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Peace Corps Moldova Welcome Book | June 2013

Peace Corps Moldova Welcome Book | June 2013

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Moldova Peace Corps mwb
Moldova Peace Corps mwb

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Published by: Accessible Journal Media Peace Corps Docs on Jan 26, 2014
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11/21/2014

In the early 1990s, the government was distracted and weakened by a
proclamation of secession by ethnic Russians and ethnic Ukrainians in the
Dniester region (primarily on the left or Eastern bank of the Nistru River)
and Gagauzia in the southeast. The Moldovan government announced the
declarations invalid and armed conflict ensued in the Transnistria area. The
fighting stopped in 1992, but a final settlement for Transnistria is still under
negotiation, with both sides officially committed to a peaceful resolution.
The conflict with Gagauzia has been resolved through elections and the
establishment of the semiautonomous region of Gagauzia.

The first multiparty presidential elections were held in the fall of 1996 and
were generally regarded as fair. The winner, Petru Lucinschi, assumed office
in January 1997. Since July 2000, the president has been elected by
Parliament for a four-year term under a parliamentary system modeled on
the system in Italy. The parliamentary elections held in 2001 as well as in
2005 were won by the Party of Communists.

In April 2009, new elections were held, which the Party of Communists
won. These results were initially hotly contested and a large protest in
Chisinau turned into rioting within a few days of the vote. The Moldovan
constitution has a unique requirement for 3/5ths majority of parliament to
elect a President or else call for new elections. The Parliament elected in
April 2009, having twice failed to elect a President was disbanded and new

PEACE CORPS | MOLDOVA WELCOME BOOK

12

elections were held in July. This election was won by a group of parties
(now called the Alliance for European Integration) opposed to the Party of
Communists. This Alliance, holding an even smaller majority than the Party
of Communists, also failed to elect a President. As the Moldovan
constitution only allows two parliamentary elections in a given year, the
country is currently governed by the Alliance for European Integration and
an Acting President. . New elections were held in November 2010 and the
same each of 3/5 as majority occurred. Currently the Temporary government
has Marian Lupu as President and Vladimir Filat as prime minister.

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