Philippine Journalists Inc. v CIR | Taxes | Virtue

Philippine Journalists Inc. v CIR G.R No.

162852 December 15, 2004 Facts: The Revenue District Office of the BIR issued a letter of authority for the examination of petitioner Philippine Journalists books of accounts. From the examination, the petitioner was told that there were deficiency taxes, inclusive of surcharges, interest and compromise penalty. Then, petitioner, through its Comptroller, Lorenza Tolentino, executed a waiver of statute of limitations pursuant to Sec.223 and Sec.224 and consented to the assessment and collection of taxes which may be found due after the examination at any time after the lapse of the period of limitations fixed by said Sections 223 and 224 and other relevant provisions of the NIRC, until the completion of the investigation. Petitioner had a deficiency of P136,952,408.97. On October 5, 1998, the Assessment Division of the BIR issued Pre-Assessment Notices which informed petitioner of the results of the investigation. A Final Notice Before Seizure was sent to the petitioner but the latter merely questioned the amount of the deficiency and how the same was arrived. A Warrant of Distraint/Levy was received by petitioner for the deficiency. Petitioner filed a Petition for Review with the CTA, contending that no assessment was received by him; that the warrant of distraint/levy was issued prematurely; and that the assessment was made beyond the 3-year period. Regarding the assessment, the CTA ruled that the assessment was sufficiently proven by the receipts of the Post Master. As to the premature distraint/levy and the assessment made beyond the 3-year period, the CTA ruled in favor of the petitioner. The waiver of statute of limitations by the petitioner was invalid which resulted in the lapse of the 3 year period for assessment. Consequently, the petition was granted, declaring the order for payment of deficiency tax null and void. The CIR filed a motion for reconsideration but the same was denied. Undaunted, the CIR filed an appeal with the CA. The CA reversed the ruling of the CTA, stating that the waiver of limitations was valid and that the assessment notices was final and executory. Hence, this appeal. Issue: Whether or not the waiver of limitations was invalid, making the assessment beyond the 3 year period? Held: Yes, the court ruled that the waiver of limitation was invalid, making the assessment beyond the allowable period of 3 years. The waiver of the statute of limitations is not a waiver of the right to invoke the defense of prescription as erroneously held by the Court of Appeals. It is an agreement between the taxpayer and the BIR that the period to issue an assessment and collect the taxes due is extended to a date certain. The waiver does not mean that the taxpayer relinquishes the right to invoke prescription unequivocally particularly where the language of the document is equivocal. For the purpose of safeguarding taxpayers from any unreasonable examination, investigation or assessment, our tax law provides a statute of limitations in the collection of taxes. Thus, the law on prescription, being a remedial measure, should be liberally

1997 is not valid and binding because it does not conform with the provisions of RMO No. Thus. It did not specify a definite agreed date between the BIR and petitioner. . within which the former may assess and collect revenue taxes. petitioner’s waiver became unlimited in time. As a corollary. the Waiver of Statute of Limitations.construed in order to afford such protection. the exceptions to the law on prescription should perforce be strictly construed. As found by the CTA. 20-90. signed by petitioner’s comptroller on September 22. violating Section 222(b) of the NIRC.

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