Learn Spanish

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Language note Alphabet Pronunciation Guide Stress & Accent Marks Basic Phrases Greetings Numbers Vocabulary Grammar basics False Friends Spanish - English Dictionary English - Spanish Dictionary Food Glossary

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Learn Spanish E-book
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Español - Language note
Spanish is the third most popular language of the world. It belongs to the Ibero-Romance family of languages and is most closely related to Catalan, Galician and Portuguese. There are around 40 million Spanish speakers within Spain and many more in other countries (see below). Spanish is the official language in Spain, including the Balearic and Canary Islands and the Northern African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. There are Spanish-speaking communities in the UK, France and Germany. It is one of the official languages of the European Union and of the United Nations.

Spanish uses the Latin alphabet and the acute accent on vowels to indicate stressed syllables. Ñ and ñ are exclusive to Spanish and represent a single letter and not a modification of n. It's also the only language to use the opening question and exclamation marks ¿ ¡

Country - Number of Spanish Speakers: Mexico - 91 million Colombia - 41.9 million Argentina - 35.6 million Spain - 39.9 million Venezuela - 23.3 million USA - 20.7 million Peru - 20.4 million Chile - 13.6 million Ecuador - 11.8 million Dominican Republic - 8.2 million


fruit gatito (nm) . hog chico (nm) . q. b. r. i. d.insect joya (nf) .flag cerdo (nm) .yam océano (nm) . j.and zorro (nm) . ch.xylophone y (conj) .chair tiburón (nm) .boy dedo (nm) .cow wok (nm) .The Alphabet The Spanish alphabet consists of 29 letters: a. nm) sea noche (nf) . A: a B: be C: ce CH: che D: de E: e F: efe G: ge H: hache I: i J: jota K: ka L: ele LL: elle M: eme N: ene Ñ: eñe O: o P: pe Q: cu R: ere S: ese T: te U: u V: ve W: doble u X: equis Y: i griega Z: zeta azul (adj) . f.grape vaca (nf) . t. y. g. m. k. ñ. v. u.blue bandera (nf) . ll.kitten hombre (nm) .man insecto (nm) .wok xilófono (nm) . p.ocean papá (nm) . x.jewel kilómetro (nm) .kilometre lago (nm) -lake llover (v) rain mar (nf. z Below you can see the capital letters along with name of each letter and one word starting with that letter. s. e. n.fox 4 .queen silla (nf) .beetle fruta (nf) .pig. l.maybe reina (nf) .finger escarabajo (nm) .night ñame (nm) . w.dad quizá .shark uva (nf) . c. o. h.

sounds like . ee as in "bee" The Spanish "i" is like the "ee" in "seen". "pato" When it is before a consonant it is shorter. 5 .loca e The Spanish "e" is like the ehh in "bet" in English Examples: elegir . sounds like . .Pronounciation Guide Vowels All vowels in Spanish make only one sound each: a . oh as in "go" The Spanish "o" can have two sounds.éxito . .apio . sounds like . ah as in "father" The Spanish "a" is a short sharp sound like "hat" in English Examples: pato .idiota o . but a bit shorter Examples: sin .sed i . oo as in "to" The Spanish "u" is like the "oo" in "food" Note: It is silent after "q" and in "gue" and "gui" The exceptions are marked with a diaeresis eg: antigüedad. . .miércoles . sounds like .loca u . . .apio . The "ü" is quite rare. "boda". . . . When it is at the end of a word it is like the "o" in note e.g. like "pot" or "cot" e. .g. . This difference is very subtle Examples: pato . . . . .

tierno .peine .sois .boicot .huevo .mudo Diphtongs: ai ay The Spanish "ai" is like the "i" in "side" Examples: aislar .Examples: luna .cuota 6 . Examples: deuda .coyote Semi-consonants: ie y The Spanish "y" and "ie" have the "y" sound in "yes" .agua .yeso .miedo u The Spanish "u + vowel" sounds like the "w" in "win" Note that when "u" is followed by a vowel it normally has the "w" sound Examples: fuente . Note that the word "y" meaning "and" sounds like the Spanish "i" Examples: hielo . It is just the sounds of "e" and "u" together.yerno .audio .puro .seis eu The Spanish "eu" has no English equivalent and is difficult to define.fuimos .pausa .doy .paisaje .vaina . It is not very common.fui .haya au The Spanish "au" is like the "ou" in "sound" Examples: causa .neutral .reumatismo oi oy The Spanish "oi" and "oy" are like the "oy" in boy Examples: soy .audiencia ei ey The Spanish "ei" and "ey" sound like the "ay" in say Examples: rey .

difícil .Córdoba c (hard c) The Spanish "c" has the English "k" sound except when it comes before "e" and "i" Examples: academia .champán .afeitar .foro g (hard g) The Spanish "g" is like the English "g" unless it comes before "i" and "e".guante .domingo f The Spanish "f" is the same as the English "f" Examples: freír .Ecuador .definir .enviar .iglesia g (soft g) 7 . or a "th" sound in Spain) Examples: sociedad . verdad Examples: del .con .champiñón . except: c g h j ll r rr v z b The Spanish "b" is almost exactly the same as an English "b" (Note: Both "b" and "v" have the "b" sound in Spanish) Examples: bomba . Examples: Galicia .Consonants Most consonants are the same as in English.voy .golpe . Madrid.ciudad .recibir .cola c (soft c) Before "e" and "i" it has a "th" sound as in "thin" (Note: c is an "s" sound in Latin America.receta ch The Spanish "ch" is the same as the "ch" in church Examples: bochorno .champú d The Spanish "d" is very similar to the English "d" when it comes at the end of a word it can have a "th" like sound eg.

caña .valle .jabón .eje k The Spanish "k" is the same as the English "k".malo .mixta .lenguaje .no .uno .nada ñ The Spanish "ñ" is like the "ni" in "onion" in English Examples: baño .teñir p 8 .gimnasio . like the "ch" in the Scottish "loch" Some other words which have this sound are: gemelo .riñón .kiosco .The Spanish "g" is like the Spanish "j" when it comes before "i" and "e".llover .llamar .lámpara .kiwi l The Spanish "l" is the same as the English "l" Examples: lobo .ladrón ll The Spanish "ll" makes a drawn-out sound like the "y" in yes Examples: taller .mano n The Spanish "n" is the same as the English "n" Examples: nadar .kilovatio .nadie .lleno. It makes the soft "h" sound.geranio .gitano h The Spanish "h" is always silent Examples: honor .Mallorca m The Spanish "m" is the same as the English "m" Examples: mama . It is very uncommon in Spanish Examples: kilo .rehacer j The Spanish "j" is a strong guttural (throaty) sound similar to the "ch" in the Scottish "loch" Examples: jota .tomar .Alhambra .

so qu makes a "k" sound not "kw") r The Spanish "r" is a similar to the English "r" but it is stronger (is rolled) Examples: rabo .querer .guerra .exacto .patata v makes the "b" sound x The Spanish "x" is similar to the English pronunciation and it has a "ks" sound. d. n Examples: mismo . It is pronounced the same as "s" sound in "sit" except when it comes before b. g.sexto. m.todo .cosas .apio . d.mar rr The Spanish "rr" does not exist in English.lápiz q The Spanish "q" is pronounced like the English "k" in "kick" Examples: queso .qué .éxito z 9 .asno t The Spanish "t" is very similar to the "t" in English. Many English speakers find this sound very difficult to pronounce.quince (Please note that the u after q is silent unlike in English. Examples: puerro .berro .asunto It can have a "zzz" sound when it comes before b. m. Examples: trigo .parra . In Spanish the tongue is placed closer to the teeth and there is less aspiration.radio .The Spanish "p" is the same as the "p" in English Examples: pato . Examples: extra .barrio s The Spanish "s" has two sounds. l.desde . It is a very strong "r" with a trill (it's rolled emphatically). l.sobre .tomar. n Examples: saber . g.carro .

The Spanish "z" has the "th" sound in the English thin. Examples: zona - cazar - zorro - luz Please note: Z . . . is an "Z" sound in Latin America, or a "TH" sound in Spain

Stress and Accent Marks
Knowing how letters are pronounced is only one aspect of learning Spanish pronunciation. Another key aspect is knowing which syllable should be stressed. Fortunately, in Spanish the rules for stress (also known as accent) are simple. In fact, there are only three basic rules that cover nearly every word:

1. If a word ends in a vowel, n or s, the stress is on the next to last syllable. For example, toro, computadora, joven and zapatos all have their accent on the next-to-last syllable. Most words fit this category. 2. Words than end in other letters have the stress on the last syllable. For example, hotel, hablar, madador and virtud all have the accent on the final syllable. 3. If a word isn't pronounced according to the above two rules, an accent is placed over the vowel of the syllable that gets the stress. For example, común, lápiz, médico, inglés, and ojalá all have the stress on the indicated syllable. The only exceptions to the above words are some words of foreign origin, generally words adopted from English, that retain their original spelling and pronunciation. Also personal names and place names of foreign origin usually are written without accents. Note that some publications and signs do not use accent marks over capital letters, although it is normally best to use them when possible.

Capital letters
In Spanish, days, months, languages and nationalities do not use a capital letter. Only names of people and places do.


Basic Phrases (Spanish – English)
Hola - Hi Me llamo... - My name is... Encantado, -a - Nice to meet you Sí - Yes No - No Hablo un poco - I speak a little en español - in Spanish en inglés - in English Adiós - Goodbye Gracias - Thank you por favor - please el hotel - the hotel ¿Tiene...? - Have you got...? una habitación - a room doble - double individual - single el baño - the bathroom ¿Para cuántos días? - For how many days? Tengo una reserva - I have a reservation ¿Su nombre? - Your name? ¿Su pasaporte? - Your passport? ¿Qué va a tomar? - What would you like? un bocadillo - a filled roll una tortilla española - a Spanish omelette unas patatas fritas - chips de primero - as first course de segundo - as second course


el menú - the menu ¿Para beber? - And to drink? una cerveza - a beer un vino tinto - a glass of red wine un vaso de agua - a glass of water la cuenta - the bill ¿Hay... por aquí? - Is there... around here? un supermercado - a supermarket una farmacia - a chemist's abierto - open cerrado - closed ¿Tiene...? - Have you got...? ¿Qué talla? - What size? grande - big pequeño - small ¿Cuánto cuesta? - How much does it cost? ¿Algo más? - Anything else? Perdón - Excuse me ¿Dónde está? - Where is? todo recto - straight ahead enfrente - opposite a la izquierda - on the left a la derecha - on the right Está cerca - It's nearby Está lejos - It's far away un billete para... - a ticket to... de ida - one way de ida y vuelta - return Soy principiante. - I’m a beginner. Tengo un nivel...medio/avanzado. - I'm intermediate/advanced.


¿Cómo se dice.Encantado de conocerle.. I am from. I don't speak Spanish.Tengo.No comprendo. . I love you. .Buenas noches Happy birthday! . Please help me.¿Cuántos años tienes? I am. no .Buenas tardes Good-bye... I have.. what . I would like..Ayúdeme. I am called. How? . I like it.¿Cuánto es? How old are you? . .Common phrases (English –Spanish) Can you help me? . . I need a doctor. .. Please repeat that.Me gusta.¿Me puede ayudar?.(My name is.. .¿Cómo? How are you? . . Thank you. Good evening .No me gusta. .Estoy.... maybe . por favor.Me gustaria.Hasta luego. . I am happy. I don't know. por favor? See you later.) .Estoy enfermo. No entiendo. .¿Hablas inglés? Do you understand English? ..por favor Pleased to meet you. .Ayúdeme por favor.Buenos dias Good night .Tengo hambre. .. . . .Me llamo.Buenas noches Good morning .Estoy triste.Te amo. I don't like it..¿Podria repetir.. . . ..No lo sé. Nice to meet you....Feliz cumpleaños! Happy New Year! . ..¡hola! Help me please.Necesito un médico..Estoy bien. I am lost. I am sick...Gracias..? How much does it cost? . ..Encantado de conocerle..no please .Estoy alegre..Soy de. .No hablo español.¿Entiende el inglés? Good afternoon . Mucho gusto. I am fine. I am hungry.. . . .qué 13 .? ...Me llamo.Estoy perdido. ¿Me ayuda por favor? Do you speak English? .¿Cómo estás? How do you say. I don't understand.quizá My name is..Feliz Año Nuevo! Hello . . .Adiós. I am sad.

¿Cómo se llama tu madre? What is your father's name? .¿Qué día es hoy? What day was yesterday? .dónde which .¿De dónde eres? Where is the bathroom? .cuándo where .¿Qué día es mañana? What is the date? .¿Qué hora es? What day is it today? .¿Dónde vives? Where were you born? .cuál Where are you from? .quién ?? why .¿Cuántas personas hay en tu familia? What is your telephone number? .si You're welcome.¿Tienes tú hermanos o hermanas? Do you have any pets (animals) at home? . Conversation practice Who's there? .What is your name? .¿Cuántos años tienes? Do you have brothers or sisters? .¿Dónde nació usted? How old are you? .¿Tiene usted mascotas en casa? How many people are in your family? .¿De dónde viene? Where do you live? .¿Quién es? What is your name? .De nada.¿Qué día fue ayer? What day is tomorrow? .¿Cómo está? Where are you from? .¿Donde esta el baño? ?? who .¿Cuál es su número de teléfono? What time is it? .¿Cómo te llamas? What is your mother's name? .¿Cómo te llamas? What time is it? .por qué yes .¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy? 14 .¿Cómo se escribe tu nombre? How are you? .¿Cómo se llama tu padre? How do you spell your name? . .¿Que hora es? ?? when .

Hello. is used.Good day.¿Cuál es tu color favorito? What is this? . ¿Cómo estás? ¿Cómo está? .¿Adónde va usted? Why is that? . hi Hola.¿Qué desea? Can you help me please? .¿Qué tiempo hace? How many are there? .Very well.¿Cuánto hay? How much is that? .¿Qué color es? What is your favorite color? .Goodbye (An informal alternative in some areas is chau from Italian).¿A qué hora comes tú el almuerzo? What's the weather like? . gracias . good morning (sometimes a shortened form. diga .Good afternoon (also used in the early evening) Buenas noches .¿Tiene algunas preguntas? Do you understand? .¿Por qué no? Whose is that? . por favor? Do you speak English? .¿Hablas inglés? Where is it? .¿Me lo repite. por favor? Where is the bathroom? . jaló.¿Dónde esta el baño? Greetings Hola . please? .¿Entiende? or ¿Comprende? Can you repeat that. buen día.¿Puede usted ayudarme. al.) Buenas tardes . . Adiós . aló.¿Dónde está? Where are you going? .Good night (can be used as a greeting as well as a farewell).When do you eat lunch? . bueno. 15 .¿Cuánto cuesta eso? or ¿Cuánto es? What color is this? .¿De quién es eso? What would you like? .Hello (on the telephone).How are you? Muy bien.¿Qué es esto? Do you have any questions? .varies with location.Y eso ¿por qué? Why not? . thank you Buenos días .

bienvenida with a woman. Bienvenido.My name is .It's a pleasure to meet you. Encantado. ¿Cómo te llamas? ¿Cómo se llama usted? .What's your name? Me llamo … . Mucho gusto.How's it going? What's happening? ¿Qué pasa? . Bienvenido would be used with a man. bienvenidos. bienvenidas with a group of all females. bienvenidas – Welcome (Note the difference in number and gender..What's happening? ¿Qué hubo? ¿Qué onda? ..How is it going? What's happening? (common in Mexico). Numbers There are two kinds of numbers: cardinal and ordinal. and bienvenidos with males or a mixed group). .¿Cómo te va? ¿Cómo le va? ¿Qué tal? ¿Qué hay? . Cardinal numbers are the numbers used for counting: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 cero uno/a dos tres cuatro cinco seis siete ocho nueve 10 diez 11 once 12 doce 13 trece 14 catorce 15 quince 16 dieciséis 17 diecisiete 18 dieciocho 19 diecinueve 20 veinte 21 veintiuno/a 22 veintidós 30 treinta 31 treinta y uno/a 16 . bienvenida.

40 cuarenta 50 cincuenta 60 sesenta 70 setenta 80 ochenta 90 noventa 100 cien(to) 101 ciento uno 200 doscientos/as 300 trescientos/as 400 cuatrocientos/as 500 quinientos/as 600 seiscientos/as 700 setecientos/as 800 ochocientos/as 900 novecientos/as 1.000 mil 1.500 mil quinientos 2.000 dos mil 1.000.000 un millón Uno in compound numbers loses the -o before masculine nouns, whether singular or plural: treinta y un días (thirty-one days). Dates (months and years) are cardinal numbers in Spanish, except for the first of the month: El 9 (nueve) de marzo de 1995 (mil novecientos noventa y cinco) (the ninth of October, 1995); BUT Hoy es el primero de octubre (Today is October first). Note that Spanish reverses the English usage of commas and periods in numbers: 1.250 kilómetros = 1,250 kilometers; 1,25 litros = 1.25 liters.

Ordinal Numbers
primer(o)/a - first segundo/a - second tercer(o)/a - third cuarto/a - fourth quinto/a - fifth sexto/a - sixth séptimo/a - seventh octavo/a - eighth noveno/a - ninth décimo/a - tenth


After ten, cardinal numbers are generally used to indicate the ordinals: Alfonso Trece (Alfonso the Thirteenth); el siglo veinte (the twentieth century).

Vocabulary (grouped by topics)

Days of the week
Sunday - domingo Monday - lunes Tuesday - martes Wednesday – miercoles Thursday - jueves Friday - viernes Saturday - sabado

Months of the year
January - enero February – febrero March - marzo April - abril May - mayo June - junio July - julio August - agosto September - septiembre October - octubre November - noviembre December - diciembre

Shapes - Las Formas
arch - el arco block - el cubo circle - el círculo cone - el cono crescent - creciente cube - el cubo cylinder - el cilindro diamond - rombo ellipse - la elipse


hemisphere - el hemisferio hexagon - el hexágono octagon - el octágono orb - el orbe oval - el óvalo pentagon - el pentágono polygons - polígonos pyramid - la pirámide . point - el punto rectangle - el rectángulo semicircle - semicirculo shapes - las formas sphere - esfera spiral - el espiral square - el cuadrado star - la estrella trapezoid - trapezoide triangle - el triángulo wedge - la cuña zigzag - el zigzag

afraid - asustado alike - parecido/parecida all - todo angry - enojado asleep - dormido beautiful - bella (female), bello (male) big - grande black - negro blue - azul bright - luminoso brown - marrón clean - limpio closed - cerrado cute - linda (female), lindo (male) dirty - sucio early - temprano empty - vacío/vacía every - cada fast - rápido fat - gordo/gorda frightened - asustado full - lleno/llena gray - gris green - verde happy - contenta/contento healthy - saludable hot - caliente hungry - hambriento large - grande last - último/última late - tarde


joven Verbs to be afraid .a revés violet .pescar fly .oír jog .abierto orange .al aire libre over .asustado. rosado purple .más narrow .delgado ugly .tener miedo break .rosa.romper burn .enojado many .violeta white .feo unhappy .ejercicio to fish .enferma/enfermo short .beber.estrecho.morado quiet .baja/bajo tall .left .amarillo young .dibujar drink .dar hear .sobre pink .pequeñita/pequeñito lost .llorar dance .alta/alto thin .hacer juegos malabares jump .rojo sad .perdido less .volar give .muchos more .trotar juggle .triste scared .comer erase .anaranjado outdoors .aplaudir cry .callado/callada red .lenta/lento small . angosto open .blanco wide . temeroso slow .quemarse clap .infeliz upside down .bailar draw .fuerte little .ancho yellow .menos mad .pequeña/pequeño sick .saltar 20 .borrar exercise .izquierda loud . tomar eat .

pedir un deseo work .reír leak .entre in .agradecer.coser sing .correr scare .jugar pull .tejer laugh .amar (to send by) mail .ver sew .caminar.arriba de.gritar Prepositions above .recibir run .trabajar write .comprender walk .sujetar con grapa stop .detrás de between .enviar par correo paint .la sonrisa speak .tirar push .kneel .aprender to love . aventar.en in front of .leer receive .delante de inside .contonear.susto scream .hablar teach .llorar wiggle . dar las gracias think . menear (make a) wish .pintar play .saludar a alguien con la mano weep . echar tickle .cantar sit .dormir smile .parar talk .hacer cosquillas understand .sentarse sleep .tirar.rastrillar read .escribir yell . sobre around .gritar see .enseñar thank .dentro 21 .hablar staple .arrodillarse knit . andar wave .alrededor de behind .pensar throw .empujar rake .tener goteras learn .

coralino cow .la telaraña cocoon .el pollito chicken .el pájaro blackbird . la garra cobweb .la jaula camel .el murciélago beak .el venado dinosaur .el coyote crab .la ardilla listada cicada .los animales ant .el caimán animals .el castor bee .el mirlo bluebird .el camello canary .sobre under .el conejito butterfly .la oruga chick .la cigarra claw .el búfalo bug .el antílope antler .el dinosaurio dog .el pollo chimpanzee .el canario cat .el cocodrilo crow .el toro cage .on top of .la grulla crocodile .azulejo buffalo .el establo bat .el chimpancé chipmunk .el cuervo deer .el pico bear .el cangrejo crane .el oso beaver .encima de over .la zarpa.la mariposa bull .el perro 22 .la vaca coyote .la hormiga antelope .debajo de Animals alligator .el capullo coral .el gato caterpillar .la abeja beetle .el mono aquarium .el acuario barn .el asta ape .bicho bunny .el escarabajo bird .

el gatito koala .el cuerno hornet .el insecto jaguar .la cabra goose .la mariquita lamb .alce farm .perrera dolphin .el panal de miel horn .pescar fishing rod .la mosca fox .la rana gazelle .el burro dove .el huevo elephant .la aleta fish .el zorro frog .el pez.el arrendajo jellyfish .la lagartija 23 .el flamenco fly .el pato duckling .el águila earthworm .avispón horse .el dragón dragonfly .la paloma dragon .la gacela giraffe .el león lizard .doghouse .el jaguar jay .lombriz de tierra eel .la pluma fin .el ganso gorilla .la granja/la finca feather .el saltamontes hamster .la colmena hog .la gallina hippopotamus .el colibrí hyena .el elefante elk .el cordero lion .la marmota.el erizo hen .el cerdo honeycomb .el patito eagle .la hiena hoof .la pecera to fish .la libélula duck .la herradura hummingbird .el casco insect .el canguro kitten .caña de pescar flamingo .el caballo horseshoe . la rata del trigo hedgehog .la medusa kangaroo .el gorila grasshopper .el koala ladybug .la anguila egg .el delfín donkey . el pescado fish bowl .el hipopótamo hive .la jirafa goat .

la nutria owl .la cucaracha roadrunner .el guacamayo mammal . la lechuza parrot .el petirrojo rooster . carnero shell .el reno rhinoceros .ñandú nest .la langosta macaw .el cachorro quail .la llama lobster .la araña 24 .la polilla/la mariposa nocturna mouse el ratón muskrat el ratón almizclero mutt .la foca shark .el conejo raccoon .el pavo real penguin .el monstruo moose .el pulpo orangutan .el pingüino pet .el animal doméstico pig .el mono monster .el cerdo pigeon la paloma/pichón pupa .el loro.el gallo scorpion .el marsupial mermaid .la crisálida puppy .llama .el alacrán sea gull .la rata reindeer .el rinoceronte roach .el orangután ostrich .el mapache rat .el bobo nandu .el tritón octopus .la gaviota seahorse .la codorniz quetzal .el avestruz otter .el tiburón sheep .el mamut marsupial .concha shrimp .la oveja.el quetzal rabbit .el búho.el alce mosquito .la culebra/la serpiente spider .el nido net .el mosquito. el papagayo peacock .el cráneo snail .caballito de mar seal .el correcamino robin .el camaron skeleton .el esqueleto skull .la red newt .la sirena monkey . el zancudo moth .el caracol snake .el mamífero mammoth .

esposo wife .la trompa turtle .el establo stingray .el unicornio vulture .padrino godmother .madrina husband .los hermanos godfather .el pájaro carpintero worm . or brothers and sisters . or children .zoólogo Family .el lobo woodpecker .el cisne tadpole .hijo daughter .raya swan .mamá father . tela de araña whale .el buitre walrus .el padre mother .hermana brothers.squid .los padres son .la madre fathers or parents .telaraña. sons and daughters.Familia father .papá mother .el parque zoológico zoologist .la cebra zoo .el sapo toucan .el walrus wasp .el toucan trunk .la esponja squirrel .la tortuga unicorn .comadreja web .la ardilla stable .el tigre toad .el gusano yak .hija sons.hermano sister .la cola tern .golondrina tiger .esposa 25 .yac zebra .la avispa weasel .los hijos brother .el calamar sponge .la ballena wolf .el renacuajo tail .

despreocupado careless .Why don't you write to me? Te echo de menos .Affectionately Con amor . brave .Kisses Abrazos .prudente.de mala leche. nuts .Relationships Estoy enamorado/estoy enamorada .I miss you ¿Me echas de menos? .encantador cheerful .I love you ¿Me quieres? ¿Me amas? . venenoso.I have a girlfriend.I send a card to her/him Querido Juan . cauteloso.Dear John Querida María .I adore you passionately Te quiero con toda mi alma .discutidor bad-tempered .conservador conventional . Te amo .malhumorado big-headed .ambicioso annoying . jovial.Are you angry? Te quiero. sweetheart Tengo novia .valiente cantankerous . chiflado 26 .loco. charming . quarrelsome .pesado argumentative.You are my hero/heroine Con cariño .creído.cobarde crazy. cauto.Dear Mary ¿Por qué no me escribes? .cascarrabias carefree .I am jealous Te adoro apasionadamente .I love you with all my soul ¡Quiéreme o me muero! .descuidado.I have a boyfriend.Do you love me? Estoy celoso .Love me or I shall die! Eres mi héroe/heroína .I am in love Tengo novio .With love Besos . poco cuidadoso cautious . full of oneself .alegre. conceited.With affection Cariñosamente .Hugs Personality ambitious .convencional cowardly . engreído bitchy .Do you miss me? ¿Estás enfadada? .presumido conservative .I send a card to you Le mando una carta . sweetheart Te mando una carta .

honesto kind . inocentón naughty .fiel mean . sin prejuicios pious . severo. vago loyal .de actitud abierta.soso.terco.cortés. false .coqueta friendly .amigable. relajado lazy .trabajador honest .fiable. vergonzoso .tacaño modest . sensitive .orange azul .de mentalidad cerrada.blue blanco . confiable: es una persona en la que se puede confiar self-confident: to be self-confident seguro de sí mismo: tener confianza en sí mismo selfish .cruel .conversador. riguroso stubborn .sensato.(children) malo. travieso (niños) narrow-minded .de humor cambiante naive .egoísta sensible . hablador trustworthy .estricto.sensible shy. aburrido flirtatious .piadoso polite . boring .white dorado .amable laid-back .gray marrón .generoso hard-working .perezoso.falso weird .tímido. simpático.tranquilo.digno de confianza two-faced. testarudo.yellow anaranjado . extraño Colours amarillo .modesto moody . tozudo sympathetic (understanding) . educado proud .introvertido strict .raro.cruel dull.comprensivo talkative . introverted . prudente.orgulloso reliable .golden gris .brown 27 . agradable generous .ingenuo. intolerante open-minded .

(He has two yellow cars.green beige.red rosado .emerald grana . (I have one yellow car.black púrpura .mauve mostaza .lilac malva .) Tenemos diez flores amarillas.pink verde . (We have ten yellow flowers. (You have a yellow flower.smoky lila .) Body parts arm .purple rojo .straw-colored rosa .gold paja . beis .cherry-colored chocolate .mustard-colored naranja .pink turquesa .¿Cuál es tu color favorito? Note that the form changes depending on the number and gender of what's being described: Tengo un coche amarillo.) Tiene dos coches amarillos.orange oro .) Tienes una flor amarilla.chocolate-colored esmerelda .dark red humo .turquoise violeta – violet What color is it? .beige cereza .¿Que color es este? What is your favorite colour? .el brazo 28 .negro .

la boca muscle .el muslo throat .el cuello nose .el pie hair .back .la nariz penis .la cabeza heart .la pierna liver .el músculo neck . el seso breast.la pantorrilla ear .el dedo foot .la espalda backbone .la mano head .el hígado mouth .la rodilla leg .el ojo finger .el cerebro. la oreja elbow .las nalgas calf .el pecho buttocks .el oído.el intestino knee .la cadera intestine .la garganta 29 .el codo eye .el vientre stomach (internal organ) .la piel stomach (abdomen) .el estómago thigh .el pene shoulder .el hombro skin . chest .el pelo hand .la columna vertebral brain .el corazón hip .

una cara sonriente happy face .una cara alegre smooth-cheeked/smooth-faced .espinillas moles .lampiño go red in the face (with anger/heat) .el diente.una cara seria smiling face .una cara rechoncha.mofletudo chubby/podgy face .un hoyuelo smooth-cheeked/smooth-faced .una cara redonda clean-shaven .verrugas wrinkles .lampiño deadpan face .el dedo tongue .toe .una cara ovalada round face . gordinflona he had a weather-beaten face .la vagina Physical appearance He has blue eyes = tiene los ojos azules He is bald = Es calvo face .tiene la/una cara delgada an oval face .la lengua tooth .bien afeitado bloated face .ponerse colorado/rojo go red/to blush (with embarassment) .acne birthmark .granos blackheads .una cara triste serious face .una cara angelical chubby face .sonrojarse/ruborizarse he looks worried parece preocupado frightened asustado surprised sorprendido smile una sonrisa smirk una sonrisita frown el ceño fruncido nose = la nariz 30 .un antojo/una mancha de nacimiento double chin .una cara compungida sad face .una cara hinchada/abotagada/abotargada cherubic face .una cara de póquer/de palo doleful face .rasgos she has a thin face .lunares warts . regordete.arugas rosy cheeks .tenía un rostro curtido face lift .una papada hollow cheeks .las mejillas hundidas dimple . un estiramiento facial she has freckles . la muela vagina .una cara regordete chubby-cheeked .un lifting. es pecosa spots/pimples .tiene pecas.mejillas sonrosadas acne .la cara/el rostro facial features .

no me gusta cómo se está poniendo el tiempo breeze .Hace sol It is hot .un cielo/día despejado clear up .parece que va a llover the bad weather is still with us .una nariz grande turned-up/snub nose .si hace buen tiempo we’re hoping for good weather while we’re on holiday .ha cambiado el tiempo let’s hope the weather holds out .esperemos que no nos falle el tiempo the weather spoiled our plans . un aguacero cold front .una nariz ladeada/torcida a hooter/conk (fam) .un frente frío damp .una nariz chata a lopsided nose .un trueno clear sky/day .esperamos tener buen tiempo durante las vacaciones I don’t like the look of the weather ."¿qué tiempo hace?" or "¿cómo está el tiempo?" tomorrow will be dry .un chaparrón.el tiempo nos estropeó los planes it looks like it's going to rain .húmedo 31 .en la costa sur hace mejor tiempo.una brisa clap of thunder. a thunderclap .una nariz aguileña big nose .una nube cloudburst .bulbous nose .despejar climate .un chaparrón cloudburst .una napia flare your nostrils/to snort .el clima cloud .resoplar/bufar Weather When talking about the weather in Spanish use "hace" and "hay"instead of English "to be" It is sunny .Hace calor It is very windy . weather permitting .una nariz protuberante hooked nose .seguimos con mal tiempo the garden could do with a bit of rain .al jardín le vendría bien que lloviera un poco you get better weather on the south coast .una nariz puntiaguda a flat nose/a pug nose .Hace / Hay mucho viento Talking about weather what’s the weather like? .mañana hará tiempo seco there’s been a change in the weather .una nariz respingona a pointed nose .

nevar snowball .los granizos.está helado it’s hot .una bola de nieve 32 .una depresión atmosférica.la nebulosidad.vientos de fuerza nueve forked lightning .un chaparrón.llovizna / lloviznar flash of lightning .helar frosty night .inestabilidad it’s cloudy .la nieve snow (v) .degree . está ventoso It's chilly today . el sereno downpour .está abochornado it’s raining . una borrasca dew . una vendaval gale-force winds .de bajas/altas presiones mist .una culebrina frost .hace fresquito hoy light covering of snow .un chaparrón.los vientos de tormenta gust of wind .está lloviendo it’s sleeting .una brisa marina sea mist .chubascos aislados sea breeze .el rocío .está nevado it’s sunny .un relámpago flashes of lightning .hace viento.granizar hailstones .está lloviznando it’s foggy .la bruma shower . un chubasco sleet .una fina capa de nieve low/high-pressure .chubascos de aguanieve snow .una noche de helada gale .escarcha frost (v) .un huracán instability/changeability .una granizada haziness .aguanieve f.inundar fog -la niebla force nine gale .una ola de calor hot .la neblina rain (v) .hay neblina it’s muggy / clammy / close .húmedo humidity .una inundación flood (v) .llover rain -la lluvia scattered showers .le cayó un rayo heat wave .hace nubes or está nublado it’s drizzling .cálido humid . sleet showers .hace sol it’s windy .un viento fuerte.cae aguanieve it’s snowing .hace calor it’s misty .hay niebla it’s frosty .la humedad hurricane . un turbión drizzle / to drizzle (nm) .una racha hail (v) .grado depression . las piedras de granizo hailstorm . lo neblinoso he was struck by lightning .un relampagueo flood .

storm . these can be characterized by the ending of the infinitive.la previsión del tiempo para mañana weather vane .capear el temporal turbulence .el tiempo weather forecast .el sol sunny day .la temperatura thaw . llamar yo llamo tu llamas el/ella llama nosotros llamamos vosotros llamáis ellos/ellas llaman comer como comes come comemos coméis comen abrir abro abres abre abrimos abrís abren Irregular Verbs Present Tense ir voy vas hacer hago haces estar estoy estás yo tu 33 .una veleta wind . These are all infinitive forms of english verbs.insolación temperature .la turbulencia unsettled weather .un día tormentoso streak of lightning .abochornarse to rain cats and dogs .un deshielo thaw (v) .un tiempo revuelto weather .llover a cántaros to ride out the storm . to learn.un día soleado sunny spell . un temporal stormy day .los truenos thundercloud . -ar -er -ir An infinative is represented in the english language by the word to: to be. and to buy. with examples for each. to have. The following table lists the conjugation for these Regular Verbs.el viento Grammar Regular Verbs In spanish there are three different kinds of regular verbs.una tormenta.un claro sunstroke .un nubarrón to become muggy . to speak.un rayo sun .deshelar thunder .

el / ella nosotros vosotros ellos / ellas va vamos vais van hace está hacemos estamos hacéis estáis hacen están Note: For more info about verbs look under: Tenses Articles The definite article (artículo definido) agrees in gender and number with the noun it modifies and has four forms: Masculine Feminine el (singular) la (singular) los (plural) las (plural) Examples: el río (the river). lo dicho (that which has been said). no un medio (The soul is an end. señor García (Hello. The gender 34 .g. The plural forms unos and unas mean some or a few: Tengo unos libros buenos (I have some good books). una lengua bella (a beautiful language). por favor (Give us some oranges. not a means). for example: 1) with abstract nouns: El amor es una fuerza irresistible (Love is an irresistible force) 2) with nouns used in a general sense: Prefiero los caballos (I prefer horses) 3) with parts of the body and articles of clothing: Tengo el brazo roto (I have a broken arm) 4) with titles. except in direct address: El señor García está aquí (Mr. la guitarra (the guitar). Garcia) Neuter article (artículo neutro) lo can be used before an adjective (or a past participle used adjectivally) to make it function as a noun: lo humano (that which is human).: El alma es un fin. Dénos unas naranjas. Mr. las faltas (the mistakes). please). los refrescos (the refreshments). Garcia is here) but Buenos días. Note: Do not confuse the neuter article lo with the masculine singular direct object pronoun lo: Lo vi en la calle (I saw it in the street). Gender The nouns in Spanish can have either of 2 genders (género): masculine (masculino) or feminine (femenino). Note:For feminine nouns beginning with a stressed a sound use the masculine definite article in the singular e. The indefinite article (artículo indefinido): un for the masculine singular and una for the feminine singular. It agrees with the noun it modifies: un médico bueno (a good doctor). The gender of many nouns can be determined by their meaning or their ending. but Las almas quieren hacerse inmortales (Souls long to become immortal). Definite articles are often used in Spanish where English would omit them.

participles. and masculine nouns ending in -ma (of Greek derivation): el idioma (the language). pronouns. but watch out for exceptions: el día (the day). la mano (the hand). Nouns ending in -ista are masculine. Knowing the gender of every noun is important not only for the noun itself.of other nouns must be learned individually. and pronouns. at by) + el (masculine article) 35 . Plurals The plural of nouns and adjectives is regularly formed by adding -s to words ending in a vowel and -es to words ending in a consonant: Tiene los ojos negros (He has dark eyes). un pianista ( pianist). adjectives and articles are gender-related. la dirección (the address). La actriz se veía pobre y sin amigos (The actress found herself poor and friendless). but for the spelling and pronunciation of the words it influences in a sentence: adjectives. Nouns ending in -ad. The best way to memorize the gender of words is to memorize the article when learning a new word. Contractions There are only two contractions (contracciones) in Spanish: al and del. unless referring to a woman: un comunista (a communist). Prefiero las canciones de cuna (I prefer lullabies). Plural nouns of mixed gender take the masculine: Los niños están enfermos (The children are ill). articles. -ud. Words ending with z change to c in the plural: Encienda la luz (Turn on the light). In Spanish. la juventud (youth). la chica (the girl) feminine el hombre (the man) masculine In general masculine nouns end in -o and feminine nouns end in -a. el poema (the poem). El policía mató a tiros al ladrón (The policeman gunned down the thief). -ión are feminine: la ciudad (the city). Al = a (to. They agree in the gender and in the number with the noun. Desde aquí podemos ver las luces de la ciudad (From here we can see the lights of the city). for. el clima (the climate). nouns. Ella compró una casa bonita (She bought a pretty house).

Like nouns. in which case they take a definite article: Los ricos también tienen sus problemas (Rich people have their problems. una muchacha francesa (a French girl). Other adjectives ending in a consonant have the same form for both masculine and feminine: un hombre joven (a young man). Está ricamente vestida (She is richly dressed). una costumbre francesa (a French custom). una mujer joven (a young woman). Al entrar en la clase. the professor began to speak). otras habitaciones (other rooms). Adjectives are occasionally used adverbially: Vive feliz en la ciudad (He lives happily in the city). such adjectives change meaning. menos caliente (less hot). too). Some adjectives whose masculine singular ends in a consonant form the feminine by adding -a: un muchacho francés (a French boy). acquiring a less literal sense: Hay que dar limosna a un hombre pobre (One must give alms to a poor man). In a series of adverbs. dos lecciones (two lessons). Adjectives can be used as nouns. while the other adverbs 36 . with) + el (masculine article): ¿Qué piensas del nuevo profesor? (What do you think of the new teacher?). unos bailes populares (some popular dances). by adding the suffix -mente to the feminine singular form: Ella es muy rica (She is very rich). la profesora comenzó a hablar (Upon entering the classroom. su marido (her husband). In Spanish adjectives are used usually after the nouns t(unlike English): un día lluvioso (a rainy day). adjectives generally end in -o for the masculine (plural -os) and -a for the feminine (plural -as): un libro bueno (a good book). muchos estudiantes (many students). un baile encantador (a charming dance). Note: The preposition a and de does not contract with the personal pronoun él: Se lo doy a él (I give it to him). from. Adverbs Many adverbs (adverbios) are formed from adjectives. but El pobre hombre está con un pie en la fosa (The poor guy has one foot in the grave). Del = de (of. 2) point out. limit or quantify: este hombre (this man). only the last one takes the -mente suffix. Adjectives An adjective (adjetivo) agrees in gender and number with the noun it describes. unas canciones populares (some popular songs). una canción encantadora (a charming song). las verdes hojas (the green leaves). Adjectives precede the nouns they modify whenever they: 1) express an essential or characteristic quality: la dulce miel (the sweet honey.Vamos al mercado (Let's go to the store). When used before the noun.

while estar expresses where or how it is: Nosotros éramos buenos amigos (We were good friends). The superlative of an adverb is expressed by adding the neuter article lo to the comparative form: lo más fácilmente (the most easily). usted is conjugated with third person verb forms (English "he/she/it"). Lo puedo hacer más fácilmente (I can do it more easily). The polite form of the second person pronoun is usted (plural ustedes for both masculine and feminine). The absolute sperlative (superlativo absoluto) of an adjective indicates a high degree of some quality. close friends. It derives from the phrase Vuestra Merced (Your Grace).). Examples: Juan está estudiando (John is studying). Although it indicates the second person mode of address. Miguel está en la oficina (Michael is in the office). and is therefore abbreviated either Vd. It is formed by adding the suffix -ísimo/a to the adjective or adverb: Es una mujer riquísima (She is an extremely wealthy woman). rather than a comparison. Esta riquísimamente vestida (She is very richly dressed). or Ud.have the form of feminine adjectives: Escribe clara. Comparison The comparative (comparativo) of an adjective or adverb is formed by preceding it with más (more) or menos (less): Esta lección es más fácil (This lesson is easier). children and pet animals: ¿Te sientes bien? (Do you feel okay?). quickly and correctly). Estar is also used with the present participle to form the progressive tenses. or Uds. Ser is used to express what something is. (plural Vds. present and past. It is used for the familiar form of address when speaking to family members. Ser and Estar Ser and estar both mean to be. Tú and Usted Tú (the plural vosotros/as is used exclusively in Spain) is the second person pronoun (English "you"). The superlative (superlativo) of an adjective is formed by adding the definite article to the comparative form: Esta lección es la más fácil (This lesson is the easiest one). Ellos estaban bailando el tango (They were dancing the Tango). The superlative of a noun is expressed by mejor (best) and peor (worst) preceded by the appropriate definite article: la mejor respuesta (the best answer). Pablo está enfermo (Paul is sick). This 37 . rápida y correctamente (She writes clearly.

at with against of. . Viene con su hermano. pronouns. phrases and clauses together. gerunds or noun clauses can be the complement of the prepositions: Simple prepositions in Spanish include the following: a con contra de desde durante en entre hacia hasta para por sin sobre tras to. noun phrases. in order to for. . by without over after Vamos a Madrid. on between toward until for. Quiero gasolina sin plomo. Prepositions Prepositions (preposiciones) are the connecting words that show the relationships between words in the sentence. estudiando el español? (Do you continue studying Spanish?). since during in. We are going to Madrid.She's coming with her brother.I want unleaded gasoline. con su espada y con su pluma (with his sword and his pen) Other commonly used conjunctions: o ni pero or nor but 38 . Nouns.lends a respectful sense of distance to the conversation: ¿Sigue Ud. from from. Conjunctions Conjunctions (conjunciones) join words. The most commonly used conjunction in Spanish is y (and).

(I buy sweaters in the Rastro. Possessive Adjectives The possessive adjectives (adjetivos posesivos) are: 39 . Interjections are rarely used in formal or business writing. (noun phrase) (The children in the school recycle the cans. (noun clauses) (The bulls of Pamplone and the boys of Pamplona run fast.) The most common form of predicate is one consisting of the verb of action and direct or indirect object: La niña ve el elefante.) Yo (I) is the subject of the sentence and compro suéteres (buy sweaters) is the predicate. In print interjection is usually followed by exclamation mark or a coma: Note that in Spanish each interjection uses ¡ in front and ! at the end of the word: ¡ay! -oh!.) Elefante is a direct object of the present tense verb ve.Interjections An interjection (interjección) is a word or expression. The most common forms of subject are nouns and pronouns Noun phrase and noun clause may be the subject of a sentence: Los niños en la escuela reciclan las latas. ouch! ¡por Dios! -for goodness sakes! Sentences A sentence consists of the subject (the topic of the sentence) and the predicate (what is said about the subject). (The girl sees the elephant.) Los toros de Pamplona y los muchachos de Pamplona corren rapidamente. Yo compro suéteres en el Rastro.

parts of the body. la suya.their Possessive adjectives have a short form when they precede the noun and a longer form when they follow it: mis amigos (my friends). etc. (theirs) Possessive pronouns. and so on.our vuestro/a . agree with the thing possessed rather than with the possessor: tus cartas y las mías (your letters and mine). los míos. la vuestra. su casa y la nuestra (their house and ours). The possessive pronouns (pronombres posesivos) are formed by adding the appropriate definite article to the long form of the possessive adjective: el mío.your su or suyo/a . hers its) el nuestro. los zapatos (Put on your shoes).mi or mío/a .your su or suyo/a -his. its nuestro/a .my tu or tuyo/a . ese refers to something at a distance from the 40 . Note: When referring to clothing. la suya. la mía. las tuyas (yours) el suyo. la tuya. esa bicicleta (that bicycle). Demonstrative Adjectives The DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES (adjetivos demostrativos) are: Masculine Feminine Singular Singular este esta ese esa aquel aquella Masculine Plural estos esos aquellos Feminine Plural estas esas aquellas (this) (that) (that) Demonstrative adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun they modify: estos libros (these books). nuestras cosas (our things). las mías (mine) el tuyo. (yours) el suyo. They agree in gender and number with the noun: mis libros (my books). etc. her. All these forms add -s to form the plural. Póngase Ud. Este refers to something near the speaker. a definite article is regularly used instead of a possessive adjective: Tiene algo en la mano (He has something in his hand). etc. (ours) el vuestro. like possessive adjectives. las suyas (his. los suyos. la nuestra. aquellos edificios (those buildings). una amiga mía (a female friend of mine). los tuyos.

y él no quiere eso (The house is very little. direct object (objeto directo) or indirect object ( objeto indirecto).you vosotros/as – you (plural) Second person (polite) usted . They agree in gender and number with the nouns the represent: No prefiero esta mesa. Pronouns The personal pronouns (pronombres personales) have different forms depending on whether they are the subject (sujeto). The neuter demonstrative pronouns esto. it is in order to emphasize or clarify: Yo quiero hacer eso (I want to do that myself).you Udstedes – you (plural) Third Person él .) are regularly omitted.we Second person (familiar) tú .they ella -she ellas – they Note: Subject pronouns (with the exception of Ud. aquel refers to something at a distance from both the speaker and the listener. or an indefinite thing. eso and aquello do not have written accents since there are no neuter demonstrative adjectives with which they might be confused.speaker but in the vicinity of the person spoken to. and never have a specific noun antecedent: ¿Qué es esto? (What's this?).I nosotros/as . a situation. since they can be deduced from the conjugated verb forms: Traigo los refrescos (I'm bringing the soft drinks). it ellos . SUBJECT: First person: Yo . I want that one over there). They always refer to a general idea. Tienes razón (You're right).he. 41 . and he doesn't want that). When the subject pronouns are used. Ella cantaba mientras él tocaba la guitarra (She sang while he played the guitar). La casa es muy pequeña. quiero aquélla (I don't like this table. The demonstrative pronouns (pronombres demostrativos) are formed by adding a written accent to the demonstrative adjectives.

but can be attached to infinitives and present participles. it) los (them) las (them) los. los and las: 42 . it) les (them) Object pronouns (direct and indirect) usually precede the verb. la (you) Third Person lo (him. las (you) Note: in parts of Spain. en inglés (Write it in English). la. and must be attached to affirmative commands: Lo escribo en español (I'm writing it in Spanish). Estoy escribiéndolo en español or Lo estoy escribiendo en español (I'm writing it in Spanish). When a verb has two object pronouns. Escríbalo Ud. her. The indirect object pronouns le and les change (for reasons of euphony) to se before lo. Quiero escribirlo en español or Lo quiero escribir en español (I want to write it in Spanish). it) la (her. le is often used instead of lo for the direct object pronoun meaning him. INDIRECT OBJECT: First person: me (me) nos (us) Second person (familiar) te (you) os (you) Second person (polite) le (you) les (you) Third Person le (him. the indirect object is given first.DIRECT OBJECT: First person: me (me) nos (us) Second person (familiar) te (you) os (you) Second person (polite) le.

Se escriben todos los días (They write each other every day). Prepositional Pronouns The prepositional pronouns are: First person: mí (me) nosotros/as (us) 43 . Ya me voy (I'm going away now). but are attached to the infinitive. etc. (Wash yourselves). where the doer acts upon himself). her. Me quejo del trabajo (I complain about the work).) can be translated into English. Me acuesto muy tarde (I go to bed very late).e. Reflexive pronouns normally precede the conjugated verb. itself) se (themselves) Reflexive pronouns are always used with reflexive verbs (verbs expressing an action whose subject is also its object. Reflexive Pronouns and Verbs The reflexive pronouns (pronombres reflexivos) are: First person: me (myself) nos (ourselves) Second person (familiar) te (yourself) os (yourselves) Second person (polite) se (yourself) se (yourselves) Third Person se (him. Estoy lavándome (I am washing myself).Deseo dárselo a ellos (I want to give it to them). meaning each other: Nos amamos (we love each other). the present participle. Se lo quiero enviar a ella (I want to send it to her). but usually they cannot be translated in isolation from the verb: Me lavo (I wash myself). The reflexive pronouns can also be used in a reciprocal sense. i. Me acuerdo de eso (I remember that). Lávense Uds. Sometimes the literal meaning of the reflexive pronouns (myself. and affirmative commands: Quiero lavarme (I want to wash up).

que is used as the relative pronoun for things. quien or quienes for persons: La habitación en que vivo es muy cómoda (The room in which I live is very cosy). it) ellos (them) Reflexive sí (him/her/it/yourself. The prepositional pronouns mí. no hay ninguna duda de ello (You'll be successful. themselves/yourselves) Neuter ello Prepositional pronouns are the object of the preposition that they follow: Es demasiado difícil para mí (It's too difficult for me).(you) Third Person él (him. They can function as either subject or object pronouns without any change in form.Second person (familiar) tí (you) vosotros/as (you) Second person (polite) Ud. los/las cuales) 44 . La mujer de quien hablabas es extranjera (The woman about whom you were speaking is a foreigner). Relative Pronouns Relative pronouns (pronombres relativos) introduce a subordinate clause and replace something mentioned earlier in the sentence. there's no doubt about it). The most common relative pronoun is que: El hombre que está hablando es un amigo mío (The man who is talking is a friend of mine). (you) Uds. After a preposition. La lección que estudias es muy fácil (The lesson that you're studying is quite simple). contigo and consigo: ¿Quieres ir conmigo? (Do you want to come with me?). when reference is being made to a general idea that has already been expressed: Tendrás buen éxito. tí and sí combine with the preposition con (with) to become conmigo. The neuter pronoun ello is used instead of lo after a preposition. No podemos hacerlo sin ella (We can't do it without her). Lo trae consigo (He's bringing it with him). The compound relative pronouns el/la que (plural los/las que) or el/la cual (pl.

which didn't please me). among which there is a pocket dictionary). ¡Qué fácilmente lo haces tú! (How easily you do it!).! used in front of an adjective. Questions Interrogatives (interrogativos) ask a question. Exclamations Exclamatory words (exclamaciones) also have written accents. and are distinguished by their written accents. The most common interrogatives are: ¿Quién? (Who?) ¿Qué? (What) ¿Cuál? (Which?) ¿Cómo? (How?) ¿Cuánto?(How much?) ¿Cuántos? ¿Dónde? ¿Por qué? ¿Para qué? ¿Cuándo? (How many?) (Where?) (Why?) (Why?) (When?) Qué asks for a definition or description (what?). qué is used for both senses (what? and which?): ¿Qué días vas al hipódromo? (Which days do you go to the racetrack?). The neuter forms lo que and lo cual are used when the antecedent is a general idea: Siempre dice lo que piensa (He always says what he thinks). qué and cuál are interrogative pronouns. la cual es francesa (Yesterday I went to the cinema with John's mother. ¡Qué delicioso! (How delicious!). The most common one is ¡Qué. When an interrogative adjective is required. ¿Cuáles son tus libros favoritos? (Which are your favorite books?). while cuál (plural cuáles) asks for a choice or distinction (which?): ¿Qué es el alma? (What is the soul?). lo cual no me gustó (He spoke to me about his troubles.. It can refer to both persons and things. who is French). Ayer fuí al cine con la madre de Juan. Me habló de sus problemas. and always agrees in gender and number with the thing possessed rather than with the possessor: ¿Te acuerdas de la niña cuyos padres la abandonaron? (Do you remember the little girl whose parents abandoned her?). adverb or noun: ¡Qué casa! (What a house!). Used in that way. or to avoid confusion and ambiguity: Estos son mis libros. Note: Interrogatives are also used in indirect questions. entre los que hay un diccionario de bolsillo (These are my books.. where a question is referred to without being directly asked: No sé quién es (I don't know who she is).are used interchangeably after prepositions of more than one syllable. The relative pronoun cuyo/a (plural cuyos/as) usually functions as an adjective meaning whose or of which. In literary 45 . The direct question was ¿Quién es esa mujer? (Who is that woman?).

No invito a nadie (I'm not inviting anyone). When there is an object pronoun in front of the verb. Personal A When the direct object of a verb is a person or a domestic animal.nor) A verb is negated by placing no in front of it: No sé (I don't know). Ahora lo necesito más que nunca (Now I need it more than ever). not) nada (nothing) nadie (nobody) ninguno/a (not any) nunca (never) jamás (never) tampoco (neither) ni.usage. ¡Qué niños tan alegres! (What happy children!).. Verb Conjugations: Tenses Spanish verbs belong to one of three conjugations (conjugaciones) which can be distinguished by the endings of the infinitive forms. with the verb tener: Tengo un amigo (I have a friend). The personal a is not used. Hay que buscar al perro (We must look for the dog). no is placed before the object pronoun: No lo veo (I don't see it). Negation The most common negatives (negativos) are: no (no.!: ¡Cuán fácilmente lo haces tú! When an adjective follows a noun in this construction. No tengo ni papel ni pluma (I don't have either paper or pen). it is preceded by the personal a (la preposición personal a) which has no English equivalent: Veo a mi amigo (I see my friend)..ni (neither. Negatives are also used in comparisons: Ella escribe mejor que nadie (She writes better than anybody). Double negatives are standard in Spanish: No veo a nadie en la calle (I don't see anybody in the street)..... it is preceded by más (most) or tan (so): ¡Qué casa más bonita! (What a pretty house!).! may replace ¡Qué. ¡Cuán.. however. First Conjugation Second Conjugation Third Conjugation -ar: hablar (to talk) -er: comer (to eat) -ir: vivir (to live) 46 ..

The form of a verb depends on: 1) its conjugation group 2) its tense (time reference) and mood (intent) 3) the person and number of its subject Spanish has four simple tenses (tiempos simples): 1. Plusperfect or past perfect .pretérito indefinido: hablaron (they talked) There are also four compound tenses (tiempos compuestos): 1. Preterite .futuro perfecto: habréis comido (you all will have eaten) 3. Future . Present perfect . Future perfect .préterito perfecto: hemos comido (we have eaten) 2.indicativo: To express a fact: 47 . Indicative .Preterite perfect or past anterior .pretérito pluscuamperfecto: habían comido (they had eaten) 4.pretérito anterior: hube comido (I had eaten) There are four moods (modos) in Spanish: 1.futuro: hablarás (you will talk) 3.pretérito imperfecto: hablaba (she used to talk) 4.presente: hablo (I talk) 2. Present . Imperfect .

Singular: (Yo) veo a Juan (I see John) (Tú) debes hacerlo (You must do it) Ud. There are two numbers: 1. Imperative .imperativo: expressing a direct command: Venga Ud. Conditional . (I doubt that you'll come) 3.subjuntivo: To express a wish. tiene razón (You're right) (Ella) quiere a su gato (She loves her cat) 2.Está en el banco (It's in the bank) 2.potencial or condicional: expressing the idea of would: Juan no lo haría así (John wouldn't do it that way) 4. 1. (Come!) Verb Conjugations: Person and Number A finite verb agrees in person (persona) and number (número) with its subject (the doer of the action). and third person is the one spoken about. Subjanctive . dinero? (Do you all have money?) (Ellos) quieren comer (They want to eat) There are three persons: First person is the speaker. second person is the one spoken to. Plural : (Nosotros) vemos el cielo (We see the sky) (Vosotros) debéis trabajar (You all should work) ¿Tienen Uds. even when the subject is understood without being expressed by a noun or pronoun. or a doubt: Quiero que Ud. venga (I want you to come) Siento que no venga Ud. First person (Yo) soy maestro (I'm a teacher) (Nosotros) somos alumnos (We are pupils) 48 . (I'm sorry you're not coming) Dudo que venga Ud. an emotional attitude.

There is a different set of personal endings for each of the three conjugations: First conjugation (habl-ar) habl-o (I talk) habl-as (you talk) habl-a (she talks) habl-amos (we talk) habl-áis (you talk) habl-an (they talk) Second conjugation (com-er) com-o (I eat) com-es (you eat) com-e (she eats) com-emos (we eat) com-éis (you all eat) com-en (they eat) Third conjugation (viv-ir) viv-o (I live) viv-es (you live) viv-e (she lives) viv-imos (we live) viv-ís (you live) viv-en (they live) 49 .2. es muy amable (You are very kind) – singular.singular (Vosotros) sois feos (You all are ugly) . Third person (Ella) es trabajadora (She is hard-working) (Ellos) son perezosos (They are lazy) Present Tense The present tense (presente) of regular verbs is formed by removing the infinitive ending ( -ar. -er or -ir) and adding personal endings to the verb stem. which lends an air of respectful distance on the part of the speaker. polite form NOTE: The usted/ustedes (polite you) form of address is second person but uses third person verb forms. polite form Uds.plural Ud. 3. son muy amables (You all are very kind) – plural. Second person (Tú) eres guapo (You are good-looking) .

The endings are the same for all three conjugations. FIRST CONJUGATION (habl-ar) habl-aba (I was talking) habl-ábamos (we were talking) habl-abas (you were talking) habl-abais (you all were talking) habl-aba (she was talking) habl-aban (they were talking) SECOND CONJUGATION (com-er) com-ía (I was eating) com-íamos (we were eating) com-ías (you were eating) com-íais (you all were eating) com-ía (she was eating) com-ían (they were eating) THIRD CONJUGATION (viv-ir) viv-ía (I used to live) viv-íamos (we used to live) viv-ías (you used to live) viv-íais (you all used to live) viv-ía (she used to live) viv-ían (they used to live) The imperfect tense is used to describe a situation in the past. viviré. lending a sense of immediacy to historical narrative: Cortés admira la bondad y liberalidad del gran Montezuma (Cortez admired the goodness and generosity of the great Montezuma). (we will talk) (you all will talk) (they will talk) In addition to expressing future time. 50 .The present tense is commonly used in conversation to refer to actions which will take place in the immediate future: Vengo más tarde (I'll come later). Future Tense The future tense (futuro) of regular verbs is formed by adding personal endings to the infinitive. or an action which was ongoing or repeated: Eran las once (it was eleven o'clock). It is sometimes used in literature to replace the preterite. Imperfect Tense The imperfect tense (pretérito imperfecto) of regular verbs is formed by removing the infinitive ending (-AR. the future tense can express uncertainty or probability in the present: Serán las cinco (It must be about five o'clock). hablar-é (I will talk) hablar-ás(you will talk) hablar-á (she will talk hablar-emos hablar-éis hablar-án comeré. -ER or -IR) and adding personal endings to the verb stem. Queríamos comer bien (We wanted to eat well). There is one set of endings for the first (-AR) conjugation and a second set of endings shared by the second ( -ER) and third (-IR) conjugations. Todos los días llegá bamos tarde (We used to arrive late every day). etc. This is called the vivid present.

-ER or -IR) and adding personal endings to the verb stem. Juan cenó conmigo ayer (John ate supper with me yesterday). FIRST CONJUGATION (habl-ar) habl-é (I talked) habl-amos (we talked) habl-aste (you talked) habl-asteis (you all talked) habl-ó (she talked) habl-aron (they talked) SECOND CONJUGATION (com-er) com-í (I ate) com-imos (we ate) com-iste (you ate) com-isteis (you all ate) com-ió (she ate) com-ieron (they ate) THIRD CONJUGATION (viv-ir) viv-í (I lived) viv-imos (we lived) viv-iste (you lived) viv-isteis (you all lived) viv-ió (she lived) viv-ieron (they lived) The preterite tense narrates an action with a definite beginnning or ending in the past: Comenzó a llover (It began to rain). The preterite is also used to indicate an event which took place while another action (in the imperfect tense) was ongoing: Dormía cuando llegué (He was sleeping when I arrived).Preterite Tense The Preterite tense (pretérito indefinido) of regular verbs is formed by removing the infinitive ending (-AR. The PRESENT PERFECT (pretérito perfecto) uses the present tense of the auxiliary verb haber: he comido (I have eaten) has comido (you have eaten) ha comido (she has eaten) hemos comido (we have eaten) habéis comido (you all have eaten) han comido (they have eaten) The FUTURE PERFECT (futuro perfecto) uses the future tense of the auxiliary verb haber: habré comido (I will have eaten ) habrás comido (you will have eaten) habrá comido (she will have eaten) 51 . there is one set of endings for the first (-AR) conjugation and a second set of endings shared by the second (-ER) and third (-IR) conjugations. Perfect Tenses The COMPOUND TENSES (tiempos compuestos) are formed with the AUXILIARY VERB ( verbo auxiliar) haber and the PAST PARTICIPLE (participio pasivo) of the main verb. The past participle in compound tenses is invariable in form. As with the imperfect tense.

Lo habría hecho ayer. Elena dijo que vendría (Elena said that she would come). pero no tendré tiempo (I would do it today.habremos comido (we will have eaten) habréis comido (you all will have eaten) habrán comido (they will have eaten) The PLUPERFECT or PAST PERFECT (pretérito pluscuamperfecto) uses the imperfect tense of haber: había comido (I had eaten) habías comido (you had eaten) había comido (she had eaten) habíamos comido (we had eaten) habíais comido (you all had eaten) habían comido (they had eaten) The PRETERITE PERFECT or PAST ANTERIOR (pretérito anterior) uses the preterite tense of haber: hube comido (I had eaten) hubiste comido (you had eaten) hubo comido (she had eaten) hubimos comido (we had eaten) hubisteis comido (you all had eaten) hubieron comido (they had eaten) NOTE: This is strictly a literary tense. I went out). The conditional is formed (like the future) by adding a single set of personal endings to the infinitives of all three conjugations. in conversation. salí (After I had eaten. the only difference is that those are added to the stem. but I didn't have time). but I won't have time). Conditional Mood The CONDITIONAL MOOD (modo potencial) expresses the idea of would (contingent possibility): Lo haría hoy. (The endings are identical to those of the imperfect tense of second and third conjugation verbs. The PERFECT INFINITIVE (infinitivo compuesto) is composed of the infinitive of haber and the past participle of the verb: haber comido (to have eaten).) 52 . just as the future tense can be used in the present: ¿Qué hora sería cuando desayuné ayer? (I wonder what time was it when I ate breakfast yesterday?). pero no tenía tiempo (I would have done it yesterday. such as cuando (when). rather than to the entire infinitive form. The PERFECT PARTICIPLE (gerundio compuesto) is composed of the present participle of haber and the past participle of the verb: habiendo comido (having eaten). The preterite perfect is only found after conjunctions of time. It can also be used to express wonderment or doubt in the past. después que (after). apenas (scarcely) or luego que (as soon as): Después que hube comido. the preterite or pluperfect is used.

hablar-ías (you would talk) hablar-ía (she would talk) hablar-íamos (we would talk) hablar-íais (you all would talk) hablar-ían (they would talk) The CONDITIONAL PERFECT (potencial perfecto) is a compound tense using the conditional of the auxiliary verb haber and the past participle of the main verb: habría comido (I would have eaten) habrías comido (you would have eaten) habría comido (she would have eaten) habríamos comido (we would have eaten) habríais comido (you would have eaten) habrían comido (they would have eaten) NOTE: The conditional is often treated as though it were a tense rather than a mood.. the conditional is a mood which has two tenses: a simple tense used when referring to present possibilities. however. The subjunctive is also used for FORMAL COMMANDS. Dudo que sea la verdad (I doubt that it's the truth). and a compound tense used when referring to possibilities in the past. No hables (Don't talk!). for the negative (only) of INFORMAL COMMANDS. have this). etc. (Here. Comamos (Let's eat). for HORTATORY COMMANDS (English Let's. viviría.hablar-ía (I would talk) comería. or an uncertainty: Te ruego que escribas en español (I beg you to write in Spanish). The PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE is regularly formed by adding one set of personal endings to the stem of -AR verbs and a second set of endings to verbs of the -ER and -IR conjugations: FIRST CONJUGATION (habl-ar) PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE habl-e (I talk) habl-emos (we talk) habl-es (you talk) habl-éis (you talk) habl-e (she talks) habl-en (they talk) SECOND CONJUGATION (com-er) PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE com-a (I eat) com-amos (we eat) com-as (you eat) com-áis (you eat) com-a (she eat) com-an (they eat) THIRD CONJUGATION (viv-ir) PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE viv-a (I live) viv-amos (we live) viv-as (you live) viv-áis (you live) viv-a (she lives) viv-an (they live) The IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE is formed by adding a set of endings terminating in either - 53 .!) and after IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS like es necesario (it is necessary): Tenga Ud. Subjunctive Mood The SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD (modo subjuntivo) is used in independent clauses introduced by que (that) when the main clause expresses a wish. a strong emotional attitude. Es una lástima que no quiera venir (It's a pity that he doesn't want to come). strictly speaking.. Tenían miedo de que ella no volviera (They were afraid that she might not come back).

hubiera/hubiese comido (I had eaten) hubieras/hubieses comido (you had eaten) hubiera/hubiese comido (she had have eaten) hubiéramos/hubiésemos comido (we had eaten) hubierais/hubieseis comido (you had eaten) hubieran/hubiesen comido (they had eaten) Commands 54 .RA or -SE (with no difference in usage or meaning) to the verb stem. haya comido (I have eaten) hayas comido (you have eaten) haya comido (she has eaten) hayamos comido (we have eaten) hayáis comido (you all have eaten) hayan comido (they have eaten) The PLUPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE is a compound tense formed by the imperfect subjunctive of haber and the past participle of the main verb. with one set of endings for first conjugation (-AR) verbs and another set of endings for second (-ER) and third (-IR) conjugation verbs: Esperaba que él llegara/llegase tarde (I was expecting him to arrive late). FIRST CONJUGATION (habl-ar) IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE habl-ara OR habl-ase habl-aras OR habl-ases habl-ara OR habl-ase habl-áramos OR habl-arais OR habl-aranOR habl-asen SECOND CONJUGATION (com-er) (I talked) (you talked) (she talked) habl-ásemos (we talked) habl-aseis (you all talked) (they talked) IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE com-iera OR com-iese com-ieras OR com-iera OR com-iese com-iéramos OR com-ierais OR com-ieran OR THIRD CONJUGATION (viv-ir) (I ate) com-ieses (you ate) (she ate) com-iésemos (we ate) com-ieseis (you all ate) com-iesen (they ate) IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE viv-iera OR viv-iese (I lived) viv-ieras OR viv-ieses (you lived) viv-iera OR viv-iese (she lived) viv-iéramos OR viviésemos (we lived) viv-ierais OR viv-ieseis (you all lived) viv-ieran OR viv-iesen (they lived) The PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE is a compound tense formed by the present subjunctive of haber and the past participle of the main verb.

Object pronouns are attached to affirmative commands. when positive. both positive and negative: Duerma Ud. No me lo traiga Ud. since se is singular when used as a subject pronoun. ¿Cómo se dice eso en español? (How do you say that in Spanish?). If the passive subject is a thing and the agent is not mentioned. and se should be easily translated as one or you: ¿Cómo se va al teatro? (How does one get to the theater?). then a PASSIVE REFLEXIVE ( pasiva reflexiva) construction is used. with the reflexive pronoun se preceding the verb and the passive subject following it: Aquí se venden cigarrillos (Cigarettes are sold here). are expressed by the present subjunctive: ¡No duermas tú! (Don't go to sleep!). with a -d substituted for the final -r: ¡Dormid vosotros! (Go to sleep. the passive voice is expressed by: SUBJECT + ser + past participle + por + AGENT for example: Esta carta fue escrita por un amigo mío (This letter was written by a friend of mine). let him go to bed). all of you!). (Don't bring it to me). for instance) the impersonal pronoun se is attached to the subjunctive: Agítese antes de usar (Shake before using). Since the past participle acts as an adjective. with se used as an indefinite subject pronoun similar to the English one or the impersonal you and they. Que lo traiga Juan (Let John bring it).to distinguish from the passive reflexive (textbooks differ in their classification of common phrases like Se habla español (Spanish is spoken / One speaks Spanish). Escríbase en español (Write in Spanish).Familiar COMMANDS (mandatos). Se is also used to form IMPERSONAL CONSTRUCTIONS. the subject is acted upon by an outside agent. The second person singular (tú) forms are identical to the third person singular of the present tense: El niño duerme (The child is sleeping). are expressed by means of the imperative mood. but they precede negative and indirect commands: Tráigamelo Ud. ¡Duerme tú! (Go to sleep!). When the agent is specified. it agrees in gender and number with the subject. It is also used for indirect commands (introduced by the conjunction que): Está cansado. Passive and Impersonal Constructions In the PASSIVE VOICE (voz pasiva). que se acueste (He's tired. This construction is often difficult-. (Please go to sleep). NEGATIVE familiar commands. For impersonal commands given in a general sense (directions on a bottle or an examination paper. The present subjunctive is used for FORMAL COMMANDS. The second person plural (vosotros) forms are based on the infinitive. Participles and Progressive Tenses 55 . both singular and plural. There are two main criteria to be met: the verb must be in the singular. (Bring it to me). Vamos a dormir (Let's go to sleep). Hortatory commands can be expressed either with the subjunctive or with the phrase vamos a and an infinitive: Durmamos (Let's go to sleep).if not impossible-.

The PRESENT PARTICIPLE (gerundio) is formed by adding the suffix -ando to the stem of first conjugation (-AR) verbs and -iendo to the stem of second (-ER) and third (-IR) conjugation verbs (or -yendo if the stem ends in a vowel). Habías recibido una carta (You had received a letter). The PAST PARTICIPLE (participio pasivo) is formed by adding the suffix -ado to the stem of AR verbs. however. Infinitives The INFINITIVE (infinitivo) is a verb form that is not limited by person or number. Habrá perdido las llaves (He will have lost the keys). -ido to the stem of -ER and -IR verbs (or -ído if the stem ends in a vowel). past participles agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify: La tienda está cerrada (The store is closed). When used adjectivally. After a preposition. which express an ongoing action: Estoy estudiando español (I am studying Spanish). A COMPLEMENTARY INFINITIVE completes the meaning of a preceding conjugated verb: No puedo hablar de eso (I can't talk about that). The present participle is also used with the verb ir to express an action which is gradual or incremental: Va mejorando (It is getting better). Continuan estudiando (They continue studying). to be is an English infinitive. the past participle has an invariable ending: Hemos cerrado la tienda (We have closed the store). Quiero comer en un restaurante (I want to eat in a restaurant). "at the". but translate 56 . habl-ar com-er viv-ir (to talk) (to eat) (to live) hablando (talking) comiendo (eating) viviendo (living) le-er (to read) leyendo (reading) The present participle is used with the verb estar to form the PROGRESSIVE TENSES ( tiempos progresivos). Estabas leyendo el periódico (You were reading the newspaper). Las llaves están perdidas (The keys are lost). A common temporal expression consists of the contraction al (literally. cerr-ar (to close) cerrado (closed) perd-er (to lose) perdido (lost) recib-ir (to receive) recibido (received) ca-er (to fall) caído (fallen) When used with the auxiliary verb haber to form compound tenses. venir and ir. the infinitive form of a verb must always be used: Prefiero leer antes de dormir (I prefer to read before going to sleep). Spanish/English dictionaries always identify a verb by its infinitive. Entraron después de que hubo caído (They entered after she had fallen down). NOTE: The progressive construction is never used for estar. Ella piensa vivir con ellos (She intends to live with them). The same construction is used with seguir and continuar: Sigue llorando (She keeps on crying).

but it is a present participle in the sentence "I am singing" (present progressive tense). I realized what I had done). These verbs can be divided into three major groups: GROUP 1 Verbs in -AR or -ER that change the stem vowel from E to IE or from O to UE in the indicative and subjunctive moods of the present tense. the word "singing" is a verbal noun. perhaps. Infinitives can be used as VERBAL NOUNS (nombres verbales). In Spanish. for example. the first example would use an infinitive (El cantar es agradable). Pensar (to think) INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE pienso piense (I think) piensas pienses (you think) piensa piense (she thinks) pensamos pensemos (we think) pensáis penséis (you all think) piensan piensen (they think) Volver (to return) INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE vuelvo vuelva (I return) vuelves vuelvas (you return) vuelve vuelva (she returns) volvemosvolvamos (we return) volvéis volváis (you all return) vuelven vuelvan (they return) GROUP 2 Verbs in -IR with the same changes as above. they are considered to be masculine singular. Stem-Changing Verbs Many verbs in Spanish change the spelling of their stems in certain conjugated forms. NOTE: Confusion arises for English-speaking students from the fact that verbal nouns in English have the same form as present participles."upon") together with an infinitive: Al despertar. and may be preceded by the definite article el: El escribir bien es un arte (Writing well is an art). me di cuenta de lo que había hecho (Upon awakening. except in the plurals of the first and second persons ("we" and "you all"). to avoid using the terms gerund and gerundio altogether. In the sentence "Singing is fun". Trabajar es lo que importa (Working is what matters). This confusion is compounded by the fact that English verbal nouns are called gerunds and Spanish present participles are called gerundios. verbal noun and present participle are unmistakable in their meaning. while the second one would use a present participle (Estoy cantando). and an additional change of E to I or O to U in 57 . It is advisable. When used that way.

by conjugating ir in the imperfect tense: Voy a cantar (I am going to sing). sienten Preterite: sentí. dormisteis. sintieran Present Participle: sintiendo Dormir. sientas. pedimos. It is one of the pitfalls for people learning Spanish. duermen Preterite: dormí. This construction can also be used with reference to the past. duermes. sientes. sentís. pidiéramos. durmiéramos durmierais. pidió. pedís. sintierais. duerma durmamos. Pedir (to request) Present Indicative: pido. pide. sentiste. False friends Because some of the words are almost identical in the two languages. utter. pediste. pidas. pidieran Present Participle: pidiendo Future tense Ir A The future tense can be expressed by using the construction ir a followed by an infinitive. it’s easy to confuse their meanings. in the first and second person plural forms of the present subjunctive. sentimos. dormís. pidiera. completamente. sienta.absolutamente. siente. totalmente. sintamos. durmieras. durmiera. complete. by no means. no way. When preceded by en. and in the entire imperfect subjunctive conjugation as well as the present participle. pidierais. sintieron Present Subjunctive: sienta. pida. sientan Imperfect Subjunctive: sintiera. Sentir. Absolutely . sintiéramos. pidáis. dormimos. dormiste. pidieron Present Subjunctive: pida. pides. pidan Imperfect Subjunctive: pidiera. duermas. durmieran Present Participle: durmiendo GROUP 3 Verbs in -IR which only change E to I. piden Preterite: pedí. pedisteis. pedimos. durmió. pidieras. duerme. sentimos. sintió. duerman Imperfect Subjunctive: durmiera. Iban a bailar (They were about to dance). (to feel) Present Indicative: siento. (to sleep) Present Indicative duermo. durmieron Present Subjunctive: duerma. Absolute. sintiera.the third person of the preterite tense. it means not at all. 58 .absoluto. sintáis. sintieras. pidamos. sentisteis. dormimos. durmáis. Absoluto & Absolute(ly) Absoluto .absolute.

paint. unas concesiones recíprocas.a blank sheet of paper.solicitar or presentar.verdadero or efectivo.realmente. liso. una moqueta. portfolio. temperament. care for. Complexión & Complexion Complexión . la solución intermedia. Bizarre . Camp refers to un campamento. Complexion . Compromise (n) . Billion (amer) . Actually . like a theory.to pay attention to.dirigirse a uno. Compromiso & Compromise Compromiso . Carpet . Blank (adj) en blanco. Asistir & Assist Asistir . now.mil millones. 59 .una transacción. una avenencia. physical build. billion in UK.valient. blank: una página blanca . make-up. brave. (v) .una alfombra.aplicar apply for a job . generous.to apply something.a trillion in US. in Spain .obligation. or sanctions. to heed. gallant. en efecto. commitment. Actualmente . or table cloth.to attend in Latin America. Aplicar & Apply Aplicar . or agreement.current or present: El presidente actual vive en Madrid . Campo & Camp Campo means country(side).ayudar. promise.extraño or raro Blanco & Blank Blanco – white. to apply in the sense of be applicable . field. Billón & Billion Billón . Carpeta & Carpet Carpeta .constitution. file.asistir. (Brit) billón. sin adorno. el término medio. Bizarro & Bizarre Bizarro .to attend.comprometer or transigir. Attend . Atender & Attend Atender . Apply . la piel.la tez. Actual . briefcase. Assist . or farm.currently. el cutiz.Actual & Actual Actual .The current president lives in Madrid.ser aplicable or interesar. en realidad. to apply oneself to . at present.folder.

necesitado. Delito & Delight Delito . Destitute . grief.disco. match. offence.to disappoint. el encanto.sofocarse or atragantarse. mishap. Constipation . Disco . To deceive . To delight . Disgusto & Disgust Disgusto .a crime. disk. Desgracia & Disgrace Desgracia . Destituido & Destitute Destituido .a cold or catarrh. en la miseria.desesperado. aversión. clink (glasses). Deception . trouble. accident. Disgrace . defraudar.el placer. la delicia. Corresponder & Correspond Corresponder -to correspond. traffic-light. estar en correspondencia con.indigente. discoteca. Decepcionar . Chocar & Choke Chocar . atacar.shock or startle. desamparado. Contest as a verb means impugnar.escribirse. Disco & Disco Disco . Choke .disappointment. discus. Decepción/Decepcionar & Deception/Deceive Decepción . constipado . bad luck.la deshonra. ignominia. el deleite. or belong. or (audio) record. un fraude.un engaño. misdeed.Constipación & Constipation Constipación.repugnancia .annoyance.disco. displeasure.misfortune. or sala de baile.el estreñimiento. Contestar & Contest Contestar means to answer or reply. Despertar & Desperate Despertar – to wake up Desperate . deleitar. shake (hands). disputar. setback.encantar. Educado & Educated 60 .devoid of or lacking. tally. Correspond (by mail) . Delight . fit in.engañar. Disgust . or contender.

cultivated. Educated form of the verb to educate: formar or instruir.long.presentar Largo & Large Largo . moving. molesto. or incómodo. generous. from the verb educar .factory. Embarrassed .introduce a topic.exciting. Exit .insulto. Large . sentimental.success: a gran éxito . Football .Educado . Emocionante & Emotional Emocionante . Fútbol & Football Fútbol . or mill. thrilling. or abundant.le fútbol americano. polite. Éxito & Exit Éxito . emocional. emotivo.inútil.to raise. Fábrica & Fabric Fábrica .el tejido or la tela.avergonzado. an expectant mother. Library .afectivo.grande or importante. Minorista & Minority 61 . Insult . rear.soccer (in American English). Introducir & Introduce Introducir . plant. Fútil & Futile Fútil . Emotional .una salida. while Futile . Embarazada & Embarrassed Embarazada (adj) – pregnant. Introduce (a person) . Fabric . bring up. Librería & Library Librería . or infructuoso.indigestion or a stomachache.very successful.una biblioteca. vano.trivial. Insulto & Insult Insulto (Mexico) . noun: una embarazada = a pregnant woman.well-mannered.bookstore.

Realize – realizar.to realize. comprender.claim: Ella pretende ser rica .fingir or simular.to annoy or bother.la minoría or.registrar. Preservativo vs Preservative Preservativo . auténtico.verdadero.a condom. legítimo. Real . as an adjective. Realizar & Realize Realizar . Number . or to fulfill. or remind. Once & Once Once . or grabar.royal. Real & Real Real .remember. reconocer. Record . inscribir. Rare . to attain. but more commonly means odd or strange.rare.un conservador. Preservative . Molest . Revolver & Revolver 62 . Minority .She claims to be rich.eleven Once .name or noun.acosar sexualmente. Pretend . darse cuenta de. Relativo & Relative Relativo has the same meaning as an adjective. but as a noun it is used only in linguistics. minoritario.Minorista (Caribbean and South American) .poco común or excepcional. Nombre & Number Nombre . recall. Relative as a noun . Recordar & Record Recordar .una vez.pariente or familiar. Molestar & Molest Molestar .retail or retail seller. make real. Pretender & Pretend Pretender .un número. Raro & Rare Raro .

in Central America. support.to bear. drunkenness.a glass or tumbler. a student music group. incident.fixed earnings per month or year: el sueldo.cuerdo. the life of a rogue. while Soap .hourly wages. Sopa & Soap Sopa . above.an event.el atún.Sober Sobre . revolve. sostener. Sensible . informally. while Salary . sensato. 63 .juicioso.una cuerda or una soga.healthy.sobrio or sereno. and. Support . Sano & Sane Sano . Sober .un éxito or triunfo. or disturb. or prudente. or mantener. Sane .jabón. a hangover. Rope . Tuna & Tuna Tuna . or withstand. or outcome. Sobre .sensitive or regrettable.clothing.Revolver is a verb: to move around. Vase . Success . turn over. Suceso & Success Suceso . hold up. Sensible & Sensible Sensible . over.soup or. Soportar & Support Soportar . Revolver is a noun: un revólver Ropa & Rope Ropa .prickly pear. Salario & Salary Salario . fit.envelope or a preposition: on.apoyar. sensato.un florero or jarrón. Vaso & Vase Vaso . or intact. carry. Tuna . or de juicio sano. happening.

If you want to write an ñ first we have to know the ASCII code which is alt 164. To write an ñ press and hold the ALT key.How to write Spanish characters How to write the Spanish characters and accents eg. enter the 3-digit decimal code for the extended ASCII character you want to generate (in this case 164) then release the ALT key. 64 . . á é í ó ú ü ñ ¿ ¡ º ª on a non Spanish keyboard? If you didn't buy your computer in a Spanish speaking country then your keyboard won't be set up for Spanish. Here is a list of Spanish characters with their alt numbers. While holding down the ALT key. You should be able to do this in almost any programme. To write a character with alt keys you must have your "num lock" enabled. á 160 é 130 í 161 ó 162 ú 163 É 144 ¿ 168 ¡ 173 ª 166 º 167 Ñ 164 ñ 165 Note: It is never obligatory to use accents with capital letters.

(general) h.. (anno domini) d. J.P.mm (millimeters) m. (United States) esq. ingeniero . (limited partnership) Sr. F.S (south) S.Inc.Abbreviations a. AA.km (kilometers) km/h kilómetros por hora . (avenue) c.Professor (f) pta.D.C. v verb.c.feminine.S.D.(incorporation) S.you (singular) Uds. apiece. volumen . por ejemplo .Vds. avenida Ave. D.(Mistress) Srta. centímetro cúbico .Gov.Ltd. moneda nacional . pl .m.attorney m metros .C.go see vol.Dr. Sociedad Anónima . (f) E este (punto cardinal) ..g. doctora . usted .J. (cubic centimeters) Cía compañia . f . p. (rest in peace) S sur .hour Ing.you (plural) v.p. su seguro servidor .adjective.Gen. post meridien . adv .toilet.C. véase . doctor . doña .L.liter Lic. fuerzas armadas . gobierno .I.corner etc.kilometers per O oeste . a. señorita .E (east) EE.no (number) Abreviaturas . pron pronoun. ustedes . señora .kg (kilograms) km kilómetros . (an so on) FF.peseta (monetary unit of Spain) q.Mrs.A.noun.C.m (meters) mm mílimetros . núm.vol (volume) 65 . Estados Unidos .D.U.C.W (west) OEA Organización de Estados Americanos OAS (Organization of American States) ONU Organización de Naciones Unidas UN (United Nations) OTAN Organización del Tratado del Norte NATO (North American Treaty Organization) pág.C (before Christ) a. ferrocarril .m.B.Mr. después de Cristo .. water closet .cm. postdata .C. número .Sir Da.s.c. Dr. etcétera .adverb.(m) Dra.C.e. después de Jesucristo . (before Christ).Dr. (centimetre) c/u cada uno .P.English Dictionary Abbreviations used in this dictionary: n . prep – preposition.A.B. m ..Vd.S.A.a.n. avenida Ave. (railroad) Gob. ante de Christo .masculine. (anno domini).Madam d. (government) Gral.Co.R.e.page P. UU.literally: your faithful servant (used as salutation in letters) Kind regards tel.R. (after noon) Prof profesor. que en paz descanse .plural l litro . página . antes de Jesucristo . (Mister) Sra.national currancy (sometimes used to distinguish the national currency from others) N norte .(before noon) apdo.engineer W. (for example) p.N (north) no.p.m.d. Sociedad Limitada .c. licenciado .s. (company) cm centímetro . peseta .Professor (m) Profa profesora .ej. general .O. don . Box Av. esquina .m. bathroom kg kilogramos .per each.c.hour Spanish .Miss s. apartado postal P. adj . antes del mediodía . profesora .R.etc. (avenue) Avda. hora . teléfono telephone Ud.armed forces f. señor .

Africa agárico (n) .carpet.antelope apio (nm) .chipmunk arena (nf) .sidewalk acuario (nm) .pet animales (nm pl) .North America América (nm) del Sur . antler asteroide (nm) .kneel arte (nm) .open abrelatas (nm) .tall amanecer (nm) .harp arrendajo (n) .friends amor (nm) .rocket África (nf) .thank agua (nm) .pen pal amigos (nm pl) . horn.archipelago arcilla (nf) .above arrodillarse (v) . f) .art artista (nm.angel angosto (adj) .animal animal (nm) doméstico .adult.mask antílope (nm) .quicksand arete (nm) .bee abierto (adj) .down abeja (nf) .water aguacate (nm) .up arriba de (prep) .alphabet alfombra (nf) .learn araña (nf) .April abuela (nf) .anatomy ancho (adj) .elk aldea (nf) .clay arco (nm) .avocado águila (nm) .eel ángulo (nm) .astronomy 66 .burn ardilla (nf) .angle anillo (nm) .celery aplaudir (v) .wide ancla (nm) .toadstool agosto (nm) .pillow almuerzo (nm) .outdoors ala (nm) .scorpion alcachofa (nf) .clap aprender (v) .aileron alfabeto (nm) .friend amigo (nm) por correspondencia .lunch alrededor de (adv) .asteroid astronauta (nm.arch arco (nm) .spear.pliers almacén (nm) . grown-up aeronave (nf) .ambulance América (nm) del Norte .goodbye adulto (nm.grandmother abuelo (nm) .archer armario (nm) .South America amigo (nm) .love anaranjado (adj) .eagle aguja (nf) .artist ascensor (nm) .anchor andar (v) .coat abril (nm) .to abajo (adv) .artichoke alcancia (nf) .holly aceite (nm) .around alta/alto (adj) .spider árbol (nm) .narrow anguila (nf) .needle al aire libre .addition adiós (int) .squirrel ardilla ( nf) listada .Asia aspiradora (nf) .tree arce (nm) .piggy bank alce (nm) .can opener abrigo (nm) .August agradecer (v) .yellow ámbar (nm) .olive acera (nf) .sand arena (nf) movediza . adj) .bow arco (nm) iris .cotton candy alicates (nm pl) .sunrise amarillo (adj) .maple archipiélago (nm) .cupboard arpa (nm) .walk ángel (nm) .grandfather acebo (nm) .rainbow arder (v) .evening Antártico (nm) . rug alga marina (nf) .amber ambulancia (nf) .aquarium adición (nf) .fin alerón (nm) .astronaut astronomía (nf) .airship aeronave cohete (nm) .seaweed algodón (nm) de azúcar . f) .animals año (nm) .A a (prep) .store almohada (nf) .ring animal (nm) .year anochecer (nm) .village aleta (nf) .orange anatomía (nf) .vacuum cleaner asta (nf) .kelp algas (nf pl) .wing alacrán (nm) .oil aceituna (nf) .Antarctica antifaz (nm) .elevator Asia (nf) .arithmetic arquero (nm) .jay arriba (adv) .earring aritmética (nf) .

scarf búho (nm) .lily azul (adj) .roll.good morning buenas noches .lower.cake blanco (adj) .(small) boat barco (nm) . bluebird B backgammon (nm) .blue azulejo (nm) . azadón (nm) .bill billón (nm) .atom aurora (nf) .purse bomba (nf) de incendios . pail ballena (nf) .insect.bay bañera (nf) .billion (Brit.bulb.rubbish bin.tile.button botija (nf).frightened.buffalo bufanda (nf) .jug brazo (nm) .wasp Ayúdeme. f) . por favor. good evening buenas tardes . .banjo baraja (nf) . azada (nf).short bajar (v) .baseball bat batidor (nm) de mano .compass buenos dias .dance bailarina (nf).coffin atleta (nm.donkey buzón (nm) . bun bolsa (nf) .aurora Australia (nm) .trunk bebé (nm) .boat botella (nf) .bicycle billete (nm) . bug.acorn berenjena (nf) .ice cream cone barril (nm) .forest bosque (nm) tropical .aeroplane.mortar board bistec (nm) . bailarín (nm) .beautiful bellota (nf) . bello (adj m) .backgammon bahía (nf) .Australia autobús (nm) .barrel bastón (nm) .pocket bolso (nm) .scale balancín (n) .eggplant biblioteca (nf) .steak bizcocho (nm) .broccoli brocha (nf) .ostrich avión (nm) .ship barco (nm) de vela . lightbulb bosque (nm) .cane basurero (nm) .avenue aventar (v) .).sunset ataúd (nm) .whale banco (nm) .tar bróculi (nm) .owl buitre (nm) .whisk baúl (nm) . plane avión (nm) de reacción .ballerina.white blanco (nm) .fire fighter bombilla (nf) . scared atardecer (nm) .boot bote (nm) .seesaw balde (nm) .bench bandera (nf) .witch brújula (nf) .mouth boca (nf) de aqua. trillion (Amer. small creature bicicleta (nf) .drink bella (adj f).chin barca (nf) .hoe azucena (nf) .automobile avenida (nf) .throw avestruz (nm) . download balanza (nf) .pen bollo (nm) .sailboat barquillo (nm) de helado .bottle botón (nm) .bathtub bailar (v) .mailbox 67 . boca (nf) de incendio fire hydrant bocadillo (nm) .good afternoon búfalo (nm) .joke bruja (nf) . dancer baja/bajo (adj) .target blusa (nf) .paintbrush broma (nf) .bubble burro (nm) .asustado (adj) .baby beber (v) .rain forest bota (nf) .mutt boca (nf) .sandwich bolígrafo (nm) .bag bolsillo (nm) .library bicho (nm) . botijo (nm) .bus automóvil (nm) . garbage can bate (nm) .jet avispa (nf) .arm brea (nf) .blouse bobo (nm) .good night. bombera (nf) .flag banjo (nm) .fire engine bombero (nm).) birrete (nm) .Please help me.athlete átomo (nm) .cards barbilla (nf) .vulture burbuja (nf) .bucket.

letter cartera (nf) . hog cerebro (nm) .camera camaron (nm) .zero cerrado (adj) .pig.White House cascada (nf) .quiet calle (nf) .ribbon cinta (nf) adhesiva .padlock cangrejo (nm) .puppy cacto (nm) .candy.cart carrete (nm) .briefcase.bed cámara fotográfica (nf) .wheelbarrow carretón (nm) .kangaroo canoa (nf) .kaleidoscope caliente (adj) .each. sweet caravana (nf) .squid calcetin (nm) .street callejón (nm).village.dump truck camisa (nf) .water bottle capullo (nm) .basket cheque (nm) . wallet casa (nf) .hip café (nm) . penny cepillo (nm) .cyclone cielo (nm) .fence cerdo (nm) .dollhouse castillo (nm) . hamlet casita (nf) de muñecas .science cierre (nm) .fifty cinta (nf) .closed cerradura (nf) .toolbox caja (nf) de sorpresa .truck camión (nm) cisterna .box caja (nf) de las herramientas .walk camino (nm) .spool carretilla (nf) . nickel cincuenta (adj) .laundry basket candado (nm) .brush cepillo (nm) del pelo.head cabra (nf) .sing cantimplora (nf) .cell centavo (nm) .zipper cigarra (nf) .cherry cero (nm) . nm) .onion cebra (nf) .horse cabeza (nf) . nightshirt campamento (nm) .tanker camión (nm) de basura .camp campana (nf) .(veh.hairbrush cepillo (nm) de dientes .C caballete (nm) .tape measure cintura (nf) .castle castor (nm) .goat cachorro (nm) .zebra ceja (nf) .canoe cantar (v) .camel caminar .meat carreta (nf) .snail carámbano (nm) .shirt camisa (nf) de dormir/ camisón (nm) nightgown.waist 68 .adhesive tape cinta (nf) métrica .pony caballito (nm) de mar . helmet.hoof.cocoon capullo (nm) .car carta (nf) .fourteen cebolla (nf) .house Casa (nf) Blanca .wagon carro (nm) . hull caserío (nm) .alligator caja (nf) .hundred ciencia (nf) .seahorse caballo (nm) .icicle caramelo (nm) .five cinco centavos .crab canguro (nm) .bud cara (nf) .road camión (nm) .hot callado/callada (adj) .check ciclón (nm).jack-in-the-box calabacin (nm) -zucchini calabaza (nf) . grass cesta (nf) .garbage truck camión (nm) de volteo .beaver catorce (adj.cactus cada (adj invar.fishing rod canario (nm) .toothbrush cerca (nf) .canary canasta (nf) .sky cien (adj) .) camper carne (nf) .lawn.) .shrimp camello (nm) . every cadera (nf) .five cents.waterfall casco (nm) . calleja (nf) .alley cama (nf) .bell caña (nf) de pescar .lock césped (nm) .sock calendario (nm) . cepillo (nm) de cabeza .face caracol (nm) .brain cereza (nf) .calendar calidoscopio (nm) .cylinder cinco (adj) .cicada cilindro (nm) .coffee caimán (nm) .cent.basket canasta (nf) para ropa .easel caballito (nm) .pumpkin calamar (nm) .eyebrow célula (nf) .

cockroach cucharita (nf) .oppose contrario (adj.rubbish bin.body cuervo (nm) .carnation clavo (nm) .shell conejito (nm) .crop coser (v) .quail cola (nf) .necktie.when ¿Cuándo es? .wiggle contrabajo (nm) .cave culebra (nf) . string.quadruplet cuatro (adj.hill collar (nm) . trash can cucaracha (nf) .crayon crisálida (nf) .opposite.plum cisne (nm) .meal. nm) . pron) .believe.bucket.sew cosquillas (nf pl) .jump rope cuerno (nm) .run cortadora (nf) de césped .circus círculo (nm) .happy contonear (v) .cord. conj) .neck cuento (nm) .cream crema (nf) dental .story.crosswalk cuaderno (nm) .colour comadreja (nf) . pail cubo (nm) .nm) .kite cometa (nm) .how much.How much? ¿Cuánto es? .How do you say.crocodile codo (nm) .eat cometa (nf) .string instruments cuerda (nf) para brincar .snowflake coral (nm) . tale cuerda (nf) .coral corazón (nm) .swan cítara (nf) . contrary control (nm) remoto .forty cuarto (nm) .string cordero (nm) .nail coche (nm) de bomberos .. rope.pupa cristal (nm) .four cubeta (nf) . tie cordel (nm) .room cuarto (nm) de baño .circo (nm) .ladle cuchillo (nm) .block.skull crema (nf) .square cuadro (nm) .understand computadora (nf) . hacer cosquillas .fire engine cocina (nf) .which cuándo (adv.clarinet clavel (nm) .What time is it? cuánto (adv. drape cosecha (nf) .picture cuál (pron) .bassoon contrariar (v) .elbow codorniz (nm) .roadrunner correo (nm) -mail correr (v) ..weasel comer (v) .snake cumpleaños (nm) .tickle coyote (nm) .hummingbird coliflor (nf) .necklace colmena (nf) .curtain..computer concha (nf) .freezer cono (nm) .remote control copo (nm) de nieve .toothpaste creencia (nf) .bunny conejo (nm) ..crow cueva (nf) .lamb corno (nm) de caza .How? ¿Cómo estás? .bathroom cuarzo (nm) .cone constelación (nf) .quartz cuatrillizo (nm) . cruce (nm) peatonal .tail colibrí (nm) .kitchen cocodrilo (nm) .comet comida (nf) .spoon cucharón (nf) .ticklishness.? .cauliflower colina (nf) .How much is it? cuarenta (adj) . how many ¿Cuánto? .zither clarinete (nm) .constellation contenta/contento (adj) .crown correcamino (nm) .What is your name? comprender (v) .hive color (nm) .How are you? ¿Cómo se dice. food ¿Cómo? .double bass contrafagote (nm) .heart corbata (nf) . (pensar) think creyón (nm) .belief creencier (v) .English horn corona (nf) .French horn corno (nm) inglés .circle ciruela (nf) .? ¿Cómo te llamas? . instrumentos de cuerda . cube cubo (nm) de basura .birthday cuña (nf) .rabbit congelador (nm) .wedge CH 69 .horn cuerpo (nm) .notebook cuadrado (nm) .knife cuello (nm) .lawn mower cortina (nf) .coyote cráneo (nm) .crystal cruce (nm) para peatones.

damas (nf pl) . press empujatierra (n) .drawing diciembre (nm) .exercise.bedroom dos (adj.dollar domingo (nm) .December diecinueve (adj. a la derecha .double doce (adj. bewitched 70 .throw edificio (nm) .two dragón (nm) . practise ejercicio (nm) . nm) .under dedo (nm) . delante de .dozen doctor (nm) .dominoes (game) dónde (adv) . checkers (Amer.in encaje (nm) .hut chupete (nm) .diet diez (adj. debajo de .behind día (nm) .).Where are you from? debajo (adv) .Sunday dominó (nm) .shampoo chancla (nf) .mushroom champú (nm) .dart de (prep) -of. blimp dividir (v) .dolphin delgado (adj) . dentro (adv) .lady.eighteen dieciséis (adj.flip-flop.equator edredón (nm) . hacer ejercicio exercise electricidad (nf) .sausage.sport derecha (adv) . nm) .exercise.dice dama (nf) .wish.screwdriver detrás de (adv) .money dinosaurio (nm) .funnel emparedado (nm) .divide división (nf) .push.dirigible.dinosaur dirección (nf) .where ¿Donde esta el baño? .lace encantado (adj) .vest champiñón (nm) .chimney chimpancé (nm) .seventeen diente (nm) .give dardo (nm) .You're welcome.) D dado (nm) .chocolate chorizo (nm) .peach E echar (v) .sleep dormitar (v) .underneath.division doble (adj. ¿De dónde eres? .delta De nada. nm) . nm) .in front of delfín (nm) .thumbtack chocolate (nm) . from.day diamante (nm) . nm) .jacket charca (nf) .pond chica (nf) .elephant elipse (nf) . thong chaqueta (nf) .ten dinero (nm) .apron delante (adv) . nm) .inside deporte (nm) .enchanted.dragon durazno (nm) .desert desnudo (adj) .building ecuador (nm) .breakfast deseo (nm) .quilt ejercer (v) . nm) .chaleco (nm) .toe delantal (nm) .dummy (Brit.diamond diana (nf) .girl chico (nm) .nineteen dieciocho (adj.sixteen diecisiete (adj.) dar (v) .electricity elefante (nm) .right. pacifier (Amer.dartboard.bulldozer en (prep) .naked destornillador (nm) .asleep dormir (v) .chimpanzee chinche (nm) . nm) .).ellipse embudo (nm) .Where is the bathroom? dormido (adj) . .draw dibujo (nm) .finger dedo (nm) del pie .tooth dieta (nf) .address dirigible (nm) .twelve docena (nf) .on the right desayuno (nm) .draught (Brit. salami choza (nf) .in front.doctor dólar (nm) .doze dormitorio (nm) .sandwich empujar (v) .thin delta (nf) . bull's eye dibujar (v) .boy chimenea (nf) . desire desierto (nm) .

footstool.flamingo flautin (nm) . mad ensalada (nf) . nm) .enigma.Pleased to meet you.skirt familia (nf) .shelf estantería (nf) para libros .hook 71 .teach entender (v) . .sponge esposa (nf) . .nurse engrapadora (nf) .skeleton establo (nm) .flannel.foliage forma (nf) .wife esqueleto (nm) .desk escuela (nf) ...United States estante (nm) . encima de (adv) .January enferma/enfermo (adj) .I am.cast escoba (nf) .I am happy..ghost faro (nm) .team erizo (nm) .February feliz (adj) .Encantado de conocerle.I am fine.mirror espina (nf) dorsal .gazelle gafa (nf) .spatula espejo (nm) .Europe examen (nm) . estrecho (adj) . season (of the year) estación (nf) de servicio . quiz F fábrica (nf) .spiral esponja (nf) .cold fruta (nf) .lighthouse febrero (nm) . Estoy perdido. stool escalera (nf) .tag.between equipo (nm) .broom escribir (v) . label Europa (nf) .happy. Estoy bien.I am sad.fruit fuego (nm) -fire fuego (nm) fatuo .overcoat gacela (nf) .Do you understand English? entrada (nf) .bookcase estar (v) .star etiqueta (nf) . .flute flecha (nf) . Estoy triste.jack-o'-lantern fuegos (nm pl) artificiales .beetle escayola (nf) .football.be.arrow flor (nf) . barn estación (nf) .campfire follaje (nm) .fireworks fuerte (adj) .seal fogata (nf) .I am sick.spine espiral (nm) .stapler enigma (nm) .forehead fresa (nf) .I am lost.. .stable.entrance entre (prep) .service station estado (nm) .family fantasma (nm) .sick enfermero (nm). riddle enojado (adj) .salad enseñar (v) . .ladder escarabajo (nm) .narrow estrecho (nm) . fregadero (nm) . stay este (adj.fossil frambuesa (nf) .flower foca (nf) .piccolo flauta (nf) .noodles fiesta (nf) .state Estados Unidos (nm pl) .shape formón (nm) .sink frente (nf) .farm flamenco (nm) .fuselage fútbol (nm) .raspberry franela (nf) .understand ¿Entiende el inglés? .strait estrella (nf) .femur feo (adj) .loud fuselaje (nm) .hedgehog escabel (nm) .exam. soccer G gabán (nm) .Happy New Year! feliz cumpleaños .factory falda (nf) .on top of energía (nf) . Estoy enfermo.energy enero (nm) . .school esfera (nf) .east Estoy.angry.station.party finca (nf) .write escritorio (nm) .ugly fideos (nm pl) . Estoy alegre.strawberry frío (adj) .emerald espada (nf) . lucky Feliz Año Nuevo! .chisel fósil (nm) . .sphere esmeralda (nf) .happy birthday fémur (nm) .sword espátula (nf) . enfermera (nf) .

microwave oven hoy (adv) .binoculars.geography girasol (nm) . language.rooster gancho (nm) .electric guitar gusano (nm) .brother herradura (nf) .gray gritar (v) .blow.gong gordo/gorda (adj) . punch.hello hombre (nm) .golf.ax hacinar (v) .man hombro (nm) .hexagon hiedra (nf) .fern helado (nm) .ice cream helicóptero (nm) .leak gotero (nm) . talk ¿Hablas inglés? . thread hipopótamo (nm) .fairy.bonfire hoja (nf) .leaf hola (int) .hammock hambriento (adj) . vehiculo) track.farm grifo (nm) . punch.gem gemelo (nm) .ice hiena (nf) .sea gull gema (nf) . al habla (on the phone) .grace.flour hasta (prep) .globe. helecho (nm) .worm H habla (nf) . Gemelos (nm pl) .pea guitarra (nf) .footprint huella (nf) digital .Northern hemisphere hemisferio (nm) sur .oven mitt guisante (nm) .helicopter hemisferio (nm) .mushroom hora (nf) .thank you grande (adj) .gulf golondrina (nf) .macaw guante (nm) .See you later.hyena hierba (nf) .shoulder hongo (nm) .hippopotamus historia (nf) .Southern Hemisphere hermana (nf) . gafas (nf pl) de sol sunglasses galaxia (nf) .gorilla gorro (nm) . bola (nf) de golf .hemisphere hemisferio (nm) norte .today hoyo (nm) .stack hada (nf) .grass hija (nf) .guitar guitarra (nf) eléctrica .weightlifting hamaca (nf) . cuento (nm) de hadas fairy tale halo (nm) .hamburger harina (nf) .speech.tow truck grulla (nf) .speaking hablar (v) .ant horno (nm) .oven. .hole huella (nf) -footprint.gafas (nf pl) glasses.beat.scream.cap gotera (nf) . stroke goma (nf) . until Hasta luego. yell grúa (nf) .hour hormiga (nf) .speak.crane guacamayo (nf) .ivy hielo (nm) .cat gaviota (nf) .galaxy galería (nf) .fingerprint hueso (nm) .hook ganso (nm) .glove guante (nm) de cocina . hit.rubber goma (nf) de borrar . balloon golf (nm) .swallow golpar (v) .fat gorila (nm) .eraser gong (nm) .Do you speak English? hacha (nm) .cookie gallina (nf) .gallery galería (nf) de arte .golfball. stove horno (nm) microondas . (de animal.big.son hilo (nm) .claw gatito (nm) .hen gallo (nm) .daughter hijo (nm) .golfclubs golfo (nm) .faucet gris (adj) .hungry hamburguesa (nf) . dropper gracia (nf) .Gemini geografia (nf) . huella (nf) del pie .horseshoe herramienta (nf) . knock golpe (nm) . gemelos (nm pl) .story hogar (nm) . large granja (nf) .sister hermanos (nm) .eyedropper. palos (nm pl) de golf .bone 72 .yarn. favour gracias (nf pl) .twin.kitten gato (nm) .sunflower globo (nm) .till.goose garra (nf) .halo halterofilia (nf) .art gallery galleta (nf) .tool hexágono (nm) .home hoguera (nf) .

juggle jueves (nm) .meeting.kazoo kilo (nm) .) junta juntar (v) .wishbone huevo (nm) .justice K kapoc (nm) .on the left.raincoat infeliz (adj) .intersection invernadero (nm) . tool instrumentos (nm pl) de cuerda .join.to play juicio (nm) .player.young joya (nf) .magnet imperdible (nm) . urn jaula (nf) .safety pin impermeable (nm) .illusion imán (nm) .string instruments intersección (nf) .(Mex.next to Júpiter (nm) .kilogram kilometraje (nm) .orange juice jugoso (adj) .hurricane I idea (nf) .jungle junio (nm) .jaguar jalea (nf) .to play.retired jubilarse (v) . collect junto (adj) .soap jaguar (nm) .bunion jubilado (adj) .Japan jardín (nm) .retire jubileo (nm) .judge jugador (nm) .toy juguetear (v) .giraffe jitomate (nm) . bet juglar (nm) .jelly jamón (nm) . opinion julio (nm) .winter iris (nm) .greenhouse invierno (nm) .fried egg huracán (nm) .kiosk koala (nm) .left.insect instrumento (nm) .kilometre kilovatio (nm) .) tomato joven (adj) . (fig.game.) substantial juguete (nm) .jeweller.vase.minstrel jugo (nm) .karate kazoo (nm) .island istmo (nm) .Thursday juez (nm) .church iglú (nf) .idea iglesia (nf) .June junta (nf) . comittee.Jupiter justicia (nf) .egg huevo (nm) frito .) iris.(anat.judgement.jubilee judo (nm) .juice jugo (nm) de naranja .juicy. (arco iris) rainbow isla (nf) .unhappy inodoro (nm) .judo juego (nm) .hueso (nm) de la suerte . junto a .joined.instrument. gambler jugar (v) . a la izquierda . (estuche) jewellery box juanete (nm) .toilet insecto (nm) .igloo igual (adj) . (pol. pitcher jarrón (nm) .isthmus izquierda (nf) .koala J jabón (nm) .cage jirafa (nf) . mileage kilómetro (nm) .ham Japón (nm) . to the left izquierdo (adj) .kapok karate (nm) .July jungla (nf) .jug.left joyero (nm) . hacer juegos malabares .kilo kilogramo (nm) .jewelry L laberinto (nm) .maze labio (nm) .equal ilusión (nf) . board. gamble.distance in kms.kilowatt kiosco (nm) .lip 73 .jewel joyas (nf pl) .garden jarra (nf) .

can lava (nf) -lava lavabo (nm) .washing.fill (up) lleno/llena (adj) . (de reloj) hand manecilla (nf) de la hora .iris (flower) lirio (nm) de los valles . corn maleta (nf) . (fig) shower lluvioso (adj) .hose(pipe) manillar (nm) .intelligence luminoso (adj) .log lenta/lento (adj) .to wash lazo (nm) -bow.tolerable llevar (v) .bright luna (nf) .awl libélula (nf) .lens.read leña (nf) . spanner.) maletín (nm) .worm lombriz (nf) de tierra . small lake lámpara (nf) . (natureza) nature madero (nm) .tire lobo (nm) .) maletera (nf) .wrench llenar (v) . maestra (nf) .mother maestro (nm). lasso leche (nf) .yarn langosta (nf) .firewood lengua (nf) .hour hand manejable (adj) .mammal mampara (nf) . (auto) boot.mammoth manada (nf) .moon lunes (nm) .tearful llover (v) rain llovizna (nf) .macaroon macarrónes (nm pl) .rain.lion letra (nf) .briefcase mamá (nf) -mummy. flat lista (nf) .owl limón (nm) .(suit)case. switch llave (nf) de boca .suck mamífero (nm) .milk lechuza (nf) .handle.butter manual (adj.carry. lead llorar (v) . file limonada (nf) .lily of the valley liso (adj) .manual manualidades (nf pl) .crafts manzana (nf) .handlebar(s) mano (nf) .slow lente (nf) . lentes de contacto .glasses león (nm) .cute linterna (nf) .lime.earthworm loro (nm) .tongue leño (nm) .parrot luces (nf pl) .maize.lizard lago (nm) -lake laguna (nf) .needle. timber madre (nf) . mom mamar (v) .magic maíz (nm) .letter leyenda (nf) .hand mantequilla (nf) .apple 74 .legend leyendas (nf pl) folclóricas .folk tales lezna (nf) .Monday lupa (nf) .key. manage manguera (nf) . trunk (Amer.screen mamut (nm) . lavado de cerebro brainwashing lavar (v) .magnifying glass luz (nf) .dragonfly libro (nm) .wood.flame.light.manageable manejar (v) .lemon lechuga (nf) .lagartija (nf) -(small) lizard lagarto (nm) .clean linda.teacher magia (nf) .pond.herd.guest book lima (nf) .lettuce leer (v) .drizzle lluvia (nf) . washbasin lavado (nm) .lobster lápiz (nm) .flashlight lirio (nm) . (animal) llama llave (nf) .full llevadero (adj) .boot.pencil lata (nf) . trunk (Amer.smooth.macaroni madera (nf) . (electricidad) electricity LL llama (nf) .lamp lana (nf) .cry lloroso (adj) . nm) .book libro (nm) de visitas . pack manecilla (nf) .contact lenses lentes (nf pl) . bring.engine lombriz (nf) .log.sink. lindo (adj) .wolf locomotora (nm) .rainy M macarrón (nm) .lemonade limpio (adj) .list llanta (nf) .

half mitón (nm) .nest nieve (nf) .May medalla (nf) . adj) .neon Neptuno (nm) .medal medianoche (nf) .marble marmota (nf) .to be afraid miel (nf) . (female) child niño (nm) .Wednesday mil (adj.mosquito motocicleta (nf) .motorcycle motor (nm) .. nm) sea maraca (nf) . a lot mueble (adj) .hamster marrón (adj) .refrigerator nido (nm) .purple morsa (nf) .doll murciélago (nm) .nose Necesito un médico. seascape mariposa (nf) .Can you help me? mercado (nm) .level 75 .mathematics. monkey monstruo (nm) .million mil millones (adj.music músico (nm) .. Me gustaria.fear.dirt mujer (nf) .monster montaña (nf) .mountain morado (adj) .My name is..maraca margarita (nf) .ladybug mármol (nm) . tener miedo .girl muchacho (nm) .coast. mucho (adv.much.billion mineral (nm) .meteor microscopio (nm) .musician N naipes (nm pl) .purse mono (nm) . adj) .ape.moth mariquita (nf) .microscope miedo (nm) .husband marina (nf) .walrus mosca (nf) .snow niña (nf) .honey miércoles (nm) .table meteoro (nm) .black neón (nm) .woman multiplicación (nf) .hammer marzo (nm) .museum música (nf) .minute hand mirlo (nm) .butterfly mariposa (nf) nocturna . nm) . . maths mayo (nm) .multiplication multiplicar (v) .melon melocotón (nm) .blackbird mitad (nf) .furniture mugre (nm) .mitten mochila (nf) ..fly mosquito (nm) .more masa (nf) .brown marsupial (nm) .world muñeca (nf) .cards naranja (nf) -orange narciso (nm) -daffodil nariz (nf) .daisy marido (nm) .piece of furniture.Nice to meet you. .toddler niños (n pl) .I like it.minivan minuto (nm) .thousand millón (adj. (male) child niño pequeño (nm) .dough matemáticas (nf pl) ..jam mes (nm) . adj) .I need a doctor.boy.mañana (nf) .morning mapa (nm) .movable mueble (nm) .windmill momia (nf) .Can you help me? ¿Me ayuda por favor? .cheek Me llamo. many. negro (adj) . nm) .peach menear (v) .Tuesday martillo (nm) .Mars martes (nm) .map mapache (nm) . .wiggle menos (adv.multiply mundo (nm) .noon medusa (nf) -jellyfish Me gusta.March más (adv.motor muchacha (nf) . . ..marsupial Marte (nm) . kids nivel (nm) ..coin moneda de 25 centavos .less ¿Me puede ayudar? . muebles (nm pl) .boy Mucho gusto. mejilla (nf) .month mesa (nf) .raccoon mar (nf.children.minute minutero (nm) .midnight mediodía (nm) .mineral miniván (nf) . melón (nm) ..bat museo (nm) .I would like.Mercury mermelada (nf) .Neptune nevera (nf) . nm) .quarter monedero (nm) .backpack molino (nm) de viento .mummy moneda (nf) .market Mercurio (nm) .girl.

eighty ocho (n.ocean Océano Antártico (nm) . adv) .knot nueve (n.I don't know.note noventa (n.tambourine panecillo (nm) .November nube (nf) .palm tree paloma (nf) .sheep P padre (nm) .pants pantalones de trabajo (nm pl) . . nomeolvides (n pl) .last night No comprendo.hear ojo (nm) .muffin.bun.October ocupación (nf) .potato papagayo (nm) .no (int) .parrot papel (nm) . roll panquecito (nm) .bear orangután (nm) .gingerbread panal de miel (nm) .word palacio (nm) .package paraguas (nm) .eight octágono (nm) .night noche (nf) pasada .nandu O oboe (nm) .Olympics once (n adj) . adv) .Atlantic Ocean Océano Indico (nm) .I don't like it.I don't speak Spanish.otter oler (v) .orbit orquídea (nf) . adj) .no noche (nf) .orb órbita (nf) .lever paleta (nf) .octagon octubre (nm) . .eleven oreja (nf) .caterpillar oso de peluche (nm) .west oír (v) .sandpaper papelera (nf) .Southern Ocean Océano Artico (nm) .wave 76 .nine nuez (nf) .ninety noviembre (nm) .pigeon pan (nm) .name No me gusta.cactus nordeste (n.dad papa (nf) .cloud nudo (nm) .shovel palabras (nf) .palette paleta (nf) .bird pájaro carpintero (nm) .Pacific Ocean ochenta (n.autumn óvalo (nm) .parallel parar (v) .earmuffs oso (nm) .yam ñandú (nm) .northeast noroeste (n. panadera (nf) .orangutan orbe (nm) . No entiendo.umbrella paralelo (adj) .overalls pantalones vaqueros (nm pl) .forget-me-nots nopal (nm) .paper papel de lija (nm) . cupcake pantalones (nm pl) .pot Olímpico (n pl) .eye okay (int) .lollipop palma (nf) .I don't understand.baker pan de jengibre (nm) .honeycomb pandero (nm) .ok ola (nf) .oboe océano (nm) .Indian Ocean Océano Pacifico (nm) .wastebasket paquete (nm) .we nota (nf) .nut número (nm) .teddy bear otoño (nm) . adv) . adj) .jeans papá (nm) .dove paloma (nf) . nombre (nm) . .stop Ñ ñame (nm) . No lo sé. adj) .number nutria (nf) .palace palanca (n) .north nostros (pron) .I don't understand No hablo español.oval oveja (nf) .Arctic Ocean Océano Atlántico (nm) . adv) .orchid oruga (nf) .job.bread panadero (nm).northwest norte (n. .ear orejeras (nf pl) .smell olla (nf) . occupation oeste (n. .woodpecker pala (nf) . adj) .father pájaro (nm) .

pear percha (nf) .person pestaña (nf) .rock.ball pelota de béisbol (nf) .test pueblo (nm) .what ¿Qué color es este? .first princesa (nf) . por favor? .taste prueba (nf) .penguin pintar (v) .duck pavo real (nm) .license plate plancha (nf) .Please repeat that.dog perro caliente (nm) .wall parientes (n) .gate.quetzal quién .president primavera (nf) .to fish pequeña/pequeño (adj) .pepper pincel (nm) .point punto (nm) .who 77 .think pentágono (nm) .cymbals plato (nm) .fish piano (nm) .doghouse perro (nm) .comb peligro (nm) .ice skate patinos de ruedas (nm pl) .to paint pirámide (nf) .thumb pulpo (nm) .pajamas pila de heno (nf) . door pulgar (nm) .octopus pulsera (nf) .moth pollito (nm) .planetarium planta (nf) .eyelash petirrojo (nm) .newspaper perrera (nf) .chick pollo (nm) .piano pichón (nm) .baseball peluca (nf) .chicken Polo Norte (nm) .iron planeta (nm) .haystack pimienta (nm) .beak piedra (nf) . banana platillos (nm pl) .pigeon pico (nm) .danger pelo (nm) .dot pupila (nf) . stone piedrecita (nf) .cheese quetzal (nm) . patin de hielo (nm) .planet planetario (nm) .North Pole Polo Sur (nm) .pebble pierna (nf) .town puente (nm) .fish pescar (v) .pen. punto (nm) .wig península (nf) .dessert prado (nm) .pyramid pirata (nf) .plantain. feather Plutón (nm) .peacock payaso (nm) .alike pared (nf) .leg pies (nm pl) .quasar qué .duckling pato (nm) .plate.princess príncipe (nm) .hair pelota (nf) .kelp queso (nm) .police officer polígono (nm) . policía (nf) .meadow presidente (nm) .bracelet .spring primero/primera (adj) .peninsula pensar (v) .plant plátano (nm) .polygons polilla (nf) .cucumber pequeñita/pequeñito (adj) .hanger periódico (nm) .pentagon pepino (nm) .clown pecera (nf) .hot dog persona (nf) .South Pole por favor .little percusíon (nf) .fish bowl peine (nm) .pirate pitcher (nm) .why postre (nm) .pupil Q quasar (nm) .roller skates patio (nm) .beach pluma (nf) .parecido/parecida (adj) . pie patin de cuchilla.eyelid parque zoológico (nm) .paintbrush pingüino (nm) .prince probar (v) .pitcher pizza (nf) .please por qué . dish playa (nf) .zoo pasta dentífrica (nf) .kin párpado (nm) .yard patito (nm) .pizza placa (nf) .cake.small pera (nf) .feet pijamas (nm pl) .robin pez (nm) .What time is it? quelpo (nm) .What colour is it? ¿Qué hora es? .bridge puerta (nf) .percussion instruments pescado (nm) .toothpaste pastel (nm) .Pluto ¿Podria repetir.

hamster ratón (nm) .salami salida (nf) . adj) .licorice regalo (nm) .second segundero (nm) .quilla (nf) . zinia (nf) . present regla (nf) .stop sign señora (nf) .pinwheel reina (nf) .maybe R radio (nf) .laundry ropa interior (nf) .queen reír (v) .rhinoceros robot (nm) .salt sala (nf) .fast raqueta (nf) . estampilla (nf). watch reloj de cuclillo (nm) .watermelon sapo (nm) .diamond rompecabezas (nm) .washer ropa (nf) .racket rascacielos (nm) .puzzle.river rinoceronte (nm) .magazine rey (nm) .upside down revista (nf) .mouse.bouquet rana (nf) .healthy sandía (nf) . bolsa (nf) .cabbage restar (v) .muskrat raya (nf) .to rake rastrillo (nm) .skyscraper rascamoño (nm).traffic light semicirculo (nm) .fifteen quintillizo (nm) .reindeer repollo (nm) .grater ramo (nm) .radio radar (nm) .sleeping bag sal (nf) .jungle semáforo (nm) .laugh relámpago (nm) . computer mouse ratón almizclero (nm) .Saturn saxofón (nm) .rose rosquilla (nf) .living room salchichón (nm) .garbage can rectángulo (nm) .lightning reloj (nm) .radar radiografía (nf) .lady.six sello postal (nm).sandal saludable (adj) .ruler rehilandera (nf) .saxophone segundo (adj) .stingray receta de cocina (nf) .rat rata del trigo (nf) .subtraction revés .knee rodillo de cocina (nm) .net refrigerador (nm) .satellite Saturno (nm) . adj) . paddle renacuajo (nm) .container recipiente de basura (nf) .ruby rueda (nf) .quintuplet quizá .stamp selva (nf) . rosado (adj) .second hand seis (n.watering can regaliz (nm) .clothes ropa sucia (nf) .rake rata (nf) . jigsaw puzzle romper (v) . frying pan satélite (nm) .receive recipiente (nm) .pink rosa (nf) .oar.break rondana (nf) .clock.subtract resta (nf) .recipe recibir (v) .refrigerator regadera (nf) .exit saltamontes (nm) .Saturday saco (nm). timbre postal (nm) .September 78 .rock rodilla (nf) .toad sartén (nf) .sit septiembre (nm) .wheel S sábado (nm) .x-ray rallador (nm) .tadpole reno (nm) .underwear rosa.pan.robot roca (nf) .semicircle señal de alto (nf) .second segundo (nm) .jump sandalia (nf) .rectangle red (nf) .cuckoo clock remo (nm) .keel quince (n.frog rápido (adj) .zinnia rastrillar (v) . Mrs sentarse (v) .doughnut rubí (nm) .scroll rombo (nm) .red rollo de papel (nm) .king río (nm) .gift.rolling pin rojo (adj) .grasshopper saltar (v) .sack saco de dormir (nm) .

umbrella sonrisa (nf) .puppet toalla (nf) .taxi.heel talonario de cheques (nm) .add sur (adv.telescope televisión (nf) .napkin sesenta (n.measuring cup tazón (nm) .Te amo.scissors timbre (nm) .sun soldado (nm) ..drink tomate (nm) .soup Soy de.pull tirar (v) ..screw toro (nm) .credit card tarjeta del Día de San Valentín (nf) valentine card tarro (nm) . adv) . teapot tetrabrik (nm) .soil sumar (v) .wheelchair sillón (nm) . adj) .smile sopa (nf) .roof teclado (nm) .soldier sombrero (nm) .scared témpano de hielo (nm) . siesta siete (n.tea tebeo (nm) .throw títere (nm) .over sobre (nm) ..exclamation point signo de interrogación (nm) .stem talón (nm) .television.knit tele (nf) .snake serrucho (nm) .questions mark silbato (nm) .sixty setenta (n.tornado tornillo (nm) . web telescopio (nm) .license plate taladro (nm) .spray can sucette (nf) .keyboard té helado (nm) .kettle.telephone teleraña.storm tornado (nm) .I am hungry.drill tallo (nm) .seven signo de admiración (nm) .time tienda de campaña (nf) .nap.lid tarde (adv) .bowl I love you.south T tablilla (nf) .weather tierra (nf) .chair silla de ruedas (nf) .lollipop sucio (adj) .mermaid sobre (prep) .aunt tiburón (nm) . .serpiente (nf) . .southwest suelo (nm) . té (nm) . earth tigre (nm) ..touch todo . adj) .whistle silla (nf) .television temeroso (adj) .seventy si .fork tengo .late tarjeta (nf) .mug taza medidora (nf) . TV teléfono (nm) .armchair sirena (nf) . cab taza (nf) .vat tinta (nf) .card tarjeta de crédito (nf) .rope sol (nm) .land.checkbook tambor (nm) .iced tea tejer (v) .southeast sudoeste (adv.kettledrum tina (nf) .ink tira cómica (nf) . tela de araña (nf) .I am from.drum tapa (nf) .tennis termómetro (nm) .dirty sudeste (adv.cartoon tirar (v) .comics techo (nm) .tomato tormenta (nf) .ankle tobogán (nm) .I have Tengo hambre.cobweb.dresser tocar (v) .early tenedor (nm) . adj) .stamp timbal (nm) .thermometer tetera (nf) . n) . n) . . couch soga (nf) .tent tiempo (nm) .sofa.envelope sofá (nm) .saw servilleta (nf) .iceberg temprano (adj.yes siesta (nf) .slide tocador (nm) .carton tía (nf) .towel tobillo (nm) . n) .jar taxi (nm) .tiger tijeras (nf pl) .all tomar (v) .bull 79 . spray (nm) .shark tiempo (nm) .hat sombrilla (nf) .cup taza grande (nf) . tenis (nm) .

one Urano (nm) .see verano (nm) .twenty vela (nf) .vortex U último/última (adj) .landing gear tres (n.omelet tortuga (nf) .thirty tren (nm) .fan Venus (nm) .fly volcán (nm) .candle vela (nf) .turtle tostador (nf) .volcano vórtice (nm) .cow vacío/vacía (adj) .Venus ver (v) .thirteen treinta (n.cello vocal (nf) .tongue twister toucan (nm) .grape W wedge (nm) .space shuttle trapeador (nm) .Friday viola (nf) .trumpet.toaster trabalenguas (nm) .summer verde (adj) . swimsuit traje espacial (nm) .wedge wok (nm) .trunk tronco de árbol (nm) .bathing suit.mop trapezoide (nm) .xylophone V Y 80 .violet violín (nm) .nut tulipán (nm) .fingernail uña (nf) .triplets triste (adj) .valley vaso (nm) .triangle trincas (nf pl) .vowel volar (v) .to work tractor (nm) . horn tronco (nm) .grapefruit torta de cumpleaños (nf) .last uña (nf) . adj) .log trotar (v) .vegetables vértebra (nf) .vertebra vestido (nm) .jog tuba (nf) .empty valle (nm) .uniform uno (n.brass instruments viernes (nm) .glass vecindad (nf) .dress video (nm) .costume traje de baño (nm) .green verdura (nf) .nail unicornio (nm) .tractor traje (nm) .trunk trompeta (nf) .neighborhood vehículo (nm) .Uranus utensilios (n pl) . adj) .woodwind viento-metal (nm) .utensils uva (nf) .tuba tubo (nm) .window ventilador (nm) .newt trómbon de varas (nm) .train tren de aterrizaje (nm) . adj) . adj) .tube tuerca (nf) .videotape viento-madera (nm) .toronja (nf) .tulip vaca (nf) .trapezoid trece (n.trombone trompa (nf) .unicorn uniforme (nm) .sail venado (nm) .sad tritón (nm) . adj) .vehicle veinte (n.toucan trabajar (v) .violin violoncelo (nm) .birthday cake tortilla de huevos (nf) .deer ventana (nf) .spacesuit transbordador espacial (nm) .wok X xilófono (nm) .viola violeta (adj) .three triángulo (nm) .

prep) .alrededor de arrow (n) .contra age (n) .mosquito zapatilla (nf) .zigzag zona (nf) .el asta ape (n) .slipper zapato (nm) .el actor actress (n) . parecida all (adj.la bellota actor (n) .parecido.yogurt yema de huevo (nf) .la manzana apricot (n) .la aritmética arm (n) .I yo-yó (nm) .el antílope antler (n) .el aeropuerto airmail (n) .por avión aisle (n) . la dirección adults (n) .abril apron (n) .el caimán alone (adj) .el ancla and (conj) .yoke Z zanahoria (nf) .y (conj) .el anuncio aeroplane (n) .el alerón airport (n) .las señas (pl).el despertador alike (adj) .el brazo armchair (n) .tener miedo Africa (n) .el arte art gallery (n) .el archipiélago architect (n) .entre anatomy (n) .claw zarzamora (nf) .arriba de acorn (n) .el/la artista Asia (n) .la flecha art (n) .la adición address (n) .la ambulancia among (prep) .Spanish Dictionary A above (adv.zone zoológico (nm) .yo-yo yunta (nf) .el tobillo ant (n) .el ángulo angry (n) .el mono apple (n) .sumar.el animal animals (n) .el ámbar ambulance (n) .los animales (pl) ankle (n) .y angel (n) .yak yarda (nf) .zeppelin zigzag (nm) .la agencia aileron (n) .la alcachofa artist (n) . añadir addition (n) . ad (n) .el arquitecto.la tarde against (prep) .enojado animal (n) .el acuario arch (n) .yardstick yate (nm) .la edad agency (n) .zoologist zorro (nm) .el arquero archipelago (n) .el sillón around (prep) .la galeria de arte artichoke (n) .fox English .yacht yogur (nm) .carrot zancudo (nm) .zoo zoólogo (nm) .la anatomía anchor (n) .shoe zarpa (nf) .el ángel angle (n) .la actriz add (v) .preguntar 81 .África afternoon (n) .and yac (nm) . pron) .el avión afraid (adj) ~to be afraid .blackberry zepelín (nm) .el albaricoque April (n) . la calleja alligator (n) .el pasillo alarm clock (n) .Antártico antelope (n) .Asia (f) ask (v) .el arco archer (n) . sola alphabet (n) .el callejón.yolk yo (pron) .el prefijo arithmetic (n) . la arquitecta Arctic Ocean (n) .solo.el Océano Artico area code (n) .todo alley (n) .la hormiga Antarctica (n) .el alfabeto amber (n) .los adultos (pl) advertisement.el delantal aquarium (n) .

la astronomía Atlantic Ocean (n) .la lezna ax (n) .el asteroide astronaut (n) .la bicicleta big (adj) .la bañera bay (n) .la bota borrow (v) .la aurora Australia (n) .el bote body (n) .el billete billion (n) .el libro bookcase (n) .el bebé backgammon (n) .detrás de bell (n) . (of hill) el pie.el desayuno bride (n) la novia bridegroom (n) . (young) el niño bra (n) .bella (f).el mirlo blimp (n) .el backgammon backpack (n) .(knot) el lazo bow (n) .el tazón box (n) .el hueso bonfire (n) .retumbar.la hoguera book (n) .el/la astronauta astronomy (n) . el sujetador bracelet (n) .el aguacate awl (n) .el cumpleaños birthday cake (n) .el castor bed (n) .el banco between (prep) .la bailarina balloon (n) .negro blackberry (n) .el cerebro brand (n) la marca brass instruments (n) .la campana bench (n) .la tía aurora (n) .frenar brake (n) .el puente brief (adj) .el hacha B baby (n) .las migajas (pl) break (v) . (fig) las entrañas bowl (n) .el pan breadcrumbs (n) .el globo banana (n) .(tech) la falla.el murciélago bathing suit (n) .el pájaro birthday (n) .la abeja beetle (n) .la bahía beach (n) .el barril baseball (n) .el plátano banjo (n) .Austria (f) automobile (n) .el oso beautiful (adj) .el cuerpo bone (n) .) el arco bowels (n) .el escarabajo behind (prep) .el sostén.el automóvil autumn (n) .entre bicycle (n) .el contrafagote bat (n) . quebrantar breakdown (n) .la avenida avocado (n) . mus.la pulsera brake (v) .breve 82 .el viento-metal breach (n) .la cama bee (n) .romper.el pico bear (n) .la estantería para libros boom (v) .la caja boy (n) .la torta de cumpleaños black (adj) .el ramo bow (n) .el freno brain (n) .Australia (f) Austria (n) .azulejo boat (n) .Océano Atlántico (m) athlete (n) . (buttocks) el trasero bouquet (n) .la botella bottom (n) el fondo.dormido asteroid (n) .el/la atleta atom (n) .grande bill (n) .el dirigible block (n) .el chico.la mochila bag (n) .la pelota de béisbol baseball bat (n) .la violación bread (n) . el muchacho. la canasta bassoon (n) .el panadero (m).el cuarto de baño bathtub (n) .la blusa blue (adj) .azul bluebird (n) .el establo barrel (n) . (med) el colapso breakfast (n) .la playa beak (n) .la cesta.mil millones bird (n) .el banjo barn (n) .el otoño avenue (n) . la panadera (f) ball (n) .(weapon. (fig) prosperar boot (n) . bello (m) beaver (n) .pedir prestado bother (v) .los intestinos (pl).el átomo August (n) .molestar.ask the way .el cubo blouse (n) .el novio bridge (n) . (worry) preocupar bottle (n) .la pelota ballerina (n) .el bate basket (n) .la bolsa baker (n) .la zarzamora blackbird (n) .agosto (m) aunt (n) .el traje de baño bathroom (n) .preguntar el camino asleep (adj) .

la cámara fotográfica camp (n) .la mantequilla buttercup (n) .el camello camera (n) . el maletín brigade (n) . (veh.el pollito chicken (n) .la baraja. (of people) el grupo bunk (n) .la oruga.enterrar bus (n) .el manojo.la niña (f).el bollo. el aplanadora bullet (n) . los dulces (pl) cane (n) .la chimenea chimpanzee (n) .el monedero check (n) .la mariposa buttock (n) .los caramelos.el apio cell (n) .la cartera. el brillo brilliant (adj) .la hebilla bud (n) .el payaso. (elec) la bombilla Bulgaria (n) .el chimpancé chin (n) .pero butter (n) .el bizcocho.la tarjeta cards (n) .la silla change purse (n) .la oruga cauliflower (n) .la bala bun (n) .marrón brush (v) .la carreta carton (n) .el tetrabrik cartoon (n) .el pollo child (n) .la escayola castle (n) .la burbuja bubble (v) .la canoa can opener (n) .la nalga button (n) .Bulgaria (nf) bull (n) .el conejito burglar (n) .el búfalo buffoon (n) . la cubeta buckle (n) . el bróculi brochure (n) .el repollo cactus (n) . los naipes (pl) carnation (n) .el cheque checkbook (n) .el edificio bulb (n) .la escoba broth (n) .el talonario de cheques checkers (n) .ocupado. el bufón bug (n) .el chocolate 83 .el botón C cab (n) .la litera bunny (n) .el cubo.el caldo brother (n) .el toro bulldog (n) .un centavo chair (n) .la fogata camper (n) .la barbilla chipmunk (n) .el calendario camel (n) .la zanahoria cart (n) .el ladrón burn (v) .el/la campista.el gato caterpillar (n) .el autobús busy (adj) . el panecillo bunch (n) .el queso cherry (n) .la cueva celery (n) .canario candle (n) . ¿ Me ayuda por favor? cap (n) .construir building (n) .burbujear bubbly (adj) .el abrelatas Can you help me? .el castillo cat (n) .el folleto broom (n) . arder bury (v) . el capullo budget (n) .la mejilla cheese (n) . (germ) el microbio bugle (n) .el ranúnculo butterfly (n) .brilliante broccoli (n) .el campamento campfire (n) .luminoso brilliance (n) .célula cello (n) .la ardilla listada chisel (n) .el presupuesto buffalo (n) . (large) la escoba bubble (n) . el niño (m) children (n) .el brécul.el formón chocolate (n) .el carro card (n) .la tira cómica cast (n) .el gorro car (n) .el brote.) la caravana can (n) . el pastel calendar (n) .el hermano brow (n) .el bicho.cepillar brush (n) .la brigada bright (adj) .la jaula cake (n) .el bastón canoe (n) .el cepillo.el cacto.el violoncelo cent (n) .el taxi cabbage (n) .el bulbo.la corneta build (v) .burbujeante bucket (n) .el clavel carpet (n) .la lata canary (n) .los niños (pl) chimney (n) .¿Me puede ayudar?.la frente brown (adj) .la cereza chick (n) .briefcase (n) .la vela candy (n) .el bulldog bulldozer (n) .las damas (pl) cheek (n) .la coliflor cave (n) .la brillantez. (street) concurrido but (conj) .quemar.la alfombra carrot (n) . el nopal cage (n) .

el creciente crocodile (n) .dieta dinner (n) .el algodón de azúcar couch (n) .el pepino cup (n) .el contrabajo 84 .el delfín dominoes (n) .comida dinosaur (n) . la alacena cupcake (n) -los panquecitos (pl) curtains (n) .bailar dancer (n) .el cocodrilo crop (n) .la hija day (n) .el perro doghouse (n) .el narciso daisy (n) . la garra clay (n) .el escritorio dessert (n) .la brújula computer (n) .el traje cotton candy (n) .frío colour (n) .las cortinas (pl) cute (adj) .el ataúd coin (n) .sucio dish (n) .el cilindro cymbals (n) .el abrigo cobweb (n) .la zarpa.la tarjeta de crédito crescent (n) .las manualidades (pl) crane (n) .el plato divide (v) .el día December (n) .la corona cry (v) .el dólar dollhouse (n) .el coral corn (n) .el dinosaurio dirt (n)mugre dirty (adj) .los dados diet (n) .el reloj closed (adj) .la galleta coral (n) .el cometa comics (n) .los dardos daughter (n) .la cigarra circle (n) .la moneda cold (adj) .el cubo cuckoo (n) .la taza.el dominó donkey (n) .la nube clown (n) . (bird) la grulla crayon (n) .el papá daffodil (n) .doble double bass (n) .la casita de muñecas dolphin (n) .limpio clock (n) .la telaraña cocoon (n) .el tebeo compass (n) .la muñeca dollar (n) .la puerta dot (n) .el cuervo crown (n) .la iglesia cicada (n) .el maíz costume (n) .el cuco.el capullo coffee (n) .el cruce para peatones.la diana darts (n pl) . lindo (m) cyclone (n) .cerrado clothes (n) .el ciclón cylinder (n) .el recipiente cookie (n) .el cangrejo crafts (n) .la margarita dance (v) .el burro door (n) . el bailarín (m) danger (n) .el postre diamond (n) .el peine comet (n) .el círculo circus (n) .el clarinete claw (n) .el diamante diamond (n) .dividir division (n) .la bailarina (f).linda (f).el sofá cow (n) .aplaudir clarinet (n) .la grúa.el circo clap (n) . (prize) la copa cupboard (n) .el cristal cube .el reloj de cuclillo cucumber (n) .la vaca coyote (n) .llorar crystal (n) .el café coffin (n) .el color comb (n) .peligro dartboard (n) .el doctor dog (n) .la computadora cone (n) . el cuclillo cuckoo clock (n) .el payaso coat (n) .la arcilla clean (adj) .la constelación container (n) .la perrera doll (n) .la crema credit card (n) . el cruce peatonal crow (n) .el punto double (adj) .el coyote crab (n) .el cono constellation (n) .la cosecha crosswalk (n) .el armario.la división doctor (n) .rombo dice (n pl) .el venado desert (n) .church (n) .la ropa cloud (n) .el desierto desk (n) .el creyón cream (n) .diciembre deer (n) .los platillos (pl) D dad (n) .

la pluma February (n) .el vestido dresser (n) .la energía engine (n) .la paloma down (adv) .la elipse emerald (n) .la rosquilla dove (n) .la Tierra earth (n) .el taladro drink (v) .quince fifty (n.el gotero drum (n) .la guitarra eléctrica electricity (n) .la libélula drapes (n) .el dedo fingernail (n) .el equador eraser (n) .la aleta finger (n) .vacío/vacía energy (n) .el anochecer every (adj) .el arete earth (n) .el ventilador farm (n) .ocho eighteen (n.el tocador drill (n) .temprano earmuffs (n pl) .el examen exclamation point (n) .¿Entiende el inglés? dozen (n) .el águila ear (n) .el tambor duck (n) .la anguila egg (n) .la goma de borrar Europe (n) .los lentes eyelash (n) .el locomotora English horn (n) .dough (n) .rápido fat (adj) .el dibujo dress (n) .la entrada envelope (n) .el padre faucet (n) .la cara factory (n) .el camión de volteo empty (adj) .comer eel (n) .dieciocho eighty (n.el dragón dragonfly (n) .la ceja eyedropper (n) .el ascensor eleven (n.la uña fire (n) . adj) .¿Hablas inglés? Do you understand English? .la lima fin (n) .la electricidad elephant (n) .gordo/gorda father (n) .el motor engine (n) . la 85 .el gotero eyeglasses (n pl) . adj) .este eat (v) . adj) . adj) .el huevo eggplant (n) . adj) .el párpado E F each (adj) .los pies (pl) femur (n) .la cerca fern (n) .hacer ejercicio exit (n) .signo de admiración exercise (v) .tierra earthworm (n) .el grifo feather (n) .el helecho fiddle (n) .el otoño family (n) .las orejeras earring (n) . tomar dropper (n) .lombriz de tierra easel (n) .ochenta elbow (n) .la familia fan (n) .el fuego fire engine (n) . adv) .el elefante elevator (n) .abajo Do you speak English? .la esmeralda face (n) .la fábrica fall (autumn) (n) .cada exam (n) .el ojo eyebrow (n) .once elk (n) .beber.la oreja early (adj) .Europa evening (n) .la berenjena eight (n.dibujar drawing (n) .febrero feet (n) .las cortinas draw (v) .el fémur fence (n) .violín fifteen (n.el codo electric guitar (n) .el caballete east (n.el corno inglés entrance (n) .la salida eye (n) .la pestaña eyelid (n) .cada eagle (n) .cincuenta file (n) .alce ellipse (n) .la masa doughnut (n) . adj) .el coche de bomberos.el sobre equal (adj) .el pato duckling (n) .igual equator (n) .la docena dragon (n) .el patito dump truck (n) .la granja/la finca fast (adj) .

los fuegos artificiales (pl) first (adj) .leyendas folclóricas (pl) food (n) . la niña give (v) .pescar fishing rod (n) .primero/primera fish (n) .libro de visitas guitar (n) .volar fly (n) .la hierba/el césped grasshopper (n) .la pecera fish (v) .la llama flamingo (n) .cuatro fourteen (n.el tenedor forty (n.el embudo furniture (n) . la muchacha.la flor flowers (n) .el abuelo grandmother (n) .la recipiente de basura/el basurero garbage truck (n) .el fantasma gift (n) .buenos dias good night . adj) . adj) .la guitarra gulf (n) .la frente forest (n) .el saltamontes grater (n) .el gong good afternoon .el flamenco flashlight (n) . la bombera (f) fire hydrant (n) .la rana fruit (n) .dar glass (n) .el bosque forget-me-nots (n) .lleno/llena funnel (n) . adj) .la gacela gem (n) .gris green (adj) .el rallador gray (adj) .el invernadero guest book (n) . el pescado fish bowl (n) .el fuselaje G galaxy (n) .la toronja grapes (n pl) .el amigo frightened (adj) .cuarenta fossil (n) .la flauta fly (v) .la chancla flour (n) .el camión de basura garden (n) .las uvas grass (n) .buenas noches good morning .la harina flower (n) .la mosca foliage (n) . la boca de incendio fireplace (n) .la sartén full (adj) .cinco flag (n) .flores (pl) flute (n) .buenas tardes good-bye .la comida football (n) .verde greenhouse (n) .buenas noches goose (n) .el pez.la cabra golf (n) .el pan de jengibre giraffe (n) .caña de pescar five (n.el guante goat (n) .la galaxia game (n) .el golfo H 86 .el congelador French horn (n) .el regalo gingerbread (n) .la fruta frying pan (n) .los lentes globe (n) .el ganso gorilla (n) .la chica.la leña fireworks (n) .la gema geography (n) .el zorro freezer (n) .el globo glove (n) .la puerta gazelle (n) .adiós good evening .catorce fox (n) .nomeolvides (pl) fork (n) .los muebles (pl) fuselage (n) .fósil four (n.el gorila grandfather (n) .geografia ghost (n) .la jirafa girl (n) .el vaso glasses (n pl) .el follaje folk tales (n) .la abuela grapefruit (n) .el jardín gate (n) .el escabel forehead (n) .la bola de golf golf clubs (n) .el fútbol footprint (n) .la bandera flame (n) .la linterna flip-flop (n) .los palos de golf gong (n) .la chimenea firewood (n) .la huella del pie footstool (n) .el golf golf ball (n) .viernes fried egg (n) . adj) .bomba de incendios fire fighter (n) .el huevo frito friend (n) .el bombero (m).el corno de caza Friday (n) .la boca de aqua.asustado frog (n) .el juego garbage can (n) .

la gallina hexagon (n) . I am from. I am lost.¿Cómo estás? How do you say. .el corazón hedgehog (n) . .la mitad Halloween .el iglú I have .el erizo heel (n) .Estoy alegre.el helado ice cream cone (n) .el hipopótamo hips (n) . .la herradura hose (n) ..? How much does it cost? .¿Cuánto es? hull (n) .Ayúdeme por favor.¿Cómo? How are you? .la hora hour hand (n) .el casco hummingbird (n) .el hemisferio hen (n) .el casco hook (n) .No lo sé.Estoy bien.. .la manecilla de la hora house (n) .) Me llamo.Tengo hambre. .? .el cuerno horn (n) .hambriento hurricane (n) .el insecto 87 . la rata del trigo hands (n) .el talón helicopter (n) .tengo I like it..yo I am.el hoyo holly (n) .Feliz Año Nuevo! harp (n) . I don't understand.avispón horse (n) .el cepillo de cabeza half (n) .saludable hear (v) . ice (n) . No comprendo.el jamón hamburger (n) . la boca de incendio hyena (n) .Estoy perdido.el sombrero haystack (n) .cien hungry (adj) ..Estoy enfermo.el hielo iceberg (n) .las caderas hive (n) .la azada.la casa How? .contenta/contento happy birthday .el cepillo del pelo.caliente hot dog (n) . . I am hungry.el martillo hammock (n) .....la cabeza healthy (adj) ... I am sad. igloo (n) . I am called..la marmota.el barquillo de helado iced tea (n) .la trompeta hornet (n) .la hiena I I (pron) .el día de Halloween ham (n) .oír heart (n) .el colibrí hundred (n.el Océano Indico I need a doctor.la percha happy (adj) .feliz cumpleaños Happy New Year! .Te amo.el acebo home (n) . I am sick.el hogar honey (n) . in front of (prep) . in (prep) .la manguera hot (adj) . illusion (n) . I don't like it.No entiendo.la colmena hoe (n) .la choza hydrant (n) .el huracán husband (n) .el hexágono hill (n) .delante de ink (n) .Necesito un médico..el caballo horseshoe (n) . I don't speak Spanish. .No hablo español.el perro caliente hour (n) . el patin de hielo icicle (n) .la miel honeycomb (n) . .Soy de. (n) .¡hola! helmet (n) . I am happy. adj) .el panal de miel hoof (n) . . . .el cerdo hole (n) . .el carámbano idea (n) . .¿Cómo se dice.No me gusta. .el gancho horn (n) ..el arpa hat (n) . hemisphere (n) .(My name is.hair (n) .las manos hanger (n) .la tinta insect (n) .la hamburguesa hammer (n) .el pelo hairbrush (n) .la boca de aqua.el casco Help me please..Estoy triste.el marido hut (n) .el helicóptero Hello .Estoy.Me gusta. .la idea I don't know.en Indian Ocean (n) .el té helado ice skate (n) .el patin de cuchilla. I am fine.pila de heno head (n) . ...la colina hippopotamus (n) . el azadón hog (n) .témpano de hielo ice cream (n) ..la ilusión I love you.la hamaca hamster (n) ..

.reír launch (v) .la cucharón lady (n) .el arrendajo jeans (n) .la cocina kite (n) .último.el payaso sorpresa jack-o'-lantern (n) . el alga marina kettle (n) .azotar lasso (n) .el muchacho ladder (n) -la escalera ladle (n) .la letrina laugh (v) .la cometa kitten (n) .el teclado kids (n) .julio jump (v) .el iris iris (n) .el rey kitchen (n) .enero Japan (n) .Júpiter karate (n) . adv) .el picaporte late (adj..el quelpo.el kapoc.la jarra juggle (v) .la laguna lake (n) .la lanza land (n) .Me gustaria.la selva/la jungla Jupiter (n) .el trabajo lace (n) .el istmo ivy (n) .la noche pasada latch (n) .el nudo koala (n) .la medusa jet (n) .cojo lamp (n) .el cordero lame (adj) .las joyas jigsaw puzzle (n) .la hiedra I would like.el jaguar jam (n) .el lazo last (adj) .el karate kazoo (n) .el regazo large (adj) .los pantalones vaqueros jelly (n) .la señora.la quilla kelp (n) .la mermelada January (n) .la plancha island (n) .la isla isthmus (n) .Japón jar (n) . J jacket (n) . última last night .la rodilla kneel (v) .la cuerda para brincar June (n) . fuego fatuo jaguar (n) .calabaza iluminada.la etiqueta labour (n) .trotar jokes (n pl) .la chaqueta jack-in-the-box (n) .grande lash (v) .los niños kilogram (n) .el koala L label (n) .inside (adv.el kazoo keel (n) .arrodillarse knife (n) -el cuchillo knit (v) .la ocupación jog (v) .el tren de aterrizaje lap (n) .la intersección iris (n) .el canguro kapok (n) .la joya jewelry (n) .la jalea jellyfish (n) .la tetera kettledrum (n) ..lanzar laundry (n) . (young ~) la señorita ladybug (n) .saltar jump rope (n) .la lámpara lance (n) .bromas jug (n) .el avión de reacción jewel (n) .dentro intersection (n) .el jugo July (n) .la llave keyboard (n) .la mariquita lagoon (n) .el gatito knee (n) .tejer knot (n) .el lirio iron (n) .calidoscopio kangaroo (n) .el lago lamb (n) .el kilogramo kin (n) .el encaje lad (n) ..el rompecabezas job (n) .junio jungle (n) .la ropa sucia K kaleidoscope (n) . .parientes king (n) . el árbol de kapoc 88 .el tarro jay (n) .tarde latine (n) . prep) .la tierra landing gear (n) .el timbal key (n) .hacer juegos malabares juice (n) .

la biblioteca licence (n) .la llama load (n) . (search) buscar loud (adj) .cargar lobster (n) .(fam) les servicios (pl) look (v) .los restos (pl) leg (n) .la línea lion (n) . el cuero leave (v) .dejar.el mapa maple (n) .la revista magic (n) .el faro lighting (n) .el mercado March (n) .el buzón letters (n) .el logotipo lollipop (n) .la placa.la carga load (v) .el desván log (n) .el alumbrado lightning (n) .la liga leak (n) .la piel.el relámpago like (v) .lamer licorice (n) .pequeñita.la langosta local (adj) .el guacamayo mad (adj) .la clase let (v) .el antifaz 89 .prodigar law (n) .la pierna legend (n) .la gotera leap (v) .el leopardo less (adv.izquierda left-overs (n) .la limonada leopard (n) .el labio list (n) . (driving ~) el carné de conducir license plate (n) .las maracas marble (n) .la vida light (n) .la lava lavish (v) .lupa mail (n) .el césped lawn mower (n) . prep) .el arce maracas (n) .el león lip (n) .la paleta long (adj) . la tablilla lick (v) .el magia magnet (n) .la palanca liar (n) .mirar.aprender leather (n) .el lince M macaroni (n) .menos lesson (n) .la bombilla lighten (v) .fuerte lounge (n) .el almuerzo lynx (n) .el mamut man (n) .vivir living room (n) .el mentiroso library (n) . (seem) parecer.largo loo (n) .el mechero lighthouse (n) .enojado magazine (n) .la luz lightbulb (n) .gustarle lily (n) .cerrar con llave loft (n) .el hombre many .el limón lemonade (n) . aclarar lighter (n) .el loco lunch (n) .la licencia.la lechuga level (n) .Marte mask (n) . (depart from) marcharse de left (adj) . (lease) alquilar letter (n) .marzo marsupial (n) .la lista little (aj) . (of the alphabet) la letra letterbox (n) . tronco de árbol logo (n) .la cerradura lock (v) .la leyenda lemon (n) .macarrones macaw (n) . pequeñito live (v) .la lima line (n) .el buzón mammal (n) .la mentira life (n) .la azucena limb (n) .la ley lawn (n) .el miembro lime (n) .las letras (pl) lettuce (n) .la carta.el regaliz lid (n) .el imán magnifying glass (n) .la canasta para ropa lava (n) .echarse lie (v) .la cortadora de césped lay (v) .muchos map (n) .el salón love (n) .el marsupial Mars (n) .el correo mailbox (n) .dejar.la lagartija llama (n) .la hoja league (n) .local lock (n) .saltar learn (v) .el nivel lever (n) .mármol market (n) .el amor lunatic (n) .el mamífero mammoth (n) .poner leaf (n) .(telling lies) mentir lie (n) .el leño.laundry basket (n) .(give light to) iluminar.la sala lizard (n) .la tapa lie (v) .

pron) . adj) .yo meadow (n) .la momia museum (n) .la nación national (adj) .la taza grande multiplication (n) .el clavo naked (adj) .la música musician (n) .mathematics (n) .neutral. (on TV) el telediario newspaper (n) .mushroom muskrat (n) . . bonito Nice to meet you.la vecindad neither (adv.la montaña mouse (n) .el sobrino Neptune (n) .cinco centavos night (n) .el año nuevo New Zealand (n) .el trapeador more .la boca muffin (n) .el ñandú nanny (n) . neutro never (adv) .la servilleta narcotic (n.el nido net (n) .el espejo mitten (n) .el meteoro microscope (n) .neón nephew (n) .echarse un sueño napkin (n) .la noche nightgown (n) .la luna moose (n) . jamás never again .la medalla melon (n) .desnudo name (n) .la multiplicación multiply (v) .el horno microondas midnight (n) .medianoche milk (n) .nunca.narcótico narrow (adj) .nuevo news (n) .la comida measuring cup (n) ..el vecino neighbourhood (n) . angosto nasal (adj) . (after lunch) la siesta nap (v) . la mariposa nocturna mother (n) .la uña nail (n) . nickel (n) .necesitar.mamá Monday (n) .el sueñecito.la sirena meteor (n) .la motocicleta mountain (n) .el tritón New Year (n) .el melón Mercury (n) .las noticias (pl).el dinero monkey (n) .el mono monster (n) .la mañana mortar board (n) .el cuello necklace (n) .la polilla.el camisa de dormir.el prado meal (n) .la madre motorcycle (n) .mayo maybe .la miniván minute (n) .la carne medal (n) .el ratón almizclero music (n) .nervioso nest (n) . adj) . ninguno neon (n) .estrecho..multiplicar mummy (n) .el microscopio microwave oven (n) .la aguja neighbour (n) .quizá maze (n) .el laberinto me (pron) .agradable.la corbata need (v) .el nombre nandu (n) . exigir needle (n) .nativo neck (n) .Neptuno nerve (n) .nasal nation (n) .el birrete mosquito (n) .el minutero mirror (n) .la leche million (n. N nail (finger.el periódico newt (n) .ni.Encantado de conocerle.el músico mutt (n) .el collar necktie (n) .la red neutral (adj) ..el mosquito.el bobo My name is. .el museo mushroom (n) .nunca más new (adj) .Mercurio mermaid (n) .el ratón mouse (n) .lunes money (n) .Me llamo. amable.el mineral minivan (n) .la niñera nap (n) . toe)(n) .el monstruo month (n) .el nervio nervous (adj) . el champiñón el champiñón (n) .Nueva Zelanda nice (adj) . el 90 .el panquecito mug (n) .el minuto minute hand (n) .el ratón mouth (n) .Mucho gusto.el mes moon (n) .el alce mop (n) .más morning (n) ..el hongo.el mitón mom (n) .millón mineral (n) . el zancudo moth (n) .matemática May (n) .nacional native (adj) .la taza medidora meat (n) .

la enfermera (f) nut (n) .el jugo de naranja orangutan (n) .el guante de cocina over (prep.la sartén pants (n) .encima de one (n.el búho.la naranja orange juice (n) .nueve nineteen (n) .el aceite ok (int) .el candado pail (n) .los pantalones paper (n) . adj) .noventa no (adv) .los guisantes pebble (n) .la piedrecita pen (n) .la pluma/el bolígrafo pencil (n) .la península penny (n) .un centavo pen pal (n) .el cuadro pie (n) .nordeste northern hemisphere (n) .el balde.camisón nine (n) .el avestruz otter (n) .pintar paintbrush (n) .los pijamas palace (n) .la paleta palm tree (n) .el lápiz penguin (n) .Olímpico omelet (n) .anaranjado orange (n) .los contrarios (pl) orange (adj) .el pulpo oil (n) .la nariz note (n) .la pera peas (n) .el horno oven mitt (n) .mediodia north (n) .el América del Norte northeast (n) .los pantalones de trabajo (pl) overcoat (n) .la órbita orchid (n) .el octágono October (n) .el remo oboe (n) . el melocotón peacock (n) .abierto opposites (n) .la aceituna Olympics (n) .paralelo parrot (n) .uno one half (n) .el hemisferio norte North Pole (n) .amigo por correspondencia pentagon (n) .la ocupación octagon (n) .el océano occupation (n) .okay olive (n) .no noodles (n) .el abrigo.la palma pan (n) .le pimienta percussion instruments (n) .el cuaderno notes (n) .la tuerca ostrich (n) .la fiesta peach (n) .al aire libre oval (n) .la nota notebook (n) .el pingüino peninsula (n) .la nutria outdoors (adv) . el gabán owl (n) .la orquídea 91 .la mitad onion (n) .la brocha.el pastel pig (n) .el palacio palette (n) .el cerdo O oar (n) .el enfermero (m). la lechuza P Pacific Ocean (n) .octubre octopus (n) .el animal doméstico piano (n) .la personas pepper (n) .la cebolla open (adj) .el oboe ocean (n) .el pavo real pear (n) .el Polo Norte northwest (n) .la tortilla de huevos on top of (prep) .el orangután orb (n) .los números (pl) nurse (n) .el pentágono people (n) .diecinueve ninety (n) . el papagayo party (n) .la nuez nut (technical) (n) .el durazno. la cubeta paint (v) .el piano piccolo (n) .los fideos noon (n) .el flautin picture (n) .noroeste nose (n) .el papel parallel (n) .sobre overalls (n) .norte North America (n) .el Océano Pacifico pacifier (n) .la percusíon pet (n) .el loro.el chupete package (n) .noviembre numbers (n) .notas (pl) November (n) . adv) .el paquete paddle (n) . el pincel pajamas (n) .el óvalo oven (n) .el orbe orbit (n) .el remo padlock (n) .

el quetzal quicksand (n) .el conejo raccoon (n) .la almohada pin (n) .el rinoceronte ribbon (n) .el plátano plate (n) .la lluvia rainbow (n) .la pizza plane (n) .el avión planet (n) .el presidente prince (n) .Encantado de conocerle.el alfiler pink (adj) .el examen R rabbit (n) .el control remoto rhinoceros (n) .el mapache racket (n) .el pirata pitcher (n) .rojo refrigerator (n) .el bosque tropical rake (n) .los alicates plum (n) .el camino roadrunner (n) .empujar puzzle (n) .Plutón pocket (n) .el signo de interrogación quetzal (n) .la cinta riddle (n) .la alcancia pigeon (n) .leer receive (v) . por favor? pliers (n) .el refrigerador/la nevera reindeer (n) .el rectángulo red (adj) .rosa.la policía polygons (n) .la princesa pull (v) .derecha ring (n) .¿Podria repetir.el príncipe princess (n) .por favor Pleased to meet you.Ayúdeme.el rompecabezas pyramid (n) . point (n) .recibir recipe (n) .piggy bank (n) .el regalo president (n) .jugar please .el bolsillo .el pitcher pizza (n) .el planetario plant (n) . la charca pot (n) .receta de cocina rectangle (n) . .el radar radio (n) .aeronave cohete Q 92 .la jarra.la raqueta radar (n) .la codorniz quarter (n) .tirar pumpkin (n) .la moneda de 25 centavos quartz (n) .el cachorro purple (adj) . . por favor.la laguna.la olla potato (n) . Please help me. rosado pinwheel (n) . pichel pitcher (n) .el cuarzo quasar (n) .el impermeable rain forest (n) .la pirámide quadruplet (n) . pichón pillow (n) .enigma right .el bolso push (v) .morado purse (n) .el correcamino robin (n) .el planeta planetarium (n) .la pupila puppet (n) .la papa present (n) .el plato play (v) .el reno remote control (n) . .la calabaza pupa (n) .el petirrojo robot (n) .la reina question mark (n) .la planta plantain (n) .la radio rain (n) .callado/callada quilt (n) .la arena movediza quiet (adj) .el quintillizo quiz (n) .el arco iris raincoat (n) .polígonos pond (n) .el títere puppy (n) .rastrillar raspberry (n) .el cuatrillizo quail (n) .el robot rock (n) . Please repeat that.la rehilandera pirate (n) .el quasar queen (n) .la frambuesa rat (n) .la piedra/la roca rocket (n) .la cucaracha road (n) .el edredón quintuplet (n) .la paloma.el anillo river (n) .la crisálida pupil (n) .el punto police officer (n) .la rata read (v) .el río roach (n) .el rastrillo rake (v) .ciruela Pluto (n) .

la falda skull (n) .la venta saliva (n) .asustado.la rosa ruby (n) .el satélite Saturday (n) .la regla run (v) .el mar sea gull (n) .el cuarto rooster (n) .dieciséis sixty (n.setenta sew (v) .la acera sing (v) .dormir sleeping bag (n) .septiembre seven .el alacrán scream (v) .la cicatriz scarce (adj) .el rascacielos sleep (v) .el segundero see (v) .diecisiete seventy .el safari safety pin (n) . adj) .el santo salad (n) . .el esqueleto skirt (n) .el balancín See you later. ahorrar.escaso scare (v) .el tobogán slide (v) .el castillo de arena sandpaper (n) .salvar.el champú shapes (n) .sábado Saturn (n) .cantar sink (bathroom) (n) . evitar saw (n) .la sauna sausage (n) .rollo de papel sea (n) .baja / bajo shoulder (n) .el cielo skyscraper (n) .Saturno sauce (n) .coser shampoo (n) . adj) .enferma / enfermo sidewalk (n) .las sandalias sandcastle (n) .semicirculo September (n) .el serrucho.seis sixteen (n.la alfombra ruler (n) .el salchichón sale (n) .siete seventeen .el tornillo screwdriver (n) .la balanza scar (n) .el camaron sick (adj) .el tiburón sheep (n) .la arena sandals (n) .triste safari (n) .la camisa shoe (n) .la orilla del mar seasons (n) .el bocadillo satellite (n) .la oveja.el imperdible sail (n) .Hasta luego.el gallo rope (n) .segundo second (n) .gritar screw (n) .la vela sailboat (n) .la pala shrimp (n) .las tijeras (pl) scorpion (n) .el chorizo save (v) .deslizar 93 .la saliva salt (n) . el carnero shelf (n) . sierra saxophone (n) .los patinos de ruedas rolling pin (n) .el destornillador scroll (n) .rubí rug (n) .la ensalada salami (n) .la bufanda school (n) .la gaviota seahorse (n) . adj) . temeroso scarf (n) .el lavabo sink (kitchen) (n) .la escuela science (n) .el barco shirt (n) .la sal same (adj) .el panecillo/bollo roller skates (n) . semicircle (n) .el saco de dormir slide (n) .el fregadero sister (n) .el rodillo de amasar roof (n) .el hombro shovel (n) .decir scale (n) .la hermana sit (n) .sesenta skeleton (n) .la concha ship (n) .la ciencia scissors (n) .ver seesaw (n) .el barco de vela saint (n) .el cráneo sky (n) .la foca seashore (n) .el zapato short (n) .el papel de lija sandwich (n) .asustar scared (adj) . mismo sand (n) .el saxófono say (v) .el segundo second hand (n) .caballito de mar seal (n) .sentarse six (n.igual.la salsa sauna (n) .el techo room (n) .el saco / la bolsa sad (adj) .correr S sack (n) .las estaciones (pl) second (adj) .roll (n) .las formas (pl) shark (n) .el estante shell (n) .la soga/la cuerda rose (n) .

la lanza special (adj) .el atardecer swan (n) .hablar 94 .la alma sound (n) .sonar soup (n) .el sudeste Southern Hemisphere (n) .escribir sphere (n) .el sudeste soya bean (n) .restar subtraction (n) .la resta suitcase (n) .el transbordador espacial spacesuit (n) .la fuente south (n) .raya stone (n) .la mesa tadpole (n) .instrumentos de cuerda (pl) subtract (v) .la cola tale (n) .la zapatilla slow (adj) .el sofá soil (n) .la calle string (n) .el cordel string instruments (n) .la espina dorsal spider (n) .el traje de baño sword (n) .los deportes (pl) spray can (n) .el copo de nieve snowman (n).el calamar squirrel (n) .hacia el sur South America .la fresa street (n) .el cuadrado squid (n) .el sonido.lenta / lento small (adj) .el traje espacial spade (n) .español spanner (n) .parar stop sign (n) .el sur south (adv) .la ardilla stable (n) .la llave spatula (n) .el América del Sur southeast (n) .el tallo stingray (n) .la soja spa (n) .el amanecer sunset (n) .la espada T table (n) . adj) .el estrecho strawberry (n) .la estrella steak (n) . el almacén storm (n) .la culebra / la serpiente snow (n) .la primavera square (n) .el balneario space (n) .la esfera spine (n) .la piedra stool (n) .la espátula speak (v) .el hijo soul (n) .el bistec stem (n) .la esponja spool (n) .el escabel stop (v) .el establo stamp (n) .la velocidad spell (magic) (n) .el carrete spoon (n) .la cucharita sports (n) .la tormenta story (n) .el fútbol sock (n) .agrio source (n) .el hechizo spell (v) .espaguetis (pl) Spain (n) .el horno strait (n) .el caracol snake (n) . el ruido sound (v) . el sello postal.el jabón soccer ball (n).la tienda.el Polo Sur southwest (n) .el olor smile (n) .slipper (n) .el soldado son (n) .el espacio space shuttle (n) .la señal de alto store (n) .el verano sun (n) .el girasol sunglasses (n) .oler smell (n) .la engrapadora star (n) .la nieve snowflake (n) .el timbre postal.el suelo soldier (n) .la historia stove (n) .pequeña / pequeño smell (v) .el muñeco de nieve soap (n) .España Spanish (n.la araña spiral (n) .la sopa sour (adj) .el sol Sunday (n) .las gafas de sol (pl) sunrise (n) .cuento talk (v) .el cisne swimsuit (n) .el espiral sponge (n) .domingo sunflower (n) .la maleta summer (n) .el calcetin sofa (n) .el Océano Antártico South Pole (n) .especial speed (n) .la pala spaghetti (n) .la sonrisa snail (n) .el spray spring (n) . la estampilla stapler (n) .hablar spear (n) .la etiqueta tail (n) .el hemisferio sur Southern Ocean (n) .el renacuajo tag (n) .

la crema dental tornado (n) .el pandero tanker (n) . aventar. adj) . el basurero tree (n) .tres throw (v) .la trompeta trunk (n) . la maestra team (n) . adj) .agárico toaster (n) .tetera teddy bear (n) .las trillizos trombone (n) .hoy toddler (n) .trapezoide trash can (n) . adj) .el tiempo tire (n) .dos U ugly (adj) .el blanco taste (v) .el pulgar thumbtack (n) .billón triplets (n) .mil thread (n) .el tee telephone (n) .la cinta tape measure (n) .la tienda de campaña tern (n) .veinte twins (n) .la corbata tiger (n) . el jitomate tongue (n) .pensar thirteen (n.el pueblo tow truck (n) .el tornado toucan (n) .la tele.debajo de undershirt (n) .el sapo toadstool (n) .oso de peluche tee (n) .el árbol triangle (n) .el diente toothbrush (n) .comprender underwear (n) . alto tambourine (n) .trabalenguas toolbox (n) .golondrina test (n) .tocar towel (n) .la cinta métrica tar (n) .el tulipán turtle (n) . adj) .los gemelos two (n.la tortuga TV (n) .el triángulo trillion (n) .el tronco tuba (n) .la brea target (n) .la grúa toys (n) .los juguetes tractor (n) .el camión trumpet (n) .agradecer. dar las gracias thank you .la franela understand (v) .tall (adj) . adj) .la tele.la prueba thank (v) .la pasta dentífrica.el equipo teapot (n) .el hilo three (n.el maestro.los dedos de los pies toilet (n) .el inodoro tomato (n) .probar taxi (n) .el cubo de basura.la raqueta tent (n) .el taxi tea (n) .el tenis tennis racket (n) .el tubo Tuesday (n) .trece thirty (n.el cepillo de dientes toothpaste (n) .infeliz unicorn (n) .el teléfono telescope (n) . adj) .la tostador today (adv) .la trompa trunk (n) .la lengua tongue twister (n) .el té teach (v) .el termómetro thin (adj) .la tuba tube (n) .el trómbon de varas truck (n) .treinta thousand (n.la chinche Thursday (n) .camión cisterna tape (n) .la ropa interior unhappy (adj) .feo umbrella (n) . la televisión ten (n.el tomate.gracias thermometer (n) .la llanta toad (n) .el baúl trunk (n) .el semáforo train (n) .la toalla town (n) .el tren trapezoid (n) . la televisión twelve (n. adj) .el toucan touch (v) .el niño pequeño toes (n) .tirar.martes tulip (n) .enseñar teacher (n) .el telescopio television (n) .la caja de las herramientas tools (n) .las herramientas tooth (n) .la maletera trunk (n) . echar thumb (n) .el tío under (prep) .doce twenty (n.el unicornio uniform (n) .diez tennis (n) .el tigre time (n) .el uniforme 95 .jueves tickle (v) .alta.la sombrilla/el paraguas uncle (n) .delgado think (v) .hacer cosquillas tie (n) .el tractor traffic light (n) . adj) .

la peluca wiggle (v) .el batidor de mano whistle (n) . adv) .la sandía wave (n) . tela de araña wedge (n) .la Casa Blanca who .la ola wave (v) .la avispa wastebasket (n) .la viola violet (adj) .el vehículo Venus (n) .la regadera watermelon (n) .la tina vegetables (n) .tarjeta del Día de San Valentín valley (n) .la morsa washer (n) .por qué wide (adj) .¿De dónde eres? Where is the bathroom? .¿Donde esta el baño? ?? which .el hueso de la suerte.la ballena what .la viña viola (n) .saludar a alguien con la mano we (pron) .violeta violin (n) .la madera woodpecker (n) .el ala winter (n) .el wok wolf (n) .el agua water bottle (n) .blanco White House (n) . la aldea vine (n) .nos utensils (n) .telaraña.el deseo wishbone (n) .la cascada watering can (n) .¿Qué hora es? What time is it? .el volcán vortex (n) .la cartera walnut (n) .la videocinta village (n) .Estados Unidos up (adv) .la verdura vehicle (n) .la vocal vulture (n) .el carretón waist (n) .el lobo woman (n) .qué What color is it? .el invierno wish (n) .nostros weasel (n) .la cintura walk (v) . el florero vat (n) .voto vowel (n) .la carretilla wheelchair (n) .bruja wok (n) .dónde Where are you from? .el chaleco videotape (n) .la cantimplora waterfall (n) .la aspiradora valentine card (n) .llorar west (n.el tiempo web (n) .cuál whisk (n) .la cuña wedge (n) .el viento-madera 96 .la silla de ruedas when .la ventana wing (n) .ancho wife (n) .oeste whale (n) .el molino de viento window (n) .el jarrón us (pron) .Venus vertebra (n) .miércoles weep (v) .el pueblo.la vértebra vest (n) .los utensilios V vacuum cleaner (n) .el valle van (n) .la papelera watch (n) .el jarrón.a revés Uranus (n) .la esposa wig (n) .comadreja weather (n) .la miniván vase (n) .quién why .el pájaro carpintero woodwinds (n pl) .la pared wallet (n) .nuez walrus (n) .la rueda wheelbarrow (n) .caminar.¿Cómo te llamas? What hour is it? .¿Cuál es tu color favorito? What is your name? .Urano urn (n) .el wedge Wednesday (n) .el silbato white (adj) .el reloj water (n) . menear windmill (n) .¿Qué color es este? What is your favorite color? .cuándo where .¿Cuándo es? wheel (n) .United States (n) .el vórtice vote (v) .la rondana wasp (n) .el violín volcano (n) . andar wall (n) .contonear.la mujer wood (n) .arriba upside down .el buitre W wagon (n) . la espoleta witch (n) .

basil albahaca .el gusano wrench (n) .el patio yardstick (n) .black beans alubias rojas .garlic albahaca .sour agrio/ácido .celery aplanar .gritar yellow (adj) .trabajar worm (n) .la lana/el hilo year (n) . .el mundo work (v) .olive oil aceituna .la zona zoo (n) .artichoke alcaparras .escribir Food Glossary Spanish English A aceite .la yunta yolk (n) .el año yell (v) .garlic mayonnaise almejas .almonds almíbar .batter albóndiga .si yogurt (n) .sweet and sour agrio .amarillo yes .word (n) .sweet basil albardilla .el zigzag zinnia (n) .el calabacin B bacon .syrup alubias . la zinia zipper (n) .De nada.beicón bacalao -cod 97 .la yarda yarn (n) .coconut milk aguacate palta (S.rascamoño.saffron azucar -sugar azúcar blanca de granulado muy fino -caster sugar azúcar glace -icing sugar X x-ray (n) .bitter agua de coco .nourishing agridulce .herring arenque ahumado .cero (nm) zigzag (adj) . n) .turn off apio .el yac yam (n) .capers alioli .el ñame yard (n) .clams almendras .el yate yak (n) .el zepelín zero (adj.la cebra zeppelin (n) .el yogur yoke (n) .olive adj nutritivo .Am) .roll out aplastar/aplanar .oil aceite de oliva .el cierre zither (n) .meatball alcachofa .la cítara zone (n) .joven You're welcome.la yema de huevo young (adj) .add apagar .anchovy añadir .el parque zoológico zoologist (n) .kidney beans anchoa .pulses alubias negras . Z zebra (n) .el xilófono Y yacht (n) .el zoólogo zucchini (n) .la palabra world (n) .kipper arroz -rice asado/asar -roast aspic. galantina -aspic atar -tie atún -tuna azafrán .radiografía xylophone (n) .la llave de boca write (v) .flatten arándano (rojo y agrio) -cranberry arenque .avocado ajo .

lettuce) col -cabbage colar-strain coles de Bruselas -brussel sprouts coliflor -cauliflower colorante alimenticio -food coloring combinar -combine comida-food comida basura.cinnamon canelones -canneloni cangrejo S. chalota -scallion (young onion) cepillar -brush cerdo -pork cerdo picado -mince pork champiñones -mushrooms chícharo (Méxican)-pea chive (hierba) -chive (herb) chocolate -chocolate chorizo .Amer (m) jaiba -crab capa -layer caraco . Méx) sweet potato borde -edge borraja -borage brócoli. (postre) -pudding C calabacín -courgette calabacín. brécol-broccoli brotes de soja -bean sprouts (soyabean) budín. cebolla de verdeo. camote (Andes. cebollín.bacalao salado -salt cod barbacoa / parrillada -barbeque barra -loaf batir -whisk batido (de leche) . pudín.packed lunch completamente -thoroughly condimento -seasoning conejo -rabbit congelado -frozen congrio -conger eel conservante-preservative conservar-preserve consistencia -consistency coñac-brandy copos de avena -oats copos de maíz tostados-cornflakes corazones de alcachofas -hearts of artichoke cordero-lamb cortado en cuatro -quartered cortar -trim cortar en cuadritos -diced cortar en lonchas finas -thinly slice cosa para pelar patatas -potato peeler costillas -ribs costillas -spare ribs crema pastelero -confectioner's custard 98 . culantro-coriander ciruela -plum ciruela (seca)-prune clara de huevo -egg white clavo (de olor) -clove cocer al horno -bake cocinar -cook cocinar a fuego lento-simmer coco -coconut cocoa (en polvo) -cocoa powder codorniz -quail cogollo -heart (of cabbage.milkshakebechamel -bechamel sauce beicón -bacon bellota -acorn berenjena -aubergine berenjena -eggplant berro -watercress besugo -sea bream bistec -steak bocadillo-sandwich (with Spanish bread) boquerónes . chalote.Spanish chorizo sausage chorrear un poco -trickle chorrito -dash cilantro.fresh anchovies in vinegar (a popular tapa) boniato . porquerías -junk food comilona -a nosh up comino -cumin comiso . zapallito-zucchini calabaza -marrow calabaza (peru) zapallo-pumpkin calamar -squid caldo-broth caldo -stock calentar -heat calentar -warm canela .snail caramelo duro hecho con azúcar y mantequilla -butterscotch carne -flesh carne -meat carne de salchicha-sausage meat carne picada -mince cáscara -rind cáscaras -shells castaño -chestnut cazo -pan cazo -saucepan cazón -dogfish cebolla -onion cebolleta -shallot cebolleta.calabacita. batata . pudding.

crocante-crispy cuajar -curdle cuajo -rennet cubrir -cover cuchara (grande o de servir) -tablespoon cuchara de medir-measuring spoon cucharada -spoon cucharita. cucharilla -teaspoon cucharones -ladles cuenco -bowls cuscurro -crouton D dar la vuelta -turn de grano grueso -coarse de horno -ovenproof dehuesado -boned dejar en adobo.dill G galleta -cookie galleta salada (generalmente en forma de 8) pretzel gambas -prawns gancho de carnicero -meathook garbanzos -chick peas gazpacho . marinate derretido-melted derretir -melt desayuno (n). brown dulce -sweet dulce de membrillo-quince cheese/jelly enfriar -chill engrasado -greased engrasar -oil entero -whole escaldar-scald escalfado -poached escurrir -drain espaguetis -spaghetti espárrago -asparagus espesar -thicken espeso -stiff espesura.Cold tomato soup See recipe gelatina -gelatine gelatina -jelly goloso -Sweet toothed granos de pimienta-peppercorns grasa -grease gratinar -grill grisín. rosquilla-doughnut dorado -golden dorar -v.crepe -pancake crudo -raw crujiente. colín-bread stick 99 . empanadilla -pasty en lata -tinned en trozos -sliced en trozos menudos -finely chopped en vez de -instead of encender-light enchilada (Mexican tortilla with a meat or cheese filling. azucarar -sweeten eneldo . marinar -marinade. (in coffee) achicoria -chicory endulzante-sweetener endulzar. v. desayunar-breakfast descansar -rest despensa -larder dientes de ajo -cloves of garlic dividir en dos -halve doblar -fold donut. grueso -thickness espinacas -spinach espuma -foam espumadera -slotted spoon estofado-casserole estofado -stew estofado de liebre -jugged hare exprimir -squeeze F fécula -potato starch filetes -fillets formas -shapes freír -fry fresa -strawberry frigorífico -fridge frijol -lima bean frijoles refritos -refried beans frotar -rub fruta-fruit fuego fuerte -high heat E empanada. served with a tomato and chili sauce) endibias -endives endivia.

prickly pear hinojo -fennel hoja -leaf hoja del cuchillo -blade of a knife hojaldre -puff pastry hojas -leaves horno -oven hueco-dent hueso/espina -bone hueva -roe huevera -eggcup huevo-egg huevo duro-hard boiled egg L lado -side lata -can lata -tin laurel -bayleaf lavar -wash lean . choclo (AmS).grueso.myrtle (AmE).lean (meat) mahonesa .herb hierba doncella .lemon verbena higado -liver higo . sin grasa leche .mint hierbaluisa . huevos y harina que se sirve tradicionalmente con el rosbif -Yorkshire pudding mayonesa-mayonnaise mejillones -mussels melaza -molasses melocotón.milky (con mucha leche) lechuga -lettuce lechón (cochinillo) suckling pig lentamente -gradually lentejas -lentils levadura (en polvo) -baking powder liebre -hare lima -lime limón -lemon limpiar con agua -rinse limpiar con un paño -wipe lista de la compra -shopping list M machacar-grind maduro -ripe magdalena -cupcake magro . jojoto (Ven)-sweetcorn manteca. durazno (AmL) -peach melón (de pulpa verdosa muy dulce) honeydew melon I ingredientes -ingredients J jabalí -wild boar jamón -ham jamón York -cooked ham jarra graduada-measuring jug jerez -sherry jugo/zumo -juice jugoso -juicy juliana -julienne 100 .‹ meat › magro.mayonnaise maíz tierno.fig higo chumbo . grasa de cerdo-lard mantequilla -butter manzana -apple mariscos -seafood mariscos-shellfish masa -dough masa horneada a base de leche.un kilo H habas -broad beans habas/habichuelas/alubias/frijol-beans habas con jamón .see recipe habichuelas (Méx) ejote -green beans hacer puré -mash harina -flour harina de maíz -cornflour helado -ice cream hervir -boil hierba . periwinkle (BrE) hierbabuena . espeso -thick guarnición -garnish guayaba -guava guisantes -peas K kilo .milk leche cuajada -junket lechoso . elote (Méx).

blackberry morcilla . comestibles foodstuffs puerros -leeks punto de ebullición -boiling point punto de fusión -melting point puñado -handful puré -purée Q queso con membrillo cheese with quince jelly queso de Burgos soft white cheese queso de bola Dutch cheese queso de oveja sheep's cheese queso del pais local cheese queso gallego creamy cheese queso cheese quisquillas shrimps 101 .muffin mora .mostaza N naranja -orange nata -cream nata agria -sour cream nata montada -whipped cream nectarina -nectarine no engordante-non fattening nueces (de california) -walnuts nuez de mantequilla -knob of butter nuez moscada -nutmeg O onza (28. pan sin levadura-unleavened (bread) pan de molde -sliced bread pan duro -stale bread pan integral -brown bread panera (para guardar el pan) -breadbin papel de cocina -kitchen tissue pasa (de uva)-raisin pasta -pasta pastel -cake patata frita -chip patatas -potatoes patatas a lo pobre .blood sausage mortero -mortar mostaza -mustard muslo de pollo -drumstick (chicken) mustard .membrillo-quince menta -mint merluza -hake mezclar -mix miel -honey migas de pan/pan rallado-breadcrumbs molido. pulverizado -ground mollejas. segundo plato -main course pochar -fry . pancho-hot dog pescado -fish picante -spicy picar -chop piel/pelar -skin pimentón -paprika pimienta -pepper pimienta cayena -cayenne pepper pimiento rojo -red pepper pimiento verde -green pepper piña -pineapple piñones -pine kernels pizca -pinch pizza -pizza plátano -banana plato -dish plato principal.fried potatoes with green peppers see recipe patatas fritas -crisps patatas fritas-french fries pato -duck pechuga de pollo -chicken breast pedazo grande -wedge pelado -peeled pelado -skinned pelar -peel pepinillo -gherkins pepino-cucumber pepitas (trocitos) de pollo -chicken nuggets perdiz -partridge perejil -parsley perro or perrito caliente. until soft pollo -chicken poner -arrange poner trocitos encima -dot with postre-dessert productos alimenticios.black pudding morcón . lechecillas -sweetbreads mollete .35 gramos) -ounce orégano -oregano P palitos de queso -cheese straws pan-bread pan ázimo...

res-beef tibio -tepid tierno -tender tiritas -strips tocino-pork fat tocino entreverado -streaky bacon tofu.(mexican) unleaved bread used to put food in tostado -toasted transferir -transfer triturar -liquidise trucha -trout S sabor -taste sacar con cuchara -spoon sal -salt salado-salted salchicha -sausage salchicha envuelta en hojaldre -sausage roll salmón -salmon salmonete -red mullet salmpimentar -season with salt and pepper salpicar -sprinkle salsa -sauce salsa de soja -soy sauce salsa hecha a base de miga de pan y leche bread sauce 102 .lightly fried solomillo-sirloin steak solomillo -tenderloin steak suero (de la leche) -buttermilk sumergir-dip T tabla de cortar el pan -breadboard tallarines -noodles tallo -stalk tamale (ground maize and sometimes meat or a sweet filling wrapped in a banana or maize leaf)-tamal tamizar -sieve tapadera -lid tarta de queso-cheesecake taza para medir -measuring cup ternera picada -minced beef ternera (de animal muy joven y de carne pálida) -veal ternera. queso de soja -tofu tomates -tomatoes tomillo -thyme torrija. carne de vaca. en una fiesta etc -dip salsa tártara -tartar sauce saltear -sauté sandwichera -sandwich toaster sardinas -sardines sartén -frying pan sazonar -season with salt secar -dry sellar-seal semillas -seeds sidra -cider sofreír .Spanish omelette tortilla .to sauté. biscote -french toast tortilla de patatas .R Ribeiro Galician white wine Rioja good wine from Logroño ragout de ternera veal ragout rape a la americana white fish with brandy and herbs rape a la cazuela stewed white fish rape a la plancha grilled white fish raviolis ravioli raya skate redondo al horno roast fillet of beef remolacha beetroot repollo cabbage repostería de la casa cakes baked on the premises requeson cream cheese/cottage cheese revuelto de ajos tiernos scrambled egg with spring garlic revuelto de angulas scrambled egg with baby eels revuelto de gambas scrambled egg with prawns revuelto de sesos scrambled egg with brains revuelto de trigueros scrambled egg with asparagus revuelto mixto scrambled eggs with mixed vegetables riñones al jerez kidneys with sherry riñones kidneys rodaballo turbot romero rosemary ron rum roscas sweet pastries rábanos radish salsa para acompañar los diferentes bocaditos que se sirven con el aperitivo. fry lightly sofrito . tostada que se vende en paquetes. torreja.

manzana arrange .barbacoa / parrillada basil .mantequilla butter .salsa hecha a base de miga de pan y leche bread stick .beicón bake . (stone bass) cherna basting . carne de vaca. res beetroot . brécol broth .migas de pan/pan rallado bread sauce .U untar -smear untar con mantequilla-butter (v) B bacon .bellota add . galantina aubergine . desayuno.ternera.punto de ebullición bone .brócoli.pan breadbin .plátano barbeque .remolacha (Méx) betabel (Chi) betarraga bitter .berenjena avocado .logrado acorn .aspic.albardilla bayleaf .borraja bowl .escaldar blancmange .rociando batter . v.caramelo duro hecho con azúcar y mantequilla V vaciar -empty vapor -steamer verter -pour vinagre -vinegar vodka -vodka volver -return W whisky whisky Y yema de huevo -egg yolk yemas -yolks Z zanahoria -carrot Food Glossary English Spanish A achieved .albahaca bass (sea bass) lubina.laurel beans .levadura (en polvo) banana .v.poner artichoke -alcachofa asparagus .bechamel beef .agrio/ácido black beans .añadir almonds -almendras anchovy .brotes de soja bechamel sauce .dehuesado borage .habas/habichuelas/alubias/frijol bean sprouts (soyabean) .cocer al horno baking powder .pan integral brush .dorar brown bread .caldo brown . cepillar n.untar con mantequilla buttermilk .n.hoja del cuchillo blanch .grisín.alubias negras blackberry .hervir boiling point . desayunar breast .coñac bread .suero (de la leche) butterscotch . colín breakfast .tabla de cortar el pan breadcrumbs .crema de maizena boil .coles de Bruselas butter .hueso/espina boned .(of chicken) pechuga broad beans .anchoa apple .panera (para guardar el pan) breadboard .Am) 103 .aguacate palta (S.habas broccoli .cuenco brandy .mora blade of a knife .cepillo brussel sprouts .espárrago aspic .

muslo de pollo 104 .cangrejo preparado dressing .masa doughnut .cangrejo .endivia.harina de maíz courgette .pastel de carne cubierta con puré de patatas cornflour .cuajar cumin .apio cheese .sidra cinnamon .crujiente. rosquilla drain .Amer (m) jaiba cranberry .cocoa (en polvo) coconut .patatas fritas crispy .galleta integral dill .cocinar cooked ham .clavo (de olor) cloves of garlic .pimienta cayena celery .canela clams .(double cream) nata para montar cream .cubrir crackling .nata cream .almejas clove .comer. culantro cornflakes .congrio consistency -consistencia cook .comedor dining-room table .(salad) aliñar dressed crab .azúcar blanca de granulado muy fino catering . en una fiesta etc dish .(mar) langosta (pequeña).calabacín cover .pepino cupcake .comino D dash .hora de cenar.galleta coriander .escurrir dress .cortar en cuadritos diet .hueco dessert . cigala (Río) cangrejo de río cream .requesón cottage pie .donut.(single cream) crema líquida.estofado caster sugar .jamón York cookie .pastel can .zanahoria carve (meat) .S.chuleta.tarta de queso cheese straws .agua de coco cod . costilla cider .chocolate chop .garbanzos chill .lata canneloni .coco coconut milk .cuscurro cucumber .suckling pig cocoa powder .chorrito dent .rebozar coarse .pechuga de pollo chicken nuggets .sumergir dip .(special food) régimen.alcaparras carrot .copos de maíz tostados cottage cheese .postre diced .palitos de queso chestnut . dieta diet .plato dogfish .eneldo dining hall .arándano (rojo y agrio) crayfish .crema pastelero conger eel .chive (hierba) chocolate .pollo chicken breast .refectorio dining room .de grano grueso cochinillo .poner trocitos encima dough .patata frita chive (herb) .mesa de comedor dinnertime .salsa para acompañar los diferentes bocaditos que se sirven con el aperitivo. experto en dietética digestive biscuit .to be/go on a diet -estar/ponerse a régimen dietician.combinar confectioner's custard .cazón dot with . dietitian .dientes de ajo coat .magdalena curdle .castaño chicken .C cabbage . (in coffee) achicoria chick peas .enfriar chip .(noun) aliño drumstick (chicken) .(cut up) picar chop .queso cheesecake .bacalao combine .cilantro. crocante crouton .coliflor cayenne pepper .almorzar dip .col cake .(crisp pork rind) piel crujiente y tostada del cerdo asado crab .(whipped cream) nata montada crisps . nata líquida cream .pepitas (trocitos) de pollo chicory .canelones capers .cortar/ trinchar la carne casserole .dietista.(to do the) encargarse del servicio de comida y bebida cauliflower .

reloj de arena (de tres minutos) egg white .pescado flatten . papel mantequilla gray mullet .congelar freezer .pochar frying pan . uva espina goosefish (angler fish) .abadejo hake . glasear golden .quitar gherkins .pato E edge .espuma food .harina foam . torreja.puñado hang .clara de huevo egg yolk . gastrónomo gradually .gourmet.filetes filling . grape .azúcar granulada.(noun) tenedor freeze .(with butter) enmantequillar. mújol greedy .aplastar/aplanar flesh .carne flour .torrija. glaseado v.(for food.ajo garnish .grasa greased . pulverizado grill .salsera grease .jengibre glaze . untar con mantequilla grease . comestibles fold .grosella espinosa..dorado goose .secar duck .comida food coloring .congelador french fries .vaciar enchilada .gratinar grill .pepinillo ginger .(with oil) aceitar greaseproof paper .yema de huevo empty .sartén gelatine .asar a la parrilla or a las brasas grind .incorporar algo A algo fork .en trozos menudos fish .endibias F fennel .colorante alimenticio foodstuffs .rape goulash .merluza halve . rompope eggplant .(game) manir hard-boiled egg . drink) glotón.salsa (hecha con el jugo de la carne) gravy boat . rompón.huevera eggnog . angurriento greengage .plancha gridiron .ganso gooseberry .parrilla ground .berenjena egg timer .dry .pomelo grated .n.cacahuete (Méx) cacahuate gruel .huevo duro G garlic .estofado al estilo húngaro gourmet .cartílago groundnut . until soft .borde egg .guarnición 105 .gelatina get rid of .relleno finely .guayaba H haddock .dividir en dos.freír fry .rallado gravy .fruta fry .papel manteca (RPl).engrasado grease .congelado fruit .papel encerado or parafinado.machacar gristle . partir por la mitad ham .pimiento verde green beans .verdulero green pepper . biscote fridge .uva grapefruit .jamón handful .ciruela claudia greengrocer .doblar fold sth INTO sth . flip.huevo eggcup .frigorífico frozen .ponche de huevo.productos alimenticios.lentamente Granary bread / flour .gachas guava .lisa.molido.enchilada endives .con granos de trigo malteado granulated sugar .patatas fritas french toast .hinojo fillets ..habichuelas (Méx) ejote griddle . greaseproof paper .

(cheese.(savory) gelatina. pancho kumquat .cerdo picado mint .artículos de cocina kitchen tissue .lentejas lettuce .helado icing sugar .barra I ice cream . marinar mash .carne meatball . aguamiel measuring cup .mermelada jam jar .puerros lemon .frijol lime . aspic jugged hare .lechuga lid .hojas leeks .cocina kitchen foil .menta mix .leche cuajada junk food .gancho de carnicero medium-sized .cuchillo knife grinder .lima liquidise .nuez de mantequilla knucklebone .carne picada minced beef .fregadero kitchenware .lechoso ‹ coffee / tea › con mucha leche mince .azúcar glace ingredients .alubias rojas kidney . grasa de cerdo larder .manteca.ternera picada mince pork . segundo plato marinade.cucharones lamb .mayonesa mead .cogollo hearts of artichoke .un kiwi knife .afilador knob of butter .taza para medir measuring jug .mezclar mixer . marinate .naranjita china.jugo/zumo juicy .corazones de alcachofas heat .ingredientes instead of . porquerías julienne . (de leche) milky . quinoto L ladles .arenque kitchen .papel de cocina kiwi .limón lentils .derretido melting point .batido.punto de fusión milk . lettuce) .perro or perrito caliente.despensa layer .miel honeydew melon .(of veal) hueso de caña 106 .tarro para mermelada jelly .en vez de J jam .fuego fuerte honey .arenque high heat .hoja leaves .(food mixer) .jugoso junket . wine.(as dessert) gelatina jelly .tapadera light .poner en capas leaf .liebre heart (of cabbage.hare .cuchara de medir meat .hidromiel.batidora K kidney beans .de tamaño mediano melt .(clear jam) jalea jelly .cordero lard .herbario herring .juliana M marrow .encender lima bean .plato principal.higado loaf .la leche milk shake .capa layer .calentar herb -hierba herb garden .hacer puré mature .comida basura.triturar liver .calabaza main course .riñon kipper .jarra graduada measuring spoon .papel de aluminio kitchen sink . kumquat.(of pork) hueso de codillo knucklebone .derretir melted . whisky) añejo mayonnaise .melón (de pulpa verdosa muy dulce) hot dog .albóndiga meathook .dejar en adobo.estofado de liebre juice .

conservante preserve .pizca pine kernels . pastel.pimienta peppercorns .(only eggs) = tortilla francesa omelette .crepe paprika .nectarina noodles .cosa para pelar patatas potato starch . jelly) confitura.(with potatoes) = tortilla onion . durazno (AmL) peanut .orégano oven .cebada perlada pecan .granos de pimienta pie . mermelada preserve (fruit in syrup) (BrE) conserva pretzel .galleta salada (generalmente en forma de 8) prune .empanada.mantequilla de cacahuete pearl barley .tocino potato peeler . empanadilla pâté.pelar peeled .codorniz quartered . (hojaldre relleno de carne.ciruela poached . ostión pea . verduras o fruta) pinch .paté R rabbit .(nut) pacana.fécula potatoes .pelado pepper .escalfado poppyseed .aceite oil . tazón molasses .pimentón parsley . chícharo (Méxican) peach .(US) mollete (bollo dulce hecho con huevos) (UK) bollo de pan que suele servirse tostado mulberry .calabaza (peru) zapallo purée .tallarines non-fattening .aceituna olive oil .gambas preservative .ostra. nuez (Méx) peel .melocotón.hojaldre pulses . oil .nuez moscada O oats .cerdo pork fat .no engordante a nosh up .verter prawns .bol.conejo radish .rabo de buey oyster .copos de avena offal .ciruela (seca) pudding .pasa (de uva) rare .puré Q quail .rábano raisin .mejillones mustard .melazaf monkfish .dulce de membrillo P pan .patatas pour .aceite de oliva orange . achuras. (postre) puff pastry .rape mortar .engrasar omelette .semilla de amapola pork .budín.empanada. asaduras. pudín.pasta pasty .alubias pumpkin . pudding.cebolla olive .mixing bowl .35 gramos) oxtail .mortero muffin .comilona nourishing .piñones pizza .piña plum .cazo pancake .perejil partridge . pate .champiñones mussels .membrillo quince cheese/jelly .conservar preserve (jam.pizza pineapple .guisante.perdiz pasta .despojos.(meat) poco hecho 107 .adj nutritivo nutmeg . maní peanut butter .horno ovenproof .cacahuete.cortado en cuatro quince .onza (28.naranja oregano .mostaza N nectarine .de horno ounce .mora (de morera) mushrooms.

mariscos seasoning .salchicha envuelta en hojaldre sauté .harina con levadura (Esp).receta recipe book .pelado sliced .n.besugo seal .costillas spicy .untar smoked .crudo recipe .quitar rennet .sellar seafood .en trozos sliced bread . chalote.rennina rest .sacar con cuchara sprig .maduro roast .salsa saucepan . pelar skinned .raw .desnatar skimmed milk .remojar soft drink .lista de la compra shoulder .ahumado snack .arroz rind .pimiento rojo red mullet .sandwichera sardines .pan duro stalk .salmón salt cod .solomillo skim . cebolla de verdeo.frijoles refritos remove .costillas rice .leche desnatada skin .limpiar con agua ripe . camarón shrimp .pan de molde slotted spoon .espaguetis spare ribs .formas shellfish .(medium) camarón. langostino shrimp .frotar S saffron .nata agria soy sauce .salmonete reduce .picante spinach .(large) langostino.salvia salmon .reducir refried beans .escaldar scallion (young onion) . un refrigerio snack .espeso stir-fry .hueva roll .semillas self-raising .estofado stiff .sazonar season with salt and pepper .cáscara rinse .caldo 108 . piel / v.ruibarbo ribs . gamba.cebolleta shapes .bocadillo sandwich toaster . cernidor simmer .azafrán sage .tamiz.freír stock .carne de salchicha sausage roll .rollito roll out .caracol soak . paleta shrimp .volver rhubarb .sardinas sauce .salmpimentar seeds .(small) camarón.(to have a snack) comer algo ligero snail .cucharada spoon .agrio sour cream .aplanar rosemary . leudante (RPl) sieve . chalota scrambled egg .cáscaras sherry .vapor stew .mariscos shells .bistec steamer .exprimir squid .romero rub .descansar return .salsa de soja spaghetti .saltear scald .jerez shopping list .cocinar a fuego lento sirloin steak .(cut of meat) paletilla.salado sandwich (with Spanish bread) .salpicar squeeze . cedazo.calamar stale bread .salchicha sausage meat .papel de aluminio sieve .espinacas spoon .asado/asar roast beef .cuajo rennin .refresco (bebida no alcohólica) sour .bacalao salado salt .sal salted .condimento season with salt .cebolleta. cebollín.ramita sprinkle .recetario red pepper .cazo sausage .espumadera smear .huevos revueltos sea bream . quisquilla side .rosbi roe .tamizar shallot .lado silver foil .un tentempié.tallo steak .

batir whole .grueso.solomillo tepid .endulzar. elote (Méx).calabacín.tofu. cucharilla tender .vinagre veal .(salad) mezlar (pancake) dar la vuelta transfer .apagar unleavened (bread).(sugar solution) almíbar trout .atar tin .entero wild boar .colar strainer .fresa streaky bacon .endulzante sweet potato .berro wedge .lavar watercress . guajalote(Méx) turn .cáscara. zapallito This e-book is published and distributed by Discs Direct.nueces (de california) warm .cucharita. 109 .masa horneada a base de leche. pancita.lata tinned .lo que se pone encima de una base toss .tibio thick .dulce sweet and sour .trucha tuna .completamente thyme .cortar tripe .tierno tenderloin steak.esencia de vainilla vinegar .en lata toasted .tamale (ground maize and sometimes meat or a sweet filling wrapped in a banana or maize leaf) tartar sauce .jabalí wipe .chorrear un poco trim .mondongo. batata .pasa sultana sweet .pan ázimo.limpiar con un paño T tablespoon .tocino entreverado strips .atún turkey . guatitas Y yolks .tomillo tie . choclo (AmS).rellenar stuffing .boniato .transferir transparent trickle . peladura zucchini . tangerina tamal .relleno suckling pig .calentar wash . Copyright 2004 Discs Direct.cortar en lonchas finas thoroughly .espesura. camote (Andes.lechón (cochinillo) sugar .espesar thickness .goloso syrup .nata montada whisk .vodka W walnuts .yemas Yorkshire pudding . lechecillas sweetcorn .ternera (de animal muy joven y de carne pálida) venison .pedazo grande whipped cream . huevos y harina que se sirve tradicionalmente con el rosbif Z zest .strain .agridulce sweet basil .tomates topping . jojoto (Ven) sweeten . callos. Méx) sweet-toothed .tiritas stuff .salsa tártara taste .tostado tofu . All rights reserved.cuchara (grande o de servir) tangerine .maíz tierno. espeso thicken . azucarar sweetener .albahaca sweetbreads -mollejas.dar la vuelta turn off .azucar sultana .(carne de) venado vodka .calabacita.colador strawberry . pan sin levadura V vanilla essence .pavo. queso de soja tomatoes .mandarina.sabor teaspoon . grueso thinly slice .

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