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= ^L V^c= ]wK= SY ygR GBR LT lsCN STtJCN

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Tem T>>e`

Tem T>>e`

T < KFL xND


SpU .........................................................1 mGb ...........................................................8

2. ysW YCNN BT LbT bsW mqM ................................................40 2.1. nT yS ZGnTN rUg_ ....... 40 2.2. yGBR BTN L ......................45 2.3. yxR xdN NnT rUg_ ....................50 2.4. ytKlJ xQRT# BzT SRuTN L ........................................................61 3. mTN bxGb mqM .................... 72 3.1. uQ SY~ L W[< S_ K=c= }v^ T[..................72 3.2. ytStkl ymT xqM ls mktL ..........................................96 3.3. yW xqCNN bkFt dr L ...................................................100 4. kyxbW hn UR ytm yLT kJ zUjT ...........................110 4.1. YvRsk>N SpYz>NN mR ... 111 4.2. bDRQ xbC ys S ..................... 117 (h) sfN XNdmFTW xL mWsD ..........121 (l) ytf_ BT XNKBb yXNsT BT LT ............................128 () yW BT xqMN L .............. 133 4.3. bqE ZB cW yxR xdR xbC ys S .....................................................137 4.4. bxRB xd xb ys S ............. 141 4.5. Lrs s mT cW xbC ys S .....................................................151
Tem T>>e`

1. GBR gRN :kL drg LT fN XDgT lrUg_ SCL..................................................10 2. gRN GBRN :kL drg LT HZb kLt bq dr XNqM dRUL ......... 16 3. GBR gRN :kL drg LT xgCNN ktmICnT N SCL ..............23 4. GBR gRN :kL drg LT bxgCN ybr yn gb x mFR SCL .......27

KFL hlT
ygR GBR LT lsCN STtJCN
1. yGBR LT msrE xQC .......30 1.1. ysW gLbTN bsW ymqM xQ ..30 1.2. yXR mCNN bxGb ymqM xQ ............................................................33 1.3. xND XGR bmT .......................................35 1.4. ktl yxG-xl C UR ytm xQ ............................................37 1.5. ytqj yLT xQ .............................38

Tem T>>e`

II

5. bgb ym yGBR LT XNR DrG .....................................155 5.1. bgb Ltm yGBR LT fN qYnT lW lN xYCLM.....................155 5.2. bgb tfg yn MRCN ymRT yGBR zRF mgNT xlBN .....................159 5.3. yGBR yGBYT SRxTN bqYnT L .........................................................166 (h) ydr Md SRxT mFR ......................166 (l) ygb mr xQRTN L ....................171 () yHBrT S HbTN ST# kR .......................................................175 (m) yGL lBC bGBR GBYT SRxT cWN tT L kR .................184 6. ygR yYNS SRxTN L .............189 6.1. NC ygR yYNS SRxT ............... 192 6.2. ygR NC ............................................... 198 6.3. yHBrT S HbT ................................ 202 7. yGL lBC bGBR LT zRF bsW XNt brT ............................204 7.1. yWu xNvStCN wd GBR zRF mB .................................206 7.2. yGBR SL yGL lBC tT .....................................209 7.3. yGL lBC yxR xd yGBR MRT TSSR .............................................213

8.

ygR msrt-LTN ST ............218 8.1. yTMHRT y _b xgLGlTN ST .......................................................219 8.2. ygR mNgD TNSRT xgLGlTN kR ...............................222 8.3. ym_ W xQRTN L ................ 227 8.4. llC ymsrt-LT xgLGlCN dr bdr ST .................................231

9.

kGBR Wu l ygR LT XNQSsCN kR .......................236 9.1. kGBR W yR LT xSfgnT...237 9.2. yGBR LT yf_rWN XDL x mqM ............................................240 9.3. ygR ktC TSSRN kR ............242

KFL ST ygR LT xmR


1. yHZB KsE tT ygR LT ....244 1.1. yHZB tT xSfgnT .......................... 244 1.2. yHZBN ytT mDrC bxGb mqM ..........................................265 2. qLF ygR LT tCN kR bxGb mqM .............................................270 3. bydrW l ymNGST xTN mlyT DRcWN XNw DrG..............272 4. bxRB xd xb yR xmR ...........279
Tem T>>e`

Tem T>>e`

III

IV

mQDM#
xgCN bZQt yHbE xE yXDgT dr Y TglC xCN ytmsrtW bGBRW KFl x# lzWM kXJ wdxF bn qR xmrT nW lzmT by mQE CGR yttbtbW yGBRW KFl x lllC KFt xCN XDgT mN mn lN yCL hBT yfRbT xLyM XzH dr Y mDrs qR yHZCNN yMGB FT lRT ySCL MRT yfSbT dr Y mDrSM tST L lx xCNM n lGBRW KFl x bmQE CGR mtBtB msrE MKNt lzmT ytStkl yLT ls# STtJ SLT YrN mCN nW qdMT mNGST xNDM ytStkl yLT ls lmNdF xlM dG XDgTN kN YLQ ydqF ywt ytt lsCN qY bS Y bL xCNN lmsrE mQE CGR xULWT YtL TKKl yLT lsC LtndbT hn yxgCN LT fN XDgT lYM n HZb yqMbT hn lfR xYCLM bmnM bMGB XHL XN* CNN mL xQN byxmt blC l wgCN yMGB R lmyQ tgdN YtL

YHN kmslW msrE CGR lmqQ ylW xgCN yMTmbT yx ls LTN lN kzHM yHZBN tnT lrUg_ ySCL# bxlM xq yS KFFL WS_ XdR ylBT nnT lW ybr yn gb x lmgNT ySCL sN nW lsW# STtJW SLt btmUUbnT XnzHN msrE xC lk yCl nW ktnd bRG_M fN HZCN yqMbT ybr yn gb yx SRxT mgNT YCL YHM yx LTN lN TKKl llC# STtJ SLC mNdF B bqE nW lL xYCLM fN XDgT m kzHM HZcWN t drg yMSQ XS xgCN yXDgT RM SNmlkT yMNgnzbW msrE gY TKKl ls STtJ SLT mNdF ymjmW qLF gY btndT TKKl xQC Y yU GNb mZ ltGEnt bsW mnT dG lfN XDgT w QDm hn nW yxTe dE KsE pBlK mNGST kzH msrE GNb bmnT xgCN yMTmbTN TKKl yx PGM nDL YHN PGM tGE lDrG ySCl msrE STtJC SLCNM qY*L yx LCNN lN XNN sKtR bydrW ywtWN bTKKL lY hlM sKtC TKKl tdUU xQC YzW XNz lDrGM srrB YaL

Tem T>>e`

Tem T>>e`

Xn xhN dG lT xSR xmT yx LCNN lN ktktLcW lsC btGR gcW LMC bmnT# XNhM lfN LT ybq xgCN tmK bgzB lx yx XDgCN w ynWN ygR yGBR LT ymbT ls# STtJ SLC qML XnzHN msrE xQC btGR lmtRMM tzUJaL bxY yx lsCN btlY dG ygR yGBR LT lsCN btGR Y lWL yClW mW HBrtsB bydrW yg xSf xT bZRZR tgNZbWT kt=u LMcW Xytns sBT ltGEnt srrb nW bmnM mNGST zUjW ygR LT ls# STtJ SLCN ytqmbT YH IhF bydrW bg ymNGST xT# mNGSE Ln DRJC# bsvL xdrjC bxY bmW HBrtsB zND WYYT lDbT yU GNb tY s RBRB lDbT YgL bdW WYYT Y yqRb gNb LCNN y_n C YHN msrE snD YbL_ XNdBT YmNbL bmnM yxgCN yLT _q yScW wgC hl ls# STtJ SLc N bWYYT lbR btGR Y lL ybQcWN xStI bRkT XNdgcW lsB XNwlN

KFL xND
= ^L V^c= ]wK= SY ygR LT lsC lsC# STC SLC SLC#

Tem T>>e`

Tem T>>e`

mGb#
yxTe E KsE pBlK mNGST yx LTN btmlkt xND msrE x xSqM*L YHM HZb bydrW t yNbT# xgCNN ktmICnT yQQ fN xE XDgT brUg_ bxgCN ybr yn gb x SRxT XNR DrG nW YH msrE x xT gIC lT nW bmjm dr fN yx XDgT rUg_N bmsrE xnT mnnT yz nW yzH xE x hltW gI fN yx XDgT krUg_ bgR HZb bq dr t yNbTN hn XWN lDrG SL nW StW xE x xgCNN ktmICnT qQ bxlM xqF xE TSSR WS_ dr bqYnT Xytl XND DrG nW bxt dr dG kY ytqsW H lW fN XDgT bxgCN ybr yn gb xN bmgNT XWN XNN DrG nW YHN msrE yxE LT x tGE lDrG yt ygR LT :Y YHNn ySf{M XNQSs mR YRbL bgR bxhn sxT ydW mDM ygW yx LT XNQSs bnnT yGBR LT XNQSs nW YhN bgR kGBR S W l yLT XNQSs xYRM lT xYdlM sN yGBR XNQSsWN lT s
8

ymsrt-LT yHbE LT XNQSs mD xlbT bGBR LT Y tmSR s yNGD yxNST LT XNQSsM lD YCL# YgLM bmnM ygR LT S XklN GBR drg ngR GN bGBR S Y B Lr yLT XNQSs mN YgL :klN GBR drg ygR LT XNQSs# yndFnWN yx LT msrE x tGE lDrG ySCL xND yS mSK nW msrE yx LT xCNN tGE lDrG bllC yS mSCM kFt RBRB yYQ mn GLI lN YgL YhN ygR LT SCN xND yLT SCN mSK nW tBl B ylF xYdlM yx LT msrE xCNN lT ySClN n mR XNdnM lsmRbT YgL yMNktlW yLT xQ :klN GBR gR drg nW# GBR-mR yxNST LT STtJ nW wzt. Xytl ygl{WM gR GBRN :kL drg yLT XNQSs yLT xCN n Sf{ m yLT XNQSsCN m mnN lSgNzB nW GBRN :kL drg ygR LT STtJ n yLT xQCN ynW msrE yx LT xCN ynTN yktlTN xT gC bt x*N lSf{M ySClN yq xQ bmn nW

Tem T>>e`

Tem T>>e`

KFL xND
yxTe E KsE pBlK mNGST ygR LT lsC# STtJC SLC#
1. GBR gRN :kL drg LT fN XDgT lrUg_ SCL
ymsrE yx xCN xN gI lSkntM msrT ynW fN yx XDgTN rUg_ nW fN yx XDgT rUg_ sL yr_ tkYnT yllW XDgT lT xYdlM tkYnT yllW fN XDgT krJM mkl gz x* sY fN XDgT lN xYCLM SlnM Sqm_nWN msrE yxE LT x lT kxgCN t=u hn bmnT qYnT lW fN XDgT lrUG_LN ySClNN n mNgD lY Sqm_ YHNn b_BQ bt hn tGE DrG YYL NWNM xYnT yx LT XNQSs lD pEL# st ysW YL# mT XnzHN YbL_ W bn x*N xqJ lNqQS yCL xmR SfLUL bxgCN t=u hn lLT
Tem T>>e` 10

kSfLgW pEL x* kFt X_rT YL YH kFt ypEL X_rT bxuR gz ywgDM xYdlM bxN kFt q_R lW st HZB bqE mT xlN fN XDgT lrUg_ yMNClW X_rT yYbTN pEL bq# bbqE mN xlN yMNlWN ysW gLbT mT dG bsW yqM yLT xQ ytktLN XNdn nW pELN bsW bkFt dr yqM yLT xQ ytktLN XNdn lN lrN yClW pE L WsN bmn# bzH Y ytNll xQ ySgW XDgTM bzW mN WsN YL ysW gLbT mTN bsW bmqM Y Ltmsrt yLT xQ ktktLN kFt yLT xStI lrW yCL ysW ymT xQCN bt mLk _QM Y YWL qR LCN mN bClW dr YN YqL bmnM bxgCN fN XDgTN lrUg_ ylW pELN bkFt dr y_B# mT gLbTN# btlYM gLbTN bsW bq dr yqM yLT xQ ytktLN XNdn nW GBR gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ bxND bkL pELN bq lmqM# bl bkL dG mTN ysW gLbTN bsW bq dr yqM yLT STtJ tGE lDrG ySCL nW kxgCN HZB WS_ k 85% yNsW yrW bgR nW xBW mT lWM bgR nW kFt pEL yYYqW gLbTN mTN bsW bq dr mqM ylW bGBR zRF HZb mt lbT bgR Y nr yLT STtJ ytktLN
Tem T>>e` 11

XNdn nW yGBR S# bg xb ydW yGBR LT XNQSs lBz pEL gLbTN mTN bsW bq dr mqM yLbT zRF nW lN yLT xQM bq dr tQmN# yllNN bq bmqM fN qYnT lW XDgT lrUg_ ySClN zRF nW GBR gRN :kL drgW yLT STtJ yGBRW zRF fN qYnT lW XDgT XNrUG_ bDrG# kxgCN xY MRT kG> bY ynWN ymRtWN zRF fN XDgT XNm bDrG xCN bxY bF_nT qYnT lW x*N XNDG dRUL yzH yLT STtJ Y GN bzH B yr xYdlM fN yGBR ygR LT NGD xNSTM qYnT lW fN XDgT XNSmzGb ydRG nW bnzH hlT mLC GBR gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ GBR B YN bxYM xCN fN qYnT lW XDgT XNSmzGB ydRG nW GBR fN qYnT lW XDgT sSmzGB bdT ypEL KMCCN Xylbt SlD kzh bgW ypEL KMCT NGD xNST fN qYnT lW XDgT XNrUG bR YkFTcL GBR fN XDgT sY lxgR WS_ ypEL KMCT mbR kFt ywT xS BT YfL bkFt dr y=MrW
Tem T>>e` 12

MRnT bxgR WS_ ypEL KMCTN B YN lxKSRT yn MRC btl _T mN XNqRb bDrG yWu MN KMCCNNM bF_nT DUL YHM lxNSTE LCN mN qLF YwL yGBR MRnT Xytl fN XDgT brUG_bT wQT# yMGB qC bsW lgb XNqRb UcWM ZQ XNL bmlSt dZ bqE MGB xG ls yCL st XNR bDrG lNGD xNST fN qYnT lW XDgT ybklN xStI brKL bt=M bGBR XDgT dT MRnT xD bGBR S Y tfg Ln gLbT XNbrKT YHM bNGD xNST mSK tq_ lnzH zRC fN XDgT ybklN xStI dRG zND hnCN mL yGBR fN qYnT lW XDgT XWN sN bxNST _ XnT tfg yn yGBR MRC bflgW _T mN bR> U XNmrt dRUL YHM lNGD xNST fN XDgT bR YkFL GBR fN XDgT srUG_ yxR xd yn hn bzh mN sL xR xd yfLUcW yF qC xgLGlC bzW mN Y=Ml YHM NGD xNST bM s yxgR WS_ gb xGtW fN qYnT lW XDgT XNm SCcL bGBR fN XDgT dT xR xd yqMbT yGBR tKl Xytl bzh LK bGBR zRF yflg GBxC yMr mC Xy=m Yl YHM t= s yxgR WS_ gbN bmFR
Tem T>>e` 13

lxNST fN qYnT lW XDgT msrT YL kFt ypEL X_rT lT xgCN lBz pEL ysW gLbTN bsW bqmW yGBR zRF Y bmrrB yxCN w KFL ynW GBR fN XDgT XNSmzGB bzh mN dG xY xE XDgCN XNN kDrG gR YW XDgT xNSTN NGDN mR fN XDgT XNSmzGb ydRG YL lNGD xNST yN ypEL KMCT yst gLbT kQrB gR NGD xNST bqE _ : btm U xGtW# lGBR yn GBxC yMr XC# nW llW xR xdR yN s yF XC xgLGlC gb tf_cW yGBR LT XymcW XnsM fN qYnT lW XDgT XNrUG hnCN mCcL s XRS bRs ymUgB yxgR WS_ gbN lmFR SCL bmnM GBR mR yLT STtJ nW yrN SNL# GBRN bdG wN yxCN zRF XdGN nW lCN B xYdlM NGD xNST YHN fN yGBR XDgT tkTlW Xsn xJbW fN qYnT lW XDgT XNrUG ySCcW hn YfL lCN uMR XN YLq N M gRN GBRN XkL drgW yLT STtJ XJG tfg yNbT xN n MKNT lNGD xNST fN XDgT ytmc hn yf_R
Tem T>>e` 14

bmn nW YH yNGD xNST fN XDgT bbkl lGBRW XDgT qYnT ST YL bmnM zRc g kmjmW tdUGfW dG YRcL yGBR XDgT mntN Lz xNST NGD kwh kzh UR tqJtW yDgbT xQ Ltqm yxgCN fN XDgT lrUg_ xYCLM yGBR ygR LT bxY yx LT XNQSsCN WS_ ymnT WN sYZ nW fN qYnT lW XDgT rUg_ yMNClW SNL YH STtJ lzLxl yR nW lCN xYdlM bdT ypEL KMCCN Xdg# yxNST zRCN Xys _LqT Xg m xYqRM bzH dT xND wQT Y xNST w yx zRF bLT XNQSsCN WS_ ymnT ywtW zRF yNbT gz YmL xNST XzH dr Y ldRS yClW kwh bGBR LT WCN Y ytmsrt tmLM yGBR LCNN yKR ytStkl yxNST LT STtJ SNqYS tGE SdRG nW XzH dr Y kmDrCN bT brW dT WS_ fN XDgTN LrUG_ yMNClW GBR mR STtJ bmktL B nW xCN bF_nT xD xNST ymnT WN y=B_bT dr Y LNdRS yMNClW GBR mR yLT STtJN bmktL nW

Tem T>>e`

15

2. gRN GBRN :kL drg LT HZb kLt bq dr XNqM dRUL


bxE LT dT HZb kLt bq dr t XN ybY tmLC XNYN DrG SfLUL YHN DrG ySfLgW LT kFTEnT HZbN kDHnT DNqR kqQ x* myT SlgW nW HZb bq dr t XNN DrG tfg ynW GN kFTEnT bmnT B xYdlM btlYM XNd xYnT s XJG xSk yn DHnT lbT xgR LT XWN HZb t=u yn mL ylW_ tS g bStqR# ybY tmLC kql bxgt sM mrUUT lR xYCLM bDHnT mk ygrfW HZB bxND wQT bxSk ltEE HbE qWS mw# mFT wdllW B_B_ dM msS mGt yYqR nW YH bNDf E TNn ydrSbT gY B YN bbR yxF xgC bt=u yy KStT nW qWS dM msS bngsbT xgR dG fN qYnT lW XDgT Bl ngR lsB xYCLM bmnM nW HZb bq dr yqMbT yx XDgT yrUg_ gY msrE yx _q B YN w ysM mrUUT# yBE dHNnT _qM ynW HZb kLt bq dr XNqM kDrG x* XNd xND xu lqRB yClW# kFt pEL tKlN bmqM LTN rUg_# bzH yLT dT t ynW YqL# t yYnWN dG mNGST btl mNgC Xydm
Tem T>>e` 16

brB bDNqR kmRgF XNDN dRgL# bzh mLK sM mrUUTN xrUG LtN SqL YgL ylW xu nW YH xu bR gDlC lT xu nW tBl bBzC yttc xu nW bmjm dr YH nW yL S yLT xStI dRG bD yR kFt GMT ysW sW XNR ytmICnT xmlkT XNs# MNM S YR bD yrW KFL btl HbE CGC WS_ XNzfQ ydRG xu nW tBl YtL lD yWlW kFt w bLT tGR Y bWL lg ynbrWN kFt XDgT bSqrT xY XDgTN quL tBlM ttCaL XnzH gDlC yx msrE CGC XNdn mqmM tgb nW YHN xu ydG wgCM XzHN gDlC xYKM YHN xu ydGT bLt Ltqm sW yflgW YhN lT ys gT SkTL bL nW bxgCN t=u hn YH yD xu bflGM YflGM tGE lN yCL ngR xYdlM qD ngR kFt pEL tKl SlllN bnzH Y ytmsrtWN yLT STtJ BNfLgW BNmWM tGE LdRGW xNCLM kzH bt= dG sR yYbWN HZB bD lR bflGM YHNN lDrG ySCL gNzB ylM SlnM bD HZBN kLT t XNN yDrG xu bxgCN t=u hn bflGM YflGM tGE lN yCL
Tem T>>e` 17

xu xYdlM HZb kLt bq dr t yNbT# sM mrUUTN lrUg_ ySCL LT ktflg kD xu ytly xu mQrB xlbT kD xu W fN LTN XrUg kzh LT HZb bq dr t XNN lDrG SCL tBl ysbW btGRM bxNND yMSQ XS xgC tK x_Ub WT SgW xu yHZbN yMrT xQM yLbT YHNn bsW lLT ymqM xu nW HZb lW bqR bS Y XNs ySClW gLbT xlW yzHN gLbT NnT# yS tn>nT yS Cl kF bDrG yHZbN yMrT xQM LbT YL XNd lW xgR HZb kgLbT bt= xR lmR yfLG sW mT yGT mBT xlW Xybr ydWN yMrT xQN (gLbtN) mt N bxGb tQ MrT YCL yHZbN yMrT xQM bLbT (ysW gLbT mT wzt.) YHN yHZbN yMrT xQM bsW lmqM ySCL yLT STt tGE kn HZb kgW LT bq dr t lN YCL bnnT yx XDgT ymW HZb bgLbt bmt bmqM ymRtW MRT nW HZb bgLbt bmt bmqM kmRtW MRT kFtW DR ys yxMc SlN kLt bq dr t YL bmnM YH xu DN bYYQ mLk fN XDgT lrUg_ kgW LT HZb bq
Tem T>>e` 18

dr t XNN lDrG ySCL YL kY XNdtmlktW GBR gRN :kL drgW yLT STtJ bxgCN fN qYnT lWN LT lrUg_ ySClW BcW xu nW kzHM gR yD xu ZG bnT D xgCN HZb kLt t XNN bDrG rgD gRN GBRN :kL drg yLT STtJ HZb kLt bq dr t XNN lDrG ySCL BcW xuM nW YH yNbT bR MKNC xl kD xu Wu HZb kLt bq dr t XNN DrG ylW yHZbN yMrT xQM bLbT YHNn bsW yqM yLT xQ nW yHZb yMrT xQM bnnT gLbt sN mTM t= yMrT xQM nW bxTe hn k85 bm yNsW HZB lW bgR nW yHZbN yMrT xQM xLBtN bsW XNqMbT ktl bgR Y ktR l xu ylM ypEL X_rT lT xgCN YHN s ysW gLbT bsW XNqMbT ktl bGBR S Y XNs kDrG Wu l xu ylM yHZbN yMrT xQM lLbT Nnt ytbq# yS ClW ZGnt bTMHRT SL ybr ysW YL XNN DrG SfLUL YHNn S kFt ygNzB w bYYQ x*N mf{M YL bmlSt ymNGST w bnnT bHZb
Tem T>>e` 19

bs _rT Nnt ytbq# yS ClW ZGnt ytrUg zU mFR YL bxgCN t=u hn NWM zU sR lmR ySClW yXR mT yGT mBT xlW yMrT xQ ylbtW zU bmT bmqM bMRT S Y bsW ltF yCLbT hn xl kFt ypEL X_rT SlBN lNN mT kFt pEL bFsS lGBR LT LWlW xNCLM lN xu yMrT xQ ylbtWN ysW YCNN bsW yqM yGBR LT STtJ mktL B nW bmnM gRN GBRN :kL drgW yLT STtJ yHZbN yMrT xQM bLbT YHN xQM bsW lmqM ySCL hnN Yf_RLL bxgCN fN LT lrUg_ B YN HZb kLt bq dr t XNN lDrG SClL bxgCN ktCM xSk DHnT m ytrUg gY nW ngR GN yk DHnT m ynW gR nW XJG ybW yxgCN D ygW bgR nW yDHnt mN XJG xSk bn dr Y ygW bgR nW XJG ybW yxgCN D lbT# ysW DHnT bgbT bgR fN LT rUg_ Ltl bStqR bxgCN DHnTN kmQrF x* msrE TRgM lW S mST xYLM gRN GBRN :kL drgW yLT STrtJ yDHnT m bnW gR fN LTN brUg_ HZb kzh t XNN lDrG SCL
Tem T>>e` 20

GBRN gRN :kL drgW ygR LT STtJ ySgW q kxgCN HZB k85% yNsWN ygR HZB kDHnT qQ kLt t XNN bDrG Y B ytwsn bNM XJG tm mNgD mn Lqr nbR YhN YH yLT xQ DHnTN bgR bmQrF yg HZB kLt bq dr t XNN bDrG dr ytwsn q B lW xYdlM yktWN HZB kDHnT bqQ kLt bq dr t XNN bDrGM rgD XJG tmu ynW yLT xQ nW GBR bkFt dr bDGbT wQT L L yGBR MRC bsW bflgW _T Slmrt ygb UcW mqns yYqR nW xMc kFt MRT Slg yMRt gb U bqNSM bDMR kFt gb Gt xYqRM yktWM HZB kzH bq_ t YL kktW HZB y:lT t:lT yn w WS_ k50% yNsW yMGB w nW yGBR WC U bqNSbT brUUbT wQT yktW HZB yn hn qYnT lW mNgD bq_ YL ngR GN ygR GBR LT lktW HZB lW q bzH B ytwsn xYdlM qdM sL XNynW yGBR LT lNGD xNST XDgT XJG ytmc hn Yf_L lxNST yn _ XCN# ypEL KMCTN yst gLbTN XNhM# lNGD xNST s yxgR
Tem T>>e` 21

WS_ gbN bmFR yNGD xNST LTN _L yNGD xNST XDgT sN dG yktWM HZB s yS XDL xG yMrT xQN xLB bzh bsW bmqM kLt bq dr t lN YCL ygR yGBR LT NGD xNSTM bnnT ysW gLbT bsW ymqM xQ tkTlW XNDg bDrG rgD kFt tIX RL MNM XN* bLt dT ypEL KMCCN Xy=mr yD bNM lrJM gz ypE L X_rT U GN xYqRM bmnM YH hn s yNGD xNST LCN ysW gLbTN bsW ymqM xQ XNktL tIX yRF YL kzHM bY xNST yGBR MRCN bBC wdtl qC bmlw_ S lTM bxG PssNG xNsT Y tr mn xYqRM YH bNbT wQT yxNSTW H s gLbTN bsW mqM yYQ bmn yxNST LCN yHZb n yMrT xQM ynWN ysW gLbT bsW yqM XNN YgdL yxNSTW s yxgR WS_ gb yxR xd yF yMr X FT YL XnzHM bxBW gLbT bsW bq xNSTC ymrt cW gRN GBRN :kL drgW yLT STt yGBR MRC U qN yktW C XNqM# yNGD xNST XDgT t_ yktW HZB yS

XDL XNg kDrG gR ydW yxNST XDgT ysW gLbTN bsW ymqM H lW yxNST xYnT Y tr XNN bDrG yfrW yS :DL bl xu lR kClW hl XJG ys XNN# bmnM yxNST LtM yHZbN yMrT xQM bLbT YHNn bsW bmqM Y ytmsrt XNN# HZb kLt bq dr lmqM ySClW XNN dRUL SlnM fN qYnT lW LT lrUg_ B YN bxgCN t=u hn ygM n yktW HZB kLt bq dr XNqM lDrG ylW bGBR bgR Y tr yLT STtJN bmktL nW

3. GBR gRN :kL drg LT xgCNN ktmICnT lN SCL#


lNbT xlM xgC btl yxE GNnT sNslC bQRB ytbT ytsbT xlM nW NWM xgR bN kzH TSSR W lN xYCLM xNDM bu ginT# xlM btmICnT btSfnT kzh xlM xqE xE TSSR UR Lt xgR ylM xgC ktmICnT tqW cWN ymcW gY# xE nncWN yLbcW gY bzh xlM xqE TSSR WS_ yf{M XN kzH TSSR W lsB yCL xYdlM bzH xlM xqE TSSR WS_ xgC ytly

Tem T>>e`

22

Tem T>>e`

23

yS DR xcW xNNc XRS bRs ymUgB s yxgR WS_ gbN yf_R ybr x gNBtW klW xgR UR bN yxgR WS_ gb Y tmSRtW Ytsl llc YH nW yL ST yXRS bRS TSSR yllW x YzW bxlM gb Y ynFS NWM mlSt nS K XNggcW YNql xNNc bygzW Xdg yD tKl pEL ncW bTSS WS_ yq _QM gl llc ytKlJ XDgT ypEL KMCT MT tScW zGl bzH hn WS_ XNd lW xgR ktmICnT lmN fN qYnT lW yx XDgT brUg_ lr_ yt K l drWN ypE L KMCt N dG# bzHM xnT bxlM xqE TSS WS_ yrWN DR _QM bqYnT L xlbT bdT yxgR WS_ xW XRS bRs ytlf ymUgB s yxgR WS_ gb XNR lDrG ySCL# SlnM dG bxlM gb WS_ ynFS NWM mlSt NS kF F yUW mN xlbT GBRN gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ YHNn lDrG ktmICnT tqN yx nnCN XNlBT lDrG ySClN mtk yllW xu nW kY XNdtgl{W GBR gRN :kL drgW yLT STtJ bxgCN qYnT lW fN yx XDgT lrUg_ ySClN Bc xu nW YH
Tem T>>e` 24

fN qYnT lW XDgT yt K l drCN lr_ yDGbT# ypEL KMCCN bqYnT yBRbT yLT xu nW bmnM bxlM xqE TSS WS_ yrN DR bx yLbT# kzh yMgW _QM bqYnT yLbT hn Yf_RLL ktmICnT tqN xE nnCN Xylbt XND lDrG ySClN MR_ yLT STtJ nW GBR gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ ysW xR xdR MRT bF_nT bqYnT XNDG dRUL kHZCN k85 % yNsW KFL MRt bF_nT bqYnT bDGbT wQT kyTWM xu bbl x*N s yxgR WS_ gbN lmFR SCL y_qECN ymGT xQM B YN ymWN HZB ymGT xQM bF_nT bqYnT SlDG bM s msrT lW yxgR WS_ gbN Yf_L yxR xd ymGT xQM bF_nT bqYnT sDG XRS bRs b_BQ ytsr yt xgE x XNR lDrGM SCL xR xd s ymGT xQM srW NGD xNSTM YHNn yxR xd yMr yF XC FT lRT sNqqs nW ls lB yClT XnzH yxR xd FC dG ytqq tKl s ypEL KMCT bYYQ# bxgCN bql lS bCL NGD xNST lrk yCl cW yxR xd yGBR MRT bmNM bxYnTM Xytl sD NGD
Tem T>>e` 25

xNST ls yClT GBR mrtW bzH _ : bmqM Y xtkrW nW YHNN yqM NGD xNST ytqq tKl kFt ypEL KMCT yYYQ bmn bxgCN ymST :Dl yq nW bmnM GBRN gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ b_BQ ytsr XRS bRs bqYnT ymUgB x XNR bDrG XDgCN tmUUb XNN qYnT F_nT lW yx XDgT XNrN dRUL XDgt tmUUbnt btrUg mN yxgR WS_ gbCN STM bzh mN Y=ML bmnM GBR gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ fN qYnT lW yx LT brUg_ bxlM xqEW xE TSSR xgCN T DR _QM lr_ XNL ktmICnT XNDNDN xE nnCN XNlBT dRUL GBR gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ XRS bRs ytsr tmUUb yn xN bmFR HZbN bq dr t ydRG yHZbN ymGT xQM bkFt dr yDG bmn s yxgR WS_ gb bxlM gb bnFS bNWM mlSt nS bql yYw_ x XNrN dRUL bmnM ktmICnT tqN xE nnCN Xytl XND dRUL

4. GBR gRN :kL drg LT bxgCN ybr yn gb x mFR SCL#


bxgCN t=u hn fN yx XDgT rUg_ ylW yn gb x mRCN bmktL nW XnzHN mRC kxgCN t=u hn UR x_ tGE kDrG W bxgCN qYnT lW fN yx XDgT MTM n kzh XDgT HZb t XNN bDrG DHnTN SwgD xYLM SlnM yn gb x yLT mRM yLt GBM glGL XnzHN mRC bmqM ybr yn gb x mFR yxE LCN msrE x xND gI YL bxgCN ybr yn gb xN lmFR yn gb x mRCN bmktL fN qYnT lW yx XDgT rUg_N SfLUL YHN ymslWN fN qYnT lW yXDgT lrUg_ ySClN GBR gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ mktL B nW fN qYnT lW yx XDgT bllbT ybr yn gb x Bl ngR bxgCN lR SlYCL gRN GBRN :kL drgW yLT STtJ kzH x*M XJG tfg YL gRN GBRN :kL drgW yLT STtJ bBz lC yrW xRxdR yn gb x mRCN bmktL bMRT tGR Y bsW XNtF

Tem T>>e`

26

Tem T>>e`

27

lDrG ySCL nW yn gb xW XNQSs b_qEC B ytNll YN sWN xR xdR tf bM s msrT lW XNN ydRG nW gRN GBRN :kL drgW yLT STtJ HZb ybY tmLC mn qR kn gb x GNW dT bq dr XNqM ydRG nW bmnM yxgCN yn gb x GN XNQSs blC y xR xdCN bn tYnT yTF mW HZB kXNQSsW bq dr t XNN lDrG ySCL bmn yn gb x bxgCN xSt s msrT XNrW dRUL bmnM lbr yn gb x GN ytmc hnN Yf_L blL sY GBR gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ mktL bxgCN fN qYnT lW XDgT XNR# HZb kLt bq dr t XNN# xgCN ktmICnT t xE nnCN XNlBT bxgCN ybr yn gb x XNgn lDrG ySClN ytlW BcW yLT xu nW YH yLT xQ Sqm_nWN msrE yxE LT x bt mLk tGE lDrG ySClN n m nW GBR gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ XNktlN lT BWN yt yGBR ygR LT S lmST ySCL xYNM fN qYnT

lW ygR yGBR LT lrUg_ YHNn lSf{M ySCl STtJC lsC wzt. mqyS bygzW mklS L YYL yqysT lsC STtJC ymsrE xE xCNN xT gIC bt hn lT ySCl mcWN rUg_ bygzW L YYL YLqNM Sqm_cW GC xC mT xlmcWN kmwsN x* GCN kSqm_ bY Y yrW GcN lT ySCl ytStkl STtJC lsC ymNdF XnzHN bqYnT yL gY nW bmnM bq_lW KFL ygR yGBR LT STtJCN lsCN XyzrzRN XBlN

Tem T>>e`

28

Tem T>>e`

29

KFL hlT ygR GBR LT lsCN STtJCN#


1. yGBR LT msrE xQC#
ygR LT SNL tdUG XNdtgl{W bGBR LT Y yr ngR lCN xYdlM kGBR LT W bgR LT XNQSs WS_ mtT lcW bR SC Yl YhN bxgCN t=u hn ygR LT XNQSsCN :kL yGBR LT mn xYQM bmnM ygR LT lsCNN STtJCNN bMNtnTNbT wQT khlM bY lGBR LT lsC STtJC QD mST tgb YL yGBR LT lsCN STtJCN ymcW msrE xQC xSqD mtNtNM kzH x* XJG tfg YL XnzH msrE xQC yGBR LT STtJCN lsCNN bl ym ygz bmcW bnzH Y GLInT YR bGBR LT XNQSsCN Y GLInT lR xYCLM

bsW ymqM xQ bmktL YN ysW gLbTN bsW ymqM xQ bmktL nW YH klW yx zRFM bq dr bGBRW zRF tfgnT lW gY nW ysW gLbTN bsW yqM yGBR LT xQ XNktL sL kflgW sW bY byW xsRtN bqR yGBR tKlJC bmqM mNqqS xlBN lCN xYdlM bxND Y tfg knW ysW YL bY bsT yflgWN fN qYnT lW LT rUg_ bF{M ysB xYdlM bGBR zRFM bN qR tKlJCN bmqM qYnT lW fN XDgT rUg_ xYLM ysW gLbTN bsW yqM yGBR LT STtJ XNktlN SNL bXR Y kflgW ysW YL bY Ys lCN YN tfg bnW mN xsRtN ysW YlN yMrT xQM xN lmqM ySClN xQ XNktL lCN nW ysW gLbT bsW XNqM SNL qR tKlJ yGBR zYb XNktL lCN YN ysW gLbTN bmtT Y tr yq tKlJ yxStrS zYb XNqM lCN nW ysW YLN bsW bmqM zmE yGBR zYbCN bS Y lL kSCl n SLC xN GBRW ysW YlN bStR bGBR bsLN yS tn>ntN bdG ykwN XNN DrG nW zmE >n bsW bmqM bGBR
Tem T>>e` 31

1.1. ysW gLbTN bsW ymqM xQ#


bmGbW Y btdUU XNdtgl{W bxgCN fN qYnT lW XDgT lrUg_ ylW pELN
Tem T>>e` 30

s SL yllWN _qET sW B bsT lm yCL yGBR LT xl XNdzH xYnt yGBR LT bs mT Y _qET sW bsT lmrt bCl yGBR MRC Y tr ys XRC GBR (xKStNsV RNG tD) zYb nW bl bkL dG bGBR bBT Lsln ysW gLbTN yYtk tKlJCN bmqM bxND WsN lg yClWN MRT bkFt dr bm=mR kFt U ySg yGBR MRCN bMrT Y tr yGBR zYb (xNtNsV RNG tD) YL y n yGBR LT xQ ysW gLbTN bsW lmqM ySClW yGBR zYb Y YL hltM yGBR zYbC qY yn yGBR MRnT yt K lJ XDgTN rUg_ YCl ytKlJ yMRnT XDgT xQcW GN bM ytly nW gLbTN bsW bmqM Y trW yGBR zYb ystWN yGBR yS tn>nT bqYnT bL bbR Y tkL pELN bsW ymq zYb gLbTN ytk ytqq >nC bsW bmqM bL Y tkL gLbTN bsW ymqM zYb yt gb kFt XNKBb KTTL yfLg yGBR MRCN bMrT ynzHN MRC mN xYnT bL Y tkL pE LN bsW yqmW zYb XNdzH xYnT KTTL XNKBb bYYq MRC yGBR SLC Y tkL gLbTN bsW yqmW zYb xNDN WsN yXR bkFt dr bmqM (bmS# ytl MRCN bMrT#wzt.) MRT MRnTN
Tem T>>e` 32

bdG Y tkL pELN bsW yqmW s mTN b_qET sW lLT bSCl SLC Y tkL bmnM yMNktlW ysW gLbTN bsW ymqM yLT xQ b qR tKlJ yGBR z kflgW bY ysW YL bkcT yGBR MRTN MrT xYdlM bXNN Y tfgW ysW YL B tsR ymRTbT xQ nW ysW YLN bsW bq dr lmqM ySCl yGBR tKlJCN bmqM MRCN yGBR t K lJ drCN bqYnT XNDG ydRG xQ nW bmnM bGBR S Y ytsWN ysW YL bTMHRT SL yq dr Y bDrS# YH yGBR W ybr ysW YL ytl yGBR tKlJCN SLCN XNqM bDrG Y tr xQ nW ymS-LTN# kFt yx q cW yGBR MRCN# bWsN mT yq yGBR MRT lSgT yCl xCN hl x ymqM xQ nW ysln ysW YLN :kL drg yMRnT ytKlJ XDgT xQN ymktL gY nW yGBR LT STtJCN lsCN bzH msrE xQ ym mN YRcL

1.2. yXR mCNN bxGb ymqM xQ#


bGBR LT XNQSsCN WS_ ymT xQRT xqM gY w knT gC xN nW mCNN bxGb mqM LLN bflgW
Tem T>>e` 33

mN F_nT qYnT lW yGBR LT rUg_ yL xYNM kzH x* xR lmR yfLG sW yXR mT GtN yrUg_ gY xND msrE ymT xqM gY YL ytf_ BCNN b_Nq bXNKBb ymZ gY yGBR MRnCN ldG qYnT lW yGBR zRF XNrN kDrG x* y xStI lW gY YL mCNN bq dr kzh lg yClWN MRT hl xL lSgT bSCL dr bmqM xQ kzH UR btzM ymS LTN bST mtN xmtN l lmqM ymL# ytl yGBR MRCN bWsN Y yMrT gC wzt. TkrT yscW gC Yl mCN ltl SC lglGL yCL bmn yTW mT lMN xYnT S bWL XNdL lY bwQ bzh msrT _QM Y XNWL yDrG gYM qLF ymT xqM gY nW bxgCN Bz HZB WsN mT lbT xb s mT xnSt q_R lbT xb XNlM YwL ymT xqCN YHNn GMT WS_ Sg XNN DrGM SfLUL bxu mCNN b_Nq# yq LE xStI lbRkT bSCL x*N ymqM gY yGBR STtJCN lsCN ymbT msrE xQ mN YRbL mCNN bxGb yq LE xStI lbRkT bSCL x*N lmqM ySClN kzH msrE xQ W yn yGBR LT STtJ# ls wzt. yGBR
Tem T>>e` 34

LCNN kq=u xL l_nWM n XNrW lDrG ySCL xYNM

qYnT

1.3. xND XGRN bmT#


NWM bF_nT lmZ yfLG sW Xf_lh Bl hltN XGcN bxND gz bNqqS LmD bL lxuR gz mZlL YCL YL XNJ fN qYnT lW g lrW xYCLM bF_nT mZ ylW xND XGRN mT Y bDrG B nW xNdW XGR mTN xdDl krg b lW wdq_lW lmUgR bxyR Y sN# bxyR Y ynbrW xL d mT srG_# mT rG ynbrW Xytn nW fN qYnT lW yXGR g DrG ylW yGBR LT XNQSsCNM fN qYnT lW g lrW yClW tmY xQN bmktL B nW YHNn xQ xND Ml bmqM bYbL_ mrT YL bxhn wQT lN xR xdR bxBW Ltr kTWLD wd TWLD XytUgr bm yGBR tKlJ bmqM yR nW YHNn xQM bL tNRtN ytr xR xdR yq tKlJ ymqM xQ XNktL BNL khlM NN XNqlN mmD yMNClW xND XGCNN bmT Y bDrG B nW bmnM YHN Ltr xR xdR ldRS yCLbT yq yMRnT dr Y lDrS# bLMD ktgW yGBR zYb yblWN bmMr_ YHNn
Tem T>>e` 35

bmn bL bMRnCN Y bM kFt lW_ MT YL bmnM lNN xgR bqL XWqT bxGb xsSbN mZ LTN kN x* YHNn msrT xDR mNqqS# lLCN xSfg ynWN XWqT lxs TWLD lF bxGb mZG mZ SfLUL lN YH ysW YL tKlJ lSg yClWN yq XDgT xN lMT bSCL x*N bsW mrrB YRBL ngR GN YH B qYnT lW fN yGBR XDgT lSgLN xYCLM lN ysW YL tKlJ lm yClW XDgT m xYqRM t klq bT fN XDgCN XNq_L lDrG msrT yN S kwh mST xlBN bmnM bxND bkL lNN yMrT xQM xN XytqMN# bl bkL dG LnbrNN yLT xQM lmFR mrrB YRBL ytr xR xdR lmFR xS tKlJ tGE lDrG mST YRBL bzH x*N n yMrT xQM s_ xs xQM tzUJ# tjM XytS SlBQ XDgCN fN qYnT YrL SlnM yGBR ygR LT SCN bxND gz hlT ngCN mSTN msrT drg xQ mktL YgL bmjm dr bt=u bXCN lW yMrT xQM lSg yClWN yq MRT lMT ySClNN xu bl ymsS _QM Y yL S mST xlBN YHN dRG wdl
Tem T>>e` 36

RM lmUgR mkR XDgCN fN XNYN dRUL YHNn XysN XlN wdq_lW yMRnT ytKlJ dr yUGrNN S N lN XkWlN bmjm ynbrN yMrT xQM yXDgT xDs t klq bT N lN btsW S lqY XmR ZG XNlN bzH mLK xND XGR bmT bDrG qYnT lW fN yGBR XDgT rUg_ XNClN bmnM yGBR ygR LT lsCN STtJCN hl ymbT xND msrE xQ xND XGRN mT Y yDrG xQ mN YRbL

1.4. ktl yxG-xl C UR ytm xQ#


bxgCN WS_ bZB mN# bmt xYnT bxbW kF bmslT mSfRC yl bR yxG-xl C xl kzH UR tYM bnnT bkBT Rb y zC ycW yMSq btwsn drM ydbB C# s Lrs mT _qET HZB yRcW lXR S bM Mc yn yM:E KFL C# X Bz HZB bB l yXR mT cW dU xbC xlN bnzH ytl yxGxl C WS_ lD yClW yGBR S bM ytly XNdN lmgmT xScGRM bhlM xbC xND xYnT yGBR LT S XNS BNL bflgW dr F_nT qYnT lW yGBR LT S mST xYlNM
Tem T>>e` 37

yxgCN yGBR LT fN qYnT lW lN yClW byxG-xl n lWN t=u yLT :DL klyN b# XnzHN yLT :DlC xN lmqM ySClN mNgD yt XNdn bZRZR lYtN tGE DrG SNCL nW bzH mLK lXNN xb yN ZRZR yLT XQD zUjT# XNN lSmzGB yClWN yq XDgT XNm bDrG xY yxgCN yGBR LT fN qYnT lW XNN yDrG xQN mktL xlBN yGBR LT STtJCN lsCN YHNN xQ ytktl tGE XNN lDrG ySClM mN xlcW

1.5. ytqj yLT xQ#


NWM yLT XNQSs ytl SCN xStB xqJ mMTN YYL yGBR LT XNQSsCNM bR SCN xqJ mST yYQ YL bmjm yGBR SWN sN btL bMYbT wQT bzh RXS SR ytt bM bR ytl MRCN XNQSsCN qf nW XnzHN SC bZRZR mRM bns mkL lW TSSR MN XNdn lY# XnzHN xStS xqJ lmST lW :DL bzH x*N bmNqqS ygW _QM MN XNdn xSqM bzh msrT mNqqS ygW LT fN qYnT lW XNN bDrG rgD kFt YwL SlnM yGBR LT XNQSsCN ytqj yLT xQN yktL mN xlbT
Tem T>>e` 38

QNJT yYqW GN bGBR S bs Y l SC MRC mkL B xYdlM yGBR LT XNd TMHRT kmsl yHbE LT SC mNgDN kmsl ymsrt-LT SC UR bq_ ytz nW xN bllbT lW fN qY XDgT lrW xYCLM kzH bt= yGBR LT S kNGD YNS# kxNST kmslT zRC UR bq_ ytsr nW XnzHN xqJ xStS mMT lT yxNdW S llW yf_rWN Mc hn xW YHNn bq dr lmqM ySCL xsR mktL lT nW bQNJT mST lT bt=M N lN bU Lts bStqR LE xStIcW yqu ngCN lY N lN bU XNs DrG nW yGBR LT SCN bzh mLK ytqj yLT xQ mktL SlbT yMNnDcW lsC STtJC YHNN lDrG ySCl mN xlcW yGBR LT SCN ymcWN msrE xQC bzH mLK lY Sqm_ ZRZR STtJCN lsCN yt xYNM ZRZR lsc STtJc ymbTN QT B nW lSqM_ yClW YHNn tgNZ ZRZR lsC STtJCN wdyT mUg xSfg YL

Tem T>>e`

39

2. ysW YCNN BT LbT bsW mqM#


bmGbW Y btdUU XNdtgl{W bxY yx LT STtJCN btlY dG yGBR LT STtJCN ysW YCNN yMrT xQM bqYnT bLbT YHNn bsW bLT S Y btF Y ytmsrt nW ysW YCNN yMrT xQM LbT sL bxT ngC Y tr S mSTN yYQ nW bmjm dr ysW YCNN yS ZGnT nT rUg_ YYL kzh UR tY ysW YCNN yGBR S Cl WN blIG bqYnT L# bzH Y ytmsrt qY yGBR tKlJ XDgT rUg_ YYL bSt dr sW bTUT W S XNs Nnt ytbq XNN DrG SfLUL bxt dr dG ytKlJ xQRT# BzT SRuTN L SfLUL XnzHN ysW YCNN yMrT xQM yLbT n SC zRzR xDR mmLkT nW

yt ZGnT lW nW YH bGBR ymsT ZGnT l xu Slll B ymM xYdlM kTWLD TWLD sUgR ym ySW yW FQRM qL GMT ysW xYdlM SlnM bGBR bsW ymsT FT mFRN btmlkt n yxR xdCN TWLD Bz yDlW ngR ylWM ZGnt bmsrt ytrUg nW tBl lwsD YCL ZGnt nt kdl ysW gLbT bGBR S Y xmtN l XNs bS Y bNbT wQTM lmkT bTUT XNs DrG SlYL yGBR XDgCN bflgW mN lN xYCLM MNM XN* yHZCNN nT yftn bR J HlC LMC l yS nT HL k ylY bNM bmsrt xR xdR HZCN st nW lL YL ygLbT SN yYyF _ G nWN lnF yR nW bS HCN Y y gDlCN kHL LMD UR ytz CGCN bx KsE yxStsB TGL XStkl# lWN yS TUT nT mbQ bYbL_ kR ysW YCNN yMrT xQM lLbT kFt xStI ybrKT gY nW bzH S Y ytsWN nN yxR xdR TWLD bYbL_ lTUT ylW bGBR S Y tG bmsT nWN lr_ lL XNdCL brUg_ nW MRtN ldG XNCL# kmRtW MRT n t XNN# kzHM bgW gb yn drW XNL lzH ySfLgTN qC xgLGlC
Tem T>>e` 41

2.1. nT yS ZGnTN rUg_#


bxhn wQT bGBR S Y ytsW zU bmsrt kGBR S W l yS xu xl Bl ySB# bmsrt kTWLD TWLD stlF bm yGBR zYb ys nW bGBR S Y lmST

Tem T>>e`

40

bygzW Xy=mr bD mN xYnT XNg DrGM SfLUL kzH x* W CGR btrW bwt TWLD xb nW bRG_ tMrW l yS :DL lGcWM n bl MKNT bGBR S Y tsRtW LtrW xR xdR lW ZGnT nT Ltns hn bGBR S Y yts bC y wC XNl YwL YLqNM BzWN gz XnzH wC YH nW yL yGBR SL YscWM gT xY TMHRT MKNT klW btl xS xsCN tGE lDrG ZG yn MRncW yq YgL YhN bTMHRT gb Y tsR ygW wT bxBW knzH ytly xmlkT lW nW bgRM n bkt bTMHRT bT ygW wT tM xR xdR lmN# bGBR sL_ bzH mSK lmsT FT xYYbTM yGBR SN yDHnT yqRnT mgl xDR ywSdW wT t Bz nW ygLbT SN yyF# tM XNdGBR l ygLbT SN bYq yS mSC lmsT yYfLgW bRW KFL nW bTMHRT bC ysW TMHRT yDgW HL# ygLbTN SN =M ySN KbRnT yMN yGBR M XNdlW KbR mnN ySgnZB xlmn xN msrE MKNT nW bGBR S Y tsR yyW HZB bDHnT bqRnT ygrF mn#
Tem T>>e` 42

t=u LM tmKW yrUG_lT ngR bGBR S mtdR lDHnT qRnT yUL_ XNdn nW wt TWLD bGBR ymsT ZGnT YHN S bnT ymST FT XNDRbT Ltdrg bStqR qYnT lW fN yGBR XDgT lsB xYCLM kzH x* wt TWLD lbTN CGC kMNcW DrQ mL YRBL TMHRT bC yS KbRnTN yMn# lS# bGBRM n bl mSK lD ygLbT S yzU# yS nT HLN yB XNn DrG SfLUL TMHRT bCN xhN XNlW bxY ygLbT SN btlY dG GBRN yyF wT bmFR XSkts DrS Y lW ygRM n l yLT S mST lsB xYCLM kzH x* yTMHRT bCN btlYM yxNd dr TMHRT bCN xsR# yTMHRT xs_ ysR{T HL tfT mStkL YgL TMHRT bC xMC zUN# bGBR lmsT Ft ZGnt lW zUN kmFR x* mwT ygcW qLF XNdtbq bzH B yflgW WT lrUg_ xYCLM yGBR S yqRnT yDHnT m XSkn DrS# t=u LM yrUG_lT YW XSkn DrS xu F Ln bStqR ysW YCNN bFt bGBR S Y XNs DrG xScU mql yYqR nW
Tem T>>e` 43

bmnM tM bGBR S Y ysW wT tmY yTMHRT dr ncW kGBR W bn S Y yts wC kgT Ltns gb ygbT hn mfR xlbT yGBR SL xG YHNn bmqM LtrW xR xdR XJG ytl MRnT gb ygbT hn mfR xlbT blL ysW YCNN yMrT xQM lLbT bGBR S Y lmsT ZGnT lW st XNN DrG SfLUL k blYM bn yxR xdR TWLD xb kzH x* kFt CGR xl lL yCL xYdlM xR xd bGBR S Y tsR nWN bqYnT y>LbT t yNbT hn bmFR yGBR S ZGntN tn>ntN mbQ L yg bNM kzH x* L TkrT yYqW ywt TWLD gY nW wt TWLD bGBR S Y ymsT FT bTUT ymST ZGnT XNrW lDrG TMHRT bC xMC zUN yf XNn DrG# ytrW bGBR S Y ysW wT tmY yTMHRT dr Y bl yS mSK ksW yYtnS gb ygbTN hn mFR SfLUL

2.2. yGBR BTN L#


xhN bGBR S Y tsR ygW xR xdR bmsrt yTMHRT XDL g nW bGBR S Y lW XWqT M bLMD kTWLD wd TWLD stlF ym nW YhN YW XWqT bql yYgmT nW bLMD ywq yGBR zYbC tmRW mW xR xdR XnzHN bt hn tGE XNdRUcW bSL kFt yMRT XDgT rUg_ YL kzHM bY bsR C Y ytmsrt N yxKStN>N xgLGlT bST LtrW xR xdR yGBR WN MRt N XNL DrG YL XnzHN SLC bmR yxR xdN yGBR bql bYgmT dr dG kFt yGBR MRT XDgT MT XNdL yCNN n yllC xgCN LMD byT rUg_ YL bmnM yxR xdN yGBR bL rgD bmjm dr ls ltRbTM ygW kY btqsT SLC xnT ymWN Ltr xR xdCNN yGBR S L yGBR MRTN dG nW YhN bzH Y tmSR lsW yClW S ys WsNnT xlW LtrW xR xdR yxY TMHRT xQ d bmn MKNT zmE yGBR tKlCN ymrT ymtGbR xQ d nW klwT tKlC UR xB mmD l l xS tKlCN mqbL
Tem T>>e` 45

Tem T>>e`

44

ScGrL bsR mLK bLMD Ln bStqR bIhF ygW TMHRT SlYR xS tKlCN bST lmQsM XnzHN SwWN Xy lmtGbR xYCLM bxu fN qY yGBR tKl yGBR zYb lW_ lMT ySCL xQM YDlL YHN ymslWN lW_ rUg_ ylW btr TWLD Y bmmSrT B nW bmnM LtrW xR xdR lSg yClWN yq yGBR XDgT xN lmqM kmrrB N lN btr yxR xdR TWLD lmtT mST YRBL XNH xYnt ytr yxR xdR TWLD lfR yClW xS yGBR tKlJCN bqYnT lmR lmtGbR ySClW# xNB lmrT bSwW Y tmSR yGBR SWN bYNE x*N lmf{M ySClW xY TMHRT ytr mN YgL bNS bxhn wQT Xyts lWN yxNd dr TMHRT ytr mN YRbL YH BM bqE xYNM yGBR SWN bBT lmf{M ySClW yGBR SL g mNM YRbL YHN ymslWN yxR xdR TWLD lmFR bxhn wQT bgR bkFt F_nT XytS lW yxNd dr TMHRT bM ytmc hnN

Yf_RLL bZnW xmT mjm bxNd dr mR kgW zU WS_ k57 % yNsW bTMHRT gb Y nW XShN ytgW WT btzW yxMST xmT XQD ytqmW y65% GB XNd rUGL yxNd dr TMHRT XytS lW bkt bNM xBW XDgT Xytmzgb lW bgR nW XJG ybW ygR wT yxNd dr TMHRT yRbT hn tf_L YH wT bl kGBR S W S YZ bL bF{M lN xYCLM kxuR gz x* mWN ygR wT lkM yCL ykt XDgT yS :DL bMNM txMR lfR yCL xYdlM xBW ygR t kGBR S W yS :DL lrW xYCLM SlnM bgR krW wT WS_ k70% yNsW bGBR S msT YRbL YH wT bGBR Y msT lbT GN l yS xu xYglTM bL B B xYdlM# mNM xYgWM YH wT bGBR S Y msT lbT bxgCN fN LT lMT lN Bc xu GBRN :kL bDrG yD LT bmn YHNn qYnT lW fN bn x*N lrUg_ ylW xhN kMNqMbT yGBR tKl yxmrT zYb XJG yq yxmrT zYb
Tem T>>e` 47

Tem T>>e`

46

yqM# YHNn bqYnT lL yCL yxR xdR TWLD sR B bmnM uMR nW YH ytr wT lxgCN LT yq xStI DrG yClW bzh mSK ss B bmnM uMR nW YH wT yGBR SL xG llCM xSfg DUC tLtWlT kts tmY yTMHRT dr cW zC kgT gb UR yYtnS gb GT SlCL bzHM nWN bkFt dr L SlCL nW bxu ytrW ygR wT bnnT bGBR S Y msT yRbT xgtN Q sN lm_qM yCLbT ytlW BcWM xu YW Sln uMR nW xhN bgRM bktM Xyts lW yxNd dr TMHRT xY XWqTN bS=b_ rgD bqE lL yCL nW kzH x* btlYM _tN bmlkT mL ygW ngR ylM YLM XNdn gDlT CGR lR yClW ygW kSn-zU TMHRT x* lbT CGR nW bnnT lqS ygW CGR yS KbRnTN kSrI# bGBR S bnT lmsT yt ZGnT lW wT xN kWT x* lW CGR nW bxhn sxT TMHRT bCN Xyf lT bxY ygLbT SN btlY dG yGBR SN yyF wT nW yt ySn-zU TMHRT bmST Y kFt CGR xl YH CGR btl F_nT mStkL YgL bF_nT LtStkl
Tem T>>e` 48

bStqR yxNd dr TMHRTN bkFt dr bST gnWN Q yLT DL# fN qYnT lW yx LTN lrUg_ HZb kzH LT bq dr t XNN lDrG LNqMbT xNCLM DL Y yllW DL lqR kFt HbE CGR lf_RM YCL bzH x*N yxNd dr TMHRTN tM bGBR S lmsT ZG ynW wT bq_ wd GBR S YG bL ySgW yMRnT XDgT YHN HL yr xYNM ytl WT lR yClW YHN wT bxuR yGBR sL tC xSgB bxuR gz (k3 wR XSk 6 wR) bsLN xSt yGBR Cl XNrW bDrG nW bmnM byqblW yxNd dr TMHRTN lST ytrrBnWN HL byqblW yGBR SL tTN ldjTM mST YRBL bxhn gz YHN btmlkt ytqmW STtJ yhlt dr TMHRcWN qq wCN mLMl bGBR sL lC yST xmT yGBR SL mST nW bzH x*N kslnT WS_ bNS ST (xND bxZRXT# xND bXNsT BT xND btf_ BT mS LT ysln) sCN byqblW mmdB nW byqblW ymdbT XnzH tC hlT SCN dRbW Ysl bmjm dr bqblW l xR xdC hl#
Tem T>>e` 49

ltTM LtTM kGBR XWqcW UR ym_N yGBR xKSt N >N yMKR xgLGlT Ysl bzHM MKNT yGBR xKStN>N stC Yl kzH N lN dG byqblW bsW ysR b# yt wCN Xytqbl yGBR SL Ysl bzHM yGBR xsLC mMHN Yl bzH x*N bxND bkL LtrW xR xdR lW xQM bq dr XNmRT lDrG yt yGBR xKStN>N yMKR xgLGlT bmST# yMrT xQN XlbTN# bl bkL kzh N lN lGBR tKl qY XDgT lGBR LCN mN msrT yN ytr ysln yxR xdR TWLD XNfR YHM YL kdrW UR ym_N yt yGBR xKStN>N MKR xgLGlT XNg XdRUlN xND XGR bmT xDRgN bmrmD yxR xdR HZCNN yMrT xQM bTMHRT SL bqYnT XlBlN

XNd qLF xL tdR mwsD YRbL Nnt ytbq xMC zU kmFR W fN qYnT lW yx XDgT bgRM bktM lsB yCL xYNM yxR xdN NnT lmbQ bxgCN t=u hn b>N bmkkL Y tr bmsrt- xgLGlT Y tr y xgLGlT SRxT mzRUT YRBL b>N xK yN SM msT lbT bNM YH xu b xgR hn bflGM YflGM nW xu lN k xYCLM b>N mkkL lmDnT# lHKM qqS ltC kFt w WT bYYQ x*N yxNDN zU NnT lrUg_ ySCL nW kFt ygNzB X_rT lT xgCN b>N xK bmfwS Y tr y xgLGlT XNS_ BNL bF{M yN xYdlM bMNM txMR lhlM zU lrS xYCLM bTM XNdnbrW DW yg HZB kHKMWM kmkklM YN XNqR ydRG nW b XNKBb rgD W ngR zUW kb> n sR mR XNCL DrG nW YHN hn mkklN ymsrt xgLGltN bhlt dr xSqM yHKM xgLGlT bmST lM bflG kSkTlW q_t w bt= kFt
Tem T>>e` 51

2.3. yxR xdN NnT rUg_#


xR xd bRM YRM Nnt XSLtbq DrS bMRT tGR Y ls xYCLM xu x_ Xywdq Xytn bMRT tGR Y XNs bdrGM ymr WT lSg xYCLM SlnM yxR xd NnT# XNrUg_ DrG yxR xdN yMrT xQM yLbT S
Tem T>>e` 50

gTN ySkTL YL sW K XSkDN DrS kS W YL K DL bLbTM wQT kFt yxL mL dRbT lggM rJM gz lYqW YCL l bl YDN lqRM YCL YH bMRT XNQSsW Y kFt xlE tIX d yYqR nW bzH Y xnsM bM lHKM xgLGlT ywW w m xYqRM SlnM mkMN XNdn xu mWsD yLT XNQSsCNN K yquu bzC Y kFt yxL# yxXM yx dr mLN Sktl yYqRN xu XNdn xu mWsD YL bmnM bmkkL bmsrt- xgLGlT Y tr y xgLGlT kmzRUT W xu lrN xYCLM# xYgMM bxgCN t=u hn HZbN kqlT b>C WS_ k80% yNsT BT lW b>N ymkkL XNQSs lwg yCl cW XnzHN b>C bHKM lSwgD mkR q bRLN ymT HL yYN ngR nW yb>c mNSxC bmkkL mwgD sgcW sCl bzH xnT Ywg qRtW bHKM bfwsM MNcW XSLdrq DrS XNdg Xgr K ynWN sW mbkcW xYqRM bmnM ytlW xu bmkkL bmsrt- xgLGlT Y trW y
Tem T>>e` 52

xgLGlT nW bxgCN t=u hn kzH W bHKM Y tr y xgLGlT YnR bLM tGE lN lf{M yCL xYdlM HBrtsb b>N ymkkL ytwsn SC bmST NntN rUg_ sCL YHN dRG bmQrt lb> yUl_bTN MKNT Xyl bzH Y ytmsrt y xgLGlT S mST YRbL HZb yGL yxb NIHN bmbQ# yxb NIHN bL# xmUgbN bL yKTT xgLGlTN bGT XJG ybzTN b>C SwgD sCL YHN dRG yqRbT xN MKNT DHnT nW btlYM xmUgbN kL x* DHnT kFt xlE tIX XNdDRbT YwL yxb yGL NIHN bmbQ# yKTT xgLGlTN bflgW dr kST x*M bN DHnT ys yn xlE tIX r xLqrM W CGR GN DHnT xYdlM W CGR yxStsB yHL CGR# yXWqT CGR nW HZbN ltl b>C yULT bR qR HlC xStsC lT mn lD xYCLM yGL NIHN yxb NIHN bmbQ rgD W CGRM YH nW xmUgbN bL gYM Y qR HlC xStsC qL Ln tIX xcW HZb Nnt N mbQ yfLG bNM w yNnt mbqE m yHKM m YN ys yxR zYb# ys yxbW NIH mnN bg
Tem T>>e` 53

xYgnzBM y xgLGlTN bmlkT lW xmlkTM bxBW smM mRM KnN ysWN wYM mR ywUWN XN b>N XNT mkkL XNlbT yStMrWN ySmW xYdlM bmnM bHZb xb lW xStsB HL mkkLN :kL drg y xgLGlT tGE XNYN kFt XNQT nW b xgLGlT tC xb lW xStsBM bN lzh xQ tGEnT ytmc xYdlM bRG_ tc bHKM Y tr xgLGlT kmST YLQ TkrT lsW ygW lmkkL XNdn yqblT xL nW mkkLN :kL drg y ls lrN YgL sL ywM tM q_ bM xnSt nW llt HL hlM ylW nW kNgs gz jM ynbT mNGST hl YHNN ls XNktlN BlWM lFfL bt=u btGR sY GN ymkkL S y xgLGlT SCN :kL x_Ub WT bSg x*N xLtf{mM tWM lzH S XNb tBl lSL smdB YHNN T mR yfLgW kMN nW kMN Ltr bStqR y xgLGlT t Ln ymSlWM _qET xYdlM mkkLN :kL drg ls tGE kDrG x* DHnT yf_rW tIX bdT fN qYnT lW XDgT brUg_ B yf YL kzH x* nW CGR yxStsB yHL CGR bmn
Tem T>>e` 54

bHZbM n btC xb lWN LtStkl xmlkT HL bSwgD CG bwnt lwgD YCL bmnM xMC zUN kmFR x* ymjmW w RM ymkkLN ymsrt- xgLGlTN wnT yYqbl xStsC HlCN bqY yStR ymN XNQSs StkL nW YH w S bt hn Ltf{m bStqR mkkLN ymsrt xgLGlTN :kL drg y xgLGlT ls tGE DrGM n xMC zU mFR bF{M yL xYNM xStsBN lmqyR kmrrB W y yzCN NnT ymbQ S YRM# SW xStSBN bmqyR B YqL Bl sB xYLM mkkLN ymsrt- xgLGlTN :kL drgWN y ls bt bt hn lSf{M ySCL ZRZR XQD xSf xL SfLUL bg xb YHN S ySf{mW ymjmW rDF tg k nW bls dr xMST yN HZB lbT xb hl xND y k mM YRbL k dL hlM qblC bzH dr Y l bmcW byqblW y k mmSrT YRbL lT nW y kCN lST sflG bxND bkL ygNzB xQM CGR bm# bl bkL dG bxmlkT mT MKNT kNWM l y
Tem T>>e` 55

xgLGlT tM qD y kCN byqblW kmgNT YLQ WD yn SpElC bmgNT S Y ytR xUC bmkscW Bz qblC y k ycWM bzH rgD ynbrWN yjT xmdB mnF lzHM mNSx ynWN yxStsB mT xStKlN# HZb y kCN bmgNT S Y bsW XNtF bnT rJM Ln gz WS_ hlM qblCN y k XNcW DrG YL# YgLM y kC S b>tN kM xYdlM kHKM x* ys*cW XJG qL yn xgLGlC bM ScW bmsrt ymkkL SWN tGE DrG nW HZbN bStR yGL ybT NIHWN XNBQ# xmUgbN XN>L DrG nW HZbN bStbR yxb NIHN bmbQ yn xbN mFR nW lHZb yt yKTT xgLGlT bmST b>N mkkL nW yt yXC yHT XNKBb# ywlD xgLGlT wzt. bmST yHZbN NnT rUg_ nW XShN DrS YHN xgLGlT bmST rgD bR CGC xU_mL qdM sL ytqsW y kC bflgW mN xlmST xND CGR nW btT kC ytmdbW ysW YL ymlkL xgLGlTN bmST S bqE SL LtsW xBWM bHKM xgLGlT Lts bStqR qY XDgT lW t mN yYCL ymSlW#
Tem T>>e` 56

bmkkL SW Y yt XMnT tn>nT yllW nW yt yKTT# yXC HT XNKBb xgLGlT lmST ySCL SRxT bg xlt Bzc tC YHNn lSf{M ySCL qqS yDcW mnM lW CGR nW ymkkL SWN bPGM mLK qR HZbN bzH z lStR bt=u tGE lW_ lMT ySCL BT lW SLT xlmqmM lW CGR nW XnzHN CGC Nf b>N ymkkL XNQSsCNN x_Ub bn mNgD mf{M xYLM kNWM y xgLGlT tM bY khlM bT l kC QD ymST xmlkT bhlM xSf xT btlYM bKLL bwr mC XN=b_ bDrG HZb b kC GN Y bsW XNtF kc yt qqS XNcW bDrG bzH rgD lWN CGR bx mQrF SfLUL y kC bhlM qblC ybTN gz bkFt dr N YCL# YgLM kzH N lN yKTT xgLGlT SRxCN XSkqbl DrS yzrUbT ykRbT hn mFR SfLUL b kC tmDbW ys tC ScW bmsrt tlYtW ytqm ymkkL SCN mf{M XNdn NQqW yWq bSW Y yt XMnT cW# ymkkL SWN bBT lSf{M# HZbN lStR lmN b>N bmkkL z lnT yCl XNn ydRUcW SL GT xlcW
Tem T>>e` 57

bzH dr bqE yxStsB y BT cWN tC mFR byqblWM sT y lsCNN tGE kDrG x* khlM SC bY w YW mn W lzH S bqE TkrT mST SfLUL ymkkL SN bt mLK lSf{M bHZb WS_ yHL yxStsB lW_ MTN YYL bzH gY Y yq cWN XC xdJ xM yGL ybT NIHN xmUgBN bmlkT t=u ylW_ RMC XNwS DrG SfLUL bzH dr ykwnTN SC bygzW Xygmg kRN YYL SW yXC B YN ymW btsB S uMRM Sln bTMHRT bTM# byS SBs WM HZb b>N lmkkL mwsD bgcW RMC Y yt GNb XNYZ DrG SfLUL yqbl xmC bzH gY Y ytStkl GNb YzW HZbN XNns yxb NIHN bmbQ rgD bHZb tT t=u RMCN XNwS DrGM SfLUL bl xnUgR yHZbN xStsB xR bmqyR ymkkL lsCN tGE DrG SfLUL kzH bt= b>N lmkkL mwsD SlcW xNND RMC HC mmC w_tW tGE XNn mdrG YRbL kY ytqsWN S bt hn lGZ YCL tBl ytgmtWN bZnW xmT btl xbC Xytkr lW y xKStN>N xgLGlT nW YH SLT kGBR xKStN>N SLT UR bBz mLk
Tem T>>e` 58

ymsL nW bysR bW ymdB yGBR t ysW mn qR by kW ymdB ymkkL xgLGlT t ySfImW YL XNdGBRW hl ymkkL xgLGlT kJ tzUJ ymlkcW hl kN xWqW xMnWbT bybcW bU tGE XNdRgT YdrUL y k tWM xf{N bQRB Xytktl Xygmgm KL bzH mLK xND -kJ bt mLk tGE kn b t= l -kJ btmY mLk tGE YL YHN xsR btjmrW mLk btwsn xbC K kzh bg LMD x>l xStKl bhlM qblC bsW bt x*N tGE XNN DrG lmlkL SCN SknT kFt xStI XNdrW mgmT YL b>N lSwgD xMC zU lmFR bdW TGL# w mDrK y k# w xNq> YL y k t W f HZb bqbl bwr dr l mC# w yTGL mLK xStsB HLN bmlw_ yHZb xR b>N lmkkL ySCL XNN DrG nW YH TGL bxGb Ltkwn bt x*N Ltf{m bStqR xC xY v xYDS bgR XNYS mkkLN =M yTWNM b>N ymkkL S bt hn lmf{M xYLM YH BWN GN bqE xYNM by kW ydrgWN ymkkL S bQRB ydGF yStBR# kmkkL SW UR ytz mSrE yn ymsrt xgLGlCN ys_ b k ksW t yq
Tem T>>e` 59

cW sCN qf y b M tGE DrG SfLUL bXQD dr l25 sC xND y b XNR nW yflgW y b mSTN bmlkTM b k mST Y yT CGC YtL# mfTM YRcL mjm Y xND y b kxMST bY y kCN XNdGF XNStBR bDrGM mST YL YH bdT bYbL_ Xyt mN wdgW dr ldRS YCL XzHM Y l kC btqmW mLk SCN mST SfLUL k b bY b bW ksW msrE yHKM xgLGlT yq yt yHKM xgLGlT ys ytly dr cW SpElC mR YgcL ygN HZB NnT kmbQ x* wc GN y k y b cW bmnM bjT xmdBM n blW ngR hl QD l k kz q_l l b mST SfLUL mNGSE Ln DRJC kC bC lST ydRgT _rT XNdtbq yGL lBC mNGSE Ln DRJC bSpEL GN rgD bsW XNt _rT DrG SfLUL HZbM bgLbt bNBrt SpElCN bmgNT S Y bsW XNtF _rT mdrG xlbT mNGSTM nWN TkrtN YST bzH S Y ybklN DR mwT YRbL

2.4. ytKlJ xQRT# BzT SRuTN L#


Nnt ytbq yS Ft nt ytrUg bqE TMHRT SL lW xR xdR mFR lGBR LCN w msrT bNM YHM YL n LtrW xR xdR MRntN ldG ySClW ytKl xQRT g# tKlW bflgW mN Lt bxGb wd xMc Lts= yflgW XDgT lg xYCLM bmnM ytKlJ xQRT# BzT SRuTN yL gY yHZbN yMrT xQM kLbT tGR tn_l yYY gY YL ymrW yqRbW tKl yGBR MRnCNN yzHN yXDgT xQ ywSN nW bmnM bqYnT yqRB lr_ yL B YN b_Nq ymr_M YL ytgWN tKl bGbSbS yMNfLgWN yGBR LT rUg_ xNCLM yGBR tKlCN yGBR LT xCNN T YCL zND yktlT HT lT YgL yGBR LT STtJCN yHZbN yMrT xQM bLbT YHNn bq dr ymqM STtJ nW YHN STtJ bt x*N tGE DrG ylW yMNmRW tKlJ ysW YLN bpEL btqq >n yt YN YHN ysln ysW YL bsW bmqM Y ytmsrt mN xlbT gLbTN
Tem T>>e` 61

Tem T>>e`

60

bsW bmqM bWsN mT yq mN U cWN MRC lMrT ySClN t K lJ nW mN lbT MNM XN* s mT cW yxgCN xbC bs XRC yGBR zYb (Extensive Farming Method) yMNqMbT :DL lR bzHM MKNT kzh UR xB yD tKl mqCN YqRM XJG ybW HZCN btsbT xb yMNmRW tKl bWsN mT yq gLbT bmqM ybl MRT yGT zYb ( Intensive Farming Method) nW yMNmDbW tKlM kzh UR xB yD mN xlbT Sqm_nW msrE yx x gIC xN ybr yn gb xN mgNT nW yx LT XNQSsCN hl YHNN x yk bn gb yx mRC ym mN xlcW yGBR LCNM kzH Wu lN xYCLM yGBR tKlCN xR xdC bgb tfgnT cWN MRC bMrT btfgW _T tw bn U W lmqM bzHM dT gbcW bqYnT XNDG ySCcW mN xlbT bgb tfgnT ylcW MRC tKlW Sltg wYM LmRcW SlLN B BmRT lqY XDgCN msrT ln xYClM bgb tfgnT TM bN lN tKl MRtN btfgW _T U xMRtN lm_ ySClN XSkn DrS yR_ XDgT msrT lnN xYCLM bmnM bgb tfgnT cWN MRC btfgW _T tw U lm_ ySClN bzH dT
Tem T>>e` 62

yxR xd gb bqYnT XNL lDrG ySCL yGBR tKlN B Xymr_N mqM YRBL qdM sL XNdtlg{W bxgCN XJG bR ytl yxG-xl C xl bhlM xbC xND xYnT tKl mqM xYgM bxND xb ys tKl (lMl bqE ZB cW xbC) bl xb (lMl bqE ZB blcW xbC) fI xYsM# wYM bsM tfgWN WT lSg yCL xYNM XNN xb bGBR LT rgD lSg yClWN yq XDgT XNSg lDrG kyxbW hn UR ytm tKl mQrB xlbT bmnM ltl yxgCN xbC ys mWN yxgCNN yxG xl C FT yrk ytl tKlCN QrB YHNn bqYnT L YRBL yGBR tKl xQRCN YHNN lDrG ySCL H lrW YgL yqRbW yGBR tKl xR xd bMrT XNQSsW dT yU_TN MRntN gbWN y CGCN bmFT yGBR LCNN lN yxR xdN n lmlw_ ySCl mN xlcW SlnM ydW yGBR MRMR yqRbW yGBR tKl kxR xd t=u CGR yn mN xlbT xR xd yMrT S kjMRbT xMR XSk_bT DrS lTN XJG bR SC bg bZRZR b_T# CGcN lY bWT XnzHN CGC lmFT ySCL mN xlbT yqRbW
Tem T>>e` 63

mFTM CGCN lY XnsN bmFT Y tR lbT bNM yMRT >u xdtN bxY bmsS bDM yxR xdN gb kF yDrG yGBR LCNN yN x y mN xlbT kxR xd t=u CGC W yD MRMR yqRB tKl yMNfLgWN LT lrUG_LN xYCLM yGBR tKl xQRT xND gz tfI yb ngR xYdlM qYnT lW fN yGBR LT rUg_ ktflg yR_ ytl tKl xQRT mR xlbT YHNN lDrG ySCL yt yMRMR ytKl xQRT SRxT mR xlbT bGBR MRMR zRF qL GMT yYsW xQM xlN YhN bmNM mWN yxgt yxG xl C yYFN q_ xnSt yn nW bxYnTM fN qY XDgTN lrUg_ ySCl ytl tKlCN ytn xQRT lrUg_ yYCL nW bM zgMt yn ytl tKl xQRT kZnW yGBR LT x UR xB yD xYNM bmnM yMRMR xQCNN bmNM n bxYnT bkFt dr m=mR xlBN yCNN yMRMR xQM bkFt dr LbT bF{M yYlF S bNM yGBR LCNN bflgW mN lN bCN yMRMR GC Y B LNmsrT xNCLM# xYgMM bmjm X lN yGBR tKl dr klW xlM UR sn{R XJG qR bmn# blW xlM tGE yn
Tem T>>e` 64

tKlC l xS cW knzH WS_ k hn UR y bM bR XNdnM x_RM XnzHN bmWrS kxgCN t=u hn UR x_mN tGE bDrG kFt XDgT SmZgB SNCL bzH NqM qRtN yMNNqfFbT xNCM MKNT xYRM yCNN yMRMR xQM btl F_nT bkFt dr dG lBN bNM tmCN ysLN yBT S rJM gz yYQ nW bMRMR xS tKlJCN ymFR SM XNdzh ysN gz yYQ nW yMRMR xQCNN lmgNT bzh xnT xS tKlJCN lmgNT bwSdW gz bzh S F_nT Y ytmsrt yGBR LT YnrN ktl fN XDgT Bl ngR HLM B YqL bzH MKNT ytKl xQRCN nW msrT bCN MRMR yg xS tKl YN kllC xgC mRN yMNsW t K l mN xlbT yMRMR tCN lGBR LCN mN tfgWN xSt{ bRkT yClT YHN sgnzb nW yCNN xS tKlC lFlQ yMdRgW _rT XNdtbq kxuR kmkl gz x* GN W TkrCN yWu tKlCN yflG ymMr_ kxgCN t=u hn UR x_ tGE yDrG gY XNdn lmNbT YgL YHN msrE gY btmlkt kzH bT ynbT ytb xmlkC
Tem T>>e` 65

LtStkl bStqR bGBR LT XNQSsCN Y XJG bM kFt xdU lNBB YCL bxlM dr l yGBR tKlCN msS# knzH WS_ l ln yClTN mMr_# ytmrTN kxgCN t=u hn UR XN yDrG S s kFt yMRMR xQM yYQ nW tmCN n ScW YH XNdn tgNZbW XSktrrb DrS khnCN UR yD lr_ yL mWN yxgCNN xG-xl C yFN ytKl xQRT rUg_ XNdL x_RM nW ytKlJ MNu yCN xS GT xYdlM sL yCN xS tKlJ lmFR yMNsW S mkM wYM mr_ xlbT lCN xYdlM YLqNM yWu tKlCN lmS yCNNM lmFR yMRMR xQCNN bkFt dr bL xS tKlC bFlQ XShN knbrWM btl hn mST XNdgN lsmRbT YgL kY btqsW mLk tKlC tmRW b-kJ tzUJtW mQrcW ySW qLF ngR GN dG ymjm RM kmN yYzL S nW YH tKl wd xMc mDrS ms=T xlbT YHM lf{M yClW btl SLC (bIhF# bsC wzt.) sN b hn W SLT yGBR xKStN>N xgLGlT nW bmnM N yxKStN>N xgLGlT SRxT mFR yYlF tGR nW tGE mN bjmrW XQD msrT byqblW kST ns bmlSt lJ ysln yxKStN>N stC Ymdl YH
Tem T>>e` 66

XQD sf{M bxKStN>N xgLGlT SRxCN WS_ XJG bM msrE yn XmR YmzgL YH BWN GN bqE xYNM byqblW ymdb tCN ydG ym yStB kFt yGBR xKStN>N tCM mR YgcL kzM gR bMRMR SRxt bxKStN>N SRxt mkL yQRB TSSR qRT lR YgL yxKStN>N xgLGlCNN bygzW Xytft L SfLUL XnzHN ngC brUg_ B nW ytKlW SRuT xSt XNN DrG ylW yGBR zYbCN bmlkt ygT xS XWqCN tKlCN bMKR xKStN>N# XNhM bxuR SLC wdxMc StlF XNdL XN nW ytl zC yGBR mC xqMN btmlkt btmY x*N wd xMc StlF YL ngR GN hlM tKlJC bzH mLk ls xYClM lMl ytl zC yGBR mC kms=cW bT mT YRcL ktKl >GGR x* ySRuT gY B YN yBzTM gY kFt GMT ysW gY ynWM bzH MKNT nW kMNfLgW fN yGBR XDgT UR yD ytKl BzT SRxT# xS tKCN l l Xb lxR xd QrB yCL mN xlbT xNDN tKl xZ lDrS xmT yYQ kn bflgW mN F_nT qYnT lW XDgT lR
Tem T>>e` 67

xYCLM yW tKl _t ytbq bUM xR xd tw XNN lDrG ySCL mN xlbT YHNn lT ylW mNGST# yGL lBC# xR xdC ybkcWN DR ywbT w_nT lW qL ytKl BzT SRxT sR nW bzH msrT lMl MR_ zCN yXR mCN BNwSD tKlCN yFlQ# ymft> bk dr lxR xdC yStwQ S bnnT ymNGST mN xlbT mNGST YHN S btkY qLnTN brUG_ x*N ysbT SRxT mfR lr_ mL xlbT YH SRxT tKlWN lT ktflg bx bsW lT ySCL XNN tdR msT xlbT XzH dr Y ktdrs b yt gY bxBW bGL lBC btmr xR xdC yf{M mN xlbT MR_ zR bT S Y ytmr xR xdC bsW lt YCl bzH S Y yts yGL lhBCM kFt lwt YCl yGBR mCN bmlkT yGL lhBC ymNGST yLT DRJC kFt lwt YCl mNGST tKlCN bx lz bClbT dr Y drs b XNCh Bl ltmr xR xdC lGL BC mtW xlbT lT GN xYdlM bmjm dr XnzH yBzT tC tlYtW ySRxt xND xL tdRgW tmZGbW mZ
Tem T>>e` 68

lcW cW kzH UR tYM tc tKlcN btflgW _T T XNCl yxQM GN DUF yt y_T q__R SRxT XNR DrG SfLUL W ngR yBzT SRxt LK XNdMRMR SRuT SRxt bxGb ytdj SRxT mnN yrUg_ qLntN bqYnT yL S nW XNdzH xYnt SRxT kll ytKlJ xQRt yflgWN HL BT brWM ySRut yBzt SRxT n Xyn fN XDgT ytKlJ >GGR XNYR ldRG YCL bmnM nW Bz ytl tKlJCN lr_ yqRB# ysu y SRxT ymFR# YHNn bqYnT yL S qLF yGBR LT SCN xL ynW ytKlJ xQRT BzT SRuT SRxT tf_ qLntM trUG bN YHNn tqBl tGE ydRgW xMc xR xdR nW SlnM yqRbW tKl kxR xd xQM UR XNm_N tdR mQrB xlbT xR xd lqMbT yYCL ytl tKl XDgCNN kN xNR MNM Y xYrWM bl bkL dg xS tKl bSNT xmT xN BQ yL ngR kn# btkY lr_ ytl tKlC yYqRb kn yMNfLgWN fN qYnT lW XDgT lrUG_LN xYCLM tKlW ktW xQM UR mmN xlbT sL kxKStN>N xgLGlCN t mN yCl ygcW ST ytly xQM cW xMC
Tem T>>e` 69

XNd b mdrG xlbT bmjm dr bnnT LtrW xR xdR xl bdT Xy=mr W KFL Xyn yD ytr ysln xR xdRM xl hlt xND xYnT tKl mqM xYClM SlzHM LtrW xR xdR xQM UR ymN yZQt tKl kJ XytzUj ms=T YRbL xhN lNbT t=u hn x* sYM W gY YH nW kzH N lN bdT bkFt F_nT Y=ML tBl lgmtW ytr xR xdR yqRbW tKl yq LtrW kqRbW ytly mN xlbT hlM XNdyxQcW ym_cWN ytKl xQRT GcWN rUg_ L GMT ysW gY nW bxhn wQT kFt KBdT cW cW YlM# bs XRCM n bWsN mT bq tKl bmqM bGBR S Y yts lhBC xl wdT q_cW bGBRW x ycW DR bkFt dr Xy=mr XNdDM YgmL XnzH yfLgT yMKR ytKl xQRT xR xd kfLgW bM ytly nW yGBR ytKl xQRT SRxtM lxR xd xgLGlT tBl kqr{W ytly mN xlbT XNdzH xYnT xgLGlT bxhn wQT ys_bT SRxT ylM MNM XN* W TkrT bxR xd Y mql tgb bNM bGBR S Y lts lhBC xgLGlT yWL SRxT mFR kXDgcW UR tY Xdg XND DrG bM tfg nW
Tem T>>e` 70

ytKlW xQRT kxMC xQM hn UR ym_N ytrWNM n LtrWN xR xdR XNhM yGL lBtN bt hn yglGL XNN lDrG yxQRt N qYnT rUg_ SfLUL yxS tKl xQRT bSNT xmT xND gz yf{M YN tkYnT lW yR_ mN YRbL bmnM xND xS tKl kms=tM bT ytl tk tKl yflG S mkwN xlbT yxR xd yMRT yGBYT S CGC lr_ mT xlcW lCGc mFT yN ngR bqYnT mQrB xlbT lzHM nW yMRMR SCN bxR xd t=u CGC Y ytmsrt mN xlbT# bMRMR SRxt bxKStN>N SRxt mkL _BQ TSSR tf_ bxND bkL yxR xd CGC bg bx tlYtW ltmC yqRbbT# bl bkL dG ytg mFTC bx bxGb wd xR xd yUUbT SRxT mfR xlbT yMNlW yxR xdCNN yS FT tn>nT kbQN LN# NntN rUg_N# yTMHRT SL drWN LN# kzh N lN xMc MRtN XNDG ySClW kxQ UR ym_N ytKl xQR bqYnT XNR drGN# YHNn lDrG ySCL qL ytKl xQRT# BzT SRuT SRxT kfRN fN qYnT lW yGBR LT lrUg_ ySfLgNN w S sRtL lT nW ngR GN yGBR LT bzH B yr xYdlM ysW YLN
Tem T>>e` 71

B YN mTNM bxGb mqM SfLUL q_l yMNmlktW gYM ymT xqM gY YL

3. mTN bxGb mqM#


ysW YCNN yMrT xQM bLbT YHN bq dr mqM yGBR LT msrE xQCN nW ysW YCNN yMrT xQM LbT yGBR LT SCN yqRbT xND msrE Ms nW mCNN yGBR LCNN b_N yzHN LT qYnT brUG_ x*N mqMM yGBR LT SCN ytqrbT lW Ms nW

lsW mT yHZB XNdN# bHZb SM mNGST btlYM yKLL mNGST XNdS tDT L mNGSTM kzH x* MN DR XNdrW SqML mT bmNGST ytdR yHZB NBrT YL ylW ngR szrzR bt=u MN lT nW? xR xd bmt Y yrW yYrW mBT MNDnW Bl zRZ yT SfLUL lsW mT ymNGST bmn NWM xR xdR xR lmR ySfLgWN mT bn yGT mBT XNlW SqML bzH msrT mNGST xSfg sgW mT XNdg lkFL ySClW mBT YrL xR xd yYqMbT mT sR mNGST blbTnT Y ltl _QC XNWL dRgL# yGL lBC bGBR lmsT sfLg brJM gz lZ lqbT XNdCl YgLL xR xd bMNM MKNT mt bmNGST ktwsd bmt Y fssW pEL drgW mL YkflL ymT lbTnt ymNGST mn yglIbT xN mLK kY ytzrzrW nW lsW mT ymNGST bmn l_ llw_ bwlD xGD lZ xYCLM YL bmnM xR xd bGBR S lmsT XqMblh Bl ytqblWN mT L>_ bL xYCLM# YHNN mT XNdGL NBrT _ mtN bwlD xgD SYZ# mtN xSY LbdR lM xYCLM

3.1. bHg-mNGSt Y ysfrWN ymT Y ls tGE DrG#


bHg-mNGSCN ymT lbTnT ls MN mN XNlbT tmL*L ymT lbTnT gY bxBc xgC XNdxND Hg-mNGSE gY tdR yYwsD bNM g bxgCN yx yltE HYwT WS_ kwtW L x* Y bxgCN Hg-mNGST XNsFR tdRL bHg-mNGSt ysfrW ls mT yGL bmn wYM ymNGsT bmn gY Y SqmW mLS B tNIl ywsDbT hnM xl bHg-mNGSCN ysfrW bzH Y tmSR tGE Xyn lW ls GN kzHM zRzR l nW ylsWN xND gI B NIl bmWsD ylsWN Y bt mLk mrT xYCLM
Tem T>>e` 72

Tem T>>e`

73

bl bkL GN mT ymNGST nW bLM bmt xR lmqM ytqblW sW lzLxl bn lqMbT YCL# s bmt bn kmqMM xL bmt ymqM mBtN lwc StlF YCL mNGST mtN bn MKNT bwSdW xR xd bmt Y fssW pEL drgW mL bqE YkFL YH B YN xR xd ytqblWN mT sM lRsW YCL# ll sW lkyW YCL ysN ybtsbN gLbT bmqMM lRsW YCL yflgWN HL gLbT bflgW gz q_M lsbT YCL XnzH kY ytzrzT xR xd bmt Y lT mBC XJG bM msrE TRgM cW kmNGST ymT lbTnT YLQ kmT yGL lbTnT UR ymsL H cW cW lsW tzRZ sY YH l lsWN bg bmgNzBM n lmgNzB yqRb bR ytt TCC xl mNGST XnzhN ytt TCC yYqblW bHg-mNGST ysfrWN ls ySf{M Hg-mNGSE G SlbT BM xYdlM lsEW TKKl nW# bzH Y yqRbT Bzc TCC ytt cW Bl SlMNM uMR nW xNND sC ymT lbTnT kY btzrzrW mLk ymNGST mn bGBR LT XNQSsCN Y MN xYnT TRgM YrL ylWN gY YmrM kR:t-xlcW B bmnT mT yGL XN ymNGST mN ylbTM BlW Ykkl ymT
Tem T>>e` 74

lbTnT gY bxE XNQSs lW Y x* XN kuFN R:t-xlE mn x* xM lwsDbT yg gY xYdlM mT XNdpEL# XNdsW gLbT hl xND yMRT m nW YH yMRT m MRTN ldG# HZb kgW MRT bq dr t XNN lDrG ySCL ynW lbTnt MN bN nW tBl bt=u ktmrmr b nW XNdzH xYnt t=u TNt kqrb b ymNGST YhN yGL YhN bL bNS Y lW WYYT lDrG bR YkFL kXNdzH xYnt TNt Wu mT ymNGsT YhN wYM yGL YhN Bl mkkR mTN yHZbN yLT yn mL FT lT XNdglGL XNdxND yLT m kyT YLQ XNd T MlKN wYM yGL lbTnTN XNdT MlKN mlKL bmnM bzH mLk yqRbW TCT KBdT lsW yCL ygW xYNM mT xY_M xYlw_M tBl tb_ lxR xd tkF*L# YHM s l mT YzW bzmE mNgD lrS yfLg lBC mT gZtW zmE XR M XNYCl YgDcL bzH mLkM zmE XR bxgCN XNYS yGBR LT XNYN XNQT YL BlW ytcM xl YH TCT bNS ymT lbTnTN kLT xStIW x* ymZN mn xND qMngR nW YhN YHM bN TCtN bF{M ytt kmN yDnW xYdlM SlGBR LT BlM SlmT lbTnT
Tem T>>e` 75

ymT lbTnT bGBR LCN Y SlrW tIX SNwY kxgCN t=_ hn mnT xlBN xBW yxgCN xR xdR ysfrW bxgt dU xb nW kxgt y ST WS_ WsN bnW xb XJG ybW xR xdR ysfr bmn ymT _bt mN blYM bdUW xb kFt ymT _bT kFt ysW YL KMCT YYbL kxgCN y ST WS_ kFt GMT ysW xb btlYM ksN F XSkdbB F btzrUW yM:b xb bZB bmS ll yCL sW LsfrbT yYqMbT s mT xl YH mT bmNGST ytdR brJM gz lZ s XRCN lM lfLg yGL lBCM ys_ mT nW SlnM mT xlm_ xlmlw s zmE XRC XNY XNQT L yL gYM ln yClW yxgtN xY ymT xqM bmmLkT YN kFt ymT _bT ysW YL KMCT lbT bdUW xb lWN hn bmmLkT B nW ynW XzH Y mnT ygW kFt ymT _bT ysW YL KMCT lbT dU xb fN qYnT lW yGBR LT lrUg_ ySClN s zmE XRCN mmSrT nWN? ylW _q nW mT y_ bN yGL lBC mtN gZtW xSFtW yYzT bN YHN ygzTN mT bhlT mNgD lqbT YCl

xNdW xu mtN xSF bmZ zmE >nCN gZ xR xdN xfQl bkFt pEL _qET ysW YL q_ mtN yLT xu nW YH xu gLbTN pELN bkFt dr KL sR MrT yClWN l xu S yllWN ysW YL xfQl S fT DrG YH kFt yMrT xQM XNKN DrGN SkTL btlYM bxgt xbC s Lrs mT lbT hn bMRT tGR Y ytsWN YL xfQl kLT tGR W XNN DrG yLT xQCNN bkFt dr kN YL YH xsR pELNM bkFt dr yKN nW bxgt WS_ lW ypEL KMCT bM WsN bnbT hn qL GMT yYsW gNzB# yMRT m# gLbT wzt. bmQR YN ymT lbTnTN kxND sW wdl sW lzwR bmT >u Y XNWL lDrG YWL ymT lbTnTN zwR bs yLT tGR lmn kFt GMT ysW pEL kLT tGR W YL# YKL btlYM brJM gz lZ s mT GT bLbT xgR YH kFt ypEL BKnT LTN kN x* yqRB xNCM x mkk lglT yYCL BKnT nW bt=M kFt ypE L X_rT lbT xgR bsW gLbT ls ygWN yClWN S lmST sWN xfQl b>n mtT bM kFt ypEL BKnTN ySkTL nW
Tem T>>e` 77

Tem T>>e`

76

hltW xu mtN bGi xSFtW kz b zmE >n bmqM YN bW Y ynbrWN xR xdR bxND wYM bl mLk q_ ysT xu nW YH xu xNC xYnT yGBR zYb lW_ lm ngR ymT lbTnTN kxND sW wdl sW lwR B kFt gNzB w XNN ydRG nW YH gNzB bq_ bLT tGR Y lWL YCL ynbr kmn UR tgZ sY kFt ypEL X_rT lT xgCN bMNM mLk ldgF yYCL ypEL BKnT yf_R xsR nW YH xu xR xdN kMRT tGR yfQlW bgM XN* gLbTN kn xYqRM bs mT sR yrW xR xdR yS FW bl ls Sln# mrtW mN bq_ yqM Sln bTUT lmST ytl XDL YrL mtN > tq_ ysW st GN bzH dr bTUT XNs ydRgW ngR SlYR YBM YnSM lML bTUT XNs yR t mmdBM yYQ YL lt bTUT ss ynbrWN sW t kt=mrbT bM ymt lbT bnbrbT wQT knbrW ns TUT XNs DrG bq_M n btz mNgD xMC ysW gLbTN kN YL bmnM xR xd mtN XN_ bfqD

b> xnT mt b_qET sC bssB byTWM yGBR zYb _QM Y bWL (xR xdN bfqLM n q_ bsT) pELN gLbTN bkFt dr kn xYqRM bllN pEL Y bkFt dr XkNN# st ysW YCNN bLt S bTUT bsW XNYtF XdrGN LCNN K kq=u bStqR ym LT xYRM mT XN_ XNlw_ DrG yrW t=u WT LCNN K kM nW bmnM l_R_R {r-LT xu nW xhN lW ymT lbTnT ls YHN CGR bxSt hn mQrF YL s XRC lM yfLgT Lrs mT lbT xb blZ mT XNg bDrG lmT Gi yw w XNYR DrG YL bzH xsR msrT mn ylZ KF B nW yrW SlnM lmT lbTnT lW_ yWL kLT S W yN Y lW gNzB xYRM Lrs mT bmnM yfqL st xYRM YLqNM >nM bqM ytwsn st mq SlYqR t= yS :DL YkFL bdUW xbM bWsN mT yD zmE XR M YL xR xd bxND wYM bl MKNT lqMbT LlWN mTN bmkyT xR xdN bfQL mNgD zmE XR M YL bzH mLk yM zmE XR t= yS :DL lf_R yCL xR xdM kzH tM ysN XR XN>L yr YL ypELM n ysW gLbT bKN
Tem T>>e` 79

Tem T>>e`

78

x*N bdUWM n bW kxbW hn UR y zmE yGL XRCN ST YL YH sL GN YH xQ MNM xYnT CGR xYg_mWM lT xYdlM bxf{M dr y bR CGC xl s zmE XRC l bClcW xbC kFt ymsrt LT X_rT xl yst gLbT X_rTM xl W ltl b>C btlYM lw ytUl kmn UR tY bqE y _b xgLGlT bllbT WN lLT bM xScU nW yXR mTN blZ ymST ls xf{M Y ynbT CGC bxBW Xytqr l bNM xL xL mFT y CGC mcWM xLqrM XnzH xbC kFt yLT xbC :kT mN yCl bmcW XnzHN C lLT L GMT s_ mNqqS SfLUL yxbWN ytqj yLT XQD bzUjT bzH Y tmSR ymsrt-LT xgLGlTN mzRUT# y _b btlYM yw mkkL S bx_Ub dr mST# st gLbT wdnzH xbC XNs brT ymT lZ xf{N bqYnT L YYL CGc kmT lbTnT ls UR ytz lmcW# YLq N M ymT lbTnT lsW XnzHN xbC bq dr lLT bM ytmc hn yf_R bmn blsW Y bmmSrT lLT n ynTN llC CGC lSwgD mrrB SfLUL
Tem T>>e` 80

xR xd mt N zmE XR lM lfLg lBC kyTN btmlktM bR yxf{M CGC xl MNM XN* xR xd byxmt mtN ykY bNM yGL lBC bmt Y yLT S lmST rzM l gz mtN mkyT YfLUl bNS k10-20 xmT ldRS gz mkyT YfLUl YHM bHG btmzgb ST lW x*N XNfIMcW YfLUl ymT lbTnT lsW YHN lDrG ySCL bNM ZRZR yxf{M mm WT Sf{M Y GN bR CGC Yl kzH bt=M yGL lBC k gM bn mLk btn s l mT mkyT YfLUl YHN lDrG xR xdcN xStB mkyTN YYL yxbW xStdR kFt Xg Lt=mrbT x*N YHNn Sf{MM xScU nW bzH dr xR xdN yStbR CGR U_L bWsN mT yq U cWN MRC bzmE x*N bnzH xbC ST (lMl yxTKLT# xb# FF XRC) kFt q lW ngR nW yGL lBC ytwsnWN mT cW tkYtW XmrtbT bqrW dG bxbW lW xR xdR btmY mNgD xMR MRt N lGL lBc y_bT SRxT (out grower system) bmqM bGL lBc zmE XR z yxR xdN ysN XR zmE DrG YL XNdnzH xYnc XRC kxR xd ysBL M bY ysln ysW YL bsW
Tem T>>e` 81

yq bmcW ysW gLbTN bsW kmqM STtJCN UR xBrW y cW YHN S xR xdN bfQL mLk mf{M YL zmE XRc kxR xd XRM bY gLbTN bsW yq Sln (lMl yxb# yxTKLT XRC) xR xd ytwsnWN mT R bkyT yqrWN bzmE mNgD rS YL YH btlY s s l mT lbT xb bsW tGE mN yCL nW bllC xbC xR xd mtNM xkY bzmE XRWM tq_ bmST bT sg knbrW gb bkFt dr ybL_ gb lg YCL bxY gLbT pELN bKN xR xdN bfQL mLk mST YL YHNN SLT bt x*N tGE lDrG bmjm dr byxbW l xStC HZb bg Y yt GNb XNcW# YHNn lST RW XNns DrG SfLUL bSLt Y yt GLInT bllbT yHZb yxbW xStC XMnT LklbT hn tGE lN yCL xYdlM kzH UR tY xR xd rzM l gz mtN lkyT yCLbT# YH S yhlNM wgC mBT _QM lSbQ bSCL x*N ST lW mNgD yf{MbT ZRZR dNB mm xW_ tGE yNbT SRxT mFR YYL yxb xStC bzH S Y lmsT yfLg lBCN yStGbT kN HUE ST lW
Tem T>>e` 82

x*N yfIbT# xR xdCN xStB k gM yn mT llBC kyT yLbT SRxT xsR mfR xlbT bGL lBc zmE XR z xR xdM wdtmY yGBR S XNUgR klBc UR bmtbR ytqj S lmST ySCL xmlkT SRxT mfR xlbT kY ytqsT CGC ymT lbTnT ls yfcW xYdlM YLq N M ymNGST ymT lbTnT ls zmE XRCN lST XJG ytmc hnN Yf_L SlnM yCGcN mn tgNZ lSwgD mrrB XN M LlbT kbT lq XNl CGR yllbTN ymFTW msrE xL ynWN mtcT TKKl mFTN ySg xYNM ymT lbTnT ymNGsT kmn UR tY yqRbW lW TCT mT y_ ylw_ lmn lNK BDR bmnT xglGLM bmnM bgR xb m yN mT bm_t yNK yYNS xgLGlT bgR lS BlM ygR LT lqF xYCLM bL mLk yqRbW nW yNK yYNS xgLGlT ST yGBR LTN lN bM tfg mn xkKRM NC yBDR xgLGlT lmST ST yglGL ngR GT XNlcWM ywq gY nW BcW ST ygR mT nW YLM mT bST mnT
Tem T>>e` 83

lglGL yCL XNdn XN nW YhN kFt q_R lW sW btbs xnSt Y btsbT XNd lW xgR mT bGL bZM YZM bgR lNK xgLGlT mST sglGL xYyM NC YHN ytbs mT bmnT bYzT BD YmlS mt N wRsW lStDT xYClM ygNzB tC XN yXR kNC SLn ytbs mT xRsW wY xkYtW ls xYClM y>u gYM XNdzh kFt ygz ysW YL BKnT xStdE wN yYQ YL SlnM zmE NC mT bGL bZM YZM lxnSt xR xdR yBDR xgLGlT bmST bsW yglGlbT hn ylM _QN BDC lBz xR xdC s_tW YHNn StdR bM kFt w SlYcW xD SlgT TLQ NC ygbbT S xYdlM YHM bmn nW mT bGL btzcW bxnSt yxR xdR Y ytmsrt GBR cW llC xgC ygR yNK yYNS xgLGlT kM xgR XJG bs hn ytkm ygW YHN bmsl xgC ygR yYNS xgLGlTN bST rgD kFt q lW ytgW ybDN BDR xgLGlT nW bgR yYNS xgLGlT lST yCl ygR NC wYM yYNS DRJC bM BDN tmRW yssb xT lcW bDC bmST# BDN lbDn xT
Tem T>>e` 84

byt xSqD ytbdrW BDN kFl s=RS bmST ybDn xT BDN yStdR ymmlS nT XNk bDrG yf{M nW yBD ST bNBrT m Y YN bmW bDN xSfnT BDR yGT FT Y ytmsrt nW YH SRxT ytjmrW mT bGL btzbT bNG> sN XdR bBz xgC XytS YgL bxgCNM XNdnzH xYnT ygR NC tqmW bxNND KLlC ymWN xR xdR yYNS xgLGlT mfN yClbT dr Y dRsL yBDR xgLGlT kmSTM xLfW yt yNK xgLGlT lmST bClbT dr Y Ygl YLqNM YH SRxT bt hn Xytf{mcW lT bQD kqsT xgC xN* xTe lC mTN bmnT lmZ xlmL yNK xgLGlT bgR XNYS XNQT XNdYN mT bGL mz bgR yNK xgLGlT XNS ydRG XNdn kzh t=u tGR bY rUg lg xYCLM YhN ybDN BDR xgLGlT BWN bgR yYNS SRxT S mNgD tdR mwsD lbT xYdlM yxR xd MRT bmnT lZ yCL nW yxR xd tNq> NBrTM bmnT lZ yCL nW yHBrT S HbTM yBDR bDC ysTN _QM lmSTM YCl YHNn msrT bDrG lTLQ zmE yGBR S ktmcT s XRC bmlS yxRxdN xnSt mT bmnT mZ SfLG ygR yYNS SRxTN btl
Tem T>>e` 85

SLC btl xdrjC bkFt dr ST YL# YgLM SlnM MNM XN* btGR _ WT SgWN ygR NC SRxCNN LNq_LbT bygzW XygmgMN L>lW ygN bNM llC t= SLC xdrjCN bmqM ygR yYNS SRxt yq ST _LqT XNrW DrG YL bmT lbTnT z yqRbW lW TCT yxR xdN mT mNGST SlwSDbT wYM mL SlkFLbT hn yqRbW nW kzH x* yqRbW TCT mNGST ltl yLT SC sfLgW mtN SlwSDbT kzM xL mtN bygzW lkFlW SlCL xR xd bmt ymqM mBt Y tM WN lL kFt _rT xdRGM# xNvST xdRGM ylW nW k ng mt twS YkfL bL SUT mt Y xNvST dRG qR mt YL# yGBR LTM YkL yL nW mNGST lLT S SfLUL Bl (lmNgD# TMHRT bT# yktC mST wzt.) mT mWs mT bGL btzbTM xgR bN l nW mT bGL btzbTM xgR bN mNGsT ymKfL G YRbL XN lLT tfg yn mT ymWsD mBT bHG YrUg_lL bM hn mNGST xR xd yqMbTN mT lLT S tfg bmn swSdW bqE mKfL XNlbT lsW L ymT lbTnT ymNGST bmn kzH x* ym
Tem T>>e` 86

lW_ ylM bhlM xC kFl mWsD l nW YH xsR ykfLbT bzH mLk ywsD mT bM WsN bmn byTWM xu bN xR xd bmt Y xNvST XNdRG TRgM lW tIX yRF xYdlM kzH lyT ylW mT mL ykfl gY nW mt bt=u tdUG YkfLM YkfL yL SUT l xR xd bmt Y ydRgWN xNvSTmNT lqNsW YCL kzH x* mT bygzW XNYkfL DrG ys N N YrL ngR GN YH yg xND gI B nW mT bygzW bYkfLbT wQT mt mjm skfL mT LtsW sW btlYM wt TWLD yrS mT x_ kFt GMT ysW xMC gLbt K lqR YCL SlnM YH CGR mfT lbT hlNM gIC gzb hlNM CGC lSwGD bCL x*N mf{M lbT nW XNdxY xQ LNktlW ygN ngR mTN dUG xlkfL nW mT ymNGST Sln B bygzW mkfL xlbT lT xYdlM ymT lbTnT gY mTN btdUU ykfL gY hlT bM ytl gC cW bt=u tGRM lT xSR xmT tGE ynW xY xQ mTN bygzW lkfL xQ nW YH BM bqE xYdlM xR xd bmt ymqM STW bYbL_ XNrUg_lT mt tmZG ytnT
Tem T>>e` 87

ST rUg lsW YgL kzh UR bZ mt rzM l gz (20-30 xmT) XNdYkfL ST mST YL# YgLM xNND KLlC YHNn tGE DrG mjmcW bb gIW myT ygW nW YLqNM YH xsR btjmrbT xb bYbL_ lkR lL# LtjmrbTM xb btl F_nT lS ygW xsR nW ymT lbTnT ymNGST kmn UR MNM GuT yllW btGRM bxNND KLlC bmf{M Y l nW YH bmT ymqM ST xhN lWM hn XJG ytl hn f_ yCGN xND gI bxSt mNgD ySwGD bNM# btlYM wt mT bGT rgD XgmW lWN CGR yf xYdlM YHM CGR krJMM n kxuR gz x* xSt mFT lglT yg gY nW krJM gz x* CGN bxSt mNgD ySwGdW fN yx XDgT rUg_ nW fN yx XDgT brUg_bT wQT xNST kGBR Wu l yx zRC bkFt F_nT dUcW lwt TWLD kGBR W s yS :DL mFcW xYqRM YLqNM MNM XN* bxhn wQT yLt m GBR bNM YH LT bt hn ktf{m xNST bF_nT xD bdT ymntN m=b xYqRM xNST kGBR W l yx zRC bzH mLk bF_nT Xdg s bGBR zRF ysW wT q_ Xyqns YL bgR yrW
Tem T>>e` 88

ymT _bTM bzW mN Xytwgd YL bzh MKNT kwJ bWRS ygW mT bGBR zRF lsT q _ cW Xyqns lD wC bqE yNbT hn YfL YH mFT GN yrJM gz mFT kmN xL xhN bt=u XUmN lWN ymT CGR lf yCL xYdlM YHNN CGR ytl SLCN xqJ bmqM B nW mFT ylW bmjm dr xnsM bM ytl ymT xqM zYb bmqM yGBR MRT lSg yCL mT byxbW l bmn YHNn bBT lmqM ySCL xQ bmktL mT llcW wC kfL YL# YgLM kzh N lN bFT Y tmSR yD ysf PGMN tGE bDrG ymT CGRN klL gR Ll xbCN bLT yxgCNN xY XDgT N YL bSt dr bxGb btGR Y kl kFt mFT lN yClW gLbTN bsW yq zmE tKlCN ST nW YH bNbT wQT bW Y tfg ynW gLbT xR xd bXR W Y ksW gLbT yq YL xL tRM xR xd t= gLbT g bStqR btKlW bg lmqM yYCL YL lMl bxTKLT XRC# bmS XRC wzt. XNdzH xYnT ytKl XDgT yGBR zYb lW_ bmbT wQT wC bQD yLcWN gLbT
Tem T>>e` 89

mqMN ymRbT hn SlfR ywc gLbT bmT XT MKNT K XNYqR DrG YL YHN ymsl hn bfRbT wQT bwJ LJ mkL lW btsE TSSR yhlNM wgC _QM bSBQ x*N bxbW ygWN xMC gLbT x mqM yLbT hn Yf_L Bl mgmT YL XNdyxbW XNdyng hnM YHNn bHG bmm mdgF YL bxu mT ymNGST mn B mTN bygzW kfL yYQ xYNM YLqNM bHgmNGSCN ysfrW ymT ls s xR xd xR XNqMbT ytsWN mT lLc WrS YCL Bl bGLI mdNgg mtN bygzW kfL kmT lsW msrE H yYmnu XNN dRgL mTN bygzW kfL ySkTlW ylsW x YN bg xb mT ylcW wC ymcW gY nW YHNn CGR krJM gz x* bfN LT# kxuR gz x* dG kY ytgl{TN SLC bQNJT bmqM mFT YL YHN bDrG bmT ymqM STN bxSt hn xrUG LTN N YL mT ymNGST mn YHN kDrG x* yf_rW xNCM XNQT ylM SlnM kzH bmnT yqRbWM TCT MNM msrT ylWM bmT Y lsW Y yqRbW lW TCT ymT lbTnT bmNGST tY XNY_ bmkLkl
Tem T>>e` 90

kzHM gR xR xd mtN WrS yCL bmn bWRS stlF bYbL_ Xytbs Y lW yGBR LT lD bYCLbT dr Y YdrL mT y_ bN GN bGL lhBC XJ Xytssb kmbQ lDN YCL bL yqRbW nW bGBR S Y ytsWN ysW YL bLT S Y lsT ySCL kGBR W yn yS :DL LtfrbT kFt ypEL X_rT lbT hn mT b>u b_qEC XJ XNssB DrG yxgtN xY XDgT K y XNdn qdM sL tzRZ ytqm gY nW bmnM YH xu LCNN xStgl ls xdU ULN XNdN XN mFT lN yCL xYdlM YH xu kSkTlW yx gT bt= bxhn wQT tGE YhN bL bM Bz xR xdR xu yS :DL YrW tfQl lkFt CGR yUl_bT# kFt HbE qWS f_ sCNN BlM LCN HLWCN lxdU yUL_ YL qR GBR lbT fN yx XDgT bllbT hn mT bGL bZM kTWLD wd TWLD bWRS stlF Xytbs m yYqR nW kmT Y lW bT bxgCN btlYM yRST xb tBl bwqW mt lzmT bYbL_ Xytbs sm ynbr mnN mgNzB ymT lbTnT ymT mbSN bSqrT rgD yrW xnSt XNdn yrUG_ nW
Tem T>>e` 91

kzH YLQ mFT ynW fN XDgTN rUg_ nW fN XDgT XWN bNbT wQT xNST kGBR W l yx zRC bF_nT DUl# bdTM yxW n KFL wdmN YUgl bzH dT bGBR ltsW ysW YL s yS XDL YkFl kg wT WS_ bGBR S ysW q_ dr bdr Xyqns YL bGBR S Y ysW ysW YL Xyqns bd q_R yXR mbs qR mssB YjML mT bGL ytz bnbT xgR mt bXR S lmqL lfLgW Xyt YssL mT ymNGST bnbT xb mT ysW bGBR S lsW B Sln kGBR W bqE mtd lW Xytwsd bGBR S lqrW Xyts YssL ybl{g xgC LMD XNdyW YH dT bm=rW bgR kFt ysW YL X_rT Xyfr gLbT b>n Xytt YL kzHM xL bxNND xbC gC wT xL Xyn yHT y>GlC m XSkmN YdRl yBz xgC LMD XNdyW ymT mbSN bxSt mLK ySqrW ymT lbTnT ls YN fN XDgT nW bfN XDgT dT HZb kGBR S Xyw kGBR W wlT zRC YUgL lMl bxN xgR XJG bM zmE MR yn yGBR zRF l bNM bxgt xY XDgT MKNT bzh S Y ytsW
Tem T>>e` 92

kxgt xY HZB WS_ kST bm yNS nW XNdzH xYnT dT bRbT wQT mT kmssB W lbS xYCLM ytktLnW yLT xQ fN qYnT lWN XDgT lrUg_ ySCL nW BcW xu nW bmnM bdT mT kmbS YLQ XNssB lDrG ySCL xSt xu nW yg HZB bdT kGBR S W ys Xyn bd q_R mT bmNGST mz l mtd lW mt Xytwsd bGBR ltdrW Xyts# mT bGL bZ lR kClW ymT mssB bqll bfn x*N XNssB DrG SCL bmnM mT XNYbS lDrG lWN xu bt mLk tGE lDrG mT bmNGST mz# bGL kZ YLQ yqll dRgL kzh UR tY yqRB lM TCT xl xR xd qu mT bGt kqyW ts ytl n kflG YLQ bmNd S XNR dRUL# ysW gLbT bYbL_ W wdNbT xb XNYfLS bzHM yx XDgT XNYqF YdRUL yL TCTM YqRL xR xd bGBR kgW gb ytl gb g ytl gb wdgbT xb XNdfLS bgR mT lW mn YHNN XNdSqR bxhn wQT kgR wd kt Xdrg lWN FLsT byT B

Tem T>>e`

93

rUg_ YCL FLst kgR wdkt BM xYdlM bqE ZB mT klcW gC bqE mT ZB wcW gCM uMR nW bmnM ymT lbTnT SRxt bxgCN WS_ yst gLbT ZWWR XNYR bMNM xYnT mLk XNQT xLnM xR xd bmNd q>M ThN mT lW mn bst gLbT ZWWR Y SktlW tIX bR l ytl xu yS XDL wYM g mNdN l XNYD bDrG mLk nW ytl xu xglh Bl # YHNn xu g bqR tmL wdmNd gB lCWN mT XNRS bSL mLk nW xR xd ytl gb lg bCLbT wQT mNdN l m ls n mL B YN lxgt xY XDgTM xSfg nW xhN lW ymT Y ls XNdzH xYntN yst gLbT ZWWR ySqR xlmn lsW kzHM x* LTN yStgL mnN yrUG_ nW ytl yS xu bYRbT wQT ystW gLbT bmNd lCWN brS Y XNwsN Drg xnsM bM bzH S gb GT yClW sW kmNd tnQl bS x_nT K XNYqR bDrG MNM xYnT LE xStI yllW ygLbT ZWWR XNYR dRUL YHM ysWN n kmbQ yxgtN yx XDgT kqF x* XJG tfg nW

mT yGL bN GN mtN k b yS :DL brWM YrWM mml SlYrW kMRT tGR tfQl nW yLbT yxgtM LT yStgLbT hn YfL bl xnUgR mT ymNGST bmn ystWN n y>L yxgtN yx XDgT yq_F yst gLbT ZWWRN SqR# ystWN n yb># xMcN YL bMkNM yxgtN XDgT y yst gLbT ZWWRN bSqrT bst gLbT ZWWR x* yq WT ySg YL blL sY mT ymNGST bGBR S lmtdR yfLG zU mT yGT mBt mkb# HZb yS ClW LB# YHNn bMRT tGR Y lsT ySClW mT xG bLT S Y bsW XNs bSL yxgCNN xE XDgT bqF rgD qLF YwL yHZbN yMrT xQM bLbT YHNn bsW ymqM STtJN# YHN bxgCN fN qYnT lW XDgT krUg_M n HZb kLt bq dr t XNN kDrG x* xu yYglTN STtJ bt hn tGE lDrG SCL bmnM lsW bxgCN LT Y L kFt xStI lW ls YL ymT Y lsN bmlkT yqRb TCCM xND bxND smrm ytt msrt-bS nW Ygl lsWN bSf{M rgD y CGCN bSwgD tGE ktdrg bNWM mLk tw yYglT ls YL
Tem T>>e` 95

Tem T>>e`

94

3.2. ytStkl ymT xqM ls mktL#


mt bGL tzM bmNGST tzM xq ytStkl XNN DrG SfLUL XNN* TR mT lLCN yq xSt{ bRkT bMTCLbT hn _QM Y XylC mnN rUg_ SfLUL lbT lkt LT mL ygW mT yG> mT kn# ydN yG> mT mN ygW krs# mrS ygW mT kt ktSbT wYM yG> mT XNN ktdrg kmCN GT yMNClWN GT ygNN LT Slg xY LCN mskl mtt yYqR YL XNN TR mT ybl _QM ls_ bCLbT S Y ml xND gY nW ybl _QM ls_ bCLbT S Y klM b xq XNKBb ydlW kn _ u mn yYqR nW lMl yXR mT kxqM gDlT xf ktk wYM bdT = kn mT k_QM W LCN ylT mz# xgCN lsW n yTmC XynC m* yYqR YL XNN* mT yq LE xStI bMbrKTbT x*N zqE _QM lmST bSCL x*N bXNKBb _QM Y mLN rUg_ ylW YHNn lDrG ySCL yt ytStkl ymT xqM ls sR nW bxgCN XNdzH xYnt ymT xqM ls bt mLk xlmWt tGE xlmn btlYM krJM
Tem T>>e` 96

kmkl gz x* sY bLCN Y kFt xdU ldQN yCL nW YH CGR bxND mLk sY XNN KR mT lMN S mL XNlbT MN xYnT XNKBb GT XNlbT zRZ bSqm_ XnzHN bdNB bmm xSdG bt hn tGE ynbT yxf{M xQM lmFR xlmLN mlKL XNdzH xYntN ymT xqM ls lWT bL mNGST dr xNND kC ytdrg xNND KLlCM bzH rgD qL GMT yYsW S ys bNM SW x_Ub bn mLk g xLtsM SW yYqW gz t kFt mn xND gY lSW ytsW TkrT xf{ XNT XNdN bWL tlY xlmqmM lW CGR YaL bmnM YHN gY btmlkt lTN CGC xSwG lsW ywbTN tGE yNbTN hn btl F_nT mFR SfLUL ngR GN ymT xqMN bmlkT W CGR ls lWT yxf{M SRxtN xlmgNT xYdlM YH CGR ys kFt GMT ysW brWM W CGR DHnT qRnT nW bBz xbC mrS yYgW tT mT YrL# dN Y=f=L lXR bnW Y ydW yGBR XNQSs MRnT bkFt dr XNL bdrG HZb tT mT wdrSM n dN wd m=F=F Lg nbR DHnt qRnt nW HZbN
Tem T>>e` 97

bmT lxGB wd mqM XymW lW tT mC Yrs lHZb kFt gb ySgbT SLT bqyS btgbR# dC lHZb kFt ygb MNu ynbT xsR bR HZb XnzHN km=F=F YLQ bXNKBb Y gbWN dG bmr nbR bmnM ymT xqMN bkFt dr bRG_M tGE bN mLk lL DHnTN qRnTN y_T XNQSsW tK mD YRbL lXR ytmc mCN MRnT bkFt dr L bzH xb ydW yGBR S btl tKlC XNdgF# yW R xqM SRxCNN bL kWsN yXR yq gb SgT yMNCLbT hn mfR xlbT YH sN HZb yXR WNM bq dr tNkK YqMbL# tT mT wdrS dN wd m=F=FM xYgM _ ymT xqM ls lT ytwsnWN mT yHZbN n l>L yx XNQSs tQ ytqrWN lx LT bYWL x*N mbQ lT xYdlM tT mT mrS ylbTM# dN m=F=F ylbTM sLM XnzHN mC lHZb t=u xE q bYs_ x*N XNbq kmflG xYdlM YLq N M XnzH mC yq XNKBb ldrGcW lbq yClT lHZb t=u xE q mST sCl nW SlnM tT mCN Yrs lG># ytl tKlCN lLT wzt. bmqM HZb bq_ bkFt dr _QM
Tem T>>e` 98

XNgcW mdrG YgcL dCM btmY mLk lHZb ygb MNu mN xlcW YHN lDrG ySCL ytKl kJ tzUJ tGE Ln bStqR# DHnTN qRnTN kSwgD TGL W XnzH xbC lbq bxGb LNqMcW xNCLM ytStkl ymT xqM ls bWT bmtGbR# lCN kXNN* KR mT yq yx _QM LT XNDg hltN ngC bQNJT btl F_nT mST YRBL bxND bkL mCNN XNdyHW lHZb yq t=u xE q bSg x*N LNqMbT ySClN ytKl kJ zUjT xR xdN YHN tGE ldRG bCLbT dr Y DrS xlBN kmT xqCN x* btGR yq dr Y ldRsN yClW W SM YH mN xlbT YH S bygzW Xytl# ST _LqT Xg yD XN xND gz tsR yLQ XNLn mgNzBM SfLUL kzH S N lN bzH S Y tmSRtN yt ymT xqM ls WT# YHNn bxf{M dNC mmC mdgF# lsWN ySfIM xL msyM BT xlBN YHM S xN tsR yb YN xND dr Y tjM bdT Xytl# ST _LqT Xg yD mN YRbL

Tem T>>e`

99

3.3. yW xqCNN bkFt dr L#


yGBR S lW lsB yCL gY xYdlM yGBR S XJG W ynW yGBRW MRT yfLgWN W bfLgW mN gz sg B nW yW xQRt kflgW bY wY bC kn wYM bflGbT gz Ltg yGBR MRt bkFt dr lqNS wYM uN l YCL bmnM fN qYnT lW yGBR LT lrUg_ ktflg xSt yW xQRT xStdR (nJmNT) SRxT mR xlbT bGBR S Y ytsW HZB xmtN l lGBR S ygLGL bqE W g bxnSt XJG bM kFt MRT lGT# ysWN gLbT xmtN l bMRT S Y lsT YCL XNdGB mqm_ lbTM YHNn T nW xgCN kFt yg{-MDR ykRs-MDR W BT XNT YwL YHNn BT bxGb lmqM ylW yzH BT xqM ls YHNn lSf{M ySCL HG dNB sR tGE sN nW WM XNdmT kFt xE q lW WsN BT nW bq yq xE _QM bSg x*N _QM Y Ll bStqR lKN YCL# yx XDgCNM bzW mN lkM YCL YHN BT bxGb lmqM XNL bQD msT lcW SC xN YHNn ymlkT ls# HG dNB
100

WT nW yL mNGST lsWN xSfg HCN xW_ tGE ln bClcW xbC hl tGE DrG jML bmnM bzH rgD yL S ylM YLM W ngR tkWL lT YL yW xqCNN lL xq ymbT ls HG ym gY kFt GMT ysW bNM yW R StdR xQM mgNT Ltl lW hl Y xYrWM yxgCNN ykRsMDR yg{-MDR W bxGb lmR lStdR ySCL xQM lmgNCN kFt yg{-MDR ykRs-MDR W lbT yxgCN xb HZCN bW X_rT ykBT u tkTl k Xytzwr b qR ykBT Rb SRxT WS_ bkFt DHnT YL yYr_ bqE ZB cW yxgCN xbC xmtN l yGBR MRT S mST YL Xyqr GT ygNN HL XDgT yx q g XNqlN YLqNM bxmT xN ygWN MRT lGTM xNN Zb Xyb wQtN Lbq Xyn# l gz Zb Xr yMgW MRT kxmT xmT bkFt dr siQ YL XJG bsU x*N Xys bmMT Y l yxgCN xb Zb Xytr Xr HZCN lqY xSk rB XytUl YgL yxYN LJ W W XNl kFt yg{MDR ykRs-MDR W T xgCN YHNn yW
Tem T>>e` 101

Tem T>>e`

BT bg t_rN lLCN L ySCL xQM SlllN bW X_rT lrB lDHnT tULN YtL yW BCNN lLT bxGb lStdR ySClN ygNzB yt xQM lmgt yxbW trT XNdgL{W TLQ wNZ R Y tqMN XNlN YH ynW bR ltEE xE MKNC Slnb nW Bzc wNCN btlYM wdM:B yfsT yYL wNZ tsC DNbR tU cW DNbR tU wNC kmcWM xL sN GBI btlYM GBI bzH wNZ Y bkFt dr _g yn YHNn wNZ bq dr XytqbT yg cW lwdtM XShN lW bY lmqM QDm ZGJcWN Xyqq l cW bzH bkL yq w XytwtC lCW GBI nC xTe bW Ba bsW mqM BTCL yGBI _QM YnL yL xStsB bGBI mC zND btwsn drM bHZb zND b_BQ smNbT yy gY nW bmnM GBI TN tsnT wCN bmqM xTe yW BaN lLT ySfLUTN yWu BDR R XNg lDrG k dL yt S sRtL yW BTN bsW lLT kFt ygNzB xQM yYQ bmn bxgCN kFt ypEL X_rT l bmn YH CGR yW BCNN bq dr XNNqMbT XNQT YaL yxTe mNGST YHNN CGR bmgNzB bxND
Tem T>>e` 102

bkL yW BCNN xQCN XSkfqd DrS bCN gNzB lLT _rT Xdrg (lMl yS xY xs GDB# wdT ls yqdW ytkz GDB) bl bkL yYL tsS WN FTE bn x*N lmqM ySCL SRxT XNzrU# yxlM HBrtsB YHNn x XNdGF# bwNz t yn xgCM kzH W zqE xSt mFT XNdll XNgnzb s PlsE _rT sdRG YaL bCN xQM yLtN gY btmlkt W gdB ygNzB xQM Sln ygNzB xQCN bfqdW mN lLT _rT bDrG Y XNglN# bzHM rgD qL Ln WT xGtL yYL tsSN yW xqM FTEnT lrUg_ ytdrgW _rTM bxhn wQT xNND tS s WC FNC yT jML bxlM NK xStnT yYL tsS W xqMN btmlkt bmlkcW xgC mkL yU xmlkT lmFR sD ynbrW _rT ybr WT xSgaL ytssN W xqM bmlkT yU yLT B lmN=T btdrgW _rT yU y20 xmT yW BT LT XQD tzUJ xTe sN GBI lsbT ClL xTeN btmlkt XQ s ytf_ BT XNKBb SN# bxY bllc yYL tsS wNC Y kFt yYL mN GDC tsRtW ymn=W yxlKTK YL kxTe F bY SlN wdrbT xgC XN_# kFt GMT ysW ymS LT S XNs yqM nW
Tem T>>e` 103

YH xY SMMnT wdtGR MN HL YtrL ylW gY bdT yY nW PGN lmf{M btlYM ytf_ BT XNKBbN btmlkt R YgL tBl ysB bNM lW S btlYM yGDc S bnnT yGL lBCN btF YsL tBl ygmT nW YH XNl sN GBI btlYM GBI xTe bYL tsS wNC Y bR kFt GDC mSaN kFt GMT ysW ymS S mSaN XNdGlN lcW xND msrE TLQ RM nW bzH Y tmSR XQN tGE lDrG# BDR R lssB yGL lhBCN lNqqS ytl XDL lf_R YCL tBl YgmL kgNzB X_rt Ltns hn yW BCNN bxGb XNNqM gDN ygW lW TLQ CGR yW BT xqM tC kFt X_rT l mn nW X_rt bnvRStEC ysln kFt tC Y B ytwsn YN bydrW mR ygcW tKnCN llC tCNM ymlkT nW YH CGR ytStkl yW BT XQD bydrW lWT lSf{M YL XNqR xDRL YH CGR bxSt mLk Ltwgd bStqR bCN xQM lmsT ylWM n# yWu BDR R bssB yGL lBCN bStbR ls yClW yW BT LT S bflgW dr lD xYCLM bmnM bzH mSK btl drC ysln ysW YL FT yW BCNN lLT sL kMNM ngR bY QD ts_T mf{M lbT nW
Tem T>>e` 104

mNGST YHNn xQM lmFR ytl SCN ss YaL y wNCNN yW BT LT StR PN lzUjT kFt _rT tdR yBzc tzUJaL# bmzUjT Y lM xl YHN StR PN bWu tC zUjT xu LnbrW bmn yxgR WS_ tC kW tC UR tBrW XNs bDrG bxND bkL SW btl _T XNs bl bkL dG yxgR WS_ tC bSW Y LMD XNg lDrG tC*L yxR MNu yW tKl xNStETTN bkR bST bkFt bmkl dr tCN lsLN _rT tdRL YH S wdTM bkFt dr tK yq_L mqLM ygW nW bQRb btjmrW yq cW byqblW ymdb tCN bmlSt lC bllC y sL tC ysLN S lW BT LT kFt GMT ts_L byqblW kmdbT tC xN btf_ BT XNKBb bW BT LT# bmlSt ymS S ysln XNN YdrUL YHM byqblW byxR xd ysW yW xqMN yL S BT lW y DUF XNg dRUL XnzH SC lwdtM QD ts_acW ys Yl ysW YCNN lsLN yMdRgW _rT bW BCN ymqM xQCNN bkFt dr y>L bNM lBNN kFt ypEL X_rT ySwGD GN xYNM ysW YCNN lsLn S QD s_tN kzh N lN ygNzB X_rT bW BCN bxGb
Tem T>>e` 105

XNNqM yf_RBNN XNQT lSwgD ySCl SLCN nDfN mNqqS xlBN YHNn kDrG x* lN xC ST sn StNM bQNJT mqM tGE DrG mL xlBN ypEL CGR sU_M ysW gLbT pELN lt bCLbT dr bsW mqM bhlM yLT SCN yMNqMbT mNgD nW yW BCNN bLTM rgD kFt ypE L X_rT SlR gLbTN bsW bqM x*N yW BCNN yLT SLTN nW mFT xDRgN mWsD xlBN xSt s yLT YCN ysW YCN Sln yW BCNN bLT SM Y lBz ygNzB w bsW gLbT ls bCl SC Y tr mN xlbT kFt ypEL X_rT lT xgCN kFt pEL bmqM Y tr yW BT LT xQ mktL xNCLM# YHNN xQ BNktLM yW BT LT XNQSsCNN bkFt dr kkM xL yg _QM xYRM yW BT xqCNN lL yxR xdN yxStrS zYb (xGK PKtES) kL nW mjmR lbT bW Y bzNbWN W lSqrT bxGb lmqM# wdW ygWNM n kW ywWN W lmR xqN lL ySCl SLCN mqMNM m=mR xlbT kzH xLM yxbN ZB RF bR lmS LT lL ySCl bZQt U bxR xd bs
Tem T>>e` 106

ls yCl ytl tKlCN mqM mL xlBN xnSt ywNZ l yGDB SCM bzh KLL lll yCl cW YHN xsR btmlkt hlT ngCN bmnnT mqM SULUL bmjm dr bxR xd bzW yzNbWN ZB yR# ymR xqN yL# llC yxb yW MNCNM btmY mLk lmqM ySCl tKlCN xCN bl bmsS# bR xCN yz hlgB -kJ yzUjT xu mktL xlBN xND yW BT xqM tKlJ MNM HL W bN BWN yMNfLgWN WT lSgLN xYCLM bR yW BT xqM t K lCN bmR bM qL knW jM llCNM yTT -kJ bzUjT hlNM bM bQNJT bmST nW yq WT Lg yMNClW SlnM XShN bzH dr ywqTN gMGmN qMrN XNd -kJ tGE DrG mjmR xlBN bygzW -kN XLN mDM xlBN gLbTN bq dr yqM yW BT xqM tKlN kST x* hltW msrE mnCN W S bxR xd z bxR xd bs ys mN XNlbT nW bRG_ XnzHN tKlC bt mNgD XNqM lDrG xR xdN bMKR SL# XNhM bBDR xgLGlT mdgF xu xYrWM YhN XnzH DUC
Tem T>>e` 107

tLtW SW bnnT bxR xd bs bW bW z yW R xqN yL xQN mktL YRBL kFt ypEL X_rT lT xgCN gLbTN bsW bmqM yW BCNN bx lLT ySClN xQ YW nW kzH N lN yqblWN HZB bStbR l yCl ywNZ l# ymlSt GDB SCM mST YRBL XnzHN SC HZCNN xnStN yMKR yBDR xgLGlT s_tN mST kLN xhN lmgmT klW bY yW BCNN mR btl hn _QM Y L XNClN W yW BT xqM xQCN gLbTN bsW bqM tKl bmgZ bxR xd bs bW bqblW ys yW BT LT SCN mST bNM YH B bqE xYNM yGL lBC# yxgR WS_M n yWu lhBC bW BT LT bsW XNt _rT DrG xlBN lN ls yGL lBC yxlKTK YL mN GDCN sRtW XNq yfQD ybr nW bmS LT SM Y yxgR WS_ yWu lBC bsW XNt yfQD ytl TgCN ys_ ls xlN lscN TgcN bmlkT lNN mmC bygzW Xyft L tgb bNM W gY GN YH xYdlM lT lsC TgC xhN lbT drM s yGL xNvSTmNTN lmUbZ yCl cW

bmS LT rgD TLQ n ygW lW gY s ymS XRC l bClcW xbC bqE ymsrt-LT xgLGlT st gLbT yll mn nW YH CGR qdM sL XNdtgl{W ynzHN xbC ytqj yxb LT XQD bzUjT mfT lbT nW btlYM yWu lBCN kmB x* bYL tsS wNC Y xNvST XNdRg sdrGcW ynbrW q_t q_t Ln tIX kD nW YHNN CGR btjmrW yYL tsS LT yU :Y XNQSs WS_ lmQrF _rT DrG SfLUL lT yxNvSTmNT :DlC bxNvStC xb btfgW dr xlmwcW lW CGR Sln YHNn lSwgD s yStwQ xNvStCN ymB S mST xlBN bxY yGL lBCN bq dr btF bpEL X_rT MKNT ytfrWN yW BCNN bxGb lmqM lmLN CGR llL _rT DrG# yW BCNN lLT yMNqMbT hltW msrE SLT nW mNGSTM yW BCNN lLT kFt xStI DrG YCL# YgLM bRG_ YHNN btmlkt ymNGST n TkrT ysW YL bsLN xR xd gLbTN bsW bqM x*N yW BCNN lLT ydRgWN XNQSs mdgF mN YRbL YhN YH XNdtbq llCNM SC mST YCL yGL lBC bW BT LT S Y bsW XNs lbrT lStbR ySCL ytkr S mST YCL
Tem T>>e` 109

Tem T>>e`

108

kzHM gR yxlKTK YL kmN=T S UR btz btmr xbC GDCN mST# XnzH GDC ymS SN lST XNr DrG YCL blL yW BCNN LT bxGb _QM Y L fN qYnT lW yGBR LT yrUg_ SCN ytmsrtbT StW Ms nW yW xqM lsCNN HCN bygzW bL xf{N bkR# lzH S yflg tCN lFt S yq GMT s_ bmNqqS# gLbTN bsW bmqM yW BT yLTN xQ bmktL yGL lBC bW BT LT S XNs bbrT yW BCNN LT xqNM L xlBN

4.1. YvRsk>N SpYz>NN mR#


bxgCN L L yxG xl C mcW bnzH ytl C bq dr lmrT yClW yGBR MRT ytly XNN dRUL bxND yxG-xl N bq dr lmrT yClW MRT blW xb bF{M lmrT yYCL wYM bmrTM yq WT lSg yYCL YL bzH hn ytlT yxGxl C bxbcW hn yq WT bSgcW yGBR MRT Y XNtk bdrG YHNn lDrG ySCcW ytKl kJ bzUJ yyxbW HZB bkFt dr lqM YCL yxgt xY XDgTM YL bnzH C mkL bzH mLk yS KFFL kbE SpYz>N YBL YHNN gY xND Ml bmWsD bYbL_ mrT YL bxRs l s dU C ysBL MRTN bkFt dr MrT YL YH xb lrJM gz n ySN xMC xb YaL bl bkL dG bg dU xbC b_t tw yYglT yb MRT lmrT YCL# bmmrT YM YgL bl xRs dU xbC SNWNM bWNM lWNM XMRT bL# bg kFt CM btmY mLk XND bL yxbWM yxgtM LT lN xYCLM kzH YLQ bxRs l C ysBL MRtN bkFt dr LN :kL drg LT bD# bg dU xbC yb _T
Tem T>>e` 111

4. kyxbW hn UR ytm yLT kJ zUjT#


btdUU XNdtgl{W bxgCN bM ytl yxG xl C xl bzH bllCM MKNC yMdW yGBR LT XNQSs kyxbW hn UR ytm mN xlbT btwsn MRC Y ytR (ySpYz>N) ytl yGBR MRCN xM yMrT SN btqj x*N lSf{M yCL mN xlbT

Tem T>>e`

110

MRnTN bkFt dr LN :kL drg LT bD yhltM xbC HZC bq dr t ln YCl# yxgtM LT YL xNND xbC l ktC# l mNgC lxWPN r bC QRB cW bQRB s gb xcW MRcWN bxuR gz WS_ ltW DrS SlCl l lb> yCL yGBR MRT bsW Xmrt l YCl llc xbC k mNgC ktC yxWPN r bC bM yq cW MRcWN wd gb lZ rJM gz YYcL l lb yCl MRCN xMRtN XN>_ bl kFt BL>T Yg_cL kY ytqsT hlt xbC bhlM ngR xND xYnT bnM cW ytly G x* xND xYnT MRT bmRt XkL t ln xYClM l ktC mNgC QRB ynT l lb yCl kFt U cW MRCN lMl xTKLCN# xbCN wzt. bmRt# bQRB lWN gb ymgB ywtT BT bS wzt. bq dr t ln YCl# yxgt XDgTM YqL k mNgC k ktC yqT dG bql yYb MRCN bMrT Y btk bYbL_ Yql lhltM xbC xND xYnT yGBR LT ytKl kJ kQrB YLQ khnW UR yD ytl kCN QrB kbE yS KFFLN (SpYz>N) kR ybl YL
Tem T>>e` 112

SpYz>N btlYM bmjmc xmT bnnT kbE H yrW bNM bxND xb b xR xdCM WS_ yS KFFL Xybr m yYqR M YL qdM sL ncWN MlC XNdg byT YHNn bYLb_ mrT YL lMl bxRs l C ysBL MRTN :kL drg LT yD kn xNND xRxdC yq Cl cW bmcW MR_ ysBL zR bT S Y ltk YCl YHN bdRg XnsM ybl gb gl# yxbWM xR xdR yq Cl cW xR xdC ytmrt MR_ zR xGtW MRcWN dG YCl YH bxND xb l xR xdC mkLM yS KFFL lR XNdCL L YH btzm dT XytS lD yS KFFL (SpYz>N) xDS bGBR zRFM bkFt dr Xy=mr lqY yGBR XDgT mL msrT lN YCL kyxbW hn UR yM SLT bmktL# yxbWN hn bq dr mqM yGBR LT yHZbN tnT lL YL zND yS KFFLN yLbT S bGJ bmm mf{M lbT wYM yCL ngR xYdlM xR xd YQmL Bl xM yfImW bdT ytgbR nW lN yClW mNGST ytl xbCN hn x_N bnzH xbC yq _QM lSg yCl kCN xzUJ xR xd knzH WS_ YQL ycWN mR tGE XNdRG bmRT mf{M lbT
Tem T>>e` 113

nW lxKStN>N stCM n ltrW xR xdR byxbW ysW yGBR SL bxbW yq _QM lSg bClT bnzH SC Y tr XNN bDrG msT mkR lbT S nW yxb yS KFFLN (SpYz>N) bkR kyxbW hn UR ytm# XNN xb lSg yClWN yq LT lSg yCLbTN hn ymFR xQ yGBR LCNN lN kMNktcW qLF lsC xN mN YRbL bGBR S SR ytt bR SC Yl yXNsT BT LT S xND sN yl bWS ytl MRC SCN qf S nW yxZRXT LT# yxTKLT FF# yQm QmM MrT SC XNdzh ytl MRCN SCN tt zRC cW yxfR yW _b xqM# yxGrSt SCM XNdzh bxu yGBR zRF bWS ytl yS zRC bnzH zRCM WS_ bM bR ytl MRC lbT bM s yS mSK nW yGBR LT SCN yGBR SN s xDS yss nW khlM SC bq dr lmqM ySClN mN xlbT s xDS lWN yGBR LT S lmST bxhn wQT lN n xu xRxd bR yGBR MRCN xM ymRTbT SRxT (yYvRsk>N SRxT) ST nW xR xd lCW WsN ytl yGBR MRCN dR xM XNmRT DrG bxhn
Tem T>>e` 114

wQT yxR xdN ygb ST brUg_ rgD kFt TRgM lW nW xN yGBR MRT ytflgWN MRT Sg bqR blW MRT Xytdm# yxND MRT U b>lqL blW MRT U Xyts gbW ytrUU XNN lDrG SCL lN bM ZQt yn yGBR LT dr bzH x*N yxR xdN ygb ST rUg_ xu yllW gY nW bR yGBR MRCN xM yMrT yS sW gLbTN mTN bq dr lmqMM yr nW yxNdW MRT S sLQ xR xd wdl yGBR MRT S XytUgr xNNcNM bM Xys xmtN l yGBR MRT bMrT qY S Y llF mtN lr_ _QM Y lL SClL YH S btlYM kW xqM mL UR tdR kts gLbTN mTN xmtN bl bq dr lMRT tGR mqM SCL SlnM ysW gLbTN bsW bmqM# mCNN bq dr bmqM yGBR MRCNN bkFt dr ldG yxR xdNM gb bqYnT lL YrL YHN xD tGE lDrG bM btdbnT ls yClTN ygcWN SC bmlyT XnzHN ymlkt ytl ytl -kC xzUJtN lxR xd QrB mL xlBN kzH bT sdRG XNdnbrW bxND xYnT MRT wYM bxND yGBR zRF B yr YN bxbW yq gb lSg yCl MRCN yGBR zRCN bl
Tem T>>e` 115

ySS yMR -kJ zUjT xlBN xR xd XNdzH xYnt yt -kJ qRlT YlL ycWN MRC yS zRC XNmR_ gZ brT SfLUL byqblW bNS btl yGBR zRC ysln ST sCN mmdB lzH tGR Mc hnN Yf_L bXNN zRF bR yGBR SCN lmST ySCcW btlYM bmdbcW xbC bs yq _QM bSg SC Y ylq XWqT XNcW DrGM tgb YL lt xR xdC ysW y SLM bM ls yCl yGBR SCN XNs lDrG ySCL YL yGBR t K lCN Xytl XDgCN Xytn sD XNN xR xdR btl dr ysWN yq gb ySglTN MRT Xymr bnnT bzH Y Xtr m bmnM bxND xbM bs bGBR S WS_ yS KFFL Xytfr m yYqR nW YHNn dT bR MRC xM bMrT S mjmR kY ytqsW kxuR kmkl gz x* ySgW _QM XNdtbq bdT bxR xdC mkL lrW yS KFFLM ytmc hn Yf_L llL HL yGBR LTN lN yMqRcW kC yMcW SLC yS KFFLN# bR MRCN N lN MrTN xMrW yz mN xlcW bxhn wQT yS KFFl bxBW
Tem T>>e` 116

yxG-xl llC LnCN msrT xDR XNN xb yq MRT XDgT bSglT S Y XNtkR bDrG yfR kbE yS KFFL nW bR MRC xM MrTN btmlkt kY btqsW kbE yS KFFL :qF SR bR MRCN xM bMrT yD nW bkbE SpYz>N Y ytmsrt yGBR MRT YvRsk>N xQN nW yMNktlW lyxbW yn ytl kCN# bzh :qF SR bxND xb bM ls yClTN tt s xDS cW -kCN bzUjT bL# yxKStN>N yGBR SL PGCN YHNn msrT drg XNN bDrG yf{M nW XNN xb MT yClWN yq LT XNm bDrG ysW YCNN mCNN xmt N l bR_ yMRT tGR bsT fN qYnT lW XDgT lMT ySClN msrE xQM nW

4.2. bDRQ xbC ys S#


qdM sL Sqm_cW ySpYz>N YvRsk>N mRC bxgCN bxY ys mRC cW YH XNdtbq kFt TkrT bYq xbC msT ygW S MN mN XNlbT zRzR xDR Sqm_M SfLUL blC y zC lrB XNUl MKNT bnW byxmt St Xy=mr bmD Y lW yDRQ xb MN XNds mlyT tfg ynWM bzH MKNT nW
Tem T>>e` 117

bR ScW Xy=mr bmD Y yg xbC kFt yZB X_rT yZB mr_ yU_cW btlM yDRQ xbC tBlW y cW XnzH xbC lrJM gz ytf_ XNKBb bdlW x*N _QM Y yl mT cW bmn bxfR mkT ymt lMnT K ytcW xbCM cW kzH bt= kFt yXR mT _bT cWM cW yDRQ xb tBlW ywqT kY ytqsTN HT hlNM wYM ytwsnTN yz cW yMGB ST CGR bhlM yxgCN xbC l bNM W yMGB ST CGR yDRQ xbC XLN bMNcW bnzH xbC yksT nW YH xb St XJG xb bn mNgD Xy=mr bmD Y ygM nW bnzH xbC yMdW yGBR LT S bnnT yMGB STN rUg_N :kL drg nW bRG_ yMGB STN yrUg_ S bl xbM mD YRbL W CGR lW bnzH xbC bmn nW yMGB STN yrUg_ SM bnzH xbC yD mN xlbT yMGB STN rUg_ ylW bGBR S B xYdlM yMGB STN rUg_ lT zC krB tqW bqE MGB xGtW ybT gb XNg DrG lT XN yGD XNN sW ymgbWN MRT s MrT xlbT lT xYdlM bmnM kGBR W bqE gb ySg S bmSTM yMGB STN rUg_ YL YHNN xu bq dr mqMM yMGB
Tem T>>e` 118

ST PGCN xND xL mN xlbT YhN XNdzH xYnt kGBR W yn yS XDL bMGB ST lsT wgC hl mFT lN xYCLM bxhn sxT lN n yS XDL GBR nW bmnM nW yMGB ST SCN bGBR z y>krkR mN xlbT yxgCN yGBR MRT bZB Wh Y ytNll bmn lrJM gz lxGB _QM Y ylW mCN xf bmkt yGBR tKlCN ZQt bmn kxmT xmT kFt yMRT mQ yYbT ltl xdUC bkFt dr ytUl nW yGBR MRCN lxdU tUunT bgR LT XNQSsCN WS_ kFt tIX yDR gY nW krJM kmkl gz x* TkrCN lxdU tUunTN bmqnS Y mN YRbL yWh xqM SRxCNN bqYnT lL# ytf_ hBT XNKBbN bkR yGBR tKlJCNN bx bqYnT lL tUunt N lmqnS bdTM bwnt lSwgD YL XSkzW DrS bzH xdU MKNT bHZCN n Y ydRsWN gT lmqnS ySCL yxdU mkkL ZGnT SRxT lrN YgL YH SRxT ygR LT SCNN ydGF XNN lDrGM mR YRBL mNGST qdM sL wW yxdU mkkL ZGnT ls kzH x* sY kFt GMT ysW nW
Tem T>>e` 119

bzh msrT lxdU yUl zC xbC kGBR ScW Yfql R ygbTN SRxT kR L YRBL ysW R sRtW lmR yCl zC bn kgT YLQ yxbWN LT lN wYM ycWN MRnT lL bSCl SC XNt bDrG bKF mLK XNscW# mST yYClT B bn XNscW DrG SfLUL YH xD lxdU m ysWN R lxdU tUunTN lzlqW lSwgD bSCL x*N lkfL ygR LCNN lN bSCL mLK lmqM ySClN YL bzH rgD XSk ytsWN S bygzW Xyft L SfLUL bl bkL ysW R kWu bg yMGB R mLK mn yHZBN HYwT lN ywtW kFt bRM ys gT lW mn btGR Xyy nW lxdU btUlT xbC yMGB X_rT bU_MbT wQT bllC xbC TRF MRT YL YHNN gZtN kmqCN bT kWu yXHL R sm TRF MRT mrtT xR xdC bgb XT bkFt dr Yl kzH gR lxdU ytUlW HZB XHL bGBYT mLK kg YLQ bxYnt ssW ygR GBYT SRxtN lqu=W YCL bmnM hnW bfqdW mN ysW R lS bkfL gNzB (> RwRK) mLK XNN# yMGB xQRtM btl mN kxgR WS_ MNC yg XNN _rT DrG SfLUL xdU
Tem T>>e` 120

mkkLN LT NN xqJ lmST ylW XnzHN XnzHN ymsl SLCN bmktL bmn lxdU tUunT ytqsTN SLC btGR Y bL lmkkL XNslN

(h) sfN XNdmFTW xL mWsD#


bxgCN K WS_ HZb ymT _bT lbT wdllbT# kdU wd Xyfls nWN sL YaL YH btL ydrG sf bxND xbC yf{M bNM KLL Xr ykwn sfCM nb XnzH bGL ydrg ysf XNQSsC lrJM gz y xhNM bmD Y l cW bxhn wQT Xyy lW btL yD sf YH XNQSs ywldW CGR btL mFT lglT yCL xYdlM btL ydW sf bkFt q_R bf{MbT wQT lkFt ytf_ BT mkN bHZC mkL lfR mR MKNT lN YCL bt=uM YW Xyy nW bxhn wQT ysf S k_Q gt XNYL ktflg bXQD bmNGST Xg yf{M mN YRbL ytL yGL ysf k lNbT wQT kFt xE# ltEE HbE qWS yf_R gY L nt XblT l xu nW lL YCL YhN bXQD bmNGST n tYnT yf{M ysf SM k_Q gt lmZN yCLbT :DL XNl bdRG zmN ytdrg sfC t=u
Tem T>>e` 121

rUgC cW ydRG ysf PGM nW gDlT ysfW PGM bsW fD FT Y Ltmsrt ynbr mn nW bG ytf{m ngR qYnT lW yt lN SlYCL YW ysf PGMM bsc Y kFt gT xDR bmsrt wDL ydRG ysf PGM CGR btt yltE xmlkT ytm mn nW R xgR bl xbC kllC KLlC sCN bSfR yxbWN dHNnT {_ yrUg_ xM ynbrW nW YH bHZC mkL xSfg mRN mRN lf_R yCL bt=uM yfr XNN xDRL bmnM PG yt lN xLlM lW ydRG ysf PGM gDlT bC yqd ytf{m# ksfW xb xY LT UR Ltsr mn nW bmNGST DUF bXQD yf{M ysf PGM yMGB STN rUg xND mFT XNdn tqBlN mST xlBN SNL ldRG ysf PGM mWdQ MKNT ynTN bwQt ytwgz xhNM mwgZ lcWN ytt xQC bSwgD btStkl xQC Y tmSRtN yMdW mN xlbT lCN nW yDRQ xb BlN yMNcW xbC bxhn wQT lW yGBR tKl yxbc yLT dr bcW Y ysfrWN HZB mqlB R yCl xYdlM YHM bmn nW byxmt bLC l zC yMGB R QrB xu ylW
Tem T>>e` 122

gY ygW yxbWN yLT dr bmsrt bmqyR yGBR tKlJCNN bkFt dr bdG XnzH xbC bcW Y ysfrWN HZB B YN kzM bY XNk DrG YL YhN YH xu rzM l gz yYQ mn xYqRM YH XSkf{M DrS HZb blC brB Xytgrf YBQ lT xYLM# xYgMM SlnM bnzH xbC krW HZB WS_ ytwsnWN KFL bqE mT ZB wdxlbT xb wS SfR yMGB STN btl F_nT lrUg_ ySCL xND msrE xQ nW bXRG_ bnzH xbC lW HZB bqE ZB mT lbT xb mSfR yYfLG kn sfN XNd xND yMGB ST rUg SLT mqM xYLM YhN HZb bXQD ym ymNGST DUF lW ysf PGM bllbTM wQT bN bS tn>nT ytl ZB lbT lM s mT FlU bC Xyfls nW bzHM MKNT ytl HbE ltEE CGC ytfbT hn xl yt XQD ymNGST DUF lW ysf PGM tzUJ sqRBlT bM Bz HZB bFt lmSfR XNdwSN BzM x_RM sfN XNd xND yMGB ST msrE mFT mWsD XNClN yMNlW yHZb FT bt=u Sl bmNGST yqd DUF yg PGM kqrblT YW FT bkFt dr XNd=MR bXRGnT mgR SlL nW ksW yt n FT W xNDNM sW SfR MNM
Tem T>>e` 123

xYnT WT ySg# bwNjLnT yfrJ S bmn nW yHZb FT XNl rUg_ PGM kmjm XSk m=r bHZB FT Y tmsR msT lbT ysf PGMN tGE lDrG lmSfR yfLG sW B YN lsFRbT yCL M mR xlbT yW xmr_ bdRG ysf PGM ytf{mWN ltEE wNjL bYdGM mLk lmf{M ySCLM mN xlbT YHN lDrG sfW bmsrt bQD HZCN kKLL KLL bUgR YN byKLl WS_ yf{M mN xlbT dGnt hlM KLlC lsf S lglGL yCL s Lrs mT xcW SlnM PGN bnnT byKLl WS_ XNf{M yDrG xQ mktL YgL# YLM YhN HZB lsFRcW YCL tBlW ygmtT xBc mC lT b xbC nW YH nW yL ymsrt-LT xgLGlT ylcW# kFt y CGR lcW xbC cW XnzHN CGC yf ymNgD# y xgLGlC ym_ W# yTMHRT msrt-LT ZGJT YqQ ysf SN SjmRM ysB mN ylbTM YhN bnzH xbC XNdzH xYnt ymsrt-LT S ys kn ysf PGN btL byT B yf{M mN ylbTM yxbWN xY LT GMT WS_ bSgT# bnzH xbC ysf S bs ymsrtTem T>>e` 124

LT S bD bxbW yGL lBC XNs lDrG ySCL ymsrt-LT xQRT yst gLbT mgT gYM XNd b drg# sfN yGL xNvSTmNTN tt mLk xbWN bx bkFt dr lLT ySCL mN YRbL mNGST ysf PGMN tGE kDrG x* ybQbT W SM yxb hlgB yLT :QDN msrT bDrG sf bDcW xbC ymsrtLT SCN xSqD D nW kzH W lW S bxBW bsc msT lbT nW sc yycWN bT mST mL xlcW mNGST bmjmW xmT y R lscW yg bNM sc bxuR gz WS_ cWN mL YRcL YHNn S lgZ sfWN dr bdr bHZb fD lSf{M ySCl ytl SLCN mqMM SfLUL lMl HL sWN btsB bl kmjmW xmT jM kSfR YLQ bmjmW xmT xwCN B wS bMRT tGR Y XNs# sfcWN XNmc YHN drg b btscWN XNwS DrG YL bt=M sc cWN yClbT dr Y XSkdRs DrS fR zmT tBl kwqW LE xsR bmR ltwsn gz bsf WM qD bnbbT qyM mT XNcW DrG YL btmY mLk bmjm ytwsn sCN xSF# Xns bg kt
Tem T>>e` 125

b t= sCN bMT sfWN ST YL bxY bC YN qS bqS bt=u kU_ SHtC Xyt lStkL :DL gz bs_ x*N# sW bgLbt yq xStI DrG bCLbT bx sN bCLbT x*N XNf{M DrG SfLUL sfW btf{mbT xb SW b_Nq Q Ltf{m bStqR kFt yxb WDmT lSkTL YCL ytf_ XNKBbN b_BQ tGE lDrG bSCL x*N bXQD mf{M YRbL sfW bzfqd yD XNYN kxbW ymT xqM ls UR b_BQ btm x*N yf{M mN xlbT XNN ymSf xb lq _QM bglGL# nR ytf_ BCN bKN ltl xE q bWL mLK yf{M XNN mdrG xlbT ydN yR xET BCNN lmbQ lLT ymT yW xqM ClCNN lbR bSCL mLk yf{MM mN YgL bnzHM xbC yt yxKStN>N xgLGlT mST mL xlbT YHM bWsN mT yq MRT GTN XN s xb bmZ xbWN bwDM x*N mqMN ySwGD mN xlbT sfW kY btqsW x*N ktf{m kFt q_R lW ysW YL bqE ZB mT xG MRt bkFt dr XN=MR yMGB STWN XNrUG_ DrG YL k_qET xmT b
Tem T>>e` 126

ysfW t yn wgC cWN kmL xLfW bDW mNdcW l zmcWN mRTM YCl yMGB STN yxgtN LT bN rgD kFt xStI bRkT YCl sfW kxb ytqj LT UR tY ktf{m# sfW zmE XRC btSbT bSbT xb XNN ktdrg sfW bkwNcW xbC ymsrt-LT yst gLbT xQRT tL# yGL BC XnzhN xbC bLT S Y bsW XNt lDrG ySCL hnM mFR YL XShN bxGb Yl yq xbCN bxuR gz WS_ kFt LT yDcW yLT :kT (GWZ sNtRS) XNn DrG YL YH lxgt xY XDgT ybrKtW xStI kFt XNdN mgmT YL ysfW PGM b WT sfW bDcW xbC B yrM xYNM yDRQ xb blT xbCM Y b tI: yRF YL sfW bnzH xbC yyWN ymT _bT bkFt dr bmqnS ymT xqMN lL yqrWN HZB yMGB ST lLbT bR ykFT YL bqE ZB mT lbT xb ysfT sC k_qET xmT b bDW qcW y wgcWN lr yClbT hn SlfR ynzHN xbC yMGB ST bL rgD t= xStI ldRG YCL bmnM ysf PGM yMGB ST CGRN lSwgD YHNn btl F_nT
Tem T>>e` 127

lmQrF ySClN qLF ymFTW xL nW SW ksf xbC ytqj LT UR tqJ ktf{m lxY XDgCN kFt TRgM ycW yXDgT :kTN lmFR ySClN xuM nW bmnM ygWN TkrT xG mf{M ygW msrE yLT S nW

(l) ytf_ BT XNKBb yXNsT BT LT#


yDRQ xb ylT bnT yZB X_rT mr_ lcW xbC bnM kFt ytf_ BT mmmN# ydC m=F=F yxfR mkT# XNhM ytT C xlxGB mrS yYcW xbC cW ysf PGM bnzH xbC lWN ymT _bT bmqnS ytf_ BTN lmNkkB ytT CN mrS lSwgD ydC m=F=FN lSqrT s :DL YsL bzH :DL bmqM ytmmnWN yxbWN ytf_ BT mNkkB L kFt GMT ysW S nW xbW bQW yGBR S lsbT yYCL k_QM W yn xb kmn bT YHNN S bx mST bxbW qYnT lW fN yGBR LT lMT mtk yllW msrT glGL ydW ytf_ BT XNKBb S lHZb t=u kFt q bSg x*N mf{M YRbL lMl tT CN kXR S n
Tem T>>e` 128

bDrG bnzH xbC yG> R# lXNsT m mN yCl L L CN mTkL# bc Y yxfR W _b SC mST YL YH S bxND mLk yxbWN ytf_ BT lmbQ ySCL sN bl bkL GN xR xd bnzH C ymrtWN R ym tKlC bxGb bmqM bW Y yt yXNsT BT LT S XND DrG YL ydN LTM btmY mLk lY ygW yCL nW SW bdfW dN LT bL yD mN ylbTM bW ytkl C lxbW HZB xND xYnT t=u yx _QM ys mN xlcW yxG-St S mN xlbT xR xd dnN wDM ydN MRCN bmsBsB mqM mL xlbT XN=T xMR bm_# yF tKlC MRT yn ytl FC MRCN bmqM gb GT mL xlbT ytf_ BTN ymNkkB bzH dT HZb q_t xE _QM XNg DrG kFt T:GST# gz _rT yYQ gY nW XnzHN xbC tNkK t=u yx _QM SgT yClbT dr Y lDrS rzM l gz kFt S YYL xR xd _QN GT XSkjMR DrS kxuR gz x* t=u yx _QM g XNs yyQbT hn YL bmnM HZbN mN bnzH xbC lsW S ymNGST Xg DrG
Tem T>>e` 129

SfLUL ynzH xbC ytf_ BT XNKBb S lxbW HZB t=u kFt xE _QM ySg XNN lDrG kyxbW hn UR y tKlC mMr_ bkJ zUjT SfLUL YHN btmlkt yy yt LMD yllN mnM gN WSBSB xScU dRgL YhN kllC xgC LMD bsW mR mWsD kLN yCNNM LMD bxGb mqmR kLN bmnnT lglGL yCL x_Ub -kJ zUjT bdT bYbL_ Xl mD YL yZB X_rT yxfR mkT lsBL LT Ltmc XNn drUcW bnzH xbC bXNsT BT LT Y tR kFt TRgM lW ngR nW yXNsT BT LT kFt U cW MRCN WsN ZB mlSt lMnT lW xb lD yCL zRF nW XNd Rb yNB R lTM bB mT lkwn yCl cW xMc MRt N bmmgB kgT yQ _QM bt= XNsT yXNsT tIN bm_ bMGB cWN bmL bxbW lm yClWN yq LT MT YCl YH S kxb _b UR tY ss yXNsT mNM bxbW _b PGM xnT bsW MrT SlL bYbL_ W lN YCL bmnM bDRQ xbC yq TkrT lsW ygW yXNsT BT LT S YL yXNsT BT LTN bkFt dr lL
Tem T>>e` 130

yXNsT BCNN ZR L SfLUL MRncW kF l ZRCN bygzW bT LtNqqSN bStqR bzH xb yrWN HZB yn dr lr_ kF DrG xNCLM yXNsT ZRCN L xlBN sL MR_ ZRC hl kWu mMT xcW lT xYdlM bxbCN xgC bxgCN WS_ ygTN MR_ ZRC bm xgCN bST XnzHN ZRC dr bdr bL yXNsT BCNN MRnT bkFt dr L XNClN XnzH ZRC N HL kFt XNKBb yYYq kxgCN hn UR ytm bmcW mW xR xdR btlYM bDRQ xb lW xR xdR bsW lqMcW YCL bktC z bzmE xR xdC b yXNsT BT LT SC MRncW bM kFt yn bM kFt XNKBb yYq T N mqM YL# YgLM bmnM XNdhnW yxgCNN yxbCNN MR_ ZRC kWu ZRCN N lN bmqM yXNsT BCNN MRnT kF DrG yMNktlW yLT xQ YL XNsT bqE MGB m g bStqR lbkt MRncW lL xYCLM bmnM yXNsTN m MGB MrT bygzW L bDRq xb L TkrT ysW YL bxbW ydW ytf_ BT _b yxG St S lXNsT m yn MRC (lNC yn xbCM uMR) lMrT XNdSCL YgmL YH XNdxND n MNu
Tem T>>e` 131

twS xR xd YHN bg bzUjT yXNST m FtN RT yCLbT hn mfR xlbT y R bmqM B YN WN lXNsT m MGB yN MRT XNmRTbT bbrT YHNn bmN bxYnT L YL# YgLM yXNsT m LT yD S btlY bdUW yxgCN KFL dr bdr LQ G>N bSwGD xR xd lkBT mnT yglGl yR xYnCN Xl xu _QM Y yWLbT xsR XNS _rT D YgL btlYM y XR yW R bxGb ymqM S tsR ymS LT btdbT xb YW S bsW lD YCL yXNsT m MGB ymRt tC BCM YHN CGR kmFT x* kFt Ywl bmnM yKLL mNGST lnzH tC QD s_tW btl mN bGL lhBC xYnT XNS lDrG# yGL lBC ltbT lmcW xu yllW sg dG bmNGST XN _rT mdrG xlbT yXNsT BCN LT lkR yClW yXNsT BT LT SCN tKlJCN Xytl sD B nW bmnM bXNsT BT LT S Y LtrW xR xdRM# tM yGBR SL lwsdW xR xdRM yn kdrcW UR ym_n -kC mzUjT bygzW mL xlcW byqblW kmdbT tC xN bXNsT BT LT yq SL g mn lzH S kFt xStI XNdrW YgmL kzH bt= yXNsTN NnT
Tem T>>e` 132

lmbQ bxR xd ydrgW XNKBb# bxb dr ysW yKTT yXNsT _b S XNdtbq yXNsT HKM tCN btly dr bST bsLN sT SfLUL yXNsT X yXNsT tI MRtN dgW xR xdR kMRt ytwsnWN ls F bL yMGB FtN RT XNdCL YgmL YH B GN bqE xYNM MRtN > ySfLgTN yMGB llC yF qCN mGT nWN L mL xlbT bxbW yrW gb bzH rgD yrW xStI qL GMT yYsW bNM MRt btl mN yxlM gbN sB mGT xlbT yXNsT BT GBYTN SRxT lSZ xSt yWu gbN lGT bL dr sN yl mS bT tq xbrC XNQSs bDrG Y YgL YW S lwdtM tK t=u WT ySgbT hn mfR xlbT bDRQ xbC ytf_ BT XNKBb yXNsT BT LT bM yMGB STN lrUg_ kMNqMcW qLF SLC WS_ bmcW ScN bM mf{M lr_ L SfLUL

() yW BT xqMN L#
bDRQ xbM n bl bNWM xb yD S# ytf_ BT LT yXNsT BT LT SN =M lbqE W lD xYCLM bDRQ
Tem T>>e` 133

xbC yZB X_rT mr_ xl bLM bDMR bxND xmT WS_ bnzH xbC yzNbW ZB yt yGBR S lmST bqE nW bzH Y yDRQ xb tBlW bwqT bBzc C bqE ykRsMDR yg{-MDR W XNl YwL SlnM bzH xb lW W CGR yW X_rT CGR YN yW xqM CGR nW YH yW xqM CGR Ltwgd bStqR bnzH xbC Y lW yGBR LT S mST xYLM bmnM bnzH xbC yW xqMN L yhlM yGBR LT SCN :kL mN YgL yW BT LTN lN bnnT bxR xd z bs bxR xd ykwn# bqbl dr ys ymlSt GDB wNZ l SCN =M yt ytl yW xqM tKlCN xMrW yz kC zUjT tGE DrG bygzW L XNdSfLG qdM BlW bqrbT TNtC bsW tgLL YH S bhlM C ls yCL ygWM nW ngR GN khlM llC xbC bY tfg ynW yq WTM ySgW yDRQ xb tBlW ywqT nW SlnM YH yW BT LT S bnzH xbC L TkrT ts_T yGBR XNQSsCN hl XMBRT mn W tGE XNN YdrUL XnzHN tKlC tGE lDrG mWN xR xdR nT StbR kxQ UR bm_N
Tem T>>e` 134

x*N sLN SfLUL bmnM bnzH xbC yD yxR xdC SL W TkrT msrT YW mN YRbL ytf_ BT yXNsT LTM n yxZRXT LT ydW bW BT LT S Y bmmSrT Sln ysWM SL YHNn msrT drg bzh Y tmSR llCNM tt mN xlbT ytzUTN tKlJC lSf{M bt= kFt ytKnK DUF yBDR xgLGlT SfLUL yxKStN>N stC XnzHN tKlC bSf{M rgD bqE MKR ytKnK DUF lmST yCl mN YgcL yW R xqN yL S lmST xnsM bM yGN S lYQ YCL xR xd YHNN lmf{M yBDR xgLGlT SfLgL kzH bt= bWW bxGb lmqM ytl qqC SflUcW xYqRM XnzH qqC bflgW mN _T tZtW btm U lxR xd XNdRs mdrG xlbT XnzHN lmGTM yBDR xgLGlT SfLgL bmnM bnzH xbC yW xqMN lL ktKnK DUF bt= yBDR xgLGlT ytfg qqC mT w YL yMGB ST PGCN XnzHN bt hn QrB mL xlbT bnzH xbC lW xfR lrJM gz lxGB _QM Y bml bmR lMnt bkFt dr ytkm nW kzHM gR bnzH xbC kFt
Tem T>>e` 135

ymT _bT CGR xl mrS yYgcW mC kXR W XNn sdrG yrsW mT bs m_bb yYqR nW SlnM yxfN lMnT lmbQ lWN WsN mT xqM lL L TkrT s_ mST SfLUL bzH rgD w gY yxfR mRRN lmM ySCl tKlC mR bkJ xzUJ tGE yDrG S nW YH S x_Ub bn x*N Ltf{m bStqR yxfN lMnT lmbQ lL ydrG NWM S qYnT lW WT lSg xYCLM bzH S Y tmSR yxfN lMnT lmbQ s RBRB mdrG xlbT kzHM x* yxfRN lMnT bx bL rgD fN WT Sgl tBlW lgmt tf_xE ln xC (lL tDS) QD bmST mrrB SfLUL yxfN lMnT lmbQ lL ydrg SC XNdtbq nW bW Y MN YmrT ylW gY XNd yxbW hn mmlS YRbL ymS LT ktS mt B bNM tdUG SlrS Wt yq XNdN mgmT YL YhN bnzH xbC ysBL XHL LT lD yCL bNM W S YH mN xYRbTM bB mT ksBL LT YLQ ytl kFt U cWN MRC# xTKLC# Qm QmC# FFC MrT ymr_ YL kzHM l bxbW L TkrT ts_T kSW yXNsT BT LT S UR
Tem T>>e` 136

btz lXNsT m LTM TkrT mST L MN? yT? lmrT XNdCL mwsN lbT ygb :DlCNN yxbWN L hn GMT WS_ bSgT lN YgL XzH Y lqm_ ygW xQ kmt _bT UR tY XRW kFt U cW yGBR MRC Y btkR ymr_ mn nW qdM sL XNdtlg{W MNM XN* yMGB STN yrUg_ PGCN kGBR W yS :DlC mFRN yTT bNM W mNgD sfN =M bGBR z b yLT SC yMGB STN rUg_ nW YhN kY XNdtzrzrW YH bGBR LT z ydW yMGB STN yrUg_ S xR xd MGbN s xMR XNmgbW bDrG yf{M xYdlM yGBR MRT xMR ytwsnWN s tQbT ytqrWN > MGbN llC Fc kgb bmGT yMGB ST yrUG_bT nW gbN :kL drg yMGB ST STt Sln lGBYT SRxt mL L TkrT mSTN yYQ YL

4.3. bqE ZB cW yxR xdR xbC ys S#


bqE ZB cW yxR xdR xbC yMGB STW CGR bDRQ xbC XNdyW YNM xbc kxSk DHnT ytqq cW lT xYdlM SlnM bnzH xbCM GT ylWN yq
Tem T>>e` 137

yGBR LT lMT kFt RBRB mdrG xlbT YLqNM XnzH xbC bxhn wQT yMGB sBlCN bMrT rgD w bmwT Y l bmcW lwdtM yq ywt bmcW bnzH xb ydW LT bxgR xqF dr yMGB STN brUg_ rgD kFt YrL kF sL XNdtmlkTnW bDRQ xbC ydW LT bnzH xbC lrW HZB yMGB ST yrUG_lT gb SglL tBl ygmT bNM tfgW ysBL XHL bnzH xbC YmrL tBl xYsBM bqE ZB cW yxR xdR xbC ymT YL tBl nW ygmtW bmnM bnzH xbC fN yGBR XDgTN rUg_ kFt xgR xqE XNDM lW gY nW bqE ZB cW xbC ysW yGBR LT S bDRQ xbC ksW S UR bBz mLk tmY xND nW bnzH xbCM yW xqM SRxCNN L bmCN xmtN bl lmqM mL YRBL bnzH xbCM ytf_ BT XNKBb S kFt GMT ysW YL bnzH xbCM yXNsT BT LT S xND TLQ yGBR zRF mql xYqRM YhN bnzH xbC ysW S kTkrT xQW x* bDRQ xbC ksW ytly mn xYqRM bnzH xbC bxmT bNS xND gz bqE MRT lMrT ySCL ZB l mn yW
Tem T>>e` 138

xqM mS S tfg bNM bDRQ xb XNdyW bM x S xYNM yZB WN bq dr bmqM B bnzH xbC xhN kMgW XJG yq MRT GT YL bmnM bnzH xbC kxuR mkl gz x* ymS S ys bNM ymNGST TkrT yZB WWN bq dr bmqM MRTN bdG Y mN YRbL bnzH xbC ymS S uN xYsM YLM# bt=M ymS S xC qRbW HZb mD XSklbT DrS XNYD ydqNbT XNQT YRM# bxbW lWN bqE yZB W bmqM B kFt yGBR XDgT rUg_ SlL ymNGST TkrT yZB WWN bq dr bmqM YHNn tQ yGBR MRTN bkFt dr bdG Y YL bqE ZB cW yxR xdR xbC ytf_ BT LT# yxG ST yXNsT BT bsW ls yCL ygW nW YhN XnzH xbC W TkrcWN bzH Y ydRgbT bqE MKNT xYRM btlYM btn s s l yXR cW xbC ysBL MRTN bkFt dr MrT kzh mqM YCl bmnM bzH xb yg HZCN n kLM n yxgtN xY XDgT kqF x* yq xStI yrW yxG T yXNsT BT LT S YznU yHZb ymNGST n TkrT bsBL MRT Y bN nW MR_ zCN bQrB bygzW bL# tf_E tf_E Ln
Tem T>>e` 139

bN bsW bmqM# yZB W xqCNN bL# MRnTN y=M ytl qqCN bmqM bnzH xbC ysBL MRT lr_ kFt XDgT XNSmzGB DrG YL ymNGST n TkrTM bzH Y mN YgL YhN bqE ZB cW ngR GN kFt ymT _bT cW xbCM Yl bmT _bt MKNTM ysBL XHL MrT ymr_ YN YCL bnzH xbC yHZbN n btl dr y>L yxgt N xY XDgT yq_F xu lW WsN mT kFt U cWN MRC MrT lN YCL yHZb yXShn LMDM wdzh yd nW yF tKlC (b# XNsT wzt.) ytl Qm QmC bxBW ymrtT bnzH xbC nW lwdtM bN YHNn msrT bDrG bWsN mT yq gLbT bmqM ytl gb bSg MRC Y tR ymr_ YL XzH Y lsmRbT yg xND msrE gY xl mNGST bMNM xYnT mNgD bzH xb bmrT ytl ynW YH nW xR xdC YHNn MrT xCh kzH W mNqqS ylChM Bl ysW ySfImW MNM xYnT TXZ xYRM YH bdrGM bF{M ys xYdlM# {r-HZB wNjL kmN lLFM xYCLM mNGST lW xu ytl nW Bl yMNbTN mM ytl ytKl kCN QrB xR xd ymrWN tGE
Tem T>>e` 140

XNdRG mFqD nW yGBRW XDgT dT s xR xd bbl yQmWN MRT bTKkL XNlY SClL YHNn lY bMRT tGR Y bsbT wQT mNGST DUN YsL kzH mRH W YHNn mRH bq_M n btz mNgD yrR S mST fI ytklkl mN xlbT qdM sL XNdtqmW byTWM xb lW xR xdR bR yGBR MRCN xM MrT mL YRbL lNbT yXDgT dr lxR xd n mLM n lxgt xY XDgT ybjW YW nW SlnM bzH xb W TkrT bzH Y mN xlbT blW xb dG W TkrT bl Y mN xlbT wzt. sL TkrT YsL ktlW MRT W l yGBR MRT mmrT ylbTM lT xYdlM yxbW yGBR MRT XNQSs XMBRT TkrT YsL ytlW MRT bzh z GN kzH MRT UR bM ls yCl llC yGBR SC mST xlcW lT nW YHNn n_B bg tgNZ bzh msrT mNqqS XNdSfLG lW lsmRbT ygW gY nW

4.4. bxRB xd xb ys S#
bxRB xd xb bDRQ xbC kyW yYlY kFt yMGB ST CGR DHnT YL MNM XN* bnzH C kFt yg{-MDR ykRsMDR W BT cW bR xbC mcW
Tem T>>e` 141

bwQM byxmt yzNbW ZB WsN ytr bmn bzH Y bmmSrT bnT yD yXR S mST yL xLnM bmnM yHZb n bkBT R Y ytmsrt k mzwRN ySkTL L bnzH xbC yMGB STN lrUg_ fN qYnT lW XDgT lMT yHZb n ktmsrtbT yGBR zYb mnT xlBN yHZb yn msrT tNq> ykBT Rb bmn yLT _rCN XNQSsCNM bzh Y mmSrT YRbL# yXNsT BT LTN :kL xDR mnT YRbL yXNsT BT LTN btmlkt kDRQ xbC yLT XNQSs UR xYzN Sqm_cW msrE xQC XzHM Y Ysl XnzHN mDgM tfg lmn kxbc lyT l hn bmnT bXNsT BT LT XNQSs WS_ bnzH xbC lyT l TkrT b gC Y tR tgb YL bXnzH xbC btlYM yZB wQT lf b lsWM n lXNsT yN ym_ W kFt X_rT YL ym_ W lbT xb dG kFt yXNsT BT KMCT SlR bxbW yG> X_rT U_L# kFt ytf_ BT mmmNNM SkTL bmnM ym_ W lbT xb yG> CGR ytf_ BT mmmN XUm# s yG> xb GN bxQbW ym_ W lm bxGb _QM Y YWL YqL kBT xRbW ym_ WN GN FlU k XytNqqs lmR YgdL
Tem T>>e` 142

kzH bmnT ym_ W xQRT yG> xQRTN qjT bxbW yXNsT BT LTN lL XJG msrE TRgM lW ngR YL bBz xbC lsW lXNsT yN bqE ym_ W xQRT XNR bDrG bxGb _QM Y Ll yG> mCN _QM Y L# btwsn yG> mC Y Xyy lWN ytf_ BT mmmN SqrT YL bmnM bnzH xbC bmjm dr ltRbT ygW gY btmr bR xbC yXNsT ysW ym_ W xQRTN rUg_ YL kzH Wu bnzH xbC yXNsT BT LTN L ysB xYNM ym_ W xQRt sL yG> CGRM bkFt dr ylL bNM YH B yG>N gY bzqEnT YfL lT xYLM yG> mT xStdR XNKBb mL xlbT kHBrtsb y xwqR UR btz yG> mT xqM HlC l bNM XnzhN msrT xDR SRxtN lkR lL _rT mdrG YRbL yG> xQRT tf_ ysWN mqbL B YN ytmmnWN L# ytqrWN dG xqN mR YYL k mC yHZB tmC tC UR bmN yG> mT xStdR XNKBbN lL s S msT xlbT yxbW kBT xRbC bLMD bT qL GMT yYsW ykBT Rb xcW YHNn
Tem T>>e` 143

Ygnzb msrT dRg yxbWN ykBT Rb lL mkR yQMM# l yCLM ngR xYdlM bmnM yxbWN ykBT Rb tKl lL bmjm dr bxbW lWN LMD bZRZR mgMgM# N d nN lY Sqm_ SfLUL kzH b N cN YbL_ bLbT d cN lSwgD ySCL kJ mzUjT lxRB xd mQrB YgL bzH xb ydW yGBR LT yXNsT BT LT bmn yxKStNN stC SLM n yxKStN>N xgLGlt bzH Y t mN YgcL kzH bt= kHZb tNq>nT y xwqR UR btz mLK yxKStNN xgLGltN Sk lDrG ySCL kxbW UR yD yxKStN>N SRxT btly hn mqyS tGE mN xlbT yXNsT BT LT yxKStN>N xgLGlT bt hn ktf{m yXNst XNKBb bkFt dr t>l cWM bzW mN XNdL mgmT YL bzH Y yt yXNsT KTT xgLGlT SRxT bxbW bmzRUT yKTT xgLGlT kklbT bXNst NnT Y kFt lW_ MT YL YhN kzH bt= yXNsT HKM xgLGlTM mkR xlbT yXNsT HKM xgLGlT SRxt kkBT xRbW tnqE n T UR yM XNN DrGM xSfg nW yXNsT GBYT SRxtN L lnzH xbC
Tem T>>e` 144

XJG bM kFt q lW gY nW qdM sL XNdtzrzrW YHNn SRxT lL _rT bmdrG Y l sN lwdtM _rt tK yq_L YL YH bxgR xqF dr Xyts l S nW kkBT xRbW xb L hn UR bZ bnzH xbC lyT l S yYq gCM Yl bmjm dr yxbW HZB klWM bbl nW Tkrt ykBtN BT bm=mR Y XN kXNN kBT ygWN xE q bdG Y tr xYdlM bmnM kBcN l l Xy ymqM LMD ylWM YHNn HL dr bdr mQrF Ltl yxbW HZBM n xgt kXNsT BCN bg mqM xYClM yXNsT BT LT XNQSsCNM bflgW dr lqF xYCLM bxbW BT lW yXNsT yXNsT tI GBYT SRxT ktfr xbWN bYbL_ lLT yHZbNM HL lL YL SlnM yXNsT GBYT SRxT YHNn lkwN yCl DRJCN bkFt dr L SfLUL L mNGsT yxbW xStdC bU bnzH xbC yGL lBC yXNsT yXNsT tI kNCN XNq bsW brT YgcL (ykBT Dlb# ykBT gbC # ySU BC wzt.) YH S bg sf{M lxbW LT yrWN wnT bmgNzB yGL lhBC bzH mSK XNYs XNQT
Tem T>>e` 145

yncWN ngC lY b_T bx mFT SfLUL bGL lhBC ls Ll xu LtgcWN SC mNGST btlYM yxbC ymNGST xT XNscW DrGM xSfg lN YCL HZb btNq> ykBT Rb S Y yts nW sL xmtN bl XNQSs Y YL# wYM btsB bl XkL YNqqL lT xYdlM MNM XN* yXNQSsW mN xDS k ylY bNM bBzc xbC HZb lbR wT bxND xb ysFRbT hn YL kzHM bY ybtsB XNQSs xDS mN kxwc XNQSs ns YgL HZb btlYM btsB bxND xb lbR wT bsFRbT wQT YHNn Mc hn bmqM bzh xb btqsT wT lkwn yCl yGBR SCN lY XnzHN SC bST ytl MRnTN lrUG_ bCL x*N mf{M YL yHZbN n kL x* YH S kFt TRgM lrW SlCL yGBR LT XNQSsCN lzH tGR kFt GMT ys_ mN YRbL kxuR btwsn drM kmkl gz x* bnzH xbC ytNq> ykBT Rb SN bL Y tr yGBR LT XNQSs kDrG W xu yllN bNM krJM gz x* YH xD zqE qYnT lW yxb LTN lrUg_ ySCL xYNM ltNq> HZB BT lW
Tem T>>e` 146

yxE HbE msrt-LT xgLGlT mST xYLM SlnM fN qYnT lW LT rUg_ XJG bM xScU YL bnzH xbC qYnT lW fN LT rUg_ ylW HZb XNsFR ktdrg B nW SlnM ysf PGM btlYM krJM gz x* bnzH xbC kllC xbC hl yq TRgM xSfgnT YrL bnzH xbC ydrgW ysf S bllC xbC kdrgW ysf S UR ymSlT bR ngC XNd XN nW btlYM ysf PGCN ymcW msrE mRC bhlM xbC ys b_BQ mkbR lcW Yl YhN ysf PG bnzH xbC lW lyT l hn ymn lyT l HTM YL qdM sL ytzrzTN msrE ysf mRC XzH Y mDgM xSfg SlYN lyT l TkrT yTN n_C B XNzrZlN blW xbM XNddrgW sfW bmsrt bKLl WS_ yf{M YL YLqNM bnzH xbC lW y xwqR bmnT ysfW S btl mN W bRbT xb XNf{M DrG xSfg lN YCL qdM sL XNdtqsW bnzH xbC bZB W Y B ytmsrt yXR S mST xYLM bllC xbC HZbN bqE ZB yXR mT wlbT xb wS SfR sL bkBT xRbW YH xu bxBW ZG nW bnzH
Tem T>>e` 147

xbC ydW ysf S kmS LT UR bq_ ytz Ln bStqR l yCL xYdlM SlnM bnzH xbC ysf xmr_ bxbW bql lmS LT lWL yCL yg{-MDR wYM ykRsMDR W mN krUg_ UR bq_ ytz mN YRbL ymS S yYqWN kFt w lmfN yxbWN HZB gLbT bsW mqM yg bNM# YH gY bnzH xbC lyT l H MKNT XNH bql y xYNM SlnM bl xb kdrgWM bY ygNzB w yYQ YL XzH Y lsmRbT ygW gY yMNktcW ymS LT tKlC btl mN bZQt w ls yCl XNn DrG xf{M btzm gz bTN> bTN XNN DrG nW bxu bnzH xbC ykwnW ysf S ymS LTN msrT drg YL bDRQ xbC ydW ysf S y lW_N B ymlkT ysf S nW bxND xb b yXR S Y tsR ynbrWN xR xdR ytl mT ZB wdxlbT xb wS YHN ylmdWN y XR S XNq_LbT yDrG S nW bxRB xd xb yD ysf S GN k lW_ bY yD msrE yxR zYb lW_ nW btNq> ykBT Rb S Y ynbrN sW b XR wdtdR xR xdR ymlw_ gY nW b XR S Y YH nW yL XWqT LMD SlYrW
Tem T>>e` 148

YHNn S h Bl yStR ySlmD kD WSBSB SN yYQ nW kzh UR btzM kFt yHL lW_ yYQ YL SlnM ysfWN PGM lT bxND bkL s msrE y XR SL D yYQ sN bl bkL dG ysf SWN dr bdr bmf{M xSqD ysfrW tkTl ymWN ySlMDbTN ysl_NbTN SLT mktL xSfg YL qdM sL XNdtgl{W bnzH xbC y xmr_ kllC xbC btlYM y GNnCN bzH rgD l SC TSSCN GMT WS_ Sg mN xlbT xf{M tmY H lrW YgL bmjm dr PG Ft cWN ytwsn GlsCN ySfR gY B xY dlM bdT bnzH xbC lWN mWN HZB xM ySfR gY nW SlnM MNM XN* sfW btwsn sC jM bdT XytS mWN HZB bQF mLk mf{M lbT bNM SW kmjm jM HZbN bxY bmN mjmR xlbT HZb bNS sfN btwsn sC lmjmR lmkR ZG yNbT hn mfR xlbT ymjmW k yt XNN HZb bxY ybklN DR lmwT ZG mN sM t= sCN Xsfr PGN lSqL fd yNbT dr Y DrS SfLUL y xwq HZbN lmN yrWN tIX GMT WS_ Sg HZbN ymN S msT YRbL YHN llCNM yHZB tT rUg mNgC bmqM
Tem T>>e` 149

HBrtsb yxbWN CGC bmlyT# ymFT CN bFlQ mwsD lcWN RMC bmkT XNhM bHBrtsB dr lPG tfnT lbrKtW yClWN ygWN ngR XNwSN bDrG tTWN rUg_ SfLUL mWN xRB xdR HZB bdT SfR mL XNlBN lsmRbT yg gY nW YhN YHNN lmf{M yYqW w# ySkTlW yHL lW_ yYqW HZbN ymN yltE S GMT WS_ sg rJM gz yYQ S yxSRT xmT S XNdN lwQ YgL rJM gz YWsDM xYWsDM yGD msT lbT S nW kzH Wu bxbc zqE qYnT lW fN LT MT yHZbN n L xYLM SlnM kwh yq TkrT s_tN mrrB YRBL yrJM gz S kxhn Ltjmr mcM xYf{MM bmnM kxuR mkl gz x*M bN btNq> ykBT Rb S Y xtkrN ysf SWN N lN SkD xlBN kwh bqL U ymS S lscW yCl CN mlyT# bnzH xbC ls ygWN yGBR -kJ zUjT lsfW SL ls_ yCLbTN SRxT mFR xlBN yT byTW s jMrN wT ST XNdMNCL lY ySqM_ PGM mNdF xlBN bzh mLk ll yCl xbCN bYqT w msrT bQdM tktL Sqm_ xlBN yHZbN FT msrT bDrG
Tem T>>e` 150

PGN lNM n lzGyT ySClN QDm ZGJT DrG xlBN yxRB xdN xb HZB SfR bzh Y tmSR nWN bqYnT bkFt dr L kNM bY yQmW yxbWN HZB nW YhN yxgCNN xY LT bN rgDM kFt xStI lW ymW yxTe HZB PGM nW mW HZCN ykBT u tkTl kmNktT sDN# qN bxgCN XDgT Y xND xYnt lW_ ytmzgbbT ytkbr :lT YL SW bnnT bxbW HZB bxbW ymNGST xT mf{M lbT nW YhN xgE XNDM lW S bmn L mNGST bllC xbC yrWM HZB DrG yClWN xStI hl kbRkT wd lL xYCLM# xYgMM

4.5. Lrs s mT cW xbC ys S#


bxgCN btlYM ksN XSk dbB F btzrUW yM:E KFL bllCM C s Lrs lGBR S bxYM n lmS S ytmc xb XNl YHNN xb bx LT bxY XDgCNN kFt TRgM lW ngR XNdn tgLL bnzH xbC MN msT XNlbT XNT ls XNdCL btl xRXSC tgLL YHNn mDgM xSfg lmn lsmRcW bg b_qET msrE gC Y tr ngR Sqm_ B bqE YL
Tem T>>e` 151

bmjm dr lsmRbT ygW gY XnzH xbC kFt GMT yscW yxE XDgT XklC mN XNdCl XNdgcW nW bmnM bnzH xbC ysW yLT S yxbcN ytqj LT XQD msrT drg bnzH xbC xYnT lbTN KLL xgtN bxY bLT rgD kFt GMT yscW yLT :kTN lmFR ySCL QT lW mN YRbL YHN ymslWN yt yxb LT :Y msrT drg btbs x*N yf{M yLT S kxbc GT yMNClWN ygNN LT lrUg_ ySClN xYNM kzh q_l ysmRbT gY bnzH xbC fN qYnT lW LT lMT kFt CGR Xyn lW n gY ymsrt-LT xgLGlT ybqE st gLbT xQRT gY nW bqE ymNgD ytlMnkN yxlKTK YL xQRT ylM xbW bb> btlYM bw y l YHNn lmM ySCL ymsrt xgLGlT ylM kzh UR btz bBzc C kFt yst sW YL X_rT xl XnzH CGC bL mNGST bKLlC ytqj _rT btl F_nT mfT lcW cW L mNGST XnzhN KLlC lLT KFT XNn bDrG rgD QD ysWN y mNgC S mST xlbT bXQD N tBl XnzHN xbC
Tem T>>e` 152

lLT KFT yDrG x cW mNgC tqYsW mgNT xlcW yKLL mStDC YHN msrT bDrG bns msT lcWN mUb mNgC mST xlcW ytlMnk>N xgLGlT hnW bfqdW mN mST xlbT xu btgbT xb hl xSt yxlKTK xgLGlT XNR lDrG kFt _rT mdrG xlbT XnzHN ymsrt-LT SC bmST S Y ytsT yL mNGST tC YHN S yxY ymsrt LT ST tLX*cW yYnL xL DrG kKLlC UR bQNJT XNf{M DrG mL xlcW yKLL mStDC YHNn msrT bDrG bns mf{M lcWN ymsrt-LT SC (ymUb mNgD# TMHRT xgLGlT ym_ W wzt.) btl F_nT T xlcW bSt dr lsmRbT ygW gY YHN xb bq dr LT ylW xR xdCN bxbc bST bSfR# yGL lBC s zmE XRC xG-xNSTCN bW bST XNt bDrG# bhlt M _rT mnN nW xR xdCN bST bzH xb bMsFRbT wQT xBWN gz t=u tgLUY bllbT xb ymsrtLT xgLGlTN lST skR yU_mWN CGR lmFT ySCL XDL YfL bt=u ysfTN sC mn bDrG b_QM Y yWL ymsrt-LT xgLGlT lST YL bzh mLK ySW ymsrt-LT xgLGlT lGL lBC
Tem T>>e` 153

xNvSTmNTM ytmc hn Yf_L bnzH xbC xR xdC bsW bsFbT wQT xR xdc bTRF gzcW bgLbT S Y bmsT bxbW yU_mWN kFt yst gLbT X_rT lmQrF lGz YCl kzHM bY W bsC s> XnsN tkTl wdxbW lmsT yfLG st ysW YL bkFt dr XNd=MR mgmT YL SlnM sfN yGL lhBCN xNvSTmNT bM SkD ymsrt-LTM n yst gLbT xgLGlT X_rCN bxSt mNgD lSwgD SCL bmnM YH xD yxbW LT S xND msrE xQ mN YRbL bm=rM MNM XN* bxhn wQT lT yxNvSTmNT ls yTg mmC bxbW xNvSTmNTN ldfR ySCl bnM kzH x* ll yCl ngC l bygzW Xyft StkL XNdSfLG lsmRbT YgL bzH dr lmdb kClT xbC xNNc bKLl TLQ GMT lW s HZB ylcW ln XNdCl YHM xbcN btflgW F_nT lLT CGR lf_R XNdCL mgmT YL SlnM bmjm dr XNdzH xYnT CGR yllcW xbC Y bmwsN SWN bx mjmR Sf{M# kzh ygWNM LMD mqmR SfLUL kzh q_l YH CGR lcW KLlC kllC KLlC st gLbT lg yCLbTN hn bt mLk XNnT bkWM btqM KLL HZB yt ytStkl yU GNb XNZ DrG
Tem T>>e` 154

SfLUL XNdzH xYnT yU GNb YZ YHN S bsW tGE lDrG mkR kFt gT lSkTL yxbWN LT lsKL yCL SlN _Nq mdrG YRbL

5. bgb ym yGBR LT XNR DrG# 5.1. bgb Ltm yGBR LT fN qYnT lW lN xYCLM#
yGBR MRT BzWN gz xMc s ls F bsW lqMbT yCL nW xMc yW kzH ytRfWN nW YLqNM bxgCN t=u hn kGBR MRCN WS_ XJG ybW KFL bs bxMc lGl F yWL nW YHM xBW xR xdR lF ySfLgWN MRT bbqE mN xmRTM bmnM bmjm kmW yGBR MRT XDgT kFt GMT ysW l gb SfLgW yxMcN yF FT bflgW mN lT lWL yCL nW bzH mLk _QM Y lWL yClW t= yGBR MRT qL GMT ysW xYNM ngR GN yxMcN F RT BWN lfN qY yGBR XDgT msrT lN xYCLM yxR xd n mL lbT s lmRT yClWN yMGB MRT bbqE mN Gt bqE
Tem T>>e` 155

xYNM kzH bt= bmN bxYnT Xy=mr yD s lmRcW yYCL yF :C ytl xgLGlCN GT xlbT kzHM gR yMRT XNQSsWN y>l bmN bxYnT Xy=m y yMr mC ytl GBxC SfLgL ls F kSfLgW bY yGBR MRT xMR YHNn qCN xgLGlCN mGT Ll nW bqYnT lL xYCLM xR xd yGBR MRtN bqYnT XN>L lgW yCL nW ngRM XnzHN qC xgLGlC yGT FT :DL nW XnzHN qC xgLGlC yGT FT kllW xR xd ls F ySfLgWN B xMR YL kz bY ymRbT MNM xYnT MKNT xYRM XnzHN qC xgLGlC yGT FT T XnsN yGt :DL bM ZQt knM MRtN ydG Ft btwsn dr Y tgD YqL bmnM yGBR MRCN fN qYnT lW XDgT lrW yClW kxMc yF FT bY yn lgb yqRB MRT bMrT Y smsrT nW yxRxd n bqYnT mL yClW bzH dr xMR MRtN bgb bmN bxYnT Xy=m y qC xgLGlCN mGT sCL nW yGBR LT msrE xM xR xdN XnzHN qC xgLGlC bBT mGT mqM yCLbT dr Y DrS nW xR xd XnzHN yGT kFt FT :DL kllW bStqR bqYnT
Tem T>>e` 156

MRtN ldG xYNqqSM yGBR LCN bgb ym yGBR LT Ln bStqR fN qYnT xYrWM yMNlWM lzh nW xR xd ks yF FT bY ynWN yGBR MRT m_ lbT bmjm dr msS lbT yxbW# yxgR WS_ gbW nW btl xbC yS KFFL XytS sD xR xdM bxbW yYmrT yGBR MRT mmT SljMR yxgR WS_ yGBR MRC gb bkFt dr l=MR YCL ngR GN YH XSkN DrS rJM gz XNdYQ mwQ YgL bxhn wQT kxuR mkl gzM x* bxR xdC mkL yrW yGBR MRC GBYT bM WsN mn xYqRM kxuR mkl gz x* c gbC yxgCN ktC mcW xYqRM yktW HZB lMGB ySfLgWN yGBR MRT k dL bl ygW kgR nW ngR GN bxhn wQT bkt yrW HZB kxgt xY yHZB BT k15% yYbL_ nW yktW HZB q_R yn dr Xy=mr bd q_R yGBR MRT Ft btn Xy=mr XNdD mgmT YL yGBR MRCN b_ XnT yq BC XytS XNdM GLI nW YhN yktCN gb bflgW F_nT bDGM mnW bM B bmn lfN qY yGBR LT bqE msrT lN xYCLM YHNn gb btl F_nT ST lGBR LCN mqM
Tem T>>e` 157

ygN bNM kzH bt= llC gbCN flG mqM xlBN XNdzH xYnt s ygb :DL ygW yWu gbCN bmsS nW YH gb bxgCN lmrT kClW yGBR MRT x* sY bM s MRCNN lW_ yCL tdR lwsD YCL YHNN gb bBT sBrN mGT kLN lGBR MRCN s xSt gb bGT yR_ fN XDgT lrUg_ SClL yGBR MRCN bm_ kFt GMT ysW yWu MN lGT SClL ygW yWu MN lGBR LT lsM tfg sN kzM xL yxNST llC zRCN XDgT lN bF{M mtk yYglT YL yGBR LT lllC yx zRC LTM bqE xStI lbRkT xmR lmST SClL bmnM yGBR MRCN yxlM gbN sB mGTN bmsrE mmnT Y yNqqS mN YRbL yGBR LCN bgb ym mN xlbT# bgb bxY B YN btlYM yxlM gbN sB mGTN XNdx ywsd mN xlbT yMNlWM lzh nW kzH Wu fN qYnT lW yGBR LT rUg_ bF{M yYsB Sln nW

5.2. bgb tfg yn MRCN ymRT yGBR zRF mgNT xlBN#


bxY bgb btlY dG bxlM gb ym yGBR LT YrL# kzH Wu fN qYnT lW yGBR LT bBM xYLM SNL XNh xY NDf-E ngR SqmCN xYdlM bt=u y:lT t:lT yGBR MRT XNQSsCNN ym mMTM lbT ngR SqmCN nW XNN* yGBR MRTN ydG XNQSsCN bgb tfgnT lW b_TM n bU bgb tw yn MRT lMrT yMSClN m Xytmzn mf{M xlT lT nW bgb tfgnT lW MRT MrT xlBN SNL bxCN Y msrE TRgM lW lW_ mMT xlBN lCN nW MrT yMNClWN MRT hl mrTN b TRF sg gb yflG xQ mktL xlBN lT xYdlM YH xhNM lW xD Ltly bgb ym LT lktlW yYCL yYg xQ nW gb mflG lbT mrTN b YN kMrCN bT MN XNdMmRT bMNwSNbT wQT nW MN XNdMmRT SNwSN bmjm dr LmRT kMNCcW MRC WS_ s gb tfgnT lW MRT MN XNdn b_Nq x_NtN mwsN xlBN bzH mLk N b LmRT kMNCcW MRC WS_ s gb tfgnT cWN mRN MrT mjmR xlBN
Tem T>>e` 159

Tem T>>e`

158

bgb tfgnT cWN MRC B bg Xyl Xn yMrT xD xND gz kts b l lW_ yq_L ngR xYdlM bmjm dr yxlM gb bygzW tlu nW bxND wQT tfgnT ynbrW MRT l gz tfgnt lqNS wYM l YCL _ U Sg ynbrW UW tkSK# d ynbrW UW l=MR YCL bgb ym yGBR LT lT XnzHN lWC bQRB Xytktl bgb tfgnT cWN MRC kgbW hn UR Xyqy MrT lT nW kzHM gR yxR xd gb bqYnT dG lbT MRntN m=mR B YN ymRcWN MRC cWN ZQt U cW kFt U wcW MRC bqYnT UgR SfLUL YHM ygbWN hn bQRB Xytktl YHN x yl MRCN Xymr MrTN YYL lfN qYnT lW yGBR XDgCN xu yYglTN bgb ym LT kmktL YLQ xMRtN stRfN gb yflg xD mFT wdllW qWS B mL SlnM wd LT ymWN xQ TtN kMrCN bT bygzW bgb tfgnT lWN MRT lYtN YHN wdMrT tGR ymGTN xsR mktL XNlBN GLI nW ngR GN YH BM bqE xYdlM yMmRtW MRT bgb bU twD nF Ll tmR k_QM Wu mn xMcM n yxgt x mKscW

xYqRM SlnM bU tw lmN ySClNN MRT mMr_ YHNn bU tw lmN bSClN x*N MrT mL xlBN kzH Wu bgb ym yGBR LT lrN xYCLM bgb bU tw yn MRT yMrt S mjmR lbT yMRtN xYnT bmMr_ nW MN MrT XNlBN SNmR_ bgb tfgnT lWN MRT B YN bgb tfgnT cW MRC WS_ X bU tw bn x*N LmRT yMNClWN nW mMr_ lBN bgb tfgnT xlW Sltl B bU twd bMNNbT x*N LmRT yMNClWN yNClWN xGbSBsN XMRT BNL kk bStqR yMgW qYnT lW fN LT xYRM bU tw bn x*N LmRT yMNClWN MRT kmr_NM b YHNn MRT bkFt MRnT bZQt U lMrT lr_ mR xlBN xND xR xdR xNDN t=u MRT lMrT ks gLbT bt= ytl GBxCN yXR mCN mq xYqRM XnzHN GBxC bq dr tQ# MNM xYnT BKnT bSkTL x*N yq mN lW MRT mrt ygW TRF kFt YL bZQt w Bz MRT xMR bmn U bWM wW ZQt Q gbW kFt SlN TR kFt YL bmnM nW yxgt XDgT YL bqYnT wWN lmqnS MRntN lm=mR yR_ _rT drg wW kFt gbW
Tem T>>e` 160

Tem T>>e`

160

dG ZQt Xyn gbW bzW mN mqns bdTM MRtN bU tw m_ yYCLbT dr Y mDrs xYqRM SlnM wN mqnS MRnTN m=mR lr_ bXNN xR xdR drM YhN bxgR xqF dr yf{M yR_ yqN tqN S mN xlbT kzH W bgb ym yGBR LTM n qYnT lW fN yGBR XDgT lsB yCL xYNM XzH Y lsmRbT yg lM gY xl YHM yD xu bzHM mSK XNdmFT lqRB yCL lmn gY nW qdM sL bmGbW Y b xgR hn yHZbN yMrT xQM bLbT# YHNn bsW yqM yLT STtJ bmktL Ln bStqR bD nWN L XNdxu lsBM yCL ngR XNLn bflGM XN*NS lD yxE HbE msrt-LT xWCN lrSM gNzB yllN bmn yD xsR y XNLn gL{N nbR yGBR LCN lN yClW lD bgb tw bmgT B nW mNGST xS t K lCN lStwQ bdRgW _rT wCN bkL s yFNbT btwsn dr XNd D lwsD yCL ngR l bNM lW s l D bgb tw bmgT B lf{M yCL nW lzHM nW bgb bUM n b_T tw bmN m_N XNdBc yLT xu mWsD DN kB Wu DrG xSfg ynW
Tem T>>e` 162

YhN btlYM yxlM gbN sB mGTN btmlkt bgb tfgnT lW MRT tw bn U MrT BWN bqE xYNM y_T gY btlYM yGBR MRTN bmlkT wnT lW gY nW bRG_ xR xd ls F ymRtWN MRT btmlkt y_T yU gY YHN HL qLF YN YCL bxgR WS_ gb Y bW MRT rgD U qLF bNM _T yxlM gbN HL tfg YN YCL ngR GN MRCN lxR xd F wYM lxgR WS_ gb B yqRB xYdlM mn Xy=mr yD MRT lxlM gb QrB LLN fN qYnT lW XDgT xYrNM YHN lDrG _TN rUg_ xlBN _T yrUg gY kMmRtW MRT MR nW mjmR lbT MN MrT XNlBN SNwSN bxlM gb tfgnT lWN btw U LmRtW yMNClWN B YN btfgW _T LmRtW yMNClWNM nW mMr_ lBN bzH mLk MRtN b_Nq kmr_N b xR xd b_T XNmRtW DrG mL xlBN yGBR MRT _T xdU lY ywDqW BzWN gz MRt bmrTbT wQT YN ktmrt b bmsBsB# drWN bmlyT x> bZ Y nW SlnM yMRCN y_T xbQ S MN MrT XNlBN bmMr_ YHNn bMrT gY
Tem T>>e` 163

Y YwsN yDHr-MRT XNQSsCNN tKlCN y=MR mN xlbT bgb btlYM bxlM gb ymN yGBR LT lSf{M bgb tfgnT lW# btw U _T LmRT yMNClWN MRT mRN MrT# yMr wCNN bmqnS MRnCNN bL# bMRT tGR YM n bDHr-MRT XNQSsCN yMRCNN _T lmbQ mNqqS YRBL bxhn wQT lN yGBR XNQSs bmsrt bgb Y YN yxR xdN F bmT Y ytmsrt nW yxR xdN yF FT lT ySCL bqE MRT MrT NCL bgb wdm yGBR LT mUgR yL ngRM xYdlM YhN bxhn wQT bgb btlYM bxlM gb ym yGBR MRC XNlN YwL lMl HL yb MRCN bzh KLL yY nW SlnM bnT bxMc F Y ytmsrt ngR GN bgb ym gI lWN GBR msrT xDRgN bgb wdm yGBR zRF XNT mUgR XNdL bWL lYtN Sqm_ xlBN YHN btmlkt bmjm lsmRbT ygW ngR YH gY bmsrt y>GGR gY XNdn bxuR gz yf{M XNLn# tL XSkf{M DrS bgb ymWN bzh yYmWN KFL xMrN myCN XNdYqR nW g gz myq yYqR y>GGR dT bNM btl F_nT bgb wdm yGBR XNQSs mUgR mCN yLCNN
Tem T>>e` 164

qYnT fNnT lrUg_ msrE tfgnT lW gY mn lwQ YgL y>GGR gY nW BlN XGCNN ktTN bM xdg YL >GGN lN bxhn wQT bgb Xytmrt lTN MRC bkR mjmR kzH b dr bdr llCNM MRC XNFN DrG SfLUL btmY mLk tMrW yGBR SL gT xR xdC g kmjmW bgb ym yLT S XNs DrG SfLUL GBRCNN bgb wdm lfN qY XDgT s :DL wlW GBR lUgR yxR xd _rT tfg bNM mNGST yxKStN>N SRxCN w Ywl bxR xd ymrtWN MRT kmMr_ jM XSk DHr-MRT tKl DrS lWN hl bkJ xzUJ ys=W yMRMR yxKStN>N SRxCN nW xR xdN ysl_nW yMKR xgLGlT ysW YW SRxT nW tzUJ lxR xd yqRbW kJ kY bzrzRcW mRC uMR tmZ b_Nq ytmr kn# lxR xd lr_ yqRbW ytl yGBR tKl YHNn btflgW _T U lMrT ySCL kn bzh Y bqE yMKR ySL xgLGlT kts xR xd wdzH SRxT lmUgR ykBdW xYNM wdzH SRxT mUgR lT bq_ gbWN dG lT SlN ks tGE tK tnS lqblW lfImW yCL nW SlnM W gY yMRMR xKStN>N SRxt bgb btlYM bxlM gb ym
Tem T>>e` 165

yGBR LT lMT ySCL xmlkT BT XNrW DrG nW

5.3. yGBR yGBYT SRxTN bqYnT L#


bgb tfgnT lWN MRT mRN bgb tw lN bCL U _T xMRtN Sb bwQt wdgb lDrS ySClN yGBYT SRxT kll ytsW S hl m mQrt yGD nW MRCN lgb yqRBbT U yTNSRT yGBYT wWN bm=mR nW YH SRxT qL bUM tw lmN ySClN Ln tw bn U xMRtN Xl qL bU tw yn yGBYT SRxT SlllN mrTnW MRT U kmN bY =M N_ LNqR wYM xR xd k> ygW gb bM xnSt XNN ldRG YCL MRCNN btfgW _T xMRtN xzUJtN Sb yGBYT SRxCN YHNn _T BqN wdflgW lDrS SlN _ u mN mKsR mMt xYqRM SlnM qL# yMRCNN _T twnT lmbQ ySClN yGBYT SRxT mFR YHNn bqYnT L fN qYnT lW yGBR LT krUg_ x* bF{M xu yllW S YL

ytbq yxlK SRxT mR mkR qLF tfgnT xlW xND MRT tfgWN _T dr ybq XNdn lrUg_ ylW bWL tlY ywQ dr sqm_lT nW xMcM drWN ybq MRT lmRT yClW y_T drC bWL tlYtW tzRZrW sqRblT nW cM tfgW _T lW MRT Xyg mnN lrUg_ yClW y_T drC tlYtW swq nW drCN WT xMcM cM XNWcW DrG kzH UR btzM TKKl yxlK SRxT bzH Y ytmsrt mlk mC XNS _rT DrG kzH x* sY bM tfg YL yGBR MRC drCN lmlyT hlT xC xlN xNdW xu XW CN drCN mDbN lxMcM ltWM wQ nW btlYM bxgCN B ymrt MRC sn (lMl F) YH xu Bc xu tdR lwsD YCL lW xu bxlM xqF dr XWqT cW tC yw*cWN drC tqBlN YHNn lc M lxMcM wQ nW MRCN yxlM gbN sBrW XNgb ktflg y_T mmzcW xlM xqE XWQ gW mmz XN X yMwW mmz lN xYCLM SlnM ytlW xu XnzHN ydr MdC mWrS bxgCN tGE DrG nW drC WT mmdB kFt gz yt xQM yYQ kmn UR tY sY xlM xqE ydr Md klcW MRC W llcN bxlM xqE
Tem T>>e` 167

(h) ydr Md SRxT mFR#


MRCN _t tB bqL yGBYT SRxT wdtW XNdRS lDrG ydr Md _t
Tem T>>e` 166

drC msrT mmdB SWN bF_nT lmf{M ySCL xu nW yGBR MRCNN dr mlyT ySfLgN MRCNN btflgW _T xMRtN lC lQrB sL B xYdlM yGBYT SWN sN lqFM XJG bM tfg nW bxhn wQT drcW tlYtW Lwq q_R SFR ylcW yGBR MRC Ymrl FN XN* BNwSD yF xYnT dr XNdyxbW B YN XNd XNN xR xdR hn YlL C kXNN xR xdR yssbWN MRT mft> YRcL byGBYT M: YH sdrG yGBYT SRxtN bM qR WD XNddRgW x_RM bt=M bWL tlYtW ywq yF xYnC drC Slll drcWN lmwsN bM xScU lW WrD ytUl YL drcW bWL tlY yYwQ XJG bM Bz xYnT cWN MRC Xmrt qL ygR yGBYT SRxT mFR xYLM drcW bWL tlY ywQ WsN xYnC b GN SWN bkFt dr LlL lMl ST wYM xT yF xYnC drC bmdb F ymRtW xR xdR XnzHN B bmRT# XNN xR xdRM n C yMRtN _T dr lmR lmmdB bM YqLlL yXNN dr ygb U ywQ SlNM ygb NTRK W WrD qR bgb bwqW U l gZ
Tem T>>e` 168

mlyT YL bt=M yMRcN dr bgbW txnnT lW wYM cW tC xrUGW y>gbT lgb yqRbbT hn bfR SW XJG bM qL YL XNN xMC uM dr mbM# XNN C giM dr mbM Xyn yfrW ygz mtT yU mR lwgD YCL lMl yHBrT S HbT nyC yxR xdN MRT xsSbW drWN xrUGW mDbW lgb bqRbT M giWM YHN Md tqBl bmGT bm_ S Y B XNtkR ldrG YCL mNGSTM ydr Md S ys tC bgbW txnnT XNg lDrG subrB ktg bx bx_Ub dr lStkL ySClW SRxT mzRUT xlbT ydr Md rUg SRxT mFR L qL yGBR GBYT SRxT lmFR XJG tfg ymnN HL tGE Drg GN YHN HL qL S xYNM rJM gz kFt RBRB yYQ nW ydrC Md S tsR bNS MRCN bWL tlY ywQ dr lqm_cW xMc c XNWcW ldrG YgL bzH dr ysW S bxBW xlM xqE drCN mQT nW bL XN* YH S s kFt gz ysln ysW YL yYQ nW yMRCN btlYM y MRCN dr tlY kwq bM XnzHN yMRT xYnC drC
Tem T>>e` 169

xZ wdxR xd lDrS# xR xd drcW ytlycWN MRC bMrT S Y XNtkR lDrG# yMRCN _T bMRT dTM n bDHrMRT XNQSs ytbq XNN bqE SL mST kFt gz _rT yYQ nW yMRMR SR{T tCN yzHN gY xSfgnT tgNZbW tGE lDrG ySCL xQM gNBtW bxuR _qW mrrB YRcL yMRCN _T fT drcWN ymmdB gY qL S xYdlM lzH S tBl bqE SL g ysW YL SfLUL yHBrT S HbT nyC llCM tC tdJtW tKrW dr lmmdB ySCcW xQM gNBtW SWN mST yClbT dr Y lmDrS kFt _rT gz mycW xYqRM XnzH bdr Md Y t yn tC bgbW txnnT XNg lDrG mNGST bzH bkL mwT ygWN lmwT ySClW xQM SRxT mFRM yYqW _rT qL xYdlM YhN YH S MNM HL kD xD bNM bxGb Lts bStqR qL yGBR GBYT SRxT lrN SlYCL bqE TkrT s_ kmrrB lqF kmR bStqR l xu ylM bl bkL yMRCN _T lmmdB tgb RMCN ymWs YH S lNN s Sn-HYwE lLT kSCL XNQSs UR
Tem T>>e`

YRbL bzH rgD yMNktlW xQ xgCN TN Sn-HYwE BT hl bxGb lmZ# lmbQ lLT ySCL xQM XyfRN lN Sn-HYwE BT WS_ kFt MRT ysTN lYtN yLT llCN dG b_Nq ySqm_ lN YgL bmnM lN Sn-HYwE BT Y yR_ MRMR XDN yMgWN WT bxGb bmbQ bLT lxgCN XDgT lHZCN tnT XWllN ydW MRMR bxND yZR xYnT Y B yYR# bBz ysBL xYnC Y ytkR bXNN ysBL xYnTM ytl kFt MRT ySg ZRC Y ytkR bmn ydr Md yDcW MRCM yxgCN Sn-HYwE BT mbQ mbN brUG_ x*N yf{M YL

(l) ygb mr xQRTN L#


bNWM yGBYT SRxT yt wQE TKKl mr yGT gY XJG msrE yn gY nW qL ybr yGBR GBYT SRxT cW xgC MN xYnT MRT byTW bMN HL U XNd_ ygLI yt dr YqRL yU W WrN Xytktl bydqEW yU lWN mr yqBL SRxTM YL kzM gR y MRC ywdT yU TNbM YqRL bn gb x ytnbyW U btGR yyW U mlycW YqRM xY xZW ym=mR wY ymqnS mnN bTKKL lmkT YCL kzHM
Tem T>>e` 171

fT drcWN gY XNdtbq BT lmbQ tqJ mf{M


170

gR yGBR MRC bxgR xqF dr bwq WsN gbC wYM yq_ LWW_ :kT (tE xKScNJ RkTS) Slf{M mrWN bt hn lGT kgzM bY q ktmrtbT YnnQ y_T drWN# lbTN UWN bmGlI B lm_ kt b wdflgW lNqqS yLbT hnM YfL bnzH gbC ytmrt bXJ l MRCN B YN lwdt tmRtW yqRb MRCNM xSqD m_ yLbT :DL YgL XNdzH xYnt yt ygb mr ygbT yGBYT SRxT lxMc lc XJG bM kFt _QM YsL xR xd yMRt U MN XNdN SlWQ bTKKl U m_ YCL yUCN xZ bmmLkTM MN XNdmRT# mrtWN mc XNd_ lmwsN YCL MRt lxSfg yTNSRT w YrG lbT t> kt b _QM Y wdWLbT bq_ XNNqqS DrG YCL YHM MRt bU tw XNN lDrG ybklN xStI brKL MRt g YmrT m_ yLbT hn sfR g kmmrt bT gb yGT ST SlrW ygb miQ U_mW MRtN bTKKL xQ lMrT :DL YsL cM l Bz W WrD w yfLgWN yMRT xYnT bflgW mN bgb bTKKL bwQ U gZ MRt btflgW gz wdtflgW bq_ XNdRS DrG YCL XNH xYnt yGBYT SRxT bM
Tem T>>e` 172

qL# yGBYT wW bM ZQt yn bmn bgb twD lnF bM kFt xStI YrL lNbT yGBYT SRxT tnStN XY ytqsWN wdmSL yGBR GBYT SRxT lmDrS rJM gz kFt _rT XNdYQ GLI nW yGBR XDgCN fN yR_ XDgT XNrUG_ ktflgM bdT XzH dr Y mDrS XNlBN GLI nW SlnM tmY dr Y lmDrS kFt _rT gz XNdSfLgN xWqN Xz Y mDrS XNlBNM tgNZbN YHNn btl F_nT lmf{M kwh lqL yGBYT SRxT msrT ynWN ygb mr SRxT L mjmR xlBN YHN ymslWN SRxT bmgNT rgD yq_ LWW_ :kT kFt xStI cW bmn# XNdzH xYncN yLWW_ :kT bxgCN t=u hn N yHBrT S HbT yHBrT S HbT NyC bllbT Sf{M xScU bmn yq_ LWW_ :kTN lM bnzH :kT xnT yT yGBR qC dr bdr Xy=mr XND DrG ynzH tC mfR mkR kHBrT S HbT kNycW mkR UR tqJ XNf{M DrG SfLUL XNdzH xYnc tC XSkd XSkk DrS gz mWs SlYqR ygb mr btwsn Y bt mLk yg xYNM XNdzH xYnT hn bfRbT wQT qRM bN lyT l mr yssB ys=T SRxT mR YRbL
Tem T>>e` 173

yqC U bBz gbC Bz CN giCN bnUgR YHNn bqR nW lg yClW bzH mLK yssB mr y_T WsNnT yrW kmnM bY bydqEW qR byqnM ltW lDrS ykBD YL YHN mr msBsB s=T yqlW lmNGST bmn mNGST XnzHN mrC btl mN b_T yssbbT mrc bmg BzN xnT btl F_nT ltC ydRsbT SRxT mFR bygzW Xytl XND DrG SfLUL kzH bt= yxlM gb UCN yU XDgC xZ YHN xgLGlT ks tC ytwsn U kFl GT yL Sln mNGsT YHNn bywQt ltC bmg BzN s=T xlbT YHN mr bzmE tKl bmqM (xNtRnT wzt) GT lCl hl xgLGlt XNqRB dfR# bGL lBC mST LtlM xgLGltN sW mST mL xlbT bxND bkL XNdzH xYntN ymr ssB s=T SRxT XygnN bqYnT XLN# bl bkL DG yq_ LWW_ :kTN bmFR bkR xSt wQE yt mr lGT yLbTN hn mcT xlBN hltNM SC kwh mjmR# bqYnT L kR xlBN ymr xQRT SRxtN ymgNT S bNS bmjmW M:F bnnT bmNGST ykwN mn xYqRM bdT GN blWM xgR XNdyW mr b_T Xysbsb U XSkfl y yGL kNC
Tem T>>e` 174

lf YCl mNGST yGL lBC ymr xQRT SRxt N bL rgD kFt xStI lbrKt XNdCl bmgNzB bzh mSK yGL lBCN tT brT xlbT

() yHBrT S HbTN ST# kR#


XNd l b K= C yR xR xdR btbs Y ymRtW yGBR MRT W yGBR zYb bnbT xgR yHBrT S HbT yGBR GBYT SRxTN bLM n bllC yGBR LT SC MNM mtk yYglT qLF S Ysl bmnM XNd bmsl xgR bxY yGBR LT btlY dG yGBR GBYT SRxT bq_ kHBrT S HbT mR mkR UR ytz nW kzH bmnT bnzH xgC N yHBrT S HbT l kFt yGBR LT yGBR GBYT SRxT XDgT mL lR YCL# XNdzH xYnT yHBrT S HbT kll kFt yGBR LT yGBR GBYT SRxT XDgT mL xYRM bL UnN xYNM yHBrT S HbT bxY bGBR LT Y btlY dG bGBR GBYT SRxT Y YHN HL w ycW lMKNT xYdlM xR xd mrtWN MRT s L>_ bL xR xdRM nUM kFt gz w yYqW YL btlYM c kXLF xXF xR xdC yfLgWN MRT bTN> bTN gZ lqM bKR bM WD
Tem T>>e` 175

YNbL YHN ys nUC bydrW Yn bL kxN dr wdllW sqbL ywSdW gz yYqW w XJG bM kFt YL XNNcW C C cW ydr mb t XNhN blM yGBYT SRxt bzW mN qR WD YL SlnM xR xd MRtN btL y_bT SRxT XNd l xgC bF{M qL bR> U yf{M lN xYCLM bmnM XNH xYnt SRxT yfN qYnT lW yGBR LT XNQSs msrT lN xYCLM yHBrT S HbT nycW YHN CGR bmsrt bxSt hn lqR YCl yBz xR xdCN MRT bssB bxGb ykcT ymUzN xgLGlT ls YCl C yfLgTN MRT bfLgT mN kxND wYM WsN HbT lgz yClbT hn lf_ YCl ydr Md SRxT tGE bNbT wQT dr mbCN xsL_nW q_rW ysSbTN MRT dr lYtW x>gW lgb QrB YCl bdr MdcW Y ytubrbr ngR sg bq MRcWN m_ XNdYCl SlwQ mNGSTM YHN SRxT lkR RM lwSD SlCL yMRcWN dr bmmdB rgD bgbW txnnT lg YCl lxR xdM ydr Md SL ls YCl lxR xd ykFlT U bMRt mN B YN bMRt _TM Y SlmsrT _t ytbq MRT yMrTN HL bxR xd WS_ SrI YCl
Tem T>>e` 176

xR xd ySfLgTN qC btlYM yMRT GBxCN btL LG bL# CM lxR xd btL XN>_ bl kxN nU wdlW XytUgr xR xd zND XSkdRS DrS ywSdW gz ySkTlW yU u bM kFt XNdN mgmT YL yHBrT S HbT bxR xd yflg qCN btlYM GBxCN yMr mCN lxR xd bq_ kfL bCl GBYt yYqW gz U bkFt dr lqNS YCL yGBxT yMr mC xMC xSmC MRcWN bq_ bsW ys=T xgLGlT yscW bzH rgD tw lglT yYCL DRJT gl xR xdM FtN xW w yn GBxC yMr mCN btfgW gz btm U yqRBlT DRJT gL bxu yHBrT S HbT yGBYT gzN bR# yGBYT wN bkFt dr bmqr_ XNd l btbs Y yRS xR xdR w bwTbT xgR qL yGBR GBYT SRxT bmFR rgD MNM xYnT xu yllW w Ywl yHBrT S HbT nW tGRM YH nW Hbt kzH Wu l MNM xYnT xgLGlT yYsM bn XN* bGBR LT WS_ w cW xdrjC mkL bQD mqcW Lqr nbR ngR GN yHBrT S HbT kGBYT xgLGlT bt= bR xgLGlCN Ysl
Tem T>>e` 177

yHBrT S HbT bgR yYNS xgLGlTN bST rgDM kFt lwt YCl gbcWN bNK bSqm_ kGBR ygW pEL bNK SRxt WS_ gB yq _QM bSgbT x*N _QM Y XNWL xStI dRUl gNzB kNC tbDrW lxR xd mLsW bbdR xR xd MRtN s_ ytbdrWN HL XSq bmsBsB kFt xgLGlT ls YCl bdT xR xd MRtN l>u wdns bSrKBbT wQT drs Xys drs xSt yST m SlN YHNn xSY kgR NCM n kl bqE BDR XNg bR lkFtlT YCl ytk yHBrT S HbT ycW NK XSkmFR dW kxR xd tqu gNzB Xssb tmLsW lxR xd bbdRM n ll bbdR# llCNM yNK xgLGlC bmST ygR yYNS SRxTN lkR YCl bxu yHBrT S HbT ygR yYNS SRxTN btl mNgC bkR kFt lwt YCl yHBrT S HbT xR xd btL lgcW lqMcW yYCl mCN gZtW bkyT yGBR tKlN MRTN bkFt dr L YCl yxR xdN MRC sBSbW bxGb b_Nq bkcT ymUzN yTNSRT xgLGlT kmST jM XnzH MRC ytl U XNSg TN> tCN bmmSrT yxG PssNG xNSTCN bST S Y lt YCl lxR
Tem T>>e` 178

xd ytl HbE xgLGlCN ys tCN bdjT bM S YM lt YCl kY ytqsT SC l HBrT S HbT lsb yYCl bmcW yHBrT S HbTN bydrW M kR ygR yGBR LT xCN xND msrE Ms YL YhN XnzHN HbT lST lkR xhN lcWN CGR bZRZR lY bwQ mFT# bzH rgD xgCN T m_ LMD XNYdgM DrG SfLUL bdRG gz ytT yHBrT S HbT bG yt yyxbW mC DC bkFt dr L ygbcW B Yn XNdflg y>krKcW ynb bmcW lxR xdM t=u _QM SLs lk xR xdM XNds DRJC q_ lNkkcW xLlM yHBrT S HbT yxR xd yx HbT cW bxND bkL xR xd yqcW yR kNC XNdn tdR lwSD YCL ltEE DRJC xYdlM# mNM xYgcWM SlnM bHZb# bxt n FT bxt n FT B ymsrt# NWM xL xLntN LflgbT wQT l mWT yCLcW DRJC mN xlcW ySgdD gY >WM bllbT x*N Ltf bStqR lk Y lW xgLGlT ls xYClM

Tem T>>e`

179

kdRG WDqT b XNdg bmM Y lT yHBrT S HbT bGJ YN bxT n FT Xyt l bmcW bzH rgD ynbrW CGR twG*L lL YCL YHNn B xK mqL SfLUL bxT FT bn x*N ktdj b yltE L gBnT l lxT _QM bxT y yx DRJC mcW YqR ltl xdUC YUll yltE L gBnTN btmlkt bdRG gz knbrW UR sn{R bkFt dr yqns mLkNM yqyr bNM =R FaL lL yCL xYdlM lS lMZb tBl ydrG L gBnT xhNM myt xLqrM YH CGR bxNND yxgCN KFlC btlYM yHBrT S HbT ytl yx LT tM lmN bSCcW yMRT yxgLGlT S Y btscW xbC gL YL yHBrT S Hbt bSNT DM fTN BT lmqmT kmT yfLQ _g xStsB qL yYL L gBnTN sSkTL YaL YHN ymslW xF> LgBnT byTWM dr mLK XNYksT qY TGL lDbT YgL YH TGL bQD yxSf xTN lL gBnT ygWN xmlkT bStkL mD lbT bNM yHBrT S HbTN ymlkt yxgt HC tf ynbTN hn brUg_ yf{MM XNN DrG SfLUL yHbtN nnT lmbQ ySfLgWN xmlkT fdnT lbR kdW _rT N lN YHNn bKR x*N yHgN tfnT brUg_M ykwN XNN YdrUL

lxSfg yltE L gBnT MKNT ynW xN gY yyxbW xStC XnzH tC bgR LT Y cWN w xStI bmgNzB XNk lmRT bL jM wd L gBnT yUg mcW nW bRG_ yyxbW xStC XnzHN tC lmRT lkR ytcWN hl DrG YgcL yHBrT S HbT XN xR xdN SrT mN YgcL kMSrW b HUE sWnT XNg L L ytKnK Xg mST YRcL ytc mC bHBrT S xmR Y SL XNg xtM yHbt xsR ycW MN mN XNlbT XNWq ldRg YgL tt ymUzN yTNSRT yYNS xQcWN XNB ltbcW YgL yT xgLGlTM lscW YgL XnzH XgC XN yltE L gBnC xYdlM yltE L gBnT yjmrW yHbt mC XnN mN XNlcW bMR lmwsN bdrgW XNQSs yxbW xStC yfLgcWN sC lSmr_ sNqqs nW YH tgb xYdlM bdL fImL yl mCN x k> bmN SwgD sjM nW tk yqrb sW bx BN XNg lDrG x k> mN xYgcWM L gBnt ytl y XgC kmST xL mc MN XNT mST XNlcW bq_ wYM btz mNgD bmNgR bzZ mLk sglI nW lwdtM L gBnT tKnE Xg
Tem T>>e` 181

Tem T>>e`

180

mSTN lYtN yt tKnE Xg ys_bT# ltEE L gBnT bF{M yqRbT ywgZbT tfI sgM ywWL QT ys_bT hn mFR SfLUL bmlSt dr yfIMN L gBnTM uMR b_BQ mUT bM xSfg bNM yHBrT S HbT bxhn wQT cW n CGR yltE L gBnT YN yxStdR yxmR BT nS nW ymrT mC yHZb xY yTMHRT SL dr ZQt bmn kFt yxmR BT CGR lcW cW bHBrT S HbT ysln tCN q_rW yxmR BcWN XNDg bzH ysln bqE sCM ylM# HbtM t q_ ysT xQM ycWM xt mc N ymR BTM n ZGnT SlDcW yT q__R SRxtM d SlN Hbt BzWN gz lBKnT lMZb ytUl Yl XnzH msrE yxmR CGC Ltft bStqR yHBrT S HbT bflgW dr lk mwT ygcWN lwt xYClM yxNd dr TMHRT bzH Y tmSR ys_ y SL Xytkr sD xtM mcM yt ysln Yl xtM mcWN ymR ytl xQM YcL mcM bqY SL bYbL_ lkR yCL ytl yxmR xQM YcL YHM HbT bHBrT S HbT S ysln tC
Tem T>>e` 182

q_rW sT Ll bflgW dr BT lW xmR lg xYClM YHNn lDrG mNGST XNdzH xYncN tC bflgW mN sLN xlbT# HbtM XNdnzH xYncN tC q_rW sT yClbT xQM mgNT xlcW yHbT yYNS SRxT# yT q__R SRxT ytStkl XNN mNGST HG# L mm XzUj kR bygzW L xlbT bydrW lHbt ytKnK Xg yT xgLGlT ys_ bg ysln tC lT yHBrT S HbT DUF s mQR mST mkR xlbT Hbt bxhn sxT bBz xbC bM d yYNS xQM cW lxt bflgW dr xgLGlT yYs nW Yl lW qR mUzN yTNSRT xgLGlT lmST yYCl# yxR xdN MRT btgbW mN xsSbW lm_M n msrE GBxCN lxR xd QrB yYCl nW Ygl mNGST XnzH tC bxGb XSkd yYNS xQcWN XSkK DrS btly mNgD mRT xlbT Hbt yxbWN HZB xStBrW bqE mUzC XNs khncW UR yD yTNSRT xQM XNgnb HZbN bStbRM n L L ytKnK xgLGlCN bmST ltbcW YgL lxR xd yqRb GBxCN bs=T rgD yHBrT S HbT wklC nW ysbT bzH x*N yYNS
Tem T>>e` 183

xQcWN ylBtbT hn mcT SfLUL Hbt bdNB tqmW bxGb mNqqS kjm b yYNS yxmR xQcWN XNlBt bnC XNssb brT SfLUL yYNS SRxcW gbcW Xytl sD kNC yBDR xgLGlT lg yClbTN hn mcTM YgL XnzHN msL SLCN bmqM yHBrT S hbTN bST bkR yGBR GBYT SRxCNN bkFt dr L llC lGBR LT xUi yn xgLGlCNM ST YL

(m) yGL lBC bGBR GBYT SRxT cWN tT L kR#


yHBrT S HbT bGBR GBYT SRxCN WS_ w mwT YCl# YgcLM lT SW bHbt B YkwL wYM yGL lBC kzH x* qLF xStI ycWM lT xYdlM YLqNM yGL lBC qLF xStI LklbT bStqR yHBrT S HbT yYFcW qC Sl SRxt bxY ls yYCLbT dr Y YdRL YH S bCRM n bJM >u XNdzhM yGBR MRCN tqBl bBC bzUjT mLk lglI yCL nW yGBR MRC kxR xd wd nU kzM kF wl nU bQBBl> mcW gzN kkN xL bUC Y kFt tIX XNdRF# xR xd
Tem T>>e` 184

yfLUcW w GBxCM btmY sNslT Yl bL bU gz Y kFt tIX XNdDR GLI nW SlnM YH GBYT bdT bHBrT S HbT b tC# JM C xSmC xKSRtC mkL bfR yGBYT sNslT mtT YRbL YH lT GN yCR nUC llC xnSt lBC bzH S Y xYcWM lT xYdlM bmjm dr bxR xd bxQbW bg mlSt gbC mkL yR yNGD LWW_ bnzH xnT XNdf{M GLI nW k yGBR MRC# GBxC Mr mC Wu lW yNGD LWW_M bxBW bXnzH xnT XNdf{M XN nW xR xd gbW Xy=mr sD kqC bt= bxYnT bmN Xy=m y ytl xgLGlCN mflg xYqRM XnzH xgLGlC bxQbW bdjT bQrB kFt lwt yClT xnSt xR xdC cW XnzH bHBrT S HbT lfn yYCl SC bGL lBC Lts SRxt yt qL lN xYCLM yHBrT S HbT yxR xdN MRT ssb b MRt ln tC (JM C# yGBR MRTN b_ :nT yq BC xKSRtC wzt.) LtN sNslT xnT mDrS mL xlbT btmY mLk xR xd yfLUcW msrE GBxC# yMr mC wzt. YHNn kmRt xMC xSmC bq_ wd HBrT S HbT mtlF xlcW yHBrT S HbT mR
Tem T>>e` 185

yQBBl> sNsltN bkFt dr bR gzN wN YqNL XN yQBBl> sNsltN xSqrWM yGBR MRCN kHBrT S HbT yqbl# GBxCN yMr mCN yHBrT S HbT yqBl yGL lBC kll Ltk yGBYT SRxt ls xYCLM SlnM yGBYT SRxtN yt qL lDrG yHBrT S HbTN kkR bt= knzH UR bQBBl> ysTN yGL lBC kR qLncWN L SfLUL kHBrT S HbT UR bQBBl> ys lBC bn ygb WDDR mRH XNs DrG YHNn b_BQ mR XJG bM xSfg mn XzH Y lsmRbT yg nW bxgCN yNGD XNQSs WS_ yl xsR yy SR ysdd CGR nW n WDDR bl btbT wQT bWDDR _TN UN yL :DL YL SlnM nW ybr ygb x cW xgC WDDRN ySq yl llC tmY xsC XNYf bNT yBqT sfM fN RM wSdW yfRsT bM hn bQBBl> sNslT WS_ n WDDR mN rUg_ yl llC {r WDDR xsCN frS# XNdg XNqM bNT mkkL bM xSfg YL

btdUU XNdtgl{W yGBR LCN bxY bgb mmT B YN btlY yWu gbN sB bmGT QT mmT lbT nW MRCNN bWu gb bST lm_ kxmrcW XSkxStUcW DrS _cW ytbq mN XNlbT bUM tw nW mgT XNlcW ywq nW yXnzHN MRC XsT lm=mR btl mN yxG PssNG BCN lST mNqqS XNlBNM XN nW MRCN bxlM gb cWN qEnT lkR yNGD MLKT (BNNG) gY kFt Y SlW YHNn lSTM _rT DrG xlBN lMl bCN b: bxlM dr ywq# tf_E bn mNgD ymrT (kL wzt. Lt=mrbT RUnK MRT) mn ys qEnT (BND) XNrW lDrG ytmc nW YHNN BdRG gbCN bkFt dr l=MR XNdCLM ywq nW XnzH SC bxlM gb bsW mGT XNDNCL lMRCN yMgW U kF XNL kDrG x* cW Y kFt ymnN hL xf{cW GN bM xScU nW yxlM NGD btlYM y yGBR MRC bnzH Y ytmsrt yB MRC NGD bQ DNbR zlL kNC q__R SR l nW ywq yxG PssNG kNC Q yNGD CR kNC yT kmn UR tY gbWN sB lmGT sBrW kgb bM _ U lGT
Tem T>>e` 187

Tem T>>e`

186

bM xScU nW SlnM bCN yGL kNC yHBrT S HbT ydrgW yxKSRT S XNdtbq qE yxlM kNC MRCNN lxlM gb bQrB rgD bsW XNt lDrG kFt _rT DrG xlBN qE yxG-PssNG kNC wdxgCN gBtW bs yMRCN _T XNbQ MRnCN XNL bDrG bkL bkFt dr lGzN YCl MRCNN BND lDrG _ U XNDgbT lDrGM lrN YCl qCN bxlM dr ykFlbT ycW ytkr sNslT SlcW lMRCN yWu gb bflG rgD kMNM bY ytl S mST YCl Q yGBR MRT xkY kNCM kHBrT S HbCN UR bq_ mtsR kl tmY xgLGlT ls YCl bdT kzH yMgWN XWqT LMD tQmN bCN xQM yxlM gb DRCNN yL xQM LNgn XNClN SlnM qE DNbR zlL yGBR MRT xkY kNCN yxG-PssNG kNCN wdxgCN lmB lN xQM hl mrrB# knzH yMgWN XWqT LMD bq dr bmqM byCN yxlM gb DRCNN yL xQM lmgNT mNqqS L KBdT ysW S mN YRbL yGL lBC bGBR MRT zRF bdT Xy=mr yD DR YcL XnzH lhBCM yHBrT S HbT xq m W MRcWN m_
Tem T>>e` 188

YCl btlYM mlSt xQM cW yGL lBC yHBrT S HbT wYM tmY y>u xgLGlT ys yU DRJC xqmW bs bbl t ln YCl YhN MRcWN bq_ l tW lm_# cWN ClW xKSRT lDrGM n lkfL yCl Yl MRcWN B xqmW XsT XN=MR DrGM yCl Yl YHNn DrG yCl lBC bzh mLK XNq_l mdgF brT SfLUL

6. ygR yYNS SRxTN L#


yGBR LT STtJCN yHZbN yMrT xQM bLbT YHNn bsW bmqM Y ytmsrt# yYNS xQCN WsN bmn dG YHNn bq bmqM Y ytmsrt nW YhN l YNS GBRN LT XNClN lT xYdlM MNM HL bq BNqMbT mn YqNS XNdn XN bz YNS mNqqS xYLM xR xd ytl GBxC yMr mC mGt xYqRM YHNn bmgNzB xQ YGW bL LTN bzU xdT WS_ mGTN lSkTL YCL xR xd gNzB SlllW XnzHN GBxC mC xYgM XnzHN gZ lmq MRt xDGM# gNzBM xYrWM gNzB SlYrW MRt SlDG bq_lW zRM xYgM wzt. mW wdllW xdT mGT YmL YHNn xdT mSbR ylW lxR xd bqE yBDR xgLGlT bmST nW tbD gZ _QM Y bL
Tem T>>e` 189

MRtN xLB gNzB gL btgW gNzB BDN kFl# t= BDRN ysN gNzB tQ GBxCN mCN btl mN xYnT YgL# kzHM yq MRT gNzB gL XNH bDrG qY LT lrUg_ YCL yGBR xNvSTmNTN lkR XDgCNN lN lxR xd bqE yBDR xgLGlT ys_ yYNS SRxT bgR ST xlBN N yYNS SRxT m lGBR xNvSTmNT B YN lGBR GBYT SRxT mkRM SfLUL MNM XN* yHBrT S HbT GBxCN mCN gNzB xW_tW Ygz y xSmC BC xkY bmN mST bClM# yxR xdN MRT gNzB YkFl xsSbW MRt kt b mKfL bClM# MNM XN* YH xsR yHBrT S HbT yYNS xQM LtkrbT hn bsW S Y mL yCL ygW xsR bNM YH B yt yGBYT SRxT XNR ldRG xYCLM GBxCN yMr mCN XNhM yxR xdN MRT gNzB Xykfl ygzbT xsRM mR xlbT N yYNS xgLGlT m YHN yGBYT XNQSs lSf{M lqF YrL bgR bGBR Y tr yLT STtJ XNDNktL ydRgN xN msrE MKNT l kFt ypEL w lm yClWN kFt yGBR XDgT brUg_# bzh yXDgT dT ypEL xQCNN lkR bzh bmqM yxNST yllC yx
Tem T>>e` 190

zRCN XDgT lL nW bgR N yYNS SRxT Ltfr bStqR lxNST lllC yx zRC yN pEL kcT wdflgW zRF UgR xYLM bRG_ yGL lBC yGBR MRTN gZtW s wYM bB XsT =MrW s# MRcWN lxR xd s TRF GcW xYqRM yGBR fN XDgT brUg_bT wQT yGBR MRC U kllC MRC UR sn{R mqns xYqRM bzH xnT kGBR zRF wdllC yx zRC ytlF pELM qL GMT ysW xYdlM btlYM bXDgT dT yGBR MRT U kllC zRC MRT U bq F_nT mqns kFt GMT ysW gNzB kxN zRF (kGBR) wdlW zRF (xNST) mtl xYqRM ngR GN YH B bqE lN xYCLM bGBRW LT dT yxR xd gb Xy=mr m xYqRM kzH WS_ ytwsnWN yGBR SWN lL bGBR zRF xNvST dRgL ytwsnWN L L qC xgLGlCN YgbL# YHN bDrG gNzb wd xNST NGD zRF YtlL XnzH wC rW rW lGBR xNST zRF xNvSTmNT mcW xYqRM kzH Wu yQmW gNzBM YrL# lrWM YgL YH gNzB btkr yYNS SRxT WS_ kg xR xdM wlD gbL llC zRCM BDN tbDrW lxNvSTmNT S YqbL bl xnUgR N
Tem T>>e` 191

yYNS SRxT bgR mf kGBR ygW LT ypEL KMCT lxNST LTM XNglGL# yxgt xY XDgT fN qYnT lW XNN lDrG xu yllW YL bzH zRF Y ls tC L GMT s_tN LbrW ygN ygR yYNS SRxT mkR lGBR LTM n# bGBR LT ygWN gb lxNST LT lL# bxYM fN qYnT lW XDgTN lMT mtk yllW bmn nW yHBrT S HbT bllbT yMNfLgW LT yYrWN HL# ytkr ygR yYNS SRxT bllbT yMNfLgW LT lR xYCLM

DRJC mkL bgNzE xQcW dr smzn bktC WS_ ytmsrt NC# ygR NC yHBrT S HbT c cW bzH QdM tktL ywtTN q_lN XNzrZlN bktC WS_ ytmsrt NC btbs Y ytmsrt yGBR S Y ltsW s xR xdR yYNS xgLGlT mST xYClM lxR xd btL BDR bmST# yxR xdN q bkR bssB# XNhM llC yNK xgLGlCN bmST S Y XNs bl xStdE wuW bM SlkBcW lk lrg YCl bmnM b xgR B YN bllCM xgC NC TRgM lW dr lxR xdC bq_ yNK xgLGlT bmST S Y ls xYClM xStdE CGcN bql lw yCL l tM sR nW Nc bq_ YN btc xnT yNK xgLGlTN lxR xd mST yClT bNC bxR xd mkL nW bxgnT ls kClT tC WS_ yHBrT S HbT bQD l yCl cW NC yHBrT S HbT lkWcW ytl yGi y>u yxNvSTmT SC bdR YCl yHBrT S Hbt tbDrW mLsW lxR xd BDR XNs DrGM YL knzH xgLGlC bt= yHBrT S HbrT yq gNzB bNK XNqm_ llCM yNK xgLGlC XNg DrG YL YHN
Tem T>>e` 193

6.1. NC ygR yYNS SRxT#


ygR LTN SSB xR xd kXJ wdxF kmRTbT yx SRxT tQ lgb wdmRTbT ygb x SlmUgR nW yMNgrW YHN bmslW x WS_ dG ygNzB q kFt nW MRT lMrT ySfLg GBxCN mCN lmGT# mrtM b wdgb lZ lm_# ln ySfLgWN yF X lmGTM n lmslW bgR kFt ygNzB ZWWR lR YgL lxgE qCN mkR ybJ q yssB SM bgM lD YgL kzH x* ygNzB DRJC ytly Ywl lgR GBR LT mN kFt xStI kdRgT ygNzB
Tem T>>e` 192

lDrG ySfLgW xStdE wuM yGL lhBCN lgLgL kSfLgW wu NS XNdn XN yb xYNM bdRG gz ymNGST NC bmm lHBrT S HbT XNbD YdrG XNdnbR YwL Nc ysT BDR x mnN bg Xbd yHBrT S Hbt bM d yYNS xsR xQM XcW gNzB tbDrW Xkn hlM tYzW lkFt xdU ytUlbT hn tf_L YH xsR kqr b dG bxND bkL xSt yYNS xsR xQM cW yHBrT S HbT bflgW mN lmfcW yNK xgLGlT uN sr_# L l cW tBlW ysbT btlYM bb xMC xbC lTM xscW Ltkr lMZb ytUl bmcW CGC Xytf Ygl bNC bHBrT S HbT mkL N yNK xgLGlT GNnT mf bgR N yYNS SRxT lmFR yxgt yYNS SRxT bxY b_BQ ytsr yt XNN lDrG kFt xStI xlW YhN YH S x_Ub bn x*N lf{M yClW GNnt bGLI yNGD GNnT SRxC mRC Y ytmsrt kn B nW NC lHBrT S HbT BDR mST lcW lNWM tgLUY XNdsT hl# xntN# yBDN ymmlS XDL ytbW yYNS xZ N SRxT ytktl mnN brUg_ B mN xlbT lHBrT S
Tem T>>e` 194

HbT tBl yNK BDR xs_ SRxT kfQdW Wu bdR NC yHBrT S Hbt tYzW XNwDq kDrG gR ySgW _QM ylM bmnM b_BQ mwgD lbT gY nW btmY mLk yHBrT S HbTM yYNS xscWN K# kNK bgT BDR ytl gb xGtW BDN XSknwl bwQt lmmlS yCl mcWN rUG mbdR ylcWM yNK BDR ymNGST NC BDRM bN bGD mmlS lbT X XN D wYM lbT yllW gNzB xYdlM yNC yHBrT S HbT bt yNK xgLGlT mST Y ytmsrt N TSSR kFt _QM ys_ bmn YHNn TSSR lmFR lkR mrrB SfLUL ngR GN YH S ymLM MT gY wYM bTXZ bmm yf{M xlmn lsmRbT YgL NC yBDR xs_ SRxcWN bkFt dr kR L YgcL lHBrT S HbT ysT BDRM btlmdW yBDR xs_ SRxT msrT B mnN rUg_ YRcL btmY mLk bzH yNK xgLGlT lmqM yCl yHBrT S HbTN mFR kR YgL yHbt yYNS xsR SRxT ytktl XNN DrG SfLUL yNK gNzB tbD xlmKfL bF{M ysB ngR XNLn mNGST bHg msrT yHBrT S HbTN NBrT bJ bm_ uMR SkfL XNdRbT bg ytgnzb mN YRcL
Tem T>>e` 195

lT xmT bNC bxR xd mkL bmN yNK xgLGlT btlYM yBDR xgLGlT lmST ySCL xQM lmf yKLL mNGST E mNGST yscWN yjT D bmnT bmqM kNK tbDrW xR xdC GBCN bBT lmGT ySCcW BDR XNg xDRgL Nc kFt gNzB lbdR BDcWM bxSt hn bwQt XNmlS lDrG ClL xR xd yGBxT btlYM yb mG BDR lGT C*L yKLL mNGST bBzc xbC BDN btgbW mNgD SmlS bClM xL xL CGC tf_rW kjcW lmKfL tgdL YH xsR bwQt kFt GMT ysW q Sg bNM ys ytwsb CGC lbT nW bmjm dr yKLL mNGST yYNS DRJC SLn ls yClT xgLGlT bM WsN mn xYqRM ltwsn GBxC mG yN BDR kQrB xLfW yt yBDR# qN yssB ykR xgLGlT llCM yNK xgLGlC mST xYClM xs bxb xStC# yGBR xKStN>N stC Y kFt xStdE N yf_R kmnM gR c xbM# BDR xSm>M# yxKStN>N stM# Xyn yS mzbrQ mU=T f_L bxR xd bkL dG BDN XNdmNGST D wYM XNdmBT yyT bxGb lmqM lmmlS xZCM xL xL YtL bzH MKNT bBDR xssB Y
Tem T>>e` 196

b CGC MKNT U kFt CGCM xl kzH bmnT sY YH xsR zqEnT yllW btl F_nT bllC xsC mtT lbT mn lsmRbT YgL yNC ygR NC bQNJT msrT lgR yYNS SRxT mkR yYNS SRxCN bxgR xqF dr b_BQ ytsr XNN lDrG YrL yNK lNK BDR SRxT (ygNzB gb) mf bkt gR NC mkL B YN bcW b NC mkLM QNJT f_ _QM Y Ll gNzB _QM Y XNWL lDrG YrL YHNn SRxT lmFR ySCl dNC mmC w_tW tGE mN jMrL YhN SRxt bflgW mN tGE Xyn xYdlM btflgW dr XNYf{M XNQT yn ngCN x_N bSwgD yxgCN yNK lNK BDR SRxT XNkR DrG ygR yYNS SRxTN lkRM n xY yYNS SRxCNN lL XJG tfg yn gY nW ygR NC ygR LTN bN# bGBR bllC yx zRC mkL N TSSR mdUgF XNR bDrG# yxgCN yYNS SRxT qL xgtN bm yfn XNN bDrG rgD cW XJG bM kFt Sln mNGST L DUF lscW yg tT cW btlYM bsW hYL SL bmslT yxQM GN mSK ysW YH DUF Nc bcW WSE XNQSs _T lW xgLGlT bmST twncWN lLbT ydRgTN _rT ydGF
Tem T>>e` 197

XN bD bmsl mNgC bmNGST bHBrtsb Tk ZlW XN ydRG mN ylbTM

6.2. ygR NC#


lT xmT ygR yYNS SRxTN kkR x* kFt GMT ysW S tsRaL lL yClW ygR NCN bM bkR rgD ytdrgW S nW bR DRJC ygR NC T ygcWN mSfRT xLtW bgR NKnT tmZGbW bmNqqS Y cW bxNND KLlC XnzH NC mWN yKLlN xR xdR lgLgL ySCL mQR zRGtW byxmt XNNcW bm l xR xdC yBDR xY yNK xgLGlT bmST Y Ygl ygR NC lxND xmT kxMST BR bC yn xnSt BDR bmST yglGl cW ysT BDR ybDN BDR xs_ SRxTN ytktl nW BD bxBW yGBR GBxCN lmGT yWL bNM bzH B ytwsn xYdlM bllC mSCM yBDR xgLGlT Ysl yxR xdN yq HL bkR q WN bssB kFt Xytwt nW llC yNK xgLGlCN mST yjm bnM bzH bkL yflgW dr Y dRsL ll yCl xYdlM Nc btkbT xb ygR yYNS SRxT n Ms bmN lGBR gR LT mtk yllW bmwT Y l qLF tT cW
Tem T>>e` 198

YhN XnzH tT bL L CGC n yn xYdlM ymbT dNB mm kxND xmT bY kxMST BR bY XNbD yYfqDcW Sln yxgLGlT xDcWN gDL BE NK YHNn gMG x_N mmcN bStkL yxgLGlT xDcWN lST yClbT hn mFR YRbL bt=M tc yt hlgB yNK xgLGlT bmST rgD kFt _rT xDRgW yxgLGlT xDcWN ST mL YRcL ybDN BDR xs_ SRxT ys yn kFt _QC lT bmn lwdtM lL lkR ygW nW YhN YHN xsR XNd Bc xu mWsD tgb xYNM ygR NC xSt xQM cW yHBrT S HbT bdRM YgcL kzHM gR yxR xdN MRT bmnT bmZ lxR xdC btL yBDR xgLGlT ymST xu KFT mdrG lbT bdTM mST lbT nW btlYM ygR NCN yHBrT S HbTN TSSR kR bgR GBR LT Y w tIX cWN XnzHN DRJC bYbL_ yKR SlN TkrT lsW YgL ygR NC xR xd MRtN lL ySfLgWN BDR bsbT wQT xR xd bDRQM n bl MKNT ktkm XnsM bzW mN ybT hn YStL btGR XNdyW XNdzH xYnT CGR bU_MbT wQT Nc BDR
Tem T>>e` 199

bSmlS Y bM yt S nW ysT YhN bDRQ wYM bl MKNT tbW MRT MrT YCL bqR BDR xmlS Y CGR mf yYqR nW btlYM XNdzH xYnt yMRT >LL xR xdCN btL y YN bxND xb ygTN bl wYM bxBW yn SlN ygR NC bnzH xbC bdcW BDC hl lxdU tULW CGN wSbL yGBR MRT ST SRxT sfR YH CGR lqNS XNdCL XN nW YHN ymslWN yST xgLGlT bgR ST bM xScU rJM gz yYQ mn xYqRM SlnM bNS kxuR mkl gz x* l mFT mflG YRbL Nc yNK xgLGlT SRxcWN xDS ST mcW lzH kFt xStI brKL kGBR S bt= YHN lmsl xdU bYUl bllC mSC ysTN BDR bm=mR# xR xd bR MRCN xM XNmRT bdrgW XNQSs WS_ bmtF# ygNzB KF y xgLGlT bmlT yNK xgLGlC Y bmtF ygb MNcWN msrT ST xlcW bxND xb bU_M yMRT >LL ldRS lCL xdU mbqE yN bqE gNzB XNcW lDrG Ltkfl BDC btzm dT ykflbTN mNgD bflG mNqqS YgcL BE NK ygR NC kY ytqsTN msL RMCN lmWsD XNCl ytmc yHG :qF mFR NcN StbR mL YRbL
Tem T>>e` 200

ygR NC bgR Y t kmcW bStqR bNK xgLGlT Y yts yNGD DRJC cW bgR LT Y cW tIX bM kFt bmn XNk mNGST lW xQM hl mdgF lbT bNM kltEE L gBnT n mN YRcL BE NK XnzHNM NC lmR lW nT SLN bmqM mR# lk yClbT yHG :qF lmFR dNcN mmcN bygz Xyft StkL Nc xSfgWN ytKnK DUF mST YgL yxb xStC yNc BDR bHg msrT XNmlS ytlmdWN HUE DUF bmST bsW YL SL lr*cW YgL yxbWN yLT :QD XNWq xStyT XNsbT DrG Nc yNK xgLGlcWN kzH x* XN XNStKl SlSCcW lbr ygW xsR nW DUF bmST SM kF sL ktqsT ngC Wu L mGT GN b_BQ mwgD lbT gY nW xL xL yxb xStC BDR lg YgL l*cW xR xdC Nc BDR XNs bq_M n btz mNgD tIX yRbT hn YL yxb xR xdC xStC bnzH NC ys_N BDR XNdmBT# kzM xL XNd D ywSbT xUM YL kzH bmnT yNc BDR xs_ Y tgb Ln tIX yrF kzHM UR tY xR xd BDR bmmlS Y lW xmlkT ymkM xZC Yl XnzH CGC Ltwg LtStkl bStqR ygR NC lkS
Tem T>>e` 201

kS Wu nW bgR LT XNQSsCN Y bM kFt CGR lfR YCL

x*N _QM Y mL lbT mnN yYgnzb xT mC lcW yHBrT S HbT _TN XN LTN rUg_ xYClM xR xd ytbdrWN BDR XytbM bN ymKfL LMD HL lW yHBrtsB KFL nW YH HL bgR yYNS xgLGlTN bST rgD mtk yllW ywT HL nW YhN YH XJG xk yn HL xdg bn x*N bmRR Y YgL ytl mNGSE Ln DRJC D nK yn bxGb yYmls BDCN xL xL mScW lzH HL mRR xStI xDRL bmNGST wYM bmNGST xStnT bllC tC ys BDCM bxGb SlYmls XNdmBT D Xytws Sl yBDR mmlSN HL bkM rgD kFt xlE tWtL yHZbN BDR ymmlS HL mLsN kR LLN bgR Y lW yYNS SRxT mgNT xNCLM SlnM BDCN tkTl SmlS b_BQ yf{M XNN bDrG# HZb bzH gY Y yt GLInT XNrW bDrG bmslT mNgC ygR yYNS SRxTN lmgNT ySClNN msrE yxmlkT NF kR xlBN btdUU XNdtgl{W ygR YNS SRxT yMNfLgWN LT lrUg_ ySClN qLF m nW N ygR yYNS DRJCN mFR LLN yLT xCN hl m mQrt xYQM
Tem T>>e` 203

6.3. yHBrT S HbT#


yHBrT S HbT yGBR GBYT SRxTN bL rgD cW w xStI XNdtbq bgR yYNS SRxtN bkRM Y kFt xStI xcW b NC# bgR NC bxR xd mkL xg sNslT bmN glGl ycWN NK bM lsM YCl bxu yHBrT S HbT llC yYNS tC xgLGlcWN XNs bSL Ywsn Xns lFncW Ll xgLGlCN bmfN bgR yYNS SRxt WS_ bNM yYt xcW ygR yYNS SRxT XNS yHBrT S HbT mkR kFt TRgM lW S ynWM lnzH HbT llc tC ScWN mN bgW dr lkwN SlYCl YfN yqrWN ygR yYNS SRxT bkFt dr lKM yCL KFtT Sl nW YhN yHBrT S HbT YHNN qLF tGR lfI yClT ycWN yYNS xsR xQM LbT StkL sCl nW ytStkl yYNS xsR SllcW lk lMZb yUl yHBrT S HbT llCN tC Y kmWdQ bStqR gNb lwt xYClM yNK BDR yGD mmlS lbT# b_Nq mZ yq gb bSg
Tem T>>e` 202

bxhn wQT qLF Xytwt lT ygR NC Sln XnsN bYbL_ kR bM tfg gY nW YhN yYNS SRxCN ST _LqT lW YN zND bxND xYnT tM xND xYnT xsR Y B mNLL ylbTM yHBrT S HbT NCM bzH SRxT WS_ TLQ XNwt mdrG xlbT mgNT ygN ytl tC xsCN bqjT mqMN msrT drg SRxT nW XNN tM wYM xsR lbTN CGC WsNnC XN bStkL# YHNn S bqYnT bmST nW N ygR yYNS SRxT mgNT yMNClW

fN yGBR LT ktd bdT yxR xd bGL lBC Xytt XNdD x_RM YH dT yYqR yt ygR LT WT B YN qYnT lW XDgT lrUg_M xu yllW dT nW bGBR zRF yGL lBC bsW mtF xlcW SNL kXNdzH xYnt yrJM gz :Y bmnT mN xlbT bxhn wQT w YL xR xd mnN tgNZbN kxR xd WS_ bzH yLT dT wdbl{g gbnT yGL lBT wdmN XNdUgR YHM t=u yLT WCN XNdN xWqN bzh yt S mST xlBN xBW ygR HZB btzm yt yLT XNQSs dT kGBR zRF Xyw wdllC zRC XNdg bnzH zRC tq_ ys XNdN xWqN YHNn >GGR lT bSCL QT mST xlBN Sqm_nW yLT x XJG bt hn ktf{m ym=rW WT YW XNdN tgNZbN bxR xd Y ytmsrtW xQCN YHNn btl F_nT lSgT XNdCL xDRgN mf{M xlBN yGL lBt bxhnM wQT bN bGBR LT yq xStI DrG xlbT SNL lzlqW dU ywT nW kL b bmnT B YN bdT YW bkFt dr Xy=mr XNdD b bDrG uMR nW yGL lBC yGBR GBYT SRxTN bkR rgD tk yllW XNcW DRcWN bxGb
Tem T>>e` 205

7. yGL lBC bGBR LT zRF bsW XNt brT#


yGL lBC bGBR LT zRF kFt xStI XNcW XN nW bRG_ bxhn wQT bGBR LT zRF w ywtW xR xd nW YhN xR xd w bwTbT mwTM bgW bxhn wQTM bN yGL lBC bGBR LT S Y kFt xStI YcL yGBR LCN Xytn sD yGL lBC M bzW mN Xy=mr YL YLqNM yllC ybl{g xgC K yrUGW bdT kxR xd xNNc bllC yS mSC Xytq yqT dG bGBR zRF bT S Xybl{g yGL lBT wdmN XytUg yxR xd Xy# yGL lBC Xytkr XNdD nW bxgCNM yt
Tem T>>e` 204

XNw lDrG YHN DrG XNdgN qdM sL tqM*L yxG-PssNG tCN bM yGBR LCNN bmdgF yxNST LCNN bqFM rgD cW qLF M ywQ nW bzh RXS SR tR ytflgW yGL lBC bGBR z lcW bgW xStI Y YN bs yGBR MRT kST x* lwtT bClT bgcW Y nW yGBR MRTN lST yGL lBC ycWN xStI bmlkT btl xRXSC SR tgLL XnzHN bzH xRXST WS_ mDgM xSfg xYNM XzH Y yMtrW L GMT lscW bg kzH bT tgbW TkrT LtscW n_C Y nW yWu lBC # yGL lBCN bmFR rgD yGBR SL yrW bGL lBC bxR xdC mkL mR SlgW yMRT TSSR Y nW yMtkrW

ypEL xQM yYQ nW lW xu bWsN mT kFt U cWN MRC (Ml FFC xbC wzt.) MrT nW XNdnzH xYnc SC YHN HL kFt ypEL xQM yYq xYdlM kzH YLQ yGBR BT gbCN sB ymGT ClN yYq cW yGL lBC bhltM xQC bsW ymtcW xSfgnT ykKR nW bydrW lT ymNGST xT YHN bg tgNZbW b_BQ Sf{M mL xlcW yxgR WS_ lBC bnzH mSC XNt mRT brT yGL xNvSTmNTN kkR x* QD lsW yg gY nW btlYM bZB bl s XRC kFt U cW MRC bmRt mlSt XRCN bmsl kFt ypEL xQM bYYq mSC Y xhN lW bY mtF YCl# YgcLM YhN yxgCN lBC ypEL xQcW bM WsN XNdn YwL Xns cW ypEL xQM B XNNqqS ktl bGBR LT zRF MT yMNClWN HL fN XDgT rUg_ xYLM bxNND yGBR C Y cW XWqT kxlM gb UR cW TWWQM mlSt nW bmnM bxND bkL yxgCN lBC bzh zRF DrG yClTN yq tT lrUg_ XytNqqSN bl bkL dG yWu lBCN wdGBR LT lmB bsW mST xlBN btlM yWu xNvSTmNT lmB ykrW kGBR Wu l zRC nW BzWN gz GBR GMT WS_ xYgM
Tem T>>e` 207

7.1. yWu xNvStCN wd GBR zRF mB#


yGL lBC bGBR LT zRF bhlT xY xQC lt XNdCl YwL xNdW xQ s Lrs mT cW xbC s zmE XRCN bM# YHN XNdhnW kmS LTM n kxG-PssNG xNSTC mST UR ZN YmlkL bzH mLk yD yGBR xNvSTmNT kFt ygNzB wu# TLQ
Tem T>>e` 206

bzH zRF xN lN

Y lW yt xmlkT tStKl yGBR yWu xNvSTmNT kflGcW n mSC mn W LtsbT XDgCN XNdflgW xYCLM

7.2. yGBR SL yGL lBC tT#


zmE XRCN lST bGBR S btl drC ysln stC SfLUl bxhn wQT Xyt lT yGBR SL PGC yxR xdN yMrT xQM bLbT Y t cW W yGBR LT YCN YW Sln bzh Y TM tgb nW yxR xdN ytKl dr kF lDrG ySCL yMRMR st# tKl bUgR xR xdN bsLN ys yxKStN>N l# yXNsT kC yHBrT S tC bsLN mNGST yGBR LTN lmdgF ySClW xQM lmFR nW RBRB Xytdrg lW kzHM gR ytrWN xR xdR yGBR SL bL zmE xR xdCN lmFR nW ZGJT Xytdrg lW YH tgb TKKlM nW YhN yGBR SLCN kwhM yGL lBCNM mdgF kR mL xlbT bdTM bGBR zRCN yrW yGL lBC tT Xy=mr SlD yGBR y SL SRxCNM bdT YHNn gLgL bSClW x*N XytStkl mZ xlbT tmCN# yxKStN>N xgLGlT stCN yXNsT kCN lsLN yMdRgW S mNGST bnzH zRC lxR xdC ysWN xgLGlT kkR gR tmY xgLGlT lGL lBC lmSTM SClL SlnM YH PGM XzW lM yGL lBCN mdgF yCL nW YhN YH B bqE nW tBl lwsD xYCLM
Tem T>>e` 209

yGL xNvSTmNTN wdGBR zRF lmB ymsrt-LT yst gLbT xQRTN kL jM# xR xdCN bStbR ymT kyt SRxT lGL xNvSTmNT mST ytmc hn XNf_R XSkDrG DrS y ytl SC msT XNlcW qdM sL tgLL XnzH msT lcW SC XNdtbq nW yWu lBCN lmB t= _rT DrG SfLUL bzH zRF qEnT tfT kNC UR bmgT# bxgCN xNvST XNdRg msT SlcW gC bmmkR mST YRBL yWu xNvSTmNTN lmB ySCl xY hnCN mcT tfg qW tGR nW YH BWN GN bqE xYdlM bzH S Y ls YCl tBlW ygmt kNCN lBCN bbqE _T Y tmSRtN bflG# kns UR bmmkR bQNJT bmST t=u xNvSTmNTN lmB ySCL S mST xlBN yL mNGST yKLL mNGST YHNN xsR bt hn tGE lDrG bmdUgF bQNJT mNqqS YgcL

Tem T>>e`

208

bGL lBC b zmE XRC yflg TkrT btsW PGM WS_ bflgW dr Ltfn ySL SC XNd xYQM yGBR sL tCN bGBR zRF ktsT lBC UR bmmkR yflgT SLC MN XNdn lYtW wQ# YHNn MKKR bqYnT D bzh Y tmSRtW ySL PGCN zUjT mL xlcW tc lGL lBc lstcW yxuR SLM n ymdb SL xgLGlCN mST mL xlcW kzHM bY bzR yflgW t MN xYnT XNdn bMN HL mN XNdflG x_NtW yt Qb ySL PGcWN kzh x* StkL mL xlcW XnzH tGT bxhnM wQT btwsn dr msT YgcL bdT GN yzH xD ST xDS Xy=mr XND mdrG YRbL bGBR sL tM ysl_nW sW SLWN k=rs b xNDM bmNGST xlM btl DRJC tq_ YsL tBl nW ygmtW sL sM kzH Wu ySB xYdlM mNGSTM kzH Wu ySB xYdlM bRG_ bxND wQT kGBR lJ tmRqW zmE XR bM XNQSs WS_ ygb _qE T GlsC XNdnb xL xL xhNM XNd YwL ngR GN XnH bM _qEC bmcW ySL SRxt xY QT tq sLN XN S fN sLN xYdlM ylWN

DM lmqyR MKNT yn xYdlM YH yxmlkT CGR bGBR SL Y B yr YN yTMHRT SL SRxCNN bxY ymlkT nW yGBR LTN bN rgD tgb DRWN yw yGL lBT XNR lDrG ktflg YH QT mStkL xlbT yGBR SL g wC ycWN yGBR tM xqmW bcW sRtW lmR lllCM yS :DL XNf_ DrG SfLUL YHN S bmdgF bGBR SL tC WS_ kllC SLC bt= yGL tM ymFR yStdR SL# lTM xNtRPrnRPN ykR SL msT xlbT sLc TMHRcWN XNqq yGBR MRT tM xqmW bzh S lmsT ySCL FT# ZGnT BT XNcW ydRG SL GT xlcW yGBR LT tCN mSRtW lmR FtM WM cWN sC mFR BWN bqE xYdlM tc sL_nW kw b ScWN ysbT mT GT mL xlcW xNNc mn yN pEL kcW MNu GT yCl bnM llc XNdzH xYnt xQM ylcW cW yKLL mNGST XNdnzH xYnc sC lGBR S yN mT ygbT ytn SRxT zUjT xlcW YH S yYK xnSt xNtRPYC ST PGM xND qLF xL tdR twS
Tem T>>e` 211

Tem T>>e`

210

tc kzh PGM t XNn mdrG xlbT ySL tC cW bzH mLK lmsT yfLg tcW SLcWN km=rcW bT btl mN XNdnzH xYnT tCN lmFR ySCcWN PN lM QDm ZGJT xQqW XNw lG*cW YCl kzM xLfW bzH S Y lmsT kfLg tC UR bmmkR kmlkcW ymNGST xT bzh rgD xStI ldRg YCl tBlW kgmt DRJC UR Xytg hnCN lmccW YCl W ngR bGBR ysln tC bzh S ycWN tC mSRtW XNNqqs lDrG yt Xg mST SW bqE TkrT XNg DrG nW xf{ bdT Xytl lD yCL ygWM nW llL HL yGBR SL bGBR zRF yts yGL lBCN bkR rgD kFt XNlW lwQ YgL bzR yts lBC yfLgcW tC bflgW mN msLcWN rUg_ YHN lDrG ySCL SRxT mFR ymjmW gY nW bnzH tC yslnT sC cWN ClW yGBR S tCN f_rW XNs# bW ysln yGL lBC XNf XNbkt DrG hltW gY nW ySL tCN xhN cW TkrT XNdtbq # kY ytqsWN S dRbW mST mjmR xlcW bdT n ScW YW Xyn XNdDM lsB YgL

7.3. yGL lBC yxR xd yGBR MRT TSSR#


xR xd bGBR MRT zRF MN XNT mST XNlbT# yGL lhBtM btmY mLK MN XNT mST XNlbT tqM*L mNGST YQL Bl ySbW xQ MN XNdn tzRZL xQc bzh mLk sqm xR xd yGL lBC bMRT tGR Y ss btL bycW yfIT XN bhltM mkL bs bGBR S Y TSSR XNdYR ymlKT mSl lY YCL bRG_M bGBYT bxG PssNG mkL yrW N TSSR XNdtbq bGBR MRT S Y BzWN gz bhlt mkL N TSSR YR YCL YhN bhlt mkL TSSR bR hltM t xYnM lT xYdlM yhltNM _QM bq dr ySBQ yGBR LT XNQSsCNN yq_F TSSR lR YCL knzH TSSC WS_ bYbL_ ywqW bxgCNM bsW tGE lN yClW bxR xd bGL lBC mkL yfR yMRT NTE TSSR nW YH xsR btlM yxWT GwR xsR tBl ywqW nW yzH NTE GNnT mLC bM bR bnM msrE mRh xR xdC kGL lBC UR bf_T yNTT GNnT msrT bl Bt Xg ymRtbT xMRtW llBt ybT SRxT nW blBC bxR xd mkL
Tem T>>e` 213

Tem T>>e`

212

yfrW YH yMRT NTE TSSR bnnT xBW HZB bsfrcW yxgCN dU xbC Y ls yCL ygW nW xQ lN YCL bzH GNnT lhBt bdUW yxgCN KFlC ymrt lxgR WS_ lWu gb lqRb yCl MRCN lMrT yRbTN ymT XT xR xd kW YfqL lmmlS kmCNM bY yU tnTN bkFt dr XKlN lzmE XRC btmc yxgCN xbC GN lBt s mT lg yCLbT hn l bmn yxWT GwR xsR dU ywT kmN xLFM lMl xND bxb MRT Y yts lhBTN BNwSD bs Y stC q_ xb mRL bzH Y B YR bxbW l xR xdCM UR yMRT TSSR NTT Yf_L yxb zN wYM CGN YscL xbWN XNT MrT XNlcW StMcL# bygzW yMKR xgLGlT YscL MRt N mrt b bMN HL U XNdgcW YgLIcL# MRcWN lsW Yl xNND gz lBC ycW yxb MRT YcW xR xdCN bStbR bsT B ls YCl l Ml XNWsD xND lBT xND yY QL B bzW s l yY QL XR YmsRL bzH B GN xYwsNM bzW l xR xdCN xsS yY QL tKL XNtKl
Tem T>>e` 214

dRUL YHN lDrG ySCcW xQRT ytKnK Xg YscL MRt sdRS bMN HL U XNdgcWM SWcL MRt sdRS llBt YlL ylBt B ks XR MRT bY mqM yCL SlN lBW bt= _ :nT YqMbL qdM sL XNdtqsW YH yNTT wYM yxWT GwR xsR bR mLC xf{C lT YCl kY yqrbT MlC msrE mRhN lsqm_ bqE cW YH xsR yxR xdN ylBtN _QM bq dr SBL# yxgtNM yGBR XDgT bkFt dr l_N YCL xR xd YHN wdmslW NTT bgbT wQT yq gb ySg MRT lMrT ySClW zR# yMKR xgLGlT ytKnK Xg YgL MRnt# yMRt _T bkFt dr SlL Q gbWM Y=ML mrtW MRT gb yflG CGR ylbTM mrtWN MRT hl drWN XSkbq DrS bwQ U ym_ ST xlW xR xd bzmE XR Y lmsT XNQT ynbT ngC hl klBt UR bdRgW NTT YwglL YH NTT# NTT bmn _QM B YN GCNM SkTL lBt bzH NTT Y tM kFt wu Slw xR xd MRtN bflgW _T U llBt m_ xlbT XNdxU ytl U g ytl U xGcblh
Tem T>>e` 215

Bl ll sW m_ xYCLM bcLtnT yMRtN mN _T dL ylbTM GWN Ltw mKfL XNlbTM wQ xlbT YH NTE GNnT yGL lBtNM bkFt dr YQmL ytwsn GBxT ytKnK DUF B bmST l Bz wu lgb yqRbWN MRT bkFt dr m=mR YCL xR xd bs ls _QM ys bmn lt lT tqN XNds bzHM MKNT bl Bt Y lW yMMr mNgD Wu MRT xMR ZQ l U lqRB YCL YHM ylBtN TRF >LlL bl bkL dG ygbWN hn Xy lgb yqRbWN MRT bxuR gz WS_ Bz xR xdCN btF ST YCL mqnS SlfgM NTtN Yn wdl MRT bmUgR wY yt xR xdCN q_R bmqnS lStKL YCL ngR GN _QN B mWsD xSkDM lBtM bNTt msrT lxR xd yt DUF mST xlbT bNTt bSbT U msrT xR xd mrtWN MRT bl mGT xlbT YH xsR lxR xdM n llBt kFt _QM XNlW GLI nW bMRT S Y ytsT hlt wgC yMRcW _T MRncW XNhM# gb sB ymGT xQcW t>l lxgt xE XDgT ydRgT xStI XNdLM gD nW bsW bsbT xgtN ymlkcWN wgC hl yQM nW bydrW yg C
Tem T>>e` 216

YHNn tgNZbW yxR xdC yGL lBC yMRT TSSR SRxTN lkR lST RW mnT YgcL YH xsR bt hn tGE XNN ktflg hlt wgC XNg# XNtwq DrG SfLUL YH B YN qYnT lW yNTT GNnT XNdmn mN bhltM wgC mtmN NTt Y ytqmTN ngC bl lmf{M ZG mN YRcL NTt GLI yhltNM wgC _QM bTKKL ySkBR mN YRbL NWM wgN NTtN bfRS x yStk RM lmWsD yCL xL mR xlbT XnzH ngC Ltl bStqR YH TSSR lfR lS xYCLM mNGST LCNN lN lW nT bmnT yxWT GwR xsR kzh x* lWN q bmgNzB lxs mST ySfLgTN QDm hnC lT mNqqS xlbT bxR xd blBt mkL tgbWN GNnT kmFR kkR x* yxgCN yMRMR tT kFt lwt YCl# YgcLM bNGDM n bMRT tGR Y ytsW yxgCN lBT bMRt _T yWu gbN sB lmGT XNCL kxRxd ygW GBxT _t ytbq btm U yqRBlT lN YgL xR xd YHN ymsl _T lW btm U yqRB MRT lmRT yClW dG yMRMR tT kFt _T lW
Tem T>>e` 217

MRT ys ZRCN bqYnT sqRblT# yxStrS xGbN bL MRntN XNDG sGzT nW SlzHM bxRxd blBt mkL lWN GNnT lkR SNs yMRMR tC YHN GNnT kLbT x* lwt yClTN ygcWN bxGb XNwt XdrGN mN YgL MNM XN* TSS bhlt n wgC lTM bxR xd blBt mkL yD NTE TSSR bNM mNGST YHNn msrE mRH bY_S x*N GNR qdM lwT YCL bzH S Y lmsT yfLg lhBCN bflG xR xdCN bStbR hltNM wgC ygT S mST YCL# YgLM NTt yhltNM wgC _QM ySkBR XNN yMKR xgLGlT mST YCL# YHN lDrG yr L NTCN zUjTM YCL hltM wgC bNTt msrT lcWN nT bg XNWq ySrT NTtN lSf{M cWN ZGnT ykR S mST xlbT NWM wgN NTtN yfRS S bs bHg msrT fN yStk XRM XNwsD DrG xlbT# hltM wgC YHNn xSqDmW tgNZbW XNgb DrGM YgL

msrt-LT xgLGlT mT w nW yt W yTMHRT ySL y xgLGlT bllbT hn fN qYnT lW yGBRM n xY ygR LT lR xYCLM yt ygR mNgD TNSRT xgLGlT bllbT qYnT lW fN ygR LT lsB xYCLM ygR LT ymsrtLT xgLGlT mST bF{M yYnl tYzW mD lcW ngC cW YLq N M mNGST ymsrt-LT xgLGlCN lST lW yq nT x* sY ygR msrt-LCN ST XNSM StbR bgR LT zRF ysW n S nW lT YCL mNGST n SW ygR msrt-LTN ST XNS DrG# hlt SW xR xdN lLT nT# StbR lLT ytmc hnN mFR nW lT YCL

8.1. yTMHRT y _b xgLGlTN ST#


yMNktlW yLT STtJ yHZbN yMrT xQM bLbT Y ytmsrt bmn# yHZbN yMrT xQM bLbT rgD yTMHRT SL XNhM y _b xgLGlT q L F ywt bmcW mNGST ygR LTN lN kscW n SC XnzHN xgLGlC ST XNdn XnzHN XNT mf{M XNdg qdM sL bZRZR qR*L XnzH xgLGlC byqblW btmr :kT mcW
Tem T>>e` 219

8. ygR msrt-LTN ST#


yGBR LTN lNM n xY ygR LTN lrUg_ yt qL yHbE xE
Tem T>>e` 218

bnzH :kT XNssb yDrg xSfgnTM tgLL bzH RXS SR XnzHN qdM sL ytzrzTN n_C mDgM xSfg xYNM xND lsmRbT yg n_BN B xNStN wdq_lW R:S mtlF tgb nW XShN yqrbW TNt Y y# yTMHRT ySL xgLGlT yxR xdN yMrT xQM kLbT# MRTN kdG x* cW TRgM Y tr nW XnzH xgLGlC MRTN ldG yq ywt bmcW# MRTN dG dG yHZbN hlNtE n yL S mST bmn xgLGlCN bQD kzH x* mtNtN bzH x yt XNn DrG xSfg tgb nW YhN ynzH xgLGlC Y bzH B ytwsn xYdlM XnzH xgLGlC yLT mC B Yn yLT WC ytl n mglCM uMR cW yzGnT mBC ltrWM LtrWM sW bXkLnT ykb bXkLnT mkbRM lcW mBC cW YhN Ltr sW bXnzH mBC bsW bBT ymqM xQ WsN nW YH bmnM nW BzC yxNd dr TMHRT mR yzGnT mBT G nW ylT kzH bmnT nW mNGST btl F_nT hlM zC bNS yxNd dr TMHRT XN DrG lbT YH TMHRT kxgCN fN XDgT UR mz bzh mt tgb bNM yTMHRT xgLGlT LE YW MNM YhN MN yxNd
Tem T>>e` 220

dr TMHRT yzGnT mBT bzGnT mBC bxGb lmqM ySCL msrE T_Q bmn bx mST XNlbT lmNbT YgL yxNd drM n kz bY lW TMHRT mLM xMC zUN yFT tLX XNlW W YHNn lDrG ySCL YzT XNrW mdrG xlbT TMHRT kzHM gR xND sW xXMWN n ywbT# yXWqT yxStsB xDsN ySbT TLQ m nW bmnM yTMHRT xgLGlT mST bqE MGB LBS# _ ymR wzt. yGT HL yn mL mgl yLT b WT tdR lwsD YCL TMHRT kllC _Qc bt= bLT XNdg NWM yn mL sN yl x XNdn tdR lwsD YCL mNGST yTMHRT xgLGlTN lST yxNd dr TMHRTN lhlM zC btl F_nT lrS yrrbW kY ytqsTN xC bl bmZ nW y _b xgLGlTM btmY mLk yY nW xMC zUN mFR lLT lW xStI XNdtbq yt NnTN GT sN yl xM uMR nW btl bT WS_ XNdmR bqE MGB XNdGT hl yt NnT bLT dT mT kgcW n xC GC xN nW mNGST zC bl yt NnT XNg# xgLGlt lhlM zC FTE bn x*N XNrS#
Tem T>>e` 221

xgt T xQM YHN DrG ylW bmsrt- xgLGlT bmkkL Y btR mn XNsmRbT ydRgW kY ytqsTN xC bl GMT WS_ bSgT nW

8.2. ygR mNgD TNSRT xgLGlTN kR#


bgb ym yGBR LT qL ymNgD yTNSRT xgLGlT bllbT lsB xYCLM bgR ytl xgLGlCN mST ylW qL ymNgD TNSRT xgLGlT sR nW SlnM ymNgD yTNSRT xgLGlTN ST fN qYnT lW ygR LT lrUg_ mwsD lcW qLF RMC xN nW SlgR mNgD TNSRT mST bnbT wQT mrT yllbT xND msrE gY xl ygR mNgD TRgM yrW gCNN kxgt yx yltE XklC XNhM kxlM gb UR bStsR brW Y nW ygR mNgC ynT yxND xgR xqF ymNgD mrB xL sn nW fN xgLGlT mST yCl mNgC bllbT ygR mNgD bSM fN qYnT lW ygR LT lrUg_ ySCL xYNM kzH bmnT nW L mNGST mNgCN bmST S Y ytkrW L mNGST mNgCN sS byKLl XkL RZn cW
Tem T>>e` 222

mNgCN lmST YN xgt N b bqL yTNSRT mrB lStsR bL x mmT lbT kzH bmnT nW YHM bmn nW xgR xqF qL ymNgD mrBN lmFR byTWM xb ysW S yhlNM xkbC HZC _QM ySBQ S ynW L mNGST hlNM yxgCNN xbC k yx yltE :klC kxlM gb UR lStsR ySCl# FTE bmn mNgD ytmr mNgCN ymgNT S ss# KLlC bbkcW ygR mNgCN bmST gCNN k mNgC UR y ymNgD mrCN mST xlcW YHM TLQ yLT :kL ln yYCl C lLT KFT XNn ydRg mNgCN ymST S yL mNGST mN xlbT YH S bzfqd ys YN mrb MN mMsL XNlbT XQD w_lT msT lbT nW ys QdM tktL lrWM YgL bmjm dr ywr :klCN# k mNgC UR yStsR S msT xlbT kwrC q_l qblCN kwr :klC k mNgC UR yStsR S TkrT lsW YgL kzHM WS_ kFt yHZB KMCT cW# mNgD btn bql lscW lCl qblC QD mST SfLUL qblCN kwr :klC k mNgC UR lStsR ys mNgC yqbl :kL tBlW wd tmrT TMHRT bT# k wzt. yscW C ySgb mN xlcW
Tem T>>e` 223

ygR mNgC bqN lkT kClT ymk BT x* ytqm ydr Md xcW bqN xSR mk lF kClT jM bqN M mk lF XSkClT mNgC DrS lT bgR mNgDnT ymdb cW yYqT wM kdrcW UR xB yD nW bgR mNgD xsCN Y xL xL kT CGC xN bMNT xSR mk bLFbT xb bqN s wY M mk yLF mNgD ymST xD nW Y xsR bllN gNzB Y kFt ygNzB BKnT XNR ydRG# gCN ySfLUcWN mNgD tfg bnW dr bx XNg XNQT yN xsR nW b_BQ mwgD lbT xsR nW ygR mNgD bMNsbT wQT kFt TK lbT mn LtrUg bStqR bZQtW dr nW mjmR lBN ZQt dr lW mNgD bsbT wQT bdT yTk mN Xdg XNdD b drg# XNdzH xYnt XDgT sm ymNgN dr kF yDrG S XNds b tdR yqyS mN xlbT bzH mLK bF_nT bqE ymNgD xgLGlT lhlM gCN rS XNClN bZQt dr ktsT mNgC WS_ kFt yTK XDgT yycWN mRN bTk XDgT mN mNgcN bqYnT X>lN bzH msrT mNgc bZQt dr mNgDnT jMrW dr bdr yxSLT mNgD XSkmN DrS l XNdCl b mdrG xlbT

ygR mNgCN bF_nT ST ylW bsW gLbT ys# lzh bmC x*N yts YN cW bmlSt t KTTL ls yCl sn nW YHNN btmlktM mNgD bMNsbT xb hl yTk mN kYqW bY dr cW mNgCN kmST ZNlCN UR tY ymNgc xqyS qL Ln >n yq cW tCN yYQ ymN CGR YYbL bzH bkL lBNN CGR bmgMgM yllC xgCN yCNN LMD bmqmR# bt gLbT bql ls yCl bmlSt tC KTTL lf{ yCl mNgCN ymqyS ymST SRxT mgNT LMNM bT xlBN bgR mNgD GN gY Y yyW lW CGR y_g CGR nW mNgC kts b bqE qY _g Slg bxuR gz WS_ k_QM Wu Yl ygR mNgC KTTL _g SRxT kll bStqR mNgC Xygnb FrS SlN LTN yrUG_LN xYNM YHNN CGR lmQrF ylbTnTN gY mmlS SfLUL ygR mNgC lbT byxbW lW HZB mN xlbT HZb mNgcN bmsT tGR Y bgLbT bsW kmtF bt= mNgcN blbTnT trK byxQbW lTN mNgC ymgN ymNkkB nT mWsD xlbT HZb yzHN xsR xSfgnT XNgnzB bXMnT XNfImW _rT mdrG xlbT yqbl

Tem T>>e`

224

Tem T>>e`

225

xStC YHNn S ymf{M yStbR nTN XNk DrG bWL ywQ ymNgD _g XNKBb SRxT XNR DrG SfLUL qblCNN (yqbl :kTN) kwr :klC k mNgC UR xStSrN ygR yGBR LCNN lN kTk mN UR yD ZQt dr cW bgLbT ys mNgCN mqyS mST xlBN lT B bqE xYNM XnzHN mNgC lmqyS xscWN lmktL yCL# HZb mNgCN ymgN ymNkkB nt N XNw ytKnK Xg# SL q__R xgLGlT lmST yCL xQM bywrW mgNT xlbT YHNn S lmST ySfLgW SL W SWN lmST yCl tC btl F_nT sL_nW bywrW yflgW xQM XNfR mdrG xlbT bxgCN yTNSRT xgLGlT lT xNDM mk nW xlM ysW wYM yU kBT jR nW bnzH bhlt C mkL bR xC bM bflgW dr ytS xYdlM lMl bU kBC ytt UCN mqM yTNSRT xgLGltN bkFt dr XNd>lW bwQM b_qET xbC Ln bStqR bgt xTe ytlmd xYdlM yBSKlT# ytR BSKlT xqMM kktC Wu ytzwtr xYdlM XnzHN xC SN yTNSRT xgLGlCN bflgW F_nT lL xYCLM SlnM yGL lBC yHBrT S HbT yU TNSRT llc N M xC
Tem T>>e` 226

bST S Y XNs# bqbl wr dr l C lXNdzH xYnt yTSRT xgLGlT mST bqE TkrT XNsT DrG SfLUL

8.3. ym_ W xQRTN L#


yg HZB bqE N{H ym_ W xgLGlT XNg DrG bmkkL Y ytmsrt y xgLGlTN lST xMC zUN lmFR bQD mT kgcW gC xN nW YHNN xgLGlT ST lT NnTN brUg_ kgW dSt n yXDgT mL bt= lHKM xgLGlT ywWN w bkFt dr mqnS lT uMR nW bt=M yN{H W xQRT yGL ybT NIHN lmbQ bxbW ytl xgLGlC ys tCN lST# bxY lxbW XDgT kFt xStI YrL bxgCN ym_ WN qD tK wdbT DrS bnnT ysC yS DR tdR ywsD Sln lbT QRB bn YHN xQRT T bsC Y ynWN yS bmnM bN mqnS lT nW ym_ W xQRTN rUg_ kY ytqsTN _QC GT lT Sln bzH bkL bxgCN gC yk CGR l bmn mW ygR HZB btl F_nT yN{H m_ W xQRT XNrW DrG mNGST kgR LT x* QD kscW SC xN mN YRbL ygR ym_ W xQRTN bx lST bxBW bgLbT ls yCl ygNzB wcW
Tem T>>e` 227

kFt Ln xC Y tR xlBN bzH rgD MNu LbT# _LQ Ln gDD mfR# ywNZ W T ymslT xC lsb YCl bR> U bqE ym_ W xQRT GT yClt btl F_nT YHNn XNg DrG SfLUL WD bn U B ym_ xQRT GT yCl qblC xgLGlT XSkdRcW DrS yBqbT xNDM MKNT xYRM kFTEnTM xNR lN WsN gNzB yq q_R lW HZB xgLGlT mST XN ST xT qblCN lrS bCL w xND qblN gLgL mN ylbTM YH XNdtbq yqbl :kT tBlW ymrT yxbW yxgLGlT xStdR :kT bmcW# fN XDgT YcL tBlM SlsB XNdlW ngR hl bm_ W xQRTM QD GT xlcW ym_ W xQRtM kqY XDgcW UR ym_N mN xlbT bQD bR> U bxBW bsW gLbT bs ym_ W xQRT xC Y tr S mST ylW xu XNdtbq bzh mLK ym_ W xgLGlT GT yYCl qblC mcW xYqRM ynzHN ym_ W xQRT lL lyT l PGM tzUJ tcWN BqW XNg mdrG xlbT XzHM Y QD lqbl :kT msT xlbT ym_ W xQRT tC hnW bfqdW mN lbC QRB WWN lZ bmC Y ygnb mN xlcW

bm_ W xQRTM Y XNdgR mNgD S hl y_g yXNKBb kFt CGR YL ym_ W -MC tbtW bxuR gz WS_ k_QM Wu ynbT yWW NIH yb>bT xU bql ygmT xYdlM ym_ W xQRt tM ylbTnT CGR# y_g XNKBb SRxT xlmR bnnT kqsT gC xN nW YHN CGR bxSt mNgD LfN bStqR xSt ygR ym_ W xgLGlT bflgW F_nT ST yL xYNM ng W Q W mLS mn yYqR YL YHNN CGR lSwgD bmjm dr ylbTnT gY mmlS YRbL ym_ W xQRT tM lbC yzH tM n t yn ymNdR _ dBR wzt. nC cW bqblW l ym_ W n_CN bl bbYnT mR StbR yqblW xmR YL YH XNdtbq yQRB xmR KTTL ys_ xLM mR YgL bxNND xbC XNdyW yW t kmNdRtW bMR XNM DrG lN YCL XNdzH xYnT tC btbT xb lW LMD XNdyW ktW xT WS_ xBc sC sn ytl WT YrL ybtsBN yW xQRT nT bxBW ykT Xns Sln ymNdN ym_ W xQRT btl BT lkT yClT XnsW cW xQM btgbT xb ym_ W n_bN yBQ yNkkB tq st mmdBM YgL
Tem T>>e` 229

Tem T>>e`

228

tW tq stW bmjm dr ym_ W n_b NIH bflgW mLk mbqN# yW n_b ySfLgWN XNKBb _g GtN yrUg_ nT xlcW y_g wN lmfN ySfLgW gbM ktW mgT YRbL SlnM tW lgW yW xgLGlT kHZb ymKfL xQM k_g XNKBb wuW UR yD KF mKfL xlbT HZb bYbL_ t ynW mlSt KF Xykfl xSt yN{H m_ W xQRT sg nW xkfl W bqbT bqW W mN lN YCL YH btlYM tq lbT xb ls YCL XNN btsB bwR ytwsn gNzB XNkFL bDrGM lf{M YCL W ngR lbt tlY# yXNKBb KTTL SRxT tf_ HZb yxgLGltN qYnT lrUg_ mlSt KF ykFLbT xsR XNR yDrG YHNn bqYnT Xygmg yL gY nW ym_ W xgLGlT kST x* lW CGR bmlSt U ls yCl ym_ W n_CN ylY# GNcWN yktL ySfIM# kmNdRtW ytKnK Cl bY ynTN y_g SC ys# ygR m_ W xgLGlT SRxtN bqYnT Xygmgm XNL ydRG xQM bQRB xlmgt nW ygR ym_ W xgLGlTN bflgW mN lST ylW bNS bywrW XNdzH xYnt xQM ytfr XNdn nW bR> U bxBW
Tem T>>e` 230

bgLbT ls yCl yW n_CN l# yGN cWN lwSN GNcWN lktL yClW t ySfLgW SL tlY bqE SL xG XNs DrG SfLUL ygR m_ W n_C kmNdRtW xQM bY yn _g sSfLUcW lmgN yCL xQMM btmY mLk msLN mmdB YRbL bwr dr yfrW YH xQM yxbWN ym_ W xgLGlT yST# yL ymktL nT mkM YRbL ks y dr bY yn ym_ W xQRT SC bbY xL XNs ymM ymktL nTM lrW YgL

8.4. llC ymsrt LT xgLGlCN dr bdr ST#


bgC ytlMnk>N yxlKTK xgLGlT mST gY xhN bsY Y l m bmSLM btl F_nT mT lbT nW bRG_ bxhn sxT Xytdrg XNlW qW gY bmjm dr ywr :klC ktC ytlMnk>N yxlKTK xgLGlT XNg DrG nW YH S btl mN mN YRbL kz q_l btl F_nT yqbl :kT YHN xgLGlT GT xlcW krJM gz x* XnzH :klC yqblW yXDgT :kL yn wd TN> ktnT ylw Sln bxbW XNS kflgW xgLGlT kGBR Wu lT yx zRC XDgT x* sY XnzHN xgLGlC bBT XNg DrG SfLUL kxuR mkl gz x*M XnzH :kT yTMHRT# y yxStdR#
Tem T>>e` 231

yGBR SL xKStN>N# yHBrT S HbT wzt. tC ymsrtcW cW bnzH tC ys qL q_R xcW yYl tC ysFcW cW tCN lTUT ScWN bxGb XNs lDrG XnzH xgLGlC mT YRcL SlnM g t=u x mFT y XN bsY Y XNl m tdR mwsD lbT xYdlM bxlCN XJG fN bn x*N XytS lW yt l Mnk>N t K l bgR yt l Mnk>N xgLGlT ySTN gY bT XNdnbrW bM kD wu rJM gz yYQ mn XNqR xDRL SlnM ytzWN ytlMnk>N xgLGlTN lwr :klC lktC yrS S bx x wdq_lW S mUgR SfLUL yq_lW M:F xND qLF SM lqbl :kT YHNn xgLGlT yrS gY nW ytlMnk>N xgLGlTN yST S skwN bfrW Mc hn bmqM ymr xssB SRxCNN L LbTM YgL bzH rgD msrE yn mrC tsSbW yzbTN SRxT lL kC wdY kY wdC ytlbT ytmc hn lmFR YHNn bygzW lMzUcW yLT XQC mn XNglGL lDrG _rT YdrUL bxYM ktlMnk>N xgLGlT mST N lN yxNR>N tKlJN lgR LT XNQSsCN mN yq xStI XNdRG _rT mdrG
Tem T>>e` 232

YRbL YHNN btl F_nT bmlSt U lrS ySCl xC tNtW# bzH S Y ktlMnk>N R>N UR bQNJT ls yCl XNd HBrT S HbT ymsl xT tlYtW t=u ygz gdB lW XQD mzUjT YRbL yxlKTK YL xgLGlTN btmlktM bgR yxlKTK xgLGlTN lST lr yCl xNND tKlC bmfR Y l bnM (lMl R xnR# bNS ys yxlKTK mNC wzt.) YHNN xgLGlT rS ytlMnk>N xgLGlT krS ykBD mn x_RM YLqNM YH xgLGlT xlmrs ytlMnk>N xgLGlT bflgW mNgD XNYrS XNQT mn xYqRM yxlKTK YL R>CN YHNN xgLGlT bQD bktC bwr :klC lST yzWN XQD Sf{M YRbL kzH S UR btdbnT xgLGlT GT yCl gC sM xgLGltN XNg _rT mdrG YRbL YH xgLGlT bNS btzm dT bBzc yqbl :kT lrS yCLbTN XQD WTM YYL kxuR mkl gz x* sY GN yxlKTK YL xgLGlT SRuTN lST lyT l xC msS YRcL yGL lBC wYM yHBrT S HbT bF ys TN> ZL ntCN gZtW TRF bSg x*N xgLGlt N XNs TUT brT xND xu nW y{Y yNS YLN
Tem T>>e` 233

bmqM xlKTK mN=T yCl tCN lM yxbW xStdR mNGSE Ln DRJC wzt. btbT mNgD mSTM l xu nW kzH N lN yHE yhYL MNC xqM bL ygR yhYL xQRT SRxCNN L YRBL HE yhYL MNC xqMN kL N lN ynzH xqM XShN XNdnbrW kFt ydN WDmT XNSkTL kdN LT SCN UR bQRB ytqj XNN mdrG YRbL XnzHN llC xCN bmsS ytlTN bmMr_ XNdxSfgnt xqJ bmqM xgLGltN lST mrrB YYL kzH UR tY lqS ygW gY yqbl :kTN ykR bnzH :kT ys tCN ysLN# ysT yTUT gY nW bxhn wQT xR xd bxBW btbtn hn bmR Y l nW bgR LT bNbT dT mssB YRbL yzH mssB xS*L ln yCl CN byqblW mR kwh b:kLnT dG YHN dT l_nW YCL ygR LTN lN byqblW bR tCN yYq tC djT YYL yxNd dr TMHRT bT# y k# yxKStN>N yGBR SL tT wzt. mM YRcL bzH MKNT byqblW kxSR ybL tC mmdcW bdTM q_cW Xy=mr m xYqRM XnzHN tC tC bydB
Tem T>>e` 234

bymNd kmbtN YLQ btmr yqbl XkT ssB YQL SlnM XnzH xYncN yXDgT# yxStdR yxgLGlT XkT byqblW mR dG bdT wdTN> ktnT yDgbTN hn mcT ygR LT SCN xND msrE xQ tdR myT YRbL YHN KbR ygR LT x lT ylW ytqsT tC byqblW tsRtW HZcWN lgLgL xgcWN lLT RW ytns XNdn nW YHN HZE G bXMnT Ltqbl wT byqblc tmD bnT Xys yflgWN LT rUg_ xYCLM SlnM XnzHN sC ySrT# ySWN xSfgnT KbRnT tgNZbW XNs DrG W S mN xlbT kzH S x* ygR tC nW y SLWN lGT ySCL yTMHRT dr cW sC QD mST ys q lW bNM SW ygR twC S B tdR mWsD ylbTM bkt twL dg wTM bzH S Y lmsT ZG lN XNdCL bdRG gz btl yxgCN xbC btT yT_Q TGlC yktW wT ynbrWN tT byT rUg_ YL W w ngR tc bSW Y N XMnT XNcW DrG bNM bzH Y ytmsrt t= yTg mNgC mflG xlcW tc ybT bT yGT gY ymjmW msKL mn xYqRM HZb yxbW xStdR bmtbR
Tem T>>e` 235

mcWN lsT gY TkrT s_tW mrrB YgcL byqblW yts tC bmNGST bs yTMHRT XDlC ymqM QD lscW YgL bgR glglbT ygz mN llC TgCNM GT xlcW XzH Y W ngR t= TgC ymSt xSfgnT# bSW Y ys sC yxuR gz yY xDRgW XNYwST LMD lW sW yYqm_bT XNYN ymNqQ xSfgnTN lmM XN yTg xYncN lmzRzR xYdlM

lgLgL tBlW yS bnM XzW bzW llcNM zRC gLgL yCl cW bmjm q_cW xnSt ln stCM yS XDL yf_ cW kGBR W ldrgW LT mnc XnzH hlt cW XnzHN mn bDrG yf_TN Mc :DL x bmqM nW kGBR W lWN ygR LT N ylW ymsrt-LT xgLGlc yLT mC B Yn kGBR W yrW ygR LT xT XRM tdRgW myT xlcW

9.1. kGBR w yR LT xSfgnT# 9. kGBR Wu l ygR LT XNQSsCN kR#


bgR LT WS_ lNbT gz W ngR yGBR LT nW XJG ybW ygR HZB bGBR Y yts bzh mst yYqR nW bgR llC zRC XNS lDrG bN ykFtWM yGBR LT nW yGBR LT sN yHZb gb Y=ML gW gb kGBR Wu bs S ycWN qC xgLGlCN lmGT YfLUL# ymGT xQM YrL xR xd kXJ wdxF bn n bQQbT gz GN kGBR Wu yn zRCN bgR fN qYnT lW x*N ST xYLM lzH nW yGBR LT bgR llC yLT zRCN lsT msrT nW yMNlW qdM sL yzrzRcW ymsrt-LT xgLGlC bnnT yGBR LTN lmdgF
Tem T>>e` 236

bxHxG ymW mNGST ygR LT :kL GBR nW bLbT wQT kzH W yn ygR LT ylM# xSfLGM wYM bxhn wQT bqE KBdT ts_T mkwN xYCLM lt xYdlM kGBR Wu lT yLT zRC bLT XNQSsCN dT ygR LT n xL mcW xYqRM YLq N M ygR LT XNQSsCN bGM x*N tKaL lT yMNClW bfN yGBR LT dT bgRM bktM W yx zRF GBR mn sR_ nW GBRN bgR LT :kLnT XNWsD sL yGBRN LT rUg_ BWN ym=r GB bmn YN GBR w zRF mn wdR_bT yq ygR LT dr bxSt hn bx ywSdN BcW mNgD XsW Sln nW XnzHN bxSt mNgD lLT yClWN Bc xu lT GBRN :kL drg ygR LT
Tem T>>e` 237

xQ yktlW kGBR Wu SlT yLT zRC kNM bY TkrT Sls_ nW mNGSCN bgR LT S WS_ kGBR LT W l zRCM bqE KBdT lscW YgL ylW krJ g x* byT B xYdlM brJM gz mkwN xlbT yL S btlW rJM gzM bN ls yClW SW kwh msT sjMR B nW SlnM krJM gz x* kGBR Wu lT zRC w mwT xlcW SNL xND qN XzH dr Y YdRL bL tS tMnN XnsN bmlkT t=u S xNsM lT YN YHNn WT lSgT kwh mrrB xlBN lT nW kzH bt= Wn XnzH SC tgbW KBdT ts_acW Lts bStqR yGBR XDgT lN# yg HZB n lL xYCLM yTMHRT y xgLGlT# yNGD yGBYT xgLGlT# yYNS xgLGlT wzt. GBRN ydG yglGl bnM kGBR Wu l yx zRC cW bgR XnzHN ST lT kGBR Wu lWN yx zRF kR bnzH SC Y tsR nWN yg btn L l gb lW ysW YL q_R m=mR lT nW YhN XnzH kGBR Wu lT xgLGlC LtS bStqR yGBR LT lN xYCLM kGBR Wu l yx zRC bqE KBdT s_ Wn dG XNjM Ltdrg yGBR XDgT xYNM SNLM YHNn lCN nW
Tem T>>e` 238

xR xd bGBRM n bl S Y ysW xMR nWN lL nW bzH S dT gbW =M ytl ybT qqC# ytl bRkT l LBS wzt. XNrW nW gbWN xD ytl yTMHRT# yHKM# yTNSRT mZ wzt. xgLGlT XNg nW dgWN gbWN bmqM yGBR SWN y>llT yLllT GBxC yMr mC XNg nW gbW xD XNzHN GT Ll BR Slkmr B nW tl lT xYLM XnzHN g BR kmkmR YLQ yLT XNQSsW TUT wdmqnS mM xYqRM lHZb n mL tfg cW LcW ngC ygT bxBW kGBR Wu lT zRC nW SlnM nW XnzH kwh bqE KBdT ts_acW dg bStqR yHZb n xYLM yMNlW BzWN gz kGBR zRF Wu lT xNSTC xgLGlC ys ysW YL bGBR zRF ksW ysW YL yq MRnT YrL kzH kq MRnt UR btz mNgDM gbW kxR xd gb ytl YL bRG_ kGBR ns MRnT gb ySg kGBR Wu l yx zRC XNl ywq nW xY dt GN kY XNdtgl{W nW SlnM ynzH zRC bYbL_ mST ygR nW gb bYbL_ m=mR ynW mL lT nW bzH MKNT uMRM nW XnzH zRC kwh bqE KBdT ts_acW LtS bStqR yg HZB n bflgW dr xYLM yMNlW
Tem T>>e` 239

9.2. yGBR LT yf_rWN XDL x mqM#


yGBR LTN lST yGD mQrB lcW ymsrt-LT llC xgLGlC xl XnzH qdM sL ytzrzT xgLGlC cW yq_T L l gb lW ysW YL YL xgLGlc bGBRW LT dT XytS b q_R bnzH zRF yqrW ysW YLM Xy=mr XNdD XN nW YH dT yf_rWN :DL x mqM SfLUL YHN lDrG kSClT xC xN yqbl :kTN mMr_# XnzHN XNdqblW yXDgT :kT wS LT nW lGBR LT tBlW yqRbT xgLGlC kxND :kL XNs bxND :kL XNssb sdrG bnzH :kT ytl TMHRT # ytl gb lW ysW YL YssL lT nW YHN MhE xQM bxND Y bssB lg yClW yMhE xQ ytl yxqM :DL XNl YHN YL lgLgL yCl L L yxgLGlT yNGD tC mfcW xYqRM bnzH tC ys sCM ytl gb SlcW t= yS :DL mFcW xYqRM bzH mLK ymjmW SBs t= yS :DL mssB Xyfr yqbl :kt yXDgT :kT Xyn# kGBR Wu lT zRC btl F_nT lDg YCl
240

byg yxNd dr TMHRT XNdS tgLL yxNd dr TMHRcWN k=rsT ygR wC bM ybzT bGBR S Y ys mN XNlcWM GLI nW ngR GN wd hlt dr TMHRT tUGrW bl S ys wCM Yl yxNd dr TMHRcWN =RsW wd hlt dr YUg kGBR Wu l y SLC xGtW ysM Yl YLqNM bdT kGBR Wu ysT q_cW Xy=mr XNdD GLI nW YHNn :DL bgR kGBR Wu l zRC XNS lDrGM mqM YL GNbCN# xCN# mlSt nCN# ZQt yB stCN wzt. bsLN btl ygR DRJC tC tq_rW XNs kDrG gR# yxR xdN Xy=mr yD yqC yxgLGlC FT bT S Y yts ycW xnSt DRJC XNq DrG YCL YHNn lgZ kSLW bt= yBDR xgLGlT GT YgcL yGBR LT XNQSsW yf_rWN Mc hn x kmqM x* lW TkrT ysW gY yxR xdN MRC XsT bm=mR S Y mtF nW MRcN l>u lTNSRT bmC x*N yG yzUjT S bzh KLL llL yCL nW bTN> tC ls yCl yxGPssNG SCM Yl XnzHN SC bD rgD nWN mwT ygcW yHBrT S HbT cW XnzH tC bHBrT S HbTM
Tem T>>e` 241

Tem T>>e`

n bGL lBC s kGBR Wu yn t= yS :DL mFcW yYqR nW XnzHN XnzHN ymsl SLC bmqM nW kGBR Wu lT zRC kwh mkR mST jMrW bdT w mwT yClT

9.3. ygR ktC TSSRN kR#


yGBR LT kGBR Wu ln zRC mST xStI ydRgW bg B xYdlM YLqNM W xStI bktC bdrgW ynzH zRC LT nW W yxG PssNG S ysW bgC YN bktC nW c yGBYT# yYNS xgLGlT yTNSRT xgLGlT :kT ln yClT ktC cW ktC ygRN yGBRN LT bq dr gLgL mmgB bClbT x*N mdjT YRcL btmY mLk ktC kgR LT yq _QM lGT# bgR Lt Xytmgb bx ldG bSCcW x*N mdjT xlcW yxktM SRxCN bXQD ym YHNn lDrG ySCL mN YgL ktC ygR LTN lgLgL bzhM lmqM mLN :kL bDrG XNs mdrG xlbT lgR LT lsT bClT xgLGlT kzh lmqM cW xQM msrT dr w_cW ytlTN ngC lT ySCcW yLT XQD w_cW mNqqS xlcW ktC YHNn S bBT ks q _
Tem T>>e` 242

Xy=mr lD ygR wT yS :DL Xyf Yl yg wT kt gB kGBR Wu yn S mST YCL kgR Yw bxbW s l gb xG kGBR Wu l MRCN Xmrt l_ yCLbT :DLM gL SlnM bq_ btz mNgD bgR kGBR Wu yn zRC XNS bR lkFt YCl kGBR Wu yn yx zRC bgR SlSbT hn xY xQC xNN MlCN lSqm_ tKL ZRZc bdT Xytf Xyb y cW W ngR XnzHN zRC dG ygR LT STtJCN yYnL xL mnN tgNZ lzh S bqE TkrT mST nW

Tem T>>e`

243

KFL ST ygR LT xmR


ytStkl ygR LT x# ygR LT :Y mZ# YHNN lmf{M yr ytStkl STtJC lsC mNdF fN qYnT lW ygR LTN lrUg_ MN HL qLF XNdn ykKR xYdlM XnzH bllbT yD yLT g xYNN =F bb lmNqqS kmkR ytly xYNM WtM tkSK kmWdQ Wu l lN xYCLM YhN yflgW _T lW x# STtJ# ls wzt. bRM btGR Y Ll sY Y l m nW t=u WT yllW kNt ngR nW ynW lsCN STtJCN lSf{M BT lW xf{M# BT lW xmR SfLUL bmnM ygR LT mW yxmR BT Y nW BT lW xmR l yx# ySTtJ yls gY yt bmn fN qYnT lW ygR LT YL BT lW xmR kll fN qYnT lW ygR LT Bl ngR ylM kzH bmnT nW IhN yng m ynWN yxmR _q bmsS yMN=W

mwsn tgb nW YhN yHZb tT bgR LT S Y yq mN xlbT SNL sN mtN ym=r x xDR bmWsD xYdlM HZb bgR LT S Y bsW mtF xlbT SNL kzH Wu ygR LT S bF{M lNqqS SlYCL xu yllW gY Sln nW qdM sL XNdtgl{W ygR LT XNQSsCN :kl GBR nW GBRCN dG bxR xd xnT btbs Y bdW yGBR S Y ytmsrt nW bl xnUgR ygR LT XNQSsCN xR xd byW bdRgW XNQSs Y ytmsrt nW yMSqMcW lsC STtJC# yMqRcW ytKl kC yMcW SLC wzt. dW dW yRT bxR xd Tk# bxR xd Y nW yng rg bW Y XnzH lsC xQRC wzt. mFscW bflgW x*N tGE mcW nW xR xd yqrblTN xC bs Y bs gLbT tGE ldRUcW Ll# xR xd ynzHN xSfgnT nT xM tqBl XnsN tGE lDrG lT tqN Ls ym ygR LT ylM yxR xd tT w nW SNL bQD xR xd yqrblTN yLT S xC mRM xM tqBl bW Y lT tqN bmST tGE drUcW bStqR fN yGBR LT BlM fN
Tem T>>e` 245

1. yHZB KsE tT ygR LT# 1.1. yHZB tT xSfgnT#


yHZB tT bs tfg _ ngR nW lbWM lKWM HZb s bgc Y tmK
Tem T>>e` 244

ygR LT xYRM lCN nW yxR xd W ytT mLK bs Y bs gz bmcW x*N ydW yLT XNQSs nW bRG_ xR xd kW WuM bgR LT S Y mtF xlbT ngR GN w tT kW Wu lW xYdlM w tT bW Y lW# yGBR LT XNQSsc hl rg ynW YW bW Y ydRgW tT nW xR xd bgR LT S Y ydRgW w tT bW Y ydW yLT XNQSs nW sL kzH Wu yrW tT qL GMT ysW nW lT xYdlM bxR xd bT z yflgW xYnT XDgT bm bxbW ymsrtLT xgLGlT# yGBYT SRxT wzt. kll yTM ldRS xYCLM kzHM bY XnzH xgLGlC bllbT hn xR xd bW bbt ydRgW yLT S rJM RqT lD yCL xYNM SlnM xR xd kW kbt Wu bgR LT Y bsW mt xu yllW ngR nW ymsrt LT xgLGlCN bgRM n bkt yT nT bmsrt ymNGST nW YhN mNGST lW ygNzB xQM bM WsN nW bmNGST jT gNzB ygR msrt-LT XSlN BlN ktnN fN ygR LT yMNlW gY kmT Wu l :DL xYrWM kzH UR tY yyW xBW ygR ymsrt-LT S bHW bxBW bsW
Tem T>>e` 246

gLbT yxbWN BT bNqqS lf{M yCL nW gLbt ytf_ Bt lWM bxbW HZB XJ nW YHNN bStbR bNqqS ymsrt-LT xgLGlt bkFt dr lN YCL YLqNM GBRN gRN :kL drg yLT STtJ mktL xlBN yMNlW l Bz ygNzB wu yHZbN gLbT bStbR btF yq LT GT ylW bgR bGBR S bmn nW HZb bgLbt btf_ Bt bGBR S ymsrt-LT xgLGlTN bST rgD bsW Lttf bStqR STtJWM ls xYCLM# ygR LTM lN xYCLM ytflgW LT lm yClW xR xd bW bW yGBR LTN lqF nWN lL srrB nW ytflgW LT lrUg_ yClW kzH bt= xR xd gLbtN yxbWN ytf_ BT xStB lxbW LT bsW L sCL nW mNGST lWN WsN ygNzB xQM bgR LTN brUG_ x*N lWlW yClW YHN bHZb msT lbTN S bmtT xYdlM mNGST LtN kN x* lW WsN gNzB yq xStI DrG yClW YHNn yHZbN _rT ybl WT bm x*N sdGF nW lxR xd yt ytKnK MKR xgLGlT ss_# YHN lDrG ySCL BT lW mQR szrU gNzbN bzH S Y sWL nW HZBN lLT bBT sStBR# YHN DrG yCL mQR szrU WsN gNzbN bzH S Y sWL nW bHZb xQM ls yYClTN ngR GN ygN
Tem T>>e` 247

LT lqF qLF ywtTN SC ss# qCN sdFN lWN WsN ygNzB xQM lzh S sWL nW ygR mNgD ymqyS# SWN yStBR BT lW xQM ymFR ysT S ymNGST nW lgR mNgD S ySfLg kxR xd xQM bY yn qqCN yQrB S ymNGST nW SWN lmST ySfLG gLbT yQrB# kts b mNgN ymgN ymNkkB S GN yHZb mN xlbT yTMHRT bT xStCN sLN mmdB ymNGST S nW yTMHRT qqCN QrBM ymNGST nT nW TMHRT bCN bmgNT# bmgN bmlT GN HZbM bgLbt bl mLk mtF mL xlbT xNND xbC XN=T lQmW sBSbW bm_ ygTN gNzB gLbcWN =MrW# mNGST R gZcW TMHRT bT ysbT hn xl HZb bSW LtF l lW kFt yf Cl ktqsW Ml ybL Bz ytl xCN MT YCL W ngR msrt-LT ylW HZb bsW stF mNGsT bHZb lfn yCYl qCN bmDfN sNqqS# bhlt ytqj XNQSs B mnN mgNzb Y nW HZb bnnT bW bW kz q_l bxbW b yLT SC Y bsW Lttf bStqR fN ygR LT Bl ngR ylM lT xND gY nW tTWN lrUg_ MN mdrG xlbT
Tem T>>e` 248

ylWN bTKKL mmlS dG lW gY nW xR xd bW# bW lT tqN XNs# yqRblTN yLT kC XNfIM nW Xytflg lW YHNn S xR xd xMbT LsW bStqR t_ bTXZ sT bF{M ysB xYdlM q__ YkR XN* bL yxR xdN HL q_R lW t mmdB lYQ yCL bF{M yYN ngR nW BcW xu xR xd s xM bs tn>nT XNNqqS DrG nW bxbW b SC Y xR xd XNtF lDrG bTXZ bmm mkR YL bzH mLk ls yCL xNCM ngR ylM lTM xYLM YhN YH yMNfLgWN fN LT lrUG_ xYCLM xR xd yf ClWN bsW bmqM nW mST lbT xR xd lWN gLbT yxb BT x mqM nW lbT YH dG bXMnT bFT Ln bStqR bl bNWM mNgD lrUg_ xYCLM yHZB tT bMNLbT wQT bXMnT bFT Y ytmsrt tTN lCN B nW lN yClW HZb bXMnT XNtF ktflg bqrblT xC Y bsW mwyT mkkR mL xlbT GLI LnlT gC Y x BC GT xlbT ytl ycW xC lM QrB mkkR mL xlbT kzH bM YQmL Bl yMNbTN B mR ymwsN ymf{M mBT GT xlbT bl xnUgR bt KsE xsR Y ytmsrt tT mN xlbT Ks bllbT
Tem T>>e` 249

fN ygR LTN lrUG_ yCL yHZB tT xYRM SlnM nW Ks b hn DHnTN qRnTN lmUT ySClN qLF m nW yMNlW SlnM nW yHZB tT SNL KsE yHZB tT lCN B ynW fN ygR LTN lrUg_ w ngR HZbN bKsE x*N xM bzh yLT S Y XNtF DrG nW# ymNGST bzH yYfnTN qC mfN B YL SNL bgR LT xmR Y yrWN w M SqmCN uMR nW bxbW l ymNGST xmR xT bHZb yYfnT qCN lmDfN ySCL S ymST BT# YHN lDrG ySCL mQR wzt. lcW YgL ngR GN XnzH SC TRgM ycW bHZb s tT Y ytmsrt XNdn nW HZb bsW bYtFbT hn qCN LDfN Bl mNqqS q bRLN lmT kmkR ytly xYNM SlnM qCN lmDfN kmNqqS bT kz bY HZbN bKE x*N lLT NqqS SfLUL ygR LT xmR nW S yBt nW mmzM YW nW YHN lDrG yCL xmR lbT fN ygR LT YL# XNdzH xYnT xmR bllbT yflgW ngR bqRB yt fN ygR LT PGM lR xYCLM xR xd xM XNNqqS lDrG bQD mT ygW ngR yxR xdN _QM bq dr
Tem T>>e` 250

lSkBR yCL yLT xu QrB nW yxR xdN _QM bq dr ySkBR xu Y xR xdN mN bF{M ysB xYdlM ngR GN yxR xdN _QM ySBQ xu Y mQrB BWN bqE xYdlM yqrbW xu kllC xC hl bq dr yxR xdN _QM ySkBR XNdn bZRZR SrT SfLUL xR xd _ xu mnN tqBlM bN tGE lN yCL ngR mnN ktr tGE ldRgW xYCLM SlnM yxR xdN _QM ySBQ B YN tGE lN yCL xu mnN YHNn XNT tGE DrG XNdL bZRZR SrT SfLUL YHNn ySrT XNQSs btl xC btl mNgC xN YN dUG mST YYL ygR LT xmR BT xN mmz YHN ymslWN BT lW tkY tdUU ySrT S bBT lmST mL nW ySrtN S kY btqsW mLk Sf{M yHZB tTN lrUg_ xND qLF S nW ngR GN YH ySW mjm XN m=r xYdlM xR xd yHYwtN xQ bmsrt bqYR S Y bWYYT bB bgW B Y B tmSR bBT xYtFbTM N xu btGR mft> mL xlbT btGR fT ys yQM mnN rUg_ mL xlbT yHZB KsE tTN bmlkT lW n CGR yxmR BT yYqWM ngR YW nW xR xd btGR
Tem T>>e` 251

rUg bStqR wdxS xQ xYgM xR xd btGR Ltmlkt bStqR yflgW xQ yYf{M kn ymjmWN tGR N YGbT ylWN _q mmlS SfLUL xR xdN lmN ySfLgW yxR xd t=u LMD kyT YM nW w _q YHNN lmFT ytl SLC l YCl# GN j yn GNR qdM xR xdCN mFR# XnzH SWN bt mLk XNfIT DrG# YHN yt F xR xd bsW XNyW# XNfTW# XNrW kzHM tnS sM XNktlW yDrG gY nW j yn xR xdC bWYYT dT ngN bg bmgNzcW lmkR ZG bmcW yl xR xdC sn bJm SW Y lmtF ytl Tg ts_acW ngN bLnT lmjmR ZG yn xR xdC wYM mNdC ln YCl lmNGST cW ltEE DUF QRbT ynsM ln YCl mncW MNM YhN MN XnzHN b_Nq mR yt DUF s_ SWN b mLk XNfI DrG# xR xdN btl xS xQ lmMT ySClN qLF RM nW XNdnzH xYnT sCN wYM mNdCN xfL# TgCN s_ xNQQ yt S XNs ktdrg b ysW S HZbN lmN ym=rW w RM nW HZb GNR qdM ynT sC S MN
Tem T>>e` 252

XNdn# MN WT XNSg# SW XNT XNdts# lMN yt WT XNSg bxYn tmLK# bBC bmGlC xrUG xM lS msT XNCL _rT mdrG xlbT YHN lDrG HZb bxYn yYbT# SWN ksT sC mNdC wzt. B mGl ygbT hn mmcT xlbT bnzH Y tmSR ytqmWN xu TKKlnT tGE lmN ymlN :DL bDU lSrT s _rT mdrG xlbT bzH dT klf bM hlM xR xdC bSW Y XkL XMnT qRnT YcW YCL qL q_R ylcW xR xdC XSkn_RcW lgbbT YCl# llc xhNM kR nW rUg_ lfLg YCl HZbN mD kfLgW RqT bY mGT k_Q gt SlmZN hlM mmD bCLbT F_nT XNmD XDL mST SfLUL bys F_nT ktmd b ytgWN WT msrT bDrG f_nW ytm xQWN bt mLk tGE drgt bYbL_ XNdtq yT# YHNn msrT bDrG bDU ymnN S mST SfLUL xR xdc bmsrE gC Y bzH mLk XMnT kz knzH bmnT msT lcW ZRZR gC Y bql mN YL xmR bscW KFL Y cW XMnT BM rJM RqT l YCl W ngR ynW kY btzrzrW x*N bmsrE gC Y xmlkcWN XNStKl bmsrE xQC Y XMnT
Tem T>>e` 253

XNcW yDrG gY nW YHNN lDrG ySCL yxmR BT yrUg_ gY nW kz b yxR xd ymtF FT ytrUgbT hn SlfR yqrW gY YHNn bStbR bWsN xQM yq yS WT ySgT BT lW yxmR BT yrUg_ gY nW XNdlW yLT S hl bgR LTM ywt TWLD w nW ygR LT SCN bxBW ysW gLbTN bmqM yf{M nW ywT TWLD kFt yS gLbT bgR LT Y bbqE hn mst w nW W YL ywT gLbT SlnM YHN xQM NqqS w mn yGD nW yGBR tKlCN bR_ yXDgT XNQSs WS_ XNg ytr xR xdR SfLUL s yTMHRT :DL lW wt kmn UR tY yqY tKl XDgT gR LT msrTM YW KFL kmN Wu l lN xYCLM yGL# ybT yxb N{HN kL# yxR xdN xR lmlw_ zmE lDrG# mWN HBrtsB NqqS ySfLG bNM llw QRB ynW wt btlYM yTMHRT :DL gW wT nW b_Ql wt N bsW yTF yNqQS ygR LT S qYnT lW fN lN xYCLM wt ygR LT# yxR xd HL xR yL XNQSsW GNR qdM tY w YL mN YCL# mNM xlbT lT wtN YHNN
Tem T>>e` 254

bBT XNwT SL hlT ytl ngC cW wt bgR LT Y mwT ygWN XNwT lDrG ytqj _rT mdrG xlbT bxR xd xQM GN z ncW n_C YHN S lSf{M ySCl cW wt ygR TWLD bNS yxNd dr TMHRT XNg# bzH dr ysW TMHRT bgR bGBR LT S Y lmsT yCL yfLG mLM xMC zUN yf_R XNN# bzH Y tmSR btl y zRC btlYM bGBR zRF XNsl_N# kSLW UR yD ytKl kJ XNqRBlT# bzh lmqM ySClW yYNS xgLGlT XNg wzt. XnzH tLtW tqJtW XNqRb DrG wt WN bxGb XNw lDrG ySClN RMC cW wt bGBR bgR LT Y mwT ygWN XNwT ySClT SC bxY ygR LT S SR sf{# XnzH SC mWN xR xdR yFn bnM TkrcW bwt Y XNdN b tdR wtN kBT kNqqS x* XN sdrG Wt llY YCL bmnM XnzH SC kxY ygR LT S x* B YN bnT wt bgR LT Y mwT ygWN XNwT kSL kBT x* Xy yf{ mN xlcW wt bgR LT Y mwT ygWN XNwT ySClWN xQM mgNT qLF S
Tem T>>e` 255

bNM YH B wtN bBT NqqS ySCL xYNM wt btdj x*N lmBT l_Q mNqqS ySClW DRJT SfLgL ywC HbT mFR# mkR wtN bgR LT Y bBT tFN bmlkT yq ycWM bzH MKNT nW wt bgR LT Y ymwsN XQD yIdQ ySf{M SLN cW ymNGST xT btlYM bqbl MKR bC bBT ywkLbT SRxT mM bM xSfg YL ywC HbT XNdllC yBzN HbT hl mdjT mkR lcW yxcWN mBT _QM lSkbR nW kzH Wu ydJ HbR _NM n qYnT lrW xYCLM ywt mBT _QM ykbrW qdM sL ygR LT STtJ tGE sN nW YH bllbT ywt mBTM n _QM lkbR SlYCL ywT HbT wt bzh S Y bsW XNtF djT NqqS mL xlcW wt bgR fN qYnT lW LT kMTM gR# bzh Y tmSR kLt bq dr t mN xlbT slnM Hbt wt bLT S Y bsW XNtF kDrG N bN kmW LT bq dr t XNN wtN xStBrW mgL mL xlcW YHN lDrG ywT HbT bhlM drC btlYM bqbl dr mfR mkR xlcW XNdllC yBzN HbT hl DRJE nncW
Tem T>>e` 256

mbQ xlbT wt yLT xQN lL bTMHRT SL# b xbQ# btKl yYNS xgLGlT Y bsW XNtF xStBrW NqqS xlcW bnzH gC z wt yU_T CGC XNQC Y bsW Xytw wt tB s lf yClWN xStB XNf bDrG# bwt lft yYClTN lmlktW xL qRbW XNft wtN xStBrW mgL YgcL ywtN ymT CGR mFTM Y yq gNb mwT xlcW wt bqbl MKR bC bxmR xT bBT XNwkL GNR qdM XNwT StBRM YgcL ygR LTN lN# yHZbN tT lrUg_ ydrgW XNQSs ymWN ygR HZB mBT _QM yrUG_ XNdN XN nW kg HZB G> ynT sC cW sCM kzh XNQSs tC cW YLqNM ygR sCN mBT _QM bq dr rUg_ ylW kY ytqsW xQ yHZB tT XWN sN B nW YH xQ tGE LnbT hn ygR sCN mBT _QM lSkbR ydrG k xNDM Y yllW yHnT# xlM bgR sC mBT _QM mngD nW ynW YhN ygR sC mBT _QM yrUgW mW ygR HZB btqsW xQ sNqqS nW bL sC bzh KLL tTcWN XNK# kgW ygR LT yq _QM XNg lDrG bsC Y tr lyT l XNQSs
Tem T>>e` 257

xSfLGM wYM mdrG ylbTM lT xYdlM YLqNM btqmW xQ ymW HZB tT tGR WS_ ysCN tT _QM lrUg_ bsC Y tr lyT l XNQSs Ltdrg bStqR sC ktqmW xQ GT ygcWN _QM lg xYClM SlnM bsC tT Y kF sL ytqsWN ytStkl :Y Y bsW mNqqS bM xSfg YL sC bgR LT Y cWN tT lkR ydrgW XNQSs yHBrtsb G> xL ynTN wgC mBT _QM bYbL_ lrUg_ sL mdrG lbT gY nW ngR GN ysCN tT lLbT ydrgW XNQSs BcW MKNt YH xYdlM sC bdW ygR LT XNQSs bsW Ltt kzhM bq dr XNq Ltdrg bStqR ygR LT xQCN bNS G k_QM Wu YL# bxNND yLT zRCM kG> XJG yqW yLT xQCN k_QM Wu YL kG> ybLWN yLT xQM k_QM Wu bDrG fN qYnT lW ygR LT rUg_ lsB XNdYCL mgmT xUC xYdlM sC bgR Lt zRF cWN tT lrUg_ ynsM yLT xQM bkFt dr m=mR xlbT bTMHRT kwNC UR XkL tT XNcW lDrG lyT l _rT mdrG xlbT YHN btmlkt bbR yxgCN xbC ysCN
Tem T>>e` 258

yTMHRT tT ygt SR ysd qR HlC XNl GMT WS_ bSgT lyT l XNQSs Ltdrg bStqR yflgW WT lg xYCLM bRG_ sC bTMHRT XNdwNC bXkLnT mtF xlcW SNL tMrW# sL_nW bGBRM n bllC SC XNdwNC hl tsRtW cWN QmW yxgCNN LT bkFt dr Kl# XNdwNC hl yzGnT mBcWN bxGb lqbT YCl bL nW YhN ysC TMHRT kzH bt=M _QM xlW SlnM MNM XN* wNC sC XkL ymR mBT lcW YgL lt TKKl tgb bNM bNS bxNd dr kwNC TMHRT YLQ ysC TMHRT lLT yq tfgnT xlW lT YL sC tMrW sL_nW wNC btscW yS mSC hl ls SlCl SlgcW bXkLnT mtcW tgb nW bt=M sC bNS yxNd dr TMHRcWN XNQq DrG lXD UBN bmqnS# ybtsB MnN bL ywNC TMHRT lHBrtsb kSgW bY _QM SgL bt=M btlYM b HBrtsB lNbT yXDgT dr sC n ybT WS_ S tC yLC xgC mcW xYqRM YH hn tgb xYdlM Bl mkkR yL bNM nE XWnW YH mn yYbL Q nW yt XC ybtsB NIHN N bmNkkB# yHT TMHRTN bkFt dr bbT WS_ bmdgF ywNC TMHRT ySgWN t= _QM Sgl
Tem T>>e` 259

ysC TMHRT bNS bxNd dr kwNC TMHRTM yq LE q tfgnT xlW sL lzHM MKNT ynT ngC sqm W n_B sC bNS bXkLnT ymR :DL GT XNlcW SmR nW xhN lW yt tT bXkLnT mtt lsC sL B YN lfN yxgt LT sLM bx mStkL mdrG XNlbT# lzh sL qR HlCN NKrN bmM ysC yTMHRT tT kwNC UR XkL wdNbT dr DrS XNlBN lmLkT nW bbT WS_ yt sC ymcW t= q ssmRbT sC tMrW lbT S B m=T xlcW lTM xYdlM YLqNM YHNn qR xmlkT tGtN sC bGBRM n bl yLT zRF XkL t*T XNcW DrG LLN bStqR yTMHRt WT ZQt XNdN GLI nW bzH zRF ydRgTN xStI kwNC XkL Xbrkt bzH Y t= xStI bbT WS_ brKl lT nW sC kwNC UR XkL yTMHRT tT XNcW DrG xN gY ysW TMHRT qdM sL XNdtqsW b>N ymkkL# yxb# ybT yGL NIHN mbQM y=MR sN bzH TMHRT wNcM t Yl# sc bcW t kmN xLfW bQ btsBN m_qM YCl yxNd dr TMHRcWN XNd=rsM sc bGBRM n kGBR Wu l C ysLNM n wdq_lW yTMHRT XRkN ymtlF XkL XDL
Tem T>>e` 260

lscW YgL btlYM yxNd dr TMHRT ktqq b bs y SLC WS_ kGBR Wu bsT SLC QD lsC mST TKKl tgb YL bgR ySW y _b xgLGlT bmkkL bmsrt- xgLGlT Y tr XNdN qdM sL tgLL ymkkL ymsrt- xgLGlT bbtsB bT NIH XNKBb Y tM yYqR YL YH S wNCN yFN bNM bnnT bXC bHT Y tR YRbL ymkkL ymsrt- xgLGlT bXC HT NnT Y tR xlbT yMNlW ylW sW HYwT NnT kns ns U xlW lT xYdlM yXC yHT XNKBb sL# XC kzH x* mwT yClTN bt mNgD swt ymWN btsB BlM ymWN HBrtsB NnT lSbQ ySCL w RM XNdwsD lSqm_ nW bmnM ymsrt ymkkL SCN XCN HTN :kL drg XnsN bsW yTF QT Y mZ YRbL ysC mR kzHM x* kFt Y YrL ysCN yMrT xQM yLbT S tsR bMRT LT tGR Y bsW ytbT hn Ltfr bStqR yflgWN WT xSgM SlnM sC bLT tGR Y bsW XNt lDrG kzH x* lTN qR xStsC bqYnT mgL SfLUL kzH bt= ybT WS_ SN
Tem T>>e` 261

llL ySCl RMC mwsD xlcW wNC bNS btwsnT ybT WS_ SC Y XNt brT xSfg nW YhN lN xE qRnT yHL tIX YH _rT lD yCLbT RqT ys WsNnT xlW SW bxBW bsC N Y r xYqRM SlnM SWN llL s _rT mdrG xlbT ym_ W xQRT lbT QRB XNN bDrG# yg XN=T xQRT xqMN bL# wF bCN bST bnzH SC llC ybtsB xTM XNt bbrT ysCN KM klL x* rJM RqT mD YL YHNN ybT SCN KM ylL msrE xQ bmktL llC bR SCN mST XnzHN bqYnT Xl mD YL# YgLM ysCN LE xStI lkR sCN b SLC Y tF btlYM kGBR Wu bdrg SLC QD kmST gR bslnbT lmsT ySCcW ytm hn mFRM SfLUL bGBR zRF cW ybT S KM UR btz bq dr lt yClT b z# bXNsT BT LT (lMl y# yNB Rb) zRF Sln bzH Y TkrT mST yBDR xgLGlT Y btl mN QD mST SfLUL kGBR Wu bdrgT SLC lslnT sC bNS bmNGST S QD mSTM tgb nW cWN ClW bqcW tC yBDR yMKR xgLGlT mSTM bM xSfg YL
Tem T>>e` 262

kzH UR tY myT lbT gY NBrT yFT mBTN ymlktW nW bxNND xbC ygR sC kwNC UR XkL bmT ymqM mBT cW sN bllC xbC GN lW kFt yHL tIX UR tY YH tGE xLnM YHN lDrG mTN XNdg kfL xYYQM xR xd XytqmbT lW mT ywNDyW B YN ysCM uMR mnN bHG brUg_ mT YkfL lrUg_ yCL yXkLnT mBT nW YhN YH bTXZ bmm lf{M yCL wYM mf{M lbT ngR xYdlM kxbW HL mlw_ UR tY HbE qWS bYf_R x*N HZb tqBlT mf{M lbT nW HZb XzH dr Y YdRS bSm XkLnT bq lmf{M bkR lLTM n lsC XkLnT ySgW xNCM t=u Y ylM YH XNdtbq sC BDR bgbT# bcW btscW BDR bt=u yLT XNQSs btbT wQT ylbTnT mBcWN bt hn rUg_ XJG tfg YL kzH Wu sC kLt mqM bgcW dr lq xYClM sC bgR LT WS_ bsW XNt lDrG ltEE tTcWN kR SfLUL bqbl MKR bC btl tC (lMl bW t C) bbqE hn XNt ytl SLCN bmqM mNqqS YgL ngR GN XzH Y lsmRbT yg xND gY xl wNC bzH gY Y dr bdr xmlkcW XNStkL lDrG s _rT
Tem T>>e` 263

Ltdrg bStqR xStdE SLCN bmqM ysCN tT lkR lkD yClW RqT bM WsN nW SlnM bnnT HBrtsb bxY SlsC ltEE tT lWN xmlkT lL bmrrB kzh N lN dG ysC tTN lK yCl xStdE RMCN bmWsD tTcWN lLbT mNqqS SfLUL sC bLTM n bltE bq dr XNt# kzhM bq dr XNq lDrG byqblW yd ysC HbT L yq lwt YCl bnzH HbT xnT sC bLT S Y lmtF ySCcW MKR# BDR yLMD LWW_ DUF lg YCl bnzH HbT xnT ybT SCN blL# ybtsB XNKBbN NnTN lL qY TMHRT yMKR xgLGlT# s yLMD LWW_ XNg DrG YL bnzH HbT xnT sC bLtM n bltEE tT rgD yU_cWN CGC bsW mwyT tdUGfW XNfacW DrG YL bgR y yBzN HbT# btlYM tM yqY ygR LCN n xNq> tR YL BlN yMNgMtWN wT yQT ywC HbT L GMT lscW yg cW YhN xhN lbTN yXDgT dr GMT WS_ bSgT sC bgR LT Y cWN L msrT bDrG ysC HbTN# btlYM lgR sC QRB ynTN yqbl
Tem T>>e` 264

ysC HbTN kR kllC yBzN HbT kR SM bY TkrT y ngR nW HZb ytFcW mDrC bxY mkcW L GMT yYQ Sln YHNN gY XNdktlW zRzR xDR mmLkT SfLUL

1.2. yHZBN ytT mDrC bxGb mqM#


HZbN bq dr xStB lNqqS ylW btdj x*N mST ktl B nW HZb bBzN HbT ktdj# bnzH HbT mDrKnT lxR xd BC glC wzt. mST YL bnzH mDrC xYnT HZb bn mwyT# mkkR# ymSlWN tqBl# yYmSlWN y_LbT hn mFR YL s yLMD LWW_ mDrC XNn bDrG HZb kt=u LMD tnS ytqmWN xQ TKKlnT bl LB XNMNbT mStkL lcW nW ytg lM XnsN lStkL YCL bnzH mDrC xnT HZb lzh x tB XNn DrG YHN ymlkt WnC XNwSN DrG YL XnzHN mDrC bxStnT bmqM HZb gLbtN xqJ bLT XNtF wYM byW bW ysWN S XNStBR DrG YL SlnM HZbN ymN mnM b yStbR S bxND mLk BzN HbTN ykR# n KsE yHZB mDrC XNn yDrG# yxmcWN nnT BT ydG nncWN
Tem T>>e` 265

BqW HZbN bStbR S Y XNt ybrT yStbR S nW lT YL ngR GN yBzN HbT yHZb Bc mDrC xYdlM# lnM xYClM yqbl MKR bC xStdCM yHZb q_t mDrC cW# mNM YgcL btlYM yqbl MKR bC btl mN yHZbN q_t tT yrUG mN xlcW lzHM sL yMKR bt xT q_R bR XNN DrG ymjmW RM nW bzH mLk bqblW lT xwC WS_ kFt GMT ysW q_R bq_ bMKR bt t XNN DrG YL WKLWN ytl yHBrtsB KFlC btgbW mN XNt lDrG bSCL x*N mQrIM YL yqbl MKR bC bqblW WS_ ysWN yLT S bmwsN rgD yq tT lcW YgL yLt n YL yqblW ysW gLbT nW mNGST ysW DUF YHNn msrT bDrG qCN ymDfN S nW SlnM yqbl MKR bT bLT SC Y ymwsN SLN YsW sL bnnT bs gLbT xqM Y YwSN lT nW YHNN Wn kqblW HZB q_t twc Wu NWM l xL lwSnW xYgM# LwSN bLM bt x*N lfImW yCL xYNM qblW XnzHN yqbl LT WnC bwSNbT wQT ytStklWN ygR LT xQ msrT drg# YHNn kqblW t=u hn UR bgzB tGE
Tem T>>e` 266

lDrG ySCL mNgD ytktl mN xlbT YHN lDrG ylW yqblW MKR bT xT bt mNgD mnbT ytgnzbT XNdn B nW XnzH xT mnbT HZb yqbcW ykBcW mC Sln Wn kmwsN xLfW GNR qdM nW lmf{M# HZbN lStbR Ml bmN lmMT YCl SlnM yqbl MKR bT ySBs mDrC XnzH ngC bsW bqYnT ymkRcW mN YgcL WnCM bt KsE x*N ywsn mN YRcL bxY yMKR bt xT# btlY dG bHBrtsb zND yq tsnT cW yMKR bT xT xQWN bdNB wqT# mnbT# bcW bcW GNR qdM nW yfIT XNn HZbN bStbR bsW S Y GNR qdM tY XNn lDrG _rT mdrG xlbT yqbl MKR bT mDrC klWM yq GMT lscW ygW bqblW HZB tqYnT cW Bz sC yssbbT mDrK bmn B xYdlM HZbN wKlW ymwsN SLN cW sC ytssbbT mDrK Sln uMR XN bmnM MNM XN*N yBzN HbT mDrCNM XNd TLQ mDrK mWsD yg bNM mNGST kdW ygR LT S x* hZbN bmN xStB bNqqS rgD wc mDrC yqbl MKR bT mDrC cW ymn SM bMKR bT xT Y nr mN xlbT yMKR bt xT mnbT bM bcW
Tem T>>e` 267

HUE Wn XNKT B YN# yHZb xStC nW XNNqqs kzM gR bwnT cW bycWM n bU SC GNR qdM f n XNsl DrG Y nW tR lbT HZbN bnnT bqbl MKR bC xnT mN# StbR mMT sLM YH nW yqbl MKR bC q_R MNM HL b=MR mWN yqblWN xw yTF xYNM kqbl MKR bT bmlS bymNd by wzt. l xwC yssbbT mDrKM lR YCL XnzH SBSC bqblW MKR bT SR nW yqblWN MKR bT Wn msrT bDrG yLT SWN by bymNd bStbR S Y kFt xSt{ lbrKt YCl kqbl MKR bC q_l XnzHN bmDrKnT mqM xscWN bygzW L YL# YgLM yqbl MKR bC yxbWN LT bmlkT ymwsN SLN lcW YgL sL bnnT yxbWN HZB gLbT ytf_ BT ymlkT Wn mn xYqRM YhN mNGST qCN kmfN yLFM bN byqblW lsW yLT S ytwsn gNzB mmdb xYqRM xgLGlC lmST kwW mdb wu bt= ytwsn yLT wu m xYqRM YH WsN ygNzB xQM mc bMN S Y XNdWL ymwsN SLN XN*N qblC wrCM ycWM YH xD tgb xYdlM bdT mNGST lywrW LT yWlWN
Tem T>>e` 268

jT lwrc s_# bxY mm SR nW wrC xqN XNwSn# wrC bfNcW lqblC ymdbWN yLT gNZb b_Ql kxY mm UR lqbl MKR bC s_tW yqbl MKR bc yqblWN gLbT# NBrT kmNGST ytsWN gNzB bmR bMN S Y L XNlcW XNwSn DrG YgL yxBW yLT YL lbT ynW yqbl MKR bT q mf ynWN gNzB lZbT xYCLM lT tgb xYNM SlnM dr bdr xhN lW xsR mN wdgW xsR mUgR mL xlBN llL HL HZbN bKsE mNgD xM xStB bsW bgR LT S Y XNtF DrG W yxf{M xQCN YL ygR LT xmR BT nW mmzM YW nW HZbN lmN xStB lmMT s yWYYT ySrT S mST# HZb kt=u LMD Xytn yxQWN TKKlnT XNr DrG SfLUL YHN lDrG ySCl ytl SLC TgCN mqM bqbl nC mkL# bwr nC mkL kzM bY s yLMD LWW_ ymR mDrC XN DrG SfLUL HZbN xM xStB lmMT YHN lDrG ySCl BT cW yWYYT yWn sWN yStbR S yscW mDrC mR YRcL knzH mDrC WS_ kgR LT x* W tdR mwsD lbT yqbl MKR bT xStdR
Tem T>>e` 269

nW bmnM YHN nt N bBT lmwT ySClW H# xsR SLN XNrW DrG SfLUL kzH bt= BzN HbTM nncW KsE HcW tB lzH S kqbl MKR bT q_l b mDrKnT gLgL YCl

bC kHbE xgLGlT x* bQD yqs cW ygR mNgD# ym_ W llCM tC Yl ygR LT S bmsrt bnzH xnT nW ysW# bnzH xnT nW WnW ywsnW yf{mW bmjm dr ygR LT mC XnzH tC XNf ytlT xsR xdrjT XNcW lDrG XNdtc H bq_ wYM btz mNgD mST xlcW kz b bnzH tC ys tC ytc C n yS xUcW mcWN tgNZbW XnzH bLT xQW Y yt GLInT XNcW bg Y yt XMnT YzW bS tn>nT XNNqqs lDrG qY ymN S mST xlcW bzH Y tmSRtW tc XNdHcW bcW xsR yLT XQD XNw mdrG xlbT XQc btl mN ydUg XN XRS bRcW yYU XNn lStbR _rT mdrG xlbT bS xf{M dT CGR sU_M bmgMgM wYM n xT kn XNgmG bbrT gDlCN lwQ _rT DrG xlcW W ngR xmR lT XnzHN tC f_# xK SCN bns xnT mf{M StbR XNdn tgNZ YHNn b_BQ tGE DrG nW

2. qLF ygR LT tCN kR bxGb mqM#


ygR LT SN lmMT# ltEE xmR lmST ymdbT sC _qEC mcW xYqRM hlNM ngR CN XNS BlW bns MNM xYnT S ls xYClM YH xD yHZbN KsE tT lrUg_ ySCLM xYNM kzH bY mc bhlM ygR LT SC Y E BT lcW xYCLM SCN E Bt cW sC xnT lmST lStbR Ll x_Ub S lsM xYCLM bmnM mc qLF ygR LT tCN bmFR# bkR xQ xSY bNqqS Y tr S bmST B nW BT lW xmR mST yClT bgR LT S qLF cW yltE mDrC xl bzH rgD yqbl ywr MKR bC# yBzN HbT bMlnT yqs cW XNd yHBrT S HbT# ygR NC ymsl qLF yx tCM xl ygR TMHRT bC ySL xKStN>N :klC# y kC y
Tem T>>e` 270

Tem T>>e`

271

3. bydrW l ymNGST xTN mlyT DRcWN XNw DrG#


ygR LT S kL mNGST jM XSkqbl mStDR DrS lT xT ytbT s S nW YHN S bflgW dr mf{M ylW bydrW l yxStdR xT kgR LT x* cW MN XNdn bGLI tlY sqm_ nW YH Ln bxND bkL yS mdrB Xytfr gNzB gz YKL xN blW S Y L Xyg# ylWN S lmST Xykr ytzbrq QL_F yllW ngR YL ngR GN XNN XRkN W MN XNdn xW SWN bmST Y XNtkR DrG B bqE xYNM hlM yysN S YS sL hlM ys S MN XNdn WL lT B YN yWqWN ysN S lmST ySCL xQM YrL lT uMR nW bmnM ygR LT xmRN lL mdrG kgcW lWC xN XNN XRkN MN XNds tly XNqm_lT# YHNN lmST ySCL xQM XNrW YHNN msrT xDR hlM yysN S XNs DrG nW YHN msrT bDrG XNN wr lW bF_nT lM _QM Y lWL yCL ytf_ sBxE BT dr Y ytmsrt yxmR xQM lmdBlT YHM xQM xbWN bx lLT bSCL dr BT XNrW mdrG xlbT

bydrW l ymNGST xT yycWN S bBT bmST Y tk SNL tn_lW YS lCN xYdlM yhlM x xND nW YWM fN qYnT lW ygR LTN rUg_ nW XRS bRcW tdUGfW tqJtW Ls bStqR yflgW WT lg xYCLM bmnM ygR LT SCN xmR XNL lDrG byXRkn lT ymNGST xT bmdUgF bQNJT ysbTN hn mFR SfLUL XNN xL yysN S YS BlN Sb tmLsN hlM xT bmdUgF bQNJT YS SNL hlt xlC yU lmSl YCl bRG_M bhlt xlC mkL lW TSSR bg Lt=b bStqR GuT yYqR nW YhN XnzH hlT msrE yxsR mRC yGD yU Yn tSrW y cW yxNdW xL S MN XNdn tlY bqm_bT wQT ysN S bmST lWN ydGFbT SRxT mFR YL tfgW mdUgF yrUgW xN blW S Xyg YzbrQ ysN S bmST xnT XNdGF bDrG nW QNJTN btmlktM xN xL ySqMW XQD q_l lW xL yXQD msrE mn Xyn bgLgL yfR QNJT nW mN lbT XnzHN msrE mRC mn bDrG ygR LT XNQSs ym=rW f bnW yqbl mQR bmjmR xf{ MN mMsL XNlbT Sqm_ YL byqblW ys yLT SCN bl XnzHN
Tem T>>e` 273

Tem T>>e`

272

SC lSf{M HZb bgLbTM n bl mNgD MN xYnT xStI XNddRG ymwsN# HZbN ymN yStbR S bmsrt yqblW MKR bT yqblW xStdR S nW mN lbT qdM sL XNdtqsWM bdT lqblW tBl ymdB yLT bjT lM bMN S Y mL XNlbT ymNGSTN xY mm msrT bDrG mwsN lbT qblW Sln bdT wdzH xsR mGT mL YRBL HZbN knT kStbRM bt= bqblW bLT S Y yts tC ycW nnT xsR XNdtbq lStBcW ygW yqblW mQR nW bxhn wQT byqblW lN xdrjTM n ysW YL xQM YHNN S ls yCL xYdlM bmnM btl F_nT ldrSbT yg GB nW yxbW hnW bfqdW F_nT mN wdzHW xsR mUgR xlBN klT xLfN bxhn wQT bhlM C bzH mLK Yf{M lT xYLM hnW bfqdW mN kwh lStkL ksW S N lN bnnTM YHN lDrG ySCL xQM ymgNT SN bkFt dr N YRBL qblW SWN bsbT wQT ywr xmR DUF GT bwr dr kqmW XQD UR ytz XNN DrG SfLUL qblW ysN S sN Cl mST lbT bNM bqbl LT Y XNDM cW kxQ bY yn SC mcW xYqRM
Tem T>>e` 274

lMl ygR mNgD SN BY mNgN ymqyS xQM byqblW lR xYCLM mNg bxND qbl B yrM xYNM bR qblCN yStSR bqblW lqyS yYCL mNgD sN wrW nW yQy SWN ymNgN YzT mwsN lbT qblW YHNN msrT xDR qblWN bbl yQmW mNg byT sLF XNdn xStytN ls_ YCL kzM bY mNgN bmST rgD yqblW xStI MN XNdN nt N XNT XNdw Sqm_ YRbL ntNM mwT YRbL kts b ymNkkB ymgnN SM sN Cl YsL# YHN btmlkt kwr yqRBlTN xY mm tKnE DUF msrT xDR YNqqL wrW lqblW ytKnK yYNS DUF bmST kqblW xQM bY ynWN S s bmST DUF YsL wrW ywrWN LT btmlkt xY xQC SqML# qblW YHNN msrT xdR YsL ywr xm bwr tf ynTN yLT XQC xY xQC bSqm_ B YwsN kmNGST jT bt= bwrW WS_ kL L yBT MNC yg yLT xQCN StBL bzH rgD xN TkrT lsW yg gY bwr WS_ yg mNGSE Ln DRJCN yLT xQM xqJ lwrW yLT XQD Sf{nT L nW yxgR WS_ yWu mNGSE Ln DRJC cWN BT XWqT bxGb mqM# YHN lT XNL dG mNGSE Ln DRJCN bLT
Tem T>>e` 275

STtJW Y ytStkl GNb XNcW DrG# kzH yLT STtJ yfLqWN ywrWN yLT XQD XNWq T bns bkL lXQ tfnT lbrKtT yClTN xStI lYtW XNqRb DrG# bm=rM bXQ msrT XNNqqs hnWN mcT YgL bzH B YwsNM mNGSE Ln dRJC lwrW LT kllC MNC lsSbT yClTN t= BT bqYnT XNsSb _rT DrG YgL YH XNdtbq ywr xm lW msrE SW qblN bYNS bt K nK gZ# xY mmCN mST kqblW xQM bY ynTN SC mST Sln ys ynWN YHN S YsL ys ynWN S bmST qblWN YdGL# yqblC S bwr dr ksW S UR ytqj XNN dRUL qblWM YHNN DUF xY mm msrT xDR SWN YsL ysN S btqmlT xQ kwr ysWN Xg msrT xDR ss QNJtM DUM YL ygR mNgD SN bMlnT QsN Sqm_nW mRH bhlM SC XRkC ls yCL ygW nW SlnM YHNn kmdUgM kqbl bY lT mQC S MN mN XNlbT bmzRzR Y XNwslN ygR LTN btmlkt nW yxmR xL wr nW yxNd dr TMHRT bCN# yGBR sL xKSt N >N xgLGlT tCN# ygR
Tem T>>e` 276

ym_ W mNgD SCN wzt. bbYnT mMT StbR lbT YW mQR nW kY btqsW mRH msrT qblCN mMT mdgF StbR lbTM wrW nW kbY xT bdrGlT DUF yqbl xmCN mQCN xQM ymgNT S mST lbT YHW yxStdR XRkN nW ywrWN gC LT xY XQD yWT ySf{M SM ys nW wrW YHN S bBT lmf{M yClW N tC mFR kl nW ygR mNgD# ym_ W# yxKSt>N Stb# yxNd dr TMHRT Stb wzt. tC bywrW tLtW mgT xlcW wrW XnzHN Y nW SWN mST yClW ygR Lt N S bbYnT lmMT ySClW bqE SLN xdrjTM lR YgL xhN lN xQM kzH x* bmnnT lglGL Ln bStqR bt mLk ytlWN S mST yCL xYdlM lW xQM SWN btqmW xQ mjmR YL# YgLM bdT ywrW ySf{M xQM Xylbt sD xs YbL_ Xy XytStkl YL bqbl bwr dr lW xmR lgR LT SknT lWN qLF GMT WS_ Sg ynzHN mQC xQM ymgNT# ymNkkB ScWN xscWN bygzW Xygmg yStkL S L GMT ysW YL kwr mQR q_l bgR LT S Y yq
Tem T>>e` 277

yrW yKLL mNGST nW yKLL mNGST kgR LT x* ysW W S yqbl ywr xStdCN xQM mgNT nW bzH dr yltE xmR ys tCN ydjT yxmR xQcWN bqYnT yL S yKLL mStDR nW C bKLl xStnT bzH S YM lt YCl bqbl wr ys tCN ysLN# ysT ydG nT yKLL nW btlY bnvRstE dr ysl_nTN btmlkt yL nT bNM ksln b ymmdB yBT S yKLl nW KLl bL tC yqRbTN yGBR XDgT kC mSrT bDrG kKLl L hn UR bM yKLlN kJ yzUjT lwrC ymST# ySrT xf{cWN Xytktl yL nT xlbT yGBR GBYT SRxT yGBxCN xQRT btmlktM bL mNGST xY XQD msrT bKLl bt mLk mf{N yrUg_ nT ys nW lwrC yYNS DUF mST# kC UR bmN kwrW xQM bY yn ymsrt-LT SCN ymST nTM ysW nW bL mNGST dr ysW W SM yKLlCN ygR LT xQM mgNT# lzH S nvRStECN yMRMR tCN zUjT# tKnE yYNS Xg mST nW xgR xqF ytKlJ kCN yzUjT XnzHN kKLlC UR bmtbR LM ys S nW yGBR GBYT yGBxT xQRT SCN bxgR xqF dr StbRM ys
Tem T>>e` 278

S nW XnzHN SC bKLlC gY Y L Yg bmmkR bmdUgF YfIL

4. bxRB xd xb yR xmR#
ygR LT xmRN btmlkt bxR xd bxRB xd xbC ymsl Bz ngC XNd XN nW YhN xRB xd btNq>nT yR Sln# y xwqR TSSR b:lT t:lT HYwt WS_ kFt tIX yDR Sln yxmR SRxt Y lW_ Sktl xYqRM lMl TMHRTN BNwSD xND xu x TMHR bC bM btsB sNqqS tW XNR DrG nW YH xsR ys N N brWM bM WD nW lW xu TMHRT btM kHZb UR xB XNNqqS DrG nW YHM ys N N brWM yTMHRT _T Y tIX lRF YCL# btlYM kF l yTMHRT drC lmf{M xScU nW lW HZb bxND xb ysFRcW wTN bq d bmqM bysfrbT StR# xwC snnq tW lqR yCLbT :DL l mqM nW hlNM bQNJT mqMM SfLUL bxY HbE xgLGlCN btmlkt ytl xCN Xq mqM xSfg bNM bnnT rzM l wT bsFRcW C Y
Tem T>>e` 279

btR bnzH xbC mST# tW bnzH C ysFRcWN gzC bq dr kmqM bt= gzWN lzM mkR# NQqW btl mN bxwC Y yr XNN _rT DrG nW yGBR xKStN>N xgLGlt bkBT Rb Y tr mN SlbT yxKStN>N stcM bzH Y tr SL nW lscW ygW yxKStN>N xgLGlt SLW HZb bsfrcW C wC ls_ YCL btlY yxKStN>N xgLGltN dG btwsn dr tnqE XNN DrGM YCL yBzN HbT yqbl xdrjTN btmlktM yGD bxR xd xb XNlW mN xlbT lT xYdlM W ngR HZbN bKsE x*N lLT nT mL nW YHN S bHZb E xdrjT :qF SR mST ybL_ ktg bzh xnT ls YCL kY ytqsW gY bwr n kz bY lW yltE xmR xdrjT YM ys tIX lDR YCL XzHM Y XNdxSfgnt khnW UR xBrW y lWCN DrG YL YH XNl kKLL jM XSk ZQtW XRkN DrS lW ysvL sRvS xsR GN ytlmdWN ysvL sRvS xsR ytktl tmY y BT lW mgNT xlbT StkW yltE xwq Y XN ysvL sRvsN
Tem T>>e` 280

H _T yn gY Y lN xYgM XzH Y bxmR gY Y l yCl xCN lmsS tKL bzH IhF kz bY mDM xYLM YH S XNN KLL yysN hn GMT WS_ xSgB lsW ygW S nW XzH Y msmR lbT W gY yltE xm xdrjt XNdyxbW hn llw_ XNdCL mlw_M lbT mn nW

HR 23/1994

Tem T>>e`

281