‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

٢

 


‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٣‬‬

‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ‪ ،‬ﳓﻤﺪﻩ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻌﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﻌﻮﺫ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺷﺮﻭﺭ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻨﺎ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺳﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻳﻬﺪﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻼ ﻣﻀﻞ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻳﻀﻠﻞ ﻓﻼ ﻫﺎﺩﻱ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳏﻤ ًﺪﺍ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﻀﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﳊﻖ ﻭﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﻌﺪﻟﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﳒﻮﻣًﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺴﺘﻀﺎﺀ ﻬﺑﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻈﻠﻤﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﷲ ﻬﺑﻢ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﺰ ﻬﺑﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺣﻴﺎ ﻬﺑﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﺭﺱ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﺋﻊ ﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ‪.‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﳐﺎﻃﺒًﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ‪:‬‬
‫‪ y“$u‹øtxΧuρ ’Å5Ý¡èΣuρ ’ÏAŸξ|¹‬ﻭﳑﺎﰐ !¬ ‘‪y ƒÎŸ° Ÿω ∩⊇∉⊄∪ tÏΗs>≈yèø9$# Éb>u‬‬
‫‪7‬‬
‫‪¨β Î) ö≅è% ‬‬

‫‪ ãΑ¨ρr& O$tΡr&uρ ßNöÏΒé& y7Ï9¨x‹Î/uρ ( …çµs9‬ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ 〈 ]ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ‪[١٦٣ - ١٦٢ :‬‬

‫ﺻﻼﰐ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﺴﻜﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﳏﻴﺎﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﳑﺎﰐ‪ ..‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪ ..‬ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﻫﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﹸﺃﻣﺮﻧﺎ ﺑﺎﺗﺒﺎﻋﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺪﺍﺀ ﺑﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻣﺮﺕ ﺑﺎﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻗﺮﻭﻥ ﻧﺴﻮﺍ ﺧﻼﳍﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻞ‬
‫ﻟﻺﺳﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺐ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺻﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﰲ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﰲ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺻﺒﺤﻨﺎ ﳒﺪ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻟﻪ‬
‫ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‪ :‬ﻓﻠﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺘﺠﺮ‬

‫‪٤‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﶈﺘﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺨﺎﺩﻉ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻨ ﱢﻔﻖ ﺳﻠﻌﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﳊﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺏ‪ ،‬ﻟﻪ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ‪،‬ﺇﻬﻧﺎ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﺗﻜ ّﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺼﺪﺍﻕ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺧﱪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﰲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﳌﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪" :‬ﻟﺘﺘﺒﻌﻦ ﺳﻨﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻜﻢ ﺷﱪﺍ‬
‫ﺑﺸﱪ ﻭﺫﺭﺍﻋﺎ ﺑﺬﺭﺍﻉ ﺣﱴ ﻟﻮ ﺳﻠﻜﻮﺍ ﺟﺤﺮ ﺿﺐ ﻟﺴﻠﻜﺘﻤﻮﻩ ﻗﻠﻨﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻤﻦ ؟" )‪،(١‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﺼﻴﺒﺔ ﻛﻞ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺼﻴﺒﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ُﺑﻠﻮﺍ ﲟﺎ ُﺑﻠﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﺘﺘﺒﻌﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺳﻨﻨﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﺪ ﻓﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﺩﻳﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺷﻴﻌًﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺟﻌﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻋﻀﲔ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ‬
‫ﻳﻌﺒﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﷲ ‪ -‬ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﺰﻋﻤﻮﻥ‪ -‬ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪًﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺖ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﺣﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﺠﻬﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﻴﺲ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﻴﺴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻭﰲ ﺑﻘﻴﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ ﻳﻌﺒﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻔﻜﺮﻱ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰ‪" :‬ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰ ﻳﻌﺒﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﺣﺪ ﻭﻳﻌﺒﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﻨﻚ ﺇﳒﻠﺘﺮﺍ ﺑﻘﻴﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ!"‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﻘﻒ ‪ -‬ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ‪ -‬ﻣﻊ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟﺎﻻﺕ‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ ،(٣٤٥٦‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٢٦٦٩‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٥‬‬

‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﻧﺘﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺪ ﻧﻜﻮﻥ ﻧﺴﻴﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ؛ ﻭﻧﺮﻯ‬
‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﹰﺍ ﰲ ﺍﶈﻴَﺎ ﻭﺍﳌﻤﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﻴﻄﺮﹰﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺃﺣﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺎﺕ ﻭﺃﺷﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﳌﻘﺼﺮ‪ -‬ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺜﺎﻟﻨﺎ‪ -‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺮﺃ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻷﻋﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺑﻮﻗﺪﺓ ﺍﳊﺮﻗﺔ ﰲ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﷲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺇﺫ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﺇﱢﻧﻲ ﻷﺷﻌ ُﺮ ِﺇ ﹾﺫ ﹶﺃﻏﺸﻰ ﻣﻌﺎ ﹶﳌ ُﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻼ ُﻩ‬
‫ﺼﹼ‬
‫ﺐ ﻳﻐﺸﻰ ُﻣ َ‬
‫ﻛﺄﱠﻧﲏ ﺭﺍﻫ ٌ‬
‫ﻭﺍﷲُ ﻳﻌﻠﻢُ ﻣﺎ ﻗﻠﱠﺒْﺖُ ﺳﲑﺗَﻬُﻢ‬
‫ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ ﻭﺃﺧﻄﺄ ﺩﻣ ُﻊ ﺍﻟ َﻌْﻴ ِﻦ ﳎﺮﺍ ُﻩ‬
‫ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻘﻒ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﻗﻔﺎﺕ ﻣﻊ ﺳﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ ﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﻔﺎﺕ ﺇﲨﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺳﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‪ :‬ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‪ :‬ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﻣﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ‪ :‬ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﺵ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ‪ :‬ﳘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ ‪ ‬ﰲ ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ‪.‬‬

‫‪٦‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬

‫‪‬‬

‫ﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻧﺘﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪:‬‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻔﻲ ﰲ ﺷﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﻓﻀﻠﻪ ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺧﱪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪ ‬ﰲ ﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻧ ﱠﻄﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺃﻱ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ‪" :‬ﺟﺎﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺻﻮﻝ" ﻻﺑﻦ ﺍﻷﺛﲑ ﰲ ﻓﻀﺎﺋﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ‪ ،‬ﻭﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﳌﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ ﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺃﰊ ﺑﻜﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺮﻯ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ؟‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﳋﺪﺭﻱ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﲰﻌﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪:‬‬
‫"ﺑﻴﻨﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻧﺎﺋﻢ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻋﺮﺿﻮﺍ ﻋﻠ ّﻲ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻗﻤﺺ ﻓﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻱ ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋُﺮﺽ ﻋﻠ ّﻲ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﻟﹸﺜ ِﺪ ﱢ‬
‫ﻗﻤﻴﺺ ﳚﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﻓﻤﺎ ﺃﻭﻟﺘﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ")‪ (١‬ﻭﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‬
‫ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (٢٣‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻟﻔﻈﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪ (٢٣٩٠‬ﺑﻠﻔﻆ‪" :‬ﳚﺮﻩ" ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ‬
‫ﺃﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﳋﺪﺭﻱ ‪‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٧‬‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ ‪ -‬ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﺮﻭﻳﻪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ‬
‫ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‪" :-‬ﺑﻴﻨﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻧﺎﺋﻢ ﺇﺫ ﺃﺗﻴﺖ ﺑﻘﺪﺡ ﻟﱭ ﻓﺸﺮﺑﺘﻪ ﺣﱴ‬
‫ﺇﱐ ﻷﺭﻯ ﺍﻟﺮّﻱ ﳜﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻇﻔﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﺃﻋﻄﻴﺖ ﻓﻀﻠﻲ ﻟﻌﻤﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﻓﻤﺎ ﺃ ّﻭﻟﺘﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ")‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﻓﻀﺎﺋﻞ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻟﻌﻤﺮ ‪ ..‬ﻗﻤﻴﺺ ﳚﺮﻩ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﱭ‬
‫ﻳﺸﺮﺑﻪ ﻓﻀﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻚ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻱ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ؟!‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻳﺼﻨﻊ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺻﻨﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ؟ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ‬
‫ﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﻗﺮﻳﺶ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻛﺜﲑ‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ ﺷﺄﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟ ﹰ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﺮﻋﻰ ﺇﺑﻞ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﰲ ﺃﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﻣﻜﺔ‪،‬ﻟﻮ ﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﳘﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﺘﻠﻌﻬﻢ ﺣﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﻴﺎﻥ ﰲ ﲝﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﳌﺎ ﺃﺳﻠﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻠﺒﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺫﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻭﺗﻜﻮﻧﺖ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺘﻪ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ؛ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﱪﺯ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﺛﺮ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﺴﻠﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ‪ -‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﰲ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺎﺕ ﻗﺼﺔ ﺇﺳﻼﻣﻪ‪ ،-‬ﻓﻴﻌﻠﻦ‬
‫ُﻳ ْ‬
‫ﺇﺳﻼﻣﻪ ﰲ ﻣﻜﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻌﻤﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻫﻮ ﲨﻴﻞ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻌﻤﺮ ﺍﳉﻤﺤﻲ–‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ ،(٨٢‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪ (٢٣٩١‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‪.‬‬

‫‪٨‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ‪ -‬ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ‪ :‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﻳﺎ ﲨﻴﻞ ﺃﱐ ﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺃﺳﻠﻤﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﺧﻠﺖ ﰲ ﺩﻳﻦ ﳏﻤﺪ ‪ ‬؟‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺨﺮﺝ ﲨﻴﻞ ﳚﺮ ﺛﻮﺑﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﳝﺮ ﰲ ﺃﻧﺪﻳﺔ ﻗﺮﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺼﺮﺥ ﺑﺄﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻮﺗﻪ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﻣﻌﺸﺮ ﻗﺮﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﺃﻻ‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻗﺪ ﺻﺒﺄ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻤﺮ‪ ‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﺬﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻗﺪ‬
‫ﺃﺳﻠﻤﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺷﻬﺪﺕ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﳏﻤﺪًﺍ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺜﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﺎ ﺑﺮﺡ ﻳﻘﺎﺗﻠﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﻘﺎﺗﻠﻮﻧﻪ ﺣﱴ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺅﻭﺳﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻌﺪ ‪ -‬ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺐ ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻴﺎﺀ‪-‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﻓﻌﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺪﺍ ﻟﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺣﻠﻒ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻮ‬
‫ﻛﻨﺎ ﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﻟﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺗﺮﻛﺘﻤﻮﻫﺎ ﻟﻨﺎ")‪).(١‬ﻳﻌﲏ‬
‫ﻣﻜﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻠﻨﻨﻈﺮ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻏﱠﻴﺮ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﺑﲔ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ؟‬
‫ﻳﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻐﻤﻮﺭ ﻟﻴﺼﺒﺢ ‪ -‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ -‬ﺛﺎﱐ ﺍﳋﻠﻔﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺷﺪﻳﻦ‪ ..‬ﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﻳﺼﻨﻊ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﳓﻦ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻭﻏﲑﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻛﺜﲑ ﺗﻘﻔﺰﺑﻨﺎ ﻋﻘﻮﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﳒﺮﻱ ﰲ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺃﺣﺪﻧﺎ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺃﲪﺪ ﰲ ﻓﻀﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ )‪ ،(٣٧٤‬ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ )‪ ،(٦٨٧٩‬ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻴﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬
‫)‪ (٢٢٦‬ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﻳﺔ ﻻﺑﻦ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﺝ‪ / ٢‬ﺹ‪.١٦٤‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٩‬‬

‫ﻳﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﻳﻮﻣﹰﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻓﻴﺘﻘﻮﻯ ﺇﳝﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻨﻀﺢ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻨﺠﺰ ﰲ‬
‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳉﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ‪-‬‬
‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﺮﻭﻳﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻪ‪" : -‬ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﺑﲔ ﺇﺳﻼﻣﻨﺎ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺧﻮﻃﺒﻨﺎ ﻬﺑﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺇﻻ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‪t Èβù'tƒ öΝs9r&  :‬ﻟﻠﺬﻳﻦ ‪βr& (#ûθãΖtΒ#u‬‬
‫‪Í öΝåκæ5θè=è% yìt±øƒrB‬ﻟﺬﻛﺮ ‪t (#θçΡθä3tƒ Ÿωuρ Èd,utù:$# zÏΒ tΑu“tΡ $tΒuρ «!$#‬ﻛﺎﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬
‫&‪ÖÏWx.uρ ( öΝåκæ5θè=è% ôM|¡s)sù ߉tΒF{$# ãΝÎκön=tã tΑ$sÜsù ã≅ö6s% ÏΒ |=≈tGÅ3ø9$# (#θè?ρé‬‬

‫‪] 〈 šχθà)Å¡≈sù öΝåκ÷]ÏiΒ‬ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪ‪.(١)"[١٦ :‬‬

‫ﻭﲤﺮ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻴﺎﱄ ﻭﻋﻤﺮ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﻷﳝﻦ ﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﰊ ﺑﻜﺮ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻳﻘﺒﺾ ﺍﷲ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ‪ ‬ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺴﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ﰲ ﻳﺪﻩ ﺳﻴﻔﹰﺎ ﻣﱴ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﱠﻠﻪ ﺳﻠﱠﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﱴ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻐﻤﺪﻩ ﺃﻏﻤﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻳﺘﻮﱃ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ ‬ﺍﳋﻼﻓﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻮﺕ‬
‫)‪(3‬‬
‫ﺃﰊ ﺑﻜﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺼﻨﻊ ﺍﻷﻋﺎﺟﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﺎ ﺭﺅﻱ ﻋﺒﻘﺮﻱ)‪ (٢‬ﻳﻔﺮﻱ ﻓﺮﻳّﻪ‬
‫ﻓﻄﹸﻮﻱ ﺑﺴﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺿﺮﺏ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺑِﺠﺮﺍﻧِﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﺃﺻﺒﺢ‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪ (٣٠٢٧‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻘﺮﻱ ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻﺷﻲﺀ ﻳﻔﻮﻗﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﻳﻔﺮﻱ ﻓﺮﻳّﻪ‪ :‬ﻫﻮ ﻛﻘﻮﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺄﰐ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺠﺐ ﰲ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ‪.‬‬

‫‪١٠‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﺷﺄﻥ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻋﺠﺒﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺐ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫א‬

‫‪١١‬‬

‫א‬
‫א‬

‫‪‬‬

‫ﻭﻟﻨﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻘﺘﻞ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﻋﺎﺵ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﺮﻩ؟ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺆﻣﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻌﻴﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﻫﻲ ﺃﺟﻞ ﳏﺘﻮﻡ ﻻﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳝﺮ ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﻛﻞ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮًﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻡ ﻓﺎﺟﺮًﺍ‪ .‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻒ ﻧﺮﻯ ﻣﺼﺪﺍﻕ ﻗﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ‪ y“$u‹øtxΧuρ ’Å5Ý¡èΣuρ ’ÏAŸξ|¹ ¨βÎ) ö≅è%  :‬ﻭﳑﺎﰐ !¬ ‘‪tÏΗs>≈yèø9$# Éb>u‬‬
‫〈 ]ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ‪ ،[١٦٢ :‬ﻭﻧﺪﺭﻙ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳏﻴﺎﻩ ﷲ ﻭﺻﺎﺭ ﳑﺎﺗﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﷲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺮﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻴﻤﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﺩﻱ ‪‬‬
‫ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﲔ ﺍﳌﺨﻀﺮﻣﲔ‪ -‬ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ‪" :‬ﺇﱐ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ‬‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﳝﻮﺕ ﺑﺄﺭﺑﻊ ﻟﻴﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻣﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺬﻳﻔﺔ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺳﻬﻞ ﺑﻦ ﺣﻨﲔ‬
‫ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﻌﺜﻬﻤﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﳌﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻀﺮﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺭﺽ‬‫ﺍﳋﺮﺍﺝ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺣﺪﺩﺍ ﻟﻌﻤﺮ ﺍﳌﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺴﺘﺤﻘﻪ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﳍﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻧﺎ ﲪﻠﺘﻤﺎ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻄﻴﻖ ‪ -‬ﺃﻱ ﺿﺮﺑﺘﻤﺎ‬

‫‪١٢‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺮﺍﺝ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﺤﻖ‪ ،-‬ﻗﺎﻻ‪ :‬ﲪﻠﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺃﻣﺮًﺍ ﻫﻲ ﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻣﻄﻴﻘﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻓﻀﻞ –ﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﺑﻜﺜﲑ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺧﺮﺍﺟﻬﺎ‪ ،-‬ﻟﻮ ﺯﺩﻧﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻟﺘﺤﻤﻠﺖ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﷲ ﻟﺌﻦ ﺳﻠﻤﲏ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻷﺩﻋﻦ ﺃﺭﺍﻣﻞ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﻻ ﳛﺘﺠﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ")‪ ،(١‬ﻓﻬﺬﺍ‬
‫ﻫﻢﱞ ﻣﻦ ﳘﻮﻡ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻳﻔﻜﺮ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﳝﻮﺕ ﺑﺄﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﰲ‬
‫ﺧﻄﺔ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﲡﻌﻞ ﺃﺭﺍﻣﻞ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﻻ ﳛﺘﺠﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ‬
‫ﺃﺑﺪًﺍ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﺎ ﻣﺮﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻃﹸﻌﻦ ‪!‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﻭﺃﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺗﺄﺧﺮ‬
‫ﻼ ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻳﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬
‫ﺑﲔ ﻛﻞ ﺻﻔﲔ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﺳﺘﻮﻭﺍ؛ ﺣﱴ ﻻﻳﺮﻯ ﺧﻠ ﹰ‬
‫ﻼ ﻣﺘﻘﺪﻣﹰﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮﹰﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻡ ﺑﻮﺟﻬﻪ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺭﺟ ﹰ‬
‫ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺓ ﺣﱴ ﺇﺫﺍ ﱂ ﻳﺮ ﺧﻠﻼ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻓﻜﱪ ﻭﺭﲟﺎ ﻗﺮﺃ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻳﻮﺳﻒ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﳓﻮ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‪ ،‬ﺣﱴ ﳚﺘﻤﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻛﺒﱠﺮ ﻓﺴﻤﻌﺘﻪ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺘﻠﲏ ‪،‬ﺃﻭ ﺃﻛﻠﲏ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﺐ‪،‬‬
‫ﺣﲔ ﻃﻌﻦ‪) ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻃﻌﻨﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻟﺆﻟﺆﺓ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﻮﺳﻲ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻃﻌﻨﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺼﺔ ﻣﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (٣٧٠٠‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻴﻤﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﺩﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﺘﺄﰐ ﺃﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺛﻨﺎﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﰲ ﺷﺮﺣﻪ ﰲ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪١٣‬‬

‫ﺇﺣﺪﺍﻫﺎ ﲢﺖ ﺳﺮﺗﻪ ﻓﻤﺰﻗﺖ ﻓﺘﺎﻗﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﻔﺬﺕ ﺇﱃ ﺟﻮﻓﻪ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﺮ‬
‫ﺇﺯﺍﺭ ﺃﺻﻔ ُﺮ ﻗﺪ ﺭﻓﻌﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺻﺪﺭﻩ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻃﻌﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺪﺭﹰﺍ‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪﻭﺭﺍﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻳﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻮﻑ ﻓﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﻃﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﺞ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻜﲔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻻﳝﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﺪ ﳝﻴﻨﹰﺎ ﻭﻻﴰﺎ ﹰﻻ ﺇﻻ ﻃﻌﻨﻪ ﺣﱴ‬
‫ﻼ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻃﻌﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺭﺟ ﹰ‬
‫ﺛﻮﺑﹰﺎ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻟﺆﻟﺆﺓ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﺄﺧﻮﺫ ﳓﺮ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺧﻠﻒ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺭﺃﻭﺍ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﻯ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﻓﺈﻬﻧﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺪﺭﻭﻥ ﻏﲑ‬
‫ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﻗﺪ ﻓﻘﺪﻭﺍ ﺻﻮﺕ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ‪ :‬ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ! ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ!‬
‫ﻓﺼﻠﻰ ﻬﺑﻢ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﰒ ﻏﻠﺐ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﱰﻑ ﺣﱴ‬
‫ﻏﺸﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﺎﺣﺘﻤﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺰﻝ ﰲ ﻏﺸﻴ ٍﺔ ﺣﱴ ﺃﺳﻔﺮ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻓﺎﻕ ﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﻭﺟﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ؟ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ‪ :‬ﻧﻌﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻻﺇﺳﻼﻡ ﳌﻦ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﰒ ﺗﻮﺿﺄ ﻭﺻﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﺮﺣﻪ ﻳﺜﻌﺐ‬
‫ﺩﻣﹰﺎ‪ ،.‬ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺘﻠﲏ؟ ﻓﺠﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ‪ ،‬ﰒ‬
‫ﺟﺎﺀ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻏﻼﻡ ﺍﳌﻐﲑﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻱ‪ :‬ﺃﺑﻮ ﻟﺆﻟﺆﺓ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﻮﺳﻲ‪ -‬ﻭﺍﲰﻪ ﻓﲑﻭﺯ‪،-‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺼﻨَﻊ‪١‬؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﻌﻢ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﺗﻠﻪ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﻣﺮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻓﹰﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﱂ ﳚﻌﻞ ﻣﻴﺘﱵ ﺑﻴﺪ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻳﺪﻋﻲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ"‪.‬‬
‫‪ ١‬ﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺼﻨﻊ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﺑﻮﻟﺆﻟﺆﺓ ﺻﺎﻧﻌﹰﺎ‬

‫‪١٤‬‬

‫***‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫א‬

‫‪١٥‬‬

‫א‬
‫‪‬‬

‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻗﺘﻞ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻟﺆﻟﺆﺓ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﻮﺳﻲ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪‬؟‪ ..‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ‬
‫ﻛﺒﲑ؛ ﻷﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﺒﹰﺎ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﹰﺍ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﺒﺒﹰﺎ ﺧﻔﻴﹰﺎ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﹰﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﺃﺑﺎ ﻟﺆﻟﺆﺓ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻏﻼﻣًﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻐﲑﺓ ﺑﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﻧﻌًﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﻘﺎﺷًﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﳒﺎﺭًﺍ ﻳﺘﻘﻦ ﻛﺜ ًﲑﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﳌﻬﻦ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ ‬ﳝﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﹰﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﺜﺮ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﺝ)‪ ،(١‬ﻓﻐﻠﺒﻪ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺣﱴ ﺃﺫﻥ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻴﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻐﻼﻡ؛ ﺇﺫ ﺑﻌﺚ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻐﲑﺓ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ‪ :‬ﺇﻧﻪ ﻏﻼﻡ ﺣﺎﺫﻕ ﺻﺎﻧﻊ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺫﻥ‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﺪﺧﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡ ﻳﺼﻨﻊ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻟﻌﻤﺮ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺃﻣﲑ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪ ،‬ﻛﱢﻠﻢ ﺍﳌﻐﲑﺓ ﺑﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﺔ ﻳﻀﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﻭﳜﻔﻒ ﻋﲏ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﻢ ﺧﺮﺍﺟﻚ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺩﺭﺍﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻭﻣﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻚ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﳒﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﺮﺍﺝ ﻗﻠﻴﻞ ﰲ‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﺍﻟﻌﻠﺞ ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻔﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳉﻤﻊ ﻋﻠﻮﺝ ‪ .‬ﳐﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺡ )‪.(١٨٨/١‬‬

‫‪١٦‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﺟﻨﺐ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲢﺴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻐﻼﻡ‪ :‬ﻗﺪ ﻭﺳﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻋﺪﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺿﻤﺮ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﺮ ﻟﻌﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ‪ :‬ﺃﱂ ﺃﺧَﺒﺮ ﺃﻧﻚ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻷﺻﻨﻌﻦ ﺭﺣًﺎ ﺗﺪﻭﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻳﺢ؟ ‪-‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻗﺪﺭﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺮﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻳﺼﻨﻊ ﺭﺣًﺎ ﺗﺪﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺢ‪-‬‬
‫ﺴﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﺷﺒﻪ ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﻮﺍﺣﲔ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺋﻴﺔ‪ ،-‬ﻓﺄﻗﺒﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻋﺎﺑ ً‬
‫ﻣﻐﻀﺒًﺎ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻷﺻﻨﻌﻦ ﻟﻚ ﺭﺣًﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻕ ﻭﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ :‬ﺗ َﻮﻋﱠﺪﱐ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ)‪ ،(١‬ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ‪ -‬ﺃﻭ ﻳﻈﻦ‪ -‬ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻗﺎﺗﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻞ ﺇﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤًﺎ ﺭﻭﻯ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﺧﻄﺐ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ‪" :‬ﺇﱐ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﻛﺄﻥ ﺩﻳﻜﹰﺎ ﻧﻘﺮﱐ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻧﻘﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﱐ ﻻ ﺃﺭﺍﻩ‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺃﺟﻠﻲ")‪ ،(٢‬ﻭﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﻳﺎﺕ‪ :‬ﺃﻥ ﺃﲰﺎﺀ ﺑﻨﺖ ﻋﻤﻴﺲ‬
‫ﺴﺮﺕ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺅﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻢ ﻳﻄﻌﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ)‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﻓﱠ‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺳﻌﺪ ﺑﺈﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺰﻫﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﻗﻢ‬
‫)‪( ٣٧٠٠‬‬
‫)‪ (2‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻪ )‪(٥٦٧‬‬
‫)‪ (3‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﲪﺪ )‪ (٩٠‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﻌﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻃﻠﺤﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺟﺎﻟﻪ ﺛﻘﺎﺕ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪١٧‬‬

‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ -‬ﻳﺘﻤﲎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻴﺘﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺘﺸﻮﻕ‬
‫ﺠﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﹸﻗﺘﻞ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺼﺮﻉ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺣ ﱢ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻄﺤﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﲨﻊ ﻛﻮﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﺍﺏ ﰒ ﻓﺮﺵ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺭﺩﺍﺀﻩ‪ ،‬ﰒ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﻠﻘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ‪ " :‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﻛﱪﺕ ﺳِﲏﱢ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺿﻌﻔﺖ ﻗﻮﱠﰐ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻧﺘﺸﺮﺕ ﺭﻋﻴﱵ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻗﺒﻀﲏ ﺇﻟﻴﻚ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻀﻴﻊ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻣﻔﺮﻁ")‪ .(١‬ﻭﰲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪" :‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ‬
‫)‪(٢‬‬
‫ﺍﺭﺯﻗﲏ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻠﻚ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﻣﻮﰐ ﰲ ﺑﻠﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻚ ‪"‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﻌﺠﺒﺖ ﺣﻔﺼﺔ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‪ -‬ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﻭﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﻬﻧﺎ ﺳﺎﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺜﻐﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﺒﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻳﺄﰐ ﺑﺄﻣﺮﻩ ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﺷﺎﺀ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﺘﻌﺠﺒﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﻻﻳﺪﺭﻭﻥ ﻣﺎﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﺣﱴ ﻃﻌﻦ‬
‫ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ .-‬ﻓﺠﻤﻊ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻟﻪ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻃﻌﻨﻪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻐﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮ‪ ،‬ﰲ ﺑﻠﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺩﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺕ‬
‫ﰲ ﺑﻠﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻮﻃﺄ )‪ ،(١٥٦٠‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﳋﺪﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺟﺎﻟﻪ‬
‫ﺛﻘﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (2‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (١٨٩٠‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﻮﱃ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪.‬‬

‫‪١٨‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﳋﻔﻲ ﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﳋﻔﻲ‪ :‬ﻓﻬﻮ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻣًﺎ ﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺍﺠﻤﻟﻮﺱ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺳﻘﻄﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻬﻢ ‪ -‬ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺱ‪ -‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻳﺪﻱ ﺟﻴﻮﺵ‬
‫ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺑﻮ ﻟﺆﻟﺆﺓ ﻃﻌﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﺑﺴﻜﲔ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﻮﺱ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ؛ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻳﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﻮﺱ ﻣﻨﺬ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﲔ ﻭﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺃﺑﺎ ﻟﺆﻟﺆﺓ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﻮﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺴﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪" :‬ﺑﺎﺑﺎ ﺷﺠﺎﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ"‪ ..‬ﻓﺄﺑﻮ ﻟﺆﻟﺆﺓ ﱂ ﻳﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻷﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺄﻣﺮ ﺍﳌﻐﲑﺓ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺮﺍﺟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﻗﺘﻠﻪ؛ ﻷﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﻮﺱ ﺳﻘﻄﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻄﻌﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎ ًﻣﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻮﺳﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻠﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﳋﺮﺍﺝ ﻭﲣﻔﻴﻔﻪ ﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﺘﻠﻪ ﺃﺑﻮﻟﺆﻟﺆﺓ ﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﻐﲑﺓ ﺑﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﺔ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬
‫ﻓﺮﺽ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﺮﺍﺝ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺣﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﻮﺳﻲ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺜﺄﺭ ﺠﻤﻟﻮﺳﻴﺘﻪ؛ ﻭﻟﺬﺍ ﻧﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻃﻌﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺃﻗﺒﻞ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ﻳﻄﻌﻨﻬﻢ ﻛﻴﻔﻤﺎ ﺍﺗﻔﻖ ﻭﻛﺄﳕﺎ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺘﻞ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻋﺪﺩ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻳﺘﺸﻔﹼﻰ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪١٩‬‬

‫ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻳﺴﺄﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻗﺎﺗﻠﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﺴﺄﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻗﺎﺗﻠﻪ؛ ﻓﻸﻣﺮﻳﻦ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﳍﻤﺎ‪ :‬ﺃﻧﻪ ﻇﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺫﻧﺒﹰﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻻﻳﻌﻠﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺣﻨﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺗﺂﻣﺮﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺘﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺪﻋﺎ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ –‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﳛﺒﻪ ﻭﻳﺪﻧﻴﻪ‪ -‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺣﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻋﻦ ﻣﻺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻛﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ؟ ﻓﺨﺮﺝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻻﳝﺮ ﲟﻸ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻳﺒﻜﻮﻥ ﻛﺄﳕﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺪﻭﺍ ﺃﺑﻜﺎﺭ ﺃﻭﻻﺩﻫﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺴﺄﳍﻢ ‪ :‬ﺃﻋﻦ ﻣﻺ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ؟‬
‫ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺎﺫ ﺍﷲ ﻣﺎﻋﻤﻠﻨﺎ ﻭﻻ ﺃﻃﻠﻌﻨﺎ ‪ .‬ﻓﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻓﺄﺧﱪ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﺃﻳﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﰲ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻬﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﰲ ﻋﺪﻟﻪ ﻭﻓﻀﻠﻪ ﻭ َﺣ َﺪﺑِﻪ)‪ (١‬ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻭ َﺩﹶﺃﺑِﻪ ﰲ ﺷﺆﻭﻬﻧﻢ ﻭﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﱂ ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﺀﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻮﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻖ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﺗّﻬﻢ ﺃ ّﻭ ﹶﻝ ﻣﺎﺍﻬﺗﻢ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻭﺧﺸﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺳﺎﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺣﱴ ﺳﻌﻮﺍ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﺇﻬﻧﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﻣﺮﻫﻔﺔ ﺿﺪ ﻇﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻹﺳﺎﺀﺓ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺼﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ﺣﺪﺑﹰﺎ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﻄﹼﻒ ﻭﺣﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺣﺪِﺏ ﻓﻼﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻼﻥ‪ ،‬ﳛﺪ ُ‬

‫‪٢٠‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻭﺳﺒﺐ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳜﺸﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺩﻣﻪ ﰲ ﻋﻨﻖ ﺃﺣﺪ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﺧﱪﻩ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺗﻞ ﳎﻮﺳﻲ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﳊﻤﺪ‬
‫ﷲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﱂ ﳚﻌﻞ ﻣﻴﺘﱵ ﻳﺒﺪ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻳﺪﻋﻲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻗﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﺭﺳﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻃﺒﻴﺐ ﻳﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺮﺣﻲ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻗﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﻱ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍﺏ ﺃﺣ ﱡ‬
‫ﺃﱡ‬
‫ﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻚ؟ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻨّﺒﻴﺬ)‪ ،(١‬ﻓﺪﻋﺎ ﺑﻨﺒﻴﺬ ﻓﺴﻘﺎﻩ ﺇﻳﺎﻩ‬
‫ﻓﺨﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺮﺣﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲢﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﱡﺮﺓ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺷﺘﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻴﺬ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻡ‬
‫ﱭ‬
‫ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺪﺭ ﺃﻫﻮ ﻧﺒﻴﺬ ﺃﻡ ﺩﻡ؟ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺻﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺋﺘﻮﱐ ﺑﻠﱭ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﹸﰐ ﺑﻠ ٍ‬
‫ﺹ ﻳﺎﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺸﺮﺑﻪ ﻓﺨﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺮﺣﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ‪ :‬ﺃﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺻ َﺪﻗﹶﲏ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺈﱐ ﻻﺃﻇﻨﱡﻚ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻴﺘﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻮﻣﻚ ﺃﻭﻣﻦ ﻏﺪ ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻮ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻏﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻜﺬﱠﺑﺘﻪ‪.‬‬

‫)‪ (١‬ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻴﺬ ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﺀ ﺗﻨﻘﻊ ﻓﻴﻪ ﲤﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﺼﻨﻌﻮﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻻﺳﺘﻌﺬﺍﺏ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٢١‬‬

‫א‬

‫א א‬

‫‪‬‬

‫א‬

‫‪٢٢‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻻﻓﺘﺪﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻊ"‪.‬‬
‫א‬

‫ﰒ ﻓﺸﺎ ﺍﳋﱪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﺭﲡﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺟﻨﺒﺎﻬﺗﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺻﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬
‫ﺫﻫﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺟﻌﺔ ﻓﺠﻌﻠﻮﺍ ﻳﺘﻮﺍﺭﺩﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺪﺧﻠﻮﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﺭﺳﺎﻻﹰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﻈﺮﻭﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﳌﺜﺨﻦ ﲜﺮﺍﺣﻪ ﻳﺸﻬﺪﻭﻥ ﻟﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﺪﻋﻮﻥ ﻭﻳﺒﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺷﺎﺏ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ‪" :‬ﻫﻨﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﻳﺎ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪ ،‬ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻫﺎﺟﺮﺕ‪ ،‬ﰒ‬
‫ﺟﺎﻫﺪﺕ ﻣﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻚ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺻﺪﻕ ﰲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ‪ ،‬ﰒ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺗﺸﻬﺪ ﱄ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﻌﻢ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﳊﻤﺪ‬
‫ﷲ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ :‬ﻭﺩﺩﺕ ﺃﱐ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﻔﺎﻓﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﻋﻠ ّﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﱄ‬
‫ ﻳﻌﲏ ﻭﺩ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳋﻼﻓﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻔﺎﻓﹰﺎ ﻻ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﻭﻻ ﻟﻪ‪ ،-‬ﻭﰲ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ‪ :‬ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﱄ ﻃﻼﻉ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ‪-‬‬
‫ﻳﻌﲏ‪ :‬ﻣﻞﺀ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ -‬ﻻﻓﺘﺪﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻊ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺻﻨﻌﻬﺎ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﺭﺟﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﰲ‬
‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﷲ؛ ﻭﳑﺎﺗﻪ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻬﺎﺩﻩ ﻭﺑﻼﺅﻩ ﻭﻏﻨﺎﻩ ﰲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬
‫ﺑﺄﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺯﻝ ﻭﺃﺟﻠﱢﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪:‬‬
‫"ﻭﺩﺩﺕ ﺃﱐ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﻔﺎﻓﹰﺎ ﻻ ﻋﻠ ّﻲ ﻭﻻ ﱄ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﱄ ﻃﻼﻉ‬

‫ﻓﻤﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻚ ﺑﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻃﻠﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺒﺪﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻔﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﻳﺴﲑ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺩﻋﻮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﲑ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺘﻌﺎﻇﻢ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﲟﺎ ﻧﻈﺮ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﻏﲑﻩ ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﺍﺯﺩﺭﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﺣﺘﻘﺎﺭ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺫﻟﻚ؛ ﺑﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎ ﺑﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻳﺜﻨﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺃﺣﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﺃﻭﻳﻄﺮﺑﻮﻥ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻤﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﳜﻄﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳋﻮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺒﻮﻁ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺸﻌﺮﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ‪] 〈 tβρÞßêô±s? Ÿω óΟçFΡr&uρ öΝä3è=≈yϑôãr& xÝt7øtrB βr&  :‬ﺍﳊﺠﺮﺍﺕ‪٢ :‬‬
‫[‪.‬ﻭﻟﺬﺍ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮﻱ‪-‬ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ‪ -‬ﻋﻦ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﲨﻊ ﺇﺣﺴﺎﻧﹰﺎ ﻭﺷﻔﻘﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻖ ﲨﻊ ﺇﺳﺎﺀﺓ ﻭﻋﺰﺓ ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺎﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻧﹰﺎ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﺇﺣﺴﺎﻧﺎ ﺇﻻ ﻭﺟﺪﺗﻪ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﳐﺎﻓﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺷﻔﻘﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﰒ ُﻳﺪﺑﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺛﻮﺑﻪ ﳝﺲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻋﻠ ّﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﻼﻡ‪ .‬ﻓﲑﺩﻭﻧﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ‪:‬‬
‫"ﻳﺎﺑﻦ ﺃﺧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﻓﻊ ﺇﺯﺍﺭﻙ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﺃﻧﻘﻰ ﻟﺜﻮﺑﻚ ‪ -‬ﻭﰲ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ‪ :‬ﺃﺑﻘﻰ‬
‫ﻟﺜﻮﺑﻚ‪ -‬ﻭﺃﺗﻘﻰ ﻟﺮﺑﻚ"‪ .‬ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌ ﱠﺪ ﺳﻬﻠﺔ ﰲ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﺜﲑﻳﻦ‪،‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٢٣‬‬

‫‪٢٤‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺇﺳﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺏ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﰲ ﻣﻮﻗﻒ ﺻﻌﺐ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻮ ﺟﺮﻳﺢ‬
‫ﻳﻌﺎﱐ ﺳﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ؛ ﺑﻞ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺃﳘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﳋﻼﻓﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ؟ ﻫﻞ ﻳﻌﻬﺪ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺪ؟ ﺃﻭ ﻳﻌﻬﺪ ﺇﱃ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ؟ ﺃﻭ ﻳﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺑﻼﻋﻬﺪ‬
‫ﻭﻻﻭﺻﻴﺔ؟ ﻭﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺴﻰ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ‪ ‬ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻒ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻳﻨﺒﻪ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺇﱃ ﺧﻄﺄ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻓﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﺳﺒﻞ ﺛﻮﺑﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻼ‪" :‬ﻳﺎ ﺍﺑﻦ‬
‫ﻭﻳﻨﺒﻬﻪ ﺑﺎﻷﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻠﲔ ﻭﺍﳊﻜﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﻋﻈﺔ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺔ ﻗﺎﺋ ﹰ‬
‫ﺃﺧﻲ ﺍﺭﻓﻊ ﺛﻮﺑﻚ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻳـﺒﲔ ﺍﳌﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﻮﻳﺔ‪ " :‬ﺃﺑﻘﻰ ﻟﺜﻮﺑﻚ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻧﻘﻰ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻭﻳﺔ‪" :‬ﻫﻮ ﺃﺗﻘﻰ ﻟﺮﺑﻚ"‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪-‬‬
‫‪:‬ﻳﺮﺣﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻤﺮ ﱂ ﳝﻨﻌﻪ ﻣﺎﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺍﳊﻖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﺰ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻚ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ‬
‫ﳜﺎﻓﻮﻥ ﲟﻜﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﺳﻠﻤﺖ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺇﺳﻼﻣﻚ ﻋﺰﺍ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻇﻬﺮ ﺑﻚ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻓﻜﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﺠﺮﺗﻚ ﻓﺘﺤﺎ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﱂ ﺗﻐﺐ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻣﺸﻬﺪ ﺷﻬﺪﻩ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺽ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻭﺍﺯﺭﺕ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﻬﺎﺝ‬
‫ﺾ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﻨﻚ ﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﰒ ﻗﹸِﺒ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻀﺮﺑﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺩﺑﺮ ﲟﻦ ﺃﻗﺒﻞ ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻗﺒﺾ‬
‫ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﻨﻚ ﺭﺍﺽ ‪ ،‬ﰒ ُﻭﻟﱢﻴﺖ ﲞﲑ ﻣﺎﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‪َ :‬ﻣﺼﱠﺮ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺑﻚ ﺍﻷﻣﺼﺎﺭ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﺒﺎ ﺑﻚ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ‪،‬ﻭﻧﻔﻰ ﺑﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭ ﰒ ﺧﺘﻢ ﻟﻚ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﻓﻬﻨﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻟﻚ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﷲ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﻭﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻐﺮﱡﻭﻧﻪ ‪ ،‬ﰒ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺗﺸﻬﺪ ﱃ ﻳﺎﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﺪﺍﷲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﻌﻢ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺨﺬ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‪ -‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ :‬ﺃﹶﻟﺼِﻖ َﺧ ﱢﺪﻱ ﺑﺎﻷﺭﺽ ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻮﺿﻌﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﻗﻲ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﻟﺼﻖ ﺧﺪﻱ ﺑﺎﻷﺭﺽ ﻓﻮﺿﻌﺘﻪ ﺣﱴ‬
‫ﷲ‬
‫ﻭﺿﻊ ﳊﻴﺘﻪ ﻭﺧﺪّﻩ ﺑﺎﻷﺭﺽ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻭﻳﻠﻚ –ﻋﻤﺮ‪ -‬ﺇﻥ ﱂ ﻳﻐﻔ ِﺮ ﺍ ُ‬
‫ﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﰒ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺃﺭﺳﺎ ﹰﻻ ﰒ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﰒ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﰒ‬
‫ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ‪-‬ﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻮﺳﻢ ﺍﳊﺞ‪-‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﻠﻤﺎ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻗﻮﻡ ﺑﻜﻮ ﻭﺃﺛﻨﻮﺍ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ‪ :‬ﺟﺰﺍﻙ ﺍﷲ ﺧﲑﺍﹰ‪ ،‬ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﻗﺪ ﺩﻋﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ‬

‫ﰒ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻪ ﺣﻔﺼﺔ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‪ -‬ﻭﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺨﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻓﺠﻌﻠﺖ ﺗﺒﻜﻲ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺃﺑﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ‪ " :‬ﻳﺎ‬
‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎﺻﻬﺮ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ"‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻨﻬﺮﻫﺎ‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٢٥‬‬

‫ﺝ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﲟﺎ ﱄ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪" :‬ﻻ ﺻﱪ ﱄ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺃﲰﻊ‪ ،‬ﺃﹸﺣﺮﱢ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ﻓﻠﺴﺖ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻖ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻨﺪﺑﻴﲏ )‪(١‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﳎﻠﺴﻚ ﻫﺬﺍ ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﻋﻴﻨ ِ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺒﺴﻬﺎ")‪ ،(١‬ﻳﻌﲏ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻜﺎﺀ ﻻﺑﺪ ﳍﺎ ﻣﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺎﺣﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺪﺑﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﳏﺎﺳﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﺎ ﺃﺷﺒﻪ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺿﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺎﻣﺖ ﺣﻔﺼﺔ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﻓﺪﺧﻠﺖ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﹰﺎ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭ ﻓﺴُ ِﻤ َﻊ‬
‫ﺑُﻜﺎﺅﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻞ‪.‬‬

‫***‬

‫)‪ (1‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺼﺔ ﻣﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪- (٣٧٠٠‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ﺍﻹﺷﺎﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ‪ -‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻴﻤﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ )‪(٦٧/٧‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺽ ﺍﻟﻨﻀﺮﻩ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﻄﱪﻱ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﺎﻗﺐ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻻﺑﻦ ﺍﳉﻮﺯﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻟﻌﻠﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﻨﻄﺎﻭﻱ‪.‬‬

‫‪٢٦‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫א‬
‫מא‬

‫א‬
‫‪‬‬

‫ﻓﻠﻨﻨﻈﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻷﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺸﻐﻞ ﺑﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ ‬ﰲ ﺗﻠﻚ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ؟ ﺃﻗﺘﺼﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺪْﻳﻦ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﺄﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺰﺍﺋﻦ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﰲ ﺫﻣﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺩَﻳﻦ ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺪﱠﻳﻦ ﻓﺜﻤﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻔﹰﺎ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻻﺑﻨﻪ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ‪ :‬ﺃﻗﺴﻤ ُ‬
‫ﺖ ﻓﺪﻓﻨﺘﲏ ﺃﻻ ﺗﻐﺴﻞ ﺭﺃﺳﻚ ﺣﱴ ﺗﺒﻴﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺑﺎﻉ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﲝﻖ ﺍﷲ ﺇﺫﺍ ِﻣ ﱡ‬
‫ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﺜﻤﺎﻧﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ﻓﺘﻀﻌﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ‪ .‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻭﰱ ﻣﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﺄﺩﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﺇﻻ ﻓﺴﻞ ﰲ ﺑﲏ ﻋﺪﻱ ﺑﻦ ﻛﻌﺐ – ﻭﻫﻢ‬
‫ﻒ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻓﺴَﻞ ﰲ ﻗﺮﻳﺶ – ﻭﻫﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‪ -‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﱂ ﺗ ِ‬
‫ﻗﺒﻴﻠﺘﻪ – ﻭﻻﺗﻌﺪُﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﻓﺄﺩﱢﻋﻨﱢﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺳﺄﻟﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻮﻑ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ :‬ﺃﻧﻔﻘﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺣﺠﺞ ﺣﺠﺠﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﰲ ﻧﻮﺍﺋﺐ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬
‫ﺗﻨﻮﺑﲏ ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ‪ :‬ﻗﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻﻳﻠﺰﻣﻪ ﻏﺮﺍﻣﺔ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺃﻻ ﻳﺘﻌﺠﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﻮﰲ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﺟﺮﻩ‪،‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٢٧‬‬

‫‪٢٨‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻁ ﻭﻭﺭَﻉ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺰﻳ ُﺪ ﲢ ﱡﻮ ٍ‬

‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮ")‪.(١‬‬

‫ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ -‬ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﱠﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﺮﻓﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺟﻬﺘﻪ ﻓﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﻧﻘﻮﻝ ﻷﻧﺎﺱ ﻳﺘﺨﻮﺿﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻣﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻐﲑ ﺣﻖ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺘﻔﻨﻮﻥ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﺟﺘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﻴﺤﻮﺯﻭﻧﻪ‬
‫ﻷﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﰒ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻧﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﻖ ﰲ ﺃﺷﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﻛﺮﺑﹰﺎ ﲡﺎﻩ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﱠﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻧﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺍﺗﺴﻌﺖ ﺫﳑﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﺪﻳﻮﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﺤﻮﺫﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺸﱴ ﺍﳊﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻳﻨﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺪﻫﻢ ﻋﺮﻳﺾ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺩ ﻭﺫﻣﺘﻪ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻟﺔ ﳊﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ‪ ،‬ﻻﻳﻠﻘﻲ ﳍﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺎ ﹰﻻ ﻭﻻﳛﻤﻞ ﳍﺎ ﳘﹰﺎ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺪﺍﻧﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻧﻮﻉ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﻛﻞ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺎﻃﻞ " ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﺧﺬ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﺗﻼﻓﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺗﻠﻔﻪ ﺍﷲ"‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﺣﺒﻴﺐ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﺻﻔﱡﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺨﺸﻲ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻔﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ؛ ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻻﺑﻨﻪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﺫﻫﺐ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﻓﻘﻞ ﳍﺎ‪ :‬ﻳﺴﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻘﻞ‬
‫ﳍﺎ‪ :‬ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﲏ ﻟﺴﺖ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﺄﻣﲑ – ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺇﺷﺎﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺳﺆﺍﻟﻪ ﳍﺎ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﻻﺑﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‪ -‬ﻭﻗﻞ‬
‫ﳍﺎ‪ :‬ﻳﺴﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﺃﻥ ُﻳﺪﻓﻦ ﻣﻊ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺃﺫﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻻ ﻓﺎﺩﻓﻨﻮﱐ ﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ"‪ .‬ﻓﺬﻫﺐ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‪ -‬ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺴﻠﱠﻢ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﰒ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻮﺟﺪﻫﺎ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺗﺒﻜﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻳﻘﺮﺃ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﻓﻦ ﻣﻊ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻴﻪ ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﺎﻟﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﺭﻳﺪﻩ ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ ﻭﻷﻭﺛﺮﻧﻪ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ ﻓﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﺑﻦ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﻗﺒﻞ ﻗﻴﻞ ﻟﻪ‪ :‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺍﺑﻨُﻚ ﺃﻗﺒ ﹶﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﺭﻓﻌﻮﱐ ‪-‬‬
‫ﻓﺸﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﻕ ﰲ ﻗﻠﺐ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﻓﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺟﻮﺍﺭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻴﻪ ﺟﻌﻠﺘﻪ‬
‫ﻳﺘﻄﻠﻊ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﱪ‪ ،‬ﺣﱴ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺳﻨﺪﻭﱐ‪ -‬ﻓﻴﺴﻨﺪﻭﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻻﺑﻨﻪ‬

‫ﺃﻳﻦ ﻳﺪﻓﻦ ‪‬؟‬
‫ﻋﺎﺵ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺳﻨﲔ ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺻﺤﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺻﺎﺑﺮ ﻣﻌﻪ ﰲ ﻣﻜﺔ ﰒ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻌﻪ ﰲ ﻣﻐﺎﺯﻳﻪ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﻣﻊ ﻗﻠﺐ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﰲ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺮﺏ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪ ‬ﳛﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﳛﺐ ﺃﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪" :‬ﻫﺬﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ‬

‫)‪ (1‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ )‪ (٣٦٧١‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﺣﻨﻄﺐ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﳐﺘﻠﻒ ﰲ ﺻﺤﺒﺘﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻋﻘﺐ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ‪ :‬ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﺮﺳﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﺣﻨﻄﺐ ﱂ ﻳﺪﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٢٩‬‬

‫ﺡ‬
‫ﺖ ﻓﺴ ﱢﺮﻱ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓ ِﺮﺡ ﺃﱠﻳﻤﺎ ﻓﺮ ٍ‬
‫ﻣﺘﻠﻬﻔﹰﺎ‪ :-‬ﻣﺎ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃ ِﺫَﻧ ْ‬‫ﺣﲔ ﲰﻊ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺃﻡ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﻓﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺟﻮﺍﺭ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﱄ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻗﻀﻴﺖ‪-‬ﺃﻱ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﻣﺎﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺃﻫ ّﻢ ﺇ ﱠ‬
‫ﺖ‪ -‬ﻓﺎﲪﻠﻮﱐ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﺳﻠﱢﻢ ﻓﻘﻞ‪ :‬ﻳﺴﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ‬
‫ِﻣ ﱡ‬
‫ﺃﺫﻧﺖ ﻓﺄﺩﺧﻠﻮﱐ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺭﺩﱠﺗﲏ ﺭﺩﻭﱐ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧﻪ‬
‫ﳜﺸﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﺫﻧﺖ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺀ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻭﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺮﺟﻊ ﺑﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻣﻮﺗﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺭﺍﺩ ﺃﻻ ﻳﻜﺮﻫﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻄﻠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﺄﺫﻧﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺓ‬
‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻪ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳋﻼﻓﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ‪:‬‬

‫‪٣٠‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻋﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺷﻲﺀ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺃﻥ ﳚﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﻳﺘﺸﺎﻭﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪" :‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺃ ﱠﻣﺮﻭﺍ ﺳﻌﺪًﺍ ‪ -‬ﻳﻌﲏ ﺳﻌﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻭﻗﺎﺹ‪-‬‬
‫ﻓﻨﻌﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻻ ﻓﺄﻳﻜﻢ ﻭﱄ ﻓﻠﻴﺴﺘﻌﻦ ﺑﻪ؛ ﻓﺈﻧﲏ ﱂ ﺃﻋﺰﻟﻪ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺧﻴﺎﻧﺔ")‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻭﳑﺎ ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻣﻦ ﳎﻤﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﻳﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﻼﻑ‪:‬‬
‫‪ -١‬ﺗﻨﺤﻴﺘﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺑﺘﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﺄﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺽ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮ ﹸﺓ ﺍﳌﺒﺸﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻮﰲ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ ٍ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﻥ ﺃﺑﻮﺑﻜﺮ ﻭﺃﺑﻮﻋﺒﻴﺪﻩ ﻭﺛﺎﻟﺜﻬﻢ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﺑﻘﻲ ﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﱠﺤﻬﻢ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺯﻳﺪ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻩ ﻋﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻬﻢ؛ ﻻ ﻟﺸﻲﺀ ﺇﻻ ﻟﻘﺮﺍﺑﺘﻪ ﻣﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﻻ ﺃﺭﺏ ﱄ ﰲ ﺃﻣﻮﺭﻛﻢ‬
‫ﻓﺄﺭﻏﺐ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻷﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻠﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺹ ﻳﺎ ﺃﻣﲑ‬
‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﹸﻃ ِﻌ َﻦ ُﻋ َﻤ ُﺮ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﲨﻴﻊ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻭ ِ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪" :‬ﺇﻥ ﺃﺳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺧﲑ ﻣﲏ ‪-‬‬
‫ﻳﻌﲏ ﺃﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺮ‪ ،-‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﺃﺗﺮﻙ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺧﲑ ﻣﲏ ‪ -‬ﻳﻌﲏ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ .(١) "‬ﻓﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺣﲔ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺃﻧﻪ ﻏﲑ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﺃﺣﺪﹰﺍ ﺑﻌﻴﻨﻪ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺷﻮﺭﻯ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ُﺗﻮﰲ‬
‫ﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ‪" :‬ﻳﺸﻬﺪﻛﻢ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ ٍ‬

‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻟﻌﻤﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨِﻠﻒ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺍﺑﻦ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﷲ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺎﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﺍﷲ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ‪ ،‬ﺃﺳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﻣﻦ ﱂ‬
‫ﳛﺴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﻖ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺗﻪ ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﻞﱡ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﱠﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺿﻤﱠﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻫﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻳﺸﻬﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻛﻬﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺰﻳﺔ ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬

‫)‪ (1‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (٧٢١٨‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺬﻳﻔﺔ ‪.‬‬

‫)‪ (1‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ ،(٣٧٠٠‬ﻭﻳﺸﲑ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﺇﱃ ﻋﺰﻟﻪ ﻟﺴﻌﺪ ﳌﺎ ﺷﻜﺎﻩ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻓﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (٧٥٥‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺑﻦ ﲰﺮﺓ‪. ‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٣١‬‬

‫‪٣٢‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻱ ﻳﻌﻠﻦ ﻟﻸﻣﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ ﺍﻟ ُﻌﻤَﺮ ّ‬
‫ﳎﺎ ﹰﻻ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺎﺑﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﻭﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺣﻈﻮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺃﻭﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻬﺑﺎ ﺃﻗﺪﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﺃﻗﻮﻣﻬﻢ ﻬﺑﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺷﻴﺢ ﻟﺸﻲﺀ ﺃﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﻳﺘﺤﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺶ ﺃﻡ ﻧﺼﺢ؟‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﻳﻠﻘﻰ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺭﺑﻪ ﻓﻴﺴﺎﺋﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻏ ﱠ‬

‫‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻬﻮﻓﻴﻜﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻦ ﻭﱄ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻓﻼ ﳛﻤﻞ ﻗﺮﺍﺑﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺭﻗﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻗﻮﻣﻮﺍ ﻓﺘﺸﺎﻭﺭﻭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﻧﺎﺩﺍﻫﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﻣﻬﻠﻮﺍ ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺣﺪﺙ ﱄ ﺣﺪﺙ ﻓﻠﻴﺼ ﱢﻞ ﻟﻜﻢ ﺻﻬﻴﺐ ﺛﻼﺛﺎ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺗﺄﻣﱠﺮ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺸﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﺎﺿﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﻘﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫‪ -٢‬ﺣﺴﻦ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺭﻏﻢ ﻣﺎﻫﻮ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺮﺏ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺳﺘﺔ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﰒ ﺣﺪﺩ ﳍﻢ ﻓﺘﺮﺓ‬
‫ﺯﻣﻨﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﱠﺩﺓ ﺣﱴ ﻻﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﺪﺓ ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ ﰲ ﻓﻮﺿﻰ‬
‫ﺑﻼ ﺇﻣﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺻﻬﻴﺐ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﺩﻋﻮﺍ ﱄ ﺻﻬﻴﺒﹰﺎ‬
‫ﺻ ﱢﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺛﻼﺛﺎ ﻭﻟﻴﺤﻞ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺖ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻓﺪﻋﻲ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪َ :‬‬
‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺧﺎﻟﻒ ﻓﺎﺿﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﻘﻪ ‪ .‬ﰒ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﻨﻴﺔ‪-‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﳊﺴﺎﺳﻴﺔ – ﻋﻬﺪ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻧﺼﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻭﺃﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺪﻋﻰ ﺃﺑﺎ ﻃﻠﺤﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺪ ﻧﺼﺮ ﺑﻜﻢ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻓﺎﺧﺘﺮ ﲬﺴﲔ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻂ ﺣﱴ ﳜﺘﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺭﺟ ﹰ‬
‫ﺚ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﻫ ﹶ‬
‫ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺤ ﱠ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﺍﺳﺘﺪﻋﻰ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﻫﻂ ﺍﳌﺮﺷﺤﲔ ﻓﺨﺎﻃﺒﻬﻢ ﺑﻜﻼﻡ ﻫﻮ‬
‫ﻛﻼﻡ ﻋﻤﺮ ﰲ ﺣﺰﻣﻪ ﻭﻋﺰﻣﻪ ﻭﻗﻮﺗﻪ ﻻﻛﻼﻡ ﺍﳉﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻫﻦ‪.‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﱐ ﻗﺪ ﻧﻈﺮﺕ ﰲ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻓﻠﻢ ﺃﺟﺪ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﺷﻘﺎﻗﺎ‬

‫ﺇﻥ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻀﺎﺭ ﻭﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﺗﻄﻴﺶ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﻝ‬
‫ﻭﻳﺘﺸﺘﺖ ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺮ ﻭﻳﺬﻫﻞ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺮﺀ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎﺣﻮﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﲢﻤﱡﻞ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﻟﻸﻣﺎﻧﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺸﻌﺎﺭﻩ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﰲ‬
‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻗﻮﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﻠﻪ؛ ﻭﻟﺬﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺗﺪﺑﲑﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ ﻭﻗﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﻭﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻑ ﻭﺻﺪﻕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﺳﺔ‪،‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﺃﺭﺿﺎﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺻﺎﺗﻪ ﳌﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﺻﻰ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻠﻲ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﻭﺻﻴﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻭﻣﻔﺼﻠﺔ ‪،‬‬
‫ﺑﻠﻴﻐﺔ ﻭﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﻗﺎﳍﺎ ﰲ ﺳﻌﺔ ﻭﻗﺘﻪ ﻭﻓﻜﺮﻩ ﻭﻗﻮﺓ ﺟﺴﻤﻪ ﻭﻭﻓﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺻﺤﺘﻪ ﻟﻜﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﺠﺒﹰﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﳍﺎ ﻭﻫﻮ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻈﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﻴﺐ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻﻳﻨﻘﻀﻲ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺐ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻪ‪ :-‬ﺃﻭﺻﻲ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ﺑﺎﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﲔ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﳍﻢ‬
‫ﺣﻘﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﳛﻔﻆ ﳍﻢ ﺣﺮﻣﺘﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻭﺻﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﺧﲑﺍﹰ‪" ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺗﺒﺆﻭﺍ‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٣٣‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭ)‪ (١‬ﻭﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﻢ"‪ ،‬ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣُﺤﺴﻨﻬﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻔﻮ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻣﺴﻴﺌﻬﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻭﺻﻴﻪ ﺑﺄﻫﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺼﺎﺭ ﺧﲑﹰﺍ ﻓﺈﻬﻧﻢ ﺭﺩﺀ)‪ (٢‬ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺟﺒﺎﺓ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ)‪ ،(٣‬ﻭﻏﻴﻆ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭ)‪ ،(٤‬ﻭﺃﻻﻳﺆﺧﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺇﻻ ﻓﻀﻠﻬﻢ ﻋﻢ‬
‫ﺭﺿﺎﻫﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻭﺻﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻷﻋﺮﺍﺏ ﺧﲑﹰﺍ ﻓﺈﻬﻧﻢ ﺃﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻭﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻳﺆﺧﺬ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﺷﻲ)‪ (٥‬ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﻳﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻘﺮﺍﺋﻬﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻭﺻﻴﻪ ﺑﺬﻣﺔ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻭﺫﻣﺔ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ)‪ (٦‬ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﰱ ﳍﻢ ﻋﻬﺪﻫﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺎﺗﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺭﺍﺋﻬﻢ)‪ (٧‬ﻭﻻﻳﻜﻠﹼﻔﻮﺍ ﺇﻻ ﻃﺎﻗﺘﻬﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻭﺻﻰ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﻭﺻﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﲞﻠﻴﻔﺘﻬﻢ‬
‫‪ ١‬ﺃﻱ ﺳﻜﻨﻮﺍ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪٣٤‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺣﺴﻨﻮﺍ ﻣﺆﺍﺯﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻠﻲ ﺃﻣﺮﻛﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻋﻴﻨﻮﻩ ﻭﺃﺩﱡﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳊﺎﻓﻆ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ ‪ :‬ﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﰱ ﻋﻤﺮ ﰲ ﻭﺻﻴﺘﻪ ﲨﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺋﻒ؛ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﻣﺎ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﺇﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮ ﺇﻣﺎ ﺣﺮﰊ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻳﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻣﺎ ِﺫ ﱢﻣ ﱢﻲ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺫﻛﺮﻩ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﺇﻣﺎ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﻱ ﻭﺇﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻱ ﻭﺇﻣﺎ ﺣﻀﺮﻱّ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺑﻴّﻦ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻧﺼﺎﺭﻱ ﺃﻭ ﻏﲑﳘﺎ ﻭﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﻣﺎ ﺑﺪﻭ ّ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻊ‪ .-‬ﺃ ﻫـ‬
‫ﺇﻧﻚ ﺗﺮﻯ ﰲ ﻭﺻﺎﺓ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺢ ﻭﺻﺪﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﺠﺔ ﻭﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﺪﱢﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‪:‬‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺤﺔ"ﻭﺃﻥ ﻫ ﱠﻢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻳﻌﻴﺶ ﻣﻌﻪ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻪ؛‬
‫ﺿ َﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﺃﺭﺿﺎﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺮ ِ‬

‫‪ ٢‬ﺃﻱ ﻋﻮﻥ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ٣‬ﺃﻱ ﳚﱮ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ٤‬ﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻐﻴﻈﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭ ﺑﻜﺜﺮﻬﺗﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ٥‬ﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﲞﻴﺎﺭ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻣﺔ ﻫﻢ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻣﺔ‬
‫‪ ٧‬ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺭﺍﺋﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﺃﻱ‪ :‬ﻗﺼﺪﻫﻢ ﻋﺪﻭ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻳﻘﺎﺗﻠﻮﻥ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﳛﻤﻮﻬﻧﻢ‪.‬‬

‫***‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٣٥‬‬

‫ﺧﻼﺻﺎﺕ‬

‫ﻓﻮﺍﺋﺪ ﳐﺘﺼﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ‬
‫‪ -١‬ﺷﻔﻘﺔ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻧﺼﻴﺤﺘﻪ ﳍﻢ ﻭﺇﻗﺎﻣﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ -‬ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ‪-‬ﻋﺰ‬
‫ﻭﺟﻞ‪.-‬‬
‫‪ -٣‬ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٤‬ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺪﺡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻪ ﳐﺼﻮﺹ ﲟﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻏﻠﻮﹰﺍ‬
‫ﻣﻔﺮﻃﹰﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻛﺬﺑﹰﺎ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﹰﺍ ﻭﻣﻦ ﰒ ﱂ ﻳﻨ َﻪ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺏ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺪﺣﻪ‬
‫ﻣﻊ ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻬﻧﺎﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺇﺳﺒﺎﻝ ﺇﺯﺍﺭﻩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٥‬ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺑﺄﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﻘﻀﺎﺋﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٦‬ﺍﳌﺸﻮﺭﺓ ﰲ ﺗﻨﺼﻴﺐ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﱘ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٧‬ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻨﺎﺀ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻓﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳋﲑ ‪.‬‬

‫)‪(١‬‬

‫‪ -٨‬ﻣﻼﺯﻣﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺣﺎﻝ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪.‬‬

‫‪٣٦‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪ -٩‬ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﰲ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ‪.‬‬
‫‪١‬‬

‫‪ -١٠‬ﺍﻻﺣﺘﺮﺍﺯ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺜﻘﻴﻞ ﺍﳋﺮﺍﺝ ﻭﺍﳉﺰﻳﺔ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻳﺸﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١١‬ﺍﻹﻃﺎﻟﺔ ﰲ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ –ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬
‫–ﻳﻘﺮﺃ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﺑﻴﻮﺳﻒ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻞ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١٢‬ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻧﺎﺑﻪ ﺷﻲﺀ ﰲ ﺻﻼﺗﻪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ُﻳِﺘﻢﱡ ﺑﺎﳌﺄﻣﻮﻣﲔ‬
‫ﺻﻼﻬﺗﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١٣‬ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺍﻭﻱ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺧﱪﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻃﺒﺎﺀ ﻭﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ‬
‫ﻻ ﻳﻨﺎﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻛﻞ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١٤‬ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻧﺎﻬﺑﻢ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻓﻘﺪﻭﺍ ﺻﻮﺕ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﺟﻌﻠﻮﺍ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ‪ :‬ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١٥‬ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﶈﺘﻀﺮ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻠﻘﻰ ﺍﷲ –ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ‪-‬‬
‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﻈﻦ ﺑﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻭﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ ﺗﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﻫﻮ‬
‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﻭﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻨﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫)‪ (١‬ﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺭﻱ ‪.٢١٣/١٦‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٣٧‬‬

‫‪ -١٦‬ﲢﺮﱘ ﺍﻹﺳﺒﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﺘﺸﻤﲑ ﺍﻟﺜﻴﺎﺏ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻴﻨﻬﻰ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺏ ﻭﻫﻮ ﰲ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﺇﻻ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻳﺮﺍﻩ ﳏﺮﻣﹰﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١٧‬ﺍﳊﺬﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻣﺎ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻪ ﲝﻖ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺭﻉ ﻋﻤﺮ ﰲ ﺭﺩﱢﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺧﺬﻩ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺠﻪ ﻣﻊ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﺃﺧﺬﻩ ﳑﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻠﺰﻡ ﺭﺩﱡﻩ ؛ﻷﻧﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﰲ ﻧﻮﺍﺋﺐ ﺗﻨﻮﺑﻪ ﻭﰲ ﺣ ﱢ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﻴﻒ ﲟﻦ ﻳﺄﺧﺬ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﺑﻐﲑ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺣﻖ؟‬
‫‪ -١٨‬ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﻜﺎﺀ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﺼﻴﺒﺔ ﺇﺫﺍ ﱂ ﻳﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺣﺔ ﻭﺗﺴﺨﱡﻂ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١٩‬ﻓﻴﻪ ﻓﻀﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺔ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻭﻣﻨﻘﺒﺔ ﳍﻢ ﻭﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ‬
‫ﰲ ﻭﻗﺘﻬﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪-٢٠‬ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻨﻘﺒﺔ ﻻﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ –ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ -‬ﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺻﻐﺮ ﺳﻨّﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺸﻬﺎﺩﻩ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٢١‬ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓﻬﻧﺎ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺳﺄﻝ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺃﻓﺎﻕ‬
‫ﻆ ﰲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﳌﻦ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻻﺣ ﱠ‬
‫‪ -٢٢‬ﺃﻥ ﺍﳉﺮﻳﺢ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻳﺼﻠﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺣﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺻﻠﱠﻰ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﺟﺮﺣﻪ ﻳﺜﻌﺐ ﺩﻣﹰﺎ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٢٣‬ﰲ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻟﺜﺒﺎﺕ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺕ‪،‬‬

‫‪٣٨‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻭﻗﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻔﺲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺑﺎﻃﺔ ﺍﳉﺄﺵ‪ ،‬ﻭﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻑ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﻴﺒﺔ!‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٣٩‬‬

‫ﺙ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻃﹸ ِﻌ َﻦ‬
‫ﰒ ُﺗ ُﻮﻓِﻲ ﻋﻤﺮ‪-‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪ -‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺛﻼ ٍ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻭﻓﺎﺗﻪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺎﺀ ﻷﺭﺑﻊ ﺑﻘﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻱ ﺍﳊﺠﺔ ﺳﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺛﻼﺙ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻏﺴّﻠﻪ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺑﺎﳌﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺪﺭ ﻭﻛﹸ ﱢﻔ َﻦ ﰲ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬
‫ﺿ َﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺃﺛﻮﺍﺏ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺻُِﻨ َﻊ ﺑﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ‪.‬ﰒ ﻭُ ِ‬
‫ﺳﺮﻳﺮﻩ ﻓﺘﻜﻨّﻔﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ)‪ (١‬ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻥ ﻭﻳﺼﻠﱡﻮﻥ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﻓﻊ ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‪ :‬ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺮﻋﲏ ﺇﻻ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺁﺧﺬ ﲟﻨﻜﱯ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻋﻠ ﱡﻲ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ‬
‫ﺖ ﺃﺣﺪﹰﺍ ﺃﺣﺐ ﺇﱄ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻟﻘﻰ ﺍﷲ ﲟﺜﻞ‬
‫ﻓﺘﺮﺣﱠﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﺧﻠﻔ َ‬
‫ﻋﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻨﻚ ‪- ،‬ﻭﺍﱘ ﺍﷲ‪ -‬ﺇﻥ ﻛﻨﺖ ﻷﻇﻦ ﺃﻥ ﳚﻌﻠﻚ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻴﻚ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧﱢﻲ ﻛﺜﲑﹰﺍ ﻣﺎﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﲰﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺫﻫﺒﺖ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻭﺃﺑﻮﺑﻜﺮ ﻭﻋﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﺧﻠﺖ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻭﺃﺑﻮﺑﻜﺮ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻭﺃﺑﻮﺑﻜﺮ ﻭﻋﻤﺮ " )‪.(٢‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﻮﻓـﺎﺓ ﺃﻣـﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺃﰊ ﺣﻔﺺ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﻭﺩﻋﺖ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ‬
‫ﻧﻮﻋﹰﺎ ﻣﺘﻤﻴﺰﹰﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻮﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﱂ ﻳﺘﻜﺮﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ‬
‫ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (1‬ﺗﻜﻨﱠﻔﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ‪ :‬ﺃﻱ ﺃﺣﺎﻃﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (2‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪. (٣٦٨٥‬‬

‫‪٤٠‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻭ ﱠﺩﻋَﺖ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺇﺳﻼﻣﻪ ﻋﺰﹰﺍ ﻭﺇﻣﺎﺭﺗﻪ ﻓﺘﺤﺎﹰ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺣﻜﻤﻪ ﻋﺪﻻﹰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺑﹰﺎ ﻣﻮﺻﺪﹰﺍ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﱳ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻗﺘﻞ ﻛﺴﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﻐﻠﻖ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺬﺍ ﻗﻴﻞ ‪ :‬ﺃﺩﺭﺟﺖ ﺳﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﰲ ﺃﻛﻔﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪٤١‬‬

‫א‬
‫ﻭﺧﺘﺎﻣﹰﺎ‪ ..‬ﻓﺈﻧﻨﺎ ﻭﳓﻦ ﻧﺴﺘﻌﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻒ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻟﻜﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﻋﺪ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻧﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺇ ﱠﻥ ﺫﻛﺮﻩ‬
‫ﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﺴﻚ ﻣﺎﻛﺮﺭﺗﻪ ﻳﺘﻀﻮّﻉ‬
‫ﻭﳓﻦ ﻧﻘﻒ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﳌﺆﺛﺮﺓ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻻﳕﻠﻚ ﺭﺟﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻﺩﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻮﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﷲ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﺎﻗﻠﺒّﺖ ﺳﲑﻬﺗﻢ‬
‫ﻳﻮﻣﹰﺎ ﻭﺃﺧﻄﺄ ﺩﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﲔ ﳎﺮﺍﻩ‬
‫ﺇﻧﻚ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ ﺃﺷﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﺅﻭﺑﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻤﺮﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺰﺧﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻼﺋﻞ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻳﺘﺪﻓﱠﻖ ﻣﻊ ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬
‫ﻭﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﲤ ﱡﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻨّﺎ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺧﺸﻮﻉ ﻭﺇﳝﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻒ‬
‫ﺭﺟﻮﻟﺔ ﻭﺇﳒﺎﺯ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺐ ﰲ ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﺃﻥ ﺣﻴﺎﻬﺗﻢ ﻛﻠﹼﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺇﱃ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﺎﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺇﳝﺎﻧﹰﺎ ﻭﺟﻬﺎﺩﹰﺍ ﻭﺇﳒﺎﺯﹰﺍ‪.‬‬

‫‪٤٢‬‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫ﻓﺮﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﺃﺭﺿﺎﻫﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﰲ ﹸﻏﺮُﻓﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻘﻠﺒﻬﻢ ﻭﻣﺜﻮﺍﻫﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺃﳊﻘﻨﺎ ﻬﺑﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺟﻌﻠﻨﺎ ﺑﺴﲑﻬﺗﻢ ﻣﻘﺘﺪﻳﻦ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻵﺛﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻣﻘﺘﻔﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻬﻧﺠﻬﻢ ﺳﺎﺋﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‬
‫ﳏﺸﻮﺭﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﺟﻌﻠﻨﺎ ﳑﻦ ﳚﺪﺩ ﺳﲑﻬﺗﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﳛﻴﻲ ﺁﺛﺎﺭﻫﻢ‪.‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺍﺭﺯﻗﻨﺎ ﳏﺒﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﺣﺸﺮﻧﺎ ﰲ ﺯﻣﺮﻬﺗﻢ "ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﺍﻏﻔﺮﻟﻨﺎ ﻭﻹﺧﻮﺍﻧﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻼ ﻟﻠﺬﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﻨﻮﺍ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﺇﻧﻚ‬
‫ﺳﺒﻘﻮﻧﺎ ﺑﺎﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﻻ ﲡﻌﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻠﻮﺑﻨﺎ ﻏ ﹰ‬
‫ﺭﺅﻭﻑ ﺭﺣﻴﻢ" ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺁﺧﺮ ﺩﻋﻮﺍﻧﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺻﻠﻲ ﻭﺃﺳﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ‪.‬‬

‫***‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫א‬

‫‪٤٤‬‬

‫‪٤٣‬‬

‫א‬

‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‪................................................‬‬

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‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‬

‫‪ -١‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﺪْﻳﻦ ‪....................................‬‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﺃﻳﻦ ﻳﺪﻓﻦ ‪‬؟‪........................‬‬
‫‪ -٣‬ﺍﳋﻼﻓﺔﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ‪......................‬‬
‫‪ -٤‬ﻭﺻﺎﺗﻪ ﳌﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ‪.......................‬‬

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‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﻔﺎﺕ ﺇﲨﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺳﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ‪.....‬‬

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‫ﻓﻮﺍﺋﺪ ﳐﺘﺼﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ‪...................‬‬

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‫ﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻧﺘﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪.....................‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻳﺼﻨﻊ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪..........‬‬

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‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‪ :‬ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ ‪............‬‬

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‫ﻭﻓﺎﺗﻪ‪................................................‬‬
‫ﺍﳋﺎﲤﺔ‪..................................‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺮﺱ‪...................................‬‬

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‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‪ :‬ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﻣﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪..............‬‬

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‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ‪..............................‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﳋﻔﻲ‪.................................‬‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻳﺴﺄﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻗﺎﺗﻠﻪ‪......................‬‬

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‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ‪ :‬ﻋﻤﺮ ‪ ‬ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﺵ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ‪...........‬‬

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‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ‪ :‬ﳘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ ‪ ‬ﰲ ﺁﺧﺮ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ‪.................................‬‬

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