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case 1 case 2 case 3 case 4 case 5 case 6 case 7 case 8

Isothermal Heating Medium Isothermal Cooling Medium Non-Isothermal Heating Medium Non-Isothermal Cooling Medium External Heating Medium- Isothermal Heating Medium External Heat Exchanger - Isothermal Cooing Medium External Heat Exchanger -Non Isothermal Cooling Medium External Heat Exchanger -Non Isothermal Heating Medium

All Cases and equations are derived from Kern.

case 1

Isothermal Heating Medium


= M Cp Ln ((T1-t1)/(T1-t2)) UA

Coil in Tank / Jacketed Vessel FEED In SI Unit SI Unit Quantity of Liquid in Tank Specific Heat of Batch Liquid Initial Temperature of batch Liquid Final Temperature of batch Liquid Hot Fluid Temperature Area of Heat Transfer Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Time Required for Heating M Cp t1 t2 T1 A U #DIV/0! kg kcal/kg.C C C C m2 kcal/hr.m2.C hr 0 0 32 32 32 0 0 #DIV/0! British Unit

FEED In SI Unit British Unit lb Btu/lb.F F F F ft2 Btu/hr.ft2.F

case 2

Isothermal Cooling Medium


Coil in Tank / Jacketed Vessel = M Cp Ln ((T1-t1)/(T2-t1)) UA

FEED In SI Unit Quantity of Liquid in Tank Specific Heat of Batch Liquid Initial Temperature of batch Liquid Final Temperature of batch Liquid Coolant Fluid Temperature Area of Heat Transfer Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Time Required for Cooling M Cp T1 T2 t1 A U #DIV/0! kg kcal/kg.C C C C m2 kcal/hr.m2.C hr 0 0 32 32 32 0 0 #DIV/0!

FEED In SI Unit lb Btu/lb.F F F F ft2 Btu/hr.ft2.F

case 3

Non-Isothermal Heating Medium


Coil in Tank / Jacketed Vessel

= M Cp K1 Ln ((T1-t1)/(T1-t2)) (K1-1)(Wh.Ch)

FEED In SI Unit Quantity of Liquid in Tank Specific Heat of Batch Liquid Initial Temperature of batch Liquid Final Temperature of batch Liquid Hot Fluid Temperature Area of Heat Transfer Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Heating Medium Flowrate Specific Heat Heating Medium Constant Time Required for Heating M Cp t1 t2 T1 A U Wh Ch K1 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! hr kg kcal/kg.C C C C m2 kcal/hr.m2.C kg/hr kcal/kg.C 0 0 32 32 32 0 0 0 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

UA/WhCh K1 = e^

FEED In SI Unit lb Btu/lb.F F F F ft2 Btu/hr.ft2.F lb/hr Btu/lb.F

case 4

Non-Isothermal Cooling Medium


Coil in Tank / Jacketed Vessel

= M Cp K2 Ln ((T1-t1)/(T2-t1)) (K2-1)(Wc.Cc)

FEED In SI Unit Quantity of Liquid in Tank Specific Heat of Batch Liquid Initial Temperature of batch Liquid Final Temperature of batch Liquid Cooing Fluid Temperature Area of Heat Transfer Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Cooling Medium Flowrate Specific Heat Cooling Medium Constant Time Required for Cooling M Cp T1 T2 t1 A U Wc Cc K2 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! hr kg kcal/kg.C C C C m2 kcal/hr.m2.C kg/hr kcal/kg.C 0 0 32 32 32 0 0 0 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

UA/WcCc K2 = e^

FEED In SI Unit lb Btu/lb.F F F F ft2 Btu/hr.ft2.F lb/hr Btu/lb.F

case 5

External Heating Medium- Isothermal Heating Medium

= M Cp K3 Ln ((T1-t1)/(T1-t2)) (K3-1)(Wh.Ch)

FEED In SI Unit Quantity of Liquid in Tank Specific Heat of Batch Liquid Initial Temperature of batch Liquid Final Temperature of batch Liquid Hot Fluid Temperature Area of Heat Transfer Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Heating Medium Flowrate Specific Heat Heating Medium Constant Time Required for Heating M Cp t1 t2 T1 A U Wh Ch K3 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! hr kg kcal/kg.C C C C m2 kcal/hr.m2.C kg/hr kcal/kg.C 0 0 32 32 32 0 0 0 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

UA/WhCh K3 = e^

FEED In SI Unit lb Btu/lb.F F F F ft2 Btu/hr.ft2.F lb/hr Btu/lb.F

case 6

External Heat Exchanger - Isothermal Cooing Medium

= M Cp K4 Ln ((T1-t1)/(T2-t1)) (K4-1)(Wc.Cc)

FEED In SI Unit Quantity of Liquid in Tank Specific Heat of Batch Liquid Initial Temperature of batch Liquid Final Temperature of batch Liquid Cooing Fluid Temperature Area of Heat Transfer Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Cooling Medium Flowrate Specific Heat Cooling Medium Constant Time Required for Cooling M Cp T1 T2 t1 A U Wc Cc K4 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! hr kg kcal/kg.C C C C m2 kcal/hr.m2.C kg/hr kcal/kg.C 0 0 32 32 32 0 0 0 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

UA/WcCc K4 = e^

FEED In SI Unit lb Btu/lb.F F F F ft2 Btu/hr.ft2.F lb/hr Btu/lb.F

case 7

External Heat Exchanger -Non Isothermal Cooling Medium

= M Cp K5 Ln ((T1-t1)/(T2-t1)) ((K5WcCc)-(WbCp)) (K5-1)(WbWcCc)

UA((1/WbCp)-(1/WcCc)) K5 = e^

FEED In SI Unit Quantity of Liquid in Tank Specific Heat of Batch Liquid Initial Temperature of batch Liquid Final Temperature of batch Liquid Cooing Fluid Temperature Area of Heat Transfer Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Cooling Medium Flowrate Specific Heat Cooling Medium Batch Liquid Flowrate to Exchager ((1/WbCp)-(1/WcCc)) Constant Time Required for Cooling K5 M Cp T1 T2 t1 A U Wc Cc Wb #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! hr kg kcal/kg.C C C C m2 kcal/hr.m2.C kg/hr kcal/kg.C kg/hr 0 0 32 32 32 0 0 0 0 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! lb Btu/lb.F F F F ft2 Btu/hr.ft2.F lb/hr Btu/lb.F lb/hr

Above equation is from Kern i.e corrected Equation is arranged in simpler form. Constants K5 and K6 are only renamed as per cases so deviation in abbrevations.

UA((1/WbCp)-(1/WcCc))

case 8

External Heat Exchanger -Non Isothermal Heating Medium

= M Cp K6 Ln ((T1-t1)/(T1-t2)) ((K6WhCh)-(WbCp)) (K6-1)(WbWhCp)

FEED In SI Unit Quantity of Liquid in Tank Specific Heat of Batch Liquid Initial Temperature of batch Liquid Final Temperature of batch Liquid Hot Fluid Temperature Area of Heat Transfer Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Heating Medium Flowrate Specific Heat Heating Medium Batch Liquid Flowrate to Exchager ((1/WbCp)-(1/WhCh)) Constant Time Required for Heating K6 M Cp t1 t2 T1 A U Wh Ch Wb #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! hr kg kcal/kg.C C C C m2 kcal/hr.m2.C kg/hr kcal/kg.C kg/hr 0 0 32 32 32 0 0 0 0 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

UA((1/WbCp)-(1/WhCh)) K6 = e^

FEED In SI Unit lb Btu/lb.F F F F ft2 Btu/hr.ft2.F lb/hr Btu/lb.F lb/hr

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