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- unit 1 - patterns equations
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- unit 2 - numbers to 1000
- unit 2 - numbers to 1000
- unit 3 - decimals
- student workbook - unit 3 - decimals
- unit 6 - geometry measurement
- unit 7 - data analysis measurement
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- glossary
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- math at home - 3
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- grade 8 math text - linear equations graphing
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- unit 2 - understanding number
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- math at home - 1
- unit 4 - angles polygons
- grade 8 math text - percent ratio rate
- student workbook - unit 2 - understanding number

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TU

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LESSO N

1

Naming Angles

At Ho

me

At Sc

Quick Review

An angle is formed when 2 lines meet. right angle straight angle

hoo

An acute angle is less than a right angle.

An obtuse angle is greater than a right angle, but less than a straight angle.

A reflex angle is greater than a straight angle.

Try These

1. Name each angle as a right, acute, obtuse, straight, or reflex angle. a) b)

c)

d)

46

l

Practice

1. List the shapes with: a) a right angle c) an acute angle b) an obtuse angle d) a reflex angle D

A

B

C

E J

F

G

H

I

2. Name each angle. a) b)

c)

d)

**Stretch Your Thinking
**

Think about the angles formed by the hour hand and the minute hand on a clock. Write a time when the angle is: a) an acute angle c) a right angle b) an obtuse angle d) a reflex angle

47

UNIT 4

S

TU

T D E N B OO

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LESSO N

2

Exploring Angles

5 3 44 3 5 6 2 3 7 1 2 1 6 7 0 6 2

At Ho

me

At Sc

Quick Review

➤ A protractor measures angles. The protractor you made looks like this: It is divided into 8 equal units. The units are labelled from 0 to 7 clockwise and counterclockwise. To measure an angle, count how many units fit the angle. This angle is about 2 units.

7 1

hoo

00 baseline

4 5

Try These

Use an 8-unit protractor. 1. Use your protractor to measure each angle. a) b) c)

2. Use your protractor to measure the marked angle in each polygon below. a) b) c)

48

l

Practice

Use an 8-unit protractor. 1. Measure each angle. Record the measurements in the chart. a) A b) Angle A B c) d) D C 2. Use the angle measures from question 1. Write <, >, or =. a) D

1

Measure

B C D

A

b) B

C

c) A

C

3. Use a ruler. Estimate to draw each angle. a) a 2 2 -unit angle b) a 7-unit angle c) a 4-unit angle

4. Measure each angle you drew in question 3. Record the measures. a) b) c)

**Stretch Your Thinking
**

Explain how you can use your 8-unit protractor to measure a reflex angle.

49

UNIT 4

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LESSO N

3

Measuring Angles

At Ho

me

At Sc

Quick Review

➤ A standard protractor shows angle measures from 0° to 180°, both clockwise and counterclockwise. The measure of this angle is 45°. ➤ Angles are named according to their measures in degrees. Acute Angle Right Angle Obtuse Angle

hoo

45˚

less than 90° Straight Angle

90°

between 90° and 180° Reflex Angle

180°

between 180° and 360°

Try These

1. Use a protractor to measure each angle. Record the measurements. a) b) c)

50

l

Practice

1. Measure each angle. Record the measurements in the chart. a) b) Angle A Measure

A

c) d)

B

B C

C D

D

2. Estimate the size of each angle. Measure and record each angle size. a) b) c)

Estimate: Measure:

Estimate: Measure:

Estimate: Measure:

3. Name each angle in question 2 as acute, right, obtuse, or reflex. a) b) c)

**Stretch Your Thinking
**

How many of each kind of angle can you find in this picture? Mark each kind in a different colour. a) right angle b) obtuse angle c) acute angle

51

UNIT 4

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LESSO N

4

Drawing Angles

At Ho

me

At Sc

Quick Review

➤ We use a ruler and a protractor to construct an angle with a given measure. Here is how to construct a 60° angle.

hoo

60º

Draw one arm of the angle.

Place the centre of the protractor at one end of the arm so that the base line of the protractor lies along the arm. Find 60° and make a mark.

Remove the protractor. Draw the arm. Label the angle.

Try These

1. Use a ruler and protractor. Draw an obtuse angle with each measure. a) 135° b) 100° c) 167°

2. Use only a ruler. Estimate to draw each angle. a) 75° b) 145° c) 50°

52

l

Practice

1. Use a ruler and protractor. Draw an acute angle with each measure. a) 55° b) 20° c) 38°

2. Use only a ruler. Estimate to draw each angle. a) 90° b) 80° c) 150°

**Stretch Your Thinking
**

Without using a protractor, draw an angle that is close to 45°. Explain how you did it. ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________

53

UNIT 4

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LESSO N

6

**Investigating Angles in a Triangle
**

At Ho

me

At Sc

Quick Review

➤ The sum of the interior angles in a triangle is 180°. A

60˚

hoo

B

➤ To find the measure of ∠C in triangle ABC: ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180° Since ∠A = 85° and ∠B = 60°, 85° + 60° + ∠C = 180° 145° + ∠C = 180° 180° – 145° = 35° So, the measure of ∠C is 35°.

74˚ 46˚ C 60˚ + 74˚ + 46˚ = 180˚

A

85˚

B

60˚

C

Try These

1. Determine the measure of the third angle without measuring. a)

90˚ 40˚

b)

30˚

120˚

c)

53˚

74˚

2. Two angles of a triangle are given. Find the measure of the third angle. Show your work. a) 70°, 60° b) 25°, 90° c) 110°, 40°

54

l

Practice

1. Determine if a triangle can be drawn with the angle measures given. If a triangle can be drawn, draw and label it. a) 35°, 65°, 80° b) 55°, 50°, 50° c) 45°, 45°, 90° d) 95°, 45°, 50°

**2. Determine the measure of the third angle without measuring. a) b) c)
**

51˚ 40˚ 90˚ 70˚ 63˚

69˚

3. Two angles of a triangle are given. Find the measure of the third angle. a) 62°, 85° b) 60°, 25° c) 37°, 90°

**Stretch Your Thinking
**

Can you construct triangle DEF? Explain.

∠D = 109° ∠E = 60° ∠F = 12°

55

UNIT 4

S

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LESSO N

7

**Investigating Angles in a Quadrilateral
**

At Ho

me

At Sc

Quick Review

➤ The sum of the interior angles in a quadrilateral is 360°.

130˚ 80˚

hoo

60˚ 130˚ + 80˚ + 90˚ + 60˚ = 360˚

**➤ To find the measure of ∠G in quadrilateral DEFG:
**

∠D + ∠E + ∠F + ∠G = 360° Since ∠D = 30°, ∠E = 135°, and ∠F = 75°, 30° + 135° + 75° + ∠G = 360° D 240° + ∠G = 360°

G

30˚ 135˚ 75˚ F

360° – 240° = 120° So, the measure of ∠G is 120°.

E

Try These

1. Determine the measure of the fourth angle without measuring. a)

113˚ 113˚ 67˚ 80˚

b)

c)

42˚ 122˚ 60˚

2. Three angles of a quadrilateral are given. Find the measure of the fourth angle. a) 25°, 70°, 110° c) 90°, 90°, 41° e) 107°, 36°, 49°

56

b) 42°, 38°, 100° d) 115°, 95°, 63° f) 116°, 72°, 49°

l

Practice

1. Determine if a quadrilateral can be drawn with the angle measures given. If a quadrilateral can be drawn, draw and label it. a) 90°, 75°, 60°, 135° b) 50°, 45°, 70°, 120° c) 125°, 70°, 85°, 80°

**2. Find the measure of the fourth angle in each quadrilateral.
**

Quadrilateral A B C D E ∠J 149° 120° 76° 150° 37° ∠K 80° 75° 75° 100° 83° ∠L 26° 97° 84° 70° 151° ∠M

**Stretch Your Thinking
**

Is it possible to make a quadrilateral with 3 obtuse angles and 1 right angle? Explain.

57

- Chapter 10Uploaded byanil.gelra5140
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