LESSON 1 : GREETING FRIENDS

COMMUNICATION GRAMMAR Greeting friends, Leave taking Verb ‘to be’ present tense Giving & receiving classroom instruction Future: ’going to’ Constructions of ‘to be’, negative of ‘to be’ Using this and that
Dialog Instructions : Please read the following dialog, then practice it with your friend!

Ani Ina Ani Ina Ani Ina now. Ani Ina

: : : : : :

Hi, Ina. How is it going? Hi, Ani. Very well, thanks, and how are things with you? All right. Where are you going? I am going to Class F12. I have a lecture there, Writing I Oh, I am going there too. My class is next to yours. Hurry up, please. The class starts at 07.30. It’s about the time

: OK. That’s your class. See you next time. : See you, too. Have a nice lecture. Interaction : Role Play, Practice greeting your fellow

Instruction classmates!

………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1
|Intensive English Course/Muhammadiyah Universityof Makassar

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Greeting Expressions Friendly – Informal
Greetings Responses Hello + first name Fine, thanks. And you? Hi + first name OK. And how about you? OK. And how are things with Everything is O.K. The Verb ‘to be’ The use of verb ‘to be’ with verb ‘to be’ with preposition: I am in class You are at home She is in front of the class He is next to me. We are in the third floor They are above us. It is near my house

Hello + first name How are you Hi + first name How are you doing How’s it going? you? What’s up? Structure Focus : The use of verb ‘to be’ with Noun : I am a student home. You are a student. going to campus. She is a lecturer going to finish her He is a lecturer work. We are students to visit his friend. They are lecturers going to talk about our It is a pen going to cross the

The use of going to: I am going You are She is Home He is going We are future. They are

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Contractions of the verb ‘to be’ Contractions are shortened forms of Subject and ‘to be’, combining the two words into one by dropping the initial letter of the verb ‘to be’ and putting an apostrophe in its place. I am = I’m We are = We’re I’m not We’re not He is =He’s They are =They’re He’s not They’re not
|Intensive English Course/Muhammadiyah Universityof Makassar

Structure Focus : This and That

This and that are used as determiners. This is used to determine the near object and that is used to determine the far object. For example :

This is my book This is my house This is your pen

That is his book That is his house That is your pen

That is not my book That is not my house That is not your pen

Is that my book? Is that your house? Is that his pen?

Exercise : Make sentences using ‘verb to be’ with noun and preposition.

Exercise : Make positive and negative sentences using ‘to be going to’.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Make positive and negative sentences using ‘this’ and ‘that’. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|Intensive English Course/Muhammadiyah Universityof Makassar -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

LESSON 2 : INTRODUCTION
COMMUNICATION Introduce yourself and other Asking questions using Wh-questions questions And yes-no questions SKILL Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing Introducing Yourself & Other Instructions : Please read the following dialog, then practice it with your friend.
Tony : Alam : Tony : Alam : Tony : Alam : Hello, my name’s Tony. What is your name? How do you do? My name is Ali. How do you do. Are you a new student here? Yes, I’m. Where are you from? I’m from Bulukumba. And you? May I know where you are from too? Yes, of course. I’m from Palopo. My town is very far from your town but it doesn’t mean we can not be a friend. Do you mind to be my friend? Yes, I’m glad too. We’ll be always together then, because we’ll study at the same class. Rani : Salsa, have you met Salma? Salsa : No, I haven’t actually. How do you do? Nice to meet you. Salma : How do you do? Nice to meet you too. What is your department here? Are you an English department student as me and Rani? Salsa : Yes, I’m an English department student too. I firstly met Rani at the Student Orientation Program. After that we always go together in this campus. Salma : It’s very kind of you. Rani is very fortunate to meet you. Do you want to be my friend too? Salsa : Yes, of course. It ‘s very pleasure to meet you and to

GRAMMAR Verb ‘to be’ with adjective Wh-questions & Yes-no Simple Present Tense

Tony :

Interaction Instructions : Role Play. Practice to introduce yourself and your friend to your fellow classmates.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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Introduction Expressions Self Hello, I’m ……………(name) …………. (name) Hello, my name is…………….(name) I’m…………..

Responses How do you do? I’m Pleased to meet you.

I don’t think we’ve met. I am………(name) Nice to meet you. I’m ………..(name) Hi, I’m………..(name). What’s your name? Hi, I’m……….(name). But everyone calls me …………………………(short name) Introducer The Introduced The Introduced (first name), this is + (first name) Hi, How are you? Hi, Fine thanks (name) do you know…….(name) How do you do? No, I don’t actually

Structure Focus The Use of Verb ‘to be’ with Adjectives in Present Verb ‘to be’ links the subject of a sentence with a word or group of words in the predicate. When the sentence doesn’t have a verb as predicate, verb ‘to be’ replaces its place. The word that was linked by Verb ‘to be’ is called predicate word. The predicate word may be predicate noun or predicate pronoun, when the words linked are noun or noun phrase, or predicate adjective when the words linked are adjective or adjective phrase. Verb ‘to be’ with adjective My town is very far I’m very happy to know you I’m glad to I’m sleepy Structure Focus Simple Present Tense Form Affirmative Negative Question I work I do not work Do I work? You work You do not work Do you work? He works He do not work Does He work? She works She do not work Does She work? We work We do not work Do we work? 5 |Intensive English Course/Muhammadiyah Universityof Makassar You work You do not work Do you work?

Exercise : Exercise : Make sentences using ‘Simple Present Tense.

Make sentences using Simple Present Tense!

Make Sentences using Present Tense with verb ‘ to be’!

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LESSON 3 : EXPRESSING THANKS
COMMUNICATION Expressing & Accepting Thanks SKILL Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing GRAMMAR Imperative Needs and wants.

Ani

: I bought this pen for you yesterday at the book store. I hope you will like it.

Adi

: Well, I must go now. Thank you for the lovely evening. :Yes, thanks you very much. Especially for the delicious food. : Don’t mention it. Thank you for visiting me. Don’t forget to stop when you pass by this street. : Thank you. Good

Asih : Thank you very much. I do like it. It’s a good pen. Ani Misra : I’m glad you like it.

Andi

Ridho : I need a ruler to underline the important ideas on my book. May I borrow your rulel? : Yes, you may. Here it : Thank you so much. :No need to thank me.

Masna is. Misra Masna

Adi & Andi night.

Interaction Instruction: Role Play. Practice in expressing and accepting thanks to your fellow classmates. ……………………………………………. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………. ………………………………………………... ……………………………………………. ………………………………………………... …………………………………………….

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Expressing Thanks Accepting Thanks I’m very much obliged to you welcome Thank you so much welcome Thank you pleasure That’s nice of you You’re very kind to me. Thank you thank me I don’t know how to thank you I can’t find any word to thank you Thanks for all Thank you for everything nothing. What are friends for? You’re most You’re entirely It was my That’s OK No need to Don’t mention it Not at all Forget it Oh, it’s

Structure Focus
Imperative Sentence Imperative with Don’t Negative

It is used to give orders, to make offers, suggestions much. And requests, and to give warnings. window pen.

Don’t eat too Don’t open the Don’t take my

Stop! Have some more coffee
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Tell your friend they can’t go home late Help me with these bags, please! Look out!

Structure Focus
To Infinitive Want and Need

Want and Need can be followed by to infinitive – – I want to eat something I need to do something

A want is something you would like to have or do. A need is necessity.

I’m tired. I want to go home. the hospital.

I’m sick. I need to go to

Stating Basic Wants and Needs
Exercise : Read carefully the following sentences and state in a sentence your wants or needs.

1. I’m hungry. Where can I buy some food?
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2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

I’m thirsty. Where can I get a drink of water? I’m tired. I need a rest for a while. I’m hot. Let’s go inside. It’s raining. Where can I buy an umbrella? I’m lost. Can you tell me where I am? 7. May I use your bathroom,please?

Practice Drill
Answer the following sentences based on where you are now. Use imperative.

Can you tell me the way to the bank? Can you tell me the way to the train station? Can you tell me the way to the park? Where’s the post office? Where’s the parking lot?

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LESSON 4 : FAMILY RELATIONSHIP
Mr. John Smith Mr. John Smith (Mary)

Frank S.

Debora

Julia S.

Tom

Susan

Fred

Ted

Arthur

Jany W.

Reading Comprehension The family tree above describes that Mr. John Smith is Mary’s husband. Mr. and Mrs. John Smith have two children, one son and one daughter. Those are Frank S and Julia S. Frank is married to Deborah. She is now Mrs. Smith. They have got three children, one daughter and two sons. Those are Susan S, Fred S, and Ted S. Julia is married to Tom William. She is now Mrs. William. They have got two children, one son and one daughter. Those are Arthur W and Jany W. Susan, Fred, Ted, Arthur, and Jany are Mr. and Mrs. Smith’s grandchildren. So, the children call John as grandfather and Mary as grandmother. Deborah is Julia’s sister-in-law, and Tom is Frank’s brother-in-law, but they are Mr. And Mrs. Smith’s daughter and son-in-law. Susan, Fred, Ted are Julia’s nieces and nephews,, while Arthur and Jany are Frank’s nephew and niece. Frank’s children and Julia’s children are cousins. Vocabulary Pronounce the following words and write the meanings of them Words Words Meanings Meanings Husband …………………….. Wife
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Uncle …………………………. Aunt
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…………………….. Son …………………….. Daughter …………………….. Brother …………………….. Sister …………………….. Father …………………….. Mother ……………………. Parents ……………………. Grandfather ……………………. Grandmother ……………………. Grandchildren ……………………. Children …………………….

……………………….... Cousin …………………………. Brother-in-law ………………………... Sister-in-law ………………………… Son-in-law ………………………… Step-father ………………………… Step-mother ………………………… Step-brother ………………………… Step-sister ………………………… Step daughter ………………………… Step-son ………………………… Step-children …………………………

Listening Practice Listen to the statements read by the teacher, then complete them orally! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Andy is my younger brother, his wife is my …………………… Amir is your father, Amir’s father is your ……………………… Diana is her daughter. Diana’s daughter is her………………….. My uncle has two children. They are my ……………………….. Susi is my sister. Her daughter is my …………………………… 6. Tuti is my mother’s sister. She is my …………………………...
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7. Arif is your son. His wife is your ……………………………….

8. Budi is his father’s wife. He is his………………………………. 9. Aisyah is her husband’s sister. She is her ………………………. 10. Samsu is my daughter’s husband. His son is my ……………….. 11. Tomy is my daughter’s husband. He is my …………………….. 12.They are your cousins. They are your uncle …………………… 13.He is your brother. His son is your …………………………….. 14. Maryam is my mother-in-law. Her son is my ………………….. 15.Rudy is your brother, his son is your ……………………………

Writing Practice Write down your family relationship using ‘a family tree’, in the following:

LESSON 5 : TELLING TIME
A. Time

COMMUNICATION Asking & Telling Time Dates SKILL
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LANGUAGE FOCUS Expressing Time

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Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing

Rahmat

: Excuse me, Could you tell me the time, please?

Rini

: What time does the class finish today, Rani?

Rani : At one thirty Rini : I want you to accompany me to go to Agung Shop. : Yes, but I have had a promise to meet Ria at home before at two o’clock. : That’s OK. You still have a half hour to meet with Ria. After that, we can go to Agung Shop together. :Yes, I agree. But before we go we will pray Lohor first, OK? : OK.

Raden

: I’m sorry. I can’t tell you the time. My watch is not running.

Rahmat

:That’s OK. I’m going to ask Rina. Rina, what time is it now?

Rani

Rina nine Rahmat

: It’s a quarter past : thank you. I think it’s time for us to go to the class. lecturer there. Probably, has the been

Rini

Rani

Rina

: Let’s go. See you again, Raden.

Rini

Interaction Instruction: Role Play. Make a dialog with your friend that asking and telling time. ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. ……………………………………………
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08.05 eight 08.10 It’s eight 08.15 It’s after eight 08.30 It’s after eight 08.35 It’s to two 08.45 It’s to nine 08.55 It’s 09.00 It’s

Time Expressions It’s five past eight It’s eight o-five ten past eight It’s eight ten

It’s five after It’s ten after It’s a quarter It’s a half It’s twenty-five It’s a quarter It’s five to nine

a quarter past eight It’s eight fifteen a half past eight It’s eight thirty

twenty-five to nine It’s eight thirty-five a quarter to nine five to nine nine o’clock It’s eight forty five It’s eight fifty-five

Exercise : What time is it? a. 02.10 f. 01.15

b. 07.20 g. 12.30

c. 10.25 h. 11.45

d. 04.07 i. 03.40

e. 06.00 j. 05. 17

Time Expressions A minute is sixty seconds month An hour is sixty minutes (2nd ) month A day is twenty-four hours month Noon to Midnight is p.m. month A decade is ten years month A century is one hundred years month A millennium is one thousand years month
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January is the first (1st) February is the second March is the third (3rd ) April is the fourth (4th ) May is the fifth (5th ) June is the sixth (6th ) July is the seventh (7th )

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Midnight to noon is a.m. ) month ninth (9 ) month
th

August is the eighth (8th September is the October is the tenth

( 10 ) month
th

November is the eleventh (11 ) month
th

December is the twelfth (12 ) month
th

a.Ordinal Number
Complete the following chart! 1st ......first 11th …… 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 12th 13rd 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th …..........…. …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 20th 21st 22nd 30th 40th 50th 63rd 99th 100th .......…… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… ……………

b.Dates
1. January 1, 2009 2. July 20, 2009 nine 3. December 31, 2009 and nine 4. 2 August 1995
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Grammar Focus January first, two thousands and nine July twentieth , two thousands and December thirty-first, two thousands Second of August, nineteen ninety
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five. 5. 23 May 1824 four

Twenty-third of May, eighteen twenty

Exercise : Practice the spoken form of the following dates
a. January 14, 1978

b. May 3rd, 1969 e. 10th October 1906 h. 20 July, 1746

c. December f. March 5th, i. 24th April 2001

30 , 1988 a. 17th August, 1945 1860 f. September 21st, 1850
th

Practice the following: A: When is your birthday? B: My birthday’s on the twenty-first of August, nineteen eighty two. (Say your own birthday!)

Practice Drill Stand in Line You’re standing in line to buy a present. Take a ticket. It’s number 15. You have the fifteenth ticket. Twenty-five more people take a ticket. What is the number on the last ticket? It’s the ……………….ticket. Ten more people take a ticket. What is the…..?It’s the….go on. Use : fortieth, fiftieth, sixtieth, seventieth, eightieth, ninetieth, a hundredth.

Practice Drill What day is today? ………………………………… What month is it? ……………………………………….
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Today is It’s

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What year is it? ………………………………………. What’s the date? …………………………………… What’s the date tomorrow?

It’s It’s the

LESSON 6 : COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUN
COMMUNICATION Asking about Prices uncountable SKILL Speaking, Listening, Reading, and Writing GRAMMAR Countable and

Dialog
Instructions : Please read the following dialog, then practice it with your friend

Marni Seller Marni Seller Marni Seller Marni Seller Marni Seller Marni Seller Marni Seller Marni
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: Those apples, how much are they? : one thousand for one : They’re cheap : Yes, they’re cheap : Can I have six apple, please? : Certainly, Here you are : And what about the eggs? : They’re five hundred for one. : I’ll take three please. : Anything else? : Yes, I want a bottle of honey. : A large bottle or a small one? : How much is the large one? : Ten thousand : And what does a small bottle cost?
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Seller Marni Seller Marni

: Five thousand : I’ll have a small one, please. So….how much is that altogether? : Twelve thousand and five hundred rupiahs, please! : Thank you!

Exercise : Underline the expressions of asking about price in the dialog!

Structure Focus:
A countable noun is one that can be counted, while uncountable noun is one that cannot be counted. However, it is possible to count some uncountable nouns if the substance is placed in a countable container. Study the following examples: Nouns Classifications Countable Nouns Pen Book One pen, two pens, three pens A book, this book, that book, these books, those books. A table, one table A glass of milk, one glass of milk, two glasses of milk, etc. ( we cannot say a milk, one milk, two milk) A liter of sugar, two liters of sugar, three liters of sugar, etc. ( we cannot say : a sugar, two sugar, three sugar) Uncountable nouns

Table Milk

Sugar

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soap

A piece of soap, two pieces of soap, three pieces of soap, etc. (we cannot say : a soap, two soap, three soap)

Uncountable noun cannot be preceded by ‘a/an, one, two, three, etc. and does not have a plural form. Uncountable noun usually refers to a whole group of things that is made up of many individual parts. The whole category made up of different varieties. Study the following examples: Countable nouns singular Cupboard Bed Table Chair, etc. Apple Orange Mangoe, etc. Dollar Pound Rupiah plural Cupboards Beds Tables Chairs,etc. Apples Oranges Mangoes,etc. Dollars Pounds Rupiahs Furniture Uncountable nouns

Fruit ( collective noun)

money

Vocabulary Practice pronouncing these common uncountable nouns below; look up their meanings in your dictionary! Advice, air, anger, blood, butter, bread, beef, beauty, cheese, chalk, clothing, coffee, cream, confidence, darkness, dirt, dust, enjoyment, food, flour, gold, garbage, grass, hair, hardware, honey, happiness,
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health,

help,

honesty,

homework,

housework,

justice,

jewelry,

knowledge, love, luck, literature, mail, money, news, pepper, rice, salt, sugar, traffic, wheat, etc.

Complete the following sentences with the given words! 1. He doesn’t have …………….money 2. I need a piece of ………….. 3. There is a …………..on the table 4. She drank a ………….of orange juice 5. I use much …………on my food. 6. He bought a ………if milk at the Bottle / bottles Salt / salts Much / Many Glass / glasses Some / money Cup / cups Chalk / chalks Book / books People / person Advice / advices

supermarket 7. They have ………..furniture in their house 8.They are lazy. Let me give them ……. 9. She cooks two………….of rice 10. I invited ten …………to my house for lunch

LESSON 7 : EXPRESSING LIKES & DISLIKES
COMMUNICATION Expressing likes & dislikes with likes & dislikes Command SKILL LANGUAGE FOCUS Sentence structure

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Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing

October 02nd , 2009 Dear Rani, How are you? I am fine. These are some photos from our SMA graduation day. I like the photo of you and me. I have a lot of classes this semester, and I have to study every night. I like my teachers. They are very good. My roommate is reading her book now. We always study together every night. There will be a test tomorrow and I must study now. Rani, when is actually your birthday? Is it in November? Please write a letter soon. Sincerely, Linda

October 3rd, 2009 Dear Linda, Thanks for your letter. The photos of the graduation day are nice. We look beautiful in the photo. I do like it too. My class is interesting this semester. I like my teachers too. I have five classes every day and night is the time for us to study too. I’m sorry not to write long because I have to finish my assignment. Tomorrow, it should be collected. You are right that my birthday will be in November. I will have a small party at my birthday and I hope you will be here at that time. See you soon. Your friend,

Rani

Maintaining skill: Write a letter to your friend, Write to him / her what ever you like and dislike in your new campus. ………………………………………………. …………………………………………… ………………………………………………. …………………………………………… ………………………………………………. …………………………………………… ………………………………………………. ……………………………………………
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………………………………………………. ……………………………………………

Like & Dislike Expressions
I like ……………………..very much ……………………………. Our photo Your style I love ………………………….. ……………………………… My Job mistakes The sound of wind against the trees hours I prefer …………………………… ………………………………….. Coffee of tea room Telephoning to writing letters Dislike (hate) The idea The regulation I don’t like telling people their working long I detest sleeping in a dark his bad temper

Grammar Focus The following words mean: dislike: Like – enjoy – love stand The words are usually followed by –ing: Like + verb-ing - I like reading Harry Potter Love + verb-ing – I love meeting people alone The following words mean hate – can’t bear - can’t

Hate + verb-ing - I hate reading book Can’t bear + verb-ing - She can’t bear being

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Enjoy + verb-ing

Can’t stand + verb-ing - He can’t stand

I enjoy living in this village studying long

Grammar Focus : Like + ……. Like + Noun – They like music

Like + to infinitive clothes -Doni likes to play football at school book

The girls like new He likes sport She likes reading Ramli likes travelling Alan likes to study

mathematics. Like + V-ing music. – They like making cake She likes listening to

Practice Drill Tell the person next to you your name and one thing you like. That person introduces you to the class. I’m………………………………… ………………………………..
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I like………………………………. ………………………...

He/ she likes

Ask your classmate about his other hobby. Try to find another student with the same hobby. What’s your hobby? I like.. ……………………………….. Does ……like………too? I like …..too.

LESSON 8 : USING PRONOUNS
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COMMUNICATION Answering questions with whose SKILL Reading, writing, speaking, Listening

LANGUAGE FOCUS Pronouns & Modals

Your watch is wrong, Tomi It is Friday night. Tomi’s boss, Mrs. Martina, is in her music store. Helen is there too. They are working. But Tomi isn’t there. “I’m not wearing my watch today. What time is it, Anisa?” Mrs.Martina asks. “It’s twenty past seven.” Anisa answers. “Where’s Tomi? He’s late.” “Hello, Mrs. Martina. Hello, Anisa, “ Tomy says. “I’m sorry, I’m late.” “It’s seven twenty. You are twenty minutes late, Tomi,” says Mrs. Martina. “What? are you sure? Look at my watch. I’m only ten minutes late.” “Your watch is wrong, Tomi. Turn on the radio, Anisa. Let’s find out the correct time.” “….and that’s the end of the news. The time is now seven fifteen. The weather for tomorrow….” “Both watches are wrong,” Mrs. Martina says. “Tom, your watch is slow and, Anisa, your watch is fast.” “But my watch is right every evening, and the next day it’s wrong again,” Tomi says, “What can I do?” “Mr. Baldi cleans and fixed watches. And he works every day. Go to his shop tomorrow. He can fix it for you.” “ But I must have a watch now.”

Asking and answer questions related to the text.

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PERSONAL PRONOUN SUBJECT I You He She It We You They Subject Pronoun I’m going out this evening Do you share your room with Ani? OBJECT Me You Him Her It Us You Them Object Pronoun She is waiting for me now Sarah lent me a book

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE My Your His Her Its Our Your Their Possessive Adjective I can’t find my keys Sarah can’t find your house Is this your book? She has got her jacket. I like its accessories I enjoy our cake Don’t leave your purses on the table PRONOUN Mine Yours His Her Its Ours Yours Theirs Possessive Pronoun I can’t find mine Sarah can’t find yours. Is this yours? Has she got hers? The cat shakes its. Are these books ours? Are the purses yours?

He likes playing Doni talked to football him She teaches English It looks beautiful We meet at the meeting Are you the students of Unismuh? She teaches her English I found it on the table She looked at us I meet you at the party

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They are studying in class

I like them very much

I like their watches

Are these watches theirs?

Interrogative Pronouns : Using ‘Whose’ You use whose when asking who something belongs to (Whose pen is this?)

Drill

Structure Focus Can
It is used to talk about ability. The negative of can is cannot (contraction : can’t). Can you swim? He can play a guitar. I can’t open this bottle.

Must
It is used in deductions to say that we are sure about something. You must be cold(I am sure that you are cold) The negative of must is mustn’t. It expresses that something is impossible. He mustn’t be at home. ( It is impossible that he is at home)

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Drill Make your own positive and negative sentences using can and must! ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… …………………………………………….
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…………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. ……………………………………………

LESSON 9 : PARTS OF THE BODY
COMMUNICATION FOCUS Identify parts of the Body Possessive with ‘S LANGUAGE

SKILL Listening, speaking, Reading, Writing

Dialog Tono Peter Tono Peter Tono : Have you been to the beach Peter? : Yeah, I have. How did you know that? : Your face is red. It looks like you’ve been in the sun. : I got sun burnt. My arms and legs are red, too. : I get sun burnt too. That’s why I cover my arms when I go out in the sun. I don’t want my skin to be dark.

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Peter Tono Peter Tono Peter

: Oh really. I want to get a tan. I like dark skin. : That’s funny. You have light skin, but want to have dark skin. And I have dark skin, but want to have light skin. : How about my nose? I think it’s too big, but many of my Indonesia friends like it. I’d like to have a small nose like yours. : That’s funny too. I’d like to have a nose like yours. : I guess we’ll just have to be happy with what we have..

Parts of the body Head mouth Toe arm eye foot ear Tooth face hand finger Nose leg

neck

Structure Focus Possessive with ’S. We use –‘s for people and animals. It is usually used for people and animal. “This is Tono’s book” “These are birds’ wings” not not “this is the book of Tono.” “these are the wings of bird”

-‘S is used after singular person such as friend’s, student’s, Peter’s This is my friend’s book. -‘S is also used after plural people such as: friend’s, student’s, Parents’. This is my friends’ book. Peter’s face is red Tono’s nose is small The man’s eyes are brown
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(his face is red) (His nose is small) (His eyes are brown)
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The girl’s hair is black The dog eats its food Your nose is small My nose is small

(Her hair is black) (It eats its food) (Your nose is small) ( My nose is small)

Drill Answer the teacher’s questions! ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. …………………………………………… ……………………………………………. ……………………………………………

Understanding a Humor: A: Why are you crying? B : The elephant is dead. A: Was he your pet? B : No, but I’m the one who must dig his grave! (Joe, Indiana)

LESSON 10 : DESCRIBING OBJECT
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There are many ways to describe an object in English. Study the following examples and practice with your friends. A : I have a new watch. B: Oh, have you? What is it like? A: Well, it’s small and round A : Has anyone seen my handbag? B : What does it look like? A : It’s black and made of a genuine leather. B : No, sorry. A: Ani bought a new brooch last week. B : Really? What does it look like? A : It’s small and star shaped. B : What’s it made of? A : It’s made of gold. B : Nice.

A : I have a new scarf B : Really? What kind? A : It’s triangular with a red and white pattern B : Nice

Ways to say it Asking for a description What What What What is it like? does it look like? is it made of? kind?

Describing Objects It’s …….. It looks……….

Vocabulary Size Texture Colour Shape Material large, small, high, low hard, soft, heavy, light dark, light, red, blue, green, yellow, purple, black, white, grey, brown, orange, pink, beige. round, oval, square, rectangular, triangular. wood, metal, plastic, leather, glass, gold, silver.

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Study the following Questions and Statements! What shape is an apple? What colors are the Indonesian Flag? What shape is a football field? What’s a football made of? What’s a window made of? What colors are the chessboard? What colors are the chessboard?

It It It It It It It It It It It It

is is is is is is is is is is is is

big small oval in shape square in shape rectangular in shape circular in shape curved in shape oval in shape made of rubber made of wood made of leather made of metal

Describe your best friend’s house …..the kitchen, sitting room, curtains and carpet. The question has been asked for you. A : What does your friend’s house look like? You : …………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. .

LESSON 11 : DESCRIBING PEOPLE
Describing People Present Continuous Tense Describing Personality Adjectives

1. Conversation ( At a campus)

Ahmad Yani Ahmad

Yani

: Hi, what’s the matter? You look confused : Actually, I’m looking for Mrs. Munirah. She is my academic advisor but I have not met her. : That’s her, over there. She is standing near the window. She’s wearing a black skirt and a blue scarf. She wears glasses : Ah, thank you very much.

(later on, Yani met another friend) Hasbiah Yani Hasbiah Yani Hasbiah Yani
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: Did you meet your academic advisor this morning? : Yes, I did. : What does she look like? : Well, she’s tall. She’s about 165 cm. And she wears glasses. : Is she good looking? : Yes, she is pretty.

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Ways to say it Asking for Description

Describing People’s dress

She is wearing a black skirt She is wearing a flowery blouse They are wearing plain trousers He’s tall She’s short She’s medium height He’s not very tall. A : What does he/she look like? B : He’s handsome. He has short black hair.

What does….look like? Could you describe….fo r me What’s she wearing?

Describing people’s height

Describing People’s appearance

Attention : “ She wears glasses”. (meaning: She always wears glasses. It is a fact that she wears glasses). “She’s wearing glasses”. (meaning: She is wearing glasses now but she doesn’t always wear them).

2. Structure Focus: Present Continuous tense Study the following rules: Affirmative (+) I You We They He Am Are Are Are Is Wearing a necklace I You We They He Negative (-) Am Are Are Are Is not Wearing a necklace

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She It

Is Is

She It

Is Is

Question (?) Am I

You Are We Wearing a necklace? They

He Is She

it

Work in pairs Take turn to describe your partner. Use structure such as: – He’s Tall/ short / slim / average build. She’s – He’s Has black eyes/ black hair / dark skin She’s

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He’s / wearing a batik skirt / a plain brown blouse / a gold ring/a flowery blouse. She’s

…………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. . …………………………………………………………………………………………………. .

Essential Vocabulary Body Tall Short Fat Thin Hair Blond Dark Straight Straight Curly Wavy Short Long Shoulderlength Bald Dress and Others
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Average Build Average height

Face

Square Oval Round

Dress

Moustache

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Jacket Jeans Blouse glasses Skirt Shirt Trousers Shoes Suit boots t-shirt

Beard

1. Describing Personality Work with your partner or with a dictionary. Memorize all the adjective which can be used to describe people’s personalities. English Honest Intelligent Kind Fair Funny clever Cheerful Friendly Gentle Humble Indonesia n English Wise Adaptable Reliable Boring Careful Jealous Noisy Sensitive Lazy Quiet Indonesian English Moody Good Patient Impatient Selfconfident Creative Intolerant Mean Pessimistic Dependent Indonesi an

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Selfish Unselfish Compassion ate Thoughtful rich Optimistic Polite helpful

Introvert Lively Outgoing Rude Competitiv e Ambitious Talkative attractive

Responsible Irresponsibl e Unfriendly Generous Loyal Tidy Sincere truthful

1. Find the opposite of the words above! 2. Choose the ten personal characteristics our of those listed which best describe the kind of person you think you are! a……………… i……………. c…………… e ………………. g …………….

b……………… j…………….

d…………… f ………………. h …………….

3. Work in pairs. Tell each other the ten personal characteristics you have chosen to describe yourself. Do you agree with description of your partner?

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LESSON 12

: TALKING ABOUT HOLIDAY
Wh- and yes / no questions

Talking about holiday

Past Tense

Regular and irregular verbs

1. Dialog Rita Santi Rita Santi

: : Did you have a good holiday, Santi? : It was okay. : What did you do? : Well, I visited my grandparents in Soppeng. When I was there, I went to swim in a pool, called Ompo, almost everyday. How about you? Did you do something special? Rita : No, I just stayed in my boarding house and watched television everyday.

2. Structure Focus Past Tense: a. The form of the past simple is the same for all persons (I, you, he, she, etc.) Affirmative (+) Negative (-) I You He We (etc) Question (?) Did You visit your grandparents? He go home? Exercise 1: Change the following sentences into negative or interrogative (?) sentences!
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Visited grandparents Went home

my

I You He We (etc.)

Did not visit my grandparents Did not go home.

1. She carried a briefcase. (-) -------------------------------------------------2. He mended a sock (?) -------------------------------------------------- ? 3. I fried some fish (-) -------------------------------------------------4. We gave her a dictionary (-) -------------------------------------------------5. A cat stole my fish (?) -------------------------------------------------- ? 6. They took an English class (-) -------------------------------------------------7. We ate too much last night (?) -------------------------------------------------- ? 8. Anti hid my bag. (-) --------------------------------------------------

Exercise 2 : Write down the past tense forms of the following verbs! See …………… ……………….. wear …………… ……………….. catch …………… ………………. run ……………. Go ………………. Fly ………………. Drink Marry

bring ……………. drive …………….

Hit ………………. Hurry

3. Pronunciation 1. Listen to the pronunciation of irregular verb ending –ed. Then practice the words. /d/ /t/ /id/

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Loved Lived Smiled attended

talked looked watched

visited landed

2. Put the words below into three lists: word ending with /d/, /t/, and /id/.

Opened laughed Wanted invited Saved missed

added fixed repaired

liked listened painted

waited finished learned

4. WH – Questions A Wh-question begins with a question word : what, where, who, whose, when, why, which, how. Ex. : What did you do? Where did you go? Conversation: On holiday Rahma Santi Rahma Santi Rahma Santi Rahma Santi : hi! When did you get back from Jakarta? : Three days ago : How was your trip : It was wonderful. I had a great time! : Really? How long were you there? : I was there for one week. : Did you go to “Taman Mini”? : No, I didn’t. I didn’t have time, but I went to Monas and Ancol.

Practice the conversation above and take turns with your friend talking about an interesting holiday!
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5. Intonation: Yes / no questions and WH-questions Yes or No questions which expect Yes or No have a different intonation from those which begin with a question word (wh-question). The former has a rising intonation at the end of the sentence while the latter has a falling intonation. Example : Yes / No Questions 1. Will she phone you later? 2. Has the bus left? 3. Can you solve the problem WH - Questions 1. What did you watch last night? 2. Where do you live? 3. Who gave you that t-shirt?

Practice saying the following sentences with a correct intonation: 1. a. Does she often cook? b. How often does she cook? 2. a. Did they play tennis yesterday b. what did they play yesterday? 3. a. Is she doing his homework? b. What is he doing? 4. a. Have they bought a new car? b. What have they bought? 5. a. Was your sister going to apply for the job? b. what was your sister going to do? 6. a. was Andi late for the appointment? b. who was late for the Understanding a Humor :
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7. a. Does the bank close on Saturday? b. When does the bank close?
8.

a. are you going to Jakarta? b. where are you going ?

9.a. will you come here by car of on foot? b. How will you come here? 10.a. Did Ana go to Jakarta with Ani? b. With whom did Ana go to Jakarta?

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A man goes to the doctor and says, ”Doctor, wherever I touch, it hurts.” The doctor asks, “what do you mean?” The man says.”When I touch my shoulder, it really hurts. If I touch my knee-OUCH! When I touch my forehead, it really, really hurts.” The doctor says, ”I know what’s wrong with you. You’ve broken your finger!”(by Sean McLoughlin)

LESSON 13 : ASKING SOMEONE TO DO SOMETHING
Asking someone to do something Writing Notes

Read these dialogues with a partner! Mrs. Smith please? Rina : It’s very hot in this room. Can you open the window, : Sure

Mrs. Smith : Thank you very much.

Mrs. Smith : Could you turn on the light, please? It’s very dark in this room. Rina : Yes, of course

Mrs. Smith : Thank you very much.

Ana Rina

: Could you mail this letter on your way to school, please? : Certainly

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Ana

: Thank you very much.

Mrs. Smith : Can you clean the living room, please? It’s very dusty. Rina : I’m sorry. I’m busy at the moment. I’ll do it after I have finished writing this letter.

Exercise: Write down your own sentences. Don’t forget to use can or could! For Example: Close the door. Can you close the door, please?

1. Paint the walls ………………………………………………………………. 2. Turn down the radio …………………………………………………………… 3. Cook some rice ………………………………………………………………… 4. Fix the radio …………………………………………………………………… 5. Pick the garbage……………………………………………………………….. 6. Heat the soup …………………………………………………………………. 7. ………………………………………………………………………………… 8. ………………………………………………………………………………… 9. ………………………………………………………………………………… 10.…………………………………………………………………………………

Pair Works :

Ask your partner to do the things below. Don’t forget to use please! • • • •
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Return these novels to the library for me. Help me clean the class Hand me the dictionary Change this fifty thousand rupiahs bill for me
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• • • •

Carry this box for me Water the plants in the garden ………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………..

Writing Ifa,

Could you please stop at the market and get some salty fish on the way home from campus? Could you also buy some vegetable and fresh fruit? I’m going to be late today, could you please prepare the dinner when you get home?

Thanks ,

Ira

Write notes like this based on the information below!

1. You are going to attend an English camp. You want your room mate, to do the following things for you: a. Return the books to the library. b. Submit your homework to the lecturer c. Feed your cat while you are away
1. Your sister, Ayu, is going home to see your parents. You want her to

do the following things for you while she is at home. a. Ask some money from father for you b. Bring you back mother’s fried chicken
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c. Borrow your brother’s badminton racket for you.

LESSON 14 : ASKING FOR AND GIVING PERMISSION
Asking for and giving permission

Read these dialogues with a partner!
Tuti Idah Tuti : May I borrow your pen, please? I left mine at home : Yes, you may. Here you are. : thank you very much.

Badri : May I use your phone, please? I want to call my father Arsyih : Yes, of course Badri : Thank you very much.

Ana : May I come to your house this afternoon, please? I want to see your new bike. Rina Ana : Certainly : Thank you very much.

Budi Rina

: Can I smoke in this room, please? : I’m sorry, you can’t. This is a non-smoking area.

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Exercise 1 : Write down your own sentences. Don’t forget to use can or may! For Example :

Close the door.

Can You close the door, please?

1. Watch television ………………………………………………… 2. Turn on the light ………………………………………………… 3. Go home earlier ………………………………………………… 4. Park in this street ………………………………………………… 5. Wear your jacket ………………………………………………… 6. Borrow your dictionary ………………………………………………… 7. ……………………………………………………………………………………. 8. ……………………………………………………………………………………. 9. ……………………………………………………………………………………. 10.…………………………………………………………………………………….

Exercise 2 : Match the answer of the questions in column A with the ones in column B! A B

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1. May I use your typewriter for a moment? 2. Can I borrow your motorcycle for an hour? 3. May I borrow your newspaper? 4. Can I turn on the radio? 5. Can I turn on the fan?

I haven’t finished reading it

I have to type a letter

It’s very hot in here I’m going to use it to go to campus I’m trying to study.

Understanding Humor: A woman was driving in her ear on a narrow road. She was knitting at the same time, so she was driving very slowly. A man came up from behind and he wanted to pass her. He opened the window and yelled. “Pull over! Pull over!” the lady yelled back, “No, it’s a sweater!” (Britt Bolving Hansen)

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LESSON 15 : TALKING ABOUT A PLACE
Talking about a place

What’s Makassar like? It’s a nice/interesting/boring/clean/crowded/busy/dirty city.

Conversation: Yahya : Where do you come from, Hera? Hera : I come from Soppeng

Yahya : That must be an interesting place. What’s it like? Hera : It’s nice

Yahya : How big is it? Hera : It’s actually not very big. It has a population about two hundred and fifty. Yahya : And what’s the capital? Hera : Watan Soppeng. It’s on the high land.

Yahya : What’s the weather like? Hera : Oh, it’s hot most of the time. But a little bit cooler in the morning. Yahya : What can we do there? Hera : It’s a good place to go sightseeing.

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Pairwork: Ask your partner about his/her city or hometown. Use the model above!

Vocabulary Match each word in column A with its opposite in column B! A a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. Beautiful Big Cheap Clean Hot Interesting Old Quiet Safe Wet B Boring Dangerous Dirty Expensive Dry New Cold Small Ugly Noisy

Reading : Read the following passage!

Jakarta is a big city of about nine million people. It’s a busy city with lots of big and tall buildings. It’s also an interesting city. Nowadays, many people live in high-rise apartments in parts of the city. The business district is very modern, with lots of tall new office buildings.

The government buildings in Jakarta are beautiful and some date from the colonial days. Jakarta is famous for its museums, shops and restaurants. There are many good museums to visit and good shopping centers to shop. The prices are quite reasonable. Writing :Write a short description of your town or city using the
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model above. Answer these questions to complete your description. 1. How big is it? 2. What is it like? 3. What are some of its most important features? 4. What are the buildings like? 5. What is the business district like?

6. What is the town/city famous for? 7. What the shops like? 8. Are there any good restaurants?

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Ways to ask and describe a place: A : What’s Jakarta Makassar Surabaya B: It’s a Nice Clean Crowded Busy Dirty Interesting Boring Fascinating A : How big is Jakarta? Makassar? Surabaya? B: It’s not very big It’s very big It’s pretty small It has a population of about 2 million/200.000 A: What’s the weather like in Jakarta? B: It’s Hot Bad Good All right nice Most of the time. City Like?

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LESSON 16 : USING HAVE / HAS
COMMUNICATION Giving answers to questions GRAMMAR The use of have/has

SKILL Speaking, Listening, Reading, Writing

Structure Focus: Have / has as full verb is used in the simple present tense. Subject Predicate (verb) Object I You We They She He It Have/has as auxiliary verb: (a) It is used in the present perfect tense. Subject Predicate (verb) Aux. I You We They She
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Have Have Have Have Has Has Has

Many friends Much money Three sons One daughter Many books A special friend Four legs

Verb Written Made Played Looked become

Object/comple ment A letter(0) The cake (0) Football (0) Busy (C) A singer (C)
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Adjunct

have Have Have Have Has
English

today Now Already There inMakass
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ar He It Has has Sung eaten A song (0) The grass (0) Recently already

(b) it is used in the present perfect continuous tense: Subject Predicate (verb) Aux. I You We They She He it Have Have Have Have Has Has has been been been been been been been Verb Writing Eating Playing looking Looking Singing Eating Object/complem ent Letter (0) The cake (0) Football (0) Very busy (C) Happy (C) A song (0) Grass (0) Adjunct

For ten minutes For an hour For thirty minutes Since at seven o’clock For two days For five minutes Since this morning

(c) It is used in the future perfect tense. Subject Predicate (verb) Aux. I You We They She He it
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Verb Have Have Have Have Have Have Have Written Made Played Become Looked Sung Eaten

Object/comple ment A Letter (0) The cake (0) Football (0) A teacher (C) Sad (C) A song (0) Grass (0)

Adjunct

Will Will Will Will Will Will Will

Before you come In a few minutes At four tomorrow On January next year At eight tomorrow At seven tonight At five this

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afternoon

(d) It is used in the future perfect continuous tense. Subje ct I You We They She He it Will Will Will Will Will Will Will Predicate (verb) Aux. Have Have Have Have Have Have Have been been been been been been been Verb Writin g Eating Playin g worki ng Stayin g Singin g Eating Object/ complement A Letter (0) The cake (0) Football (0) For five minutes before you come For a few minutes by nine For an hour by four o’clock tomorrow Adjunct

Their tasks (C) For three days by Saturday In Jakarta (C) A song (0) The rass (0) For two weeks before her husband arrives For ten minutes by seven tonight. For a few minutes by five.

Have/has may also be followed by present participle form of ‘to be’ (been) if the sentences consist of predicate non-lexical verb. Study the following examples : Subject Predicate (verb) Aux. I You We They She
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Verb been been been been been
English

Object/complem ent A teacher A student teachers back sad

Adjunct

have Have Have Have Has

For ten years For two months For ten years In Makassar For a few minutes
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He It

Has has

been been

A singer interesting

In Jakarta For five years

Listening Practice: Close your book, then listen to the teacher will read the following text. Listen carefully, then answer the questions after listening to the text. Mr. and Mrs. Brown have two sons and two daughters. They have a big house in Makassar. Their house has a living room, a dining room, and a kitchen. It also has six bedrooms and four bathrooms. The Browns have some beautiful trees. They have a car and two motorcycles, but they do not have servants. They have a lot of furniture, but their furniture is old. Mr. Brown is a teacher, and Mrs. Brown is, too. They have good job, but they need a lot of money for their big family. Answer the following questions orally! 1. How many children do the Browns have? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 2. How many daughters do they have? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 3. Do they have small big house? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 4. Where is their house? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 5. What rooms does it have? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 6. How many bedrooms does it have? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 7. How many cars do they have? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 8. Do they have a cycle? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 9. What do they not have? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 10.What is Mrs. Brown? ………………………………………………………………………………………..

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Speaking Practice Open your book, then, write the answers of the questions above. Practice the questions and answers with your classmates.

Reading Practice Read the following text carefully, then answer the questions. The work starts at 8.30 in the morning. Mary has not been in the office very long. Neither have the others. They have been working since nine o’clock. They have been working for less than ten minutes. The manager has come but he has been ten minutes late. One man has just been standing by the window for the last ten minutes. The two typists have not been doing their work very much, either. They have been talking. Questions : 1. What time does the work start? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 2. Who has not been in the office very long? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 3. How many minutes have they been doing their work? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 4. Who has been working since 9 o’clock? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 5. What time has the manager come? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 6. Has he come late? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 7. Who has just been standing by the window? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 8. How many typists are there in the office? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 9. Have they done their homework? ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 10.What have they been doing?
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……………………………………………………………………………………….. Writing Practice: Write an Essay at least one paragraph, expressing ‘what you have’ or ‘ what you have done’. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… Continue to the next page…. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………

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………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………

Name
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: ……………………………
Universityof Makassar

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Reg.Num : …………………………… Class : ……………………………

LESSON 17 : VERB FORMS IN ENGLISH
In English, the verb forms used to produce the sentences can be seen in the following table: Simple form Regula r Accept Admire Collect Conduct Develop Discuss Employ Emphasize Follow Indicate Live Study Wait Walk Work
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Past form Accepted Admired Collected Conducted Developed Discussed Employed Emphasize d Followed Indicated Lived Studied Waited Walked

Past Participle form Accepted Admired Collected Conducted Developed Discussed Employed Emphasized Followed Indicated Lived Studied Waited Walked worked

Present Participle form Accepting Admiring Collecting Conducting Developing Discussing Employing Emphasizing Following Indicating Living Studying Waiting Walking working

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Etc…… Irregul ar Beat Begin Catch Choose Drink Drive Eat Feel Fly Hear Keep Lead Leave Ride Send Swim Stand Tear Throw Wear Etc…..

worked Beat Began Caught Chose Drank Drove ate Felt Flew Heard Kept Led Left Rode Sent Swam Stood Tore Threw Wore Etc….. Beaten Begun Caught Chosen Drunk Driven Eaten Felt Flown Heard Kept Led Left Ridden Sent Swum Stood Torn Thrown Worn Etc….. Beating Beginning Catching Choosing Drinking Driving Eating Feeling Flying Hearing Keeping Leading Leaving Riding Sending Swimming Standing Tearing Throwing Wearing Etc…..

The Usage of the English verb forms
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Verb Forms Simple Form (I)

Tenses 1. Simple Present Tense

Examples - John studies Indonesian twice a week. -They write a letter every month.

2. Future Tense

- You will study English tomorrow. - She will make the cake next week.

Past Fort ( II)

3. Simple Past Tense

- He worked at the office two years ago. -Ina sang many songs last month.

Past Participle (III)

4. Present perfect tense - I have indicated the problem - The man has caught the hall. 5. Past Perfect tense - My friend had studied the lesson before I came. - He had drunk coffee before he went to the office. - I will have worked this task at ten tomorrow. - The teacher will have begun the lesson at seven next week.

6. Future Perfect Tense

Present Participle (IV)

7. Present continuous tense

- She is collecting data now. - My friends are driving their cars. -They were studying English when their friends came. - He was not feeling well while he
Universityof Makassar

8. Past Continuous tense
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was walking. - I have been waiting for you about ten minutes. -His father has been working on a farm this week, -They had been living in Makassar for ten years before he moved to Jakarta. - The patient had been waiting for an hour when the doctor arrived. 11. Future Continuous tense - He will be working his thesis this semester I will be drinking tea at seven tomorrow morning.

9. Present Perfect Continuous tense

10. Past Perfect Continuous tense

12. Future perfect continuous tense.

- They will have been discussing the problems for two hours by one o’clock. - He will have been staying in Makassar for two years by next year.

Write these sentences by using correct tenses!

No .
1.

Sentences
Dia makan roti setiap pagi. ………………………………………………..

Tenses
……………………………………

2.
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Dia sudah makan roti sekarang.
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……………………………………
Universityof Makassar

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……………………………………………….. 3. Dia telah makan roti ketika temannya datang ke rumahnya kemarin. ……………………………………………….. 4. Dia akan makan roti besok. ……………………………………………….. 5. Dia sudah makan roti pada pukul 7 besok pagi. ……………………………………………….. 6. Dia sedang makan roti sekarang. ……………………………………………….. 7. Dia sedang makan roti ketika temannya datang ke rumahnya kemarin.. ……………………………………………….. 8. Dia sudah (sedang) makan roti selama 10 menit ……………………………………………….. 9. Dia makan roti kemarin. ……………………………………………….. 10. Dia sudah (sedang) makan roti setiap pada pukul 6.30 besok. ……………………………………………….. 11. Dia sudah (sedang ) makan roti selama 10 menit sebelum dia pergi ke kampus kemarin. ……………………………………………….. 12. Dia sudah (sedang) makan roti selama 30 menit sampai pada pukul …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… …………………………………… ……………………………………

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7 besok pagi. ………………………………………………..

Speaking Practice Practice the following dialogue with your classmates! Mr. Black : Good evening. I want a room, please! Clerk : Yes, sir

Mr. Black : But I don’t want a small room. I want a large room Clerk : Yes, sir. Number ten is a large room

Mr. Black ; Oh, good. Because I want a room with a window. Clerk : Yes. Number ten has small window

Mr. Black : No, I don’t want a room with a small window. I want a room with a large window. Clerk : Yes, sir. Let me see. Oh, number 12 has got a large window.

Mr. Black : Oh, good. Has it got a carpet? Clerk Mr. black Clerk Mr. Black
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: Yes, sir. All the rooms have got carpet. : Good. I want a room with a carpet : Yes, it has got a nice blue carpet. : No, I don’t want a room with a blue carpet. I want a room

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with a red carpet. Clerk : ah…….

Writing Practice Read the conversation between Mr. Black and Clerk above, and then write a conversation between man and woman who needs some books in a library. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………

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LESSON 18 : USING MODAL AUXILIARIES
The modal auxiliaries have a number of different meanings. They are usually used to indicate something, which is potential or uncertain. The modal auxiliaries do not change their form for person or number, -s form is not used for the third person singular. The position of modal auxiliaries in a sentence is after the subject before the rest of the sentence. Study the forms and meanings of the modal auxiliaries as follows:

Forms

Meanings

Sentences

Will/ -be going to Can / be able to -be permitted to / - have permission to May / – Be permitted to have permission to it’s possible that……

Future time

I will go to school tomorrow I am going to go to school tomorrow

Ability Permission

He can speak English / He is able to speak English. I was permitted to go home. They have permission to come in.

Permission You may come to my house She is permitted to take it. Possibility He has permission to do it. It’s possible that my sister will come tonight. Possibility Jim might go to Jakarta. It’s possible that Jim will go to Jakarta. Obligation Desirability We should visit our parents. We ought to visit our parents. She must take an exam next month.
English Course/Muhammadiyah Universityof Makassar

Might / – it’s possible that

Should / Ought to

Must /
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– – –

have to I conclude that….. It’s very probable that…..

Necessity Inference Conclusion Probability

She has to take an exam next month. I conclude that she has to take an exam next month. It’s very studying. probable that she is

Listening Practice
(Close your book) In this practice, the teacher will read the following statements using ‘modal auxiliaries’. The students will mention the meanings of each statement read by the teacher. 1. My daughter is in your class. I conclude that you know her. 2. It’s possible that he is going to study Indonesian 3. It’s very probable that you spend a lot of time in the library. 4. Every student ought to read at least four books every month. 5. My friends are going to study English in my house tonight. 6. Her father is able to swim very well. 7. She has permission to see the doctor. 8. We have to get up at five every morning. 9. It’s possible that my daughters will make the cake. 10.You are permitted to consult your task. Open your book and check your answer with the help of your lecturer.

Speaking Practice Practice the following dialogue with your classmates: Student A
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: Hi, Ita (student B). Are you going to study in my house
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tonight? Student B : Oh, yes. But I do not know where your house is. Can you tell me the way to your house, please? Student A : Well, go down the street, turn the right at the corner, past the bus station, and it’s on your right. Student B : Oh. Thank you. I see. What should we study? Student A : We are going to have English structure test tomorrow morning, so we have to study it hard. Student B : I will come even though my house is very far from your house, but may I spend the night in your house? Student A : why not? Student B : Thank you very much Student A : Nice to see you again.

Writing Practice : Write an essay about : ‘the things you can / can’t do’ ‘the things you will / will not do’ ‘the things you should do’

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LESSON 19 : TELLING DAYS, WEEKS, MONTHS, YEARS
Expressing Time in days, weeks, months, and years.

Days

Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday,

Yesterday, the day before yesterday, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, the other day, morning, afternoon, evening.

Weeks

Last week, this week, next week, one week, two weeks, a week ago, two weeks ago, etc.

Months

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, October, November, December.

Last month, this month, next month, one month, two months, three months, two months ago, three months ago, etc.

Years

Last year, this year, next year, one year, two years, three years, two

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years ago, three years ago, etc.

Speaking Practice : Work in pairs. Ask your partner about his/her activities, every week, every month, and every year. Make notes of the answers. As like this : Questions Answers

What are your activities every day / ……………………………………………… every week / every month / every ……………………………………………… year? ……………………………………………… ……………………………………………… What will you do tomorrow / next week / next month / next year / the ……………………………………………… other days? ……………………………………………… ……………………………………………… What did you do yesterday / last ……………………………………………… week / last month / last year? Etc…………

Tell the rest of the class what your partner has done!

Writing Practice:

Write three paragraphs about : “ the things your partner usually do” “the things your partner will do” “the things your partner has done”

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Speaking Practice:
Mary : Jimmy, it’s eight o’clock Jimmy : eight o’clock? Mary : Yes, It’s time to get up Jimmy : Time to get up? Mary : Yes, it’s time to go to work. It’s Friday Jimmy : Friday? It’s not Friday. It’s Saturday. It’s weekend and it’s holiday. Mary : It’s not Saturday, It’s Friday. It’s not a holiday and it’s time to get up. Jimmy : Oh, no, it isn’t. Mary : It isn’t ? Jimmy : It’s the thirty first today. It’s a holiday. Mary : A holiday? Jimmy : Yes, It’s a holiday and I am going back to sleep

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