. 81543 0
0. 732979; 465 3. 76621 0 0. 942609;
466 3. 54394 0 0. 990603; 467 3. 93677 0
1. 06785; 468 4. 10333 0 0. 982949;
469 4. 3301 0 0. 774778; 470 4. 52344 0
0. 633926; 471 4. 44504 0 0. 894739;
472 4. 56832 0 1. 063; 473 4. 39832 0
1. 06905; 474 3. 42931 0 0. 778735;
475 3. 24907 0 0. 778735; 476 3. 08354 0
0. 607803; 477 3. 15666 0 0. 917623;
478 3. 21623 0 1. 07419; 479 3. 14055 0
0. 397649; 480 3. 00396 0 0. 222263;
481 1. 58651 0 0. 775233; 482 1. 40681 0
0. 622799; 483 1. 55119 0 0. 420956;
484 1. 4349 0 0. 221507; 485 1. 75987 0
0. 775233; 486 1. 90132 0 0. 646903;
487 1. 84249 0 0. 461076; 488 1. 9839 0
0. 321553; 489 1. 87347 0 0. 895982;
490 1. 99304 0 1. 06354; 491 2. 17135 0
0. 996152; 492 2. 22556 0 0. 805696;
493 2. 39667 0 0. 785979; 494 2. 56834 0
0. 657052; 495 2. 51626 0 0. 902635;
496 2. 5622 0 1. 06721; 497 1. 82417 0
1. 07103; 498 1. 54293 0 0. 941026;
499 1. 37302 0 1. 07109; 500 1. 62741 0
1. 08372; 501 3. 32141 0 1. 82284;
502 2. 67859 0 1. 82284; 503 3 0
1. 59313; 504 3. 64283 0 1. 59313;
505 2. 35717 0 1. 59313; 506 3. 96424 0
1. 52002; 507 2. 03576 0 1. 52002;
508 3. 32141 0 1. 50567; 509 2. 67859 0
1. 50567; 510 4. 28565 0 1. 42241;
511 4. 15628 0 1. 57439; 512 1. 71435 0
1. 42241; 513 1. 84372 0 1. 5744;
514 3. 45087 0 1. 66426; 515 3. 65029 0
1. 90787; 516 3. 40531 0 2. 17688;
517 3. 49708 0 1. 4944; 518 3. 67369 0
1. 39064; 519 3. 11924 0 2. 05771;
520 3. 84442 0 1. 39817; 521 3. 80383 0
1. 55791; 522 3. 76101 0 1. 74778;
523 3. 19196 0 1. 66426; 524 3. 01924 0
1. 83579; 525 2. 84054 0 2. 0498;
526 3. 14574 0 1. 4944; 527 2. 96914 0
1. 39064; 528 2. 84934 0 1. 5125;
529 2. 84062 0 1. 70985; 530 2. 54913 0
1. 66426; 531 2. 37759 0 1. 93642;
532 2. 50292 0 1. 4944; 533 2. 32631 0
1. 39064; 534 2. 20649 0 1. 5125;
535 2. 11492 0 1. 37546; 536 1. 95004 0
1. 37913; 537 1. 23223 0 1. 55364;
538 1. 23223 0 1. 87506; 539 1. 23223 0
2. 19647; 540 1. 23223 0 2. 51788;
541 1. 23223 0 2. 83929; 542 1. 23223 0
3. 16071; 543 1. 23223 0 3. 48212;
544 1. 23223 0 3. 80353; 545 1. 23223 0
4. 12494; 546 1. 23223 0 4. 44636;
547 0. 607951 0 1. 71435; 548 0. 607951
0 4. 28565; 549 0. 613653 0 2. 67859;
550 0. 618317 0 3. 64283; 551 0. 858035
0 1. 39294; 552 0. 858036 0 2. 03576;
553 0. 858035 0 4. 60706; 554 0. 860314
0 3; 555 0. 862171 0 3. 96424;
556 0. 411144 0 1. 30322; 557 0. 411144
0 4. 69678; 558 0. 424982 0 2. 11471;
559 0. 430157 0 3. 07476; 560 0. 943817
0 2. 67859; 561 0. 778735 0 2. 37348;
562 0. 941604 0 1. 71435; 563 0. 942109
0 3. 32141; 564 0. 942515 0 4. 28565;
565 0. 95364 0 3. 64283; 566 0. 294575 0
0. 629598; 567 0. 468908 0 0. 946326;
568 0. 294575 0 5. 3704; 569 0. 468909 0
5. 05367; 570 0. 480853 0 2. 40952;
571 0. 281874 0 2. 67503; 572 0. 676604
0 3. 21787; 573 0. 407558 0 3. 39744;
574 0. 2735 0 3. 72578; 575 0. 512869 0
3. 96262; 576 0. 273009 0 4. 20873;
577 0. 671886 0 1. 1623; 578 0. 671886 0
4. 8377; 579 0. 774778 0 1. 84254;
580 0. 631245 0 2. 01894; 581 0. 441488
0 1. 88027; 582 0. 325134 0 1. 59706;
583 0. 232466 0 1. 98335; 584 0. 732979
0 2. 18457; 585 0. 942609 0 2. 23379;
586 0. 990603 0 2. 45606; 587 1. 06785 0
2. 06323; 588 0. 982949 0 1. 89667;
589 0. 774778 0 1. 6699; 590 0. 633926 0
1. 47656; 591 0. 894739 0 1. 55496;
592 1. 063 0 1. 43168; 593 1. 06905 0
1. 60168; 594 0. 778735 0 2. 57069;
595 0. 778735 0 2. 75093; 596 0. 607803
0 2. 91646; 597 0. 917623 0 2. 84334;
598 1. 07419 0 2. 78377; 599 0. 397649 0
2. 85945; 600 0. 222263 0 2. 99604;
601 0. 775233 0 4. 41349; 602 0. 622799
0 4. 59319; 603 0. 420956 0 4. 44881;
604 0. 221507 0 4. 5651; 605 0. 775233 0
4. 24013; 606 0. 646903 0 4. 09868;

23
607 0. 461076 0 4. 15751; 608 0. 321553
0 4. 0161; 609 0. 895982 0 4. 12653;
610 1. 06354 0 4. 00696; 611 0. 996152 0
3. 82865; 612 0. 805696 0 3. 77444;
613 0. 785979 0 3. 60333; 614 0. 657052
0 3. 43166; 615 0. 902635 0 3. 48374;
616 1. 06721 0 3. 4378; 617 1. 07103 0
4. 17583; 618 0. 941026 0 4. 45707;
619 1. 07109 0 4. 62698; 620 1. 08372 0
4. 37259; 621 1. 82284 0 2. 67859;
622 1. 82284 0 3. 32141; 623 1. 59313 0
3; 624 1. 59313 0 2. 35717;
625 1. 59313 0 3. 64283; 626 1. 52002 0
2. 03576; 627 1. 52002 0 3. 96424;
628 1. 50567 0 2. 67859; 629 1. 50567 0
3. 32141; 630 1. 42241 0 1. 71435;
631 1. 57439 0 1. 84372; 632 1. 42241 0
4. 28565; 633 1. 5744 0 4. 15628;
634 1. 66426 0 2. 54913; 635 1. 90787 0
2. 34971; 636 2. 17688 0 2. 59469;
637 1. 4944 0 2. 50292; 638 1. 39064 0
2. 32631; 639 2. 05771 0 2. 88076;
640 1. 39817 0 2. 15558; 641 1. 55791 0
2. 19617; 642 1. 74778 0 2. 23899;
643 1. 66426 0 2. 80804; 644 1. 83579 0
2. 98076; 645 2. 0498 0 3. 15946;
646 1. 4944 0 2. 85426; 647 1. 39064 0
3. 03086; 648 1. 5125 0 3. 15066;
649 1. 70985 0 3. 15938; 650 1. 66426 0
3. 45087; 651 1. 93642 0 3. 62241;
652 1. 4944 0 3. 49708; 653 1. 39064 0
3. 67369; 654 1. 5125 0 3. 79351;
655 1. 37546 0 3. 88508; 656 1. 37913 0
4. 04996; 657 3. 00001 0 3. 219; 658 3
2. 5 3;
ELEMENT I NCI DENCES SHELL
117 5 6 26 25; 118 6 7 27 26; 119 7 8
28 27; 120 8 9 29 28; 121 9 10 30 29;
122 10 11 31 30; 123 11 12 32 31; 124
12 5 25 32; 125 25 26 34 33;
126 26 27 35 34; 127 27 28 36 35; 128
28 29 37 36; 129 29 30 38 37;
130 30 31 39 38; 131 31 32 40 39; 132
32 25 33 40; 133 33 34 42 41;
134 34 35 43 42; 135 35 36 44 43; 136
36 37 45 44; 137 37 38 46 45;
138 38 39 47 46; 139 39 40 48 47; 140
40 33 41 48; 141 41 42 50 49;
142 42 43 51 50; 143 43 44 52 51; 144
44 45 53 52; 145 45 46 54 53;
146 46 47 55 54; 147 47 48 56 55; 148
48 41 49 56; 149 49 50 58 57;
150 50 51 59 58; 151 51 52 60 59; 152
52 53 61 60; 153 53 54 62 61;
154 54 55 63 62; 155 55 56 64 63; 156
56 49 57 64; 173 89 69 15; 174 90 91
92;
175 93 92 33; 176 94 73 95; 177 89 95
73; 178 96 41 49; 179 49 57 65;
180 49 65 76; 181 96 75 93; 182 94 92
93; 183 92 25 33; 184 91 25 92;
185 91 13 5; 186 90 95 14; 187 93 75
74; 188 96 76 75; 189 93 33 41;
190 89 14 95; 191 94 74 73; 192 91 5
25; 193 90 13 91; 194 96 49 76;
195 96 93 41; 196 94 93 74; 197 94 95
92; 198 89 15 14; 199 89 73 69;
200 90 14 13; 201 90 92 95; 202 97 72
24; 203 98 99 100; 204 101 100 35;
205 102 80 103; 206 97 103 80; 207
104 43 51; 208 51 59 66; 209 51 66
77;
210 104 78 101; 211 102 100 101; 212
100 27 35; 213 99 27 100; 214 99 22
7;
215 98 103 23; 216 101 78 79; 217 104
77 78; 218 101 35 43; 219 97 23 103;
220 102 79 80; 221 99 7 27; 222 98 22
99; 223 104 51 77; 224 104 101 43;
225 102 101 79; 226 102 103 100; 227
97 24 23; 228 97 80 72; 229 98 23 22;
230 98 100 103; 231 105 71 21; 232
106 107 108; 233 109 108 37; 234 110
84 111;
235 105 111 84; 236 112 45 53; 237 53
61 67; 238 53 67 81; 239 112 82 109;
240 110 108 109; 241 108 29 37; 242
107 29 108; 243 107 19 9; 244 106 111
20;
245 109 82 83; 246 112 81 82; 247 109
37 45; 248 105 20 111; 249 110 83 84;
250 107 9 29; 251 106 19 107; 252 112
53 81; 253 112 109 45; 254 110 109
83;
255 110 111 108; 256 105 21 20; 257
105 84 71; 258 106 20 19; 259 106 108
111;
260 113 70 18; 261 114 115 116; 262
117 116 39; 263 118 88 119; 264 113
119 88;
265 120 47 55; 266 55 63 68; 267 55
68 85; 268 120 86 117; 269 118 116
117;
270 116 31 39; 271 115 31 116; 272
115 16 11; 273 114 119 17; 274 117 86
87;
275 120 85 86; 276 117 39 47; 277 113
17 119; 278 118 87 88; 279 115 11 31;
280 114 16 115; 281 120 55 85; 282
120 117 47; 283 118 117 87; 284 118
119 116;
285 113 18 17; 286 113 88 70; 287 114
17 16; 288 114 116 119; 357 172 173
244;
358 223 213 181; 359 214 213 186; 360
222 166 221; 361 196 222 213;
362 226 227 225; 363 220 194 228; 364
188 231 232; 365 204 228 183;
366 229 231 188; 367 194 229 228; 368
220 195 219; 369 228 229 183;
370 218 204 192; 371 192 214 218; 372
169 232 168; 373 195 228 204;
374 200 164 175; 375 185 224 211; 376
178 187 253; 377 157 158 208;
378 226 185 15; 379 226 165 227; 380
213 223 196; 381 214 215 181;
382 224 185 225; 383 222 196 166; 384
216 162 190; 385 181 215 216;
386 224 216 190; 387 161 217 160; 388
211 190 201; 389 181 213 214;
390 230 183 229; 391 187 252 253; 392
243 244 251; 393 252 187 235;
394 251 244 173; 395 236 235 187; 396
239 235 182; 397 252 235 198;

24
398 179 203 178; 399 180 154 202; 400
179 202 203; 401 180 202 179;
402 15 165 226; 403 191 212 203; 404
235 236 182; 405 249 250 199;
406 199 250 171; 407 206 193 230; 408
188 197 206; 409 197 249 248;
410 159 205 234; 411 201 177 211; 412
247 199 246; 413 171 250 170;
414 182 240 239; 415 239 198 235; 416
155 156 238; 417 210 237 238;
418 207 193 206; 419 207 208 158; 420
242 209 241; 421 208 242 157;
422 246 199 245; 423 201 200 176; 424
219 195 218; 425 177 201 176;
426 201 190 163; 427 154 155 202; 428
182 241 240; 429 155 203 202;
430 236 212 191; 431 205 204 183; 432
160 204 205; 433 183 230 233;
434 233 234 205; 435 216 217 162; 436
206 248 207; 437 208 207 184;
438 158 159 234; 439 209 208 184; 440
167 219 221; 441 209 184 246;
442 241 209 240; 443 237 182 236; 444
156 157 210; 445 225 227 196;
446 1 175 164; 447 178 212 187; 448
178 203 212; 449 163 200 201;
450 163 164 200; 451 218 214 186; 452
214 192 215; 453 192 217 215;
454 204 218 195; 455 215 217 216; 456
162 163 190; 457 217 192 160;
458 161 162 217; 459 160 192 204; 460
219 218 186; 461 221 219 186;
462 167 168 220; 463 220 219 167; 464
234 233 193; 465 222 221 186;
466 166 167 221; 467 213 222 186; 468
224 223 181; 469 225 196 223;
470 196 227 166; 471 216 224 181; 472
211 224 190; 473 224 225 223;
474 225 185 226; 475 168 194 220; 476
172 244 245; 477 177 185 211;
478 177 15 185; 479 166 227 165; 480
220 228 195; 481 231 229 194;
482 230 193 233; 483 229 188 230; 484
206 230 188; 485 194 232 231;
486 232 169 170; 487 232 194 168; 488
188 232 170; 489 198 254 252;
490 183 233 205; 491 160 205 159; 492
4 154 180; 493 207 234 193;
494 207 158 234; 495 212 236 187; 496
236 191 237; 497 238 237 191;
498 241 237 210; 499 238 191 155; 500
210 238 156; 501 155 191 203;
502 243 198 239; 503 209 189 240; 504
243 240 189; 505 237 241 182;
506 241 210 242; 507 157 242 210; 508
208 209 242; 509 240 243 239;
510 243 189 244; 511 245 244 189; 512
246 245 189; 513 245 199 172;
514 209 246 189; 515 247 246 184; 516
248 247 184; 517 249 199 247;
518 207 248 184; 519 197 248 206; 520
248 249 247; 521 250 249 197;
522 250 197 170; 523 172 199 171; 524
170 197 188; 525 243 251 198;
526 175 176 200; 527 253 174 24; 528
253 252 254; 529 251 254 198;
530 178 253 24; 531 253 254 174; 532
173 254 251; 533 173 174 254;
534 169 281 170; 535 14 165 15; 536
286 263 284; 537 166 260 274;
538 166 265 260; 539 275 272 274; 540
271 272 258; 541 280 262 277;
542 255 277 268; 543 6 273 270; 544
277 255 278; 545 281 169 280;
546 282 283 263; 547 271 268 262; 548
258 269 268; 549 255 269 270;
550 165 14 264; 551 255 270 273; 552
23 174 266; 553 263 171 170;
554 281 280 257; 555 259 284 285; 556
169 168 262; 557 171 286 287;
558 173 289 290; 559 266 174 173; 560
258 276 269; 561 24 174 23;
562 266 267 23; 563 288 289 287; 564
171 263 286; 565 271 258 268;
566 262 268 277; 567 281 282 170; 568
263 283 284; 569 265 264 14;
570 280 277 257; 571 172 287 289; 572
258 275 276; 573 265 276 260;
574 290 266 173; 575 288 259 285; 576
287 286 259; 577 22 267 261;
578 260 276 275; 579 255 268 269; 580
274 260 275; 581 6 270 5;
582 258 272 275; 583 262 168 271; 584
168 272 271; 585 274 272 167;
586 283 279 256; 587 277 278 257; 588
13 270 269; 589 13 5 270;
590 166 274 167; 591 166 264 265; 592
278 255 273; 593 265 13 276;
594 265 14 13; 595 276 13 269; 596
279 278 273; 597 256 284 283; 598 273
6 279;
599 7 279 6; 600 169 262 280; 601 173
172 289; 602 282 281 257;
603 282 257 283; 604 170 282 263; 605
257 278 283; 606 279 283 278;
607 285 284 256; 608 286 284 259; 609
279 285 256; 610 288 285 261;
611 7 285 279; 612 7 22 285; 613 288
287 259; 614 171 287 172; 615 22 261
285;
616 288 261 289; 617 290 289 261; 618
22 23 267; 619 261 267 290;
620 266 290 267; 621 168 167 272; 622
166 165 264; 636 298 299 367;
637 346 336 304; 638 337 336 309; 639
345 292 344; 640 319 345 336;
641 349 350 348; 642 343 317 351; 643
311 354 355; 644 327 351 306;
645 352 354 311; 646 317 352 351; 647
343 318 342; 648 351 352 306;
649 341 327 315; 650 315 337 341; 651
295 355 294; 652 318 351 327;
653 323 153 180; 654 308 347 334; 655
301 310 376; 656 146 147 331;
657 349 308 24; 658 349 291 350; 659
336 346 319; 660 337 338 304;
661 347 308 348; 662 345 319 292; 663
339 151 313; 664 304 338 339;
665 347 339 313; 666 150 340 149; 667
334 313 324; 668 304 336 337;
669 353 306 352; 670 310 375 376; 671
366 367 374; 672 375 310 358;
673 374 367 299; 674 359 358 310; 675
362 358 305; 676 375 358 321;
677 302 326 301; 678 303 143 325; 679
302 325 326; 680 303 325 302;

25
681 24 291 349; 682 314 335 326; 683
358 359 305; 684 372 373 322;
685 322 373 297; 686 329 316 353; 687
311 320 329; 688 320 372 371;
689 148 328 357; 690 324 178 334; 691
370 322 369; 692 297 373 296;
693 305 363 362; 694 362 321 358; 695
144 145 361; 696 333 360 361;
697 330 316 329; 698 330 331 147; 699
365 332 364; 700 331 365 146;
701 369 322 368; 702 324 323 179; 703
342 318 341; 704 178 324 179;
705 324 313 152; 706 143 144 325; 707
305 364 363; 708 144 326 325;
709 359 335 314; 710 328 327 306; 711
149 327 328; 712 306 353 356;
713 356 357 328; 714 339 340 151; 715
329 371 330; 716 331 330 307;
717 147 148 357; 718 332 331 307; 719
293 342 344; 720 332 307 369;
721 364 332 363; 722 360 305 359; 723
145 146 333; 724 348 350 319;
725 4 180 153; 726 301 335 310; 727
301 326 335; 728 152 323 324;
729 152 153 323; 730 341 337 309; 731
337 315 338; 732 315 340 338;
733 327 341 318; 734 338 340 339; 735
151 152 313; 736 340 315 149;
737 150 151 340; 738 149 315 327; 739
342 341 309; 740 344 342 309;
741 293 294 343; 742 343 342 293; 743
357 356 316; 744 345 344 309;
745 292 293 344; 746 336 345 309; 747
347 346 304; 748 348 319 346;
749 319 350 292; 750 339 347 304; 751
334 347 313; 752 347 348 346;
753 348 308 349; 754 294 317 343; 755
298 367 368; 756 178 308 334;
757 178 24 308; 758 292 350 291; 759
343 351 318; 760 354 352 317;
761 353 316 356; 762 352 311 353; 763
329 353 311; 764 317 355 354;
765 355 295 296; 766 355 317 294; 767
311 355 296; 768 321 377 375;
769 306 356 328; 770 149 328 148; 771
3 143 303; 772 330 357 316;
773 330 147 357; 774 335 359 310; 775
359 314 360; 776 361 360 314;
777 364 360 333; 778 361 314 144; 779
333 361 145; 780 144 314 326;
781 366 321 362; 782 332 312 363; 783
366 363 312; 784 360 364 305;
785 364 333 365; 786 146 365 333; 787
331 332 365; 788 363 366 362;
789 366 312 367; 790 368 367 312; 791
369 368 312; 792 368 322 298;
793 332 369 312; 794 370 369 307; 795
371 370 307; 796 372 322 370;
797 330 371 307; 798 320 371 329; 799
371 372 370; 800 373 372 320;
801 373 320 296; 802 298 322 297; 803
296 320 311; 804 366 374 321;
805 180 179 323; 806 376 300 21; 807
376 375 377; 808 374 377 321;
809 301 376 21; 810 376 377 300; 811
299 377 374; 812 299 300 377;
813 295 404 296; 814 23 291 24; 815
409 386 407; 816 292 383 397;
817 292 388 383; 818 398 395 397; 819
394 395 381; 820 403 385 400;
821 378 400 391; 822 8 396 393; 823
400 378 401; 824 404 295 403;
825 405 406 386; 826 394 391 385; 827
381 392 391; 828 378 392 393;
829 291 23 387; 830 378 393 396; 831
20 300 389; 832 386 297 296;
833 404 403 380; 834 382 407 408; 835
295 294 385; 836 297 409 410;
837 299 412 413; 838 389 300 299; 839
381 399 392; 840 21 300 20;
841 389 390 20; 842 411 412 410; 843
297 386 409; 844 394 381 391;
845 385 391 400; 846 404 405 296; 847
386 406 407; 848 388 387 23;
849 403 400 380; 850 298 410 412; 851
381 398 399; 852 388 399 383;
853 413 389 299; 854 411 382 408; 855
410 409 382; 856 19 390 384;
857 383 399 398; 858 378 391 392; 859
397 383 398; 860 8 393 7;
861 381 395 398; 862 385 294 394; 863
294 395 394; 864 397 395 293;
865 406 402 379; 866 400 401 380; 867
22 393 392; 868 22 7 393;
869 292 397 293; 870 292 387 388; 871
401 378 396; 872 388 22 399;
873 388 23 22; 874 399 22 392; 875
402 401 396; 876 379 407 406; 877 396
8 402;
878 9 402 8; 879 295 385 403; 880 299
298 412; 881 405 404 380;
882 405 380 406; 883 296 405 386; 884
380 401 406; 885 402 406 401;
886 408 407 379; 887 409 407 382; 888
402 408 379; 889 411 408 384;
890 9 408 402; 891 9 19 408; 892 411
410 382; 893 297 410 298; 894 19 384
408;
895 411 384 412; 896 413 412 384; 897
19 20 390; 898 384 390 413;
899 389 413 390; 900 294 293 395; 901
292 291 387; 915 421 422 490;
916 469 459 427; 917 460 459 432; 918
468 415 467; 919 442 468 459;
920 472 473 471; 921 466 440 474; 922
434 477 478; 923 450 474 429;
924 475 477 434; 925 440 475 474; 926
466 441 465; 927 474 475 429;
928 464 450 438; 929 438 460 464; 930
418 478 417; 931 441 474 450;
932 446 142 303; 933 431 470 457; 934
424 433 499; 935 135 136 454;
936 472 431 21; 937 472 414 473; 938
459 469 442; 939 460 461 427;
940 470 431 471; 941 468 442 415; 942
462 140 436; 943 427 461 462;
944 470 462 436; 945 139 463 138; 946
457 436 447; 947 427 459 460;
948 476 429 475; 949 433 498 499; 950
489 490 497; 951 498 433 481;
952 497 490 422; 953 482 481 433; 954
485 481 428; 955 498 481 444;
956 425 449 424; 957 426 132 448; 958
425 448 449; 959 426 448 425;
960 21 414 472; 961 437 458 449; 962
481 482 428; 963 495 496 445;

26
964 445 496 420; 965 452 439 476; 966
434 443 452; 967 443 495 494;
968 137 451 480; 969 447 301 457; 970
493 445 492; 971 420 496 419;
972 428 486 485; 973 485 444 481; 974
133 134 484; 975 456 483 484;
976 453 439 452; 977 453 454 136; 978
488 455 487; 979 454 488 135;
980 492 445 491; 981 447 446 302; 982
465 441 464; 983 301 447 302;
984 447 436 141; 985 132 133 448; 986
428 487 486; 987 133 449 448;
988 482 458 437; 989 451 450 429; 990
138 450 451; 991 429 476 479;
992 479 480 451; 993 462 463 140; 994
452 494 453; 995 454 453 430;
996 136 137 480; 997 455 454 430; 998
416 465 467; 999 455 430 492;
1000 487 455 486; 1001 483 428 482;
1002 134 135 456; 1003 471 473 442;
1004 3 303 142; 1005 424 458 433;
1006 424 449 458; 1007 141 446 447;
1008 141 142 446; 1009 464 460 432;
1010 460 438 461; 1011 438 463 461;
1012 450 464 441; 1013 461 463 462;
1014 140 141 436; 1015 463 438 138;
1016 139 140 463; 1017 138 438 450;
1018 465 464 432; 1019 467 465 432;
1020 416 417 466; 1021 466 465 416;
1022 480 479 439; 1023 468 467 432;
1024 415 416 467; 1025 459 468 432;
1026 470 469 427; 1027 471 442 469;
1028 442 473 415; 1029 462 470 427;
1030 457 470 436; 1031 470 471 469;
1032 471 431 472; 1033 417 440 466;
1034 421 490 491; 1035 301 431 457;
1036 301 21 431; 1037 415 473 414;
1038 466 474 441; 1039 477 475 440;
1040 476 439 479; 1041 475 434 476;
1042 452 476 434; 1043 440 478 477;
1044 478 418 419; 1045 478 440 417;
1046 434 478 419; 1047 444 500 498;
1048 429 479 451; 1049 138 451 137;
1050 2 132 426; 1051 453 480 439;
1052 453 136 480; 1053 458 482 433;
1054 482 437 483; 1055 484 483 437;
1056 487 483 456; 1057 484 437 133;
1058 456 484 134; 1059 133 437 449;
1060 489 444 485; 1061 455 435 486;
1062 489 486 435; 1063 483 487 428;
1064 487 456 488; 1065 135 488 456;
1066 454 455 488; 1067 486 489 485;
1068 489 435 490; 1069 491 490 435;
1070 492 491 435; 1071 491 445 421;
1072 455 492 435; 1073 493 492 430;
1074 494 493 430; 1075 495 445 493;
1076 453 494 430; 1077 443 494 452;
1078 494 495 493; 1079 496 495 443;
1080 496 443 419; 1081 421 445 420;
1082 419 443 434; 1083 489 497 444;
1084 303 302 446; 1085 499 423 18;
1086 499 498 500; 1087 497 500 444;
1088 424 499 18; 1089 499 500 423;
1090 422 500 497; 1091 422 423 500;
1092 418 527 419; 1093 20 414 21;
1094 532 509 530; 1095 415 506 520;
1096 415 511 506; 1097 521 518 520;
1098 517 518 504; 1099 526 508 523;
1100 501 523 514; 1101 10 519 516;
1102 523 501 524; 1103 527 418 526;
1104 528 529 509; 1105 517 514 508;
1106 504 515 514; 1107 501 515 516;
1108 414 20 510; 1109 501 516 519;
1110 17 423 512; 1111 509 420 419;
1112 527 526 503; 1113 505 530 531;
1114 418 417 508; 1115 420 532 533;
1116 422 535 536; 1117 512 423 422;
1118 504 522 515; 1119 18 423 17;
1120 512 513 17; 1121 534 535 533;
1122 420 509 532; 1123 517 504 514;
1124 508 514 523; 1125 527 528 419;
1126 509 529 530; 1127 511 510 20;
1128 526 523 503; 1129 421 533 535;
1130 504 521 522; 1131 511 522 506;
1132 536 512 422; 1133 534 505 531;
1134 533 532 505; 1135 16 513 507;
1136 506 522 521; 1137 501 514 515;
1138 520 506 521; 1139 10 516 9;
1140 504 518 521; 1141 508 417 517;
1142 417 518 517; 1143 520 518 416;
1144 529 525 502; 1145 523 524 503;
1146 19 516 515; 1147 19 9 516;
1148 415 520 416; 1149 415 510 511;
1150 524 501 519; 1151 511 19 522;
1152 511 20 19; 1153 522 19 515; 1154
525 524 519; 1155 502 530 529;
1156 519 10 525; 1157 11 525 10; 1158
418 508 526; 1159 422 421 535;
1160 528 527 503; 1161 528 503 529;
1162 419 528 509; 1163 503 524 529;
1164 525 529 524; 1165 531 530 502;
1166 532 530 505; 1167 525 531 502;
1168 534 531 507; 1169 11 531 525;
1170 11 16 531; 1171 534 533 505;
1172 420 533 421; 1173 16 507 531;
1174 534 507 535; 1175 536 535 507;
1176 16 17 513; 1177 507 513 536;
1178 512 536 513; 1179 417 416 518;
1180 415 414 510; 1191 544 545 610;
1192 589 579 547; 1193 580 579 552;
1194 588 538 587; 1195 562 588 579;
1196 592 593 591; 1197 586 560 594;
1198 554 597 598; 1199 570 594 549;
1200 595 597 554; 1201 560 595 594;
1202 586 561 585; 1203 594 595 549;
1204 584 570 558; 1205 558 580 584;
1206 541 598 540; 1207 561 594 570;
1208 566 131 426; 1209 551 590 577;
1210 177 553 619; 1211 124 125 574;
1212 592 551 18; 1213 592 537 593;
1214 579 589 562; 1215 580 581 547;
1216 590 551 591; 1217 588 562 538;
1218 582 129 556; 1219 547 581 582;
1220 590 582 556; 1221 128 583 127;
1222 577 556 567; 1223 547 579 580;
1224 596 549 595; 1225 553 618 619;
1226 609 610 617; 1227 618 553 601;
1228 617 610 545; 1229 602 601 553;
1230 605 601 548; 1231 618 601 564;
1232 176 569 177; 1233 175 121 568;
1234 176 568 569; 1235 175 568 176;
1236 18 537 592; 1237 557 578 569;
1238 601 602 548; 1239 615 616 565;
1240 565 616 543; 1241 572 559 596;
1242 554 563 572; 1243 563 615 614;
1244 126 571 600; 1245 567 424 577;

27
1246 613 565 612; 1247 543 616 542;
1248 548 606 605; 1249 605 564 601;
1250 122 123 604; 1251 576 603 604;
1252 573 559 572; 1253 573 574 125;
1254 608 575 607; 1255 574 608 124;
1256 612 565 611; 1257 567 566 425;
1258 585 561 584; 1259 424 567 425;
1260 567 556 130; 1261 121 122 568;
1262 548 607 606; 1263 122 569 568;
1264 602 578 557; 1265 571 570 549;
1266 127 570 571; 1267 549 596 599;
1268 599 600 571; 1269 582 583 129;
1270 572 614 573; 1271 574 573 550;
1272 125 126 600; 1273 575 574 550;
1274 539 585 587; 1275 575 550 612;
1276 607 575 606; 1277 603 548 602;
1278 123 124 576; 1279 591 593 562;
1280 2 426 131; 1281 177 578 553;
1282 177 569 578; 1283 130 566 567;
1284 130 131 566; 1285 584 580 552;
1286 580 558 581; 1287 558 583 581;
1288 570 584 561; 1289 581 583 582;
1290 129 130 556; 1291 583 558 127;
1292 128 129 583; 1293 127 558 570;
1294 585 584 552; 1295 587 585 552;
1296 539 540 586; 1297 586 585 539;
1298 600 599 559; 1299 588 587 552;
1300 538 539 587; 1301 579 588 552;
1302 590 589 547; 1303 591 562 589;
1304 562 593 538; 1305 582 590 547;
1306 577 590 556; 1307 590 591 589;
1308 591 551 592; 1309 540 560 586;
1310 544 610 611; 1311 424 551 577;
1312 424 18 551; 1313 538 593 537;
1314 586 594 561; 1315 597 595 560;
1316 596 559 599; 1317 595 554 596;
1318 572 596 554; 1319 560 598 597;
1320 598 541 542; 1321 598 560 540;
1322 554 598 542; 1323 564 620 618;
1324 549 599 571; 1325 127 571 126;
1326 1 121 175; 1327 573 600 559;
1328 573 125 600; 1329 578 602 553;
1330 602 557 603; 1331 604 603 557;
1332 607 603 576; 1333 604 557 122;
1334 576 604 123; 1335 122 557 569;
1336 609 564 605; 1337 575 555 606;
1338 609 606 555; 1339 603 607 548;
1340 607 576 608; 1341 124 608 576;
1342 574 575 608; 1343 606 609 605;
1344 609 555 610; 1345 611 610 555;
1346 612 611 555; 1347 611 565 544;
1348 575 612 555; 1349 613 612 550;
1350 614 613 550; 1351 615 565 613;
1352 573 614 550; 1353 563 614 572;
1354 614 615 613; 1355 616 615 563;
1356 616 563 542; 1357 544 565 543;
1358 542 563 554; 1359 609 617 564;
1360 426 425 566; 1361 619 546 15;
1362 619 618 620; 1363 617 620 564;
1364 177 619 15; 1365 619 620 546;
1366 545 620 617; 1367 545 546 620;
1368 541 647 542; 1369 17 537 18;
1370 652 629 650; 1371 538 626 640;
1372 538 631 626; 1373 641 638 640;
1374 637 638 624; 1375 646 628 643;
1376 621 643 634; 1377 12 639 636;
1378 643 621 644; 1379 647 541 646;
1380 648 649 629; 1381 637 634 628;
1382 624 635 634; 1383 621 635 636;
1384 537 17 630; 1385 621 636 639;
1386 14 546 632; 1387 629 543 542;
1388 647 646 623; 1389 625 650 651;
1390 541 540 628; 1391 543 652 653;
1392 545 655 656; 1393 632 546 545;
1394 624 642 635; 1395 15 546 14;
1396 632 633 14; 1397 654 655 653;
1398 543 629 652; 1399 637 624 634;
1400 628 634 643; 1401 647 648 542;
1402 629 649 650; 1403 631 630 17;
1404 646 643 623; 1405 544 653 655;
1406 624 641 642; 1407 631 642 626;
1408 656 632 545; 1409 654 625 651;
1410 653 652 625; 1411 13 633 627;
1412 626 642 641; 1413 621 634 635;
1414 640 626 641; 1415 12 636 11;
1416 624 638 641; 1417 628 540 637;
1418 540 638 637; 1419 640 638 539;
1420 649 645 622; 1421 643 644 623;
1422 16 636 635; 1423 16 11 636; 1424
538 640 539; 1425 538 630 631;
1426 644 621 639; 1427 631 16 642;
1428 631 17 16; 1429 642 16 635;
1430 645 644 639; 1431 622 650 649;
1432 639 12 645; 1433 5 645 12;
1434 541 628 646; 1435 545 544 655;
1436 648 647 623; 1437 648 623 649;
1438 542 648 629; 1439 623 644 649;
1440 645 649 644; 1441 651 650 622;
1442 652 650 625; 1443 645 651 622;
1444 654 651 627; 1445 5 651 645;
1446 5 13 651; 1447 654 653 625; 1448
543 653 544; 1449 13 627 651;
1450 654 627 655; 1451 656 655 627;
1452 13 14 633; 1453 627 633 656;
1454 632 656 633; 1455 540 539 638;
1456 538 537 630; 1457 657 9 8;
1458 657 6 5; 1459 657 8 7; 1460 657
10 9; 1461 657 11 10; 1462 657 12 11;
1463 657 5 12; 1464 657 7 6;
ELEMENT PROPERTY
117 TO 156 THI CKNESS 0. 041667
357 TO 622 636 TO 901 915 TO 1180
1191 TO 1464 THI CKNESS 0. 05
173 TO 288 THI CKNESS 0. 033333
DEFI NE MATERI AL START
I SOTROPI C STEEL
E 4. 176e+006
POI SSON 0. 3
DENSI TY 0. 489024
ALPHA 6. 5e- 006
DAMP 0. 03
END DEFI NE MATERI AL
CONSTANTS
MATERI AL STEEL ALL
<! STAAD PRO GENERATED DATA DO NOT
MODI FY ! ! !
PARAMETRI C MODEL B2
MESH PARAM 144 2
MESH ORG 1 2 3
BOUNDARY 19
15 1 14 1 13 1 5 1 6 1 7 1 22 1 23 1
24 1 174 1 173 1 172 1 171 1 170 1 -
169 1 168 1 167 1 166 1 165 1
GENERATED NODES 255 TO 290
GENERATED PLATES ALL
END

28
! > END GENERATED DATA BLOCK
<! STAAD PRO GENERATED DATA DO NOT
MODI FY ! ! !
PARAMETRI C MODEL B1
MESH PARAM 144 2
MESH ORG 11 15 27
BOUNDARY 31
15 1 165 1 166 1 167 1 168 1 169 1
170 1 171 1 172 1 173 1 174 1 24 1
178 1 -
179 1 180 1 4 1 154 1 155 1 156 1 157
1 158 1 159 1 160 1 161 1 162 1 163 1
-
164 1 1 1 175 1 176 1 177 1
GENERATED NODES 181 TO 254
GENERATED PLATES ALL
END
! > END GENERATED DATA BLOCK
SUPPORTS
357 TO 622 636 TO 901 915 TO 1180
1191 TO 1463 -
1464 PLATE MAT DI RECT Y SUBGRADE 144
PRI NT COMPRESSI ON
SLAVE RI GI D MASTER 658 J OI NT 57 TO 64
658
SELFWEI GHT Y - 1
658 FY - 25 MX - 0. 2
PERFORM ANALYSI S PRI NT ALL
FI NI SH

Introduction: Base plates are normally designed using codebase procedures (e.g. AISC-ASD). Engineers often run into situations where there are no codes available to design a particular type of a base plate or there are instances where base plate were simply over designed in the past and the engineer has to check the design of this old base plate based upon new loadings and make modifications as required. In these situations, an engineer may opt to do a finite element analysis on the base plate. STAAD.Pro 2007 is equipped with a lot of mesh generation and loading tools. The purpose of this document is to demonstrate how engineers can analyze base plates using STAAD.Pro 2007. We would like to thank Mr. Indranil Roy Chowdhury, P.Eng. from Hartford Installations, Missisauga, Ontario for allowing us to publish this document. Please note that this document assumes that the user has basic knowledge of STAAD.Pro and Finite Element Analysis. Exercise Problem: We would like to create the following base plate geometry in STAAD.Pro. This base plate was used to support a tank leg. The tank leg pipe diameter is 0.9ft and the thickness of the pipe is 0.5 in thick. 1.
Figure 3: Elevation view of base plate stiffener

Figure 2: Plan view of tank base plate

Open a new STAAD.Pro file using the space option and the units of ft and kip.

Figure 4: File creation dialog box Figure 1: Isometric sketch of tank base plate

2. 3.

Give an appropriate file name. Click on the Next button and then click on the Finish button on the following screen.

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