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Japanese Pact

1937 to December 7, 1941

By Mr. Woodmansee Good Shepherd Catholic School

The Second Sino-Japanese War


Chinese Civil War Japan had invaded in 1931 and organized a puppet state Manchukuo July 7, 1941 Marco Polo Bridge Incident Japanese bean a campaign of mass bombing civilian tangents

Rape of Nanking
Historians estimate that 300,000 Chinese died in the bombing Japanese officers let/encouraged their troops to ransack Nanking

An Asian Empire
Japan wanted control of Asia including USSR
The Non-Aggression pact angered Japan

The US ended the Treaty of Commerce and Navigation and passed the Export Control Act
Japan lost its supply of Oil and Steel

Tripartite Pact
September 27, 1940 Berlin, Rome, and Tokyo Alliance

Indochina
Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam The US built air fields used to aid the Chinese Attacked to end US interference

Pearl Harbor
Dec. 1, 1941 The Emperor Hirohito ordered the plan to be carried out Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku

Pearl Harbor

(contd)

December 7, 1941 at 7:55 am the first wave attacked a completely surprised American fleet The second attack came an hour later

Pearl Harbor

(contd)

2,402 Americans were killed 5 Battleships were destroyed 3 Battleships were in operable 11 Warships were also destroyed 180 planes lost No Carriers were attacked at Pearl Harbor Fuel reserves were left intact

December 7, 1941
Other attacks on the US: Midway Guam Philippines Wake Islands Other attacks on the GB: Malaya Hong Kong

Pearl Harbor Examined


The United States was ill prepared for war though most leaders (military & political) believed war was imminent Military intelligence knew an attack would happen Advice was from Admiral Turner to place the fleet on high alert was overlooked Some speculate that Churchill knew of the plan and allowed the US to be attacked to get the US involved