Issue No.

07 – June 2007

It also provides troubleshooting tips to optimize aircraft utilization and efficiency in daily operation.Login (enter username and password).com .Select “Maintenance Support”.news@embraer. . E-JETS NEWS addresses Operator’s concerns dispatchability of EMBRAER 170/190 aircraft. Page 1 .aerochain. .June 2007 Issue No. . please contact the local EMBRAER Field Service Representative. .br PROPRIETARY NOTICE The articles published in E-JETS NEWS are for information only and are an EMBRAER S/A property.Select “E-JETS NEWS. This newsletter must not be reproduced or distributed in whole or in part to a third party without EMBRAER’s written consent. unless specifically stated. It shared with the technical departments. General questions or comments about the E-JETS NEWS publication can be address to: E-JETS NEWS Tel: Fax: +55 12 3927 5762 +55 12 3927 5996 E-mail: on desired E-JETS NEWS. compiled by EMBRAER Fleet Technical Center (EFTC). 07 From the Editor E-JETS NEWS is a publication that presents EMBRAER 170/190 aircraft technical items. no article published should be considered authority-approved data.Select “Technical Services” and then “EMBRAER Customer Services”. such as Recipients are encouraged to distribute this Customers. newsletter within EMBRAER Earlier editions of E-JETS NEWS publication can be found at CIS / Aerochain at http://www. Also. with maintenance support and has relevant information to be Engineering and Maintenance. This newsletter. If any additional information regarding the in-service items covered in the E-JETS NEWS is needed. brings the latest developments and shares in-service knowledge and maintenance best practices.

significant deposits were observed along leading edges of all blades and vanes from stage 4 and up. This radiation degrades the superficial epoxy resin that covers the mesh. as listed below: • • • • Vibration Handling damage Detonation Overpressure due to engine malfunction Tensile load due to thermal expansion Deflagration Superheated steam Thrust Reverser CF34-8E Core Cowl UV Degradation: Data Collection Survey – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 EMBRAER was informed about a wear over the bronze mesh of the composite material located on the structure of the engine core cowl (refer to E-Jets NEWS Release No. The CVT was removed from the aircraft and GE started the investigation process with tests and mechanical analysis. two most probable root causes were described: • Superheat steam: Ice/water trapped in the centerbody cavity could be heated to 300 deg Fahrenheit which could raise the pressure enough to cause this event. which was observed during the aircraft look-around inspection. 4. Field plan is expected to be finalized by December 2007 as the production introduction (targeted to Thrust Reverser s/n #450). After borescope inspection. 6). In High Pressure Compressor. which may have caused ice/snow accumulation. After an analysis. The misshaped condition observed on the CVT raised up some theories for root cause investigation. • Deflagration: Vaporized oil/fuel/air mixture auto ignites at high cavity temperatures. as found in hot section. but CVT’s thickness and/or material change are being considered by GE. 07 CF34-10E Engine Center Vent Tube – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 According to E-Jets NEWS release No. No more events have been reported. Preliminary investigation on the removed engine indicated no impact on engine operability. It will consist in adding a protective paint layer on the exposed area of the core cowl. This may lead this issue to be environmentrelated. . Estimated time and weather conditions of reported event suggests heavy ice storm on February 14th. not silt-like.June 2007 Issue No. Page 2 After tests and analyses performed with the deformation symmetry observed on the CVT. The service bulletin is being worked in parallel with validation tests and certification. damage exceeding limits described on EMM (Subtask 72-00-00220-065 (Page 843) – For the inspection limits. The final solution is under certification by Aircelle (pending a few tests). • • • CF34-8E Combustor Liner – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 EMBRAER was informed about an engine removal due to cracks in the combustor liner (refer to E-Jets NEWS Release No. refer to Table 803) was found. Some components and materials are still under investigation and EMBRAER is following up this issue with GE. causing cavity pressure rise. 3). EMBRAER received a report of deformed CF34-10E Center Vent Tube (CVT) in the EMBRAER 190 fleet. 2007. Thus. The final findings and root causes will soon be properly communicated. the resin is eroded by the airflow and the mesh becomes exposed. it was discovered that this kind of wear is a consequence of Ultra Violet radiation.

4 CMC LDI INFORMATION Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has released revision 1 of SNL 170-45-0005 and revision 2 of SNL 190-45-0005.2 weight Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 As an update of the topic in reference showed in E-jets NEWS Release No. The 18 PR tire and wheel assembly PN is 90000582WT. EMBRAER would like to inform that SNLs 170-24-0022 and 190-24-0016 were issued and contain detailed information about those issues. This will avoid messages during the SPDA control. EMBRAER certified the new Dunlop main bias tire to be used on the EMBRAER 170/175 Main Landing Gear Wheel Assembly. 5 (RAT FAIL Being Caused by SPDA Micro Active/Standby Out Of Synchronism). the aircraft could be fitted with any combination of 18 PR tire and 20 PR tire in the main landing gear leg. These SNLs also include information about some improvements regarding the RAT FAIL CAS message that will be incorporated on SPDA Block 11. Dunlop 20 PR 100 / 45. a new CMC maintenance message will be created.June 2007 Issue No. The new Dunlop tire is a 20 PR (plies) tire while the old one is 18 PR (plies). including growth dimensions were not modified. inhibited standby spurious transfer 2) TRUEC Enable Disagreement logic will be improved in order to avoid latching the "RAT FAIL" CAS message on the ground. width. The 20 PR Tire (PN DR31020T) was certified with full inter-mixture with 18 PR tire (PN DR31018T). The 20 PR tire and wheel assembly PN is 90000582WTA. therefore. Page 3 . what means that the new tire has a strength carcass. See below the maximum comparison between both tires: Dunlop 18 PR Weight Lb / Kg 93.1 / 42. 3 (RAT FAIL message due to MAU2 reset) and Release No. 3) In order to correlate transitory condition of the TRUEC Enable Disagreement. The tire inflation pressure will remain the same for Dunlop 18 PR and Dunlop 20 PR. These SNLs will be revised whenever either a new CMC LDI version is released or new spurious maintenance messages are identified. shoulder diameter. Find some of them listed below: 1) RAT GCU PBIT will be in the SPDA MICRO/COMM module. These documents provide information about the CMC LDI changes and also about the known spurious messages that may show on the Central Maintenance Computer (CMC). 07 RAT FAIL Update CAS Message - EMBRAER 170 / 175 DUNLOP TIRE 20 PR Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 In June 2007. The external dimensions of the mounted tire like diameter. The tire tread compound is maintained with the same raw material specification of the Dunlop 18 PR.

The new part number suffix -4 is the final fix for Airworthiness Directive (AD) DAC 2005-09-03.B. Initial tests indicate that the amount of oil stored in the sump has been reduced by 40%. Oil Puddle Limits Revised Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 There are some CF34-10E engines that may have aft-sump oil leakage and accumulation in the exhaust chevron nozzle.June 2007 Issue No. New Engine Bleed Pressure Check Valve Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 Low- EMBRAER would like to clarify the following items. If the oil puddle on exhaust chevron nozzle is found out of the above limits. CF34-10E Oil Puddle in the Exhaust Chevron Nozzle after engine shutdown. A test is being performed by GE to validate the proposed solution. No.(Expected to be revised in June 2007) Figure 2 – Oil Puddle in the Exhaust Chevron Nozzle • The root causes have been defined by GE as scavenge pump timing and aft sump size. K. GE currently recommends that operators clean out the exhaust nozzle whenever oil or water puddles in the nozzle. Aft sump hardware will be modified to reduce the amount of oil stored in the sump after engine shut down. The CF34-10E Engine Manual (EM) has been revised and provides a new acceptable limit of 9 inches (229 mm) wide and 6 inches (152 mm) long within 15 minutes of engine shutdown. it is recommended that the local GE field representative be contacted for immediate technical instructions. EMBRAER 190 Operational Bulletin: O. subtask 72-00-00-760-170. After solution validation tests are performed. Page 1322. Testing 001. 07 Modifications include the implementation of an air/oil seal screen and removal of an air/oil separator nozzle. (3). 170014/05. implementation plan details will be informed. regarding the new lowpressure check valve (LPCV) -4: . Page 4 . Figure 1 – Aft Sump area Leakage Additional details on aft-sump leakage limits can be found in the: • CF34-10E EM 72-00-00.

being prone to getting unintentionally disconnected. Wing Anti-Ice Valve Grounding Wire Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 (WAIV) EMBRAER has been questioned about the possibility of the LH/RH WAIV control circuit grounding wire getting loose. This scenario is already covered by the applicable FIM. Performing the rudder surface rigging according to AMM Task AMM TASK 2720-00-820-801-A with the rudder surface in neutral position slightly out of zero (the system allows a maximum of 2. Also. before doing the electronic rigging procedure. Such event might bring the A-I WING FAIL message on the CAS. Page 5 . the AD will also be revised to add the new valve as the final evolution of old -3 ones. a yaw tendency will be verified. after the SB revision. As described in AMM TASK 27-20-00820-801-A. it supersedes the previous one. . 07 YAW Tendency Due To Misrigging of the Rudder Surface Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has received field reports concerning rudder surface slightly out of the neutral position. or jammed in the valve's access panel. Issue No.Once the -4 check valves are installed in the aircraft. Production line aircraft will have a dedicated GS connector and a shorter.The cable is too long.4 degrees out of neutral rigging) to the left or to the right will cause an offset. . caused by a failure of the valve's control circuit. it is important to make sure that the Rudder Trim is at neutral position.June 2007 . Engine-Driven Pump (EDP) -03 Removals Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 In October 2006.The control circuit grounding wire (GS) is connected with the valve's frame grounding harness. disconnected and/or broken due to its present installation. An Electronic Rigging was performed to address this issue. . EMBRAER SB 170-36-0011 (190-360006) only shows aircraft serial numbers which were factory-incorporated. which requires a functional test to be performed every 3000FH. This offset from the neutral position at high speeds has an influence in the yaw tendency. grounding wire. EMBRAER issued SBs 170-29-0011 and 190-29-0007 replacing the actual EDP with a new one 51164-03 to reduce the occurrences of external leakage and increase the reliability of the pump. as sensed by the AMS controller. better-routed.As a consequence. the rudder surface must be manually aligned until it is centered in the rudder fairing. . In this case. When a rigging procedure is performed. An inspection on a production line aircraft showed the following: .Due to a shortage of new parts. The rudder surface deviation generally happens after a pilot report informing an unusual yaw tendency in flight that is counteracted by a yaw trim command. if you have done the rigging procedure with the rudder surface not aligned with the rudder fairing.The above mentioned SBs will be revised in July 2007 to include the rest of the fleet as soon as Hamilton Sundstrand (HS) is able to keep up with the orders. The retrofit campaign is ongoing and around 60% of fleet has the new part number. operators have to comply with the MRB.

to return the system to the correct configuration. One unit ran dry for over an hour. EMBRAER will issue a new Service Bulletin for each E-Jet family with instructions to open the wing fuel tanks to inspect refueling line for any evidence of fuel restrictors’ improper installation and. This is a component issue and does not affect the field operation. affecting significantly the flow and pressure of fuel delivered to both tanks. Page 6 . These Service Bulletins will be issued after the validation tests that are being performed. Service Bulletins are not issued in order to receive instructions for troubleshooting and correction. 07 Improper installation position of the Fuel Restrictor causing fuel imbalances and spillages during pressure refueling Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 Due to some fuel spillage occurrences and successive fuel imbalance problems during pressure refueling on two aircraft. all operators will install it through service bulletin application. will be released with mod A modification already incorporated. Based on troubleshooting results. The LH restrictor was installed in the RH tank and vice-versa. Three units were “No Fault Found”: • One unit removed during troubleshooting because of a system pressure fault. seven units of new EDP 51164-03 were returned to Parker. P-ACE Mod A Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 An improved P-ACE Mod A was released introducing a current driver to the Digital/ Analog converter circuit to prevent increase of current in the component at low temperature manufacturing test. Three units found leaking at the split line. EDP split line seal is under investigation. as a result. considerable fuel imbalance was noticed again. The letter A will be marked on the identification plate. pump determination. causing system leakage and depletion. • Two units removed because of system leakage. Correct installation of fuel restrictors may solve fuel spillages and imbalances found during pressure refueling of the affected aircraft. no fault found. Therefore. A defective ground wire causing a low pressure indication on the hydraulic system synoptic page was identified. Issue No. It is suspected to have had an internal failure of the barrel assemble from running dry. P-ACE -802 and -822. an operator troubleshot the fuel system of both aircraft using the manual pressure refueling procedure and.June 2007 Until May 2007. resulting in high case pressure. the large face seal was found damaged resulting in an external leakage. EMBRAER decided to perform a deeper investigation on the refueling line during the aircraft MODLINE downtime. Inspection detected an inversion on the fuel restrictors’ installation position. if necessary. The operators will also be informed of this issue through a Service Newsletter. Upon disassembly.

maintenance action is required as per FIM TASK 27-51-00-810-802-A. Figure 2 – Torque limiter Flaps Actuator location Scenario 3 = When the torque limiter trip indicator is in the set position and the trip pin is tripped as per figure 3 in the next page. This scenario may occur due to the trip pin not getting fully out of the torque limiter or getting fully out of the torque limiter without pushing the torque limiter trip indicator to the trip position. 07 Flap – Torque Limiter Trip Indicator – Indication Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has received reports from the field regarding a wrong indication of the torque limiter trip indicator on the flap actuator. Therefore. Page 7 . this position indicates the normal position for the flap torque limiter. Figure 1 – Normal Position Scenario 2 = When the torque limiter trip indicator is in the trip position and the trip pin is tripped as per figure 2. Scenario 1 = According to figure 1. it is necessary to accomplish FIM TASK 27-51-00-810-802-A.June 2007 Issue No.

“HYD 1 (2) ELEC PUMP FAIL” Spurious CAS messages Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 Figure 4 – Torque limiter Note: A SNL regarding this subject will be issued and the FIM TASK will be revised. If a CMC message appears. AIPC has already been revised in order to allow the use of the improved duct bearing new part number. Service Newsletters 170-29-0005 and 190-29-0004 were issued in the beginning of June 2007 to inform about the occurrences of spurious HYD 1 ELEC PUMP FAIL and HYD 2 ELEC PUMP FAIL messages that are displayed simultaneously on EICAS when there is a failure in the flap or slat system. If this scenario occurs. Thus. Correction to these spurious messages will be introduced in the Primus EPIC Field Loadable Software System for EMBRAER 170/175 and EMBRAER 190/195. Also.June 2007 Issue No. received reports ram air inlet duct screen was found EMBRAER 170/190 This may cause loose material from the damaged screen to obstruct the dual heat exchanger inlet and expose the duct structural material of the ram air inlet duct. The SNLs indicate the scenarios where the messages are considered spurious or not. Page 8 . EMBRAER released SBs 170-21-0031 and 190-210018 in June 2007 to rework the duct and remove the acoustic attenuator screen. 07 RAM Air Inlet Duct Acoustic Attenuator Screen Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has informing that the acoustic attenuator damaged on some aircraft. A SNL will be issued to inform the operators about this subject. Figure 3 – Torque limiter Scenario 4 = When the torque limiter trip indicator is in the trip position and the trip pin is not tripped as per figure 4. EMBRAER released SNLs 170-210027 and 190-21-0022 to address this issue. accomplish AMM TASK 27-51-01-210-801-A. Aircraft S/N 17000170 and 19000088 and on have an equivalent factoryincorporated modification. Load 23. do the applicable FIM TASK. Aircraft tests have revealed that the acoustic treatment of the internal duct surface is not required to maintain proper noise attenuation. This condition may occur due to the vibration of the aircraft during landing.

Repair kits will be available in August 2007 and parts can be ordered directly from Aircelle at: aircelle. to be delivered by EMBRAER by early 2008. CF34-8E Nacelle Seals Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 During visual inspections in the field. which will introduce smooth curvatures to make them more robust. Transcowl Fire Seal Location (pink Seal) Page 9 . correlated with one or more slat harness skew sensors maintenance messages displayed on the CMC have been identified. scheduled for August Phone: +33 1 64 14 80 33 The final solution is a redesign of all seals. If the module is faulty its sole removal will clear the maintenance message. 07 SLAT Harness Skew Sensor Troubleshooting Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 Two scenarios (hard and intermittent failures) in which the “SLAT FAIL” message may show on the EICAS. mainly at the rear seal (refer to picture . all FIM procedures will be updated and revised accordingly in the next seal). EMBRAER will revise FIM TASK 31-4100-810-89F-A to suggest NWSCM removal as first action to troubleshoot “MAU2 NIC3 [CORE] FAULT”. SNLs 170-27-0039 and 190-27-0031 were issued to help during the troubleshooting. Slat Skew Sensors and harness location MAU2 NIC3 [CORE] FAULT caused by Nose Wheel Steering Control Module Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER will issue SNLs 170-31-0012 and 190-31-0011 to inform the operators about nose wheel steering control module failures triggering “MAU2 NIC3 [CORE] FAULT” maintenance message. thus. 2007) and in CMM. and it consists in a Technical Instruction. damage has been found in the transcowl fire seals. A definitive repair (for the rear seal) has already been developed by Aircelle. For those two scenarios (hard and intermittent failures). The repair instructions will be included in EMM st (revision expected for July 31 . There is no need to replace NWSCM in order to identify whether the module is responsible for triggering the maintenance message.June 2007 Issue No. They are expected to be introduced from thrust reverser SN #430. Temporary repair procedures and fly-by periods are provided by EMBRAER after case by case analysis.

It was verified that its built-in test (IBIT) is not fully effective in case the shut-off valve fails in the open position. EMBRAER recommends that this task be performed every 600 FH. which will be included in the next revision of SRM that will be released in July 2007. An IBIT including add heat valve open and close fail positions will be introduced in the AMS software Black Label version 9. SNLs 170-21-0026 and 190-21-0021 were released in June 2007 to cover this subject. GE. For the fleet. Additionally. In order to correct troubleshoot the add heat valve. generated by vibration loads. EMBRAER. or whenever there is a PACK 1(2) FAIL CAS message. has been found in the pylon movable fairing. EMBRAER will keep operators informed about the investigation progress until there is a definition as to the root cause and solution for this event. EMBRAER has developed a new test procedure (TASK 21-51-20-710-801A .Operational Test) that is available in the AMM revision released in June 2007. Maximum N2 speed observed was 25% and N1 displayed zero. For in-production aircraft. A field report stated that during the APU start. there was an un-commanded dry motoring of engine #2. a solution has already been developed and a SB will be available in August 2007. 07 Add Heat Valve Operational Test Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 The add heat valve is used to control temperatures at the condenser inlet and outlet locations. with effectivity starting from SN 19000110 onwards.Add Heat Valves . and Honeywell have prioritized this issue and are working on the tear down of the removed LRUs to make shop findings available for analysis.June 2007 Issue No. the solution consists in the installation of a reinforcement and the elimination of the chemically milled area. The solution consists in the installation of a reinforcement (Figure 2). Page 10 Figure 2 – Reinforcement installation (stringers) . within the air conditioning pack. while the add heat valve IBIT correction is not available. Un-commanded dry motoring upon APU start Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 Figure 1 – Pylon Movable Fairing Cracks EMBRAER has recently been informed about an event involving one EMBRAER 190 aircraft which resulted in an uncommanded dry motoring. is already available in IC2006-190/1393. Thrust lever was found to be at idle and start/stop switch was at the off position. Pylon Movable Fairing Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 A crack running along the chemically milled area edges. The fly-by is available in SRM and the repair procedure.

June 2007 Issue No. 07 RH = Right-Hand SB = Service Bulletin SN = Serial Number SNL = Service Newsletter SRM = Structural Repair Manual UV = Ultra Violet WAIV = Wing Anti-Ice Valve Note: All abbreviations used in EMBRAER Maintenance Manuals can be found in the Introduction to AMM Part II. Acronyms AD = Airworthiness Directive AIPC = Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog AMM = Aircraft Maintenance Manual ANAC = Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil (Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority) AOM = Airplane Operations Manual APU = Auxiliary Power Unit CAS = Crew Alerting System CMC = Central Maintenance Computer CMM = Component Maintenance Manual CVT = Center Vent Tube DLS = Data Load System EDP = Engine-Driven Pump EMM = Engine Maintenance Manual FIM = Fault Isolation Manual IBIT = Initiated Built in Test ITEM = Illustrated Tool and Equipment Manual LDI = Loadable Diagnostic Information LH = Left-Hand LPCV = Low-Pressure Check Valve LRU = Line Replaceable Unit MMEL = Master Minimum Equipment List MRB = Maintenance Review Board NWSCM = Nose Wheel Steering Control Module OB = Operational Bulletins P-ACE = Primary Actuator Electronics PIL = Parts Information Letters PN = Part Number RAT = Ram Air Turbine Controls Page 11 .

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