/əˈkʌstəmd/ adjective

[more accustomed; most accustomed] 1 : familiar with something so that it seems normal or usual — + to ▪ She is accustomed to [=used to] life/living on the farm. ▪ We have become/grown/gotten more accustomed to their traditions and routines. ▪ He is accustomed to doing what he wants to do. [=he usually does what he wants to do] 2 always used before a noun, formal : usual or regular ____-ac·qui·si·tion /ˌækwəˈzɪʃən/ noun

plural ac·qui·si·tions 1 [noncount] : the act of getting or acquiring something: such as a : the act or process of gaining skill, knowledge, etc. ▪ the acquisition of knowledge ▪ foreign language acquisition b : the act of obtaining money, possessions, etc. ▪ the acquisition of wealth ▪ the country's acquisition of new ships 2 [count] : something (such as a company or valuable property) that is acquired ▪ The big company's newest acquisition is a small chain of clothing stores. ▪ The museum has put its latest acquisitions on display. ______ ambiguity One entry found. /ˌæmbəˈgju:wəti/ noun


plural am·bi·gu·i·ties : something that does not have a single clear meaning : something that is ambiguous [noncount] ▪ You should remove ambiguity [=vagueness] from your essay by adding more details. ▪moral ambiguity [=lack of certainty about whether something is right or wrong] [count] ▪ theambiguities in his answers ____________ ar·du·ous /ˈɑɚʤəwəs/ adjective

[more arduous; most arduous] : very difficult ▪ He went through a long and arduous training program. ▪ arduous efforts ▪ years

of arduous study ▪an arduous chore/duty/job/task ▪ an arduous journey across miles of desert — ar·du·ous·ly adverb ______________ as·ton·ish /əˈstɑ:nɪʃ/ verb

as·ton·ish·es; as·ton·ished; as·ton·ish·ing : to cause a feeling of great wonder or surprise in (someone) [+ obj] ▪ The garden astonishes[=amazes] anyone who sees it. ▪ Despite the hype, there was nothing in the book to astonishreaders. [no obj] ▪ The garden's beauty never fails to astonish. ___________ ca·pac·i·ty /kəˈpæsəti/ noun

plural ca·pac·i·ties 1 a [count] : the ability to hold or contain people or things — usually singular ▪ The restaurant has a large seating capacity. [=many people can sit in the restaurant; it has many seats]▪ What is the hard drive's storage capacity? ____________-cir·cuit /ˈsɚkət/ noun

plural cir·cuits [count] 1 : a series of performances, sports events, lectures, etc., that are held or done at many different places — usually singular ▪ She will be on a lecture circuit [=she will be traveling from place to place giving lectures] promoting her new book. ▪ He is one of the most popular drivers on the (racing) circuit. ▪ the women's tennis circuit 2 : a path or trip around something ▪ It takes a year for the Earth to make one circuit around the sun. — often + of ▪ She made acircuit of the museum. 3 : the complete path that an electric current travels along ▪ electric/electronic circuits ▪ a 120-volt circuit — see also CLOSEDCIRCUIT, INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, PRINTED CIRCUIT, SHORT CIRCUIT 4 US, law a or Circuit : a legal district that is established within a state or within the federal judicial system _____________ cog·ni·tive /ˈkɑ:gnətɪv/ adjective

technical : of, relating to, or involving conscious mental activities (such as thinking, understanding, learning, and remembering) ▪ cognitive development/psychology/impairment — cog·ni·tive·ly adverb _________ com·mod·i·ty /kəˈmɑ:dəti/ noun

plural com·mod·i·ties [count] 1 : something that is bought and sold ▪ agricultural commodities like grain and corn ▪ Oil is a commodity in high demand. ▪ commodityprices 2 : something or someone that is useful or valued ▪ Patience is a rare commodity. ▪ an actor who is a hot commodity [=who is very popular] in Hollywood right now ____________ /kənˈsaɪs/ adjective


[more concise; most concise] : using few words : not including extra or unnecessary information ▪ a clear and concise account of the accident ▪ a concise summary ▪ a concise definition — con·cise·ly adverb — con·cise·ness noun [noncount] ________________ de·code /diˈkoʊd/ verb

de·codes; de·cod·ed; de·cod·ing [+ obj] 1 : to change (secret messages, documents, etc.) from a set of letters, numbers, symbols, etc., you cannot understand into words you can understand ▪ The government agents finally decoded [=deciphered] the message. — compare CODE, ENCODE 2 : to find or understand the true or hidden meaning of (something) ▪ Readers can easily decode the novel's imagery. ▪ I'm trying to decode the expression on her face. _______________ deliberately

One entry found. /dɪˈlɪbərətli/ adverb


[more deliberately; most deliberately] 1 : in a way that is meant, intended, or planned ▪ He deliberately tricked them. 2 : slowly and carefully : in a way that is not hurried ▪ She spoke clearly and deliberately to the audience. _____________ delude One entry found. /dɪˈlu:d/ verb


de·ludes; de·lud·ed; de·lud·ing [+ obj] : to cause (someone) to believe something that is not true ▪ If she thinks I care, she's deluding [=fooling] herself. ▪ He was deluded [=deceived] by their lies.— often + into ▪ They deluded themselves into believing their team would win. — deluded adjective [more deluded; most deluded] ▪ His deluded family believed everything he said. ▪ a very deluded way of thinking ____________--diversity One entry found. /dəˈvɚsəti/ noun


plural di·ver·si·ties 1 : the quality or state of having many different forms, types, ideas, etc. [noncount] ▪ The island has more diversity in plant life than other islands nearby. ▪ biological/genetic/linguisticdiversity ▪ There was some diversity of opinion about what should be done. [=people had different opinions about what should be done] [count] — usually singular ▪ The area has a

great diversity[=variety] of birds. ▪ She has a wide diversity of interests. [=she has many different interests] 2 : the state of having people who are different races or who have different cultures in a group or organization [noncount] ▪ _____________ earnest One entry found.


/ˈɚnəst/ adjective

[more earnest; most earnest] : serious and sincere : not lighthearted or playful ▪ an earnest plea for help ▪ an earnest young journalist — ear·nest·ly adverb ▪ speaking earnestly — ear·nest·ness /ˈɚnəstnəs/ noun [noncount] ________--eloquent One entry found. /ˈɛləkwənt/ adjective


[more eloquent; most eloquent] 1 : having or showing the ability to use language clearly and effectively ▪ an eloquent speech/speaker ▪ an eloquent essay ▪ He waxed eloquent [=he said many things] on/about the pleasures of gardening. 2 : clearly showing feeling or meaning ▪ His success serves as an eloquent reminder of the value of hard work. — el·o·quent·ly adverb ______emphasize One entry found.

em·pha·size also Brit em·pha·sise

/ˈɛmfəˌsaɪz/ verb

em·pha·siz·es; em·pha·sized; em·pha·siz·ing [+ obj] : to give special attention to (something) : to place emphasis on (something) ▪ Their father always emphasized [=stressed] the importance of discipline. ___________ entwine One entry found. /ɪnˈtwaɪn/ verb


en·twines; en·twined; en·twin·ing : to twist together or around [+ obj] ▪ The snake entwined itself around the branch. — often used as (be) entwined ▪ The roses were entwined in an iron fence. — often used figuratively ▪Their lives were tragically entwined. [=intertwined] ▪ The themes in the novel are closely entwined.[no obj] ▪ Their lives entwined tragically. ______________ ep·och /ˈɛpək, Brit ˈi:ˌpɒk/ noun

plural ep·ochs [count] : a period of time that is very important in history ▪ The Civil War era was an epoch in 19th-century U.S. history. ▪ The development of the steam engine marked an important epoch in the history of industry. — compare ERA — ep·och·al /ˈɛpəkəl, Brit ˈɛˌpɒkəl/ adjective _______________


/ɪˈsɛnʃəl/ adjective

[more essential; most essential] 1 : extremely important and necessary ▪ As a fighter pilot, he knows that good vision is essential. ▪ Reservations are essential[=necessary, needed] if you plan to eat there on a Saturday. — often + to or for ▪ The river isessential to the region's economy. ▪ Food is essential [=necessary] for life. — often followed by to + verb ▪ It is essential to

use the proper technique. ▪ It's essential to arrive on time. — often +that ▪ It's essential that we arrive on time. 2 : very basic : FUNDAMENTAL ▪ Free speech is an essential right of citizenship. ▪ The essential problem with this plan is that it will cost too much. ▪ There's no essential difference between the two products. — es·sen·tial·ly /ɪˈsɛnʃəli/ adverb [more essentially; most essentially] ▪ All action movies have essentially [=basically, fundamentally] the same plot. ▪ What he says isessentially true. — es·sen·tial·ness /ɪˈsɛnʃəlnəs/ noun [noncount] __________ futile One entry found. /ˈfju:tl, ˈfju:ˌtajəl/ adjective


[more futile; most futile] : having no result or effect : pointless or useless ▪ All our efforts proved futile. ▪ a futile and foolish gesture ▪ They made a futile [=vain] attempt to control the flooding. — fu·tile·ly adverb — fu·til·i·ty /fjuˈtɪləti/ noun [noncount] ______--immerse One entry found. /ɪˈmɚs/ verb


im·mers·es; im·mersed; im·mers·ing [+ obj] 1 : to put (something) in a liquid so that all parts are completely covered ▪ Immerse the fabric completely in the dye. 2 : to make (yourself) fully involved in some activity or interest ▪ She had immersed herself in writing short stories. ▪ He immersed himself in the culture of the island. — often used as (be) immersed _________ in·tel·lec·tu·al /ˌɪntəˈlɛktʃəwəl/ adjective

1 : of or relating to the ability to think in a logical way ▪a child's intellectual development/growth ▪ intellectual challenges ▪ intellectual activ ities/exercises 2 [more intellectual; most intellectual] a : involving serious study and thought ▪ the social and intellectual life of the campus ▪ the library's commitment to intellectual freedom[=freedom that allows people to think about or study what they want] b of a person : smart and enjoying serious study and thought ▪ a rather intellectual poet — in·tel·lec·tu·al·ly /ˌɪntəˈlɛktʃəwəli/ adverb _______________ jeopardize One entry found. /ˈʤɛpɚˌdaɪz/ verb

jeop·ar·dize also Brit jeop·ar·dise

jeop·ar·diz·es; jeop·ar·dized; jeop·ar·diz·ing [+ obj] : to put (something or someone) in danger ▪ The wrong decision could (seriously) jeopardize your career ______________ literacy One entry found. /ˈlɪtərəsi/ noun


[noncount] 1 : the ability to read and write ▪ The program is intended to promote adult literacy among people who have had very little schooling. ▪ Their goal is to achieve basic literacy. ▪ literacy programs/skills/tests 2 : knowledge that relates to a specified subject _______ mir·a·cle /ˈmirɪkəl/ noun

plural mir·a·cles

[count] 1 : an unusual or wonderful event that is believed to be caused by the power of God ________ One entry found. /ˌnɚroʊˈsajəns, Brit ˌnjʊərəʊˈsajəns/ noun


[noncount] : the scientific study of nerves and especially of how nerves affect learning and behavior ________ nimble One entry found. /ˈnɪmbəl/ adjective


nim·bler; nim·blest [or more nimble; most nimble] 1 : able to move quickly, easily, and lightly ▪ a nimble [=agile] dancer ▪ the pianist's nimble fingers 2 : able to learn and understand things quickly and easily ▪ a nimble [=quick, clever] mind — nim·bly /ˈnɪmbli/ adverb ________ novice One entry found. /ˈnɑ:vəs/ noun


plural nov·ic·es [count] 1 : a person who has just started learning or doing something ▪ He's a novice in cooking. ▪ a novice [=beginner] at skiing ▪ a book for the novice chess player 2 : a new member of a religious group who is preparing to become a nun or a monk ____________

One entry found.


/ˈpɚmənənt/ adjective

[more permanent; most permanent] : lasting or continuing for a very long time or forever :not temporary or changing ▪ She made a permanent home in this country. ▪ Prolonged exposure to the sun can causepermanent skin damage. ▪ The museum's permanent collection includes works of art from the 18th century. ▪ The transcripts will serve as a permanent record of the proceedings. — per·ma·nence /ˈpɚmənəns/ noun [noncount] ▪ the permanence of the written word — per·ma·nen·cy /ˈpɚmənənsi/ noun [noncount] — per·ma·nent·ly adverb ▪ He was permanently banned from the store. ______________-perspective One entry found. /pɚˈspɛktɪv/ noun


plural per·spec·tives 1 : a way of thinking about and understanding something (such as a particular issue or life in general) [count] ▪ He helped us see the problem from a new perspective. [=angle, point of view] ▪ The story is told from the perspective of a teenage boy in the 1940s. ▪ perspective — often + on ▪ My grandmother has a surprisingly modern perspective [=outlook] on life. ▪ They had totally different perspectives on the war.[noncount] ▪ He had a complete change of perspective after his illness. 2 [noncount] a : a condition in which a person knows which things are important and does not worry or think about unimportant things ____________ pervasive One entry found. /pɚˈveɪsɪv/ adjective


[more pervasive; most pervasive] : existing in every part of something : spreading to all parts of something ▪ a pervasive odor ▪ the pervasive nature of the problem ▪ television's pervasive influence on our culture — per·va·sive·ly adverb — per·va·sive·ness noun [noncount] _____________ plight /ˈplaɪt/ noun plural plights [count] : a very bad or difficult situation — usually singular ▪ The recent cut in funding will only contribute to the hospital's financial plight. ▪ the plight of the unemployed/homeless _________________ poised 2 entries found for Poised. 1. poised (adjective) 2. 2) poise (verb)

poised adjective 1 not used before a noun : not moving but ready to move ▪ The actors were poised on the stage, ready for the curtain to come up. ▪ She held the pencilpoised over/above the paper. 2 not used before a noun : ready or prepared for something ___________________ prescient One entry found. /ˈprɛʃijənt, Brit ˈprɛsiənt/ adjective


[more prescient; most prescient] formal : having or showing an ability to know what will happen before it does ▪ She was remarkably prescient about the outcome of the elections. ▪ a prescient remark — pre·scient·ly adverb

___________ prevail One entry found. /prɪˈveɪl/ verb


pre·vails; pre·vailed; pre·vail·ing [no obj] formal 1 : to defeat an opponent especially in a long or difficult contest ▪ Our soccer team prevailed [=won] despite the bad weather. — often + against or over ▪ Heprevailed against/over last year's champion. ▪ She prevailed in a lawsuit against her doctor. [=she won a lawsuit against her doctor] — often used figuratively ▪ Justice will prevail. ▪ Truth will always prevail [=triumph] over lies. 2 : to be usual, common, or popular ▪ Mutual respect prevails among students and teachers here. ▪ The house was built in the style thatprevailed in the 1980s. 3 : to be or continue to be in use ▪ The tribal custom still prevails [=persists] after hundreds of years. ▪ The law still prevails in some states. prevail on/upon[phrasal verb] prevail on/upon (someone) : to ask or persuade (someone) to do something ▪ They prevailed on/upon me to play a few tunes on the piano. ________________ prioritize One entry found. /praɪˈorəˌtaɪz/ verb

pri·or·i·tize also Brit pri·or·i·tise

pri·or·i·tiz·es; pri·or·i·tized; pri·or·i·tiz·ing 1 : to organize (things) so that the most important thing is done or dealt with first [+ obj] ▪It's always difficult to prioritize work, school, and family. [no obj] ▪ If you want to do your job efficiently, you have to learn to prioritize. 2 [+ obj] : to make (something) the most important thing in a group ▪ The town council hopes to prioritize the bridge construction project at the next meeting. ___________-

prioritize One entry found. /praɪˈorəˌtaɪz/ verb

pri·or·i·tize also Brit pri·or·i·tise

pri·or·i·tiz·es; pri·or·i·tized; pri·or·i·tiz·ing 1 : to organize (things) so that the most important thing is done or dealt with first [+ obj] ▪It's always difficult to prioritize work, school, and family. [no obj] ▪ If you want to do your job efficiently, you have to learn to prioritize. 2 [+ obj] : to make (something) the most important thing in a group ▪ The town council hopes to prioritize the bridge construction project at the next meeting. _______________-probe 3 entries found for Probe. 1. 1) probe (verb) 2. 2) probe (noun) 3. space probe (noun)



/ˈproʊb/ verb

probes; probed; prob·ing 1 : to ask a lot of questions in order to find secret or hidden information about someone or something [no obj] ▪ His questions made it clear he was probing for information. ▪ He didn't like the police probing into his past. ▪ Firefighters are still probing [=looking] for the cause of the fire. [+ obj] ▪ He didn't like the police probing him about his past. 2 [+ obj] a : to touch or reach into (something) by using your finger, a long tool, etc., in order to see or find something ▪ The doctor probed the wound with his finger. ▪ Searchers probed the mud with long poles. b : to look into or examine (something) carefully ▪ She probed the files for evidence that would help the investigation. — probing adjective __________________

protean One entry found. /ˈproʊtijən/ adjective


[more protean; most protean] literary + formal : able to change into many different forms or able to do many different things ▪ a protean organism ▪ a protean actor _____________ sophisticated One entry found. /səˈfɪstəˌkeɪtəd/ adjective


[more sophisticated; most sophisticated] 1 a : having or showing a lot of experience and knowledge about the world and about culture, art, literature, etc. ▪ She was a sophisticated and well-traveled woman. ▪ She has sophisticated tastes. b : attractive to fashionable or sophisticated people ▪ a swank and sophisticated restaurant 2 : highly developed and complex ▪ a sophisticated computer network ▪ sophisticated technologies ▪ Her knitting technique is moresophisticated than mine. — so·phis·ti·cat·ed·ly adverb — so·phis·ti·ca·tion /səˌfɪstəˈkeɪʃən/ noun ______________________spiral One entry found.

spiral verb

spirals; US spiraled or British spiralled; US spiral·ing or British spiral·ling [no obj] 1 always followed by an adverb or preposition : to move in a circle around a central point while getting closer to or farther away from it : to move in a spiral

▪ Smoke spiraled up from the chimney. ▪ Vultures spiraled [=circled] overhead. ▪ The airplanespiraled to the ground and crashed. 2 : to greatly increase, decrease, or get worse in a continuous and usually fast and uncontrolled way ▪ The unemployment rate has been spiraling upward. ▪ The stock market is spiraling downward. ▪spiraling [=rapidly increasing] costs ▪ Let's deal with this crisis before it spirals out of control. ________________ Ubiquitous ubiquitous One entry found. /juˈbɪkwətəs/ adjective


[more ubiquitous; most ubiquitous] : seeming to be seen everywhere ▪ ubiquitous celebrities ▪ The company's advertisements are ubiquitous. — ubiq·ui·tous·ly adverb — ubiq·ui·tous·ness noun [noncount] — ubiq·ui·ty /juˈbɪkwəti/ noun [noncount] formal ▪ the ubiquity of the company's ads _____________ 2 entries found for Unforeseen. 1. unforeseen (adjective) 2. un- (prefix)

un·fore·seen /ˌʌnˌfoɚˈsi:n/ adjective : not predicted or expected : UNEXPECTED ▪ unforeseen consequences ▪ cancellations due to illness and other unforeseen circumstances ▪Barring any unforeseen problems, we should finish on time. ___________ unforeseeable 2 entries found for unforeseeable.

1. unforeseeable (adjective) 2. un- (prefix)


/ˌʌnˌfoɚˈsi:jəbəl/ adjective

: impossible to predict or expect ▪ unforeseeable problems ___________________________ wisdom 1. 2. 3. 4. 4 entries found for Wisdom. wisdom (noun) wisdom tooth (noun) conventional wisdom (noun) pearl (noun)


/ˈwɪzdəm/ noun

[noncount] 1 a : knowledge that is gained by having many experiences in life ▪ She has gained a lot of wisdom over the years. b : the natural ability to understand things that most other people cannot understand ▪ a young person of great wisdom c : knowledge of what is proper or reasonable ▪ He had the wisdom to stop before he said too much. : good sense or judgment ▪ I fail to see the wisdom in doing that. 2 : advice or information given to a person ▪ folk/divine wisdom ▪ He shared a valuable bit of wisdom with his daughter. ▪ These stories offer plenty of wisdom to readers. — see also CONVENTIONAL WISDOM in someone's (infinite) wisdom — used in an ironic way to say that someone has made a foolish choice or decision ▪ He decided, in his infinite wisdom, that it would be better to sell the house than to keep it. pearls of wisdom— see PEARL _____________ wondrous

One entry found. /ˈwʌndrəs/ adjective


[more wondrous; most wondrous] : causing wonder or amazement : very beautiful or impressive ▪ The museum featured a display of wondrous tapestries. ▪ The artist can achieve wondrous[=wonderful] things with a paintbrush. — won·drous·ly adverb ▪ a wondrously lush forest ____________ youth 3 entries found for Youth. 1. youth (noun) 2. youth hostel (noun) 3. fountain of youth (noun)


/ˈju:θ/ noun

plural youths /ˈju:ðz/ 1 [noncount] : the time of life when someone is young : the time when a young person has not yet become an adult ▪ She had a troubled/privileged youth. ▪ He spent his youth in the Midwest. ▪ He got into a lot of trouble in his youth. ▪ a generation trying to recapture lost youth ▪ youth groups ▪ (Brit) a youth club [=a club that provides various activities for young people] — see also FOUNTAIN OF YOUTH 2 [noncount] : the time when something is new and not yet established ▪ when the industry was still in its youth 3 [count] : a teenage boy or young man ▪ a tough-looking youth ▪ Four youths are suspected of starting the fire. 4 the youth : young people ▪ the youth of today ▪ The show sends a strong message to the youth of America. ▪ The city's youthneed strong role models.