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Mailing Address P.O. Box 183 Ironton, MO 63650 Museum Address Whistle Junction Train Depot Highway 21, Arcadia, MO
Iron County Historical Society
Telephone: (573) 546-3513
October’s Meeting Canceled See President’s Message Below
As our meeting scheduled for October 20 , conflicts with the Fall Mountain Music Festival, our Board of Directors decided to cancel our meeting. Should this scheduling conflict occur again next year, we will move our meeting to a different day farther in advance of the scheduled date. The Historical Society will have booths at this year’s th Freedom Fest in Annapolis on October12 and at the th Fall Mountain Music Festival in Ironton on October 19 . Besides selling some of our publications at Freedom Fest, we will also sell baked goods there as a way to raise additional funds. If you can contribute any baked goods to this event, please drop them off at the Visitors’ th Center / Museum on Friday, October 11 before 4 p.m. that day. The Society’s Facebook page is hosting two on-line exhibitions of selected items from our historic postcard collection and rock and mineral collection. A special tribute to our National Cemeteries will be added in early November to celebrate Veterans’ Day. See page 4 for the website address. Finally, it is with great sadness that I report the death of one of our members, Mary Light. You may remember Mary from her 25 plus years working as a librarian at the library in Ironton. Our sympathies go out to all of Mary’s family and friends.
Museum Director’s Report
Wilma Cofer New Accessions: Lifetime Living magazine dated May 1953 donated by Ella Huff; Book entitled Childhood Recollections of an Ozark Family, by children of Mr. & Mrs. W. T. Keathley. Donations / Memorials Received: We have received donations in the amount of $170.00 in memory of Cal Dothage. Visitors:
We had 368 visitors in June from 21 states and two countries (United Kingdom & Germany). In July we had 586 visitors from 19 states and Canada. In August we had 339 visitors from 14 states and no foreign countries.
Membership Chairman’s Report
Wilma Cofer We gained 2 members and lost one to death. We currently have 92 members and six exchange members. New member(s): Allen R. Keathley, 7524 N. 38 St., Terre Haute, IN 47805, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Carol Chambers Fisher, 201 Westgate, Kennett, MO 63857. E-mail: email@example.com
They Were There
by John Abney
Next year (2014) marks the 150th anniversary of Price’s Raid into Missouri and the Battle of Pilot Knob. To honor and remember those who participated, our newsletter is continuing to tell some of their stories. If you have a story from someone who was there, please consider sharing it. Please email your story to firstname.lastname@example.org or mail it to John Abney at the Society’s mailing address shown on Page 1.
Marmaduke’s Brigade during Price’s invasion of Missouri in the fall of 1864.6 The morning of September 27, 1864 broke in glory over the beautiful Arcadia Valley. From the Ozark Hills, which sweep around the valley like a vast amphitheater, the clouds of mist hurried before the coming of day. But another cloud of different origin was destined to form in the valley that day. The usual peaceful scene had given place to war. Instead of the coming and going of the quiet country folk the valley glistened with bayonets and the air was aquiver with the presence of a mighty army. Major General Price had reached the valley on his Missouri expedition.
Daniel Luther Glaves Daniel L. Glaves was the youngest of nine children born to Frederick and Elizabeth (Goodner) Glaves.1 He was born on 25 October 1841 at Carthage, in Smith County, Tennessee.2 “Daniel L. was an infant when his father died and was but seven years old when he lost his mother. He was taken in by an uncle, John Goodner, with whom he lived at Cleveland, Tenn., until he had attained young manhood and in the year 1859 he came to Madison County, Missouri.”3 A little more than two months shy of his 21st birthday, Daniel enlisted in Company C of the 4th Missouri Light Artillery (C.S.A.) on 10 August 1862 at Doniphan, in Ripley County, Missouri.4 Besides his involvement in the Battle of Pilot Knob, Daniel was involved in battles at “Bloomfield, Mo., Helena, Little Rock, Mansfiled, Jenkins’ Ferry, Gasconade Bridge, Glasgow … California … Union, Bloomville, Blue Mills and numerous other battles.”5 Glaves’ company, also known as Harris’ Field Battery, Light Artillery, was assigned to Major General
Extract from carded service record of D. L. Glaves
As the day advanced General Fagan, who commanded a division of Price’s army, drove the
Geraldine Sanders Smith, compiler, “Clarice Burton Andrews Collection of Madison County, Missouri Bible and Family Records, Volume 1“, (Fredericktown, Missouri: The Foundation for Historic Preservation, 2001) 29. 2 Ibid., ‘The Last Roll” entry for D. L. Glaves, “Confederate Veteran Magazine, 1918 , on-line archives (http://archive.org/index.php: accessed 15 April 2013), 450. 3 “Last Roll”, 450. 4 Ibid. Note that the carded service records also show service as a private in Company C of the 8th Missouri Cavalry. 5 Daniel L. Glaves entry in Biographical Appendix, Goodspeed’s History of Southeast Missouri, (1888. Reprint, Cape Girardeau, Missouri: Ramfire Press, 1955), 871.
Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Missouri, NARA M322, roll 50, carded records of D. L. Glaves, Pvt., Co. C., Harris’ Field Battery, Missouri Light Artillery. Digital image, (www.fold3.com: accessed 15 April 2013), Dale E. Davis, Master’s thesis, “Guerrilla Operations in the Civil War: Assessing Compound Warfare During Price’s Raid”, (Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: U. S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2004), 104.
federals from a strong position in Arcadia through Ironton….7 With the Union forces taking refuge behind the walls of Fort Davidson, Major General Marmaduke was ordered to take possession of Shepherd Mountain. He arrived from the south side, passed over the top of the mountain, and descended the north side. Six mules in front of eight horses took the guns over the ledges of rock four feet high. The ascent was satisfactorily accomplished, four guns were placed in position about fifteen hundred yards from Fort Davidson, and the division was formed…. Skirmishing took place all day and heavy firing of Artillery from Fort Davidson [sic]. At two o’clock in the afternoon a charge was ordered. D. L. Glaves, now a prominent citizen of Fredericktown, Mo., then a lad of seventeen years [note that this contradicts Glaves’ age as given at his enlistment] and in charge of gun No. 1, fired the first shot from Shepherd Mountain.8 Glaves survived the battle and the war, surrendering to Union forces in June 1865 where his service was characterized as follows: This is to certify that D. L. Glaves, a private in the 4th Missouri Light Artillery, has faithfully performed his duty as a soldier of the Confederate States and remained true to his colors until honorably discharged under the terms of a surrender of Confederate forces to the military authorities of the United States effected at Grand Ecore, La., this 5th day of June, 1865.9 He returned to Twelve Mile Township, in Madison County, Missouri where he married Elizabeth Sitzes, the daughter of Rufus Sitzes in 1866.10 Elizabeth, born in 1848, was a native of Bollinger County, Missouri and she and Daniel would have five children together.11
The couple’s holdings included over 400 acres of land where he was known as, … one of the solid, substantial farmers of Madison County, Mo., and made his all by hard work and economy. He has made thousands of rails, being an expert at the business, paying for his first horse in that way. He is conservative in his political views, voting for principle, not for party. He has been a member of the school board for two years and is a good businessman. He is a Mason and his wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, as are all the girls.12
Daniel L. Glaves in later life. Picture from Confederate Veteran Magazine (Vol. XXII, 1914)
Glaves was one of the Confederate survivors that attended the 40th anniversary reunion held in Pilot Knob in September 1904.13 He died suddenly at his home on 26 August 1918.14 He was laid to rest three days later at the Masonic Cemetery in Fredericktown, Missouri with his services under the direction of his brothers in the Masonic fraternity.15
Birdie Haile, Cole, ‘The Battle of Pilot Knob”, “Confederate Veteran Magazine, 1914, on-line archives (http://archive.org/index.php: accessed 15 April 2013), 417. 8 Ibid. 9 “The Last Roll” 10 Ibid. “D. L. Glaves Found Dead in Bed Tuesday Morning”, The Democrat News, 29 August 1914, 1. 11 Ibid.
Daniel L. Glaves entry in Biographical Appendix. Walter E. Busch, “Fort Davidson and the Battle of Pilot Knob: Missouri’s Alamo”, (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2010), 89. 14 “The Last Roll”. 15 Daniel Luther Glaves entry, Find a Grave website, (http://www.findagrave.com/: accessed on 15 April 2013.
From the Collection
By John Abney
on the front of the postcard. This was known as the "undivided back" era of postcards. On March 1, 1907 the Post Office allowed private citizens to write on the address side of a postcard. It was on this date that postcards were allowed to have a "divided back".
Historic Picture Postcards Featuring Iron County A new on-line exhibit at the Society’s Facebook page [www.facebook.com/IronCountyHistoricalSocietyMO] features many of the picture postcards in the Society’s collection with scenes from in and around Iron County. Additionally, all of these postcards will be contained in the next update to the Society’s virtual museum. The virtual museum is located at the Society’s website [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~moichs/]. A brief history of American postcards is presented below and pictures of four of the postcards in the Society’s collection appear at the top of page 10.
Undivided back of 1905 card Picture Source: Wikipedia
Note: The following history of American postcards is directly quoted from the entry for “Postcards” in Wikipedia [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postcard]. The first American postcard was developed in 1873 by the Morgan Envelope Factory of Springfield, Massachusetts. Later in 1873, Post Master John Creswell introduced the first pre-stamped "penny postcards". These first postcards depicted the Interstate Industrial Exposition that took place in Chicago. Postcards were made because people were looking for an easier way to send quick notes. The first postcard to be printed as a souvenir in the United States was created in 1893 to advertise the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. The Post Office was the only establishment allowed to print postcards, and it held its monopoly until May 19, 1898, when Congress passed the Private Mailing Card Act, which allowed private publishers and printers to produce postcards. Initially, the United States government prohibited private companies from calling their cards "postcards", so they were known as "souvenir cards". These cards had to be labeled "Private Mailing Cards". This prohibition was rescinded on December 24, 1901, when private companies could use the word "postcard". Postcards were not allowed to have a divided back and correspondents could only write 4
On these cards the back is divided into two sections, the left section being used for the message and the right for the address. Thus began the Golden Age of American postcards, which lasted until 1915, when World War I blocked the import of the fine German-printed cards.
Divided back of 1908 card
Picture Source: Wikipedia
Postcards, in the form of government postal cards and privately printed souvenir cards, became very popular as a result of the Columbian Exposition, held in Chicago in 1893, after postcards featuring buildings were distributed at the fair. In 1908, more than 677 million postcards were mailed. The "white border" era, named for obvious reasons, lasted from about 1916 to 1930. The last and current postcard era, which began about 1939, is the "chrome" era, however these types of cards did not begin to dominate until about 1950. The images on these cards are generally based on colored photographs, and are readily identified by the glossy appearance given by the paper's coating.
Remembering the Tri-State Tornado
From the website of the National Weather Service, Paducah, KY Weather Forecast Office1
For thousands of residents in Southeast Missouri, Southern Illinois, and Southwest Indiana, the days following March 18, 1925 must have been horrendous. Hundreds of lives had been taken and thousands were injured or left homeless. With so many fatalities, so many injuries, so much destruction, and so many lives torn apart, it was now time to clean up the mess that nature had left behind. But this was much easier said than done —for it would take months to rebuild what had been demolished in less than 4 hours. Let’s take a brief look at what happened years ago, on that dreadful day of the Great Tri State Tornado.
It all started around 1:00 p.m. just northwest of Ellington, Missouri, where one farmer was killed. From there, the tornado raced to the northeast, killing two people and inflicting $500,000 in damage upon Annapolis and the mining town of Leadanna. Departing the Ozarks, the storm headed across the farmland of Bollinger County, injuring 32 children in two county schools. By the time the tornado reached the Mississippi River bordering Perry County, eleven Missourians had perished.
http://www.crh.noaa.gov/pah/?n=1925_tor_tt (materials at this website are in the public domain)
The devastation mounted in southern Illinois, as the entire town of Gorham was demolished around 2:30 p.m. There, 34 people lost their lives. During the next 40 minutes, 541 people were killed and 1,423 were seriously injured as the tornado tore a path of destruction nearly one mile wide through the towns of Murphysboro, De Soto, Hurst-Bush, and West Frankfort. In eastern Franklin County, 22 people died as the town of Parrish was virtually wiped off the map. The tornado proceeded unabated across rural farmland of Hamilton and White Counties, where the death toll reached 65. After taking the lives of more than 600 Illinoisans, the storm surged across the Wabash River, demolishing the entire community of Griffin, Indiana. Next in line were the rural areas just northwest of Owensville, where about 85 farms were devastated. As the storm ripped across Princeton, about half the town was destroyed, with damage here estimated at $1.8 million. Fortunately, the twister dissipated about ten miles northeast of Princeton, sparing the community of Petersburg in Pike County. In the aftermath, the death toll mounted to 695 people—at least 71 of those were in Southwest Indiana. Property damage totaled $16.5 million—nearly 2/3 of that was in Murphysboro alone. Even in today’s record books, the resultant toll of 695 fatalities from the Tri -State Tornado remains the largest number of casualties from such a disaster. When searching for an explanation as to why, the answer is clear. From technology to communications and the science of meteorology itself, many things have changed since 1925. Back then, radar and satellite imagery were not even close to invention. In fact, it would take such historical events as World War II and the launch of the U.S. Space Program to bring about the use of these two technological breakthroughs that today’s meteorologists could not live without. Communication was also in its primitive stage, as radio was just coming into existence in the larger cities during the 1920’s, and television wouldn’t make an appearance for another 25 years or so. When the Tri-State Tornado struck in 1925, there was no such thing as a "Tornado Watch" or "Tornado Warning." People relied on the local newspaper, government mail, or word of mouth to relay a message or communicate current events from one town or family to another. So even if a watch/warning program were in place, the message would have never been disseminated in such a fashion to give people the necessary lead time to seek shelter. Today, NOAA’s National Weather Service (NWS) is a leader in the most effective and sophisticated weather warning system in the world. Thanks to years of research and modern technology, forecasters at NOAA’s St orm Prediction Center (SPC) issue forecasts outlining the most likely locations for the development of tornadoes and other severe weather 48 hours in advance, then fine-tune the forecast as the potential for inclement weather draws near. Using GOES satellite imagery, current surface observations, upper-air data, and computer forecast models, the meteorologists at SPC issue Severe Thunderstorm and Tornado Watches when severe weather is expected a few hours out. From there, the local NWS Weather Forecast Offices (WFO’s), such as the office in Paducah, continuously monitor WSR-88D Doppler Radar time-lapse imagery to determine a storm’s severe potential. An invaluable resource to the radar operator’s final warning decision is the steady stream of reports from a network of trained and dedicated SKYWARN spotters, emergency managers, local law enforcement, and amateur radio "ham" operators. Thus, through technological advancements, improved communications, and dedicated scientific research, a death toll of nearly 700 people from such a disaster is highly improbable today—but it is not impossible, especially if the tornado were to strike a highly populated area. Of course, the present warning system is not perfect, as evidenced by sometimes late or missed watches and warnings. However, we have obviously come a long way since the early 1900s! Through a continued cooperation between the NWS, FEMA, the American Red Cross, researchers, emergency managers, spotters, the media, and all concerned entities, the current warning system will undoubtedly experience significant improvements as we journey deeper into the 21st Century.
Tri-State Tornado Statistics:
3 states affected (Missouri, Illinois, Indiana) 13 counties affected, including: Missouri: Reynolds, Iron, Madison, Bollinger, Perry Illinois: Jackson, Williamson, Franklin, Hamilton, White Indiana: Posey, Gibson, Pike 19+ communities affected, including: Missouri: Ellington, Redford, Leadanna, Annapolis, Cornwall, Biehle, Frohna Illinois: Gorham, Murphysboro, De Soto, Hurst-Bush, Zeigler, West Frankfort, Eighteen, Parrish, Crossville Indiana: Griffin, Owensville, Princeton
Scene from Annapolis where 90% of the town was destroyed. Picture postcard from the files of the Iron County Historical Society.
219 mile path length with a 3/4 mile average path width (some accounts of 1 mile wide—a record width) 3 1/2 hours of continuous devastation 1:01 p.m.—tornado touched down 3 miles NNW of Ellington, Missouri 4:30 p.m.—tornado dissipated about 3 miles SW of Petersburg, Indiana N 69° E heading maintained for 183 of the 219 miles 62 mph average speed 73 mph record speed between Gorham & Murphysboro F5 tornado on the Fujita Scale, with winds perhaps in excess of 300 mph 28.87" lowest pressure measured on a barograph trace at the Old Ben Coal Mine in West Frankfort, Illinois 695 deaths—a record for a single tornado 234 deaths in Murphysboro—a record for a single community from such a disaster 33 deaths at the De Soto (Illinois) school—a record for such a storm (only bombings and gas explosions have taken higher school tolls) 2,027 injuries 15,000 homes destroyed
Answers to last issue’s Who, What, Where: Who: Clarence R. Keathley What: Miner identification tags Where: The Bixby store
What Is It???
Who Is It???
Where Is It???
Time to test your Iron County trivia knowledge. If you would like to submit an answer telling us what each picture depicts, please do so and send your answers (with a postmark no later than October 31st) to: Iron County Historical Society Trivia P. O. Box 183, Ironton, MO 63650 We will randomly draw a winner from all entries that have correctly identified the pictures. Your prize will be a copy of: A Celebration Worth Remembering Cookbook (Reprint of Centennial Cookbook with additional materials and photographs) Here are the pictures that we have chosen this quarter – Good Luck to each of you!
Who is this?
What are the items in this picture?
Where was this mill located?
IRON COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY PUBLICATIONS
P. O. Box 183, Ironton, MO 63650 (order from above address)
Title / Author A Celebration Worth Remembering Cookbook (Reprint of Centennial Cookbook with additional materials and photographs) CENTENNIAL: Ironton, Missouri, May 30 – June 2, 1957 Dorothy Reese: Ironton/Arcadia Valley’s Cheerleader, Historical, Civic Leader, And Teacher: A Tribute, by Randall Cox Early History of Arcadia Valley, by C. S. Russell, edited by Robert Pollock History of the 33rd Regiment Illinois Veteran Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War In the Arcadia Valley Publication Details / Cost Soft cover, coil bound. 192 pgs. $15.00 plus $4.00 S&H Reprint, soft cover, comb bound. 58 pgs. $6.00 plus $2.50 S & H Soft cover, comb bound. 19 pgs. $2.00 plus $1.50 S & H Soft cover, comb bound. 33 pgs. $5.00 plus $2.50 S & H Excerpts, 21 pgs. $3.00 plus $1.00 S&H Reprint from Iron County Register Supp ;/1800s. 50 pgs $10.00 plus $2.50 S & H Soft cover, comb bound, photos, 195 pgs. $20.00 plus $3.50 S & H Soft cover, comb bound, maps, photos, Ca 1984. 16 pgs. $3.00 plus $1.50 S & H Manuscript, indexed, comb bound. 76 pgs. $6.00 plus $2.50 S & H Indexed. 147 pgs. $10.00 plus $3.50 S & H Hard Bound, indexed. 434 pgs. $49.95 plus $4.50 media rate or $10 1st class priority S & H 7 pgs. $2.00 plus $1.00 S & H Soft cover, photos, etc. Ca. 1981. 136 pgs. $8.00 each or 2/$10.00 plus $3.50 S & H Soft cover, comb bound. 33 pgs. $5.00 plus $2.00 S & H Soft cover, photos, maps, Ca. 1984. 17 pgs. $3.00 plus $1.50 S & H Soft cover, comb bound. 73 pgs. $10.00 plus $2.50 S & H Manuscript, comb bound, indexed. 34 pgs. $6.00 plus $2.50 S & H Comb bound. 101 pgs. $10.00 plus $3.00 S & H
Iron County Family, Business, and Organization Stories: A Supplement to Past and Present Iron County, Missouri, Year By Year, by Clarence R. Keathley John Albert Undertaking Business, 1878 – 1921 My Perfect Life, by Robert Pollock Past and Present – A History of Iron County 1857 – 1994 Topical/biographical history of Iron County, Missouri Perpetual Diary of Capt. P. Ake Missouri Volunteer Cavalry, Ironton, MO (A Civil War Diary covering the year 1865) Readin’, ‘Ritin’ and ‘Rithmetic, A History of Schools in Iron County, MO., 1840 – 1981, by Clarence R. Keathley Russell Cemetery Association United States Post Offices in Iron County, Missouri, Then and Now, by Clarence R. Keathley W. J. Hinchey Diaries, Portrait of a community during the Civil War, edited by John and Elizabeth Holloman White Funeral Home Register, Caledonia, Missouri, 1907 – 1934 Witnesses to History - Stories from Park View Cemetery, by John Abney
OTHER HISTORICAL SOCIETY ITEMS FOR SALE (Same address as above) $10.00 per deck plus S/ H if mailed Educational Civil War Playing Cards $5.00 per deck plus S /H if mailed Explore Missouri Playing Cards $6.00 per cup plus S /H if mailed 150th Anniversary – Battle of Pilot Knob Coffee Cup
Main Street, Ironton
Royal Gorge, Highway 21
Elephant Rocks, Graniteville
Iron County Historical Society Membership Application
Name______________________ Spouse____________________ Address________________________ County_______________ City____________________ State_____ Zip Code____________ Phone__________________ Email____________________
Please complete form and return with membership dues of______________ $10.00 to: Iron County Historical Signature____________________ Received by_ Society, P.O. Box 183, Ironton, MO 63650. For information please call (573) 546-3513
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