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Name __________________________

Period ___

Bohr diagrams, valence electrons, lewis dot structures (notes)

Bohr diagrams
Draw carbon (C)

Try the remaining atoms on your own


H Al

He Ne

O K
Electron subshells

1. ____________________ _____________________ are the outermost electrons of an


atom
2. Those are the electrons that participate in ___________________ _______________.
3. _____________with a full outer shell are considered _____________ which means
_________ __________________
4. How many valence electrons does carbon have? ______
5. A ______________ ______________or electron dot diagram is a representation of
valence electrons only
6. It is made by using the elements _________________and dots showing the valence
_____________________
Draw the Lewis dot structures for the following elements

Hydrogen Aluminum

Helium Neon

Oxygen Potassium

If the outer shell is full and that makes the atom inert, what would make the atom more
reactive (more likely to participate in chemical reactions)?
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Which of the above atoms do you think will be the most reactive (you can list more than
one). Why do you think that?
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Oxygen and Sulfur are both in group VI. How many valence electrons do they each
have? _______ . Is there a connection between valence electrons and group number?
What can you conclude about elements in the same group?
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Sodium (Na) reacts violently when mixed with water. Why?


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