You are on page 1of 252

IS S UE 2

ALMANAC

s ubma r i n e c a b l e

S E C O N D Q UA R T E R 2 0 1 2

I S S UE 2

ALMANAC

submarine cable

S E C O N D Q UA R T E R 2 012

Submarine Cable Almanac


Issue 2 Second Quarter 2012

Copyright 2012 by Submarine Telecoms Forum, Inc.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced by any means, graphic, eletronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping or by any information storage retrieval system without the written permission of the publisher except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. Submarine Telecoms Forum, Inc. 21495 Ridgetop Circle Suite 201 Sterling, Virginia 20166 USA www.subtelforum.com ISBN: 978-0-615-46614-9

While all reasonable steps to verify information from the public domain have been taken, based on changing circumstances and dynamic factors, incomplete information subject to change may exist. Our goal is to periodically update and modify such information. If you have a correction, please let us know by completing our Submarine Almanac Update Form, available by clicking here, or by emailing almanac@ subtelforum.com.

Introduction

elcome to the second edition of the Submarine Cable Almanac, one of our most popular reference tools. This edition has been vastly improved upon over the last year; not only is our data updated and more accurate, we have decided to release this as a quarterly digital document, rather than an annual hard copy. Our aim is to make this information as timely and available as possible. We feel that an informed industry is a productive industry. In the following pages you will find a detailed list of major international submarine cable systems--more than 250 systems in all. This document serves as complement to our annual Cable Map, produced every January, giving detail to the lines on the map. Offering a Cable Map and detailed information about the cables of the world is only a part of our new annual product line. At the end of this Summer, we will release our brand new Submarine Cable Industry Report. Just as this Almanac gives detail to the lines on the Map, the Report will give hard analysis and outlook on the submarine markets. In addition, we have enhanced the Almanac with a number of additional system fields including System Supplier, System Installer, Marine Surveyor, and Cable Ship. Since our last edition was produced, we have added some 30 systems to our database; 13 of which are either planned to be, or are already, lit and ready for service since 2011. The most active region by way of number of new systems that we see is the Mediterranean, followed by the Atlantic and then Pacific. We hope that you, our readers, will participate in this almanac as youve done with our previous products. We added several additional fields for this edition, but there is always room for additional data. Do you have any suggestions for improvement? Did you catch an error? Please let us know by completing our Submarine Almanac Update Form, available by clicking here, or by emailing almanac@subtelforum.com. Finally, I want to thank all of the sponsors, staff and dedicated readers that contributed to this Almanac. Your feedback has been invaluable.

Kevin G. Summers May, 2012

Table of Contents
AAG AC-1 AC-2 ACE Adones ADRIA-1 AJC Akorn Alaska United East Alaska United West ALBA-1 Aletar Alexandros Alonso De Ojeda Alpal-2 Americas I Americas I South Americas II Antel Antilles Crossing APCN APCN2 APG Aphrodite 2 APNG-2 Apollo Arcos-1 Arctic Fibre Arctic Link Ariane 2 ASC ASE ASH Athena 10 11 12 13 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 Atlantis-2 Atlas Offshore Bahamas-2 Baltica Barsav Bass Strait 1 Bass Strait 2 BCS East BCS East-West Interlink BCS North BDM Berytar Bharat-Lanka BICS BIN Blast Botnia BP-GOM BRCS BSCS BSFOCS Cadmos Canalink CanTaT-3 CANUS-1 Caucasus Cable System Cayman-Jamaica C-BUS Celtix Connect CFX-1 Challenger China-US CIOS Circe North 45 46 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79

Circe South C-J FOSC Columbus II Columbus III Concerto-1 Corfu-Bar Corsar Danica North Danica South Danice Denmark-Germany 2 Denmark-Norway 5 Denmark-Norway 6 Denmark-Poland 2 Denmark-Russia DMCS DSCN EAC-C2C Eassy East-West ECFS EE-S1 EIG Emerald Express EMOS-1 Endeavour Estepona-Tetouan EurAfrica Europa FA-1 Falcon Farice-1 Farland FEA Fehmarn Balt FibraLink

80 81 82 83 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116

FNAL (TIGER) FOG GBICS GCN Gemini Georgia-Russia GLO-1 Global Nexus Globenet GO-1 GOKI Gondwana-1 G-P Greenland Connect GWEN Hannibal Hantru-1 Hawk Hibernia Atlantic Honotua HSCS Hugo I2I I-ME-WE India-UAE Italy-Albania Italy-Greece Italy-Libya Italy-Monaco ITUR JaKa2DeLeMa JAKABARE Japan-US Jasuka Jasaurus JIH

117 118 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153

Jonah KAFOS Kattegat-1 Keltra-2 Khulna-Chennai KJCN Kodiak Kenai Kuwait-Iran LEV LION LION-2 MAC Main One Mataram-Kupang Matrix Maya-1 Med Cable MedNautilus MELITA-1 Mena MIC-1 Minerva M-T Neptune Canada Norsea Com-1 Northstar PAC Pacific Fibre PanAm Pangea PC-1 PEC PPC-1 Project Express Qatar-UAE RJCN

154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 189 190

RJK SAC SAEx SAFE SAM-1 SAS-1 SAT-2 SAT-3 SCAN SCF-CN Seacom SEAK SEA-ME-WE-3 SEA-ME-WE-4 SFL SFS-4 SG-SCS Shefa 2 Silphium SJC SKKL-JS SMPR-1 Solas Southern Cross Cable Network Sub Svalbard Taino Carib Tampnet Tangerine Tasman-2 TAT-14 TEAMS TE North TGN Atlantic TGN Eurasia/Seacom TGN Gulf

191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 224 225 226 227

TGN Intra-Asia (IA) TGN Northern Europe TGN Pacific TGN-TIC TGN Western Europe TIS TPC-5 TPE Trinidad-Curaao T-V-H TWA-1 Ugarit UK-Germany 6 Unisur Unity Vanuatu Ventspils-Gotland VMSCS WACS WARF WASACE

228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248

Sponsorship Index
Alcatel-Lucent AP Telecom Great Eastern Group Telecom Egypt TE SubCom WFN Strategies 14 47 84 223 119 188

AAG

System Name: Landing Points:

AAG Changi (Singapore), Keawaula (Hawaii), Lantau (Hong Kong), La Union (Philippines), Mersing (Malaysia), San Luis Obispo (USA), Sri Racha (Thailand), Tanguisson (Guam), Tungku (Brunei), Vung Tau (Vietnam) 2009 2034 20,000 2.88 Tb/s US Mainland-Hawaii 3 (including a pair to interconnect with Telstra Endeavour). Hawaii-Hong Kong 2. Hong Kong-South East Asia 3 500,000,000 AT&T, BayanTel (Philippines), Bharti Airtel, British Telecom, CAT Telecom (Thailand), ETPI (Philippines), PLDT (Philippines) Alcatel Submarine Networks, NEC Alcatel Submarine Networks Rene Descartes

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

10

AC-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer:

AC-1 Beverwijk (Netherlands), Brookhaven (USA), Westerland (Germany), Whitesands Bay (UK) 1998 2023 14,000 40 Gb/s 1 Tb/s 4 Fiber Pairs 875,000,000 Global Crossing Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI

11

AC-2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

AC-2 Bellport (USA), Widemouth (UK) 2000 2025 6,400 320 Gb/s 640 Gb/s 700,000,000 Global Crossing, Level 3 Communications

12

ACE

System Name: Landing Points:

ACE Abidjan (Ivory Coast), Accra (Ghana), Asilah (Morocco), Banjul (The Gambia), Bata (Equatorial Guinea), Cape Town (South Africa), Conakry (Guinea), Cotonou (Benin), Dakar (Senegal), Freetown (Sierra Leone), Kribi (Cameroon), Lagos (Nigeria), Libreville (Gabon), Lisbon (Portugal), Lome (Togo), Luanda (Angola), Monrovia (Liberia), Muanda (DRC), Nouakchott (Mauritania), Penmarch (France), Santana (So Tom and Prncipe), Sucujaque (Guinea-Bissau), Swakopmund (Namibia), Tenerife (Spain) 2012 2037 17,000 5.12 Tb/s 700,000,000 Baharicom, Benin Telecoms SA, Camtel, Companhia Santomense de Telecomunicacoes, Cote dIvoire Telecom, Etisalat (UAE) /Canartel Sudan Consortium, France Telecom, Gamtel, Getesa, Globalink, Maroc Telecom of Morocco, Mauritano-Tunisienne des Telecommunications, Mauritius Telecom, Office Congolais de Poste et Telecommunication, Orange Bissau, Orange Cameroun, Orange Guinee, Orange Mali, Orange Niger, Orange Spain, PT Comunicaes, Sierratel, Sonatel, Togo Telecom Alactel-Lucent Submarine Networks (Main contractors) TE Subcom (Sub contractors) Fugro

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

System Supplier: Marine Surveyor:

13

Realizing the potential of a connected world

14

Adones

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Adones Benguela (Angola), Cabinda (Angola), Luanda (Angola), Lucira (Angola), Namibe (Angola), Nzeto (Angola), Porto Amboim (Angola), Soyo (Angola) 2009 2034 1,800 30 Gb/s 80 Gb/s Angola Telecom Ericsson Elettra Teleri

15

ADRIA-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer:

ADRIA-1 Corfu (Greece), Dubrovnik (Croatia), Durres (Albania) 2000 2025 440 622 Mb/s 13,400,000 Deutsche Telekom AG, OTE Alcatel Submarine Networks OTE

16

AJC

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

AJC Maruyama (Japan), Oxford Falls (Australia), Shima (Japan), Sydney (Australia), Tanguisson (Guam), Tumon (Guam) 2001 2026 12,224 320 Gb/s 2.56 Tb/s 10Gb/s wavelengths with a design capacity of up to 64 waves per fiber pair 520,000,000 Australia Japan Limited, Communications Global Network Services Limited, NTT Communications, SOFTBANK Telecom Corp, Telstra (Australia), Verizon Ocean Cable Company, Tyco Telecommunications FCR, KDD Fresnel, Subaru

17

Akorn

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Akorn Anchorage (USA), Florence (USA) 2009 2034 3,087 10 Gb/s 4 Fiber Pairs 100,000,000 Alaska Communications Tyco Telecommunications

18

Alaska United East

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

Alaska United East Harbor Pointe (USA), Juneau (USA), Valdez (USA), Whittier (USA) 1999 2024 3,751 10 Gb/s 110 Gb/s GCI NEC

19

Alaska United West

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Alaska United West Ketchikan (USA), Warrenton (USA), Whittier (USA) 2004 2029 2,483 10 Gb/s 640 Gb/s GCI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Global Sentinel

20

ALBA-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Marine Surveyor: Survey Boat:

ALBA-1 Camuri (Venezuela), Havana (Cuba), Morant Point (Jamaica), Santiago De Cuba (Cuba) 2011 2036 1,600 640 Gb/s 72,000,000 Telecom Venezuela, Transbit SA Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks EGS RV Ridley Thomas

21

Aletar

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Aletar Alexandria (Australia), Tartus (Syria) 1997 2022 787 5 Gb/s 1 fiber Pair, 8 optical amplifiers 23,000,000 Lebanese Ministry of Telecom (6.25%), Syrian Telecom (46.875%), Telecom Egypt (46.875%) Alcatel Submarine Networks FCR Vercors

22

Alexandros

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Design Capacity: Owners:

Alexandros Alexandria (Egypt), Marseille (France), Pentaskhinos (Cyprus) 2010 10 Tb/s Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, Telecom Egypt

23

Alonso De Ojeda

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Alonso De Ojeda Oranjestad (Aruba), Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles) 1999 2024 120 15 Gb/s 100 Gb/s 8,678,000 Antelecom NV Alcatel Submarine Networks

24

Alpal-2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Alpal-2 El Djemila (Algeria), Ses Covetes (Majorca) 2002 2027 312 10 Gb/s 80 Gb/s 4 Fiber Pairs 17,600,000 APT, France Telecom, Telefonica Pirelli Global Marine Systems Limited Maersk Responder

25

Americas I

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer:

Americas I Magens Bay (Virgin Islands), Vero Beach (USA) 1994 2019 2,102 120 Gb/s 320 Gb/s 220,000,000 AT&T, CANTV (Venezuela), Embratel, TSTT Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI

26

Americas I South

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Americas I South Camuri (Venezuela), Fortaleza (Brazil), Macqueripe (Trinidad), Magens Bay (Virgin Islands) 1994 2019 6,014 560 Mb/s AT&T, CANTV (Venezuela), Embratel, TSTT Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications SSI Global Marine Systems Limited Cable Installer, Agile, Fresnel

27

Americas II

System Name: Landing Points:

Americas II Camuri (Venezuela), Cayenne (French Guiana), Chaguaramas (Trinidad), Fortaleza (Brazil), Hollywood (USA), Lamentine (France), Miramar (Puerto Rico), St Croix (US Virgin Islands), Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles) 2000 2025 9,000 80 Gb/s 210 Gb/s 350,000,000 Antelecom NV, AT&T, Brazil Telecom, CANTV (Venezuela), Embratel, France Telecom, GT&T, Sprint, Telecom Italia, Telefonica, Telesur, Telintar, Trescom Int., TSTT, Verizon ASN Australia 1519 km, Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications SSI Global Link

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

28

Antel

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Antel Las Toninas (Argentina), Maldonado (Uruguay) 2010 2035 250 50 Gb/s 3.84 Tb/s 15,000,000 Antel (Uruguay), Telecom Argentina Alcatel Submarine Networks

29

Antilles Crossing

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer:

Antilles Crossing Bridgetown (Barbados), Hams Bluff (Virgin Islands), Port Castries (St Lucia) 2006 2031 972 40 Gb/s 80 Gb/s Antilles Crossing, Barbados Light & Power, Leucadia, Telebarbados Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI

30

APCN

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

APCN Batangas (Philippines), Changi (Singapore), Jakarta (Indonesia), Lantau (Hong Kong), Mersing (Malaysia), Miyazaki (Japan), Phetchaburi (Thailand), Port Hedland (Australia), Pusan (South Korea) 1997 2022 11,813 5 Gb/s 10 Gb/s 640,000,000 CAT Telecom (Thailand), Chunghwa Telecom International, Indosat, KDDI, KT Coropration, PLDT (Philippines), Reach NHK, Singtel, TM Ocean Cable Company, Tyco Telecommunications C&W (Marine) Cable Venture, Cable Innovator, Ocean Link

31

APCN2

System Name: Landing Points:

APCN2 Batangas (Philippines), Chikura (Japan), Chongming (China), Katong (Singapore), Kitaibaraki (Japan), Kuantan New Port (Malaysia), Lantau (Hong Kong), Pusan (South Korea), Shantou (China), Tanshui (Taiwan) 2002 2027 19,000 160 Gb/s 2.56 Tb/s 1,100,000,000 China Telecom, Chunghwa Telecom International, CTM, France Telecom, KDDI, KT Coropration, NTT Communications, PLDT (Philippines), Reach NHK, Singtel, Telekom Malaysia Ocean Cable Company Global Marine Systems Limited Cable Retriever, Bold Endurance, Fu Lai, Asean Restorer, Maersk Recorder, Maersk Repeater, Maersk Responder, Maersk Reliance, Subaru, Kuroshio Maru, Cable Installer. Barges, Networker, Elbe, Chin Ann 3 C&C Technologies

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

32

APG

Planned

System Name: Landing Points:

APG Chongming (China), Da Nang (Vietnam), Kuantan New Port (Malaysia), Lantau (Hong Kong), Maruyama (Japan), Nanhui District (China), Pusan (South Korea), Shima (Japan), Songkhla (Thailand), Toucheng (Taiwan), Tuas (Singapore) 2012 8,000 4 Tb/s China Telecom, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom International, KT Coropration, NTT Communications, PLDT (Philippines), StarHub (Singapore), Telekom Malaysia, VNPT

RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

33

Aphrodite 2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: Cableship:

Aphrodite 2 Chania (Greece), Yeroskipos (Cyprus) 1994 2019 868 1.12 Gb/s 30,000,000 AT&T, Belgacom, British Telecom, Cyprus Telecommunications Authority (62%), France Telecom, OTE, Sprint, Verizon Alcatel Submarine Networks Skandi Hav

34

APNG-2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

APNG-2 Port Moresby (Papua New Guinea), Sydney (Australia) 2006 2031 1,800 1.12 Gb/s 11,000,000 Telikom PNG, Telstra (Australia) Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Ile de Re

35

Apollo

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Apollo Brookhaven (USA), Lannion (France), Manasquan (USA), Widemouth (UK) 2003 2028 13,000 10 Gb/s 3.2 Tb/s Alcatel, Apollo SCS Limited, C&W Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Ile de Batz, Ile de Brehat, Ile de Sein, Skandi Neptune

36

Arcos-1

System Name: Landing Points:

Arcos-1 Bluefields (Nicuragua), Cancun (Mexico), Cartagena (Columbia), Cat Island (Bahamas), Crooked Island (Bahamas), Hollywood (USA), Ladyville (Belize), Maria Chiquita (Panama), Nassau (The Bahamas), Providenciales (Turks and Caicos Islands), Puerto Barrios (Guatemala), Puerto Cabezas (Nicuragua), Puerto Cortes (Honduras), Puerto Lempira (Honduras), Puerto Limon (Costa Rica), Puerto Plata (Dominican Republic), Punta Cana (Dominican Republic), Punto Fijo (Venezuela), Riohacha (Columbia), San Juan (Puerto Rico), Trojillo (Honduras), Tulum (Mexico), Ustupo (Panama), Willemstad (Netherlands Antilles) 2001 (Phase 1), 2002 (Phase 2) 2026 8,201 80 Gb/s 1 Tb/s Alestra (Mexico), AT&T, Axtel (Mexico), BTC (Bahamas), BTL (Belize), CANTV (Venezuela), Codetel (Dominican Republic), Colombus Networks, Enitel (Nicaragua), Hondutel (Honduras), ICE (Costa Rica), Impsat (USA), Internexa (Colombia), Orbinet SA (Colombia), Racsa (Costa Rica), Telecarrier (Panama), Tricom (Dominican Republic), Ultracom (Puerto Rico), UTS (Curaao), Verizon Norddeutsche Seekabelwerke (Tyco Telecommunications, Partial) Fugro

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners:

System Supplier: Marine Surveyor:

37

Arctic Fibre

Planned

System Name: Landing Points:

Arctic Fibre Ninomiya (Japan), Gambell (United States), Nome (United States), Point Hope (United States), Wainwright (United States), Barrow (United States), Prudhoe Bay (United States), Tuktoyakatuk (Canada), Cambridge Bay (Canada), Goja Haven (Canada), Hall Beach (Canada), Cape Dorset (Canada), Milton (Canada), Bude (United Kingdom) 2013 2038 Arctic Fibre Inc.

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Owners:

38

Arctic Link

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Arctic Link Dutch Harbor (Alaska, USA), London (UK), Prudhoe Bay (Alaska, USA), Tokyo (Japan) 2014 15,840 640 Gb/s 6.4 Tb/s Initial: 2 Fiber Pairs lit, Design: 4 Fiber Pairs lit 1,200,000,000 Khanjee Holding Inc., Kodiak Kennai Cable Company

39

Ariane 2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Ariane 2 Chania (Greece), Marseille (France) 1995 2020 2,370 1.12 Gb/s 70,000,000 AT&T, Belgacom, Cypress Telecommunications Authority, France Telecom, OTE, Verizon Alcatel Submarine Networks FCR Vercors

40

ASC

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year:

ASC Perth (Australia), Singapore (Singapore) 2014

41

ASE

Planned

System Name: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

ASE 2012 7,200 15 Tb/s 412,000,000 NTT Communications, PLDT (Philippines), StarHub (Singapore), Telekom Malaysia

42

ASH

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

ASH Keawaula (Hawaii), Pago Pago (American Samoa) 2009 2034 4,680 1.2 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs ASH Cable Company

43

Athena

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Owners:

Athena Koropi (Greece), Pentaskhinos (Cyprus) 2011 Cypress Telecommunications Authority, Telecom Italia Sparkle

44

Atlantis-2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Atlantis-2 Conil (Spain), Dakar (Senegal), El Medano (Spain), Fortaleza (Brazil), Funchal (Portugal), Las Toninas (Argentina), Lisbon (Portugal), Praia (Cape Verde), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 2000 2025 13,000 40 Gb/s Inital: 2 wavelengths, 2 Fiber Pairs, Design: 8 wavelengths, 2 Fiber Pairs 249,000,000 Cabo Verde Telecom, Deutsche Telekom AG, Embratel, France Telecom, Marconi, Sonatel, Telecom Argentina, Telecom Italia, Telefonica, Telefonica de Argentina, Telintar, Verizon Alcatel Submarine Networks, Pirelli, Fujitsu FCR Raymond Croze, Fresnel, Vercors, Teneo, Teliri, Maersk Defender

45

Atlas Offshore

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners:

Atlas Offshore Asilah (Morocco), Marseille (France) 2007 2032 1,634 40 Gb/s 320 Gb/s Maroc Telecom of Morocco

46

47

Bahamas-2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Marine Surveyor:

Bahamas-2 Eight Mile Rock (Bahamas), Nassau (The Bahamas), Vero Beach (USA) 1997 2022 473 2.5 Gb/s AT&T, Balteco, Verizon Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI C&C Technologies

48

Baltica

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Baltica Dueodde (Bornholm), Gedser (Denmark), Kolobrzeg (Poland), Ystad (Sweden) 1997 2022 430 5 Gb/s 6 Fiber Pairs 16,000,000 Polish Telecom, TDC, Telecom Finland, Telenor, Teliasonera

49

Barsav

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Barsav Barcelona (Spain) 1996 2021 760 5 Gb/s 39,000,000 Telecom Italia, Telefonica Alcatel Submarine Networks

50

Bass Strait 1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Bass Strait 1 Boat Harbour (Tasmania), Sandy Point (Australia) 1995 2020 241 622 Mb/s 2.5 Gb/s 22,500,000 Telstra (Australia) Alcatel Submarine Networks

51

Bass Strait 2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Bass Strait 2 Inverloch (Australia), Stanley (Tasmania, Australia) 2003 2028 240 10 Gb/s 17,000,000 Telstra (Australia) Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Ile de Batz

52

BCS East

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

BCS East Liepaja (Latvia), Sventoji (Lithuania) 1997 2022 98 2.5 Gb/s Teliasonera

53

BCS East-West Interlink

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

BCS East-West Interlink Sandviken (Sweden), Sventoji (Lithuania) 1997 2022 218 2.5 Gb/s Teliasonera Ericsson AKN Pleijel

54

BCS North

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

BCS North Hango (Finland), Haraldsholm (Finland), Helsingfors (Finland), Kotka (Finland), Mariehamn (Finland), Stavsnas (Sweden) 1998, 2003 793 10 Gb/s Rostelecom, Teliasonera Ericsson AKN Pleijel

55

BDM

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

BDM Batam (Indonesia), Dumai (Indonesia), Melaka (Malaysia) 2011 400 1.28 Tb/s 2 Fiber Pairs 76,000,000 PT Mora Telematika, PT XL Axiata, Telekom Malaysia

56

Berytar

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Berytar Beirut (Lebanon), Tartus (Syria) 1997 2022 134 5Gb/s 10,000,000 Arento (6.25%), Lebanese Ministry of Telecom (46.875%), Syrian Telecom (46.875%) Alcatel Submarine Networks FCR Vercors

57

Bharat-Lanka

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Bharat-Lanka Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia (Sri Lanka), Tuticorin (India) 2007 2032 338 10 Gb/s 20,000,000 BSNL, Sri Lanka Telecom Limited (SLT), Sri Lanka

58

BICS

System Name: Landing Points:

BICS Boca Raton (USA), Crown Haven (Bahamas), Freeport (Bahamas), Marsh Harbour (Bahamas), Nassau (The Bahamas), Riding Point (Bahamas), Rock Sound (Bahamas), Sandy Point (Bahamas), Upper Bogue (Bahamas) 2001 2026 1,000 10 Gb/s 12 Tb/s 31,000,000 Carribbean Crossings

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

59

BIN

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

BIN Bari (Italy), Durres (Albania) 2011 276 40 Gb/s Unifi

60

Blast

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Owners:

BLAST Fogagogo, Tutuila (American Samoa), Ofu Harbor, Ofu (American Samoa), Luma, Tau (American Samoa), Aunuu Warf, Aunuu (American Samoa) 2015 250 ASTCA (American Samoa)

61

Botnia

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Botnia Umea (Sweden), Vaasa (Finland) 1994 2019 93 1.2 Gb/s 6 Fiber Pairs 8,500,000 Teliasonera NKT AKN Pleijel

62

BP-GOM

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

BP-GOM Freeport (USA), Pascagoula (USA) 2008 2033 1,190 10 Gb/s 80,000,000 BP Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Resolute C&C Technologies

63

BRCS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

BRCS Batam (Indonesia), Sungai Rengit (Malaysia) 2007 2032 63 10 Gb/s 10,000,000 Excelcom

64

BSCS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

BSCS Batam (Indonesia), Changi (Singapore) 2009 2034 73 80 Gb/s 3 Fiber Pairs 13,100,000 Telekom Indonesia Ocean Cable Company Stena Offshore Northern Installer

65

BSFOCS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

BSFOCS Novorossiysk (Russia), Odesa (Ukraine), Varna (Bulgaria) 2001 2026 1,300 2.5 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs 51,000,000 Armentel, AT&T, BTC, Cypress Telecommunications Authority, DTAG, HT, KDDI, OTE, Rostelecom, Telecom Slovenia, Ukrtelecom Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications SSI Global Marine Systems Limited Maersk Fighter

66

Cadmos

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Cadmos Beirut (Lebanon), Pentaskhinos (Cyprus) 1995 2020 260 622 Mb/s 2 Fiber Pairs 8,000,000 Cyprus Telecommunications Authority (62%), Lebanese Ministry of Telecommunications (38%) Tyco Telecommunications

67

Canalink

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier: Marine Surveyor:

Canalink Cadiz (Spain), Tenerife (Spain) 2011 2036 2,000 5.12 Tb/s 2 Fiber Pairs, 128 wavelengths, 10 Gb/s per wavelength Isalink, IT3 Alcatel-Lucent Fugro

68

CanTaT-3

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer:

CanTaT-3 Blaabjerg (Denmark), Pennant Point (Canada), Redcar (United Kingdom), Tjrnuvk (Faroe Islands), Vestmannaeyjar (Iceland), Westerland (Germany) 1994 2019 6,450 5 Gb/s 385,000,000 Tata Communications Alcatel Submarine Networks BT Marine, TeleDanmark

69

CANUS-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer:

CANUS-1 Manasquan (USA), Pennant Point (Canada) 1995 2020 1,360 2.5 Gb/s 400,000,000 Optel, Tata Communications Tyco Telecommunications Teleglobe

70

Caucasus Cable System

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Caucasus Cable System Poti (Georgia), Varna (Bulgaria) 2008 2033 1,187 1.3 Tb/s 2 Fiber Pairs 76,000,000 Caucasus Online Tyco Telecommunications

71

Cayman-Jamaica

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Cayman-Jamaica Half-Moon Bay (Cayman Islands), Montego Bay (Jamaica) 1997 2022 870 2.5 Gb/s 6,500,000 LIME

72

C-BUS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer:

C-BUS Manasquan (USA), Tortola (British Virgin Islands) 2009 2034 1,609 10,000,000 LIME Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI

73

Celtix Connect

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer:

Celtix Connect Dublin (Ireland), Holyhead (UK) 2011 2035 131 960 Gb/s 21,900,000 Sea Fibre Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Global Marine System Limited

74

CFX-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

CFX-1 Boca Raton (USA), Cartagena (Columbia), Morant Point (Jamaica) 2008 2033 2,423 110 Gb/s 2 Tb/s Colombus Networks Tyco Telecommunications Telecommunications

75

Challenger

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

Challenger Bermuda (Bermuda), Green Hill Beach (USA) 2009 2034 1,454 20 Gb/s 320 Gb/s Cable Company Ltd Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks

76

China-US

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

China-US Bandon (USA), Chikura (Japan), Chongming (China), Fangshan (Taiwan), Okinawa Prefecture (Japan), Pusan (South Korea), San Luis Obispo (USA), Shantou (China), Tanguisson (Guam) 1999 2024 30,241 1,100,000,000 China-US Consortium Alcatel Submarine Networks, Ocean Cable Co, Tyco Telecommunications Flexservice III, Kuroshio Maru, Cable Innovator C&C Technologies

77

CIOS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

CIOS Ayia Napa (Cyprus), Nahariya (Israel) 1994 2018 250 2.5 Gb/s 16,000,000 Bezeq, Cypress Telecommunications Authority

78

Circe North

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Circe North Lowestoft (United Kingdom), Zandvoort (Netherlands) 1999 2024 203 10 Gb/s 48 Fiber Pairs 24,000,000 Viatel Alcatel Submarine Networks

79

Circe South

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Circe South Cayeux-sur-Mer (France), Pevensey Bay (UK) 1999 2024 115 10 Gb/s 48 Fiber Pairs 24,000,000 Viatel Alcatel Submarine Networks

80

C-J FOSC

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

C-J FOSC Miyazaki (Japan), Nanhui District (China) 1993 2018 1,252 560 Mb/s 70,300,000 China Telecom, KDDI

81

Columbus II

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Columbus II Cancun (Mexico), Funchal (Portugal), Magens Bay (Virgin Islands), Palermo (Italy), Sardinia (Gran Canaria), West Palm Beach (USA) 1994 2019 12,165 560 Mb/s 2.5 Gb/s 600,000,000 Columbus II Consortium Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications SSI, Pirelli

82

Columbus III

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: Cableship:

Columbus III Conil (Spain), Hollywood (USA), Lisbon (Portugal), Mazara (Italy), Ponta Delgada (Portugal) 2000 2025 11,000 40 Gb/s 160 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs 236,000,000 Columbus III Consortium Alcatel Submarine Networks, Pirelli, Tyco Telecommunications Vercors, Skandi Hav

83

84

Concerto-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Concerto-1 Bruges (Belguim), Thorpeness (United Kingdom), Zandvoort (Netherlands) 1999 2024 550 2.5 Gb/s 96 Fiber Pairs Flute

85

Corfu-Bar

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Corfu-Bar Bar (Montenegro), Corfu (Greece) 1998 2023 320 622 Mb/s 3 Fiber Pairs 19,000,000 Crngorski Telecom, OTE

86

Corsar

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Corsar Aranci (Italy) 1992 2017 168 3 Gb/s 11,000,000 France Telecom, Telecom Italia Alcatel Submarine Networks

87

Danica North

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Danica North Barseback (Sweden), Tuborg (Denmark) 1998 2023 25 10 Gb/s 96 Fiber Pairs Teliasonera Ericsson AKN Pleijel

88

Danica South

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Danica South Bjarred (Sweden), Copenhagen (Denmark) 1998 2023 20 10 Gb/s 24 Fiber Pairs Teliasonera Ericsson AKN Pleijel

89

Danice

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Danice Blaabjerg (Denmark), Landeyjarsandur (Iceland) 2008 2033 2,250 1000 Gb/s 5.1 Tb/s 4 Fiber Pairs 76,440,000 Farice Ltd. Tyco Telecommunications

90

Denmark-Germany 2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Installer:

Denmark-Germany 2 Gedser (Denmark), Ribnitz-Damgarten (Germany) 1993 2016 45 2.5 Gb/s 8 Fiber Pairs 7,600,000 Deutsche Telekom AG, TDC Tele Danmark

91

Denmark-Norway 5

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Denmark-Norway 5 Ardendal (Norway), Hjrorring (Denmark) 1992 2017 130 2 Gb/s 9,560,000 Norway PTT, TDC

92

Denmark-Norway 6

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Denmark-Norway 6 Kristiansand (Norway), Thisted (Denmark) 1992 2017 120 1.5 Gb/s 8,950,000 Norway PTT, TDC

93

Denmark-Poland 2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Denmark-Poland 2 Gedebak Odde (Denmark), Mielno (Poland) 1991 2016 110 2.5 Gb/s 4,500,000 Polish Telecom, TDC

94

Denmark-Russia

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Denmark-Russia Copenhagen (Denmark), Kingisepp (Russia) 1993 2018 1,250 280 Mb/s 88,000,000 TDC

95

DMCS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners:

DMCS Dumai (Indonesia), Melaka (Malaysia) 2005 2030 160 20 Gb/s 320 Gb/s PT Telekom, Telekom Malaysia

96

DSCN

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

DSCN Colombo (Sri Lanka), Hulhumal (India) 2006 2031 237 27,000,000 Dhiraagu

97

EAC-C2C

System Name: Landing Points:

EAC-C2C Capepisa (Philippines), Changi (Singapore), Chikura (Japan), Chung Hom Kok (Hong Kong), Fangshan (Taiwan), Nanhui District (China), Nasugbu (Philippines), Pali (Taiwan), Pusan (South Korea), Shima (Japan), Singapore (Singapore), Taean (South Korea), Tanshui (Taiwan), Tseung Kwan O (Hong Kong), Vung Tau (Vietnam) 2009 2034 36,800 30 Tb/s PACNET C&C Technologies

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Design Capacity: Owners: Marine Surveyor:

98

Eassy

System Name: Landing Points:

Eassy Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti), Maputo (Mozambique), Mogadishu (Somalia), Mombasa (Kenya), Moroni (Comoros), Mtunzini (South Africa), Port Sudan (Sudan), Toliary (Madagascar) 2010 2035 10,000 30 Gb/s 4.72 Tb/s 2 Fiber Pairs 263,000,000 Bharti Airtel, Botswana Telecommunications Corporation, British Telecom, Comores Telecom, Etisalat, France Telecom, Mauritius Telecom, MTN Group, Neotel, Saudi Telecom Company (STC), Saudi Arabia, SPV2, Sudan Telecom Limited, Sudatel, Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited, WIOCC Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Systems

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

System Supplier:

99

East-West

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$):

East-West Morant Point (Jamaica), Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), Tortola (British Virgin Islands) 2011 2036 1,700 120 Gb/s 720 Gb/s 35,000,000

100

ECFS

System Name: Landing Points:

ECFS Anguilla (Anguilla), Baliff (Guadeloupe), Basseterre (St. Kitts & Nevis), Bridgetown (Barbados), Canefield (Dominica), Dickenson Bay (Antigua), Kingstown (St. Vincent), Martinique (Martinique), Montserrat (Montserrat), Port Salines (Grenada), St. Lucia (St. Lucia), St Martin (Netherlands Antilles), Tortola (British Virgin Islands), Trinidad (Trinidad) 1995 2020 1,729 2.5 Gb/s 56,000,000 AT&T, BET (Barbados), C&W, France Telecom, TSTT Alcatel Submarine Networks C&W (Marine) Mercury

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

101

EE-S1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

EE-S1 Krdla (Estonia), Stavsnas (Sweden), Tallinn (Estonia) 1995 2020 228 5 Gb/s 6 Fiber Pairs Teliasonera

102

EIG

System Name: Landing Points:

EIG Alexandria (Egypt), Bude (United Kingdom), Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti), Fujairah (United Arab Emirates), Gibraltar (Gibraltar), Jeddah (Saudi Arabia), Monaco (Monaco), Mumbai (India), Muscat (Oman), Ras Sidr (Egypt), Sesimbra (Portugal), Tetouan (Morocco), Tripoli (Libya) 2010 2035 6,737 3.84 Tb/s 700,000,000 AT&T, Bharti Airtel, British Telecom, BSNL, C&W, Djibouti Telecom, Djibouti Telecom, Du, Gibtelecom, Libyan Post, Telecom, and Information Technology Company, Mauritius Telecom, MTN Group, Omantel, PT Comunicaes, Saudi Telecom Company (STC), Saudi Arabia, Telecom Egypt, Telekom SA, Verizon Alcatel-Lucent, Tyco Telecommunications Telecommunications Fugro

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

System Supplier: Marine Surveyor:

103

Emerald Express

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier:

Emerald Express Belmullet (Ireland), Brookhaven (USA), Grindavik (Iceland) 2012 5,200 60 Tb/s 6 Fiber Pairs, 100 wavelengths, 100 Gb/s per wavelength Emerald Networks TE Subcom

104

EMOS-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

EMOS-1 Lechaina (Greece), Marmaris (Turkey), Palermo (Italy), Tel Aviv (Israel) 1990 2015 2,880 280 Mb/s 101,000,000 Telecom Italia Alcatel Submarine Networks FCR Vercors

105

Endeavour

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Endeavour Keawaula (Hawaii), Sydney (Australia) 2008 2033 9,120 80 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs Telstra (Australia)

106

Estepona-Tetouan

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Estepona-Tetouan Estepona (Spain), Tetouan (Morocco) 1994 2019 113 3.7 Gb/s Telefonica STC Submarine Systems FCR Vercors

107

EurAfrica

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

EurAfrica Casablanca (Morocco), Funchal (Portugal), Sesimbra (Portugal), St. Hilaire (France) 1992 2017 3,100 1 Gb/s 150,000,000 France Telecom, ONPT Morocco, PT Comunicaes Alcatel Submarine Networks FCR Vercors 1584 km., Northern Installer 1501 km.

108

Europa

Planned

System Name: Landing Points:

Europa Pentaskhinos (Cyprus), Tripoli (Lebanon)

109

FA-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

FA-1 Island Park (USA), Northport (USA), Plerin (France), Porthcurno (United Kingdom) 2001 2026 14,500 4.6875 Tb/s Reliance Globalcom

110

Falcon

System Name: Landing Points:

Falcon Al Ghaydah (Yemen), Al Hudaydah (Yemen), Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia), Al Seeb (Oman), Aqaba (Jordan), Bandar-E Abbas (Iran), Chabahar (Iran), Colombo (Sri Lanka), Dubai (UAE), Hulhumal (India), Jeddah (Saudi Arabia), Kuwait City (Kuwait), Manama (Bahrain), Mumbai (India), Port Sudan (Sudan), Suez (Egypt), Sumaisma (Qatar), Trivandrum (India) 2006 2031 11,898 90 Gb/s 2.56 Tb/s Reliance Globalcom Alcatel Submarine Networks

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

111

Farice-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

Farice-1 Dunnet Bay (Scotland), Funningsfjrur (Faroe Islands), Seyisfjrur (Iceland) 2004 2029 1,407 20 Gb/s Farice Ltd., Iceland Telecom Ltd. Pirelli Pertinacia Fugro

112

Farland

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

Farland Aldeburgh (United Kingdom), Domburg (Netherlands) 1994 2019 104 18 Gb/s British Telecom Tyco Telecommunications

113

FEA

System Name: Landing Points:

FEA Alexandria (Egypt), Aqaba (Jordan), Ben Pak Para (Thailand), Estepona (Spain), Fujairah (United Arab Emirates), Hong Kong (China), Jeddah (Saudi Arabia), Keoje (South Korea), Miura (Japan), Mumbai (India), Nanhui District (China), Ninomiya (Japan), Palermo (Italy), Penang (Malaysia), Porthcurno (United Kingdom), Port Said (Egypt), Satun (Thailand), Songkhla (Thailand), Suez (Egypt) 1997 2022 27,467 20 Gb/s 80 Gb/s Reliance Globalcom

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners:

114

Fehmarn Balt

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Fehmarn Balt Puttgarden (Germany), Rdbyhavn (Denmark) 2000 2025 20 2.5 Gb/s Teliasonera Ericsson Nexans Pleijel

115

FibraLink

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Installer: Cableship:

FibraLink Kingstown (St. Vincent), Montego Bay (Jamaica), Ocho Rios (Jamaica), Puerto Plata (Dominican Republic) 2006 2031 2,438 320 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs Colombus Networks International Telecom IT Intrepid

116

FNAL (TIGER)

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

FNAL (TIGER) Pusan (South Korea), Tong Fuk (Hong Kong), Toucheng (Taiwan), Wada (Japan) 2001 2026 9,795 80 Gb/s 6 Fiber pairs 900,000,000 FLAG Telecom, Level 3 Communications

117

FOG

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

FOG Doha (Qatar), Dubai (UAE), Kuwait City (Kuwait), Manama (Bahrain) 1998 2023 1,300 5 Gb/s 80,000,000 Bahrain Telephone Co., Kuwait Ministry of Communications, Qatar Telecommunication Company, UAE Telecommunications Company

118

TE SubCom, a TE Connectivity Limited company, is an industry pioneer in undersea communications technology and marine services and a leading global supplier for todays undersea communications requirements. Drawing on its heritage of technical innovation and industry recognized performance, SubCom designs, manufactures and installs the most reliable, high-quality solutions for telecommunications companies, internet providers and offshore and science customers with undersea communications needs vital to their core mission. With its industry-leading research and development laboratories, manufacturing facilities, installation and maintenance ships and depots, SubCom has manufactured, and installed more than 100 undersea ber optic systems and deployed enough subsea communications cable to circle the earth more than 12 times at the equator. For more information visit www.SubCom.com. Watch our videos on YouTube: www.youtube.com/user/SubComChannel

119

GBICS

System Name: Landing Points:

GBICS Alexandria (Egypt), Al Hidd (Bahrain), Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia), Al Seeb (Oman), Bushehr (Iran), Doha (Qatar), Fujairah (United Arab Emirates), Jeddah (Saudi Arabia), Kuwait City (Kuwait), Mazara (Italy), Mumbai (India), Zafarana (Egypt) 2011 2036 4,750 2.5 Tb/s 4 Fiber Pairs express route, 2 Fiber Pairs other landings 128 x 10 Gb/s wavelengths per fiber pair 445,000,000 Gulf Bridge International TE Subcom

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

120

GCN

System Name: Landing Points:

GCN Baie-Mahault (Guadeloupe), Baliff (Guadeloupe), Basseterre (St. Kitts & Nevis), Bridgetown (Barbados), Canefield (Dominica), Dickenson Bay (Antigua), Galisbay (St Martin), Hams Bluff (Virgin Islands), Kingstown (St. Vincent), Le Lamentin (Martinique), Macqueripe (Trinidad), Port Castries (St Lucia), Port Salines (Grenada) 2004 2029 2,100 1.2 Tb/s 17,520,000 Global Carribean Network

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

121

Gemini

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Gemini Bermuda (Bermuda), Tuckerton (USA) 1998 2023 12,600 3.3 Tb/s 500,000,000 Gemini Submarine Cable System Ltd Alcatel Submarine Networks C&W (Marine) Cable Venture, Cable Innovator, Agile

122

Georgia-Russia

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Georgia-Russia Novorossiysk (Russia), Poti (Georgia), Sochi (Russia) 2000 2025 488 2.5 Gb/s 4 Fiber Pairs DanTelco, FOPTNET, Rostelecom

123

GLO-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

GLO-1 Accra (Ghana), Bude (United Kingdom), Casablanca (Morocco), Dakar (Senegal), Lagos (Nigeria), Nouakchott (Mauritania), Sesimbra (Portugal), Vigo (Spain) 2010 2034 9,800 640 Gb/s 2.5 Tb/s 2 Fiber Pairs 800,000,000 Globacom Ltd. Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Ile de Batz, IT Intrepid Alcatel Submarine Networks

124

Global Nexus

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners:

Global Nexus Freeport (Bahamas), Halifax (Canada) 2013 40 Gb/s 100 Gb/s Global Nexus Telecommunications Ltd

125

Globenet

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Globenet Bermuda (Bermuda), Boca Raton (USA), Fortaleza (Brazil), Maiquetia (Venezuela), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Tuckerton (USA) 2000 2025 22,500 40 Gb/s 1.28 Tb/s 970,000,000 Globenet

126

GO-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

GO-1 Cantina (Sicily), Mazara (Italy), St Georges Bay (Malta), St Pauls Bay (Malta) 1995 2020 290 20 Gb/s GO Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Elettra Teliri

127

GOKI

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: Total Length (kms): Design Capacity: Owners:

GOKI Incheon (Korea), Kita-Kyushu (Japan), Okinawa Prefecture (Japan), Tumon (Guam) 4,200 80 Gb/s AT&T

128

Gondwana-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Gondwana-1 Lifou (New Caledonia), Mouli Island (New Caledonia), Noumea (New Caledonia), Poindimie (New Caledonia), Sydney (Australia) 2008 2033 2,150 640 Gb/s 57,500,000 Post and Telecommunications Office of New Caledonia Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Ile de Re

129

G-P

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier:

G-P Batangas (Philippines), Tanguisson (Guam) 1999 2024 3,600 52.5 Gb/s 1 Fiber Pair AT&T Tyco Telecommunications

130

Greenland Connect

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

Greenland Connect Landeyjarsandur (Iceland), Milton (Canada), Nuuk (Greenland), Qaqortoq (Greenland) 2009 2034 4,600 20 Gb/s 1.28 Tb/s 2 Fiber Pairs 126,000,000 Tele Greenland Alcatel Lucent submarine Networks Maersk Responder, Blue Castor, Ile de Sein Elettra

131

GWEN

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Fiber Information: Owners:

GWEN Bari (Italy), Corfu (Greece) 2004 2029 647 4 Fiber pairs OTE

132

Hannibal

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Hannibal Kelibia (Tunisia), Trapini (Italy) 2009 2034 180 40 Gb/s 3.2 Tb/s Tunisie Telecom (Tunisia) Huawei Marine Global Marine Systems Limited Sovereign

133

Hantru-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: System Supplier:

Hantru-1 Ebeye (Kwajalein), Majuro (Marshall Islands), Pohnpei (Micronesia), Reagan Test Site (Kwajalein), Tumon (Guam) 2010 2035 TE SubCom

134

Hawk

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners:

Hawk Alexandria (Egypt), Anatoliko (Cyprus), Marseille (France) 2011 2035 3,181 100 Gb/s 2.7 Tb/s Reliance Globalcom

135

Hibernia Atlantic

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Hibernia Atlantic Coleraine (Ireland), Dublin (Ireland), Herring Cove (Canada), Lynn (USA), Southport (United Kingdom) 2001 2026 12,111 10.16 Tb/s Hibernia Atlantic Tyco Telecommunications SSI FCR Vercors, Iberus, Nordic King, Teneo, Dock Express 20, Global Mariner, Atlantida

136

Honotua

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Honotua Huahine (French Polynesia), Moorea (French Polynesia), Papeete (French Polynesia), Spencer Beach (USA), Uturoa (Raiatea, French Polynesia), Vaitape (Bora Bora, French Polynesia) 2010 2035 4,619 640 Gb/s 122,000,000 OPT French Polynesia

137

HSCS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Installer: Cableship:

HSCS Ishikari (Japan), Nevelsk (Russia) 2008 2033 570 640 Gb/s NTT Communications, TTK KDD Subaru

138

Hugo

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Hugo Guernsey (Guernsey), Lannion (France), Porthcurno (United Kingdom) 2006 2031 3.3 Tb/s 11,960,000 C&W Alcatel Submarine Networks Tyco SSI Tycom Reliance

139

I2I

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: Marine Surveyor:

I2I Chennai (India), Tuas (Singapore) 2002 2027 3,200 8.4 Tb/s 8 Fiber Pairs, 105 wl, 10 Gb/s per wavelength Bharti Airtel C&C Technologies

140

I-ME-WE

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

I-ME-WE Alexandria (Egypt), Catania (Italy), Fujairah (United Arab Emirates), Jeddah (Saudi Arabia), Karachi (Pakistan), Marseille (France), Mumbai (India), Suez (Egypt), Tripoli (Lebanon) 2010 2035 13,000 520 Gb/s 3.84 Tb/s Bharti Airtel, Etisalat, France Telecom, Ogero (Lebanon), PTCL (Pakistan), STC (Saudi Arabia), Tata Communications, Telecom Egypt, Telecom Italia Sparkle Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Cable Innovator Fugro

141

India-UAE

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

India-UAE Fujairah (United Arab Emirates), Mumbai (India) 1987 2012 1,964 2.5 Gb/s VSNL

142

Italy-Albania

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Italy-Albania Bari (Italy), Durres (Albania) 1998 2023 236 2.5 Gb/s 1 Fiber Pair Telecom Italia Sparkle

143

Italy-Greece

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Italy-Greece Corfu (Greece), Otranto (Italy) 1995 2020 161 1.695 Gb/s 4 Fiber Pairs Telecom Italia

144

Italy-Libya

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Italy-Libya Mazara (Italy), Tripoli (Libya) 2000 2025 1,170 2.5 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs Telecom Italia

145

Italy-Monaco

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Italy-Monaco Monaco (Monaco), Savona (Italy) 1995 2020 157 565 Mb/s 1 Fiber Pair Telecom Italia

146

ITUR

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

ITUR Istanbul (Turkey), Novorossiysk (Russia), Odesa (Ukraine), Palermo (Italy) 1996 2021 3,466 1.6 Tb/s Telecom Italia Pirelli, AT&T SSI FCR Vercors, Dock Express 20

147

JaKa2DeLeMa

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

JaKa2DeLeMa Bandjermasin (Indonesia), Benculuk (Indonesia), Jember (Indonesia), Ketapang (Indonesia), Mataram (Indonesia), Pangkalanbun (Indonesia), Pontianak (Indonesia), Sangata (Indonesia), Toweli (Indonesia) 2010 2035 116,000,000 PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia NSW, Fujitsu

148

JAKABARE

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

JAKABARE Batam (Indonesia), Jakarta (Indonesia), Pontianak (Indonesia), Tuas (Singapore) 2009 2034 1,330 160 Gb/s 1.28 Tb/s Indosat NEC Global Marine Systems Limited Cable Innovator

149

Japan-US

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Japan-US Kitaibaraki (Japan), Makaha (Hawaii), Maruyama (Japan), Morro Bay (USA), Point Arena (USA), Shima (Japan) 2000 2025 21,000 160 Gb/s 8 Fiber Pairs AT&T, Japan Telecom, KDDI, MCI-WorldCom, NTTWN Alcatel Submarine Networks, Ocean Cable Company Global Marine Systems Limited Subaru, Cable Innovator

150

Jasuka

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners:

Jasuka Batam (Indonesia), Jakarta (Indonesia), Pontianak (Indonesia), Tanjung Pandan (Indonesia) 2006 2031 1,040 20 Gb/s 320 Gb/s PT Telekom

151

Jasaurus

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

Jasaurus Jakarta (Indonesia), Port Hedland (Australia) 1997 2022 2,795 5 Gb/s Indosat, Optus, Telstra (Australia) Alcatel Submarine Networks

152

JIH

System Name: Landing Points:

JIH Chikura (Japan), Fukuoka (Japan), Hamada (Japan), Ibaraki (Japan), Ishikari (Japan), Kochi (Japan), Kumihama (Japan), Matsutou (Japan), Miyazaki (Japan), Naoetsu (Japan), Niigata (Japan), Ninomiya (Japan), Okinawa Prefecture (Japan), Sendai (Japan), Shima (Japan), Toyohashi (Japan) 1998 2023 10,000 KDDI, Telstra (Australia) Ocean Cable Company, Hitachi Cable Ltd C&W (Marine) Cable Innovator, Nexus, Pacific Link, Oceanic Link

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

153

JONAH

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship: Marine Surveyor: Survey Boat:

Jonah Bari (Italy), Tel Aviv (Israel) 2012 2,300 7.6 Terabit Bezeq International Alcatel Lucent Submarine Networks Alcatel Lucent Submarine Networks Ile de Brehat Elettra Explora

154

KAFOS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

KAFOS Istanbul (Turkey), Mangalia (Romania), Varna (Bulgaria) 1997 2022 504 1.2 Gb/s BTC, Turk Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks FCR Vercors

155

Kattegat-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Kattegat-1 Gothenburg (Sweden), Jutland (Denmark) 1995 2020 95 20 Gb/s 6 Fiber Pairs TDC

156

Keltra-2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Keltra-2 Kelibia (Tunisia), Trapini (Italy) 1994 2019 209 20 Gb/s 6 Fiber Pairs Telecom Italia, Tunisie Telecom (Tunisia)

157

Khulna-Chennai

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Khulna-Chennai Chennai (India), Khulna (Bangladesh) 2010 115 48,000,000 Bangladesh Submarine Cable Company

158

KJCN

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer:

KJCN Fukuoka (Japan), Kita-Kyushu (Japan), Pusan (South Korea) 2002 2027 500 2.88 Tb/s 12 Fiber Pairs KEPCO, KT Coropration, NTT Communications, SOFTBANK Telecom Corp Fujitsu, Alcatel Submarine Networks Maersk Recorder

159

Kodiak Kenai

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Kodiak Kenai Anchorage (USA), Homer (USA), Kenai (USA), Kodiak (USA), Narrow Cape (USA), Seward (USA) 2006 2031 971 2.5 Gb/s 10 Gb/s 4 Fiber Pairs Kodiak Kenai Cable Company

160

Kuwait-Iran

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Kuwait-Iran Kharg Island (Iran), Kuwait City (Kuwait) 2006 2031 380 2.5 Gb/s 6 Fiber Pairs e-Marine

161

LEV

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

LEV Mazara (Italy), Tel Aviv (Israel), Yeroskipos (Cyprus) 1999 2024 2,500 2.5 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs, 8 wavelengths of 1550 nm wavelength 177,658,000 Telecom Italia Sparkle Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications

162

LION

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Installer: Cableship:

LION Sainte Marie (Reunion Island), Terre Rouge (Mauritius), Toamasina (Madagascar) 2009 2034 1,800 20 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs France Telecom, Mauritius Telecom, Orange Madagascar FCR Chamarel

163

LION-2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

LION-2 Mombasa (Kenya), Mayotte (Mayotte) 2012 3,000 1.28 Tb/s 76,000,000 France Telecom, Mauritius Telecom, Orange Madagascar

164

MAC

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

MAC Brookhaven (USA), Hollywood (USA), St Croix (US Virgin Islands) 2000 2025 7,500 20 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs Global Crossing Alcatel Submarine Networks FCR Fresnel

165

Main One

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Main One Abidjan (Ivory Coast), Accra (Ghana), Casablanca (Morocco), Dakar (Senegal), Lagos (Nigeria), Port Harcourt (Nigeria), Seixal (Portugal), Tenerife (Spain) 2011 2035 14,000 1.92 Tb/s 240,000,000 TE SubCom TE SubCom Resolute

166

Mataram-Kupang

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Owners:

Mataram-Kupang Kupang (Indonesia), Mataram (Indonesia), Raba (Indonesia), Sumbawa Besar (Indonesia), Waingapu (Indonesia) 2011 1,200 PT Telkom

167

Matrix

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Matrix Batam (Indonesia), Changi (Singapore), Jakarta (Indonesia) 2008 2032 1,438 2.6 Tb/s 4 Fiber Pairs Matrix Networks and NAP Info Tyco Telecommunications SSI Global Marine Systems Limited Wave Mercury, Cable Networker (barge)

168

Maya-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: Marine Surveyor:

Maya-1 Cancun (Mexico), Hollywood (USA), Maria Chiquita (Panama), Puerto Limon (Costa Rica), Tolu (Colombia) 2000 2025 4,506 82.5 Gb/s MAYA-1 Consortium Alcatel Submarine Networks, Tyco Telecommunications C&C Technologies

169

Med Cable

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

Med Cable Algiers (Algeria), Annaba (Algeria), Marseille (France) 2005 2030 1,215 20 Gb/s Med Cable

170

MedNautilus

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier:

MedNautilus Catania (Italy), Chania (Greece), Haifa (Israel), Istanbul (Turkey), Koropi (Greece), Tel Aviv (Israel) 2001 2026 5,729 3.84 Tb/s 6 Fiber Pairs,64 wave lengths,10 gbps Telecom Italia Sparkle Alcatel Submarine Networks

171

MELITA-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

MELITA-1 Pozallo (Italy), St Pauls Bay (Malta) 2009 2034 100 50 Mb/s 14,000,000 Melita Infrastructure Ltd.

172

Mena

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

Mena Alexandria (Egypt), Al Seeb (Oman), Jeddah (Saudi Arabia), Mazara (Italy), Mumbai (India), Suez (Egypt), Zafarana (Egypt) 2011 2035 9,500 5.76 Tb/s 350,000,000 Orascom Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks, TE SubCom Alcatel Submarine Networks, TE SubCom, e-Marine Maersk Responder, Ile de Sein, Niwa, Decisive EGS, Blue Star, Elettra

173

MIC-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Installer:

MIC-1 Batam (Indonesia), Changi (Singapore) 2008 2033 70 10 Gb/s 12,000,000 Moratelindo Global Marine Systems Limited

174

Minerva

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier:

Minerva Catania (Italy), Mazara (Italy), Yeroskipos (Cyprus) 2007 2032 10 Gb/s DWDM wavelengths Telecom Italia Sparkle Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Systems

175

M-T

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity:

M-T Kuantan New Port (Malaysia), Phetchaburi (Thailand), Songkhla (Thailand) 1994 2017 1,276 560 Mbs

176

Neptune Canada

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

Neptune Canada Port Alberni (Canada) 2007 2032 800 62,000,000 University of Victoria Alcatel Submarine Networks Alcatel Submarine Networks Ile de Sein NEPTUNE Canada

177

Norsea Com-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

Norsea Com-1 Lowestoft (United Kingdom), Tysvr (Norway) 1999 2024 800 160 Gb/s North Sea Communications AS Alcatel AKN

178

Northstar

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Northstar Juneau (USA), Nedonna Beach (USA), Valdez (USA), Whittier (USA) 1999 2024 3,352 10 Gb/s VenFin Limited (25%) Alcatel Submarine Networks C&W (Marine) Maersk Fighter, Fu Lai

179

PAC

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

PAC Colon (Panama), Fort Amadour (Panama), Grover Beach (USA), Mazatln (Mexico), Puerto Viejo (Venezuela), St Croix (US Virgin Islands), Tijuana (Mexico) 2001 2026 8,500 10 Gb/s 350,000,000 Global Crossing Tyco Telecommunications Agile C&C Technologies

180

Pacific Fibre

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Pacific Fibre Los Angeles (USA), Sydney (Australia), Takapuna (New Zealand), Whenuapai (New Zealand) 2013 13,600 5.12 Tb/s 2 Fiber Pairs with 64 wavelengths per fiber pair and initial traffic capacity of 40 Gb/s per wavelength 400,000,000 Pacific Fibre TE SubCom

181

PanAm

System Name: Landing Points:

PanAm Arica (Chile), Baby Beach (Aruba), Barranquilla (Colombia), Battery Pratt (Panama), Butlers Bay (St. Croix), Lurin (Peru), Magens Bay (Virgin Islands), Panama City (Panama), Punto Fijo (Venezuela), Salinas (Ecuador) 1999 2024 2,857 >10 Gb/s Antel (El Salvador), AT&T, Cable Andino, CANTV (Venezuela), CNT, C&W, Embratel, Entel (Chile), Setar, Telecom Colombia, Telmex C&C Technologies

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: Marine Surveyor:

182

Pangea

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

Pangea Beverwijk (Netherlands), Fan (Denmark), Lowestoft (United Kingdom), Mde (Denmark), Redcar (United Kingdom) 2000 2025 511 Pangea Ltd Alcatel Submarine Networks Nexans Pleijel Fugro

183

PC-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: Marine Surveyor:

PC-1 Grover Beach (USA), Harbor Pointe (USA), Shima (Japan), Shima (Japan) 1999, North Ring, 2000, South Ring 2025 21,000 1.8 Tb/s 3 Tb/s 1,000,000,000 NTT Communications Tyco Telecommunications C&C Technologies

184

PEC

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

PEC Bredene (Belguim), Broadstairs (United Kingdom), Seaford (United Kingdom), Veules-les-Roses (France) 1999 2024 117 10 Gb/s Global Crossing

185

PPC-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

PPC-1 Madang (Papua New Guinea), Piti (Guam), Sydney (Australia) 2009 2034 7,185 40 Gb/s 2.56 Tb/s 200,000,000 PIPE Networks Ltd. Tyco Telecommunications Tyco Telecommunications Durable, Decisive

186

Project Express

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Project Express London (UK), New York (USA) 2012 40 Gb/s 100 Gb/s 250,000,000 Hibernia Atlantic Huawei Marine Networks

187

innovative. independent. inspired.

188

Qatar-UAE

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: System Installer: Cableship:

Qatar-UAE Abudabi (UAE), Das (UAE), Doha (Qatar), Halul (Qatar) 2004 2029 200 20 Gb/s Global Marine Systems Limited Sovereign

189

RJCN

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

RJCN Nakhodka (Russia), Naoetsu (Japan) 2006 2031 1,800 640 Gb/s Rostelecom

190

RJK

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

RJK Nakhodka (Russia), Naoetsu (Japan), Pusan (South Korea) 1994 2019 1,762 1 Gb/s 93,000,000 Rostelecom Alcatel Submarine Networks, Ocean Cable Company Segments B2-3 KDD Kuroshio Maru, Maersk Recorder (473 km)

191

SAC

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

SAC Fortaleza (Brazil), Fort Amadour (Panama), Las Toninas (Argentina), Lurin (Peru), Puerto Viejo (Venezuela), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Santos (Brazil), St Croix (US Virgin Islands), Valparaiso (Chile) 2000 2025 20,000 100 Gb/s 1.2 Tb/s Global Crossing Alcatel Submarine Networks

192

SAEx

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

SAEx East London (South Africa), Fortaleza (Brazil), Luanda (Angola), Mtunzini (South Africa), Port Elizabeth (South Africa) 2013 12,000 12.8 Tb/s 2 Fiber Pairs, 3.2 Tb/s per pair, 40 Gb/s per wavelength, 20 wavelengths 400,000,000 eFive Telecoms Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks

193

SAFE

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

SAFE Baie du Jacotet (Mauritius), Cape Town (South Africa), Cochin (India), Durban (South Africa), Penang (Malaysia), Saint-Paul (Reunion) 2002 2027 13,104 440 Gb/s France Telecom, Tata Communications, Telekom SA Tyco Telecommunications FCR Vercors

194

SAM-1

System Name: Landing Points:

SAM-1 Arica (Chile), Barranquilla (Colombia), Boca Raton (USA), Fortaleza (Brazil), Las Toninas (Argentina), Lurin (Peru), Mancora (Peru), Puerto Barrios (Guatemala), Puerto San Jose (Guatemala), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Salinas (Ecuador), Salvador (Brazil), San Juan (Puerto Rico), Santos (Brazil), Valparaiso (Chile) 2001 2026 19,964 160 Gb/s 1.92 Tb/s Telefonica Tyco Telecommunications C&C Technologies

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: Marine Surveyor:

195

SAS-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

SAS-1 Jeddah (Saudi Arabia), Port Sudan (Sudan) 2003 2028 333 1.28 Tb/s 4 Fiber Pairs STC (Saudi Arabia)

196

SAT-2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

SAT-2 El Medano (Spain), Funchal (Portugal), Melkbosstrand (South Africa) 1993 2018 9,500 560 Mb/s 270,000,000 Telekom SA Standard Telephones & Cables Ltd, Alcatel Submarine Networks BT Marine, FCR Vercors, Sovereign

197

SAT-3

System Name: Landing Points:

SAT-3 Abidjan (Ivory Coast), Accra (Ghana), Alta Vista (Spain), Chipiona (Spain), Cotonou (Benin), Dakar (Senegal), Douala (Cameroon), Lagos (Nigeria), Libreville (Gabon), Luanda (Angola), Melkbosstrand (South Africa), Sesimbra (Portugal) 2002 2027 13,000 340 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs Angola Telecom, AT&T, British Telecom, Camtel of Cameroon, CIT, Cote dIvoire Telecom, CPRM, C&W, France Telecom (12.08%), Ghana Telecom, Maroc Telecom of Morocco, Mauritius Telecom, Nigerian Telecommunications Ltd, Nitel (8.39%), OPT Benin, OPT Gabon, PT Comunicaes, PT Comunicaes, Sonatel, Tata Communications (8.93%), TCI (12.42%), Telecom Namibia, Telefonica, Telekom SA, Togo Telecom Alcatel Submarine Networks

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

System Supplier:

198

SCAN

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

SCAN Hong Kong (China),Jakarta (Indonesia),Tuas (Singapore),Vung Tau (Vietnam) 2011 4,300 40 Gb/s 1.92 Tb/s PT. Fangbian Iskan Corporindo, Telemedia Pacific Inc. NEC

199

SCF-CN

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

SCF-CN Basseterre (St. Kitts & Nevis),Bridgetown (Barbados),Kingstown (St. Vincent),Martinique (Martinique),Port Castries (St Lucia),Port Salines (Grenada), Redcar (Trinidad and Tobago) 2007 2032 1,186 1.28 Tb/s SCF (Group Loret)

200

Seacom

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Seacom Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti), Maputo (Mozambique), Mombasa (Kenya), Mtunzini (South Africa), Mumbai (India) 2009 2034 13,740 110 Gb/s 1.28 Tb/s 600,000,000 Convergence Partners (12.50%), Herakles Telecom LLC (25%), Industrial Promotion Services (25%), Shanduka Group (12.50%), VenFin Limited (25%) Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Durable, Decisive, Dependable, Resolute, Responder

201

SEAK

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Initial Capacity: Owners:

SEAK Angoon (USA), Hawk Inlet (USA), Juneau (USA), Ketchikan (USA), Petersburg (USA), Sitka (USA), Wrangell (USA) 2008 2033 10 Gb/s GCI

202

SEA-ME-WE-3

System Name: Landing Points:

SEA-ME-WE-3 Alexandria (Egypt), Al Seeb (Oman), Batangas (Philippines), Chania (Greece), Cochin (India), Da Nang (Vietnam), Deep Water Bay (Hong Kong), Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia (Sri Lanka), Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti), Fangshan (Taiwan), Fujairah (United Arab Emirates), Goonhilly (United Kingdom), Jeddah (Saudi Arabia), Karachi (Pakistan), Keoje (South Korea), Marmaris (Turkey), Mazara (Italy), Medan (Indonesia), Mersing (Malaysia), Mumbai (India), Nanhui District (China), Norden (Germany), Okinawa Prefecture (Japan), Oostende (Belguim), Penang (Malaysia), Penmarch (France), Perth (Australia), Pyapon (Myanmar), Satun (Thailand), Sesimbra (Portugal), Shantou (China), Suez (Egypt), Taipa (Macau), Tetouan (Morocco), Toucheng (Taiwan), Tuas (Singapore), Tungku (Brunei), Yeroskipos (Cyprus) 1999 2024 37,000 70 Gb/s 1,500,000,000 SEA-ME-WE 3 Consortium Alcatel Submarine Networks, Pirelli, KDD-SCS, Tyco Telecommunications Agile, Cable Installer, Maersk Defender, Maersk Fighter, Fresnel, Fu Lai, Nexus, Leon Thevinin, Vercors, Raymond Croze C&C Technologies

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

203

SEA-ME-WE-4

System Name: Landing Points:

SEA-ME-WE-4 Alexandria (Egypt), Annaba (Algeria), Bizerte (Tunisia), Chennai (India), Colombo (Sri Lanka), Coxs Bazaar (Bangladesh), Fujairah (United Arab Emirates), Jeddah (Saudi Arabia), Karachi (Pakistan), Marseille (France), Melaka (Malaysia), Mumbai (India), Mumbai (India), Palermo (Italy), Satun (Thailand), Suez (Egypt), Tuas (Singapore) 2005 2030 18,800 40 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs 500,000,000 Algerie Telecom, Algeria, Bangladesh Submarine Cable Company Limited (BSCCL), Bangladesh, Bharti Airtel, CAT Telecom (Thailand), Du, France Telecom, Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited, Pakistan, Saudi Telecom Company (STC), Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka Telecom Limited (SLT), Sri Lanka, Tata Communications (Network Administrator), Telecom Egypt, Telecom Italia Sparkle , Telekom Malaysia, Tunisie Telecom (Tunisia), Verizon Alcatel Submarine Networks, Fujitsu Niwa, Descartes

RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

System Supplier: Cableship:

204

SFL

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

SFL Mariehamn (Finland), Vaddo (Sweden) 1994 2029 64 2.5 Gb/s Teliasonera

205

SFS-4

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

SFS-4 Mariehamn (Finland), Norrtlje (Sweden), Turku (Finland) 1993 2018 254 40 Gb/s Teliasonera Standard Telephones & Cables Ltd AKN Pleijel, Telepaatti

206

SG-SCS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

SG-SCS Chaguaramas (Trinidad), Georgetown (Guyana), Totness (Suriname) 2010 2035 1,193 10 Gb/s 40 Gb/s 54,000,000 Guyana Telephone and Telegraph Co. Ltd, Telesur of Suriname NEXANS Global Marine Systems Limited Sovereign

207

Shefa 2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

Shefa 2 Ayre of Cara (UK), Banff (UK), Maywick (UK), Sandwick (Scotland), Trshavn (Faroe Islands) 2008 2033 1,000 20 Gb/s 570 Gb/s 27,000,000 Faroese Telecom NSW International Telecom IT Intrepid Fugro

208

Silphium

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners:

Silphium Chania (Greece), Darnah (Libya) 2011 70 Gb/s 1.2 Tb/s Libyan Post, Telecom, and Information Technology Company

209

SJC

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

SJC Chikura (Japan), Lantau (Hong Kong), Nasugbu (Philippines), Shantou (China), Telisai (Brunei), Tuas (Singapore) 2013 8,900 17 Tb/s 6 Fiber Pairs 400,000,000 SJC Consortium

210

SKKL-JS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

SKKL-JS Jakarta (Indonesia), Surabaja (Indonesia) 1996 2021 713 5 Gb/s Indosat

211

SMPR-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

SMPR-1 San Juan (Puerto Rico), St Martin (Netherlands Antilles) 2004 2029 375 2.5 Gb/s 15,000,000 Smitcoms

212

Solas

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Installer: Cableship:

Solas Kilmore Quay (Ireland), Oxwich Bay (UK) 2012 140 5 Gb/s Eircom Global Marine Systems Limited Wave Sentinel

213

Southern Cross Cable Network

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Southern Cross Cable Network Alexandria (Australia), Brookvale (Australia), Kahe Point (Hawaii), Morro Bay (USA), Nedonna Beach (USA), Spencer Beach (USA), Suva (Fiji), Takapuna (New Zealand), Whenuapai (New Zealand) 2000 2025 28,900 1.24 Tb/s OALC4 17mm - 3 Fiber Pairs Segments A,C,G1,G2,I. 4 Fiber Pairs Segments D and F 1,300,000,000 Southern Cross Cable Network Alcatel Submarine Networks, Fujitsu Alcatel Submarine Networks Cable Innovator laid 13761 km, Nexus laid 3306 km, Vercors laid 10007 km. Fresnel laid 800 km

214

Sub

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Sub Bandjermasin (Indonesia), Makassar (Indonesia), Surabaja (Indonesia) 1998 2023 2,100 50 Gb/s 2 Fiber Pairs PT Telekom

215

Svalbard

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

Svalbard Andy (Norway), Harstad (Norway), Hotellneset (Norway) 2004 2029 2,800 4.8 Tb/s Telenor Tyco Telecommunications

216

Taino Carib

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Taino Carib Magens Bay (Virgin Islands), San Juan (Puerto Rico), Tortola (British Virgin Islands) 1992 2017 2,508 560 Mb/s 17,000,000 Trans-Caribbean Cable Company AT&T SSI C&W (Marine) Mercury

217

Tampnet

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Owners: System Supplier:

Tampnet Kollsnes (Norway), Tysvr (Norway) 2001 2026 StatoilHydro Ericsson

218

Tangerine

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

Tangerine Broadstairs (United Kingdom), Oostende (Belguim) 2000 2025 112 240 Gb/s 96 Fiber Pairs Level 3 Communications

219

Tasman-2

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Tasman-2 Sydney (Australia), Whenuapai (New Zealand) 1992 2017 2,195 3 x 560 Mb/s 100,000,000 Telecom New Zealand Standard Telephones & Cables Ltd FCR Vercors

220

TAT-14

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship: Marine Surveyor:

TAT-14 Blaabjerg (Denmark), Katwijk (Netherlands), Manasquan (USA), Norden (Germany), Saint-Valery-enCaux (France), Tuckerton (USA), Widemouth (UK) 2001 2026 15,428 10 Gb/s 1.87 Tb/s TAT-14 Consortium Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Global Marine Systems Limited Cable Innovator, Cable Endeavour, Bold Endurance, Wave Sentinel, Subaru, Maersk Recorder, Maersk Forwarder, Sir Eric Sharp, Agile, Teliri, Fresnel, Vercors Fugro

221

TEAMS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

TEAMS Fujairah (United Arab Emirates), Mombasa (Kenya) 2009 2034 4,500 120 Gb/s 1.28 Tb/s 130,000,000 Etisalat (15%), TEAMS Ltd. (85%) Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks e-Marine Niwa

222

223

TE North

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

TE North Alexandria (Egypt), Cyprus (Republic of Cyprus), Marseille (France) 2011 2036 3,100 10 Tb/s 20 Tb/s 8 Fiber Pairs 150,000,000 Telecom Egypt Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks

224

TGN Atlantic

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

TGN Atlantic Highbridge (UK), Saunton Sands (UK), Wall Township (USA) 2001 2026 13,025 2.56 Tb/s Tata Communications Tyco Telecommunications

225

TGN Eurasia/Seacom

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

TGN Eurasia/Seacom Alexandria (Egypt), Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti), Jeddah (Saudi Arabia), Marseille (France), Mtunzini (South Africa), Mtunzini (South Africa), Mumbai (India), Ras Sidr (Egypt) 2009 2034 9,240 160 Gb/s 1.28 Tb/s 250,000,000 SEACOM, Tata Communications, Telecom Egypt

226

TGN Gulf

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

TGN Gulf Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia), Dubai (UAE), Kuwait City (Kuwait), Manama (Bahrain), Sumaisma (Qatar) 2011 2,306 1.28 Tb/s 2 Fiber Pairs 200,000,000 Tata Communications TE SubCom

227

TGN Intra-Asia (IA)

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

TGN Intra-Asia (IA) Ballesteros (Phillipines), Deep Water Bay (Hong Kong), Piti (Guam), Singapore (Singapore), Toyohashi (Japan), Vung Tau (Vietnam) 2009 2034 6,485 3.84 Tb/s Tata Communications Tyco Telecommunications

228

TGN Northern Europe

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners:

TGN Northern Europe De Marne (Netherlands), Humanby (UK) 2002 2027 578 3.84 Tb/s 4 Fiber Pairs Tata Communications

229

TGN Pacific

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

TGN Pacific Emi (Japan), Hermosa Beach (USA), Nedonna Beach (USA), Toyohashi (Japan) 2002 2027 22,134 5.12 Tb/s Tata Communications Tyco Telecommunications

230

TGN-TIC

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

TGN-TIC Chennai (India), Tuas (Singapore) 2004 2029 3,350 5.12 Tb/s Tata Communications

231

TGN Western Europe

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier:

TGN Western Europe Bilbao (Spain), Highbridge (UK), Seixal (Portugal) 2002 2027 3,578 3.84 Tb/s Tata Communications Tyco Telecommunications

232

TIS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

TIS Batam (Indonesia), Songkhla (Thailand) 2006 2031 1,100 30 Gb/s 36,000,000 CAT Telecom (Thailand), PT Telekom, Singtel Tyco Telecommunications

233

TPC-5

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

TPC-5 Bandon (USA), Keawaula (Hawaii), Miyazaki (Japan), Ninomiya (Japan), San Luis Obispo (USA), Tumon (Guam) 1996 2021 24,441 10 Gb/s 171,000,000 AT&T, KDDI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Tyco Telecommunications SSI Durable

234

TPE

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

TPE Chongming (China), Fuzhou (China), Keoje (South Korea), Nedonna Beach (USA), Qingdao (China), Tanshui (Taiwan) 2008 2033 26,333 1.28 Tb/s 5.12 Tb/s 500,000,000 AT&T, China Telecom, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom International, KT Coropration, Verizon Ocean Cable Company, Hitachi Cable Ltd, Tyco Telecommunications C&W (Marine) Cable Innovator

235

Trinidad-Curaao

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

Trinidad-Curaao Curaao (Curaao), Trinidad (Trinidad) 2007 2032 1,240 1.875 Tb/s Colombus Networks, New World Network Tyco Telecommunications SSI, Alcatel, NEC Tyco SSI Tyco Durable, Ile de Sein, Ile de Batz, Fu Hai, Segero, Cable Innovator

236

T-V-H

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

T-V-H Deep Water Bay (Hong Kong), Sri Racha (Thailand), Vung Tau (Vietnam) 1996 2021 3,367 565 Mb/s 155,600,000 Vietnam Telecom International Tyco Telecommunications

237

TWA-1

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

TWA-1 Al Seeb (Oman), Fujairah (United Arab Emirates), Karachi (Pakistan) 2006 2031 1,241 1.28 Tb/s Trans-World Associates

238

Ugarit

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Ugarit Pentaskhinos (Cyprus), Tartus (Syria) 1995 2020 239 622 Mb/s 16,399,000 Cypress Telecommunications Authority Tyco Telecommunications

239

UK-Germany 6

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier: System Installer: Cableship:

UK-Germany 6 Norden (Germany), Scarborough (UK) 1999 2024 560 2 .5 Gb/s 50,000,000 British Telecom, C&W, TSI Alcatel Submarine Networks BTI Marine Services Alert

240

Unisur

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Unisur Florianopolis (Brazil), Las Toninas (Argentina), Maldonado (Uruguay) 1994 2019 1,714 560 Mb/s 74,000,000 Antel (Uruguay), Embratel, Telecom Argentina, Telefonica de Argentina

241

Unity

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Fiber Information: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners: System Supplier:

Unity Chikura (Japan), Los Angeles (USA) 2010 2035 9,486 1.92 Tb/s 4.8 Tb/s 5 Fiber Pairs 300,000,000 Bharti Airtel, Global Transit, Google, KDDI, PACNET, Singtel Tyco Telecommunications - Partial

242

Vanuatu

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

Vanuatu Port Vila (Vanuatu), Suva (Fiji) 2012 1,230 20 Gb/s 320 Gb/s 30,000,000 Interchange Limited

243

Ventspils-Gotland

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Fiber Information: Owners: System Supplier:

Ventspils-Gotland Frsund (Sweden), Stockholm (Sweden), Ventspils (Latvia) 2004 2029 175 2.5 Gb/s 34 Fiber Pairs Baltcom TE SubCom

244

VMSCS

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Owners:

VMSCS Balluta (Malta), Catania (Italy) 2004 2029 250 10 Gb/s Vodafone Malta

245

WACS

System Name: Landing Points:

WACS Accra (Ghana), Alta Vista (Spain), Cape Verde (Cape Verde), Douala (Cameroon), Lagos (Nigeria), Lome (Togo), Luanda (Angola), Muanda (DRC), Pointe Noire (Congo), Sesimbra (Portugal), Walvis Bay (Namibia), Whitesands Bay (UK) 2012 14,000 500 Gb/s 5.1 Tb/s 600,000,000 Angola Cables, Broadband Infraco, Congo Telecom, C&W, MTN Group, Office Congolais de Poste et Telecommunication, PT Comunicaes, Tata Communications, Telecom Namibia, Telekom SA, Togo Telecom, Vodacom

RFS Year: Total Length (kms): Initial Capacity: Design Capacity: Est. System Cost (US$): Owners:

246

WARF

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Est. End of Service Date: Total Length (kms): Owners: System Supplier: Marine Surveyor:

WARF Cochin (India), Hulhumal (India) 2007 2032 1,100 WARF Telecom International Alcatel Submarine Networks Fugro

247

WASACE

Planned

System Name: Landing Points: RFS Year: Design Capacity: Owners:

WASACE Cape Town (South Africa), Fortaleza (Brazil), Lagos (Nigeria), Lannion (France), Luanda (Angola), Miami (USA), Santos (Brazil), Virginia Beach (USA) 2015 100 Gb/s WASACE Cable Company

248

Regional Index
Atlantic AC-1 AC-2 ACE Adones Antel Apollo Arctic Fibre Arctic Link ASH C-BUS C-J FOSC Cadmos Canalink CanTaT-3 CFX-1 CIOS Circe North Columbus II Columbus III Danica South Denmark-Russia Emerald Express EurAfrica FA-1 Farice-1 Farland FEA Gemini GLO-1 Global Nexus Globenet Greenland Connect Hibernia Atlantic 11 12 13 15 29 36 38 39 43 73 81 67 68 69 75 78 79 82 83 89 95 104 108 110 112 113 114 122 124 125 126 131 136 Baltic Bahamas-2 Bass Strait 2 BCS East BCS East-West Interlink BIN Corsar Danica North 48 52 53 54 60 87 88 Hugo MAC Main One Norsea Com-1 Pangea PEC Project Express SAC SAEx SAM-1 SAT-2 SAT-3 SEA-ME-WE-3 Shefa 2 Solas Svalbard Tampnet Tangerine TAT-14 TGN Atlantic TGN Northern Europe TGN Western Europe UK-Germany 6 WACS WASACE 139 165 166 178 183 185 187 192 193 195 197 198 203 208 213 216 218 219 221 225 229 232 240 246 248

Danice Denmark-Germany 2 Denmark-Norway 5 Denmark-Norway 6 Denmark-Poland 2 EE-S1 Fehmarn Balt Kattegat-1 SFL SFS-4 Ventspils-Gotland Black Sea BSCS Georgia-Russia ITUR KAFOS Carribean ALBA-1 Alonso De Ojeda Americas I Americas I South Americas II Antilles Crossing Arcos-1 Atlas Offshore Bharat-Lanka CANUS-1 Caucasus Cable System Cayman-Jamaica Celtix Connect East-West ECFS FibraLink GCN

90 91 92 93 94 102 115 156 205 206 244

Globenet MAC Maya-1 PAC PanAm SAC SAM-1 SCF-CN SG-SCS SMPR-1 Taino Carib Trinidad-Curaao

126 165 169 180 182 192 195 200 207 212 217 236

65 123 147 155

Gulf of Mexico BP-GOM Indian Ocean Berytar DMCS 57 96 99 103 111 120 141 142 173 194 203 204 201 226 231 247 248 63

21 24 26 27 28 30 37 46 58 70 71 72 74 100 101 116 121

Eassy EIG Falcon GBICS I-ME-WE India-UAE Mena SAFE SEA-ME-WE-3 SEA-ME-WE-4 Seacom TGN Eurasia/Seacom TGN-TIC WARF WASACE

Mediterranean ADRIA-1 Aletar Alexandros Alpal-2 Aphrodite 2 Ariane 2 Athena Atlantis-2 Baltica BDM BICS BSFOCS China-US Concerto-1 Corfu-Bar EIG EMOS-1 Estepona-Tetouan Europa FEA GBICS GO-1 GWEN Hannibal Hawk I-ME-WE Italy-Albania Italy-Greece Italy-Libya Italy-Monaco ITUR Jonah Keltra-2 LEV Med Cable 16 22 23 25 34 40 44 45 49 56 59 66 77 85 86 103 105 107 109 114 120 127 132 133 135 141 143 144 145 146 147 154 157 162 170

MedNautilus MELITA-1 Mena Minerva SEA-ME-WE-3 SEA-ME-WE-4 Silphium TEAMS TGN Eurasia/Seacom Ugarit VMSCS WASACE Middle East EIG Falcon FOG GBICS I-ME-WE India-UAE Kuwait-Iran Mena Qatar-UAE SAS-1 SEA-ME-WE-3 SEA-ME-WE-4 TE North TGN Eurasia/Seacom TGN Gulf TWA-1 Pacific AAG AJC Akorn Alaska United East

171 172 173 175 203 204 209 222 226 239 245 248

103 111 118 120 141 142 161 173 189 196 203 204 224 226 227 238

10 17 18 19

Alaska United West APCN APCN2 APG APNG-2 Arctic Link ASC ASE Barsav Bass Strait 1 BCS North Blast BRCS Challenger Circe South DSCN EAC-C2C Endeavour FEA FNAL (TIGER) G-P GOKI Gondwana-1 Hantru-1 Honotua HSCS I2I JaKa2DeLeMa JAKABARE Japan-US Jasaurus Jasuka JIH Khulna-Chennai KJCN Kodiak Kenai LION

20 31 32 33 35 39 41 42 50 51 55 61 64 76 80 97 98 106 114 117 130 128 129 134 137 138 140 148 149 150 152 151 153 158 159 160 163

LION-2 M-T Mataram-Kupang Matrix MIC-1 Neptune Canada Northstar PAC Pacific Fibre PanAm PC-1 PPC-1 RJCN RJK SAC SAFE SAM-1 SCAN SEA-ME-WE-3 Seacom SEAK SJC SKKL-JS Southern Cross Cable Network Sub T-V-H Tasman-2 TGN Intra-Asia (IA) TGN Pacific TGN-TIC TIS TPC-5 TPE Unisur Unity Vanuatu

164 176 167 168 174 177 179 180 181 182 184 186 190 191 192 194 195 199 203 201 202 210 211 214 215 237 220 228 230 231 233 234 235 241 242 243