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VM142: Stress Concentration At a Hole in a

Plate
Reference: Roark, R. J., Ref 6: Formulas for Stress and Strain, pg. 384
Analysis Type(s): Static Analysis (ANTYPE=0), Submodeling
Element Type(s): 2-D 6-node Triangular Solid Elements (PLANE2)

2-D Isoparametric Solid Elements (PLANE42)

2-D Structural Solid p-elements (PLANE146)


Input Listing: vm142.dat

Determine the maximum stress at a circular hole cut into a square plate loaded with uniform tension P.

Figure 199. Plate Problem Sketch


Material Properties Geometric Properties Loading
E = 30 x 106 psi L = 12 in P = 1000 psi
d = 1 in
= 0.3 t = 1 in

Analysis Assumptions and Modeling Notes


Due to symmetry, only a quarter sector of the plate is modeled. Mesh generation is used for node and
element creation. The area around the hole is remodeled with a fine mesh and boundary conditions are
interpolated from the first model by use of the cut-boundary interpolation capability (CBDOF) in
POST1.

Results Comparison
Target ANSYS Ratio
Coarse Model
3018 2616 0.867
stressx max PLANE2
Submodel
3018 2991 0.991
stressx max
Coarse Model
3018 2902 0.962
stressx max PLANE146

Max x based on estimated bounds due to discretization error for the coarse model and submodel
are 2855. and 3076. respectively.

The coarse PLANE2 model is offered for comparison with the submodel. Coarse PLANE2 results may
vary across platforms.

Window 1: Element Displays of Coarse and Refined Models, Overlaid.


Window 2: SX Stress Contours in Coarse Model.
Window 3: SX Stress Contours in Refined Model.
/PREP7
BUILD MODEL AND APPLY BCs
FINISH
/SOLU
SOLVE
FINISH
SAVE
/POST1
.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-
FINISH
/CLEAR, NOSTART
/FILNAM,SUBMODEL
/PREP7
BUILD SUB-MODEL
LSEL,S,LINE,,1,2
NSLL,,1 ! SELECT NODES OF CUT BOUNDARY
NWRITE ! WRITE GEOMETRY TO SUBMODEL.NODE
LSEL,ALL
NSEL,ALL
FINISH
SAVE ! SAVE SUBMODEL DATA IN FILE SUBMODEL.DB
/POST1
RESUME,vm142,db
FILE,vm142,rst
CBDOF,,,,,,,0,,0 ! ACTIVATE CUT BOUNDARY INTERPOLATION
FINISH
/PREP7
RESUME ! RESUME SUBMODEL FROM FILE SUBMODEL.DB
/NOPR
/INPUT,,cbdo,,:cb1 ! READ IN INTERPOLATED B.C.'S FROM SUBMODEL.CBDO
/GOPR
LSEL,S,LINE,,3 ! APPLY REMAINING BOUNDARY CONDITIONS
DL,ALL,,SYMM
FINISH
/SOLU
SOLVE
FINISH
/POST1
ANALYSE