Appendix A

The general diffusion equation for one-dimensional analysis under non-steady state condition is defined by Fick’s second law, eq. (4.19). Hence,

Let D be a constant and use the function

be defined by

Thus, the partial derivatives of eq. A2 are

By definition,

Substituting eqs. (b) and (c) into A1 yields

Combining eq. (A2) and (A3) gives

Thus.340 APPENDIX A. Rearranging eq.1 FIRST BOUNDARY CONDITIONS In order to solve integrals given by eq. A. (A6) a set of boundary conditions the concentration and the parameter are necessary. where B is an integration constant. (A4) becomes Then. let so that eq. This boundary conditions are just the integral limits. Use the following integral definitions and properties of the error function . The solution of the integrals are based on a set of boundary conditions. SOLUTION OF FICK’S SECOND LAW Now. (c) yields and The function represents the so-called “Bell-Shaped Curves”.

(A1) for concentration polarization becomes A. (A6) and (A8) yields the normalized concentration expression . the solution of eq.3 THIRD BOUNDARY CONDITIONS Similarly. (A1) for activation polarization upon using the boundary conditions given below as well as eqs. the function erf is the complement of (a) into (A7) yields the constant B defined by Inserting eq. A. the solution of eq. (A8) yields the solution of Fick’s second law of diffusion when the bulk concentration is greater than the surface concentration at x = 0). SECOND BOUNDARY CONDITIONS 341 By definition.2.A. Hence.2 SECOND BOUNDARY CONDITIONS The second set of boundary conditions are given below Setting the limits of the integral given by eq. (A6) and using eq.

. SOLUTION OF FICK’S SECOND LAW This concludes the analytical procedure for solving Fick’s second law of diffusion for concentration and activation polarization cases.342 APPENDIX A.

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