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Han China and Roman Empire Comparison Similarities: Both Han China and the Roman Empire showed

that they were powerful by investing a lot in public works like roads, bridges, a ueducts, canals, and protective walls! Rome made the a ueducts and china e"panded the great wall of china! #lso, both emperors had supernatural forces to support their authority! Roman religious cults made the emperor more powerful! $he emperor was seen to be god like! %n China, the emperor ruled with the mandate of heaven! $he emperor also had to perform rituals to maintain the relationship between heaven and earth, which made the emperor seem necessary! #naly&e: $he emperors would need to show their power to control the people and make enemies think they are powerful! 'robably, people wouldn(t follow an emperor if he didn(t seem very powerful and he didn(t give a lot of benefits! $he roads, bridges, and other things also brought a lot of benefits! )ifferences: Han emperor *udi made an academy to train officials for bureaucracy with a curriculum based on Confucianism! Selection by merit! Ruled with good people! Rome relied on regional aristocratic elites and the army to rule with power and good law! #naly&e: Since china is reuniting separate kingdoms that used to be a single empire, the Hans learned from the past rulers! But, Rome is a new Empire that is e"panding, so the only effective way they knew is by using force, which is what China used to use! China: $o control foreign people, assimilated the foreign people culturally, linguistically, and even physically through intermarriage! Soon, the foreign people literally became Chinese people and their ways of thinking will line up with other and even the government! *ealthy people were educated with Confucianism! So their Confucianism will trickle down to the peasants, who will then pass it on to the foreigners! Rome: $hey controlled foreign people by offering citi&enship, which convinced them to follow Rome because of the benefits that would come with the citi&enship, such as the right to hold public office, to serve in the Roman military units known as legions, to wear a toga, and more! Because citi&enship was more of a legal status, it didn(t erase the identities of other cultures, such as +reek, Egyptian, or any other city! But, people in the western empire were attracted to the public buildings, rituals, ,atin ,anguage, and its city life! $his is because urban civili&ation was something new to them! But in the east, there were already the +reek city-states, so they didn(t want to be controlled by a different empire! #naly&e: Since in China most people and the government were Confucianists, they believed that good people were what made a good government! So, they wanted to convert the foreigners into .good people/ so that they will follow the laws! However in Rome, their style of ruling is more similar to the ,egalism that the 0in )ynasty used to govern! So they believe that what makes a good government is good laws! So, by offering benefits for the citi&enship, it convinces those foreigners to follow the good laws that make up their empire! $hesis 'aragraph Both Han China and the Roman empire were very successful empire with different traits that allowed them to successfully! 1or e"ample, both of them had different ways of ruling! China was ruled by the emperor along with his officials that were trained in Confucianism! %n Rome, the emperor ruled with his regional aristocratic elites! #lso %n China, they culturally assimilated the foreigners whereas in Rome, they offered them citi&enship to persuade them to 2oin the Roman empire! Even though these two empires ruled in many different ways, they both had a trait that allowed them to both be a successful empire! Both empires were able to demonstrate their power to both their people and outsiders, which strengthens the power of the ruler!