# MEASUREMENT AND UNITS & DIMENSIONS 1.

PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS When a wave traverses a medium the displacement of a particle located at ‘x’ at a time ‘t ‘ is given by y = asin ( bt - cx ) , where a, b, c are constants of the wave, which of the following is a

quantity with dimensions ? [EAMCET 2009 E] 1) y/a 2) bt 3) cx 4) b/c Ans: 4 y Displacement L = = No dimensions. Sol : 1. = a amplitude L 2. bt = No dimension. Since angle has no dimensions. 3. cx = No dimensions. Since angle has no dimensions. 4. Angle has no dimensions, according to the principle of homogeneity of dimensions. b x L ∴ bt = cx ⇒ = = = LT -1 = velocity c t T 2. The energy [ E] , angular momentum ( L ) and universal gravitational constant ( G ) are chosen as

fundamental quantities. The dimensions of universal gravitational constant in the dimensional [EAMCET 2008 E] formula of planks constant ( h ) is. 1) 0 2) -1 3)
5 3

4) 1

Ans: 1 Sol : From the given problem h = Ea LbG c Where a, b, c are constants From the principle of homogeneity of dimensions 2 -1 Dimensions of h = ⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦
2 -2 Dimensions of E = ⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦ 2 -1 Dimensions of L = ⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦
-1 3 -2 Dimensions of G = ⎡ ⎣M L T ⎤ ⎦

2 -1 2 -2 2 -1 -1 3 -2 ∴⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦=⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ ⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ ⎡ ⎣M L T ⎤ ⎦ 1 a+b-c M =M ⇒ a + b - c = 0.................1

a

b

c

L2 = L2a+2b=3c ⇒ 2a + 2b + 3c = 0...................2
T-1 = T-2a-b-2c ⇒ - 2a - b - 2c = 1...............3 Solving 1, 2 & 3 we get c = 0 Some physics constants are given in List – I and their dimensional formula are given in List – II. Match the following: [EAMCET 2007 E] List – I List – II −1 −2 1) Planck’s constant i) ⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦

3.

1

b and c only Ans: 4 -1 -2 4 2 Sol : Dimensional formula of capacity =⎡ ⎣M L T A ⎤ ⎦ Dimensional formula of Resistance Dimensional formula of Inductance Dimensional formula of Current 2 -3 -2 =⎡ ⎣M L T A ⎤ ⎦ 2 -2 -2 =⎡ ⎣M L T A ⎤ ⎦ 0 0 0 =⎡ ⎣M L T A ⎤ ⎦ a. the quantitates having the same dimensions of time are [EAMCET 2006 E] a) CR b) L/R c) LC d) LI 2 1) a and b only 2) a and c only 3) a and d only 4) a. inductance and electric current respectively. c. CR = ( M -1 L-2 T4 A 2 )( ML2 T-3 A -2 ) = M 0 L0 TA 0 = Time b. If C. R. L ML2 T-2 A -2 = = T = Time R ML2 T-3 A -2 LC = ( ML T 2 -2 A -2 )( M -1L-2 T4 A 2 ) = T = Time d. Co-efficient of viscosity = from F = ηa ⎟ ⎜ dv dx ⎠ A. Bulk modulus = Bulk Stress F/A = =⎡ ML-1 T -2 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ dv Volume strain v F ⎛ dv ⎞ 4. L and I denote capacity. Gravitational constant ( G ) = 3. LI 2 = ML2 T-2 A -2 x A 2 = ML2 T-2 = energy 2 . Plancks constant = 4 i iv −1 −1 ii) ⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ 2 −1 iii) ⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ −1 3 −2 iv) ⎡ ⎣M L T ⎤ ⎦ 2) 4) 1 ii iii 2 i iv 3 iii i 4 iv ii Energy ML2 T -2 = =⎡ ML2 T -1 ⎤ -1 ⎣ ⎦ Frequency T Fr 2 = ⎡ M -1 L3 T -2 ⎤ ⎦ m1m 2 ⎣ 2.Measurement and Units & \$ dimensions 2) Gravitational constant 3) Bulk modulus 4) Coefficient of viscosity The correct answer is 1 2 3 1) iv iii ii 3) iii ii i Ans: 4 Sol : 1. resistance. ⎝ dx MLT -2 = =⎡ ML-1 T -1 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ -1 ⎛ ⎞ LT L2 ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ L ⎠ 2006 : 4.

k -1 = ⎡ ⎣MLT ⎤ ⎦ [L] ⎡ ⎣K ⎤ ⎦ 2 -2 -1 = ⎡ ⎣ML T K ⎤ ⎦ 2 -2 -1 -1 = ⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦⎡ ⎣M ⎤ ⎦⎡ ⎣K ⎤ ⎦ 2 -2 -1 = ⎡ ⎣L T K ⎤ ⎦ c. Dimensional formula of J kg -1k -1 d. Match the correct pairs in the lists [EAMCET 2005 E] List –I List – II 2 −2 −1 a) Pa s (e) ⎡ ⎣L T K ⎤ ⎦ b) Nm K–1 c) J kg −1K −1 d) Wm −1K −1 1) 3) Ans: 4 a h g b g e c e h d f f −3 −1 (f) ⎡ ⎣ MLT K ⎤ ⎦ −1 −1 (g) ⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ 2 −2 −1 (h) ⎡ ⎣ ML T K ⎤ ⎦ a b c 2) g f h 4) g h e d e f Sol : a.Measurement and Units & \$ dimensions 5. Dimension of V0 and A respectively are 1) M°LT° and T −1 2) M°LT −1 and LT −2 3) M°LT −1 and T Ans: 4 Sol : Since exponential functions has no dimensions ⎡T-1 ⎦ ⎤ ∴ AT = M 0 L0 T0 ⇒ A = ⎣ According to the principle of homogeneity of dimensions V -1 x = 0 ⇒ V0 = xA = ⎡ ⎣LT ⎤ ⎦ A V0 (1 − eAt ) V0 = constant and A [EAMCET 2004 E] 4) M°LT −1 and T −1 3 . Dimensional formula of Pa – s -1 -2 = ⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ [ T] -1 -1 = ⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦ b. Dimensional formula of -2 -1 Nm . Names of units some physical quantities are given in List – I and their dimensional formulae are given in List II. The position of a particle at time ‘t’ is given by the equation x(t) = A > 0. Dimensional formula of 2 -3 -1 -1 Wm -1 k -1 = ⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦⎡ ⎣L ⎤ ⎦⎡ ⎣K ⎤ ⎦ -3 -1 = ⎡ ⎣MLT K ⎤ ⎦ 6.

V. ⇒ a =1 a ⎞ ⎛ The Vander Waal’s equation for a gas is ⎜ P + 2 ⎟ ( V − b ) = nRT where P. The ratio b/a will have the following dimensional formula : [EAMCET 2002 E] −1 −2 2 −1 −1 −1 2 2 −2 1) M L T 2) M L T 3) ML T 4) MLT Ans: 1 Sol : According to the principle of homogeneity of dimensions physical quantities having same dimensional formula can be added or subtracted. In C.36 3) 3. ‘a’ and ‘b’ are constant.6 4) 36 Ans: 4 Sol : From n1u1 = n 2 u 2 −2 −2 n1 ⎡ ⎣ M1L1T1 ⎤ ⎦ = n1 ⎡ ⎣ M 2 L 2 T2 ⎤ ⎦ ⎡M ⎤⎡L ⎤⎡T ⎤ n 2 = n1 ⎢ 1 ⎥ ⎢ 1 ⎥ ⎢ 1 ⎥ ⎣ M 2 ⎦ ⎣ L 2 ⎦ ⎣ T2 ⎦ −2 4 . T and n V ⎠ ⎝ represent the pressure volume. T-1 = T-a 8. meter and minute. dA ⇒ = K ωa r b dt 2 -1 -1 K is proportionality constant writing dimensional formulas on both sides ⎡ ⎣L T ⎤ ⎦=⎡ ⎣T ⎤ ⎦ [L] From the principle of homogeneity of dimensions L2 = Lb ⇒ b = 2 a b 7.G. the magnitude of the force is [EAMCET 2001 E] 1) 0.0. If so the correct relation for areal velocity is [EAMCET 2003 E] dA dA dA dA ∝ ωr 2) ∝ ω2 r 3) ∝ ωr 1) ∝ ωr 2 4) dt dt dt dt Ans : 3 dA Sol : In the problem it is given that Areal velocity depends on angular frequency ( ω ) and distance dt of the planet from the sun (r) dA α ωar b ∴ dt Where a and b are dimensions of ω and r .S system the magnitude of the force is 100 dynes. R. 2 a 5 -2 ⎡ ∴ P = 2 ⇒ a = Pv 2 = ⎡ =⎡ ML-1 T-2 ⎤ L3 ⎤ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ v b L3 v = b = L3 = = ⎡M -1 L-2 T+2 ⎤ ⇒ ⎦ a ML5 T-2 ⎣ 9.Measurement and Units & \$ dimensions In planetary motion the areal velocity of position vector of a planet depends on angular velocity (ω) and the distance of the planet from sun (r).36 2) 0. In another system where the fundamental physical quantities are kilogram. absolute temperature and number of moles of a gas respectively. universal gas constant.

a + b = 1 ⇒ T-2 = T-2a-b+c ∴.b + c = -2 Solving a = 1. If pressure P. the dimensional formula of the force is [EAMCET 2000 E] 2 2 −1 2 −2 2 −1 2) P V T 3) PVT 4) P VT 2 1) PV T Ans: 1 Sol : From the given problem F α P a v b Tc Where a. The fundamental . time 2) time. b = 2. mole Ans: 3 2 -2 Sol : Dimensional formula of Torque = ⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦ 2 -1 Dimensional formula of angular momentum = mvr = ⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦ ∴ Mass and length have same dimensions 11. 5 . physical quantities that have same dimensions in the formulae of torque and angular momentum are [EAMCET 2000 E] 1) mass. b. length 4) time. velocity V and time T are taken as fundamental physical quantities. c = 2.2a .Measurement and Units & \$ dimensions ⎡ g ⎤ ⎡ cm ⎤ ⎡ s ⎤ n 2 = 100 ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ kg ⎦ ⎣ m ⎦ ⎣ min ⎦ −2 ⎡ g ⎤ ⎡ cm ⎤ ⎡ s ⎤ = 100 ⎢ ⎥⎢ ⎥⎢ ⎥ ⎣1000g ⎦ ⎣100cm ⎦ ⎣ 60s ⎦ n 2 = 3. length 3) mass. c are dimensions F = K P a v b Tc K is dimensionless proportionality constant -2 =⎡ Dimensional formula of Force ⎣MLT ⎤ ⎦ −2 Dimensional formula of Pressure Dimensional formula of Velocity Dimensional formula of Time -2 -1 -2 -1 ∴ ⎡ ⎣MLT ⎤ ⎦=⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ ⎡ ⎣ LT ⎤ ⎦ [ T] a b -a+b -2a-b+c -1 -2 =⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦ -1 =⎡ ⎣LT ⎤ ⎦ = [ T] c -2 a ⎡ ⎣ MLT ⎤ ⎦=⎡ ⎣M ⎤ ⎦ [ L ] [ T] From the principle of homogeneity of dimensions ⇒ M1 = M a a =1 ⇒ L1 = L-a+b ∴.6 10.

h. b. From the problem surface tension (s) ∝ E a V b T c S = KE a V b T c where a. h 2) P. K is a proportionality constant ∴ ML0 T −2 = ( ML2 T −2 ) ( LT −1 ) ( T ) a b c 13. Sol : 14. T. then which of the following is correct [EAMCET 2008 M] 1) P. P Ans : 1 Work Dimensional formula of power = = ⎡ML2 T-3 ⎤ ⎦ time ⎣ Force =⎡ MT-2 ⎤ Dimensional formula of surface tension = ⎣ ⎦ Length Energy Dimensional formula of plancks constant = = ⎡ML2 T-1 ⎤ ⎦ frequency ⎣ Ascending order of time is -3. b = .Measurement and Units & \$ dimensions MEDICAL 12. 2 -2a -2b . P. c are dimensions ∴T = K F a w b v c K is a dimensionless constant -2 2 -2 -1 T=⎡ ⎣MLT ⎤ ⎦ ⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ ⎡ ⎣ LT ⎤ ⎦ a b c T = [M ] a+b [L] a+2b+c [ T] -2a-2b-c Comparing the powers we get a + b = 0 ………. h 4) T. the dimensional formula [EAMCET 2009 M] for surface tension is 1 2 −2 2 1 −2 2 −2 −1 −2 −2 −1 1) E V T 2) E V T 3) E V T 4) E V T Ans 1 Sol.. velocity V and time T are taken as fundamental quantitates. -1 If force (F). T 3) T. Sol : equating the powers ∴ a = 1.c = 1……………………. c are dimensions. 2 & 3 we get a = -1. 3 Solving equations 1. b. h.…………………. If energy E .1 a + 2b+c = 0 …. work (W) and velocity (V) are taken as fundamental quantities then the dimensional [EAMCET 2007 M] formula of time (T) is 1 1 1 1 1 -1 -1 -1 -1 1 -1 -1 1) W F v 2) W F v 3) W F v 4) W F v Ans : 4 From the given problem T α F a w b v c Where a.. -2.…………….2 and c = – 2 ∴ s ∝ E1V −2 T −2 If power (p)surface tension (T) and plancks constant (h) are arranged so that the dimensions of time in their dimension formulae are in ascending order. c = -1 ∴ T = F -1 w 1 v -1 6 . b = 1.….

Gravitational constant ( G ) = 3. V = velocity. Some physics constants are given in List – I and their dimensional formula are given in List – II. Bulk modulus = Fr 2 =⎡ M -1 L3 T -2 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ m1m 2 Bulk Stress F/A = = ⎡ ML-1 T -2 ⎤ ⎦ dv ⎣ Volume strain v F ⎛ dv ⎞ 4. ⎝ dx MLT -2 = =⎡ ML-1 T -1 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ -1 ⎛ LT ⎞ L2 ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ L ⎠ P V2 + + gh = constant. Co-efficient of viscosity = from F = ηa ⎟ dv ⎜ dx ⎠ A. h= height. The dimensional formula of the d 2 constant is (P = Pressure. g = acceleration due to gravity) [EAMCET 2005 M] 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 −2 0 2 −4 2) ⎡ 3 ⎡ 4) ⎡ 1) ⎡ ⎣M L T ⎤ ⎦ ⎣ M LT ⎤ ⎦ ⎣M L T ⎤ ⎦ ⎣M L T ⎤ ⎦ 16. Plancks constant = -1 ⎣ ⎦ Frequency T 2. d= density. p v2 ∴ Dimensional formula of = Dimensional formula of d 2 = Dimensional formula of gh = Dimensional formula of constant 7 .Measurement and Units & \$ dimensions 15. Match the following: [EAMCET 2006 M] List – I List – II −1 −2 1) Planck’s constant i) ⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ 2) Gravitational constant 3) Bulk modulus 4) Coefficient of viscosity The correct answer is 1 2 3 1) iv iii ii 3) iii ii i Ans: 4 −1 −1 ii) ⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ 2 −1 iii) ⎡ ⎣ ML T ⎤ ⎦ −1 3 −2 iv) ⎡ ⎣M L T ⎤ ⎦ 4 i iv 2) 4) 1 ii iii 2 i iv 3 iii i 4 iv ii Energy ML2 T -2 = =⎡ ML2 T -1 ⎤ Sol : 1. According to Bermoulli’s theorem Ans: 3 Sol : According to Bernoulli’s theorem p v2 + + gh = constant d 2 According to the principle of homogeneity of dimensions only same quantities can be added or subtracted.

a 3) a. d 2) d.i b) From ohms law v = iR ⇒ R = = ML2 T-2 I2 T 2 -3 -2 =⎡ ⎣ML T I ⎤ ⎦ c) From coulombs inverse square law μ mm F = 0 12 2 4π d ⇒ Fd 2 4π μ0 = m1m 2 Where m1 . d. C. b. d.m 2 = pole strength = [ I L ] μ0 = MLT-2 x L2 =⎡ MLT-2 I -2 ⎤ 2 2 ⎣ ⎦ I L Force MLT-2 = =⎡ ML-1 T-2 ⎤ 2 ⎣ ⎦ area L ∴ As < 3 < -1 < 1 < 2 ∴ A.Measurement and Units & \$ dimensions = M 0 L2 T-2 17. Sol : a) From coulombs law F = 4πε 0 r 2 ⇒ ε0 = Q1 Q 2 ( IT ) x ( IT ) = =⎡ M -1 L-3 T4 I 2 ⎤ -2 2 2 ⎣ ⎦ F4πr MLT x L v w w = = i Q i it. The dimensional formula of coefficient of kinematic viscosity is 2) M 0 L2T −1 3) ML2 T −1 1) M 0 L−1T −1 Ans: 2 Sol : Coefficient of kinematic viscosity = M 0 L2 T −1 [EAMCET 2002 M] 4) ML T −1 −1 8 . c. B 18. c. D. b. The correct order in which the dimension of ‘ Length ‘ increases in the following physical quantities is [EAMCET 2004 M] a) permittivity b) resistance c) magnetic permeability d) stress 1) a. a Ans: 3 1 Q1 Q 2 .b. The dimensional equation for magnetic flux is 1) ML2 T −2 I −1 2) ML2T −2 I −2 3) ML−2 T −2 I −1 Ans: 1 d) Stress = [EAMCET 2003 M] 4) ML T −2 I −2 −2 Sol : Magnetic flux φ = BA but F = mB or B= F m ∴ φ= FA Force x Area MLT-2 x L2 = = m Pole Strength IL 2 -2 -1 =⎡ ⎣ML T I ⎤ ⎦ 19. b 4) c. c.

Displacement 4)Work. The dimensional formula of the product of two physical quantities P and Q is ML2 T −2 . P and Q respectively are 1) Force. Velocity Ans: 3 Sol : Check all the options which satisfies PQ = ML2 T-2 and P / Q = ML-2 1. PQ = Momentum x displacement 2 -1 = MLT-1 x L = ⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦ 2 -2 3. Let force = P Velocity = Q -2 -1 ∴PQ = MLT x LT = ML2 T-3 2. PQ = force x displacement = MLT-2 x L = ⎡ ⎣ML T ⎤ ⎦ P MLT-2 -2 = =⎡ ⎣M T ⎤ ⎦ Q L ∴ As both the conditions are satisfied P = Force Q = displacement 21. The [EAMCET 2001 M] dimensional formula of P/Q is MT–2. The physical quantity which has dimensional formula as that of 1) Force Ans: 4 2) Power 3) Pressure Energy is [EAMCET 2000M] mass × length 4) Acceleration Sol : Energy ML2 T-2 = = L T-2 = acceleration mass x length M xL [EAMCET 2000 M] 22.Measurement and Units & \$ dimensions 20. The dimensional formula of magnetic induction is −1 −1 −2 −1 −1 2 2) MT A 3) MLA 4) MT A 1) MT A Ans: 2 F Force MLT-2 Sol : From F = mB ⇒ B = = = = MT-2 A -1 m pole strength AL 9 . Velocity 2) Momentum . Displacement 3) Force .