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Jennifer Vitangeli Avant-Garde Artwork 1.

Avant-garde art refers to art that is often perceived as strange or unusual. Avantgarde, meaning advanced guard in French, emphasizes on the pushing social norms and the status quo. Avant-garde work has lead to social controversy, by focusing on political and cultural standings. It questioned the conventions and challenged the boundaries of art. 2. Gustave Courbet‟s painting A Burial at Ornans showcases every day life, but intensifies it to an absolute extreme. Although it appears figurative rather than noticeably avantgarde, it uses basic representation and symbolism in it‟s subjects. Avant-garde is very symbolic; it is similar to the Contemporary movement in which it‟s purpose is centered on the message of the artist. The Dada movement started in Zurich, Germany during the first world war and then slowly made it‟s way towards Paris. They not only questioned the intentions, conventions and regulations of art, but art itself. In an example given in the video, an artist closely associated with the Dada movement jokingly sexualized the Mona Lisa and stripped her of her gender role. Essentially, they‟re satirists. Duchamp is iconically associated with the avant-garde concept. He made fun of the seriousness of Art. He was the first one to define avant-garde and consciously pursue this style. He believed “you made yourself significant, not by producing good art, but producing noticeably avant-garde art with shocks and surprises and puzzlements built into it”. At first glance, Duchamp‟s artistic piece featuring a spatula and the shadow it casts on a wall is seemingly insignificant and, well, frankly boring to an audience. The radical avant-garde traits that Duchamp incorporated into his art is well explained in this piece. It‟s not the fact that it‟s a common household appliance dangling from a string, it‟s what it represents. 3. Duchamp believed that the “adoration of art” was unnecessary. He did not believe in the term „art‟ and actually fought against it. Duchamp believed that by selecting “common” objects like the urinal or the spatula displayed in his shows, he sparked neither like or dislike. He wanted the basis of the project to be indifferent, as to not distract from the true nature of the piece. He stated that when he “liked something, he immediately discarded it”. Duchamp‟s Dada piece The Fountain instantly forces the audience to question themselves and their definition of the word art. By placing a urinal on a platform in the middle of an art show, Duchamp succeeded in his pursuit of avant-garde intentions, in making something so peculiar that it was literally impossible to simply pass it by. 4.To me, the film was all about the chaos of the mind in a structured society. The man in seen fussing with a tie and collar, but they seem to have intentions of their own, and though he fights to fit everything perfectly, there are still unwilling elements. The hats blow off their owners and travel through the wind, settling on the ground in an unorganized fashion. Seemingly unimportant objects are suddenly taking control of themselves, and the men can not understand why these events are occurring. They stroke their beards in thought at the backs of ladies facing

them and other men crawling on the ground, as though they are confusing for behaving a certain way. And all the while, the clock is ticking and time is wasting away. It‟s trying to live a life a certain way, but realizing that you are not an invincible part of society: You‟re only human. 5.Realistic paintings and historical portraits were at the rise of popularity in France, when Edouard Manet challenged the people‟s view of art with his painting Olympia and his creation of the Impressionist movement. Because the invention of the photographic camera was new on the scene, suddenly realistic portraits were not good enough. Artists were criticizing themselves, saying that if a photographic camera could grant a realistic „painting‟ what was so special about their art? Post-Impressionism was the mid-life crisis of Impressionism. It was the point in Impressionism where the artists decided to follow their own styles, rather than just recording the impressions of light and color in their paintings. Painters derived techniques like pointillism and cubism. Cezanne simplified his paintings. He did not obsess over tiny details or impeccable lines. He was known for large strokes and slabs of paint on his canvas that formed beautiful postimpressionist landscapes, most commonly of the mountain outside his apartment window. 6. I absolutely love anything by Edgar Degas, but specifically his Rehearsal on Stage and Dance Class. His obsession with the elegance and style of ballerinas is stunning and inspiring. He loved to paint and sculpt the human form, and he recognized it as something beautiful. 7. picasso 8. techniques 9.abstract impressionism 10. dekooning