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Reference ‘Reinforced Concrete Design’ by S.N.Sinha, Problem 11-13.

Problem Design a pile cap with the given data: Load Fy = 2000KN, MZ = 300 KN-m, Spacing = 900 mm, Pile in Pile Cap = 75 mm, Bottom Cover = 100 mm, Edge Distance = 275 mm, No. of Pile = 9, fc = 15 MPa, fy = 415 MPa, Column Dimension = 500mm x 500mm, Ultimate Load Factor = 1.5.

Solution Pile reaction: P1 =416.667 KN P2 = 416.667 KN P3 = 416.667 KN P4 = 333.333 KN P5 = 333.333 KN P6 = 333.333 KN P7 =250 KN P8 = 250 KN P9 = 250 KN Bending moment at critical section (at column face), Mu (along length) = 3 x 416.667 x 0.65 = 812.5 KN-m Mu (along width) = (416.667+333.333+250) x 0.65 KN-m
VIVEK KUMAWAT

5+1 .25 c (hence safe) c c = = 0.33) KN = 2666.42 Kumax) = 2.all (Hence safe) Check for Two-Way Shear Vumax = (3000-333.5 x B x de = 3592. Ast = 0. 1) = 1 Allowable shear stress = Ks x = 0.5 x B x de = 2833.479 Rumax = 0.0.338 N/mm2 Developed shear stress Vumax =KN = 530 KN c = Developed shear stress c = = 0.852 N/mm2 VIVEK KUMAWAT .61 mm2 Minimum area of steel Astmin = 0.953 KN-m > Mu (Hence safe) Area of Steel Required Area of steel required along length. = 0.0012 x B x D = 2397 mm2 Area of steel required along width.066 Mulim= Rumax x B x de2 = 2172.36 x fc x Kumax x (1.968 N/mm2 > developed = 1 x 0.= 650 KN-m Assuming 850 mm overall depth and 12 mm bar. Effective depth de = 850-(100+75+6) = 669 mm Kumax = 0.2285 % Corresponding allowable c = 0.337 N/mm2 < c.67 KN Developed shear stress Ks = min( 0.69 mm2 Minimum area of steel Astmin = 0.0012 x B x D = 2397 mm2 Check for One-Way Shear (Along Length) Percentage of steel pt = 0.

52 mm = 31.foundation Result 669 mm 812.06 (26) Spacing = 85. of 12 mm bar = Spacing = 68.852 N/mm2 Difference in Percent None Negligible None None Table 8.337 N/mm2 0.503 KN-m 0.76 (32) Comparison Value Of Effective Depth Governing Moment (length) One-Way Shear Stress (Length) Two-Way Shear Stress Reference Result 669 mm 812.4 VIVEK KUMAWAT . of 12 mm bar = 25.5 KN-m 0.52 mm Spacing along width for 12 mm bar = 85.967 mm Along width: No.337 N/mm2 0.Spacing Along length: No.967 mm Spacing along length for 12 mm bar = 68.852 N/mm2 STAAD.