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Abstract The aim of this study was to determine how to recognise different phenotypes of poor-pitch singing in vocal students

and develop a remedial training program for use in the vocal studio. The phenotypes of poor-pitch singing explored include motor control, sensorimotor integration, perception, musical memory and psychological issues. The majority of existing studies on poor-pitch singing take place in a laboratory setting with large sample group while this study seeks to develop a more individualised understanding of the subject. The study draws on data from interviews with ten vocal pedagogues, two exploratory case studies, a literature review and the findings from a reflective journal. It was determined that various combinations of poor-pitch singing phenotypes and to varying degrees can affect each singer. Various tests for the identification of these causes were developed and remedial exercises specific to these causes were devised. This study developed a means of identifying poor-pitch singing causes and remedial methods, which are easily applicable to the vocal studio.