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I.BRONCHOGENICSQUAMOUSCELLCARCINOMAOFTHELUNG 1.Thedifferencesbetweensquamouscell carcinoma,smallcellcarcinoma,and adenocarcinomaarethatsquamouscellcarcinoma developsfromthecellsthatlinetheairways,small cellcarcinomadevelopsinthebronchi,and adenocarcinomadevelopsfromphlegm. 2.Lungmetastasesisacancerthathasspread fromanoriginaltumortothelung.Lungtissueisa commonsiteforthembecausethelungsare usuallythefirstorgansaffectedbycarcinogens,like cigarettes.

3.Othercausesoflungcanceraresecondhandsmoke,exposuretoasbestosandradongas, familyhistory,lungdisease,andairpollution. 4.Livinginanareawithalargeabundanceofgraniterockisbadforyouwhenitcomestogetting cancerbecausegranitecanbeatrapforradongas. 5.Twosymptomsoflungcancerareshortnessofbreathandhoarseness. 6.WhatradiationdoestothetumorsinthelungisthatitcausestheDNAinthecellstodieor stopdividing. II.CARCINOMAOFTHEBREAST

1.Theriskforbreastcancerdoublesaftermenopause. 2.Womenover40shouldhaveamammogrameveryonetotwoyears. 3.Thecausesforwomentodevelopanincreasedriskforbreastcancerareage,genetics, familyhistory,personalhistory,densebreasttissue,benignbreastconditions,raceandethnicity, birthcontroluse,andobesity. 4.Acommonriskfactoraswomengetolderisbreastcancerbecausepeoplearemorelikelyto developbreastcancerasageprogresses.AccordingtotheSusanG.KomenFoundation,the chancesofa20yearoldgettingbreastcancerwithinthenext10yearsisonein1,681,whilefor 50yearoldsitis1in42. 5.Thereareoftennosymptomsofbreastcancer,butsomeincludeapainlesslumpinthebreast,changes inbreastsizeorshape,swellinginthearmpit,nipplechangesordischarge,orotherabnormalbreastpain. 6.Withlumpectomy,thereisaslightlyhigherrateofthecancerreturningtothebreast.Also,witha mastectomy,apotentialbenefitisthatradiationtherapymaybeabletobeavoided III.CARCINOMAOFTHEPROSTATE

1.Prostatecanceroccursabout60%moreofteninAfricanAmericanmenthaninwhiteAmericanmen. JapaneseandAfricanmaleslivingintheirnativecountrieshavealowincidenceofprostatecancer.Rates forthesegroupsincreasesharplywhentheyimmigratetotheU.S. 2.Nervesthatgrowinandaroundprostatecancersspurtumourstogrowandinvadeothertissues.There areparasympatheticnervesinadditiontothesympatheticnerves. 3.Symptomspatientswithprostatecancerexperience:Troubleurinating,decreasedforceinthestreamof urine,bloodintheurine,bloodinthesemen,generalpaininthelowerback,hips,orthighs,discomfortin thepelvicarea,bonepain,anderectiledysfunction.

Symptomsiftheprostatecancerhadmetastasizedfromsomewhereelseinthebody:Itcouldhave possiblycomefromlung,bone,orbraincancer,soanyofthesymptomsfromthesecancers.Some examplesaretroublebreathing,extensivecoughing,bonepain,fatigue,speechdifficulty,confusion,and memoryissues. 4.Radiationtherapyandhormonetherapyaretwotypesoftreatmentforprostatecancer. IV.RENALCELLCARCINOMA