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Ul ric h Zwi ngl i (1 484-1531)

 Swiss Reformation- Zurich


 Battle of Mariganano (1515)
 Clerical Celibacy
 Zwingli’s scripture test- Jan.
29, 1523
 Marburg Colloquy called by
Philip of Hesse (Oct. 1529)-
Zwingli vs. Luther
 Civil war- Battles of Kappel
(Jun. 1529, Oct. 1531)
 Zwingli’s death at 2nd battle,
brings up Heinrich Bullringer
as new leader
Joh n Calvi n- Gr ea t
Be ginn ings
 Born 1509
 Received church
benefices for
education
 Law degree, became a
lawyer
 Conversion to
Protestantism
 Surrendered Benefices,
moved to Geneva
Ref or m I n G eneva
 Revolt in late 1520s, City
council-1527
 Protestant adoption-
May 21, 1536
 Calvin’s arrival- July
1536
 New Catechism for
Church
 Exile of reformers- 1537
Calvin in St rasbou rg
 Sent out of Geneva
 Became pastor
 Institutes of the
Christian Religion
– center of reform
theology
– Predestination
– “signs of divine
benevolence”
– removed superstition
and idolatry
– consistories
Gen eva b y Ca lv in
 1540- Calvin allowed to go back
 Immersed Genevan Church with politics
again
 Organization of Church
– Pastors- 5 men, exercised religious
authority
– Teachers- taught doctrine to the
population
– Elders- 12 men chosen by a council,
oversaw what was going on in the
city
– Deacons- attended to the sick and
to the material needs of the
congregation
Major Diff eren ces In Cal vinism

 Jesus only as spiritually present


 Saints vs. Elect
 Predestination
 Faith changed what your actions
later in life would be.
 Teaches all others groups are not
“true Christians”
 Had laws against beating women
Joh n Ca lvin ’s L eg acy
 Restored Faith to its purity since Apostolic
days through Calvinism
 Influenced Calvinist believers to change
society both spiritually and morally
because they knew they were going to
Heaven any way they acted
 Purified the Protestant movement through
his ideals.
 Created an entirely new Catechism for his
religion.
 Wrote the Institutes of the Christian
Religion
 Recreated the original Church with politics
and created a new hierarchy for it
 Damaged his reputation through the part
he played in the capture and execution of
Michael Servetus who was condemned for
heresy.
Bibliog rap hy
1) Kagan, Donald, Steven Ozment, and Frank M. Turner. The
Western Heritage. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education,
2007.

3) Noble, Thomas F., et al. Western Civilization: The Continuing


Experiment. Boston, NY: Houghton Mifflin, 1999.

5) Hooker, Richard. John Calvin. 6 June 1999. 18 Sep. 2009


<http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/REFORM/CALVIN.HTM>.

7) "John Calvin." Wikipedia 19 Sep. 2009


<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Calvin>.

9) John Calvin, A Brief Biography. 21 Sep. 2009


<http://www.calvin.edu/about/about_jc.htm>.