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15 – February 2008
com .February 2008 Issue No. This newsletter must not be reproduced or distributed in whole or in part to a third party without EMBRAER’s written consent.Select “Maintenance Support”. .br PROPRIETARY NOTICE The articles published in E-JETS NEWS are for information only and are an EMBRAER S/A property. This newsletter. compiled by EMBRAER Fleet Technical Center (EFTC).news@embraer. It also provides troubleshooting tips to optimize aircraft utilization and efficiency in daily operation.com. 15 From the Editor E-JETS NEWS is a publication that presents EMBRAER 170/190 aircraft technical items.Select “E-JETS NEWS. General questions or comments about the E-JETS NEWS publication can be addressed to: E-JETS NEWS Tel: Fax: +55 12 3927 7075 +55 12 3927 5996 E-mail: ejets. Also. no article published should be considered authority-approved data. E-JETS NEWS addresses Operators concerns with maintenance support and dispatchability of EMBRAER 170/190 aircraft. such as Engineering and Maintenance. . If any additional information regarding the in-service items covered in the E-JETS NEWS is needed.Login (enter username and password).Click on desired E-JETS NEWS. . unless specifically stated. please contact the local EMBRAER Field Service Representative. . Recipients are encouraged to distribute this newsletter to EMBRAER Customers. brings the latest developments and shares in-service knowledge and maintenance best practices.Select “Technical Services” and then “EMBRAER Customer Services”. It has relevant information to be shared with the technical departments. Page 1 . Earlier editions of E-JETS NEWS publication can be found at CIS / Aerochain at http://www.aerochain.
which once more justifies the incorporation of this SB. 15 Removal of Engine Driven Pump Pressure Attenuators – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 As informed in release No. The harness manufacturer is analyzing if there is a positive way to inspect and confirm that the harness is still in a good condition to be kept in operation. EMBRAER confirmed that the high pressure ripple level at that region was causing these failures. As a consequence. As previously informed. an installation redesign is under development in order to achieve the required ripple levels. For EMBRAER 190. Thus. These events have occurred because the heat-shrinkable sleeve is not flexible enough to allow the harness to curve smoothly during MLG retraction. and since the removal of the attenuator did not lead to a satisfactory result. SB 170-29-0020 was issued on July/2007 instructing how to remove these attenuators from No. once it can increase the stress in that region. MLG Downlock Harness Damage – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 E-Jets NEWS Release No. it has been found that the removal of pressure attenuators reduced the ripple level. It will avoid shafing and stress.2 hydraulic systems.11 issued in October/2007. The defined solution will be informed soon. causing fatigue to the metal braid and wires. the heatshrinkable sleeve is removed and the harness is re-routed through a new bracket that separates the harness from the LG structure.February 2008 Issue No. 2. This scenario is usually identified through the “LG NO DISPATCH” warning CAS message associated with “RIGHT/ LEFT MLG DOWNLOCK1/2 SNSR / WRG FAULT” maintenance message. Recent tests performed by the quick disconnect supplier confirmed that the current design is in accordance with ripple levels found after attenuator removal. the stress is concentrated at the heat-shrinkable tip. after the first reports of EDP quick disconnect coupling leakages. 9 of E-Jets NEWS. There are two possible solutions under analysis: 1. Harness inspection to confirm its integrity. brought information about occurrences of MLG downlock sensor harness failure caused by fatigue stress during normal operation of the MLG.1 and No. investigation of EDP leakages concluded that one root cause for the failures was also associated with the high pressure ripple level. Page 2 . An incorrect installation of the clamps that attach the harness to the structure may contribute to this scenario. Additionally. Based on exposed above. EMBRAER expects a reduction of EDP leakages for aircraft without pressure attenuators and recommends operators to consider the accomplishment of this SB at the next opportunity. Complete harness replacement and introduction of the same bracket above mentioned. During investigation. EMBRAER has required operators to report any new event that occurs in the fleet. the reduction of pressure ripple is also being developed. In positive case.
15 MHD (Thrust Reverser manufacturer) issued a Service Letter (MHD 78-33-582) informing the operators to inspect the thrust reversers to make sure that the spring retainers are correctly installed and to identify damaged tubes. GE Service Bulletin CF34-8E-AL S/B 780047 was released in December 2007 to support these inspections and SB 780024 R01 (Spring Retainer Introduction) was revised to highlight the need to have the correct orientation during installation. The arrow marking had been inverted and this condition can lead the mechanics performing part installation to rotate the part and install it in an incorrect position. as per SNL 170-25-0004 / 190-25-0007.Incorrect and Correct Installation Page 3 . Figure 2 . EMBRAER was informed of the occurrence of spring retainer chafing against engine hydraulic and fuel tubes.February 2008 Issue No. Figure 1 – Damaged Suction Line The root cause was identified as a batch of parts with an improper orientation marking (arrow marked on the flat surface. 8 and No. upside down. 12. thus creating interference with the tubes. and engine fuel tube PN 2161M26P01 or 4187T10P01. EMBRAER and Hamilton Sundstrand confirmed that their performance degradation was caused by liquids disposed in the forward galley sink plus atypical gravels incrustation. installed inside the left thrust reversers. This task was created aiming at simplifying and reducing the time required to perform the current autopilot functional test (Task 22-11-00-720-802A). 13. EMBRAER informs that a new AMM task for the dual heat exchanger on-wing cleaning will be released in March 2008. Regarding the two RH contaminated heat exchangers removed from revenue service operation for sampling purposes. Autopilot – Operational Test Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER would like to inform that a new Autopilot operational test will be available in the next AMM Part II scheduled revision (Task 22-11-00-710802-A). Pack Air Cycle Machine (ACM) Contamination – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 As an update of E-Jets NEWS No. associated with an “UP” indication). CF34-8E TR Spring Retainer Interference with Engine Hydraulic Tubes – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 As presented in E-Jets NEWS Release No. It is always important to highlight that disposal of liquids different from water in the forward galley sink is not recommended. The spring retainer has been introduced by GE SB 78-0024 to avoid interference between left central thermal blanket PN EME335602D or EME335602E (EIPC 78-33-01).
maybe moisture. reducing the impedance between pins A and C (see figure above). which conducted to transient low pressure signals. updated EMBRAER with more results of the investigation concerning the reason of firex bottles removals increase in the fleet. After small corrections. the manufacturer of the fire extinguishing (firex) bottles that equip the E-Jets. Contamination Traces – local Page 4 . contamination of the TCPS contacts. 15 LOAD 21. Revision 01 of SB170-54-0004 and SB170-54-0005 are available for application.February 2008 Issue No. This new revision provides information about the side effects found in Load 21.2 Side Effects Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has released revision 1 of Service Newsletters 170-00-0032 and 190-00-0028. Such erroneous indications were caused due to liquid. 14. These service bulletins also give instructions to apply a thermal insulation protection and perform a structural redesign of the aft pylon fairing shields. Figure 1.2. Deeper inspections confirmed the initial suspicion on the TCPS conducting to erroneous low pressure indications. Fire extinguishing bottles removals under investigation – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 Pacific Scientific. Service Bulletins SB170-54-0004 and SB170-54-0005 were issued to replace portions of the inboard skin and trailing edge of the pylon aft fairings (which were initially made from composite or aluminum) with new ones made from stainless steel. Pylon Heat Shield Improvements Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 Pylon heat shield damage due to high temperature and vibration has been reported since the beginning of the EMBRAER 170 operation. as reported on E-Jets NEWS Release No.
2 sensor as the root cause for the event. The exact root cause for the abnormal sensor reading is still unknown. contacting either Avtech or Avtech’s authorized representative. when the final solution concerning the TCPS improvement is defined. The report indicated that while cruising at 36. 15 Passenger Address/ Cabin Interphone Controller (PACIC) Improvement Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 The PACIC modification consists in the enhancement of the flight attendant microphone gain level. EMBRAER issued SNLs 170-44-0001 th and 190-44-0001 in January 14 . they also implemented a new production test to verify the insulation resistance of the TCPS wiring. Commanded IFSD due to Erratic Engine Parameters Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 EMBRAER has recently been informed about an event involving one EMBRAER 190 aircraft which resulted in a commanded engine shutdown during flight. . Contamination Traces In order to avoid future occurrences. EMBRAER and GE will continue to analyze all available data and keep operators updated on the progress of the investigation. a service letter with dispositions is also intended to be issued. A new update may be issued in the following E-Jets NEWS edition and.000 ft. Besides that. the number one engine N1. This modification can be performed at the operator’s discretion. reducing the downtime to replace this device. the PNs will receive MOD level A (for PN 5682-1-2) and MOD B (for PN 5682-1-1) designation on the front panel of PA/CIC. The sensor fault was duplicated in lab tests.February 2008 Issue No. Pacific Scientific is providing spares of the better sealed TCPS to the authorized repair shops. Page 5 SPDA Block 11. thus raising the microphones volume. Figure 2. which detects contamination possibilities before bottle installation in the aircraft. when necessary. The engine presented two compressor stalls and thereafter the caution message "ENG 1 CONTROL FAULT" was displayed on the EICAS. adding more roomtemperature vulcanizing silicone rubber (RTV – the white material shown in the picture above) on a cleaner Kaizen process that may guarantee a better sealing for this component. A full tear down of the component is being carried out. The crew decided to shutdown engine one and landing occurred without further incident. 2008. Pacific Scientific decided to improve the quality of the TCPS sealing in their production line. For additional information. N2 and fuel flow indications became erratic.1 Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER released Service News Letters 170-24-0026 and 190-24-0020 to inform the Operators about the contents and improvements of the new Secondary Power Distribution Assembly (SPDA) Block 11. Some Pacific Scientific sites are also provided with rotable firex bottles for emergencies. after the change. EMBRAER is closely following up the actions to solve the events of low pressure in the firex bottles that are affecting E-Jets operators.1 Software. Initial investigations point out to a fault of the engine one T1. No circuitry is affected by this product improvement and.
15 EMBRAER 190 MLG Internal Nitrogen leakage Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 EMBRAER has received some reports from the field regarding the MLG “H” dimension (visible chrome length) out of specified in the servicing charts. Investigations showed that one of the bolts of the smoke detector assembly could interfere with the mentioned wire bundle. EMBRAER would like to ask the operators to report any new occurrence of the E190 MLG ‘H’ dimension out of specified by means of the servicing chart. Forward Lavatory harness interference Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 An event was reported by an EMBRAER 190 operator in which the forward lavatory flush system was found inoperative. EMBRAER will shortly issue a service bulletin to inspect and rework the affected components. The tests are expected to be finished by the end of March/2008.February 2008 Issue No. which can be reached through the smoke detector access panel. the nitrogen flows from the nitrogen chamber to the oil chamber and the MLG ‘H’ dimension will be out of the dimension specified in the servicing chart. a damaged seal on the floating piston was revealed. such as: issuing AMM tasks for replacement of the MLG seal and inspection for nitrogen internal leakage. Production line and in-service aircraft will be modified as necessary. causing friction and potentially leading to this kind of event. EMBRAER is evaluating some actions to mitigate the impact in the fleet. The purpose of the floating piston seal is to isolate the nitrogen bottom chamber from the oil chamber in the MLG shock absorber. If the seal does not isolate properly. and providing a kit of main components for the shock absorber to reduce aircraft down time for MLG seal replacement on wing. evidence of arcing was found in one wire bundle located behind the forward lavatory ceiling panel. After analysis. The implementation plan will be informed after the accomplishment of the endurance tests. During inspection. The final solution under evaluation is a new type of seal that is being tested in the rig (endurance test). Page 6 . Figure 1 – Interference between harness and smoke detector installation. This will ensure continued monitoring of the events in the worldwide fleet. Troubleshooting indicated that the event could be related to the wiring.
please refer to the mentioned SNLs. which led to stiffness of aileron movement. The leakage can be caused either by the clamshell being out of position or cracked T-fitting due to freezing cycle of water kept in the Potable Water System lines when the aircraft is parked outside under freezing temperatures. Figure 1 – Emergency Light Switch Locations The definite solution will be available by the second quarter of 2008. The test can be accomplished either by turning the cockpit switch or by pressing the FAP ON/Armed button. Potable Water System Leakage and Freezing Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 An EMBRAER 170 operator reported an event of Potable Water System leakage and ice formation under the forward cargo compartment floor panels along the aileron cable route. 15 Emergency Light System – One Minute Test Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has released SNLs 170-330017 and 190-33-0023 about the alternative procedures for the emergency light system test on the forward FAP (Flight Attendant Panel). Investigations indicated a malfunction on the circuit board of the ELPU (Emergency Light Power Unit) for the daily test performed by the FAP test button. The alternative procedures will avoid possible events of emergency lights remaining ON for more than one minute or not being turned OFF after the test. The AMM will be updated to include ice formation check on the forward fuselage (underneath the forward cargo compartment) through the fuselage drains (TASK 10-30-01-500-802-A SUBTASK 580-002-A item 10).February 2008 Issue No. Page 7 . For detailed information.
40 FADEC v5. Issue No.7-X-V08. The table below provides a quick reference guide about LDI versions released for Load 4.40 21. customized Page 8 . providing invalid data for approximately 2.1-XV05. C.5V17.2 Note: X means the configuration (A.x 170LDI21V17.1 19.6-XV06.1 19.February 2008 Refer to SNL 170-38-0014 and 190-390015 for maintenance action recommended for aircraft exposed to extreme cold weather operation. During aircraft engine shutdown.3/17. 15 CMC LDI x FADEC Sofware Versions Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has released new LDIs to implement the compatibility between the recent Load and FADEC versions.Flight level limited to FL 370 due to a/c power cycle before loading new APM Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has released SNL 170-000034 and 190-00-0030 to inform about the Flight Level setting limitation.5V17.x 190LDI21V17. if an a/c power cycle is done prior to the complete loading. B. the FADEC resets automatically when N2 is below 5%.3 and on. RUDDER LIMITER FAIL and ELEV THR COMP FAIL CAS Messages appearing in the EICAS after engine shutdown.6-XV06 170LDI19.5V17.1 190LDI4.6-XV07.2 .7-X-V08.4V17. “FLT CTRL FAULT” CAS Message after Engine Shutdown Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER received some field reports from operators concerning the occurrence of FLT CTRL FAULT.1 17.1 4. GROUND SPOILERS FAIL. 21.x 170LDI19.5 seconds when the aircraft is on the ground.1-XV05. etc. 190LDI19.1 170LDI17.).x 190LDI4.6-XV07.7-X-V08 170LDI21V17.x Load 21.1-XV05. This behavior makes the following messages to be temporarily displayed on the CAS: • • • • GROUND SPOILERS FAIL RUDDER LIMITER FAIL ELEV THR COMP FAIL FLT CTRL FAULT EMBRAER 170/175 Load Pre FADEC v5.1-XV05.3V17.4V17.32 Final solution is already available in Primus EPIC LOAD 19.x 170LDI17.7-X-V08 190LDI21V17.5V17.2 EMBRAER 190/195 Load Pre FADEC v5.4V17.32 FADEC v5.1 190LDI19.
The TSA function is disabled when one of the available conditions is not satisfied. If the TSA is unavailable (failed) and the conditions for available are found again. under the following conditions: . such as improved logic for engine start in cold weather and high altitudes. 4. The single sensor altitude rate at the CG position is valid OR the calibrated airspeed is less than 60 knots. EMBRAER would like to stress that the PRIMUS EPIC LOAD 19. correlated to an ND XENG SOFTWARE VERSION DISAGREE message on the CMC. The TSA function is available. In addition. weight-on-wheel Tail Strike Avoidance Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 As introduced in SNL 190-00-0023. and the message TAIL STRIKE PROT FAIL is displayed. an ENG NO DISPATCH CAS message will be annunciated. The estimated altitude is equal to or greater than 200 ft. The AOA Limiter function is available. 3.32 applicable to the EMBRAER 190/195 fleet. and the proper software will need to be uploaded in both FADECs to allow aircraft dispatch.32. This function is only available during takeoff and landing. 2. The estimated altitude is less than 200 ft. However. The estimated altitude is less than 20 ft OR The estimated altitude is greater than or equal to 200 ft AND The radio altitude at the landing gear position is less than 70 ft.February 2008 Issue No. The TSA function is enabled when all the following conditions are satisfied: 1. The dual sensor compensated radar altitude is valid. At least three sensors are valid. EMBRAER would like to inform that the delivered aircraft with PRIMUS EPIC Page 9 EMBRAER 190/195 .20 and prior. the TSA function turns back to available state. if this scenario is detected. 2.3 and higher versions introduce the TSA (Tail Strike Avoidance) function in order to limit the maximum pitch angle when the aircraft is close to the ground for preventing tail strike occurrences. it is important to observe that it has always been an obligatory dispatch condition to have the same FADEC software version installed in both engines. there was no CAS message associated to a disagreement in the FADEC software versions of both engine.FADEC Software v5. the EMBRAER DDPM 34-31-00 will be reviewed to inform that TAILSTRIKE PROT FAIL Advisory EICAS message will be displayed during flight when one of the Radar Altimeter Systems is inoperative. The failure counter resets when the aircraft is ON-GROUND and the calibrated airspeed is less than 60 knots. 15 TAKEOFF 1. With FADEC software version 5. The AOA Limiter function is available. Also.32 Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 EMBRAER has issued Service Bulletin 190-73-0010 related to the new FADEC software version 5. Regarding the software implementation. 3. LANDING 1. in the FADEC software version 5. Therefore. 2. The TSA function is unavailable (failed) for the rest of the flight when the function fails (becomes unavailable) seven times. EMBRAER recommends the accomplishment of this Service Bulletin. This software brings relevant corrections and improvements that have direct impact on aircraft dispatchability.
expected for July. thus bypassing the valve and avoiding its contamination. The new design will introduce a hose to direct the fluid to the fairing drain. and flow lines going gray and green. in case of events similar to the one described above. EMBRAER recommends customers in the field to follow the above mentioned AOL for maintenance action and material support. in which one or both AMS processor boards were declared failed. EMBRAER 190/195 Engine Thrust Reverser (T/R). AOL EMB/190/195/ CF34-10-03.TSA Installation) is already available enabling TSA functionality for aircraft equipped with Load 19.3 and higher versions installed have already had the TSA (Tail Strike Avoidance) functionality enabled on the applicable APM Options. do not have this functionality enabled.4 through Service Bulletin. Ground Maintenance Override Switch (GMO) improvement Effectivity: EMBRAER 190/195 EMBRAER 190/195 fleet has been experiencing the occurrence of ENG 1 (2) REV TLA FAIL EICAS message due to GMO failure in the closed state or during T/R functional test using GMO (covered by EMBRAER SNL 190-73-0010. from now on. and not-correlated RECIRC SMK DET FAIL CAS message is displayed on the CAS during the aircraft power-up. 15 AMS Processor Failures Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has recently helped troubleshooting an aircraft with failed AMS Processor Boards.br Cross Bleed Valve Contamination Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER received a report concerning a Cross Bleed Valve stuck in the closed position which affected engine cross start when the aircraft was on the ground. issued on January 2008.4. The solution will be introduced in the fleet by means of a Service Bulletin. Inspection of the valve revealed an external contamination coming from a drain located above the valve as root cause.2 Upload) already has the TSA functionality enabled on the applicable APM Options. Also. but aircraft that have incorporated Load 19. Page 10 . the ECS synoptic display shows some valves intermittently opening and closing. some aircraft have presented the same faults during production and delivery flights. EMBRAER is planning to release a SNL as soon as the investigation is completed. the AOL can be requested to EMBRAER at email@example.com or 19. All Operators Letter. 2008. GMO manufacturer’s investigation has revealed a potential moisture ingression into the switch body could result in an electrical short. The manufacturer made improvements to the switch which will prevent. SB 190-31-0017 (APM Options .com. issued on May/2007). Hamilton Sundstrand is still evaluating the failed boards in order to define the necessary corrective actions.February 2008 LOAD 19. AOL EMB/190/195/ CF34-10-03 can be requested to your local EMBRAER Representative or Goodrich Technical representative by e-mail to enrique. Meanwhile. In such event. EMBRAER recommends the replacement of the affected AMS processor board (channel 1 or 2).com. The same contamination was also found in other aircraft from the same customer. this kind of contamination.chavez@goodrich. Goodrich released a field recommendation in All Operators Letter.3 or 19. The released SB 19031-0015 (LOAD 21. Afterwards. Copy of Goodrich. Issue No.
February 2008 In case of "XBLEED FAIL" CAS messages or a "XBLEED VLV (CLOSED) [C1(C2)]/WRG FAULT" maintenance messages. Compensated Page 11 . please refer to applicable FIM tasks. Issue No. 15 LDI = Loadable Diagnostic Information LRU = Line Replaceable Unit MLG = Main Landing Gear MMEL = Master Minimum Equipment List Acronyms AD = Airworthiness Directive AIPC = Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog AMM = Aircraft Maintenance Manual AMS = Air Management System ANAC = Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil (Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority) AOA = Angle of Attack AOM = Airplane Operations Manual APM = Aircraft Personality Module CAS = Crew Alerting System CMC = Central Maintenance Computer CMM = Component Maintenance Manual DLS = Data Load System ECS = Environmental Control System EDP = Engine Driven Pump EIPC = Engine Illustrated Parts Catalog ELPU = Emergency Light Power Unit EMM = Engine Maintenance Manual FADEC = Full Authority Digital Electronic Control FAP = Flight Attendant Panel FH = Flight Hour FHDB = Fault History Database FIM = Fault Isolation Manual FOL = Flight Operations Letter GMO = Ground Maintenance Override IFSD = In-Flight Shut down OB = Operational Bulletins PACIC = Passenger Address/ Cabin Interphone Controller PN = Part Number SB = Service Bulletin SN = Serial Number SNL = Service Newsletter SPDA = Secondary Power Distribution Assembly TCPS = Temperature Pressure Switch TR = Thrust Reverser TSA = Tail Strike Avoidance Note: All abbreviations used in EMBRAER Maintenance Manuals can be found in the Introduction to AMM Part II.