0 Up votes0 Down votes

620 views18 pagesderivation of difusivity eqn

Jan 21, 2014

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

derivation of difusivity eqn

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

620 views

derivation of difusivity eqn

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Radial Flow Diffusivity Equation
- HW5Solution
- 2-Diffusivity Equation-linear.pdf
- 01 - Introduction to Well Testing
- Reservoir Rock Properties
- Relative Permeability Ppt
- Diffusivity Equation
- Inflow Performance Relationship
- Fetkovich Method
- Pressure Transient Analysis - Houston University
- Basic Properties of Reservoir Rock
- Diffusivity Equation for Spherical Flow
- Diffusivity Equations
- PVTi Course
- 22272866-Well-Testing.ppt
- Applied Well Test Interpretation - John Lee
- Amyx-petroleum Reservoir Engineering
- Drill Stem Testing.
- [PPT]PVT Analysis
- 117DA - ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY TECHNIQUES.pdf

You are on page 1of 18

During a well test, the pressure response of a reservoir to changing production (or injection) is monitored.

Input

Rate

Reservoir

Pressure

Output

Time

Time

Conservation of mass: mass balance Darcys law: equation of motion (relationship between flow rate, formation and fluid properties and pressure gradient) Equation of state: relationship between compressibility, density and pressure

Basic assumptions:

Single phase radial flow One dimensional horizontal radial flow Constant formation properties (k, h, ) Constant fluid properties (, B, co) Slightly compressible fluid with constant compressibility Pore volume compressibility is constant (cf) Darcys law is applicable Neglect gravity effects

RADIAL SYSTEM

r+r r

RADIAL SYSTEM

volume element

CONSERVATION EQUATION

(Mas flow in) r - (Mass flow out) r+r = Mass accumulation Mass flow rate = Area velocity density time Mass accumulation = change of mass over time t Bulk vo lu m e b etween r and r+ r = [(r+ r) 2 -r 2 ] h = [r 2 +2r r+( r) 2 -r 2 ] h 2 r r h (Mass flow rate in) r = [2 rhv ]r t (Mass flow rate out) r+r = (2 rhv ) r + r t Mass accumulation = ( 2 r rh )t + t ( 2 r rh )t

CONSERVATION EQUATION

(Mas flow in) r - (Mass flow out) r+ r = Mass accumulation ( 2 rhv ) r t ( 2 rhv ) r + r t = Divide both sides by 2 r rh t

( 2 r rh )t + t ( 2 r rh )t

DARCYS LAW

k p r Substitute Darcy's law into the continuity equation p ( ) 1 k [r ]= r t r r Expand the derivat ives of the products of terms p p 1 k + [ (r ) + r ( )( )] = r r r r t t r Apply the chain rule to th e derivatives of and 1 k p p 2 p [ (r ) + r ( )( ) ] = [ ] + r r r p r p p t v=

EQUATION OF STATE

The relationship between compressibility, density and pressure is given by: 1 co = p The definition of pore volume compressibility is: 1 cf = p Use the above equations to replace the derivatives of a nd 1 k p p p [ (r ) + rco ( ) 2 ] = [ co + c f ] r r r r t

DIFFUSIVITY EQUATION

Divide both sides of the above equation by k and multiply by to obtain: 1 p p 2 ct p (r ) + co ( ) = r r r r k t ct = co + c f The above equation is called the diffusivity equation. It is non-linear partial differential equation due to the p 2 term co ( ) . To be able to solve it using analytical r techniques it needs to be linearized.

To linearize the diffusivity equation we need to make the assumption that the pressure gradients are small and use the assumption that fluid compressibility is small. p 2 Therefore the term co ( ) is small compared to other r terms and can be neglected. The linearized diffusivity equation becomes: 1 p ct p (r ) = r r r k t

k = permeability (md) h = formation thickness (ft) = porosity (fraction) = fluid viscosity (cp) r = radial distance (ft) rw = wellbore radius (ft) t = time (hours) p = pressure (psig or psia) pi = initial reservoir pressure (psig or psia) q = flow rate (STB/D) B = formation volume factor (res. bbl/STB) ct = total system compressibility (psi-1)

ct 1 p 2 p 1 p p (r ) = 2 + = 4 r r r r r r 2.637 10 k t The above equation is second order (highest derivative with respect to space is two) linear partial (it has derivatives with respect to two

independent variable r and t) differential equation. To solve it we need two boundary conditions and an initial condition.

BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

1. The flow rate at the wellbore is given by Darcy's law: kh p q= (r ) r=rw at r = rw for t 0 . 141.2 B r q p 141.2qB (r ) r=rw = r kh

Rate

Time

2. If we consider a system large enough so that it will behave like an infi nite acting system, then far away from the wellbore the pressure will remain at p i .

Pressure

pi

Radius

INITIAL CONDITION

Since the promlem under investigation is time dependant, the initial pressure should be known at time t = 0. Using uniform pressure distribution throughout the system at t = 0. p(r,0) = pi at t = 0 for all values of r .

Pressure

pi

Radius

DIMENSIONLESS VARIABLES

T o m ak e th e eq u atio n an d its so lu tio n m o re g en eral fo r an y flu id an d reservo ir system it, is m o re co n ve n ien t to ex p ress it in d im en sio n less varialb les. D im e n sio n less p r essu r e: kh ( p i p ) 1 4 1 .2 q B D im en sio n less tim e: pD = tD 2 .6 3 7 1 0 4 kt = c t rw2

DIMENSIONLESS VARIABLES

Differential equation: 2 pD 1 pD pD + = 2 rD rD rD t D Boundary conditions: p D (rD ) rD =1 = -1 rD p D = 0 as rD for any value of t D Inital condition: p D (rD ,0) = 0 at t D = 0 for all values of rD (1)

(2) (3) ( 4)

- Radial Flow Diffusivity EquationUploaded byDavid Ahoua
- HW5SolutionUploaded byMohammad Iqbal Mahamad Amir
- 2-Diffusivity Equation-linear.pdfUploaded byLoh Chun Liang
- 01 - Introduction to Well TestingUploaded byshicko2112
- Reservoir Rock PropertiesUploaded byiscribdusername
- Relative Permeability PptUploaded byanodlamj
- Diffusivity EquationUploaded bynasreldin3
- Inflow Performance RelationshipUploaded byEduardoEndoHernández
- Fetkovich MethodUploaded byPeng Ter
- Pressure Transient Analysis - Houston UniversityUploaded byPuji Lestari
- Basic Properties of Reservoir RockUploaded byAli Al-Ali
- Diffusivity Equation for Spherical FlowUploaded byMuhammad Shahrukh
- Diffusivity EquationsUploaded byMubin Ashraf Sheikh
- PVTi CourseUploaded bytahir_adna
- 22272866-Well-Testing.pptUploaded byAkshay Kumar
- Applied Well Test Interpretation - John LeeUploaded byAli Khaleel Farouk
- Amyx-petroleum Reservoir EngineeringUploaded byBlack Cat
- Drill Stem Testing.Uploaded byDenier Rubiano
- [PPT]PVT AnalysisUploaded byswpuxiaofan
- 117DA - ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY TECHNIQUES.pdfUploaded byvenkiscribd444
- Ikoku - Natural Gas Production EngineeringUploaded byNur Syaffiqa Mohamad Ruzlan
- Water-Injection Pressure Maintenance and Water Flood ProcessesUploaded byFranklyn Frank
- Generating Relative PermeabilityUploaded bylocoquim
- FPEC PetroBowl Competition SampleQuestions 2013.5Uploaded byNur Syaffiqa Mohamad Ruzlan
- Leak Off TestUploaded byshivampasi
- Bonus Questions (1)Uploaded byHumaira Mirza
- 2-Solution of the Diffusivity EquationUploaded byAsshole

- 0.PreambleUploaded byJitendra Suraaj Tripathi
- Personal TestUploaded byImranul Haque Noor
- Derivation of the Diffusivity EquationUploaded byImranul Haque Noor
- 4 Ongc Haque Training CertificateUploaded byImranul Haque Noor
- PA-1well Test DataUploaded byImranul Haque Noor
- Untitled 1Uploaded byImranul Haque Noor

- v5m1u11Uploaded by12231
- Mechanics 2Uploaded byUndras Neagu
- Recoil Reduction Using Propellant Gas- KatheUploaded byRick Gaines
- Moments of Inertia Lab ReportUploaded byjohnnybravo69
- 1_EM_ReviewUploaded byKr Athith
- An Investigation of Effects of Axle Load and Train Speed at Rail Joint Using Finite Element MethUploaded byesatjournals
- Alberteinstein READINGUploaded bySebastian
- Are There Tesla's Non-Hertzian waves?Uploaded bygmarjanovic
- David BohmUploaded bylev2468
- o1662 Modelling & simulation of the effect using adaptive blending of DEM & FEM.pdfUploaded byjausingchi
- Set7_10Uploaded byfanus
- David L. Bergman and Charles W. Lucas, Jr- Credibility of Common Sense ScienceUploaded byJuiomSDF
- summary sheetUploaded byapi-439625311
- Models.mph.Electric SensorUploaded byLuke D'Imperio
- Thermal-Fluid Sciences 0.pdfUploaded bysb ali
- Project(Analiz Sonuçları)Uploaded byslhdgl5516
- Geo1Uploaded bypoloko7
- SI_Heat_4e_Chap05_lecture.pptUploaded byYiu Ph
- TelaDadosEX2Uploaded byEdverto Martins
- physical science glossaryUploaded byapi-34570324
- CHEM1040 SyllabusUploaded byAmanda Dana
- LLECMOD Simulation ProgramUploaded byNatalia Schiessl
- Mesalhy O, Lafdi K, Elgafy a, Bowman K. Numerical Study for Enhancing TheUploaded byAshish Agarwal
- Circular Motion ProblemsUploaded byzyzzbk_1
- Hsslive XI Cheem Ch 6 ThermodynamicsUploaded byAnonymous 9uu04el
- EE1110 – High Voltage Engineering Unit-4 (1) (4)Uploaded bySameer Abul
- Particles of the Standard ModelUploaded byDan Vasiliu
- BasicStellarPhysics.pdfUploaded byVinita Navalkar
- Introduction to SensorsUploaded byfeveran2004
- Chapter 2 Force and Motion STUDENTS MODULEUploaded byMohd Khairul Anuar

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.