De-pentanizer & De-butanizer


De-pentanizer & De-butanizer

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De-pentanizer & De-butanizer

Separation of light products is typical of Refinery operations. In this module, two columns will be modeled to separate pentanes and butanes. Because the Condenser temperature in the De-butanizer is below zero, the process stream will need to be cooled. The Propane Refrigeration Loop from the previous module will be used to cool the process stream, showing how templates can be linked into HYSYS cases.

Learning Objectives
Once you have completed this section, you will be able to: • • • Build columns using the Input Experts Use the Spreadsheet Link Templates

Before beginning this module you need to have completed the Getting Started and the Propane Refrigeration Loop modules.


Process Overview .

4 De-pentanizer & De-butanizer Column Overview De-pentanizer De-butanizer 4 .

10 in the tray section plus the Reboiler and Condenser. 30°C (86°F) 700 kPa (100 psia) 100 kgmole/h (220 lbmole/h) Adding the First Column: De-Pentanizer The De-pentanizer will be modelled with a Distillation column. 1. which contains equipment and streams. Distillation Column icon Double-click on the Distillation Column icon in the Object Palette. Make sure the temperature. and exchanges information with the parent Flowsheet through the connected streams. pressure and flowrate for Feed stream are the following: In this cell. Temperature Pressure Molar Flow Enter. 5 . The first Input Expert view appears. Open the case you saved at the end of module 1. HYSYS has several basic Column templates depending on the type of equipment your Column requires: Basic Column Types Absorber Liquid-Liquid Extractor Reboiled Absorber Refluxed Absorber Distillation Description Tray Section Only Tray Section Only Tray Section and a bottom stage reboiler Tray Section and an overhead condenser Tray Section with both reboiler and condenser There are 12 ideal stages in the De-pentanizer.. 1.... The Column is a special type of Sub-Flowsheet.De-pentanizer & De-butanizer 5 Building the Simulation For this module you will continue building on the case you worked on in Module 1 by adding two distillation columns.

Condenser Pressure Reboiler Pressure 6 . they can be turned off in your preference file. Inlet Stream Inlet Stage Condenser Energy Stream Condenser Type Overhead Vapour Outlet Reboiler Energy Stream Bottoms Liquid Outlet Figure 1 3. De-Pentanizer Feed 5_Main TS Cond1 Q Full Reflux Ovhd Vap Prod Reb1 Q Pentanes+ In this field. Supply the following information to the Pressure Estimates page. 650 kPa (94 psia) 700 kPa (101 psia) In this cell... Enter.. Input the following information into the first input expert page. Column Name Input Expert is a tool that help to ensure all required information is entered. Click the Next button to proceed to the next page. Once you are familiar with the column view..6 De-pentanizer & De-butanizer 2.. 4. The Next button is only available when all of the necessary information has been supplied. Enter....

Click the Next button to continue. and the reboiler temperature estimate will be 120°C (248°F). Temperature estimates are not required for the column to solve but they will aid in convergence. 6.De-pentanizer & De-butanizer 7 Figure 2 5. On this page. The Condenser temperature estimate will be 10°C (50 °F) . Click the Next button to proceed to the next page. 7 . enter the temperature estimates. Figure 3 7.

In this case you will use the i-C5 purity instead of the Ovhd Vap Rate. On the last page supply a value of 2 for the Reflux Ratio. HYSYS will open the Column Property View window. 8 . Access the Monitor page on the Design tab. Figure 5 Two specifications must be filled so that the Degrees of Freedom are 0.8 De-pentanizer & De-butanizer 8. Figure 4 9. Click the Done button. You already have specified the Reflux Ratio.

Provide the following information.. click the Add Spec… button. Now only the Reflux Ratio checkbox is checked and the Degrees of Freedom is 1. Name Target Type Draw Basis Spec Value Components Enter. 11..27 i-Pentane 9 ..De-pentanizer & De-butanizer 9 10. 13. iC5 Comp Fraction Stream Pentanes+ @Col1 Mole Fraction 0. Figure 6 12. To add a specification. You need to deactivate the Ovhd Vap Rate by clicking on the Active check box.. In this cell. Select Column Component Fraction and click the Add Spec(s)… button.

10 De-pentanizer & De-butanizer Figure 7 14. you can view the results on the Performance tab. close the window to go back to the Monitor page of the Design tab. 15. Once the column has converged. Click the Run button to begin calculations. Check the Active ratio button for the Comp Fraction iC5 specification. Figure 8 What is the flowrate of the Pentanes+ stream?___________________________ 10 . When you are done.

De-pentanizer & De-butanizer 11 Adding the Second Column: De-Butanizer The De-butanizer column is also modelled as a distillation column.. plus the reboiler and condenser. of Stage Feed Stream/Stage Condenser Type Overhead Vapour Product Bottom Product Condenser Duty Reboiler Duty Pressure Condenser Reboiler Temperature Estimates Condenser Reboiler Specification Reflux Ratio Component Recovery (i-butane) De-butanizer 15 Ovhd Vap Prod / 9 Full Reflux Light Products Butanes Cond2 Q Reb2 Q 550 kPa (80 psia) 600 kPa (87 psia) -20°C (-4°F) 50°C (122°F) 2 0. In this cell.. 15 trays in the column. Connections Name No.97. 1. n-C4_____ What is the molar fraction of butanes in Light Products?__________________ What is the recovery of butanes?_______________________________________ Save your case! 11 ..97 What is the Molar Flow of Light Products stream?________________________ And the flowrate of i-C4 and n-C4 in Light Products? i-C4_____. The objective of this column is to produce a bottom product that has a molar fraction of butanes (both i-C4 and n-C4) of 0.. Double click on the Distillation Column button on the Object Palette and enter the following information: Enter. with 17 stages.

The reason for doing so will become apparent on the Spreadsheet tab. perform calculations. Object Variable Variable Specifics Figure 9 Notice that HYSYS assigned the imported variable to Spreadsheet cell A1. Click the Add Import button.. Variable. and the Select Import view will appear.12 De-pentanizer & De-butanizer Using the Spreadsheet To answer the previous questions you had to add the fraction of i-C4 and n-C4 somewhere outside the simulation. Change this cell location to B1. 3. which allows you to import stream or operation variables. and export calculated results. 1. 12 . In this field. and Variable Specific as shown: Select. by default. Choose the Object. Spreadsheet icon To install a Spreadsheet and display its property view.. double-click on the Spreadsheet icon in the Object Palette. You are going to create a spreadsheet to calculate the molar fraction both of pentanes and butanes in their respectively streams and their recoveries. Feed Comp Molar Flow i-Pentane 2.. HYSYS has a Spreadsheet operation..

. Feed Comp Molar Flow n-Pentane In this field.. Change to the Spreadsheet tab. The following view will appear: Figure 10 5. and calculated results are returned. In many ways..De-pentanizer & De-butanizer 13 4. the HYSYS Spreadsheet behaves similarly to commercial spreadsheets packages. A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A10 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16 D5 D7 13 . you enter data in the cells. You can introduce the variables directly in the spreadsheet. Before continuing you need to add more rows to the spreadsheet. Right-click in the cell where you want to import the variable. Select Import Variable. Variable. Do this by clicking in the Parameters tab and entering 16 in the Number of Rows field. Object Variable Variable Specifics 9. and Variable Specific as shown: Select. 6. 8... Enter the following names in the spreadsheet: Enter. PENTANES+ iC5 Frac nC5 Frac iC5 Flow nC5 Flow iC4 Ovhd Vap Flow BUTANES iC4 Frac nC4 Frac iC4 Flow nC4 Flow Pentane Frac Pentane Recovery In this cell. Do this in cell D1.. 7... Select the Object.

. or by clicking the arrow keys.. Complete the rest of the spreadsheet by importing the following values into the specified cell. Cell B4 B5 B6 B7 B10 B13 B14 B15 B16 D10 Object Pentanes+ Pentanes+ Pentanes+ Pentanes+ Ovhd Vap Prod Butanes Butanes Butanes Butanes Ovhd Vap Prod Figure 11 Variable Comp Mole Frac Comp Mole Frac Comp Molar Flow Comp Molar Flow Comp Molar Flow Comp Mole Frac Comp Mole Frac Comp Molar Flow Comp Molar Flow Comp Molar Flow Variable Specifics i-Pentane n-Pentane i-Pentane n-Pentane i-Butane i-Butane n-Butane i-Butane n-Butane n-Butane You can move to a cell by clicking it. D14 D16 Enter. Fractions and Flows are in molar basis 14 . The values are those corresponding the variable named to the left. Import them. Butane Frac Butane Recovery 10...14 De-pentanizer & De-butanizer In this cell.

you can export the variable to the simulation.De-pentanizer & De-butanizer 15 11. for pressures drop. Remember to use a "+" symbol before mathematical operations. Enter the following formulas Cell D5 D7 D14 D16 Figure 12 Formula +b4+b5 +(b6+b7)/(b1+d1)*100 +b13+b14 +(b15+b16)/(b10+d10)*100 Clicking in the Function Help button you can see all the operations that are available in HYSYS. This is done by clicking with the right button in the cell. etc. The spreadsheet allows you to use your own correlations. What is the pentanes recovery?________________________________________ And that of butanes?__________________________________________________ Save your case! 15 . for example. Once the cell is completed. To enter the formulas place the cursor on the cell and write it.

This is to prevent over specifying the flowsheet. if the heat flow value of Chiller-Q is not deleted. Click the SubFlowsheet Environment button at the bottom of the view. Enter Parent Simulation Environment icon 16 .16 De-pentanizer & De-butanizer Linking Templates Once you have completed the recovery fractionation train you can link it to the Propane Loop Template. 5. 3. The Sub-Flowsheet Operation view appears.tpl. in this module. 6. Chill-Q. the heat flow value of Chiller-Q is deleted in the template prior to connecting the internal and external energy stream. 7. Sub-Flowsheet icon Double-click on the Sub-Flowsheet icon on the Object Palette. The PFD of the Propane Refrigeration Loop appears. Open the template file saved in the Propane Refrigeration Loop module. Chill-Q in the Propane Refrigeration Loop template. Click the Enter Parent Simulation Environment icon on the toolbar to return to the Sub-Flowsheet Operation view. Delete the Heat Flow value of the stream by pressing the DELETE key on the keyboard. and use the Propane Loop to refrigerate the De-butanizer. 1. will be linked to the duty of the Chiller. 2. Close the Energy stream view. Cond2 Q. The duty of the Condenser. Figure 13 4. C3loop. Select the Read an Existing Template button. Double-click on the energy stream of the Chiller. a consistent error will occur as there are two different heat flow values for the same energy stream. To connect the template without conflicts.

What is the flowrate of propane in the Refrigeration Loop?________________ What is the compressor duty? _________________________________________ 17 . (Internal and External) will have the same name and heat flow value. Figure 14 Once the connection is complete. connect the External Stream. In the Feed Connections to Sub-Flowsheet group. Cond2 Q. to the Internal Stream Chill Q. that of the External stream.De-pentanizer & De-butanizer 17 8. both streams.

The Column SubFlowsheet provides a number of advantages: • • Isolation of the Column Solver. Ability to solve multiple towers simultaneously. Construction of custom templates. 18 . In many cases. or the standard kettle reboiler with a thermosyphon reboiler. The simultaneous solver permits the user to install multiple interconnected columns within the SubFlowsheet without the need for Recycle blocks. Optional use of different Fluid Packages. The Column Build Environment allows you to make changes and focus on the Column without the re-calculation of the entire Flowsheet. Complex custom columns and multiple columns may be simulated within a single SubFlowsheet using various combinations of SubFlowsheet equipment. SubFlowsheets contain equipment and streams. the Column appears as a single. This may be useful in instances when a different fluid package is better suited to the Column (Gas Plant using PR may contain an Amine Contactor that needs to use the Amines Property Package). you can treat the Column in exactly that manner. It is also written at the right in the Icons bar. you may define column setups with varying degrees of complexity. In addition to the default column configurations which are available as templates. HYSYS allows you to specify a unique (different from the Main Environment) fluid package for the Column SubFlowsheet. multi-feed multi-product operation. Custom column examples include replacement of the standard Condenser with a Heat Exchanger. • • The presence of the green "Up Arrow" button in the Button Bar and the Environment: Name (COL1) indicates that you are in the Column SubFlowsheet. and exchange information with the Parent Flowsheet through the connected streams. or the Column does not use all of the components used in the Main Flowsheet and so by decreasing the number of components in the column you may speed up column convergence.18 Advanced Modelling Advanced Modelling The Column is a special type of SubFlowsheet in HYSYS. From the Main Environment. The Column SubFlowsheet uses a simultaneous solver whereby all operations within the SubFlowsheet are solved simultaneously.

Advanced Modelling 19 You can enter the Column SubFlowsheet by clicking the Column Environment button on the Column Property View. Boilup____________________________ 19 . Enter Parent Simulation Environment icon Exploring with the Simulation Exercise 1 Study the influence of the number of stages on the propane fraction in bottoms. Exercise 2 What is the Molar Enthalpy for streams Reflux and Boilup? Reflux___________________________. Once inside the Column Environment you can return to the Parent Environment by clicking either the Parent Environment button on the Column Runner view or the Enter Parent Simulation Environment icon in the toolbar. Increase the number of stages until the propane recovery in the tower overhead is higher than 0.995.

20 Advanced Modelling 20 .

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