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DETERMINING THE RATIO OF HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN IN A MOLECULE OF WATER

Aim To determine the ratio of hydrogen to oxygen in a molecule of water. Variable Manipulated : Dilute sulphuric acid and distilled water. Hypothesis : The volume of hydrogen gas released is two times more than the volume oxygen gas released. Responding : Volume of gas collected Fixed : Time taken : .

carbon electrodes. ammeter. direct current power supply. Bunsen burner.Materials : Distilled water. dilute sulphuric acid. rubber stopper. switch. connecting wires with crocodile clips. wooden splinters Apparatus : Plastic container. rheostat. 10cm³ measuring cylinders. . stopwatch.

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3) The volumes of gases released after 5 minutes are recorded. a) a glowing splinter is inserted into measuring cylinder A. 2) The switch is turned on. Bubbles are released at each electrode. b) a lighted splinter is inserted into measuring cylinder B.Procedure : 1) The apparatus is set up as shown in Diagram 1. . they are removed from the set up for the following tests. 4) Both measuring cylinders are filled with gas.

Observations : Measuring cylinder A Volume of gas after 5 minutes (cm³) Test of gas B The gas relights the glowing splinter The gas explodes with a ‘pop’ sound .

The water is made up of one volume of oxygen and two volumes of hydrogen. Hydrogen gas is released at the negative electrode. This shows the presence of hydrogen. 4) The chemical formula for water is H2O. 3) The ratio of the volume of the oxygen gas to the hydrogen gas is 1:2.Discussion : 1) The gas collected in A relights the glowing splinter. . This shows the presence of oxygen. Oxygen gas is released at the positive electrode during electrolysis. 2) The gas collected in B explodes with a ‘pop’ sound.

.Conclusion : A molecule of water is made up of one atom of oxygen and two atoms of hydrogen.