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Chapter 8 Benchmark Review

Japan

1. Why did Chinese culture have such a strong impact on Japanese culture?
A. Both China and Japan were experimenting with new ideas. B. The Chinese conquered Japan and forced its culture on the Japanese. C. Japan is located close to China and Chinese culture was highly developed. D. The Japanese wanted to have good relations with China.

2. What did Prince Shotoku do because he was impressed by Chinese culture?

A. moved the capital to China B. established a Chinese embassy in Japan C. sent people to China to study D. changed the national language to Chinese

3. Prince Shotoku created the Seventeen Article Constitution in order to:

A. teach soldiers. B. inform citizens. C. instruct slaves. D. guide leaders.

4. Different sects of Buddhism formed in Japan


A. because religious leaders lived in many different places. B. due to the spread of printing technology. C. despite Prince Shotoku's efforts to spread only one sect. D. in response to the particular needs of the people.

5. What is a characteristic of Zen Buddhism?

A. a search for inner peace B. a willingness to make sacrifices C. a desire for salvation D. a belief in divine spirits

6. What did the daimyo have that challenged the power of the Fujiwaras?

A. fortified cities B. armies of samurai C. armed peasants D. a powerful shogun

7. What did the warrior code, bushido, require of samurai?

A. honor, loyalty, and bravery B. a pledge of obedience to the government C. a willingness to die for truth D. respect for family and country

8. The feudal system in Japan was organized around


A. Prince Shotoku's Seventeen Article Constitution. B. unwritten rules governing the exchange of loyalty for protection. C. the samurai's code of honor, loyalty, and bravery. D. a strong central government overseeing many clans.

9. Kabuki combined singing and dancing with

A. poetry readings. B. drawing demonstrations. C. simple costumes and masks. D. elaborate costumes and heavy makeup.

10. Lady Murasaki Shikibu's book was important in the development of Japanese literature because A. it was the first noh play. B. it was a key Japanese legend. C. it was a realistic story focused on one individual. D. it was a realistic story focused on a modern culture.