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BOY ON A SWING Slowly he moves to and fro, to and fro, then faster and faster he swishes up and down.

His blue shirt billows in the breeze like a tattered kite. The world whirls by: east becomes west, north turns to south; the four cardinal points meet in his head. Mother! Where did I come from? When will I wear long trousers? Why was my father jailed? Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali Questions 1.1 1.2 Where is the boy and what is he doing? (1) How do you think he feels about what he is doing? Give a reason for your answer. (2) His blue shirt is described as being like a tattered kite. Draw a picture of a tattered kite to show that you understand what it means. (1) Write down the three questions the boy asks his mother. (3) Which question do you think his mother will find the most difficult to answer? Explain. (3) How do you think the person watching the boy feels about him? Give a reason for your answer. (3) Explain the image of the cardinal points. (2) [15]

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Assessment Task Read the letter. The editor

The Weekly PO Box 24 Orlando 2250 Sir Corporal punishment in schools Your newspaper published an article on 1 August claiming that corporal punishment is not permitted in schools. The article stated that the Department of Education took action against teachers who administered corporal punishment. I would like to differ strongly with the writer of the article. Ms Read has not done her research. She should visit some schools and talk to children in the schools. I myself am a learner in a public secondary school and I can assure you that I have been a victim of corporal punishment. This has not happened to me once, but many times. I consider myself to be a reasonably good student. I am sometimes late for school because of transport. I travel a long way to get to school and sometimes the bus is caught in traffic. That makes me late but mostly I am on time. However, on the few occasions that I am late, I get punished by being hit with a stick across my legs. I try very hard to do the homework that I am given but sometimes I dont have the books. This is not my fault because we have to share books as there are not enough to go around the class. When I do not do my homework because I do not have the books, I get hit on my hands with a ruler. I have given two examples above of corporal punishment in my school. I could give many others. I would appreciate it if Ms Read would rewrite the article when she has done more research and found out the truth. She should ask the learners for information, not the teachers! Spare the child Part A: Features of the text 1 Who is this letter addressed to? 2 Name three groups of people who would be interested in reading this letter. 3 What is the subject of the letter? 4 Why did the writer send this letter? 5 Why is no senders address included in the letter? 6 What nom de plume does the writer use? 7 Identify features of the first paragraph of the letter. What does the first paragraph do? 8 Identify features of the last paragraph of the letter. What does the last paragraph do? Part B: Tone 9. Comment on the tone of the letter. Support your answer by referring to the letter.

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Part C: Formal language Imagine that you were writing a letter to the editor of a newspaper about drug use in your town. Which of the following would you use? 10 For the salutation (to a male editor): (1) A Dear Sir B Sir

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Dear Sir/Madam Sir/Madam As a heading: Drugs should be banned Ban drugs Drugs and our town Drug dealers For the introduction: I would like to raise the issue of drug abuse among teenagers. Drug abuse is a big problem in South Africa. Many children use drugs in South Africa. I would like to raise the extremely serious issue of drug abuse among teenagers in South Africa. For the second paragraph: I am a very concerned parent of a sixteen-year-old girl called Samantha Smith. My daughter, Samantha Smith, has told me about drug use in her class. My daughters classmates use drugs daily. I am a very concerned parent of a young adolescent. For the third paragraph: I would like to see the police take action against these thugs. I would like to see the police take action against drug dealers in this town. All drug dealers should be put in prison. The police are lazy! For the fourth paragraph: The police only have primary school education. The police are unable to address the issue of alcohol abuse. The police are fat and lazy. The police are themselves corrupt as was revealed by the Media Television Programme which showed them taking bribes from drug dealers. In the concluding paragraph: I would like to see the police doing their work and taking on the drug dealers. I am going to report the police to the government. I am going to talk to the superintendent. I would love to see the police doing their work and taking on the drug dealers. As a nom de plume: Police stooge Drug happy Concerned parent Concerned citizen (1)

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Part D: Letter to the editor

18. Imagine that you were writing a letter to the editor of The People newspaper. The City Council is about to close the local cinema. They want to demolish the old building and in its place erect a brand new shopping mall. You object to this.

Assessment Task

Read the text. An egg a day keeps hunger at bay by John Makhubela MANY PEOPLE IN SOUTH AFRICA do not have enough food to eat. Even when they have money, they often spend it on the wrong food. Take the Chauke family. They are very often hungry. Often they start the day with a just a single slice of bread or a small bowl of pap. But sometimes they do not even have that! The McDonald family also struggles to buy food. I dont get enough money to last the month, explains Mr McDonald. When our money runs out, then we just put some sugar into hot water and drink that in the morning. The McDonalds think that the sweet drink will give them energy for the day. What they fail to realise is that the energy acquired from sugar is temporary. It is used up quickly by the body, leaving it even more tired than before the drink. According to Healthy Website, you need some protein and carbohydrate in the morning for sustained energy. It says that people should spend their money on healthy food such as mealie meal, brown bread and eggs. This would be wise. It recommends an egg for breakfast. According to a study by the University of the West, the protein in eggs increases satiety and decreases hunger. Eggs have all eight essential amino acids, says Dr Thloubatla, author of Ways to eat economically. And they do not have adverse effects on the heart, he continues. Thats been disproved. Mrs Smith relies on her chickens. She says that they lay eggs and then when they stop laying, they themselves can be eaten. And they dont even need to be fed, she explains, they just eat grubs around the house. Her husband agrees with her. People who live in rural areas can have their own chickens. He claims that a doctor once told him that eggs help your brain as well as your body to function. They seem to have worked for him. Hes eaten one a day for the last seventy years!

Answer the questions. Part A: Genre 1 2 3 4 Identify and briefly describe three things in the text that tell you that it is a newspaper article. Who is the newspaper article written for? Describe the audience. What is the central message of the article? Do you agree with the article? Express your own opinion about economical breakfast options. (6) (3) (2) (4) (15) Part B: Vocabulary Give the opposite of the following words: sweet wrong often temporary quickly

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Use prefixes to give the opposite of the following words: wise healthy agrees

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Use context clues to give the meanings of the following words: sustained satiety economically adverse Study the headline of the article. What is meant by at bay? The headline is based on a common English saying. What is it?

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Part C: Comprehension Answer the questions on the text. Three families lives are examined in this article. Name the families. Name the authority figure who is quoted in the article. Which institution substantiates the information quoted from Healthy Website?

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Who thinks that it would be wise to spend money on healthy food? Why does Mr Smith find it necessary to explain that eggs are not bad for the heart? Why is the rearing of chickens a useful nutritional practice? How have eggs contributed to the health of Mr Smith? Do you think that Healthy Website is a reliable source of information? Give your opinion and reasons for it.

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Part D: Direct and indirect speech Change the following from direct into indirect or reported speech. I dont get enough money to last the month, explains Mr McDonald. Eggs have all eight essential amino acids, says Dr Thloubatla, author of Ways to eat economically. And they do not have adverse effects on the heart, he continues. And they dont even need to be fed, she explains, they just eat grubs around the house. Her husband agrees with her. People who live in rural areas can have their own chickens.

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Part E: Punctuation 32 33 34 35 36 Explain the function of the full stop in: They are often very hungry. Explain the function of the exclamation mark in: But sometimes they do not even have that! Explain the function of the comma in: Even when they have money, they often spend it on the wrong food. Explain the function of the quotation marks in: I dont get enough money to last the month, explains Mr McDonald. Explain the function of the comma in: According to Healthy Website, you need some protein and carbohydrate in the morning for sustained energy. Explain the function of the comma in: It says that people should spend their money on healthy food such as mealie meal, brown bread and eggs. Explain the function of italics in: Eggs have all eight essential amino acids, says Dr Thloubatla, author of Ways to eat economically. Explain the function of the apostrophe in: And they dont even need to be fed, she explains, they just eat grubs around the house. Explain the function of the apostrophe in: Thats been disproved. Explain the function of the apostrophe in: (1) (1) (1) (1) (1)

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Hes eaten one a day for the last seventy years! (10) Part F: Polite language Imagine that you are sitting at the breakfast table. Make the requests or offers described. Use polite language. You would like to have some juice poured. You would like to get your neighbour to pass you the toast. Offer the butter to someone at the table. You would like to get your neighbour to pass you the jam. He is talking so you need to interrupt him politely. You want to explain that the jam tastes good. You cant see the salt anywhere. The teapot is in front of you. Offer to pour some tea for someone sitting opposite you. You have poured some tea for someone. Ask if you can add milk. You have finished your meal and want to leave the table, but others are still eating. Ask politely if you may do so.

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Part G: Editing Question 51 Rewrite the following text as a newspaper article. Change the style so that it reads as a newspaper article. Lay the text out as a newspaper article. Give it a headline. Include information which relates to the story being reported. Leave out unnecessary information. There is a village called Kempton in the rural area. Many people live outside the village in an informal settlement. There has been a long drought in the area, which has resulted in poor crops. The farmers have not needed so many people to harvest their crops as a result. Mr Williams, who is a local farmer, was complaining to other farmers at the sale on Monday. He said that hed lost a whole field of mealies. Most farmers have labourers who live on their farms in small cottages. They also each get a bit of land to farm. They can grow mealies and other crops such as cabbages on this land. They can also have some stock on communal land. Most of them have a few cows. Some have a horse. Many have chickens. Temba thinks that its quite a hard life but he also thinks its easier than that of the contract workers. At least hes got a proper roof over his head and most of the time it doesnt leak. The people living outside the village of Kempton arent as lucky as those living on the farms. They are living in shelters that they have erected themselves. Many of the shelters leak. They dont have any land so they cant grow any food. Mr Malinde doesnt get a social grant and hes got six children. In fact, most of them dont qualify for social grants. They dont have enough food to live on. Water is supplied. So is electricity. They can

buy bread at the village shop. They get occasional work on the farms but its been a bad year. Caroline has a baby and she gets a child grant. But she doesnt manage on the grant. Shes been looking for work too. Shes hoping that shell be able to get work when the potatoes are ready to be harvested. Sometimes they can take a few potatoes home, especially the smaller ones. Your teacher will use the following checklist to assess your article. Does the newspaper article: include an interesting and eye-catching headline? include the name of the journalist? sum up the rest of the article in the first paragraph? use short and simple sentences? use short paragraphs? quote people? include content that is relevant? exclude unnecessary information? Possible Learners marks marks 2 1 2 1 1 3 3 2 15

Part H: Formal presentation Question 52 Prepare and give a short presentation on one of the following topics: a) The plight of the poor in South Africa b) Families living below the bread line c) Surviving on a social grant d) Making healthy choices You must carry out some research on your topic. Make sure that you consult at least two different sources. You can consult newspapers, magazines, reference books and/or the internet. If these are not available to you, you can carry out research by talking to people at school or in your community. Your research must include a main research question, for example: How many people in xxx town / province / country have less than R25 a day for food? How many people can R20 a day feed? What can you buy with R30 a day for a family? Your research results must include some statistics, which you must present graphically (in a graph, chart or diagram). Your presentation must be approximately three minutes long. Your presentation will be evaluated according to the criteria in the assessment rubric for the formal presentation.

The audience must pay attention to each persons presentation. They should express opinions politely, agreeing or disagreeing with the findings presented.

Research

Research question

Statistics

Presentation

4 The learner consulted at least two different, very good sources. These were extremely relevant and provided very useful information on the topic. The learner formulated a clear, concise and useful research question. The learner included statistics that added important information and value to the presentation. The learner presented the talk clearly and carefully, enabling the audience to follow easily.

3 The learner consulted at least two different sources. These were relevant and provided useful information on the topic.

2 The learner consulted at least two different sources. These provided some information on the topic.

1 The learner consulted fewer than two sources and did not access useful information.

The learner formulated a useful research question.

The learner formulated a research question.

The learner did not formulate a useful research question.

The learner included statistics that added information and value to the presentation. The learner presented the talk such that the audience was able to follow it easily.

The learner included statistics that added information to the presentation. The learner presented the talk fairly well, but the audience was unable to follow it at times.

The learner did not include statistics in the presentation.

The learner did not present the talk clearly or carefully. It was difficult to follow.