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india History

india History

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Published by vishwanath

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Published by: vishwanath on Sep 20, 2009
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The characteristic features of Gupta art are refinement or elegance simplicity of expression and dominant
spiritual purpose. An ensemble of these characteristics give Gupta art an individuality. In the first place
this art is marked by refinemnt and restraint which are the signs of a highly developmed cultural taste and
aesthetic enjoyment. The artist no longer relies on volume to give an impression of grandiose but focuses
his attention on elegance with is not lost in the exuberance of ornaments. The keynote of his art is
balance and freedomfrom the dead weight of conventions. The dictum is at once apparent if we compare
the standing life-size figure of the Gupta Buddha of Yasadinna with the colossal standing Bodhisttava in
the Sarnath Museum both from Mathura and in red sand stone.

Another characteristic of Gupta art is the concept of beauty for which we have a very appropriate term
rupam used by Kalidasa. The men and women in this art-loving age applied the mselves to the worship of
beautiful form in many ways. But aesthetic culture did not weaken the strong structure and stamina of life
or bedim its supreme objective of yielding to the riotous worship of the sences. Art was worshipped in
order to deepen the consciousness of the soul and awaken it to a new sense of spiritual joy and nobility.
Kalidasa the supreme genius and poet of this age has expressed this attitude of life devoted to beauty in
a sentence addressed to Paravati the goddess of personal Charm by her consort Siva: 'O fair damsel the
popular saying that beauty does not lead to sin is full of unexceptional truth'. The path of virtue is the path
of beauty- this appears to be the guiding impulse of life in the Gupta age. To create lovely forms and
harness them to the needs of higher life - this was the golden harmony that made Gupta art a thing of
such perpetual and in-exhaustible attraction.

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