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who to study (Russell, 2005). In this study the research problem is cantered on whether female guardians that reduced or resigned part of their cherished activities because of husband suffering from stroke had more problems and declined health compared with guardians that continued with their cherished activities (Kniepmann, 2012). Purpose of the research: The purpose of the research is to look into the change in activities of female with working age husband suffering from mild to moderate stroke (Kniepmann, 2012). According to Kniepmann (2012) a worldwide long term leading disability illness that causes traumatic impact on the survivors and families is stroke. Research question(s) and/or hypotheses: According to Shuttleworth (2007) the hypotheses statement is necessary in every experimental design as it forms the core structure and aim of the research. This research was hypothesised that female guardians who resign or reduce activities that they valued will experience more problem and health issues than guardian that maintained valued activities (Kniepmann, 2012). Secondly, it was hypothesised that female guardians who resign or reduce cherished activities will suffer more stress than guardian who maintain involvement in cherished activites (Kniepmann, 2012).
observation. According to Kniepmann ( 2012) the demographic questionnaire was used to collect background information like age. 2012). information on the perception of each guardian’s husband health status was collected (Kniepmann. A univarate analysis was used to describe the sample characteristics and identification (Kniepmann. Evaluate logical flow and coherence across the multiple elements of the study: Russell (2005) stated that the process needs to be written very comprehensibly and flow logically taking all the steps into consideration. 2012). In addition nonparametric statistical method was applied because of the small sample size. According to Russell (2005) if the research is correlational. 2012). and may involve interviews. and/or bio-physiological measures. A bivariate analysis method was used to find the relationship between selected variables by interpolation using spearman correlation coefficients (Kniepmann. A correlation coefficient helps to identify the strength and relationship between variables (Russell. the researcher should use a correlation coefficient such as a person or spearman.Data collection technique and instrumentation: Russell (2005) stated that the types of instruments employed in the gathering of data need to be clearly and thoroughly described. race . questionnaires. and distribution of data (Kniepmann. scales. The collection of data for this research was done using demographic questionnaires. 2012). The researcher also used self-report via the demographic questionnaires to compare variables. 2005). type and nature of scale. Data analysis approach: Data analysis for this research was done using the statistical package for social sciences version nineteen (Kniepmann. Data was also collected through face to face interactions (Kniepmann. 2012). 2012).
Makela. As a result pregnancy is becoming a concern for interventions that aims to address the obesity pandemic (Weir. Bush.. Steps to ensure reliability and validity of research. opinions. This may lead to adverse consequence for the health of the mother and child in the immediate and longer term. needs. 2012). Rankin. & Gabrhelik. level of education. impact on guardian employment and role of family and friends. The result of the study show that female guardian who resigned or reduce their valued activities experience loss of occupation and this is associated with increase problem and declined mental health (Kniepmann. and results: Russell (2005) stated that the researcher needs to present the results such that the proposed research question is answered to facilitate reliability. 10:18 Research problem Qualitative research is often use for the study that pertains to social process or the study that looks into reason behind human behavior (Stenius. Physical activity in pregnancy: a qualitative study of the beliefs of overweight and obese pregnant women BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2010. motivations. Miovsky. Robson. Qualitative Study Study Citation: Weir et al. analysis. and necessary information with full comprehension of data . family composition. & Bell 2010).ethnicity. McParlin. concern points. Purpose of the research In qualitative research the researcher must observe and record behaviours. The research problem in this article looks at why a large proportion of United Kingdom women are obese or overweight at the start of pregnancy. 2013).
Topic guide was created to elicit and prompt participant views and experiences by using the following questions (i) What is healthy life style and how does it relate to pregnancy (ii) What are the benefits. 2007).. (Weir et al.that will be meaningful for the research (Madrigal & McClain. and influences of physical activities in pregnancy (iii) What intervention and improvement can be created for healthy life in pregnancy Data collection technique and instrumentation: Before the commencement of data collection for the research in this article the researchers got an ethical approval from the city and written consent from the participants. 2007). 2012). 2007). Interviews were carried out at the participant home and audio recorded with participant permission for a period of forty to forty five minutes (Weir et al.. and (ii) report intervention that will advance the adoption of physical activity during pregnancy (Weir. challenges. a semistructured in depth interviews technique was applied in line with the topic guide (Weir et al. To enable detail exploration of the women’s opinions and experiences. Research question Qualitative research generates its premises on inductive reasoning by observing elements that reflects questions that the researcher seeks explanations (Williams. The research question in this article is cantered on why overweight and obese pregnant women living in United Kingdom refrain from physical activity in the context of day to day lives during pregnancy (Weir et al. 2012). & Robson.. The purpose of the research is this article is to (i) investigate the opinions of overweight and obese pregnant women. 2010).. 2012) . Bush.
according to Madrigal & McClain (2012) qualitative research is very time consuming and expensive to collect large pool of data. The findings were reported according to the analysis typologies (i) attitudes and behavioural beliefs (ii) influence and control beliefs (iii) normative beliefs (Weir et al. The interview report was indexed and categorized on the bases of reoccurring themes (Weir et al. ... 2012). weight. 2012). analysis. 2012). Twelve participant were involve in the study. Verbatim response from the participant was categorized by age.Data analysis approach: Data analysis was carried out using a framework approach to manage and analyse data (Weir et al. and obese (Weir et al. 2012).... 2012). Exploratory accounts and initial typologies were developed by synthesizing and examining the data (Weir et al. lack of training facilities. Evaluate logical flow and coherence across the multiple elements of the study: The research reveals that some women believe that physical activities are unsafe during pregnancy and some stated significant challenges to participation including lack of time.. and results: Three checks on validity was adopted for the research design and analysis stages of the study (i) Similar range of topics were discussed among each participant by using a topic guide (ii) To ensure reliability of the study’s coding framework. 2012). and physical barriers (Weir et al. 2007) Steps to ensure reliability and validity of research. five of the interviews coding framework was read by two participant and was agreed upon (iii) The topic guide help to ensure uniformity of topic of discussion among participant (Weir et al..
. January). Robson. McParlin. & Bell R (2010.pdf Stenius. Retrieved from http://www. (). Evaluating Quantitative Research Reports.cluteonline.com/mt/archives/2012/09/strengths-and-weaknessesof-quantitative-and-qualitative-research. K. September). How to Write Publishable Qualitative Research. 32(1). Rankin. Retrieved from http://web... Retrieved from http://www. Female family carers for survivors of stroke. (2012.com. C.biomedcentral. R. (2007. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 5(75). March). Nephrology Nursing Journal. . Retrieved from http://explorable. (). Research Hypotheses. Makela. UXmatters.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfvie wer?sid=5de13f4c-6657-428c-80e2-d4cee9449db0%40sessionmgr113&vid=2&hid=120 Shuttleworth.uxmatters.. (2005. K. & McClain. (2012. B.parint.apollolibrary. D. March)..org/isajewebsite/bookimages/isaje_2nd_edition_chapter6. October). Retrieved from http://www.. May)... 5(3). C. Journal of Business & Economic Research.php Williams. . ().References Kniepmann. . Research Methods.J. C.. (). M. . Strengths and Weaknesses of Quantitative and Qualitative Research. J.com/index.ebscohost.ezproxy. S. K.php/JBER/article/viewFile/2532/2578 . .p df Madrigal. .Z. (2007. (2013). Physical activity in pregnancy: a qualitative. Bush. British Journal of Occupational Therapy..com/research-hypotheses (Weir. & Gabrhelik. Explorable.. Retrieved from http://journals.com/content/pdf/1471-2393-10-18.. Miovsky. M. doi:4276/030802212X13361458480207 Russell.
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