You are on page 1of 584

CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Vehicle application

C78
C78 ENT C

C10
C10 ENT C

C13
C13 ENT C

Technical and Repair manual

This publication describes the characteristics, data and correct methods for repair operations on each component of the vehicle. If the instructions provided are followed and the specified equipment is used, correct repair operations in the programmed time will be ensured, safeguarding against possible accidents. Before starting to perform whatever type of repair, ensure that all accident prevention equipment is available and efficient. All protections specified by safety regulations, i.e.: goggles, helmet, gloves, boot, etc. must be checked and worn. All machining, lifting and conveying equipment should be inspected before use.

The data contained in this publication was correct at the time of going to press but due to possible modifications made by the Manufacturer for reasons of a technical or commercial nature or for adaptation to the legal requirements of the different countries, some changes may have occurred. No part of this publication, including the pictures, may be reproduced in any form or by any means.

Publication edited by Iveco Motors Iveco SpA PowerTrain Mkt. Advertising & Promotion Viale dellIndustria, 15/17 20010 Pregnana Milanese Milano (Italy) Print P1D32C002 E - 1st Ed. 09.2006

Produced by:

B.U. TECHNICAL PUBLISHING Iveco Technical Publications Lungo Stura Lazio, 15/19 10156 Turin - Italy

CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES Part 1 Part 2 Part 3

F2B Cursor engines

F3A Cursor engines

F3B Cursor engines

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SPECIAL REMARKS
The subjects usually dealt with in each section are: Technical data table, Driving torques, Equipment, Diagnostic, Removal and Fitting in place, Repair operations. Where possible, the same sequence of procedures has been followed for easy reference. Diagrams and symbols have been widely used to give a clearer and more immediate illustration of the subject being dealt with, (see next page) instead of giving descriptions of some operations or procedures.

Example 1 1 = housing for connecting rod small end bush 2 2 = housing for connecting rod bearings Tighten to torque Tighten to torque + angular value

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Graph and symbols


Removal Disconnection Refitting Connection Removal Disassembly Fitting in place Assembly Tighten to torque Intake

Exhaust

Operation

Compression ratio Tolerance Weight difference Rolling torque Replacement Original spare parts Rotation Angle Angular value Preload

Tighten to torque + angle value

Press or caulk Regulation Adjustment

Warning Note Visual inspection Fitting position check Measurement Value to find Check Equipment Surface for machining Machine finish Interference Strained assembly Thickness Clearance Lubrication Damp Grease Sealant Adhesive Air bleeding

Number of revolutions

Temperature

bar

Pressure Oversized Higher than. Maximum, peak Undersized Less than. Minimum Selection Classes Oversizing Temperature < 0 C Cold Winter Temperature > 0 C Hot Summer
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Part 1 F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES


Section General specifications

Fuel

Vehicle application

General overhaul

Tools

Safety prescriptions

Appendix

PREFACE TO USERS GUIDELINE MANUAL Section 1 describes the F2B engine illustrating its features and working in general. Section 2 describes the type of fuel feed. Section 3 relates to the specific duty and is divided in four separate parts: 1. Mechanical part, related to the engine overhaul, limited to those components with different characteristics based on the relating specific duty. 2. Electrical part, concerning wiring harness, electrical and electronic equipment with different characteristics based on the relating specific duty. 3. Maintenance planning and specific overhaul. 4. Troubleshooting part dedicated to the operators who, being entitled to provide technical assistance, shall have simple and direct instructions to identify the cause of the major inconveniences. Sections 4 and 5 illustrate the overhaul operations of the engine overhaul on stand and the necessary equipment to execute such operations. The appendix reports general safety prescriptions to be followed by all operators whether being in-charge of installation or maintenance, in order to avoid serious injury.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

UPDATING
Section Description Page Date of revision

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

SECTION 1 General specifications


Page CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN TECHNICAL CODE AND COMMERCIAL CODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . ENGINE SECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LUBRICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Oil pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Overpressure valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Oil pressure control valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Heat exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - By-pass valve inside the filter support/heat exchanger assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Thermostatic valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Engine oil filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Valve integrated in piston cooling nozzle . . . . . COOLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Water pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TURBOCHARGING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VGT TURBOCHARGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Actuator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Solenoid valve for VGT control . . . . . . . . . . . . DENOX SYSTEM 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - General remarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - AdBlue fluid level gauge control . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 5 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 10 11 12 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 18 18

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Page - By-pass valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Pump module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Dosing module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Catalyst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Exhaust gas temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . . . - Humidity detecting sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 19 19 19 20 21

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN TECHNICAL CODE AND COMMERCIAL CODE

Technical Code F2BE3681C F2BE3681B F2BE3681A

Commercial Code C78 ENT C C78 ENT C C78 ENT C

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

ENGINE SECTIONS
Figure 1

78841

ENGINE - CROSS SECTION

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 2

78839

ENGINE - LONGITUDINAL SECTION

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

LUBRICATION
Engine lubrication is obtained with a gear pump driven by the crankshaft via gears. A heat exchanger governs the temperature of the lubricating oil. The oil filter, signalling sensors and safety valves are installed in the intercooler.

Figure 3

Dropping oil Pressure oil B. Engine oil sump (auxiliary oil pump version)
86930

C. Auxiliary oil pump

LUBRICATION CIRCUIT

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Oil pump
Figure 4

Overpressure valve
Figure 6

190 6N 324 9N 43,65

33,5

22,95

60560

77820

The oil pump (1) cannot be overhauled. On finding any damage, replace the oil pump assembly. See under the relevant heading for replacing the gear (2) of the crankshaft.

MAIN DATA TO CHECK THE OVERPRESSURE VALVE SPRING

Figure 5

112327

OIL PUMP CROSS-SECTION 1. Overpressure valve Start of opening pressure 10.1 0.7 bars
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

Oil pressure control valve


Figure 7

Figure 8

168 9 308 15 63 51

36,4

73542

88819

The oil pressure control valve is located on the left-hand side of the crankcase. Start of opening pressure 5 bars.

MAIN DATA TO CHECK THE OIL PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE SPRING

Heat exchanger
Figure 9

77818

HEAT EXCHANGER The following elements are fitted on the intercooler: 1. Transmitter for low pressure warning lamp - 2. By-pass valve - 3. Oil temperature sensor - 4. Oil pressure sensor for single gauge - 5. Heat valve. Number of intercooler elements: 7
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

By-pass valve inside the filter support/heat exchanger assembly


Figure 10

This is a new generation of filters that permit much more thorough filtration as they are able to holder back a greater amount of particles of smaller dimensions than those held back by conventional filters with a paper filtering element. These high-filtration devices, to date used only in industrial processes, make it possible to: - reduce the wear of engine components over time; - maintain the performance/specifications of the oil and thereby lengthen the time intervals between changes. External spiral winding The filtering elements are closely wound by a spiral so that each fold is firmly anchored to the spiral with respect to the others. This produces a uniform use of the element even in the worst conditions such as cold starting with fluids with a high viscosity and peaks of flow. In addition, it ensures uniform distribution of the flow over the entire length of the filtering element, with consequent optimization of the loss of load and of its working life. Mount upstream To optimize flow distribution and the rigidity of the filtering element, this has an exclusive mount composed of a strong mesh made of nylon and an extremely strong synthetic material. Filtering element Composed of inert inorganic fibres bound with an exclusive resin to a structure with graded holes, the element is manufactured exclusively to precise procedures and strict quality control. Mount downstream A mount for the filtering element and a strong nylon mesh make it even stronger, which is especially helpful during cold starts and long periods of use. The performance of the filter remains constant and reliable throughout its working life and from one element to another, irrespective of the changes in working conditions. Structural parts The o-rings equipping the filtering element ensure a perfect seal between it and the container, eliminating by-pass risks and keeping filter performance constant. Strong corrosion-proof bottoms and a sturdy internal metal core complete the structure of the filtering element. When mounting the filters, keep to the following rules: - Oil and fit new seals. - Screw down the filters to bring the seals into contact with the supporting bases. - Tighten the filter to a torque of 3540 Nm.

73545

The valve quickly opens at a pressure of: 3 bars.

Thermostatic valve
Figure 11

Start of opening: - travel 0.1 mm at a temperature of 82 2C. End of opening: - travel 8 mm at a temperature of 97C.

73546

Engine oil filters


Figure 12

47447

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

11

Valve integrated in piston cooling nozzle

Figure 13

109080

The valve allows oil to enter only above the threshold pressure of 1.7 0.2 bar. This permits filling the circuit and therefore lubricating the most stressed parts even when working at lower pressures.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

COOLING Description
The engine cooling system is of the closed-circuit, forced circulation type. It consists mainly of the following components: - expansion tank, not supplied (by IVECO); - a heat exchanger to cool down lubrication oil; - a water pump with centrifugal system incorporated in the cylinder block; - fan, not supplied; - a 2-way thermostat controlling the coolant circulation.

Operation
The water pump is actuated by the crankshaft through a poli-V belt and sends coolant to the cylinder block, especially to the cylinder head (bigger quantity). When the coolant temperature reaches and overcomes the operating temperature, the thermostat is opened and from here the coolant flows into the radiator and is cooled down by the fan. The pressure inside the system, due to temperature change, is adequately controlled through the expansion vessel.

Figure 14

Water leaving the thermostat Water circulating in the engine Water entering the pump

92824

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

13

Water pump
Figure 15

44915

WATER PUMP SECTION The water pump consists of: rotor, seal bearing and control pulley.

Make sure that the pump casing has no cracking or water leakage; otherwise, replace the entire pump.

Thermostat
THERMOSTAT OPERATION VIEW Figure 16
TO THE HEATER

TO BY-PASS

FROM THE HEAD


45357

Water circulating in the engine Figure 17


TO THE HEATER

TO RADIATOR

TO EXPANSION TANK FROM THE HEAD


45358

Water issuing from thermostat Check thermostat operation, in case of doubts, replace it. Start of stroke temperature 84 _C 2 _C Minimum stroke 15 mm at 94 _C 2 _C
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

14

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TURBOCHARGING
The turbocharging system consists of: - air filter; - a variable geometry or a fixed geometry turbocharger; - intercooler radiator. Figure 18

Engine exhaust gas Intake air Compressed air (hot) Compressed air (cooled)

44916

DIAGRAM OF SUPERCHARGING WITH THE VGT TURBOCHARGER

VGT TURBOCHARGER
Operating principle The variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) consists of a centrifugal compressor and a turbine, equipped with a mobile device which adjusts the speed by changing the area of the passing section of exhaust gases to the turbine. Thanks to this solution, gas velocity and turbine speed can be high even when the engine is idling. If the gas is made to go through a narrow passage, in fact, it flows faster, so that the turbine rotates more quickly.

The movement of the device, choking the exhaust gas flowing section, is carried out by a mechanism, activated by a pneumatic actuator. This actuator is directly controlled by the electronic control unit by a proportional solenoid valve. The device is in maximum closing condition at idle speed. At high engine operating speed, the electronic control system is activated and increases the passing section, in order to allow the in-coming gases to flow without increasing their speed. A toroidal chamber is obtained during the casting process in the central body for the passage of the coolant.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

15

Actuator
Figure 19

Working principle (See Figure 19) The actuator piston, connected to the drive rod, is controlled with the compressed air introduced through the air inlet (1) on the top of the actuator. Modulating the air pressure varies the movement of the piston and turbine control rod. As the piston moves, it progressively compresses the external spring (4) until the base of the piston reaches the disc (5) controlling the internal spring (6). On further increasing the pressure, the piston, via the disc (5), interferes with the bottom limit stop (10). Using two springs makes it possible to vary the ratio between the piston stroke and the pressure. Approximately 85% of the stroke of the rod is opposed by the external spring and 15% by the internal one.

Solenoid valve for VGT control


This N.C. proportional solenoid valve is located on the left-hand side of the crankcase under the turbine. The electronic control unit, via a PWM signal, controls the solenoid valve, governing the supply pressure of the turbine actuator, which, on changing its position, modifies the cross-section of the flow of exhaust gases onto the blades of the impeller and therefore its speed. The resistance of the coil is approx. 20-30 Ohms.

71834

1. Air inlet - 2. Gasket - 3. Piston - 4. External spring 5. Internal spring control disc - 6. Internal spring 7. O-ring - 8. Spring holder - 9. Limit stop - 10. Dust seal 11. Control rod. Figure 20

[bar]

Stroke [mm]
72421

a b

Gradient characterized by the effect of the external spring (4, Figure 19). Gradient characterized by the effect of the external (4, Figure 19) and internal (6) springs.
Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

16

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DeNOx SYSTEM 2 General remarks


In order to keep the exhaust emission values of nitric oxides (NOx) within the limits prescribed by the Euro 4 standard, with low fuel consumption, a system for post-processing of the above substances found in exhaust gas has been fitted to the vehicles. This system essentially consists of an electronic-control oxidizing catalyst. The system converts, through the SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) process, nitric oxides (NOx) into inert compounds: free nitrogen (N2) and water vapour (H2O). The SCR process is based on a series of chemical reactions, which leads, due to ammonia reacting with exhaust gas oxygen, to a reduction of nitric oxides (NOx) found in exhaust gas.

Figure 21

115785

SCR SYSTEM DIAGRAM A. PUMP MODULE - B. MEASURING OUT MODULE 1. Supply module - 2. MV4 - 3. Pre-filters - 4. Tank vent - 5. AdBlue tank with gridle - 6. Dosing module - 7. MV2 - 8. Mixer 9. - 10. Temperature sensors - 11. Nox sensor (*) - 12. Membrane pump - 13. MV1 - 14. MV3 - 15. Main filter. * Future application

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

17

The system is essentially made up of: a tank (9) for reagent solution (water - urea: AdBlue), equipped with level gauge (8); - an H2O diverter valve (1); - pump module (10); - a mixing and injection module (2); - catalyst (4); - two exhaust gas temperature sensors (5, 6) on catalyst output (4); - a moisture detection sensor (7) fitted on the engine air intake pipe downstream from the air cleaner. SCR system is electronically managed by DCU (Dosing Control Unit) incorporated into pump module (10); depending on engine rpm, supplied torque, exhaust gas temperature, quantity of nitrogen oxides and humidity of air sucked in, the control unit regulates the flow rate of AdBlue solution to be let into the system.

Pump module (10) takes reagent solution out of tank (9), then sends it under pressure into measuring out module (2); finally, the reagent solution is injected into the exhaust pipe upstream of catalyst (4). Here, the first phase of the process is realized: the reagent solution will vaporize immediately, due to the exhaust gas temperature, and will be converted into ammonia (2NH3) and carbon dioxide (CO2), owing to hydrolysis. At the same time, vaporization of the solution will cause a decrease in the exhaust gas temperature: the latter will get near the optimum temperature required for the process. Exhaust gas added with ammonia - and at the reaction temperature - will flow into catalyst where the second phase of the process will be realized: ammonia will, by reacting with the exhaust gas oxygen, convert into free nitrogen (N) and water vapour (H2O).

Figure 22

108125

POSITION OF SCR SYSTEM COMPONENTS ON THE VEHICLE 1. H2O valve - 2. Dosing module - 3. Nitric oxide detecting sensor (*) - 4. Catalyst 5. Outlet temperature sensor - 6. Inflow exhaust gas temperature sensor - 7. Sucked air humidity and temperature sensor - 8. Level gauge - 9. Water-urea solution (AdBlue) tank - 10. Pump module. * Future application
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

18

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Tank
Figure 23

Figure 25

102308

FUNCTIONAL WIRING DIAGRAM


102295

The tank equipped with level gauge control (1) contains the reducing substance required for the SCR process, which consists of a 35%-urea and water solution called AdBlue.

The AdBlue fluid level gauge control consists of a device made up of a set of resistors, a float, a NTC temperature sensor, and a coil used to heat the fluid under low temperature conditions. It informs the control unit of any current change due to the resistor determined by the float position with respect to the AdBlue fluid level.

AdBlue fluid level gauge control


Figure 24

By-pass valve
Figure 26

108127

FUNCTIONAL WIRING DIAGRAM


116181

1. AdBlue fluid suction pipe - 2. AdBlue fluid return pipe - 3. Engine cooling hot fluid inlet pipe 4. AdBlue (NTC) temperature sensor 5. Engine cooling hot fluid outlet pipe - 6. Float 7. AdBlue fluid heating coil - 8. AdBlue air vent.

1. Coolant inlet - 2. Coolant outlet 6. Electrical connection. The valve, which is a Normally Closed type valve, allows AdBlue tank to be heated by engine coolant. The NTC temperature sensor controls the by-pass valve which closes or opens (depending on temperature) the passage of the engine cooling hot fluid into the heating coil.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

19

Pump module
Figure 27

Dosing module
Figure 28

108129

1. AdBlue infeed - 2. Electrical connection 3. AdBlue outlet.


108128

1. AdBlue return pipe to the tank - 2. AdBlue return pipe from dosing module - 3. AdBlue solution outlet - 4. AdBlue solution infeed - 5. Electrical connection - 6. DCU control unit connector - 7. Filter - 8. Prefilter.

The function of this module is to dose the AdBlue solution to be conveyed to the injector.

Catalyst
Figure 29

102301

Catalyst (1), equipped with sound-proofing material, replaces the exhaust silencer. Inside the catalyst, the exhaust gas nitric oxides are, by reacting with ammonia, converted into free nitrogen and water vapour. Temperature sensors (2 & 3) and nitric oxide detecting sensor (4) are fitted onto catalyst (1).

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

20

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Exhaust gas temperature sensor


Figure 30

102303

Figure 31

102304

FUNCTIONAL WIRING DIAGRAM 1. Supply voltage - 2. Variable output voltage - 3. Connector - 4. Signal cable (grey) - 5. Earth cable (white) - 6. Sensor. The function of this sensor is to send the control unit the catalyst inlet and outlet exhaust gas temperature values required to calculate the amount of urea to be injected into the system.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

21

Humidity detecting sensor


Figure 32

102311

1. Temperature - 2. Earth - 3. Humidity percent value - 4. Power supply. This sensor is located on the air filter output conveyor, and is used to inform the control unit of the amount (percentage) of humidity found in sucked air, to determine the calculation of nitric oxide emissions.

Figure 33

102312

ELECTRIC BLOCK DIAGRAM 1. Earth - 2. Temperature - 3. Power supply unit - 4. Humidity percent value - A. Sample frequency generator B. Reference oscillator - C. NTC temperature sensor - D. Amplifier lowpass filter

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

22

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 2 - FUEL

SECTION 2 Fuel
Page FUEL FEED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Overpressure valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Feed pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Injector-pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Injector Phases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Pressure damper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4 4 5 6 7

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 2 - FUEL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 2 - FUEL

FUEL FEED
Fuel feed is obtained by means of a pump, fuel filter and pre-filter, 6 pump-injectors controlled by the camshaft by means of rockers and by the electronic control unit.

Figure 1

Return circuit Supply circuit

115265

ENGINE FEED SCHEME 1. Fuel filter - 2. Pressure damping device - 3. Pressure control valve (start of opening at 5 bar) - 4. Feed pump 5. Fuel pre-filter with priming pump - 6. Valve, to recirculate fuel from injectors, integrated in feed pump (start of opening at 3.5 bar) - 7. Central unit - 8. Heat exchanger - 9. Overpressure valve to return fuel to tank (start of opening at 0.2 bar) 10. Pump injectors. A. Fuel arriving at injectors - B. Fuel returning to tank

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 2 - FUEL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Overpressure valve
Figure 2

Figure 4

92829

An overpressure valve is a single-acting valve, calibrated to 0.2 0.3 bar, placed on the piping that returns fuel to tank. The overpressure valve prevents fuel duct in cylinder head from emptying with engine stopped.

73547

Feed pump
Figure 3

Feed pump mounted frontally A. Fuel inlet B. Fuel delivery C. By-pass nut D. Fuel return from the pump-injectors E. Pressure relief valve Opening pressure: 5-8 bars.

Figure 5

92830

Feed pump mounted laterally 1. Overpressure valve - 2. Delivering fuel to injectors 3. Sucking in fuel - 4. Pressure control valve. SECTION ON FEED PUMP 1. Oil and fuel leaks indicator Pump performances
170 12 0.3 0,3 30 0.3 0.3 30 100 Pump rotation speed Minimum flow rate (rpm) (l/h) 4100 310 0.5 5 50 900 45 0.3 3 50 250 12 0.3 0.3 50

98870

Pump performances
Pump rotation speed Minimum flow rate (rpm) (l/h) 2600 310 0.5 5 30 600 45 0.3 3 30

140 6 0.3 0.3 20

Negative pressure on aspiration (bar) Pressure on delivery (bar) Test liquid temperature Test liquid (C)

Negative pressure on aspiration (bar) Pressure on delivery (bar) Test liquid temperature Test liquid (C)

Test conditions

Test conditions

ISO 4113

ISO 4113

Field of use
Pump rotation speed (rpm) Overrunning rotation speed (max 5 min) (rpm) Diesel oil temperature (C) Filtering rate on aspiration (micron) Negative pressure on aspiration (bar) 2600 4100 max -25/+80 30 0.5 max

Field of use
Pump rotation speed (rpm) Overrunning rotation speed (max 5 min) (rpm) Diesel oil temperature (C) Filtering rate on aspiration (micron) Negative pressure on aspiration (bar) 4100 5800 max -25/+80 0.5 max -25/+120

Pressure control valve


Valve calibration 5 5.8 Valve calibration

Pressure control valve


5 5.8

Injectors return valve


Valve calibration
Base - September 2006

Injectors return valve


3.4 3.8 Valve calibration 3.4 3.8
Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 2 - FUEL

Injector-pump
Figure 6

Pumping element The pumping element is operated by a rocker arm governed directly by the cam of the camshaft. The pumping element is able to ensure a high delivery pressure. The return stroke is made by means of a return spring. Nozzle Garages are authorized to perform fault diagnosis solely on the entire injection system and may not work inside the injector-pump, which must only be replaced. A specific fault-diagnosis program, included in the control unit, is able to check the operation of each injector (it deactivates one at a time and checks the delivery of the other five). Fault diagnosis makes it possible to distinguish errors of an electrical origin from ones of a mechanical/hydraulic origin. It indicates broken pump-injectors. It is therefore necessary to interpret all the control unit error messages correctly. Any defects in the injectors are to be resolved by replacing them. Solenoid valve The solenoid, which is energized at each active phase of the cycle, via a signal from the control unit, controls a slide valve that shuts off the pumping element delivery pipe. When the solenoid is not energized, the valve is open, the fuel is pumped but it flows back into the return pipe with the normal transfer pressure of approximately 5 bars. When the solenoid is energized, the valve shuts and the fuel, not being able to flow back into the return pipe, is pumped into the nozzle at high pressure, causing the needle to lift. The amount of fuel injected depends on the length of time the slide valve is closed and therefore on the time for which the solenoid is energized. The solenoid valve is joined to the injector body and cannot be removed. On the top there are two screws securing the electrical wiring from the control unit. To ensure signal transmission, tighten the screws with a torque wrench to a torque of 1.36 1.92 Nm (0.136 0.192 kgm).

44908

1. Fuel/oil seal 2. Fuel/diesel seal 3. Fuel/exhaust gas seal. The injector-pump is composed of: pumping element, nozzle, solenoid valve.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 2 - FUEL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Injector Phases
Figure 7

Figure 8

60669

60670

1. Fuel valve - 2. Pumping element - 3. Fuel outlet 4. Filling and backflow passage.

1. Fuel valve - 2. Pumping element - 3. Fuel outlet 4. Filling and backflow passage.

Filling phase During the filling phase the pumping element (2) runs up to the top position. After passing the highest point of the cam, the rocker arm roller comes near the base ring of the cam. The fuel valve (1) is open and fuel can flow into the injector via the bottom passage (4) of the cylinder head. Filling continues until the pumping element reaches its top limit.

Injection phase The injection phase begins when, at a certain point in the down phase of the pumping element, the solenoid valve gets energized and the fuel valve (1) shuts. The moment delivery begins, appropriately calculated by the electronic control unit, depends on the working conditions of the engine. The cam continues with the rocker arm to push the pumping element (2) and the injection phase continues as long as the fuel valve (1) stays shut.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 2 - FUEL

Figure 9

Pressure damper
Figure 10

102606

FUEL PRESSURE DAMPER The fuel pressure damper on the delivery pipe between the fuel filter and the cylinder head has the function of damping the backflow pressure on the delivery due to the increase in injection pressure.

60671

1. Fuel valve - 2. Pumping element - 3. Fuel outlet 4. Filling and backflow passage.

Pressure Reduction phase Injection ceases when the fuel valve (1) opens, at a certain point in the down stroke of the pumping element, after the solenoid valve gets de-energized. The fuel flows back through the open valve (1), the injector holes and the passage (4) into the cylinder head. The time for which the solenoid valve stays energized, appropriately calculated by the electronic control unit, is the duration of injection (delivery) and it depends on the working conditions of the engine.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 2 - FUEL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

SECTION 3 Vehicle application


Page GENERAL FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PART ONE - MECHANICAL COMPONENTS DISMANTLING THE ENGINE ON THE BENCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ASSEMBLING THE ENGINE ON THE BENCH . - Diagram showing the underblock fixing screws tightening order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5 7 14 16

- Fitting the connecting rod-piston assembly into the cylinder liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 - Mounting cylinder head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting engine flywheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting camshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting pump-injectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting rocker-arm shaft assembly . . . . . . . . . . - Camshaft timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Phonic wheel timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Intake and exhaust rocker play adjustment and pre-loading of rockers controlling pump injectors ENGINE COMPLETION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PART TWO ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Components on the engine F2B . . . . . . . . . . . BLOCK DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EDC SYSTEM FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - EDC 7 UC31 electronic control unit . . . . . . . - Electric injector connector A . . . . . . . . . . . . - Sensor connector C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Chassis connector B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Pump injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 20 21 22 22 23 25 26 27 29 31 32 33 36 37 38 39 41

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Page - Exhaust brake solenoid valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Solenoid valve for VGT control . . . . . . . . . . . . - Distribution pulse transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Engine coolant temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . - Fuel temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Flywheel pulse transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Turbine rpm sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Air pressure/temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . . . - Oil temperature/pressure sensor . . . . . . . . . . . - Pre-post reheat resistor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PART THREE - TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DTC ERROR CODES WITH EDC7 UC31 CENTRAL UNIT . . . . . . GUIDELINE FOR TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . 43 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 49 50 51 53 55 77 PART FOUR - MAINTENANCE PLANNING . MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Maintenance services scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAINTENANCE INTERVALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - On road application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Off road application (quarries-construction sites) - Off road application (on road usage) . . . . . . . . CHECKS AND/OR MAINTENANCE WORK . . - On road application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Off road application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NON-PROGRAMMED/TIMED OPERATIONS . - On road application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Off road application (quarries-construction sites) - Off road application (on road usage) . . . . . . . .

Page 81 83 83 84 84 84 84 85 85 85 86 86 86 86

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

GENERAL FEATURES
T Type

F2BE3681C

F2BE3681B
16 : 1

F2BE3681A

Compression ratio Max. output kW (HP) rpm Nm (kgm) rpm 230 (310) 2400 1300 (132) 1200 1675

245 (330) 2400 1400 (143) 1080 1655

265 (360) 2400 1500 (153) 1200 1685

Max. torque

Loadless engine idling rpm Loadless engine peak Bore x stroke Displacement rpm mm cm3 HOLSET with fixed geometry HX40 2660 50 115 x 125 7790 HOLSET with variable geometry HE 431 V 600 50

SUPERCHARGING Turbocharger type LUBRICATION


bar

Oil pressure (warm engine) (100 C 5 C) - idling bar - peak rpm bar Water pump control Thermostat: starts to open: fully open: OIL FILLING Total capacity at 1st filling liters kg Capacity: - engine sump min level liters kg - engine sump max level liters kg - quantity in circulation that does not flow back to the engine sump liters kg - quantity contained in the cartridge filter (which has to be added to the cartridge filter refill) liters kg

Forced by gear pump, relief valve single action oil filter 1.5 5 By centrifugal pump, regulating thermostat, viscostatic fan, radiator and heat exchanger By belt N. 1 ~85 C 28 25.2 12.5 11.2 23 21

COOLING

5 4.5 2.5 2.3

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

PART ONE - MECHANICAL COMPONENTS

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

DISMANTLING THE ENGINE ON THE BENCH


Figure 1

Figure 2

47563 47562

Remove the soundproofing shield (1) and plug (2).

Before dismantling the engine on the rotary stand 99322230, remove the following components: - starter (2) - turbocharger soundproofing shield (1) Figure 3

1 1
47601

Fix the engine to the rotary stand 99322230, by means of brackets 99361035 (1), remove the fan.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 4

Figure 6

112330

Cut the belt (1) because it would not be re-used.


87202

Remove the following components: - alternator (1); - belt tightener support (2); - if present, air conditioner compressor (3); - water pump (5) and pipe; - fixed backstand (4). Only models equipped without Intarder thermostat unit (6).

Figure 5

Figure 7

73579

87203

Using an appropriate tool (2), operate in the direction of the arrow, and remove the belt (1) driving the water pump, alternator and fan. Take out the screws and remove the electromagnetic coupling (3).
Base - September 2006

Only models equipped with Intarder Loosen straps (2 and 4), then remove pipe (1) from the cylinder head and pipe (3). Remove the fastening screws, then take off thermostat unit (5).
Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

Figure 8

Figure 10

87204

47566

Block the flywheel rotation with tool 99360351. Remove screws (4), then disassemble damper flywheel (3). Remove the screws (2) and the pulley (1).

Remove the following components: oil supply lines (1); water cooling supply lines (3); water discharge lines (2); oil return lines (4); turbocharger (5); exhaust manifold (6). Figure 11

87205

Unscrew the oil filter (1) by tool 99360314 (2). Figure 9 Figure 12

45254 87206

Install extractor 99340051 (2) and remove the seal gaskets (1). Unscrew the screws and remove the cover. Disconnect all electric connections and sensors.
Print P1D32C002 E

Unscrew the screws (1) and remove the entire heat exchanger (2).

Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 13

Figure 16

47587

Remove the following components: intake manifold (6); support for fuel filter (1); fuel lines (2); fuel pump (3);compressor (4); control unit (5). Figure 14

45661

Unscrew the screws (2), by using the proper wrench and remove the gear (1) with the phonic wheel. Figure 17

70708

86289

To remove the P.T.O. (if applicable): - Disconnect the oil pipe (1). - Unscrew the 4 screws (2) and (3). Figure 15

Unscrew the screws (1); tighten a screw in a reaction hole and remove the shoulder plate (2), remove the sheet gasket.

Figure 18

84377

Remove the rocker arm cover (1), take off the screws (2) and remove: the cover (3), the filter (5) and the gaskets (4 and 6). Take off the screws (8) and remove the blow-by case (7).
Base - September 2006

47568

By means of a properly splined wrench, untighten screws (2) and remove the transmission gear (1)
Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

11

Figure 19

Figure 22

106219 47568

Stop the engine flywheel (3) rotation by means of tool 99360351 (1), untighten the fixing screws (2) and remove the engine flywheel. Figure 20

If present, dismount P.T.O. driving gear (1). Remove screws (3) and dismount double gear (2). Remove securing screw and dismount articulated rod (5). Dismount oil pump (4). Figure 23

45259 45257

Apply extractor 99340052 (2) and pull out the seal gasket (1).

- Remove the check springs (2) of the exhaust brake lever; - Untighten the fixing screws (1) of rocker arm shaft. Figure 24

Figure 21

116190

47569

Untighten the screws (1) and take down the gear box (2).

- Apply tool 99360558 (1) to the rocker holder shaft (2) and remove the shaft (2) from the cylinder head.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 25

Figure 27

116232

- Remove the piping (1) for exhaust brake pins; - Untighten screws and remove electric connections (2) from solenoid valves; - Untighten fixing screws (3) of injector brackets (4). - Remove injectors (5). Install plugs 99360177 instead of injectors. Figure 28

86923

Untighten screws (2) and remove the engine oil sump (1) with spacer (3) and seal . The box shows the oil sump mounted on the engines equipped with supplementary oil pump.

86924

Figure 26

Remove the screws and the rose pipe (1). For engines equipped with supplementary oil pump, remove the screws and take out strainers (2 and 3). Figure 29

45266

Remove the camshaft and the fixing screws on cylinder heads - By means of wire ropes, lift the cylinder head (1) and remove seals (2).
47574

Rotate the block (1) to the vertical position.


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

13

Figure 30

Figure 33

47575

47571

Untighten screws (2) fixing the connecting rod cap (3) and remove it. Remove the connecting rod-piston assembly from the upper side. Repeat these operations for the other pistons.

Remove the crankshaft half-bearings (1), untighten the screws and remove oil spray nozzles (2). Take down cylinder liners as specified in the relative paragraph.

Figure 31 NOTE After disassembling the engine, thoroughly clean disassembled parts and check their integrity. Instructions for main checks and measures are given in the following pages, in order to determine whether the parts can be re-used.

47576

By means of proper and splined wrenches, untighten the screws (1) and (2) and remove the under-block (3). Figure 32

47570

Remove the crankshaft (2) with tool 99360500 (1).


Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

14

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

ASSEMBLING BENCH

THE

ENGINE

ON

THE

Figure 36

Fix the engine block to the stand 99322230 by means of brackets 99361035. Mount cylinder liners (see Section 4).

Figure 34

49021

Place the half-bearings (1) on the main bearings in the underblock (2). Figure 37
47586

Fit the oil spray nozzles (2), so that the dowel coincides with the block hole (3). Place the half bearings (1) on the main bearings.

47595

Figure 35

Use the suitable equipment (1) to apply silicone LOCTITE 5970 (IVECO No. 2995644) as shown in the following figure.

Figure 38

47596

Sealant application diagram


47570

Lubricate the half bearings, then install the crankshaft (2) by means of hoist and hook 99360500 (1).

NOTE Fit the underblock within 10 of the application of the sealant.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

15

Figure 39

49022

Fit the underblock by means of a suitable hoist and hooks (1). Figure 40

47581

Fit the engine block and use the dynamometric wrench (2) to lock the hexagonal threaded screws(1) to torque 25 Nm on the basis of the diagrams on the following page. Figure 41

47579

Close the inner screws (1) to 140 Nm torque by means of a dynamometric wrench (3), then with two further angular phases 60 + 60, using tool 99395216 (4). Tighten again the outer screws (1, Figure 40) with 90 angular closing, using tool 99395215 (3, Figure 40).
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

16

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Diagram showing the underblock fixing screws tightening order


Figure 42

FRONT SIDE

First phase: outer screws preliminary tightening (25 Nm)

44897

FRONT SIDE

Second phase: inner screws preliminary tightening (140 Nm)


44898

FRONT SIDE

Third phase: inner screws angle closing (60)

44898

FRONT SIDE

Fourth phase: inner screws angle closing (60)

44898

FRONT SIDE

Fifth phase: outer screws angle closing (90)

44899

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

17

Fitting the connecting rod-piston assembly into the cylinder liners


Figure 43

Figure 45

49030

47593

Rotate the cylinder assembly placing it vertically.

Fit the connecting rod-piston assemblies (2) into the piston liners, using the band 99360605 (1). Check the following: - the openings of the split rings are offset by 120; - all pistons belong to the same class, A or B; - ideogram (2, Figure 44), stamped on the piston crown, is placed toward the engine flywheel, or the cavity, on the piston skirt, corresponds to the position of the oil spray nozzles

NOTE Not finding it necessary to replace the connecting rod bearings, you need to fit them back in exactly the same sequence and position as in removal. If they are to be replaced, choose connecting rod bearings based on selection described in Section 4.

Lubricate the half-bearings (1) and fit them in the connecting rod and the cap. NOTE Do not make any adjustment on the bearing shells.

NOTE The pistons are supplied as spares in class A and can also be fitted in class B cylinder liners.

Figure 44

1 2

Connecting rod-piston assembly Marking area of ideogram on the piston crown Connecting rod marking area
61831

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

18

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 46

Mounting cylinder head


Figure 49

47594

Connect the connecting rods to the relative journals, fit the connection rod caps (1) with half bearings; tighten the fixing screws (2) of the connecting rod caps to 50 Nm torque (5 kgm). Using tool 99395216 (3), further tighten screws with 40 angle. Figure 47

45266

Make sure that pistons 1-6 are exactly at the TDC Place the sealing gasket (2) on the block. Fit the cylinder head (1) and tighten screws as shown in figs. 50, 51 and 52. Figure 50

44900

45255

Diagram showing the cylinder head fixing screws tightening order.

By means of centering ring 99396033 (2), check the exact cover position (1), otherwise act as necessary and tighten the screws. Figure 51 Figure 48

45267 45256

Fit the sealing gasket (1), install the fitting tool 99346245 (2) and drive the sealing gasket (1) by screwing nut (3).
Base - September 2006

- Preliminary tightening by means of a dynamometric wrench (1): 1st phase: 50 Nm (5 kgm) 2nd phase: 100 Nm (10 kgm)
Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

19

Figure 52

Tighten the screws shown in the figure by means of a dynamometric wrench, in compliance with the following order and tightening torque: Figure 55

45268

- Angle closing by means of tool 99395216 (1): 3rd phase: 90 angle 4th phase: 75 angle Figure 53 Engines without power take-off :
47598

no. 13 screws M12 x 1.75 x 80 tightening torque 63 Nm no. 3 screws M10 x 1.5 x 35 tightening torque 42 Nm no. 1 screw M10 x 1.5 x 100 tightening torque 42 Nm no. 1 screw M10 x 1.5 x 180 tightening torque 42 Nm no. 2 screws M18 x 1.25 x 125 tightening torque 24 Nm Figure 56

47597

Fit the oil pump (4), intermediate gears (2) with rod (1) and tighten screws (3) in two phases: preliminary tightening 30 Nm angle closing 90 Figure 54

84390

47592

Engines with power take-off (if available) no. 10 screws M12 x 1.75 x 80 tightening torque 63 Nm no. 3 screws M10 x 1.5 x 35 tightening torque 42 Nm no. 1 screw M10 x 1.5 x 170 tightening torque 42 Nm no. 1 screw M10 x 1.5 x 180 tightening torque 42 Nm no. 2 screws M12 x 1.75 x 125 tightening torque 63 Nm no. 8 screw M10 x 1,5 x 120 no. 2 screw M10 x 1,5 x 120 (apply to the thread LOCTITE 275)
Base - September 2006

Apply sealant LOCTITE 5970 IVECO No. 2992644 to the gear box using the proper equipment (1). The sealer string (1) diameter is to be 1,5 0.5 0.2 mm.

NOTE Install the gear box within 10 of the application of the sealant.

Print P1D32C002 E

20

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 57

Figure 59

49037 45258

Fit the sealing gasket (1), install the fitting tool 99346246 (2) and drive the sealing gasket by screwing the nut (3).

Position the flywheel (1) on the crankshaft, lubricate the thread of the screws (2) with engine oil and screw them down. Lock rotation with tool 99360351 (3). Lock the screws (2) in three phases. First phase: pre-tightening with torque wrench (4) to a torque of 100 Nm (10 kgm). Figure 60

Fitting engine flywheel


NOTE If the teeth of the ring gear mounted on the engine flywheel, for starting the engine, are very damaged, replace the ring gear. It must be fitted after heating the ring gear to a temperature of approx. 200C.

NOTE The crankshaft has a locating peg that has to couple with the relevant seat on the engine flywheel.
49036

Second phase: closing to angle of 60 with tool 99395216 (1). Figure 58

VIEW OF HOLES: A-B-C

VIEW OF HOLES: D

60668

DETAIL OF PUNCH MARKS ON ENGINE FLYWHEEL FOR PISTON POSITIONS A. Hole on flywheel with one reference mark, corresponding to the TDC of pistons 3-4. - B. Hole on flywheel with one reference mark, corresponding to the TDC of pistons 1-6. - C. Hole on flywheel with one reference mark, corresponding to the TDC of pistons 2-5. - D. Hole on flywheel with two reference marks, position corresponding to 54.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

21

Fitting camshaft
Figure 61

Figure 63

45376

- Apply gauge 99395215 (1), check and record the position of the rod (3) for the transmission gear, tighten the screw (2) to the prescribed torque.
72436

Position the crankshaft with the pistons 1 and 6 at the top dead centre (T.D.C.). This situation occurs when: 1. The hole with reference mark (5) of the engine flywheel (4) can be seen through the inspection window. 2. The tool 99360612 (1), through the seat (2) of the engine speed sensor, enters the hole (3) in the engine flywheel (4). If this condition does not occur, turn the engine flywheel (4) appropriately. Remove the tool 99360612 (1).

Figure 64 Figure 62

45269

73843

Fit the camshaft (4), positioning it observing the reference marks () as shown in the figure. Lubricate the seal (3) and fit it on the shoulder plate (2). Mount the shoulder plate (2) with the sheet metal gasket (1) and tighten the screws (5) to the required torque.

- Remove the transmission gear (1) and tighten screws (2) by means of proper splined wrench, to the prescribed torque. NOTE Replace the idle gear bushing (1) when wear is detected. After installing the bushing, adjust it to j 58.010 0.10 mm.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

22

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 65

Figure 67

71775

Mount:
45270

Position the gear (2) on the camshaft so that the 4 slots are centred with the holes for fixing the camshaft, without fully locking the screws (5). Using the dial gauge with a magnetic base (1), check that the clearance between the gears (2 and 3) is 0.073 0.195 mm; if this is not so, adjust the clearance as follows: - Loosen the screws (4) fixing the idle gear (3). - Loosen the screw (2, Figure 63) fixing the link rod. Shift the link rod (3, Figure 63) to obtain the required clearance. - Lock the screw (2, Figure 63) fixing the link rod and screws (4, Figure 63) fixing the idle gear to the required torque.

- The injectors (2) and, using a torque wrench, lock the bracket fixing screws to a torque of 36.5 Nm. - The exhaust brake cylinders (1) and (4) and, using a torque wrench, fix them to a torque of 19 Nm. - The crosspieces (3) on the valve stem, all with the largest hole on the same side.

Fitting rocker-arm shaft assembly


Figure 68 NOTE Before refitting the rocker-arm shaft assembly, make sure that all the adjustment screws have been fully unscrewed.

Fitting pump-injectors
Figure 66

116190

Apply the tool 99360553 (1) to the rocker arm shaft (5) and mount the shaft on the cylinder head.
44908

Fit the seals (1) (2) (3) on the injectors.


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

23

Figure 69

Figure 72

70567A

SCHEME OF SCREW TIGHTENING SEQUENCE SECURING ROCKER ARMS Screw screws (1 - 2 - 3) until rocker arms are brought to contact relating seats on cylinder head, tighten the screws according to sequence indicated in figure operating in two steps as indicated in successive figure. Figure 70
71777

Mount the electric wiring (2), securing it on the electro-injectors with a torque screwdriver (1) to a torque of 1.36 - 1.92 Nm.

Camshaft timing
Figure 73

45261

Lock the screws (2) fixing the rocker-arm shaft as follows: - 1st phase: tightening to a torque of 40 Nm (10 kgm) with the torque wrench (1). - 2nd phase: closing with an angle of 60 using the tool 99395216 (3). Figure 71

71776

Apply the tool 99360321 (6) to the gearbox (3).

60574

- Mount the engine brake lever retaining springs (3). - Connect the pipe (2) to the engine brake cylinders (4) and to the cylinder with the engine brake solenoid valve (1).

NOTE The arrow shows the direction of rotation of the engine when running. Using the above-mentioned tool, turn the engine flywheel (1) in the direction of rotation of the engine so as to take the piston of cylinder no.1 to approximately the T.D.C. in the phase of combustion. This condition occurs when the hole with one reference mark (4), after the hole with two reference marks (5) on the engine flywheel (1), can be seen through the inspection window (2).

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

24

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 74

Figure 76

71774

The exact position of piston no.1 at the T.D.C. is obtained when in the above-described conditions the tool 99360612 (1) goes through the seat (2) of the engine speed sensor into the hole (3) in the engine flywheel (4). If this is not the case, turn and adjust the engine flywheel (4) appropriately. Remove the tool 99360612 (1).

77259

The camshaft is in step if at the cam lift values of 4.90 0.05 mm there are the following conditions: 1) the hole marked with a notch (5) can be seen through the inspection window; 2) thetool99360612(1)through theseat (2)of theengine speed sensor goes into the hole (3) in the engine flywheel (4).

Figure 75 Figure 77

106535

Set the dial gauge with the magnetic base (1) with the rod on the roller (2) of the rocker arm that governs the injector of cylinder no.1 and pre-load it by 6 mm. With tool 99360321 (6, Figure 73), turn the crankshaft clockwise until the pointer of the dial gauge reaches the minimum value beyond which it can no longer fall. Reset the dial gauge. Turn the engine flywheel anticlockwise until the dial gauge gives a reading for the lift of the cam of the camshaft of 4.90 0.05 mm.

60575

If you do not obtain the conditions illustrated in Figure 76 and described in points 1 and 2, proceed as follows: 1) loosen the screws (2) securing the gear (1) to the camshaft and utilize the slots (1, Figure 78) on the gear (2, Figure 78); 2) turn the engine flywheel appropriately so as to bring about the conditions described in points 1 and 2 Figure 76, it being understood that the cam lift must not change at all; 3) lock the screws (2) and repeat the check as described above. Tighten the screws (2) to the required torque.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

25

Figure 78

Mount the gear (2, Figure 78) with the 4 slots (1, Figure 78) centred with the fixing holes of the camshaft, locking the relevant screws to the required tightening torque. Check the timing of the shaft by first turning the flywheel clockwise to discharge the cylinder completely and then turn the flywheel anticlockwise until the dial gauge gives a reading of 4.90 0.05. Check the timing conditions described in Figure 76.

Phonic wheel timing


Figure 80
71778

When the adjustment with the slots (1) is not enough to make up the phase difference and the camshaft turns because it becomes integral with the gear (2); as a result, the reference value of the cam lift varies, in this situation it is necessary to proceed as follows: 1) lock the screws (2, Figure 77) and turn the engine flywheel clockwise by approx. 1/2 turn; 2) turn the engine flywheel anticlockwise until the dial gauge gives a reading of the lift of the cam of the camshaft of 4.90 0.05 mm; 3) take out the screws (2, Figure 77) and remove the gear (2) from the camshaft.

Figure 79

77260

Turn the crankshaft by taking the piston of cylinder no. 1 into the compression phase at T.D.C.; turn the flywheel in the opposite direction to the normal direction of rotation by approximately 1/4 of a turn. Again turn the flywheel in its normal direction of rotation until you see the hole marked with the double notch (4) through the inspection hole under the flywheel housing. Insert tool 99360612 (5) into the seat of the flywheel sensor (6). Insert the tool 99360613 (2), via the seat of the phase sensor, onto the tooth obtained on the phonic wheel. Should inserting the tool (2) prove difficult, loosen the screws (3) and adjust the phonic wheel (1) appropriately so that the tool (2) gets positioned on the tooth correctly. Go ahead and tighten the screws (3).
Base - September 2006

77259

Turn the flywheel (4) again to bring about the following conditions: - a notch (5) can be seen through the inspection window; - the tool 99360612 (1) inserted to the bottom of the seat of the engine speed sensor (2) and (3) on the flywheel (4).
Print P1D32C002 E

26

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Intake and exhaust rocker play adjustment and pre-loading of rockers controlling pump injectors
Figure 81

44936A

ADJUSTMENT OF INTAKE, EXHAUST AND INJECTION ROCKERS The adjustment of clearance between the rockers and rods controlling the intake and exhaust valves, as well as the adjustment of pre-loading of the rockers controlling pump injectors, must be carried out carefully. Take the cylinder where clearance must be adjusted to the bursting phase; its valves are closed while balancing the symmetric cylinder valves. Symmetric cylinders are 1-6, 2-5 and 3-4. In order to properly operate, follow these instructions and data specified on the table. Adjustment of clearance between the rockers and rods controlling intake and exhaust valves: - use a polygonal wrench to slacken the locking nut (1) of the rocker arm adjusting screw (2). - insert the thickness gauge blade (3); - tighten or untighten the adjustment screw with the appropriate wrench; - make sure that the gauge blade (3) can slide with a slight friction (for thickness values, refer to table General features in Section 4); - lock the nut (1), by blocking the adjustment screw. Pre-loading of rockers controlling pump injectors: - using a polygonal wrench, loosen the nut locking the rocker adjustment screw (5) controlling the pump injector (6);
Base - September 2006

- using an appropriate wrench (4), loosen the adjustment screw until the pumping element is at the end-of-stroke; - tighten the adjustment screw, with a dynamometric wrench, to 5 Nm tightening torque (0.5 kgm); - untighten the adjustment screw by 1/2 to 3/4 rotation; - tighten the locking nut. FIRING ORDER 1-4-2-6-3-5 Clockwise start-up and rotation
1 and 6 at TDC

Adjusting cylinder valve no. 6 3 5 1 4 2

120 120 120 120 120

Adjusting clearance of cylinder valve no. 1 4 2 6 3 5

Adjusting pre-loading of cylinder injector no. 5 1 4 2 6 3

NOTE In order to properly carry out the above-mentioned adjustments, follow the sequence specified in the table, checking the exact position in each rotation phase by means of pin 99360612, to be inserted in the 11th hole in each of the three sectors with 18 holes each.
Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

27

Figure 82

Figure 84

84377

Fit the distribution cover (1). Fit the blow-by case (7) and its gasket and then tighten the screws (8) to the prescribed torque. Install the filter (5) and the gaskets (4 and 6). NOTE The filter (5) operation is unidirectional, therefore it must be assembled with the two sight supports as illustrated in the figure. Thoroughly clean cover (3) drain hole and suction ducts. Fit the cover (3) and tighten the fastening screws (2) to the prescribed torque.

86929

Rotate the engine, then fit the oil suction strainer. Place gasket (4) on oil sump (1), then position spacer (3) and fit the sump onto the engine base by tightening screws (2) to the specified torque.

ENGINE COMPLETION
NOTE Apply silicone LOCTITE 5970 IVECO No. 29955644 on the blow-by case (7) surface of engines fitted with P.T.O. according to the procedure described in the following figure. Figure 83 Make the engine complete by either fitting or disconnecting the items below: - power take-off (P.T.O.), if any, and its respective pipes; - air compressor complete with power steering pump; - fuel pump; - full fuel filter support and pipes; - EDC control unit; - intake manifold; - preheating resistor; - heat exchanger; - oil filter (lubricate the gasket); - exhaust manifold; - turboblower and its respective water and oil pipes; - damper flywheel and pulley; - thermostat unit; - belt stretcher, water pump and alternator; - electromagnetic joint; - drive belt; - belt stretcher (if any), air-conditioner compressor; - drive belt; - oil level dipstick; - electric connections and sensors.

84392

Apply silicone LOCTITE 5970 IVECO No. 2995644 on the 0.5 blow-by case and form a string (2) of 1.5 , 0.2 as shown in the figure. NOTE Fit the blow-by case (1) within 10 from sealer application.
Print P1D32C002 E

NOTE The fittings of the cooling water and lubricating oil pipes of the turbocharger have to be tightened to a torque of: - 35 5 Nm, water pipe fittings; - 55 5 Nm, oil pipe female fitting; - 20-25 Nm, oil pipe male fitting.
Base - September 2006

28

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 85

Figure 87

112329

To fit the belt (1) use appropriate equipment (2) to adjust the belt tensioner in the direction indicated by the arrow.

106224

NOTE Automatic tensioners do not require further adjustments after the installation.

NOTE To fit the elastic belt commanding the climate control compressor, you must use tool number 99360192 (4). Any other method might cause tension that would be harmful to the elastic belt itself. Apply tool 99360321 (2) to gears box (1). Mount spring belt (3) on driving shaft pulley, mount chock 99360192 (4) on compressor pulley (5) for climate control system. Position spring belt (3) in the opening of tool 99360192 marked with cursor 8. By tool 99360321, rotate driving shaft (6) according to the direction of the arrow () until spring belt (5) is correctly positioned on compressor pulley (3).

Figure 86 NOTE While operating, keep tool 99360192 (4) in contact to pulley (3) and at the same time guide spring belt (5) in order to prevent it from twisting.

NOTE Spring belt must be replaced by a new one after every dismounting operation.

- Refuel engine with provided oil quantity. Dismount engine from rotary stand and take off brackets (99361036) securing the engine. Mount: - sound deadening guard; - pipes.
102650

COMPRESSOR CONTROL BELT ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM 1. Alternator - 2. Air conditioner compressor 3. Electromagnetic joint; - 4. Water pump 5. Crankshaft - 6. Spring belt
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

29

PART TWO ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

30

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

31

Components on the engine F2B


Figure 1 (Demonstration)

99286

ENGINE RIGHT-HAND SIDE VIEW

Figure 2

(Demonstration)

99287

ENGINE LEFT-HAND SIDE VIEW

A. Resistance for engine warming - B. Fuel filter clogged signalling switch - C. Fuel temperature sensor - D. Engine rpm sensor on camshaft - E. Starter motor - F. Engine intake air temperature sensor - G. Alternator - H. Boosting pressure sensor I. Conditioner compressor - L. EDC (MS6.2) control unit - M. Connector on engine head for connection with injector solenoid valves - N. Water temperature for EDC (MS6.2) - O. Water temperature sensor - P. Oil pressure transmitter Q. Engine speed on flywheel sensor - R. Low oil pressure transmitter.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

32

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

BLOCK DIAGRAM
Figure 3

Connections on frame side


115776

KEYS 1. Solenoid valve for variable geometry control - 2. Engine oil pressure/temperature sensor - 3. Fuel temperature sensor 4. Coolant temperature sensor - 5. Distribution sensor - 6. Flywheel sensor - 7. Turbine revs sensor - 8. Solenoid valve for VGT control - 9. Engine brake solenoid valve - 10. Pump injectors.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

33

EDC SYSTEM FUNCTIONS


The EDC7 UC31 electronic center manages the following main functions: Fuel injection Accessory functions such as cruise control, speed limiter, PTO and the like Self-diagnosis Recovery It also enables: Interfacing with other electronic systems (if any) available on the vehicle Diagnosis Fuel dosing Fuel dosing is calculated based on: - accelerator pedal position - engine rpm - quantity of air admitted. The result can be corrected based on: - water temperature or to prevent: - noise - fumes - overloads - overheating Pressure can be adjusted in case of: - engine brake actuation - external device actuation (e.g. speed reducer, cruise control) - serious defects involving load reduction or engine stop. After determining the mass of air introduced by measuring its volume and temperature, the center calculates the corresponding mass of fuel to be injected into the cylinder involved, with account also taken of gas oil temperature. Delivery correction based on water temperature When cold, the engine encounters greater operating resistance, mechanical friction is high, oil is till very viscous and operating plays are not optimized yet. Fuel injected also tends to condense on cold metal surfaces. Fuel dosing with a cold engine is therefore greater than when hot. Delivery correction to prevent noise, fumes or overloads Behaviors that could lead to the defects under review are well known, so the designer has added specific instructions to the center to prevent them. De-rating In the event of engine overheating, decreasing delivery proportionally to the temperature reached by the coolant changes injection. Turbine rpm regulation Turbine speed is constantly regulated and rectified, if necessary, by operating on geometry variation.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

34

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Injection lead electronic control Injection lead, or the start of fuel delivery expressed in degrees, can differ from one injection to the next, even from one cylinder to another and is calculated similarly to delivery according to engine load, namely, accelerator position, engine rpm and air admitted. Lead is corrected as required: - during acceleration - according to water temperature and to obtain: - reduced emissions, noise abatement and no overload - better vehicle acceleration High injection lead is set at start, based on water temperature. Delivery start feedback is given by injection electro valve impedance variation. Engine start Cylinder 1 step and recognition signal synchronization (flywheel and drive shaft sensors) takes place at first engine turns. Accelerator pedal signal is ignored at start. Star delivery is set exclusively based on water temperature, via a specific map. The center enables the accelerator pedal, when it detects flywheel acceleration and rpm such as to consider the engine as started and no longer drawn by the starter motor. Cold start Pre-post reheating is activated when even only one of the three water, air or gas oil temperature sensors records a temperature of below 10 _C. The pre-heat warning light goes on when the ignition key is inserted and stays on for a variable period of time according to temperature, while the intake duct input resistor heats the air, then starts blinking, at which point the engine can be started. The warning light switches off with the engine revving, while the resistor continues being fed for a variable period of time to complete post-heating. The operation is cancelled to avoid uselessly discharging the batteries if the engine is not started within 20 25 seconds with the warning light blinking. The pre-heat curve is also variable based on battery voltage. Hot start On inserting the ignition key the warning light goes on for some 2 seconds for a short test and then switches off when all reference temperatures are above 10 _C. The engine can be started at this point. Run Up When the ignition key is inserted, the center transfers data stored at previous engine stop to the main memory (Cf. After run), and diagnoses the system. After Run At each engine stop with the ignition key, the center still remains fed by the main relay for a few seconds, to enable the microprocessor to transfer some data from the main volatile memory to an non-volatile, cancelable and rewritable (Eeprom) memory to make tem available for the next start (Cf. Run Up). These data essentially consists of: - miscellaneous settings, such as engine idling and the like - settings of some components - breakdown memory The process lasts for some seconds, typically from 2 to 7 according to the amount of data to be stored, after which the ECU sends a command to the main relay and makes it disconnect from the battery.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

35

This procedure must never be interrupted, by cutting the engine off from the battery cutout or disconnecting the latter before 10 seconds at least after engine cutout. In this case, system operation is guaranteed until the fifth improper engine cutout, after which an error is stored in the breakdown memory and the engine operates at lower performance at next start while the EDC warning light stays on. Repeated procedure interruptions could in fact lead to center damage.

Cut-off It refers to the supply cut-off function during deceleration. Cylinder Balancing Individual cylinder balancing contributes to increasing comfort and operability. This function enables individual personalized fuel delivery control and delivery start for each cylinder, even differently between each cylinder, to compensate for injector hydraulic tolerances. The flow (rating feature) differences between the various injectors cannot be evaluated directly by the control unit. This information is provided by the entry of the codes for every single injector, by means of the diagnosis instrument. Synchronization search The center can anyhow recognize the cylinder to inject fuel into even in the absence of a signal from the camshaft sensor. If this occurs when the engine is already started, combustion sequence is already acquired, so the center continues with the sequence it is already synchronized on; if it occurs with the engine stopped, the center only actuates one electro valve. Injection occurs onside that cylinder within 2 shaft revs at the utmost so the center is only required to synchronize on the firing sequence and start the engine. In order to reduce the number of connections, and of the cables connecting the injectors, and to consequently reduce the nose on transmitted signal, the central unit is directly mounted on the engine by a heat exchanger enabling its cooling, using spring blocks which reduce vibrations transmitted from engine. It is connected to vehicle wiring harness by two 35-pole connectors: connector A for components present on the engine connector B for components present on the cab Internally, there is a pressure ambient sensor use to further improve injection system management. The central unit is equipped with a much advanced self-diagnosis system and, depending on environmental conditions, is capable to identify and store any faults, even of intermittent type, occurred to the system during vehicle running, ensuring a more correct and reliable repair intervention.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

36

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

EDC 7 UC31 electronic control unit


Figure 4 C A

102373

A. Injector connector - B. Chassis connector - C. Sensor connector.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

37

Electric injector connector A


Figure 5

12

16

11

Colour legend B black R red U blue W white P purple G green N brown Y yellow O orange E grey K pink

102374

ECU Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Print P1D32C002 E

Colour legend B B B W G R O N Y R R U G P

Functio Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 5 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 6 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 4 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 1 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 3 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 2 injection Exhaust brake control solenoid valve Exhaust brake control solenoid valve Free Free Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 2 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 3 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 1 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 4 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 6 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 5 injection
Base - September 2006

38

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Sensor connector C
Figure 6

16

15

22

Colour legend B black R red U blue W white P purple G green N brown Y yellow O orange E grey K pink

4 5

23 30

36

29
102375

ECU Pin 1 2 3 48 9 10 1114 15 16 17 18 19 20 2122 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

Cable colour N B W R K O/B B N W N W Y O/B U W O R G W/R O

Function Solenoid valve for variable geometry turbine control Free Solenoid valve for variable geometry turbine control Free Distribution sensor Distribution sensor Coolant temperature sensor Free Fuel temperature sensor mass Fuel temperature sensor Flywheel sensor Booster speed sensor Free Flywheel sensor Engine oil temperature/pressure sensor ground Mass for air pressure / temperature sensor Coolant temperature sensor Oil pressure signal from engine oil pressure / temperature sensor Oil temperature signal from engine oil pressure / temperature sensor Free Booster speed sensor Free Engine oil temperature/pressure sensor power supply Air temperature/pressure sensor power supply Air pressure signal from the air temperature/ pressure sensor Fuel temperature sensor Air temperature signal from the air temperature / pressure sensor
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

39

Chassis connector B
Figure 7 71 89 72 54 6 11

1 7 12

53

35

18

36

17

102376

ECU pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 30 31 32 33 34 35
Print P1D32C002 E

FUNCTION Lambda sensor heater signal (*) Positive voltage direct from battery Positive voltage direct from battery Lambda sensor heater supply (*) Battery negative Battery negative Negative voltage for control relay of heater grid control 2 (*) Positive voltage direct from battery Positive voltage direct from battery Battery negative voltage Battery negative voltage Signal from grid on heater 1 (*) Positive voltage +15 Positive voltage for air conditioning compressor (*) Signal from air conditioning compressor (*) Negative voltage speed 1 fan Starting relay negative voltage Turbine sensor signal (*) Turbine sensor earth (*) Negative voltage intercooler by-pass valve (*) Supply voltage for switches To diagnostic warning light Additional solenoid valve signal Earth for particle filter temperature sensor (*) Signal for particle filter temperature sensor (*) Intake air humidity and temperature sensor signal Intake air humidity and temperature sensor signal Intake air humidity and temperature sensor earth To diagnostic warning light Cruise control positive signal (*) Negative voltage from engine start switch from engine compartment Tachometer output signal (*) (Low) signal CAN 2 line interface input (High) signal CAN 2 line interface
Base - September 2006

40

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

ECU pin 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 85 87 88 89 * If present

FUNCTION Negative voltage for fuel filter heater switch (*) Starting relay positive voltage OBD lamp negative voltage (*) Speed limiter lamp negative voltage (*) Positive voltage +15 under lock Positive voltage from main brake switch Negative voltage from sensor detecting water in the pre-filter Signal 1 from Lambda probe (*) Signal 2 from Lambda probe (*) Signal 3 from Lambda probe (*) Cruise control positive signal (*) Negative voltage from engine stop switch from engine compartment Negative voltage from accelerator pedal idling switch Positive voltage from brake switch (redundant signal) Positive voltage +12 (Low) signal CAN 1 line interface input (High) signal CAN 1 line interface Negative voltage for fan second speed control switch (*) Positive voltage for engine brake exhaust gas solenoid valve (*) Negative voltage for pre-heating lamp (*) Positive voltage speed 1 fan (*) Earth for engine brake exhaust gas solenoid valve (*) Earth for blow-by pressure difference sensor (*) Positive voltage for blow-by pressure difference sensor (*) Passive analogue signal from torque limiter multiple resistor (*) Signal 4 from Lambda probe (*) Cruise control positive signal (*) Earth from multiple resistor torque limiter (*) Positive voltage from clutch switch (torque converter) (*) Earth for cooling fan speed sensor (*) Signal from cooling fan speed sensor (*) Vehicle speed sensor earth (*) Vehicle speed sensor signal (*) Synchronising bit on serial interface input signal Local area network interconnection input signal Cruise control positive signal (*) Supply voltage for grid on heater 1 (*) Earth for exhaust gas temperature sensor (*) Supply voltage for accelerator potentiometer Earth for accelerator potentiometer Signal from accelerator potentiometer Signal from exhaust gas temperature sensor (*) Signal from particle trap differential pressure sensor (*) Positive voltage from particle trap differential pressure sensor (*) Earth from particle trap differential pressure sensor (*) Negative voltage from diagnostic request switch Crankshaft rotation output signal Camshaft rotation output signal ISO-K interface input signal

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

41

Pump injector (78247)


It consists mainly of: A) Solenoid valve B) Pumping element C) Nozzle These three parts CANNOT be replaced individually and CANNOT be overhauled. The pumping element, mechanically actuated at every rocker arm cycle, compresses the fuel container in the delivery chamber. The nozzle, whose composition and operation are similar to those of traditional injectors, is opened by the fuel under pressure and sprays it into the combustion chamber. A solenoid valve, directly controlled by the electronic control unit, determines delivery according to the control signal. A casing houses the lower part of the pump injector in the cylinder head.

Figure 8

106978

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

42

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

The electro valve is of the N.A. type. Coil resistance is ~ 0.56 0.57 Ohm. Maximum operating voltage is ~ 12 15 Amp. Based on voltage absorbed by the electro valve, the electronic center can identify whether injection was correct or mechanical problems exist. It can also detect injector errors ONLY with the engine running or during starts. Injectors are individually connected to the center between pins: A4 / A13 cylinder 1 injector A11 / A6 cylinder 2 injector A5 / A12 cylinder 3 injector A3 / A14 cylinder 4 injector A1 / A16 cylinder 5 injector A2 / A15 cylinder 6 injector Injectors are connected to the center with connector ST - E mounted on the engine front with a twisted cable, to avoid possible electromagnetic interference problems, so junctions or repairs on it must NOT be performed.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

43

Exhaust brake solenoid valve (78050)


Figure 9

115575

CURSOR 8 This on/off solenoid valve is NC type. In Cursor 8 engines it is positioned in the front part of the engine on the head. The electronic control unit pilots this solenoid valve and opens the way to engine oil so as to engage the hydraulic cylinders of the exhaust brake. A warning light located on the dashboard is connected in parallel to this solenoid valve in order to inform the driver that it has tripped. While feeding this solenoid valve, the control unit also activates the VGT. The exhaust brake can be engaged only if the engine revolutions are > 1000 rpm. This solenoid valve is connected to the EDC electronic control unit between pins A7 / A8. The resistance of the coil is approx. 37 to 47 Ohm.

Solenoid valve for VGT control


Figure 10

106995

This N.C. proportional solenoid valve is located on the left-hand side of the crankcase under the turbine. The electronic control unit, via a PWM signal, controls the solenoid valve, governing the supply pressure of the turbine actuator, which, on changing its position, modifies the cross-section of the flow of exhaust gases onto the blades of the impeller and therefore its speed. The resistance of the coil is approx. 20-30 Ohms. The VGT electro valve is connected between electronic center pins C3/C1.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

44

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Distribution pulse transmitter (48042)


Features Vendor Torque Resistance BOSCH 8 2 Nm 880 920

This induction type sensor located on the camshaft generates signals obtained from the magnetic flow lines that close through the 6 plus 1 phase teeth of a sound wheel mounted on the shaft. The electronic center uses the signal generated by this sensor as an injection step signal. Though electrically identical to (48035) engine rpm sensor mounted in the camshaft in is NOT interchangeable with it as it cable is shorter and it features a larger diameter. This sensors air gap is NOT ADJUSTABLE.

Figure 11

Figure 13

106989 106987

WIRING DIAGRAM

TECHNICAL VIEW

Figure 12

Figure 14

106988

8520

PERSPECTIVE VIEW

REFERENCE ON SOUND WHEEL

Connector 1 2 3 To EDC center pin C 10 To EDC center pin C 9 Shields

Function

Cable colour

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

45

Engine coolant temperature sensor (85153)


This N.T.C. type sensor located on the water outlet sump on the engine head left measures coolant temperature for the various operating logics with a hot or cold engine and identifies injection enrichment requirements for a cold engine or fuel reduction requirements for a hot engine. The coolant temperature signal is used for display on the Cluster and to control the fan. It is connected to electronic center pins C15/C26. Sensor behavior as a function of temperature: - 10 C + 20 C + 80 C 8,10 10,77 kOhm 2,28 2,72 kOhm 0,29 0,364 kOhm

At 60 to 90 _C, voltage at A5 and A22 ranges from 0.6 to 2.4V.

Figure 15

104266

Connector 2 3 To EDC center pin C 15 To EDC center pin C 26

Function

Cable colour

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

46

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Fuel temperature sensor (47042)


Features Vendor Maximum torque BOSCH 35 Nm

This N.T.C. type sensor located on the fuel filter on the engine left side detects fuel temperature and enables the electronic center to measure fuel density and volume for delivery correction.

Figure 16

104267

Connector 2 3 To EDC center pin C 18 To EDC center pin C 35

Function

Cable colour

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

47

Flywheel pulse transmitter (48035)


Features Vendor Torque Resistance BOSCH 8 2 Nm 880 920

This induction type sensor located on the flywheel generates signals obtained from the magnetic flow lines that close through 54 holes in three series of 18 in the flywheel. The electronic center uses this signal to detect the various engine ratings and pilot the electronic rev counter. The rev counter does not operate in the absence of this signal. This sensors air gap is NOT ADJUSTABLE.

Figure 17

Figure 19

106986

TECHNICAL VIEW

106984

WIRING DIAGRAM

Figure 18

Figure 20

8520

PERSPECTIVE VIEW

106985

HOLES ON FLYWHEEL

Connector 1 2 3 To EDC center pin C 23 To EDC center pin C 19 Shields

Function

Cable colour

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

48

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Turbine rpm sensor (48043)


This is an inductive sensor positioned on the impeller shaft. It generates signals obtained from the magnetic flow lines, which close through a notch obtained on the shaft itself. The signal generated by this sensor is used by the electronic control unit to verify that the turbine revs number does not exceed the maximum value. To control the revs number, the control unit acts on variable geometry. If the revs number keeps on increasing until it reaches excessive r.p.m. values, the electronic control unit will detect an anomaly. The gap of this sensor CANNOT BE ADJUSTED. It is connected on electronic control unit pins C30 / C20. The sensor resistance value is 400 Ohm. Figure 21

Wiring diagram

106996

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

49

Figure 22

Air pressure/temperature sensor (85156)


This component incorporates a temperature sensor and a pressure sensor. IIt replaces the temperature sensors (85155) and pressure sensors (85154) available in the preceding systems. It is fitted onto the intake manifold and measures the maximum supplied air flow rate used to accurately calculate the amount of fuel to be injected at every cycle. The sensor is powered with 5 V. The output voltage is proportional to the pressure or temperature measured by the sensor. Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC)
50324

25/C - 33/C 36/C 34/C

Power supply Temperature Pressure

Sensor external view Figure 23

Oil temperature/pressure sensor (42030 / 47032)


This component is identical to the air pressure/temperature sensor and replaced single sensors 47032 / 42030. It is fitted onto the engine oil filter, in a horizontal position. It measures the engine oil temperature and pressure. The measured signal is sent to the EDC control unit which controls, in turn, the indicator instrument on the dashboard (low pressure warning lights / gauge). Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC)
50323

24/C - 32/C 27/C 28/C

Power supply Temperature Pressure

The engine oil temperature is used only by the EDC control unit.

Linking connector Figure 24 Ref Ref. 1 2 3 4 Description Ground Temp. Sign. +5 Press. Sign. Control unit pin Oil 24C 27C 32C 28C Air 25C 36C 33C 34C

50344

Wiring diagram
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

50

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Pre-post reheat resistor (61121)


Figure 25

A. Pre/ort reheat resistor / 0.7 Ohm. This resistor located between the cylinder head and the intake duct is used to heat air in pre/post reheat operations.

106990

By inserting the key switch, when even only one of the water, air or gas oil temperature sensors record less than 10 _C, the electronic center activates pre/post reheating and switches on the warning light on the cab instrument panel for a variable period according to temperature, after which the light starts blinking to inform the operator that the engine can be started. The warning light goes off after engine start but the resistor continues being supplied for a variable period of time to complete post reheating. The operation is cancelled to prevent uselessly discharging the battery if the engine is not started within 20/25 seconds with the warning light blinking. When reference temperature is above 10 _C, actuating the ignition key makes the warning light go on for some 2 seconds to complete the test and then turns it of to indicate the engine can be started.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

51

PART THREE - TROUBLESHOOTING

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

52

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

53

PREFACE
A successful troubleshooting is carried out with the competence acquired by years of experience and attending training courses. When the user complains for bad efficiency or working anomaly, his indications must be kept into proper consideration using them to acquire any useful information to focus the intervention. After the detection of the existing anomaly, it is recommended to proceed with the operations of troubleshooting by decoding the auto-troubleshooting data provided by the EDC system electronic central unit. The continuous efficiency tests of the components connected to, and the check of working conditions of the entire system carried out during working, can offer an important diagnosis indication, available through the decoding of the failure/anomaly codes. It should be noted, that the interpretation of the indications given by the diagnostic device is not sufficient to guarantee that all failures are healed. Using IVECO processing instruments, it is also possible to establish a bi-directional connection with the central unit, by which not only to decoding the failure codes but also input an enquiry relying on memory files, in order to achieve any further necessary information to identify the origin of the anomaly.

Every time there is a breakdown claim and this breakdown is actually detected, it is necessary to proceed inquiring the electronic unit in one of the ways indicated and then proceed with the diagnostic research making trials and tests in order to have a picture of the working conditions and identify the root causes of the anomaly. In case the electronic device is not providing any indication, it will be necessary to proceed relying on the experience, adopting traditional diagnosis procedures. In order to compensate the operators lack of experience in this new system, we are hereby providing the USERs GUIDELINE FOR TROUBLESHOOTING in the following pages. The GUIDELINE is composed of two different parts: - Part 1: DTC codes and their indications are listed and interpreted; DTC codes can be viewed on the Iveco Motors diagnostic device; - Part 2: guide to diagnostics, divided according to symptoms, including the description of possible failures not identified by the electronic control unit, often mechanical or hydraulic failures.

Any kind of operation on the electronic center unit must be executed by qualified personnel, duly authorized by IVECO. Any unauthorized tamper will involve decay of after-sales service in warranty.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

54

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

55

DTC error codes with EDC7 UC31 central unit

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

56

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

113

ACCELERATOR PEDAL/BRAKE PEDAL SUSPECT

Vehicle acceleration Accelerator pedal and Check the accelerator very slow. brake pressed pedal signal and pedal simultaneously (for mechanical movement. Engine idle speed: 500 too long); rpm. Accelerator pedal blocked or faulty; Incorrect vehicle. use of

116

CLUTCH SIGNAL The parameter reading Clutch switch faulty or Check clutch pedal switch SUSPECT shows that the clutch is wiring problems in and wiring. pressed. pedal. BRAKE PEDAL Slight power reduction. Main and secondary Check the synchronisation SIGNAL ERROR brake switch not of both switches (signal) synchronised. and wiring. One of the two brake pedal switches may be stuck.

117

119

PLAUSIBILITY +15

Possible mechanical Check wiring. problem (in pawl) or electrical problem. light Short circuit defective wiring. light Short circuit defective wiring. light Short circuit defective wiring. light Short circuit defective wiring. or Check wiring. or Check wiring. or Check wiring. or Check wiring.
SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

121 122 123 124 125

SPEED LIMITER Warning W/LIGHT permanently off. WARNING LIGHT Warning EOBD permanently off. EDC LAMP COLD LAMP MAIN DEFECT Warning permanently off. START Warning permanently off.

RELAY Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. earth. Replace relay if necessary.

57

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

58

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

126

BATTERY VOLTAGE

Possible problems Alternator or battery Check wiring. during after-run. defective. Replace alternator Possible wiring regulator or battery. problem. Replace the alternator if necessary. not Relay or wiring Check wiring. short-circuited or Replace relay if necessary. interrupted.

127

ENGINE BRAKE Engine brake ELECTROVALVE operational.

128

MAIN RELAY - Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between SHORT CIRCUIT during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. TO BATTERY earth. Replace relay if necessary. Relay may be faulty. AIR-CONDITION Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between ER COMPRESSOR during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. RELAY earth. Replace relay if necessary. Relay may be faulty. RELAIS ENGINE VALVE FOR Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between BRAKE during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. earth. Replace relay if necessary. Relay may be faulty. Relay or wiring Check wiring. short-circuited or Replace relay if necessary. interrupted. Relay or wiring Check wiring. short-circuited or Replace relay if necessary. interrupted. and

129

12A

12B

THERMOSTARTE Heater not working. R RELAY 1 (HEATER) THERMOSTARTE R RELAY 2 MANAGEMENT SYSTEM PRE/POST-HEATI NG (ACTIVE) Heater not working.

12C

12E

Grid heater Grid heater short Check wiring permanently operating. circuited to earth. component.

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

131

COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR (TEST)

No reaction noticeable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace on behalf of the driver. or value implausible. sensor if necessary. Slight power reduction. Operation in extreme Ensure the engine is not environmental working in extreme conditions or sensor environmental conditions. inaccurate. Check the wiring and the sensor accuracy. Replace necessary. sensor if

132

133

AIR Slight power reduction. Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace TEMPERATURE or value implausible. sensor if necessary. SENSOR BOOST AIR BOOST PRESSURE No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited SENSOR by the driver. or difference between environmental Parameter recovery pressure and turbo value: 2700 mbar. pressure implausible. FUEL TEMPERATURE SENSOR Check the wiring. Also check the environmental pressure sensor. Replace necessary. sensor if

134

135

Slight power reduction. Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace or value implausible. sensor if necessary.

138

OIL PRESSURE No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring and oil SENSOR by the driver. or value implausible. level. Parameter recovery Replace sensor if value: 3000 mbar. necessary.

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

59

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

60

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

13A

OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR

No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace by the driver. or value implausible. sensor if necessary. Parameter recovery value: coolant temperature value (if intact) otherwise 120C). No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace by the driver. or value implausible. sensor if necessary. Parameter recovery value: 40C. No reaction noticeable Signal interrupted or Check wiring on behalf of the driver. wiring problem. installation. Sensor installation Replace may not be correct. necessary. sensor and if and if and if and both

13C

ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE SENSOR (HUMIDTIY?) CRANKSHAFT SPEED

141

142

ENGINE No reaction perceivable Signal interrupted or WORKING ONLY by the driver. wiring problem. WITH CAMSHAFT Sensor installation SENSOR may not be correct. CAMSHAFT SENSOR

Check wiring installation. Replace necessary. sensor

143

No reaction perceivable Signal interrupted or Check wiring by the driver. wiring problem. installation. Sensor installation Replace may not be correct. necessary. sensor

144

FAULT BETWEEN No reaction noticeable Signal interrupted or Check wiring FLYWHEEL on behalf of the driver. wiring problem. installation of SENSOR AND sensors. Flywheel and timing CAMSHAFT sensor installation may be incorrect.

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

145

FAN RELAY

No reaction perceivable Short circuit or fan Check the wiring and the by the driver. actuator faulty. fan actuator. Fan off. Replace the actuator if necessary. relay Check the wiring. Replace relay if necessary.

148

AIR-CONDITION Air conditioner Wiring or ER COMPRESSOR permanently off. short-circuited. RELAY PRE-HEATING Filter heater RELAY FUEL working. FILTER INJECTOR CYLINDER 1

149

not Wiring or filter heater Check the wiring. Replace short-circuited. the filter heater if necessary.

151

The engine runs on 5 Injector no.1 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector. The engine runs on 5 Injector no.2 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector.

152

INJECTOR CYLINDER 2

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

61

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

62

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

153

INJECTOR CYLINDER 3

The engine runs on 5 Injector no.3 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector. The engine runs on 5 Injector no.4 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector. The engine runs on 5 Injector no.5 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector.

154

INJECTOR CYLINDER 4

155

INJECTOR CYLINDER 5

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

156

INJECTOR CYLINDER 6

The engine runs on 5 Injector no.6 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector.

161

INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 1 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 2 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 3 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit.

162

163

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

63

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

64

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

164

165

166

167

168

INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 4 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 5 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 6 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. CYLINDER 1 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem OPEN CIRCUIT operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. CYLINDER 2 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem OPEN CIRCUIT operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser).

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

169

INJECTOR CYLINDER 3 OPEN CIRCUIT

One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). Compression Test in After carrying out the progress. compression test, turn the key OFF (after-run).

16A

INJECTOR CYLINDER 4 OPEN CIRCUIT

16B

INJECTOR CYLINDER 5 OPEN CIRCUIT

16C

INJECTOR CYLINDER 6 OPEN CIRCUIT

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

16D

COMPRESSION TEST IN PROGRESS

65

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

66

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

16E

THE MINIMUM More than 2 injectors NUMBER OF not operating. INJECTIONS WAS NOT REACHED: STOP THE ENGINE BENCH 1 CC

See individual faults in injectors.

171

One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem. Possible internal problem operating. Injectors also in ECM. short-circuited. Replace the injector if necessary. One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem. Possible internal problem operating. Injectors also in ECM. short-circuited. Replace the injector if necessary. Replace the control unit. engine

173

BENCH 2 CC

17C

BENCH 1 One or more injectors Fault in control unit. INJECTORS (bank 1 or bank 2) may CHECK not be operating. (INTERNAL ECU)

189

EGR POWER ST. No fault perceived by Short circuit or EGR Check wiring. SHORT TO BATT. the driver. actuator faulty. Replace the EGR actuator EGR not working. if necessary. TURBINE ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE Poor performance. VGT actuator wiring defective. or Check VGT wiring and actuator.

191

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

192

TURBINE Poor performance. ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE SHORT CIRCUIT TO POSITIVE

VGT actuator wiring defective.

or Check VGT wiring and actuator.

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

193

TURBINE WHEEL Poor performance. REVS SENSOR

Air filter blocked or Check the air filter and turbine rpm sensor check parameters linked signal implausible. with the turbine by performing a road test (parameter acquisition). Sensor implausible. signal Determine which turbine component caused the problem. Sensor may be faulty.

198

FAULT ON AT Poor performance. LEAST TWO OF THE FOLLOWING SENSORS: TURBINE SPEED, BOOT PRESSURE AND EXHAUST GAS PRESSURE TURBOCHARGER Poor performance. CONTROL BOOST PRESSURE FAILURE (PCR) TURBINE SPEED Poor performance. EXCEEDING EVERY PERMITTED RANGE TURBINE IN Poor performance. OVERSPEED (the fault is not displayed if it is caused by a low atmosperic pressure)

199

Turbo sensor or Check turbine sensors and actuator may be faulty. actuator (parameter acquisition). Air filter may be blocked. Check whether air filter is blocked. Turbo sensor or Check turbine sensors and actuator may be faulty. actuator (parameter acquisition). Air filter may be blocked. Check whether air filter is blocked. Air filter blocked or Check the air filter and turbine rpm sensor check parameters linked signal implausible. with the turbine by performing a road test (parameter acquisition).

19A

19B

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

67

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

68

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

19F

NOx ERROR

SENSOR No effect perceived by Sensor the driver. implausible.

signal Check the Nox sensor.

Nox sensor may be faulty. 1A5 TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by Problems in the Check wiring. CAN MESSAGE the driver. Denoxtronic (on the Check and correct any DM1DCU CAN line). faults in the Denoxtronic control unit. TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN configuration CAN MESSAGE the driver. incorrect. SCR1 CAN connections defective. Terminal resistance not suitable. 1AE HUMIDITY SENSOR No effect perceived by Sensor short-circuited Check wiring. the driver. or faulty. Replace sensor necessary. if Check CAN line wiring. Check Denoxtronic control unit wiring and operation.

1A6

1AF

SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT)

Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

1B1

ERROR ON CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CONTROLLER A the driver. incorrect. Check terminal CAN connections resistances. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.
F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

1B2

ERROR ON CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CONTROLLER B the driver. incorrect. Check terminal CAN connections resistances. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

1B3

ERROR ON CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CONTROLLER C the driver. incorrect. Check terminal CAN connections resistances. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

1B4

TIMEOUT MESSAGE BC2EDC1

CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. the driver. incorrect. Check BC wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

1B5

TIMEOUT MESSAGE VM2EDC

CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. the driver. incorrect. Check VCM wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.
SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1B7

ERROR ON No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. MESSAGES CAN the driver. incorrect. Check ECM wiring and IN CAN connections operation. TRANSMISSION defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

69

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

70

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1B9

ERROR ON THE No effect perceived by MIL/Body Controller EOBD LIGHT the driver. warning light defective. MANAGED BY THE CLUSTER) TIMEOUT MESSAGE DISPLAY

Consult the Body Controller troubleshooting guide and check the CAN line.

1BA

CAN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Consult the VCM DASH the driver. VCM inconsistent. troubleshooting guide and check the CAN line.

1BC

TIMEOUT CAN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Consult the VCM MESSAGE the driver. VCM inconsistent. troubleshooting guide and AMBCOND check the CAN line. TIMEOUT CAN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Consult the VCM/BC MESSAGE CCVS the driver. VCM or BC troubleshooting guide and inconsistent. check the CAN line. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the ETC CAN ETC1 the driver. ETC (gearbox) connection with the CAN inconsistent. line. TIMEOUT IN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCO RECEIVING TC01 the driver. TCO inconsistent. connection with the CAN CAN MESSAGE line. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN TSC1-PE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN TSC1-VE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Electrical interference If the error persists to MONITORING the driver. or internal control unit replace ECU. ERROR problems. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash. unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault. central unit, if needed.

1BD

1C2

1C3

1C6

1C8

1D1

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

1D2

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

1D3

ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault central unit, if needed. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. MONITORING the driver. ERROR ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. MONITORING the driver. ERROR ECU INTERNAL Control ERROR (TPU) deactivation. If the error persists to replace ECU. If the error persists to replace ECU.

1D4

1D5

1D6

unit Electronic If the error persists to interference or replace ECU. control unit faulty. If the error persists to replace ECU.

1D8

ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. MONITORING the driver. ERROR IMMOBILIZER

1E2

The engine fails to start. Problem in CAN line Check the Immobiliser or immobiliser control control unit is correctly unit. connected. Enter the Immobiliser PIN code during the emergency procedure.

1E3

ERROR FOR ECU No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. INTERNAL the driver. MONITORING ERROR FOR ECU No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. INTERNAL the driver. MONITORING

If the error persists to replace ECU.


SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1E4

If the error persists to replace ECU.

1E5

SENSORS POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY FAULT the driver. battery voltage or connections with the (12V) possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary.

71

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

72

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1E6

SENSOR POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY 1 the driver. battery voltage or connections with the possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. SENSOR POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY 2 the driver. battery voltage or connections with the possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. SENSOR POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY 3 the driver. battery voltage or connections with the possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or MONITORING the driver. battery voltage or connections with the ERROR possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or MONITORING the driver. battery voltage or connections with the ERROR possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE SENSOR No effect perceived by Fault in sensor inside Change ECU. the driver. control unit. Environmental pressure recovery value: 700 mbar.

1E7

1E8

1E9

1EA

1EB

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

1FA

TOO HIGH No reaction perceivable Particulate filter may Check filter. NUMBER OF by the driver. be blocked. REGENERATIONS Too many filter DEMAND regenerations carried out. PERMANENT No reaction perceivable Catalytic converter Check catalytic converter RIGENERATION by the driver. not installed or visually. ON TRAP damaged. PARTICLE FIRST SENSOR No reaction perceivable Temperature sensors Check information and EXAUSTED GAS by the driver. damaged or condition of sensors. TEMPERATURE incorrectly fitted. TOO HIGH No reaction noticeable Actuator coil faulty or Check actuator condition. EFFICIENCY OF on behalf of the driver. not within specified CATALYST tolerance limits. SYSTEM INTERRUPTED AFTER-RUN Slight power reduction. The control unit is Check wiring and then turned off by the replace the main relay. general switch instead of by the key (k15). Possible problem in main relay or connections.

1FB

1FC

21F

225

228

MAIN RELAY - Slight power reduction. Short circuit in main Check wiring between SHORT CIRCUIT relay or relay faulty. battery and ECM and then TO GROUND replace the main relay. Coolant Slight power reduction. Extreme Ensure the engine is temperature sensor environmental working in non-critical absolute test conditions or sensor conditions. incorrectly adjusted. Check the sensor connections and accuracy. Replace necessary. sensor if

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

232

73

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

74

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

238

OIL PRESSURE

LOW Slight power reduction. Sensor incorrectly Check the sensor adjusted or faults in connections and accuracy. lubrication system. Check the lubrication system. Slight power reduction. Sensor incorrectly Check the sensor adjusted or faults in connections and accuracy. lubrication system. Check the lubrication system. Replace the control unit. engine

23A

OIL TEMPERATURE ABOVE NORMAL

27C

BENCH 2 One or more injectors Fault in control unit. INJECTORS (bank 1 or bank 2) may CHECK not be operating. (INTERNAL ECU) TURBINE Poor performance. ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE SHORT CIRCUIT TO GROUND VGT actuator wiring defective.

292

or Check VGT wiring and actuator.

2A6

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by Problem in the Check the faults in the CAN MESSAGE the driver. Denoxtronic (on the Denoxtronic and consult SCR2 CAN line). the control unit troubleshooting guide. Check wiring. SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT) TIMEOUT MESSAGE BC2EDC2 Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.
F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

2AF

2B4

CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. the driver. incorrect. Check BC wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

2C6

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN MESSAGE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN TSC1-PE PASSIVE Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN TSC1-VR the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the tachograph CAN TIMEDATE the driver. TC (tachograph) connection with the CAN inconsistent. line. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash. unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault. central unit, if needed. ERROR CHECK OF Slight power reduction. Oil over-diluted. CRITICAL TIME FOR OIL DILUTION TURBINE ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE Poor performance. Change the engine oil.

2C8

2C9

2D3

2FF

392

Connection damaged. Check VGT connection and actuator. Battery voltage excessive (ECU overheating). Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

3AF

SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

3C8

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN MESSAGE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN TSC1-VE PASSIVE Control Unit) line. inconsistent.

75

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

76

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

3C9

ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CAN HRDV the driver. incorrect. Check BC wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

3D3

ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash. unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault. central unit, if needed. REGENERATION DEMAND NUMBER 2 No effect perceived by Too many Check particulate filter the driver. regenerations carried and faults in sensors. out. Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

3FA

4AF

SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT)

4C8

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN MESSAGE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN TSC1-VR PASSIVE Control Unit) line. inconsistent. REGENERATION DEMAND NUMBER 3 DM1DCU message No effect perceived by Too many Check particulate filter the driver. regenerations carried and faults in sensors. out.

4FA

5AF

SPN5 No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue Check the faults in the the driver. dosing system. Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

77

GUIDELINE FOR TROUBLESHOOTING

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

78

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SIGNALLED ANOMALY
The battery goes flat quickly. The engine will stop or wont start. Difficult start when the engine is either hot or cold. Slight overheating.

BLINK CODE
-

EDC WARNING LIGHT


-

POSSIBLE CAUSE

POSSIBLE RELATED ANOMALIES

RECOMMENDED TESTS OR MEASURES

REMARKS

Pre-heating resistor Local overheating. powered continuously. Fuel pre-filter clogged. The 3.5 bar valve on fuel return is stuck open. Either 0.3 bar tank return valve or return piping clogged. Reversed tank suction / return pipes. The engine is fed by the return pipe, the suction of which in the tank is lower. When the pipe sucks no more, the engine will stop. Engine test: cylinder efficiency test. If the trouble is not related to electric components (Blink code 5.x), the rocker arm holder shaft needs be disassembled. Check the rocker arm roller and bushing as well as the respective cam. Check the cabling, connections and component.

After the new vehicle has been delivered, the engine will stop after a short operation time.The tank holds a lot of fuel; all the rest is O.K. Reduced power / difficult engine maneuverability.

Injection system / the Overheating engine operates with one cylinder failing: - injector plunger seizure; - valve rocker arm seizure.

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

Fuel consumption increase.

Air filter clogging with no Smoke. signal from the warning light on the instrument board.

79

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

80

SIGNALLED ANOMALY
The engine does not reach the other speeds under load conditions. The driver feels that the engine is not working correctly like it did before.

BLINK CODE
-

EDC WARNING LIGHT


-

POSSIBLE CAUSE

POSSIBLE RELATED ANOMALIES

RECOMMENDED TESTS OR MEASURES

REMARKS

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

The boosting pressure Smoke. sensor provides too high values, which, in any case, fall within the range. Impaired hydraulic performance of an injector. Engine test: check-up Replace the injector of the cylinder in which Modus detects lower performance levels (compared with the others) only after verifying that the control rocker arm adjustment is correct. Perform correct adjustment, then repeat the engine test. Replace the injector of the cylinder in which the diagnosis instrument detects lower performance levels (compared with the others). Replace the injector of the cylinder in which the diagnosis instrument detects lower performance levels (compared with the others).

The driver feels that the engine is not working correctly like it did before. The engine operates with five cylinders; noise (knock).

Wrong adjustment of an injector control rocker arm.

Engine test: check up.

Plunger seizure.

Possible overheating.

Engine test: cylinder efficiency.

Replace the injector of the cylinder in which the diagnosis instrument detects lower performance levels (compared with the others). The engine will stop or wont start again.

Wrong adjustment of the Possible mechanic damage to Engine test: cylinder efficiency. injector control rocker arm the areas surrounding the (excessive travel) with injector. impact on the plunger on the nozzle. Presence of air in the fuel It might even not switch off; it Bleed air. supply circuit. might have operation oscillations, or start, yet with difficulty and after making many attempts.

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

81

PART FOUR - MAINTENANCE PLANNING

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

82

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

83

MAINTENANCE Maintenance services scheme


Programmed maintenance is made up of Standard services, plus a set of operations called Extra Plan operations, as well as further operations called Temporal operations. Normally, no differentiated plans are prescribed in connection with vehicle use. Where a differentiation in terms of mission exists, as many plants are forwarded as many are the missions. Using recommended lubricants systematically allows for long replacement intervals with relatively contained costs. To such purpose, see recommended lubricants summary card. M = STANDARD SERVICE Standard services are indicated by M = Maintenance. They must be performed at regular kilometre intervals that are normally multiple among one another. EP = EXTRA PLAN OPERATIONS Extra plan operations are indicated by EP = Extra Plan. They are services complementary to standard services and are to be performed according to intervals which are not compatible with standard services. T = TEMPORAL OPERATIONS They are specific interventions that are exclusively connected to temporal intervals and are to be normally performed in particular season conditions. To minimise the number of stops for maintenance it is recommended to program extra plan stops based on average yearly run matching them as much as possible with predefined kilometre intervals. To ensure optimum working conditions, the following pages give the checks, inspections and adjustments that need to be made on the various parts of the vehicle at the required times. The kilometre frequency for engine lubrication is in relation to a percentage of sulphur in diesel of under 0.5%.

NOTE: If using diesel with a percentage of sulphur above 0.5%, the oil-change frequency has to be halved.

Use engine oil:

ACEA E4 (URANIA FE 5W30) ACEA E7 (URANIA LD7)

- If the vehicle is used very little or anyhow for less than 1000 hours/100,000 km a year, the engine oil and filter need to be replaced every 12 months. - ACEA E4 lubricants classified as ACEA E6 cannot be used according to the change intervals established for class ACEA E4. They shall be changed according to the time intervals established for lubricants ACEA E2, i.e. every 400 hours/40,000 km. - If class ACEA E7 engine oil is used, the engine oil and filters must be changed every 800 hours/80,000 km. - If class ACEA E2 engine oil is used, the engine oil and filters must be changed every 400 hours/40,000 km.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

84

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

MAINTENANCE INTERVALS On road application


To schedule the work, keep to the following chart: USAGE APPLICATIONS On road covering l long di distances. t On road covering middle distances. OILS
Engine (1) Urania FE5W30

SERVICES M1 M2 M3

EXTRA PLAN EP3

PROGRAMMED OPERATIONS T2
Every year before the Winter

T5
Every 2 years

Every 100,000 Every 150,000 Every 300,000 Every 240,000 km or 2,000 km or 3,000 km or 6,000 km hours hours hours

(1) IVECO suggests the use of these lubricants to raise the vehicle fuel economy. The new vehicle is already equipped by IVECO with these types of lubricants, suitable also for cold climates (minimum temperature down to -30). The change intervals depend on the use of these oils.

Off road application (quarries-construction sites)


To schedule the work, keep to the following chart: USAGE APPLICATIONS OILS M1 Every 1000 hours SERVICES M2 Every 1500 hours M3 Every 3000 hours PROGRAMMED OPERATIONS T4 Every year before winter T6 Every year T7 Every 2 years

Quarry and construction site vehicles: Engine (1) concrete mixers i ACEA E4 Tipper trucks Urania FE5W30 Off road vehicles: snowthrowers etc.

(1) IVECO suggests the use of these lubricants to raise the vehicle fuel economy. The new vehicle is already equipped by IVECO with these types of lubricants, suitable also for cold climates (minimum temperature down to -30). The change intervals depend on the use of these oils.

Off road application (on road usage)


To schedule the work, keep to the following chart: USAGE APPLICATIONS OILS M1 Every 1000 hours SERVICES M2 Every 1500 hours M3 Every 3000 hours PROGRAMMED OPERATIONS T2 Gearbox oil and Intarder filter T5
Every year before summer

On road covering Engine (1) middle-long Urania FE5W30 distances

(1) IVECO suggests the use of these lubricants to raise the vehicle fuel economy. The new vehicle is already equipped by IVECO with these types of lubricants, suitable also for cold climates (minimum temperature down to -30). The change intervals depend on the use of these oils.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

85

CHECKS AND/OR MAINTENANCE WORK On road application


M1 Type of operation
Every 100.000 km or 2000h

M2
Every 150.000 km or 3000h

M3
Every 300.000 km or 6000h

Engine Change engine oil Change engine oil filters Replacement of fuel filter cartridge Replacing the Blow-by filter Check control belt conditions EDC system engine check-up through MODUS or IT2000 or E.A.SY. Replacement of variable geometry turbocharger air filter Check of clutch wear of fan electromagnetic joint Replacement of fuel prefilter cartridge Replacing the AdBlue system filter / pre-filter Replace engine air filter (dry filter element) (1) Test AdBlue system with E.A.S.Y, MODUS, IT 2000

(1) Early clogging of the air cleaner is generally due to environmental conditions. For this reason it needs to be replaced when signalled by the sensor irrespective of the guidelines that anyhow have to be observed if there are no specific instructions otherwise.

Off road application


M1 Type of operation
Every 100.000 km or 1000h

M2
Every 150.000 km or 1500h

M3
Every 300.000 km or 3000h

Engine Change engine oil Change engine oil filter Replacement of fuel filter cartridge Check miscellaneous drive belts Check-up of engine EDC system via MODUS, IT 2000 or E.A.SY. Check valve clearance and adjust if necessary Change variable geometry turbocharger valve air filter Change engine auxiliary member drive belt ** Change air-conditioner compressor drive belt ** Checking fan electromagnetic joint clutch wear (if present) Replacement of fuel prefilter cartridge AdBlue system filter and pre-filter change AdBlue system test with EASY, MODUS or IT2000 Replace engine air filter (dry filter element) (1)* Replacing the Blow-by filter *

(1) Early clogging of the air cleaner is generally due to environmental conditions. For this reason it needs to be replaced when signalled by the sensor irrespective of the guidelines that anyhow have to be observed if there are no specific instructions otherwise. * Only on road usage. ** Only quarry and construction site vehicles.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

86

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

NON-PROGRAMMED/TIMED OPERATIONS On road application


EP3 - Every 240,000 km If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Cheking and adjusting play in valves and iniectors Replacing water pump belt and generator Replacing air conditioner compressor control belt T2 - Every year - Before the start of Winter If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Checking coolant density T5 - Every two years If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Changing engine coolant

Off road application (quarries-construction sites)


T4 -Every year - Before the start of Winter If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Checking coolant density Replacing additional heater fuel filter T6 -Every year If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Replacing the cartridge and cleaning air filter container (5) Replacing blow-by filter T7 -Every 2 years If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Replacing engine coolant (5) Early air filter clogging is generally caused by environmental conditions; for this reason, air filter must be replaced when relating warning from special sensor is issued independently of relevant prescription, which must be anyhow observed in lack of specific indications.

Off road application (on road usage)


T2 -Every year - Before the start of Winter If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Checking coolant density Replacing additional heater fuel filter T5 -Every 2 years If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Replacing engine coolant

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

SECTION 4 General overhaul


Page GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . ASSEMBLY CLEARANCE DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . REPAIR OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CYLINDER BLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checks and measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CYLINDER LINERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Removal of cylinder liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting and checking protrusion . . . . . . . . . . . . CRANKSHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Measuring main journals and crank pins . . . . . - Preliminary measurement of main and big end bearing shell selection data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Selecting the main and big end bearing shells . 3 5 13 13 13 14 15 15 16 17 18 19

- Defining the class of diameter of the main journals and crankpins (Journals with nominal diameter) 20 - Selection of main half-bearings (nominal diameter pins) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Selection of main half-bearings (rectified pins) - Selecting the big end bearing shells (journals with nominal diameter) . . . . . . . . . . - Selection of connecting rod half-bearings (rectified pins) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing the timing control gear and the oil pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking main journal installation clearance . . - Checking crankshaft end float . . . . . . . . . . . . . PISTON-CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY . . . . - Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Measuring the diameter of the pistons . . . . . . 21 22 23 24 25 25 26 27 27 28

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Page - Conditions for correct gudgeon pin-piston coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Piston rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CONNECTING ROD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking connecting rod alignment . . . . . . . . . - Mounting the connecting rod - piston assembly - Mounting the piston rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting the connecting rod-piston assembly into the piston liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Piston protrusion check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CYLINDER HEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking the planarity of the head on the cylinder block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Dismounting the valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking assembly clearance of big end pins . . VALVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Removing deposits and checking the valves . . . VALVE GUIDES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing - Reaming the valve seats . . . . . . . . . - Replacing of valve guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REPLACING INJECTOR HOLDER CASES . . . . . - Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking protrusion of injectors . . . . . . . . . . . TIMING GEAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Camshaft drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Intermediate gear pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Idler gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Twin idler gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing the bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Check of cam lift and timing system shaft pins alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 29 30 - Removing bushes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 31 31 32 ROCKER SHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 - Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 - Rocker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 33 33 34 - Checking actuator travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 34 35 35 35 35 37 38 38 38 38 38 38 39 - Cleaning turbine body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TIGHTENING TORQUES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Underblock fixing screws tightening sequence . - Diagram of cylinder head fixing screws tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Diagram of rocker shaft fixing screws tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REPAIRING ACTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Variable geometry movement control . . . . . . . - Checking the actuator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Assembling bushes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VALVE SPRINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting the valves and oil seal ring . . . . . . . . . . . - Bushes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing camshaft bushes using beater 99360487 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 40

41 41 41 42 42 43 43 43 44 44 44 45 45 48 51

52

52

- Diagram of exhaust manifold fixing screws tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 - Diagram of turbocharger fixing screws and nuts tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

53

- Diagram of heat exchanger fixing screws tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 - Diagram of engine oil sump fixing screws tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 - Diagram of rocker arm cap fixing screws tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

Type Cycle Feeding Injection N. of cylinders

F2BE3681
Diesel 4 strokes Turbocharged with aftercooler Direct 6 on-line

Diameter

mm

115

Stroke

mm cm3

125 7790

+.. = Total displacement

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Type A VALVE TIMING opens before T.D.C. B C opens before B.D.C. closes after T.D.C. D For timing check mm X X Running mm X mm FEED Injection type Bosch Nozzle type mm D C closes after B.D.C. A B

F2BE3681

17 31

48 9

_ _

0.35 to 0.45 0.35 to 0.45 Through fuel pump - Filters With electronically regulated injectors UIN2 pump injectors controlled by overhead camshaft -

Injection order

1-4-2-6-3-5

bar

Injection pressure

bar

1600

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

ASSEMBLY CLEARANCE DATA


Type CYLINDER BLOCK AND CRANK MECHANISM COMPONENTS 1 Cylinder sleeve bore upper 1 lower Cylinder liners: outer diameter: L upper 2 length Cylinder sleeve crankcase bore lower L 128.475 to 128.500 130.161 to 130.186 128.510 to 128.535

F2BE3681
mm

130.200 to 130.225

upper lower Outside diameter Cylinder sleeve 2

0.014 to 0.064 0.010 to 0.060

3
X

inside diameter 3 inside diameter 3 Protrusion

A* B* X**

115.000 to 115.012 115.010 to 115.022 0.035 to 0.065

* Available dia. class ** Under a load of 6000 kg Pistons: 1 measuring dimension X X outside diameter 1 A 2 outside diameter 1 B outside diameter 2 Class A pistons supplied as spares. Class B pistons are fitted in production only and are not supplied as spares. Piston - cylinder sleeve Piston diameter X Pistons protrusion X 1

18 114.871 to 114.883 114.881 to 114.893 46.010 to 46.018

0.117 to 0.141 _

0.32 to 0.99

Gudgeon pin

45.994 to 46.000 0.010 to 0.024

Gudgeon pin - pin housing

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Type X1* X1 Piston ring grooves X2 X2 X3 X 3 *measured on of 111 mm Piston rings: S1 trapezoidal seal S1D S2 lune seal S2 S3 milled scraper ring with slits and internal spring S3 D Measured at 2 mm from the outside Piston rings grooves 1 2J 2Y 3 FEDERAL MOGUL J 1.583 (rated) 1.554 to 1.574

F2BE3681 mm MAHLE PISTON Y 1.583 to 1.613 1.550 to 1.570 4.02 to 4.04

1.429 to 2.463 1.47 to1.50 3.970 to 3.990 0.247 to 0.311 0.054 to 0.104 0.050 to 0.100 0.030 to 0.070 _ 0.111 to 0.175

Piston rings Piston ring end gap in cylinder liners: X1 X2 X3 Small end bush housing 1 Big end bearing housing 2 Rated value 1 2 3 Small end bush diameter outside 4 Selection classes inside 3 Big end bearing shell S Red Green Yellow Small end bush - housing Piston pin - bush Big end bearing shells Connecting rod weight A Class B C * Factory-assembled only, and not provided with a spare part.

X1 X2 X3

0.30 to 0.40 0.55 to 0.70 0.35 to 0.65 49.975 to 50.000 77.000 to 77.030 77.000 to 77.010 77.011 to 77.020 77.021 to 77.030 50.055 to 50.080 46.015 to 46.030 2.000 to 2.010 2.011 to 2.020 2.021 to 2.030 0.055 to 0.105 0.015 to 0.036 0.127 - 0.254 - 0.508 g. 2865 to 2895 g. 28961 to 2925 g. 2926 to 2955

2 4 3

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2BE3681
Type mm X Measuring dimension Max. connecting rod axis misalignment tolerance Main journals - class - class - class 1 nominal value 1 2 3 X 125

0.08 82.910 to 82.940 82.910 to 82.919 82.920 to 82.929 82.930 to 82.940 72.915 to 72.945 72.915 to 72.924 72.925 to 72.934 72.935 to 72.945 3.000 to 3.010 3.011 to 3.020 3.021 to 3.030 2.000 to 2.010 2.011 to 2.020 2.021 to 2.030 89,000 89,030 89,000 89,009 89,010 89,019 89,020 89,030 0.040 to 0.098 - 0.040 to 0.110 ** 0.035 to 0.093 - 0.035 to 0.083 ** 0.127 - 0.254 - 0.508 0.127 - 0.254 - 0.508

S1

S 2

Crankpins 2 nominal value - class 1 - class 2 - class 3 Main bearing shells S1 Red Green YellowD Big end bearing shells S2 Red Green YellowD Main bearing housings 3 nominal value - class 1 - class 2 - class 3 Bearing shells - main journals Bearing shells - big ends Main bearing shells Big end bearing shells Main journal, thrust bearing

X1

39.96 to 40.00

X1 Main bearing housing, thrust bearing X2 X3 Thrust washer halves Driving shaft shoulder 1 2 Parallel Concentric D

X2

32.94 to 32.99

X3

3.38 to 3.43 0.11 to 0.30

// 1 - 2
1-2

0.010 0.040

Fitted in production only and not supplied as spares. Provided with spare: * = standard 0.127; ** = 0.254 0.508.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

8
11

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Type CYLINDER HEADS - VALVE TRAIN

F2BE3681
mm

1
Valve guide housings in cylinder head 1 12.980 to 12.997

2
2 Valve guide 3 13.012 to 13.025 8.023 to 8.038

3
Valve guides - housings in the cylinder heads Valve guide 0.015 to 0.045 0.2 - 0.4

Valves: 4 7.970 to 7.985 60 30 7 30 7.970 to 7.985 45


+15 -0

4 Valve stem and its guide Housing in head for valve seat 1

0.038 to 0.068

41.985 to 42.020 40.985 to 41.020

1 2

1 Outside diameter of valve seat; angle of valve seat in cylinder head: 2

42.060 to 42.075 60 - 30 41.060 to 41.075 45 - 30 0.5 to 0.8 1.6 to 1.9

Recessing of valve X X Between valve seat and head

0.040 to 0.090

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

Type

F2BE3681
mm

H1

Valve outside spring height: free height under a load of: H 2 540 27 N 966 48N

H H1 H2

66 49.5 37.5

Injector protrusion X

0.7

Camshaft bush housing fitted in the cylinder head: 17

80.000 to 80.030

Camshaft journal diameter: 17

75.924 to 75.940

3
Camshaft bushing outer diameter: Camshaft bushing 16 inner diameter: 7 Bushings and housings in engine block Bushings and journals Cam lift: 8.07 H 7.63

80.090 to 80.115 75.990 to 76.045 76.008 to 76.063 0.060 to 0.115 0.050 to 0.121

8.828

1
Rocker shaft 1 37.984 to 38.000

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Type

F2BE3681
mm

Bushing housing in rocker arms 41.000 to 41.016 53.000 to 53.019

42.000 to 42.016 Bushing outer diameter for rocker arms: 41.097 to 41.135

53.105 to 53.156

42.066 to 42.091 Bushing inner diameter for rocker arms: 38.025 to 38.041

50.025 to 50.041

38.015 to 38.071 Between housings bushings and 0.081 to 0.135 0.086 to 0.156

0.050 to 0.091 Between rocker arms and shaft 0.025 to 0.057 0.015 to 0.087 Engine brake control lever Eccentric pin outer diameter 1 49.984 50.000 38.025 38.041

Rocker arms shaft seat 2

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

11

Type

F2BE3681C

F2BE3681B
mm

F2BE3681A

Rocker arms and engine brake control lever pin 0.025 to 0.068 Rocker arm shaft and seat on engine brake control lever 0.025 to 0.057 TURBOCHARGER Type End play Radial play

HOLSET with fixed geometry HX40 0.025 to 0.127 0.330 to 0.508

HOLSET with variable geometry HE 431 V 0.025 to 0.127 0.254 to 0.356

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

13

REPAIR OPERATIONS CYLINDER BLOCK Checks and measurements


Figure 1 (Demonstration)

Figure 3

34994

Once engine has been dismounted, accurately clean cylinders-base assembly. Accurately check for block not to show cracks. Check machining caps conditions. If taps are rusted, or on least doubt of their sealing capacity, replace them. On caps mounting, apply sealant Loctite 270 on to the caps. Internal diameter of the cylinder liners is checked for ovalization, taper and wear, using a bore dial (1) centesimal gauge (2) previously reset to ring gauge (3), diameter 115 mm.

47440

A = Selection class 115 to 115.012 mm B = Selection class 115.010 to 115.022 mm In case of maximum wear max 0.150 mm or maximum ovalization max 0.100 mm compared to the values indicated in the figure, the liners must be replaced as they cannot be ground, lapped or trued. NOTE Cylinder liners are equipped with spare parts with A selection class.

NOTE If a 115 ring gauge is not available use a micrometer caliper.

Figure 4

Figure 2

47441

47439

1 = 1st measuring 2 = 2nd measuring 3 = 3rd measuring Carry out measurings on each cylinder liner at three different levels and on two (A-B) surfaces, to one another perpendicular, as shown in Figure 2.
Print P1D32C002 E

A = 130.200 to 130.225 mm B = 128.510 to 128.535 mm C = 130.161 to 130.186 D = 128.475 to 128.500 mm The figure shows the outer diameters of the cylinder liners and the relative seat inner diameters. The cylinder liners can be extracted and installed several times in different seats, if necessary.
Base - September 2006

14

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

CYLINDER LINERS
Figure 5

45150

99278

BLOCK WITH CYLINDER LINERS Figure 6

47533

Selection class

A 115.000 to 115.012 mm B 115.010 to 115.022 mm CYLINDER LINERS MAIN DATA

Figure 7

47534

DETAIL X A = Selection class marking area


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

15

Removal of cylinder liners


Figure 8

Figure 10

77812

47577

Place details 99360706 (1 and 2) and plate 99360724 (4) as shown in the figure, by making sure that the plate (4) is properly placed on the cylinder liners. Tighten the screw nut (1) and remove the cylinder liner (3) from the block.

Check cylinder barrel protrusion with tool 99360334 (1-2-3-4) and tighten screw (1) to 170 Nm. With dial gauge 99395603 (5) placed on base 99370415 (6). Measure the cylinder barrel protrusion compared to the cylinder head supporting plane, it must be 0.035 to 0.065 mm (Figure 11); otherwise replace the adjusting ring (1, Figure 9) fitted with spare parts having different thickness.

Figure 11

Fitting and checking protrusion


Figure 9

49017

CYLINDER LINER PROTRUSION Figure 12


16798

(Demonstration)

Always replace water sealing rings (3, 4 and 5). Install the adjustment ring (1) on the cylinder liner (2); lubricate lower part of liner and install it in the cylinder unit using the proper tool.

NOTE The adjustment ring (1) is supplied as spare parts in the following thicknesses: 0.08 mm - 0.10 mm - 0.12 mm.
35012

When the installation is completed, block the cylinder liners (1) to the block (2) with studs 99360703 (3).
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

16

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

CRANKSHAFT
Figure 13

Upper main journal half bearing

Lower main journal half bearings


49018

MAIN DATA FOR THE CRANK SHAFT PINS AND THE HALF BEARINGS Check the condition of the journals and the big end pins; there must no be signs of scoring, ovalization or excessive wear. The data given refer to the normal diameter of the pins. Figure 14 Figure 15

BUFF

BUFF

47537

47538

X. Detail of main journals connections


Base - September 2006

Y. Detail of crank pins connections


Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

17

Measuring main journals and crank pins


Before grinding the crank pins using a micrometer (1), measure the main journals and the crank pins (2) and decide, on the basis of the undersizing of the bearings, the final diameter to which the pins are to be ground. Figure 16

Figure 17

47536

MEASURING CRANK PINS During grinding, pay attention to journal and crank pins values specified in figures 14 and 15.

47535

MEASURING THE MAIN JOURNALS NOTE It is advisable to enter the values found in a table (Figure 18). NOTE All journals and crank pins must also be ground to the same undersizing class, in order to avoid any alteration to shaft balance. Figure 18 Fill in this table with the measurements of the main journals and the crank pins.

MAIN JOURNALS

MIN. MAX.

MIN. MAX.

CRANK PINS
Print P1D32C002 E

36061

Base - September 2006

18

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Preliminary measurement of main and big end bearing shell selection data
For each of the journals of the crankshaft, it is necessary to carry out the following operations: MAIN JOURNALS: - Determine the class of diameter of the seat in the crankcase. - Determine the class of diameter of the main journal. - Select the class of the bearing shells to mount. CRANKPINS: - Determine the class of diameter of the seat in the connecting rod. - Determine the class of diameter of the crankpin. - Select the class of the bearing shells to mount.

DEFINING THE CLASS OF DIAMETER OF THE SEATS FOR BEARING SHELLS ON THE CRANKCASE On the front of the crankcase, two sets of numbers are marked in the position shown. - The first set of digits (four) is the coupling number of the crankcase with its base. - The following seven digits, taken singly, are the class of diameter of each of the seats referred to. - Each of these digits may be 1, 2 or 3. Figure 19
CLASS MAIN BEARING HOUSING NOMINAL DIAMETER

89.000 to 89.009 89.010 to 89.019 89.020 to 89.030

47535

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

19

Selecting the main and big end bearing shells


NOTE To obtain the required assembly clearances, the main and big end bearing shells need to be selected as described hereunder. This operation makes it possible to identify the most suitable bearing shells for each of the journals (the bearing shells, if necessary, can have different classes from one journal to another). Depending on the thickness, the bearing shells are selected in classes of tolerance marked by a coloured sign (red-green red/black green/black). Figure 20 STD red red/black green green/black yellow* yellow/black* 2.021 to 2.030 2.084 to 2.093 2.011 to 2.020 2.074 to 2.083 2.000 to 2.010 2.063 to 2.073 2.138 to 2.147 2.265 to 2.274 +0.127 +0.254 2.127 to 2.137 +0.508 2.254 to 2.264 The following tables give the specifications of the main and big end bearing shells available as spares in the standard sizes (STD) and in the permissible oversizes (+0.127, +0.254, +0.508).

STD red red/black green green/black yellow* yellow/black*


Print P1D32C002 E

+0.127

+0.254 3.127 to 3.137

+0.508 2.254 to 3.264

3.000 to 3.010 3.063 to 3.073 3.011 to 3.020 3.074 to 3.083 3.021 to 3.030 3.084 to 3.093

* Fitted in production only and not supplied as spares


Base - September 2006

20

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Defining the class of diameter of the main journals and crankpins (Journals with nominal diameter)
Main journals and crankpins: determining the class of diameter of the journals. Three sets of numbers are marked on the crankshaft in the position shown by the arrow (Figure 21 at top): - The first number, of five digits, is the part number of the shaft. - Under this number, on the left, a set of six digits refers to the crankpins and is preceded by a single digit showing the status of the journals (1 = STD, 2 = -0.127), the other six digits, taken singly, give the class of diameter of each of the crankpins they refer to (Figure 21 at top). - The set of seven digits, on the right, refers to the main journals and is preceded by a single digit: the single digit shows the status of the journals (1 = STD, 2 = -0.127), the other seven digits, taken singly, give the class of diameter of each of the main journals they refer to (Figure 21 bottom). Figure 21
CLASS CRANKPIN NOMINAL DIAMETER

72.915 to 72.924 72.925 to 72.934 72.935 to 72.945

CLASS

MAIN JOURNALS NOMINAL DIAMETER

82.910 to 82.919 82.920 to 82.929 82.930 to 82.940


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

21

Selection of main half-bearings (nominal diameter pins)


After detecting, for each journal, the necessary data on block and crankshaft, select the type of half-bearings to be used, in compliance with the following table:

Figure 22

STD.

green

green

green

1
green green green

red

green

green

2
red green green

red

red

red

3
red red red

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

22

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Selection of main half-bearings (rectified pins)


If the journals have been rectified, the procedure described cannot be applied. In this case, make sure that the new diameter of the journals is as specified on the table and install the only half-bearing type required for this undersizing. Figure 23

red/black = 3.063 to 3.073 mm green/black = 3.063 to 3.073 mm

-0.127
1 2
green/black green/black

3
green/black green/black

82.784 1 82.793 82.794 2 82.803 82.804 3 82.814

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

red/black red/black

red/black red/black

-0.254
red = 3.127 to 3.137 mm

2
red red

3
red red

82,666 82,686

red red

-0.508
red = 3.254 to 3.264 mm

2
red red

3
red red

82.412 82.432
Base - September 2006

red red

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

23

Selecting the big end bearing shells (journals with nominal diameter)
There are three markings on the body of the connecting rod in the position shown in the view from A:

Figure 24

Letter indicating the class of weight: A B C = = = 2890 to 2920 g. 2921 to 2950 g. 2951 to 2980 g.

VIEW FROM A

Number indicating the selection of the diameter of the big end bearing seat: 1 2 3 = = = 77.000 to 77.010 mm 77.011 to 77.020 mm 77.021 to 77.030 mm

Numbers identifying the cap-connecting rod coupling.

The number, indicating the class of diameter of the bearing shell seat may be 1, 2 o 3. Determine the type of big end bearing to fit on each journal by following the indications in the table (Figure 25). Figure 25
47557

STD.

Class

1
green

2
green

3
green

1
green green green

red

green

green

2
red green green

red

red

red

3
red red red

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

24

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Selection of connecting rod half-bearings (rectified pins)


If pins have been rectified, the procedure described must be applied. In this case, (for each undersizing) determine the tolerance field the new big end pins belong to, and install the half-bearings identified according to the relative table. Figure 26 red/black = 2.074 to 2.083 mm

-0.127

green/black = 2.063 to 2.073 mm

2
green/black green/black

3
green/black green/black

72.789 1 72.798 72.799 2 72.808 72.809 3 72.818

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

-0.254
red 2.127 to 2.137 mm green = 2.138 to 2.147 mm

1
red red

2
green green

3
green green

72.671 72.680 72.681 72.691

red red

red red

green green

-0.508
red = 2.254 to 2.264 mm green = 2.265 to 2.274 mm

1
red red

2
green green

3
green green

72.417 72.426 72.427 72.437


Base - September 2006

red red

red red

green green
Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

25

Replacing the timing control gear and the oil pump


Check that the teeth of the gears are not damaged or worn, otherwise remove them using the appropriate extractor. Figure 27

Figure 29

47578

Using the hoist and hook 99360500 (1) mount the driving shaft (2).

49020

After fitting the gear (1) on the crankshaft (2), heat it for ~15 minutes in an oven at temperature not higher than 180C. Let them cool down after the installation. If changing the pin (3), after fitting it on, check it protrudes from the crankshaft as shown in the figure.

Figure 30

Checking main journal installation clearance


Figure 28

49021 47579

Install the oil spray nozzles (2) and have the dowel coincide with the block hole (3). Install the half-bearings (1) on the main bearings.
Print P1D32C002 E

Install the half-bearings (1) on the main bearings in the underblock (2). Check the installation clearance between the main journals and the relative bearings as follows:

Base - September 2006

26

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 31

Figure 32

49022

47578

Place a piece of calibrated wire on the journal of the crankshaft (2), parallel to the longitudinal axis; install the underblock (1), by hoist and appropriate hooks. Figure 33

- Lubricate inside screws (1) con UTDM oil, and tighten them by dynamometric wrench to 140 Nm torque, thus with 60 angle closing, by following the diagram below.

FRONT SIDE

44898

Diagram showing the tightening order of the screws fixing the lower under-block to the block Figure 34

Checking crankshaft end float

Figure 35

- Remove the under-block The clearance between the main bearings and the journals is obtained by comparing the calibrated wire length (2) at the maximum deflection point, with the calibrated scale on the coating (1) containing the calibrated wire (1). Numbers shown on the scale specify the clearance in coupling millimeters. If the clearance obtained is different from the clearance required, replace the half-bearings and repeat this check.
Base - September 2006

47579

47588

End float is checked by placing a magnetic dial gauge (1) on the crankshaft (2), as shown in the figure. If the value obtained is higher than specified, replace the rear thrust half-bearings and repeat this check.

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

27

PISTON-CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY


Figure 36

47580

PISTON CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY 1. Connecting rod body - 2. Half bearings - 3. Connecting rod cap - 4. Cap fastening screws - 5. Split ring - 6. Scraper ring with spiral spring - 7. Bevel cut sealing ring - 8. Trapezoidal sealing ring - 9. Piston pin - 10. Piston

Make sure the piston does show any trace of seizing, scoring, cracking; replace as necessary.

Pistons are equipped with three elastic rings: a sealing ring, a trapezoidal ring and a scraper ring. Pistons are grouped into classes A and B for diameter.

Removal
Figure 37 Figure 38

49023

49024

Removal of the piston split rings (2) using the pliers 99360184 (1).
Print P1D32C002 E

Remove the piston pin split rings (2) using the round tipped pliers (1).
Base - September 2006

28

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 39

Figure 41

49025

32618

Remove the piston pin (1). If removal is difficult use the appropriate beater.

Measuring the gudgeon pin diameter (1) with a micrometer (2).

Measuring the diameter of the pistons


Figure 40

Conditions for correct gudgeon pin-piston coupling


47584

Using a micrometer (2), measure the diameter of the piston (1) to determine the assembly clearance; the diameter should be measured at the specified value.

Figure 42

49026

Lubricate the pin (1) and the relevant housing on the piston hubs with engine oil; piston must be inserted with a slight finger pressure and it should not come out by gravity.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

29

Figure 43

109108

MAIN DATA ON PISTONS, AND PISTONS RINGS (MAHLE PISTON) X = 0,6 0,15 * Values are determined on of 111 mm.

Piston rings
Figure 44

Figure 46

3513

16552

Check the thickness of the piston ring (2) using a micrometer (1). Figure 45

The sealing ring (2) of the 1 cavity is trapezoidal. Clearance X between the sealing ring and its housing is measured by placing the piston (1) with its ring in the cylinder barrel (3), so that the sealing ring is half-projected out of the cylinder barrel. Figure 47

36134

16552

Check the clearance between the sealing rings (2) and the relative piston housings (1) using a thikness gauge (3).
Print P1D32C002 E

Check the opening between the ends of the sealing rings (1), using a thickness gauge (2), entered in the cylinder barrel (3). If the distance between ends is lower or higher than the value required, replace split rings.

Base - September 2006

30

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

CONNECTING ROD
Figure 48 Data concerning the class section of connecting rod housing and weight are stamped on the big end. When installing connecting rods, make sure they all belong to the same weight class. VIEW FROM A

DIAGRAM CONNECTING ROD MARKS 1 Letter indicating the weight class: A = 2865 to 2895 g. B = 2896 to 2925 g. C = 2926 to 2955 g. 2 Number indicating the selection of diameter for the big end bearing housing: 1 2 3 = = = 77.000 to 77.010 mm 77.011 to 77.020 mm 77.021 to 77.030 mm

3 Numbers identifying cap-connecting rod coupling

47557

Figure 49

44927

MAIN DATA - BUSH, CONNECTING ROD, PIN AND HALF-BEARINGS * Values to be obtained after installing the bush

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

31

Checking connecting rod alignment


Figure 50 (Demonstration)

Checking bending Figure 52 (Demonstration)

61695

61696

Checking axis alignment Check the toe-setting for the connecting rods (1) axles using the proper devices (5), according to this procedure: - Fit the connecting rod (1) on the spindle of the tool (5) and lock it with the screw (4). - Set the spindle (3) on the V-prisms, resting the connecting rod (1) on the stop bar (2). Checking torsion Figure 51 (Demonstration)

Check the bending of the connecting rod (5) by comparing two points C and D of the pin (3) on the vertical plane of the axis of the connecting rod. Position the vertical mount (1) of the dial gauge (2) so that this rests on the pin (3) at point C. Swing the connecting rod backwards and forwards seeking the highest position of the pin and in this condition zero the dial gauge (2). Shift the spindle (4) with the connecting rod (5) and repeat the check on the highest point on the opposite side D of the pin (3). The difference between point C and point D must be no greater than 0.08 mm.

Mounting the connecting rod - piston assembly


Carry out the steps for removal described on pages 27 and 28 in reverse order. The connecting rod screws can be reused as long as the diameter of the thread is not less than 13.4 mm.

Mounting the piston rings


Figure 53

61694

Check the torsion of the connecting rod (5) by comparing two points (A and B) of the pin (3) on the horizontal plane of the axis of the connecting rod. Position the mount (1) of the dial gauge (2) so that this pre-loads by approx. 0.5 mm on the pin (3) at point A and zero the dial gauge (2). Shift the spindle (4) with the connecting rod (5) and compare any deviation on the opposite side B of the pin (3): the difference between A and B must be no greater than 0.08 mm.
Print P1D32C002 E

49029

To fit the piston rings (1) on the piston (2) use the pliers 99360184 (3). The rings need to be mounted with the word TOP (4) facing upwards. Direct the ring openings so they are staggered 120 apart.
Base - September 2006

32

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Fitting the connecting rod-piston assembly into the piston liners


Figure 54

Figure 56

49030

47593

Fit the half-bearings (1), selected as described on pages 54 to 60, both on the connecting rod and on the stand. NOTE As spares, class A pistons are provided and can be fitted also to cylinder barrels belonging to class B.

- all pistons belong to the same class, A or B; - ideogram stamped on the piston crown is placed toward the engine flywheel, or the cavity, on the piston cover, corresponds to the position of the oil spray nozzles.

Piston protrusion check


Fit the connecting rod-piston assemblies (1) into the piston liners (2) using band 99360605 (1, Figure 56). Check the following: - the openings of the split rings are offset by 120; Figure 55 Once assembly is complete, check piston protrusion from cylinder barrels: it must be 0.32-0.69 mm.

1 Connecting rod-piston assembly 2 Marking area on the piston crown of ideogram specifying the assembly position and the selection class 3 Connecting rod marking area (see Figure 48).
61831

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

33

Checking assembly clearance of big end pins


To check the clearance proceed as follows: Connect the connecting rods to the relative main journals, place a length of calibrated wire on the latter. Figure 57

Figure 58

47583

Install and fix tool 99360264 (2) with bracket (4); tighten by lever (1) until cotters are removed (3); remove the tool (2) and the upper plate (5), the spring (6) and the lower plate (7). Repeat the operation on all the valves. Turn the cylinder head upside down and remove the valves (8).
47594

Install the connecting rod caps (1) with half-bearings; tighten the connecting rod cap fixing screws (2) to 50 Nm (5 kgm) torque. By tool 99395216 (3), tighten the screws further at 40 angle. Remove the caps and check the clearance by comparing the width of the calibrated wire with the scale calibration on the envelope containing the wire.

CYLINDER HEAD
Before dismounting cylinder head, check cylinder head for hydraulic seal by proper tooling; in case of leaks not caused by cup plugs or threaded plugs, replace cylinder head.

Checking the planarity of the head on the cylinder block


Figure 59 (Demonstration)

When replacing, the cylinder head is supplied as a spare part with a threaded plug, which must be removed during assembly.

NOTE

In case of plugs dismounting/replacement, on mounting, apply sealant Loctite 270 on plugs.

36159

Dismounting the valves


NOTE Before dismounting cylinder head valves, number them in view of their remounting in the position observed on dismounting should they not have to be overhauled or replaced. Intake valves are different form exhaust valves in that they have a notch placed at valve head centre.

The planarity (1) is checked using a ruler (2) and a thikness gauge (3). If deformations exist, surface the head using proper surface grinder; the maximum amount of material to be removed is 0.2 mm.

NOTE After leveling, make sure that valve sinking and injector protrusion are as described in the relative paragraph.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

34

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

VALVE Removing deposits and checking the valves


Figure 60

Figure 61

92841

MAIN DATA - VALVES AND VALVE GUIDES


48625

Remove carbon deposits using the metal brush supplied. Check that the valves show no signs of seizure or cracking. Check the diameter of the valve stem using a micrometer (see Figure 61) and replace if necessary.

* Values to be obtained after installing the valve guides Check, by means of a micrometer, that valve stem diameters are as specified; if necessary, grind the valves seat with a grinder, removing the minimum quantity of material.

VALVE GUIDES
Figure 62

INSTALLATION DIAGRAM FOR VALVE GUIDES AND VALVES * Values to be obtained after installing the guide valves
Base - September 2006

47509

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

35

Replacing of valve guides


Remove valve guides by means of tool 99360288. Install by means of tool 99360288 equipped with part 99360294, which determines the exact installation position of valve guides into the cylinder heads; if they are not available, install the valve guides in the cylinder head so that they project out by mm 16.3 to 16.7 (Figure 62). After installing the valve guides, smooth their holes with sleeker 99390310.

REPLACING INJECTOR HOLDER CASES Removal


Figure 64

Replacing - Reaming the valve seats


To replace the valve seats, remove them using the appropriate tool. Figure 63 1

45634

To replace the injector case (2), act as follows:


41032

- thread the case (2) with tool 99390804 (1). Carry out operations described in figs. 64 - 67 - 68 - 69 70 by fixing tools to the cylinder head by means of braket A.

Ream the valve seats (2) on cylinder head using tool 99305019 (1).

NOTE Valve seats must be reamed whenever valves or valve guides are replaced or ground.

After reaming the valve seats, use tool 99370415, to make sure that the valve position, with respect to the cylinder head surface, is the following: - -0.5 to -0.8 mm (recessing) of exhaust valves; - -1.6 to -1.9 mm (recessing) of discharge valves.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

36

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 65

Figure 67 1

1 2

A 2

3 4 3
45635

45631

- Fasten extractor 99342149 (2) to case (3), by tightening the nut (1), and pull out the case from cylinder head.

- Lubricate sealing rings (3) and fit them to the case (4); fix tool 99360554 (2) to the cylinder head by means of bracket A, install the new case, tighten the screw (1), upsetting the case lower part. Figure 68

Figure 66

2 A

3
45633

- Remove any residue (1), with tool 99390772 (2), from the cylinder head groove.

45632

- Adjust the casing hole (3) with borer 99394043 (1) and guide bushing 99394014 (2).
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

37

Figure 69

Figure 71

3 INSTALLATION DIAGRAM FOR INJECTOR CASE


45636

44909

- Through miller 99394041 (1) and bushing 99394014 (2), ream the injector seat in the case (3), check the injector protrusion from the cylinder head plane which must be 0.7 mm.

Checking protrusion of injectors


Figure 70

47585

Using dial gauge (1), check the protrusion of the injector (2) which must be 0.7 mm.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

38

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TIMING GEAR Camshaft drive


Figure 72

Idler gear
Figure 74

86925 86927

TIMING CONTROL COMPONENT PARTS 1. Camshaft - 2. Bushing - 3. Pin - 4. Articulated rod 5. Camshaft control gear - 6. Idler gear - 7. Twin idler gear - 8. Drive shaft driving gear.

Twin idler gear


Figure 75

Intermediate gear pin


Figure 73

99283

Replacing the bushings


86926

Rated assembling play between idler gear bushings and pins: 0.040 0.080 mm.

Bushings (1, Figure 74 - 75) can be replaced when they are worn. Put up the bushing, then grind it so as to bring it to a dimension of 58.010 0.10 mm.

NOTE Bushings must be forced into gears (2, Figure 74 75) by following the direction of the arrow: they must be positioned at the level shown in the figures.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

39

Check of cam lift and timing system shaft pins alignment


Figure 76

47506

Place the camshaft (4) on the tailstock (1) and check cam lift (3) using a centesimal gauge (2). Figure 77

47507

When the camshaft (4) is on the tailstock (1), check alignment of supporting pin (3) using a centesimal gauge (2); it must not exceed 0.030 mm. If misalignment exceeds this value, replace the shaft. Figure 78 1

47505

In order to check installation clearance, measure bush inner diameter and camshaft pin (1) diameter; the real clearance is obtained by their difference. If clearance exceeds 0.150 mm, replace bushes and, if necessary, the camshaft.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

40

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 79

47504

MAIN DATA - CAMSHAFT AND TOLERANCES The surfaces of shaft supporting pin and cams must be extremely smooth; if you see any sign of seizing or scoring, replace the shaft and the relative bushes. TOLERANCES ORIENTATION POSITION OSCILLATION TOLERANCE CHARACTERISTIC Perpendicularity Concentricity or coaxial alignment Circular oscillation SYMBOL SYMBOL

IMPORTANCE CLASS ASSIGNED TO PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS CRITICAL IMPORTANT SECONDARY

Bushes
Figure 80

47508

MAIN DATA - CAMSHAFT BUSHES AND RELATIVE BLOCK SEATS * Bush inner diameter after installation The bush surfaces must not show any sign of seizing or scoring; if they do replace them. Measure the bush inner diameters with a baremeter and replace them, if the value measured exceeds the tolerance value. To take down and fit back the bushes, use the proper tool 99360487.
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

41

Replacing camshaft bushes using beater 99360487


Figure 81

107217

A. Drift with seat for bushings to insert/extract. - B. Grub screw for positioning bushings. - C. Reference mark to insert seventh bushing correctly. - D. Reference mark to insert bushings 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 correctly (red marks). - E. Guide bushing. F. Guide line. - G. Guide bushing to secure to the seventh bushing mount. - H. Plate fixing yellow bushing to cylinder head. - I. Grip. - L. Extension coupling.

Removing bushes
Figure 82

1 Position the bushing to insert on the drift (A) making the grub screw on it coincide with the seat (B) (Figure 81) on the bushing. 2 Position the guide bushing (E) and secure the guide bushing (G) (Figure 81) on the seat of the 7th bushing with the plate (H). 3 While driving in the bushing, make the reference mark (F) match the mark (M). In this way, when it is driven home, the lubrication hole on the bushing will coincide with the oil pipe in its seat. The bushing is driven home when the 1st red reference mark (D) is flush with the guide bushing (G).

Rear

71725

The sequence for removing the bushings is 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1. The bushings are extracted from the front of the single seats. Removal does not require the drift extension for bushings 5, 6 and 7 and it is not necessary to use the guide bushing. For bushings 1, 2, 3 and 4 it is necessary to use the extension and the guide bushings. Position the drift accurately during the phase of removal.

Figure 84

Assembling bushes
Figure 83

Rear
71723

To insert the bushing (6), proceed as follows: - Unscrew the grip (I) and the extension (N). - Position the extension (N) and the guide bushing (E) as shown in the figure.
77795

- Repeat steps 1, 2, 3.

Assemble the drift together with the extension. To insert bushings 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, proceed as follows:
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

42

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 85

Fitting the valves and oil seal ring


Figure 88

Rear To insert bushing (7), proceed as follows: - Unscrew the grip (I) and the extension (N).

71724

- Refit the guide (G) from the inside as shown in the figure. - Position the bushing on the drift (A) and bring it close up to the seat, making the bushing hole match the lubrication hole in the head. Drive it home. The 7th bushing is driven in when the reference mark (C) is flush with the bushing seat.

VALVE SPRINGS
Figure 86
87051

Lubricate the valve stem and insert the valves in the respective valve guides; fit the lower caps (1). Use tool 99360329 to fit the oil seal (2) on the valve guides (3) of the exhaust valves; then, to fit the valves, proceed as follows.

NOTE Where valves should not have been overhauled or replaced, remount them according to the numbering that was performed during mounting. Intake valves are distinguished from exhaust valves in that they have a recess located at the centre of valve mushroom.
70000

Before assembly, the flexibility of the valve springs has to be checked. Compare the load and elastic deformation data with those of the new springs given in the following figure. Figure 87 Valve closed

Figure 89

Valve open

86290

- fit springs (6) and the upper plate (5);


109107

MAIN DATA TO CONTROL EXHAUST AND DISCHARGE VALVE SPRING


Base - September 2006

- apply tool 99360264 (2) and block it with bracket (4); tighten the lever (1) until cotters are installed (3), remove tool (2).
Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

43

ROCKER SHAFT
Figure 90

44925

The camshaft cams directly control rockers: 6 for injectors and 12 for valves. Injectors and intake valves control rocker arms are keyed on rocker arms shaft directly. Exhaust intake valves control rocker arms are keyed on rocker arms shaft putting in between the levers with engine brake control eccentric pin. Rockers slide directly on the cam profiles via rollers. The other end acts on a bar directly supported by the two valves stems. A pad is placed between the rocker adjusting screw and the bar. Two lubrication holes are obtained inside the rockers. The rocker shaft practically covers the whole cylinder head; remove it to have access to all the underlying components.

Shaft
Figure 91

79171

MAIN DATA OF THE ROCKER ARM SHAFT Check that the surface of the shaft shows no scoring or signs of seizure; if it does, replace it.

Rocker
Figure 92
SECTION A-A SECTION B-B

Figure 94
SECTION A-A SECTION B-B

44914

44913

PUMP INJECTOR ROCKER Figure 93 Figure 95

DISCHARGE VALVE ROCKER

SECTION A-A

SECTION B-B

92822 44912

LEVER WITH ENGINE BRAKE CONTROL EXHAUST VALVES ROCKER ECCENTRIC PIN The bush surfaces must not show any trace of scoring of excessive wear; otherwise, replace bushes or the whole rocker.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

44

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

REPAIRING ACTIONS
NOTE If anomalous engine operation is found, which is due to the boosting system, it is advisable that you check the efficiency of seal gaskets and the fastening of connecting sleeves prior to carrying out the checks on the turboblower. Also check for obstructions in the sucking sleeves, air filter. If the turbocharger damage is due to a lack of lubrication, check that the oil circulation pipes are not damaged. If so, change them or eliminate the cause.

Variable geometry movement control


Figure 96

After carrying out the above mentioned checks, check the turbocharger operation with an Engine Test by using IVECO diagnosis equipment (Modus - IT 2000 - E.A.SY.) according to the relevant procedure.

106226

NOTE The test must be performed in following conditions: - engine coolant temperature >50 C; - battery up (voltage >22V) for compression test; - efficient recharging system.

Remove screws (2) and take actuator (1) off turbocompressor (7). Remove screw (6), underlying disk (5), ring (4) and disconnect tie rod (3) of actuator (1) from the pin of variable geometry driving lever (8). Accurately clean pin () of lever (8) and bushing () of tie rod (3) using a cloth made of non abrasive micro fibre.

NOTE Do not use abrasive paper of any kind. If values beyond tolerance are detected, check the efficiency of: - shut-off valve; - pressure sensor; - engine cable pressure sensor connection (if oxidised, clean with a specific product); - lack of electrical defects in solenoid valve VGT (continuity connection); - actuator moved by active diagnosis as described in relating chapter, in case of locking, grease bushing with lubricant Kernite (for high temperatures); if the trouble persists, replace the actuator; - sliding sleeve: it must slide freely when operated manually. If locked and if the bush check is not sufficient or effective, or no faults are detected in the other points, upon authorization of the Help Desk market operator, change the turbocharger according to the standard procedures. Visually check the conditions of bushing () of tie rod (3) and pin () of lever (8); where they are found to be worn out, replace actuator (1) or turbocompressor (7). Check variable geometry inner driving mechanism movement by operating on lever (8); jamming must not occur; otherwise, clean turbine body, as described in relating chapter.

Checking the actuator


Figure 97

106227

Check actuator efficiency (1) operating as follows. Apply, to fitting (2) of actuator (1), compressed air feed piping provided with pressure regulator (4). By using the pressure regulator, introduce, into the actuator, compressed air slowly modulating it, from 03.5 bar; tie rod (3) of actuator (1) must move without jamming; otherwise, replace actuator (1).
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

45

Figure 98

Checking actuator travel


Figure 100

106228

Check for any actuator leaks at indicated points () applying, on these points, a solution of suds. When actuator (1) is fed with compressed air, no bubbles must be found at indicated points (); otherwise, replace actuator (1).

106230

Check travel X of tie rod (2) of actuator (1) operating as follows. Measure distance X1 between actuator (1) and cross-axis of eyelet (4). Apply, to fitting of actuator (1), piping (3) for compressed air feed provided with pressure regulator. By using the pressure regulator, introduce, into actuator (1) compressed air slowly modulating it, from 03,5 bar, until lever (5) is taken to its end of travel. Measure again the distance between actuator (1) and cross-axis of eyelet (4) dimension X2. Travel X of tie rod (2) of actuator (1) is given by following subtraction X = X2-X1 and must result to be equal to 11.50.5 mm.

Figure 99

Cleaning turbine body


Figure 101

106229

Lubricate bushing () of tie rod (3) and pin () of lever (8) with lithium-based Castrol LM GREASE type and reconnect actuator (1) to turbocompressor (7) operating as follows. Connect tie rod (3) to lever (8). Mount new ring (4), mount disk (5) and screw up screw (6). Screw up screws (2) securing actuator (1) to turbocompressor (7). Tighten screws (2 and 6) at 25 Nm torque.

106231

Mark mounting position of clamp (2) on central body (1). On threading and nut (4), apply antioxidant spray lubricant and, operating on nut (4), loosen clamp (2). Slightly rotate clamp (2) using pliers (5). Mark mounting position of turbine body (3) on central body (1).

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

46

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 102

Figure 104

106234

106232

By a copper hammer, beat on two opposite points (~180) on turbine body (2) to separate turbine body from central body (1). NOTE In operation, take particular care to avoid damaging turbine rotor.

By suitable scraper and abrasive paper, accurately clean surfaces () of turbine body (1) from carbonaceous deposits, taking care to avoid damaging the surfaces.

Figure 105

After dismounting turbine body, check variable geometry movement as described in relating chapter; where improvement in movement is not found with respect to previous check, replace turbocompressor.

Figure 103
106235

Dismount clamp (1) from central body (2) and check that the clamp does not result to be damaged; otherwise replace the clamp. Figure 106

106233

Accurately clean slot ring (1) and area around turbine body from carbonaceous deposits and check that the ring moves freely, otherwise, replace turbocompressor.
106236

NOTE Any small cracks between slots and ring can be accepted, because they do not impair turbocompressor operation conditions.

Dismount seal ring (1), external with respect to central body (2). Accurately clean seal ring (1) and check that the ring does not result to be damaged; otherwise replace the ring.
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

47

Figure 107

Figure 109

106237

106235

Check turbine rotor (1); there must not be found: carbonaceous deposits, deformation, cracks, blade scoring; also, turbine must turn freely. By comparator, check clearance of turbine rotor stem (1); clearance must result to be: - axial clearance: 0.0250.127 mm - radial clearance: 0.2540.356 mm. Where either clearance values over above ones or any one of above mentioned faults are found, replace turbocompressor.

Position clamp (1) on central body (2) NOTE Should clamp (1) be replaced with an integrated heat guard, a new actuator has to be mounted with an integrated heat guard at the place of existing one. Position accurately cleaned seal ring on central body. Apply a thin layer of antiscuff paste on cleaned matching surfaces: central body / turbine body.

NOTE Before cleaning turbine side central body, properly protect oil, water and air inlets and outlets () in order to prevent dirt or foreign bodies from entering turbocompressor.

Figure 110

Figure 108

106240

106238

By suitable scraper and abrasive paper, accurately clean surfaces () of central body (1) from carbonaceous deposits, taking care to avoid damaging the surfaces and variable geometry ring. Then, with compressed air, clean variable geometry surfaces and ring from removed residues. Check again, as described in relating chapters: - variable geometry movement; - actuator; - actuator travel.

Mount turbine body (1) on central body (2) taking care to avoid damaging turbine rotor and align turbine body variable geometry slot ring. Do not force mounting operation: in case of jamming, it might damage variable geometry with consequent regulation system faulty operation. Once mounting has been completed, make sure that turbine body results to be matched correctly on central body. Position turbine body on central body and clamp on central body in such a way that marks, made on dismounting, are matching. Tighten nut clamping the clamp at 11.3 Nm torque. Check again, as described in relating chapters: - actuator; - actuator travel.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

48

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TIGHTENING TORQUES
PART Under-basement fastening screws to cylinder block (see Figure 111) Outer screws First stage : pre-tightening Inner screws Second stage : pre-tightening Inner screws Third stage : angle closing Inner screws Fourth stage : angle closing Outer screws Fifth stage : angle closing Pipe union for piston cooling nozzle Intercooler fastening screws to cylinder block (see Figure 116) pre-tightening tightening Plug Spacer and oil sump fastening screws (see Figure 117) Gearcase fastening screws to cylinder block M10x1.25 M16x2 M16x2 M16x2 M10x1,5 M12X1.5 TORQUE Nm 25 140 60 60 90 35 2 11.5 3.5 19 3 125 15 41.5 3.5 41.5 3.5 63 7 23.5 1.5 50 100 90 75 40 60 39 5 36.5 20 2 74 8 50 50 8.5 1.5 40 5 70 5 19 3 50 40 M16x1.5x58 100 60 M16x1.5x110 100 120 70 50 7 10 10 0.8 0.1 4 0.5 7 0.5 1.9 0.3 5 3.9 5 3.65 2 0.2 7.4 0.8 5 4 3.5 0.2 1.15 0.35 1.9 0.3 12.5 1.5 4.1 0.3 4.1 0.3 6.3 0.7 2.3 0.1 5 10 kgm 2.5 14

M10X1.25 M12X1.75 M8X1.25

Cylinder head fastening screw: (see Figure 112) First stage pre-tightening Second stage pre-tightening Third stage angle closing Fourth stage angle closing Rocker arm shaft fastening screw (see Figure 113) First stage pre-tightening Second stage angle closing Locknut for rocker arm adjusting screw Screws for injector fastening brackets Shoulder plate fastening screws to head Engine support bracket fastening screws to cylinder head Gear fastening screws to camshaft: First stage pre-tightening Second stage angle closing Phonic wheel fastening screws to distribution gear Exhaust pipe fastening screws (see Figure 114) pre-tightening tightening Engine brake actuator cylinder fastening screws Connecting rod cap fastening screws: First stage pre-tightening Second stage angle closing Engine flywheel fastening screws: First stage pre-tightening Second stage angle closing Engine flywheel fastening screws: First stage pre-tightening Second stage angle closing Flywheel pulley fastening screws to crankshaft : First stage pre-tightening Second stage angle closing Lubricate with oil MOLYKOTE before assembly Lubricate with graphitized oil before assembly

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

49

PART Damper flywheel fastening screws: Idler gear pin fastening screws: First stage Second stage Idle gear link rod fastening screw Oil pump fastening screw Oil pump suction rose fastening screw Front cover fastening screw to cylinder block Control unit fastening screw to cylinder block Supply pump fastening screw to gearcase Fuel filter support fastening screw to cylinder head M16x2 screw securing engine support to gears box First stage Second stage pre-tightening angle closing pre-tightening angle closing

TORQUE Nm 115 15 30 90 24.5 2.5 24.5 2.5 24.5 2.5 19 3 19 3 19 3 24.5 2.5 100 60 35 5 46 2 24.5 2.5 55 5 8.5 1.5 24.5 2.5 45 5 105 5 24.5 2.5 44 4 50 5 74 8 170 46.5 4.5 24.5 2.5 44 4 44 4 24.5 2.5 35 32.5 2.5 3.5 0.5 4.6 0.2 2.4 0.2 5.5 0.5 0.8 0.1 2.4 0.2 4.5 0.5 10.5 0.5 2.4 0.2 4 0.4 5 0.5 7.4 0.8 17 1 4.6 0.4 2.4 2.5 4.4 0.4 4.4 0.4 2.4 0.2 3.5 3.2 0.2 2.4 0.2 2.4 0.2 2.4 0.2 1.9 0.3 1.9 0.3 1.9 0.3 2.4 0.2 10 kgm 11.5 1.5 3

Turbo-compressor fastening screws and nuts (see Figure 115) pre-tightening tightening Water pump fastening screw to cylinder block Pulley fastening screw to hub Rocker arm cover fastening screws (see Figure 118) Thermostat box fastening screws to cylinder head Automatic tightener fastening screws to cylinder block Fixed tightener fastening screws to cylinder block Fan support fastening screws to cylinder block Starter fastening screws Air heater on cylinder head Air compressor fastening screw to cylinder head Air compressor control gear fastening nut Hydraulic power steering pump gear fastening nut Air conditioner compressor fastening screw to support Air conditioner compressor support fastening screw to cylinder block Alternator support fastening screw to cylinder block Alternator bracket fastening screw to cylinder block Water pipe unions Water temperature sensor Lubricate with oil MOLYKOTE before assembly Lubricate with graphitized oil before assembly

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

50

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

PART Engine brake solenoid valve fastening screws Flywheel rev sensor fastening screw Camshaft rev sensor fastening screw P.D.E solenoid connector fastening screw Overboost pressure sensor fastening screw Absolute pressure sensor fastening screw P.W.M. control valve fastening screw/nut Fuel/coolant temperature sensor Coolant temperature indicator Filter clogging sensor Oil temperature switch Oil pressure sensor Oil clogging sensor Electric wire fastening screw Heater fastening screw: M14X70/80 screw securing front and rear spring blocks to chassis M16X130 screw securing front and rear spring blocks to engine M18X62 flanged hex screw for front engine block: First stage Second stage First stage Second stage First stage Second stage pre-tightening angle closing pre-tightening angle closing pre-tightening angle closing

TORQUE Nm 32.5 2.5 84 82 1.62 0.3 82 22.5 2.5 82 35 23.5 2.5 10 25 1 25 1 55 5 82 12.5 2.5 192.5 19.5 278 28 120 45 60 45 100 60 10 6 kgm 3.2 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.2 2.2 0.2 0.8 0.2 3.5 2.3 0.2 1 2.5 0.1 2.5 0.1 5.5 0.5 0.8 0.2 1.2 0.2 19.2 1.9 27.8 2.8 12

M14X60 socket cheese-head screw for front engine block:

Flanged hex screw for rear engine block:

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

51

Underblock fixing screws tightening sequence


Figure 111

FRONT SIDE

First phase: preliminary tightening of outer screws (25 Nm)

44897

FRONT SIDE

Second phase: preliminary tightening of inner screws (140 Nm)


44898

FRONT SIDE

Third phase: angle tightening of inner screws 60

44898

FRONT SIDE

Front phase: angle tightening of inner screws 60

44898

FRONT SIDE

Fifth phase: angle tightening of outer screws 90

44899

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

52

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Diagram of cylinder head fixing screws tightening sequence


Figure 112

44900

Diagram of rocker shaft fixing screws tightening sequence


Figure 113

70567A

Diagram of exhaust manifold fixing screws tightening sequence


Figure 114

7
45359

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

53

Diagram of turbocharger fixing screws and nuts tightening sequence


Figure 115

45360

SEQUENCE:

Preliminary tightening Tightening

4-3-1-2 1-4-2-3

Diagram of heat exchanger fixing screws tightening sequence


Figure 116

455361

Diagram of engine oil sump fixing screws tightening sequence


Figure 117

12

11

10

3 9

13

14 4
Print P1D32C002 E

8 5 6 7 2
45362

Base - September 2006

54

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Diagram of rocker arm cap fixing screws tightening sequence


Figure 118

17

14

13

8 9 10 11

18 19 20 16 15 12 2 3 6 7

45363

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

SECTION 5 Tools
Page TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

8093731

Tester PT01

99322230

Rotary telescopic stand (range 2000 daN, torque 375 daNm)

99340051

Extractor for crankshaft front gasket

99340052

Extractor for crankshaft rear gasket

99340205

Percussion extractor

99342149

Extractor for injector-holder

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99346245

Tool to install the crankshaft front gasket

99346246

Tool to install the crankshaft rear gasket

99348004

Universal extractor for 5 to 70 mm internal components

99350072

Box wrench for transmission gear support fixing screws

99350074

Box wrench for block junction bolts to the underblock

99360177

Injector housing protecting plugs (6)

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360184

Pincers for removing and refitting circlips and pistons (105-160 mm)

99360192

Guide for flexible belt

99360264

Tool to take down-fit engine valves

99360288

Tool to remove valve guide

99360292

Tool to install gasket on valve guide

99360294

Tool to drive valve guide (to be used with 99360288)

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360314

Tool to remove oil filter (engine)

99360321

Tool to rotate engine flywheel

99360334

Compression tool for checking the protrusion of cylinder liners (to be used with 99370415-99395603 and special plates)

99360335

Cylinder barrel compression cap (to be used with 99360334)

99360351

Tool to stop engine flywheel

99360487

Tool to take down and fit back camshaft bushes

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360500

Tool to lift crankshaft

99360551

Bracket to take down and fit engine flywheel

99360558

Tool to lift and transport rocker shaft

99360585

Swing hoist for engine disassembly assembly

99360605

Belt to insert piston in cylinder liner (60 - 125 mm)

99360612

Tool for positioning engine P.M.S.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360613

Tool for timing of phonic wheel on timing gear

99360703

Tool to stop cylinder liners

99360706

Tool to extract cylinder liners (to be used with specific rings)

99360724

Tool to extract the cylinder liners (to be used with 99360723)

99361035

Brackets fixing the engine to rotary stand 99322230

99365054

Tool for injector holder heading

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99370415

Base supporting the dial gauge for checking cylinder liner protrusion (to be used with 99395603)

99378100

Tool for printing engine identification plates (to be used with special punches)

99378130

Punch kit to stamp engine identification data plates (compose of: 99378101(A) - 99378102(B) - 99378103(C) - 99378104(D) 99378105(E) - 99378106(F) - 993378107(G) - 99378108(V))

99389834

Torque screwdriver (1-6 Nm) for calibrating the injector solenoid valve connector check nut

99390310

Valve guide sleeker

99390772

Tool to remove residues from injector holder

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99390804

Tool to thread injector holders to be extracted

99394014

Guide bush (to be used with 99394041 or 99394043)

99394041

Cutter to rectify injector holder housing (to be used with 99394014)

99394043

Reamer to rectify injector holder lower side (to be used with 99394014)

99395215

Gauge for centre distance check between camshaft and idle gear

99395216

Measuring pair for angular tightening with 1/2 and 3/4 square couplings

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

11

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99395603

Dial gauge (0 - 5 mm)

99396033

Centering ring of crankshaft front cap

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

APPENDIX

Appendix
Page SAFETY PRESCRIPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

APPENDIX

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

APPENDIX

SAFETY PRESCRIPTIONS Standard safety prescriptions


Particular attention shall be drawn on some precautions that must be followed absolutely in a standard working area and whose non fulfillment will make any other measure useless or not sufficient to ensure safety to the personnel in-charge of maintenance. Be informed and inform personnel as well of the laws in force regulating safety, providing information documentation available for consultation. - Keep working areas as clean as possible, ensuring adequate aeration. - Ensure that working areas are provided with emergency boxes, that must be clearly visible and always provided with adequate sanitary equipment. - Provide for adequate fire extinguishing means, properly indicated and always having free access. Their efficiency must be checked on regular basis and the personnel must be trained on intervention methods and priorities. - Organize and displace specific exit points to evacuate the areas in case of emergency, providing for adequate indications of the emergency exit lines. - Smoking in working areas subject to fire danger must be strictly prohibited. - Provide Warnings throughout adequate boards signaling danger, prohibitions and indications to ensure easy comprehension of the instructions even in case of emergency.

- Do not execute any intervention if not provided with necessary instructions. - Do not use any tool or equipment for any different operation from the ones theyve been designed and provided for: serious injury may occur. - In case of test or calibration operations requiring engine running, ensure that the area is sufficiently aerated or utilize specific vacuum equipment to eliminate exhaust gas. Danger: poisoning and death.

During maintenance
- Never open filler cap of cooling circuit when the engine is hot. Operating pressure would provoke high temperature with serious danger and risk of burn. Wait unit the temperature decreases under 50C. - Never top up an overheated engine with cooler and utilize only appropriate liquids. - Always operate when the engine is turned off: whether particular circumstances require maintenance intervention on running engine, be aware of all risks involved with such operation. - Be equipped with adequate and safe containers for drainage operation of engine liquids and exhaust oil. - Keep the engine clean from oil tangles, diesel fuel and or chemical solvents. - Use of solvents or detergents during maintenance may originate toxic vapors. Always keep working areas aerated. Whenever necessary wear safety mask. - Do not leave rags impregnated with flammable substances close to the engine. - Upon engine start after maintenance, undertake proper preventing actions to stop air suction in case of runaway speed rate. - Do not utilize fast screw-tightening tools. - Never disconnect batteries when the engine is running. - Disconnect batteries before any intervention on the electrical system. - Disconnect batteries from system aboard to load them with the battery loader. - After every intervention, verify that battery clamp polarity is correct and that the clamps are tight and safe from accidental short circuit and oxidation. - Do not disconnect and connect electrical connections in presence of electrical feed. - Before proceeding with pipelines disassembly (pneumatic, hydraulic, fuel pipes) verify presence of liquid or air under pressure. Take all necessary precautions bleeding and draining residual pressure or closing dump valves. Always wear adequate safety mask or goggles. Non fulfillment of these prescriptions may cause serious injury and poisoning.

Prevention of injury
- Do not wear unsuitable cloths for work, with fluttering ends, nor jewels such as rings and chains when working close to engines and equipment in motion. - Wear safety gloves and goggles when performing the following operations: - filling inhibitors or anti-frost - lubrication oil topping or replacement - utilization of compressed air or liquids under pressure (pressure allowed: 2 bar) - Wear safety helmet when working close to hanging loads or equipment working at head height level. - Always wear safety shoes when and cloths adhering to the body, better if provided with elastics at the ends. - Use protection cream for hands. - Change wet cloths as soon as possible - In presence of current tension exceeding 48-60 V verify efficiency of earth and mass electrical connections. Ensure that hands and feet are dry and execute working operations utilizing isolating foot-boards. Do not carry out working operations if not trained for. - Do not smoke nor light up flames close to batteries and to any fuel material. - Put the dirty rags with oil, diesel fuel or solvents in anti-fire specially provided containers.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

APPENDIX

F2B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

- Avoid incorrect tightening or out of couple. Danger: incorrect tightening may seriously damage engines components, affecting engines duration. - Avoid priming from fuel tanks made out of copper alloys and/or with ducts not being provided with filters. - Do not modify cable wires: their length shall not be changed. - Do not connect any user to the engine electrical equipment unless specifically approved by Iveco. - Do not modify fuel systems or hydraulic system unless Iveco specific approval has been released. Any unauthorized modification will compromise warranty assistance and furthermore may affect engine correct working and duration. For engines equipped with electronic gearbox: - Do not execute electric arc welding without having priory removed electronic gearbox. - Remove electronic gearbox in case of any intervention requiring heating over 80C temperature. - Do not paint the components and the electronic connections. - Do not vary or alter any data filed in the electronic gearbox driving the engine. Any manipulation or alteration of electronic components shall totally compromise engine assistance warranty and furthermore may affect engine correct working and duration.

Respect of the Environment


- Respect of the Environment shall be of primary importance: all necessary precautions to ensure personnels safety and health shall be adopted. - Be informed and inform the personnel as well of laws in force regulating use and exhaust of liquids and engine exhaust oil. Provide for adequate board indications and organize specific training courses to ensure that personnel is fully aware of such law prescriptions and of basic preventive safety measures. - Collect exhaust oils in adequate specially provided containers with hermetic sealing ensuring that storage is made in specific, properly identified areas that shall be aerated, far from heat sources and not exposed to fire danger. - Handle the batteries with care, storing them in aerated environment and within anti-acid containers. Warning: battery exhalation represent serious danger of intoxication and environment contamination.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Part 2 F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES


Section General specifications

Fuel

Vehicle application

General overhaul

Tools

Safety prescriptions

Appendix

PREFACE TO USERS GUIDELINE MANUAL Section 1 describes the F3A engine illustrating its features and working in general. Section 2 describes the type of fuel feed. Section 3 relates to the specific duty and is divided in four separate parts: 1. Mechanical part, related to the engine overhaul, limited to those components with different characteristics based on the relating specific duty. 2. Electrical part, concerning wiring harness, electrical and electronic equipment with different characteristics based on the relating specific duty. 3. Maintenance planning and specific overhaul. 4. Troubleshooting part dedicated to the operators who, being entitled to provide technical assistance, shall have simple and direct instructions to identify the cause of the major inconveniences. Sections 4 and 5 illustrate the overhaul operations of the engine overhaul on stand and the necessary equipment to execute such operations. The appendix reports general safety prescriptions to be followed by all operators whether being in-charge of installation or maintenance, in order to avoid serious injury.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

UPDATING
Section Description Page Date of revision

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

SECTION 1 General specifications


Page CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN TECHNICAL CODE AND COMMERCIAL CODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . VIEWS OF THE ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LUBRICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Oil pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Overpressure valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Oil pressure control valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Heat exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - By-pass valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Thermostatic valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Engine oil filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Valve integrated in piston cooling nozzle . . . . . COOLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Water pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TURBOCHARGING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Turbocharger HOLSET HE531V . . . . . . . . . . . - Actuator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Solenoid valve for VGT control . . . . . . . . . . . . DENOX SYSTEM 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - General remarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - AdBlue fluid level gauge control . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 5 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 12 13 14 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 18 20 20

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Page - By-pass valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Pump module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Dosing module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Catalyst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Exhaust gas temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . . . - Humidity detecting sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 21 21 21 22 23

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN TECHNICAL CODE AND COMMERCIAL CODE

Technical Code F3AE3681D F3AE3681B F3AE3681A

Commercial Code C10 ENT C C10 ENT C C10 ENT C

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

VIEWS OF THE ENGINE


Figure 1

73835

F3A ENGINE

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 2

115777

RIGHT-HAND SIDE VIEW OF THE ENGINE Figure 3

73527

REAR VIEW OF THE ENGINE


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

Figure 4

106681

RIGHT-HAND SIDE VIEW OF THE ENGINE Figure 5

73529

LEFT-HAND SIDE VIEW OF THE ENGINE


Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 6

73834

VIEW OF THE ENGINE FROM ABOVE

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

LUBRICATION
Engine lubrication is obtained with a gear pump driven by the crankshaft via gears. A heat exchanger governs the temperature of the lubricating oil. It houses two oil filters, indicator sensors and safety valves.

Figure 7

Oil falling Oil under pressure


60672

B - to cylinders 1 - 2 - 3 C - to cylinder 4 D - to cylinders 5 - 6

LUBRICATION CIRCUIT

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Oil pump
Figure 8

Overpressure valve
Figure 10

60560

73540

The oil pump (1) cannot be overhauled. On finding any damage, replace the oil pump assembly. See under the relevant heading for replacing the gear (2) of the crankshaft.

MAIN DATA TO CHECK THE OVERPRESSURE VALVE SPRING

Figure 9

108846

OIL PUMP CROSS-SECTION Overpressure valve Start of opening pressure 10 1 bars


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

11

Oil pressure control valve


Figure 11

Figure 12

73542

73543

The oil pressure control valve is located on the left-hand side of the crankcase. Start of opening pressure 5 bars.

MAIN DATA TO CHECK THE OIL PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE SPRING

Heat exchanger
Figure 13

78950

HEAT EXCHANGER (new drawing) The heat exchanger is fitted with: 1. Oil temperature sensor - 2. Oil pressure sensor for pressure gauge - 3. Transmitter for low pressure warning lamp - 4. By-pass valve - 5. Heat valve. Number of elements 9
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

By-pass valve
Figure 14

This is a new generation of filters that permit much more thorough filtration as they are able to holder back a greater amount of particles of smaller dimensions than those held back by conventional filters with a paper filtering element. These high-filtration devices, to date used only in industrial processes, make it possible to: - reduce the wear of engine components over time; - maintain the performance/specifications of the oil and thereby lengthen the time intervals between changes. External spiral winding The filtering elements are closely wound by a spiral so that each fold is firmly anchored to the spiral with respect to the others. This produces a uniform use of the element even in the worst conditions such as cold starting with fluids with a high viscosity and peaks of flow. In addition, it ensures uniform distribution of the flow over the entire length of the filtering element, with consequent optimization of the loss of load and of its working life. Mount upstream To optimize flow distribution and the rigidity of the filtering element, this has an exclusive mount composed of a strong mesh made of nylon and an extremely strong synthetic material. Filtering element Composed of inert inorganic fibres bound with an exclusive resin to a structure with graded holes, the element is manufactured exclusively to precise procedures and strict quality control. Mount downstream A mount for the filtering element and a strong nylon mesh make it even stronger, which is especially helpful during cold starts and long periods of use. The performance of the filter remains constant and reliable throughout its working life and from one element to another, irrespective of the changes in working conditions. Structural parts The o-rings equipping the filtering element ensure a perfect seal between it and the container, eliminating by-pass risks and keeping filter performance constant. Strong corrosionproof bottoms and a sturdy internal metal core complete the structure of the filtering element. When mounting the filters, keep to the following rules: - Oil and fit new seals. - Screw down the filters to bring the seals into contact with the supporting bases. - Tighten the filter to a torque of 35-40 Nm.

73545

The valve quickly opens at a pressure of: 3 bars.

Thermostatic valve
Figure 15

73546

Start of opening: - travel 0.1 mm at a temperature of 82 2C. End of opening: - travel 8 mm at a temperature of 97C.

Engine oil filters


Figure 16

47447

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

13

Valve integrated in piston cooling nozzle

Figure 17

109080

The valve allows oil to enter only above the threshold pressure of 1.7 0.2 bar. This permits filling the circuit and therefore lubricating the most stressed parts even when working at lower pressures.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

14

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

COOLING Description
The engine cooling system is of the closed-circuit, forced circulation type. It consists mainly of the following components: - expansion tank, not supplied (by IVECO); - a heat exchanger to cool down lubrication oil; - a water pump with centrifugal system incorporated in the cylinder block; - fan, not supplied; - a 2-way thermostat controlling the coolant circulation.

Operation
The water pump is actuated by the crankshaft through a poli-V belt and sends coolant to the cylinder block, especially to the cylinder head (bigger quantity). When the coolant temperature reaches and overcomes the operating temperature, the thermostat is opened and from here the coolant flows into the radiator and is cooled down by the fan. The pressure inside the system, due to temperature change, is adequately controlled through the expansion vessel.

Figure 18

(Demonstration)

Water flowing out of the thermostat Water circulating in the engine Water flowing into the pump
99248

A/B C D/E

outlet/inlet for vehicle heater inlet from the expansion vessel outlet from the radiator and the thermostat body for expansion vessel inlet
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

15

Water pump
Figure 19

Figure 21 TO THE RADIATOR

TO THE EXPANSION TUB FROM THE ENGINE Water leaving the thermostat
60631

TO THE BY PASS
60748

CROSS-SECTION OF THE WATER PUMP The water pump is composed of: impeller, bearing, seal and driving pulley.

Check the thermostat works properly; replace it if in doubt. Temperature of start of travel 84C 2C. Minimum travel 15 mm at 94C 2C.

NOTE Check that the pump body has no cracks or water leakage; if it does, replace the entire water pump.

Thermostat
View of thermostat operation Figure 20

TO THE RADIATOR

TO THE EXPANSION TUB FROM THE ENGINE Water circulating in the engine TO THE BY PASS
60747

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

16

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TURBOCHARGING
The turbocharging system consists of: - air filter; - variable geometry turbocharger; - intercooler radiator. Figure 22

Engine exhaust gas Intake air Compressed air (hot) Compressed air (cooled) TURBOCHARGING DIAGRAM
60675

Turbocharger HOLSET HE531V


Operating principle The variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) consists of a centrifugal compressor and a turbine, equipped with a mobile device which adjusts the speed by changing the area of the passing section of exhaust gases to the turbine. Thanks to this solution, gas velocity and turbine speed can be high even when the engine is idling. If the gas is made to go through a narrow passage, in fact, it flows faster, so that the turbine rotates more quickly.

The movement of the device, choking the exhaust gas flowing section, is carried out by a mechanism, activated by a pneumatic actuator. This actuator is directly controlled by the electronic control unit by a proportional solenoid valve. The device is in maximum closing condition at idle speed. At high engine operating speed, the electronic control system is activated and increases the passing section, in order to allow the in-coming gases to flow without increasing their speed. A toroidal chamber is obtained during the casting process in the central body for the passage of the coolant.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

17

Actuator
Figure 23

Working principle (See Figure 23) The actuator piston, connected to the drive rod, is controlled with the compressed air introduced through the air inlet (1) on the top of the actuator. Modulating the air pressure varies the movement of the piston and turbine control rod. As the piston moves, it progressively compresses the external spring (4) until the base of the piston reaches the disc (5) controlling the internal spring (6). On further increasing the pressure, the piston, via the disc (5), interferes with the bottom limit stop (10). Using two springs makes it possible to vary the ratio between the piston stroke and the pressure. Approximately 85% of the stroke of the rod is opposed by the external spring and 15% by the internal one.

Solenoid valve for VGT control


This N.C. proportional solenoid valve is located on the left-hand side of the crankcase under the turbine. The electronic control unit, via a PWM signal, controls the solenoid valve, governing the supply pressure of the turbine actuator, which, on changing its position, modifies the cross-section of the flow of exhaust gases onto the blades of the impeller and therefore its speed. The resistance of the coil is approx. 20-30 Ohms.

71834

1. Air inlet - 2. Gasket - 3. Piston - 4. External spring 5. Internal spring control disc - 6. Internal spring 7. O-ring - 8. Spring holder - 9. Limit stop - 10. Dust seal 11. Control rod. Figure 24

[bar]

Stroke [mm]
72421

a b

Gradient characterized by the effect of the external spring (4, Figure 23). Gradient characterized by the effect of the external (4, Figure 23) and internal (6, Figure 23) springs.
Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

18

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DeNOx SYSTEM 2 General remarks


In order to keep the exhaust emission values of nitric oxides (NOx) within the limits prescribed by the Euro 4 standard, with low fuel consumption, a system for post-processing of the above substances found in exhaust gas has been fitted to the vehicles. This system essentially consists of an electronic-control oxidizing catalyst. The system converts, through the SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) process, nitric oxides (NOx) into inert compounds: free nitrogen (N2) and water vapour (H2O). The SCR process is based on a series of chemical reactions, which leads, due to ammonia reacting with exhaust gas oxygen, to a reduction of nitric oxides (NOx) found in exhaust gas.

Figure 25

115785

SCR SYSTEM DIAGRAM A. PUMP MODULE - B. MEASURING OUT MODULE 1. Supply module - 2. MV4 - 3. Pre-filters - 4. Tank vent - 5. AdBlue tank with gridle - 6. Dosing module - 7. MV2 - 8. Mixer 9. - 10. Temperature sensors - 11. Nox sensor (*) - 12. Membrane pump - 13. MV1 - 14. MV3 - 15. Main filter. * Future application

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

19

The system is essentially made up of: a tank (9) for reagent solution (water - urea: AdBlue), equipped with level gauge (8); - an H2O diverter valve (1); - pump module (10); - a mixing and injection module (2); - catalyst (4); - two exhaust gas temperature sensors (5, 6) on catalyst output (4); - a moisture detection sensor (7) fitted on the engine air intake pipe downstream from the air cleaner. SCR system is electronically managed by DCU (Dosing Control Unit) incorporated into pump module (10); depending on engine rpm, supplied torque, exhaust gas temperature, quantity of nitrogen oxides and humidity of air sucked in, the control unit regulates the flow rate of AdBlue solution to be let into the system.

Pump module (10) takes reagent solution out of tank (9), then sends it under pressure into measuring out module (2); finally, the reagent solution is injected into the exhaust pipe upstream of catalyst (4). Here, the first phase of the process is realized: the reagent solution will vaporize immediately, due to the exhaust gas temperature, and will be converted into ammonia (2NH3) and carbon dioxide (CO2), owing to hydrolysis. At the same time, vaporization of the solution will cause a decrease in the exhaust gas temperature: the latter will get near the optimum temperature required for the process. Exhaust gas added with ammonia - and at the reaction temperature - will flow into catalyst where the second phase of the process will be realized: ammonia will, by reacting with the exhaust gas oxygen, convert into free nitrogen (N) and water vapour (H2O).

Figure 26

108125

POSITION OF SCR SYSTEM COMPONENTS ON THE VEHICLE 1. H2O valve - 2. By-pass valve - 3. Nitric oxide detecting sensor (*) - 4. Catalyst 5. Outlet temperature sensor - 6. Inflow exhaust gas temperature sensor - 7. Sucked air humidity and temperature sensor - 8. Level gauge - 9. Water-urea solution (AdBlue) tank - 10. Pump module * Future application
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

20

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Tank
Figure 27

Figure 29

102308

FUNCTIONAL WIRING DIAGRAM


102295

The tank equipped with level gauge control (1) contains the reducing substance required for the SCR process, which consists of a 35%-urea and water solution called AdBlue.

The AdBlue fluid level gauge control consists of a device made up of a set of resistors, a float, a NTC temperature sensor, and a coil used to heat the fluid under low temperature conditions. It informs the control unit of any current change due to the resistor determined by the float position with respect to the AdBlue fluid level.

AdBlue fluid level gauge control


Figure 28

By-pass valve
Figure 30

108127

FUNCTIONAL WIRING DIAGRAM


116181

1. AdBlue fluid suction pipe - 2. AdBlue fluid return pipe - 3. Engine cooling hot fluid inlet pipe 4. AdBlue (NTC) temperature sensor 5. Engine cooling hot fluid outlet pipe - 6. Float 7. AdBlue fluid heating coil - 8. AdBlue air vent.

1. Coolant inlet - 2. Coolant outlet 6. Electrical connection. The valve, which is a Normally Closed type valve, allows AdBlue tank to be heated by engine coolant. The NTC temperature sensor (Figure 29) controls the by-pass valve which closes or opens (depending on temperature) the passage of the engine cooling hot fluid into the heating coil.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

21

Pump module
Figure 31

Dosing module
Figure 32

108129

1. AdBlue infeed - 2. Electrical connection 3. AdBlue outlet.


108128

1. AdBlue return pipe to the tank - 2. AdBlue return pipe from dosing module - 3. AdBlue solution outlet 4. AdBlue solution infeed - 5. Electrical connection 6. DCU control unit connector - 7. Filter - 8. Prefilter.

The function of this module is to dose the AdBlue solution to be conveyed to the injector.

Catalyst
Figure 33

102301

Catalyst (1), equipped with sound-proofing material, replaces the exhaust silencer. Inside the catalyst, the exhaust gas nitric oxides are, by reacting with ammonia, converted into free nitrogen and water vapour. Temperature sensors (2 & 3) and nitric oxide detecting sensor (4) are fitted onto catalyst (1).
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

22

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Exhaust gas temperature sensor


Figure 34

102303

Figure 35

102304

FUNCTIONAL WIRING DIAGRAM 1. Supply voltage - 2. Variable output voltage - 3. Connector - 4. Signal cable (grey) - 5. Earth cable (white) - 6. Sensor. The function of this sensor is to send the control unit the catalyst inlet and outlet exhaust gas temperature values required to calculate the amount of urea to be injected into the system.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

23

Humidity detecting sensor


Figure 36

102311

1. Temperature - 2. Earth - 3. Humidity percent value - 4. Power supply. This sensor is located on the air filter output conveyor, and is used to inform the control unit of the amount (percentage) of humidity found in sucked air, to determine the calculation of nitric oxide emissions.

Figure 37

102312

ELECTRIC BLOCK DIAGRAM 1. Earth - 2. Temperature - 3. Power supply unit - 4. Humidity percent value - A. Sample frequency generator B. Reference oscillator - C. NTC temperature sensor - D. Amplifier lowpass filter.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

24

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 2 - FUEL

SECTION 2 Fuel
Page FEEDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Overpressure valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Feed pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Injector-pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing injectors-pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Pressure damper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4 4 4 5 5

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 2 - FUEL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 2 - FUEL

FEEDING
Fuel is supplied via a fuel pump, filter and pre-filter, 6 pump-injectors governed by the camshaft via rocker arms and by the electronic control unit.

Figure 1

Return circuit Supply circuit

108847

ENGINE FEED SCHEME 1. Fuel filter - 2. Pressure damping device - 3. Pressure control valve (start of opening at 5 bar) - 4. Feed pump 5. Fuel pre-filter with priming pump - 6. Valve, to recirculate fuel from injectors, integrated in feed pump (start of opening at 3.5 bar) - 7. Central unit - 8. Heat exchanger - 9. Overpressure valve to return fuel to tank (start of opening at 0.2 bar) 10. Pump injectors. A. Fuel arriving at injectors - B. Fuel returning to tank

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 2 - FUEL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Overpressure valve
Figure 2

Injector-pump
Figure 4

92829

An overpressure valve is a single-acting valve, calibrated to 0.2 0.3 bar, placed on the piping that returns fuel to tank. The overpressure valve prevents fuel duct in cylinder head from emptying with engine stopped.

Feed pump
Figure 3
108843

1. Fuel/oil seal 2. Fuel/diesel seal 3. Fuel/exhaust gas seal. The injector-pump is composed of: pumping element, nozzle, solenoid valve. Pumping element The pumping element is operated by a rocker arm governed directly by the cam of the camshaft. The pumping element is able to ensure a high delivery pressure. The return stroke is made by means of a return spring. Nozzle Garages are authorized to perform fault diagnosis solely on the entire injection system and may not work inside the injector-pump, which must only be replaced. A specific fault-diagnosis program, included in the control unit, is able to check the operation of each injector (it deactivates one at a time and checks the delivery of the other five). Fault diagnosis makes it possible to distinguish errors of an electrical origin from ones of a mechanical/hydraulic origin. It indicates broken pump-injectors. It is therefore necessary to interpret all the control unit error messages correctly. Any defects in the injectors are to be resolved by replacing them. Solenoid valve The solenoid, which is energized at each active phase of the cycle, via a signal from the control unit, controls a slide valve that shuts off the pumping element delivery pipe. When the solenoid is not energized, the valve is open, the fuel is pumped but it flows back into the return pipe with the normal transfer pressure of approximately 5 bars. When the solenoid is energized, the valve shuts and the fuel, not being able to flow back into the return pipe, is pumped into the nozzle at high pressure, causing the needle to lift.
Print P1D32C002 E

92830

Engine feed pump for vehicles 4x2 - 4x4 - 6x4 1. Overpressure valve - 2. Delivering fuel to injectors 3. Sucking in fuel - 4. Pressure control valve.

Pump performances
Pump rotation speed Minimum flow rate (rpm) (l/h) 2600 310 0.5 5 30 600 45 0.3 3 30 170 12 0.3 0,3 30 0.3 0.3 30 100

Negative pressure on aspiration (bar) Pressure on delivery (bar) Test liquid temperature Test liquid (C)

Test conditions

ISO 4113

Field of use
Pump rotation speed (rpm) Overrunning rotation speed (max 5 min) (rpm) Diesel oil temperature (C) Filtering rate on aspiration (micron) Negative pressure on aspiration (bar) 2600 4100 max -25/+80 30 0.5 max

Pressure control valve


Valve calibration 5 5.8

Injectors return valve


Valve calibration
Base - September 2006

3.4 3.8

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 2 - FUEL

The amount of fuel injected depends on the length of time the slide valve is closed and therefore on the time for which the solenoid is energized. The solenoid valve is joined to the injector body and cannot be removed. On the top there are two screws securing the electrical wiring from the control unit. To ensure signal transmission, tighten the screws with a torque wrench to a torque of 1.36 1.92 Nm (0.136 0.192 kgm).

Replacing injectors-pump
Injectors have to be replaced with great care (for indications about deassembly/reassembly, refer to section 3).

NOTE If this job is done with the engine on the vehicle, before removing the injectors-pump drain off the fuel contained in the pipes in the cylinder head by unscrewing the delivery and return fittings on the cylinder head.

Pressure damper
Figure 5

102606

FUEL PRESSURE DAMPER The fuel pressure damper on the delivery pipe between the fuel filter and the cylinder head has the function of damping the backflow pressure on the delivery due to the increase in injection pressure.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 2 - FUEL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

SECTION 3 Vehicle application


Page GENERAL FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PART ONE - MECHANICAL COMPONENTS DISMANTLING THE ENGINE ON THE BENCH ENGINE ASSEMBLY ON BENCH . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5 7 14

- Diagram of tightening sequence of crankcase base fixing screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 - Fitting connecting rod - piston assemblies in cylinder liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Mounting cylinder head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting engine flywheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting camshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting pump-injectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting rocker-arm shaft assembly . . . . . . . . . . - Camshaft timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Phonic wheel timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Intake and exhaust rocker play adjustment and pre-loading of rockers controlling pump injectors - Completing Engine Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . PART TWO ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Components on the engine F3A . . . . . . . . . . . BLOCK DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EDC SYSTEM FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - EDC 7 UC31 electronic control unit . . . . . . . - Electric injector connector A . . . . . . . . . . . . - Sensor connector C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Chassis connector B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Pump injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Exhaust brake solenoid valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Solenoid valve for VGT control . . . . . . . . . . .
Print P1D32C002 E

17 18 20 21 22 22 23 25 26 27 31 33 34 35 38 39 40 41 43 45 45

Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Page - Distribution pulse transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Engine coolant temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . - Fuel temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Flywheel pulse transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Turbine rpm sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Air pressure/temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . . . - Oil temperature/pressure sensor . . . . . . . . . . . - Pre-post reheat resistor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PART THREE - TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DTC ERROR CODES WITH EDC7 UC31 CENTRAL UNIT . . . . . . GUIDELINE FOR TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . PART FOUR - MAINTENANCE PLANNING . MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Maintenance intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHECKS AND/OR MAINTENANCE WORK . . NON-PROGRAMMED/TIMED OPERATIONS . 46 47 48 49 50 51 51 52 53 55 57 79 83 85 86 86 87

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

GENERAL FEATURES
Type T

F3AE3681D

F3AE3681B
16.5 : 1

F3AE3681A

Compression ratio Max. output kW (HP) rpm Nm (kgm) rpm 310 (420) 2100 1900 (194) 1050 1550

310 (420) 2100 1900 (194) 1200 1550

332 (450) 2100 2100 (214) 1050 1550

Max. torque

Loadless engine idling rpm Loadless engine peak Bore x stroke Displacement rpm mm cm3 2420 50 125x140 10300 HOLSET HE531V with variable geometry Turbocharger type LUBRICATION Oil pressure (warm engine) (100 C 5 C) - idling - peak rpm COOLING Water pump control Thermostat: starts to open: fully open: OIL FILLING Total capacity at 1st filling liters kg Capacity: - engine sump min level liters kg - engine sump max level Urania FE 5W30 Urania LD 5 Urania Turbo LD liters kg - quantity in circulation that does not flow back to the engine sump liters kg - quantity contained in the cartridge filter (which has to be added to the cartridge filter refill) liters kg 25 22.5 17 15.3 bar bar Forced by gear pump, relief valve single action oil filter 1.5 5 By centrifugal pump, regulating thermostat, viscostatic fan, radiator and heat exchanger By belt N. 1 ~84 C 2 C 94 C 2 C 32 28.8 550 50

SUPERCHARGING

bar

7 6.3 2.5 2.3

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

PART ONE - MECHANICAL COMPONENTS

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

Before fastening the engine on rotary stand 99322230, dismount or disconnect following parts: Figure 1

DISMANTLING BENCH

THE

ENGINE

ON

THE

Figure 4

60484

On the engine right-hand side diesel cartridge filter (1); power steering system tank (2); electric connections; Figure 2
60481

remove the air conditioner control belt (1) using a fit tool (3) and acting in the direction shown by the arrow; disassemble the air conditioner (2) fitted with the engine support. Figure 5

60485

pipes (3, 4 and 7); electrical cables (5); sound deadening guard (6); pipes (1 and 2). Figure 3

106239

On the engine left-hand side engine support (1); Figure 6

106215 60486

compressor (1) complete with oversteering pump (2) and feed pump (3).

oil pressure controlling valve (1).


Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 7

73582

Secure the engine to the rotary stand 99322030 with the brackets 99361036 (1).

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

Figure 8

Figure 10

106216

Use a suitable wrench to act on the belt-stretcher (2) roller fastening screw in the direction shown by the arrow, so as to loosen belt (1) tension, then take off the belt. If present, dismount belt (3) driving compressor (4) for climate control system.

60490

Fit the extractor 99340053 (2) and remove the engine crankshaft seal gasket (1), remove the cover (3). Figure 11

NOTE Belt (3) must be replaced by a new one after every dismounting operation.

Figure 9

60491

Remove the following components: water outlet line (2); oil delivery line (4); actuator air line (3); water delivery line (6); oil return line (7); turbocharger (5); exhaust manifold (1).

Figure 12

106217

Remove the following components: - thermostat unit (4) fitted with turbine actuator pressure sensor; - alternator (1); - electro-magnetic joint (6); - water pump (5) and piping; - automatic belt tightener support (2); - fixed belt tightener (7); - remove the screws (10), the spacer (9), the damper flywheel (8) and the pulley (11). - disconnect all the electric connections and the sensors. If present, remove: - the climate control system compressor (3).

60492

Unscrew the oil filters (1) using the tool 99360314.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 13

Figure 16

60493

85480

Unscrew the screws (1) and remove the heat exchanger (4); unscrew the screws (2) and remove the water line (3).

Remove the rocker arm cover (1), take off the screws (2) and remove: the cover (3), the filter (5) and the gaskets (4 and 6). Take off the screws (8) and remove the blow-by case (7).

Figure 14 Figure 17

106218

Remove the following components: fuel filter support (1) and lines; starter (2); engine starting button support (3); PWM valve air filter (4); suction manifold (5) fitted with resistance for engine pre-heating; control unit (6).

60496

Unscrew the screws (2) and remove the gear (1) fitted with phonic wheel. Figure 18

Figure 15

70708

60497

To remove the P.T.O. (if applicable): - Disconnect the oil pipe (1). - Unscrew the 4 screws (2) and (3).
Base - September 2006

Unscrew the screws (1); tighten one screw in a reaction hole and remove the shoulder plate (2), remove the sheet gasket.
Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

11

Figure 19

Figure 22

Unscrew the screws (1) and take down the gearbox (2).
60498

60501

Figure 23

Unscrew the screws (2) and remove the transmission gear (1).

Figure 20

106219

If present, dismount P.T.O. driving gear (1). Remove screws (3) and dismount double gear (2). Remove securing screw and dismount articulated rod (5). Dismount oil pump (4).
60499

Figure 24

Stop the engine flywheel (3) rotation by means of tool 99360351 (1), unscrew the fixing screws (2) and remove the engine flywheel. Figure 21

116721

60500

Apply the extractor 99340054 (2) and pull out the seal gasket (1).

- Release the check springs (3) of the exhaust brake lever. - Remove the electric connections (1). - Remove exhaust brake pins (4) and slave cylinder (6) pipes (5). - Unscrew the screws (2) fixing the rocker arm shaft. - Remove the head injection wiring. The wiring has to be extracted from the front.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 25

Figure 28

116190

Apply tool 99360553 (1) to the rocker holder shaft (2) and remove the shaft (2) from the cylinder head. Figure 26 - By means of metal ropes, lift the cylinder head (1). - Remove the seal (2)

60515

Figure 29

108831

Unscrew the screws (2) fixing the brackets (3); hook tool 99342155 part (9) to pump injector (1); mount part (8) on part (9) resting part on cylinder head; screw nut (7) and extract pump injector (1) from cylinder head. - unscrew the screws (4) and remove the exhaust brake pins (5). - unscrew the screws and remove the slave cylinder (6). Figure 27

60516

Unscrew the screws (2) and remove the engine oil sump (1) fitted with spacer (3) and seal.

Figure 30

60517 60514

- Fit the plugs 99360180 (1) instead of injectors. - Remove the camshaft (2). - Unscrew the fixing screws on the cylinder head (3).
Base - September 2006

Unscrew the screws and remove suction rose (1).

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

13

Figure 31

NOTE Note down the assembly position of the top and bottom main bearing shells since, if reusing them, they will need to be fitted in the position found upon removal.

Figure 34

47574

Rotate the block (1) to the vertical position. Figure 32

47570

Using tool 99360500 (1), remove the crankshaft (2).

Figure 35
60518

Untighten screws (2) fixing the connecting rod cap (3) and remove it. Remove the connecting rod-piston (1) assembly from the upper side. Repeat these operations for the other pistons. NOTE Keep the big end bearing shells in their respective housings and/or note down their assembly position since, if reusing them, they will need to be fitted in the position found upon removal. Figure 33
47571

Remove the main bearing shells (1), unscrew the screws and take out the oil nozzles (2). Remove the cylinder liners as described in section 4.

NOTE After disassembling the engine, thoroughly clean disassembled parts and check their integrity. Instructions for main checks and measures are given in the following pages, in order to determine whether the parts can be re-used.

60519

By means of proper and splined wrenches, untighten the screws (1) and (2) and remove the under-block.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

14

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

ENGINE ASSEMBLY ON BENCH


Fix the engine block to the stand 99361036 by means of brackets 99322230. Install the cylinder liners as described in section 4. Figure 36

Figure 38

49021

Place the half-bearings (1) on the main bearings in the underblock (2).
47586

Figure 39

Mount the oil nozzles (2), making the grub screw coincide with the hole (3) in the crankcase.

NOTE Not finding it necessary to replace the main bearings, you need to fit them back in exactly the same sequence and position as in removal. In case main bearings need replacing, choose them according to the selection described in chapter Selecting the main and connecting-rod half bearings. Arrange the bearing shells (1) on the main bearing housings.
47595

Figure 37

Use a suitable tool (1) to apply LOCTITE 5970 IVECO No. 2992644, as shown on the next figure.

Figure 40

60632

Sealant application diagram.


47570

Lubricate the half bearings, then install the crankshaft (2) by means of hoist and hook 99360500 (1).

NOTE Fit the underblock within 10 of the application of the sealant.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

15

Figure 41

60559

Mount the crankcase base (1) using appropriate tackle and hooks. Figure 42

47581

Mount the crankcase base and using a torque wrench (2), tighten the outside hex grooved screws (1) to a torque of 30 Nm following schemes contained in following page. Figure 43

47579

Using a torque wrench (3), tighten the inside screws (1) to a torque of 120 Nm. Then tighten them to an angle of 90 and 45 with tool 99395216 (4) with another two phases. Regrind the outside screws (1, Figure 42) with closure to an angle of 60 using tool 99395216 (3, Figure 42).
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

16

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Diagram of tightening sequence of crankcase base fixing screws


Figure 44

FRONT SIDE

stage 1: pretightening outer screws (30 Nm)

60592

FRONT SIDE

stage 2: pretightenig inner screws (120 Nm)

60593

FRONT SIDE

stage 3: angle inner screws (90)


60593

FRONT SIDE

stage 4: angle inner screws (45)


60593

FRONT SIDE

stage 5: angle outer screws (60)


60594

DIAGRAM OF TIGHTENING SEQUENCE OF CRANKCASE BASE FIXING SCREWS


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

17

Fitting connecting rod - piston assemblies in cylinder liners


Figure 45

Figure 47

3
60616

Turn the cylinder block, setting it upright.

49030

Lubricate the pistons, piston rings and inside the cylinder liners. With the aid of the clamp 99360605 (1) mount the connecting rod piston assemblies (2) in the cylinder liners according to Figure 46. Check that: - The number of each connecting rod corresponds to the cap coupling number. - The symbol (2, Figure 46) punched on the top of the pistons faces the engine flywheel or the recess in the piston skirt tallies with the position of the oil nozzles.

NOTE Not finding it necessary to replace the connecting rod bearings, you need to fit them back in exactly the same sequence and position as in removal. If they are to be replaced, choose connecting rod bearings based on selection described in Section 4. Lubricate the bearing shells (1 and 3) and fit them on the connecting rod (2) and on the cap (4).

NOTE Do not make any adjustment on the bearing shells.

NOTE The pistons are supplied as spares in class A and can also be fitted in class B cylinder liners.

Figure 46

1 2

Connecting rod piston assembly. Area of punch marking on the top of the piston with the symbol for the mounting position and selection class. Area of connecting rod punch marking.
60615

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

18

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 48

Mounting cylinder head


Figure 50

60563

60515

Using the centring ring 99396035 (2), check the exact position of the cover (1). If it is wrong, proceed accordingly and lock the screws (3).

Check that the pistons 1-6 are exactly at the T.D.C. Put the gasket (2) on the crankcase. Mount the cylinder head (1) and tighten the screws as shown in Figs. 51 - 52 - 53. Lubricate the thread of the screws with engine oil before assembly.

Figure 51

61270

Figure 49

Diagram of the tightening sequence of the screws fixing the cylinder head. Figure 52

60564

Key on the gasket (1), mount the key 99346250 (2) and, screwing down the nut (3), drive in the gasket (1).

60565

- Pre-tightening with the torque wrench (1): 1st phase: 60 Nm (6 kgm). 2nd phase: 120 Nm (12 kgm).
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

19

Figure 53

NOTE Mount the gear housing within 10 min. of applying the sealant.

Figure 56

60566

- Closing to angle with tool 99395216 (1): 3rd phase: angle of 120. 4th phase: angle of 60. Figure 54

60633

Using a torque wrench, tighten the highlighted screws with the following sequence and tightening torques: 10 screws M12 x 1.75 x 100
60567

63 Nm 63 Nm 63 Nm 63 Nm 63 Nm

2 screws M12 x 1.75 x 70 4 screws M12 x 1.75 x 35 1 screw M12 x 1.75 x 120

Mount the oil pump (4), the intermediate gears (2) together with the link rod (1) and lock the screws (3) in two phases: pre-tightening 30 Nm. closing to angle 90. Figure 55

2 screws M12 x 1.75 x 193 Figure 57

47592

60568

Apply LOCTITE 5970 IVECO No. 2995644 silicone on the gear housing, using appropriate tools (1), as shown in the figure. 0.5 The sealer string (1) diameter is to be 1,5 0.2
Print P1D32C002 E

Lubricate driving shaft tang. Key on the gasket (1), mount the keying device 99346251 (2) and, screwing down the nut (3), drive in the gasket.
Base - September 2006

20

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Fitting engine flywheel


Figure 58

VIEW OF HOLES: ABC DETAIL OF PUNCH MARKS ON ENGINE FLYWHEEL FOR PISTON POSITIONS

VIEW OF HOLE: D

60668

A B

= Hole on flywheel with one reference mark, corresponding to the TDC of pistons 3-4. = Hole on flywheel with one reference mark, corresponding to the TDC of pistons 1-6.

= Hole on flywheel with one reference mark, corresponding to the TDC of pistons 2-5.

D = Hole on flywheel with two reference marks, position corresponding to 54. Position the flywheel (1) on the crankshaft, lubricate the thread of the screws (2) with engine oil and screw them down. Lock rotation with tool 99360351 (3). Lock the screws (2) in two phases. First phase: pre-tightening with torque wrench (4) to a torque of 120 Nm (12 kgm). Figure 60

NOTE If the teeth of the ring gear mounted on the engine flywheel, for starting the engine, are very damaged, replace the ring gear. It must be fitted after heating the ring gear to a temperature of approx. 200C.

Figure 59

49037

49036

NOTE The crankshaft has a locating peg that has to couple with the relevant seat on the engine flywheel.

Second phase: closing to angle of 90 with tool 99395216 (1).

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

21

Fitting camshaft
Figure 61

Figure 63

60570

- Apply the gauge 99395218 (1). Check and adjust the position of the link rod (3) for the idle gear. Lock the screw (2) to the required torque.
72436

Position the crankshaft with the pistons 1 and 6 at the top dead centre (T.D.C.). This situation occurs when: 1. 2. The hole with reference mark (5) of the engine flywheel (4) can be seen through the inspection window. The tool 99360612 (1), through the seat (2) of the engine speed sensor, enters the hole (3) in the engine flywheel (4).

If this condition does not occur, turn the engine flywheel (4) appropriately. Remove the tool 99360612 (1). Figure 62

Figure 64

73843

Fit the camshaft (4), positioning it observing the reference marks () as shown in the figure. Lubricate the seal (3) and fit it on the shoulder plate (2). Mount the shoulder plate (2) with the sheet metal gasket (1) and tighten the screws (5) to the required torque.
60571

- Fit the idle gear (1) back on and lock the screws (2) to the required torque.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

22

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 65

Figure 67

5
60572 116724

Position the gear (2) on the camshaft so that the 4 slots are centred with the holes for fixing the camshaft, without fully locking the screws (5). Using the dial gauge with a magnetic base (1), check that the clearance between the gears (2 and 3) is 0.074 0.195 mm; if this is not so, adjust the clearance as follows: - Loosen the screws (4) fixing the idle gear (3). - Loosen the screw (2, Figure 63) fixing the link rod. Shift the link rod (3, Figure 63) to obtain the required clearance. - Lock the screw (2, Figure 63) fixing the link rod and screws (4, Figure 65) fixing the idle gear to the required torque.

Mount: - The injectors (2) and, using a torque wrench, lock the bracket fixing screws to a torque of 30 35 Nm. - The exhaust brake cylinders (1) and (4) and, using a torque wrench, fix them to a torque of 19 Nm. - The crosspieces (3) on the valve stem, all with the largest hole on the same side.

Fitting rocker-arm shaft assembly


NOTE Before refitting the rocker-arm shaft assembly, make sure that all the adjustment screws have been fully unscrewed.

Fitting pump-injectors
Figure 66

Figure 68

116190

108843

Apply the tool 99360553 (1) to the rocker arm shaft (2) and mount the shaft on the cylinder head.

Fit the seals (1) (2) (3) on the injectors.


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

23

Figure 69

Figure 72

70567A

SCHEME OF SCREW TIGHTENING SEQUENCE SECURING ROCKER ARMS Screw screws (1 - 2 - 3) until rocker arms are brought to contact relating seats on cylinder head, tighten the screws according to sequence indicated in figure operating in two steps as indicated in successive figure. Figure 70

116723

Mount the electric wiring (2), securing it on the electro-injectors with a torque screwdriver (1) to a torque of 1.36 - 1.92 Nm.

Camshaft timing
Figure 73

Lock the screws (2) fixing the rocker-arm shaft as follows: - 1st phase: tightening to a torque of 80 Nm (8 kgm) with the torque wrench (1); - 2nd phase: closing with an angle of 60 using the tool 99395216 (3). Figure 71

116722

71776

Apply the tool 99360321 (7) and the spacer 99360325 (6) to the gearbox (3). NOTE The arrow shows the direction of rotation of the engine when running. Using the above-mentioned tool, turn the engine flywheel (1) in the direction of rotation of the engine so as to take the piston of cylinder no.1 to approximately the T.D.C. in the phase of combustion. This condition occurs when the hole with one reference mark (4), after the hole with two reference marks (5) on the engine flywheel (1), can be seen through the inspection window (2).
Base - September 2006

60574

- Mount the engine brake lever retaining springs (3). - Connect the pipe (2) to the engine brake cylinders (4) and to the cylinder with the engine brake solenoid valve (1).

Print P1D32C002 E

24

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 74

Figure 76

71774

The exact position of piston no.1 at the T.D.C. is obtained when in the above-described conditions the tool 99360612 (1) goes through the seat (2) of the engine speed sensor into the hole (3) in the engine flywheel (4). If this is not the case, turn and adjust the engine flywheel (4) appropriately. Remove the tool 99360612 (1).

77259

The camshaft is in step if at the cam lift values of 5.30 0.05 mm there are the following conditions: 1) the hole marked with a notch (5) can be seen through the inspection window; 2) thetool99360612(1)through theseat (2)of theengine speed sensor goes into the hole (3) in the engine flywheel (4).

Figure 77 Figure 75

60575 106535

Set the dial gauge with the magnetic base (1) with the rod on the roller (2) of the rocker arm that governs the injector of cylinder no.1 and pre-load it by 6 mm. With tool 99360321 (7, Figure 73), turn the crankshaft clockwise until the pointer of the dial gauge reaches the minimum value beyond which it can no longer fall. Reset the dial gauge. Turn the engine flywheel anticlockwise until the dial gauge gives a reading for the lift of the cam of the camshaft of 5.30 0.05 mm.
Base - September 2006

If you do not obtain the conditions illustrated in Figure 76 and described in points 1 and 2, proceed as follows: 1) loosen the screws (2) securing the gear (1) to the camshaft and utilize the slots (see Figure 78) on the gear (1); 2) turn the engine flywheel appropriately so as to bring about the conditions described in points 1 and 2 Figure 76, it being understood that the cam lift must not change at all; 3) lock the screws (2) and repeat the check as described above. Tighten the screws (2) to the required torque.
Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

25

Figure 78

Mount the gear (2) Figure 78 with the 4 slots (1) centred with the fixing holes of the camshaft, locking the relevant screws to the required tightening torque. Check the timing of the shaft by first turning the flywheel clockwise to discharge the cylinder completely and then turn the flywheel anticlockwise until the dial gauge gives a reading of 5.30 0,05. Check the timing conditions described in Figure 76.

Phonic wheel timing


Figure 80

71778

When the adjustment with the slots (1) is not enough to make up the phase difference and the camshaft turns because it becomes integral with the gear (2); as a result, the reference value of the cam lift varies, in this situation it is necessary to proceed as follows: 1) lock the screws (2, Figure 77) and turn the engine flywheel clockwise by approx. 1/2 turn; 2) turn the engine flywheel anticlockwise until the dial gauge gives a reading of the lift of the cam of the camshaft of 5.30 0.05 mm; 3) take out the screws (2, Figure 77) and remove the gear (1) from the camshaft.

Figure 79

77260

Turn the crankshaft by taking the piston of cylinder no. 1 into the compression phase at T.D.C.; turn the flywheel in the opposite direction to the normal direction of rotation by approximately 1/4 of a turn. Again turn the flywheel in its normal direction of rotation until you see the hole marked with the double notch (4) through the inspection hole under the flywheel housing. Insert tool 99360612 (5) into the seat of the flywheel sensor (6).
72436

Turn the flywheel (4) again to bring about the following conditions: - a notch (5) can be seen through the inspection window; - the tool 99360612 (1) inserted to the bottom of the seat of the engine speed sensor (2) and (3).
Print P1D32C002 E

Insert the tool 99360613 (2), via the seat of the phase sensor, onto the tooth obtained on the phonic wheel. Should inserting the tool (2) prove difficult, loosen the screws (3) and adjust the phonic wheel (1) appropriately so that the tool (2) gets positioned on the tooth correctly. Go ahead and tighten the screws (3).

Base - September 2006

26

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Intake and exhaust rocker play adjustment and pre-loading of rockers controlling pump injectors
Figure 81

116815

ADJUSTMENT OF INTAKE, EXHAUST AND INJECTION ROCKERS The adjustment of clearance between the rockers and rods controlling the intake and exhaust valves, as well as the adjustment of pre-loading of the rockers controlling pump injectors, must be carried out carefully. Take the cylinder where clearance must be adjusted to the bursting phase; its valves are closed while balancing the symmetric cylinder valves. Symmetric cylinders are 1-6, 2-5 and 3-4. In order to properly operate, follow these instructions and data specified on the table. Adjustment of clearance between the rockers and rods controlling intake and exhaust valves: - use a box wrench to loosen rocker arm (2) adjusting screw fastening nut (1). - insert the thickness gauge blade (3); - tighten or untighten the adjustment screw with the appropriate wrench; - make sure that the gauge blade (3) can slide with a slight friction; - lock the nut (1), by blocking the adjustment screw. Pre-loading of rockers controlling pump injectors: - using a polygonal wrench, loosen the nut locking the rocker adjustment screw (5) controlling the pump injector (6); - using an appropriate wrench (4), loosen the adjustment screw until the pumping element is at the end-of-stroke; - tighten the adjustment screw, with a dynamometric wrench, to 5 Nm tightening torque (0.5 kgm); - untighten the adjustment screw by 1/2 to 3/4 rotation; - tighten the locking nut. FIRING ORDER 1-4-2-6-3-5 Clockwise start-up and rotation
1 and 6 at TDC

Adjusting cylinder valve no. 6 3 5 1 4 2

120 120 120 120 120

Adjusting clearance of cylinder valve no. 1 4 2 6 3 5

Adjusting pre-loading of cylinder injector no. 5 1 4 2 6 3

NOTE In order to properly carry out the above-mentioned adjustments, follow the sequence specified in the table, checking the exact position in each rotation phase by means of pin 99360612, to be inserted in the 11th hole in each of the three sectors with 18 holes each.
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

27

Figure 82

Figure 84

85480

Fit the distribution cover (1). Fit the blow-by case (7) and its gasket and then tighten the screws (8) to the prescribed torque. Install the filter (5) and the gaskets (4 and 6). NOTE The filter (5) operation is unidirectional, therefore it must be assembled with the two sight supports as illustrated in the figure. Accurately clean intake ducts and cover (3) drain hole. Fit the cover (3) and tighten the fastening screws (2) to the prescribed torque. NOTE Apply silicone LOCTITE 5970 IVECO No. 2995644 on the blow-by case (7) surface of engines fitted with P.T.O. according to the procedure described in the following figure. Figure 83

60665

Turn engine and mount oil rose pipe. Arrange gasket (4) on oil sump (1), position spacer (3) and mount the sump on engine block screwing up screws (2) at prescribed torque:

Completing Engine Assembly


Complete the engine by fitting or hooking up the following parts: power take-off (P.T.O., if present) and relating pipes; fuel pump; support complete with fuel filter and pipes; EDC central unit; intake manifold; preheating resistance; heat exchanger; oil filters, lubricating the gasket; exhaust manifold; turbocompressor and relating water and oil pipes; pulley and damping flywheel; thermostat assembly; belt tensioner, water pump, alternator; electromagnetic joint; belt tensioner, if present, air-conditioner compressor; starter; oil level rod; electrical connections and sensors.

85481

Apply silicone LOCTITE 5970 IVECO No. 2995644 on the 0.5 blow-by case and form a string (2) of 1,5 , 0.2 as shown in the figure. . NOTE Fit the blow-by case (1) within 10 from sealer application.
Print P1D32C002 E

NOTE The fittings of the cooling water and lubricating oil pipes of the turbocharger have to be tightened to a torque of: - 35 5 Nm, water pipe fittings; - 55 5 Nm, oil pipe female fitting; - 20-25 Nm, oil pipe male fitting.
Base - September 2006

28

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 85

Figure 87

106223

- driving belt. To mount belt (1), belt tensioner (2) has to be operated by proper tooling (3) according to the direction indicated by the arrow in Figure. Figure 86

106224

NOTE In the case of engines with climate control system compressor spring driving belt, for mounting the belt, tool 99360192 (4) must be used. Different methods may cause tensions impairing spring belt.

Apply tool 99360321 (2) provided with spacer 99360325 to gears box (1). Mount spring belt (3) on driving shaft pulley, mount chock 99360192 (4) on compressor pulley (5) for climate control system. Position spring belt (3) in the opening of tool 99360192 marked with cursor 10/13. By tool 99360321 (2), rotate driving shaft according to the direction of the arrow () until spring belt (3) is correctly positioned on compressor pulley (5).
108844

ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM OF FAN WATER PUMP ALTERNATOR DRIVE BELT 1. Alternator 2. Electromagnetic coupling 3. Water pump 4. Crankshaft. NOTE Belt tensioner is of automatic type; therefore, further adjusting is not provided after mounting.

NOTE While operating, keep tool 99360192 (4) in contact to pulley and at the same time guide spring belt (3) in order to prevent it from twisting.

- refuel engine with provided oil quantity; - dismount engine from rotary stand and take off brackets (99361036) securing the engine. Mount: oil pressure regulation valve; engine left support; air compressor complete with hydraulic guide pump; sound deadening guard; pipes. if present, climate control system compressor driving belt similarly to belt (1, Figure 85);

NOTE Spring belt must be replaced by a new one after every dismounting operation.

NOTE Replacing spring belt with engine on the vehicle is from engine opening after tilting the cab.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

29

Figure 88

108845

COMPRESSOR CONTROL BELT ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM 1. Crankshaft - 2. Air conditioner compressor 1. Alternator 2. Climate control system compressor 3. Electromagnetic coupling 4. Water pump 5. Crankshaft - 6. Spring belt.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

30

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

31

PART TWO ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

32

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

33

Components on the engine F3A


Figure 1 (Demonstration)

115787

RIGHT SIDE VIEW OF ENGINE 1. Water detection sensor diesel fuel filter clogged - 2. Fuel temperature sensor - 3. Sensor for engine revs on distribution shaft - 4. Starter - 5. EDC7 UC31 Control Unit - 6. Air conditioner compressor - 7. Alternator - 8. Engine input air temperature sensor - 9. Boost pressure sensor - 10. Resistance for engine preheating. Figure 2 (Demonstration)

115788

LEFT SIDE VIEW OF ENGINE 1. Connector on engine head for connection with injectors solenoid valve - 2. Engine oil temperature/pressure sensor 3. Sensor for engine revs on flywheel - 4. Water temperature sensor.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

34

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

BLOCK DIAGRAM
Figure 3

Connections on frame side

115790

KEYS 1. Solenoid valve for variable geometry control - 2. Engine oil pressure/temperature sensor - 3. Fuel temperature sensor 4. Coolant temperature sensor - 5. Distribution sensor - 6. Flywheel sensor - 7. Turbine revs sensor - 8. Solenoid valve for VGT control - 9. Engine brake solenoid valve - 10. Pump injectors.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

35

EDC SYSTEM FUNCTIONS


The EDC7 UC31 electronic center manages the following main functions: Fuel injection Accessory functions such as cruise control, speed limiter, PTO and the like Self-diagnosis Recovery It also enables: Interfacing with other electronic systems (if any) available on the vehicle Diagnosis Fuel dosing Fuel dosing is calculated based on: - accelerator pedal position - engine rpm - quantity of air admitted. The result can be corrected based on: - water temperature or to prevent: - noise - fumes - overloads - overheating Pressure can be adjusted in case of: - engine brake actuation - external device actuation (e.g. speed reducer, cruise control) - serious defects involving load reduction or engine stop. After determining the mass of air introduced by measuring its volume and temperature, the center calculates the corresponding mass of fuel to be injected into the cylinder involved, with account also taken of gas oil temperature. Delivery correction based on water temperature When cold, the engine encounters greater operating resistance, mechanical friction is high, oil is till very viscous and operating plays are not optimized yet. Fuel injected also tends to condense on cold metal surfaces. Fuel dosing with a cold engine is therefore greater than when hot. Delivery correction to prevent noise, fumes or overloads Behaviors that could lead to the defects under review are well known, so the designer has added specific instructions to the center to prevent them. De-rating In the event of engine overheating, decreasing delivery proportionally to the temperature reached by the coolant changes injection. Turbine rpm regulation Turbine speed is constantly regulated and rectified, if necessary, by operating on geometry variation.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

36

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Injection lead electronic control Injection lead, or the start of fuel delivery expressed in degrees, can differ from one injection to the next, even from one cylinder to another and is calculated similarly to delivery according to engine load, namely, accelerator position, engine rpm and air admitted. Lead is corrected as required: - during acceleration - according to water temperature and to obtain: - reduced emissions, noise abatement and no overload - better vehicle acceleration High injection lead is set at start, based on water temperature. Delivery start feedback is given by injection electro valve impedance variation. Engine start Cylinder 1 step and recognition signal synchronization (flywheel and drive shaft sensors) takes place at first engine turns. Accelerator pedal signal is ignored at start. Star delivery is set exclusively based on water temperature, via a specific map. The center enables the accelerator pedal, when it detects flywheel acceleration and rpm such as to consider the engine as started and no longer drawn by the starter motor. Cold start Pre-post reheating is activated when even only one of the three water, air or gas oil temperature sensors records a temperature of below 10 _C. The pre-heat warning light goes on when the ignition key is inserted and stays on for a variable period of time according to temperature, while the intake duct input resistor heats the air, then starts blinking, at which point the engine can be started. The warning light switches off with the engine revving, while the resistor continues being fed for a variable period of time to complete post-heating. The operation is cancelled to avoid uselessly discharging the batteries if the engine is not started within 20 25 seconds with the warning light blinking. The pre-heat curve is also variable based on battery voltage. Hot start On inserting the ignition key the warning light goes on for some 2 seconds for a short test and then switches off when all reference temperatures are above 10 _C. The engine can be started at this point. Run Up When the ignition key is inserted, the center transfers data stored at previous engine stop to the main memory (Cf. After run), and diagnoses the system. After Run At each engine stop with the ignition key, the center still remains fed by the main relay for a few seconds, to enable the microprocessor to transfer some data from the main volatile memory to an non-volatile, cancelable and rewritable (Eeprom) memory to make tem available for the next start (Cf. Run Up). These data essentially consists of: - miscellaneous settings, such as engine idling and the like - settings of some components - breakdown memory The process lasts for some seconds, typically from 2 to 7 according to the amount of data to be stored, after which the ECU sends a command to the main relay and makes it disconnect from the battery.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

37

This procedure must never be interrupted, by cutting the engine off from the battery cutout or disconnecting the latter before 10 seconds at least after engine cutout. In this case, system operation is guaranteed until the fifth improper engine cutout, after which an error is stored in the breakdown memory and the engine operates at lower performance at next start while the EDC warning light stays on. Repeated procedure interruptions could in fact lead to center damage.

Cut-off It refers to the supply cut-off function during deceleration. Cylinder Balancing Individual cylinder balancing contributes to increasing comfort and operability. This function enables individual personalized fuel delivery control and delivery start for each cylinder, even differently between each cylinder, to compensate for injector hydraulic tolerances. The flow (rating feature) differences between the various injectors cannot be evaluated directly by the control unit. This information is provided by the entry of the codes for every single injector, by means of the diagnosis instrument. Synchronization search The center can anyhow recognize the cylinder to inject fuel into even in the absence of a signal from the camshaft sensor. If this occurs when the engine is already started, combustion sequence is already acquired, so the center continues with the sequence it is already synchronized on; if it occurs with the engine stopped, the center only actuates one electro valve. Injection occurs onside that cylinder within 2 shaft revs at the utmost so the center is only required to synchronize on the firing sequence and start the engine. In order to reduce the number of connections, and of the cables connecting the injectors, and to consequently reduce the nose on transmitted signal, the central unit is directly mounted on the engine by a heat exchanger enabling its cooling, using spring blocks which reduce vibrations transmitted from engine. It is connected to vehicle wiring harness by two 35-pole connectors: connector A for components present on the engine connector B for components present on the cab Internally, there is a pressure ambient sensor use to further improve injection system management. The central unit is equipped with a much advanced self-diagnosis system and, depending on environmental conditions, is capable to identify and store any faults, even of intermittent type, occurred to the system during vehicle running, ensuring a more correct and reliable repair intervention.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

38

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

EDC 7 UC31 electronic control unit


Figure 4 C A

102373

A. Injector connector - B. Chassis connector - C. Sensor connector.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

39

Electric injector connector A


Figure 5

12

16

11

Colour legend B black R red U blue W white P purple G green N brown Y yellow O orange E grey K pink

102374

ECU Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Colour legend B W O N R G W U E P

Function Free Free Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder (4-5-6) injection Free Free Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 2 injection Exhaust brake control solenoid valve Exhaust brake control solenoid valve Free Free Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder (1-2-3) injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 3 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 1 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 4 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 6 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 5 injection

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

40

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Sensor connector C
Figure 6

16

15

22

Colour legend B black R red U blue W white P purple G green N brown Y yellow O orange E grey K pink

4 5

23 30

36

29
102375

ECU Pin 1 2 3 48 9 10 1114 15 16 17 18 19 20 2122 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

Cable colour N B W R K O/B B N W N W Y O/B U W O R G W/R O

Function Solenoid valve for variable geometry turbine control Free Solenoid valve for variable geometry turbine control Free Distribution sensor Distribution sensor Coolant temperature sensor Free Fuel temperature sensor mass Fuel temperature sensor Flywheel sensor Booster speed sensor Free Flywheel sensor Engine oil temperature/pressure sensor ground Mass for air pressure / temperature sensor Coolant temperature sensor Oil pressure signal from engine oil pressure / temperature sensor Oil temperature signal from engine oil pressure / temperature sensor Free Booster speed sensor Free Engine oil temperature/pressure sensor power supply Air temperature/pressure sensor power supply Air pressure signal from the air temperature/ pressure sensor Fuel temperature sensor Air temperature signal from the air temperature / pressure sensor
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

41

Chassis connector B
Figure 7 71 89 72 54 6 11

1 7 12

53

35

18

36

17

102376

ECU pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 30 31 32 33 34 35
Print P1D32C002 E

FUNCTION Lambda sensor heater signal (*) Positive voltage direct from battery Positive voltage direct from battery Lambda sensor heater supply (*) Battery negative Battery negative Negative voltage for control relay of heater grid control 2 (*) Positive voltage direct from battery Positive voltage direct from battery Battery negative voltage Battery negative voltage Signal from grid on heater 1 (*) Positive voltage +15 Positive voltage for air conditioning compressor (*) Signal from air conditioning compressor (*) Negative voltage speed 1 fan Starting relay negative voltage Turbine sensor signal (*) Turbine sensor earth (*) Negative voltage intercooler by-pass valve (*) Supply voltage for switches To diagnostic warning light Additional solenoid valve signal Earth for particle filter temperature sensor (*) Signal for particle filter temperature sensor (*) Intake air humidity and temperature sensor signal Intake air humidity and temperature sensor signal Intake air humidity and temperature sensor earth To diagnostic warning light Cruise control positive signal (*) Negative voltage from engine start switch from engine compartment Tachometer output signal (*) (Low) signal CAN 2 line interface input (High) signal CAN 2 line interface
Base - September 2006

42

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

ECU pin 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 85 87 88 89 * If present

FUNCTION Negative voltage for fuel filter heater switch (*) Starting relay positive voltage OBD lamp negative voltage (*) Speed limiter lamp negative voltage (*) Positive voltage +15 under lock Positive voltage from main brake switch Negative voltage from sensor detecting water in the pre-filter Signal 1 from Lambda probe (*) Signal 2 from Lambda probe (*) Signal 3 from Lambda probe (*) Cruise control positive signal (*) Negative voltage from engine stop switch from engine compartment Negative voltage from accelerator pedal idling switch Positive voltage from brake switch (redundant signal) Positive voltage +12 (Low) signal CAN 1 line interface input (High) signal CAN 1 line interface Negative voltage for fan second speed control switch (*) Positive voltage for engine brake exhaust gas solenoid valve (*) Negative voltage for pre-heating lamp (*) Positive voltage speed 1 fan (*) Earth for engine brake exhaust gas solenoid valve (*) Earth for blow-by pressure difference sensor (*) Positive voltage for blow-by pressure difference sensor (*) Passive analogue signal from torque limiter multiple resistor (*) Signal 4 from Lambda probe (*) Cruise control positive signal (*) Earth from multiple resistor torque limiter (*) Positive voltage from clutch switch (torque converter) (*) Earth for cooling fan speed sensor (*) Signal from cooling fan speed sensor (*) Vehicle speed sensor earth (*) Vehicle speed sensor signal (*) Synchronising bit on serial interface input signal Local area network interconnection input signal Cruise control positive signal (*) Supply voltage for grid on heater 1 (*) Earth for exhaust gas temperature sensor (*) Supply voltage for accelerator potentiometer Earth for accelerator potentiometer Signal from accelerator potentiometer Signal from exhaust gas temperature sensor (*) Signal from particle trap differential pressure sensor (*) Positive voltage from particle trap differential pressure sensor (*) Earth from particle trap differential pressure sensor (*) Negative voltage from diagnostic request switch Crankshaft rotation output signal Camshaft rotation output signal ISO-K interface input signal

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

43

Pump injector (78247)


It consists mainly of: A) Solenoid valve B) Pumping element C) Nozzle These three parts CANNOT be replaced individually and CANNOT be overhauled. The pumping element, mechanically actuated at every rocker arm cycle, compresses the fuel container in the delivery chamber. The nozzle, whose composition and operation are similar to those of traditional injectors, is opened by the fuel under pressure and sprays it into the combustion chamber. A solenoid valve, directly controlled by the electronic control unit, determines delivery according to the control signal. A casing houses the lower part of the pump injector in the cylinder head.

Figure 8

115791

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

44

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

The electro valve is of the N.A. type. Coil resistance is ~ 0.56 0.57 Ohm. Maximum operating voltage is ~ 12 15 Amp. Based on voltage absorbed by the electro valve, the electronic center can identify whether injection was correct or mechanical problems exist. It can also detect injector errors ONLY with the engine running or during starts. They are connected to the electronic center with a positive common to groups of three injectors: Cylinder 1 - 2 3 injector to pin A 11 Cylinder 4 - 5 - 6 injector to pin A 3. Injectors are individually connected to the center between pins: A11 / A13 cylinder 1 injector A11 / A6 cylinder 2 injector A11 / A12 cylinder 3 injector A3 / A14 cylinder 4 injector A3 / A16 cylinder 5 injector A3 / A15 cylinder 6 injector Injectors are connected to the center with connector ST - E mounted on the engine front with a twisted cable, to avoid possible electromagnetic interference problems, so junctions or repairs on it must NOT be performed.

Figure 9

Colour legend B white R red G yellow V green N black L blue Z purple H grey M brown C orange

115792

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

45

Exhaust brake solenoid valve (78050)


Figure 10

115793

CURSOR 10

This on/off solenoid valve is NC type. In Cursor 10 engines it is positioned under the tappets. The electronic control unit pilots this solenoid valve and opens the way to engine oil so as to engage the hydraulic cylinders of the exhaust brake. A warning light located on the dashboard is connected in parallel to this solenoid valve in order to inform the driver that it has tripped. While feeding this solenoid valve, the control unit also activates the VGT. The exhaust brake can be engaged only if the engine revolutions are > 1000 rpm. This solenoid valve is connected to the EDC electronic control unit between pins A3 / A32. The resistance of the coil is approx. 37 to 47 Ohm.

Solenoid valve for VGT control


Figure 11

106995

This N.C. proportional solenoid valve is located on the left-hand side of the crankcase under the turbine. The electronic control unit, via a PWM signal, controls the solenoid valve, governing the supply pressure of the turbine actuator, which, on changing its position, modifies the cross-section of the flow of exhaust gases onto the blades of the impeller and therefore its speed. The VGT electro valve is connected between electronic center pins C1/C3. The resistance of the coil is approx. 20-30 Ohms.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

46

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Distribution pulse transmitter (48042)


Features Vendor Torque Resistance BOSCH 8 2 Nm 880 920

This induction type sensor located on the camshaft generates signals obtained from the magnetic flow lines that close through the 6 plus 1 phase teeth of a sound wheel mounted on the shaft. The electronic center uses the signal generated by this sensor as an injection step signal. Though electrically identical to (48035) engine rpm sensor mounted in the camshaft in is NOT interchangeable with it as it cable is shorter and it features a larger diameter. This sensors air gap is NOT ADJUSTABLE.

Figure 12

Figure 14

106989 106987

WIRING DIAGRAM

TECHNICAL VIEW

Figure 13

Figure 15

106988

8520

PERSPECTIVE VIEW

REFERENCE ON SOUND WHEEL

Connector 1 2 3 To EDC center pin C 10 To EDC center pin C 9 Shields

Function

Cable colour

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

47

Engine coolant temperature sensor (85153)


This N.T.C. type sensor located on the water outlet sump on the engine head left measures coolant temperature for the various operating logics with a hot or cold engine and identifies injection enrichment requirements for a cold engine or fuel reduction requirements for a hot engine. The coolant temperature signal is used for display on the Cluster and to control the fan. It is connected to electronic center pins C15/C26. Sensor behavior as a function of temperature: - 10 C + 20 C + 80 C 8,10 10,77 kOhm 2,28 2,72 kOhm 0,29 0,364 kOhm

At 60 to 90 _C, voltage at A5 and A22 ranges from 0.6 to 2.4V.

Figure 16

104266

Connector 2 3 To EDC center pin C 15 To EDC center pin C 26

Function

Cable colour

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

48

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Fuel temperature sensor (47042)


Features Vendor Maximum torque BOSCH 35 Nm

This N.T.C. type sensor located on the fuel filter on the engine left side detects fuel temperature and enables the electronic center to measure fuel density and volume for delivery correction.

Figure 17

104267

Connector 2 3 To EDC center pin C 18 To EDC center pin C 35

Function

Cable colour

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

49

Flywheel pulse transmitter (48035)


Features Vendor Torque Resistance BOSCH 8 2 Nm 880 920

This induction type sensor located on the flywheel generates signals obtained from the magnetic flow lines that close through 54 holes in three series of 18 in the flywheel. The electronic center uses this signal to detect the various engine ratings and pilot the electronic rev counter. The rev counter does not operate in the absence of this signal. This sensors air gap is NOT ADJUSTABLE.

Figure 18

Figure 20

106986

TECHNICAL VIEW

106984

WIRING DIAGRAM

Figure 19

Figure 21

8520

PERSPECTIVE VIEW

106985

HOLES ON FLYWHEEL

Connector 1 2 3 To EDC center pin C 23 To EDC center pin C 19 Shields

Function

Cable colour

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

50

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Turbine rpm sensor (48043)


This is an inductive sensor positioned on the impeller shaft. It generates signals obtained from the magnetic flow lines, which close through a notch obtained on the shaft itself. The signal generated by this sensor is used by the electronic control unit to verify that the turbine revs number does not exceed the maximum value. To control the revs number, the control unit acts on variable geometry. If the revs number keeps on increasing until it reaches excessive r.p.m. values, the electronic control unit will detect an anomaly. The gap of this sensor CANNOT BE ADJUSTED. It is connected on electronic control unit pins C30 / C20. The sensor resistance value is 400 Ohm. Figure 22

Wiring diagram

106996

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

51

Figure 23

Air pressure/temperature sensor (85156).


This component incorporates a temperature sensor and a pressure sensor. IIt replaces the temperature sensors (85155) and pressure sensors (85154) available in the preceding systems. It is fitted onto the intake manifold and measures the maximum supplied air flow rate used to accurately calculate the amount of fuel to be injected at every cycle. The sensor is powered with 5 V. The output voltage is proportional to the pressure or temperature measured by the sensor. Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC)
50324

25/C - 33/C 36/C 34/C

Power supply Temperature Pressure

Sensor external view Figure 24

Oil temperature/pressure sensor (42030 / 47032)


This component is identical to the air pressure/temperature sensor and replaced single sensors 47032 / 42030. It is fitted onto the engine oil filter, in a horizontal position. It measures the engine oil temperature and pressure. The measured signal is sent to the EDC control unit which controls, in turn, the indicator instrument on the dashboard (low pressure warning lights / gauge). Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC)
50323

24/C - 32/C 27/C 28/C

Power supply Temperature Pressure

The engine oil temperature is used only by the EDC control unit.

Linking connector Figure 25 Ref Ref. 1 2 3 4 Description Ground Temp. Sign. +5 Press. Sign. Control unit pin Oil 24C 27C 32C 28C Air 25C 36C 33C 34C

50344

Wiring diagram
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

52

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Pre-post reheat resistor (61121)


Figure 26

A. Pre/ort reheat resistor / 0.7 Ohm. This resistor located between the cylinder head and the intake duct is used to heat air in pre/post reheat operations.

106990

By inserting the key switch, when even only one of the water, air or gas oil temperature sensors record less than 10 _C, the electronic center activates pre/post reheating and switches on the warning light on the cab instrument panel for a variable period according to temperature, after which the light starts blinking to inform the operator that the engine can be started. The warning light goes off after engine start but the resistor continues being supplied for a variable period of time to complete post reheating. The operation is cancelled to prevent uselessly discharging the battery if the engine is not started within 20/25 seconds with the warning light blinking. When reference temperature is above 10 _C, actuating the ignition key makes the warning light go on for some 2 seconds to complete the test and then turns it of to indicate the engine can be started.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

53

PART THREE - TROUBLESHOOTING

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

54

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

55

PREFACE
A successful troubleshooting is carried out with the competence acquired by years of experience and attending training courses. When the user complains for bad efficiency or working anomaly, his indications must be kept into proper consideration using them to acquire any useful information to focus the intervention. After the detection of the existing anomaly, it is recommended to proceed with the operations of troubleshooting by decoding the auto-troubleshooting data provided by the EDC system electronic central unit. The continuous efficiency tests of the components connected to, and the check of working conditions of the entire system carried out during working, can offer an important diagnosis indication, available through the decoding of the failure/anomaly codes. It should be noted, that the interpretation of the indications given by the diagnostic device is not sufficient to guarantee that all failures are healed. Using IVECO processing instruments, it is also possible to establish a bi-directional connection with the central unit, by which not only to decoding the failure codes but also input an enquiry relying on memory files, in order to achieve any further necessary information to identify the origin of the anomaly.

Every time there is a breakdown claim and this breakdown is actually detected, it is necessary to proceed inquiring the electronic unit in one of the ways indicated and then proceed with the diagnostic research making trials and tests in order to have a picture of the working conditions and identify the root causes of the anomaly. In case the electronic device is not providing any indication, it will be necessary to proceed relying on the experience, adopting traditional diagnosis procedures. In order to compensate the operators lack of experience in this new system, we are hereby providing the USERs GUIDELINE FOR TROUBLESHOOTING in the following pages. The GUIDELINE is composed of two different parts: - Part 1: DTC codes and their indications are listed and interpreted; DTC codes can be viewed on the Iveco Motors diagnostic device; - Part 2: guide to diagnostics, divided according to symptoms, including the description of possible failures not identified by the electronic control unit, often mechanical or hydraulic failures.

Any kind of operation on the electronic center unit must be executed by qualified personnel, duly authorized by IVECO. Any unauthorized tamper will involve decay of after-sales service in warranty.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

56

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

57

DTC error codes with EDC7 UC31 central unit

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

58

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

113

ACCELERATOR PEDAL/BRAKE PEDAL SUSPECT

Vehicle acceleration Accelerator pedal and Check the accelerator very slow. brake pressed pedal signal and pedal simultaneously (for mechanical movement. Engine idle speed: 500 too long); rpm. Accelerator pedal blocked or faulty; Incorrect vehicle. use of

116

CLUTCH SIGNAL The parameter reading Clutch switch faulty or Check clutch pedal switch SUSPECT shows that the clutch is wiring problems in and wiring. pressed. pedal. BRAKE PEDAL Slight power reduction. Main and secondary Check the synchronisation SIGNAL ERROR brake switch not of both switches (signal) synchronised. and wiring. One of the two brake pedal switches may be stuck.

117

119

PLAUSIBILITY +15

Possible mechanical Check wiring. problem (in pawl) or electrical problem. light Short circuit defective wiring. light Short circuit defective wiring. light Short circuit defective wiring. light Short circuit defective wiring. or Check wiring. or Check wiring. or Check wiring. or Check wiring.
SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

121 122 123 124 125

SPEED LIMITER Warning W/LIGHT permanently off. WARNING LIGHT Warning EOBD permanently off. EDC LAMP COLD LAMP MAIN DEFECT Warning permanently off. START Warning permanently off.

RELAY Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. earth. Replace relay if necessary.

59

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

60

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

126

BATTERY VOLTAGE

Possible problems Alternator or battery Check wiring. during after-run. defective. Replace alternator Possible wiring regulator or battery. problem. Replace the alternator if necessary. not Relay or wiring Check wiring. short-circuited or Replace relay if necessary. interrupted.

127

ENGINE BRAKE Engine brake ELECTROVALVE operational.

128

MAIN RELAY - Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between SHORT CIRCUIT during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. TO BATTERY earth. Replace relay if necessary. Relay may be faulty. AIR-CONDITION Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between ER COMPRESSOR during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. RELAY earth. Replace relay if necessary. Relay may be faulty. RELAIS ENGINE VALVE FOR Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between BRAKE during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. earth. Replace relay if necessary. Relay may be faulty. Relay or wiring Check wiring. short-circuited or Replace relay if necessary. interrupted. Relay or wiring Check wiring. short-circuited or Replace relay if necessary. interrupted. and

129

12A

12B

THERMOSTARTE Heater not working. R RELAY 1 (HEATER) THERMOSTARTE R RELAY 2 MANAGEMENT SYSTEM PRE/POST-HEATI NG (ACTIVE) Heater not working.

12C

12E

Grid heater Grid heater short Check wiring permanently operating. circuited to earth. component.

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

131

COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR (TEST)

No reaction noticeable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace on behalf of the driver. or value implausible. sensor if necessary. Slight power reduction. Operation in extreme Ensure the engine is not environmental working in extreme conditions or sensor environmental conditions. inaccurate. Check the wiring and the sensor accuracy. Replace necessary. sensor if

132

133

AIR Slight power reduction. Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace TEMPERATURE or value implausible. sensor if necessary. SENSOR BOOST AIR BOOST PRESSURE No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited SENSOR by the driver. or difference between environmental Parameter recovery pressure and turbo value: 2700 mbar. pressure implausible. FUEL TEMPERATURE SENSOR Check the wiring. Also check the environmental pressure sensor. Replace necessary. sensor if

134

135

Slight power reduction. Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace or value implausible. sensor if necessary.

138

OIL PRESSURE No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring and oil SENSOR by the driver. or value implausible. level. Parameter recovery Replace sensor if value: 3000 mbar. necessary.

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

61

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

62

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

13A

OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR

No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace by the driver. or value implausible. sensor if necessary. Parameter recovery value: coolant temperature value (if intact) otherwise 120C). No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace by the driver. or value implausible. sensor if necessary. Parameter recovery value: 40C. No reaction noticeable Signal interrupted or Check wiring on behalf of the driver. wiring problem. installation. Sensor installation Replace may not be correct. necessary. sensor and if and if and if and both

13C

ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE SENSOR (HUMIDTIY?) CRANKSHAFT SPEED

141

142

ENGINE No reaction perceivable Signal interrupted or WORKING ONLY by the driver. wiring problem. WITH CAMSHAFT Sensor installation SENSOR may not be correct. CAMSHAFT SENSOR

Check wiring installation. Replace necessary. sensor

143

No reaction perceivable Signal interrupted or Check wiring by the driver. wiring problem. installation. Sensor installation Replace may not be correct. necessary. sensor

144

FAULT BETWEEN No reaction noticeable Signal interrupted or Check wiring FLYWHEEL on behalf of the driver. wiring problem. installation of SENSOR AND sensors. Flywheel and timing CAMSHAFT sensor installation may be incorrect.

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

145

FAN RELAY

No reaction perceivable Short circuit or fan Check the wiring and the by the driver. actuator faulty. fan actuator. Fan off. Replace the actuator if necessary. relay Check the wiring. Replace relay if necessary.

148

AIR-CONDITION Air conditioner Wiring or ER COMPRESSOR permanently off. short-circuited. RELAY PRE-HEATING Filter heater RELAY FUEL working. FILTER INJECTOR CYLINDER 1

149

not Wiring or filter heater Check the wiring. Replace short-circuited. the filter heater if necessary.

151

The engine runs on 5 Injector no.1 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector. The engine runs on 5 Injector no.2 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector.

152

INJECTOR CYLINDER 2

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

63

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

64

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

153

INJECTOR CYLINDER 3

The engine runs on 5 Injector no.3 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector. The engine runs on 5 Injector no.4 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector. The engine runs on 5 Injector no.5 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector.

154

INJECTOR CYLINDER 4

155

INJECTOR CYLINDER 5

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

156

INJECTOR CYLINDER 6

The engine runs on 5 Injector no.6 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector.

161

INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 1 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 2 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 3 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit.

162

163

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

65

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

66

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

164

165

166

167

168

INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 4 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 5 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 6 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. CYLINDER 1 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem OPEN CIRCUIT operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. CYLINDER 2 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem OPEN CIRCUIT operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser).

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

169

INJECTOR CYLINDER 3 OPEN CIRCUIT

One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). Compression Test in After carrying out the progress. compression test, turn the key OFF (after-run).

16A

INJECTOR CYLINDER 4 OPEN CIRCUIT

16B

INJECTOR CYLINDER 5 OPEN CIRCUIT

16C

INJECTOR CYLINDER 6 OPEN CIRCUIT

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

16D

COMPRESSION TEST IN PROGRESS

67

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

68

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

16E

THE MINIMUM More than 2 injectors NUMBER OF not operating. INJECTIONS WAS NOT REACHED: STOP THE ENGINE BENCH 1 CC

See individual faults in injectors.

171

One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem. Possible internal problem operating. Injectors also in ECM. short-circuited. Replace the injector if necessary. One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem. Possible internal problem operating. Injectors also in ECM. short-circuited. Replace the injector if necessary. Replace the control unit. engine

173

BENCH 2 CC

17C

BENCH 1 One or more injectors Fault in control unit. INJECTORS (bank 1 or bank 2) may CHECK not be operating. (INTERNAL ECU)

189

EGR POWER ST. No fault perceived by Short circuit or EGR Check wiring. SHORT TO BATT. the driver. actuator faulty. Replace the EGR actuator EGR not working. if necessary. TURBINE ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE Poor performance. VGT actuator wiring defective. or Check VGT wiring and actuator.

191

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

192

TURBINE Poor performance. ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE SHORT CIRCUIT TO POSITIVE

VGT actuator wiring defective.

or Check VGT wiring and actuator.

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

193

TURBINE WHEEL Poor performance. REVS SENSOR

Air filter blocked or Check the air filter and turbine rpm sensor check parameters linked signal implausible. with the turbine by performing a road test (parameter acquisition). Sensor implausible. signal Determine which turbine component caused the problem. Sensor may be faulty.

198

FAULT ON AT Poor performance. LEAST TWO OF THE FOLLOWING SENSORS: TURBINE SPEED, BOOT PRESSURE AND EXHAUST GAS PRESSURE TURBOCHARGER Poor performance. CONTROL BOOST PRESSURE FAILURE (PCR) TURBINE SPEED Poor performance. EXCEEDING EVERY PERMITTED RANGE TURBINE IN Poor performance. OVERSPEED (the fault is not displayed if it is caused by a low atmosperic pressure)

199

Turbo sensor or Check turbine sensors and actuator may be faulty. actuator (parameter acquisition). Air filter may be blocked. Check whether air filter is blocked. Turbo sensor or Check turbine sensors and actuator may be faulty. actuator (parameter acquisition). Air filter may be blocked. Check whether air filter is blocked. Air filter blocked or Check the air filter and turbine rpm sensor check parameters linked signal implausible. with the turbine by performing a road test (parameter acquisition).

19A

19B

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

69

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

70

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

19F

NOx ERROR

SENSOR No effect perceived by Sensor the driver. implausible.

signal Check the Nox sensor.

Nox sensor may be faulty. 1A5 TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by Problems in the Check wiring. CAN MESSAGE the driver. Denoxtronic (on the Check and correct any DM1DCU CAN line). faults in the Denoxtronic control unit. TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN configuration CAN MESSAGE the driver. incorrect. SCR1 CAN connections defective. Terminal resistance not suitable. 1AE HUMIDITY SENSOR No effect perceived by Sensor short-circuited Check wiring. the driver. or faulty. Replace sensor necessary. if Check CAN line wiring. Check Denoxtronic control unit wiring and operation.

1A6

1AF

SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT)

Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

1B1

ERROR ON CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CONTROLLER A the driver. incorrect. Check terminal CAN connections resistances. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.
F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

1B2

ERROR ON CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CONTROLLER B the driver. incorrect. Check terminal CAN connections resistances. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

1B3

ERROR ON CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CONTROLLER C the driver. incorrect. Check terminal CAN connections resistances. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

1B4

TIMEOUT MESSAGE BC2EDC1

CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. the driver. incorrect. Check BC wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

1B5

TIMEOUT MESSAGE VM2EDC

CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. the driver. incorrect. Check VCM wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.
SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1B7

ERROR ON No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. MESSAGES CAN the driver. incorrect. Check ECM wiring and IN CAN connections operation. TRANSMISSION defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

71

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

72

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1B9

ERROR ON THE No effect perceived by MIL/Body Controller EOBD LIGHT the driver. warning light defective. MANAGED BY THE CLUSTER) TIMEOUT MESSAGE DISPLAY

Consult the Body Controller troubleshooting guide and check the CAN line.

1BA

CAN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Consult the VCM DASH the driver. VCM inconsistent. troubleshooting guide and check the CAN line.

1BC

TIMEOUT CAN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Consult the VCM MESSAGE the driver. VCM inconsistent. troubleshooting guide and AMBCOND check the CAN line. TIMEOUT CAN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Consult the VCM/BC MESSAGE CCVS the driver. VCM or BC troubleshooting guide and inconsistent. check the CAN line. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the ETC CAN ETC1 the driver. ETC (gearbox) connection with the CAN inconsistent. line. TIMEOUT IN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCO RECEIVING TC01 the driver. TCO inconsistent. connection with the CAN CAN MESSAGE line. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN TSC1-PE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN TSC1-VE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Electrical interference If the error persists to MONITORING the driver. or internal control unit replace ECU. ERROR problems. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash. unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault. central unit, if needed.

1BD

1C2

1C3

1C6

1C8

1D1

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

1D2

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

1D3

ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault central unit, if needed. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. MONITORING the driver. ERROR ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. MONITORING the driver. ERROR ECU INTERNAL Control ERROR (TPU) deactivation. If the error persists to replace ECU. If the error persists to replace ECU.

1D4

1D5

1D6

unit Electronic If the error persists to interference or replace ECU. control unit faulty. If the error persists to replace ECU.

1D8

ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. MONITORING the driver. ERROR IMMOBILIZER

1E2

The engine fails to start. Problem in CAN line Check the Immobiliser or immobiliser control control unit is correctly unit. connected. Enter the Immobiliser PIN code during the emergency procedure.

1E3

ERROR FOR ECU No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. INTERNAL the driver. MONITORING ERROR FOR ECU No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. INTERNAL the driver. MONITORING

If the error persists to replace ECU.


SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1E4

If the error persists to replace ECU.

1E5

SENSORS POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY FAULT the driver. battery voltage or connections with the (12V) possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary.

73

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

74

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1E6

SENSOR POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY 1 the driver. battery voltage or connections with the possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. SENSOR POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY 2 the driver. battery voltage or connections with the possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. SENSOR POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY 3 the driver. battery voltage or connections with the possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or MONITORING the driver. battery voltage or connections with the ERROR possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or MONITORING the driver. battery voltage or connections with the ERROR possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE SENSOR No effect perceived by Fault in sensor inside Change ECU. the driver. control unit.

1E7

1E8

1E9

1EA

1EB

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Environmental pressure recovery value: 700 mbar.

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

1FA

TOO HIGH No reaction perceivable Particulate filter may Check filter. NUMBER OF by the driver. be blocked. REGENERATIONS Too many filter DEMAND regenerations carried out. PERMANENT No reaction perceivable Catalytic converter Check catalytic converter RIGENERATION by the driver. not installed or visually. ON TRAP damaged. PARTICLE FIRST SENSOR No reaction perceivable Temperature sensors Check information and EXAUSTED GAS by the driver. damaged or condition of sensors. TEMPERATURE incorrectly fitted. TOO HIGH No reaction noticeable Actuator coil faulty or Check actuator condition. EFFICIENCY OF on behalf of the driver. not within specified CATALYST tolerance limits. SYSTEM INTERRUPTED AFTER-RUN Slight power reduction. The control unit is Check wiring and then turned off by the replace the main relay. general switch instead of by the key (k15). Possible problem in main relay or connections.

1FB

1FC

21F

225

228

MAIN RELAY - Slight power reduction. Short circuit in main Check wiring between SHORT CIRCUIT relay or relay faulty. battery and ECM and then TO GROUND replace the main relay. Coolant Slight power reduction. Extreme Ensure the engine is temperature sensor environmental working in non-critical absolute test conditions or sensor conditions. incorrectly adjusted. Check the sensor connections and accuracy. Replace necessary. sensor if

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

232

75

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

76

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

238

OIL PRESSURE

LOW Slight power reduction. Sensor incorrectly Check the sensor adjusted or faults in connections and accuracy. lubrication system. Check the lubrication system. Slight power reduction. Sensor incorrectly Check the sensor adjusted or faults in connections and accuracy. lubrication system. Check the lubrication system. Replace the control unit. engine

23A

OIL TEMPERATURE ABOVE NORMAL

27C

BENCH 2 One or more injectors Fault in control unit. INJECTORS (bank 1 or bank 2) may CHECK not be operating. (INTERNAL ECU) TURBINE Poor performance. ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE SHORT CIRCUIT TO GROUND VGT actuator wiring defective.

292

or Check VGT wiring and actuator.

2A6

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by Problem in the Check the faults in the CAN MESSAGE the driver. Denoxtronic (on the Denoxtronic and consult SCR2 CAN line). the control unit troubleshooting guide. Check wiring. SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT) TIMEOUT MESSAGE BC2EDC2 Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.
F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

2AF

2B4

CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. the driver. incorrect. Check BC wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

2C6

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN MESSAGE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN TSC1-PE PASSIVE Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN TSC1-VR the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the tachograph CAN TIMEDATE the driver. TC (tachograph) connection with the CAN inconsistent. line. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash. unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault. central unit, if needed. ERROR CHECK OF Slight power reduction. Oil over-diluted. CRITICAL TIME FOR OIL DILUTION TURBINE ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE Poor performance. Change the engine oil.

2C8

2C9

2D3

2FF

392

Connection damaged. Check VGT connection and actuator. Battery voltage excessive (ECU overheating). Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

3AF

SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

3C8

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN MESSAGE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN TSC1-VE PASSIVE Control Unit) line. inconsistent.

77

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

78

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

3C9

ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CAN HRDV the driver. incorrect. Check BC wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

3D3

ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash. unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault. central unit, if needed. REGENERATION DEMAND NUMBER 2 No effect perceived by Too many Check particulate filter the driver. regenerations carried and faults in sensors. out. Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

3FA

4AF

SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT)

4C8

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN MESSAGE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN TSC1-VR PASSIVE Control Unit) line. inconsistent. REGENERATION DEMAND NUMBER 3 DM1DCU message No effect perceived by Too many Check particulate filter the driver. regenerations carried and faults in sensors. out.

4FA

5AF

SPN5 No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue Check the faults in the the driver. dosing system. Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

79

GUIDELINE FOR TROUBLESHOOTING

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

80

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SIGNALLED ANOMALY
The battery goes flat quickly. The engine will stop or wont start. Difficult start when the engine is either hot or cold. Slight overheating.

BLINK CODE
-

EDC WARNING LIGHT


-

POSSIBLE CAUSE

POSSIBLE RELATED ANOMALIES

RECOMMENDED TESTS OR MEASURES

REMARKS

Pre-heating resistor Local overheating. powered continuously. Fuel pre-filter clogged. The 3.5 bar valve on fuel return is stuck open. Either 0.3 bar tank return valve or return piping clogged. Reversed tank suction / return pipes. The engine is fed by the return pipe, the suction of which in the tank is lower. When the pipe sucks no more, the engine will stop. Engine test: cylinder efficiency test. If the trouble is not related to electric components (Blink code 5.x), the rocker arm holder shaft needs be disassembled. Check the rocker arm roller and bushing as well as the respective cam. Check the cabling, connections and component.

After the new vehicle has been delivered, the engine will stop after a short operation time.The tank holds a lot of fuel; all the rest is O.K. Reduced power / difficult engine maneuverability.

Injection system / the Overheating engine operates with one cylinder failing: - injector plunger seizure; - valve rocker arm seizure.

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

Fuel consumption increase.

Air filter clogging with no Smoke. signal from the warning light on the instrument board.

81

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

82

SIGNALLED ANOMALY
The engine does not reach the other speeds under load conditions. The driver feels that the engine is not working correctly like it did before.

BLINK CODE
-

EDC WARNING LIGHT


-

POSSIBLE CAUSE

POSSIBLE RELATED ANOMALIES

RECOMMENDED TESTS OR MEASURES

REMARKS

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

The boosting pressure Smoke. sensor provides too high values, which, in any case, fall within the range. Impaired hydraulic performance of an injector. Engine test: check-up Replace the injector of the cylinder in which Modus detects lower performance levels (compared with the others) only after verifying that the control rocker arm adjustment is correct. Perform correct adjustment, then repeat the engine test. Replace the injector of the cylinder in which the diagnosis instrument detects lower performance levels (compared with the others). Replace the injector of the cylinder in which the diagnosis instrument detects lower performance levels (compared with the others).

The driver feels that the engine is not working correctly like it did before. The engine operates with five cylinders; noise (knock).

Wrong adjustment of an injector control rocker arm.

Engine test: check up.

Plunger seizure.

Possible overheating.

Engine test: cylinder efficiency.

Replace the injector of the cylinder in which the diagnosis instrument detects lower performance levels (compared with the others). The engine will stop or wont start again.

Wrong adjustment of the Possible mechanic damage to Engine test: cylinder efficiency. injector control rocker arm the areas surrounding the (excessive travel) with injector. impact on the plunger on the nozzle. Presence of air in the fuel It might even not switch off; it Bleed air. supply circuit. might have operation oscillations, or start, yet with difficulty and after making many attempts.

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

83

PART FOUR - MAINTENANCE PLANNING

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

84

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

85

MAINTENANCE Maintenance services scheme


Out of plan operations are interventions complementary to standard services. They are maintenance operations to be carried out at regular time or mileage intervals and concern optional components that are not present on all models. Important! The correlation between kilometres and months only applies in cases where the distance travelled by the vehicle corresponds roughly to the specified average annual mileage. This is indicated only in order to suggest a hypothetical maintenance programme,. Note that the time intervals specified for Extra Plan operations are to be adhered to regardless of the actual mileage covered. NOTE The kilometre frequency for engine lubrication is in relation to a percentage of sulphur in diesel of under 0.5%. NOTE: If using diesel with a percentage of sulphur above 0.5%, the oil-change frequency has to be halved.

Use engine oil:

ACEA E4 (URANIA FE 5 W 30) ACEA E7 (URANIA LD7)

NOTE - If class ACEA E7 (Urania LD7) engine oil is used, the engine oil and filters must be changed every 100,000 km. - If class ACEA E2 (Urania Turbo) engine oil is used, the engine oil and filters must be changed every 50,000 km. - In the case of very low annual mileage of less than 150,000 km/year, the engine oil and filters must be changed every 12 months. - The ACEA E4 lubricants also classed as ACEA E6 must not be used with the change frequency contemplated for class ACEA E4. Their use must include changing the oil at the contemplated mileages for ACEA E2 lubricants and that is every 50,000 km.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

86

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Maintenance intervals
To schedule the work, keep to the following chart: USAGE APPLICATIONS OILS SERVICES M1 M2 EXTRA PLAN EP1 EP2 PROGRAMMED OPERATIONS T2 T3

On road

Engine (1) Urania FE5W30

After the first 150,000 km and Every Every Every subsequently 150,000 km 300,000 km 100,000 km every 300,000 km

Every year

Every 2 years

(1) IVECO recommends using these oils to obtain benefits in terms of fuel economy. IVECO already equips new vehicles with these types of lubricants, suited for cold climates too (minimum temperature down to -30C). The lubricant change frequency is related to using these types of oil. (2) In this case, IVECO already equips new vehicles with mineral base bridge oil.

CHECKS AND/OR MAINTENANCE WORK


M1 T Type of f operation i Engine Change engine oil Change engine oil filters Replacing the Blow-by filter Check of clutch wear of fan electromagnetic joint Check miscellaneous drive belts Check-up on engine EDC system with MODUS or IT2000 Change VGT variable geometry turbocharger valve air filter Change miscellaneous drive belts Replacing the Ad Blue filter / pre-filter Replace engine air filter (dry filter element) (1) Test Ad Blue system with E.A.S.Y, MODUS, IT 2000 Replacement of fuel prefilter cartridge M2

Every Every 150,000 km 300,000 km

(1) Early clogging of the air cleaner is generally due to environmental conditions. For this reason it needs to be replaced when signalled by the sensor irrespective of the guidelines that anyhow have to be observed if there are no specific instructions otherwise.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

87

NON-PROGRAMMED/TIMED OPERATIONS
EPI - Every 100.000 Km if possible, at the same time as a maintenance service Change fuel filter EP2 - In the initial period at 150,000 km and then every 300,000 km if possible, at the same time as a maintenance service Check and adjust valve clearance and injectors T2 - Every year Before winter if possible, at the same time as a maintenance service Check coolant density T3 - Every two years if possible, at the same time as a maintenance service Change engine coolant

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

88

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

SECTION 4 General overhaul


Page GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . ASSEMBLY CLEARANCE DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . REPAIR OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CYLINDER BLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checks and measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CYLINDER LINERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Removing cylinder liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting and checking protrusion . . . . . . . . . . . . CRANKSHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Measuring the main journals and crankpins . . . 3 5 13 13 13 14 15 15 16 17

- Preliminary measurement of main and big end bearing shell selection data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 - Selecting the main and big end bearing shells . 19

- Defining the class of diameter of the main journals and crankpins (Journals with nominal diameter) . . 20 - Selecting the main bearing shells (Journals with nominal diameter) . . . . . . . . . . - Selecting the main bearing shells (ground journals) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing the timing gear and oil pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking main journal assembly clearance . . . - Checking crankshaft end float . . . . . . . . . . . . . PISTON CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY . . . . - Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Measuring the diameter of the pistons . . . . . . - Conditions for correct gudgeon pin-piston coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Piston rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 25 25 26 27 27 28 28 29

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Page CONNECTING RODS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking connecting rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Mounting the connecting rod piston assembly - Mounting the piston rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting the big end bearing shells . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting connecting rod - piston assemblies in the cylinder liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking piston protrusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking head bearing surface on cylinder block CYLINDER HEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Disassembly the valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking crankpin assembly clearance . . . . . . . - Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Removing deposits and checking the valves . . . - Valve seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking clearance between valve-stem and associated valve guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Valve guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing injector cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking injector protrusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TIMING GEAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Camshaft drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Idler gear and pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Twin intermediate gear and pin . . . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing the bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Check of cam lift and timing system shaft pins alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Camshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 - Replacing camshaft bushings with drift 99360499 31 - Dismounting the bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 32 32 32 33 33 34 34 34 34 35 35 35 - Diagrams of tightening sequence for screws fixing crankcase base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 36 36 38 39 39 39 39 39 40 F3A ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 41 - Diagram of cylinder head fixing screws tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Diagram of turbocharger fixing screws and nuts tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Diagram of cylinder head fixing screws tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Rocker arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REPAIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Variable geometry movement control . . . . . . . - Checking the actuator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking actuator travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Cleaning turbine body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TIGHTENING TORQUES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Mounting the bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Valve springs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ROCKER SHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page 42 42 42 43 44 45 45 46 46 47 47 48 51

54

55

- Diagram of exhaust manifold fixing screws tightening sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

55

- Diagram of tightening sequence for heat exchanger screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 - Diagram of tightening sequence for engine oil sump screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 - Diagram of tightening sequence for screws fixing rocker cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

56 57

57

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
Type Cycle Fuel feed Injection No. of cylinders Bore mm 125

F3AE3681
4-stroke Diesel engine Turbocharged Direct 6 in line

Stroke

mm cm3

140 10300 16.5 : 1

+.. = Total displacement


Compression ratio

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Type A VALVE TIMING opens before T.D.C. B C opens before B.D.C. closes after T.D.C. D For timing check mm X X Running mm X mm FEED Injection type: Bosch Nozzle type mm D C closes after B.D.C. A B

F3AE3681

16 32

50 9

0.35 to 0.45 0.45 to 0.55 Through fuel pump - filters With electronically regulated injectors UIN 3.1 pump injectors controlled by overhead camshaft _

Injection order

1-4-2-6-3-5

bar

Injection pressure

bar

2000

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

ASSEMBLY CLEARANCE DATA


Type CYLINDER BLOCK AND CRANKMECHANISM COMPONENTS 1 Bores for cylinder liners: upper 1 lower Cylinder liners: external diameter: L 2 upper 2 length Cylinder liners crankcase bores lower L 139.890 to 139.915 141.961 to 141.986

F3AE3681
mm

142.000 to 142.025 140.000 to 140.025

upper lower External diameter Cylinder sleeve 3 X inside diameter inside diameter Protrusion * Selection class 1 X 2 Pistons: measuring dimension X F external diameter 1A external diameter 1BFF pin bore 2 Piston - cylinder sleeve A* B* 3A* 3B* X 2

0.014 to 0.064 0.085 to 0.135 -

125.000 to 125.013 125.011 to 125.024 0.045 to 0.075

18 124.861 to 124.873 124.872 to 124.884 50.030 to 50.038 -

* Selection class Piston diameter X Pistons protrusion X 0.23 to 0.53 1 -

Gudgeon pin

49.994 to 50.000 0.030 to 0.044

Gudgeon pin - pin housing


F FF

Class A pistons supplied as spares. Class B pistons are fitted in production only and are not supplied as spares.
Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

F3AE3681
Type mm X 1 X 2 X 3 X1 Piston ring grooves X2 X3 * measured on of 120 mm Piston rings: S1 S1* - trapezoidal seal - lune seal S2 - milled scraper ring with slits and internal p g spring S3 * measured d at 2 mm f from outer Piston rings - grooves 1 2 3 2.098 to 2.128 * 1.550 to 1.570 4.020 to 4.040 1.929 to 1.973 1.470 to 1.500 3.970 to 3.990

S1 S2 S3

0.125 to 0.199 0.050 to 0.100 0.030 to 0.070 -

Piston rings X1 X2 X3 Piston ring end gap in cylinder liners X1 X2 X3 Small end bush housing 1 Big end bearing housing 2 - Class 1 - Class 2 - Class 3 Small end bush diameter outside inside Big end bearing shell Red Green Yellow D Small end bush - housing Piston pin - bush Big end bearing Connecting rod weight A Class B C D Fitted in production only and not supplied as spares 4 3 S

0.35 to 0.45 0.60 to 0.75 0.35 to 0.65 54.000 to 54.030

2 4 3

87.000 to 87.010 87.011 to 87.020 87.021 to 87.030

54.085 to 54.110 50.019 to 50.035 1.970 to 1.980 1.981 to 1.990 1.991 to 2.000 0.055 to 0.110 0.019 to 0.041 0.127 - 0.254 - 0.508

g. 4024 to 4054 g. 4055 to 4054 g. 4105 to 4135

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

Type X

F3AE3681
mm

Measuring dimension Max. connecting rod axis misalignment tolerance Main journals - nominal - class - class - class

125

0.08 1 1 2 3 92.970 to 93.000 92.970 to 92.979 92.980 to 92.989 92.990 to 93.000 82.970 to 83.000 82.970 to 82.979 82.980 to 82.989 82.990 to 83.000 2.965 to 2.974 2.975 to 2.984 2.985 to 2.995 1.970 to 1.980 1.981 to 1.990 1.991 to 2.000 99.000 to 99.030 99.000 to 99.009 99.010 to 99.019 99.020 to 99.030 0.050 to 0.090 0.040 to 0.080 0.127 - 0.254 - 0.508 0.127 - 0.254 - 0.508

S1

S 2

Crankpins 2 - nominal - class 1 - class 2 - class 3 Main bearing shells S1 Red Green Yellow* Big end bearing shells S2 Red Green Yellow* Main bearing housings 3 - nominal - class 1 - class 2 - class 3 Bearing shells main journals Bearing shells big ends Main bearing shells Big end bearing shells Main journal, thrust bearing

X1

45.95 to 46.00

X1 Main bearing housing, thrust bearing X2 X3 Thrust washer halves Crankshaft end float 1 2 Parallelism Concentricity * // 1-2 1-2 0.025 0.040

X2

38.94 to 38.99

X3

3.38 to 3.43 0.10 to 0.30

Fitted in production only and not supplied as spares.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Type CYLINDER HEAD - VALVE TRAIN 1 Valve guide housings in cylinder head 1 2 Valve guide 3 Valve guides - housings in the cylinder heads Valve guide 4 Valves: 4 4 Valve stem and its guide Valve seat in head 1 1 1 Outside diameter of valve seat; angle of valve seat in cylinder head: 2 2 Valve guide X Recessing of valve X X Between valve seat and head 2 3

F3AE3681
mm

14.980 to 14.997

9.015 to 9.030 15.012 to 15.025

0.015 to 0.045 0.2 - 0.4

8.960 to 8.975 60 30 7 30 8.960 to 8.975 45 30 7 30 0.040 to 0.070

44.185 to 44.220 42.985 to 43.020

44.260 to 44.275 43.060 to 43.075 0.2 0.65 to 0.95 1.8 to 2.1

0.040 to 0.090

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES


Table 1

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

Type Valve spring height: free height under a load of: H 2 660 33 N 1140 57 N H H1 H2

F3AE3681
mm

80 62 48.8

H1

Injector protrusion X

0.32 to 1.14

Camshaft bushing housing in the cylinder head: 17

88.000 to 88.030

Camshaft bearing journals: 17 1 3

82.950 to 82.968

Outer diameter of camshaft bushings: Inner diameter of camshaft bushings: Bushings and housings in the cylinder head Bushings and bearing journals Cam lift:

88.153 to 88.183

83.018 to 83.085 0.123 to 0.183 0.050 to 0.135 9.30

9.458

13.376 1 Rocker shaft 1 41.984 to 42.000

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Type Bushing housing in rocker arms

F3AE3681
mm

45.000 to 45.016 59.000 to 59.019 46.000 to 46.016 Bushing outer diameter for rocker arms 45.090 to 45.130 59.100 to 59.140

46.066 to 46.091 Bushing inner diameter for rocker arms 42.025 to 42.041 56.030 to 56.049

42.015 to 42.071 Between bushings and housings 0.074 to 0.130 0.081 to 0.140

0.050 to 0.091 Between bushings of rocker arms and shaft 0.025 to 0.057 0.015 to 0.087 Engine brake control lever Eccentric pin outer diameter 1 55.981 to 56.000 42.025 to 42.041

Rocker arms shaft seat 2

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

11

Type

F3AE3681
mm

Rocker arms and engine brake control lever pin 0.030 to 0.068 Rocker arm shaft and seat on engine brake control lever 0.025 to 0.057 TURBOCHARGER Type End play Radial play

HOLSET HE 531 V with variable geometry 0.025 to 0.127 0.381 to 0.533

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

13

REPAIR OPERATIONS CYLINDER BLOCK Checks and measurements


Figure 1 (Demonstration)

Figure 3

60595 34994

Internal diameter of the cylinder liners is checked for ovalization, taper and wear, using a bore dial (1) centesimal gauge (2) previously reset to ring gauge (3), diameter 135 mm.

A = Selection class 125 125.013 mm B = Selection class 125.011 125.024 mm X = Selection class marking area In case of maximum wear >0.150 mm or maximum ovalization >0.100 mm compared to the values indicated in the figure, the liners must be replaced as they cannot be ground, lapped or trued. NOTE Cylinder liners are equipped with spare parts with A selection class.

NOTE If a 135 mm ring gauge is not available use a micrometer caliper.

Figure 2

Figure 4

60597 60596

1 = 1st measuring 2 = 2nd measuring 3 = 3rd measuring Carry out measurings on each cylinder liner at three different levels and on two (A-B) surfaces, to one another perpendicular, as shown in Figure 2.
Print P1D32C002 E

A = 142.000 to 142.025 mm B = 140.000 to 140.025 mm C = 141.961 to 141.986 mm D = 139.890 to 139.915 mm The figure shows the outer diameters of the cylinder liners and the relative seat inner diameters. The cylinder liners can be extracted and installed several times in different seats, if necessary. Check the state of the cylinder assembly machining plugs: if they are rusty or there is any doubt at all about their seal, change them.
Base - September 2006

14

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

CYLINDER LINERS
Figure 5

60598

BLOCK WITH CYLINDER LINERS Figure 6

Selection class

A 125.000 to 125.013 mm B 125.011 to 125.024 mm CYLINDER LINERS MAIN DATA

60600

Figure 7

DETAIL X Y - Selection class marking area


Base - September 2006

60601

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

15

Removing cylinder liners


Figure 8

Figure 10

(Demonstration)

47577

60520

Place details 99360706 (2) and plate 99360726 (4) as shown in the figure, by making sure that the plate (4) is properly placed on the cylinder liners. Tighten the screw nut (1) and remove the cylinder liner (3) from the block.

Fitting and checking protrusion


Figure 9

Check the protrusion of the cylinder liners, using tool 99360334 (2) and tightening screw (1) to 225 Nm torque. Using a dial gauge (3), measure the cylinder liner protrusion, from the cylinder head supporting surface, it must be 0.045 to 0.075 (Figure 11); otherwise, replace the adjustment ring (1, Figure 9) supplied as spare parts having different thicknesses.

Figure 11

0.045 to 0.075

49017

CYLINDER LINER PROTRUSION Figure 12


16798

(Demonstration)

Always replace water sealing rings (3, 4 and 5). Install the adjustment ring (1) on the cylinder liner (2); lubricate lower part of liner and install it in the cylinder unit using the proper tool.

NOTE The adjustment ring (1) is supplied as spare parts in the following thicknesses: 0.08 mm - 0.10 mm - 0.12 mm.

60521

When the installation is completed, block the cylinder liners (1) to the block (2) with studs 99360703 (3).
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

16

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

CRANKSHAFT
Figure 13

Upper main journal half bearings

116051

Lower main journal half bearings MAIN DATA FOR THE CRANK SHAFT PINS AND THE HALF BEARINGS Check the condition of the journals and the big end pins; there must no be signs of scoring, ovalization or excessive wear. The data given refer to the normal diameter of the pins. Figure 14 Figure 15

108

BUFF

9 to 12

GROUND

GROUND

R5 1.6 R5
GROUND

0.8 0.3
60603

0.8 0.3

X. Detail of main journals connections


Base - September 2006

Y. Detail of crank pins connections


Print P1D32C002 E

9 to 12
60604

R 3.7 to 4

108

0.3

BUFF

0.3

R 4.2 to 4.5

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

17

Measuring the main journals and crankpins


Before grinding the crank pins using a micrometer (1), measure the main journals and the crank pins (2) and decide, on the basis of the undersizing of the bearings, the final diameter to which the pins are to be ground. The undersize classes are 0.127 - 0.254 - 0.508 mm. Figure 16

Figure 17

47536

MEASURING CRANK PINS During grinding, pay attention to journal and crank pins values specified in Figure 14 and Figure 15.

47535

MEASURING THE MAIN JOURNALS NOTE It is advisable to enter the values found in a table (Figure 18).

NOTE All journals and crank pins must also be ground to the same undersizing class, in order to avoid any alteration to shaft balance.

Figure 18 Fill in this table with the measurements of the main journals and the crank pins.

MAIN JOURNALS

MIN. MAX.

MIN. MAX.

CRANK PINS
Print P1D32C002 E

36061

Base - September 2006

18

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Preliminary measurement of main and big end bearing shell selection data
For each of the journals of the crankshaft, it is necessary to carry out the following operations: MAIN JOURNALS: - Determine the class of diameter of the seat in the crankcase. - Determine the class of diameter of the main journal. - Select the class of the bearing shells to mount. CRANKPINS: - Determine the class of diameter of the seat in the connecting rod. - Determine the class of diameter of the crankpin. - Select the class of the bearing shells to mount.

DEFINING THE CLASS OF DIAMETER OF THE SEATS FOR BEARING SHELLS ON THE CRANKCASE On the front of the crankcase, two sets of numbers are marked in the position shown. - The first set of digits (four) is the coupling number of the crankcase with its base. - The following seven digits, taken singly, are the class of diameter of each of the seats referred to. - Each of these digits may be 1, 2 or 3. Figure 19
CLASS MAIN BEARING HOUSING NOMINAL DIAMETER

99.000 to 99.009 99.010 to 99.019 99.020 to 99.030

47535

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

19

Selecting the main and big end bearing shells


NOTE To obtain the required assembly clearances, the main and big end bearing shells need to be selected as described hereunder. This operation makes it possible to identify the most suitable bearing shells for each of the journals (the bearing shells, if necessary, can have different classes from one journal to another). The following tables give the specifications of the main and Depending on the thickness, the bearing shells are selected big end bearing shells available as spares in the standard sizes in classes of tolerance marked by a coloured sign (red-green (STD) and in the permissible oversizes (+0.127, +0.254, red/black green/black). +0.508). Figure 20 STD red red/black green green/black yellow* yellow/black* 1.991 to 2.000 2.054 to 2.063 1.981 to 1.990 2.044 to 2.053 1.970 to 1.980 2.033 to 2.043 2.108 to 2.117 2.235 to 2.244 +0.127 +0.254 2.097 to 2.107 +0.508 2.224 to 2.234

STD red red/black green green/black yellow* yellow/black*


Print P1D32C002 E

+0.127

+0.254 2.097 to 2.107

+0.508 2.224 to 2.234

2.965 to 2.974 3.028 to 3.037 2.975 to 2.984 3.038 to 3.047 2.985 to 2.995 3.048 to 3.058

2.108 to 2.117

2.235 to 2.244

* Fitted in production only and not supplied as spares


Base - September 2006

20

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Defining the class of diameter of the main journals and crankpins (Journals with nominal diameter)
Main journals and crankpins: determining the class of diameter of the journals. Three sets of numbers are marked on the crankshaft in the position shown by the arrow (Figure 21 at top): - The first number, of five digits, is the part number of the shaft. - Under this number, on the left, a set of six digits refers to the crankpins and is preceded by a single digit showing the status of the journals (1 = STD, 2 = -0.127), the other six digits, taken singly, give the class of diameter of each of the crankpins they refer to (Figure 21 at top). - The set of seven digits, on the right, refers to the main journals and is preceded by a single digit: the single digit shows the status of the journals (1 = STD, 2 = -0.127), the other seven digits, taken singly, give the class of diameter of each of the main journals they refer to (Figure 21 bottom). Figure 21
CLASS CRANKPIN NOMINAL DIAMETER

82.970 to 82.979 82.980 to 82.989 82.990 to 83.000

CLASS

MAIN JOURNALS NOMINAL DIAMETER

92.970 to 92.979 92.980 to 92.989 92.990 to 93.000


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

21

Selecting the main bearing shells (Journals with nominal diameter)


After reading off the data, for each of the main journals, on the crankcase and crankshaft, you choose the type of bearing shells to use according to the following table: Figure 22

STD.

green

green

green

1
green green green

red

green

green

2
red green green

red

red

green

3
red red green

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

22

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Selecting the main bearing shells (ground journals)


If the journals have been ground, the procedure described so far cannot be applied. In this case, it is necessary to check that the new diameter of the journals is as shown in the table and to mount the only type of bearing shell envisaged for the relevant undersizing. Figure 23

red/black = mm 3.028 to 3.037 green/black = mm 3.028 to 3.047

-0.127
1 2
green/black green/black

3
green/black green/black

92.843 1 92.852 92.853 2 92.862 92.863 3 92.873

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

-0.254
red = mm 3.237 to 3.247

2
red red

3
red red

92.726 92.746

red red

-0.508
red = mm 3.219 to 3.229

2
red red

3
red red

92.472 92.492
Base - September 2006

red red

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

23

SELECTING THE BIG END BEARING SHELLS (JOURNALS WITH NOMINAL DIAMETER) There are three markings on the body of the connecting rod in the position shown in the view from A:

Figure 25

Letter indicating the class of weight: A B C = = = 4024 to 4054 g. 4055 to 4085 g. 4086 to 4116 g.

VIEW FROM A

Number indicating the selection of the diameter of the big end bearing seat: 1 2 3 = = = 87.000 to 87.010 mm 87.011 to 87.020 mm 87.021 to 87.030 mm

Numbers identifying the cap-connecting rod coupling.

The number, indicating the class of diameter of the bearing shell seat may be 1, 2 o 3. Determine the type of big end bearing to fit on each journal by following the indications in the table (Figure 24). Figure 24
47557

STD.

Class

1
green

2
green

3
green

1
green green green

red

green

green

2
red green green

red

red

green

3
red red green

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

24

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SELECTING BIG END BEARING SHELLS (GROUND JOURNALS) If the journals have been ground, the procedure described so far cannot be applied. In this case, it is necessary to check (for each of the undersizings) which field of tolerance includes the new diameter of the crankpins and to mount the bearing shells identified with the relevant table. Figure 26
red/black = mm 2.033 to 2.043 green/black = mm 2.044 to 2.053

-0.127
1 2
green/black green/black

3
green/black green/black

82.843 1 82.852 82.853 2 82.862 82.863 3 82.873

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

-0.254
red = mm 2.097 to 2.107 green = mm 2.108 to 2.117

1
red red

2
green green

3
green green

82.726 82.735 82.736 82.746

red red

red red

green green

-0.508
red = mm 2.224 to 2.234 green = mm 2.235 to 2.244

1
red red

2
green green

3
green green

82.472 82.481 82.482 82.492


Base - September 2006

red red

red red

green green
Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

25

Replacing the timing gear and oil pump


Check that the toothing of the gear is neither damaged nor worn; if it is, take it out with an appropriate extractor and replace it. Figure 27

Figure 29

47578

Using the tackle and hook 99360500 (1), mount the crankshaft (2).
73534

When fitting the gear (1) on the crankshaft (2), heat it for no longer than 2 hours in an oven at a temperature of 180C. After heating the gear (1), fit it on the shaft by applying a load of 6000 N to it, positioning it at the distance shown in Figure 27. After cooling, the gear must have no axial movement under a load of 29100 N. If changing the pin (3), after fitting it on, check it protrudes from the crankshaft as shown in the figure.

Checking main journal assembly clearance


Figure 30 Figure 28

49021 47579

Mount the oil nozzles (2), making the grub screw match the hole (3) on the crankcase. Arrange the bearing shells (1) on the main bearing housings.
Print P1D32C002 E

Arrange the bearing shells (1) on the main bearing housings in the crankcase base (2). Check the assembly clearance between the main journals of the crankshaft and their bearings, proceeding as illustrated on the following pages.
Base - September 2006

26

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 31

Figure 32

60559

47578

Set two journals of the crankshaft (2) parallel to the longitudinal axis, a section of calibrated wire. Using appropriate hooks and tackle, mount the crankcase base (1). Figure 33

- Lubricate the internal screws (1) with UTDM oil and tighten them with a torque wrench (3) to a torque of 120 Nm, using tool 99395216 (4), to an angle of 90, following the diagram of Figure 33.

FRONT SIDE

60593

DIAGRAM OF SEQUENCE FOR TIGHTENING THE SCREWS FIXING THE BOTTOM CRANKCASE BASE TO THE CRANKCASE Figure 34

Checking crankshaft end float

Figure 35

47579 - Remove the crankcase base. The clearance between the main bearings and their journals is measured by comparing the width taken on by the calibrated wire (2) at the point of greatest crushing with the graduated scale on the case (1) containing the calibrated wire. The numbers on the scale give the clearance of the coupling in millimetres. If you find the clearance is not as required, replace the bearing shells and repeat the check.

47588

End float is checked by placing a magnetic dial gauge (2) on the crankshaft (1), as shown in the figure. If the value obtained is higher than specified, replace the rear thrust half-bearings and repeat this check.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

27

PISTON CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY


Figure 36

60607

PISTON CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY 1. Connecting rod body - 2. Half bearings - 3. Connecting rod cap - 4. Cap fastening screws - 5. Split ring 6. Scraper ring with spiral spring - 7. Bevel cut sealing ring - 8. Trapezoidal sealing ring - 9. Piston pin - 10. Piston.

Make sure the piston does show any trace of seizing, scoring, cracking; replace as necessary.

Pistons are equipped with three elastic rings: a sealing ring, a trapezoidal ring and a scraper ring. Pistons are grouped into classes A and B for diameter.

Removal
Figure 37 Figure 38

60608

49024

Removal of the piston split rings (2) using the pliers 99360184 (1).
Print P1D32C002 E

Remove the piston pin split rings (2) using the round tipped pliers (1).
Base - September 2006

28

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 39

Figure 41

49025

32618

Remove the piston pin (1). If removal is difficult use the appropriate beater.

Measuring the gudgeon pin diameter (1) with a micrometer (2).

Measuring the diameter of the pistons


Figure 40

106220

Conditions for correct gudgeon pin-piston coupling


Figure 42

Using a micrometer (2), measure the diameter of the piston (1) to determine the assembly clearance; the diameter has to be measured at the value X shown:

49026

Lubricate the pin (1) and the relevant housing on the piston hubs with engine oil; piston must be inserted with a slight finger pressure and it should not come out by gravity.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

29

Figure 43

109045

MAIN DATA OF THE PISTON, PISTON RINGS AND PIN X = 0,8 0,15

Piston rings
Figure 44

Figure 46

3513

16552

Check the thickness of the piston ring (2) using a micrometer (1). Figure 45

The sealing ring (2) of the 1st cavity is trapezoidal. Clearance X between the sealing ring and its housing is measured by placing the piston (1) with its ring in the cylinder barrel (3), so that the sealing ring is half-projected out of the cylinder barrel. Figure 47

36134

60610

Check the clearance between the sealing rings (2) and the relative piston housings (1) using a thikness gauge (3).
Print P1D32C002 E

Check the opening between the ends of the sealing rings (1), using a thickness gauge (2), entered in the cylinder barrel (3). If the distance between ends is lower or higher than the value required, replace split rings.

Base - September 2006

30

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

CONNECTING RODS
Figure 48 Data concerning the class section of connecting rod housing and weight are stamped on the big end. NOTE When installing connecting rods, make sure they all belong to the same weight class.

VIEW FROM A

DIAGRAM OF THE CONNECTING ROD MARKS 1 Letter indicating the weight class: A B C = = = 4024 to 4054 g. 4055 to 4085 g. 4086 to 4116 g.

2 Number indicating the selection of diameter for the big end bearing housing: 1 2 3 = = = 87.000 to 87.010 mm 87.011 to 87.020 mm 87.021 to 87.030 mm

3 Numbers identifying cap-connecting rod coupling.

47557

Figure 49

54.000 54.030 54.085 54.110 50.019* 50.035* 49.994 50.000

1.970 2.000

87.000 87.030

44927

MAIN DATA - BUSH, CONNECTING ROD, PIN AND HALF-BEARINGS * Values to be obtained after installing the bush.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

31

Bushings
Figure 50

Figure 52

(Demonstration)

73535

Check the bushing in the small end has not come loose and shows no sign of scoring or seizure; replace it if it does. The bushing (2) is removed and fitted with a suitable drift (1). When driving it in, make absolutely sure that the holes for the oil to pass through in the bushing and small end coincide. Using a boring machine, rebore the bushing so as to obtain a diameter of 50.019 50.035.

61694

Checking connecting rods


Figure 51 (Demonstration)

Check the torsion of the connecting rod (5) by comparing two points (A and B) of the pin (3) on the horizontal plane of the axis of the connecting rod. Position the mount (1) of the dial gauge (2) so that this pre-loads by approx. 0.5 mm on the pin (3) at point A and zero the dial gauge (2). Shift the spindle (4) with the connecting rod (5) and compare any deviation on the opposite side B of the pin (3): the difference between A and B must be no greater than 0.08 mm. Checking bending Figure 53 (Demonstration)

61695

61696

Checking axis alignment Check the toe-setting for the connecting rods (1) axles using the proper devices (5), according to this procedure: Fit the connecting rod (1) on the spindle of the tool (5) and lock it with the screw (4). Set the spindle (3) on the V-prisms, resting the connecting rod (1) on the stop bar (2).
Print P1D32C002 E

Check the bending of the connecting rod (5) by comparing two points C and D of the pin (3) on the vertical plane of the axis of the connecting rod. Position the vertical mount (1) of the dial gauge (2) so that this rests on the pin (3) at point C. Swing the connecting rod backwards and forwards seeking the highest position of the pin and in this condition zero the dial gauge (2). Shift the spindle (4) with the connecting rod (5) and repeat the check on the highest point on the opposite side D of the pin (3). The difference between point C and point D must be no greater than 0.08 mm.
Base - September 2006

32

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Mounting the connecting rod piston assembly


Figure 54

Mounting the piston rings


Figure 56

60614 73536

The piston (1) has to be fitted on the connecting rod (2) so that the graphic symbol (4), showing the assembly position in the cylinder liner, and the punch marks (3) on the connecting rod are observed as shown in the figure.

To fit the piston rings (1) on the piston (2) use the pliers 99360184 (3). The rings need to be mounted with the word TOP (4) facing upwards. Direct the ring openings so they are staggered 120 apart.

Fitting the big end bearing shells


Figure 55 Figure 57

1 2 3

74052

49030

Fit the pin (2) and fasten it on the piston (1) with the split rings (3).

Fit the bearing shells (1), selected as described under the heading Selecting the main and big end bearing shells, on both the connecting rod and the cap. If reusing bearing shells that have been removed, fit them back into their respective seats in the positions marked during removal.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

33

Fitting connecting rod - piston assemblies in the cylinder liners


With the aid of the clamp 99360605 (1, Figure 58), fit the connecting rod piston assembly (2) in the cylinder liners, according to the diagram of Figure 59, checking that: - The openings of the piston rings are staggered 120 apart. - The pistons are all of the same class, A or B. - The symbol punched on the top of the pistons faces the engine flywheel, or the recess in the skirt of the pistons tallies with the oil nozzles.

Figure 58

NOTE The pistons are supplied as spares in class A and can be fitted in class B cylinder liners.

60616

Checking piston protrusion


On completing assembly, check the protrusion of the pistons from the cylinder liners; it must be 0.23 0.53 mm.

Figure 59

60615

ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM OF CONNECTING ROD PISTON ASSEMBLY IN CYLINDER LINER 1. Connecting rod piston assembly 2. Area of punch marking on the top of the piston, symbol showing assembly position and selection class 3. Connecting rod punch mark area.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

34

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Checking crankpin assembly clearance


To measure the clearance, carry out the following operations. Connect the connecting rods to the relevant journals of the crankshaft, placing a length of calibrated wire on the journals. Figure 60

Figure 61

47583

47594

Mount the connecting rod caps (1) together with the bearing shells. Tighten the screws (2) fixing the connecting rod caps to a torque of 60 Nm (6 kgm). Using tool 99395216 (3), further tighten the screws with an angle of 60. NOTE The thread of the screws (2), before assembly, has to be lubricated with engine oil. Remove the caps and determine the clearance by comparing the width of the calibrated wire with the graduated scale on the case containing the calibrated wire. Upon final assembly: check the diameter of the thread of the screws (2), it must be no less than 13.4 mm; if it is, change the screw. Lubricate the crankpins and connecting rod bearings. Tighten the screws (2) as described above.

Mount and secure the tool 99360262 (2) with the bracket (4). Screw down with the device 99360261 (1) to be able to remove the cotters (3). Take out the tool (2) and extract the top plate (5), spring (6) and bottom plate (7). Repeat this process on all the valves. Turn over the cylinder head and take out the valves (8).

Checking head bearing surface on cylinder block


Figure 62 (Demonstration)

CYLINDER HEAD
Before dismounting cylinder head, check cylinder head for hydraulic seal by proper tooling; in case of leaks not caused by cup plugs or threaded plugs, replace cylinder head.

NOTE When replacing, the cylinder head is supplied as a spare part with a threaded plug, which must be removed during assembly.

NOTE In case of plugs dismounting/replacement, on mounting, apply sealant Loctite 270 on plugs.

36159

Disassembly the valves


NOTE Before dismounting cylinder head valves, number them in view of their remounting in the position observed on dismounting should they not have to be overhauled or replaced. Intake valves are different form exhaust valves in that they have a notch placed at valve head centre.
Base - September 2006

Check the supporting surface (1) of the head on the cylinder block with a rule (2) and a feeler gauge (3). If you find any deformation, level the head on a surface grinder; maximum amount of material that can be removed 0.2 mm.

NOTE After this process, you need to check the valve recessing and injector protrusion.

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

35

Valves Removing deposits and checking the valves


Figure 63

Figure 64

60617

48625

MAIN DATA OF VALVES AND VALVE GUIDES * Measurement to be made after driving in the valve guides

Remove carbon deposits using the metal brush supplied. Check that the valves show no signs of seizure or cracking. Check the diameter of the valve stem using a micrometer (see Figure 64) and replace if necessary.

Check with a micrometer that the diameter of the valve stems is as indicated. If necessary, grind the valve seats with a grinding machine, removing as little material as possible.

Valve seats
Regrinding replacing valve seats NOTE The valve seats are reground whenever the valves or valve guides are ground and replaced.

Figure 65

73537

MAIN DATA OF VALVE SEATS 1. Intake valve seat 2. Exhaust valve seat
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

36

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 66

(Demonstration)

The valve guides are removed with the drift 99360481. They are fitted with the drift 99360481 equipped with part 99360295. Part 99360295 determines the exact position of assembly of the valve guides in the cylinder head. If they are not available, you need to drive the valve guides into the cylinder head so they protrude by 30.8-31.2 mm. After driving in the valve guides, rebore their holes with the smoother 99390311.

41032

Check the valve seats (2). If you find any slight scoring or burns, regrind them with tool 99305019 (1) according to the angles shown in Figure 64 and Figure 65. If it is necessary to replace them, using the same tool and taking care not to affect the cylinder head, remove as much material as possible from the valve seats so that, with a punch, it is possible to extract them from the cylinder head. Heat the cylinder head to 80 100C and, using a drift, fit in the new valve seats (2), chilled beforehand in liquid nitrogen. Using tool 99305019 (1), regrind the valve seats according to the angles shown in Figure 65. After regrinding the valve seats, using tool 99370415 and dial gauge 99395603, check that the position of the valves in relation to the plane of the cylinder head is: -0.65 to -0.95 mm (recessing) intake valves; -1.8 to -2.1 mm (recessing) exhaust valves.

Replacing injector cases


Removal Figure 68

Checking clearance between valve-stem and associated valve guide


Using a dial gauge with a magnetic base, check the clearance between the valve stem and the associated guide. If the clearance is too great, change the valve and, if necessary, the valve guide.

Valve guides
Replacing valve guides Figure 67

60619

To replace the injector case (2), proceed as follows: - Thread the case (2) with tool 99390804 (1).
73538

* Measurement to be made after driving in the valve guides


Base - September 2006

The steps described in Figs. 68 71 72 73 need to be carried out by fixing the tools, with the bracket A, to the cylinder head.
Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

37

Figure 69

Assembly Figure 71

60622

60620

- Lubricate the seals (3) and fit them on the case (4). Using tool 99365056 (2) secured to the cylinder head with bracket A, drive in the new case, screwing down the screw (1) upsetting the bottom portion of the case. Figure 72

- Screw the extractor 99342149 (2) into the case (3). Screw down the nut (1) and take the case out of the cylinder head. Figure 70

60621

- Using the tool 99390772 (2) remove any residues (1) left in the groove of the cylinder head.

60623

- Using the reamer 99394041 (1-2), rebore the hole in the case (3).
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

38

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 73

Figure 75

109047

INJECTOR CASE ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM


60624

- Using grinder 99394041 (1-2), ream the injector seat in the case (3).

Checking injector protrusion


Figure 74

47585

Check injector protrusion (2) with the dial gauge (1). The protrusion must be 1.32 to 1.14 mm.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

39

TIMING GEAR Camshaft drive


Figure 76

Twin intermediate gear and pin


Figure 78

86925

TIMING CONTROL COMPONENT PARTS 1. Camshaft - 2. Bushing - 3. Pin - 4. Articulated rod 5. Camshaft control gear - 6. Idler gear - 7. Twin idler gear - 8. Drive shaft driving gear.

86934

Replacing the bushings


Gear bushings shown on Figures 77 and 78 can be replaced when they are worn. Put up the bushing, then bore it to obtain the diameter shown on Figure 77 or Figure 78.

Idler gear and pin


Figure 77

NOTE The bushing must be driven into the gear by following the direction of the arrow and setting the latter to the dimension shown on Figure 77 or Figure 78.

Rated assembling play between gear bushings and pins: Figure 77 0.040 0.080 mm Figure 78 0.045 0.085 mm.

87258

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

40

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Check of cam lift and timing system shaft pins alignment


Figure 79

47506

Place the camshaft (4) on the tailstock (1) and check cam lift (3) using a centesimal gauge (2). Figure 80

47507

When the camshaft (4) is on the tailstock (1), check alignment of supporting pin (3) using a centesimal gauge (2); it must not exceed 0.035 mm. If misalignment exceeds this value, replace the shaft. Figure 81

47505

In order to check installation clearance, measure bush inner diameter and camshaft pin (1) diameter; the real clearance is obtained by their difference. If clearance exceeds 0.150 mm, replace bushes and, if necessary, the camshaft.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

41

Camshaft
Figure 82

60626

MAIN DATA - CAMSHAFT AND TOLERANCES The surfaces of shaft supporting pin and cams must be extremely smooth; if you see any sign of seizing or scoring, replace the shaft and the relative bushes. TOLERANCES ORIENTATION POSITION TOLERANCE CHARACTERISTIC Perpendicularity Concentricity or coaxial alignment SYMBOL SYMBOL

OSCILLATION Circular oscillation IMPORTANCE CLASS ASSIGNED TO PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS CRITICAL IMPORTANT SECONDARY

Bushings
Figure 83

60627

MAIN DATA OF CAMSHAFT BUSHES AND RELEVANT HOUSINGS ON CYLINDER HEAD * Bush inner diameter after installation The bush surfaces must not show any sign of seizing or scoring; if they do replace them. Measure the bush inner diameters with a baremeter and replace them, if the value measured exceeds the tolerance value. To take down and fit back the bushes, use the proper tool 99360499.
Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

42

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Replacing camshaft bushings with drift 99360499


Figure 84

107217

A B C D E F G H I L

= = = = = = = = = =

Drift with seat for bushings to insert/extract. Grub screw for positioning bushings. Reference mark to insert seventh bushing correctly. Reference mark to insert bushings 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 correctly (red marks). Guide bushing. Guide line. Guide bushing to secure to the seventh bushing mount. Plate fixing bushing G to cylinder head. Grip. Extension coupling.

Dismounting the bushings


Figure 85 Front

Mounting the bushings


Figure 86

Rear
71725

The sequence for removing the bushings is 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1. The bushings are extracted from the front of the single seats. Removal does not require the drift extension for bushings 5, 6 and 7 and it is not necessary to use the guide bushing. For bushings 1, 2, 3 and 4 it is necessary to use the extension and the guide bushings. Position the drift accurately during the phase of removal.

77795 Assemble the drift together with the extension. To insert bushings 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, proceed as follows: 4 position the bushing to insert on the drift (A) making the grub screw on it coincide with the seat (B) (Figure 84) on the bushing. 5 position the guide bushing (E) and secure the guide bushing (G) (Figure 84) on the seat of the 7th bushing with the plate (H). 6 while driving in the bushing, make the reference mark (F) match the mark (M). In this way, when it is driven home, the lubrication hole on the bushing will coincide with the oil pipe in its seat. The bushing is driven home when the 1st red reference mark (D) is flush with the guide bushing (G).

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

43

Figure 87 Front

Valve springs
Figure 89

Rear
70000 71723

To insert the bushing (6), proceed as follows: - Unscrew the grip (I) and the extension (N). - Position the extension (N) and the guide bushing (E) as shown in the figure. - Repeat steps 1, 2, 3.

Before assembly, the flexibility of the valve springs has to be checked. Compare the load and elastic deformation data with those of the new springs given in the following figure.

Figure 88 Front

Figure 90 Free spring Rear


71724

Valve closed

To insert bushing (7), proceed as follows: - Unscrew the grip (I) and the extension (N). - Refit the guide (G) from the inside as shown in the figure. - Position the bushing on the drift (A) and bring it close up to the seat, making the bushing hole match the lubrication hole in the head. Drive it home. The 7th bushing is driven in when the reference mark (C) is flush with the bushing seat.
109060

Valve open

MAIN DATA TO CHECK THE SPRING FOR INTAKE AND EXHAUST VALVES
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

44

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Fitting valves and oil seal Figure 91

Figure 92

86290

- Mount the springs (6) and the top plate (5). - Fit the tool 99360262 (2) and secure it with the bracket (4). Screw down the lever (1) to be able to fit on the cotters (3). Take off the tool (2).

87051

Lubricate the valve stem and insert the valves in the respective valve guides; fit the lower caps (1). Use tool 99360328 to fit the oil seal (2) on the valve guides (3) of the exhaust valves; then, to fit the valves, proceed as follows.

NOTE

Should valves not have been overhauled or replaced, remount them according to numbering performed on dismounting. Intake valves are different form exhaust valves in that they have a notch placed at valve head centre.

ROCKER SHAFT
Figure 93

44925

The cams of the camshaft control the rocker arms directly: 6 for the injectors and 12 for the valves. Injectors and intake valves control rocker arms are keyed on rocker arms shaft directly. Exhaust intake valves control rocker arms are keyed on rocker arms shaft putting in between the levers with engine brake control eccentric pin. The rocker arms run directly on the profiles of the cams by means of rollers. The other end acts on a crosspiece that rests on the stem of the two valves. There is a pad between the rocker arm adjustment screw and the crosspiece. There are two lubrication ducts inside the rocker arms. The length of the rocker arm shaft is basically the same as that of the cylinder head. It has to be detached to be able to reach all the parts beneath.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

45

Shaft
Figure 94

73539

MAIN DATA OF THE ROCKER ARM SHAFT Check that the surface of the shaft shows no scoring or signs of seizure; if it does, replace it.

Rocker arms
Figure 95 Figure 97 SECTION A-A SECTION B-B

SECTION A-A

SECTION B-B

71728

109061

PUMP INJECTOR ROCKER ARMS

EXHAUST VALVE ROCKER ARMS

Figure 96

Figure 98

SECTION A-A

SECTION B-B

42,025 42,041

44912 92842

INTAKE VALVE ROCKER ARMS

LEVER WITH ENGINE BRAKE CONTROL ECCENTRIC PIN

Check the surfaces of the bushings, which must show no signs of scoring or excessive wear; if they do, replace the rocker arm assembly.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

46

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

REPAIR
NOTE If anomalous engine operation is found, which is due to the boosting system, it is advisable that you check the efficiency of seal gaskets and the fastening of connecting sleeves prior to carrying out the checks on the turboblower. Also check for obstructions in the sucking sleeves, air filter. If the turbocharger damage is due to a lack of lubrication, check that the oil circulation pipes are not damaged. If so, change them or eliminate the cause.

Variable geometry movement control


Figure 99

After carrying out the above mentioned checks, check the turbocharger operation with an Engine Test by using IVECO diagnosis equipment (Modus - IT 2000 - E.A.SY.) according to the relevant procedure.
106226

NOTE The test must be performed in following conditions: - engine coolant temperature >50 C; - battery up (voltage >22V) for compression test; - efficient recharging system.

Remove screws (2) and take actuator (1) off turbocompressor (7). Remove screw (6), underlying disk (5), ring (4) and disconnect tie rod (3) of actuator (1) from the pin of variable geometry driving lever (8). Accurately clean pin () of lever (8) and bushing () of tie rod (3) using a cloth made of non abrasive micro fibre.

If values beyond tolerance are detected, check the efficiency of: - shut-off valve; - pressure sensor; - engine cable pressure sensor connection (if oxidised, clean with a specific product); - lack of electrical defects in solenoid valve VGT (continuity connection); - actuator moved by active diagnosis as described in relating chapter, in case of locking, grease bushing with lubricant Kernite (for high temperatures); if the trouble persists, replace the actuator; - sliding sleeve: it must slide freely when operated manually. If locked and if the bush check is not sufficient or effective, or no faults are detected in the other points, upon authorization of the Help Desk market operator, change the turbocharger according to the standard procedures.

NOTE Do not use abrasive paper of any kind.

Visually check the conditions of bushing () of tie rod (3) and pin () of lever (8); where they are found to be worn out, replace actuator (1) or turbocompressor (7). Check variable geometry inner driving mechanism movement by operating on lever (8); jamming must not occur; otherwise, clean turbine body, as described in relating chapter.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

47

Checking the actuator


Figure 100

Figure 102

106227

106229

Check actuator efficiency (1) operating as follows. Apply, to fitting (2) of actuator (1), compressed air feed piping provided with pressure regulator (4). By using the pressure regulator, introduce, into the actuator, compressed air slowly modulating it, from 03.5 bar; tie rod (3) of actuator (1) must move without jamming; otherwise, replace actuator (1).

Lubricate bushing () of tie rod (3) and pin () of lever (8) with lithium-based Castrol LM GREASE type and reconnect actuator (1) to turbocompressor (7) operating as follows. Connect tie rod (3) to lever (8). Mount new ring (4), mount disk (5) and screw up screw (6). Screw up screws (2) securing actuator (1) to turbocompressor (7). Tighten screws (2 and 6) at 25 Nm torque.

Checking actuator travel


Figure 103

Figure 101

106230

106228

Check for any actuator leaks at indicated points () applying, on these points, a solution of suds. When actuator (1) is fed with compressed air, no bubbles must be found at indicated points (); otherwise, replace actuator (1).

Check travel X of tie rod (2) of actuator (1) operating as follows. Measure distance X1 between actuator (1) and cross-axis of eyelet (4). Apply, to fitting of actuator (1), piping (3) for compressed air feed provided with pressure regulator. By using the pressure regulator, introduce, into actuator (1) compressed air slowly modulating it, from 03,5 bar, until lever (5) is taken to its end of travel. Measure again the distance between actuator (1) and cross-axis of eyelet (4) dimension X2. Travel X of tie rod (2) of actuator (1) is given by following subtraction X = X2-X1 and must result to be equal to 11.50.5 mm.
Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

48

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Cleaning turbine body


Figure 104

Figure 106

106233

106231

Accurately clean slot ring (1) and area around turbine body from carbonaceous deposits and check that the ring moves freely, otherwise, replace turbocompressor. NOTE Any small cracks between slots and ring can be accepted, because they do not impair turbocompressor operation conditions. Figure 107

Mark mounting position of clamp (2) on central body (1). On threading and nut (4), apply antioxidant spray lubricant and, operating on nut (4), loosen clamp (2). Slightly rotate clamp (2) using pliers (5). Mark mounting position of turbine body (3) on central body (1).

Figure 105

106234

By suitable scraper and abrasive paper, accurately clean surfaces () of turbine body (1) from carbonaceous deposits, taking care to avoid damaging the surfaces. Figure 108
106232

By a copper hammer, beat on two opposite points (~180) on turbine body (2) to separate turbine body from central body (1). NOTE In operation, take particular care to avoid damaging turbine rotor. After dismounting turbine body, check variable geometry movement as described in relating chapter; where improvement in movement is not found with respect to previous check, replace turbocompressor.

106235

Dismount clamp (1) from central body (2) and check that the clamp does not result to be damaged; otherwise replace the clamp.
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

49

Figure 109

Figure 111

106236

Dismount seal ring (1), external with respect to central body (2). Accurately clean seal ring (1) and check that the ring does not result to be damaged; otherwise replace the ring. Figure 110

106238

By suitable scraper and abrasive paper, accurately clean surfaces () of central body (1) from carbonaceous deposits, taking care to avoid damaging the surfaces and variable geometry ring. Then, with compressed air, clean variable geometry surfaces and ring from removed residues. Check again, as described in relating chapters: - variable geometry movement; - actuator; - actuator travel.

Figure 112

106237

Check turbine rotor (1); there must not be found: carbonaceous deposits, deformation, cracks, blade scoring; also, turbine must turn freely. By comparator, check clearance of turbine rotor stem (1); clearance must result to be: - axial clearance: 0.0250.127 mm - radial clearance: 0.3810.533 mm. Where either clearance values over above ones or any one of above mentioned faults are found, replace turbocompressor.

106235

Position clamp (1) on central body (2) NOTE Should clamp (1) be replaced with an integrated heat guard, a new actuator has to be mounted with an integrated heat guard at the place of existing one.

NOTE Before cleaning turbine side central body, properly protect oil, water and air inlets and outlets () in order to prevent dirt or foreign bodies from entering turbocompressor.

Position accurately cleaned seal ring on central body. Apply a thin layer of antiscuff paste on cleaned matching surfaces: central body / turbine body.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

50

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 113

106240

Mount turbine body (1) on central body (2) taking care to avoid damaging turbine rotor and align turbine body variable geometry slot ring. Do not force mounting operation: in case of jamming, it might damage variable geometry with consequent regulation system faulty operation. Once mounting has been completed, make sure that turbine body results to be matched correctly on central body. Position turbine body on central body and clamp on central body in such a way that marks, made on dismounting, are matching. Tighten nut clamping the clamp at 11.3 Nm torque. Check again, as described in relating chapters: - actuator; - actuator travel.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

51

TIGHTENING TORQUES
PART Nm Capscrews, undercrankcase to crankcase (see Figure 114) M12x1.75 outer screws Stage 1: pretightening M 17x2 inner screws Stage 2: pretightening Inner screws Stage 3: angle Inner screws Stage 4: angle Outer screws Stage 5: angle Piston cooling nozzle union Capscrews, heat exchanger to crankcase (see Figure 118) pretightening tightening Spacer and oil sump capscrews (see Figure 119) pretightening tightening M 12x1.75 screws, gear case to crankcase Cylinder head capscrews (see Figure 115) Stage 1: pretightening Stage 2 pretightening Stage 3: angle Stage 4: angle Air compressor capscrews Rocker shaft capscrew Stage 1: pretightening Stage 2: angle Locknut, rocker adjusting screw Capscrews, injector securing brackets Capscrews, thrust plates to head Screw fastening the engine supporting bracket to the cylinder head Stage 1: pretightening Stage 2: angle Screw fastening the engine supporting bracket to the flywheel case Stage 1: pretightening Stage 2: angle Camshaft gear capscrews Stage 1: pretightening Stage 2: angle Screw fixing phonic wheel to timing system gear Exhaust manifold capscrews (see Figure 116) pretightening tightening Capscrews, exhaust brake actuator cylinder Capscrews, connecting rod caps Stage 1: pretightening Stage 2: angle Engine flywheel capscrews Stage 1: pretightening Stage 2: angle Before assembly, lubricate with engine oil D Before assembly, lubricate with graphitized oil 30 120 90 45 60 35 2 11.5 19 38 45 63 2 60 120 120 60 100 80 60 39 5 32.5 2.5 19 120 45 100 60 60 60 8.5 1.5 40 5 70 5 19 60 60 120 90 12 0.8 0.1 4 0.5 7 0.5 1.9 6 6 10 3.9 0.5 3.25 0.25 1.9 12 10 8 3.5 2 1.15 1.9 3.8 4.5 6.3 0.7 6 12 TORQUE kgm 3 12

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

52 PART

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TORQUE Nm kgm 7 50 30 90 25 2.5 25 2.5 25 2.5 25 2.5 37 3 19 3 19 3 22 2 8.5 1.5 33.5 7.5 46 2 25 2.5 30 3 50 5 105 5 100 5 74 8 37 3 74 8 170 10 26 2 30 3 44 4 24.5 2.5 46.5 4.5 24.5 2.5 24.5 25 55 5 2.5 0.2 2.5 0.2 2.5 0.2 2.5 0.2 3.7 0.3 1.9 0.3 1.9 0.3 2.2 0.2 0.8 0.1 3.3 0.7 4.6 0.2 2.5 0.2 3 0.3 5 0.5 10.5 0.5 10 0.5 7.4 0.8 3.7 0.3 7.4 0.8 17 1 2.6 0.2 3 0.3 4.4 0.4 2.4 0.2 4.65 0.45 2.5 0.25 2.5 0.25 5.5 0.5 3

Screws fixing damper flywheel: First phase pre-tightening Second phase closing to angle Screws fixing intermediate gear pins: First phase pre-tightening Second phase closing to angle Screw fixing connecting rod for idle gear Screws fixing oil pump Screw fixing suction strainer and oil pump pipe to crankcase Screws fixing crankshaft gasket cover Screws fixing fuel pump/filter Screw fixing control unit mount to crankcase Screw fixing fuel pump to flywheel cover box Screw fixing thermostat box to cylinder head Screw fixing rocker cover (see Figure 120) Screws and nuts fixing turbocharger (see Figure 117) pre-tightening tightening Screws fixing water pump to crankcase Screws fixing spacer/pulley to fan Screw fixing automatic tensioner to crankcase Screw fixing fixed tensioner to crankcase Screws fixing fan mount to crankcase Screws fixing starter motor Screws fixing air heater to cylinder head Screw fixing air compressor Nut fixing gear driving air compressor Screw fixing automatic tensioner for belt driving air-conditioning compressor to crankcase Screw fixing alternator bracket to crankcase L = 35 mm L = 60 mm L = 30 mm

70

Screws fixing hydraulic power steering pump Screws fixing air-conditioner compressor to mount Screws fixing guard Filter clogging sensor fastening Before assembly, lubricate with engine oil D Before assembly, lubricate with graphitized oil

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

53

PART Nm Pressure transmitter fastener Water/fuel temperature sensor fastener Thermometric switch/transmitter fastener Air temperature transmitter fastener Pulse transmitter fastener Injector-pump connections fastener Screw fixing electric cables Screw fixing electric cables Exhaust brake solenoid valve fastener PWM solenoid valve fastener M14x70/80 screw securing front and rear elastic blocks to chassis M16x130 screw securing front and rear elastic blocks to engine M18x62 flanged HEX screw for front engine block Pre-tightening 1st step Angle closing 2nd step 60 M14x60 socket cheese-head TC screw for front engine block Pre-tightening 1st step Angle closing 2nd step 100 Flanged HEX screw for rear engine block Pre-tightening 1st step Angle closing 2nd step Before assembly, lubricate with engine oil D Before assembly, lubricate with graphitized oil 120 82

TORQUE kgm 0.8 0.2 3.2 0.2 2.5 0.2 3.2 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.13 0.19 0.8 0.2 0.8 0.2 3.2 0.9 0.1 19.2 1.9 27.8 2.8 12 45 6 45 10 60

32.5 2.5 23 2.5 32.5 2.5 82 1.36 1.92 82 82 32 91 192.5 19.5 278 28

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

54

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Diagrams of tightening sequence for screws fixing crankcase base


Figure 114

FRONT SIDE

stage 1: pretightening, outer screws (30 Nm)


60592

FRONT SIDE

stage 2: pretightenig, inner screws (120 Nm)

60593

FRONT SIDE

stage 3: angle, inner screws 90

60593

FRONT SIDE

stage 4: angle, inner screws 45

60593

60 FRONT SIDE stage 5: angle, outer screws


60594

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

55

Diagram of cylinder head fixing screws tightening sequence


Figure 115

60580

Diagram of exhaust manifold fixing screws tightening sequence


Figure 116

60581

Diagram of turbocharger fixing screws and nuts tightening sequence


Figure 117

60582

SEQUENCE:

Pretightening Tightening

4-3-1-2 1-4-2-3

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

56

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Diagram of tightening sequence for heat exchanger screws


Figure 118

60666

Diagram of tightening sequence for engine oil sump screws


Figure 119

60583

NOTE

Stage 1 from 1 to 16. Stage 2 from 17 to 32

Diagram of tightening sequence for screws fixing rocker cover


Figure 120

73587

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

57

F3A ENGINE
Figure 121

60633

Using a torque wrench, tighten the highlighted screws with the following sequence and tightening torques: 10 screws M12 x 1.75 x 100 2 screws M12 x 1.75 x 70 4 screws M12 x 1.75 x 35 63 Nm 63 Nm 63 Nm 1 screw M12 x 1.75 x 120 63 Nm 63 Nm

2 screws M12 x 1.75 x 193

Diagram of cylinder head fixing screws tightening sequence


Figure 122

70567A

1st step 2nd step

80 Nm closing to angle 60

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

58

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

SECTION 5 Tools
Page TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

8093731

Tester PT01

99322230

Rotary telescopic stand (range 2000 daN, torque 375 daNm)

99340053

Extractor for crankshaft front gasket

99340054

Extractor for crankshaft rear gasket

99340205

Percussion extractor

99342149

Extractor for injector-holder

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99342155

Tool to extract injectors

99346250

Tool to install the crankshaft front gasket

99346251

Tool to install the crankshaft rear gasket

99348004

Universal extractor for 5 to 70 mm internal components

99350072

Box wrench for block junction bolts to the underblock

99360180

Injector housing protecting plugs (6)

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360184

Pliers for assembling and disassembling piston split rings (105-160 mm)

99360192

Guide for flexible belt

99360261

Tool to take down-fit engine valves (to be used with special plates)

99360262

Plate for take down-fit engine valves (to be used with 99360261)

99360295

Tool to fit back valve guide (to be used with 99360481)

99360314

Tool to remove oil filter (engine)

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360321

Tool to rotate engine flywheel (to be used with 99360325)

99360325

Spacer (to be used with 99360321)

99360328

Tool to install gasket on valve guide

99360334

Compression tool for checking the protrusion of cylinder liners (to be used with 99370415-99395603 and special plates)

99360336

Spacer (to be used with 99360334)

99360337

Cylinder liner compression plate (to be used with 99360334-99360336)

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360351

Tool to stop engine flywheel

99360481

Tool to remove valve guide

99360499

Tool to take down and fit back camshaft bushes

99360500

Tool to lift crankshaft

99360551

Bracket to take down and fit engine flywheel

99360553

Tool for assembling and installing rocker arm shaft

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360585

Swing hoist for engine disassembly assembly

99360605

Belt to insert piston in cylinder liner (60 - 125 mm)

99360612

Tool for positioning engine P.M.S.

99360613

Tool for timing of phonic wheel on timing gear

99360703

Tool to stop cylinder liners

99360706

Tool to extract cylinder liners (to be used with specific rings)

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360726

Ring (125 mm) (to be used with 99360706)

99361036

Brackets fixing the engine to rotary stand 99322230

99365056

Tool for injector holder heading

99370415

Base supporting the dial gauge for checking cylinder liner protrusion (to be used with 99395603)

99378100

Tool for printing engine identification plates (to be used with special punches)

99378130

Punch kit to stamp engine identification data plates (compose of: 99378101(A) - 99378102(B) - 99378103(C) - 99378104(D) 99378105(E) - 99378106(F) - 993378107(G) - 99378108(V))

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99389834

Torque screwdriver (1-6 Nm) for calibrating the injector solenoid valve connector check nut

99390311

Valve guide sleeker

99390426

Tap (M17x2) for rectifying the threaded holes of the jointing screws cylinder head/block and block/under block

99390772

Tool for removing injector holding case deposits

99390804

Tool for threading injector holding cases to be extracted (to be used with 99390805)

99390805

Guide bush (to be used with 99390804)

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

11

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99394015

Guide bush (to be used with 99394041 or 99394043)

99394041

Cutter to rectify injector holder housing (to be used with 99394015)

99394043

Reamer to rectify injector holder lower side (to be used with 99394015)

99395216

Measuring pair for angular tightening with 1/2 and 3/4 square couplings

99395218

Gauge for defining the distance between the centres of camshaft and transmission gear

99395603

Dial gauge (0 - 5 mm)

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99396035

Centering ring of crankshaft front gasket cap

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

APPENDIX

Appendix
Page SAFETY PRESCRIPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

APPENDIX

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

APPENDIX

SAFETY PRESCRIPTIONS Standard safety prescriptions


Particular attention shall be drawn on some precautions that must be followed absolutely in a standard working area and whose non fulfillment will make any other measure useless or not sufficient to ensure safety to the personnel in-charge of maintenance. Be informed and inform personnel as well of the laws in force regulating safety, providing information documentation available for consultation. - Keep working areas as clean as possible, ensuring adequate aeration. - Ensure that working areas are provided with emergency boxes, that must be clearly visible and always provided with adequate sanitary equipment. - Provide for adequate fire extinguishing means, properly indicated and always having free access. Their efficiency must be checked on regular basis and the personnel must be trained on intervention methods and priorities. - Organize and displace specific exit points to evacuate the areas in case of emergency, providing for adequate indications of the emergency exit lines. - Smoking in working areas subject to fire danger must be strictly prohibited. - Provide Warnings throughout adequate boards signaling danger, prohibitions and indications to ensure easy comprehension of the instructions even in case of emergency.

- Do not execute any intervention if not provided with necessary instructions. - Do not use any tool or equipment for any different operation from the ones theyve been designed and provided for: serious injury may occur. - In case of test or calibration operations requiring engine running, ensure that the area is sufficiently aerated or utilize specific vacuum equipment to eliminate exhaust gas. Danger: poisoning and death.

During maintenance
- Never open filler cap of cooling circuit when the engine is hot. Operating pressure would provoke high temperature with serious danger and risk of burn. Wait unit the temperature decreases under 50C. - Never top up an overheated engine with cooler and utilize only appropriate liquids. - Always operate when the engine is turned off: whether particular circumstances require maintenance intervention on running engine, be aware of all risks involved with such operation. - Be equipped with adequate and safe containers for drainage operation of engine liquids and exhaust oil. - Keep the engine clean from oil tangles, diesel fuel and or chemical solvents. - Use of solvents or detergents during maintenance may originate toxic vapors. Always keep working areas aerated. Whenever necessary wear safety mask. - Do not leave rags impregnated with flammable substances close to the engine. - Upon engine start after maintenance, undertake proper preventing actions to stop air suction in case of runaway speed rate. - Do not utilize fast screw-tightening tools. - Never disconnect batteries when the engine is running. - Disconnect batteries before any intervention on the electrical system. - Disconnect batteries from system aboard to load them with the battery loader. - After every intervention, verify that battery clamp polarity is correct and that the clamps are tight and safe from accidental short circuit and oxidation. - Do not disconnect and connect electrical connections in presence of electrical feed. - Before proceeding with pipelines disassembly (pneumatic, hydraulic, fuel pipes) verify presence of liquid or air under pressure. Take all necessary precautions bleeding and draining residual pressure or closing dump valves. Always wear adequate safety mask or goggles. Non fulfillment of these prescriptions may cause serious injury and poisoning.

Prevention of injury
- Do not wear unsuitable cloths for work, with fluttering ends, nor jewels such as rings and chains when working close to engines and equipment in motion. - Wear safety gloves and goggles when performing the following operations: - filling inhibitors or anti-frost - lubrication oil topping or replacement - utilization of compressed air or liquids under pressure (pressure allowed: 2 bar) - Wear safety helmet when working close to hanging loads or equipment working at head height level. - Always wear safety shoes when and cloths adhering to the body, better if provided with elastics at the ends. - Use protection cream for hands. - Change wet cloths as soon as possible - In presence of current tension exceeding 48-60 V verify efficiency of earth and mass electrical connections. Ensure that hands and feet are dry and execute working operations utilizing isolating foot-boards. Do not carry out working operations if not trained for. - Do not smoke nor light up flames close to batteries and to any fuel material. - Put the dirty rags with oil, diesel fuel or solvents in anti-fire specially provided containers.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

APPENDIX

F3A CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

- Avoid incorrect tightening or out of couple. Danger: incorrect tightening may seriously damage engines components, affecting engines duration. - Avoid priming from fuel tanks made out of copper alloys and/or with ducts not being provided with filters. - Do not modify cable wires: their length shall not be changed. - Do not connect any user to the engine electrical equipment unless specifically approved by Iveco. - Do not modify fuel systems or hydraulic system unless Iveco specific approval has been released. Any unauthorized modification will compromise warranty assistance and furthermore may affect engine correct working and duration. For engines equipped with electronic gearbox: - Do not execute electric arc welding without having priory removed electronic gearbox. - Remove electronic gearbox in case of any intervention requiring heating over 80C temperature. - Do not paint the components and the electronic connections. - Do not vary or alter any data filed in the electronic gearbox driving the engine. Any manipulation or alteration of electronic components shall totally compromise engine assistance warranty and furthermore may affect engine correct working and duration.

Respect of the Environment


- Respect of the Environment shall be of primary importance: all necessary precautions to ensure personnels safety and health shall be adopted. - Be informed and inform the personnel as well of laws in force regulating use and exhaust of liquids and engine exhaust oil. Provide for adequate board indications and organize specific training courses to ensure that personnel is fully aware of such law prescriptions and of basic preventive safety measures. - Collect exhaust oils in adequate specially provided containers with hermetic sealing ensuring that storage is made in specific, properly identified areas that shall be aerated, far from heat sources and not exposed to fire danger. - Handle the batteries with care, storing them in aerated environment and within anti-acid containers. Warning: battery exhalation represent serious danger of intoxication and environment contamination.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Part 3 F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES


Section General specifications

Fuel

Vehicle application

General overhaul

Tools

Safety prescriptions

Appendix

PREFACE TO USERS GUIDELINE MANUAL Section 1 describes the F3B engine illustrating its features and working in general. Section 2 describes the type of fuel feed. Section 3 relates to the specific duty and is divided in four separate parts: 1. Mechanical part, related to the engine overhaul, limited to those components with different characteristics based on the relating specific duty. 2. Electrical part, concerning wiring harness, electrical and electronic equipment with different characteristics based on the relating specific duty. 3. Maintenance planning and specific overhaul. 4. Troubleshooting part dedicated to the operators who, being entitled to provide technical assistance, shall have simple and direct instructions to identify the cause of the major inconveniences. Sections 4 and 5 illustrate the overhaul operations of the engine overhaul on stand and the necessary equipment to execute such operations. The appendix reports general safety prescriptions to be followed by all operators whether being in-charge of installation or maintenance, in order to avoid serious injury.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

UPDATING
Section Description Page Date of revision

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

SECTION 1 General specifications


Page CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN TECHNICAL CODE AND COMMERCIAL CODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . VIEWS OF ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LUBRICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Oil pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Overpressure valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Oil pressure control valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Heat exchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - By-pass valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Thermostatic valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Engine oil filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Valve integrated in piston cooling nozzle . . . . . COOLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Water pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TURBOCHARGING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Turbocharger HOLSET HE 551 V . . . . . . . . . . - Actuator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Solenoid valve for VGT control . . . . . . . . . . . . DENOX SYSTEM 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - General remarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - AdBlue fluid level gauge control . . . . . . . . . . . . - By-pass valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 5 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 11 12 13 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 19 19 19

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

- Pump module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Dosing module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Catalyst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Exhaust gas temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . . . - Humidity detecting sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20 20 20 21 22

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN TECHNICAL CODE AND COMMERCIAL CODE

Technical Code F3BE3681B F3BE3681A F3BE3681D F3BE3681C

Commercial Code C13 ENT C C13 ENT C C13 ENT C C13 ENT C

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

VIEWS OF ENGINE
Figure 1

115779

LEFT-HAND SIDE VIEW Figure 2

115780

RIGHT-HAND SIDE VIEW


Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 3

71696

FRONT VIEW Figure 4

71694

REAR VIEW
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

Figure 5

73530

TOP VIEW

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

LUBRICATION
Engine lubrication is obtained with a gear pump driven by the crankshaft via gears. A heat exchanger governs the temperature of the lubricating oil. It houses two oil filters, indicator sensors and safety valves.

Figure 6

Lubrication circuit Dropping oil Pressure oil DETAIL A Exhaust brake solenoid valve with piston driving the exhaust brake of the 4th cylinder. B - to cylinders 1 - 2 - 3 C - to cylinder 4 D - to cylinders 5 - 6

115786

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

Oil pump
Figure 7

Overpressure valve
Figure 8

73540

60560

The oil pump (1) cannot be overhauled. On finding any damage, replace the oil pump assembly. See under the relevant heading for replacing the gear (2) of the crankshaft.

MAIN DATA TO CHECK THE OVERPRESSURE VALVE SPRING

Figure 9

108846

OIL PUMP CROSS-SECTION Overpressure valve Start of opening pressure 10 1 bars.


Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Oil pressure control valve


Figure 10

Figure 11

73542

73543

The oil pressure control valve is located on the left-hand side of the crankcase. Start of opening pressure 5 bars.

MAIN DATA TO CHECK THE OIL PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE SPRING

Heat exchanger
Figure 12

106250

HEAT EXCHANGER The heat exchanger is fitted with: 1. Oil temperature transmitter 2. Oil pressure transmitter 3. Filter bypass valve 4. Thermostat Number of heat exchanger elements: 11.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

11

By-pass valve
Figure 13

This is a new generation of filters that permit much more thorough filtration as they are able to holder back a greater amount of particles of smaller dimensions than those held back by conventional filters with a paper filtering element. These high-filtration devices, to date used only in industrial processes, make it possible to: - reduce the wear of engine components over time; - maintain the performance/specifications of the oil and thereby lengthen the time intervals between changes. External spiral winding The filtering elements are closely wound by a spiral so that each fold is firmly anchored to the spiral with respect to the others. This produces a uniform use of the element even in the worst conditions such as cold starting with fluids with a high viscosity and peaks of flow. In addition, it ensures uniform distribution of the flow over the entire length of the filtering element, with consequent optimization of the loss of load and of its working life. Mount upstream To optimize flow distribution and the rigidity of the filtering element, this has an exclusive mount composed of a strong mesh made of nylon and an extremely strong synthetic material. Filtering element Composed of inert inorganic fibres bound with an exclusive resin to a structure with graded holes, the element is manufactured exclusively to precise procedures and strict quality control. Mount downstream A mount for the filtering element and a strong nylon mesh make it even stronger, which is especially helpful during cold starts and long periods of use. The performance of the filter remains constant and reliable throughout its working life and from one element to another, irrespective of the changes in working conditions. Structural parts The o-rings equipping the filtering element ensure a perfect seal between it and the container, eliminating by-pass risks and keeping filter performance constant. Strong corrosionproof bottoms and a sturdy internal metal core complete the structure of the filtering element. When mounting the filters, keep to the following rules: - Oil and fit new seals. - Screw down the filters to bring the seals into contact with the supporting bases. - Tighten the filter to a torque of 35-40 Nm.

73545

The valve quickly opens at a pressure of: 3 bars.

Thermostatic valve
Figure 14

73546

Start of opening: - travel 0.1 mm at a temperature of 82 2C. End of opening: - travel 8 mm at a temperature of 97C.

Engine oil filters


Figure 15

47447

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Valve integrated in piston cooling nozzle


Figure 16

109080

The valve allows oil to enter only above the threshold pressure of 1.7 0.2 bar. This permits filling the circuit and therefore lubricating the most stressed parts even when working at lower pressures.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

13

COOLING
Figure 17

Water leaving the thermostat Water circulating in the engine Water entering the pump COOLING CIRCUIT VERSION WITHOUT INTARDER

92843

Description
The engine cooling system works with forced circulation inside closed circuit and can be connected to an additional heater (if any) and to the intarder intercooler. It consists mainly of the following components: - an expansion reservoir whose plug (1) incorporates two valves discharge and charge controlling the system pressure; - a coolant level sensor; - an engine cooling unit to dissipate the heat taken by the coolant from the engine through the intercooler; - a heat exchanger to cool down lubrication oil; - a water pump with centrifugal system incorporated in the cylinder block; - an electric fan; - a 3-way thermostat controlling the coolant circulation.

Operation
The water pump is actuated by the crankshaft through a poli-V belt and sends coolant to the cylinder block, especially to the cylinder head (bigger quantity). When the coolant temperature reaches and overcomes the operating temperature, the thermostat is opened and from here the coolant flows into the radiator and is cooled down by the fan. The pressure inside the system depending on the temperature variation is controlled by the discharge and charge valves incorporated in the expansion reservoir filling plug (1). The discharge valve has a double function: - keep the system under light pressure in order to raise the coolant boiling point; - discharge the pressure surplus in the atmosphere as a result of the coolant high temperature. The charge valve makes it possible to transfer the coolant from the expansion reservoir to the radiator when a depression is generated inside the system as a result of the coolant volume reduction depending on the fall in the coolant temperature. Discharge valve opening: D D 1st breather 2nd breather 0.9 1.2 -0.03
+0.2 -0.1 +0.2 -0.1 +0 -0.02

bar bar bar

Charge valve opening


Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

14

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Water pump
Figure 18

Figure 20 TO THE RADIATOR

TO THE EXPANSION TUB FROM THE ENGINE Water leaving the thermostat
60631

TO THE BY PASS
60748

CROSS-SECTION OF THE WATER PUMP

Check the thermostat works properly; replace it if in doubt. Temperature of start of travel 84C 2C. Minimum travel 15 mm at 94C 2C.

The water pump is composed of: impeller, bearing, seal and driving pulley.

Check that the pump body has no cracks or water leakage; if it does, replace the entire water pump.

Thermostat
View of thermostat operation Figure 19

TO THE RADIATOR

TO THE EXPANSION TUB FROM THE ENGINE Water circulating in the engine TO THE BY PASS
60747

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

15

TURBOCHARGING
The turbocharging system is composed of: - an air filter; - a variable geometry turbocharger; - an intercooler radiator. Figure 21

Engine exhaust gas Intake air Compressed air (hot) Compressed air (cooled)

71737

TURBOCHARGING DIAGRAM

Turbocharger HOLSET HE 551 V


Working principle The variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) is composed of a centrifugal compressor and a turbine equipped with a mobile device that, by changing the area of cross-section of the passage of the exhaust gases going to the turbine, governs the speed. Thanks to this solution, it is possible to keep the speed of the gases and turbine high even when the engine is running at low speed. By making the gases pass through small cross-sections, they flow faster, so that the turbine turns faster as well.

The movement of the device changing the cross-section of the flow of exhaust gases is accomplished with a mechanism operated by a pneumatic actuator. This actuator is controlled directly by the electronic control unit via a proportional solenoid valve. This device is most closed at low speed. At high engine speeds, the electronic control system increases the cross-section of the passage to permit the incoming gases to flow without increasing their speed too much. Cast in the central body there is a toroidal chamber for the coolant to pass through.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

16

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Actuator
Figure 22

Working principle (See Figure 22) The actuator piston, connected to the drive rod, is controlled with the compressed air introduced through the air inlet (1) on the top of the actuator. Modulating the air pressure varies the movement of the piston and turbine control rod. As the piston moves, it progressively compresses the external spring (4) until the base of the piston reaches the disc (5) controlling the internal spring (6). On further increasing the pressure, the piston, via the disc (5), interferes with the bottom limit stop (10). Using two springs makes it possible to vary the ratio between the piston stroke and the pressure. Approximately 85% of the stroke of the rod is opposed by the external spring and 15% by the internal one.

Solenoid valve for VGT control


This N.C. proportional solenoid valve is located on the left-hand side of the crankcase under the turbine. The electronic control unit, via a PWM signal, controls the solenoid valve, governing the supply pressure of the turbine actuator, which, on changing its position, modifies the cross-section of the flow of exhaust gases onto the blades of the impeller and therefore its speed. The resistance of the coil is approx. 20-30 Ohms.

71834

1. Air inlet - 2. Gasket - 3. Piston - 4. External spring - 5. Internal spring control disc - 6. Internal spring 7. O-ring - 8. Spring holder - 9. Limit stop - 10. Dust seal 11. Control rod Figure 23

[bar]

Stroke [mm]
72421

a b

Gradient characterized by the effect of the external spring (4, Figure 22). Gradient characterized by the effect of the external (4, Figure 22) and internal (6, Figure 22) springs.
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

17

DeNOx SYSTEM 2 General remarks


In order to keep the exhaust emission values of nitric oxides (NOx) within the limits prescribed by the Euro 4 standard, with low fuel consumption, a system for post-processing of the above substances found in exhaust gas has been fitted to the vehicles. This system essentially consists of an electronic-control oxidizing catalyst. The system converts, through the SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) process, nitric oxides (NOx) into inert compounds: free nitrogen (N2) and water vapour (H2O). The SCR process is based on a series of chemical reactions, which leads, due to ammonia reacting with exhaust gas oxygen, to a reduction of nitric oxides (NOx) found in exhaust gas.

Figure 24

115785

SCR SYSTEM DIAGRAM A. PUMP MODULE - B. MEASURING OUT MODULE 1. Supply module - 2. MV4 - 3. Pre-filters - 4. Tank vent - 5. AdBlue tank with gridle - 6. Dosing module - 7. MV2 - 8. Mixer 9. - 10. Temperature sensors - 11. Nox sensor (*) - 12. Membrane pump - 13. MV1 - 14. MV3 - 15. Main filter. * Future application

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

18

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

The system is essentially made up of: a tank (9) for reagent solution (water - urea: AdBlue), equipped with level gauge (8); - an H2O diverter valve (1); - pump module (10); - a mixing and injection module (2); - catalyst (4); - two exhaust gas temperature sensors (5, 6) on catalyst output (4); - a moisture detection sensor (7) fitted on the engine air intake pipe downstream from the air cleaner. SCR system is electronically managed by DCU (Dosing Control Unit) incorporated into pump module (10); depending on engine rpm, supplied torque, exhaust gas temperature, quantity of nitrogen oxides and humidity of air sucked in, the control unit regulates the flow rate of AdBlue solution to be let into the system.

Pump module (10) takes reagent solution out of tank (9), then sends it under pressure into measuring out module (2); finally, the reagent solution is injected into the exhaust pipe upstream of catalyst (4). Here, the first phase of the process is realized: the reagent solution will vaporize immediately, due to the exhaust gas temperature, and will be converted into ammonia (2NH3) and carbon dioxide (CO2), owing to hydrolysis. At the same time, vaporization of the solution will cause a decrease in the exhaust gas temperature: the latter will get near the optimum temperature required for the process. Exhaust gas added with ammonia - and at the reaction temperature - will flow into catalyst where the second phase of the process will be realized: ammonia will, by reacting with the exhaust gas oxygen, convert into free nitrogen (N) and water vapour (H2O).

Figure 25

108125

POSITION OF SCR SYSTEM COMPONENTS ON THE VEHICLE 1. H2O valve - 2. By-pass valve - 3. Nitric oxide detecting sensor (*) - 4. Catalyst 5. Outlet temperature sensor - 6. Inflow exhaust gas temperature sensor - 7. Sucked air humidity and temperature sensor - 8. Level gauge - 9. Water-urea solution (AdBlue) tank - 10. Pump module. * Future application
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

19

Tank
Figure 26

Figure 28

102308

FUNCTIONAL WIRING DIAGRAM


102295

The tank equipped with level gauge control (1) contains the reducing substance required for the SCR process, which consists of a 35%-urea and water solution called AdBlue.

The AdBlue fluid level gauge control consists of a device made up of a set of resistors, a float, a NTC temperature sensor, and a coil used to heat the fluid under low temperature conditions. It informs the control unit of any current change due to the resistor determined by the float position with respect to the AdBlue fluid level.

AdBlue fluid level gauge control


Figure 27

By-pass valve
Figure 29

108127

FUNCTIONAL WIRING DIAGRAM


116181

1. AdBlue fluid suction pipe - 2. AdBlue fluid return pipe - 3. Engine cooling hot fluid inlet pipe 4. AdBlue (NTC) temperature sensor 5. Engine cooling hot fluid outlet pipe - 6. Float 7. AdBlue fluid heating coil - 8. AdBlue air vent.

1. Coolant inlet - 2. Coolant outlet 6. Electrical connection. The valve, which is a Normally Closed type valve, allows AdBlue tank to be heated by engine coolant. The NTC temperature sensor controls the by-pass valve which closes or opens (depending on temperature) the passage of the engine cooling hot fluid into the heating coil.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

20

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Pump module
Figure 30

Dosing module
Figure 31

108129

1. AdBlue infeed - 2. Electrical connection 3. AdBlue outlet.


108128

1. AdBlue return pipe to the tank - 2. AdBlue return pipe from dosing module - 3. AdBlue solution outlet - 4. AdBlue solution infeed - 5. Electrical connection - 6. DCU control unit connector - 7. Filter - 8. Prefilter.

The function of this module is to dose the AdBlue solution to be conveyed to the injector.

Catalyst
Figure 32

102301

Catalyst (1), equipped with sound-proofing material, replaces the exhaust silencer. Inside the catalyst, the exhaust gas nitric oxides are, by reacting with ammonia, converted into free nitrogen and water vapour. Temperature sensors (2 & 3) and nitric oxide detecting sensor (4) are fitted onto catalyst (1).
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

21

Exhaust gas temperature sensor


Figure 33

102303

Figure 34

102304

FUNCTIONAL WIRING DIAGRAM 1. Supply voltage - 2. Variable output voltage - 3. Connector - 4. Signal cable (grey) - 5. Earth cable (white) - 6. Sensor. The function of this sensor is to send the control unit the catalyst inlet and outlet exhaust gas temperature values required to calculate the amount of urea to be injected into the system.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

22

SECTION 1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Humidity detecting sensor


Figure 35

102311

1. Temperature - 2. Earth - 3. Humidity percent value - 4. Power supply. This sensor is located on the air filter output conveyor, and is used to inform the control unit of the amount (percentage) of humidity found in sucked air, to determine the calculation of nitric oxide emissions.

Figure 36

102312

ELECTRIC BLOCK DIAGRAM 1. Earth - 2. Temperature - 3. Power supply unit - 4. Humidity percent value - A. Sample frequency generator B. Reference oscillator - C. NTC temperature sensor - D. Amplifier lowpass filter.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 2 - FUEL

SECTION 2 Fuel
Page FEEDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Pressure damper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Feed pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Injector-pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Overpressure valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4 4 4 4

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 2 - FUEL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 2 - FUEL

FEEDING
Fuel is supplied via a fuel pump, filter and pre-filter, 6 pump-injectors governed by the camshaft via rocker arms and by the electronic control unit.

Figure 37

Return circuit Supply circuit

108847

ENGINE FEED SCHEME 1. Fuel filter - 2. Pressure damping device - 3. Pressure control valve (start of opening at 5 bar) - 4. Feed pump 5. Fuel pre-filter with priming pump - 6. Valve, to recirculate fuel from injectors, integrated in feed pump (start of opening at 3.5 bar) - 7. Central unit - 8. Heat exchanger - 9. Overpressure valve to return fuel to tank (start of opening at 0.2 bar) 10. Pump injectors. . A. Fuel arriving at injectors - B. Fuel returning to tank

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 2 - FUEL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Overpressure valve
Figure 38

Injector-pump
Figure 40

92829

An overpressure valve is a single-acting valve, calibrated to 0.2 0.3 bar, placed on the piping that returns fuel to tank. The overpressure valve prevents fuel duct in cylinder head from emptying with engine stopped.

Feed pump
Figure 39
102405

INJECTOR SECTION The new pump injectors are capable, thanks to the higher injection pressure, of atomizing the fuel in the combustion chamber to a greater extent, thus improving combustion and therefore reducing the polluting exhaust emissions.

92830

Pressure damper
Figure 41

Engine feed pump for vehicles 4x2 - 4x4 - 6x4 1. Overpressure valve - 2. Delivering fuel to injectors 3. Sucking in fuel - 4. Pressure control valve

Pump performances
Pump rotation speed Minimum flow rate (rpm) (l/h) 2600 310 0.5 5 30 600 45 0.3 3 30 170 12 0.3 0,3 30 0.3 0.3 30
102606

100

Negative pressure on aspiration (bar) Pressure on delivery (bar) Test liquid temperature Test liquid (C)

Test conditions

ISO 4113

FUEL PRESSURE DAMPER Field of use


Pump rotation speed (rpm) Overrunning rotation speed (max 5 min) (rpm) Diesel oil temperature (C) Filtering rate on aspiration (micron) Negative pressure on aspiration (bar) 2600 4100 max -25/+80 30 0.5 max

The function of the fuel pressure damper located on the delivery pipe between the fuel filter and the cylinder head is to attenuate the supply return back pressure due to the increase of the injection pressure.

Pressure control valve


Valve calibration 5 5.8

Injectors return valve


Valve calibration
Base - September 2006

3.4 3.8
Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

SECTION 3 Vehicle application


Page CLEARANCE DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PART ONE - MECHANICAL COMPONENTS DISASSEMBLY THE ENGINE ON THE BENCH ASSEMBLING THE ENGINE ON THE BENCH . 3 5 7 15

- Diagram of tightening sequence of crankcase base fixing screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 - Fitting connecting rod - piston assemblies in cylinder liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Mounting cylinder head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting flywheel box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ENGINE FLYWHEEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting engine flywheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting camshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting pump-injectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting rocker-arm shaft assembly . . . . . . . . . . - Camshaft timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Phonic wheel timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Intake and exhaust rocker play adjustment and pre-loading of rockers controlling pump injectors - Completing Engine Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . PART TWO ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Components on the engine F3B . . . . . . . . . . . BLOCK DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EDC SYSTEM FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - EDC 7 UC31 electronic control unit . . . . . . . - Electric injector connector A . . . . . . . . . . . . - Sensor connector C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Chassis connector B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 19 20 21 21 22 23 23 24 26 27 28 31 33 34 35 38 39 40 41

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Page - Pump injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Exhaust brake solenoid valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Solenoid valve for VGT control . . . . . . . . . . . . - Distribution pulse transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Engine coolant temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . - Fuel temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Flywheel pulse transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Turbine rpm sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Air pressure/temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . . . - Oil temperature/pressure sensor . . . . . . . . . . . - Pre-post reheat resistor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PART THREE - TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DTC ERROR CODES WITH EDC7 UC31 CENTRAL UNIT . . . . . . GUIDELINE FOR TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . 43 45 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 51 52 53 55 57 79 PART FOUR - MAINTENANCE PLANNING . MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Maintenance services scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAINTENANCE INTERVALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - On road application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Off road application (quarries-construction sites) - Off road application (on road usage) . . . . . . . . CHECKS AND/OR MAINTENANCE WORK . . - On road application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Off road application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NON-PROGRAMMED/TIMED OPERATIONS . - On road application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Off road application (quarries-construction sites) - Off road application (on road usage) . . . . . . . .

Page

83 85 85 86 86 86 86 87 87 87 88 88 88 88

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

CLEARANCE DATA

F3BE3681
T Type

C
16.5 : 1

Compression ratio Max. output kW (HP) rpm Nm (kgm) rpm 302 (410) 1900 1900 (194) 1000 1515 332 (450) 1900

368 (500) 1900 2300 (234) 1000 1525

412 (560) 1900 2500 (255) 1000 1575

Max. torque

2200 (224) 1000 1435

Loadless engine idling rpm Loadless engine peak Bore x stroke Displacement rpm mm cm3 HOLSET with fixed geometry HX50W 2320 50 135 x 150 12880 With aftercooler HOLSET HE551V with variable geometry 550 50

SUPERCHARGING Turbocharger type LUBRICATION


bar

Forced by gear pump, relief valve single action oil filter 1.5 5 By centrifugal pump, regulating thermostat, viscostatic fan, radiator and heat exchanger By belt N. 1 84 2 C 94 2 C liters kg 35 31.5 20 18 28 25.2

Oil pressure (warm engine) (100 C 5 C) - idling bar - peak rpm bar Water pump control Thermostat: starts to open: fully open: OIL FILLING Total capacity at 1st filling Capacity: - engine sump min level liters kg - engine sump max level

COOLING

Urania FE 5W30 Urania LD 5 Urania Turbo LD

liters kg - quantity in circulation that does not flow back to the engine sump liters kg - quantity contained in the cartridge filter (which has to be added to the cartridge filter refill) liters kg

7 6.3 3 2.7

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

PART ONE - MECHANICAL COMPONENTS

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

DISASSEMBLY THE ENGINE ON THE BENCH


Before fastening the engine on rotary stand 99322230, dismount or disconnect following parts: Figure 1

Figure 4

60484

- Using the right tool (3), turn it in the direction shown by the arrow and remove the air-conditioner drive belt (1).
60481

On the right-hand side of the engine - the fuel cartridge filter (1). - the hydraulic power steering tank (2). - the electrical connections. Figure 2

- Remove the air-conditioner (2) together with the engine mounting. On the left-hand side of the engine Figure 5

60485

pipes (3, 4 and 7); electrical cables (5); sound deadening guard (6); pipes (1 and 2). Figure 3

106239

- the engine mounting (1). Figure 6

60486 106215

- the oil pressure adjustment valve (1).

- compressor (1) complete with oversteering pump (2) and feed pump (3).
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 7

(Demonstration)

73582

Secure the engine to the rotary stand 99322030 with the brackets 99361036 (1). Remove the electric wiring by disconnecting it from the sensors and the electric actuators.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

Figure 8

Figure 11

71701

73584

If present, dismount fan (1) from electromagnetic joint (2). Figure 9

Using an appropriate tool (1), turn it in the direction shown by the arrow and remove the auxiliary member drive belt (2). If present, dismount compressor for climate control system and relating driving spring belt.

NOTE Spring belt must be replaced by a new one after every dismounting operation.

71702

Use tool (1) 99360351 to lock the engine flywheel. Figure 10

Figure 12

73585

92840

Remove the alternator (1), electric fan coupling (2), automatic tensioners (3 and 5), pulley (4), water pump (6) and pulley (7).

Operate the 6 Allen screws to remove the damper flywheel (1).


Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 13 (Version without Intarder)

Figure 16

71707

98863

Disconnect the pipes (3 and 4) from the V.G.T control solenoid valves. Remove the thermostat assembly (1) together with the V.G.T. control solenoid valve (2).

Remove the following components: water delivery pipe (5); water outlet pipe (1); actuator control air pipe (2); oil delivery pipes (3); oil return pipes (4); turbo-compressor unit (6); exhaust manifold (7). Figure 17

Figure 14

(Version with Intarder)

60492

Use tool 99360314 to slacken the oil filters (1).


98864

Disconnect the pipes (3 and 6) from the V.G.T control solenoid valves. Remove the water inlet/outlet pipe assembly (1) together with the V.G.T. control solenoid valve (2). Figure 15

Figure 18

(Version without Intarder)

60493

- Slacken the screws (1) and remove the intercooler (4);


60490

Apply extractor 99340053 (2) and take out the crankshaft seal (1); now remove the flange (3).
Base - September 2006

- Slacken the screws (2) and remove the water pipe (3).

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

11

Figure 19

(Version with Intarder)

Figure 22

85480

72674

- Slacken the screws (1) and remove the intercooler (4); - slacken the screws (2) and remove the thermostat (3). Figure 20

Remove the rocker arm cover (1), take off the screws (2) and extract the cover (3), the filter (5) and the gaskets (4 and 6). Remove the screws (8) and the blow-by case (7).

Figure 23

70708

60575

The remove the P.T.O. (if fitted): - disconnect the oil pipe (1); - slacken the 4 screws (2) and (3). Figure 21

- Slacken the screws (2) and remove the gear (1) together with the phonic wheel.

Figure 24

106218

Dismount following parts: fuel filter support (1); relating pipes; starter (2); support for engine startup pushbuttons (3); air filter for PWM valve (4); intake manifold (5) complete with resistance for engine preheating; engine central unit (6);

60497

- Slacken the screws (1); drive one of them in a torque hole in order to remove the shoulder plate (2) and extract the metal sheet gasket.
Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

12

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 25

Figure 28

60498 60501

Unscrew the screws (2) and remove the idle gear (1).

Unscrew the screws (1) and remove the gearbox (2). Figure 29

Figure 26

106219

60499

With the engine flywheel locking tool 99360351 (1) fitted, unscrew the fixing screws (2). Take off the tool (1) and extract the flywheel (3). Figure 27

If present, dismount P.T.O. driving gear (1). Remove screws (3) and dismount double gear (2). Remove securing screw and dismount articulated rod (5). Dismount oil pump (5). Figure 30

116721

- Release the check springs (3) of the exhaust brake lever. - Remove the electric connections (1). - Remove exhaust brake pins (4) and slave cylinder (6) pipes (5).
60500

Fit on the extractor 99340054 (2) and extract the gasket (1).

- Unscrew the screws (2) fixing the rocker arm shaft. - Remove the head injection wiring. The wiring has to be extracted from the front.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

13

Figure 31

Figure 34

116190

Apply tool 99360553 (1) to the rocker holder shaft (2) and remove the shaft (2) from the cylinder head. - Using metal ropes, lift the cylinder head (1). Figure 32 - Take off the gasket (2). Figure 35

60515

108831

Unscrew the screws (2) fixing the brackets (3); hook tool 99342155 part (9) to pump injector (1); mount part (8) on part (9) resting part on cylinder head; screw nut (7) and extract pump injector (1) from cylinder head. - unscrew the screws (4) and remove the exhaust brake pins (5). - unscrew the screws and remove the slave cylinder (6). Figure 33

60516

Unscrew the screws (2) and take out the engine oil sump (1) together with the spacer (3) and gasket.

Figure 36

60514

60517

- Insert the plugs 99360180 (1) in place of the injectors. - Extract the camshaft (2). - Unscrew the screws fixing the cylinder head (3).
Print P1D32C002 E

Unscrew the screws and take out the suction strainer (1).

Base - September 2006

14

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 37

NOTE Note down the assembly position of the top and bottom main bearing shells since, if reusing them, they will need to be fitted in the position found upon removal.

Figure 40

47574

Turn the crankcase (1) upright. Figure 38

47570

Using tool 99360500 (1), remove the crankshaft (2).

Figure 41

60518

Untighten screws (2) fixing the connecting rod cap (3) and remove it. Remove the connecting rod-piston (1) assembly from the upper side. Repeat these operations for the other pistons. NOTE Keep the big end bearing shells in their respective housings and/or note down their assembly position since, if reusing them, they will need to be fitted in the position found upon removal.
47571

Figure 39 Extract the main bearing shells (1), unscrew the screws and take out the oil nozzles (2). Dismount cylinder liners as described in Section 4.

NOTE After removing the engine, you need to clean the removed parts thoroughly and check their integrity. The following pages give the instructions for making the checks and the main measurements to make to determine whether the parts can be reused.
60519

Using an appropriate wrench and the hex wrench unscrew the screws (1) and (2) and take off the crankcase base.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

15

ASSEMBLING BENCH

THE

ENGINE

ON

THE

Figure 44

Using the brackets 99361036, secure the crankcase to the stand 99322230. Mount cylinder liners as described in Section 4. Figure 42

49021

Arrange the bearing shells (1) on the main bearing housings in the crankcase base (2).
47586

Mount the oil nozzles (2), making the grub screw coincide with the hole (3) in the crankcase. Arrange the bearing shells (1) on the main bearing housings.

NOTE Not finding it necessary to replace the main bearings, you need to fit them back in exactly the same sequence and position as in removal. If to be changed, choose the main bearings according to the procedure in chapter Selection of main bearings and connecting rod bearings.

Figure 43

Figure 45

47570

47595

Lubricate the bearing shells then mount the crankshaft (2) using the tackle and hook 99360500 (1).
Print P1D32C002 E

Apply LOCTITE 5970 (IVECO No. 2995644) silicone on the crankcase using the appropriate tools (1) as shown in Figure 46.
Base - September 2006

16

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 46

Figure 49

60632

Sealant application diagram. NOTE Mount the crankcase base within 10 min. of applying the sealant.
47579

Using a torque wrench (3), tighten the inside screws (1) to a torque of 120 Nm. Then tighten them to an angle of 60 and 55 with tool 99395216 (4) with another two phases. Regrind the outside screws (1, Figure 48) with closure to an angle of 60 using tool 99395216 (4).

Figure 47

60559

Mount the crankcase base (1) using appropriate tackle and hooks. Figure 48

47581

Using a torque wrench (2), tighten the outside hex grooved screws (1) to a torque of 30 Nm, following the diagrams given on the following page.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

17

Diagram of tightening sequence of crankcase base fixing screws


Figure 50

FRONT SIDE

First phase: pre-tightening outside screws 30 Nm

60592

FRONT SIDE

Second phase: pre-tightening inside screws 120 Nm

60593

FRONT SIDE

Third phase: closing inside screws to angle 60

60593

FRONT SIDE

Fourth phase: closing inside screws to angle 55

60593

FRONT SIDE

Fifth phase: closing outside screws to angle 60


60594

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

18

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Fitting connecting rod - piston assemblies in cylinder liners


Figure 51

Figure 53

60616

49030

NOTE Not finding it necessary to replace the connecting rod bearings, you need to fit them back in exactly the same sequence and position as in removal. If to be changed, choose the main bearings according to the procedure in chapter Selection of main bearings and connecting rod bearings.

Turn the cylinder block, setting it upright. Lubricate the pistons, piston rings and inside the cylinder liners. With the aid of the clamp 99360605 (1) mount the connecting rod piston assemblies (2) in the cylinder liners according to Figure 52. Check that: - The number of each connecting rod corresponds to the cap coupling number. - The symbol (2, Figure 52) punched on the top of the pistons faces the engine flywheel or the recess in the piston skirt tallies with the position of the oil nozzles. NOTE The pistons are supplied as spares in class A and can also be fitted in class B cylinder liners.

Lubricate the bearing shells (1 and 3) and fit them on the connecting rod (2) and on the cap (4). NOTE Do not make any adjustment on the bearing shells.

Figure 52

1 2

Connecting rod piston assembly Area of punch marking on the top of the piston with the symbol for the mounting position and selection class. Area of connecting rod punch marking
60615

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES


Montaje de la culata

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

19

Figure 54

Mounting cylinder head


Figure 57

60515 47594

NOTE Before reusing the screws (2), measure the diameter of the thread; it must be no less than 13.4 mm; if it is, change the screw. Lubricate the thread of the screws with engine oil before assembly. Connect the connecting rods to the relevant pins of the crankshaft, mount the connecting rod caps (1) together with the bearing shells. Tighten the screws (2) fixing the connecting rod caps to a torque of 60 Nm (6 kgm). Using tool 99395216 (3), tighten the screws further with an angle of 60. Figure 55

Check that the pistons 1-6 are exactly at the T.D.C. Put the gasket (2) on the crankcase. Mount the cylinder head (1) and tighten the screws as shown in Figs. 58, 59 and 60. NOTE Lubricate the thread of the screws with engine oil before assembly.

Figure 58

61270

Diagram of the tightening sequence of the screws fixing the cylinder head.
60563

Using the centring ring 99396035 (2), check the exact position of the cover (1). If it is wrong, proceed accordingly and lock the screws (3). Figure 56

Figure 59

60565 60564

Key on the gasket (1), mount the key 99346250 (2) and, screwing down the nut (3), drive in the gasket (1).
Print P1D32C002 E

- Pre-tightening with the torque wrench (1): 1st phase: 60 Nm (6 kgm). 2nd phase: 120 Nm (12 kgm).
Base - September 2006

20

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 60

NOTE Mount the gearbox within 10 min. of applying the sealant.

Figure 63

60566

- Closing to angle with tool 99395216 (1): 3rd phase: angle of 90 4th phase: angle of 65.

Figure 61

60633

Using a torque wrench, tighten the highlighted screws with the following sequence and torque: 10 screws M12 x 1.75 x 100 2 screws M12 x 1.75 x 70
71773

56 to 70 Nm 56 to 70 Nm 56 to 70 Nm

Mount the oil pump (5), the middle gears (2) together with the link rod (1) and the PTO driving gear (3). Tighten the screws (4) to the required torque.

4 screws M12 x 1.75 x 35

1 screw M12 x 1.75 x 120 56 to 70 Nm

Fitting flywheel box


Figure 62

2 screws M12 x 1.75 x 193 Figure 64

56 to 70 Nm

47592

60568

Apply LOCTITE 5970 IVECO No. 2995644 silicone on the gearbox using appropriate tools (1) as shown in the figure.

Key on the gasket (1), fit the key 99346251 (2) and, screwing down the nut (3), drive in the gasket.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

21

ENGINE FLYWHEEL Fitting engine flywheel


Figure 65

VIEW OF HOLES: A-B-C

VIEW OF HOLES: D
60668

DETAIL OF PUNCH MARKS ON ENGINE FLYWHEEL FOR PISTON POSITIONS A. Hole on flywheel with one reference mark, corresponding to the TDC of pistons 3-4. - B. Hole on flywheel with one reference mark, corresponding to the TDC of pistons 1-6. - C. Hole on flywheel with one reference mark, corresponding to the TDC of pistons 2-5. - D. Hole on flywheel with two reference marks, position corresponding to 54. NOTE If the teeth of the ring gear mounted on the engine flywheel, for starting the engine, are very damaged, replace the ring gear. It must be fitted after heating the ring gear to a temperature of approx. 200C. Figure 67

Figure 66

49036

Second phase: closing to angle of 90 with tool 99395216 (1).

49037

NOTE The crankshaft has a locating peg that has to couple with the relevant seat on the engine flywheel. Position the flywheel (1) on the crankshaft, lubricate the thread of the screws (2) with engine oil and screw them down. Lock rotation with tool 99360351 (3). Lock the screws (2) in three phases. First phase: pre-tightening with torque wrench (4) to a torque of 120 Nm (12 kgm).
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

22

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Fitting camshaft
Figure 68

Figure 70

60570

- Apply the gauge 99395219 (1). Check and adjust the position of the link rod (3) for the idle gear. Lock the screw (2) to the required torque.
72436

Position the crankshaft with the pistons 1 and 6 at the top dead centre (T.D.C.). This situation occurs when: 1. 2. The hole with reference mark (5) of the engine flywheel (4) can be seen through the inspection window. The tool 99360612 (1), through the seat (2) of the engine speed sensor, enters the hole (3) in the engine flywheel (4).

If this condition does not occur, turn the engine flywheel (4) appropriately. Remove the tool 99360612 (1). Figure 69

Figure 71

73843

Fit the camshaft (4), positioning it observing the reference marks () as shown in the figure. Lubricate the seal (3) and fit it on the shoulder plate (2). Mount the shoulder plate (2) with the sheet metal gasket (1) and tighten the screws (5) to the required torque.
60571

- Fit the idle gear (1) back on and lock the screws (2) to the required torque.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

23

Figure 72

Figure 74

5
60572 116724

Position the gear (2) on the camshaft so that the 4 slots are centred with the holes for fixing the camshaft, without fully locking the screws (5). Using the dial gauge with a magnetic base (1), check that the clearance between the gears (2 and 3) is 0.074 0.195 mm; if this is not so, adjust the clearance as follows: - Loosen the screws (4) fixing the idle gear (3). - Loosen the screw (2, Figure 70) fixing the link rod. Shift the link rod (3, Figure 70) to obtain the required clearance. - Lock the screw (2, Figure 70) fixing the link rod and screws (4, Figure 72) fixing the idle gear to the required torque.

Mount: - The injectors (2) and, using a torque wrench, lock the bracket fixing screws to a torque of 30 35 Nm. - The exhaust brake cylinders (1) and (4) and, using a torque wrench, fix them to a torque of 19 Nm. - The crosspieces (3) on the valve stem, all with the largest hole on the same side.

Fitting rocker-arm shaft assembly


NOTE Before refitting the rocker-arm shaft assembly, make sure that all the adjustment screws have been fully unscrewed.

Fitting pump-injectors
Figure 73

Figure 75

108843

116190

Apply the tool 99360553 (1) to the rocker arm shaft (2) and mount the shaft on the cylinder head. Fit the seals (1) (2) (3) on the injectors.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

24

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 76

Figure 79

70567A

SCHEME OF SCREW TIGHTENING SEQUENCE SECURING ROCKER ARMS Screw screws (1 - 2 - 3) until rocker arms are brought to contact relating seats on cylinder head, tighten the screws according to sequence indicated in figure operating in two steps as indicated in successive figure. Figure 77 Camshaft timing Figure 80 Mount the electric wiring (1).

116723

116722

Lock the screws (2) fixing the rocker-arm shaft as follows: - 1st phase: tightening to a torque of 80 Nm (8 kgm) with the torque wrench (1). - 2nd phase: closing with an angle of 60 using the tool 99395216 (3). Figure 78

71776

Apply tool 99360321 (7) and spacer (6) to gears box (3).

60574

- Mount the engine brake lever retaining springs (3). - Connect the pipe (2) to the engine brake cylinders (4) and to the cylinder with the engine brake solenoid valve (1).

NOTE The arrow shows the direction of rotation of the engine when running. Using the above-mentioned tool, turn the engine flywheel (1) in the direction of rotation of the engine so as to take the piston of cylinder no.1 to approximately the T.D.C. in the phase of combustion. This condition occurs when the hole with one reference mark (4), after the hole with two reference marks (5) on the engine flywheel (1), can be seen through the inspection window (2).

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

25

Figure 81

Figure 83

71774

The exact position of piston no.1 at the T.D.C. is obtained when in the above-described conditions the tool 99360612 (1) goes through the seat (2) of the engine speed sensor into the hole (3) in the engine flywheel (4). If this is not the case, turn and adjust the engine flywheel (4) appropriately. Remove the tool 99360612 (1).

77259

The camshaft is in step if at the cam lift values of 5.330.05 mm there are the following conditions: 1) a notch (5) can be seen through the inspection window; 2) the tool 99360612 (1) through the seat (2) of the engine speed sensor goes into the hole (3) in the engine flywheel (4).

Figure 84 Figure 82

60575 106535

Set the dial gauge with the magnetic base (1) with the rod on the roller (2) of the rocker arm that governs the injector of cylinder no.1 and pre-load it by 6 mm. With tool 99360321 (7, Figure 80), turn the crankshaft clockwise until the pointer of the dial gauge reaches the minimum value beyond which it can no longer fall. Reset the dial gauge. Turn the engine flywheel anticlockwise until the dial gauge gives a reading for the lift of the cam of the camshaft of 5.330.05 mm.
Print P1D32C002 E

If you do not obtain the conditions illustrated in Figure 83 and described in points 1 and 2, proceed as follows: 1) loosen the screws (2) securing the gear (1) to the camshaft and utilize the slots on the gear (1, Figure 85); 2) turn the engine flywheel appropriately so as to bring about the conditions described in points 1 and 2 Figure 83, it being understood that the cam lift must not change at all; 3) lock the screws (2) and repeat the check as described above; 4) tighten the screws (2) to the required torque.

Base - September 2006

26

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 85

Mount the gear (2, Figure 85) with the 4 slots (1, Figure 85) centred with the fixing holes of the camshaft, locking the relevant screws to the required tightening torque. Check the timing of the shaft by first turning the flywheel clockwise to discharge the cam completely and then turn the flywheel anticlockwise until the dial gauge gives a reading of 5.33 0.05 mm. Check the timing conditions described in Figure 83.

Phonic wheel timing


Figure 87

71778

When the adjustment with the slots (1) is not enough to make up the phase difference and the camshaft turns because it becomes integral with the gear (2); as a result, the reference value of the cam lift varies, in this situation it is necessary to proceed as follows: 1) lock the screws (2, Figure 84) and turn the engine flywheel clockwise by approx. 1/2 turn; 2) turn the engine flywheel anticlockwise until the dial gauge gives a reading of the lift of the cam of the camshaft of 5.33 0.05 mm; 3) take out the screws (2, Figure 84) and remove the gear (2) from the camshaft.

Figure 86

77260

77259

Turn the flywheel (4) again to bring about the following conditions: - a notch (5) can be seen through the inspection window; - the tool 99360612 (1) inserted in the hole (3) in the engine flywheel (4) through the seat (2) of the engine speed sensor.
Base - September 2006

Turn the crankshaft by taking the piston of cylinder no. 1 into the compression phase at T.D.C.; turn the flywheel in the opposite direction to the normal direction of rotation by approximately 1/4 of a turn. Again turn the flywheel in its normal direction of rotation until you see the hole marked with the double notch (4) through the inspection hole under the flywheel housing. Insert tool 99360612 (5) into the seat of the flywheel sensor (6). Insert the tool 99360613 (2), via the seat of the phase sensor, onto the tooth obtained on the phonic wheel. Should inserting the tool (2) prove difficult, loosen the screws (3) and adjust the phonic wheel (1) appropriately so that the tool (2) gets positioned on the tooth correctly. Go ahead and tighten the screws (3).

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

27

Intake and exhaust rocker play adjustment and pre-loading of rockers controlling pump injectors
Figure 88

116815

ADJUSTING INTAKE/EXHAUST ROCKERS AND INJECTION Adjustment of clearances between rockers and valve studs and preloading of pump injector rockers should be carried out with extreme care. Bring the cylinder under examination to the firing stage, the valves of this cylinder remain closed while the valves of the other cylinder in the pair can be adjusted. The cylinder pairs are 1-6,2-5,3-4. Strictly adhere to directions and data given on the table below. and Adjusting clearances between rockers intake/exhaust/valve studs: - Use a box wrench to loosen the adjusting screw locking nut (1). - Insert the feeler gauge blade (3). - By using proper wrench, screw or unscrew rocker arm adjusting screw (2); - Ensure the feeler gauge blade (3) can slide between the parts concerned with a slight friction. - Hold the screw still while tightening the nut (1). Setting pump-injector rocker preloading: - Use a box wrench to loosen the nut fastening the adjusting screw for rocker arm (5) controlling pump-injector (6). - With a suitable wrench (4) tighten the adjusting screw until the pumping element reaches its-end-of-stroke point. - Lock the adjusting screw to a torque of 5 Nm (0.5 kgm) by means of a torque wrench. - Back off the adjusting screw 1/2 to 3/4 turn. - Tighten the lock nut. FIRING ORDER 1-4-2-6-3-5

Clockwise start-up and rotation


1 and 6 at TDC

Adjusting cylinder valve no. 6 3 5 1 4 2

120 120 120 120 120

Adjusting clearance of cylinder valve no. 1 4 2 6 3 5

Adjusting pre-loading of cylinder injector no. 5 1 4 2 6 3

NOTE In order to properly carry out the above-mentioned adjustments, follow the sequence specified in the table, checking the exact position in each rotation phase by means of pin 99360612, to be inserted in the 11th hole in each of the three sectors with 18 holes each.
Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

28

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 89

Figure 91

85480

Fit the distribution cover (1). Fit the blow-by case (7) and its gasket and then tighten the screws (8) to the prescribed torque. Install the filter (5) and the gaskets (4 and 6). NOTE The filter (5) operation is unidirectional, therefore it must be assembled with the two sight supports as illustrated in the figure. Fit the cover (3) and tighten the fastening screws (2) to the prescribed torque.

60665

Turn engine and mount oil rose pipe. Arrange gasket (4) on oil sump (1), position spacer (3) and mount the sump on engine block screwing up screws (2) at prescribed torque:

Completing Engine Assembly


Complete the engine by fitting or hooking up the following parts: power take-off (P.T.O., if present) and relating pipes; fuel pump; support complete with fuel filter and pipes; EDC central unit; intake manifold; preheating resistance; heat exchanger; oil filters, lubricating the gasket; exhaust manifold; turbocompressor and relating water and oil pipes; pulley and damping flywheel; thermostat assembly; belt tensioner, water pump, alternator; electromagnetic joint; belt tensioner, if present, air-conditioner compressor; starter; oil level rod; electrical connections and sensors.

NOTE Apply silicone LOCTITE 5970 (IVECO No. 2995644) on the blow-by case (7) surface of engines fitted with P.T.O. according to the procedure described in the following figure. Figure 90

85481

Apply silicone LOCTITE 5970 (IVECO No. 2995644) on the 0.5 blow-by case and form a string (2) of 1,5 , 0.2 as shown in the figure. . NOTE Fit the blow-by case (1) within 10 from sealer application.

NOTE The fittings of the cooling water and lubricating oil pipes of the turbocharger have to be tightened to a torque of: - 35 5 Nm, water pipe fittings; - 55 5 Nm, oil pipe female fitting; - 20-25 Nm, oil pipe male fitting.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

29

Figure 92

Figure 94

106223

- driving belt. To mount belt (1), belt tensioner (2) has to be operated by proper tooling (3) according to the direction indicated by the arrow in Figure. Figure 93

106224

NOTE In the case of engines with climate control system compressor spring driving belt, for mounting the belt, tool 99360192 (4) must be used. Different methods may cause tensions impairing spring belt.

Apply tool 99360321 (2) provided with spacer 99360325 to gears box (1). Mount spring belt (3) on driving shaft pulley, mount chock 99360192 (4) on compressor pulley (5) for climate control system. Position spring belt (3) in the opening of tool 99360192 marked with cursor 10/13. By tool 99360321 (2), rotate driving shaft according to the direction of the arrow () until spring belt (3) is correctly positioned on compressor pulley (5).
108844

ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM OF FAN WATER PUMP ALTERNATOR DRIVE BELT 1. Alternator 2. Electromagnetic coupling 3. Water pump 4. Crankshaft NOTE Belt tensioner is of automatic type; therefore, further adjusting is not provided after mounting. - refuel engine with provided oil quantity; - dismount engine from rotary stand and take off brackets (99361036) securing the engine. Mount: oil pressure regulation valve; engine left support; air compressor complete with hydraulic guide pump; sound deadening guard; pipes. if present, climate control system compressor driving belt similarly to belt (1, Figure 92);

NOTE While operating, keep tool 99360192 (4) in contact to pulley and at the same time guide spring belt (3) in order to prevent it from twisting.

NOTE Spring belt must be replaced by a new one after every dismounting operation.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

30

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 95

108845

COMPRESSOR CONTROL BELT ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM 1. Alternator 2. Climate control system compressor 3. Electromagnetic coupling 4. Water pump 5. Crankshaft 6. Spring belt.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

31

PART TWO ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

32

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

33

Components on the engine F3B


Figure 1 (Demonstration)

115794

RIGHT SIDE VIEW OF ENGINE 1. Water detection sensor diesel fuel filter clogged - 2. Fuel temperature sensor - 3. Sensor for engine revs on distribution shaft - 4. Starter - 5. EDC7 UC31 Control Unit - 6. Air conditioner compressor - 7. Alternator - 8. Engine input air temperature sensor - 9. Boost pressure sensor - 10. Resistance for engine preheating. Figure 2 (Demonstration)

115795

LEFT SIDE VIEW OF ENGINE 1. Connector on engine head for connection with injectors solenoid valve - 2. Water temperature sensor 3. Engine oil temperature/pressure sensor - 4. Sensor for engine revs on flywheel.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

34

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

BLOCK DIAGRAM
Figure 3

Connections on frame side

115790

KEYS 1. Solenoid valve for variable geometry control - 2. Engine oil pressure/temperature sensor - 3. Fuel temperature sensor 4. Coolant temperature sensor - 5. Distribution sensor - 6. Flywheel sensor - 7. Turbine revs sensor - 8. Solenoid valve for VGT control - 9. Engine brake solenoid valve - 10. Pump injectors.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

35

EDC SYSTEM FUNCTIONS


The EDC7 UC31 electronic center manages the following main functions: Fuel injection Accessory functions such as cruise control, speed limiter, PTO and the like Self-diagnosis Recovery It also enables: Interfacing with other electronic systems (if any) available on the vehicle Diagnosis Fuel dosing Fuel dosing is calculated based on: - accelerator pedal position - engine rpm - quantity of air admitted. The result can be corrected based on: - water temperature or to prevent: - noise - fumes - overloads - overheating Pressure can be adjusted in case of: - engine brake actuation - external device actuation (e.g. speed reducer, cruise control) - serious defects involving load reduction or engine stop. After determining the mass of air introduced by measuring its volume and temperature, the center calculates the corresponding mass of fuel to be injected into the cylinder involved, with account also taken of gas oil temperature. Delivery correction based on water temperature When cold, the engine encounters greater operating resistance, mechanical friction is high, oil is till very viscous and operating plays are not optimized yet. Fuel injected also tends to condense on cold metal surfaces. Fuel dosing with a cold engine is therefore greater than when hot. Delivery correction to prevent noise, fumes or overloads Behaviors that could lead to the defects under review are well known, so the designer has added specific instructions to the center to prevent them. De-rating In the event of engine overheating, decreasing delivery proportionally to the temperature reached by the coolant changes injection. Turbine rpm regulation Turbine speed is constantly regulated and rectified, if necessary, by operating on geometry variation.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

36

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Injection lead electronic control Injection lead, or the start of fuel delivery expressed in degrees, can differ from one injection to the next, even from one cylinder to another and is calculated similarly to delivery according to engine load, namely, accelerator position, engine rpm and air admitted. Lead is corrected as required: - during acceleration - according to water temperature and to obtain: - reduced emissions, noise abatement and no overload - better vehicle acceleration High injection lead is set at start, based on water temperature. Delivery start feedback is given by injection electro valve impedance variation. Engine start Cylinder 1 step and recognition signal synchronization (flywheel and drive shaft sensors) takes place at first engine turns. Accelerator pedal signal is ignored at start. Star delivery is set exclusively based on water temperature, via a specific map. The center enables the accelerator pedal, when it detects flywheel acceleration and rpm such as to consider the engine as started and no longer drawn by the starter motor. Cold start Pre-post reheating is activated when even only one of the three water, air or gas oil temperature sensors records a temperature of below 10 _C. The pre-heat warning light goes on when the ignition key is inserted and stays on for a variable period of time according to temperature, while the intake duct input resistor heats the air, then starts blinking, at which point the engine can be started. The warning light switches off with the engine revving, while the resistor continues being fed for a variable period of time to complete post-heating. The operation is cancelled to avoid uselessly discharging the batteries if the engine is not started within 20 25 seconds with the warning light blinking. The pre-heat curve is also variable based on battery voltage. Hot start On inserting the ignition key the warning light goes on for some 2 seconds for a short test and then switches off when all reference temperatures are above 10 _C. The engine can be started at this point. Run Up When the ignition key is inserted, the center transfers data stored at previous engine stop to the main memory (Cf. After run), and diagnoses the system. After Run At each engine stop with the ignition key, the center still remains fed by the main relay for a few seconds, to enable the microprocessor to transfer some data from the main volatile memory to an non-volatile, cancelable and rewritable (Eeprom) memory to make tem available for the next start (Cf. Run Up). These data essentially consists of: - miscellaneous settings, such as engine idling and the like - settings of some components - breakdown memory The process lasts for some seconds, typically from 2 to 7 according to the amount of data to be stored, after which the ECU sends a command to the main relay and makes it disconnect from the battery.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

37

This procedure must never be interrupted, by cutting the engine off from the battery cutout or disconnecting the latter before 10 seconds at least after engine cutout. In this case, system operation is guaranteed until the fifth improper engine cutout, after which an error is stored in the breakdown memory and the engine operates at lower performance at next start while the EDC warning light stays on. Repeated procedure interruptions could in fact lead to center damage.

Cut-off It refers to the supply cut-off function during deceleration. Cylinder Balancing Individual cylinder balancing contributes to increasing comfort and operability. This function enables individual personalized fuel delivery control and delivery start for each cylinder, even differently between each cylinder, to compensate for injector hydraulic tolerances. The flow (rating feature) differences between the various injectors cannot be evaluated directly by the control unit. This information is provided by the entry of the codes for every single injector, by means of the diagnosis instrument. Synchronization search The center can anyhow recognize the cylinder to inject fuel into even in the absence of a signal from the camshaft sensor. If this occurs when the engine is already started, combustion sequence is already acquired, so the center continues with the sequence it is already synchronized on; if it occurs with the engine stopped, the center only actuates one electro valve. Injection occurs onside that cylinder within 2 shaft revs at the utmost so the center is only required to synchronize on the firing sequence and start the engine. In order to reduce the number of connections, and of the cables connecting the injectors, and to consequently reduce the nose on transmitted signal, the central unit is directly mounted on the engine by a heat exchanger enabling its cooling, using spring blocks which reduce vibrations transmitted from engine. It is connected to vehicle wiring harness by two 35-pole connectors: connector A for components present on the engine connector B for components present on the cab Internally, there is a pressure ambient sensor use to further improve injection system management. The central unit is equipped with a much advanced self-diagnosis system and, depending on environmental conditions, is capable to identify and store any faults, even of intermittent type, occurred to the system during vehicle running, ensuring a more correct and reliable repair intervention.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

38

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

EDC 7 UC31 electronic control unit


Figure 4 C A

102373

A. Injector connector - B. Chassis connector - C. Sensor connector.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

39

Electric injector connector A


Figure 5

12

16

11

Colour legend B black R red U blue W white P purple G green N brown Y yellow O orange E grey K pink

102374

ECU Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Colour legend B W O N R G W U E P

Function Free Free Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder (4-5-6) injection Free Free Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 2 injection Exhaust brake control solenoid valve Exhaust brake control solenoid valve Free Free Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder (1-2-3) injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 3 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 1 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 4 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 6 injection Solenoid valve for electronic cylinder 5 injection
Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

40

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Sensor connector C
Figure 6

16

15

22

Colour legend B black R red U blue W white P purple G green N brown Y yellow O orange E grey K pink

4 5

23 30

36

29
102375

ECU Pin 1 2 3 48 9 10 1114 15 16 17 18 19 20 2122 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

Cable colour N B W R K O/B B N W N W Y O/B U W O R G W/R O

Function Solenoid valve for variable geometry turbine control Free Solenoid valve for variable geometry turbine control Free Distribution sensor Distribution sensor Coolant temperature sensor Free Fuel temperature sensor mass Fuel temperature sensor Flywheel sensor Booster speed sensor Free Flywheel sensor Engine oil temperature/pressure sensor ground Mass for air pressure / temperature sensor Coolant temperature sensor Oil pressure signal from engine oil pressure / temperature sensor Oil temperature signal from engine oil pressure / temperature sensor Free Booster speed sensor Free Engine oil temperature/pressure sensor power supply Air temperature/pressure sensor power supply Air pressure signal from the air temperature/ pressure sensor Fuel temperature sensor Air temperature signal from the air temperature / pressure sensor
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

41

Chassis connector B
Figure 7 71 89 72 54 6 11

1 7 12

53

35

18

36

17

102376

ECU pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 30 31 32 33 34 35
Print P1D32C002 E

FUNCTION Lambda sensor heater signal (*) Positive voltage direct from battery Positive voltage direct from battery Lambda sensor heater supply (*) Battery negative Battery negative Negative voltage for control relay of heater grid control 2 (*) Positive voltage direct from battery Positive voltage direct from battery Battery negative voltage Battery negative voltage Signal from grid on heater 1 (*) Positive voltage +15 Positive voltage for air conditioning compressor (*) Signal from air conditioning compressor (*) Negative voltage speed 1 fan Starting relay negative voltage Turbine sensor signal (*) Turbine sensor earth (*) Negative voltage intercooler by-pass valve (*) Supply voltage for switches To diagnostic warning light Additional solenoid valve signal Earth for particle filter temperature sensor (*) Signal for particle filter temperature sensor (*) Intake air humidity and temperature sensor signal Intake air humidity and temperature sensor signal Intake air humidity and temperature sensor earth To diagnostic warning light Cruise control positive signal (*) Negative voltage from engine start switch from engine compartment Tachometer output signal (*) (Low) signal CAN 2 line interface input (High) signal CAN 2 line interface
Base - September 2006

42

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

ECU pin 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 85 87 88 89 * If present

FUNCTION Negative voltage for fuel filter heater switch (*) Starting relay positive voltage OBD lamp negative voltage (*) Speed limiter lamp negative voltage (*) Positive voltage +15 under lock Positive voltage from main brake switch Negative voltage from sensor detecting water in the pre-filter Signal 1 from Lambda probe (*) Signal 2 from Lambda probe (*) Signal 3 from Lambda probe (*) Cruise control positive signal (*) Negative voltage from engine stop switch from engine compartment Negative voltage from accelerator pedal idling switch Positive voltage from brake switch (redundant signal) Positive voltage +12 (Low) signal CAN 1 line interface input (High) signal CAN 1 line interface Negative voltage for fan second speed control switch (*) Positive voltage for engine brake exhaust gas solenoid valve (*) Negative voltage for pre-heating lamp (*) Positive voltage speed 1 fan (*) Earth for engine brake exhaust gas solenoid valve (*) Earth for blow-by pressure difference sensor (*) Positive voltage for blow-by pressure difference sensor (*) Passive analogue signal from torque limiter multiple resistor (*) Signal 4 from Lambda probe (*) Cruise control positive signal (*) Earth from multiple resistor torque limiter (*) Positive voltage from clutch switch (torque converter) (*) Earth for cooling fan speed sensor (*) Signal from cooling fan speed sensor (*) Vehicle speed sensor earth (*) Vehicle speed sensor signal (*) Synchronising bit on serial interface input signal Local area network interconnection input signal Cruise control positive signal (*) Supply voltage for grid on heater 1 (*) Earth for exhaust gas temperature sensor (*) Supply voltage for accelerator potentiometer Earth for accelerator potentiometer Signal from accelerator potentiometer Signal from exhaust gas temperature sensor (*) Signal from particle trap differential pressure sensor (*) Positive voltage from particle trap differential pressure sensor (*) Earth from particle trap differential pressure sensor (*) Negative voltage from diagnostic request switch Crankshaft rotation output signal Camshaft rotation output signal ISO-K interface input signal

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

43

Pump injector (78247)


It consists mainly of: A) Solenoid valve B) Pumping element C) Nozzle These three parts CANNOT be replaced individually and CANNOT be overhauled. The pumping element, mechanically actuated at every rocker arm cycle, compresses the fuel container in the delivery chamber. The nozzle, whose composition and operation are similar to those of traditional injectors, is opened by the fuel under pressure and sprays it into the combustion chamber. A solenoid valve, directly controlled by the electronic control unit, determines delivery according to the control signal. A casing houses the lower part of the pump injector in the cylinder head.

Figure 8

115791

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

44

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

The electro valve is of the N.A. type. Coil resistance is ~ 0.56 0.57 Ohm. Maximum operating voltage is ~ 12 15 Amp. Based on voltage absorbed by the electro valve, the electronic center can identify whether injection was correct or mechanical problems exist. It can also detect injector errors ONLY with the engine running or during starts. They are connected to the electronic center with a positive common to groups of three injectors: Cylinder 1 - 2 3 injector to pin A 11 Cylinder 4 - 5 - 6 injector to pin A 3. Injectors are individually connected to the center between pins: A11 / A13 cylinder 1 injector A11 / A6 cylinder 2 injector A11 / A12 cylinder 3 injector A3 / A14 cylinder 4 injector A3 / A16 cylinder 5 injector A3 / A15 cylinder 6 injector Injectors are connected to the center with connector ST - E mounted on the engine front with a twisted cable, to avoid possible electromagnetic interference problems, so junctions or repairs on it must NOT be performed.

Figure 9

Colour legend B white R red G yellow V green N black L blue Z purple H grey M brown C orange

115792

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

45

Exhaust brake solenoid valve (78050)


Figure 10

115793

CURSOR 13

This on/off solenoid valve is NC type. In Cursor 10 engines it is positioned under the tappets. The electronic control unit pilots this solenoid valve and opens the way to engine oil so as to engage the hydraulic cylinders of the exhaust brake. A warning light located on the dashboard is connected in parallel to this solenoid valve in order to inform the driver that it has tripped. While feeding this solenoid valve, the control unit also activates the VGT. The exhaust brake can be engaged only if the engine revolutions are > 1000 rpm. This solenoid valve is connected to the EDC electronic control unit between pins A3 / A32. The resistance of the coil is approx. 37 to 47 Ohm.

Solenoid valve for VGT control


Figure 11

106995

This N.C. proportional solenoid valve is located on the left-hand side of the crankcase under the turbine. The electronic control unit, via a PWM signal, controls the solenoid valve, governing the supply pressure of the turbine actuator, which, on changing its position, modifies the cross-section of the flow of exhaust gases onto the blades of the impeller and therefore its speed. The VGT electro valve is connected between electronic center pins C1/C3. The resistance of the coil is approx. 20-30 Ohms.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

46

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Distribution pulse transmitter (48042)


Features Vendor Torque Resistance BOSCH 8 2 Nm 880 920

This induction type sensor located on the camshaft generates signals obtained from the magnetic flow lines that close through the 6 plus 1 phase teeth of a sound wheel mounted on the shaft. The electronic center uses the signal generated by this sensor as an injection step signal. Though electrically identical to (48035) engine rpm sensor mounted in the camshaft in is NOT interchangeable with it as it cable is shorter and it features a larger diameter. This sensors air gap is NOT ADJUSTABLE.

Figure 12

Figure 14

106989 106987

WIRING DIAGRAM

TECHNICAL VIEW

Figure 13

Figure 15

106988

8520

PERSPECTIVE VIEW

REFERENCE ON SOUND WHEEL

Connector 1 2 3 To EDC center pin C 10 To EDC center pin C 9 Shields

Function

Cable colour

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

47

Engine coolant temperature sensor (85153)


This N.T.C. type sensor located on the water outlet sump on the engine head left measures coolant temperature for the various operating logics with a hot or cold engine and identifies injection enrichment requirements for a cold engine or fuel reduction requirements for a hot engine. The coolant temperature signal is used for display on the Cluster and to control the fan. It is connected to electronic center pins C15/C26. Sensor behavior as a function of temperature: - 10 C + 20 C + 80 C 8,10 10,77 kOhm 2,28 2,72 kOhm 0,29 0,364 kOhm

At 60 to 90 _C, voltage at A5 and A22 ranges from 0.6 to 2.4V.

Figure 16

104266

Connector 2 3 To EDC center pin C 15 To EDC center pin C 26

Function

Cable colour

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

48

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Fuel temperature sensor (47042)


Features Vendor Maximum torque BOSCH 35 Nm

This N.T.C. type sensor located on the fuel filter on the engine left side detects fuel temperature and enables the electronic center to measure fuel density and volume for delivery correction.

Figure 17

104267

Connector 2 3 To EDC center pin C 18 To EDC center pin C 35

Function

Cable colour

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

49

Flywheel pulse transmitter (48035)


Features Vendor Torque Resistance BOSCH 8 2 Nm 880 920

This induction type sensor located on the flywheel generates signals obtained from the magnetic flow lines that close through 54 holes in three series of 18 in the flywheel. The electronic center uses this signal to detect the various engine ratings and pilot the electronic rev counter. The rev counter does not operate in the absence of this signal. This sensors air gap is NOT ADJUSTABLE.

Figure 18

Figure 20

106986

TECHNICAL VIEW

106984

WIRING DIAGRAM

Figure 19

Figure 21

8520

PERSPECTIVE VIEW

106985

HOLES ON FLYWHEEL

Connector 1 2 3 To EDC center pin C 23 To EDC center pin C 19 Shields

Function

Cable colour

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

50

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Turbine rpm sensor (48043)


This is an inductive sensor positioned on the impeller shaft. It generates signals obtained from the magnetic flow lines, which close through a notch obtained on the shaft itself. The signal generated by this sensor is used by the electronic control unit to verify that the turbine revs number does not exceed the maximum value. To control the revs number, the control unit acts on variable geometry. If the revs number keeps on increasing until it reaches excessive r.p.m. values, the electronic control unit will detect an anomaly. The gap of this sensor CANNOT BE ADJUSTED. It is connected on electronic control unit pins C30 / C20. The sensor resistance value is 400 Ohm. Figure 22

Wiring diagram

106996

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

51

Figure 23

Air pressure/temperature sensor (85156).


This component incorporates a temperature sensor and a pressure sensor. IIt replaces the temperature sensors (85155) and pressure sensors (85154) available in the preceding systems. It is fitted onto the intake manifold and measures the maximum supplied air flow rate used to accurately calculate the amount of fuel to be injected at every cycle. The sensor is powered with 5 V. The output voltage is proportional to the pressure or temperature measured by the sensor. Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC)
50324

25/C - 33/C 36/C 34/C

Power supply Temperature Pressure

Sensor external view Figure 24

Oil temperature/pressure sensor (42030 / 47032)


This component is identical to the air pressure/temperature sensor and replaced single sensors 47032 / 42030. It is fitted onto the engine oil filter, in a horizontal position. It measures the engine oil temperature and pressure. The measured signal is sent to the EDC control unit which controls, in turn, the indicator instrument on the dashboard (low pressure warning lights / gauge). Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC) Pin (EDC)
50323

24/C - 32/C 27/C 28/C

Power supply Temperature Pressure

The engine oil temperature is used only by the EDC control unit.

Linking connector Figure 25 Ref Ref. 1 2 3 4 Description Ground Temp. Sign. +5 Press. Sign. Control unit pin Oil 24C 27C 32C 28C Air 25C 36C 33C 34C

50344

Wiring diagram
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

52

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Pre-post reheat resistor (61121)


Figure 26

A. Pre/ort reheat resistor / 0.7 Ohm. This resistor located between the cylinder head and the intake duct is used to heat air in pre/post reheat operations.

106990

By inserting the key switch, when even only one of the water, air or gas oil temperature sensors record less than 10 _C, the electronic center activates pre/post reheating and switches on the warning light on the cab instrument panel for a variable period according to temperature, after which the light starts blinking to inform the operator that the engine can be started. The warning light goes off after engine start but the resistor continues being supplied for a variable period of time to complete post reheating. The operation is cancelled to prevent uselessly discharging the battery if the engine is not started within 20/25 seconds with the warning light blinking. When reference temperature is above 10 _C, actuating the ignition key makes the warning light go on for some 2 seconds to complete the test and then turns it of to indicate the engine can be started.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

53

PART THREE - TROUBLESHOOTING

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

54

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

55

PREFACE
A successful troubleshooting is carried out with the competence acquired by years of experience and attending training courses. When the user complains for bad efficiency or working anomaly, his indications must be kept into proper consideration using them to acquire any useful information to focus the intervention. After the detection of the existing anomaly, it is recommended to proceed with the operations of troubleshooting by decoding the auto-troubleshooting data provided by the EDC system electronic central unit. The continuous efficiency tests of the components connected to, and the check of working conditions of the entire system carried out during working, can offer an important diagnosis indication, available through the decoding of the failure/anomaly codes. It should be noted, that the interpretation of the indications given by the diagnostic device is not sufficient to guarantee that all failures are healed. Using IVECO processing instruments, it is also possible to establish a bi-directional connection with the central unit, by which not only to decoding the failure codes but also input an enquiry relying on memory files, in order to achieve any further necessary information to identify the origin of the anomaly.

Every time there is a breakdown claim and this breakdown is actually detected, it is necessary to proceed inquiring the electronic unit in one of the ways indicated and then proceed with the diagnostic research making trials and tests in order to have a picture of the working conditions and identify the root causes of the anomaly. In case the electronic device is not providing any indication, it will be necessary to proceed relying on the experience, adopting traditional diagnosis procedures. In order to compensate the operators lack of experience in this new system, we are hereby providing the USERs GUIDELINE FOR TROUBLESHOOTING in the following pages. The GUIDELINE is composed of two different parts: - Part 1: DTC codes and their indications are listed and interpreted; DTC codes can be viewed on the Iveco Motors diagnostic device; - Part 2: guide to diagnostics, divided according to symptoms, including the description of possible failures not identified by the electronic control unit, often mechanical or hydraulic failures.

Any kind of operation on the electronic center unit must be executed by qualified personnel, duly authorized by IVECO. Any unauthorized tamper will involve decay of after-sales service in warranty.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

56

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

57

DTC error codes with EDC7 UC31 central unit

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

58

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

113

ACCELERATOR PEDAL/BRAKE PEDAL SUSPECT

Vehicle acceleration Accelerator pedal and Check the accelerator very slow. brake pressed pedal signal and pedal simultaneously (for mechanical movement. Engine idle speed: 500 too long); rpm. Accelerator pedal blocked or faulty; Incorrect vehicle. use of

116

CLUTCH SIGNAL The parameter reading Clutch switch faulty or Check clutch pedal switch SUSPECT shows that the clutch is wiring problems in and wiring. pressed. pedal. BRAKE PEDAL Slight power reduction. Main and secondary Check the synchronisation SIGNAL ERROR brake switch not of both switches (signal) synchronised. and wiring. One of the two brake pedal switches may be stuck.

117

119

PLAUSIBILITY +15

Possible mechanical Check wiring. problem (in pawl) or electrical problem. light Short circuit defective wiring. light Short circuit defective wiring. light Short circuit defective wiring. light Short circuit defective wiring. or Check wiring. or Check wiring. or Check wiring. or Check wiring.
SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

121 122 123 124 125

SPEED LIMITER Warning W/LIGHT permanently off. WARNING LIGHT Warning EOBD permanently off. EDC LAMP COLD LAMP MAIN DEFECT Warning permanently off. START Warning permanently off.

RELAY Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. earth. Replace relay if necessary.

59

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

60

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

126

BATTERY VOLTAGE

Possible problems Alternator or battery Check wiring. during after-run. defective. Replace alternator Possible wiring regulator or battery. problem. Replace the alternator if necessary. not Relay or wiring Check wiring. short-circuited or Replace relay if necessary. interrupted.

127

ENGINE BRAKE Engine brake ELECTROVALVE operational.

128

MAIN RELAY - Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between SHORT CIRCUIT during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. TO BATTERY earth. Replace relay if necessary. Relay may be faulty. AIR-CONDITION Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between ER COMPRESSOR during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. RELAY earth. Replace relay if necessary. Relay may be faulty. RELAIS ENGINE VALVE FOR Possible problems Relay short circuit to Check wiring between BRAKE during after-run. battery positive or ECM and battery. earth. Replace relay if necessary. Relay may be faulty. Relay or wiring Check wiring. short-circuited or Replace relay if necessary. interrupted. Relay or wiring Check wiring. short-circuited or Replace relay if necessary. interrupted. and

129

12A

12B

THERMOSTARTE Heater not working. R RELAY 1 (HEATER) THERMOSTARTE R RELAY 2 MANAGEMENT SYSTEM PRE/POST-HEATI NG (ACTIVE) Heater not working.

12C

12E

Grid heater Grid heater short Check wiring permanently operating. circuited to earth. component.

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

131

COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR (TEST)

No reaction noticeable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace on behalf of the driver. or value implausible. sensor if necessary. Slight power reduction. Operation in extreme Ensure the engine is not environmental working in extreme conditions or sensor environmental conditions. inaccurate. Check the wiring and the sensor accuracy. Replace necessary. sensor if

132

133

AIR Slight power reduction. Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace TEMPERATURE or value implausible. sensor if necessary. SENSOR BOOST AIR BOOST PRESSURE No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited SENSOR by the driver. or difference between environmental Parameter recovery pressure and turbo value: 2700 mbar. pressure implausible. FUEL TEMPERATURE SENSOR Check the wiring. Also check the environmental pressure sensor. Replace necessary. sensor if

134

135

Slight power reduction. Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace or value implausible. sensor if necessary.

138

OIL PRESSURE No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring and oil SENSOR by the driver. or value implausible. level. Parameter recovery Replace sensor if value: 3000 mbar. necessary.

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

61

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

62

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

13A

OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR

No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace by the driver. or value implausible. sensor if necessary. Parameter recovery value: coolant temperature value (if intact) otherwise 120C). No reaction perceivable Sensor short-circuited Check the wiring. Replace by the driver. or value implausible. sensor if necessary. Parameter recovery value: 40C. No reaction noticeable Signal interrupted or Check wiring on behalf of the driver. wiring problem. installation. Sensor installation Replace may not be correct. necessary. sensor and if and if and if and both

13C

ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE SENSOR (HUMIDTIY?) CRANKSHAFT SPEED

141

142

ENGINE No reaction perceivable Signal interrupted or WORKING ONLY by the driver. wiring problem. WITH CAMSHAFT Sensor installation SENSOR may not be correct. CAMSHAFT SENSOR

Check wiring installation. Replace necessary. sensor

143

No reaction perceivable Signal interrupted or Check wiring by the driver. wiring problem. installation. Sensor installation Replace may not be correct. necessary. sensor

144

FAULT BETWEEN No reaction noticeable Signal interrupted or Check wiring FLYWHEEL on behalf of the driver. wiring problem. installation of SENSOR AND sensors. Flywheel and timing CAMSHAFT sensor installation may be incorrect.

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

145

FAN RELAY

No reaction perceivable Short circuit or fan Check the wiring and the by the driver. actuator faulty. fan actuator. Fan off. Replace the actuator if necessary. relay Check the wiring. Replace relay if necessary.

148

AIR-CONDITION Air conditioner Wiring or ER COMPRESSOR permanently off. short-circuited. RELAY PRE-HEATING Filter heater RELAY FUEL working. FILTER INJECTOR CYLINDER 1

149

not Wiring or filter heater Check the wiring. Replace short-circuited. the filter heater if necessary.

151

The engine runs on 5 Injector no.1 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector. The engine runs on 5 Injector no.2 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector.

152

INJECTOR CYLINDER 2

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

63

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

64

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

153

INJECTOR CYLINDER 3

The engine runs on 5 Injector no.3 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector. The engine runs on 5 Injector no.4 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector. The engine runs on 5 Injector no.5 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector.

154

INJECTOR CYLINDER 4

155

INJECTOR CYLINDER 5

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

156

INJECTOR CYLINDER 6

The engine runs on 5 Injector no.6 electric Check correct tightness to cylinders. trouble. torque of the connectors on the solenoid valve of the injector (1.36 - 1.92 Nm). Check the integrity of the injector coil and replace the injector if defective. If the coil is integral, check the wiring between the solenoid valve and EDC connector.

161

INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 1 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 2 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 3 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit.

162

163

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

65

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

66

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

164

165

166

167

168

INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 4 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 5 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible short circuit in Check wiring. CYLINDER 6 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connections. Possible internal problem SHORT CIRCUIT operating. Possible problem in also in ECM. injector coil. Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit. INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. CYLINDER 1 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem OPEN CIRCUIT operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). INJECTOR One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. CYLINDER 2 / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem OPEN CIRCUIT operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser).

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

169

INJECTOR CYLINDER 3 OPEN CIRCUIT

One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. / (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem Possible internal problem operating. (or disconnected also in ECM. internally). Replace the injector if Possible problem in necessary. control unit (condenser). Compression Test in After carrying out the progress. compression test, turn the key OFF (after-run).

16A

INJECTOR CYLINDER 4 OPEN CIRCUIT

16B

INJECTOR CYLINDER 5 OPEN CIRCUIT

16C

INJECTOR CYLINDER 6 OPEN CIRCUIT

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

16D

COMPRESSION TEST IN PROGRESS

67

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

68

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

16E

THE MINIMUM More than 2 injectors NUMBER OF not operating. INJECTIONS WAS NOT REACHED: STOP THE ENGINE BENCH 1 CC

See individual faults in injectors.

171

One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem. Possible internal problem operating. Injectors also in ECM. short-circuited. Replace the injector if necessary. One or more injectors Possible injector Check wiring. (bank 1 or bank 2) not connection problem. Possible internal problem operating. Injectors also in ECM. short-circuited. Replace the injector if necessary. Replace the control unit. engine

173

BENCH 2 CC

17C

BENCH 1 One or more injectors Fault in control unit. INJECTORS (bank 1 or bank 2) may CHECK not be operating. (INTERNAL ECU)

189

EGR POWER ST. No fault perceived by Short circuit or EGR Check wiring. SHORT TO BATT. the driver. actuator faulty. Replace the EGR actuator EGR not working. if necessary. TURBINE ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE Poor performance. VGT actuator wiring defective. or Check VGT wiring and actuator.

191

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

192

TURBINE Poor performance. ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE SHORT CIRCUIT TO POSITIVE

VGT actuator wiring defective.

or Check VGT wiring and actuator.

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

193

TURBINE WHEEL Poor performance. REVS SENSOR

Air filter blocked or Check the air filter and turbine rpm sensor check parameters linked signal implausible. with the turbine by performing a road test (parameter acquisition). Sensor implausible. signal Determine which turbine component caused the problem. Sensor may be faulty.

198

FAULT ON AT Poor performance. LEAST TWO OF THE FOLLOWING SENSORS: TURBINE SPEED, BOOT PRESSURE AND EXHAUST GAS PRESSURE TURBOCHARGER Poor performance. CONTROL BOOST PRESSURE FAILURE (PCR) TURBINE SPEED Poor performance. EXCEEDING EVERY PERMITTED RANGE TURBINE IN Poor performance. OVERSPEED (the fault is not displayed if it is caused by a low atmosperic pressure)

199

Turbo sensor or Check turbine sensors and actuator may be faulty. actuator (parameter acquisition). Air filter may be blocked. Check whether air filter is blocked. Turbo sensor or Check turbine sensors and actuator may be faulty. actuator (parameter acquisition). Air filter may be blocked. Check whether air filter is blocked. Air filter blocked or Check the air filter and turbine rpm sensor check parameters linked signal implausible. with the turbine by performing a road test (parameter acquisition).

19A

19B

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

69

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

70

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

19F

NOx ERROR

SENSOR No effect perceived by Sensor the driver. implausible.

signal Check the Nox sensor.

Nox sensor may be faulty. 1A5 TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by Problems in the Check wiring. CAN MESSAGE the driver. Denoxtronic (on the Check and correct any DM1DCU CAN line). faults in the Denoxtronic control unit. TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN configuration CAN MESSAGE the driver. incorrect. SCR1 CAN connections defective. Terminal resistance not suitable. 1AE HUMIDITY SENSOR No effect perceived by Sensor short-circuited Check wiring. the driver. or faulty. Replace sensor necessary. if Check CAN line wiring. Check Denoxtronic control unit wiring and operation.

1A6

1AF

SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT)

Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

1B1

ERROR ON CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CONTROLLER A the driver. incorrect. Check terminal CAN connections resistances. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.
F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

1B2

ERROR ON CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CONTROLLER B the driver. incorrect. Check terminal CAN connections resistances. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

1B3

ERROR ON CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CONTROLLER C the driver. incorrect. Check terminal CAN connections resistances. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

1B4

TIMEOUT MESSAGE BC2EDC1

CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. the driver. incorrect. Check BC wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

1B5

TIMEOUT MESSAGE VM2EDC

CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. the driver. incorrect. Check VCM wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.
SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1B7

ERROR ON No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. MESSAGES CAN the driver. incorrect. Check ECM wiring and IN CAN connections operation. TRANSMISSION defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

71

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

72

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1B9

ERROR ON THE No effect perceived by MIL/Body Controller EOBD LIGHT the driver. warning light defective. MANAGED BY THE CLUSTER) TIMEOUT MESSAGE DISPLAY

Consult the Body Controller troubleshooting guide and check the CAN line.

1BA

CAN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Consult the VCM DASH the driver. VCM inconsistent. troubleshooting guide and check the CAN line.

1BC

TIMEOUT CAN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Consult the VCM MESSAGE the driver. VCM inconsistent. troubleshooting guide and AMBCOND check the CAN line. TIMEOUT CAN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Consult the VCM/BC MESSAGE CCVS the driver. VCM or BC troubleshooting guide and inconsistent. check the CAN line. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the ETC CAN ETC1 the driver. ETC (gearbox) connection with the CAN inconsistent. line. TIMEOUT IN No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCO RECEIVING TC01 the driver. TCO inconsistent. connection with the CAN CAN MESSAGE line. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN TSC1-PE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN TSC1-VE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Electrical interference If the error persists to MONITORING the driver. or internal control unit replace ECU. ERROR problems. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash. unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault. central unit, if needed.

1BD

1C2

1C3

1C6

1C8

1D1

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

1D2

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

1D3

ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault central unit, if needed. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. MONITORING the driver. ERROR ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. MONITORING the driver. ERROR ECU INTERNAL Control ERROR (TPU) deactivation. If the error persists to replace ECU. If the error persists to replace ECU.

1D4

1D5

1D6

unit Electronic If the error persists to interference or replace ECU. control unit faulty. If the error persists to replace ECU.

1D8

ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. MONITORING the driver. ERROR IMMOBILIZER

1E2

The engine fails to start. Problem in CAN line Check the Immobiliser or immobiliser control control unit is correctly unit. connected. Enter the Immobiliser PIN code during the emergency procedure.

1E3

ERROR FOR ECU No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. INTERNAL the driver. MONITORING ERROR FOR ECU No effect perceived by Ecu internal failure. INTERNAL the driver. MONITORING

If the error persists to replace ECU.


SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1E4

If the error persists to replace ECU.

1E5

SENSORS POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY FAULT the driver. battery voltage or connections with the (12V) possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary.

73

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

74

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

1E6

SENSOR POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY 1 the driver. battery voltage or connections with the possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. SENSOR POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY 2 the driver. battery voltage or connections with the possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. SENSOR POWER No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or SUPPLY 3 the driver. battery voltage or connections with the possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or MONITORING the driver. battery voltage or connections with the ERROR possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Excessive/insufficient Check battery voltage or MONITORING the driver. battery voltage or connections with the ERROR possible internal ECM. control unit problem. Replace the control unit if necessary. ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE SENSOR No effect perceived by Fault in sensor inside Change ECU. the driver. control unit. Environmental pressure recovery value: 700 mbar.

1E7

1E8

1E9

1EA

1EB

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

1FA

TOO HIGH No reaction perceivable Particulate filter may Check filter. NUMBER OF by the driver. be blocked. REGENERATIONS Too many filter DEMAND regenerations carried out. PERMANENT No reaction perceivable Catalytic converter Check catalytic converter RIGENERATION by the driver. not installed or visually. ON TRAP damaged. PARTICLE FIRST SENSOR No reaction perceivable Temperature sensors Check information and EXAUSTED GAS by the driver. damaged or condition of sensors. TEMPERATURE incorrectly fitted. TOO HIGH No reaction noticeable Actuator coil faulty or Check actuator condition. EFFICIENCY OF on behalf of the driver. not within specified CATALYST tolerance limits. SYSTEM INTERRUPTED AFTER-RUN Slight power reduction. The control unit is Check wiring and then turned off by the replace the main relay. general switch instead of by the key (k15). Possible problem in main relay or connections.

1FB

1FC

21F

225

228

MAIN RELAY - Slight power reduction. Short circuit in main Check wiring between SHORT CIRCUIT relay or relay faulty. battery and ECM and then TO GROUND replace the main relay. Coolant Slight power reduction. Extreme Ensure the engine is temperature sensor environmental working in non-critical absolute test conditions or sensor conditions. incorrectly adjusted. Check the sensor connections and accuracy. Replace necessary. sensor if

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

232

75

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

76

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

238

OIL PRESSURE

LOW Slight power reduction. Sensor incorrectly Check the sensor adjusted or faults in connections and accuracy. lubrication system. Check the lubrication system. Slight power reduction. Sensor incorrectly Check the sensor adjusted or faults in connections and accuracy. lubrication system. Check the lubrication system. Replace the control unit. engine

23A

OIL TEMPERATURE ABOVE NORMAL

27C

BENCH 2 One or more injectors Fault in control unit. INJECTORS (bank 1 or bank 2) may CHECK not be operating. (INTERNAL ECU) TURBINE Poor performance. ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE SHORT CIRCUIT TO GROUND VGT actuator wiring defective.

292

or Check VGT wiring and actuator.

2A6

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by Problem in the Check the faults in the CAN MESSAGE the driver. Denoxtronic (on the Denoxtronic and consult SCR2 CAN line). the control unit troubleshooting guide. Check wiring. SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT) TIMEOUT MESSAGE BC2EDC2 Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.
F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

2AF

2B4

CAN No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. the driver. incorrect. Check BC wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks

2C6

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN MESSAGE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN TSC1-PE PASSIVE Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN TSC1-VR the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN Control Unit) line. inconsistent. ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the tachograph CAN TIMEDATE the driver. TC (tachograph) connection with the CAN inconsistent. line. ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash. unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault. central unit, if needed. ERROR CHECK OF Slight power reduction. Oil over-diluted. CRITICAL TIME FOR OIL DILUTION TURBINE ACTUATOR CONTROL ELECTROVALVE Poor performance. Change the engine oil.

2C8

2C9

2D3

2FF

392

Connection damaged. Check VGT connection and actuator. Battery voltage excessive (ECU overheating). Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

3AF

SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT)

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

3C8

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN MESSAGE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN TSC1-VE PASSIVE Control Unit) line. inconsistent.

77

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

78

DTC

Failing component

Visible failures

Possible causes

Repair actions

Checks to be performed

Measuring conditions

Values to be detected

Remarks SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

3C9

ERROR MESSAGE No effect perceived by CAN configuration Check CAN line wiring. CAN HRDV the driver. incorrect. Check BC wiring and CAN connections operation. defective. Terminal resistance not suitable.

3D3

ECU OVERRUN No effect perceived by Poor control unit Reprogram the central MONITORING the driver. programming/flash. unit. If the error is ERROR repeated, replace the Possible internal fault. central unit, if needed. REGENERATION DEMAND NUMBER 2 No effect perceived by Too many Check particulate filter the driver. regenerations carried and faults in sensors. out. Check the faults in the Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

3FA

4AF

SERIOUS EOBD No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue FAULT FROM the driver. dosing system. DENOXTRONIC (EOBD FLASHING LIGHT)

4C8

TIMEOUT OF No effect perceived by CAN messages from Check the TCU CAN MESSAGE the driver. TCU (Transmission connection with the CAN TSC1-VR PASSIVE Control Unit) line. inconsistent. REGENERATION DEMAND NUMBER 3 DM1DCU message No effect perceived by Too many Check particulate filter the driver. regenerations carried and faults in sensors. out.

4FA

5AF

SPN5 No effect perceived by Problems in AdBlue Check the faults in the the driver. dosing system. Denoxtronic and consult the control unit troubleshooting guide.

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

79

GUIDELINE FOR TROUBLESHOOTING

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

80

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SIGNALLED ANOMALY
The battery goes flat quickly. The engine will stop or wont start. Difficult start when the engine is either hot or cold. Slight overheating.

BLINK CODE
-

EDC WARNING LIGHT


-

POSSIBLE CAUSE

POSSIBLE RELATED ANOMALIES

RECOMMENDED TESTS OR MEASURES

REMARKS

Pre-heating resistor Local overheating. powered continuously. Fuel pre-filter clogged. The 3.5 bar valve on fuel return is stuck open. Either 0.3 bar tank return valve or return piping clogged. Reversed tank suction / return pipes. The engine is fed by the return pipe, the suction of which in the tank is lower. When the pipe sucks no more, the engine will stop. Engine test: cylinder efficiency test. If the trouble is not related to electric components (Blink code 5.x), the rocker arm holder shaft needs be disassembled. Check the rocker arm roller and bushing as well as the respective cam. Check the cabling, connections and component.

After the new vehicle has been delivered, the engine will stop after a short operation time.The tank holds a lot of fuel; all the rest is O.K. Reduced power / difficult engine maneuverability.

Injection system / the Overheating engine operates with one cylinder failing: - injector plunger seizure; - valve rocker arm seizure.

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

Fuel consumption increase.

Air filter clogging with no Smoke. signal from the warning light on the instrument board.

81

Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

82

SIGNALLED ANOMALY
The engine does not reach the other speeds under load conditions. The driver feels that the engine is not working correctly like it did before.

BLINK CODE
-

EDC WARNING LIGHT


-

POSSIBLE CAUSE

POSSIBLE RELATED ANOMALIES

RECOMMENDED TESTS OR MEASURES

REMARKS

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

The boosting pressure Smoke. sensor provides too high values, which, in any case, fall within the range. Impaired hydraulic performance of an injector. Engine test: check-up Replace the injector of the cylinder in which Modus detects lower performance levels (compared with the others) only after verifying that the control rocker arm adjustment is correct. Perform correct adjustment, then repeat the engine test. Replace the injector of the cylinder in which the diagnosis instrument detects lower performance levels (compared with the others). Replace the injector of the cylinder in which the diagnosis instrument detects lower performance levels (compared with the others).

The driver feels that the engine is not working correctly like it did before. The engine operates with five cylinders; noise (knock).

Wrong adjustment of an injector control rocker arm.

Engine test: check up.

Plunger seizure.

Possible overheating.

Engine test: cylinder efficiency.

Replace the injector of the cylinder in which the diagnosis instrument detects lower performance levels (compared with the others). The engine will stop or wont start again.

Wrong adjustment of the Possible mechanic damage to Engine test: cylinder efficiency. injector control rocker arm the areas surrounding the (excessive travel) with injector. impact on the plunger on the nozzle. Presence of air in the fuel It might even not switch off; it Bleed air. supply circuit. might have operation oscillations, or start, yet with difficulty and after making many attempts.

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

83

PART FOUR - MAINTENANCE PLANNING

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

84

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

85

MAINTENANCE Maintenance services scheme


Programmed maintenance is made up of Standard services, plus a set of operations called Extra Plan operations, as well as further operations called Temporal operations. Normally, no differentiated plans are prescribed in connection with vehicle use. Where a differentiation in terms of mission exists, as many plants are forwarded as many are the missions. Using recommended lubricants systematically allows for long replacement intervals with relatively contained costs. To such purpose, see recommended lubricants summary card. M = STANDARD SERVICE Standard services are indicated by M = Maintenance. They must be performed at regular kilometre intervals that are normally multiple among one another. EP = EXTRA PLAN OPERATIONS Extra plan operations are indicated by EP = Extra Plan. They are services complementary to standard services and are to be performed according to intervals which are not compatible with standard services. T = TEMPORAL OPERATIONS They are specific interventions that are exclusively connected to temporal intervals and are to be normally performed in particular season conditions. To minimise the number of stops for maintenance it is recommended to program extra plan stops based on average yearly run matching them as much as possible with predefined kilometre intervals. To ensure optimum working conditions, the following pages give the checks, inspections and adjustments that need to be made on the various parts of the vehicle at the required times. The kilometre frequency for engine lubrication is in relation to a percentage of sulphur in diesel of under 0.5%.

NOTE: If using diesel with a percentage of sulphur above 0.5%, the oil-change frequency has to be halved.

Use engine oil:

ACEA E4 (URANIA FE 5W30) ACEA E7 (URANIA LD7)

- If the vehicle is used very little or anyhow for less than 1000 hours/100,000 km a year, the engine oil and filter need to be replaced every 12 months. - ACEA E4 lubricants classified as ACEA E6 cannot be used according to the change intervals established for class ACEA E4. They shall be changed according to the time intervals established for lubricants ACEA E2, i.e. every 400 hours/40,000 km. - If class ACEA E7 engine oil is used, the engine oil and filters must be changed every 800 hours/80,000 km. - If class ACEA E2 engine oil is used, the engine oil and filters must be changed every 400 hours/40,000 km.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

86

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

MAINTENANCE INTERVALS On road application


To schedule the work, keep to the following chart: USAGE APPLICATIONS OILS SERVICES M1 On road
Engine (1) Urania FE5W30 Every 150,000 km

EXTRA PLAN EP1


Every 100,000 km

PROGRAMMED OPERATIONS T2
Every year

M2
Every 300,000 km

EP2
After the first 150,000 km and subsequently every 300,000 km

T3
Every 2 years

(1) IVECO suggests the use of these lubricants to raise the vehicle fuel economy. The new vehicle is already equipped by IVECO with these types of lubricants, suitable also for cold climates (minimum temperature down to -30). The change intervals depend on the use of these oils.

Off road application (quarries-construction sites)


To schedule the work, keep to the following chart:

USAGE APPLICATIONS

OILS M1 Every 1000 hours

SERVICES M2 Every 1500 hours M3 Every 3000 hours

PROGRAMMED OPERATIONS T4 Every year before winter T6 Every year T7 Every 2 years

Quarry and construction site vehicles: Engine (1) concrete mixers i ACEA E4 Tipper trucks Urania FE5W30 Off road vehicles: snowthrowers etc.

(1) IVECO suggests the use of these lubricants to raise the vehicle fuel economy. The new vehicle is already equipped by IVECO with these types of lubricants, suitable also for cold climates (minimum temperature down to -30). The change intervals depend on the use of these oils.

Off road application (on road usage)


To schedule the work, keep to the following chart:

USAGE APPLICATIONS

OILS M1 Every 1000 hours

SERVICES M2 Every 1500 hours M3 Every 3000 hours

PROGRAMMED OPERATIONS T2 Gearbox oil and Intarder filter T5


Every year before summer

On road covering Engine (1) middle-long Urania FE5W30 distances

(1) IVECO suggests the use of these lubricants to raise the vehicle fuel economy. The new vehicle is already equipped by IVECO with these types of lubricants, suitable also for cold climates (minimum temperature down to -30). The change intervals depend on the use of these oils.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

87

CHECKS AND/OR MAINTENANCE WORK On road application


M1 Type of operation
Every 150.000 km

M2
Every 300.000 km

Engine Change engine oil Change engine oil filters Replacing the Blow-by filter Check control belt conditions Change miscellaneous drive belts EDC system engine check-up through MODUS or IT2000 or E.A.SY. Replacement of variable geometry turbocharger air filter Check of clutch wear of fan electromagnetic joint Replacement of fuel prefilter cartridge Replacing the AdBlue system filter / pre-filter Replace engine air filter (dry filter element) (1) Test AdBlue system with E.A.S.Y, MODUS, IT 2000 (1) Early clogging of the air cleaner is generally due to environmental conditions. For this reason it needs to be replaced when signalled by the sensor irrespective of the guidelines that anyhow have to be observed if there are no specific instructions otherwise.

Off road application


M1 Type of operation
Every 100.000 km or 1000h

M2
Every 150.000 km or 1500h

M3
Every 300.000 km or 3000h

Engine Change engine oil Change engine oil filter Replacement of fuel filter cartridge Check miscellaneous drive belts Check-up of engine EDC system via MODUS, IT 2000 or E.A.SY. Check valve clearance and adjust if necessary Change variable geometry turbocharger valve air filter Change engine auxiliary member drive belt ** Change air-conditioner compressor drive belt ** Checking fan electromagnetic joint clutch wear (if present) Replacement of fuel prefilter cartridge AdBlue system filter and pre-filter change AdBlue system test with EASY, MODUS or IT2000 Replace engine air filter (dry filter element) (1)* Replacing the Blow-by filter *

(1) Early clogging of the air cleaner is generally due to environmental conditions. For this reason it needs to be replaced when signalled by the sensor irrespective of the guidelines that anyhow have to be observed if there are no specific instructions otherwise. * Only on road usage. ** Only quarry and construction site vehicles.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

88

SECTION 3 - VEHICLE APPLICATION

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

NON-PROGRAMMED/TIMED OPERATIONS On road application


EP1 - Every 100,000 km If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Cheking and adjusting play in valves and iniectors EP2 - In the initial period at 150,000 km and then every 300,000 km If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Replacing water pump belt and generator T2 - Every year - Before the start of Winter If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Checking coolant density T3 - Every two years If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Changing engine coolant

Off road application (quarries-construction sites)


T4 -Every year - Before the start of Winter If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Checking coolant density Replacing additional heater fuel filter T6 -Every year If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Replacing the cartridge and cleaning air filter container (5) Replacing blow-by filter T7 -Every 2 years If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Replacing engine coolant (5) Early air filter clogging is generally caused by environmental conditions; for this reason, air filter must be replaced when relating warning from special sensor is issued independently of relevant prescription, which must be anyhow observed in lack of specific indications.

Off road application (on road usage)


T2 -Every year - Before the start of Winter If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Checking coolant density Replacing additional heater fuel filter T5 -Every 2 years If possible, at the same time as a maintenance service. Replacing engine coolant
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

SECTION 4 General overhaul


Page GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . ASSEMBLY DATA - CLEARANCE . . . . . . . . . . . REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CYLINDER BLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checks and measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Cylinder liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Removing cylinder liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Assembly and checking protrusion . . . . . . . . . - Crankshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Measuring the main journals and crankpins . . . - Preliminary measurement of main and big end bearing shell selection data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Selecting the main bearing and big end bearing shells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5 13 13 13 14 15 15 16 17 18 19

- Defining the class of diameter of the main journals and crankpins (Journals with nominal diameter) . . 20 - Selecting the main bearing shells (Journals with nominal diameter) . . . . . . . . . . 21

- Selecting the main bearing shells (ground journals) 22 - Selecting the big end bearing shells (journals with nominal diameter) . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing the timing gear and oil pump . . . . . - Checking main journal assembly clearance . . . - Checking crankshaft end float . . . . . . . . . . . . . PISTON CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY . . . . - Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Measuring the diameter of the pistons . . . . . . - Conditions for correct gudgeon pin-piston coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 25 25 26 27 27 28 28

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Page - Piston rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Connecting rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Connecting rods bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking connecting rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Mounting the connecting rod piston assembly - Mounting the piston rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting the big end bearing shells . . . . . . . . . . . - Fitting connecting rod - piston assemblies in the cylinder liners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking piston protrusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking head bearing surface on cylinder block CYLINDER HEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Dismounting the valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking crankpin assembly clearance . . . . . . . - Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Valve seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking clearance between valve-stem and associated valve guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Valve guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing injector cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking injector protrusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TIMING GEAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Camshaft drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Idler gear pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 30 31 31 32 - Timing system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 - Checking cam lift and pin alignment . . . . . . . . . 32 - Bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 33 34 34 34 34 35 35 36 36 36 37 38 39 39 39 - Valve springs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ROCKER SHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Rocker arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REPAIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Variable geometry movement control . . . . . . . - Checking the actuator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Checking actuator travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Cleaning turbine body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TIGHTENING TORQUE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Page

- Idler gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Twin intermediate gear pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Twin idler gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Replacing the bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

39 39 39 39 40 40 41 43 44 45 45 46 46 47 47 48 51

- Diagram of tightening sequence of crankcase base fixing screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 - Diagram of tightening sequence of exhaust manifold fixing screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 - Diagram of tightening sequence of exhaust manifold fixing screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 - Diagram of tightening sequence of screws and nuts fixing turbocharger on exhaust manifold . . . . . 55

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
Type Cycle Fuel feed Injection No. of cylinders Bore mm 135

F3BE3681
4-stroke Diesel engine Overfed with aftercooler Direct 6 in line

Stroke

mm cm3

150 12880

+.. = Total displacement

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Type A VALVE TIMING opens before T.D.C. B C opens before B.D.C. closes after T.D.C. D For timing check mm X X Running mm X mm FEED Injection type: Bosch Nozzle type mm D C closes after B.D.C. A B

F3BE3681

19 36

50 9

0.35 to 0.45 0.45 to 0.55 Through fuel pump - filters With electronically regulated injectors UIN 3.1 pump injectors controlled by overhead camshaft _

Injection order

1-4-2-6-3-5

bar

Injection pressure

bar

2000

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

ASSEMBLY DATA - CLEARANCE


Type
CYLINDER ASSEMBLY AND CRANK MEMBERS

F3BE3681
mm

Cylinder liner seats top 1 bottom Cylinder liners: outside diameter: L top 2 length Cylinder liners crankcase seats bottom L 151.890 to 151.915 _ 153.461 to 153.486 152.000 to 152.025 153.500 to 153.525

top bottom Outside diameter 2

0.014 to 0.039 0.085 to 0.135 _

3
X

Cylinder liners: inside diameter inside diameter protrusion 3A* 3B* X** 135.000 to 135.013 135.011 to 135.024 0.045 to 0.075

* Selection class ** Under a load of 8000 kg

1
X

Pistons: measurement outside diameter outside diameter seat for pin Piston - cylinder liners X 1AD 1BDD 2 A* B*

FEDERAL MOGUL 18 134.861 to 134.873 134.872 to 134.884 54.010 to 54.018 0.127 to 0.152 0.127 to 0.152

* Selection class Piston diameter X Piston protrusion X 0.12 to 0.42 1 _

Piston gudgeon pin

53.994 to 54.000 0.010 to 0.024

Piston gudgeon pin - pin seat


D DD

Class A pistons supplied as spares. Class B pistons are fitted in production only and are not supplied as spares.
Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

F3BE3681
Type mm X 1 X 2 X 3 FEDERAL MOGUL 2.427 1.550 to 1.570 5.020 to 5.040

S1 S2 S3

X1* Piston ring slots X2 X3 * measured on of 130 mm Piston rings: S1* - sealing trapezoidal - sealing bevelled S2 - milled scraper ring with slots and internal spring S3 * measured d at t 2.5 2 5 mm from f outer 1 Piston rings - slots 2 3 Piston rings

2.296 2 296 to t 2.340 2 340 1.470 to 1.500 4.970 to 4.990 0.087 to 0.131 0.050 to 0.100 0.030 to 0.070 _

X1 X2 X3

Piston ring end opening in cylinder liner X1 X2 X3 Small end bushing seat 1 Connecting rod bearing seat 2 Selection class 2 1 2 3 59.000 to 59.030 0.40 to 0.50 0.65 to 0.80 0.40 to 0.75

1 2 4 3
S

94.000 to 94.010 94.011 to 94.020 94.021 to 94.030 59.085 to 59.110 54.019 to 54.035 1.965 to 1.975 1.976 to 1.985 1.986 to 1.995 0.055 to 0.110 0.019 to 0.041 -

Small end bushing diameter outside 4 inside Big end bearing shells Red Green Yellow* Small end pushing - seat Piston gudgeon pin - bushing Big end bearing shells Weight of connecting rod Classes A B C 3 S

4741 to 4780 g. 4781 to 4820 g. 4821 to 4860 g.

Only mounted on production and not provided with spare.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3BE3681
Type mm X Measurement X 125 Maximum error on alignment of connecting rod axe // Main journals - nominal - class 1 - class 2 - class 3 Crankpins - nominal - class 1 - class 2 - class 3 Main bearing shells Red Green Yellow* Big end bearing shells Red Green Yellow* Main bearing housings 1 99.970 to 100.000 99.970 to 99.979 99.980 to 99.989 99.990 to 100.000 2 89.970 to 90.000 89.970 to 89.979 89.980 to 89.989 89.990 to 90.000 3.110 to 3.120 3.121 to 3.130 3.131 to 3.140 S2 1.965 to 1.975 1.976 to 1.985 1.986 to 1.995 3 106.300 to 106.330 0,060 to 0,108 * - 0,061 to 0,119 ** - 0,060 to 0,130 *** 0,050 to 0,108 * - 0,051 to 0,109 ** - 0,050 to 0,098 *** 0.127 - 0.254 - 0.508 0.127 - 0.254 - 0.508 X1 47.95 to 48.00

0.08

S1

S 2

S1

Bearing shells - main journals f Bearing shells - crankpins f Main bearing shells Big end bearing shells Main journal for shoulder X1 Main bearing housing for shoulder X2 X3 Half thrust washers Crankshaft shoulder 1 2 Alignment Roundness // 1-2 1-2 X3

X2

40.94 to 40.99

3.38 to 3.43 0.10 to 0.30

0.025 0.040

*
f

Fitted in production only and not supplied as spares. Supplied as spares: * standard; ** = 0.127; *** = 0.254 - 0.508.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Type CYLINDER HEAD - TIMING SYSTEM

F3BE3681
mm

1
Guide valve seats on cylinder head 1

15.980 to 15.997

2
2 Valve guides 3 16.012 to 16.025 10.015 to 10.030

3
Valve guides and seats on head Valve guides 0.015 to 0.045 _

Valves: 4 4 Valve stem and relevant guide Seat on head for valve seat: 1 49.185 to 49.220 46.985 to 47.020 9.960 to 9.975 60 30 7 30 9.960 to 9.975 45 30 7 30 0.040 to 0.070

1 2
Outside diameter of valve seats on cylinder head:

2 2

49.260 to 49.275 47.060 to 47.075

49.460 to 49.475* 47.260 to 47.275*

* provided with spare Valve seats X Recessing X X

0,2 0.45 to 0.75 1.65 to 1.95

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3BE3681
Type mm Between valve seat and head Valve spring height: free spring under a load of: 775 39 N 1366 68 N

0.040 to 0.090

H H1 H2

76 59 46

H1

H2

Injector protrusion X

0.52 to 1.34

Seats for camshaft bushings in cylinder head: 17

88.000 to 88.030

Camshaft supporting pins: 17

82.950 to 82.968

3
Outside diameter of bushings for camshaft:

88.153 to 88.183

Bushing inside diameter: Bushings and seats in cylinder head Bushings and supporting pins Useful cam height

83.018 to 83.085 0.123 to 0.183 0.050 to 0.135 9.231

9.5607

13.376

1
Rocker arm shaft 1 41.984 to 42.000

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

F3BE3681
Type mm Seats for bushings in rocker arms: 45.000 to 45.016 59.000 to 59.019 46.000 to 46.016 Outside diameter of bushings for rocker arms: 45.090 to 45.130 59.100 to 59.140

46.066 to 46.091 Inside diameter of bushings for rocker arms: 42.025 to 42.041 56.030 to 56.049

42.015 to 42.071 Bushings and seats: 0.074 to 0.130 0.081 to 0.140

0.050 to 0.091 Rocker arm bushings and shaft: 0.025 to 0.057 0.015 to 0.087 Engine brake control lever Eccentric pin outer diameter Rocker arms shaft seat 1 2 55.981 to 56.000 42.025 to 42.041

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

11

Type

F3BE3681
mm

Rocker arms and engine brake control lever pin 0.030 to 0.068 Rocker arm shaft and seat on engine brake control lever 0.025 to 0.057 TURBOCHARGER Type End play Radial movement Holset with fixed geometry HX 50 0.025 0.127 0.381 0.610 Holset with variable geometry HE 551V 0.051 0.152 0.381 0.533

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

13

REPAIRS CYLINDER BLOCK Checks and measurements


Figure 1 (Demonstration)

Figure 3

60595

34994

The inside diameter of the cylinder liners is checked to ascertain the extent of ovalization, taper and wear using the gauge (2) fitted with the dial gauge (1), zeroed beforehand on the ring gauge (3) of diameter 135 mm.

A = Selection class 135.000 to 135.013 mm B = Selection class 135.011 to 135.024 mm X = Selection class marking area On finding maximum wear greater than 0.150 mm or maximum ovalization of 0.100 mm compared to the values shown in the figure, you need to replace the cylinder liner as no grinding, facing or reconditioning is permitted.

NOTE If you do not have a ring gauge of diameter 135 mm, use a micrometer for this purpose.

NOTE The cylinder liners are supplied as spare parts with selection class A.

Figure 2 Figure 4

60596

60597

1 = 1st measurement 2 = 2nd measurement 3 = 3rd measurement The measurements have to be made on each single cylinder liner at three different heights and on two levels (A-B) at right angles to each other as shown in figure.
Print P1D32C002 E

A B C D

= = = =

153.500 to 153.525 mm 152.000 to 152.025 mm 153.461 to 153.486 mm 151.890 to 151.915 mm

The diagram shown in the figure gives the outside diameter of the cylinder liner and inside diameter of its seat. The cylinder liners can, if necessary, be extracted and fitted several times in different seats.

Base - September 2006

14

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Cylinder liners
Figure 5

60598

CRANKCASE ASSEMBLY WITH CYLINDER LINERS Figure 6

Selection class

A mm 135.000 to 135.013 B mm 135.011 to 135.024 MAIN CYLINDER LINER DATA

108832

Figure 7

DETAIL X Y - Selection class marking area


Base - September 2006

108833

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

15

Removing cylinder liners


Figure 8

Figure 10

(Demonstration)

47577

60520

Position the parts 99360706 (2) and the plate 99360728 (4) as shown in the figure, checking that the plate (4) rests on the cylinder liner correctly. Screw down the nut of screw (1) and extract the cylinder liner (3) from the crankcase.

Assembly and checking protrusion


Figure 9

Check the protrusion of the cylinder liners with tool 99360334 (2) and tightening the screw (1) to a torque of 225 Nm. Using the dial gauge 99395603 supplied as standard with the dial gauge base 99370415 (3), check that the protrusion of the cylinder liner over the supporting face of the cylinder head is 0.045 - 0.075 mm (Figure 11); if this is not so, replace the adjustment ring (1) (Figure 9), supplied as a spare part with several thicknesses. Figure 11 0.045 to 0.075

49017

CYLINDER LINER PROTRUSION Figure 12


16798

Always replace the water seals (3, 4 and 5). Fit the adjustment ring (1) on the cylinder liner (2). Lubricate the bottom of it and mount it in the cylinder assembly using the appropriate tool.

The adjustment ring (1) is supplied as a spare part with the following thicknesses: 0.08 mm - 0.10 mm - 0.12 mm - 0.14 mm.
60521

On completing assembly, lock the cylinder liners (1) to the crankcase (2) with the pins 99360703 (3).
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

16

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Crankshaft
Figure 13

Top main bearing shells

Bottom main bearing shells

71712

MAIN DATA OF CRANKSHAFT AND MAIN BEARING SHELLS Check the state of the main journals and crankpins of the crankshaft. They must not be scored or be too ovalized or worn. The data given refer to the normal diameter of the journals. Figure 14 Figure 15

POLISHED GROUND

POLISHED

GROUND

GROUND
108834 108835

X. Detail of the main journal unions


Base - September 2006

Y. Detail of the crankpin unions


Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

17

Measuring the main journals and crankpins


Before grinding the journals, use a micrometric gauge (1) to measure the journals of the shaft (2) and establish, on the basis of the undersizing of the spare bearing shells, to what diameter it is necessary to reduce the journals. Figure 16

Figure 18

47536

MEASURING CRANKPINS When grinding, pay the utmost attention to the values of the unions of the main journals and of the crankpins given in Figure 14 and Figure 15.

47535

MEASURING THE MAIN JOURNALS NOTE It is advisable to note the measurements in a table (Figure 17).

NOTE All the main journals and crankpins should always be ground to the same undersizing class so as not to alter the balance of the shaft.

Figure 17 Table for noting down the measurements of the main journals and crankpins of the crankshaft.

MAIN JOURNALS

MIN. MAX.

MIN. MAX.

CRANKPINS
Print P1D32C002 E

36061

Base - September 2006

18

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Preliminary measurement of main and big end bearing shell selection data
For each of the journals of the crankshaft, it is necessary to carry out the following operations: MAIN JOURNALS: - Determine the class of diameter of the seat in the crankcase. - Determine the class of diameter of the main journal. - Select the class of the bearing shells to mount. CRANKPINS: - Determine the class of diameter of the seat in the connecting rod. - Determine the class of diameter of the crankpin. - Select the class of the bearing shells to mount.

DEFINING THE CLASS OF DIAMETER OF THE SEATS FOR BEARING SHELLS ON THE CRANKCASE On the front of the crankcase, two sets of numbers are marked in the position shown (Figure 19 at top). - The first set of digits (four) is the coupling number of the crankcase with its base. - The following seven digits, taken singly, are the class of diameter of each of the seats referred to (Figure 19 at bottom). - Each of these digits may be 1, 2 or 3. Figure 19
CLASS MAIN BEARING HOUSING NOMINAL DIAMETER

106.300 to 106.309 106.310 to 106.319 106.320 to 106.330

47535

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

19

Selecting the main bearing and big end bearing shells


NOTE To obtain the required assembly clearances, the main bearing and big end bearing shells have to be selected as described hereunder.

This operation makes it possible to identify the most suited bearing shells for each of the journals of the shaft (the bearing shells may even have different classes for different pins). Depending on the thickness, the bearing shells are selected in classes of tolerance marked by a colour (red-green red/black - green/black). Figure 20 Big end bearing shells red red/black green green/black 1.976 to 1.985 2.039 to 2.048 STD 1.965 to 1.975 2.028 to 2.038 2.103 to 2.112 2.230 to 2.239 +0.127 +0.254 2.092 to 2.102 +0.508 2.219 to 2.229 Figure 20 gives the specifications of the main bearing and big end bearing shells available as spare parts in the standard sizes (STD) and in the permissible oversizes (+0.127, +0.254, +0.508).

Main bearing shells red red/black green green/black

STD 3.110 to 3.120

+0.127

+0.254 3.237 to 3.247

+0.508 3.364 to 3.374

3.173 to 3.183 3.121 to 3.130 3.184 to 3.193

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

20

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Defining the class of diameter of the main journals and crankpins (Journals with nominal diameter)
Main journals and crankpins: determining the class of diameter of the journals. Three sets of numbers are marked on the crankshaft in the position shown by the arrow (Figure 21 at top): - The first number, of five digits, is the part number of the shaft. - Under this number, on the left, a set of six digits refers to the crankpins and is preceded by a single digit showing the status of the journals (1 = STD, 2 = -0.127), the other six digits, taken singly, give the class of diameter of each of the crankpins they refer to (Figure 21 at top). - The set of seven digits, on the right, refers to the main journals and is preceded by a single digit: the single digit shows the status of the journals (1 = STD, 2 = -0.127), the other seven digits, taken singly, give the class of diameter of each of the main journals they refer to (Figure 21 at bottom). Figure 21
CLASS CRANKPIN NOMINAL DIAMETER

89.970 to 89.979 89.980 to 89.989 89.990 to 90.000

CLASS

MAIN JOURNALS NOMINAL DIAMETER

99.970 to 99.979 99.980 to 99.989 99.990 to 100.000


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

21

Selecting the main bearing shells (Journals with nominal diameter)


After reading off the data, for each of the main journals, on the crankcase and crankshaft, you choose the type of bearing shells to use according to the following table: Figure 22

STD.

green

green

green

1
green green green

red

green

green

2
red green green

red

red

green

3
red red green

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

22

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Selecting the main bearing shells (ground journals)


If the journals have been ground, the procedure described so far cannot be applied. In this case, it is necessary to check that the new diameter of the journals is as shown in the table and to mount the only type of bearing shell envisaged for the relevant undersizing. Figure 23

red/black = 3.173 to 3183 mm green/black = 3.184 to 3.193 mm

-0.127
1 2
green/black green/black

3
green/black green/black

99.843 1 99.852 99.853 2 99.862 99.863 3 99.873

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

-0.254
red = 3.237 to 3.247 mm

2
red red

3
red red

99.726 99.746

red red

-0.508
red = 3.364 to 3.374 mm

2
red red

3
red red

99.468 99.508
Base - September 2006

red red

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

23

Selecting the big end bearing shells (journals with nominal diameter)
There are three markings on the body of the connecting rod in the position indicated as A:

Figure 24

Letter indicating the class of weight: A B C = = = 4741 to 4780 g. 4781 to 4820 g. 4821 to 4860 g.

VIEW FROM A

Number indicating the selection of the diameter of the big end bearing seat: 1 2 3 = = = 94.000 to 94.010 mm 94.011 to 94.020 mm 94.021 to 94.030 mm

Numbers identifying the cap-connecting rod coupling.

The number, indicating the class of diameter of the bearing shell seat may be 1, 2 o 3. Determine the type of big end bearing to fit on each journal by following the indications in the table (Figure 25). Figure 25
47557

STD.

CLASS

1
green

2
green

3
green

1
green green green

red

green

green

2
red green green

red

red

green

3
red red green

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

24

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SELECTING BIG END BEARING SHELLS (GROUND JOURNALS) If the journals have been ground, the procedure described so far cannot be applied. In this case, it is necessary to check (for each of the undersizings) which field of tolerance includes the new diameter of the crankpins and to mount the bearing shells identified with the relevant table. Figure 26
red/black = mm 2.028 to 2.038 green/black = mm 2.039 to 2.048

-0.127
CLASS

1
green/black green/black

2
green/black green/black

3
green/black green/black

89.843 1 89.852 89.853 2 89.862 89.863 3 89.873

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

green/black green/black

red/black red/black

red/black red/black

green/black green/black

-0.254
red = mm 2.092 to 2.102 green = mm 2.103 to 2.112

1
red red

2
green green

3
green green

89.726 89.735 89.736 89.746

red red

red red

green green

-0.508
red = mm 2.219 to 2.229 green = mm 2.230 to 2.239

1
red red

2
green green

3
green green

89.472 89.481 89.482 89.492


Base - September 2006

red red

red red

green green
Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

25

Replacing the timing gear and oil pump


Check that the toothing of the gear is neither damaged nor worn; if it is, take it out with an appropriate extractor and replace it.

Figure 29

Figure 27

47578

Using the tackle and hook 99360500 (1), mount the crankshaft (2).

108836

When fitting the gear (1) on the crankshaft (2), heat it for no longer than 2 hours in an oven at a temperature of 180C. After driving it in, leave it to cool. If changing the pin (3), after fitting it on, check it protrudes from the crankshaft as shown in the figure.

Checking main journal assembly clearance


Figure 30

Figure 28

49021 47579

Mount the oil nozzles (2), making the grub screw match the hole (3) on the crankcase. Arrange the bearing shells (1) on the main bearing housings.
Print P1D32C002 E

Arrange the bearing shells (1) on the main bearing housings in the crankcase base (2). Check the assembly clearance between the main journals of the crankshaft and their bearings, proceeding as illustrated on the following pages.
Base - September 2006

26

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 31

Figure 32

60559

47578

Set two journals of the crankshaft (2) parallel to the longitudinal axis, a section of calibrated wire. Using appropriate hooks and tackle, mount the crankcase base (1). Figure 33

- Lubricate the internal screws (1) with UTDM oil and tighten them with a torque wrench (3) to a torque of 120 Nm, using tool 99395216 (4), to an angle of 60, following the diagram below.

FRONT SIDE

60593

DIAGRAM OF SEQUENCE FOR TIGHTENING THE SCREWS FIXING THE BOTTOM CRANKCASE BASE TO THE CRANKCASE Figure 34

Checking crankshaft end float


Figure 35

47579 - Remove the crankcase base. The clearance between the main bearings and their journals is measured by comparing the width taken on by the calibrated wire (2) at the point of greatest crushing with the graduated scale on the case (1) containing the calibrated wire. The numbers on the scale give the clearance of the coupling in millimetres. If you find the clearance is not as required, replace the bearing shells and repeat the check.

47588

The end float is checked by setting a dial gauge (1) 99395603 with a magnetic base on the crankshaft (2) as shown in the figure. If you find the clearance to be greater than as required, replace the rear main bearing shells carrying the thrust bearings and repeat the clearance check.
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

27

PISTON CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY


Figure 36

60607

PISTON CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY 1. Connecting rod body - 2. Half bearings - 3. Connecting rod cap - 4. Cap fastening screws - 5. Split ring 6. Scraper ring with spiral spring - 7. Bevel cut sealing ring - 8. Trapezoidal sealing ring - 9. Piston pin - 10. Piston. Make sure the piston does show any trace of seizing, scoring, cracking; replace as necessary. Pistons are equipped with three elastic rings: a sealing ring, a trapezoidal ring and a scraper ring. Pistons are grouped into classes A and B for diameter.

Removal
Figure 37 Figure 38

60608 49024

Removal of the piston split rings (2) using the pliers 99360184 (1).
Print P1D32C002 E

Remove the piston pin split rings (2) using the round tipped pliers (1).
Base - September 2006

28

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 39

Figure 41

49025

32618

Remove the piston pin (1). If removal is difficult use the appropriate beater.

Measuring the gudgeon pin diameter (1) with a micrometer (2).

Measuring the diameter of the pistons


Figure 40

Conditions for correct gudgeon pin-piston coupling


71714

Using a micrometer (2), measure the diameter of the piston (1) to determine the assembly clearance; the diameter has to be measured at the value X shown:

Figure 42

49026

Lubricate the pin (1) and the relevant housing on the piston hubs with engine oil; piston must be inserted with a slight finger pressure and it should not come out by gravity.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

29

Figure 43 H

108837

MAIN DATA OF THE PISTON, PISTON RINGS AND PIN F Dimension detected on 130 mm . - J measured at 2.5 mm from outer - X = 0,80,1

Piston rings
Figure 44

Figure 46

3513

16552

The seal (2) of the 1st slot has a V shape. The clearance X between the seal and its seat is measured by setting the piston (1) with the ring in the cylinder liner (3) so that the seal comes half out of the cylinder liner.

Check the thickness of the piston ring (2) with a micrometer (1). Figure 45

Figure 47

36134

60610

Check the clearance between the seals (2) and their seats on the piston (1) with a feeler gauge (3).
Print P1D32C002 E

Using a feeler gauge (2), check the opening between the ends of the seals (1) inserted in the cylinder liner (3). If you find the distance between the ends is less than or greater than as required, replace the piston rings.

Base - September 2006

30

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Connecting rod
Figure 48 Punched on the big end of the connecting rod are the data relating to the section in classes relating to the connecting rod seats and the weights. NOTE On assembling the connecting rods, check they are all of the same class of weight. Connecting rod punch markings 1 Letter indicating the class of weight: A B C = = = 4741 to 4780 g. 4781 to 4820 g. 4821 to 4860 g. VIEW FROM A

2 Number indicating the selection of the diameter of the big end bearing seat: 1 2 3 = = = 94.000 to 94.010 mm 94.011 to 94.020 mm 94.021 to 94.030 mm

3 Number indicating the selection of diameter for the big end bearing housing:

47957

Figure 49

71716

MAIN DATA OF THE BUSHING, CONNECTING ROD, PIN AND BEARING SHELLS * Measurement to be made after driving in the bushing.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

31

Connecting rods bushings


Figure 50

Checking torsion Figure 52 (Demonstration)

73535

Check the bushing in the small end has not come loose and shows no sign of scoring or seizure; replace it if it does. The bushing (2) is removed and fitted with a suitable drift (1). When driving it in, make absolutely sure that the holes for the oil to pass through in the bushing and small end coincide. Using a boring machine, rebore the bushing so as to obtain a diameter of 54.019 54.035.

61694

Checking connecting rods


Figure 51 (Demonstration)

Check the torsion of the connecting rod (5) by comparing two points (A and B) of the pin (3) on the horizontal plane of the axis of the connecting rod. Position the mount (1) of the dial gauge (2) so that this pre-loads by approx. 0.5 mm on the pin (3) at point A and zero the dial gauge (2). Shift the spindle (4) with the connecting rod (5) and compare any deviation on the opposite side B of the pin (3): the difference between A and B must be no greater than 0.08 mm. Checking bending Figure 53 (Demonstration)

61695

61696

Checking axis alignment Check the toe-setting for the connecting rods (1) axles using the proper devices (5), according to this procedure: Fit the connecting rod (1) on the spindle of the tool (5) and lock it with the screw (4). Set the spindle (3) on the V-prisms, resting the connecting rod (1) on the stop bar (2).
Print P1D32C002 E

Check the bending of the connecting rod (5) by comparing two points C and D of the pin (3) on the vertical plane of the axis of the connecting rod. Position the vertical mount (1) of the dial gauge (2) so that this rests on the pin (3) at point C. Swing the connecting rod backwards and forwards seeking the highest position of the pin and in this condition zero the dial gauge (2). Shift the spindle (4) with the connecting rod (5) and repeat the check on the highest point on the opposite side D of the pin (3). The difference between point C and point D must be no greater than 0.08 mm.
Base - September 2006

32

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Mounting the connecting rod piston assembly


Figure 54

Mounting the piston rings


Figure 56

60614

73536

The piston (1) has to be fitted on the connecting rod (2) so that the graphic symbol (4), showing the assembly position in the cylinder liner, and the punch marks (3) on the connecting rod are observed as shown in the figure.

To fit the piston rings (1) on the piston (2) use the pliers 99360184 (3). The rings need to be mounted with the word TOP (4) facing upwards. Direct the ring openings so they are staggered 120 apart.

Fitting the big end bearing shells


Figure 57 Figure 55

1 2 3

49030 74052

Fit the pin (2) and fasten it on the piston (1) with the split rings (3).

Fit the bearing shells (1), selected as described under the heading Selecting the main and big end bearing shells, on both the connecting rod and the cap. If reusing bearing shells that have been removed, fit them back into their respective seats in the positions marked during removal.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

33

Fitting connecting rod - piston assemblies in the cylinder liners


With the aid of the clamp 99360605 (1, Figure 58), fit the connecting rod piston assembly (2) in the cylinder liners, according to the diagram of Figure 59, checking that: - The openings of the piston rings are staggered 120 apart. - The pistons are all of the same class, A or B. - The symbol punched on the top of the pistons faces the engine flywheel, or the recess in the skirt of the pistons tallies with the oil nozzles.

Figure 58

60616

Checking piston protrusion


NOTE The pistons are supplied as spares in class A and can be fitted in class B cylinder liners. On completing assembly, check the protrusion of the pistons from the cylinder liners; it must be 0.12 0.42 mm.

Figure 59

60615

ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM OF CONNECTING ROD PISTON ASSEMBLY IN CYLINDER LINER 1. Connecting rod piston assembly 2. Area of punch marking on the top of the piston, symbol showing assembly position and selection class 3. Connecting rod punch mark area

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

34

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Checking crankpin assembly clearance


To measure the clearance, carry out the following operations. Connect the connecting rods to the relevant journals of the crankshaft, placing a length of calibrated wire on the journals. Figure 60

Figure 61

47583

47594

Mount the connecting rod caps (1) together with the bearing shells. Tighten the screws (2) fixing the connecting rod caps to a torque of 60 Nm (6 kgm). Using tool 99395216 (3), further tighten the screws with an angle of 60. NOTE The thread of the screws (2), before assembly, has to be lubricated with engine oil. Remove the caps and determine the clearance by comparing the width of the calibrated wire with the graduated scale on the case containing the calibrated wire. Upon final assembly: check the diameter of the thread of the screws (2), it must be no less than 13.4 mm; if it is, change the screw. Lubricate the crankpins and connecting rod bearings. Tighten the screws (2) as described above.

Mount and secure the tool 99360263 (2) with the bracket (4). Screw down with the device 99360261 (1) to be able to remove the cotters (3). Take out the tool (2) and extract the top plate (5), spring (6) and bottom plate (7). Repeat this process on all the valves. Turn over the cylinder head and take out the valves (8).

Checking head bearing surface on cylinder block


Figure 62 (Demonstration)

CYLINDER HEAD
Before dismounting cylinder head, check cylinder head for hydraulic seal by proper tooling; in case of leaks not caused by cup plugs or threaded plugs, replace cylinder head.

NOTE

In case of plugs dismounting/replacement, on mounting, apply sealant Loctite 270 on plugs.


36159

Dismounting the valves


NOTE Before dismounting cylinder head valves, number them in view of their remounting in the position observed on dismounting should they not have to be overhauled or replaced. Intake valves are different form exhaust valves in that they have a notch placed at valve head centre.

Check the supporting surface (1) of the head on the cylinder block with a rule (2) and a feeler gauge (3). If you find any deformation, level the head on a surface grinder; maximum amount of material that can be removed 0.2 mm.

NOTE After this process, you need to check the valve recessing and injector protrusion.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

35

Valves
Decarbonizing and checking valves Figure 63

Figure 64

71718 48625

MAIN DATA OF VALVES AND VALVE GUIDES * Measurement to be made after driving in the valve guides Check with a micrometer that the diameter of the valve stems is as indicated. If necessary, grind the valve seats with a grinding machine, removing as little material as possible.

Remove the carbon deposits on the valves with a wire brush. Check that the valves show no signs of seizure or cracking and check with a micrometer that the valve stem diameter comes within the required values (see Figure 64); replace the valves if it does not.

Valve seats
Regrinding replacing valve seats NOTE The valve seats are reground whenever the valves or valve guides are ground and replaced.

Figure 65

73555

MAIN DATA OF VALVE SEATS 1. Intake valve seat 2. Exhaust valve seat

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

36

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 66

Part 99360296 determines the exact position of assembly of the valve guides in the cylinder head. If they are not available, you need to drive the valve guides into the cylinder head so they protrude by 30.831.2 mm. After driving in the valve guides, rebore their holes with the smoother 99390330.

Replacing injector cases


Removal Figure 68
41032

Check the valve seats (2). If you find any slight scoring or burns, regrind them with tool 99305019 (1) according to the angles shown in Figure 65. If it is necessary to replace them, using the same tool and taking care not to affect the cylinder head, remove as much material as possible from the valve seats so that, with a punch, it is possible to extract them from the cylinder head. Heat the cylinder head to 80 100C and, using a drift, fit in the new valve seats (2), chilled beforehand in liquid nitrogen. Using tool 99305019 (1), regrind the valve seats according to the angles shown in Figure 65. After regrinding the valve seats, using tool 99370415 and dial gauge 99395603, check that the position of the valves in relation to the plane of the cylinder head is: - -0.45 -0.75 mm (recessing) intake valves - -1.65 -1.95 mm (recessing) exhaust valves.

Checking clearance between valve-stem and associated valve guide


Using a dial gauge with a magnetic base, check the clearance between the valve stem and the associated guide. If the clearance is too great, change the valve and, if necessary, the valve guide.

Valve guides
Replacing valve guides Figure 67
60619

To replace the injector case (2), proceed as follows: - Thread the case (2) with tool 99390804 (1). The steps described in Figs. 68 - 71 - 72 - 73 need to be carried out by fixing the tools, with the bracket A, to the cylinder head.

108838

The valve guides are removed with the drift 99360143. They are fitted with the drift 99360143 equipped with part 99360296.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

37

Figure 69

Assembly
Figure 71

60622

60620

- Lubricate the seals (3) and fit them on the case (4). Using tool 99365056 (2) secured to the cylinder head with bracket A, drive in the new case, screwing down the screw (1) upsetting the bottom portion of the case. Figure 72

- Screw the extractor 99342149 (2) into the case (3). Screw down the nut (1) and take the case out of the cylinder head. Figure 70

60621

- Using the tool 99390772 (2) remove any residues (1) left in the groove of the cylinder head.

60623

- Using the reamer 99394041 (1-2), rebore the hole in the case (3).
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

38

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 73

Figure 75

108839

INJECTOR CASE ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM


60624

- Using the milling cutter 99394043 (1-2), regrind the injector seat in the case (3).

Checking injector protrusion


Figure 74

47585

Check injector protrusion (2) with the dial gauge (1). The protrusion must be 0.52 - 1.34 mm.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

39

TIMING GEAR Camshaft drive


Figure 76

Twin intermediate gear pin Twin idler gear


Figure 78

86925

TIMING CONTROL COMPONENT PARTS 1. Camshaft - 2. Bushing - 3. Pin - 4. Articulated rod 5. Camshaft control gear - 6. Idler gear - 7. Twin idler gear - 8. Drive shaft driving gear.

86934

Replacing the bushings Idler gear pin Idler gear


Figure 77 NOTE The bushing must be driven into the gear by following the direction of the arrow and setting the latter to the dimension shown on Figure 77 or .Figure 78 Bushings (2, Figure 77, and 2, Figure 78 can be replaced when they are worn. Put up the bushing, then bore it to obtain the diameter shown on Figure 77 or .Figure 78

Rated assembling play between gear bushings and pins: Figure 77 0.045 0.085 mm Figure 78 0.045 0.085 mm.

108840

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

40

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Timing system Checking cam lift and pin alignment


Figure 79

47506

Set the camshaft (4) on the tailstocks (1) and check the lift of the cams (3) with the dial gauge (2). Figure 80

47507

Still with the camshaft (4) set on the tailstocks (1), check the alignment of the supporting pins (3) with the dial gauge (2); it must be no greater than 0.030 mm. If you find a greater misalignment, replace the shaft. Figure 81

47505

To check the assembly clearance, measure the inside diameter of the bushings and the diameter of the pins (1) of the camshaft: the difference will give the actual clearance. If you find any clearances over 0.135 mm, replace the bushings and, if necessary, the camshaft as well.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

41

Figure 82

108841

MAIN DATA OF THE CAMSHAFT AND TOLERANCES The surfaces of the supporting pins of the shaft and those of the cams need to be extra smooth. Whereas, if they show any signs of seizing or scoring, you should replace the shaft and the relevant bushings. TOLERANCES DIRECTION POSITION SWING FEATURE SUBJECT OF TOLERANCE Perpendicularity Concentricity or coaxiality Circular oscillation SYMBOL SYMBOL

CLASS OF IMPORTANT ASCRIBED TO PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS CRUCIAL IMPORTANT SECONDARY

Bushings
Figure 83

60627

MAIN DATA OF THE BUSHINGS FOR THE CAMSHAFT AND SEATS ON THE CYLINDER HEAD * Bushing inside diameter after driving in The surface of the bushings must show no sign of seizing or scoring; replace them if they do. Measure the inside diameter of the bushings with a bore gauge.
Print P1D32C002 E

If you find a higher value than the tolerance, replace them. To remove and fit the bushings, use the appropriate drift 99360499.
Base - September 2006

42

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Replacing camshaft bushings with drift 99360499 Drift Figure 84

107217

A B C D E F G H I L

= = = = = = = = = =

Drift with seat for bushings to insert/extract. Grub screw for positioning bushings. Reference mark to insert seventh bushing correctly. Reference mark to insert bushings 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 correctly (yellow marks). Guide bushing. Guide line. Guide bushing to secure to the seventh bushing mount. Plate fixing bushing G to cylinder head. Grip. Extension coupling. Assembly Figure 86

Removal Figure 85 Front

77795

Rear
71725

The sequence for removing the bushings is 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1. The bushings are extracted from the front of the single seats. Removal does not require the drift extension for bushings 5, 6 and 7 and it is not necessary to use the guide bushing. For bushings 1, 2, 3 and 4 it is necessary to use the extension and the guide bushings. Position the drift accurately during the phase of removal.

Assemble the drift together with the extension. To insert bushings 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, proceed as follows: 1 position the bushing to insert on the drift (A) making the grub screw on it coincide with the seat (B) (Figure 84) on the bushing; 2 position the guide bushing (E) and secure the guide bushing (G) (Figure 84) on the seat of the 7th bushing with the plate (H); 3 while driving in the bushing, make the reference mark (F) match the mark (M). In this way, when it is driven home, the lubrication hole on the bushing will coincide with the oil pipe in its seat. The bushing is driven home when the 1st yellow reference mark (D) is flush with the guide bushing (G).

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

43

Figure 87 Front

Valve springs
Figure 89

Rear
70000 71723

To insert the bushing (6), proceed as follows: - Unscrew the grip (I) and the extension (N). - Position the extension (N) and the guide bushing E as shown in the figure. - Repeat steps 1, 2, 3.

Before assembly, the flexibility of the valve springs has to be checked. Compare the load and elastic deformation data with those of the new springs given in the following figure.

Figure 88 Front

Figure 90 Free spring Rear


71724

Valve closed 775 39 N 76 1366 68 N 59 46 Valve open

To insert bushing (7), proceed as follows: - Unscrew the grip (I) and the extension (N). - Refit the guide (G) from the inside as shown in the figure. - Position the bushing on the drift (A) and bring it close up to the seat, making the bushing hole match the lubrication hole in the head. Drive it home. The 7th bushing is driven in when the reference mark (C) is flush with the bushing seat.

108842

MAIN DATA TO CHECK THE SPRING FOR INTAKE AND EXHAUST VALVES

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

44

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Fitting valves and oil seal Figure 91

Figure 92

86290

- Mount the springs (6) and the top plate (5). - Fit the tool 99360263 (2) and secure it with the bracket (4). Screw down the lever (1) to be able to fit on the cotters (3). Take off the tool (2).

87051

Lubricate the valve stem and insert the valves in the respective valve guides; fit the lower caps (1). Use tool 99360329 to fit the oil seal (2) on the valve guides (3) of the exhaust valves; then, to fit the valves, proceed as follows.

NOTE

Should valves not have been overhauled or replaced, remount them according to numbering performed on dismounting. Intake valves are different form exhaust valves in that they have a notch placed at valve head centre.

ROCKER SHAFT
Figure 93

44925

The cams of the camshaft control the rocker arms directly: 6 for the injectors and 12 for the valves. Injectors and intake valves control rocker arms are keyed on rocker arms shaft directly. Exhaust intake valves control rocker arms are keyed on rocker arms shaft putting in between the levers with engine brake control eccentric pin. The rocker arms run directly on the profiles of the cams by means of rollers. The other end acts on a crosspiece that rests on the stem of the two valves. There is a pad between the rocker arm adjustment screw and the crosspiece. There are two lubrication ducts inside the rocker arms. The length of the rocker arm shaft is basically the same as that of the cylinder head. It has to be detached to be able to reach all the parts beneath.
Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

45

Shaft
Figure 94

73557

MAIN DATA OF THE ROCKER ARM SHAFT Check that the surface of the shaft shows no scoring or signs of seizure; if it does, replace it.

Rocker arms
Figure 95 SECTION A-A Figure 97 SECTION A-A SECTIO N B-B SECTION B-B

71728

71730

PUMP INJECTOR ROCKER ARMS

EXHAUST VALVE ROCKER ARMS Figure 98

Figure 96 SECTION A-A

SECTION B-B

71729

92842

INTAKE VALVE ROCKER ARMS

LEVER WITH ENGINE BRAKE CONTROL ECCENTRIC PIN

Check the surfaces of the bushings, which must show no signs of scoring or excessive wear; if they do, replace the rocker arm assembly.
Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

46

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

REPAIR
NOTE If anomalous engine operation is found, which is due to the boosting system, it is advisable that you check the efficiency of seal gaskets and the fastening of connecting sleeves prior to carrying out the checks on the turboblower. Also check for obstructions in the sucking sleeves, air filter. If the turbocharger damage is due to a lack of lubrication, check that the oil circulation pipes are not damaged. If so, change them or eliminate the cause.

Variable geometry movement control


Figure 99

After carrying out the above mentioned checks, check the turbocharger operation with an Engine Test by using IVECO diagnosis equipment (Modus - IT 2000 - E.A.SY.) according to the relevant procedure.
106226

NOTE The test must be performed in following conditions: - engine coolant temperature >50 C; - battery up (voltage >22V) for compression test; - efficient recharging system.

Remove screws (2) and take actuator (1) off turbocompressor (7). Remove screw (6), underlying disk (5), ring (4) and disconnect tie rod (3) of actuator (1) from the pin of variable geometry driving lever (8). Accurately clean pin () of lever (8) and bushing () of tie rod (3) using a cloth made of non abrasive micro fibre.

If values beyond tolerance are detected, check the efficiency of: - shut-off valve; - pressure sensor; - engine cable pressure sensor connection (if oxidised, clean with a specific product); - lack of electrical defects in solenoid valve VGT (continuity connection); - actuator moved by active diagnosis as described in relating chapter, in case of locking, grease bushing with lubricant Kernite (for high temperatures); if the trouble persists, replace the actuator; - sliding sleeve: it must slide freely when operated manually. If locked and if the bush check is not sufficient or effective, or no faults are detected in the other points, upon authorization of the Help Desk market operator, change the turbocharger according to the standard procedures.

NOTE Do not use abrasive paper of any kind.

Visually check the conditions of bushing () of tie rod (3) and pin () of lever (8); where they are found to be worn out, replace actuator (1) or turbocompressor (7). Check variable geometry inner driving mechanism movement by operating on lever (8); jamming must not occur; otherwise, clean turbine body, as described in relating chapter.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

47

Checking the actuator


Figure 100

Figure 102

106227

106229

Check actuator efficiency (1) operating as follows. Apply, to fitting (2) of actuator (1), compressed air feed piping provided with pressure regulator (4). By using the pressure regulator, introduce, into the actuator, compressed air slowly modulating it, from 03.5 bar; tie rod (3) of actuator (1) must move without jamming; otherwise, replace actuator (1).

Lubricate bushing () of tie rod (3) and pin () of lever (8) with lithium-based Castrol LM GREASE type and reconnect actuator (1) to turbocompressor (7) operating as follows. Connect tie rod (3) to lever (8). Mount new ring (4), mount disk (5) and screw up screw (6). Screw up screws (2) securing actuator (1) to turbocompressor (7). Tighten screws (2 and 6) at 25 Nm torque.

Checking actuator travel


Figure 103

Figure 101

106230

106228

Check for any actuator leaks at indicated points () applying, on these points, a solution of suds. When actuator (1) is fed with compressed air, no bubbles must be found at indicated points (); otherwise, replace actuator (1).

Check travel X of tie rod (2) of actuator (1) operating as follows. Measure distance X1 between actuator (1) and cross-axis of eyelet (4). Apply, to fitting of actuator (1), piping (3) for compressed air feed provided with pressure regulator. By using the pressure regulator, introduce, into actuator (1) compressed air slowly modulating it, from 03,5 bar, until lever (5) is taken to its end of travel. Measure again the distance between actuator (1) and cross-axis of eyelet (4) dimension X2. Travel X of tie rod (2) of actuator (1) is given by following subtraction X = X2-X1 and must result to be equal to 11.50.5 mm.
Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

48

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Cleaning turbine body


Figure 104

Figure 106

106233

106231

Accurately clean slot ring (1) and area around turbine body from carbonaceous deposits and check that the ring moves freely, otherwise, replace turbocompressor. NOTE Any small cracks between slots and ring can be accepted, because they do not impair turbocompressor operation conditions. Figure 107

Mark mounting position of clamp (2) on central body (1). On threading and nut (4), apply antioxidant spray lubricant and, operating on nut (4), loosen clamp (2). Slightly rotate clamp (2) using pliers (5). Mark mounting position of turbine body (3) on central body (1).

Figure 105

106234

By suitable scraper and abrasive paper, accurately clean surfaces () of turbine body (1) from carbonaceous deposits, taking care to avoid damaging the surfaces. Figure 108
106232

By a copper hammer, beat on two opposite points (~180) on turbine body (2) to separate turbine body from central body (1). NOTE In operation, take particular care to avoid damaging turbine rotor.

After dismounting turbine body, check variable geometry movement as described in relating chapter; where improvement in movement is not found with respect to previous check, replace turbocompressor.

106235

Dismount clamp (1) from central body (2) and check that the clamp does not result to be damaged; otherwise replace the clamp.
Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

49

Figure 109

Figure 111

106236

Dismount seal ring (1), external with respect to central body (2). Accurately clean seal ring (1) and check that the ring does not result to be damaged; otherwise replace the ring. Figure 110

106238

By suitable scraper and abrasive paper, accurately clean surfaces () of central body (1) from carbonaceous deposits, taking care to avoid damaging the surfaces and variable geometry ring. Then, with compressed air, clean variable geometry surfaces and ring from removed residues. Check again, as described in relating chapters: - variable geometry movement; - actuator; - actuator travel.

Figure 112

106237

Check turbine rotor (1); there must not be found: carbonaceous deposits, deformation, cracks, blade scoring; also, turbine must turn freely. By comparator, check clearance of turbine rotor stem (1); clearance must result to be: Holset with fixed geometry: - axial clearance: 0.0250.127 mm - radial clearance: 0.3810.610 mm. Holset with variable geometry: - axial clearance: 0.0510.152 mm - radial clearance: 0.3810.533 mm. Where either clearance values over above ones or any one of above mentioned faults are found, replace turbocompressor. Position clamp (1) on central body (2) NOTE

106235

Should clamp (1) be replaced with an integrated heat guard, a new actuator has to be mounted with an integrated heat guard at the place of existing one.

NOTE Before cleaning turbine side central body, properly protect oil, water and air inlets and outlets () in order to prevent dirt or foreign bodies from entering turbocompressor.

Position accurately cleaned seal ring on central body. Apply a thin layer of antiscuff paste on cleaned matching surfaces: central body / turbine body.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

50

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 113

106240

Mount turbine body (1) on central body (2) taking care to avoid damaging turbine rotor and align turbine body variable geometry slot ring. Do not force mounting operation: in case of jamming, it might damage variable geometry with consequent regulation system faulty operation. Once mounting has been completed, make sure that turbine body results to be matched correctly on central body. Position turbine body on central body and clamp on central body in such a way that marks, made on dismounting, are matching. Tighten nut clamping the clamp at 11.3 Nm torque. Check again, as described in relating chapters: - actuator; - actuator travel.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

51

TIGHTENING TORQUE
PART Screws fixing crankcase base to crankcase (see Figure 114) Outside screws M12x1.75 First phase: pre-tightening Inside screws M18x2 Second phase: pre-tightening Inside screws Third phase: closing to angle Inside screws Fourth phase: closing to angle Outside screws Fifth phase: closing to angle Piston cooling nozzle union Screws fixing heat exchanger to crankcase (see Figure 118) pre-tightening tightening Screws fixing suction strainer to crankcase base Screws fixing oil sump spacer (see Figure 119) pre-tightening tightening Screws fixing gearbox to crankcase M12x1.75 (see Figure 121) Screws fixing control unit to crankcase base Screws fixing cylinder head (see Figure 115) First phase pre-tightening Second phase pre-tightening Third phase closing to angle Fourth phase closing to angle Fifth phase closing to angle Screws fixing rocker arm shaft First phase pre-tightening Second phase closing to angle Lock nut for rocker arm adjustment screw Screws for injector brackets Screws fixing plastic cover Screws fixing shoulder plate to head Screws fixing engine mount bracket to cylinder head First phase pre-tightening Second phase closing to angle TORQUE Nm 30 120 60 55 60 35 2 11.5 3.5 19 3 24.5 2.5 38 45 63 7 24 2.5 60 120 90 65 80 60 39 5 32.5 2.5 8.5 1.5 19 3 120 45 (3.9 0.5) 3.25 0.25 (0.85 0.15) (1.9 0.3) (12) (8) (3,5 0,2) (1.15 0.35) (1.9 0.3) (2.4 0.25) (3.8) (4.5) (6.3 0.7) (2.4 0.25) (6) (12) kgm (3) (12)

Before assembly, lubricate with UTDM oil Before assembly, lubricate with graphitized oil

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

52

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

PART Screws fixing engine mount bracket to flywheel casing First phase pre-tightening Second phase closing to angle Screws fixing camshaft gear First phase pre-tighteningirst Second phase closing to angle Screws fixing phonic wheel on camshaft gear Screws fixing exhaust manifold (see Figure 116) pre-tightening tightening Screws fixing engine brake actuator cylinder Screws fixing connecting rod cap First phase pre-tightening Second phase closing to angle Screws fixing engine flywheel First phase pre-tightening Second phase closing to angle Screws fixing damper flywheel First phase pre-tightening Second phase closing to angle Screws fixing middle gear pins First phase pre-tightening Second phase closing to angle Screws fixing idle gear adjustment connecting rod: Screws fixing oil pump Screws fixing crankshaft gasket front cover Screws fixing fuel pump / filter mount Screw fixing control unit mount Screws and nuts fixing turbocharger (see Figure 117) pre-tightening tightening Screw fixing thermostat assembly Screws fixing water pump Screws fixing fan hub to spacer Screw fixing fan spacer to pulley Screws fixing fan mount to crankcase Screw securing steady tensioner Screw securing automatic belt tensioner Screws fixing fixed pulley for auxiliary member drive belt to crankcase Screws fixing starter motor Screws fixing air heater Screws fixing air compressor

TORQUE Nm 100 60 60 60 8.5 1.5 405 705 19 60 60 120 90 70 50 30 90 24.5 2.5 24.5 2.5 24.5 2.5 19 19 3 35 46 22 2 24.5 2.5 30 30 100 10.5 5 50 5 105 5 74 4 50 5 74 4 (2.45 0.25) (2.45 0.25) (2.45 0.25) (1.9) (1.9 0.3) (3.5) (4.6) (2.2 0.2) (2.45 0.25) (3) (3) (10) (10 0.5) (5 0.5) (10.5 0.5) (7.4 0.4) (5 0.5) (7.4 0.4) (3) (7) (12) (0.85 0.15) (40.5) (3.2) (1.9) (6) (6) kgm (10)

Before assembly, lubricate with UTDM oil Before assembly, lubricate with graphitized oil

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

53

PART Nut fixing air compressor gear Screws fixing alternator: M 10x1,5 l = 35 mm M 10x1,5 l = 60 mm Screws fixing hydraulic power steering pump Screws fixing air-conditioner compressor to the mount Screws fixing guard Filter clogging sensor fixing Water / fuel temperature sensor fixing Transmitter / thermometric switch fixing Air temperature transmitter fixing Pulse transmitter fixing Fixing connections to injector Fixing engine brake solenoid valve M14X70/80 screw securing front and rear spring blocks to chassis M16X130 screw securing front and rear spring blocks to engine M18X62 flanged hex screw for front engine block: First stage Second stage First stage Second stage First stage Second stage pre-tightening angle closing pre-tightening angle closing pre-tightening angle closing

TORQUE Nm kgm 170 10 (17 1) 44 4 (4.4 0.4) 44 4 (4.4 0.4) 46.5 4.5 (4.65 0.45) 24.5 2.5 (2.5 0.25) 24.5 2.5 (2.5 0.25) 55 5 (5.5 0.5) 35 (3.5) 25 (2.5) 35 (3.5) 8 2 (0.8 0.2) 1.36 1.92 (0.13 0.19) 32 (3.2) 192.5 19.5 19.2 1.9 278 28 120 45 60 45 100 60 10 6 27.8 2.8 12

M14X60 socket cheese-head screw for front engine block:

Flanged hex screw for rear engine block:

Before assembly, lubricate with UTDM oil Before assembly, lubricate with graphitized oil

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

54

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Diagram of tightening sequence of crankcase base fixing screws


Figure 114

FRONT SIDE

First phase: pre-tightening outside screws 30 Nm

60592

FRONT SIDE

Second phase: pre-tightening inside screws 120 Nm

60593

FRONT SIDE

Third phase: closing inside screws to angle 60

60593

FRONT SIDE

Fourth phase: closing inside screws to angle 55

60593

FRONT SIDE

Fifth phase: closing outside screws to angle 60

60594

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

55

Diagram of tightening sequence of exhaust manifold fixing screws


Figure 115

60580

Diagram of tightening sequence of exhaust manifold fixing screws


Figure 116

60581

Diagram of tightening sequence of screws and nuts fixing turbocharger on exhaust manifold
Figure 117

60582

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

56

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Figure 118

60666

DIAGRAM OF TIGHTENING SEQUENCE OF HEAT EXCHANGER FIXING SCREWS

Figure 119

108830

DIAGRAM OF TIGHTENING SEQUENCE OF ENGINE OIL SUMP FIXING SCREWS

Figure 120

73554

DIAGRAM OF TIGHTENING SEQUENCE FOR SCREWS FIXING ROCKER COVER


Base - September 2006 Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

57

Figure 121

60633

DIAGRAM OF TIGHTENING SEQUENCE OF SCREWS FIXING GEARBOX TO CRANKCASE Tightening sequence 10 screws M12 x 1.75 x 100 2 screws M12 x 1.75 x 70 4 screws M12 x 1.75 x 35 1 screw M12 x 1.75 x 120

2 screws M12 x 1.75 x 193 Figure 122

70567A

SCHEME OF THE TIGHTENING ORDER OF ROCKER ARMS SHAFTS FASTENING SCREWS


Print P1D32C002 E Base - September 2006

58

SECTION 4 - GENERAL OVERHAUL

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

SECTION 5 Tools
Page TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

8093731

Tester PT01

99322230

Rotary telescopic stand (range 2000 daN, torque 375 daNm)

99340053

Extractor for crankshaft front gasket

99340054

Extractor for crankshaft rear gasket

99340205

Percussion extractor

99342149

Extractor for injector-holder

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99342155

Tool to extract injectors

99346250

Tool to install the crankshaft front gasket

99346251

Tool to install the crankshaft rear gasket

99348004

Universal extractor for 5 to 70 mm internal components

99350072

Box wrench for block junction bolts to the underblock

99360143

Easy puller for valve guide deassembly

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360180

Injector housing protecting plugs (6)

99360184

Pliers for assembling and disassembling piston split rings (105-106 mm)

99360192

Guide for flexible belt

99360261

Tool to take down-fit engine valves (to be used with special plates)

99360263

Plate for take down-fit engine valves (to be used with 99360261)

99360296

Tool to fit back valve guide (to be used with 99360143)

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360314

Tool to remove oil filter (engine)

99360321

Tool to rotate engine flywheel (to be used with 99360325)

99360325

Spacer (to be used with 99360321)

99360329

Tool to install gasket on valve guide

99360334

Compression tool for checking the protrusion of cylinder liners (to be used with 99370415-99395603 and special plates)

99360336

Spacer (to be used with 99360334)

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360338

Cylinder liner compression plate (to be used with 99360334-99360336)

99360351

Tool to stop engine flywheel

99360499

Tool to take down and fit back camshaft bushes

99360500

Tool to lift crankshaft

99360551

Bracket to take down and fit engine flywheel

99360553

Tool for assembling and installing rocker arm shaft

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360585

Swing hoist for engine disassembly assembly

99360605

Belt to insert piston in cylinder liner (60 - 125 mm)

99360612

Tool for positioning engine P.M.S.

99360613

Tool for timing of phonic wheel on timing gear

99360703

Tool to stop cylinder liners

99360706

Tool to extract cylinder liners (to be used with specific rings)

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99360728

Ring (135 mm) (to be used with 99360706)

99361036

Brackets fixing the engine to rotary stand 99322230

99365056

Tool for injector holder heading

99370415

Base supporting the dial gauge for checking cylinder liner protrusion (to be used with 99395603)

99378100

Tool for printing engine identification plates (to be used with special punches)

99378130

Punch kit to stamp engine identification data plates (compose of: 99378101(A) - 99378102(B) - 99378103(C) - 99378104(D) 99378105(E) - 99378106(F) - 993378107(G) - 99378108(V))

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

10

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99389834

Torque screwdriver (1-6 Nm) for calibrating the injector solenoid valve connector check nut

99390330

Valve guide sleeker

99390772

Tool for removing injector holding case deposits

99390804

Tool for threading injector holding cases to be extracted (to be used with 99390805)

99390805

Guide bush (to be used with 99390804)

99394015

Guide bush (to be used with 99394041 or 99394043)

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

11

TOOLS
TOOL NO. DESCRIPTION

99394041

Cutter to rectify injector holder housing (to be used with 99394015)

99394043

Reamer to rectify injector holder lower side (to be used with 99394015)

99395216

Measuring pair for angular tightening with 1/2 and 3/4 square couplings

99395219

Gauge for defining the distance between the centres of camshaft and transmission gear

99395603

Dial gauge (0 - 5 mm)

99396035

Centering ring of crankshaft front gasket cap

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

12

SECTION 5 - TOOLS

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

APPENDIX

Appendix
Page SAFETY PRESCRIPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

APPENDIX

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

APPENDIX

SAFETY PRESCRIPTIONS Standard safety prescriptions


Particular attention shall be drawn on some precautions that must be followed absolutely in a standard working area and whose non fulfillment will make any other measure useless or not sufficient to ensure safety to the personnel in-charge of maintenance. Be informed and inform personnel as well of the laws in force regulating safety, providing information documentation available for consultation. - Keep working areas as clean as possible, ensuring adequate aeration. - Ensure that working areas are provided with emergency boxes, that must be clearly visible and always provided with adequate sanitary equipment. - Provide for adequate fire extinguishing means, properly indicated and always having free access. Their efficiency must be checked on regular basis and the personnel must be trained on intervention methods and priorities. - Organize and displace specific exit points to evacuate the areas in case of emergency, providing for adequate indications of the emergency exit lines. - Smoking in working areas subject to fire danger must be strictly prohibited. - Provide Warnings throughout adequate boards signaling danger, prohibitions and indications to ensure easy comprehension of the instructions even in case of emergency.

- Do not execute any intervention if not provided with necessary instructions. - Do not use any tool or equipment for any different operation from the ones theyve been designed and provided for: serious injury may occur. - In case of test or calibration operations requiring engine running, ensure that the area is sufficiently aerated or utilize specific vacuum equipment to eliminate exhaust gas. Danger: poisoning and death.

During maintenance
- Never open filler cap of cooling circuit when the engine is hot. Operating pressure would provoke high temperature with serious danger and risk of burn. Wait unit the temperature decreases under 50C. - Never top up an overheated engine with cooler and utilize only appropriate liquids. - Always operate when the engine is turned off: whether particular circumstances require maintenance intervention on running engine, be aware of all risks involved with such operation. - Be equipped with adequate and safe containers for drainage operation of engine liquids and exhaust oil. - Keep the engine clean from oil tangles, diesel fuel and or chemical solvents. - Use of solvents or detergents during maintenance may originate toxic vapors. Always keep working areas aerated. Whenever necessary wear safety mask. - Do not leave rags impregnated with flammable substances close to the engine. - Upon engine start after maintenance, undertake proper preventing actions to stop air suction in case of runaway speed rate. - Do not utilize fast screw-tightening tools. - Never disconnect batteries when the engine is running. - Disconnect batteries before any intervention on the electrical system. - Disconnect batteries from system aboard to load them with the battery loader. - After every intervention, verify that battery clamp polarity is correct and that the clamps are tight and safe from accidental short circuit and oxidation. - Do not disconnect and connect electrical connections in presence of electrical feed. - Before proceeding with pipelines disassembly (pneumatic, hydraulic, fuel pipes) verify presence of liquid or air under pressure. Take all necessary precautions bleeding and draining residual pressure or closing dump valves. Always wear adequate safety mask or goggles. Non fulfillment of these prescriptions may cause serious injury and poisoning.

Prevention of injury
- Do not wear unsuitable cloths for work, with fluttering ends, nor jewels such as rings and chains when working close to engines and equipment in motion. - Wear safety gloves and goggles when performing the following operations: - filling inhibitors or anti-frost - lubrication oil topping or replacement - utilization of compressed air or liquids under pressure (pressure allowed: 2 bar) - Wear safety helmet when working close to hanging loads or equipment working at head height level. - Always wear safety shoes when and cloths adhering to the body, better if provided with elastics at the ends. - Use protection cream for hands. - Change wet cloths as soon as possible - In presence of current tension exceeding 48-60 V verify efficiency of earth and mass electrical connections. Ensure that hands and feet are dry and execute working operations utilizing isolating foot-boards. Do not carry out working operations if not trained for. - Do not smoke nor light up flames close to batteries and to any fuel material. - Put the dirty rags with oil, diesel fuel or solvents in anti-fire specially provided containers.

Print P1D32C002 E

Base - September 2006

APPENDIX

F3B CURSOR EURO 4 ENGINES

- Avoid incorrect tightening or out of couple. Danger: incorrect tightening may seriously damage engines components, affecting engines duration. - Avoid priming from fuel tanks made out of copper alloys and/or with ducts not being provided with filters. - Do not modify cable wires: their length shall not be changed. - Do not connect any user to the engine electrical equipment unless specifically approved by Iveco. - Do not modify fuel systems or hydraulic system unless Iveco specific approval has been released. Any unauthorized modification will compromise warranty assistance and furthermore may affect engine correct working and duration. For engines equipped with electronic gearbox: - Do not execute electric arc welding without having priory removed electronic gearbox. - Remove electronic gearbox in case of any intervention requiring heating over 80C temperature. - Do not paint the components and the electronic connections. - Do not vary or alter any data filed in the electronic gearbox driving the engine. Any manipulation or alteration of electronic components shall totally compromise engine assistance warranty and furthermore may affect engine correct working and duration.

Respect of the Environment


- Respect of the Environment shall be of primary importance: all necessary precautions to ensure personnels safety and health shall be adopted. - Be informed and inform the personnel as well of laws in force regulating use and exhaust of liquids and engine exhaust oil. Provide for adequate board indications and organize specific training courses to ensure that personnel is fully aware of such law prescriptions and of basic preventive safety measures. - Collect exhaust oils in adequate specially provided containers with hermetic sealing ensuring that storage is made in specific, properly identified areas that shall be aerated, far from heat sources and not exposed to fire danger. - Handle the batteries with care, storing them in aerated environment and within anti-acid containers. Warning: battery exhalation represent serious danger of intoxication and environment contamination.

Base - September 2006

Print P1D32C002 E