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# Code: R5310406

R05

B.Tech III Year I Semester (R05) Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14 DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS
(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
(For 2006 Regular admitted students only)

Time: 3 hours
Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1

Max. Marks: 80

(a) Draw the block diagram of a PCM system and explain each block. (b) What is meant by companding? Explain different types of analog companding techniques. (a) Consider the speech signal with maximum frequency of 3.4 KHz and maximum amplitude of 1 volt. This speech signal is applied to a DM whose bit rate is set at 20 kbps. Discuss the choice of appropriate step size for the modulator. (b) Discuss different types of noise effects in delta modulation. (a) Explain the generation and reception of M-ary ASK with neat diagrams. (b) Draw the spectrum of BFSK and determine its bandwidth. (c) Explain symbol versus bit transmission. (a) Derive the expression for probability of error of QPSK system. (b) Explain the operation of baseband signal receiver. A discrete source transmits message x1, x2 and x3 with the probabilities 0.3, 0.4, 0.3. The source is connected to the channel as given in the below figure. Calculate all the entropies and mutual information. 0.8 0.2 1 0.3 0.7

(a) Five source messages are probable to appear as m1 = 0.4, m2 = 0.15, m3 = 0.15, m4 = 0.15, m5 = 0.15. Find the coding efficiency for Shanon-Fano coding. (b) Explain nouniqueness of the Huffman encoding with an example. A (15, 5) linear cyclic code has a generator polynomial G(x) =1 + x + x2 + x4 + x5 + x8 + x10. (a) Draw the block diagram of encoder and syndrome calculator for this code. (b) Find the code polynomial for the message polynomial D(x) = 1+x2+x4 in a systematic form. (a) A convolutional code is described by g1 = , g2 = , g3 = the encoder corresponding to this code. (b) Explain time domain behavior of a binary convolutional encoder with diagram. . Draw

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