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Modul Bahasa Inggris SMP 1

Passive Voice

5. Passive voice

Peter is the youngest in our family. He is fourteen years old. He

loves playing basketball. One day, his basketball was taken by
Teddy, our neighbor. Then he got angry. He told our mother what
happened. So she went to Teddy’s house. Then the ball was
returned by Teddy’s mother. After Teddy going home, his mother
asked hin to apology.

Dalam bahasa Inggris terdapat kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif layaknya bahasa Indonesia.
Pada kalimat aktif (active sentence) subjek melakukan pekerjaan terhadap objek. Sementara
pada kalimat pasif (Passive sentence) objek dilakui pekerjaan oleh subjek. Kalimat pasif
(passive voice) adalah kebalikan dari kalimat aktif (active). Passive voice dibentuk dari
kalimat aktif yang memiliki objek.

Pada bahasa Inggris bentuk pasif ditandai dengan to be + V3. To be dalam setiap kalimat
berbeda-beda, tergantung tenses kalimat tersebut.

1. Present simple
Rumus: S + am/is/are + V3 + O + Adv.

Active : Somebody holds a ceremony.
Passive : A ceremony is held by somebody.

2. Past simple
Rumus: S + was/were + V3 + O + Adv.
Active : The King of Majapahit built the castle.
Passive : The castle was built by the King of Majapahit.
Contoh lain:
- The village was destroyed by a great disaster.

- The boat was kicked by Sangkuriang.

Modul Bahasa Inggris SMP 2
Passive Voice

3. Simple Perfect
Rumus: S + has/have + been + V3 + O + Adv


Active: I have finished the assignment.

Passive: The assignment has been finished by me atau

The assignment has been finished. (tanpa objek)

4. Simple Future
Rumus: S + will / shall + be + V3 + O + Adv


Active: My mother will cook the fried chicken for me.

Passive: The fried chicken will be cooked for me atau

The fried chicken will be cooked for me by my mother.

Passive voice juga bisa dibentuk dari tenses lainnya, yang akan dipelajari pada tingkatan yang
lebih tinggi. Perbedaannya hanya terletak pada to be kalimat tersebut.

Ingat, dalam membuat passive voice, to be harus sesuai dengan jenis kalimat (tensesnya).

I. Change these Verb-1s (active voice) below into Verb 2 and Verb-3s (past
participle). This is important to form active and passive voice according to the
tenses. Use dictionary to help you.

Ex: Infinitive: go
so Verb-2: went
Verb-3: gone

1. take 6. teach
2. put 7. cook
3. write 8. steal
4. read 9. bring
5. drive 10. make
Modul Bahasa Inggris SMP 3
Passive Voice

II. Change these active sentences into passive voice.


Mom cooks the fried rice.

Answer: The fried rice is cooked by Mom.

1. My father and my brother are playing the chess.

2. Alex created the poem yesterday.
3. I have finished my homework.
4. My teacher, Mr John, teaches math.
5. The naughty boy stole the money from the store.
6. The house cleaner will sweep the floor.
7. Some bees bit my leg when I went to the forest.
8. She is reading some books in Gramedia.
9. Some students didn’t obey the rules.
10. The soccer team win the competition.

I. Choose the best answer to complete the passive voice below.

2. The song __________ known for years.
a. has b. was lain
b. has be c. were laid
c. has been d. were lain
d. have be e. were lied
e. have been
4. The car s __________ carefully by
3. The books __________ on the him.
table. a. drive
a. was laid b. drove
Modul Bahasa Inggris SMP 4
Passive Voice

c. driven
d. has driven 7. The flag ceremony ________
e. has been driven every Monday morning.

a. was held
5. The bills ___________ b. is held
a. could be paid c. are held
b. could be payed d. has held
c. could been paid e. have held
d. could be payed
e. could pay 8. The thief ____________by the
6. The parcel _____________ today. a. has caught
a. will be sand b. have caught
b. will be sent c. have been caught
c. will be send d. has been caught
d. will been send e. has been catched
e. will been sent

9. Mr. Tobing was _________ by the head master.

a. call
b. calls
c. called
d. cald
e. calling

10. I am ___________ by someone I never met before.

a. follow
b. follows
c. following
Modul Bahasa Inggris SMP 5
Passive Voice


11. Past participles of read, write, and listen are....

a. readed, wrote, listened
b. read, wrote, listened
c. read, written, listened
d. reading, writing, listening
e. readed, writted, listened

Kunci jawaban

I. 1. took, taken
2. put, put
3. wrote, written
4. read, read ( pronunciation berbeda)
5. drove, driven
6. taught, taught
7. cooked, cooked
8. stole, stolen
9. brought, brought
10. made, made
Modul Bahasa Inggris SMP 6
Passive Voice

II. Mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif

1. The chess are played by my father and my brother.
2. The poem was created by Alex yesterday.
3. My homework has been finished.
4. Math is taught by my teacher, Mr. John.
5. The money was stolen by the naughty boy from the store.
6. The floor will be swept by the house cleaner.
7. My leg was bitten by some bees when I went to the forest.
8. Some books are red by her in Gramedia.
9. The rules were not obeyed by some students.
10. The competition was won by the soccer team.

III. Multiple choice

2. C
3. C
4. E
5. B
6. B
7. B
8. D
9. C
10. D
11. C
Modul Bahasa Inggris SMP 7
Passive Voice