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ENGD 3036 Course Work

Design of a rotor blade for axial flow turbomachine


Objective: Become familiar with basic design aspects of an axial flow rotor section,
and perform preliminary study of the section in a stage (stator/rotor)

Design:
1 From the table of X and Y co-ordinates around the blade profile (rotor) given below in
non-dimensioned form (against chord, C), plot the generated blade:
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X/C
0.0
-0.001
0.00345
0.0136
0.02915
0.0493
0.0793
0.1024
0.1354
0.16295
0.1731
0.2164
0.2666
0.32645
0.401
0.5124
0.62915
0.71685
0.821155
0.90555
0.9512
0.97875
0.9941
0.99985

Y/C
0.0
0.001
0.01135
0.02235
0.03365
0.04505
0.0562
0.0671
0.0775
0.0848
0.08725
0.0961
0.10385
0.11
0.1137
0.112
0.10185
0.0888
0.06645
0.0424
0.02615
0.0145
0.0063
0.00095

X/C
1.0
0.9975
0.9877
0.97065
0.9464
0.9146
0.8746
0.82555
0.7657
0.759
0.6923
0.5996
0.4719
0.3743
0.3464
0.31
0.283
0.19965
0.177
0.14925
0.13
0.0742
0.0252
0.00545

Y/C
0.0
-0.002
-0.00285
-0.00195
0.0004
0.00395
0.00825
0.013
0.0175
0.0179
0.02105
0.0225
0.0191
0.0127
0.01035
0.00695
0.0042
-0.0049
-0.0074
-0.01035
-0.0123
-0.0164
-0.0148
-0.0081

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Assume a chord length (C) of 100mm.
Marks 5%

2 From the plot of the generated blade calculate the blade angles at leading and trailing
edges
Marks 10%
3 Calculate the stagger angle setting for the section for a rotor at blade mid-height radius
of 500mm for the following conditions:
Incoming flow entirely axial at Mach number of 0.793
Rotational speed 3000rpm
(Assume suitable values of thermodynamic properties and conditions for air)
Marks 15%
4 Discuss assumptions made in the calculations and their effects on the errors in design
Marks 10%
5 If this rotor mid section is operating at a design value of 50% degree of reaction show a
realistic representation of the stage. Assume an axial gap of 15% chord between stator
and rotor
Marks 10%
6 Discuss the generation and effects of Shock on the performance of a compressor blade
passage
Marks 25%
7 If the rotor blade is rigidly fixed at the root and a tangential load (assume a suitable
load value) is applied at the tip mid chord what will be the stress pattern on the blade.
Show by means of sketches the stress pattern (assume a blade span of 200mm)
Marks 25%

Report Submission:
One individual report needs to be submitted by 4PM, 9 th January 2014. Individual should
hand the report to the Faculty of Technology Advice Centre in Gateway House 0.4a. The
report should be addressed to your tutor (Prof. U Singh). The individual should keep a
copy of the report and a copy of the receipt as proof of submission. Marks will be
deducted for late submission.