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POSTHUMOUS WORK NE WYORK : PRINTED AND SOLD BY ELLIOT AND CRISSTr NO. 'i8ia . 114 WALTER-STREET.ON THE ORIGIN OF FREE-MASONRY. BY THOMAS PAIME.
during the times therein mentioned. " An during the times therein mentioned. ihal on the 14th day of September. CLINTON. to the authors and proprietors of such copies." In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States." CHS. and Books. it Remembered. in the words following. (C An Act for the Encouragement of Learning. by securing the copies of Maps. the Title of a Book." and also to an act. has deposited in this Office. and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of Designing. entitled Act supplementary to an act for the Encouragement of Learning. entitled. Margaret B. Bonneville. Charts. to n it : " On the Origin of Free-Masonry. the right whereof she claims as BE proprietor. by securing the copies of Maps. in the thirty-fifth yeas of the independence of the United States of America. Charts. By Thomas Paine. Engraving. of the said District. . and Etching Historical and other Prints. and Books to the authors and proprietors of such copies.District of New-York> 83. Clerk of Ike Distnct of Ncw-Y&rk.
Mas- ter-Mason. It is always understood that Free-Masons have a secret which they carefully conceal. The society of Masons are distinguished into 1st.N THE ORIGIN FREE-MASONRY. the Fellow Craft. prentice. and those who do.0. the 2d. . Entered Ap3d. but from every thing that can be collected from their own accounts of Masonry their real secret is no other than their origin. the three classes or degrees. which but few of them understand. envelope it in mystery.
of the ap- . published a fore Masonry Dissected. and certain steps and words. and made oath be* the Lord Mayor of London that it was a true copy.4 ON THE ORIGIN The entered apprentice knows but little more of Masonry than the use of signs and tokens. without being discovered by a person fellow. The ma- much better instructed in It is sonry than the entered apprentice. stituted lodge in entitled member of a contreatise England. by which Masons can recognise each other. is that the copy a true and genuine copy in In his work he has given the catechism. In 1730. or examination in question and answer. Samuel Pritchard.craft is not who is not a mason. the Master. Samuel Pritchard maketh oath hereunto annexed every particular.Mason's only in Lodge that whatever knowpre-* ledge remains of the origin of masonry is served and concealed.
handed down by Euclid. according to the story. there is a glaring contradiction in point of chronology in the account he gives. doing this as it There was no difficulty in his is mere form. prentice. " stitution of The original inmore masonry consisted in the foundation of the liberal arts and sciences. the fellow-craft 6 and the Master Mason.OF FREE-MASONRY. and conse- quently of communicating any knowledge they had. . for art at the building of the Tower of Babel the first and mystery of Maand from thence sonry was introduced. In his introduction he says. and he com- municated it to Hiram. the confusion of languages prevent- ed builders understanding each other." Besides the absurdity of deriving masonry from the building of Babel. where. a worthy and excellent Mathematician of the Egyptians . the Master Mason con- cerned in building Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem. . but cially espe- on Geometry.
lived 277 years before the same era. says he. may be seen in the tables of chronology. at Woolwich. and Provincial Grand Master of Mathe Royal Artillery sonry for the county of Kent. that master science.6. In his chapter of the antiquity of masonry he " makes it to be coeval with creation. 5. inspector of Academy. the beauteous globe.1 . and to regulate by laws the whole stupendous system portion. When. since Euclid did not live till 700 years after the time of Hiram. In 1783 captain George Smith. and commanded lay the planeits Geometry. It was there- fore impossible that Euclid could communicate any thing to Hiram. rolling in just unerring pro- round the centra! sun. UN THE ORIGIN Solomon's Temple was built and dedicated 1004 years before the as christian era. in England. the sovereign architect raised on masonic principles. to tary world. published a treatise entitled The Use and Abuse of Free -Masonry. and Euclid.
mysteries of their that this " Now. is sacred. are well informed from own private interior records that the build- ing of Solomon's Temple is an important era. " every one that sonry that is is It is not barely initiated into Free. iZ 7 But. their Masons." ant of it cannot betray By this last part of the phrase. in his oration at the dedication of Free-Mason's Hall. those who it. London. they are not attainable things of course. traces Masonry through a and variety of stages. Grand Chaplain of Masonry.OF FREE-MASONRY. nor by every capacity. says he.Maall entrusted with the mysteries las thereto belonging. continues he. I am not at liberty pub- licly to undraw the curtain. are Honoured with the trust will not reveal and those who are ignorit. for he says in the next page of his work. Smith means the two inferior classes." The learned but unfortunate Doctor Dodd. it and openly to desand ever will cant on this head. says he. from whence they derive many art. remain so. the fellow-craft and the entered apprentice. be it remembered .
We among the first and most celebrated deduce it civilizers of the first East. the great subject of it. and above five centuries before Pythagoras brought from the east his sublime system of truly masonic instruction to illuminate our western world. We regularly from the astronomers on the plains of Chaldea. " But remote as this period is. from thence the commencement of our For though it might owe to the wise and glori- ous King of Israel. wrote. to the wise and mystic kings and priests of Egypt. some of its many mystic forms and hieroglyphic ceremonies. the sages of Greece. the first of the Grecian Poets. its footsteps in the most distant. and consequently a century before more than Homer. we date not art. the most remote ages and nations find it of the world. yet art itself is certainly the coeval with man. and the philosophers of Rome. continues he. " We trace.3 ON THE ORIGIN 1000 years before great event took place above The Christian era." .
without publicly declaring lays claim to some divine communication from the creator in a manner different from. time without limits. . of Masonry) is hieroglyphics and chronology derived. ftected with that book. and the natural is result from this that Masonry derived from some very an- cient religion wholly independent of. whom they styled. In Masonry many of the ceremonies of the B . and un- connected with. the ancient Druids who like the magi of Persia Egypt. They paid worship to this great luminary. and is the remains of. Masonry shew from the customs. that we see so. Masonry. were and the priests of Heliopolis in Priests of the Sun. ceremonies. as the great visible agent of a great invisible first cause. 9 From these reports and declarations of Masons of the highest order in the institution.OF FREE-MASONRY. the book which the christians call the bible is. the religion of . and uncon^ To come (as I shall then at once to the point.
and they wear on the breast in their lodges and in their processions. rally ascribed to the It is genethe ancient Egyptians. At what period of antiquity. or in what na- tion. form of the sun.10 ON THE ORIGIN in their original state.giver of Persia. this religion w as r first established. is lost in the labyrinth of unrecorded times. the great emblematical ornament of dresses. from whence Pythagoras brought It is to these matters it into Greece. Dodd passage already quoted from his oration. at Druids arc preserved least without any parody. Babylonians and Chaldeans. The worship of the sun as the great visible first agent of a great invisible cause. It is the it Masonic Lodges and Masonic central figure also pendant on their aprons. time with- . the sun is . and reduced after- w ards to a system regulated by the r apparent pro- gress of the sun through the 12 signs of the Zodiac by Zoroaster the law. refers in the Dr. With them in the the sun is still and his image.
that. the obscurity which envelopes Masonic history in that country.1 over a considerable part of Asia and Africa. through all and Ireland. ancient Gaul and into Britain Smith. its present state that flourished Smith here alludes The Druids he speaks is in Britain at the period of. It sometimes happens ns well in writing as in conversation that a person lets slip an expression that serves to unravel what he intends to conceal. spread itself 1." It cannot be Masonry in to. out limits. from thence to Greece and Rome. in his chapter on the Antiquity of Ma" Notwithstanding sonry in Britain. Smith has put the child in the place of the parent. says. and it is from them that Masonry descended. for in the same . various circumstances contri- bute to prove that Free-Masonry was introdu- ced into Britain about 1030 years before Christ. and this is the case with Smith.OF FREE-MASONRY.
As in the the study and contemplation of the Creator works of the creation of which the sun as the great visible agent of that Being. Masons course keeping this a secret I shall explain in the of this work. says he. lo trace My brethren. The Druids.ON THE ORIGIN " chapter he says." This is a confession from a Master it Mason t without intending public. their religious rites and ceremonies had refer- ence to the apparent progress of the sun through . used the Greek phabet. when they comal- mitted any thing to writing. that to be so understood by the is Masonry the remains of the re- the reason for the ligion of the Druids. may be able them with greater exactness than I am at liberty to explain to the public. visible object of the adoration was the all of Druids. and feet I am bold to assert that the most per. rites remains of the# Druids' and ceremonies are preserved in the customs and ceremonies of be found existing among the Masons that are to mankind.
in probability the highest piece of finished ar- chitecture in roof. in speaking of this building says (page 152) all '• The roof of this magnificent Hall is. Lincolns Inn fields. Taurus &. Leo Si. Aquarius £?.OF FREE-MASONRY. Pisces X«. London. Libra =z=. . Capricornus V^. Sagittarius Gemini Cancer n SB .000 pounds Smith. and cost upwards of 12. the twelve signs of the Zodiac. Free Masons Hall. The Masons The roof of their Temples Lodges is ornamented with a sun. in great Queen-street. In the is center of this a most resplendent sun represented in burnished gold. 13 and his influence adopt the same or upon the practices. is a magnificent buildsterling. Scorpio nt. is earth. . ing. either by carpeting or Mosaic Work. surrounded with the 12 signs of the Zodiac with their respective characters : Aries fy^. Virgo n#. Europe. $ . and the floor a representation of the variegated face of the earth.
like the astronomer Lalande. in order to protect themselves christian church. the source of the seasons. that the sun the fountain of light. the parent of vegetaof man. hence the scientific Free-Mason only knows the reason why the sun is placed in the center of this beautiful hall. The Lodges of the Masons. from the persecution of the have always spoken in a mystical manner of the figure of the sun in their lodges. They . the friend and night. so the center of real emblematical sun is the Masonry. is We all know. if built for the purpose.14 ON THE ORIGIN " " After giving this description he says. is and as the real sun situated in the center of the universe. con- tinues he.'*- The masons. are constructed in a manner to corres- pond with the apparent motion of the sun. the cause of the vicissitudes of day tion. been si- upon the subject. lent who is a mason. or. The emblematical meaning of the sun to the enlightened is well known and inquisitive Free-Mason.
the day. East and West. Q. is not an answer to the question. he is not asked any questions to which a direct answer would lead thereto. . churches and chapels are or ought to be This answ er. which r is mere catechismal It form'. Q. are 15 situated is East and West. the Master. the question a point further. Why so? all Because so. A. Why As -so so? A.OF FREE MASONRY. does no more than remove which to is. How is the Lodge situated ? A. Where stands your Master? In the East. other questions asks him. A. among many Q. Q. The Master's place always in the East. the sun rises in the East and opensthe Master stands in the East (with. all why ought churches and chapels is be so? But as the Entered Apprentice not initiated into the druidical mysteries of Masonry. In the examination of an Entered Apprentice.
What As is their business ? A. being a sign. A. Q. that in this place has reference only to labour or to the time of labour. I the situation of Lodges have alrea- dy observed in the chapter on the origin of the christian religion. but it is proper to observe. rule about their necks) to close the lodge. that the situation of churches East and West is taken from the worship of . his neck) to his right and the square about ftnd set his open the lod$ men at work. and dismiss the men from labour. Jay. Q. Where stand your Wardens? In the West. being a sign. Here the name of the sun it is mentioned. as it would have with respect East and West. and the level and plumb. the sun sets in the West to close the so the Wardens stand in the west (with their right hands upon their left breasts.16 ON THE ORIGIN hand upon his left breast. paying them their wages. and not to any religious druidical rite or cereto mony.
Q. which are called fixed lights. festival of the masons . Because the sun darts no rays from This among numerous other instances shews that the christian religion and Masonry have one wor- and the same common origin. thence. or supposed to have. west. is on the day John's day but every enlightened mason must know that holding their festival on C . and a Mason's Lodge always has. the sun which rises in the East. three windows. The high they call St. the moveable lights of the sun and the The Master Q. A. to distinguish them from moon. and south. W The christians never bury their dead on the north side of a church is .OF FREEMASONRY. the ancient ship of the sun. asks the Entered Apprentice are they (the fixed lights) situated? How What A. Q. East. Why are there no lights in the North ? A. are their uses ? To light the men to and from their work.
The sun is then arrived at the summer solstice. and that is it only to disguise the true cause of holding the day on this day. and what is called midsum- mer day. or at least Druids. and with respect to his meridional altitude. on the same numerical day.IS ON THE ORIGIN day has no reference to the person called it St. and therefore the 24th of June always taken for is midsummer day. that they call by that name. on account of Leap year. not every year. and not any thing with respect to St. many centuries before die time of St. that the day called is St. The is case is. this John. The astronomiis like the shortest day. if such person ever existed. As there were Masons. the holding their festival on this day to must refer some cause totally unconnected with John. that this annual . appear for some days to be of the same height. John. John's day the 24th of June. which has then arrived at his greatest height in our hemisphere.. or height at high noon. and it is in honour of the sun. cal longest day. John.
John's day. festival is 19 of the Masons. at the top of the As to what masons and books of masonry at tell us of Solomon's Temple Jerusalem. but has emblematiis at sun which on that day elevation. time they flourished in is. Customs will often outlive the is remembrance of their origin. and this to a the case with respect custom still where the practised in Ireland.OF FREE-MASONRY. at the Druids flourished Britain. it is no ways improbable that some masonic ceremonies building of that may have been derived from the Temple. tice for the worship of the sun was in prac- many centuries before the temple existed. his highest summer and might in common language be said to have arrived hill. celebrated on midsummer day. or before the Israelites came out of Egypt. the fires Irish light on the tops of the hills. John cal reference to the . And . taken from the Druids. that on the eve of midsummer day. On the eve of St. This can have no it reference to St.
was done with the same rality. sun was performed by the Jews however. King of Tyre. We do not read in the history of the Jews. v. learned and moral class of The Jews. were a wise. scientific purity it and religious mo- with which was performed by the re- Druids. all accounts that historically main of them. chap. whether in the bible or elsewhere.S3 ON THE ORIGIN learn we from the history of the Jewish Kings. on the contrary. almost certain it fell into cor- their hands. it is would be rupted. that they were the inventors or the improvers of any one art or science. and Solomon was obliged to send Hiram. if it 2 Kings. the Jews did not know how to square and frame the timber for beginning and carrying on the work. 23. were ignorant of astronomy. 22. that the worship of the in that temple. for thou knonvest. 5. and if a religion founded upon astronomy. Even in the building of this temple. chap. much to be doubted. and of science in general. It is. who by men. (Zidon) to procure " workmen. (says Solomon to to Hiram) 1 Kings. 6) that there is not among us any that can skill to hem timber .
the description that . fire. 23. like unto the 21 Zidonians. and burned the chariots of the sun with 13. they owe it to the Zidonians and not to the Jews. which were on the right hand of the mount of corruption. Besides these things. and if the Masons derive any thing from the building of it. " and King Josiah put down all the Idolatrous priests that burned incence unto the sun. —But to return to the worship of the sun in this Temple. 5. the abomination of the Zidonians (the very people that built the temple) did the king defile. v. chap. which Solomon the king of Israel had builded for Astoreth." This Temple was more properly Hiram's Temple than Solomon's. and the high places that were before Jerusa- lem. M and he took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun at the entering in of the house of the Lord. 2 kings. It is said. the moon. the planets and to is all the host of heaven." —And it said at the 11th v.OP FREE-MASONRY. v.
He says that the distribution of the several parts of the Temple of the Jews represented all nature. that all Solomon made cherubs and the walls of the house round cherubims. it discovers to him a representation of the World. abomination of the Zidonians. in 1 And we read Kings. the most apparent of the zodiac. are what Josiah. TemMa- resemble on a large scale. could not have been in existence at the time of building this Temple. when the Lodge is revealed to an entering Mason. and we are thereby also moved to exercise those moral and social virtues which become as the servants of the great Architect of the world. his and worship him from mankind t It mighty works. chap.* this Every however. and in earth beneath. 7. those of a son's Lodge. that the law called the law of Moses. in which from the wonders of nature we are led to contemplate her great original. calls the tiling. the earth. that he carved . Here is the likeness of things in heaven above. the planets. in his ignorance. probability. it.22 ON THE ORIGIN this Josephus gives of the decorations of ple. and that the system of the world was retraced there in by all numerous ingenious emblems. the elements. particularly the parts as the sun. moon. may not be improper here to observe. drawn from Templef and * Smith in speaking of a Lodge says. 6. These.
and unconnected with. the christian ligion. They make no use of what is called the christian era. or method of counting in the records of their time. begins about with cherubims and palm-trees. oxen and cherubims.OF FREE-MASONRY. placed on twelve oxen. all this is contrary to the law called the law of Moses. and that it the ledges of were ornamented with lions. and open flowers. re- prior to. still 23 refers to the worship of the sun. and that he made a molten sea. then Duke de Chartres was It Grand Master of Masonry as follows : in France. is the chronology. applied to Masonry. used by the Masons Lodges. and consequently of the Druids. I have by me a relate cord of a French Lodge at the time the Duke of Orleans. . and they reckon their months numerically as the ancient Egyptians did. to the religion Another circumstance which shews sonry is that Ma- derived from some ancient system. however corrupted or misunderstood by the Jews. and as the Quakers do now.
mean in the year of the But A. L. L. like V. that to the supposed time of the Creation. year of the Lodge. D. L. is. they mean in the christians Lord. and not V. L. church would soon have sent them to the stake as the chronology of the Egyptians. . chronological era. they had. like that of the Chinese. by A. the . By A. five thousand seven hundred and seventy-three. in By what I observe English books of Masonry. L. refers to the same is. goes many thousand years beyond the bible chronology. as the L. the English initials Ma- sons use the A. Though the Masons have it is taken many of their ceremonies and hieroglyphics from the ancient Egyptians.24 ON THE ORIGIN " Le trentieme jour du sixieme mots de Van de la V. certain they have not taken their If chronology from thence. cinq mil septcent soixante treize" that thirtieth The day of the sixth month of the year of the venerable Lodge. as before said. The religion of the Druids.
by celestial luminaries. In their system. In Persia they were called magi. the two great sun and the moon. styled priests of Heliopolis. from whence we derive of our mysteries. says Smith. the whose influence all nature was actuated. Being and universal Nature and physically. all others for its antiquities. and was once celebrated above ing. was the same Egyptians* professors as the religion 25 of the ancient The priests of Egypt were the and teachers of science. learn- opulence. and fertility. which signifies the same thing* " Egypt. their principal hero-gods. theo* logically represented the supreme . The experienced brethren of the society (says Smith in a note to this passage) are well D informed what . and were is. that of the city of the the sun. The word Druid signifies a wise man. The Druids in Europe. the Ger- mans being anciently called Teutones. hath always borne a dis- many tinguished rank in history. have their name from the Teutonic or ancient German language.OF FREE -MASONRY. who were same order of men. Osiris and Isis.
as we see is in their public processions. and assume the badge of innocence. till by good behaviour. These secrets have been imperfectly handed down to us by oral tradition only." In speaking of the apparel of the Mafcons in their Lodges. but with assiduous care secrets of Masonry from all strangers. As Masons. The Egyptian white cotton. a white leather apron. imitate their apparel. we the first regard the principles of those worshippers of the true God. crafts-men.26 ON THE ORIGIN these affinity symbols bear to Masonry. ages. says. priests Priests of Osiris wore snowother The Grecian and most who were wore white garments. and long . and ought to be kept undiscovered to the labourers. "The earliest Egyptians. a great in the constituted number of kept their Lodges. he in white at " the Druids were apparelled the time of their sacrifices and solemn offices. and all why they are used in Masonic Lodges. part of whieh. and apprentices. continues Smith.
has reference to the subject and purpose for which it is used. in the French Encyclopedia. among whom many very learned and scientific men. if there its be not some- thing in that institution. or in reference to astronomy.Masons." Under the head of Free-Masonry. I expected from his great knowledge in astronomy.OF FREE-MASONRY. written by the astronomer Lalande. But tion I was much disappointed in my expecta- from Lalande. which seldom or ever the case with English Masons. that has Every thing used as an hieroglyphic. to have found the origin of much information on Masonry . and we are not to are suppose the Free. In speaking of the origin of . origin. study. and thereby qualified is Masters and Wardens. they # Geo- become better acquainted in metry and the for liberal arts. for what connection can there be between any institution and the sun and twelve signs of the Zodiac. to be such idiots as to make use of astronomical signs without some astronomical purpose.
he says origin* de maqonerie se perdy comme tant d'autres." that others. When religion. have a reason for I come now to speak of the cause of secresy used by the Masons. and which they are sworn to conceal. When came to this expression. Hilkiah the in the reign and Shaphan the . and on enquiry found he was. any new religion over-runs a former the professors of the new become the persecutors all of the old. like many loses itself in the I obscurity of time. in There is a society of Masons Dublin who take the name of Druids.28 ON THE ORIGIN la " L? Masonry. these to Masons must be supposed taking that name. Priest When scribe. is. We see this in the instances that history brings before us. dans Vobscurite des temps. The natural source of secresy is fear. the origin of masonry. I supposed Lalande a Mason. This passing over saved him from the embarrass- ment which Masons are under respecting the disclosure of their origin.
the Druids became the subject of persecution. and Ireland. for a catholic priest to this be found all As has been the case in of. all christian When the Protestant religion in EngRoman Catholic religion. When the christian religion over-ran the Jewish religion. and that when the christian re- ligion over-ran the religion of the Druids in Italy. chapters 22. he established that law all as a national religion. a thousand years it time of Moses. Britain. 29 of king Josiah. found. or pretended to find. ancient Gaul. called the law of after the Moses. the law. that such law was ever practised or known be- fore the time of Josiah. and does not appear from the 2d Book of Kings. the Jews were the continual subject of persecution in countries.OF FREE-MASONRY. and put the priests of the sun to death. 23. the instances are we have any knowledge to we obliged admit it with respect to the case in question. it land over-ran the was made death in England. naturally This would and necessarily oblige such of them as remained attached to their original religion to meet in secret and under the strongest injunc- .
30 ON THE ORIGIN. A false brother might expose the lives of . . tions of secresy. under this new name. 1 I n i s. the rights and ceremonies of Druids. many of them to destruction and from the remains of the religion of the Druids. arose the institution which. took that of Mason. to avoid the name of Druid. &c. Their safety depended upon it. and practised. thus preserved.
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